SABINE, Warrant Officer Athur James (RAF 353758) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 (RCAF) Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944 - No citation or details. Electrician.


* * * * *


SALISBURY, P/O Jack Samuel (RAF 156712) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944. Born 1918 at Weston-super-Mare; home there; educated at Somerset County Secondary School. Commissioned from the ranks, 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12905/AL.748 refers. "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 20 December 1943 when he had flown 21 ½ sorties (137 hours 47 minutes), 3 February to 23 November 1943 as a member of W/C W.H. Swetman's crew.

 

This officer has proved himself a most skilful, determined bomb aimer. He has participated in numerous sorties against the most heavily defended targets on enemy territory, including four of the recent devastating raids on Berlin. He has at all times displayed keenness and devotion to duty of the highest order and I recommend that his consistently good work be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


SANDERS, P/O Maxwell Fred (AUS 428164) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 January 1945. Commissioned 1944; Air Ministry Bulletin 16936/AL.944 refers.

 

This officer has displayed a high degree of courage and determination in air operations. He is a most keen and devoted crew member whose navigational ability has played a good part in the success of many missions in which he has taken part. On one occasion in September 1944, Pilot Officer Sanders took part in an attack on Bottrop. Whilst over the target the aircraft was extensively damaged but the bombing run was completed. The aircraft became very difficult to control and some height was lost. Nevertheless, Pilot Officer Sanders navigated the badly damaged bomber to an airfield near the English coast with great accuracy.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (National Archives RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation for immediate award dated 26 October 1944 when he had flown 17 sorties (100 hours five minutes), 18 July to 4 October 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Sanders has completed 17 day and night sorties against the enemy and has invariably shown great enthusiasm for operational flying. On no fewer than ten attacks his aircraft has been badly damaged by enemy action but his enthusiasm to operate remains undiminished.

 

During a daylight attack on Bottrop on September 27th, 1944, his aircraft was very badly damaged by flak while doing an orbit of the target. The port inner engine was rendered unserviceable, the port outer engine was set on fire and had to be feathered, the hydraulic system was rendered unserviceable and the rudder controls were damaged to such an extent that two crew members had to assist the pilot to hold the aircraft in steady flight. The bombing run was completed and course set for this country.

 

Shortly after setting course from the target, the starboard inner engine most more than 50 percent power as a result of damaged received and it was decided to fly direct to an emergency field in East Anglia. Height was being rapidly lost by Pilot Officer Sanders' navigation was of such a high standard that the aircraft crossed the English coast right in line with the emergency runway with just sufficient height to spare to allow for landing.

 

Pilot Officer Sanders' coolness and the extreme accuracy of his navigation were, to a great extent, responsible for the safe arrival of his aircraft in this country.

 

I consider the devotion to duty, and the extremely accurate navigation carried out by this officer under the most trying conditions, fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


SAYNOR, ACW.1 June Ilynn (WAAF 2137871) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 (RCAF) Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Cook.


* * * * *


SCADE, P/O George Mair (RAF 168848) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 May 1944. Born in Darvel, Ayrshire, 1915; home in Glasgow. Enlisted 1941; trained in United States; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 13983/AL.819 refers.

 

This officer has set a fine example of skill, determination and devotion to duty throughout a tour on which he has attacked many distant and strongly defended targets. On one occasion whilst over Germany his aircraft was extensively damaged by machine gun fire from a fighter. The fuselage was riddled by bullets, the bomb doors were shot away and the windscreen was shattered. Although subjected to bitter cold, Pilot Officer Scade flew the damaged aircraft to base. His achievement in the face of extreme difficulty merited high praise.


* * * * *


SCAMMELL, F/O Geoffrey Wynne (RAF 49314) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943. Born in London, 1921; home in King's Lynn, Norfolk; educated at Westcroft, Cricklewood and Holloway Country School. Enlisted as an apprentice, 1937; commissioned 1942. Rear gunner in F/O D.D. Shuttleworth's crew; missing in Peenemunde Raid, 17/18 August 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 11179 refers. Also spelled "Scamell" in documents.

 

...now on second tour of operations. Has taken part in attacks on most the heavily defended areas of Germany and Italy and has on more than one occasion warded off attacks by enemy fighters...coolness and exceptional fearlessness in face of danger...fine cooperation and fighting spirit of crew due in no small measure to their confidence in this officer.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation by W/C L. Crooks dated 14 June 1943 when he had flown 49 ½ sorties (295 hours 55 minutes). First tour had 34 trips (198 hours 45 minutes); second tour had run from 9 March to 27 May 1943 (the half-sortie was an Air/Sea Rescue flight on 28 November 1942). He was a rear gunner.

 

The fine operational record of this officer is worthy of the highest traditions of the squadron. He has always displayed coolness under fire and the fine cooperation and fighting spirit of his crew is due in no small measure to the confidence displayed in him. Flying Officer Scammell has taken part in attacks against most of the heavily defended areas of Germany and Italy and has, on more than one occasion, warded off attacks by enemy fighters. He has rendered valuable assistance to the Squadron Gunnery Leader in the tactical training of new crews and his record is, I think, worthy of recognition. I recommend the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


SCANNELL, P/O James Bernard Anthony, DFM (RAF 54962) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. No biographical details or Air Ministry Bulletin reference on DHist cards.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal, Pilot Officer Scannell has participated in many further attacks against most heavily defended targets including several attacks against Berlin. He has continued to operate with great skill, determination and enthusiasm. He has also given valuable assistance in the training of less experienced air gunners. The fine fighting spirit he has consistently displayed combined with his high courage and devotion to duty have won the admiration of all his crew.


* * * * *


SCHERF, F/L Charles Curnow (AUS 413671) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 April 1944. Born 1917; home in Emmaville, New South Wales. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1942. Killed in automobile accident in Australia, 13 July 1949. Air Ministry Bulletin 13458/AL.787 refers.

 

This officer has completed many sorties at night during which he has attacked a variety of targets with much success. He has at all times displayed exceptional keenness and his example of courage and determination has been worthy of great praise. He has destroyed four enemy aircraft at night.


SCHERF, F/L Charles Curnow (AUS 413671) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 May 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 13908/AL.915 refers.

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross this officer has taken part in numerous sorties and has continued to display the highest qualities of gallantry and skill. Towards the end of February 1944 he flew the leading aircraft of two detailed for a sortie far into enemy occupied territory. During the operation three enemy aircraft were shot down and three others damaged on the ground. During another sortie over northern France in April 1944, Flight Lieutenant Scherf destroyed two enemy aircraft in the air and damaged three others on the ground at an airfield. These two sorties were a fitting climax to an outstanding tour. This officer has destroyed at least nine enemy aircraft, successes which pay an excellent tribute to his great flying qualities and resolution.


SCHERF, F/L Charles Curnow (AUS 413671) - Distinguished Service Order - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 June 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 14429/AL.839 refers.

 

On two occasions in May 1944, this officer led a section of Mosquito aircraft on daylight sorties over well defended areas far into Germany. During these two flights a number of enemy aircraft were destroyed, of which Squadron Leader Scherf shot down six; he also destroyed three on the ground. His successes are a splendid tribute to his great skill, enterprise and fearlessness. This officer has set an example of the highest order.


* * * * *


SCOTT, Flight Sergeant Alfred George Mark (RAF 1695860) - Mention in Despatches - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. Unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (RG.24 Volume 20607). Enlisted 26 August 1942. Flight Engineer. DHIst file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Volume 20606) has recommendation drafted February 1945.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has been with No.426 (RCAF) Squadron for approximately one year. He came to the squadron in a crew but was injured on his second operational sortie resulting in his removal from the crew. Since that time he has been employed as Deputy Flight Engineer Leader in which capacity he has been a very decided asset to the section being especially useful in the training of new engineers. By his keenness and fine example this Non-Commissioned Officer has done much to improve the efficiency of this section.


* * * * *


SCOTT, Flight Sergeant Jack Hay (RAF 1545246) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born at Lidget Green, Bradford, 1921; home there (van loader). Enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. No citation published other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Wireless Air Gunner. DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation by W/C A.J. Lewington dated 20 August 1944 when he had flown 35 ½ sorties (192 hours 30 minutes), 23 January to 31 July 1944.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has completed 35 ½ trips over enemy territory including such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Essen, Karlsruhe and Stuttgart. Throughout his tour Flight Sergeant Scott has displayed great co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty and has contributed in a large measure to the success of his many operational flights. I consider that his fine record of achievement plus the splendid example he has set to his crew at all times fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal (non-immediate).


* * * * *


SCOTT, Sergeant Sydney (RAF 612885) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 January 1945. Born 1920 in Amble, Northumberland; home in Radcliffe, Morpeth, Northumberland (electrical engine driver). Enlisted 1938. Air Ministry Bulletin 16936/AL.944 refers.

 

This airman is a most devoted and determined member of aircraft crew. As flight engineer, he has participated in very many sorties including attacks on such targets as Kiel, Hamburg, and several industrial centres in the Ruhr. On one occasion, whilst over Essen, the aircraft in which he was a member was hit by anti-aircraft shells. Sergeant Scott was wounded by fragments of shrapnel. Despite this he insisted on executing various engineering tasks and thus greatly assisted `his pilot in his successful effort to fly the extensively damaged aircraft back to this country. This airman set a fine example of courage and fortitude,


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has recommendation dated 3 November 1944 when he had flown 27 sorties (140 hours 25 minutes) in two lots - 16 February to 3 April 1943 (ten sorties; shot up by Ju.88 and crash-landed with injuries) and 1 August to 4 November 1944.

 

A flight engineer in a Halifax bomber, Sergeant Scott has taken part in a large number of raids on heavily defended targets such as Essen, Hamburg, Kiel, Cologne, Nuremburg, Sterkrade, Stuttgart and Duisburg.

 

Sergeant Scott has exhibited at all times a great devotion to duty and a thorough knowledge of his trade. Especially was this in evidence when, in April 1943, the crew of which Sergeant Scott was flight engineer were detailed to bomb the Krupps Works at Essen, Germany. On the run in to the target, the aircraft was riddled with flak and five members of the crew were wounded. Despite this, the target was reached and bombed successfully. Sergeant Scott, despite a wound which kept him in hospital for five months, persisted in attending to the fuel supply in the tanks as well as checking the gauges, thus enabling the crippled aircraft to make a landing at an English aerodrome.

 

His indomitable courage and tenacity of purpose in the face of suffering and stress were largely responsible for the safety of the remainder of his crew. His courageous actions are highly commendable. It is for this reason that I recommend Sergeant Scott for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


SCOTT, Flight Sergeant Thomas Brand Nicol (RAF 264049) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Fitter, Engines (F2E).


* * * * *


SCULTHORPE, F/O Ronald Frederick (RAF 174505) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Volume 20636) has recommendation (undated) listing 40 sorties (200 hours 50 minutes), 22 October 1943 to 12 September 1944. Wireless Operator.

 

Pilot Officer [sic] Sculthorpe has completed a tour totalling 40 operations which includes mine laying in the Kiel and Baltic area, and eight which were against heavily defended major German targets. Pilot Officer Sculthorpe has always set his mind on the task in hand, fearlessly and with a fine offensive spirit, setting a magnificent example which has inspired confidence in the other members of the crew, contributing greatly to the completion of this successful tour of operations.


* * * * *


SHAKESPEARE, Flight Sergeant William (RAF 655666) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943. Born at Bethnal Green, 1917; home there (mechanic). Transferred from Royal Artillery to RAF, 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 11391 refers.

 

...in number of successful sorties has always shown remarkable coolness, resourcefulness and courage during action. On more than one occasion exceptional navigational ability has been responsible for success of operation on which he has been engaged.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 21 July 1943 when he had flown 29 sorties (156 hours 45 minutes), 8 November 1942 to 23 June 1943.

 

An above average and very efficient Navigator who has completed 29 successful trips and has shown such exceptional navigational ability that he has won the confidence and respect of his crew, and his superior officers. Under a calm and quiet manner this Non-Commissioned Officer has shown remarkable skill and coolness, and has been an inspiration to all navigators in the squadron. For his exceptional skill and quiet determination and his devotion to duty, this Non-Commissioned Officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


SHARMAN, F/L Gordon Bramwell (RAF 130158) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1944. Born in Kettering, Northamps, 1920; home there or Leeds. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1942; trained in Canada and United States. Air Ministry Bulletin 11416 refers.

 

...many operational sorties; has shown exceptional navigational skill leading his captain to some of the most heavily defended targets. Has fine fighting spirit and has gained complete confidence of other members of his crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 19 July 1943 when he had flown 19 sorties (116 hours 19 minutes), 16 February to 12 May 1943. First trip (Lorient, six hours 25 minutes) described as involving five attacks by FW.190s. One sortie not completed on 30 April 1943 due to icing and overheated engines).

 

Flying Officer Sharman has carried out operations against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany. These sorties were as follows: Lorient, Mining (2), Wilhelmshaven, St.Nazaire (2), Berlin, Hamburg, Essen (), Nuremburg, Munich, Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Pilsen, Duisburg (2), Dortmund.

 

Flying Officer Sharman at all times has shown an exceptionally high degree of efficiency in navigation, leading his captain to targets under some of the most difficult conditions. This officer has now been screened to take advanced navigation course to carry on with instructional duties owing to his proficiency. Under a calm and quiet manner, he has a fine offensive spirit in action which has inspired confidence in his crew as well as other crews in the squadron.


SHARMAN, F/L Gordon Bramwell (RAF 130135) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, Flight Lieutenant Sharman has taken part in many operational sorties, the majority of which have been against important and heavily defended targets in Germany and France. In addition, his instructional work has been of great value to his squadron. This officer has, at all times, set an inspiring example of skill and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 December 1944 when he had flown 41 sorties (276 hours 15 minutes). Second tour was 10 July to 4 December 1944 (22 trips). Navigator.

 

This officer has now completed a second tour of operations involving 22 trips against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany and France. Under a calm and quiet manner, Flight Lieutenant Sharman has a fine offensive spirit in action which inspires confidence, not only throughout his crew, but the squadron in general.

 

This officer has also given invaluable service to the squadron by his outstanding instructional work on special equipment. he has devoted much of his time in assisting new crews, and has greatly strengthened the hand of the Navigation Leader.

 

I consider his fine example of co-operation, skill and devotion to duty fully merits the award of a Bar to the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).


* * * * *


SHAW, F/O David (RAF 154296) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1913; home at Belfast, Ireland. Enlisted 1941. Trained at No.9 Bombing and Gunnery School (Canada) and in the United States. Air Ministry Bulletin 15918/AL.902 dated 13 October 1944 refers. Citation published in Air Force Routine Order 425/45. Navigator to F/L R.H. Jarman.

 

This officer has completed an outstanding tour of duty as navigator. On one sortie his aircraft was attacked six times by enemy fighters and on another the gun turrets were both rendered unserviceable in combat. Throughout all hazards and difficulties Flying Officer Shaw has invariably remained cool and imperturbable. The success of many sorties has depended on his excellent navigation and unswerving courage and determination.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Volume 20603) has recommendation dated 11 July 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (173 hours 50 minutes), 26 November 1943 to 4 July 1944. Navigator.

 

This officer completed a tour of operations as Navigator, which took in Germany's most heavily defended targets, including eight sorties to the capital city. On one occasion his aircraft was attacked six times by fighters and on another occasion a Junkers 88 attacked, rendering both turrets unserviceable. Flying Officer Shaw has always been a tower of strength to his captain and could always be relied upon to navigate exceptionally accurately. The success of many of the sorties on which he has been detailed has been in a great part due to his untiring efforts. He has in addition been of great assistance to his Squadron Navigation Officer, helping in the training of new navigators and in the preparation of the squadron for operations. His outstanding ability and strong sense of duty have set a splendid example to his crew and his squadron. He is therefore highly recommended for the award of the non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


SHAW-BROWN, F/O Kenneth Murtagh (RAF 178990) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Born 1920 in Glasgow; home in Greenock, Scotland; educated at Christian Brothers School, Cork. Served in the ranks; commissioned May 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 17146/AL.960 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2609 has recommendation by W/C A.J. Lewington dated 20 October 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (151 hours 15 minutes), 14 June 1943 to 9 October 1944.

 

This officer, the wireless operator of the crew captained by Squadron Leader Van Slyck, has since March 1944, made thirty operational trips over enemy territory, including many of the major and well defended targets in Germany.

 

Throughout his tour he has consistently displayed a high degree of ability and by his courage and initiative has proven himself to be an outstanding member of a gallant crew.

 

Pilot Officer Shaw-Brown has also greatly strengthened the hand of the Signals Leader of the squadron when on the ground, where his keenness and tireless energy have done much to improve the efficiency of his section.

 

I consider his fine record of achievement fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).


* * * * *


SHERLOCK, P/O Harry (RAF 162517) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944. Born 1919 in West Bronwich, Staffordshire; home there; educated at Crowhill Central School, West Bromich. Enlisted 1940; trained for aircrew in Canada; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 13601/AL.796 refers.

 

This officer has displayed skill, courage and resolution of a high order. He has completed many sorties and throughout has shown the utmost determination to press home his attacks. His fine record includes twelve attacks on the capital of the German Reich.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation dated 23 February 1944 when he had flown 21 sorties (141 hours 37 minutes), 24 June 1943 to 20 February 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Sherlock is nearing the completion of his first tour of operations and has carried out numerous attacks against the enemy's most distant targets, including twelve trips to Berlin. As a captain, he has a fine record of achievement and by his keenness and devotion to duty has set a splendid example to all crews.


* * * * *


SHERRIFF, F/L John Braemar (RAF 138420) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born in Boksburg, Transvaal; home in Pershore, Worchester; educated at Altrincham Grammar School. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 26 July 1944 when he had flown 38 ½ sorties (254 hours 50 minutes), 23 March to 5 August 1942 (29 ½ sorties, 178 hours 35 minutes) and 13 September 1943 to 12 July 1944 (nine trips, 46 hours 15 minutes).

 

Now on his second tour of operations, Flight Lieutenant Sherriff is a Wireless Operator (Air) of outstanding skill and courage. He has taken part in attacks on a wide variety of targets, 25 of which have been in Germany. In his capacity as Squadron Signals Leader he has set an example of loyalty for others to follow. He has devoted much time and care to the training of other members of the squadron with excellent results.

 

The record of this officer has been distinguished by his untiring zeal, cheerful confidence and devotion to duty which warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


SHIELD, F/O Francis (RAF 131833) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 October 1943. Born in Consett, Durham, 1921; home in Coventry, Warwickshire. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11814 refers.

 

Flying Officer Shield is a navigator of exceptional skill. He has taken part in many sorties at night during which targets such as airfields and rail communications have been successfully attacked. He is a model of efficiency and has proved himself to be an invaluable member of aircraft crew.


* * * * *


SHINNIN, F/O Campbell Stamper (RAF 136081) - Mention in Despatches - No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Enlisted 6 May 1939; commissioned 31 December 1942. DHist file 181.009 D.2813 (National Archives of Canada Record Group 24 Volume 20632) has recommendation by G/C N.S. MacGregor dated 22 July 1944. Unit Electrical Officer.

 

This officer has not only maintained a high degree of efficiency in the section of which he is in charge, but has also made an outstanding contribution to the welfare of all station personnel by his untiring efforts in the organization of entertainment. This he has done by devoting the whole of his off-duty hours to secure and give pleasure and enjoyment to the airmen. He has at all times so sacrificed his sleep to that end that it has been necessary to order him to bed in the interests of his health. His willingness, cheerfulness and thoughtfulness have at all times been an inspiration to others. It is strongly recommended that this officer's constant devotion to the men be recognized by a mention in despatches.


* * * * *


SIMPSON, F/L Robert Frederick (RAF 127502) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.435 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 August 1945. No Air Ministry Bulletin reference. AFRO 1672/45 dated 2 November 1945 identifies him as having trained in Canada (No.31 ANS). The school seems rather odd, given that he was clearly a pilot rather than a navigator. DHIst file 181.009 D.1769 (RG.24 Volume 20610) has recommendation which indicates that the incident occured on 12 January 1945, involving KJ857 ("S-Sugar"); first recommended on 15 January 1945 with resubmission made on 2 May 1945. The document of latter date credited him with 222 operational hours (55 sorties - three anti-E-boat patrols, 19 supply drops, 23 supply landings). While force landing he remained under attack; wireless operator died on the 13th of shrapnel and bullet wounds.

 

In January 1945 this officer was detailed to undertake a sortie over enemy territory. During the operation his aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter. He immediately took evasive action but his aircraft was hit and a fire started in the fuselage. His port engine was rendered unserviceable and burst into flames. Displaying outstanding coolness and determination, Flight Lieutenant Simpson flew his aircraft to a nearby clearing. Still under fire from the enemy aircraft, he effected a perfect crash landing and then assisted in carrying three seriously wounded members of his crew to safety. Throughout this action Flight Lieutenant Simpson displayed a high standard of skill and devotion to duty. This officer has completed many sorties and he has rendered valuable service to his squadron.


* * * * *


SIMS, Flight Sergeant Ivor Reginald (RAF 755301) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 September 1942. Born in Gloucester, 1910; home there (clerk). Enlisted July 1939; commisioned in April 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 8119 refers.

 

This airman has been engaged on reconnaissance and fighter cover patrols, often executed in adverse weather. Throughout his naviagtional skill has contributed materially to the successes obtained. On one occaion when his aircraft was attacked by a Junkers 88 he manned the gun in the front of the aircraft, regardless of the exposed position, thus assisting in the destruction of the attacker. Flight Sergeant Sims, who has secured many excellent photographs, has set a splendid example.


* * * * *


SKELTON, F/O Jack (RAF 158796) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1920 in Barnsley, Yorkshire; home there. Educated at Holgate Grammer School and Mining and Technology College, Barnsley. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation, undated but circa 20 July 1944 when he had flown 47 sorties (286 hours 45 minutes). First tour was 28 March to 6 August 1942 (28 trips); second tour was 29 July 1943 to 22 May 1944 (21 trips); these actually add up to 49 sorties but one in each tour was not completed.

 

This officer has completed one operational tour and twenty additional bombing sorties against the enemy on his second tour, fourteen of which have been on major targets.

 

Flying Officer Skelton has been Acting Signals Leader and his work generally has been of the highest calibre. His coolness, presence of mind, and devotion to duty have set a splendid example to the squadron, and his cheerful confidence has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew.


* * * * *


SKONE-REES, F/O Victor Percival (RAF 137377) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Home in Penarth, Glamorganshire; served in the ranks; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 2 September when he had flown 37 sorties (225 hours 50 minutes), 15 September 1943 to 10 June 1944.

 

This officer has completed one tour of operations during which he has attacked many of the enemy's major targets including Berlin, Hanover, Frankfurt, targets in the Ruhr, and has also laid many mines in enemy waters. As Bomb Aimer his work has been of a very high standard and he has on all occasions given invaluable aid to the navigator. His enthusiasm and keenness not only helped to raise the efficiency of his crew but was also an inspiration to all members of the squadron to do their best at all times.

 

For strong support of the squadron at all times and for the completion of a very satisfactory tour of operations I recommend the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


SLAUGHTER, Warrant Officer Victor Rodney Jacob (RAF 958689) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 December 1946. DHist cards give no Air Ministry Bulletin reference but the following digest of a citation:

 

...his aircraft was shot down on 1 July 1941 and he parachuted, landing 45 miles southeast of Zwolle. Began walking southwest; seen by a German sentry whom he shot and threw in a canal. Aided by a Dutch farmer but was arrested by Dutch police. On 1 August 1941 he escaped from a slowly moving train; recaptured five days later. On 20 March 1942, with a companion, escaped again, but was recaptured at Aachen. In September 1942 he attempted to escape from Sagan. In September 1943 escaped via a tunnel from Heydekrug; recaptured six days later south of Libau. In April 1945 escaped again for two days; then once again; and finally on 26 April 1945 escaped and made contact with 6th Airborne Division at Schwanheide. Throughout captivity displayed unfailing determination to escape.


* * * * *


SLEE, Corporal James (RAF 1123796) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base, Middleton St.George - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation submitted to No.6 Group Headquarters, 2 February 1945. Enlisted 12 October 1940. Steward in Officers' Mess.

 

Corporal Slee has shown exemplary devotion to duty working at all hours and has been most helpful to members of the Mess in every way. While only of the rank of Corporal [he] has filled a Flight Sergeant's post, [is] worthy of a Flight Sergeant himself, and has accepted full responsibility.


* * * * *


SLIPPER, Sergeant Henry William (RAF 1897269) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945. Born 1910 in Tottenham; home in Ilford, Essex (police constable). Enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 18027/AL.995 refers.

 

In October 1944 the crew of which Sergeant Slipper was Flight Engineer was detailed to attack a synthetic oil plant in Germany. While over the target area, the aircraft was severely damaged. Two of the petrol tanks were holed and one engine rendered unserviceable. With great resourcefulness this airman economized the fuel to such an extent that the crippled aircraft was able to make an emergency landing in this country. Sergeant Slipper's airmanship, ingenuity and unselfish devotion to duty in the face of great peril have distinguished him as an outstanding Flight Engineer.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has recommendation dated 5 December 1944 when he had flown 14 sorties (80 hours 45 minutes). The text is a bit confusing; how could he have continued to perform his duties if he "remained in the rest position" ? Perhaps it was meant to read that he "remained at his station".

 

The crew of which Sergeant Slipper is Flight Engineer were detailed to bomb a synthetic oil plant in Homberg, Germany, during the day of October 25th, 1944.

 

The trip to the target and the run in on the target were carried on without incident. Directly over the target, the Flight Engineer, from his vantage point could see three other Halifax aircraft above. He warned the pilot but at the same time the Bomb Aimer was releasing the bombs. At the same instant a thousand-pound bomb passed through the port wing between the inboard and outboard engines, tearing No.1 and No.3 fuel tanks at the same time. This caused the aircraft to list to port and violent vibrations shook the whole aircraft. The port inboard engine was cut. A second bomb hit the starboard elevator causing the controls to be ripped from the pilot's hands. Sergeant Slipper went to the main balance to get fuel balance. A few second later the port inner engine became unserviceable. The skipper gave orders to prepare to abandon ship. The Flight Engineer remained in the rest position for the remainder of the trip. Calling upon all the resources of the knowledge of his trade, he equalized and economized the fuel to such an extent that the crippled aircraft was able to make an emergency landing in Norfolk. Sergeant Slipper's airmanship, his ingenuity and his unselfish devotion to duty in the face of great peril, distinguish him as an outstanding Flight Engineer. It is for these reasons that I recommend Sergeant Slipper for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


SLOAN, Sergeant Stuart Nimmo (RAF 1550966) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1943. Born at Whitecraig, 1922; home in Edinburgh (apprentice quantity surveyor). Enlisted 1941. Bomb Aimer. Air Ministry Bulletin 10527 refers. Cited with F/O J.B.G. Bailey (RAF, awarded DFC) and Sergeant G.C.W. Parslow (RAF, awarded DFM).

 

One night in May 1943, Flying Officer Bailey and Sergeants Sloan and Parslow were members of the crew of an aircraft detailed to attack Dortmund. Shortly after its bombs had been released the aircraft was badly damaged by anti-aircraft fire whilst held by the searchlights. Evasive action was taken by putting the aircraft into a steep dive, but this proved ineffective, and the bomber was subjected to heavy fire while still illuminated. The situation became critical, but Sergeant Sloan, displaying superb skill and determination, eventually flew clear of the defences and headed for this country.

 

A hatch was open and could not be closed, the rear turret door was also open, and wind of great force blew through the length of the aircraft. All the lights in the navigator's cabin were extinguished, but in the face of extreme difficulty. Sergeant Parslow plotted a course. On the return flight he and Flying Officer Bailey assisted Sergeant Sloan in every way within their power, and eventually this gallant airman flew the badly damaged bomber to an airfield and effected a good landing. In appalling circumstances these members of aircrew displayed courage, determination and fortitude of the highest order.


* * * * *


SMART, Warrant Officer Walter Henry (RAF 658040) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1919 in Bristol; home at Monkseaton, Northumberland (salesman). Transferred from army to RAF, 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHIst file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 25 August 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (152 hours 50 minutes) as an Air Bomber, 16 May 1943 to 18 July 1944.

 

Warrant Officer Smart has completed 28 sorties against the enemy including attacks against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Magdeburg, Nuremburg and Frankfurt. Throughout his tour he has displayed great skill and courage and the results obtained are a tribute to his fighting qualities. At all times his coolness and disregard to danger have been an inspiration to the rest of the crew. It is considered that his cheerfulness, gallantry and devotion to duty fully merit the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


SMITH, S/L Bernard Victor (RAF 47246) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Commissioned as a Pilot Officer on Probation, 3 November 1941 with effect from 9 October 1941; promotion to Flying Officer not clear; promoted to Flight Lieutenant, 1 July 1944 and confirmed in that rank 12 December 1944; he must have been holding acting Squadron Leader rank when honoured. Technical Branch Officer.


* * * * *


SMITH, F/L Bertram Leonard, DFM (RAF 117761) - Mention in Despatches - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation drafted 13 July 1944. Enlisted 15 December 1939. Squadron Signals Leader.

 

Flight Lieutenant Smith has displayed great zeal, energy ad administrative ability in the organization and maintenance of the Squadron Signals Section. The instruction and training received by the Wireless Operators (Air) and Wireless Operators Air Gunners under the guidance of Flight Lieutenant Smith has been of a very high standard and the efficiency of the Signals Section has been second to none. No task has been too great or any hours too long for Flight Lieutenant Smith.


* * * * *


SMITH, Flight Sergeant Cyril Arthur (RAF 1387599) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 5 May 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 13822/AL.802 refers but has no biographical details.

 

A first-class wireless operator, this airman has acted on many occasions with great skill. On numerous sorties over enemy occupied territory, he has given the greatest possible assistance to his captain. In November 1943 he was navigator in an aircraft on patrol to the Norwegian coast. When about 200 miles from base his pilot was overcome by fumes from a leaking windscreen ant-icer. Flight Sergeant Smith immediately went to the pilot's help and under his instructions materially assisted him to fly the aircraft back to base. This airman has invariably set a fine example by his devotion to duty and coolness in times of stress.


* * * * *


SMITH, Flight Sergeant David Cruikshanks (RAF 755176) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 June 1944, with effect from 29 May 1943. Born in Glasgow, 1919; home in Clarkston, Glasgow (clerk). Enlisted 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 14360/AL.833 refers. Citation also found in Public Record Office Air 2/9630.

 

This airman has an exceptionally fine record of operational flying . A first-class wireless operator, now on his second tour of operational duty, he has attacked many of the enemy's most heavily defended targets including Berlin, Hamburg, Wilhelmshaven and Kiel. He also took part in two 1,000-bomber raids. It was often due to his exceptional skill that his missions were completed despite adverse weather and difficult conditions. This airman's fine cooperation with his captain and navigator, his coolness at all times and his commendable devotion to duty have been worthy of the highest praise.

 

NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 25 May 1943 when he had flown 40 sorties (255 hours 35 minutes). First tour had been in Bomber Command, 22 September 1940 to 14 July 1942 (28 sorties). He had also flown on the 1,000-bomber raids of 30 May and 1 June 1942 (probably on an OTU aircraft). Second tour had commenced 26 January 1943 and as of recommendation he had flown ten additional sorties.

 

Flight Sergeant Smith has a very fine record of operational flying as a Wireless Operator Air Gunner. He is now engaged on his second tour of operations and has completed, in all, 40 sorties to Germany and enemy occupied territory. During his first tour in particular, it was often due to his exceptional skill in obtaining wireless bearings that a successful sortie was completed in spite of great difficulties and bad weather conditions.

 

His list of targets includes Berlin (twice), the North German ports of Hamburg, Wilhelmshaven and Kiel, six visits to the heavily defended cities of the Ruhr Valley including the 1,000 bomber raids of last year, and many others in France and southwest Germany.

 

On one occasion in January 1943, his aircraft was returning from an attack on the U-boat base at Lorient when his captain reported an acute petrol shortage and requested S.O.S. procedure. Due to Flight Sergeant Smith's exceptional skill, the aircraft was able to land successfully and with a minimum of delay at an aerodrome in southwest England.

 

Flight Sergeant Smith's cooperation with his captain and navigator, his coolness at all times, and commendable devotion to duty, have in a large measure contributed to the effective completion of his operational sorties.


* * * * *


SMITH, P/O Douglas Willoughby (RAF 184743) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1921 at Ilseworth, Middlesex; home there. Educated at Marlborough School, Isleworth. Enlisted August 1941; commissioned August 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18789/AL.1018 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 20 November 1944 when he had flown 23 sorties (129 hours 30 minutes), 25 February to 4 November 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Smith has completed twenty-three sorties over enemy territory, including many on the most heavily defended targets in Germany. A wireless operator of exceptional ability, this officer has displayed outstanding determination and devotion to duty at all times. His keenness for operational flying has been shown by his willingness to fly with anyone at any time. He has made a large number of trips as a spare wireless operator in which capacity he has won the respect of all captains and crews with whom he has flown. Pilot Officer Smith is an example to all other wireless operators in the section and an inspiration to the aircrew on the squadron. His work both in the air and on the ground is of a high order.


* * * * *


SMITH, W/C Donald William Mackay (RAF 41483) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1943. Born Sackville, New Brunswick, 1917; home in Elgin, New Brunswick; educated in Preston, Ontario. RAF, commissioned 1938. Attained rank of Wing Commander. In No.218 Squadron, March 1940 to 20 May 1941; commanded No.428 Squadron, 21 February to 14 September 1943 (POW). Air Ministry Bulletin 10475 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 21 April 1943. NOTE: The London Gazette gives his name as Joseph William. The recommendation agrees as to service number but gives his names as Donald William Mackay Smith. As of recommendation he had flown 41 sorties or 191 hours 50 minutes (165 hours 20 minutes by night, 26 hours 30 minutes by day), 22 April 1940 to 10 May 1941 and 26 January 1943 to 28 March 1943 (four trips only on second tour listed).

 

Wing Commander Smith has completed 41 operational sorties, ten of them daylight raids. He has shown himself to be an outstanding operational leader. He possesses that mixture of courage and sound common sense that is found in very few and it makes him an ideal leader for a bomber squadron.

 

He is an excellent administrator and a good organizer, and a large share of the credit goes to him for the speedy and efficient manner in which the squadron has been formed and operated.


DHist cards give a slightly different summary:

 

...large number of sorties, including ten daylight raids...an ideal leader...cheerful courage and unselfishness a great factor in squadron's success...has always displayed skill and determination of highest degree...an inspiration to all ranks.


* * * * *


SMITH, Sergeant Edward Henry (NZ 2404102) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 July 1943. Born in Aukland, New Zealand, 1914; home in Konini, Pakiatua, New Zealand (cheese maker). Enlisted 1940. Trained in Canada at No.1 Wireless School (Course No.10) and No.1 Bombing and Gunnery School (Course No.12). Air Ministry Bulletin 10770 refers.

 

This airman was wireless operator in an aircraft detailed to attack a very heavily escorted blockade runner in the Bay of Biscay. During the attack the aircraft was hit and set on fire. Sergeant Smith attacked the flames and eventually succeeded in extinguishing them, though parts of the aircraft continued to smoulder. Although scorched about the hands and face, he finally got the fire under control and the aircraft returned safely to base. He has invariably displayed high courage and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


SMITH, S/L Frank Kenneth (RAF 48979) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. A former Sergeant (359384), he was appointed Acting Pilot Officer on Probation, 28 March 1941 with effect from 20 February 1941; promoted to Flying Officer 18 April 1942 and to Flight Lieutenant 1 July 1944; probably holding acting rank of Squadron Leader when cited. Royal Air Force Regiment.


* * * * *


SMITH, Sergeant James William Taylor Mason (RAF 1475434) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - Awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 April 1943. Born in Bedlington, Northumberland, 1922; home there (railway clerk). Enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 9816 refers. Bomb Aimer. Cited with S/L Edward Gerard Gilmore (RCAF, awarded DFC).

 

One night in February 1943, Squadron Leader Gilmore and Sergeant Smith were captain and bomb aimer respectively of an aircraft detailed to attack Cologne. Whilst over the target area the aircraft was subjected to heavy anti-aircraft fire and sustained much damage. The aircraft went out of control and considerable height was lost before Squadron Leader Gilmore regained control. The bomber was riddled by shell splinters and one of his propellers was shot away, two compasses were rendered useless and all navigational charts were lost. Nevertheless, Squadron Leader Gilmore flew the damaged bomber to an airfield near the coast, having received valuable assistance from Sergeant Smith, who by use of the bomb sight compass, displayed skilful navigation.


* * * * *


SMITH, F/O John Carlton (RAF 171645) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born in Margate, 1921; home in Dover; educated at Chatham House Secondary School, Ramsgate. Served in the ranks, commissioned February 19944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 19 August 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (196 hours 50 minutes), 22 September 1943 to 18 June 1944.

 

This officer has since September 1943 compiled a record of 34 operational sorties over enemy territory, including such heavily defended targets as Berlin (2), Stuttgart (2), Essen (2), Dusseldorf (2) and Hanover (2).

 

The successful completion of these sorties has been due largely to the initiative, resourcefulness and skilled airmanship of this officer. He has always set his mind on the task in hand, fearlessly and with a fine offensive spirit, thereby setting a magnificent example to his crew, and the squadron in general. His cheerful confidence has inspired a high standard or morale in his crew.

 

Pilot Officer Smith has consistently shown great devotion to duty, and I consider that he in every respect fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).


* * * * *


SMITH, 1st Lieutenant John Kenneth (USAAF O-886141) - Distinguished Flying Cross (United States) - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per Eighth Air Force General Order No.124 dated 4 March 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has particulars. Entered military service from New York. Missing on operation to Haine St.Pierre, Belgium, 9 May 1944.

 

For extraordinary achievement, while piloting a Lancaster bomber of the Royal Canadian Air Force on the night of the 2nd January 1944. Lieutenant Smith's aircraft was carrying a maximum bomb load, including one 8,000 pound bomb. While proceeding down the runway on takeoff, one engine of his plane ceased to function. Fully realizing the resultant destruction that would follow if he was unable to take off, Lieutenant Smith made a supreme effort as he neared the end of the runway and became airborne. Exhibiting the utmost flying skill, he manoeuvred his heavily laden aircraft over the North Sea and jettisoned the bomb load. As a direct result of the superb airmanship of Lieutenant Smith, his aircraft and crew were saved from almost certain destruction and undoubtedly complete demolition of a considerable part of his station was avoided. His achievement on this occasion reflects highest credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States.


This was based on a letter from W/C W.H. Swetman to USAAF, 5 January 1944, with the following account:

 

Lieutenant Smith was detailed as captain of a Lancaster aircraft to attack Berlin on the night of January 2/3, 1944, carrying a maximum load including one 8,000 pound bomb. Whilst proceeding down the runway at takeoff, the propeller motor in the starboard outer engine became unserviceable. With no hope of pulling up, as he was within 100 yards of the end of the runway, he had no alternative but to attempt takeoff with three serviceable engines. Under very adverse weather conditions, including low cloud base and extremely heavy and gusty winds, the aircraft was skilfully lifted into the air. Although the flight engineer immediately tried to feather the propeller, this mechanism also momentarily failed, and the pilot was forced to fly for several minutes at a very low altitude, one propeller windmilling to add to his difficulty. As the result of the vibration set up by the windmilling propeller, the intercommunication system failed and the pilot was unable to give orders to his engineer during this time. When eventually they were able to feather the propeller, Lieutenant Smith, by remarkable airmanship, and despite his particularly heavy load, was able to climb through thick cloud on only three engines.

 

He headed the aircraft towards the sea, gradually gaining altitude until when over the Channel, a safe height had been reached to allow him to jettison his bomb load.

 

It was only through his superb airmanship that this officer was able to lift his machine in the air and gain altitude on only three engines, with such a heavy load and under the most difficult conditions that could be encountered. The slightest error in judgement on his part at takeoff would have meant not only instant death to his crew but undoubtedly many casualties and complete demolition of a considerable part of his station.

 

Lieutenant Smith's work whilst with this squadron has been of the very highest order, and he is eligible for the Air Medal, having completed eight operational sorties. I feel, however, that his action as related above deserves special recognition, and while I am not too familiar with American decorations, the Distinguished Flying Cross. (Immediate) would appear appropriate.


* * * * *


SMITH, Corporal Kenneth James Febarn (RAF 1431483) - Mention in Despatches - No.,9427 Serving Echelon, Leeming - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Fitter/Armourer (Bombs). DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation drafted July 1944.

 

Enlisted 28 April 1941 and is employed as Non-Commissioned Officer in charge of Armament Servicing Crew. He has a high sense of duty and has shown his enthusiasm through long hours of work in all conditions of weather. He instills this same spirit in his subordinates.


* * * * *


SMITH, Flight Sergeant Kenneth William (RAF 1314935) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 December 1943. Born in Weymouth, Dorset, 1922; home there (clerk). Enlisted 1941; trained as pilot. Air Ministry Bulletin 12236/AL.711 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation prepared on or about 23 October 1943 when he had flown 24 sorties (141 hours 38 minutes), 16 February to 8 October 1943. His last sortie, to Hanover (five hours 40 minutes) had seen him land at Shipham, one wing having been damaged by another bomber (Category "B").

 

Flight Sergeant Smith as captain of aircraft has completed a large number of operational sorties. His targets have included attacks on some of the most heavily defended objectives in western and southwestern Germany. This airman's keenness and determination have always been of the highest order, while his courage and devotion to duty in face of heavy opposition have set a splendid example to all other aircrews.


* * * * *


SMITH, F/O Patrick Joseph (RAF 174759) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.409 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 January 1945. Born 1907 in Queta, India; educated at Holmdener and Sheffield; Enlisted August 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin* 17217/AL.958 refers. Public Records Office Air 2/9043 has citation drafted when he had flown 67 sorties (157 operational hours).

 

Pilot Officer Smith has displayed a high standard of navigational skill throughout many operational sorties.Largely owing to his tenacity and endurance, three enemy aircraft have been destroyed. He has taken part in numerous fighter patrols and intruder sorties with the utmost courage and determination.


* * * * *


SMITH, P/O Raymond Bagnall (RAF 135400) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 July 1943. Born in Langley, Birmingham, 1918; home in Carlisle. Educated at Langley Council School and County High School, Langley. Enlisted in Lancashire Fusiliers (Territorial Army), 1939; transferred to RAFVR in 1941; pilot, commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 10822 refers and is clearly the source from which the following digest was made:

 

...large number of successful night sorties; targets include Frankfurt, Mannheim, Kiel, Cologne...throughout operations has been conspicuous for devotion to duty and has displayed exceptional courage in hazardous circumstances...courage, skill and determination an inspiration to crew.


The following citation (briefer) was published in Flight, 26 August 1943.

 

Pilot Officer Smith has completed a large number of night sorties over the more heavily defended enemy targets such as Frankfurt, Mannheim, Kiel and Cologne.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 10 May 1943 when he had flown 28 sorties (163 hours 45 minutes). He had flown one sortie (date not given) prior to joining No.425 Squadron; the balance had been flown 5 October 1942 to 26 April 1943.

 

This officer has completed a large number of successful night sorties over the most heavily defended targets. Throughout his operational career, Pilot Officer Smith has been conspicuous for his devotion to duty and has displayed exceptional coolness and courage in hazardous circumstances.


* * * * *


SMITH, Flight Sergeant Robert Leonard Myles (RAF 628299) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 July 1943. Born in Bath, 1921; home in Abingdon. Enlisted 1938. Air Ministry Bulletin 10744 refers.

 

As Wireless Operator/Air Gunner, Flight Sergeant Smith has taken part in a large number of sorties, including attacks on some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany. He has fulfilled his duties admirably and has invariably displayed great determination and fortitude.


DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 3 June 1943, when he had flown 54 sorties (366 hours 50 minutes).

 

Flight Sergeant Smith has carried out 54 operations over enemy territory, some of these being against the most heavily defended targets in Germany. The operations included sorties to the following: Bremen (2), Calais, Bremershaven, Mannheim, Le Havre, Magdeburg, Berlin (3), Amsterdam, Cologne (2), Stettin, Kiel (2), Bordeaux, Nickels on Paris and Orleans (2), leaflets on Lille, Essen (3), Pilsen, Dusseldorf (3), St.Nazaire, Gardening (3), Stuttgart, Dortmund (2), Bochum, Frankfurt, Duisburg (3), and fifteen other trips.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer started operations on the 13th June 1940 with No.77 Squadron on which he carried out 32 trips. On his second tour he has carried out 22 sorties including amongst them the 1,000-Raids on Essen and Cologne. As Wireless Operator, he has always fulfilled his duties admirably and has shown great fortitude and set a good example to the rest of his crew members.


* * * * *


SMITH, P/O Stanley (RAF 176715) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Born 1922 in Skiton, Yorkshire; home there; educated at Brougham Street County Council School. Servd in the ranks; commissioned May 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 17146/AL.960 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Volume 20636) has recommendation (undated) listing 39 sorties (196 hours 46 minutes), 14 October 1943 to late September 1944 (document torn and dates incomplete). Flight Engineer.

 

Pilot Officer Smith has completed a tour of operations totalling 39 operations , nine of which were attacks against heavily defended major German targets including Kassel, Dusseldorf, Stuttgart and Berlin. He has also participated in minelaying operations in the Kiel and Baltic areas. On four different occasions the operations were completed under very harassing circumstances. At all times Pilot Officer Smith as Flight Engineer had displayed high skill, determination and zeal. His coolness and complete fearlessness while in action has been an example to all members of the squadron.


* * * * *


SMITH, Warrant Officer William (RAF 518264) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. General Duties (Wireless) and Fitter (Communications).


* * * * *


SMITH, F/O Walter Victor (RAF 189029) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945. Born 1919 at Oakengate, Shropshire; home in Bilbrook, Wolverhampton. Enlisted September 1939; commissioned October 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 20218/AL.1104 refers.

 

This officer has completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation by W/C M.E. Ferguson dated 22 May 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (208 hours 40 minutes), 4 October 1944 to 25 March 1945.

 

Pilot Officer Smith has completed a tour of 30 operational sorties against Germany's most heavily defended areas. He is an exceptional Flight Engineer and has at all times throughout his tour shown a high degree of skill and courage and has flown as spare Engineer on numerous occasions with the greatest eagerness.

 

I consider that this officer's conscientious and undaunted spirit whilst on operations fully merits the award of the non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


SMYTH, F/O David Ronald (RAF 190748) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1925 at Hampton, Court; home in Carlisile. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Flight Engineer in F/O M.E. Fraser's crew. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 18789/AL.1018 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.2891 (RG.24 Volume 20633) has recommendation for an immediate DFM (he was then a Sergeant) dated 24 January 1945 when he had flown 26 sorties (150 hours five minutes); no sortie sheet to establish dates.

 

Sergeant Smyth has completed 26 sorties against the enemy attacking many targets in Germany. At all times he has proved to be a courageous and skilful crew member and his devotion to duty has proved an inspiration to the other members of the crew. On the night of January 16/17th, 1945, Sergeant Smyth was serving as Flight Engineer in an aircraft detailed to attack Magdeburg. Leaving the target area, the aircraft suffered a collision with another aircraft which was taking avoiding action. The aircraft was severely damaged resulting in the loss of stability and difficulty in control. Sergeant Smyth displayed great coolness and initiative in assisting the captain. The aircraft landed safely at an emergency aerodrome.


* * * * *


SOUTH, F/O Gerald John (RAF 143664) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 November 1943. Born 1922 at Edgbaston, Birmingham; some at Sale, Cheshire; educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham and Manchester. Commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12069/AL.703 refers.

 

One night in October 1943 this officer was the pilot of an aircraft which attacked Hanover. Whilst over the target area, the bomber was hit by anti-aircraft fire. Flying Officer South was wounded in the arm and the aircraft went into a steep dive. The pilot quickly regained control, however, and disdaining first aid for the time being, went on to make a successful attack. Later on, an enemy fighter was encountered, but it was driven off. Flying Officer South displayed great fortitude and outstanding devotion to duty.


* * * * *


SOUTHWELL, P/O Victor (RAF 158897) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 19 February 1944 when he had flown 21 sorties (139 hours 30 minutes), 29 May 1943 to 15 February 1944.

 

This officer has a fine record of achievement as a navigator. He has guided his captain with accuracy to and from many of the major targets in enemy territory. The extreme precision with which he has performed his duties made the safety of his aircraft assured and there is little doubt that his quiet skill and determination have contributed largely to the great success attained by his crew. This officer has taken part in ten complete sorties against Berlin during his present tour of operations, and I strongly recommend the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 19 February 1944 when he had flown 21 sorties (139 hours 30 minutes), 29 May 1943 to 15 February 1944. Text does not differ materially from above.


* * * * *


SPENCER, F/O Maurice John (RAF 124645) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944. Born 1911 at Belfast; home in Wallasey, Cheshire. Enlisted 1941; trained in South Africa; commissioned 1942. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."


* * * * *


SPURWAY, F/O Kenneth Charles (RAF 47343) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Technical.


* * * * *


STABLES, F/O William Irving (RAF 168504) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born 1908 in Darfield, Yorkshire; home there; educated at Lord Nelson Council School, Darfield. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 19 August 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (182 hours 35 minutes), 21 May 1943 to 28 July 1944.

 

This wireless operator has taken part in 32 attacks over enemy territory including attacks on such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Kassel, Frankfurt and Hamburg. He has shown himself to be an above average wireless operator who knows his work and does it extremely well. On the ground he has been of great assistance to the Squadron Signal Leader and his devotion to duty has been an outstanding example and an inspiration to his crew mates and his fellow wireless operators. It is considered that this officer's operational record fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


STANLEY, P/O Henry Ernest (RAF 182669) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1921 in London; home at Clapton; educated at Morning Lane Elementary School and Technical Institute at Hackney. Served in the ranks; commissioned July 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


STANLEY, Sergeant Joseph (RAF 563218) - British Empire Medal - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943. Name obtained from squadron Operational Record Book with no further details.


* * * * *


STAUNTON, F/L John Keith (AUS 404415) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 November 1943. Born at Murwillumbah, New South Wales, 1918; home there (building tradesman). Enlisted 1940; trained in Canada (No.2 Wireless School, Calgary and No.2 Bombing and Gunnery School, Mossbank); commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12171/AL.705 refers.

 

...as Squadron Gunnery Officer has flown on operations throughout Sicilian and Italian campaign. Has always shown great keenness and devotion to duty, while his exceptional ability and untiring efforts to improve the standard of gunnery techniques has been reflected in the successes attained by the squadron as a whole.


* * * * *


STEERE, Sergeant Gilbert Ebenezer (RAF 1460321) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 July 1944. Born 1921 near Haralarm; home there (shop assistant); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 14717/AL.849 refers. Cited with Sergeant John Mangione and Sergeant G.J.M. Ritchie (RCAF, awarded DFM). Pilot, S/L W.B. Anderson, DFC, died before being located.

 

Sergeant Steere, Sergeant Mangione and Sergeant Ritchie were flight engineer, mid-upper and rear gunners respectively of an aircraft detailed for a sortie on night in June 1944. Over the enemy coast the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire and the pilot was mortally wounded. He gave orders to the remainder of the crew to leave by parachute but Sergeant Steere, realizing that his comrade would be unable to follow, disregarded the order. He went to his wounded comrade and together they succeeded in regaining control of the aircraft. Sergeant Steere then discovered that Sergeants Mangione and Ritchie had also stayed in the aircraft and were ready to assist Sergeant Steere who had taken over the controls in an effort to fly the aircraft home. Although he had no previous experience he flew to an airfield. After making contact with the ground personnel by radio telephone he circled the airfield whilst Sergeants Mangione and Ritchie gave additional first aid to the pilot and then parachuted out of the aircraft on a static line in a last effort to save his life. Only when he was sure that his other two comrades had safely left the aircraft by parachute did Sergeant Steere then leave himself. In the face of a trying ordeal these airmen displayed great courage and devotion to duty setting an example of the highest order.



* * * * *


STEPHENSON, Major Arthur Kenneth (117803, Royal Artillery) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.6 Group Headquarters - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 July 1944. Public Record Office Air 2/916 has recommendation; as Flak Liaison Officer he had flown sixteen sorties (66 operational hours).

 

Since being attached to his present unit this officer has taken part in several operational sorties over some of the enemy's most heavily defended areas. He has also participated in shipping sweeps and night fighter patrols. During an attack on Munchen Gladbach in August 1943, the aircraft in which he was flying was attacked six times by enemy fighters and badly damaged but nevertheless the attack was pressed home. Throughout, Major Stephenson calmly made notes, bringing back valuable information. His conduct was an example of cool courage and devotion to duty and an inspiration to the other members of the crew. On another occasion, when his aircraft was attacked by enemy fighters and damaged, this officer's complete disregard of personal danger was instrumental in obtaining valuable information.


* * * * *


STEWART, F/O George Dutch (RAF 178640) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945. Born 1914 in Edinburgh; home in Cirencester, Glostershire; educated at Perth Academy and Perth Commercial College. Enlisted January 1940; commissioned June 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18029/AL.995 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


STODDART, F/O John Robson Ellwood (RAF 131836) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 February 1945. Born 1909 at Burgh-by-Sands, Carlisle; home at Gretna, Carlisle. Enlisted April 1941; commissioned October 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 17329/AL.970 refers.

 

Flight Lieutenant Stoddart has been engaged on operational flying for the past two years and has proved himself to be a most capable and courageous navigator. He has frequently guided formations of aircraft long distances over the sea in appalling weather and the many successes attained are in no small measure due to his skill and devotion to duty.


NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9046 has recommendation by W/C W.E. Pierce dated 11 December 1944 when he had flown 41 sorties (173 operational hours).

 

Flight Lieutenant Stoddart has been navigator to Flight Lieutenant Wainman for the past two years, and has proved himself to be a most capable and able navigator. His has frequently been the responsibility of navigating formations of aircraft long distances over the sea in appalling weather and the many successes of this crew are in no small measure due to his devotion to duty.

 

Since joining the squadron on May 12, 1944, he has completed 41 operational sorties totalling 173 hours, and has successfully directed his pilot on no less than twelve anti-shipping strikes against the most heavily defended targets in the Bay of Biscay and on the Dutch and Norwegian coasts.

 

Flight Lieutenant Stoddart never fails to produce outstanding photographs of an attack, which are of inestimable value in the identification of the target and the amount of damage inflicted upon it, and on several occasions his photographs have provided final and conclusive evidence where much doubt existed.

 

This officer's devotion to duty has been of the highest order, and his fearlessness and courage in successfully directing his pilot on so many occasions, and his coolness under fire, are outstanding. I have no hesitation in recommending him for the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


STOTT, Corporal Evelyn (RAF 2080426) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base, Middleton St.George - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation submitted to No.6 Group Headquarters, 5 May 1945. Clerk (General Duties), enlisted 4 June 1942.

 

Corporal Stott, as Non-Commissioned Officer in Charge Secret Registry since its inception, has at all times displayed unflagging keenness and efficiency in organizing and administering this important section of a Headquarters, with excellent results. She readily works long hours cheerfully and set a fine example as a Non-Commissioned Officer, winning the respect and cooperation of all. Her above average zeal and devotion to her job is praiseworthy and merits recognition.


* * * * *


STUART, Flight Sergeant Frederick John (RAF 658038) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 November 1943. Born 1916; home in Heaton, Newcastle (solicter's clerk). Transferred from Royal Artillery, 1941. Missing in action during raid on Frankfurt, 20/21 December 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12094/AL.704 refers.

 

One night in October 1943, this airman piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Leipzig. Before the target was reached the aircraft was intercepted by a fighter which attacked with great persistence. Much damage was sustained before Flight Sergeant Stuart succeeded in flying clear. Shortly afterwards, another fighter made a series of attacks, but with superb skill, Flight Sergeant Stuart evaded them. His aircraft was badly crippled. The cockpits, turrets, hydraulic gear and other essential equipment were damaged. The petrol tanks had been pierced, and one of the gunners wounded. Undaunted, this valiant pilot went on to bomb his target, and afterwards flew the crippled bomber to base where he effected a masterly landing. In the face of heavy odds, this airman set an example of courage, resolution and devotion to duty beyond praise.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 23 October 1943 when he had flown 20 sorties (122 hours). This gives more details:

 

During the attack on Leipzig on the night of the 20th October 1943, Flight Sergeant Stuart was captain of a Lancaster aircraft which was twice engaged by enemy night fighters. The first attack came from a Messerschmitt 109 while en route to the target. The attack was pressed home and direct hits from cannon and machine guns raked the bomber causing serious damage and wounding the mid-upper air gunner. After a total of four attacks the Messerschmitt 109 was forced to break off the engagement due to the pilot's skilful evasive action. Flight Sergeant Stuart was no sooner on his course when a Junkers 88 attacked. The pilot again evaded three attacks, his superb airmanship enabling him to outmanoeuvre the enemy fighter with his crippled bomber. Despite severe damage, including shattered cockpits and turrets, holed petrol tanks, damaged hydraulics and navigational instruments destroyed, and a gunner wounded, the pilot decided to complete his mission and again set course for the target. After successfully bombing the primary objective, Flight Sergeant Stuart guided his crippled bomber back to base and made a masterly landing.

 

This display of offensive spirit, gallantry and superb airmanship in face of heavy odds undoubtedly saved the aircraft and the crew. I consider this devotion to duty and gallant conduct fully merits the award of the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying).


* * * * *


STUART, Sergeant Peter (RAF 1821792) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 December 1943/ Born in Glasgow; home there (joiner or carpenter). Enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12289/AL.717 refers. Cited with Sergeant Andrew C. Yule, RCAF.

 

Sergeants Stuart and Yule were mid-upper gunner and flight engineer, respectively, of an aircraft which attacked Kassel one night in October 1943. Shortly after leaving the target the bomber was hit by machine-gun fire from an enemy fighter and the rear gunner was wounded. Sergeant Stuart used his guns effectively, however, and drove off the attacker. Another attack quickly developed but, although his oxygen supply had failed, this resolute gunner continued firing his guns. Whilst giving skilful evading directions to his pilot another fighter was also evaded, and then Sergeant Stuart left his turret to extinguish the fire in the rear turret. Sergeant Yule, who had been wounded in both arms and in the hip when going to the assistance of the rear gunner, displayed great courage and fortitude and insisted on fulfilling his engineering duties until the aircraft reached base. In circumstances fraught with great danger these airmen displayed courage, determination and devotion to duty of a high order.


* * * * *


STYLES, Flight Sergeant Douglas Hamilton (RAF 758047) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 January 1943. Born in Hull, Yorkshire, 1914 (clerk). Enlisted as an observer. Air Ministry Bulletin 8944 refers. Citation published in Flight, 18 February 1943.

 

Flight Sergeant Styles has taken part in 99 operational sorties. In May 1941 he was the navigator of an aircraft which, whilst operating off the west coast of Ireland, attacked and damaged a Junkers 88. Since September 1941 he has participated in a large number of intruder operations over enemy occupied territories. This airman has always shown great keenness and determination in the performance of his duties. He has flown as navigator in operations that have resulted in severely damaging four locomotives.


* * * * *


STYLES, W/C Herbert Mortimer (RAF 33146) - Distinguished Service Order - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 November 1941. Born in Bristol, 1914; home in Keanney, North Devon; educated at Clifton. Commissioned from Cramwell (Sword of Honour, 193). Served in Mediterranean and at Gosport (School of Air Navigation) in 1939. Promoted to Wing Commander, May 1941. Commanded No.407 Squadron, 15 May 1941 to 6 January 1942. Mentioned in Despatches, London Gazette dated 11 June 1942, but it is not clear if this was for work in No.407 Squadron. Killed in action, 16 November 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 5629 refers. Citation published in Flight, 27 November 1941.

 

This officer has displayed rare powers of leadership and organizing ability. As commander of the squadron he has played a large part in raising it to its present high standard of operational efficiency. The squadron has been responsible for destroying or severely damaging many thousands of tons of enemy shipping.

 

Acting Wing Commander Styles has himself contributed materially to the splendid achievements, carrying out his attacks from low altitudes and in the face of intense anti-aircraft opposition. This officer has set a magnificent example of courageous leadership and determination.


* * * * *


SUFFIELD, Warrant Officer George (RAF 508562) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base, Middleton St.George - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation for a BEM drafted 2 February 1945 and submitted to No.6 Group Headquarters the same day. NCO in charge of Armament Section.

 

This Warrant Officer was the main support in the efficient organization of the Armament Section on this station in its initial stages of Canadianization and has continued to be so. The spirit in which he imparted the knowledge to the inexperienced personnel, the organizing the various armament sections, was outstanding and his untiring efforts in this connection was beyond the normal call of duty. His leadership, efficiency and his cheerful disposition is an outstanding example to all.


* * * * *


SUMMERS, S/L Albert Salmon (RAF 35839) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Confirmed as Flying Officer, 28 October 1940; confirmed as Flight Lieutenant, with seniority from 1 December 1941; promoted to Squadron Leader, 1 April 1943. Technical Branch officer.


* * * * *


SURTEES, P/O John (RAF 174684) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 October 1944. Born 1921; home in St.Andrews, Fife; educated at Bell Baxter College, Fife and at Dunde Technical College. Commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15767/AL.891 refers. Cited with Pilot Officer Robert J. Capon, RAF (which see). DHIst file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 7 August 1944 when he had flown 29 ½ sorties (176 hours).

 

This officer, the Wireless Operator of the crew captained by Acting Flight Lieutenant D. Brown, DFC, has completed 29 ½ operational sorties over enemy territory, including many of the heavily defended targets over Germany, such as Berlin (4), Nuremburg (2), Frankfurt, Hanover and Mannheim.

 

On one occasion, namely the 28th of January 1944, when returning from an attack on Berlin, and shortly after leaving the target area, the Rear Gunner was discovered suffering from lack of oxygen and partly unconscious. Pilot Officer Surtees, with the assistance of the Flight Engineer (Pilot Officer Capon), after a period of nearly 30 minutes, eventually got their semi-conscious comrade from the rear turret, who during this period due to lack of oxygen, was fare from cooperative and made their task almost physically impossible by his struggling and desire to remain in his turret. By this time Pilot Officer Surtees and Pilot Officer Capon (Flight Engineer) were almost physically exhausted and suffering from intense cold and lack of sufficient oxygen. In spite of this, Pilot Officer Surtees entered the turret and remained there for the duration of the return journey, maintaining a cool and efficient watch.


* * * * *


SYMES, Sergeant Richard Anthony (RAF 131955) - British Empire Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 February 1943. Born in Fordington, Dorchester, 1923; home in Taunton (farm assistant). Enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 9418 refers. Cited with Sergeant A.W. Nichols, RCAF. Incident occurred 26 November 1942.

 

One night in November 1942, Sergeant Nichols and Sergeant Symes were engineer and pilot, respectively, of an aircraft engaged on anti-submarine patrol duties. On the return journey engine trouble developed and Sergeant Symes was compelled to make an emergency landing. In so doing the aircraft struck a hut and burst into flames. All the crew with the exception of the wireless operator, who was trapped by the legs, managed to extricate themselves. Knowing that the petrol tanks might explode any moment, Sergeants Symes and Nichols re-entered the blazing aircraft and succeeded in extricating the wireless operator. A few seconds later the petrol tanks exploded. The courage and devotion to duty displayed by these Sergeants undoubtedly saved their comrade's life.


* * * * *


TACON, F/O Ernest William, DFC (RAF 36196) - Air Force Cross - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1942. Born 6 December 1917 in New Zealand; next of kin living in Hastings, New Zealand. Awarded DFC, 31 May 1940 for services with No.233 Squadron. Ferry Command crew cards (Directorate of History and Heritage Collection 84/44-3) report him ferrying Fortress AN519 to Britain, April-May 1941 and Hudson AM813 to Britain, July 1941. The card states he had acquired 802 hours on multi-engine aircraft, 602 hours on Hudsons. DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 9 February 1942.

 

This officer has single handed trained 32 pilots of this squadron on Hudson aircraft, a task which was rendered more difficult by the fact that all these pilots are fresh from the School of General Reconnaissance and had not flown as pilots for periods extending from four to eight months. Moreover, some of these pilots had flown less than 100 hours solo on all types. In addition Flying Officer Tacon has converted onto Hudson aircraft 17 pilots of another squadron.

 

From 16th July to August 31st, Flying Officer Tacon flew 133 hours, principally on instructional work in Hudson aircraft. During all this time, neither he nor any of his pupils were involved in any accident. In addition he lectured all pilots of the squadron on the handling and operational tactics for Hudson aircraft.

 

I consider that the operational efficiency of this squadron owes a great deal to the enthusiasm and hard work of Flying Officer Tacon.


In a letter dated 12 September 1941 (Wing Commander Styles to Officer Commanding RAF Station North Coates), further detail is given:

 

It is strongly recommended that the above officer should be awarded the Air Force Cross for outstanding good work and devotion to duty on non-operational flying. This officer has single-handed trained 32 pilots of this squadron on Hudson aircraft - a task which was rendered more difficult by the fact that all these pilots are fresh from the School of General Reconnaissance, and had not flown as pilots for periods extending from four to eight months. Moreover, some of these pilots had flown less than 100 hours solo on all types.

 

In addition, Flying Officer Tacon has converted onto Hudson aircraft 17 pilots of No.59 Squadron. The following are the dates and figures - 16th July to August 4th, 12 pupils trained in 407 Squadron; August 4th to August 12th, 7 pilots trained in 59 Squadron; August 14th to September 6th, 20 pilots trained in 407 Squadron; September 6th to September 11th, ten pilots trained in 59 Squadron. From 16th July to August 31st, Flying Officer Tacon flew 133 hours, principally on instructional work in Hudson aircraft. During all this time, neither he nor any of his pupils have been involved in any accident. In addition he has lectured all pilots of the squadron on the handling and operational tactics for Hudson aircraft. Since the squadron has commenced night operational flying on September 6th, three ships have been attacked and hit by night and one enemy aircraft attacked by day. I consider that the operational efficiency of this squadron owes a great deal to the enthusiasm and hard work of Flying Officer Tacon.

 

Wing Commander Stratton, commanding 59 Squadron, has agreed with this recommendation in a telephone conversation.


To the above, the Commanding Officer, RAF Station North Coates, replied on 14 September 1941:

 

I regret I am not permitted under the regulations to forward this recommendation at the present time. This comes under the heading of Periodical Awards, and they can only be submitted when called for, which up to date has been twice a year. I have however made a note of it, and as soon as the necessary instructions are received I will let you know.


* * * * *


TAGG, Flight Sergeant Stanley (RAF 639386) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Born in Baltam, London, 1918; home there (salesman). Enlisted 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers. No citation in London Gazette.

 

As Wireless Operator/Air Gunner this airman has been engaged on operational flying since November 1940. His numerous sorties include targets at Berlin, Kiel, Rostock, Cologne and Essen. His initiative, good judgemet and determination have been outstanding.


An abbreviated version of this text was published in Flight, 21 January 1943.


* * * * *


TAIT, F/L William Liddell (RAF 134455) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944.


TAIT, F/L William Liddell (RAF 134455) - Mention in Despatches - Station Croft - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation for an MBE drafted about 19 June 1944; Station Electrical Officer.

 

Flight Lieutenant Tait has been at RCAF Station Croft in the capacity of Station Electrical Officer for the pas eleven months and during that time has displayed the utmost in the way of ability, initiative and resourcefulness in the running of both the Electrical and Instrument Sections. During the formation f No.1664 Conversion Unit and more recently since this station has been operational, Flight Lieutenant Tait has been faced with the problem of running his sections with a high percentage of French-Canadian personnel who have been unfamiliar with English equipment and heavy bomber aircraft in particular. He has, however, by personal supervision and endeavour, groomed his men into an efficient and competent working body.

 

The personal example and untiring efforts of Flight Lieutenant Tait have, in large measure, been responsible for the very high standard of Electrical and Instrument serviceability on this station and characterize him as being indeed worthy of this decoration.


* * * * *


TAYLOR, Captain Carroll Alfred (USAAF O-885989) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - award approved 13 July 1944 but not published in London Gazette. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

This captain of aircraft has completed a tour of operational duty throughout which he displayed the utmost vigour and determination. His high personal qualities and fine offensive spirit have inspired great confidence in others with whom he has flown.


* * * * *


TAYLOR, Warrant Officer Lionel Patrick (AUS 426929) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.435 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 January 1946. Born 1922 atRoma, Queensland, Australia; home in Charleville, Queensland; educated at De La Salle Brothers College (Roma) and St.Mary's Convent School (Charleville). Commissioned from the ranks, January 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 20772/AL.1109 refers.

 

This Warrant Officer has completed many sorties, flying supplie to the Army in Burma. He successfully accomplished these missions in monsoon weather and in the face of enemy opposition. Warrant Officer Taylor has shown keenness and great devotion to duty, setting a high example to all.


* * * * *


TAYLOR, P/O Richard Cann (RAF 144711) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943. Born at Newburn-on-Tyne, Northumberland, 1911; home in Bedlington, Northumberland. Commissioned 1943. Took part as a Sergeant in No.426 Squadron's first operation (14 January 1943); at first in C/L C.S. Dowie's crew, then with F/O J.B. Millward. Air Ministry Bulletin 11446 refers.

 

...in numerous bombing sorties on some of the most heavily defended areas in Germany and occupied territory. Also participated in several minelaying operations. February 1943, when aircraft was badly damaged over Hamburg, his coolness and devotion to duty contributed in large measure to successful completion of sortie.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 18 July 1943 when he had flown 22 ½ sorties (131 hours 50 minutes), 14 January to 29 May 1943. Wireless Operator/Air Gunner.

 

The fine record of achievement held by this officer has, in no small manner, successfully contributed to the operational efficiency of the crew of which he is a member. He has taken part in numerous bombing sorties against some of the most heavily defended areas in Germany and the occupied countries and has participated in several minelaying sorties.

 

After his aircraft has been badly damaged over Hamburg one night in February [3 February 1943] his coolness, cooperation and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure to the successful completion of the sortie.


* * * * *


THIELE, S/L Keith Frederick (NZ 404966) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 August 1942. Born in Christchurch, New Zealand, 25 February 1921; home there (journalist). Enlisted December 1940 and trained under Joint Air Training Plan; commissioned 1941. Also served with No.467 Squadron, and commanded No.3 Squadron. Retrained on Tempest aircraft at No.57 Operational Training Unit, Eshott and posted as a Squadron Leader to No.3 Squadron, No.83 Group. Shot down and taken prisoner, 10 February 1945; escaped and returned to Allied lines, 2 April 1945. Returned to New Zealand where he became Officer Commanding, Air Training Group, Auckland (2 October 1945); to Wigram, 17 December 1945; discharged April 1946. Civilian charter pilot in England, 1946-47, flew with Quanta, 1948-1964, retiring to Sydney, Australia. International yachtsman. No published citation to his DFC other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 7751 refers.

 

During the past eight months this officer has completed numerous operational sorties. Throughout he has shown great skill and pressed home attacks regardless of the opposition. A fine leader and a courageous, skilful flight commander, this officer has set a most praiseworthy example. Among the many targets he has attacked are Berlin, Wilhelmshaven, Brest, Essen, Cologne and Emden.


NOTE: The RNZAF Museum (13 January 1999) provides the following text for his DFC which differs slightly from the above:

 

This officer has shown great skill and pressed home his attacks regardless of the opposition. A fine leader and a courageous flight commander, this officer has set a most praiseworthy example. Amongst the many targets he has attacked are Berlin, Wilhelmshaven, Brest, Cologne and Emden.


Public Record Office Air 2/9595 has original recommendation drafted by Wing Commander J.E. Fauquier (not dated) when Thiele had flown 25 sorties (135 hours 17 minutes) as follows:

 

31 Oct 41    Dunkirk (3.40)                Docks and waterways bombed

4 Nov 41     Dunkirk (4.05)                Docks 5 and 6 bombed successfully

7 Nov 41     Berlin (9.00)                   Successful attack carried out

17 Dec 41   Wilhelmshaven (4.41)    Target bombed successfully

22 Dec 41   Wilhelmshaven (4.44)    Left big red glow in target area

6 Jan 42       Cherbourg (4.54)            Jettisoned safe because of 10/10 cloud

15 Jan 42     Emden (5.30)                 Bombed and started fires

21 Jan 42     Bremen (4.54)                Target bombed

31 Jan 42     Brest (6.49)                    Docks bombed

12 Feb 42    Ships at sea (4.01)          Jettisoned in target area

14 Feb 42    Mannheim (6.47)            Bombed target area in 10/10 cloud

26 Feb 42    Kiel (3.21)                      Bombed floating dock

3 Mar 42     Paris (6.05)                     Very successful attack carried out

7 Mar 42     St.Nazaire (4.36)            Bomb bursts seen on target

10 Mar 42   Essen (4.54)                   Attacked target area

26 Mar 42   Essen (4.37)                   Many bomb bursts on target

5 Apr 42      Cologne (6.41)               Target bombed successfully

8 Apr 42      Hamburg (6.49)              Target area bombed in cloud

10 Apr 42    Essen (5.18)                   Bombed and started fires in city

15 Apr 42    Dortmund (6.07)            Jettisoned in 10/10 cloud

17 Apr 42    Hamburg (6.14)              Bomb bursts seen near aiming point

30 May 42   Cologne (5.42)               Reached target but bomb release unserviceable

1 June 42     Essen (5.01)                   Target bombed with success

6 June 42     Emden (5.12)                 Target bombed

8 June 42     Essen (5.35)                   Target bombed despite terrific opposition

 

Squadron Leader Thiele has been attached to this squadron for eight months, during which time he has completed 25 successful operational sorties. On every occasion he has shown great skill and has pressed home his attacks, irregardless of the opposition. His keenness and efficiency have been an inspiration to the other members of the squadron. He has always been a leader and has proved a thoroughly courageous and skilled Flight Commander. In view of this officer's excellent record and number of operational trips it is strongly recommended that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


On 20 June 1942 the Station Commanding Officer added his observations:

 

A bold and determined captain who has at all times displayed the highest qualities of courage and leadership. Squadron Leader Thiele is a very successful Flight Commander and part of his success can undoubtedly be attributed to his good record as an operational captain. Because of his own keenness and personal courage he fosters a like spirit among the crews in the squadron. I strongly recommend that Squadron leader Thiele be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


On 29 June 1942 the Air Officer Commanding, No.4 Group, endorsed the recommendation:

 

A bold and determined captain with a fine operational record. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


NOTE: Much of the above biographical information is from New Zealand and the Distinguished Service Order by J. Bryant Haigh and Alan J. Polaschek (relevant pages provided by RNZAF Museum, 13 January 1990). This notes that he received the DSO, DFC with three Bars (this is an error - he received two Bars), 1939-45 Star, Aircrew Europe Star, Defence Medal, War Medal 1939-45, and New Zealand War Service Medal. For the record, his DSO was awarded 6 May 1943 (New Zealand Gazette) for work with No.467 Squadron and with the following citation. It is difficult, however, to reconcile the rank of Flight Lieutenant (1943) with his being a Squadron Leader in 1942.

 

This officer has, at all times, displayed outstanding keenness and determination during operations. The majority of his sorties have been attacks on well defended and distant targets which have all been highly successful. On one occasion during an attack on Berlin, his rear gunner lost consciousness from lack of oxygen, but Flight Lieutenant Thiele proceeded with the mission although two of the crew were fully occupied with the unconscious man. Later he returned to this country at a very low altitude, in order to succour the gunner. While on a flight to Nuremburg in March 1943, the port engine caught fire early on the outward bound journey. The flames were extinguished, however, and the whole flight accomplished with success. His outstanding courage and devotion to duty and confidence have earned the admiration of all.


NOTE: Awarded Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross for services in No.467 Squadron (London Gazette dated 28 May 1943).

 

One night in May 1943, this officer captained an aircraft detailed to attack Duisburg. When nearing the target area, the aircraft was subjected to anti-aircraft fire and severely damaged when a shell burst underneath the fuselage. Despite this, Squadron Leader Thiele flew on to the target. Whilst making his bombing run, the aircraft was illuminated by the searchlights, but this captain maintained a straight course in order to ensure accurate bombing. Just as the bomb aimer had completed his work, the aircraft was repeatedly hit by fragments from bursting shells. One burst destroyed one of the engines whilst shortly afterwards a second engine was disabled. The windscreens on the starboard side of the pilot's and bomb aimer's cabins were shattered. Although he was dazed by a blow from a shell splinter, which struck him on the side of the head, Squadron Leader Thiele skilfully extricated the damaged bomber from a perilous situation and endeavoured to fly it to base. Shortly after crossing the English coast he was unable to maintain height but, displaying superb airmanship he struggled on and succeeded in effecting a crash landing at an airfield. In most hazardous circumstances, Squadron Leader Thiele displayed courage, skill and determination of a high order.


Awarded Second Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross for services in No.3 Squadron (London Gazette dated 8 May 1945). Although his POW Report gives rank as Squadron Leader, the citation gives rank of Flight Lieutenant.

 

This officer's operational record is outstanding. As pilot of a bomber aircraft he completed two tours of duty during which he took part in very many attacks on enemy targets. Since joining his present squadron, Flight Lieutenant Thiele has taken part in a large number of sorties involving attacks on a wide range of enemy targets. He has personally been responsible for the destruction of numerous locomotives, barges and mechanical vehicles. In air fighting he has shot down two enemy aircraft. This officer displayed the highest qualities of skill, together with great bravery and iron determination. His example has inspired all.


FURTHER NOTE: The RNZAF Museum provided a copy of his POW Report which is, in itself, an interesting document as it illustrates POW experiences in the closing months of the war; A/L Spencer (at the end) is not further identified:

 

Type of aircraft, place, date, time of departure - Tempest I, Volkel, 10 Feb 45, 1500 hours.

 

Where and when did you come down ? - Area north of Dortmund.

 

How did you dispose of your parachute, harness and mae west ? - Did not dispose of same.

 

Were all secret papers and equipment destroyed ? Not carrying any papers and aircraft burnt out.

 

Maps Used: Germany 1/250,000 L.51

 

On 10 February 45 I was flying a Tempest I on an armed recce. I attacked a train North of Dortmund and as I climbed after the attack I was hit in the engine and main petrol tank.

 

The engine failed immediately and the aircraft caught fire in the cockpit. I baled out at about 2,000 feet and was severely burned on the face, eyes and wrists. I landed 200 yards from a small railway station in which was the flak battery which had shot me down. They picked me up immediately I touched down.

 

I was marched across the station where there was considerable demonstration and then shit up in a locker on a flak truck and guarded - my boots were taken off.

 

Green police arrived about one hour later and took me to a police station nearby. (Unidentified). Here I was kept for nearly two days without food or any form of covering. It was bitterly cold. I was only given two drinks of water. My burns were not treated and my eyes became completely stuck up.

 

I was taken to Dortmund aerodrome where I was locked up in solitary confinement for five days. My wounds were dressed and I had a mattress but no blankets.

 

Left Dortmund by train for Oberusel (L.52 W.M. 6079) which we reached in 24 hours. Here I was searched, but not thoroughly owing to my bandages. I was placed in solitary confinement.

 

I went before the interrogation and gave my number, rank and name, adding that I was under orders NOT to converse further. I was threatened with Gestapo and returned to my cell.

 

Interrogated again by a Major, I was told that I could not go to hospital which he described in glowing terms until I had given the particulars wanted. I refused to talk and was shown a book with particulars of all other fighter pilots shot down and then a diagram on the wall behind me showing the complete layout of Second Tactical Air Force. I couldn't study my wing closely for fear of giving a clue but glancing round I saw that the layout and names were pretty accurate. As I still refused to talk I was taken back to my cell.

 

I was taken to hospital with seven other Prisoners of War at Hohemark - half an hours walk from Oberusel. I stayed here until 6 March 1945.

 

I was then taken with the other Prisoners of War to Dulag Luft at Wetzlar. Here I was isolated as I had had a sore throat and was suspected of diphtheria. With the aid of Captain Griffiths, Dental Officer Para, I avoided being evacuated to Nuremberg and left with Squadron Leader Spencer on 31 March 1945.

 

EXTRACT FROM SQUADRON LEADER SPENCER'S REPORT

 

S/L Thiele, Father Dan McGowan, G.F.R.C., and I decided to leave the camp which was open and make our way back. Just before we left, the S.A.O. (Colonel Stack, USAAF) threatened to put us under arrest if we tried.

 

I left the camp with S/L Thiele on the morning of 31 March on two bicycles. These were exchanged for a motor bike and rode unquestioned to Honigon Bridge (Remagan) where we were detained for identification by U.S.A. police. We managed to contact the RAF Balloon Unit near Bonn who signed for us and returned us to our unit. We reported at 1700 hours, 2 April 1945.


* * * * *


THOMAS, P/O Glyndwr Lewis (RAF 178227) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1924 at Pen-y-Gruig, Rhondda, Glamorganshire; educated at Porth Intermediate School, Rhondda; home there. Seved in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18305/AL. 1007 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation dated 19 December 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (188 hours ten minutes), 18 November 1943 to 5 December 1944. NOTE: Blatherwick dates the award to 17 April 1943 - probably an error he made in taking notes.

 

This officer, a Flight Engineer, has completed a successful tour of 37 sorties, including such heavily defended targets as Mannheim, Stuttgart, Frankfurt and Sterkrade. Throughout his tour Flying Officer Thomas has shown outstanding ability as an engineer. His courage and cheerfulness has been an inspiration to his crew and to the squadron.

 

A valuable member of aircrew, whose devotion to duty is worthy of the highest praise; I recommend that Flying Officer Thomas be awarded a non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


THOMAS, P/O Gwynfor Reginald Henry (RAF 56256) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1921 at Llanelly, South Wales; home there; educated at Galeshill Highway Grammar and Elementary School, Llanelly. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18305/AL.1007 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 18 December 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (156 hours 55 minutes), 12 July to 16 November 1944.

 

This officer as Flight Engineer has taken part in 30 attacks on enemy targets including such heavily defended targets as Dortmund, Duisburg and Cologne. Throughout his tour he has shown an outstanding interest in his work and great ability as a Flight Engineer. He has been of great assistance to his captain on all occasions and has assisted his pilot to reach his objective, often under difficult and trying conditions. His quiet confidence and disregard of danger have been an example to his crew. It is considered that this officer's operational record and devotion to duty fully merit the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


THOMAS, F/O Harold John (RAF 50096) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1943. Born at Ystradmynack, Glamorganshire; home at Penarth, Glamorganshire. Enlisted 1935; remustered to air gunner, 1939; commissioned 1942. Rear gunner in W/C W.H. Swetman's crew. Air Ministry Bulletin 12012/AL.689 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 16 September (for a DSO); he had flown 31 sorties (175 hours 25 minutes). This seems rather low given the adventures described.

 

This officer has been engaged in operations in Coastal Command and Bomber Command since the beginning of the war, making a number of successful strikes against enemy shipping and attacking almost every major target in Germany. He has ditched on two different occasions, survived two crashes and been compelled to parachute to safety dues to engine failure on an operation. He is a most reliable and efficient air gunner and is a source of confidence not only to his crew but also to the entire squadron.


* * * * *


THOMPSON, F/O John Nicholson (RAF 54311) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 October 1944. Born 1921 at Gateshead, County Durham; home at Bensham. Commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16085/AL.898 refers.

 

Now on his second tour of operational duty, this officer has taken part in many operational sorties as an air gunner. He has attacked a wide variety of targets and has at all times displayed exceptional skill and fortitude under fire. On a recent sortie, his aircraft was attacked and badly damaged by enemy night fighters. Although suffering from lack of oxygen, the supply of which had been damaged, he resolutely gave his pilot skilful evasive instruction and continued to engage the enemy with the one remaining serviceable gun. His efficiency and determination are highly commendable.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1750 (RG.24 Volume 20608) has another recommendation drafted at uncertain date when he had flown 27 sorties (172 hours 20 minutes), 9 January 1943 to 12 June 1943 (24 sorties) and 22 July to 12 August 1944 (three trips).

 

This officer has shown great skill and courage as a Rear Air Gunner under trying conditions. Whilst suffering from lack of oxygen, he gave evasive action from three fighter attacks, securing hits on one fighter even though his own aircraft was damaged, and he only had one serviceable gun.


* * * * *


THOMPSON, P/O Robert (RAF 176718) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944. Born 1920 in Salford, Lancashire; home at Pendleton, Lancashire; educated at St.George's School, Salford. Commissioned from the ranks, 28 April 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15970/AL.902 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitide, courage and devotion to duty." Flight Engineer to F/L P.N. Logan but was not with that crew when they went missing, possibly because of his very recent commission (either being recrewed or celebrating). Posted to No.1659 Conversion Unit, 10 July 1944 on completion of tour. DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Volume 20603) has recommendation dated 27 July 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (196 hours 50 minutes), 23 August 1943 to 27 June 1944. Flight Engineer.

 

This Flight Engineer has completed a tour of operations which took in all of Germany's heavily defended targets including eleven trips to Berlin. He has been an extremely capable and efficient engineer and at all times has been of invaluable assistance to his captain.


In this instance, additional notes by the Commanding Officer of Linton-on-Ouse (G/C C.L. Annis) are more illuminating:

 

Berlin, as target, is one of the longest and most difficult of all operational missions. On such occasions the flight engineer has a most important role in engine handling if the aircraft is to successfully return to base. This officer is of outstanding ability and has full measure of operational aggressiveness. His flying in his trade has been indeed distinguished and his fine example has had a telling effect on the squadron.


* * * * *


THROWER, Warrant Officer Derek Bart (RAF 904944) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 April 1946.

 

Warrant Officer Thrower was shot down over Holland on 15th July 1941 and captured. On 28th July 1941, whilst in transit to Stalag IXC, he escaped from the train by squeezing through a fanlight in a lavatory, the screws of which had been removed with the hekp of other prisoners. He landed safely and hid in some bushes for a while before setting out to walk across country in the hope of reaching the Swiss frontier. For four days he walked, living mainly on turnips. On the evening of the fourth day he was observed but managed to evade his pursuers. During a storm, Warrant Officer Thrower sheltered in the washhouse of a farm where he was discovered. Owing to weakness, he was unable to get clear again and he was taken to the barracks at Saaperd [?]. In April 1942 Warrant Officer Thrower made a further attempt to escape by crawling through a window, the iron bars of which he had sawn through with hack-saw blades he had secreted. He walked 40 hours and reached the Autobahn running to Munich, but was arrested soon by the civil police. His last and successful escape was made during a march to Lubeck where, owing to weakness, he and two others lagged behind. Although threatened with shooting if they did not keep up with the party they managed to elude their captors and took shelter in the loft of a barn in which they hid for six days whilst enemy troops were sheltering below. They eventually made contact with British forces in April 1945, and they then led the British troops to the barn in search of some SS troops.


* * * * *


TIBBLES, F/O Ronald Charles Gooddall (RAF 142372) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born 1912 in London; home in Newbury, Yorkshire. Enlisted 1912; commissioned 1943. No citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 15618/AL.875 dated 18 September refers. DHist file 181.009 D.1729 has recommendation (undated) compiled when he had flown 24 sorties (169 hours ten minutes), 2 September 1943 to 19 May 1944.

 

This officer has completed 24 sorties out of which 19 have been on major targets. He is Deputy Navigation Leader and has done a splendid job of work. He has obtained the confidence of the squadron through his hard work and is an example of cheerful courage and unselfishness. He has set a fine example to his crew by his exceptional qualities of leadership and coolness.


* * * * *


TOMKINS, F/L Lawrence Edward (RAF 54265) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945. Born 1918 in Balham, London; home in Folkestone, Kent. Enlisted January 1935; commissioned December 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 19737/AL.1070 refers. No published citation other that "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 17 April 1945 when he had flown 38 sorties (242 hours 50 minutes). First tour consisted of twelve Halifax sorties in Bomber Command, 28 April to 6 June 1942, followed by eleven raids on Tobruk, 12 July to 3 September 1942 followed by six raids in desert battle area, 2-11 November 1942. Second tour was nine sorties in Bomber Command, 266 December 1944 to 8 April 1945. Flight Engineer.

 

This officer has completed half of his second tour acting as Engineer Leader of the squadron and flying as spare engineer.

 

His first tour combined Halifax operations against heavily defended Ruhr targets (including Hamburg, Stuttgart, Mannheim, Essen and Cologne) with Middle East operations in support of the Eighth Army. It was highlighted by a successful low-level attack on the German battleship Tirpitz on the night of April 28th, 1942.

 

The most outstanding incident of this, his second tour, was during an operation against Bonn on the night of February 4th, 1945, when his determination and knowledge enabled his crew to press home the attack despite the loss of an engine shortly after takeoff.

 

As Engineer Leader, Flight Lieutenant Tomkins has never failed to encourage and develop his subordinates and has flown as spare with different crews on many occasions. His personal technical knowledge and courage are the keystone of his splendid section and he is recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


TONGUE, F/O Dennis George (RAF 177090) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.410 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1944. Born 1923 near Birmingham; home there; educated at G. Denon Grammar School, Edgebaton. Member of a University Air Squadron; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 16151/AL.950 refers. The reference to a Dornier 217 as "probably destroyed" is at odds with combat reports and other records. Radar operator to Lieutenant A.A. Harrington for the following victories: 14/15 March 1944, one Junkers 188 destroyed; 18/19 June 1944, one Junkers 88 destroyed; 26/27 September 1944, one Junkers 87 destroyed; 29/30 October 1944, one Focke Wulf 190 destroyed; 25/26 November 1944, three Junkers 88G fighters destroyed. With F/L W.A. Dexter (RCAF) on night of 31 December 1944/1 January 1945 he destroyed a Junkers 88G-1.

 

As a navigator and wireless operator, this officer has displayed unvarying devotion to duty combined with keenness and ability. In March 1944, he had his pilot succeeded in shooting down a Junkers 188 after a long chase. In June 1944, they repeated this feat, destroying a Junkers 88 which crashed in flames. On the sortie a Dornier 217 was probably destroyed. On another occasion, while operating over France in September 1944, despite considerable evasive action on the part of the enemy, they destroyed a Junkers 87 which exploded on the ground. In all these occasions, Flying Officer Tongue has taken a full share and largely contributed to their success by his skill and initiative.


NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/9033 has the original recommendation dated 27 October 1944, drafted when he had flown 76 hours (191 hours 25 minutes). This was in much greater detail than the final citation:

 

This officer flies as Navigator/Radio with Lieutenant Harrington (USAAF). He has completed 76 sorties aggregating some 191 operational hours. On 15 March 1944 while on night patrol from Castle Camps they contacted a Ju.188 and after a long chase succeeded in closing the range and shot it down in flames near Chelmsford. Again on 16 June 1944 this crew while carrying out a patrol over enemy territory made contact with and subsequently shot down a Ju.88 which was seen to crash in flames near Vire. As a result of this combat their aircraft suffered several bullet holes but despite this damage and the near exhaustion of their petrol supply due to the long pursuit they managed to return safely to base. On this same sortie contact was made with a Do.217 which however dived through cloud; later intelligence reports advised that this enemy aircraft was found wrecked in the near vicinity where contact was made but as fire was not opened no claim for this aircraft was entered. Operating from Amiens/Glissy on the 26 September 1944, contact was made with a Ju.87 twelve miles north of Aachen, and despite considerable evasive action by this enemy aircraft, they shot it down, the Stuka exploding violently on the ground.


A minute on this document, probably by the Station Commander, read:

 

Pilot Officer Tongue's ability and keenness as a Nav/Radio and his unvarying devotion to duty strongly merits, in my opinion, the above recognition. He is an asset in every way to his squadron.


TONGUE, F/O Dennis George (RAF 177090) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.410 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 March 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 17710/AL.975 refers.

 

As observer, this officer continues to display a very high standard of skill and devotion to duty. One night in November 1944 he flew with great distinction on a sortie during which he assisted in the destruction of three enemy aircraft. Throughout he displayed exceptional coolness and resolution, setting a splendid example.


* * * * *


TOON, F/L Frederick John (RAF 131939) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 February 1945. Public Record Office Air 2/9046 has recommendation dated 19 December 1944 submitted by S/L R.A. Schoales, at which time he had flown 61 operational sorties (233 operational hours).

 

Flight Lieutenant Toon rejoined this squadron in April of this year as navigator to Squadron Leader Christison, DFC, commencing his second tour of operations with the same pilot. He has been navigator to Squadron Leader Christison on all his operational flying.

 

During his present tour, he has completed 32 sorties of which no less than eleven have been successful anti-shipping strikes against enemy naval and merchant vessels on the Norwegian and Bay of Biscay coasts.

 

On most occasions this crew has been leading either Squadron or Wing; therefore Flight Lieutenant Toon has been responsible for the successful navigation of up to 50 aircraft. On every sortie this officer has ably supported and directed his pilot, often under extremely bad weather conditions. During their attacks on enemy shipping, often under heavy and accurate fire from ships and shore, he has been cool and efficient and has displayed a quiet courage that has been a fine example to his fellow navigators.

 

I highly recommend him for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


To the document, G/C J. Norwood, Commanding RAF Station Dallachy, added (24 December 1944):

 

A conspicuously successful navigator whose courage and skill has set a splendid example in his squadron. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


Subsequently approved by A/V/M S.P. Simpson (Air Officer Commanding, 18 Group) on 31 December 1944, and by the Air Officer Commanding, Coastal Command (7 January 1945)


* * * * *


TOWNSEND, Flight Sergeant John James (RAF 937269) - British Empire Medal - No.409 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1942.

 

...one evening in December 1941 an aircraft crashed into tress and caught fire. Towmsend, the air gunner, at once went to the aid of his pilot, extricated him and administered first aid. Throughout this airman, without any thought of his own welfare, although suffering from cuts over the eye and severe shock, displayed most praiseworthy conduct.


* * * * *


TRENDELL, Sergeant Edward Lawrence (RAF 1256744) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Born in Fulham, London, 1921; home there (stock broker's clerk). Enlisted 1940. No citation in London Gazette. Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers; citation also found in Flight, 28 January 1943.

 

Sergeant Trendell has completed his sorties with courage and determination. He is a highly reliable wireless operator. On one occasion when the pilot was wounded and one engine was set on fire by anti-aircraft fire, he was largely responsible for enabling his captain to fly the damaged aircraft back to this country. He has participated in many attacks on industrial targets and in several minelaying missions.


* * * * *


TRILSBACH, S/L Harold Walter Augustus (RAF 111476) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 August 1944. Born 1914 at Lomas, Buenos Aires; home in Amesbury, Wiltshire. Enlisted 1941; commissioned as Pilot Officer on Probation, 4 November 1941; promoted to Flying Officer on Probation, 1 October 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 15067/AL.853 refers. No published citation. Public Record Office Air 2/9632 has recommendation by Wing Commander R.J. Lane dated 22 May 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (150 hours 55 minutes); however the sortie sheet lists 34 trips totalling 188 hours 55 minutes, as follows:


1 July 43           Laval (5.55)                                   21 Jan 44           Magdeburg (6.30)

22 Sept 43         Hannover (5.15)                             15 Feb 44          Berlin (7.00)

23 Sept 43         Mannheim (6.10)                           19 Feb 44          Leipzig (6.35)

27 Sept 43         Brunswick (5.20)                           24 Feb 44          Schweinfurt (7.05)

1 Oct 43            Hagen (5.30)                                  25 Feb 44          Augsburg (6.35)

2 Oct 43            Munich (7.20)                                1 Mar 44           Stuttgart (7.00)

4 Oct 43            Frankfurt (6.15)                             22 Mar 44         Frankfurt (5.15)

7 Oct 43            Stuttgart (6.30)                               30 Mar 44         Nuremburg (6.35)

18 Oct 43          Hannover (5.20)                             18 Apr 44          Tergnier (3.10)

3 Nov 43           Cologne (4.05)                               20 Apr 44          Lens (3.00)

10 Nov 43         Modane (7.15)                               24 Apr 44          Karlsruhe (5.35)

18 Nov 43         Mannheim (5.45)                           26 Apr 44          Villeneuve (4.00)

22 Nov 43         Berlin (6.05)                                  7 May 44           Montzen (3.10)

23 Nov 43         Berlin (6.15)                                  8 May 44           Haine St.Pierre (2.35)

2 Dec 43            Berlin (6.40)                                  10 May 44         Ghent (2.10)

5 Jan 44             Stettin (8.05)                                  11 May 44         Boulogne (2.30)

14 Jan 44           Brunswick (5.00)                           19 May 44         Le Mans (4.05)

 

Squadron Leader Trilsbach, as captain of aircraft, has participated in a large number of successful sorties against such heavily defended enemy targets as Berlin, Stuttgart and Frankfurt. Throughout his operational career, this officer has been conspicuous for his devotion to duty and his exceptional coolness and courage in hazardous circumstances. In addition, his work as a Flight Commander has been far above the average. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


This was endorsed by Group Captain G.P. Dunlop (Officer Commanding, RAF Station Gransden Lodge) on 24 May 1944, and by the Air Officer Commanding, No.8 Group on 30 May 1944.


TRILSBACH, S/L Harold Walter Augustus (RAF 111476) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16308/AL.922 refers.

 

Squadron Leader Trilsbach has consistently maintained a high standard of zeal and efficiency as pilot, captain and flight commander. He has completed many successful missions since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross and has always pressed home his attacks with skill and determined vigour. His record is one of sustained endeavour.


* * * * *


TROUSDALE, S/L Richard Macklow, DFC (RAF 42163) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.409 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 May 1942. Born at Okacawai, New Zealand, 1921; educated in Auckland; home in Howick. Commissioned in RAF, 1939. Awarded DFC, 4 March 1941 for having destroyed four enemy aircraft including one at night (No.255 Squadron). Air Ministry Bulletin 3098 refers to first award; Air Ministry Bulletin 6909 refers to second award. Victories were as follows: with No.266 Squadron - 2 June 1940, one Bf.100 destroyed; 16 August 1940, one Bf.109 probably destroyed; 18 August 1940, one Bf.109 probably destroyed; 7 September 1940, one Do.215 destroyed (shared); 29 October 1940, one Bf.109 destroyed; with No.255 Squadron - 10 February 1941, one He.111 destroyed (shared); 9 May 1941, two He.111s destroyed; with No.409 Squadron - 23 October 1941, one Do.17 damaged; 8 March 1942, one He.111 destroyed; 7 April 1942, one Do.217 destroyed.

 

This officer is an exceptionally skilful and keen fighter pilot. He has destroyed eight hostile aircraft, five of which he has shot down at night.


* * * * *


TUBMAN, F/L Cyril Hugh Thomas (RAF 142142) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 October 1943. Born at Fintona, County Tyrone, 1919; home in York. Educated at Wesley College, Dublin and Ardmore College, Belfast. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1943. Pilot. Air Ministry Bulletin 11720 refers.

 

...now on second tour of operations...has complted large number of sorties...excellent captain of aircraft, fine leadership at time of intensive operational activity did much to maintain high standard of morale in squadron. Has consitently displayed a fine fighting spirit and great devotion to duty.


* * * * *


TURNER, S/L Francis William Scott (37775) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 June 1942. Born in Merritt, British Columbia, April 1914; educated privately and at Vancouver Technical College. Enrolled in RAF as Provisional Pilot Officer, 20 April 1936; commission confirmed in February 1937 after which he was posted to a bomber squadron. Took part in daylight operations on 4 September 1939 (No.110 and 110 Squadrons). Promoted to Squadron Leader, January 1941. No citation in London Gazette other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations"; the citation below was published in AFRO 1000-6/42. Air Ministry Bulletin 7376 refers. Public Records Office Air 2/8755 says it was put up when he had 32 sorties (139 operational hours) to his credit. These figures appear low; could they be No.419 Squadron time only ? See also Air 2/8755 which dates the recommendation from 1 May 1942. Killed in action with No.76 Squadron, 22 September 1943.

 

This officer has had a long experience of operational duties by day and night. He took part in the attack on the German fleet off Heligoland on the 4th September 1939, and in a number of subsequent daylight attacks on Heligoland and Wilhelmshaven. Since January 1940 he has completed numerous sorties including attacks on the enemy's industrial centres and dockyard towns. He has displayed courage and keenness throughout and has performed excellent work in organizing his flight and training the crews.


* * * * *


TURNER, Sergeant William Joseph (RAF 758088) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette 24 October 1941. Born at Balckburn, Lancashire, 1918. Enlisted 1939. Participated as a pilot in first operation by No.405 Squadron (12/13 June 1941) but had to turn back with engine trouble. Returning from a raid on Wilhelmshaven, 22/23 June 1941, fired on by a convoy and a parachute set on fire (it was jettisoned). No operations after 12/13 August 1941 but he was retained to train new crews; aircraft caught fire on 1 September 1941 while so doing and he crash landed. Posted away 15 November 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 5394 refers. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Public Record Office Air 2/8904 has recommendation dated 21 August 1941 when he had flown 29 sorties (201 operational hours), 3 April 1941 to 12 August 1941 as follows:

 

3 April 41Brest (8.10)

           7 April 41       Kiel (7.10)

           9 April 41       Berlin (9.10)

           12 April 41     Bordeaux (9.00)

           15 April 41     Kiel (7.45)

           17 April 41     Berlin (11.25, landed in North Sea, 120 miles from English coast).

24 April 41Kiel (6.30)

           30 April 41     Kiel (7.35)

           2 May 41        Emden (5.45)

           6 May 41        Hamburg (6.55)

           8 May 41        Bremen (6.40)

           9 May 41        Mannheim (7.40)

           11 May 41      Bremen (7.00)

           12 June 41      Schwerte (5.40)

           16 June 41      Cologne (5.30)

           18 June 41      Bremen (6.45)

           22 June 41      Wilhelmshaven (6.25)

           25 June 41      Kiel (5.50)

           2 July 41         Cologne (6.00)

           4 July 41         Brest (5.40)

           6 July 41         Dortmund (5.20)

           7 July 41         Osnabruck (5.05)

           9 July 41         Aachen (7.20)

           24 July 42       Brest (6.30, daylight raid)

           30 July 41       Cologne (5.30)

           2 Aug 41         Berlin (7.40)

           5 Aug 41         Karlsruhe (7.15)

           7 Aug 41         Dortmund (6.00)

           12 Aug 41       Berlin (7.45)

 

This Sergeant Pilot has completed 29 operational trips, 16 with this squadron. He has never returned from a trip or failed to take off on one that the squadron has done excepting two trips carried out while he was on leave. His record has not been equalled in this squadron. He has shown the greatest keenness, determination and ability in carrying out his attacks on the enemy. He took part in the daylight operations at Brest.

 

He has been an outstanding example to the rest of the squadron on how an operational crew should function as a smooth running unit, and I strongly recommend that his devotion to duty be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


To this the Officer Commanding, RAF Station Pocklington, added (date not given):

 

Sergeant Turner has been an outstanding personality in the squadron. By his operational efficiency and his keenness and determination in carrying out the tasks allotted to him he has "set the pace" for the rest of the squadron, and has contributed greatly to increasing its overall efficiency. I strongly support the Squadron Commander's recommendation that Sergeant Turner's services should be recognized by the reward of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


On 27 August 1941 was further minuted by an Air Vice-Marshall Tarr (although name is almost illegible):

 

A fine type of efficient bomber pilot. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


TYLER, S/L John William Ernest (RAF 111498) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 May 1944. Born in Yeadon, Yorkshire, 1915; home at Harrow Weald, Middlesex. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 14037/AL.816 refers.

 

This officer has completed many sorties during which he has successfully attacked a variety of targets important to the enemy's war effort. He is a gallant and determined captain whose example has inspired all.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Volume 20636) has recommendation dated 11 March 1944 when he had flown 27 sorties (177 hours 35 minutes), 14 Marchg 1944 to 13 March 1944.

 

Squadron Leader J.W.E. Tyler joined the squadron at its formation in June 1943, having done at that time nine operations against targets in Germany. Since joining the squadron he has completed a further 18 operations including four against Berlin. He has pressed home his attacks successfully on all occasions, and he and his crew are an outstanding example to junior crews on the squadron. Squadron leader J.W.E. Tyler's record of achievement and devotion to duty is worthy of the highest commendation.


* * * * *


ULPH, P/O Norman Leonard (RAF 171622) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 October 1944. Born in Ilford, Essex, 1921; home in Plomsread; educated at St.James Adameny, Blackheath. DHist card cites Air Ministry Bulletin 15798/AL.892 dated 2 October 1944.

 

This officer has taken part in a large number of sorties as navigator against targets in Germany and France. He has also participated in numerous minelaying missions. His coolness and efficiency under hazardous circumstances have set a fine example to his crew and he has contributed in no small way to the successes achieved.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 5 August 1944 when he had flown 41 sorties (251 hours 55 minutes), 15 September 1943 to 10 June 1944.


* * * * *


VALENTINE, F/L James Ross (RAF 31183) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 June 1944. Born in Dovercourt, England, 1914; home in Bury St.Edmunds, Sussex. Commissioned in 1938. Air Ministry Bulletin 14171/AL.818 refers. No citation other than "...completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 22 March 1944 when he had flown 20 sorties (134 hours 45 minutes). This comprised two blocks of sorties - 26 April to 24 June 1943 (ten sorties, ending 24 June 1943 when aircraft badly shot up by a night fighter; rear gunner seriously wounded; wireless operator baled out) and 26 October 1943 to 7 March 1944 (including a return on three engines after a flak hit, 20 January 1944).

 

Flight Lieutenant Valentine has completed many operational sorties as captain of aircraft. His targets have included such heavily defended area as the Ruhr,, Berlin, leipzig and others. His skill, both in the air and in ground organization, is such that all sorties undertaken by him have proved successful. His fine leadership, great courage and skill have set a most inspiring example.


* * * * *


VALLEE, P/O Homer Joseph (RAF 171395) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1914 in Canada; educated in Saskatoon; home in Vancouver. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 13 July 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (235 hours 30 minutes), 8 October 1943 to 2 June 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Vallee has completed one tour of operations during which he attacked many of the enemy's major targets as well as having carried out many important minelaying operations. At all times he has displayed the finest qualities of leadership and determination in pressing home his attacks and has always achieved very excellent results. His devotion to duty and enthusiasm made him an outstanding captain and greatly respected member of the squadron.

 

For the completion of a very satisfactory tour of operations and for his strong support of the squadron at all times I recommend the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


VAN DEN BOK, F/O Ralph (83004) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 August 1942. Born in Dulwich, 1906; home in Byflet. Commissioned 1940. Shot down over Belgium, 28/29 August 1942 in W/C Twigg's aircraft (Hampden AE197). Escaped with F/L G.C. Fisher and regained Gibraltar (reported in Squadron Operational Record Book, 2 October 1942. No citation to DFC published; following text appeared in Air Ministry Bulletin 7711.

 

This officer has participated in numerous sorties against heavily defended targets, including attacks on Mannheim, Duisburg, Huls, Bremen, Kiel and Hamburg. He was the wireless operator/air gunner of a Hampden aircraft which participated in a low level attack on the Scharnhorst during the battleship's escape from Brest. The aircraft was extensively damaged, including the wireless equipment, by the battleship's defensive fire. Skilfully effecting repairs, Flying Officer Van den Bok re-established communication with his base, rendering valuable assistance in the safe return of aircraft.

 

His devotion to duty is such that, during the time he was detached from the squadron on a course he asked for 48 hours leave in order to take part in his squadron's activities against Rostock. As squadron Signals Officer, Flying Officer Van den Bock has been mainly responsible for the high standard of work performed by the wireless operators of the squadron.


VAN DEN BOK, F/O Ralph (83004) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 24 November 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 7711 refers. Cited with F/L G.C. Fisher (RCAF);

 

In August 1942, Flight Lieutenant Van Den Bok and Flight Lieutenant Fisher were wireless operator air gunner and navigator, respectively, of an aircraft detailed to attack Saarbrucken. On the return flight the bomber was attacked by enemy aircraft, sustaining much damage. Flight Lieutenant Van Den Bok, who was wounded in the leg by a piece of shrapnel, and Flight Lieutenant Fisher displayed outstanding courage, determination and fortitude. Both have completed many sorties and have invariably displayed similar qualities.


NOTE: Recommended 28 October 1942 when he had flown 25 sorties (DHist file 181.009 D.2617, in National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20627). Text is more detailed than that published:

 

Since the beginning of his tour on operations, 22 August 1941, Flying Officer Van den Bok has taken part in 25 sorties over enemy territory against very heavy enemy defences. Targets he has attacked are such as Duisburg, Essen, Bremen, Mannheim, Hamburg, Dusseldorf (twice), Huls, Cologne, Rostock, Flensberg.

 

On his last trip to Saarbrucken, 28 August 1942, on returning from the target he was attacked by enemy aircraft and shot down over Belgium. He sustained a wound in his leg on the entry of a piece of flak and despite physical suffering due to his wounded leg he was able to travel some 3,000 miles [sic] through enemy territory to escape capture and arrived in Gibraltar in less than three weeks.

 

Under a calm and quiet manner he has a fine offensive spirit in action which inspires confidence in his fellow aircrew.


ADDED NOTE: Subsequently awarded second Bar to DFC for services with No.214 Squadron (London Gazette dated 26 October 1945); no citation with announcement; following text from Flight, 27 December 1945:

 

This officer has a distinguished record of operational flying. His enthusiasm for operational flying was not diminished by his experiences in evading capture after being shot down by anti-aircraft fire whilst over occupied Belgian during his first tour of duty. Since the award of a Bar to the Distinguished Flying Cross, Squadron Leader Van Den Bok has flown on many sorties against strongly defended targets in Germany, including Berlin. He is an excellent captain of aircraft and flight commander, who has at all times set an inspiring example by his enthusiasm, courage and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


VENABLES, F/L Hugh Drummond (RAF 106029) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1943. Born 1915 in Lower Walton, Warrington; educated at Worksop Collegiate, Nottinghamshire; home in Helsby, Cheshire; enlisted 1941; commissioned same year. DHist card cites Air Ministry Bulletin 9669. Pilot.

 

This officer has taken part in 29 sorties, including a number of attacks on airfields in Holland, Belgium and France. In attacks on lines of communication and installations Flight Lieutenant Venables has damaged numerous locomotives storage tanks by machine gun fire. His inspiring leadership, great ability and outstanding devotion to duty have contributed materially to the high standard of operational efficiency of his flight.


* * * * *


VINE, P/O Bertram (RAF 168851) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 June 1944. Born in London, 1921; home in Addiscombe, Surrey. Enlisted for aircrew, 1940; commissioned 1943. Wireless Operator/Air Gunner in crew of F/L J. Brown. No citation other than "...completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist card cites Air Ministry Bulletin 14451/AL834 part 2. DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 15 March 1944 when he had flown 25 sorties (166 hours 45 minutes), 29 May 1943 to 7 March 1944.

 

This officer has shown outstanding ability as a Wireless Operator throughout the great number of trips, including ten to Berlin, against enemy installations he has taken part in. His keen sense of duty and determination has inspired his crew and he has played a prominent part in the great success that his crew has achieved. He is highly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


VOCKINS, F/O Arthur Donald (RAF 146608) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1919 at Newbury, Birkshire; home there; educated at Newbury Grammar School. Enlisted March 1940; commissioned May 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 18788/AL.1018 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." Public Record Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation drafted 20 February 1945 when he had flown 66 sorties (361 hours 40 minutes) as a wireless air gunner.


* counted as ½ sortie

# duty not carried out but sortie counted


17 Jan 42     Portreath-Gibraltar (8.06)            22 Aug 42   ALG 104 (4.55)

20 Jan 42     Gibraltar-Benina (11.15)             23 Aug 42   S. Alamein (2.55)

4 Apr 42      Benghazi (7.25)                           25 Aug 42   ALG 104

6 Apr 42      Benghazi (7.30)                           9 Sept 42     Tobruk (7.00)

12 Apr 42    Benghazi (8.20)                                                END OF TOUR

14 Apr 42    Martuba (6.00)                             14 Feb 43    Sea search (4.25)*

17 Apr 42    Benghazi (6.50)                           23 Mar 43   Sea search (2.45)*

24 Apr 42    Benghazi (7.20)                           22 Oct 43    Sea search (2.35)*

26 Apr 42    Benghazi (8.05)                           8 Sept 44     Le Havre (2.30)

1 May 42     Benghazi (7.25)                           10 Sep 44    Le Havre (2.25)

16 May 42   Benghazi (8.30)                           12 Sep 44    Wanne Eickel (3.30)

18 May 42   Heraklion (6.05)                          6 Oct 44      Sterkrade (3.20)

22 May 42   Martuba (7.25)                             12 Oct 44    Wanne Eickel (3.50)

24 May 42   Martuba (6.50)                             14 Oct 44    Duisburg (3.30)

24 May 42   Martuba (5.50)                             25 Oct 44    Homberg (3.20)

1 June 42     Derna Main (6.45)                       28 Oct 44    Walcheren (2.10)

16 June 42   Timimi (6.40)                              30 Oct 44    Cologne (4.35)

2 July 42     Daba area (4.05)                          2 Nov 44     Dusseldorf (4.10)

5 July 42     Daba area (5.00)                          4 Nov 44     Bochum (3.40)

9 July 42     Maleme (3.00)#                           11 Nov 44   Dortmund (4.05)

11 July 42   Tobruk (8.00)                               16 Nov 44   Julich (3.40)

13 July 42   Tobruk (4.20)#                             21 Nov 44   Aschaffenburg (5.15)

17 July 42   Tobruk (8.25)                               27 Nov 44   Neuss (4.10)

19 July 42   Tobruk (8.45)                               30 Nov 44   Duisburg (4.20)

24 July 42   Battle area (4.15)                         12 Dec 44   Essen (4.30)

27 July 42   Daba area (4.40)                          21 Dec 44   Cologne (4.20)

29 July 42   Tobruk (8.05)                               22 Dec 44   Bingen (5.20)

31 July 42   Tobruk (8.00)                               27 Dec 44   Munchen Gladbach (4.00)

2 Aug 42     Tobruk (8.00)                               28 Dec 44   Bonn (4.20)

4 Aug 42     Tobruk (7.35)                               29 Dec 44   Gelsenkirchen (4.50)

6 Aug 42     Tobruk (7.50)                               30 Dec 44   Cologne (4.25)

8 Aug 42     ALG 20 and 104 (4.15)                2 Jan 45       Nuremburg (6.40)

10 Aug 42   Tobruk (5.30)#                             7 Jan 45       Munich (7.20)

12 Aug 42   Tobruk (7.25)                               22 Jan 45     Duisburg (3.50)

 

Flying Officer Vockins is a capable and courageous Wireless Operator/Air Gunner who has now completed two full tours of operations against the enemy. He is a skilful tradesman with a keen sense of devotion to duty and possesses such confidence in his own ability that he inspires other, less experienced crew members with the same unquenchable spirit. His fine personal example of skill and fortitude is most inspiring.


* * * * *


WADINGTON, P/O Geoffrey Parker (RAF 178239) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1922 at Cottingham, Yorkshire; home in Hull; educated at Hymers College, Holl. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. No published citation other than "completed operations ith courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers.DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 20 September 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (173 hours 35 minutes), 24 February to 15 September 1944. Name spelled "Waddington" on form.

 

This officer completed 35 successful sorties over enemy territory including attacks on well defended targets in Germany. As an Air Gunner, Pilot Officer Waddington [sic] has attained a high degree of efficiency which has been a material factor in the successes achieved.

 

For his keenness, devotion to duty and high standard of technical ability, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WADDINGTON, F/L George William Wray (RAF 53427) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945. Born 1921 at Plumstead, London; home in Grove Hill, Middleborough. Enlisted 1936; commissioned Agust 1943. Had been Mentioned in Despatches, January 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 19737/AL 1070 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations ith courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 12 April 1945 when he had flown 45 sorties (306 hours). Sortie list details only second tour (eight trips, 48 hours 50 minutes, 24 December 1944 to 8 March 1945).

 

The above mentioned officer started his first tour with No.76 Squadron on the 3rd September 1941, in this country, and completed 18 successful operational sorties, all over Germany. No.76 Squadron was posted to the Middle East and in conjunction with No.10 Squadron formed No.462 Squadron. During this period from 14th July 1942 to 10th October 1942, Flight Lieutenant Waddington completed a further 19 sorties over heavily defended targets such as Crete.

 

On return to this country he played an important role in helping to form No.2 METS [Multi-Engine Training School ?] Heavy Conversion Unit from 10th October 1942 to 15th October 1943.

 

Taken on strength of this squadron 8th November 1944 as Engineer Leader, he has executed his duties in a manner that has won the respect and admiration of all ranks.

 

During a very lengthy tour this officer has displayed exceptional courage and a fine sense of devotion to duty. He has participated in sorties involving such targets as Cologne, Essen, the battleships Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Tirpitz. For his exceptional record Flight Lieutenant Waddington is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 28 March 1945 which does not differ materially from above but indicates an earlier attempt to have him decorated.


* * * * *


WAHLSTRAND, Sergeant Constance Mary (WAAF 424682) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Clerk/Special Duties (Wireless).


* * * * *


WALKER, Sergeant Dennis Fletcher (RAF 1029623) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 August 1944 (with effect from 19 April 1943). Born 1920 near Whirehaven, Cumberland; home there (clerk). Enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 14921/AL.859 refers.

 

This airman has taken part in many attacks on targets in Germany and has displayed a high degree of efficiency and resolution throughout. On one occasion he was the mid-upper gunner of an aircraft detailed to attack Aachen. Whilst still a considerable distance from the target the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire. Sergeant Walker was wounded in the leg but, despite this, he insisted on remaining in his turret, ready to defend the aircraft if necessary. He displayed great fortitude and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1729 has recommendation (undated) compiled when he had flown 20 sorties (124 hours 50 minutes), 26 November 1943 to 24 May 1944.

 

Sergeant Walker is a mid-upper gunner and has completed 20 operational sorties. On several occasions his cooperation, exceptional coolness and determination to duty [sic] contribution in a large measure to the success of these operational flights.

 

On the night of the 24th May 1944, his aircraft was detailed to attack Aachen, and approximately 150 miles prior to the target the aircraft was hit by flak from rocket guns. Sergeant Walker was hit in several places in the leg and refused to leave his position, assuring his captain that he could carry out his duties, although bleeding. The aircraft continued to the target, obtained a primary and returned, making an emergency landing at Woodbridge.

 

Sergeant Walker was admitted to hospital and an operation performed to remove the pieces of flak from his leg. In view of this Non-Commissioned Officer's record and quiet but dogged determination, I recommend that he be awarded a non-immediate Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


WALKER, P/O George William (RAF 187958) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 18304/AL.1007 refers, stating only that he had been "recently commissioned".

 

As flight engineer this officer has taken part in numerous operational sorties, amny od wgich were against important and heavily defended targets. On one occasion, engine trouble developed while en route to the target and the aircraft was badly damaged by anti-aircraft fire. The mid-upper gunner was wounded. After bombing a secondary target, the crippled aircraft was landed at an airfield in Holland. Pilot Officer Walker directed the ground crew in effeting repairs and although the airfield was bombed twice, he succeeded in making the aircraft serviceable and it returned sadely to base.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has recommendation dated 11 December 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (150 hours 25 minutes), 8 August to 5 December 1944. He was then a Sergeant and a DFM was proposed.

 

On the day of October 12th, 1944, the crew of which Sergeant Walker is Flight Engineer were detailed to bomb Wanne Eickel in the Ruhr Valley.

 

After approximately one hours' flying time, trouble developed in the port inner engine. It became necessary to feather the engine. The skipper decided to carry on to the target. Time and height were being lost. Crossing Cleve, Germany, the aircraft was riddled with predicted flak. The mid-upper gunner was wounded. The Flight Engineer went to his aid and rendered first aid on the spot.

 

It was impossible to carry on to the target. After bombing a secondary target, the crippled aircraft was brought down at the nearest emergency air field in Volkel, Holland. Sergeant Walker gave the aircraft a thorough DI [daily inspection] and found it could be rendered serviceable after minor repairs had been carried out. He directed the ground crew in doing these repairs. While working on the aircraft, the aeroplane was bombed twice. Sergeant Walker, ignoring his own personal danger, persisted in carrying on the repairs and succeeded in making the aircraft serviceable. The aircraft made base without further incident.

 

Sergeant Walker's thorough knowledge of his trade, coupled with his outstanding devotion to duty were largely responsible for the safe return of the crew. It is for these reasons that I recommend Sergeant Walker for the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


WALL, P/O Reginald George (RAF 184764) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1922 at Shrewsbury, Shropshire; home there; educated at Sheinton School, North Shrewsbury. Enlisted September 1941; commissioned August 1944. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." DAir Ministry Bulletin 18305/AL.1007 refers. Hist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 18 December when he had completed 31 sorties (159 hours), 18 July to 27 November 1944. Wireless Operator.

 

This Wireless Operator has completed a notable tour of operations consisting of 31 attacks on enemy targets, many of which have been against the heavily defended areas of the Ruhr. Throughout his tour he has shown an outstanding devotion to duty and keenness for his work. He has never failed his captain at any time and has kept himself fully informed on all aspects of his work as a member of an operational crew. By his courage and cheerfulness in the air he has encouraged and inspired the fellow members of his crew, and on the ground he has been of great assistance to the leader of his section.

 

It is considered that this officer's operational record, coupled with his dependability and devotion to duty, fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WALTERS, Flight Sergeant James Arthur (RAF 567931) - Mention in Despatches - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943. Fitter.


* * * * *


WALTERS, Warrant Officer Thomas Arthur (RAF 567931) - Mention in Despatches - Station Leeming - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944.


* * * * *


WALTERS, P/O William Llewelyn (RAF 176455) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944. Born 1921 in Carmarthen; home there; educated at Llandilo County School. Enlisted as Observer, 1941; completed training in Canada at No.31 BGS; commisioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15970/AL/902 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 27 July 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (224 hours 19 minutes), 25 July 1943 to 2 June 1944. This document is also found in Public Record Office Air 2/9025.

 

As navigator, this officer has completed one tour of operations. He has carried out 35 sorties on targets in Germany, France, and minelaying operations. He has always been very steady and cool in emergencies and cooperated well with his crew at all times. For steadiness and reliability and good service to the squadron over a long period of time, I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WALTON, Master Sergeant J.M. (USAAF 10601391) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.166 Squadron - award approved 22 December 1943 but not published in London Gazette. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

This airman, formerly a member of the Royal Canadian Air Force, has displayed outstanding ability as a navigator. He has participated in attacks against very heavily defended targets including Hamburg, Cologne, Mannheim, Turin and Milan. By his determination, coolness and skill he has contributed largely to the successes achieved and evoked the confidence of all with whom he has flown.


* * * * *


WARD, Sergeant Albert William (RAF 1187484) - Mention in Despatches - No.9427 Servicing Echelon - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Fitter/Armourer. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation drafted August 1944.

 

This senior Non-Commissioned Officer enlisted 24th August 1940 as an ACH/GD [Aircraft Hand/General Duties]. Since that time he has been a very faithful and enterprising airman and has never had an entry on his conduct sheet. Now he is in charge of many men and his devotion to duty and efficiency rate him as an outstanding Non-Commissioned Officer. He is a splendid example for the airmen and has their full confidence and cooperation.


* * * * *


WARNER, Sergeant Jack (RAF 1623709) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 says he was commissioned in 1944 but give no other details. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 5 August 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (226 hours 33 minutes), 15 September 1943 to 10 June 1944.

 

As flight engineer, Sergeant Warner has completed 37 trips into France and Germany and dropped numerous mines in enemy waters. At all times he has shown the greatest keenness for operational flying and his ability and enthusiasm made him a real asset to his crew. On the ground he has been most cooperative, helping in every way possibly to boost the efficiency of his section and of the squadron as a whole.


* * * * *


WATERS, Flight Sergeant Thomas (RAF 1533602) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944. Born 1922 at Norton, Yorkshire; home there. Air Ministry Bulletin 15970/AL.902 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 July 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9026 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 46 sorties (228 hours 25 minutes) as an Air Gunner.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is a very capable and efficient Air Gunner who has now completed two tours of operations. On many occasions, this Non-Commissioned Officer has been placed in great personal danger through contact with enemy fighters but, in spite of this fact, he has not been deterred from pressing home his attacks to the full. The fine example set by Flight Sergeant Waters is most worthy of commendation. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


WATKINS, Flight Sergeant Dennis Arthur (RAF 938881) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 June 1944. Born 1920 at Huddersfield; home at Lindley, Huddersfield (clerk). Enlisted as air gunner, 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 14360/AL.833 refers. Citation also found in Public Record Office Air 2/9630.

 

This airman has completed a large number of bombing sorties against the enemy in the European and Middle East theatres of war. These flights include attacks against Berlin, Mannheim, Duisburg, Kiel, Gelsenkirchen and Benghazi. He has at all times shown exceptional courage, determination and devotion to duty. His cheerful manner and willingness to undertake any task have been worthy of the highest praise.


* * * * *


WATSON, F/O Harry Frederick (RAF 149079) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born 1922 at Northampton; home in Maidstone; educated at Maidstone Grammar School. Commissioned from the ranks, 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15618/AL.875 dated 18 September 1944 refers. No citation other than "...completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Record Office document in Air 2/9276 has recommendation dated 22 June 1944 when he had flown 48 sorties (247 hours). The form is noted "Canada", but there is no evidence that he was Canadian. Sorties and recommendation as follows:


28 Mar 43         St.Nazaire (6.20)                            27 Aug 43         Nuremburg (6.40)

4 Apr 43            Kiel (6.15)                                     31 Aug 43         Berlin (6.35)

6 Apr 43            GARDENING (7.00)                    3 Sept 43           Berlin (7.40)

8 Apr 43            Duisburg (3.10, DNCO)                5 Sept 43           Mannheim (5.55)

10 Apr 43          Frankfurt (7.25)                             6 Sept 43           Munich (7.20)

14 Apr 43          Stuttgart (6.20)                               27 Sep 43          Hannover (4.25)

29 May 43         Wuppertal (4.40)                           2 Oct 43            Munich (7.40)

11 June 43         Munster (5.40)                               23 Mar 44         Berlin (7.00)

12 June 43         Bochum (4.40)                               26 Mar 44         Essen (4.40)

21 June 43         Krefeld (4.00)                                26 Apr 44          Essen (4.25)

22 June 43         Mulheim (4.10)                              3 May 44           Montdidier (3.50)

24 June 43         Wuppertal (4.35)                           6 May 44           Mantes Gassicourt (3.05)

28 June 43         Cologne (4.45)                               8 May 44           Haine St.Pierre (2.40)

3 July 43           Cologne (5.35)                               10 May 44         Ghent (2.30)

13 July 43         Aachen (5.00)                                19 May 44         Le Mans (4.10)

15 July 43         Mont Beliard (6.35)                       23 May 44         Le Mans (3.30)

24 July 43         Hamburg (5.45)                             31 May 44         Trappes (4.00)

25 July 43         Essen (4.35)                                   2 June 44           Trappes (3.20)

27 July 43         Hamburg (5.30)                             4 June 44           Calais (1.45)

29 July 43         Hamburg (2.25, DNCO)                5 June 44           Longues (3.00)

9 Aug 43           Mannheim (6.00)                           10 June 44         Versailles (3.45)

10 Aug 43         Nuremburg (7.35)                          12 June 44         Amiens (2.40)

16 Aug 43         Turin (8.00)                                   14 June 44         Cambrai (2.40)

17 Aug 43         Peenemunde (8.00)                        15 June 44         Lens (2.20)

23 Aug 43         Berlin (8.00)                                  17 June 44         Oisement-Neuville-

                                                                                                            au-Bois (2.20)

 

Flying Officer Watson is a very capable and efficient Wireless Operator/Air Gunner. Many of the attacks in which he has participated gave been against heavily defended enemy targets, but this has not deterred him from putting forth his maximum efforts to make the operations a success. By his cool, calm manner and devotion to duty he has set an inspiring example to all members of his crew. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WATSON, Sergeant John Sims (RAF 1116888) - Mention in Despatches - Station Leeming - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation drafted July 1944. Armourer.

 

Sergeant Watson enlisted on 10 September 1940 and has served at this station for the past thirteen months, being Non-Commissioned Officer in charge of the Bomb Dump. His conscientious and careful work with these dangerous materials has been most creditable and has entailed long hours of work of a particularly trying character.


* * * * *


WATSON, F/O Philemon (RAF 155072) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Home in Leeds. Commissioned from the ranks, 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 has recommendation dated 13 September 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (186 hours 55 minutes), 25 February to 7 August 1944.

 

Flying Officer Watson has since the start set for himself the highest standards in the performance of his duties. He has a thorough knowledge of gunnery and he has always shown the greatest keenness to inflict damage upon the enemy.

 

He has completed 35 successful sorties over enemy territory. His great courage and his determination have been an inspiration to the rest of the crew. I feel this fine record fully deserves the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WATTS, Warrant Officer George Lawrence (RAF 1527439) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1923 in Benwell, Newcastle-on-Tyne; home at High Heaton, Newcastle (engineer). Formerly with ADCC [?], No.131 Squadron. Enlisted 1941 for aircrew. Air Ministry Bulletin 16623/AL.940 refers.

 

Now on his second tour of operational duty, Warrant Officer Watts has attacked many of the most strongly defended targets in Germany, including Berlin, Essen, Dusseldorf and Hamburg. At all times he has displayed coolness and courage of the highest order, and by his skill as a bomb aimer has contributed largely to the successes achieved by his crew.


* * * * *


WAUGH, Flight Sergeant John (RAF 526518) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Clerk/General Duties.


* * * * *


WAY, P/O Cecil William (RAF 186920) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 December 1945 with effect from 15 January 1945. Born 1920 in Yeovil, Somerset; home there (cabinet maker); educated at Penn Mill School, Yeovil. Enlisted February 1941; commissioned October 1944. Deceased at time of award. Air Ministry Bulletin 20372/AL.1106 refers. DHist card gives his Christian names as "Cyril William", which is also on recommendation.

 

...has participated in attacks against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Nuremburg, Duisburg and Karlsruhe. In March 1944, whilst attacking Nurmeburg, his aircraft was attacked simultaneously by two Junkers 88s. Two fires broke out in his bomber, one in the nose and the other in the tail. After much effort, the flames were controlled, but all navigational aids had been rendered unserviceable. Pilot Officer Way was wounded in the leg. Though suffereing from much pain and loss of blood, he persisted in continuing with his duties and with great skill he guided the crippled aircraft to the English Channel, where the crew was forced to abandon it. Throughout this hazardous flight this officer displayed outstanding fortitude, skill and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has recommendation dated 17 December 1944 for an immediate award. He had then flown 15 sorties (104 hours 20 minutes). It would appear that his going missing held up approval, hence the time lapse between the date of submission and the gazetting of the award.

 

On the night of March 30, 1944, the crew of which Pilot Officer Way is navigator were detailed to bomb Nuremburg, Germany. The run in to the target and actual bombing were carried out successfully and with minute precision. Directly after the bomb aimer had declared "bombs away" the aircraft was attacked by two enemy aircraft - Junkers 88s. Two fires started in the aircraft, one in the nose and one in the tail. After much effort these fires were brought under control. Enemy fire succeeded in blasting away the D.R. compass and in rendering the P.4 unserviceable. The navigator was wounded in the leg.

 

Suffering from pain and loss of blood the navigator persisted in carrying on his navigational duties. Equipped with only the stars for guidance, Pilot Officer`` Way got to the astrodome and took shots of the stars and in this way gave directions to the pilot. The crippled aircraft limped back to the English Channel where the crew were obliged to abandon ship.

 

Pilot Officer Way's magnificent pluck, determination and remarkable navigational skill were solely responsible for the safety of the remainder of the crew. Such heroism and unselfish devotion to duty are worthy of the greatest praise. It is for these reasons that i recommend Pilot Officer Way for the award if an immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WAYLAND, P/O John Albert Meredith (RAF 48635) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Born 1917 at Muswell Hill, near London; educated at Harrow Counry School. Commissioned in April 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers.

 

This officer has shown outstanding devotion to duty during all his operational sorties. He has participated in attacks on many of the enemy's most heavily defended targets in Germany and was a member of the crew which bombed the Gneisenau. He has also taken part in many mining operations. Pilot Officer Wayland is a most courageous and determined officer with a high conception of duty and a fine fighting spirit.


There is no citation in London Gazette; an abbreviated version of the aabove text is found in Flight, 14 January 1943.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617, (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 28 September 1942 when he had flown 47 sorties (273 hours 50 minutes). First tour was 14 November 1940 to 11 July 1941 (34 trips, 200 hours 15 minutes) which included dive bombing Gneisenau at Brest, 4 April 1941 (direct hit claimed); second tour had so far been 10 March to 22 July 1942.

 

This officer has shown outstanding devotion to duty during all his operational sorties. In 47 sorties he has never had a Wireless/Telephone failure. By his skill as a fire controller and wireless operator he has contributed very greatly to the success of his operations. He displays great coolness and efficiency in the face of the strongest opposition, which in turn adds greatly to the morale and efficiency of his crew.

 

He has flown over all the heavily defended targets, including Hamburg, Cologne, Mannheim, Kiel, Berlin, Dusseldorf, Bremen, Wilhelmshaven, Essen and Brest. He has flown on seven sorties to Brest, and was a member of the crew which dive bombed Gneisenau, scoring a direct hit. He has also carried out many mining operations to Bordeaux, Lorient, the Elbe and St.Nazaire.

 

This officer is now occupying the post of Squadron Signals Officer, and by his keenness, knowledge and experience has enabled many new Wireless Operator Air Gunners to get over their first few operations successfully.


* * * * *


WEBER, P/O Joseph Anthony (RAF 142448) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943. Born at Hampstead, London, 1919; home at Hornsy, London. Enlisted in Devon Regiment, 1939; transferred to RAF, 1941; trained in Canada and the United States; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 11416 refers.

 

...has completed large number of operational sorties, many of them attacks on major targets suchas Berlin, Essen and Cologne. By complete disregard of danger and his great determinaton and skill in pressing home his attacks, has set an excellent example.


* * * * *


WEBDELL, P/O Richard (RAF 124211) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943. DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation for a DFM dated 3 March 1942 (he was then a Sergeant, 755121). His pilot, Flight Sergeant R.G. Mullen (RCAF) received DFM; Sergeant D.K. Branter (RCAF) was Mentioned in Despatches on 1 January 1943.

 

Flight Sergeant Mullen with his two Wireless Operator/Air Gunners, Sergeant Webdell and Sergeant Branter, have flown 116 hours on 33 operational flights on this squadron since September 1941. Of this flying 25 flights, a total of 86 hours, have been by night. During this period four merchant vessels have been successfully attacked by night.

 

Their record of attacks is as follows:

 

12.9.41M.V. 2,000 tonsDirect hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm motor vessel probably damaged).

29.9.41M.V. 5,000 tonsFire observed after attack (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm motor vessel probably damaged).

12.10.41M.V. 1,000 tonsNo claim.

30.11.41M.V. 5,000 tonsVessel observed sinking (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm motor vessel seriously damaged).

10.1.42M.V. 6/8,000 tonsDirect hit on centre island (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm motor vessel probably damaged).

 

These attacks have all been pressed home at mast head height in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fir from shipping and shore batteries. Their aircraft was damaged by anti-aircraft fire on the last attack, one member of the crew was wounded, the undercarriage and the port wing were badly damaged.

 

These successes have been achieved by undaunted keenness and an exceptional co-ordination of effort by all members of the crew which have been a splendid source of inspiration to all crews.

 

* * * * *


WEEKS, F/O Jack Osborn (AUS 420090) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1909 in Sydney;educated at Cranbrook School and University of Sydney. Commissioned from the tanks, 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18305/AL.1007 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 December 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (175 hours ten minutes), 27 May 1943 to 4 December 1944. Mid-upper gunner. Weekes ?

 

This officer has completed 34 operational trips over enemy territory including sorties against such targets as Berlin, Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Hamburg.

 

He has at all times shown complete disregard of opposition, and his commendable courage and devotion to duty has proven an inspiration not only to his crew, but to all personnel on the squadron.

 

I consider that this officer by his splendid record and dogged determination fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (No-Immediate).


* * * * *


WEEKS, Sergeant John Alexander Dyer (RAF 1313498) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 May 1944. Born at Southsea, Hants., 1920; home at Gosport, Hants (builder's labourer). Enlisted 1941. Air gunner in P/O G.D. Perks' crew; destroyed a Bf.110 over Kassel, 3/4 October 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 14007/AL.805 refers.

 

...has a fine operational record and has destroyed at least one enemy aircraft. On several occasions his aircraft has been attacked by enemy fighters. By his keenness, alertness and mental perception he has played no small part in the successful completion of many sorties. As an air gunner he has set a high standard of efficiency and courage.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Volume 20636)) has recommendation dated 12 February 1944 when he had flown 30 1/2 sorties (197 hours five minutes), 18 February to 8 October 1943 as Air Gunner.

 

Sergeant Weeks, J.A.D. 1313498, joined our squadron with a half a tour successfully completed. He came to us with a very fine record, having been a rear gunner to Flying Officer Dixon, DFC, DFM, until the completion of Flying Officer Dixon's second tour. During this time he received credit for a probable enemy fighter destroyed. On joining our squadron his keenness and enthusiasm were noted by all. Although they were attacked several times, he ensured the safety of his companions by his quickness in giving the correct evasive action. Finally, on his 29th trip, he was able to claim an ME.110 night fighter as shot down. To his keenness, alertness and mental perception was due in no small measure the successful completion of many hazardous sorties by his crew. It is felt that for efficiency, ability and hard work this airman merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


WEIR, W/C Thomas Cameron (37918) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944. Born in Winnipeg, 22 April 1912; educated University of Manitoba and University of Toronto; trained with RCAF, 1930-31. Served in Cameron Highlanders; to RAF, 1936. With No.44 Squadron on outbreak of war until 26 December 1939; No.50 Squadron, 26 December 1940 to 28 March 1940; No.44 Squadron, 28 March to 29 April 1940; No.106 Squadron, 29 April to 15 November 1940; No.61 Squadron, 15 November 1940 (Officer Commanding, 2 September 1941; awarded DFC, 24 October 1941); with No.6 Group, 1943.


* * * * *


WENNELL, Corporal Edwina Anne (RAF WAAF 2082198) - Mention in Despatches - Station Leeming - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. Listed in DHist file 181.009 D.1741 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20608). RTO (not sure what it means; Radio Telephone Operator ?)


* * * * *


WEST, Flight Sergeant Dennis Arthur (RAF 1583038) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 June 1944. Born at Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire, 1923; home there. Enlisted 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14428/AL.834 refers. Flight Engineer. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." The original recommendation, dated 20 April 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9015 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 29 sorties (305 hours 10 minutes) as a Flight Engineer. The number of hours seems odd compared to the sorties and suggests a typographical error either at source or in the book.

 

Flight Sergeant West has taken part in 209 operational sorties over enemy territory. He has at all times shown a keen interest in his work and his ability as a Flight Engineer is outstanding. His fine offensive spirit has been amply demonstrated during attacks on enemy targets including such heavily defended centres as Berlin, Hanover, Essen and Frankfurt. It is considered that this airman's fine offensive spirit and devotion to duty fully merit the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


WHITEHOUSE, Flight Sergeant John Bertram (RAF 1876410) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1925 at King's Lynn, Norfolk; educated at Ashville College, Wirefemere [?] where he was a clerk. Enlisted in May 1943; trained as a Flight Engineer. Air Ministry Bulletin 18305/AL.1007 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 January 1945, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9060 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 54 sorties (270 hours 20 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

Flight Sergeant Whitehouse is an engineer who has completed two tours of operations numbering attacks on enemy positions including Nuremburg, Duisburg and Stuttgart. His ability and efficiency to make all his missions successful have contributed in no small way to the success attained by his crew.


* * * * *


WHONE, F/O John Francis (RAF 179235) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1922 at Keighley, Yorkshire; home there; educated at Keighlyey Boys Grammar School and Imperial College of Science and Technology. Enlisted August 1941; commissioned July 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18305/AL.1007 refers. No published citation other than "completed operatons with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 17 December 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (160 hours 45 minutes), 15 February to 4 December 1944. Navigator; Pilot Officer when recommended.

 

This navigator has completed 29 heavy operational bombing attacks against the enemy. At all times his work has been of a very high calibre. He possesses coolness and displays exceptional fearlessness in the face of danger and his devotion to duty has been an inspiration to his crew. I strongly recommend that Pilot Officer Whone be awarded a Non-Immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WICKEN, F/O John Henry (RAF 165057) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette 29 June 1945. Born in Barking, Essex, 1924; home there. Former ATC Cadet; enlisted 1942; trained in Canada; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 19108/AL.1054 refers.

 

During a sortie to Osnabruck in March 1945, this officer was navigator of an aircraft detailed to attack enemy transport. After delivering several attacks on a railway siding from a low altitude, the aircraft was seriously damaged by anti-aircraft fire. Flying Officer Wicken was severely wounded in the face, chest and arm and the pilot was also wounded. Despite great pain, weakness and loss of sight, Flying Officer Wicken have his pilot courses from memory and greatly assisted him in flying back to Allied territory. By his high courage and resolution, he gave valuable help in ensuring a safe return. On other missions this officer has assisted in destroying much enemy transport and material, frequently in the face of heavy opposition.


* * * * *


WILLEY, F/O Eric Walter (RAF 184185) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 April 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (1668 hours 45 minutes), 26 March 1944 to 15 March 1945. Wireless Operator, rank of Pilot Officer when recommended.

 

This officer has since March 1944 completed 30 operational sorties over enemy territory, many of which involved attacks against the most heavily defended targets in Germany. Pilot Officer Willey is one of the original members of this squadron and the largest percentage of his operational trips have been completed in the capacity of spare Wireless Operator.

 

Throughout his tour, the keenness and skill displayed by this officer irrespective of what crew he was detailed to fly with has set an example of the highest order, not only to his section, but the squadron in general. Also whilst on the ground, his vast experience and willing assistance has proven of immeasurable help to his leader.

 

I consider his splendid record and quiet but dogged determination fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WILLGRESS, F/L Frederick James (RAF 52005) - Mention in Despatches - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Born 1919 at Garleston, Norfolk; home in Bedale, Yorkshire; educated at Stradbroke School and Alderman Leach School, Gorlaston [?]. Enlisted July 1939; commissioned April 1943. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation drafted July 1944.

 

This officer enlisted as an airman in June 1939 and won his commission on the 5th April 1943 and has served all his time in England. He came to this squadron in September 1943. His work as Engineer Leader has been outstanding and through his loyalty and devotion to duty he has set a magnificent example to the rest of the squadron.


WILLGRESS, F/L Frederick James (RAF 520025) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 18787/AL.1018 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty. DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 17 December 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (137 hours 35 minutes). Two sorties flown before his arrival on this unit, balance flown 22 September 1943 to 16 October 1944. Flight Engineer Leader.

 

This officer is Flight Engineer Leader and his work in general has been exceptional. He has completed 26 heavy operational bombing attacks against the enemy. His courage, skill and determination in action have been an inspiration to his section. I strongly recommend that Flight Lieutenant Willgress be awarded a Non-Immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WILLIAMS, Warrant Officer Cyril John (RAF 619259) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born in Newbridge, Monmouthshire, 1919; home in Gloucester. Air Ministry Bulletin 15618/AL.857 dated 18 September 1944 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Air Gunner. Public Record Office Air 2/8872 reported he had flown 46 sorties (213 operational hours).


* * * * *


WILLIAMS, F/O Elwyn (RAF 143223) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 December 1943. Born in Liverpool, 1920; home at Walton, Liverpool; educated at Alsop High School, Liverpool. Commissioned from the ranks, 1943. No citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


WILLIAMS, F/L Leonard Henry (RAF 48725) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1915 at East Plomstead and home given as Chingford, Essex, but educated at Fort William, Ontario. Enlisted in RAF, 1938; commissioned 1942. Transferred to RCAF, 8 January 1945 (C48727). Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944 refers. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Awarded Bar to DFC as RCAF officer. DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 18 July 1944 when he had flown 56 sorties (259 hours five hours). The sortie list shows a very interesting career commencing 14 June 1940. From 31 August 1940 to 26 April 1941 he was flying Fairey Battles on sea patrols (at least part of this was out of Iceland); from 21 June to 8 October 1941 he was on Blenheims attacking shipping, targets in France and then (24 August 1941 to end of tour) targets in North Africa. His second tour (Bomber Command) had run from 13 March to 6 July 1944 and included a fight with a Bf.110 on the raid to Nuremburg (30 March, 1944).

 

Flight Lieutenant L.H. Williams as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner has completed an outstanding first tour of operations including daylight sorties to France, Iceland, in the Mediterranean theatre of war, and trips on coastal reconnaissance early in the war. In addition he has completed sixteen sorties with this squadron on his second tour consisting of raids on heavily defended German targets, railway marshalling yards in France, and mining operations. Following his first tour, Flight Lieutenant Williams was posted to a training station where he instructed for two years.

 

His marked ability and efficiency shown as an instructor, together with resourcefulness and outstanding courage displayed while on his first tour of operations, earned him the position of Gunnery Leader in No.424 Squadron. Both on the ground, as a leader of a successful Gunnery Section, and in the air, he has continued to show a marked degree of ability and his work has been an inspiration to the members of his section and to all aircrew in the squadron.


* * * * *


WILLIAMS, Sergeant Roy Garfield (RAF 1123412) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943. Born in Cheshire, 1921; home in Birkinhead, Cheshire (forwarding clerk). Enlisted 1940; wireless operator/air gunner. Air Ministry Bulletin 11416 refers.

 

...has taken part in large number of operational sorties, many of them attacks on most strongly fortified industrial centres. Skill, courage and endurance during all these missions have been most praiseworthy, setting fine example to other wireless operators and air gunners in the squadron.


* * * * *


WILLOUGHBY, F/O Digby Hugh Callis (RAF 183093) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945. Born 1921 in Chapeltown, Jamaica; home in St.Andrew, Jamaica; educated at St.Antony's Academy, Point Antonio and Cornwall College, Montego Bay. Enlisted September 1940; commissioned August 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 18029/AL.995 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


WILLS, S/L Ronald Arthur (RAF 22006) - Mention in Despatches - No.406 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1942. Appointed Pilot Officer on Probation, 18 July 1925; confirmed as Pilot Officer, 18 January 1926.


* * * * *


WILMER, Flight Sergeant Harry John (RAF 1386251) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.406 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 April 1943. Citation published in Flight, 3 June 1943. Born in Limehouse, 1922; home in Station Benfleet (machine operator). Enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 10054 refers.

 

This airman has completed many attacks on the enemy. He has cooperated with his pilot in the destruction of three enemy aircraft. Flight Sergeant Wilmer has invariably displayed the greatest courage and devotion to duty.


NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/8945 has a slightly more detailed citation:

 

This airman commenced operational flying in this unit in March 1942, and since then has completed many attacks on the enemy. He gave great assistance to his pilot in the destruction of three enemy aircraft, making skilful use of his special equipment for this purpose. Flight Sergeant Wilmer has invariably displayed the greatest courage and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


WILSON, Corporal Adam Arthur (RAF 1039451) - Mention in Despatches - Station Leeming - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. Listed in DHist file 181.009 D.1741 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20608). Fitter/Armament.


* * * * *


WILSON, F/O David (RAF 174565) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945. Born 1921 in Cowdenheath, Fifeshire; home there. Enlisted March 1940; commissioned March 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 19757/AL.1070 refers. No citation other than "completed operatons with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 18 April 1945 when he had flown two tours; the first (24 sorties, 162 hours) was in North Africa, 15 July to 8 November 1942; the second (18 sorties, 121 hours 45 minutes) was in Bomber Command, 6 December 1944 to 10 April 1945. All trips as Flight Engineer.

 

This officer has completed eighteen sorties on his second tour of operations. Throughout he has shown praiseworthy skill and determination. He has proved to be a keen and capable flight engineer whose alertness and devotion to duty have contributed immeasurably to the safety of the aircraft and its crew. His sterling example has done much to increase the efficiency of less experienced flight engineers of the squadron.

 

It is considered that Flying Officer Wilson, by his display of leadership, ability and keenness, full merits the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WILSON, P/O Stanley (RAF 157489) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 28 March 1944. Born in Fitzwilliam, Yorkshire, 1920; home at Rustington, Sussex; educated at West Leeds High School. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 13347/AL.775 refers.

 

During whole period of service has shown outstading skill as navigator. His success in guiding his pilot to targets, in many cases extremely hard to locate and well defended, has been exceptional. Pilot Officer Wilson has always ben very keen to engage in operations. Has taken part in attacks on enemy airfields, railways and communications and recently engaged in a low level daylight sortie when three enemy aircraft were destroyed, two by his pilot.


* * * * *


WINDER, Corporal Kenneth Sylvester (RAF 1286036) - Mention in Despatches - Station Skipton-on-Swale - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. DHist file 181.009 D.1762 (RG.24 Volume 20609) has recommendation drafted about mid-April 1945. Enlisted 24 August 1940; Armourer in Defence Weapons Section.

 

Corporal Winder has shown outstanding ability, initiative and determination in his capacity of attending to the multiplicity of explosive returns and armament equipment. His judgement is above average; his qualities of leadership are superior. Time and effort are never spared in the pursuit of duty. In addition he has created much interest in Station activities by organizing and conducting educational quiz programmes and been a valuable member of the P.S.I. [?] Committee. His character is an example to all with whom he comes in contact.


* * * * *


WINSKILL, F/O Alexander (RAF 127107) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 February 1944. Born 1909; home in Lancaster. Enlisted 1941; trained in South Africa; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 12872/AL.748 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


WITHERICK, Flight Sergeant Gerald Augustine (RAF 534756) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Born at Ilford, Essex, 1915; home there (warehouseman). Enlisted 1936 as wireless operator; later trained as air gunner. Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers; citation published in Flight, 21 January 1943.

 

This Air Gunner completed many sorties in the Middle East before joining his present squadron. Vigilant, courageous and reliable, he brings to his task that quick appreciation and decision which makes the ideal gunner. Since May 1942 he has taken part in numerous attacks on enemy targets, including Cologne, Bremen, Duisburg, Hamburg and Essen.


NOTE: DHist records state he had flown 56 sorties (397 hours four minutes). Of these, 37 trips were flown before joining this unit and are not detailed; the balance were flown 30 May to 15 October 1942. Citation on cards differs greatly.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has a long record of enthusiastic operational service. While with this squadron he has been imbued with that cheerful, forceful offensive spirit which sustains and strengthens morale. Vigilant and courageous, reliable and efficient, he brings to his task that sound appreciation and quick decision which makes a gunner so often a "lifesaver". It is not possible to praise his work and ability too highly. For such service he is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


WOLFE, S/L Denzil Lloyd (39805) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 August 1942. Born in Regina, 1915; home there; RAF 31 May 1937; Flight Lieutenant as of 7 January 1941. Served in No.419 Squadron; posted from No.1659 HCU, 3 May 1943 to No.405 Squadron; killed in action 14 July 1943. No citation in London Gazette but AFRO 1371/42 says:

 

This officer has participated in many attacks on the enemy's industrial targets and dockyard installations. Throughout his tour of operations he has set a high standard of skill and efficiency. He has participated in every one of the recent raids on Essen and Cologne. His exploits also include a low flying attack on Villiers and successful attacks against Lubeck and Rostock.


Air Ministry Bulletin 7751 has a version differing in significant detail:

 

Since January 1942 this officer has participated in many attacks on the enemy's industrial targets and dockyard installations. Throughout these operations he has set a high standard of skill and efficiency. He has participated in every one of the recent raids on Essen and Cologne; his exploits also include a low flying attack on Gennevilliers, a mine-laying operation and successful attacks against Lubeck and Rostock.


Public Record Office Air 2/9595 has the original recommendation drafted by Wing Commander John Fulton, when Wolfe had flown 26 sorties (124 operational hours) as follows:


23 Jan 42   Boulogne docks                    14 Apr 42   Dortmund industrial target

28 Jan 42   Boulogne docks                    22 Apr 42   Cologne industrial target

31 Jan 42   St.Nazaire docks                   23 Apr 42   Rostock industrial target

10 Feb 42  Brest docks                           26 Apr 42   Rostock industrial target

1 Mar 42    Dinghy search                      7 May 42    Kiel docks

3 Mar 42    Paris industrial target            17 May 42  GARDENING, Frisian Islands

10 Mar 42  Essen industrial target          21 May 42  Lorient docks

28 Mar 42  Lubeck industrial target        29 May 42  Paris industrial target

5 Apr 42    Cologne industrial target      30 May 42  Cologne industrial target

6 Apr 42    Essen industrial target          1 June 42    Essen industrial target

8 Apr 42    Hamburg docks                    2 June 42    Essen industrial target

10 Apr 42  Essen industrial target          5 June 42    Essen industrial target

12 Apr 42  Essen industrial target          6 June 42    Essen industrial target

 

This officer has set a high standard throughout his tour of operations and has led his flight on all important missions on which the squadron has been engaged. He has taken part in every one of the recent raids on Essen and Cologne, and his exploits include a low flying attack in the last and successful raid on Gennvilliers, mine laying in the entrance to Kiel harbour, and successful attacks in the raids on Lubeck and Rostock.


* * * * *


WOOD, F/L Cyril Patrick Joseph (RAF 09442) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.403 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 March 1942. Born in Wellington, Shropshire, 1919; home there. Commissioned June 1941. Missing in action, 14 April 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 6415 refers.

 

This officer has participated in 31 operational sorties over northern France, during which ge has destroyed three and probably destroyed a further two enemy aircraft. He is a keen and skilful fighter pilot whose leadership and energy have set an inspiring example to his fellow pilots.


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WOOD, F/L Rossmore Gordon (AUS 406157) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 May 1944. Born in Northan, Western Australia; home in Bayswater, Western Australia (wire worker). Enlisted 1940; trained in Canada. Air Ministry Bulletin 13986/AL.805 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Public Record Office Air 2/9339 has recommendation drafted by W/C R.J. Lane, 23 January 1944, when Wood was a Flying Officer who had completed 60 sorties (353 hours 24 minutes).


8 Dec 41            Aachen (5.15)                                1 Oct 42            LG 20 (4.15)

11 Dec 41          Cologne (5.15)                               5 Oct 42            LG 20 (6.40)

5 Jan 42             Brest (6.45)                                    10 Oct 42          LG 20 (7.05)

1 Aug 42           Tobruk (7.10)                                14 Oct 42          LG 20 (7.10)

3 Aug 42           Tobruk (7.20)                                18 Oct 42          LG 20 (3.50)

5 Aug 42           Tobruk (8.10)                                22 Oct 42          LG 104 (4.05)

7 Aug 42           Tobruk 7.35)                                  23 Oct 42          Battle Area (2.50)

9 Aug 42           Tobruk (7.40)                                24 Oct 42          Battle Area (2.50)

11 Aug 42         El Daba (3.50)                               25 Oct 42          MT Battle Area (4.20)

13 Aug 42         Tobruk (8.00)                                29 Oct 42          LG 13 (4.25)

15 Aug 42         Tobruk (8.00)                                1 Nov 42           Battle Area (2.50)

17 Aug 42         Tobruk (6.15)                                2 Nov 42           Battle Area (2.55)

19 Aug 42         Tobruk (6.15)                                3 Nov 42           MT Battle Area (3.20)

23 Aug 42         Battle Area (3.10)                          4 Nov 42           MT Battle Area (3.20)

25 Aug 42         LG 104 (4.40)                                5 Nov 42           MT Battle Area (3.50)

26 Aug 42         LG 13 (3.50)                                  27 Sept 43         Brunswick (5.20)

29 Aug 42         MT Battle Area (3.40)                   1 Oct 43            Hagen (5.20)

29 Aug 42         MT Battle Area (3.25)                   2 Oct 43            Munich (7.19)

2 Sept 42           MT Battle Area (2.10)                   4 Oct 43            Frankfurt (6.01)

2 Sept 42           MT Battle Area (2.50)                   7 Oct 43            Stuttgart (6.27)

4 Sept 42           MT Battle Area (2.30)                   18 Oct 43          Hanover (5.16)

4 Sept 42           MT Battle Area (2.45)                   3 Nov 43           Cologne (4.04)

8 Sept 42           Tobruk (6.55)                                10 Nov 43         Modane (7.15)

11 Sept 42         Tobruk (6.30)                                18 Nov 43         Mannheim (4.47)

13 Sept 42         Tobruk (6.45)                                22 Nov 43         Berlin (6.07)

16 Sept 42         Tobruk (7.00)                                23 Nov 43         Berlin (6.12)

19 Sept 42         Tobruk (7.15)                                2 Dec 43            Berlin (6.42)

21 Sept 42         Tobruk (6.30)                                5 Jan 44             Stettin (8.06)

25 Sept 42         Tobruk (6.45)                                14 Jan 44           Brunswick (4.58)

27 Sept 42         Tobruk (7.00)                                21 Jan 44           Magdeburg (6.30)

 

This Air Gunner has completed one tour of operations and has practically completed his second tour. He has taken part in operations against the enemy's most heavily defended targets. Flying Officer Wood has carried out his duties in a most commendable manner in the face of intense enemy opposition. His fine example of leadership and devotion to duty has been an inspiration to the squadron. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WOODLEY, P/O William Frederick George (RAF 158416) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944. Born 1919 in Oxford; home there; educated at Elementary School, Cowley and St.John's School, Oxford. Commissioned from the ranks, 1943. Bomb Aimer in F/O R/F. Epps' crew. Air Ministry Bulletin 12905/AL.748 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 20 December 1943 when he had flown 23 ½ sorties (137 hours 55 minutes), 16 February to 26 November 1943.

 

Pilot Officer Woodley has participated in 23 operational sorties, the majority of which were against heavily defended targets in Germany including three of the recent devastating raids on Berlin. Throughout these operations he has at all times displayed a high degree of courage, skill and initiative and has contributed in no small measure to the repeated successes of his crew. I strongly recommend that this officer be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross..


* * * * *


WOODRUFF, W/C Patrick Henry (39806) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron. Awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 June 1942 and AFRO 137/42. Born in Edmonton, 11 May 1912. Family farmed at Vermilion. Educated in Edmonton and University of Alberta (Pharmacy, 1935). Worked for Sun Drug, Edmonton for one year. Learned to fly at Edmonton Aero Club. Travelled by car, cattle train and cattle boat to England in October and November 1936 to enlist in RAF. Worked as a dispensing chemist while waiting for acceptance. Pupil pilot in RAF, 5 April to 30 May 1937. Appointed Provisional Pilot Officer on Probation, 31 May 1937; confirmed as Pilot Officer, 31 May 1938. Trained at Civil Aviation School (Scottish Aviation, Prestwick, preliminary instruction on Tiger Moths), No.6 Service Flying Training School (Netheravon - won wings and a cup as best pupil on course). Further trained at Netheravon on single-seat fighter instruction, concluding 8 January 1938. Posted to No.87 Squadron, Debden (Gladiators to July 1938, Hurricanes thereafter). Commissioned in RAF, Short Service Commission, 31 May 1937. Confirmed in appointment and graded as Pilot Officer, 5 April 1938. Went to Upavon 8 August 1938 to train as instructor; remained at Upavon to 7 October 1938 when posted to No.600 Squadron as Assistant Adjutant. o No.11 Group Operational Training Unit, St. Athan, 4 September 1939; to Hendon, 4 October 1939 for Hendon, converting to Blenheims. In January 1940 went to No.248 Squadron. To Silloth, June 1940, as Coastal Command instructor on Blenheims. Commanded No.404 Squadron from formation. Acting Flight Lieutenant, 4 October 1939 (substantive Flying Officer, 5 October 1939). Substantive Flight Lieutenant, 5 October 1940. For some time he was a flying instructor. Transferred to Reserve 5 April 1941 yet kept on Active List. Acting Squadron Leader, 3 May 1941. Acting Wing Commander, 12 September 1941. To No.9 OTU, Aldergrove, 18 June 1942. Killed on active service, 27 February 1945. AFRO 1371/42 dated 28 August 1942 (reporting his DFC), AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944 (announcing Mention in Despatches), AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945 (announcing his death) and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945 (reporting his DSO) all described him as Canadian in the Royal Air Force. For awards subsequent to No.404 Squadron see awards data base for CAN/RAF personnel. Air Ministry Bulletin 7317 refers.

 

On the 17th May, 1942, this officer led a formation of bomber aircraft in the attack on the German cruiser "Prinz Eugen". Despite interference from enemy fighters Wing Commander Woodruff accomplished his task in a skilful and determined manner. Throughout, he showed great leadership and determination. He has commanded the squadron since May 1941, and by his personal example has contributed largely to its high standard of operational efficiency.


WOODRUFF, W/C Patrick Henry, DFC (39806) - Mention in Despatches - Award as per London Gazette dated 24 September 1941.


* * * * *


WOODS, Flight Sergeant George Leslie (RAF 1452651) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1921 in Preston, Lancashire; home there; educated at Preston Grammar School (clerk). Enlisted July 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 18305/AL.1007 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 January 1945, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9060 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 41 sorties (169 hours 25 minutes) as an Air Bomber.

 

This airman is a highly capable and skilful Air Bomber who has participated in many attacks on heavily defended enemy targets. He displays at all times exceptional fearlessness in the face of danger which has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


WOODSWORTH, Warrant Officer Ascnath (RAF 885729) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base, Middleton St.George - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation submitted to No.6 Group Headquarters, 2 February 1945. Enlisted 19 September 1939. Messing duties.

 

This Warrant Officer has shown exceptional ability and keenness in the performance of her duty. her cheerfulness and composure and willingness to accept responsibility in the face of many tiring difficulties has been an outstanding example of leadership on this unit.


* * * * *


WORT, F/O Peter Ernest (RAF 1732274) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation by W/C A.C. Hull dated 2 September 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (236 hours 30 minutes), 3 November 1943 to 6 June 1944.

 

As Wireless Operator, this officer has completed many sorties into France and Germany as well as having carried out minelaying operations. he has bombed Berlin five times, Leipzig, Frankfurt, Dusseldorf and other heavily defended targets. His work has always been of an extremely high standard and he has always been very cool in emergencies. He gave a great deal of help to his section in the training of new crews and his interest in his crew and squadron has helped to create a fine spirit among his associates, by whom he was greatly respected.

 

For the completion of a very satisfactory tour of operations of 37 trips and exemplary conduct at all times I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


WRIGHT, Flight Sergeant Ernest Relton (RAF 610741) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 13588/AL.769 covering his DFM says he was born 1923 at Tottenham, was a clerk, and enlisted 1942; Air Ministry Bulletin 15918/AL.902 dated 13 October 1944 says he was born 1919 at Pelsall, Staffordshire; educated at Richard C. Thomas School; home in Bloxwick, Staffordshire, and enlisted in 1938, later training as a flight engineer. No published citation to DFM other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." The original recommendation, dated 23 January 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9339 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 42 sorties (250 hours 17 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

This Flight Engineer has completed many operational sorties against enemy targets. He has displayed skill and devotion to duty at all times in the face of strong enemy opposition. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


WRIGHT, F/L Ernest Relton (RAF 54239) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944.

 

This officer has completed two tours of operations, participating in attacks on heavily defended targets including Berlin, Stuttgart and Essen. Both as Flight Engineer leader and on operational duty, Flight Lieutenant Wright has set a splendid example to all by his unselfish devotion to duty and utmost determination to complete the most difficult tasks.


* * * * *


WRIGHT, Sergeant John Norman (RAF 534175) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943. Born 1918 in Birmingham, Warwickshire; home there. Enlisted 1936. Air Ministry Bulletin 11416 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (National Archives RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 21 July 1943 when he had flown 24 sorties (130 hours 35 minutes), 18 February to 6 July 1943.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has shown an unconquerable spirit of determination to achieve his objective. On 24 trips he has failed to bomb his target only twice, and that was due to engine trouble. A large majority of these trips have been over heavily defended targets such as Dusseldorf (twice), Essen (twice), Duisburg (twice), Wilhelmshaven (twice), Dortmund, Kiel, St.Nazaire, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Mulheim and Eberfeld, and his coolness and unusual initiative have won the respect of his crew and the whole squadron. For his exceptional qualities of leadership, for his coolness in face of danger, for his spirit of determination and devotion to duty, this Non-Commissioned Officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


WRIGHT, 2nd Lieutenant Richard (USAAF O-885983) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.57 Squadron - award approved 1 September 1943 but not published in London Gazette. Previously a member of the RCAF. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

This officer has participated in eleven sorties against targets in the Ruhr, also in attacks against Berlin, Stettin, Pilsen, Danzig and Spezia. He has displayed outstanding ability as navigator and has contributed materially to the successes achieved and to the safe return of the aircraft.


* * * * *


YATES, F/L John Frederick William (RAF 52163) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Born in Ripley, Derby, 1922; home in Heanor, Nottinghamshire. Enlisted August 1938, commissioned April 1943. Award as per London Gazette of 13 April 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 18302/AL.1007 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty" DHist file 181.009 D.1761 (RG.24 Volume 20609) has recommendation dated 18 January 1945 when he had flown 26 sorties (128 hours 12 minutes). First tour had been 23 sorties (114 hours four minutes), 23 June 1942 to 23 May 1943; second tour to date had been three sorties (14 hours eight minutes) on 9 September, 28 October and 18 November 1944. Flight Engineer Leader of the squadron at the time.

 

This Royal Air Force officer has completes one operational tour, one non-operational tour and at this date is participating, as Flight Engineer Leader of this squadron, on his second tour of operational duties. As Flight Engineer Leader of this junior squadron of the Canadian bomber group, Flight Lieutenant Yates has played a most important part in attaining a high standard of skill which is maintained among this squadron's flight engineers. He has displayed outstanding leadership in the organizing and execution of operational sorties. As a reward of his excellent services with the Royal Canadian Air Force during his various tours of duties it is most strongly recommended that he be rewarded with the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).


* * * * *


YOUNG, F/O Charles Edward (RAF 171504) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 23 August 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (176 hours ten minutes), 22 October 1943 to 3 August 1944. Wireless Operator/Air Gunner.

 

This officer has a splendid record, having completed 35 operations over enemy territory. His sorties include attacks on Berlin, Frankfurt, Leipzig, and numerous targets in the Ruhr. Throughout all his missions Pilot Officer Young has shown a keen offensive spirit in action which inspired confidence in his crew. At all times he has shown himself to be courageous and devoted to duty. In view of this officer's distinguished record, I strongly recommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


YOUNG, F/O Howell Glanmore (RAF 168966) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945. Born 1923 in Carmarthenshire, South Wales; home oat Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire; educated at Wolstanton County Grammar School, Newcastle, Staffordshire. Member of ATC; enlisted January 1942; commissioned December 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 19248/AL.1062 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 19 March 1945 when he had flown 37 sorties (208 hours 40 minutes). These consisted of 18 sorties with No.431 Squadron (3 October 1943 to 11 May 1944; three trips not counted as mission not completed) and 22 sorties with No.427 Squadron (31 May 1944 to 4 February 1945). Flight Engineer; previously recommended 18 January 1945 (see DHist file 181.009 D.1729, RG.24 Volume 20607).

 

This engineer has completed 37 heavy operational bombing attacks against the enemy. A large number of these sorties have been on targets such as Berlin, Frankfurt, Kassel and other heavily defended cities in Germany.

 

His work in the air has at all times been outstanding and as Deputy Engineer Leader through his tireless efforts has been instrumental in bringing the section to a high standard of efficiency.

 

This officer completed his tour as a spare engineer and at all times has shown a great keenness to fly with any crew thereby setting a splendid example to all who come in contact with him.

 

In view of his excellent record and his devotion to duty I most highly recommend that Flying Officer Young be awarded a non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


YOUNG, P/O John (RAF 158338) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 February 1944. Born in UK, 1920. Served in the ranks, commissioned 1943. Born 1920 in Easington, County Durham; home there; educated at St.Cuthbert's Grammar School, Newcastle and St.Mary's College, Strawberry Hill, Middlesex. Commissioned from the ranks, 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12872/AL.747 refers.

 

...during 14 months of operational duty has proved to be an excellent navigator and capable wireless operator. In November and December 1943 was navigator in leading aircraft of a formation which delivered effective attacks on enemy merchant convoys. He was responsible for directing the force to the target on these occasions. Has frequently taken part in reconnaissance sorties, skilfully navigating his captain in most difficult conditions of low cloud and poor visibility and in the ace of persistent and accurate anti-aircraft fire. Has at all times been a fine example to other navigators and of the greatest help to his pilot.


* * * * *


DHist 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Vol.20604) has recommendation for a DFM for 1582939 Hubert Arthur Slater, Flight Engineer, No.432 Squadron, dated 29 January 1945. Had flown two sorties (12 hours 45 minutes):

 

On the night of November 30th, 1944, during an attack on Duisburg, Sergeant Slater's aircraft was heavily engaged by flak, which resulted in Sergeant Slater being severely and painfully wounded in the right knee. Despite intense pain and under harassing circumstances, he calmly administered first aid to himself and, displaying great determination, he carried out all duties required of him until the aircraft was safely back at base.

 

His coolness under fire, devotion to duty and display of a fine offensive spirit have served as an example to the whole squadron. I [W/C A.P. Blackburn] recommend the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


This is minuted by Base Commander:

 

If worthy of an immediate this should have been submitted at the time of the incident. The recommendation is returned herewith for credit towards Sergeant Slater's further exploits.