*UNGER, Lieutenant Kenneth Russell - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 February 1919.  American, born 19 April 1898 in Newark, New Jersey; educated in Montclair Academy; rejected by U.S. forces; joined RFC in Canada, June 1917.  Attended Ground School at University of Toronto; was an instructor in Texas, November 1917; sailed for overseas, 5 April 1918.  Served with No.210 Squadron, 18 June 1918 to 2 February 1919.  As of 1922 was an air mail pilot living in Salt Lake City, Utah.

 

A gallant and skilful officer.  On 30th October, separated from his patrol owing to engine trouble, he was attacked by seven Fokkers; undaunted by the odds against him he, without hesitation, engaged them, and by skilful maneouvering, shot one down to crash.  He has accounted for nine enemy aeroplanes and one kite balloon.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

USBORNE, Major George Curzon Osbert - Air Force Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 November 1918.  Born in Arnprior, Ontario, 23 August 1882; educated at Victoria College, British Columbia; home in Honolulu, Hawaii (petroleum engineer); enlisted in Eaton Machine Gun Brigade and became a Lieutenant, Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade.  To Reading, 28 December 1915; to No.3 RS, 20 March 1916; to No.16 RS, 3 May 1916; to No.46 Squadron, 25 May 1916; appointed Flying Officer, 13 June 1916; with No.40 Squadron, 18 August 1916 to 9 March 1917; with No.60 Squadron, 9-31 March 1917; to Home Establishment, 31 March 1917; to No.98 Depot Squadron, 11 April 1917; to No.198 NTS, 1 January 1918; to No.112 Squadron, 5 October 1918 (commander).  Attained rank of Major, 22 February 1918.  A notation on his file (Public Records Office Air 76) says, "Knowledge of petrol engines. Since joining Royal Flying Corps 34 types of planes flown seriously. Flown Nieuport Baby."  No citation other than "in recognition of valuable flying services".

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

VANCE, Lieutenant James Durkin - Air Force Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 July 1920.  Born in Ingersoll, Ontario, 6 January 1897; home in Toronto; appointed Probationary Flight Officer, RNAS, Ottawa, 19 April 1917; to Manstone flying school, 21 May 1917; to Cranwell, 11 August 1917; to Freiston, 19 September 1917; to Manstone War Flight, 6 October 1917; to Handley-Page Squadron, 21 October 1917 to 14 January 1918; with No.14 (N) Squadron, Dunkirk, 16 January 1918; missing (interned in Holland), 30 June 1918; repatriated, 15 November 1918; to Paris (special duty), 14 March and 30 May 1919.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 


VINEBERG, Lieutenant Herbert Asher - Air Force Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 June 1919.  Formerly with Canadian Engineers.  Trained in Canada; graded Flying Officer, 21 August 1917 and sailed overseas 29 October 1917; No.1 ASD, 17 April to 7 May 1918; to England, 7 May 1918; with No.13 TDS, 7 November 1918; on Unemployed List, 13 March 1919.  No citation other than "in recognition of distinguished services rendered during the war".

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WALLACE, Captain Hazel le Roy - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 November 1918.  Born in Lethbridge, Alberta, 13 November 1897; home there; attended Curtiss School at Newport News; had flown 400 minutes by 9 October 1916 but no certificate.  Appointed Probationary Flight Officer, RNAS, Ottawa, 23 May 1917; served in No.9 (N) Squadron (dates uncertain); with No.1 (N) Squadron, 1 October 1917 to 21 May 1918 (77 offensive patrols, 26 special missions, three crashed, two out of control); joined No.3 (N) Squadron, 10 June 1918.  Air 1/163/15/142/5/3655 "Honours and Awards, No.3 Naval Squadron" has details of combats - one indecisive on 13 July 1918 (with Lieutenant Riley); one indecisive on 20 July 1918 (with Lieutenant Franklyn, Hannoveraner two-seater); one decisive on 20 July 1918 (two seater, with Lieutenant Franklyn); one indecisive on 28 July 1918 (Fokker biplane); leader of attack on Epinoy aerodrome, 1 August 1918, very good low work; one two-seater crashed on 3 August 1918 (confirmed by No.12 Squadron).

 

A gallant and most capable leader, who in many engagements has displayed marked ability and courage, notably in a recent attack on an aerodrome when he led his flight against the group of hangars allotted to him at an altitude of between 100 to 200 feet.  By direct hits he destroyed three enemy aeroplanes and set fire to a hangar by machine-gun fire.  In addition to above this officer has destroyed four aeroplanes and driven three down out of control.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 


WALSH, Lieutenant George Victor - Brought to the Notice of the Secretary of State for Air in Respect of Valuable Service - Air Ministry List dated 29 August 1919 (found in Flight, issue of 4 September 1919). Born in Liverpool, England, 24 May 1893.  Educated there and Loyola College (Montreal).  Secretary to General Superintendent of CPR, 1911-1914; Private in the Victoria Rifles, 1912-1914; served overseas with 24th Battalion; wounded4 May 1916; returned to duty, 12 May 1916; invalided to England, 19 June 1916, shell shock; granted leave to Canada, 13 July 1916; applied for transfer to RFC while recovering in Canada; struck off strength of CEF to RFC, 19 November 1916; appointed 2nd Lieutenant, RFC, 1 December 1916; posted to No.2 School of Aeronautics, 2 December 1916; to No.24 Reserve Squadron, 8 February 1917; appointed Flying Officer, 30 May 1917 and posted to Central Flying School, 30 May 1917; to No.66 Training Squadron, 9 June 1917; declared medically unfit for flying duties, August 1917; appointed Adjutant, No.91 Training Squadron, 28 September 1917; appointed Recording Officer of No.91 Squadron, 4 October 1917; to No.50 Training Depot Station, date uncertain; to No.54 Training Depot Station, 3 September 1918; admitted to Eaton Square Hospital, 7 November 1918; to Southeast Area (Non-Effective Pool), 17 November 1918; to Air Ministry, 17 January 1919; transferred to Unemployed List, 8 July 1919. He joined the postwar RCAF, regained aircrew status in 1922, and was an expert on Army Cooperation work between the wars.  See RCAF Second World War awards data base for CBE, CB and Legion of Merit awards.

 

WALSH, Lieutenant George Victor - Member, Order of the British Empire - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 October 1919.   Award not mentioned on card; listed by Dodds; confirmed in Flight which copied from London Gazette.  No citation other than "in recognition of distinguished services rendered during the war".

 

NOTE: As an army co-operation expert between the wars, it is worth noting some of his work.  On 21 October 1925, Colonel George Roy (Royal Canadian Artillery) wrote to the Deputy Chief of the General Staff as follows:

 

On my return from Halifax where I attended the Aeroplane Co-operation and Battle Practice, I wish to bring to your notice the most helpful assistance rendered by Flight Lieutenant Walsh as well as the keen and cheerful way he performed his duties.

 

To his untiring efforts may be attributed to a large extent the success of the Co-operation of Aircraft with Artillery, the result of which, with the addition of minor details to predict the course and range of ships, has proved entirely satisfactory.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WANKLYN, Major Frederick Angus - Military Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 May 1915.  Born 14 August 1888. Home in Montreal; graduated from Royal Military College, 1909; commissioned in Royal Artillery; graded as Flying Officer with RFC, effective 28 November 1912; Flight Commander and Temporary Captain while in charge of Transport, Central Flying School, 16 January 1915; appointed Squadron Commander and to be Temporary Major, 5 September 1915.  Officer Commanding, No.42 Wing, 23 September 1918; to headquarters, 1 February 1919.  No citation other than "for distinguished service in the field".

 

WANKLYN, Major Frederick Angus - Mention in Despatches - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 June 1915.  No citation other than "for gallant and distinguished service in the field".

 

WANKLYN, Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick A. - Mention in Despatches - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 January 1919.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 


WARMAN, 2nd Lieutenant Clive Wilson - Military Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 September 1917.  American, born 30 June 1892 in Norfolk, Virginia.  Enlisted in PPCLI at Valcartier, 5 September 1914; proceeded overseas, January 1915; to France, February 1915; at 2nd Ypres; invalided to England, 23 May 1915.  Joined Mechanical Transport, 5 August 1915; to Ireland, 26 August 1915; present in Dublin during Easter Rebellion. Commissioned in RFC, 16 July 1916; trained at Oxford; Royal Aero Club Certificate No.5395 dated 1 April 1917; graded as Flying Officer, 1 April 1917; appointed Captain and Flight Commander, 19 August 1917.  With No.23 Squadron, 16 June to 20 August 1917 (severely wounded; in this short time he destroyed ten enemy aircraft and two kite balloons). One of two Americans with the unit (the other was Captain J.W. Pearson).  For DSO feat see War in the Air, Volume 4, pp.176-177 and RFC Communique No.101 under date 16 August 1917.  Discharged from hospital, 28 June 1918; to DAPS, Air Ministry, 1 July 1918; special duty in Italy, December 1918 to February 1919; posted to No.81 Squadron (later No.1 Squadron, CAF),   Died 12 May 1919 following crash (8 May 1919) of an Avro at Chingford while with No.1 Squadron, Canadian Air Force.  The Aeroplane, issue of 21 May 1919, carried an extensive report of his demise  He and a Lieutenant MacPherson, RAF, had been stunting when they nose-dived too close to the ground and struck a gate.  Four persons the gate were also injured.  MacPherson also sustained skull fractures but recovered.

 

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.  He has on all occasions proved himself to be an exceptionally skilful and gallant pilot, having in the space of six weeks brought down six machines and destroyed a hostile balloon.  He has also driven down at least five other enemy machines, displaying a consistent determination to attack at close range regardless of personal danger.

 

WARMAN, 2nd Lieutenant Clive Wilson - Distinguished Service Order - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 September 1917; citation published in issue of 9 January 1918.

 

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.  During two days, whilst operating under very difficult conditions in high wind and against strong hostile opposition, he destroyed three enemy machines and a balloon.  He displayed the greatest dash and fearlessness in attacking an enemy aerodrome, and on one occasion, when separated from his patrol, and surrounded by twenty hostile machines, he fought his way through, although his machine gun was useless, by attacking them with his Very pistol, eventually regaining his own aerodrome with his machine much shot about.  His wonderful coolness and courage have on all occasions been beyond praise.

 

WARMAN, Lieutenant Clive Wilson - Mention in Despatches - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 December 1917.

 

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WARNER, Lieutenant John Weston - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 December 1918. Appointed as 2nd Lieutenant, RFC, 7 June 1917.  Listed as a Canadian by Hitchins; no details of background.  Served with No.48 Squadron in 1917.

 


This officer has carried out numerous offensive patrols and low flying attacks on enemy ground targets, displaying on all occasions the real offensive spirit and, when acting as a flight commander, full of initiative and courage.  He has accounted for six enemy aeroplanes.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WATERLOW, Captain Eric - Mention in Despatches (Sir Douglas Haig despatch dated 20 May 1918). Born 4 November 1893; home in Regina, Saskatchewan (ranching; his parents were living in England); joined 10th Canadian Mounted Rifles in Regina, 29 December 1914; married in Regina, November 1915; overseas with 3rd Cavalry Division, 22 January 1916; commissioned in RFC, 16 May 1917; Royal Aero Club Certificate No.4776 dated 8 June 1917; to No.49 Squadron, 11 June 1917; with No.27 Squadron, 27 September 1917 to 1 March 1918; with No.25 Squadron, 1 March to 16 July 1918 (killed in action). Public Record Office Air 1/1152/204/5/2399 has recommendation originating from No.25 Squadron and describing him as Acting Flight Commander.

 

This officer has distinguished himself as a pilot, especially setting a fine example to his squadron when it was experiencing great difficulty with its machines, and has done much to make the B.H.P. engine a success.

 

WATERLOW, Captain Eric - Military Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 June 1918.

 

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.  He carried out two long range reconnaissances, flying at a very low altitude, and brought back most valuable information.  During one of these flights he was attacked by a hostile scout, which he destroyed.  He has carried out four exceptionally long flights, during each of which he took a great number of photographs.  He has always undertaken himself the longest and most arduous operations given to his flight, and by his skill, gallantry and determination has on each occasion completed his task with the greatest success.

 

WATERLOW, Captain Eric - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1918.

 

This officer has carried out thirty-three bombing raids and over forty solo photographic and long distance reconnaissances far over the enemy lines.  In one flight he took no less than 108 photographs.  In these services he has proved himself an exceptionally skilful and resolute pilot; his railway reconnaissances have been markedly successful.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 


*WATEROUS, Lieutenant Donald Jayne - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1918.  American (home in Independence, Iowa); he appears to have joined RFC in Canada, sailing from here on 19 November 1917.

 

Has been engaged in 26 long-distance bombing raids and has rendered very valuable services, especially during a raid last month when enemy formations were met in great force.  Lieutenant Waterous displays great keenness and determination in his work and is always ready to volunteer for any difficult task.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 1/1650 has recommendation sent on 13 August 1918 from Headquarters, 8th Brigade to Headquarters, Royal Air Force;  his rank was given as 2nd Lieutenant.  Some sorties are listed out of sequence; this has been transcribed as found in the original document.

 

For consistent determination, gallantry and skill on long distance day bomb raids, notably on the following occasion:

 

                                            12 August 1918 - Frankfurt-on-Maine

 

2nd Lieutenant D.J. Waterous took a most conspicuous part in the fighting which took place in the course of this operation, and was of the greatest assistance in maintaining the formation, and in repelling the enemy attacks.  In addition he has taken part in the following raids:-

 

12 April 1918             Metz

2 May 1918                Thionville

3 May 1918                Thionville

15 May 1918             Thionville

16 May 1918             Saarbrucken

17 May 1918             Metz

20 May 1918             Landau

21 May 1918             Namur

22 May 1918             Liege

29 May 1918             Thionville

30 May 1918             Thionville

31 May 1918             Karlsruhe

4 June 1918               Konz

6 June 1918               Coblenz

7 June 1918               Konz

8 June 1918               Thionville

8 June 1918               Treves

24 June 1918            Metz

23 June 1918            Metz

25 June 1918            Karlsruhe

27 June 1918            Thionville


22 July 1918              Rottweil

30 July 1918              Offenburg

31 July 1918              Coblenz

1 August 1918           Duren

 

2nd Lieutenant D.J. Waterous joined No.55 Squadron on 16 May 1918 and has acted as Deputy Leader on five of the foregoing bomb raids with conspicuous success.  Throughout the period he has been with No.55 Squadron he has shown the utmost keenness and has always been one of the first to volunteer in carrying out any innovation.

 

He has shown the highest sense of duty coupled with determination to carry out any work allotted to him, and his esprit de corps and high morale have made him an invaluable member of the squadron and have had an excellent effect on the other pilots.

 

Another list, found in the same file, indicates that he was Deputy Leader on the following dates: 24 June 1918, 25 June 1918, 27 June 1918, 30 July 1918 and 1 August 1918.

 

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WATKINS, Major Edward James - Brought to the Notice of the Secretary of State for Air in Respect of Valuable Service - Air Ministry List dated 29 August 1919 (found in Flight, issue of 4 September 1919).  Home in Toronto (surveyor).  Canadian Militia, to RFC, 16 November 1915; obtained Royal Aero Club Certificate No.2394, 28 January 1916; with No.33 Squadron, 17 February 1916; to No.19 Squadron, 29 March 1916; appointed Flying Officer, 11 April 1916; to Home Establishment, 6 May 1917; to Canada, 13 September 1917. Award for services in Canada (Officer Commanding, No.88 Canadian Training Squadron, Camp Borden).

 

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WATKINS, Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Loudon Pierce - Military Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 July 1917.  Boen 7 September 1892.  Home in Toronto (student); joined RFC in Canada, 7 December 1915; with No.7 Squadron, 11 (or 17) May to 7 June 1916; with No.21 Squadron, 7 June to 30 November 1916; with No.148 Squadron, 25 April to 1 July 1918.  Died of wounds, 1 July 1918.  Shot down a Zeppelin.  Cited with Captain R.H.H.S. Saundy, "in recognition of their conspicuous gallantry in attacking and destroying an enemy airship".

 

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WATSON, Lieutenant Kenneth Bowman - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 February 1919.  Home in Malton, Ontario (student); joined RFC in Canada; taken on strength from Canada, 21 August 1917; served with No.28 Squadron, 29 December 1917 to 18 March 1918; with No.2 ASD, 18 March to 20 April 1918; with No.70 Squadron, 20 April 1918 to 3 March 1919; hospitalized, 26 August 1918; to Home Establishment, 3 March 1919; to Eastchurch, 10 April 1919; to No.81 Squadron, 2 June 1919.

 

On 28th October, when on offensive patrol, this officer took part in an engagement between six of our machines and twenty-two Fokkers.  In the combat that ensued four of the latter were destroyed, Lieutenant Watson accounting for one.  In addition to the foregoing he has four other machines to his credit.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 1/1580 has recommendation which is much more detailed:

 

On the 4 September 1918 when on offensive patrol over Ecaillon, Lieutenant Watson shot down in flames a Fokker biplane.

 

On the 29 September 1918 when on offensive patrol with six other machines, a fight took place with a large enemy formation over Roulers.  Lieutenant Watson accounted for one of the two machines destroyed.

 

On the 8 October 1918 when on a special mission east of Menin, Lieutenant Watson shot down a two-seater enemy machine, type unknown.

 

On the 9 October 1918 when on offensive patrol with four other machines between Courtrai and Roulers, an engagement too place with a strong formation of Fokkers.  Of the seven destroyed, Lieutenant Watson shot down one.

 

On the 28 October 1918 when on offensive patrol over Quates with five other machines, a fight took place with 22 Fokkers. Four of them were destroyed, Lieutenant Watson getting one.

 

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WATSON, Lieutenant (Acting Captain) William Harold - Brought to the Notice of the Secretary of State for Air in Respect of Valuable Service - Air Ministry List dated 29 August 1919 (found in Flight, issue of 4 September 1919). For service in Canada; appointed Lieutenant, 20th Battalion, Non-Permanent Militia (Halton Rifles), 12 June 1915; Lieutenant, 75th Battalion, CEF, 27 September 1915; embarked from Canada, 29 March 1916; to France, 11 August 1916; transfered to Canadian Machine Gun Corps, 1 January 1917; on leave to Canada, 7 March 1918; retained in Canada; seconded to Royal Air Force, 25 June 1918 to 20 January (or 20 June) 1919; promoted to Temporary Captain, 17 September 1918; appointed to Reserve of Officer, Halton Rifles, 19 December 1920; Major, 2nd in Command of Toronto Scottish Regiment, 1 April 1921; Lieutenant-Colonel and in command, 2 March 1928; retired 18 April 1931.

 

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WAUGH, Flight Commander John Keith - Distinguished Service Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 May 1918.  Born 1891 in Simcoe, Ontario.  Home in Whitby, Ontario; attended University of Toronto; attended Curtiss School in Toronto, obtaining Royal Aero Club Certificate No.2010 on 17 October 1915; appointed Probationary Flight Sub-Lieutenant, Ottawa, 3 November 1915; at Eastbourne, 3 November 1915; to Calshot, 3 February 1916; to Portland in December 1917 (patrols as acting flight commander); commanding Portland, September 1918; to No.241 squadron, 7 November 1918; to No.10 Group, 15 January 1919; to No.242 Squadron, 29 April 1919.  Joined RAF postwar.  In 1920 he was posted to School of Naval Cooperation and Air Navigation; qualified as Specialist Navigator; attended RAF Staff College, Andover, 1925; promoted to Squadron Leader in July 1925; posted in January 1929 to Headquarters, Middle East Command, Cairo, for Air Staff duties.  Injured in flying accident, Fairey IIIF of Communications Flight, Helipolis, 4 April 1931 at Ismailia; died in hospital on 8 April 1931.  Obituary in  Aeroplane, 15 April 1931.  AIR 1/661/17/122/655 (MG.40 D.1 Volume 14) has account of attack he made on a submarine.  No published citation other than for services during the period 1 July to 31 December 1917. Public Record Office ADM 116/1560 has a document dated 6 January 1918 submitting recommendation; citation drafted on that occasion as follows:

 

This officer has been in charge of the Royal Naval Sub Air Station Portland since December 15th, 1916, during which time this station has carried out most valuable submarine patrols.  This officer has himself carried out regular patrols, and on the following occasion attacked a hostile submarine.

 

September 23rd, 1917, Seaplane 9848, Flight Commander Waugh, Air Mechanic Laycock sighted submarine at 1140 in position 50.34 N 2.43 W. Four 100-lb bombs were dropped over position where submarine dived, and it would appear probable from the disturbance produced that the submarine was damaged or sunk.

 

WAUGH, Major John Keith - Mention in Despatches - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1919.

 

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WEAVER, Lieutenant C.V.R. - Croix de Guerre (France) - authority and authenticity uncertain - card in DHist says he was from Toronto; enlisted with cyclists in 1915, went overseas as a Sergeant and the was commissioned in Imperial Army.  Reported as an artillery officer (siege battery) attached as observer to RAF; he claimed the award was for "some stunt we pulled off on April 25th."

 

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WELSFORD, Lieutenant Hubert Gray - Member, Order of the British Empire - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1919.  Home in Winnipeg (engineer); to be 2nd Lieutenant (on probation) with RFC, 14 August 1916; with No.1 AD, 14 February 1917 to 17 November 1918 (and later); to Headquarters, Overseas Military Forces of Canada, 16 January 1919. No citation other than "in recognition of valuable services rendered in connection with the war". Public Record Office Air 1/1160/204/5/2505 has recommendation and gives unit as No.1 ASD (Aeroplane Supply Depot).

 

He has been in charge of minor repairs at the Reception Park and has obtained a large output work with a small number of men. His personal knowledge of engines has proved most valuable. He is an efficient and reliable officer.

 

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WELSH, Lieutenant George Arthur - Croix de Guerre (Belgium) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 July 1919; previously listed in Belgian Army Daily Orders of 21 May 1919 (Public Record Office Air 1/1839/204/208/20). Home in Sunderland, Ontario (student); joined RFC as Cadet, May 1917; sailed from Canada as 2nd Lieutenant, 29 October 1917; injured in aero accident, 25 January 1918; to No.210 Squadron, 22 June 1918; to Eastchurch, 7 April 1919.  Public Record Office Air 1/107/15/9/287 has recommendation dated 24 January 1919.  No citation other than "for valuable services rendered in connection with the war."  Public Record Office Air 1/107/15/9/287 has recommendation dated 24 January 1919.

 

Lieutenant Welsh accounted for three enemy aircraft, two destroyed and one out of control, during the period 28th September to 22nd October, on which date this unit left the Flanders Sector. He also did good work in low bombing and shooting up of ground targets.

 

Lieutenant Welsh accounted for three enemy aircraft, two destroyed and one out of control, during the period 28th September to 22nd October, on which date this unit left the Flanders Sector. He also did good work in low bombing and shooting up of ground targets.        

 

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WEMP, Lieutenant (Temporary Captain) Bert Sterling - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 June 1918.  Born 3 July 1889 at Tweed, Ontario; home in Toronto (editorial department of Toronto Evening Telegram); attended Curtiss School in Toronto, obtaining Royal Aero Club Certificate No.1714 dated 31 August 1915; appointed Probationary Flight Sub-Lieutenant, RNAS, Ottawa, 1 September 1915; sailed from Montreal, 18 September 1915; at Portsmouth, 17 October 1915; at Killingholme, 12 November 1915; to Redcar, 15 February 1916; to Eastchurch, 6 March 1916; to Great Yarmouth, 10 April 1916; to Redcar, 10 June 1916; to Dover, 18 September 1917; hospitalized, 26 August 1918; with No.218 Squadron, 23 May 1918 to 10 January 1919 when invalided to England; at Rehabilitation Camp, 14 May 1919.  He was one of several from Great Yarmouth who attempted to bomb German naval squadron which shelled Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth on 25 April 1916, flying a BE.2c; see Story of a North Sea Air Station, page 175.  Mayor of Toronto, 1930; journalist; awarded OBE (Civil) as per Canada Gazette dated 1 July 1946. Medals displayed at RCMI, Toronto.

 

WEMP, Major Bert Sterling - Chevalier, Order of Leopold (Belgium) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 February 1919.  No citation other than "for valuable services rendered in connection with the war."

 

NOTE: Aeroplane, issue of 19 March 1930, reported on his becoming mayor and then Charles C. Grey added his personal reminiscences:

 

Major Wemp has a distinguished war career and took a prominent part in the air attacks on Zeebruge.  He retired from the RAF in 1919 and returned to Canada.

 

For the past ten years he has taken a prominent part in civic politics in Toronto, and has been successively school trustee, alderman, controller and finally mayor.  By profession he is a journalist, and in his spare time h has taken an active part in the affairs of the Toronto Flying Club.

 

Soon after his appointment he was given a banquet which was presided over by Mr. Earl M. Hand, President of the Toronto Flying Club.  In the course of the evening he was feted and carried round the hall in a representation of an aeroplane bearing the inscription, "First Solo Flight - Zeebruge to Toronto City Hall".

 

All this brings back a tragedy of the War 1914-18.  The last time one saw Bert Wemp he was the angriest man in France.  It was on November 3, 1918, the Sunday-week before the Armistice was signed.  The Air Ministry had kindly invited one to make what in those days was called a Cook's Tour of the Front, and on that particular day one had gone for a drive with one of Major-General John Salmond's staff from RAF Advanced Headquarters by Velu Wood.  We had lunched at Honnechy, at the Wing Headquarters of Lieutenant-Colonel A.E. Cairnes, DSO (commonly known as Tommy), now a Senator in the Irish Free State and thence had driven up the Valenciennes road toward Bertry to visit some of our advanced aerodromes.

 

The enemy at that time had some long range guns in the Forest of Mormal with which they were shelling the road by the map, as the sky was too unhealthy for their aircraft to spot for their artillery.  The toad ran along a ridge with a valley on the west side, and on the opposite side of this valley was an aerodrome on which was a squadron commanded by Major Wemp, who had his camp in the valley.  There was a strong wind from the East and most of the shells were going over the road into the valley, which was  fortunate because the road was just about as crowded as is Picadilly in the height of the season, what with troops and transport going up for the big attack which was to start next morning, and incidentally end the War, and with empty transport coming back down the road.

 

We turned down into the valley and at the bottom we were met by a Corporal who directed us up to the aerodrome and warned us that the camp had been vacated because of shell fire.  When we got to the aerodrome we found Bert Wemp and his officers sitting on the edge of the plateau, as there did nt happen to be any flying going on at the time, looking down at their camp and using the most horrible language because about ten minutes earlier a shell had dropped into their mess-tent and broken every bottle in the mess.

 

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WHEALY, Flight Lieutenant Arthur Treloar - Distinguished Service Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 April 1918.  Born in Toronto, 2 November 1895; home there (medical student, University of Toronto); Attended Curtiss School in Toronto up to 29 November 1915 (68 minutes); to Curtiss School at Newport New, obtained ACA Certificate No.409 on 9 February 1916; appointed Probationary Flight Sub-Lieutenant, Ottawa, 29 February 1916;  as of 26  arch 1916 at Portsmouth; 12 May 1916 at Crystal Palace; 25 May 1916 at Chingford; 6 August 1916 at Eastchurch; 24 August 1916 to No.3 (N) Wing (until 31 January 1917 according to Wing roll of aircrew; served with No.3 (Naval) Squadron and No.203 Squadron, 26 September 1916 to 24 September 1918; to Home Establishment, 24 September 1918; to No.204 TDS, 11 November 1918; to Unemployed List, 12 March 1919.  Died St.Marguerite, Quebec, 23 December 1945.

 

For the most conspicuous determination, bravery and skill with which he has carried out numerous low flying harassing attacks on the enemy's troops, transports, etc., inflicting heavy casualties and damage.  By his splendid example and gallantry a great many hostile operations were hampered and frustrated.  He has further brought down many enemy machines.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 1/204/36/127 has recommendation sent from Headquarters, First Brigade to Headquarters, Royal Air Force on 5 April 1918.

For most consistent determination, bravery and skill with which he has carried out numerous low flying harassing attacks during the battle on Third and Fifth Army fronts.  He has fired a total of 13,000 rounds into massed enemy troops, transport, etc., inflicting heavy casualties.  His Flight Commander was killed in one of the early attacks, and during the remainder of these patrols he led the flight and, by his splendid example and gallantry a great many minor hostile operations were hampered and frustrated with severe loss during the massed enemy attacks in open fields between Bapaume and Albert.  This officer has further brought seven enemy machines down.

 

On 22 March 1918, in a general engagement with ten Albatross Scouts near Marquion, he obtained a position on the tail of one of the enemy aeroplanes and fired a burst of about 100 rounds.  Enemy aeroplane fell out of control and was seen to fall into the lines into enemy barrage.

 

On 10 March 1918, when on offensive patrol he attacked an Albatross Scout east of Lens.  He fired about 80 rounds at 100 yards range, and enemy aeroplane turned over on its back and fell out of control, and was seen by other pilots on the patrol to have crashed.

 

On 23 March 1918 when on low flying patrol he shot down a Pfalz Scout out of control near Vaulx.

 

On 17 March 1918 he shot down an Aviatik out of control near Armentieres.

 

In addition, this officer has brought down three enemy machines.

 

WHEALY, Flight Lieutenant Arthur Treloar - Bar to Distinguished Service Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 June 1918.

 

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.  he has proved himself to be a brilliant fighting pilot.  Under his able and determined leadership his flight has engaged and accounted for many enemy machines, he himself being personally responsible for many of these.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 1/204/36/127 has recommendation forwarded by 1st Brigade to Headquarters, Royal Air Force, 18 May 1918.

 

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.  He has proved himself to be a brilliant fighting pilot. Under his able and determined leadership his flight has engaged and accounted for many enemy machines, and personally, since he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross on 31 March 1918 [sic; probable date of original DSC recommendation] this officer has destroyed seven enemy aeroplanes as under:-

 

On 16 May 1918, in a general engagement with a number of enemy scouts north of La Basse, he fired 50 rounds into one enemy aeroplane from close range. The enemy machine went down absolutely out of control and was almost certainly destroyed.

 

On 14 May 1918, when on Offensive Patrol he attacked an LVG near Richebourg.  After 150 rounds had been fired enemy aeroplane fell out of control and was seen to crash east of Richebourg by two other pilots.

 

On 9 May 1918 when on Offensive Patrol, 10 or 12 enemy machines were seen north of La Bassee.  He attacked a Pfalz Scout which fell out of control and was seen to crash one miles north of Herlies by patrol.

 

On 3 May 1918, when on Offensive Patrol, he observed a DFW near Lens. When at 100 yards range he fired a very long burst; enemy aeroplane nose dived vertically and was confirmed to have crashed into a house northeast of Lens.

 

On 22 April 1918, when on Offensive Patrol, a general engagement ensued between 14 scouts and the Camel patrol between Merville and Nieppe. He shot down an Albatross scout which crashed near Merville. He then attacked a Pfalz scout and after a short combat enemy  aeroplane fell out of control and crashed into a building on the Merville-Estaires road.

 

On 11 April 1918, when on Special Mission, he attacked an LVG east of Estaires.  After 100 rounds had been fired enemy aeroplane nose-dived vertically and crashed near the canal at Sailly-sur-la-Lys.

 

WHEALY, Captain Arthur Treloar - Mention in Despatches - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 November 1918

 

WHEALY, Captain Arthur Treloar - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 December 1918.

 

This officer has shown a very high standard of efficiency.  Untiring and full of initiative, he sets a fine example to the younger pilots.  During the recent advance he has carried out daring reconnaissances at very low altitudes, invariably bringing back valuable information.  He is a bold fighter in the air, having accounted for five enemy machines.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 1/204/36/127 has recommendation submitted by Headquarters, 1st Brigade to Headquarters, Royal Air Force on 22 September 1918:

 

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. This officer has shown a very high standard of efficiency.  He has had invaluable experience on every front, from Switzerland to the sea, has flown about 200 hours on active service and has always shown exceptional stamina and initiative in action against the enemy.

 

During the recent advance he carried out daring reconnaissances from very low altitudes, and always returned with invaluable information.  The moral example set by Captain Whealy has always encouraged and inspired the younger pilots in the squadron. Since being awarded the Bar to the Distinguished Service Cross on 15 May 1918, he has destroyed five enemy machines as follows:

 

On 4 September 1918, while leading his flight on an Offensive Patrol, he observed a Fokker biplane; he dived on enemy aircraft, firing a burst of 150 rounds at about 100 yards range. The enemy machine went down in a dive and crashed near Trescault, just east of Havrincourt Wood.

 

On 28 August 1918, whilst leading Offensive Patrol, he attacked a D.F.W., firing 100 rounds into it at about 100 yards range. Enemy aircraft side-slipped and crashed just south of Combles.

 

On 22 August 1918 whilst on Special Mission he attacked a D.F.W., firing 150 rounds at about 100 yards range; enemy aircraft went down in a steep dive and crashed just south of Mericourt.

 

On 9 July 1918, when on Wireless Telephony Patrol, he attacked a Fokker biplane near Farbus, firing a good burst into it. The enemy machine fell out of control and crashed near railway embankment bursting into flames when it struck the ground.

 

On 7 June 1918 whilst on Offensive Patrol, he observed eight Fokker Triplanes. He got on the tail of one of the enemy machines, firing 90 rounds into it at about 50 yards range. The enemy aircraft commenced to wobble, then stalled and went into a spin out of control.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WHITE, Lieutenant Harold Albert - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 June 1919. Born in England, 14 February 1896; educated there to 1911.  Home in Brantford, Ontario (engineer); taken on strength of Training Division, 17 January 1918; served in No.90 Squadron (dates not known); with No.23 Squadron, 23 September 1918 to 26 January 1919; hospitalized on latter date; to England, 30 January 1919.  No citation other than "in recognition of distinguished services rendered during the war".

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WHITE, Lieutenant (Acting Captain) James Butler - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 December 1918. Home in Vancouver; appointed Sub-Lieutenant, RNVR, 10 September 1916; as of December 1916 with HMS Hermione (light cruiser); appointed Probationary Flight Sub-Lieutenant, RNAS, 17 February 1917 at Crystal Palace; to Chingford, 17 March 1917; to Cranwell, 2 July 1917; to Manston, 21 August 1917; to Dover, 29 September 1917; assigned to No.8 (N) Squadron (which became No.208 Squadron); repatriated to Canada 3 April 1919.

A fine fighting pilot who has accounted for eight enemy aeroplanes.  He has led numerous offensive and low bombing raids, and by his able and daring leadership has achieved great success with a minimum of casualties to his patrol.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WHITE, Lieutenant Joseph Leonard Maries - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 August 1918.  Born 6 January 1897; home in Halifax (student); joined Canadian Machine Gun Corps, 22 August 1915; wounded 17 April 1916; seconded to RFC, 22 September 1917; to No.1 School of Aeronautics, Reading, 1 October 1917; to No.5 TDS, 14 December 1917; to No.3 TS, 6 January 1918; to No.65 Squadron, 30 March 1918; appointed Acting Captain, 9 August 1918; to Home Establishment, 22 November 1918; to No.3 Fighter School, 23 December 1918.  Relinquished acting rank on 1 May 1919; relinquished commission, 7 July 1919.  Killed in aircraft accident at Camp Borden, 24 February 1925 when he and a pupil collided with another aircraft.  NOTE: sometimes credited with 31 victories; it would seem he had only 13 but a typing error in his career reversed the digits.  Also interesting is an undated Air Ministry statement: No.65 Squadron, led 12 offensive patrols during the month of October 1918.  On the 14th October, whilst leading an offensive patrol over Courtrai and vicinity at 10,000 feet at 0755, he encountered a formation of eleven Fokker biplanes.  He got a burst at one enemy aircraft from 20 feet range and the machine went down in a spin but came out of it and glided East.  He then attacked another which was on the tail of a Camel and fired about 100 rounds into it as he approached, observing his tracers to be hitting the nose of the enemy aircraft.  The enemy machine went down vertically, black smoke coming out of the fuselage and was last seen diving vertically and was burning.  He then attacked another Fokker biplane from behind and, after having fired three bursts into it, the machine turned over on its back and a piece of the tail plane folded over.  The enemy aircraft righted itself and Captain White put another burst into it, after which it went down completely out of control.

 

This officer is distinguished for his bravery and dash in action, never hesitating to attack, regardless of the enemy's numerical superiority.  He has destroyed three enemy aircraft and driven down two out of control.  In addition he has carried out most valuable reconnaissance service at low altitudes.

 

WHITE, Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Joseph Leonard Maries - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 November 1918.

 

In company with another pilot, this officer recently attacked a hostile formation of fourteen scouts.  One of these he shot down in flames, and a second out of control.  Captain White not only displays courage and skill of a high order in attacking machines in the air and troops on the ground, but he has rendered excellent service on reconnaissance duty, obtaining most valuable information.

 

WHITE, Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Joseph Leonard Maries - Croix de Guerre with Bronze Star (France) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 5 April 1919.  No citation other than "for valuable services rendered in connection with the war."

 

NOTE:  RCAF file 1021-3-20, "Avro 504, G-CYAM" (National Archives of Canada, RG.24 Volume 5088) has the following report of accident in which he was killed:

 

1.          At 0910 hours, 24 February 1925, Avro "AM" with Flying Officer (Brevet Flight Lieutenant) J.L.M. White, DFC as Instructor, and Flying Officer R.H. Cross as Pupil, took off for purposes of flying instruction - gliding turns.  The Instructor was in the front seat and the Pupil was in the back seat.

 

2.          At 0920 hours Avros "AM" and "AU" collided at an altitude of approximately 1,000 feet, Avro "AM" apparently coming through the clouds and the collision taking place immediately below the clouds.  The machines met wing tip to wing tip.

 

3.          Avro "AM" went into a steep side-slip, gaining speed rapidly and turning into a nose dive and bursting into flames upon crashing.

 

RCAF file 1021-3-25, "Avro 504, G-CYAU" also reports that the sole occupant of G-CYAU was F/L A.L. Morfee, in the front cockpit for flying practice.  Lateral control was destroyed by damage to aileron, but with partial control he executed a side-slipping, spiralling dive, flattening out into a partial flat spin at the moment of landing and crashing.  The aircraft was repairable and was still in service in 1928.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WHITESIDE, Lieutenant Arthur Barlow - Military Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 March 1918.  Home in Inverness, Quebec; attended McGill (Arts, 1912-1914).  Went overseas with First Contingent, serving with Canadian Army Medical Corps (attached to PPCLI, wounded in Flanders, 1916),  Taken on strength of RFC, Denham, 8 March 1917; obtained Royal Aero Club Certificate No.4763 on 5 June 1917; served with No.102 Squadron (FE.2bs), 20 October 1917 to 7 June 1918.  Given three months home leave, then to No.2 School of Navigation and Bomb Dropping.  Killed in England, 22 April 1919 (Handley-Page failed to clear buildings adjacent to field on takeoff). Citation published in London Gazette of 24 August 1918.

 

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.  He carried out several night bombing raids with great success, attacking enemy aerodromes, trains and billets, often from a low altitude. On one occasion, he attacked a train with his machine gun from a height of 100 feet. He showed splendid skill and initiative.

 

WHITESIDE, Captain Arthur Barlow - Bar to Military Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 September 1918.

 

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.  This officer has taken part in over fifty night bombing raids, many of which, carried on at heights considerably under 1,000 feet, and in adverse weather conditions, were only successful through the skill and energy displayed by him in discovering and attacking his objective.  On one night in particular after having successfully bombed a large ammunition dump, which was set on fire and blown up, he proceeded to drop bombs on a town which held large numbers of the enemy, also firing from a low altitude with his machine gun on the roads leading to it.  Returning to his squadron he obtained more bombs and ammunition, and with the same observer proceeded to drop bombs on a train behind the enemy's lines.  On several occasions his machine was badly knocked about by enemy fire from the ground.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WHITNEY, Lieutenant Robert Kenneth - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 November 1918.  Home in Abbotsford, Quebec (student); enlisted in RFC in Canada, 5 July 1917; as a 2nd Lieutenant he sailed on 29 October 1917; taken on strength No.2 TD, 22 November 1917; to France, 13 February 1918; served with No.60 Squadron, 22 February to 14 August 1918; not clear if he was wounded on August 11th or 12th; to England on 14 August 1918; to No.2 Flight School, 15 April 1919.

 

Bold in attack, skilful in manoeuvre, this officer sets a fine example to his whole squadron.  Since 6th July he has destroyed four enemy aeroplanes.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WICKENS, Captain Percival - Air Force Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1919.  Born in England, 4 January 1891 and educated there; came to Canada in 1913; master at St.Alban's School, Brockville.  Attended Curtiss School, Toronto and attained Royal Aero Club certificate No.4046, 21 November 1916; appointed Probationary Flight Sub-Lieutenant, RNAS, Ottawa, 22 November 1916; to Cranwell, 18 June 1918; to Calshot (for instruction), 18 September 1917; to Lee-on-Solent Seaplane School (not under training), 18 December 1917; at Calshot (patrol duties, Lee-on-Solent area), 18 September and 18 December 1918).  No citatio"in other than "in recognotion of distinguished service".

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WICKHAM, Flight Lieutenant Richard Francis Ernest - Order of the Crown (Italy) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 August 1917.  Canadian connections not clear.  DHist cards say he was educated at Winchester, served two years in Winchester OTC and two years in 14th Middlesex Regiment.  Obtained Royal Aero Club Certificate No.20 at Brooklands, 20 September 1910. In 1912 he was doing exhibition flying in New York. Came from Vancouver to join RFC in Ottawa, 18 May 1915.  Sent to Farnborough for instruction but the RNAS asked for him.  Appointed Probationary Flight Sub-Lieutenant, 26 June 1915.  Subsequently at a series of British airship stations (Polegate, Kingsnorth, Capel, Wormwood, and Pulham) - no obvious connection with Italy.  Served in RAF as an Administrative Officer during the Second World War.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WILKINSON, 2nd Lieutenant Arthur Bogart - Mention in Despatches - authority and timing not certain; Letters From the Front (Bank of Commerce) states that he was "Brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for Valuable Services rendered in connection with the War."  Born 22 September 1895 in Kingston; home there (bank clerk); enlisted in 2nd Battalion, CEF as a private, 12 August 1914; to RFC, 10 September 1917; commissioned 20 December 1917; served with No.42 Squadron, 8 July to 1 September 1918; with "P" Flight, 1 September 1918 to 27 January 1919; with No.8 Squadron, 27 January to 5 April 1919.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WILLIAMS, Lieutenant (Acting Captain) F.D.- Brought to the Notice of the Secretary of State for Air in Respect of Valuable Service - Air Ministry List dated 29 August 1919 (found in Flight, issue of 4 September 1919).  Home in Toronto (insirance manager).  Taken on strength of RFC, Canada, 1 January 1918; to Headquarters, RAF Canada, 1 October 1918; transferred to Unemployed List, 31 May 1919.  Award for services in Canada.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WILLIAMS, Captain Francis George Maxwell - Military Cross, Grade 3 (Greece) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 April 1920.  Staff-Sergeant, No.2 Sanitary Section, 2nd Canadian Division from May 1915 onwards.  To RFC, 14 September 1915.  Listed as a Canadian being commissioned, 16 December 1916 (engineer officer).  No citation other than "for valuable services rendered in connection with the Great War."

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WILLIAMS, 2nd Lieutenant John Scott - Military Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1916.  Born 22 February 1891; home in Vancouver; private in Canadian Army Service Corps (2nd Divisional Supply Column); to RFC, 30 May 1916 and commissioned; appointed Flying Officer (Observer), 23 September 1916; with No.22 Squadron as observer, 26 June to 10 November 1916. To Home Establishment, 10 November 1916; postings unknown in 1917; to School of FS, 1 January 1918; to northwest area, 1 July 1918; to No.2 TDS, 18 January 1919; to Northwest Area for disposal, 30 April 1919.  NOTE: London Gazette of 18 May 1917 reports a "flying" Mention in Despatches to Lieutenant J.S. Williams, Royal Engineers; the same man ?

 

For conspicuous skill and gallantry when attacking enemy machines.  On one occasion, with another officer as pilot, he brought down two enemy machines.

 

WILLIAMS, Lieutenant John Scott - Mention in Despatches - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 March 1918 (listed in Aeroplane, 8 January 1919).

 

WILLIAMS, Major John Scott - Air Force Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 November 1918.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WILLIAMS, 2nd Lieutenant Thomas Frederick - Military Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 September 1918.  Born 20 October 1885; home in Woodstock, Ontario (commercial traveller); taken on strength at Oxford, 15 February 1917; served in No.45 Squadron, 24 September 1917 to 30 May 1918; with No.28 Squadron, 30 May to 1 August 1918; to Home Establishment, 1 August 1918; to RD (RAF) in Canada, 25 September 1918; to Home Establishment, 8 February 1919; to Chiseldon, 4 June 1919.  Later with CAF, commercial aviation, and Fleet Aircraft (test pilot); flew until age of 87; died 26 July 1985.

 

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.  He destroyed four enemy aircraft and drove down one.  Also, in conjunction with another officer, he was instrumental in forcing an enemy machine to surrender and land.

 

WILLIAMS, Lieutenant (Temporary Captain) Thomas Frederick - Bronze Medal for Military Valour (Italy) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 November 1918.  No citation other than "in recognition of distinguished services rendered".

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WILSON, Lieutenant Claude Melnot - Distinguished Flying Cross - Awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 December 1918.  Born 6 July 1898; home in Vancouver (student).  With No.25 Squadron, 4 February to 2 May 1917.  To No.93 Squadron, 27 January 1919.  Taken on strength of No.2 Training Depot, 14 February 1918.  To No.29 Squadron, 27 April 1918; hospitalized 15 May 1918; to No.29 Squadron, 22 June 1918; killed in action 14 October 1918.  Note: there may be some error as to posting dates.

 

Bold in attack, this officer never hesitates to join in an engagement with the enemy, regardless of their numerical superiority.  On 18th August, with four other machines, he attacked a large hostile formation.  Five enemy machines were destroyed, Lieutenant Wilson accounting for one.  In all he had four machines and one balloon to his credit.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 1/1580 has recommendation forwarded from 2nd Brigade, Royal Air Force on 19 September 1918 which is much more detailed.

 

On the 9th August 1918 when on Line Patrol south of Lestrem, Lieutenant Wilson dived on a Hannover two-seater and shot it down close to Lestrem.

 

On the 18 August 1918 when on Offensive Patrol with four other machines, a fight took place near Bailleul with a very large hostile formation. Of the five enemy machines destroyed, Lieutenant Wilson shot down one close to Neuve Eglise.

 

On the 24th August 1918 when alone on the line east of Steenwerck, Lieutenant Wilson attacked and destroyed a balloon.

 

On the 25th August 1918 when on Offensive Patrol with 15 other machines, an engagement took place with 30 Fokker biplanes.  Of the three enemy machines destroyed, Lieutenant Wilson shot down one near Hollebeke.

 

On the 16th September 1918 when on Offensive Patrol between Armentieres and Lille with eleven other machines, a fight took place with 17 Fokkers.  Of the seven enemy machines destroyed, Lieutenant Wilson shot down one which fell near Loos.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WILSON, Captain Hugh Allen - Air Force Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 November 1918.  Born 4 July 1896; home in Westmount (student of applied sciences as McGill University).  Entered Thomas School at Ithaca, New York, November 1915 and went south to St.Augustine with it.  In May 1916 he was still with the Thomas School, back in Ithaca, having received about half his training.  Appointed Probationary Flight Sub-Lieutenant, RNAS in Ottawa, 9 May 1916.  Posted to Crystal Palace, 11 June 1916; to Eastbourne, 1 Jul 1916; to Cranwell, 11 August 1916; to Felixstowe, 30 October 1916 (for instruction); remained at Felixstowe throughout 1917; appointed Flight Lieutenant, 31 December 1917; as of 18 September 1918 he was at Cat Firth Seaplane Station; as of 18 December 1918 at Felixstowe; with No.272 Squadron, 22-30 January 1919; with No.261 Squadron, 30 January to 9 March 1919; with No.231 Squadron, 9-24 March 1919 when posted to Air Ministry.  No citation other than "in recognition of valuable flying services".

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

*WILSON, Lieutenant Joseph Charles - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1918. American (home in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania); joined RFC in Toronto; sailed from Halifax, 12 January 1918.  Served with No.205 Squadron, 8 April to 19 July 1918.

 

While on a photographic reconnaissance the rudder controls of this officer's machine were shot away.  Shortly afterwards he was attacked by three enemy scouts; he handled his damaged machine so skilfully that his observer was enabled to shoot down one out of control, and force the remaining two to retire.  He then flew back to his aerodrome where, owing to his rudder being out of action, he crashed, fracturing both legs and an arm.  In all he has carried out 66 bombing raids, invariably showing fine courage and initiative.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WINDRUM, Lieutenant William J. - Mention in Despatches - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1919.  Born 23 December 1897 in Somerville, Ontario; home in Parry Sound (railway mail service); appointed Probationary Flight Officer, Ottawa, 5 October 1917; at Greenwich, 28 October 1917; to Redcar (no dates); to Cranwell, 9 March 1918; to Manston, 22 April 1918; to Yarmouth, 3 May 1918; to No.219 Squadron (date uncertain but still there as of April 1919).

 

                                                                        * * * * *

WINTER, Lieutenant William Arthur (or Alderson) - Croix de Guerre (France) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 October 1918.  Born 23 December 1888; home in Ottawa (engineering student); served in CEF; to RFC at School of Military Aeronautics, Reading, 5 February 1918; to No.3 SAF, 25 February 1918; served with No.57 Squadron, 6 April to 27 June 1918 (hospitalized on 2 May 1918 for uncertain period); served with No.25 Squadron, 27 June to 31 August 1918; to England, 20 September 1918; struck off strength, 30 December 1918.  Letter from his father in Ottawa said it was for work in No.57 Squadron "for some specific operations and good work during July and August 1918 when supporting the French troops in the Argonne under General Mangin" (RG.7, G.21, No.14071J).  The unit and the dates do not match.  No published citation other than "for distinguished services rendered during the course of the campaign".

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WISER, Captain Henry James - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1919.  Born 18 September 1893 in Prescott, Ontario; home there (accountant);  Canadian infantry; appointed Probationary Flight Officer in RNAS, Ottawa, 19 January 1917; at Crystal Palace, 11 February 1917; at Vendome, 19 March 1917; at Cranwell, 16 June 1917; at Manston, 12 August 1917; at Vendome, 21 August 1917; at No.2 Wing, 29 January 1918; to No.222 Squadron (date uncertain until 25 November 1918); to England, 25 November 1918.  No citatio"in other than "in recognotion of distinguished service".

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WOOD, Lieutenant Frank - Croce di Guerra (Italy) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 5 April 1919. Born 11 October 1894 in Toronto; home there (student); appointed Probationary Flight Officer, RNAS, Ottawa, 9 April 1917; at Manston, 21 May 1917; at Cranwell, 4 August 1917; to Manston, 21 January 1918; to 6th Wing, 12 February 1918; Creagen Papers say he was in No.225 Squadron; with No.66 Wing, 7 November 1918.  University of Toronto Roll of Service says he served in Albania. No citation other than "for valuable services rendered in connection with the war."

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WOOD, Captain Harry Alison - Military Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 June 1917.  Home in Toronto (civil engineer); a Militia Lieutenant; joined RFC in Canada, 20 November 1915; appointed Flying Officer, 18 April 1916; to France, June 1916; Captain and Flight Commander, December 1916; served with No.24 Squadron, 16 June 1916 to 14 March 1917.  Major and Squadron Commander, March 1918. posted to Home Establishment; at No.24 TDS, 7 November 1918 (Major); repatriated 1 June 1919.  Relinquished commission, 1 June 1919.  Reportedly shot down three times.  No published citation other than "for ddistinguished service in the field".  Public Record Office Air 1/1158/204/5/2488 has a brief recommendation dated 10 March 1917, prepared by Brigadier J.H.W. Becke, DSO:

 

For good work in leading his flight on offensive patrols. He has been very active in attacking hostile aircraft and has brought down three machines on this side of the lines.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WOOD, 2nd Lieutenant Henry Cawling - Distinguished Flying Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 June 1919.  Home in Toronto (mechanic); from CEF to No.1 School of Military Aeronautics, 24 May 1918; to BEF (No.2 ASD), 28 July 1918; with No.48 Squadron, 9 August to 30 September 1918 (wounded).  No citation other than "in recognition of distinguished services rendered during the war".  Public Record Office Air 1/1580 has recommendation sent from Headquarters, Second Brigade to Headquarters, Royal Air Force (undated).  Documnt gives his middle name as "Calding".

 

A fearless Observer Officer who on one occasion after collision with another machine in the air, enabled his pilot to land safely by crawling out along the fuselage to the rear fin.  He has personally accounted for two enemy aeroplanes.

 

WOOD, 2nd Lieutenant Henry Cawling - Croix de Guerre (Belgium) - with effect from 16 July 1919; previously listed in Belgian Army Daily Orders of 21 May 1919 (Public Record Office Air 1/1839/204/208/20).  For services in No.48 Squadron.  No citation other than "for valuable services rendered in connection with the war".

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WRIGHT, 2nd Lieutenant Alfred John - Military Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 March 1918; citation in issue of 26 August 1918. Home in Barrie, Ontario (electrical engineer); taken on strength, OCW, Denham, 8 March 1917; served with No.25 Squadron, 9 August 1917 to 23 March 1918 when sent to Home Establishment; to Canada, 20 April 1918; to No.78 CTS, 28 May 1918; to Headquarters, 20 January 1919. University of Toronto Roll of Service also credits him with a French Croix de Guerre.

 

He carried out many reconnaissances at great distances over the enemy's lines and often over new and difficult country.  On many occasions, despite adverse weather conditions, he obtained successful photographs and brought back valuable information.  He has always shown splendid courage, determination and skill.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WRIGHT, Lieutenant William James Turnbull - Member, Order of the British Empire - Awarded  as per London Gazette dated 3 June 1919.  Obtained B.Sc., University of Toronto, 1912; commissioned in Canadian Railway Troops; seconded to RFC, 18 September 1917; with No.10 Squadron, 17 November 1917 to 14 January 1918; with No.20 Squadron, 14-31 January 1918; with 8th Brigade (Branch Intelligence Section), 31 January to 13 July 1918; with 83rd Wing (Branch Intelligence Section), 13 July 1918 to 11 January 1919.  No citation other than "in recognition of distinguished services rendered during the war".  Public Record Office Air 1/1650 has recommendation submitted on 16 November 1918 by Headquarters, 8th Brigade, identifying him as an Intelligence Officer.

For consistent good work and devotion to duty.  This officer has throughout shown the most praiseworthy spirit and has always been conspicuous for his desire to help others.  He possesses the invaluable knack of being able to extract information from pilots and observers and the ability to sift valuable items from worthless ones.  Lieutenant Wright's services have been invaluable.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

WRONG, Captain Humphrey Hume - Mention in Despatches - effective 1 January 1919 according to University of Toronto Roll of Service; commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, 3/4 Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, July 1915; to France, November 1915 with 1/4th Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry; Lieutenant, August 1916; invalided, November 1916; attached to RFC Canada, March 1917; Captain and Adjutant, June 1918.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

YATES, Lieutenant Harry Alexander - Air Force Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 July 1920.  Born 1 August 1896 in London, Ontario; home in Ottawa.  Appointed Probationary Flight Officer, RNAS, Ottawa, 19 January 1917; to Crystal Palace, 18 February 1917; to Vendome, 19 March 1917; to Cranwell, 12 June 1917; to Manston, 29 October 1917; to Stonehenge, 29 January 1918; to Cranwell, 1 April 1918; to No.58 TDS, 7 November 1918; to No.1 Communications Squadron, 11 June 1919.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

YOUNG, Lieutenant Harold Clare - Air Force Cross - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1919.  Born 20 December 1893; home in Red Deer, Alberta (hardware merchant). Formerly in Canadian Machine Gun Corps; to RFC, Reading, 9 September 1917; to No.36 TS, 23 October 1917; to No.26 TS, 29 October 1917; to No.9 TS, 9 December 1917; graded as Flying Officer, 27 February 1918; appointed instructor, 30 April 1918; to Independent Force, France, 25 June 1918; hospitalized 27 June 1918; to No.3 Aircraft Depot, 4 July 1918; with No.20 Squadron, 7 February to 30 April 1919 when supposedly struck off strength to India. No citation other than "in recognotion of distinguished service". Flew Shorthorn, Armstrong-Whitworth, BE.2e, RE.8 and DH.9 aircraft.


                CIVILIANS HONOURED FOR WORK ASSOCIATED WITH RFC/RAF

                                   TRAINING PROGRAM IN CANADA, 1917-1918

 

 

Knight, Order of the British Empire awarded as per

London Gazette dated 7 January 1919 (found in Aeroplane,

issue of 15 January 1919)

 

Frank Baillie, Director of National Aeroplane Factory, Toronto

 

 

Brought to the Notice of the Secretary of State for Air in Respect of Valuable Service - Air Ministry List dated 29 August 1919 (found in Flight, issue of 4 September 1919).

 

 


Miss E.H. Attwood

A. Boisseau

Mrs. A.R. Boughton

M. Dwyer

Mrs. M. Elderton

Miss K. Farrer

B. George

Mrs. M. Gordon

M. Hannant

E. Harker

Mrs. E. Hogan

A.L. Jarvis

Mrs. M. Johnson

Mrs. M. Kimpton

E.M. King

E.J. McClellan

E. Macdonald

L.M. McGuffin

Mrs. T. McRae

M. Maloney


E. Marshall

H. May

M.L. Meehan

Miss K. Melville

B.M. Nelson

A. O'Brien

O.M. Ormsby

Mrs. L.M. Parsons

Miss G.E. Rafter

A. Ratcliffe

D.F. Snow

Miss E. Steele

Miss K.M. Tackaberry

Miss D. Threikeld

Miss I. Vallee

Mrs. M. Van Dyke

Mrs. G. Webster

Miss M. Weiss

H. Woodruffe


Who these people were and the nature of their services (whether technical, administrative or other) is not stated; the list itself offers an opportunity for aspiring researchers and historians.


                                                               RED HERRINGS

 

In 1920-1922 Canadian authorities attempted to compile lists of Canadians decorated for services with the RFC, RNAS and RAF.  The documents assembled included many names of persons who had been decorated for services with the CEF before transfer or attachment to the British flying services.  The following names are given to clear up confusion that may arise from their "rediscovery" on the 1920-1922 documents.

 

ALFORD, Francis Reginald, MC - Captain, Canadian Machine Gun Corps; awarded MC as per London Gazette dated 10 January 1917.  Transfer to RFC as Equioment Officer and gunnery instructor, 6 February 1917.  See David K. Riddle and Donald G. Mitchell, The Military Cross Awarded to Members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force 1915-1921 (Kirby-Marlton Press, Winnipeg).

 

ALLEN, Arnold Spencer, MC - Lieutenant, 18th Battalion, CEF; MC awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 Seotember 1916.  See David K. Riddle and Donald G. Mitchell, The Military Cross Awarded to Members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force 1915-1921 (Kirby-Marlton Press, Winnipeg).

 

ANDERSON, Herbert de Blois, MC - Lieutenant, Canadian Machine Gun Corps; awarded MC as per London Gazette dated 18 July 1917;  seconded to RFC, 12 August to 2 December 1917.  Cuiriously, his award appears to have been overlooked by Riddle and Mitchell.

 

ANDREWS, Robert, MC - Lieutenant, 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles - awarded MC as per London Gazette dated 5 July 1918 (Riddle and Mitchell) or 4 February 1918 (Jackson List); appointed Observer on probation, 12 April 1918; to UK, 21 April 1918; with No.82 Squadron, 27 August 1918 to 22 February 1919.

 

ANGLIN, John Trafford - Lieutenat - Mention in Despatches - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 January 1917.  Born in Toronto, 15 March 1890; home there; enlisted in 3rd Battalion, CEF, September 1914; wounded on the Somme, October 1916.  Appointed Lieutenant, CEF, 24 July 1915; Captain, June 1916; to RFC as Lieutenant, 15 March 1917; graded as Flying Officer, 23 July 1917.  With No.18 Squadron, 9 April to 28 May 1917 (gravely wounded in right arm).  Jackson List for Canadian Machine Gun Corps checked and confirmed that award not connected to flying duties.

 

ARMSTRONG, William Daniel, MM - award for services with 6th Field Company, Canadian Engineers; to RFC, 21 February 1918; 2nd Lieutenant on Probation, RAF, September 1918.

 

AULD, James Creswell, MC - Canadian Field Artillery; awarded MC as per London Gazette dated 24 June 1916; Bar to MC, London Gazette dated 24 November 1916; second Bar to MC, London Gazette dated 8 March 1919; see Riddle and Mitchell for details.

 

BAKER, William Alton, MM - Private, 5th Battalion, CEF; awarded MM as per London Gazette dated 18 July 1917; commissioned 9 September 1917; on command to RAF, 16 July 1918.  Appears to have returned to his unit in September 1918; died 17 February 1919.

BEEVER-POTTS, Lionel, 2nd Lieuteant - MC - award as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1915 - Home in Nanaimo, British Columbia.  Shown in RAF List as a Lieutenant (O). Believed to have been decorated for services with the South Wales Borders.

 

BOYES, Arthur, MC - award as per London Gazette dated 18 July 1918 for services as infantry officer; see Riddle and Mitchell.

 

BROOKES, W.R., DCM - award as per London Gazette dated 11 March 1916.  See Riddle and Mitchell, David K. Riddle and Donald G. Mitchell, The Distinguished Conduct Medal Awarded to Members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1920 (Kirby-Marlton Press, Winnipeg).

 

GOSSAGE, Ernest Leslie, MC - Major - This officer's name appears in a National Archives list of Canadians decorated for services in the RFC/RNAS/RAF (RG.9 III C-14 Vol.4608), but DHist cards are emphatic in stating he has no Canadian connection.

 

HEATON, Hugh Attrill, MC - Home in Toronto and student at University of Toronto.  This officer's name appears in a National Archives list of Canadians decorated for services in the RFC/RNAS/RAF (RG.9 III C-14 Vol.4608); University of Toronto Roll of Service describes him as serving in British units until coming to RFC Canada scheme, December 1917.  It is probable his award was in connection with the British Army.