MACE, Flight Sergeant Cecil Frank (RAF 1336926) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 May 1944. Born in Maidstone, Kent, 1923; home there (labourer); enlisted 1941. Air Gunner. No citation other than "has completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 14007/AL.805 refers.


* * * * *


MACHAM, Warrant Officer Roy Alfred William (RAF 1604454) - See MATCHAM, Warrant Officer Roy Alfred (RAF 1604454).


* * * * *


McFALL, Flight Sergeant Alexander (RAF 1825274) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 September 1947. Public Record Office Air 2/9776 has recommendation drafted 9 May 1947 by Air Marshal Saunders.

 

Flight Sergeant McFall served as a member of an operational crew of a heavy bomber aircraft, firstly with No.433 Squadron, No.8 Group, Bomber Command [sic], completing 15 sorties, and subsequently with effect from 25th June 1944, with No.405 Squadron, with which unit he carried out a further 53 sorties. Of this total, 26 sorties were on target marking duties, for which crews were specially selected, since it was necessary that every particular individual of a crew should have high qualifications, in order that the special duty should be carried out with success.

 

Flight Sergeant McFall was at all times keen to ensure that as Flight Engineer he carried out his duties without regard for his personal safety, and with the sole object of assisting his captain and other members of the crew in fulfilling their mission. Throughout the whole of his operational service he never failed to show a high regard for discipline and devotion to duty, notwithstanding the difficulties and dangers which were encountered.

 

I consider that Flight Sergeant McFall's devotion to duty and valuable services rendered in the air on a considerable number of operational sorties, many of which were carried out against strongly defended targets deep in the heart of Germany, are worthy of recognition. I recommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal.


NOTE: The very late publication of this award is interesting, but no less than the correspondence which preceded it. On 25 October 1945, F/O R.G. Henderson, DFC (RAF) wrote to the Senior Personnel, No.44 Group, noting the case of this airman (who had in the meantime been commissioned as 190793 Pilot Officer McFall). He wrote that McFall had been a member of F/L Ellison's crew, all of whom had been decorated at the conclusion of their tour, McFall excepted. Henderson suggested an oversight that should be corrected.


McFall's father next raised the issue, apparently threatening to approach his Member of Parliament. When Saunders raised the above recommendation, the Air Member for Personnel asked some pointed questions. On 11 June 1947 Air Vice-Marshal J.W. Baker (in a letter to Saunders) quoted Air Member for Personnel as saying:

 

I have some qualms about this. We are in the position that we are giving this man a Distinguished Flying Medal which we should not have done had not his father badgered the Air Ministry to the point of a scarcely veiled threat to take it up with an M.P. Where are we getting to if we are to give in to this sort of thing ? If this fellow was worth a Distinguished Flying Medal, why wasn't he recommended before ? Should we not get onto his Station Commander and find out why ? I daresay everyone who did 53 sorties was worth a Distinguished Flying Medal, but they didn't all get one.


Baker suggested that Saunders make further inquiries. On 19 June 1947, Saunders wrote to Baker, assuring him that the McFall family's correspondence had not swayed him, but a sincere belief that the award was merited. Nevertheless, he evidently did investigate further. The file includes a letter from Henderson (then living in Kelowna), praising McFall and enclosing a copy of the letter he had written in 1945. This appears to have satisfied the authorities, who duly approved the award.


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MacKAY, Sergeant John (RAF 982292) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Born in Dornoch, Sutherland, 1915 (ironmonger); enlisted March 1940; commissioned 1943. No citation in London Gazette; Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers.

 

As wireless operator/air gunner this airman has performed his duties in a steady and reliable manner. His skill has inspired confidence and has contributed materially to the many successes obtained. Sergeant MacKay has participated in bombing attacks on such targets as Emden, Lubeck, Osnabruck and Bremen as well as in many minelaying operations. He has always displayed great devotion to duty.


MacKAY, F/L John, DFM (RAF 169150) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 19245/AL.1062 refers.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal, Flight Lieutenant MacKay has continued to display outstanding ability and skill as an Air Gunner. His keenness and devotion to duty have been an excellent example to those under his command. This officer is now on his second tour of operational duty. On several occasions by his coolness and efficiency he has been responsible for extricating his aircraft and crew from perilous situations. Flight Lieutenant MacKay's fine operational record has been worthy of the highest commendation.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 19 March 1945 when he had flown 40 sorties (240 hours 15 minutes). First tour had been 34 sorties (210 hours 30 minutes), 20 September 1941 to 8 July 1942). Awarded DFM at end of first tour. Second tour had been six sorties plus a recall (39 hours 45 minutes), 31 August to 6 December 1944. Gunnery Leader of the squadron.

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal this officer has advanced from the ranks and now hold the position of Gunnery Leader in the squadron. Flight Lieutenant MacKay is an outstanding Air Gunner himself and as Gunnery leader has displayed a keenness, proficiency and great devotion to duty, thereby setting a splendid example to his men. This officer has completed six sorties on his second tour of operations and on several occasions, by his coolness and efficiency has been able to safeguard his crew both from enemy fighters and from the risk of collision in a heavily concentrated bomber steam. At all times being careful and eager to come to grips with the enemy, this officer has proved a valuable crew member and an inspiring leader. It is considered that his fine operational record, skill and fortitude fully merit the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


MacLEAN, P/O Hugh Seel (RAF 188988) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1910 at Southend, Essex; home at Micklegate, Yorkshire. Posted from No.61 Base to No.426 Squadron, 15 August 1944; served in crew of F/O W.C. Kent; incident described was 12 September 1944. Posted to ACAC, 25 February 1945.

 

This officer has completed a large number of sorties against the enemy. He has participated in attacks against many targets in Germany and occupied territory. At all times he has shown courage and devotion to duty of the highest order. In September 1944, Pilot Officer MacLean whilst flying as Flight Engineer in an aircraft detailed to attack an oil refinery at Wanne Eickel, heavy damage was done by anti-aircraft fore and two engines were rendered unserviceable. By his skill and coolness, this officer rendered great assistance to his captain and crew and was largely instrumental in securing the safe return of the crew. He has always displayed great keenness for operations.


* * * * *


MADDOCK, P/O James Tilson (RAF 143677) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943. Born in Cheshire, 1919; home in Wirral, Cheshire; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 11416 refers.

 

...fearless and reliable captain of aircraft who has taken a very creditable part in numerous operational missions. Over many major targets has shown exceptional skill and determination in pressing home attacks however fierce the opposition. Has invariably displayed outstanding courage and tenacity in face of the enemy.


* * * * *


MADGEWICK, FS Herbert Edward (RAF 1802859) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1922 at Shottermill, Surrey; home at Hammer, Haslemere, Surrey (labourer). No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 24 July 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (253 hours 27 minutes), 2 August 1943 to 27 May 1944.

 

As flight engineer, Flight Sergeant Madgewick has completed one tour of operations, having attacked most of the enemy's major targets in France and Germany as well as having carried out minelaying operations. He has also shown the greatest keenness and has cooperated well with his crew at all times. On the ground he has helped in every way possible to boost the efficiency of his section and of the whole squadron.


* * * * *


MAINS-SMITH, S/L Peter (RAF 66562) - Distinguished Service Order - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 24 October 1944. Home in Worksop, Nottinghamshire; enlisted 1940; commissioned 1941. Awarded DFC in September 1942 (Air Ministry Bulletin 8079 refers). Present award described in Air Ministry Bulletin 16043/AL.901 dated 22 October 1944.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, this officer has completed a large number of sorties, many of them in bad weather. He is a very capable leader whose coolness and courage in the face of danger have set a fine example to all. He has carried out his duties as a flight commander with praiseworthy efficiency and his devotion to duty throughout his tours has been unfailing.


* * * * *


MAITLAND, F/O Ian (RAF 81408) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 August 1942. Born in Knapsdale, Argyllshire, 1904; home in Appin. Commissioned 1940. Missing, 28 August 1942. No citation published other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 7711 refers and has the following text:

 

This officer has participated in many sorties, many of them against targets deep in enemy territory. He has taken part in repeated attacks on Rostock and such heavily defended areas as Kiel, Hamburg, Essen, Huls and other targets in the Ruhr. As wireless operator, Flying Officer Maitland has rendered valuable service in assisting in the safe return of his aircraft in bad weather.

 

During attack on Huls in October 1941, his aircraft was attacked by three enemy fighters, but Flying Officer Maitland's vigilance and skilful directions enabled his captain to outmanoeuvre attackers. On a number of occasions he has extinguished, by machine gun fire, concentrations of searchlights which were holding his aircraft. Twice at Rostock, from a height of a few hundred feet, he shot up airfield adjoining the Heinkel works and set a number of buildings on fire. His courage and efficiency as squadron gunnery officer have had a beneficial effect upon the standard of gunnery of the squadron.


* * * * *


MALLETT, Flight Sergeant Charles Lucas Arnold (RAF 652146) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 March 1942. Born in West Norwood, 1921; home in Marple near Stockport (warehouseman); enlisted as Wireless Operator, August 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 6484 refers. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". The original recommendation, dated 19 January 1942, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9262 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 32 sorties (199 hours 30 minutes) as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner.

 

This Wireless Operator has shown courage, ability and great keenness. He has asked for permission now to carry right on for his second tour of operations. His ability has contributed greatly to the success of operations in which he has taken part and his keenness has been an inspiration to the other Wireless Operators.


* * * * *


MANIERKA, Flight Sergeant Sascha (RAF 1390722) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1920; home in Golders Green (fur processor); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy, during which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9026 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 41 sorties (190 hours 20 minutes) as an Air Bomber.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is an excellent Air Bomber who has taken part in operations against many heavily defended enemy targets. The courage, skill and determination displayed by this Non-Commissioned Officer in operational duty has been not only an incentive but a fine example to fellow members of his crew. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


MANNING, P/O Peter Manning (RAF 139637) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943. Born in Pinner, 1922; home in St.Albans, Herts.; enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 11416 refers.

 

...fearless and conscientious pilot; in raids on many major targets including Essen, Cologne and Dusseldorf. In face of heavy opposition has invariably displayed courage and coolness of a high order.


* * * * *


MARJORAM, P/O George Harry (RAF 173550) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 August 1944. Born Plumstead, 1921; home in Abbey Wood; educated at Wickham Lane Senior School. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1944.

 

This officer has completed a large number of sorties and throughout has displayed the highest standard of skill and keenness. On one occasion when nearing his allotted target, the rear turret became unserviceable; the intercommunication system also became useless. This did not deter Pilot Officer Marjoram from continuing to the target which he attacked with his usual determination. On the return flight his aircraft was attacked on six occasions by fighters. By good tactics and close cooperation on the part of his crew Pilot Officer Marjoram outmanoeuvred the attackers and reached base without having sustained any damage. His devotion to duty has been of a high order.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 26 June 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (236 hours 15 minutes), 8 August 1943 to 12 June 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Marjoram has captained his crew through a tour of operations with the utmost efficiency. Among the targets which he attacked, the main German cities figured largely.

 

On numerous occasions his aircraft has been attacked by enemy night fighters but, due to the high efficiency of his crew, and his personal skill as a pilot, each of these attacks were successfully evaded.

 

On one occasion when attacking Munchen Gladbach, the rear turret and the inter com became unserviceable just before reaching the target but, in spite of this he pressed home his attack. In the target area and on the return to base his aircraft was attacked by enemy night fighters on six different occasions but, due to the close cooperation of his crew and his own coolness and efficiency, each of these attackers were successfully evaded and the aircraft returned to base suffering neither casualties nor damage.

 

I consider this officer's outstanding efficiency and devotion to duty fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


MARMENT, Flight Sergeant Maurice (NZ 41922) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 April 1943. Born in Wellington, New Zealand, 1919; home in New Zealand (clerk); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 9816 refers.

 

This airman who has completed 25 sorties is a gallant and determined captain. One night in March 1943 he captained an aircraft detailed to attack Stuttgart. On the return flight the bomber was engaged by an enemy fighter and sustained severe damage. Two engines were put out of action, but displaying superb airmanship, Flight Sergeant Marment flew the bomber to an airfield in this country. His great skill was undoubtedly responsible for the safe return of the aircraft.


NOTE: Flight dated 13 May 1943 has a slightly different citation, possibly obtained via Air Ministry Bulletin:

 

This airman who has completed 25 sorties is a gallant and determined captain. One night in March 1943 he captained an aircraft detailed to attack Stuttgart. On the return flight the bomber was engaged by an enemy fighter and sustained severe damage. Two engines were put out of action, but displaying superb airmanship, Flight Sergeant Marment flew the bomber to an airfield in this country.


NOTE: DHIst file 181.009 D.2617 (National Archives RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 12 March 1943 when he had flown 25 sorties (157 hours 41 minutes). Text is much more detailed:

 

Since coming to this squadron in April 1942, Flight Sergeant Marment has carried out operations against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany. These operations included sorties to: Gardening (8), Bremen (2), Turin (1). Dusseldorf (1), Nuremburg (1), Nickelling (1), Hamburg (1), Flensburg (1), Lorient (2), Stuttgart (2), Emden (1), Saarbrucken (3), Frankfort (1), Essen (1).

 

Throughout his tour of operations, Flight Sergeant Marment has shown great courage, skill, determination and action and has been an inspiration to his crew.

 

On the night of the 11th March 1943, while returning from Stuttgart, his aircraft was attacked by a night fighter and immediately his starboard outer and port inner engines were put out of commission. This was 150 miles south of the French coast. He made his way out of enemy territory on two engines, crossing the English coast at Rye, and forward heavy effort to make base in Yorkshire. When over the Midlands, one of his good engines showed signs of packing up where he carried out a successful belly landing. His aircraft was practically riddled with bullet holes. His ability to make instantaneous decisions in emergency, skilful pilotage and cool judgement contributed largely to the success of this operational flight.


* * * * *


MARSHALL, Flight Sergeant Harry (RAF 1482903) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 June 1944. Born 1921 in Bacup, Lancashire; home there (decorator and painter); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 14428/AL.834 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy, in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 April 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9015 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 29 sorties (305 hours ten minutes) as a Wireless Operator. The flying time seems very high for the number of sorties and suggests a typographical error either at source or in the book.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has been engaged in 29 raids on enemy territory, many of them against such heavily defended areas as Hamburg, Berlin, Essen and Hanover. His outstanding ability as a Wireless Operator coupled with a fine offensive spirit has been a great help to his crew in bringing their raids to a successful conclusion. It is considered that this airman's fine offensive spirit and devotion to duty fully merit the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


MARSHALL, F/O Robert William (RAF 179009) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 November 1945. Born 1923 in Liverpool; home in Sussex; enlisted March 1942; commissioned July 1944. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 20087/AL.1099 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation by W/C E.M. Bryson dated 23 May 1945 when he had flown 41 sorties (215 hours 59 minutes).


20 Feb 44        Stuttgart (8.45)                            9 June 44        Le Mans (5.40)

24 Feb 44        Schweinfurt (8.15)                      11 Jun 44        Cambrai (4.05)

25 Feb 44        Augsburg (7.15)                          24 Jun 44        Bonnetot (4.20)

6 Mar 44         Trappes (4.30)                             28 Jun 44        Metz (7.10)

13 Mar 44       Le Mans (4.55)                            9 July 44         Ardouval (3.25)

15 Mar 44       Stuttgart (8.05)                            28 Jul 44         Hamburg (5.05)

9 Apr 44         Villeneuve St.George                  31 Jul 44         Coqueraus (4.05)

                        (5.55)                                           4 Aug 44         Bois de Casson (5.05)

18 Apr 44       Noisy le Sec (5.35)                      7 Aug 44         Le Hogue (4.20)

20 Apr 44       Lens (4.35)                                  8 Aug 44         Chantelly (4.15)

24 Apr 44       Karlsruhe (7.35)                          12 Aug 44       La Breteque (4.30)

26 Apr 44       Essen (4.50)                                 15 Aug 44       Soesterberg (3.50)

27 Apr 44       Aulnoye (5.05)                            16 Aug 44       Kiel Bay (5.55)

30 Apr 44       Somain (5.05)                              6 Sept 44         Emden (4.45)

1 May 44        St.Ghislain (4.30)                        11 Sep 44        Le Havre (4.30)

7 May 44        St.Valery en Caux                       15 Sep 44        Kiel (6.15)

                        (4.00)                                           22 Apr 45       Bremen (5.30)

9 May 44        Pas de Calais (3.30)                     25 Apr 45       Wangerooge (4.30)

10 May 44      Ghent (4.15)                                3 May 45        Recalled (3.50)

27 May 44      Bourg Leopold (4.55)                  8 May 45        EXODUS (4.30)

2 June 44        Neufchatel (3.50)                        9 May 45        EXODUS (5.50)

6 June 44        Coutances (4.00)                         10 May 45      EXODUS (5.00)

 

Flying Officer Marshall has completed 41 operations against many heavily defended targets as Flight Engineer and second pilot. His technical knowledge is outstanding, his practical ability to effect repairs and his keen operational spirit has contributed largely to his crew's record of non-starts, turnbacks or failure to bomb.

 

His thorough-going interest in his section and his cheerful willingness to fly on any operation with any crew has done much to keep his section the efficient unit it is.

 

I strongly recommend Flying Officer Marshall for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


MARTIN, F/O George Albert (RAF 127850) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1943. Born in Greenwich, London, 1910; home in Cheltenham; enlisted July 1941; commissioned August 1942; part of his training was in Rhodesia. Air Ministry Bulletin 12235/AL.711 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."


MARTIN, F/L George Albert (RAF 127850) - Distinguished Service Order - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 December 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16740/AL.939 refers.

 

This officer was Air Bomber in an aircraft detailed to attack Dusseldorf one night in November 1944. When nearing the target, the aircraft was hit by shrapnel and the pilot was seriously wounded. With the assistance of another member of the crew, Flight Lieutenant Martin removed his stricken comrade from the pilot's seat and afterwards took over the controls. Flight Lieutenant Martin regained altitude and went on to release the bombs over the target area. He afterwards flew the damaged aircraft to this country and effected a successful crash landing at the nearest available airfield. This officer displayed the highest standard of courage and determination and, though not so experienced as the regular pilot, was undoubtedly responsible for the safe return of the aircraft and its crew.


MARTIN, F/L George Albert (RAF 127850) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 19736/AL.1070 refers.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, Flight Lieutenant Martin has continued to operate with consistent success and gallantry. He has proven himself to be an outstanding member of air crew and throughout his operational career his coolness and courage have set a splendid example to the squadron.


* * * * *


MASON, F/O Sydney John (RAF 170017) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944. Born 1922 in Bow, London; educated at Fairfan Senior School; home in London; enlisetd 1941; comissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15555/AL.875 refers.

 

Throughout his tour of operational duty Flying Officer Mason has displayed marked ability as a wireless operator. He is extremely cool and capable in emergencies and has aided greatly in keeping the efficiency of his section at a very high level.


* * * * *


MATCHAM, Warrant Officer Roy Alfred (RAF 1604454) - Distiguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1923 in Southampton; home in Bitterne Park, Hants. (railway clerk). Enlisted 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


MATTHEWS, Sergeant Cecil Alexander (RAF 1820952) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 August 1944. Born in Dundee, 1923; home there (maintenance fitter). Enlisted 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 15382/AL.870 refers.

 

One night in June 1944, this airman was the flight engineer of an aircraft detailed to attack an enemy target. During the operation the bomber was struck by bullets from a fighter and the pilot was fatally wounded. He was carefully removed from his seat by the bomb aimer and Sergeant Matthews. The latter then took over the controls. Although untrained for such responsibilities he flew the aircraft to an airfield and a safe landing was made on the third attempt. In the effort to bring the bomber down safely, Sergeant Matthews himself worked the controls governing the throttle, the flaps and the undercarriage. His coolness and resource in the face of a difficult and dangerous situation were worthy of the greatest praise.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Box 20607) has recommendation dated 5 July 1944 when he had flown five sorties (23 hours 55 minutes) and with more details:

 

On the night of 16/17th June 1944, whilst releasing its bombs over the target of Sautrecourt, France, the Halifax bomber in which Sergeant Matthews was flight engineer was attacked from above by an enemy fighter. The pilot, fatally wounded by gun shot in the ensuing action, summoned the bomb aimer. Sergeant Matthews immediately went to the assistance of the bomb aimer and between them they succeeded in extricating the pilot from his seat.

 

On the return trip, as the aircraft approached the emergency landing field at Woodbridge, this resourceful Non-Commissioned Officer again rose to the occasion. Displaying exemplary initiative and coolness, he first inspected the bomb bays to ensure that there was no hang-up to interfere with the landing, then gave full instructions to the bomb aimer as regards landing speed. After three attempts to land, during which Sergeant Matthews himself handled the throttle, flap and undercarriage controls, the aircraft was finally brought down in a serviceable condition.

 

Sergeant Matthews' skill and outstanding initiative in assisting the Bomb Aimer undoubtedly made possible a successful landing, thus preventing further casualties among the crew and serious damage to the aircraft. His prompt action in this emergency merits an immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


MAWER, S/L Gordon (RAF 75540) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Commissioned as a Pilot Officer on Probation, 23 October 1940 (Administration and Special Duties).


* * * * *


MAXFIELD, Section Officer F.M.C. - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944.


* * * * *


McABENDROTH, Sergeant Eric Alister (RAF 939390) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 January 1945. Born 1919 at Streatham; home in Merton (coach trimmer); enlisted 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 17030/AL.948 refers. Cited with F/L Roy D. Hemphell (RCAF, awarded DFC).

 

Flight Lieutenant Hemphill and Sergeant McAbendroth were pilot and flight engineer respectively of an aircraft detailed to attack Dusseldorf one night in November 1944. On the outward flight a leak occurred in the oil supply line to the starboard inner engine. Flight Lieutenant Hemphill decided to continue his mission although the target was still far distant. When nearing the area, the port inner engine exploded and caught fire. As much oil had seeped nearby, the danger of the fire spreading was great. Sergeant McAbendroth worked unremittingly to prevent this, however, and finally succeeded in extinguishing the flames. Flight Lieutenant Hemphill had held resolutely to his course and, although some height was lost, went on to execute his bombing attack. The position was now serious. Two engines were out of action, whilst the petrol supply was a cause for misgiving. Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Hemphill set course for home. Eventually an airfield in this country was reached and a safe landing was effected. This officer displayed the highest qualities of skill and resolution in the face of considerable difficulty. Sergeant McAbendroth also proved himself to be a most devoted and determined crew member. His expert tending of the two functioning engines considerably helped his pilot to bring the aircraft home.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has recommendation dated 11 November 1944 when he had flown nine sorties (33 hours 10 minutes).

 

On the night of November 2nd, 1944, the crew of which Sergeant McAbendroth is Flight Engineer were detailed to bomb an industrial centre in Dusseldorf, Germany.

 

Shortly after leaving base, Sergeant McAbendroth noticed that the starboard inner engine was not running properly. On inspection it was found that there was a lean in [an] oil line leading to the starboard inner engine. The Flight Engineer reported this condition to the pilot.

 

When the aircraft was about 100 miles distant from the target, the port inner engine exploded, throwing one cylinder clear through the cowling. The engine caught fire. Sergeant McAbendroth worked until he succeeded in extinguishing the fire. During all this time he kept the pilot informed of the state of the engine in the aircraft.

 

As much petrol had been lost when the port inner engine blew up, there was sufficient petrol left when the aircraft was over the target for one and a half flying hours. This necessitated a great economy of fuel. Sergeant McAbendroth called upon all his skill and knowledge as Flight Engineer to keep the two remaining engines supplied with fuel. It was due to his outstanding resourcefulness than an emergency landing field was reached and that an emergency landing could be made.

 

His great devotion to duty coupled with his superior knowledge of engines were largely responsible for preventing the fire from gaining headway and prevented the necessity of abandoning aircraft over enemy territory as well as over the North Sea. Such gallantry in the air is worthy of the highest praise. It is for this reason that I recommend Sergeant McAbendroth for the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


McBRIEN, 1st Lieutenant F.R. (USAAF O-886165) - Air Medal (United States) - No.422 Squadron - awarded as per General Order No.40 dated 18 August 1944. Found in DHIST file 181.009 D.5578 (RG.24 Vol.20669) "422 RCAF Squadron - Honours and Awards". Navigator.

 

For meritorious achievement in the performance of anti-submarine patrol against the enemy, 16 January 1944 to 27 April 1944. The courage, coolness and skill displayed by Lieutenant McBrien upon these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States. Entered military service from New York.


NOTE: McBrien may have stayed with unit and been recommended for an Oak Leaf Cluster in October 1944. USAAF authorities asked for listing of sorties as policy was that USAAF personnel detached to Coastal Command had to log at least 200 hours for Cluster.


* * * * *


McCARTNEY, F/O Peter (RAF 187955) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 February 1946 with effect from 7 March 1945 (deceased). Air Ministry Bulletin 20890/AL.1116 lists but with no biographical details.

 

As navigator, this officer has taken part in numerous operational sorties, eleven of which have been attacks against enemy shipping. His coolness and steadiness under fire have assisted his pilot on many occasions. Flying Officer McCartney has proved to be a most capable and courageous navigator who, by his cheerful confidence and technical skill, has materially contributed to the successful completion of many missions.


* * * * *


McCLUNE, F/O John Alexander (RAF 156550) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 June 1944. Born 1920 in Belfast; home there; served in ranks; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14451/AL.834 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation (undated) submitted when he had flown 30 sorties (204 hours five minutes), 29 January 1943 to 25 February 1944.

 

This engineer has completed 30 bomber sorties against the most heavily defended enemy targets. At all times he has displayed great courage and determination to strike against the enemy. His skill and resourcefulness as a flight engineer has meant the successful completion of many sorties. His quiet yet confident manner has been an inspiration to all those who come in contact with him.


* * * * *


McDONNELL, Sergeant Patrick Bernard (RAF 627999) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.423 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1943. Born in Kilburn, London, 1920; home in Kensal Rise; enlisted 1938. Described on DHist card as "Flight Mechanic" (Flight Engineer ?) although he was acting chiefly as a gunner in the action for which he was decorated. Air Ministry Bulletin 12235/AL.711 refers (the following summary presumably taken from that document).

 

While engaged on anti-submarine patrol in August 1943, Sergeant McDonnell was member of aircraft crew which successfully attacked a large supply U-boat. During attack this airman manned front gun. Twice knocked down by blast from U-boat's fire, but returning to his post, continued to fire accurately at conning tower. In short time available, before aircraft forced down on sea, he succeeded in taking out astro hatch, thereby permitting a member of crew to escape. Was subsequently dangerously wounded by explosion of U-boat. Throughout whole action showed devotion to duty, determination and fortitude.


* * * * *


McGARRIGHAN, Sergeant William Henry (RAF 1451464) - Mention in Despatches - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.2707 (RG.24 Volume 20631) has recommendation for a BEM dated 14 December 1943. Incident involved aircraft flown by P/O D.R. De Bloeme.

 

This airman was Wireless Operator in a Lancaster aircraft which crashed in the darkness at an isolated locality on return from a raid on Berlin on the night of 23/24 November 1943, killing two members and severely injuring three other members of the crew. Although he escaped with only slight injuries, he later had to be treated for shock; nevertheless, Sergeant McGarrighan displayed remarkable self-control at the scene of the crash. With complete disregard for personal safety he climbed through burning wreckage and assisted two of his injured comrades to safety. He then set out to summon help and gave no thought to his own injuries until he was assured that ambulances had arrived for his injured crew mates, and until he had contacted Base and given a report of the accident. I feel that such remarkable courage and presence of mind should be duly recognized and recommend the award of the British Empire Medal.


* * * * *


McGOVERN, P/O Francis Joseph (RAF 174339) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1924 at St.Helens, Lancs.; home there; educated Holy Cross Elementary School. Served in ATC before enlisting in 1943; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15916/AL.896 refers. Posted from No.426 Squadron to No.432 Squadron, 9 June 1944; reposted to No.426 Squadron, 16 June 1944; served in P/O D.F. Robertson's crew; posted to ACAC, 20 September 1944. When wounded (20 October 1943) he had been in Flight Sergeant F.J. Stuart's crew. Air Gunner.

 

Pilot Officer McGovern has completed many operational sorties and one night while on route to Leipzig his aircraft was attacked seven times by fighters. During one attack Pilot Officer McGovern was badly wounded. After four months in hospital he returned to duty and completed another successful tour during which his dogged determination and skill have been an outstanding example to his crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Volume 20603) has recommendation dated 18 August 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (170 hours five minutes), 27 August 1943 to 5 August 1944. It is clear that the Leipzig raid on which he was wounded was 20 October 1943 (his 6th sortie) and he resumed operations with a raid on Berlin (24 March 1944).

 

This mid-upper gunner has completed a tour of operations which included such heavily defended targets as Stuttgart, Leipzig, Berlin, Essen, Nuremburg and Hamburg. One night while en route to Leipzig, his aircraft was attacked seven times by fighters, and on one attack Pilot Officer McGovern was wounded by a bullet through his leg and injuries in several places by shattered perspex when his turret was badly damaged. After four months in hospital, Pilot Officer McGovern came back on operations and completed a tour in which his dogged determination, skill and devotion to duty were an outstanding example to his crew.


* * * * *


McHARDY, S/L Edric Hartgill (RAF 42139) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 July 1942. Born Ashurst, New Zealand, 1920; home in Weipawa, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand; commissioned in RAF, 1939; awarded DFC, 23 March 1941 for services in No.248 Squadron (Air Ministry Bulletin 3405 refers). Posted from No.248 Squadron to No.404 Squadron, 21 July 1941 and appointed to command "B" Flight. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 7440 refers to this award.

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross this officer has made many operational flights. He has participated in offensive reconnaissance and fighter cover patrols, often in bad weather. He is always keen to engage the enemy and on several occasions has attacked enemy aircraft on the Norwegian coast. He directed fighter operations in the Vaagso Raid from a naval vessel. Squadron Leader McHardy continues to be a skilful pilot and a fine leader.


McHARDY, S/L Edric Hartgill, DFC (RAF 42139) - Mention in Despatches - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943.


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McHUGH, Flight Sergeant Andrew (RAF 1378949) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.437 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 5 February 1945. Born 1913 at Seaham Harbour, Durham; home in West Seaham (school teacher); enlisted September 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 17307/AL.959 refers.

 

Flight Sergeant McHugh has taken part in many sorties and has proved himself to be a confident and highly skilled crew member. In September 1944 he was navigator in an aircraft detailed to drop supplies to our troops in the vicinity of Arnhem. Some time after leaving the target the aircraft was attacked by enemy fighters. The captain and his copilot were killed. Flight Sergeant McHugh promptly went forward and took over the controls, although not as experienced as a regular pilot. Soon afterwards the aircraft was hit again. It became necessary to abandon the aircraft. Displaying the qualities of a true captain, Flight Sergeant McHugh ordered his comrades to leave by parachute. Not until he was satisfied all were clear did he jump himself. This airman displayed great coolness and initiative, setting a fine example.


* * * * *


McKENNA, Flight Sergeant Edward Harold (RAF 1670410) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 November 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16381/AL.932 refers but with no biographical details. Navigator to F/L S.H.R. Cotterill.

 

Throughout numerous operational sorties this airman has exhibited the utmost keenness and a high degree of skill in locating and patrolling many of the most heavily defended airfields in enemy territory. He has participated in the destruction of four enemy aircraft and four flying bombs. In addition he has inflicted much damage on enemy road and rail transport. Undoubtedly Flight Sergeant McKenna's ability as a navigator has played no small part in the many successes achieved by his crew.


* * * * *


McLEOD, F/L Leslie Leichman (AUS 411091) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 October 1943. Born Sydney, Australia, 1913; home in Victoria; enlisted March 1941; trained in Canada at No.3 Wireless School (Winnipeg) and No.3 Bombing and Gunnery School (Mossbank); commissioned December 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11720 refers:

 

...sorties against some of the enemy's most heavily defended targets; returning from Dusseldorf, was responsible for shooting down a Junkers 88. Throughout operational career has executed duties as Wireless Operator with great efficiency, displaying outstanding keenness for operational flying, a fine fighting spirit and resolute determination to complete missions successfully.


McLEOD, S/L Leslie Leichman (AUS 411091) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 20218/AL.1104 refers.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross this officer has participated in numerous operational sorties against major and heavily defended targets in Germany. He is a skilful air gunner who has invariably displayed praiseworthy courage and resolution and a fine fighting spirit.


* * * * *


McMASTER, Flight Sergeant Wilson Frederick (RAF 754455) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 November 1941. Born Willesden, 1917; cashier before enlisting, 1939. Began training as pilot but finally became an Air Observer (Navigator). Air Ministry Bulletin 5646 refers. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations." The original recommendation, dated 20 September 1941, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9334 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 30 sorties (195 hours 20 minutes) as a Navigator.

 

He has completed 30 trips as a Navigator. He has navigated his crew to the target with the greatest ability on nearly every occasion. His Captain has praised him very highly and I recommend he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


McMILLAN, Leading Aircraftman Henry Stephen (RAF 1256020) - Mention in Despatches - No.61 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944. Motor Transport Technician.


* * * * *


McMONAGLE, Flight Sergeant Patrick Joseph (RAF 1554632) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945. Born 1922 in Shotts, Lanark; home in Cleland, Lanark (house painter); enlisted 1941. Flight Engineer. Air Ministry Bulletin 17093/AL.960 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 21 October 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9029 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 45 sorties (224 hours seven minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

Flight Sergeant McMonagle is a very efficient and keen engineer now on his second tour of operations. He has participated in many attacks against such heavily defended enemy targets as Stuttgart, Stettin and Frankfurt. Invariably, he has displayed a high degree of courage and initiative, even under the most adverse circumstances, therefore [thereby ?] setting an inspiring example to all members of his crew. Undoubtedly, the fine fighting spirit evinced by the Non-Commissioned Officer along with his superior technical knowledge and its practical application has served as an inspiration to his crew. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


MEADOWS, FS Thomas Henry John (RAF 1583461) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1915 at Coventry; home there (bricklayer). Enlisted 1942. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy during which he has invariably displayed the utmostfortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 Oct4 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 22 July 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (220 hours 40 minutes), 18 November 1943 to 4 July 1944.

 

Flight Sergeant Meadows has completed one tour of operations. He has made several trips to the German capital and to many other heavily defended targets in Germany and France. He has also carried out important minelaying operations and has altogether made 35 trips against the enemy. His ability as a flight engineer and his crew co-operation have been praiseworthy at all times.


* * * * *


MEREDITH, P/O Richard Walter (RAF 176710) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944. Born 1922; home at Bridgnorth, Shropshire; educated at Bridgorth Grammar School. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 15870/AL.902 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation, undated but circa 20 July 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (185 hours ten minutes), 22 October 1943 to 14 July 1944.

 

This wireless operator has taken part in 32 attacks on enemy territory, including four on the German capital, and many others against the heavily defended targets of the Ruhr. Throughout his tour he has shown a fine offensive spirit and devotion to duty which are outstanding. His ability as wireless operator is above average and he has taken great pride in always being able to assist his captain. He has shown great cheerfulness under trying conditions and has helped in no small way to inspire the crew so that the attacks have been pressed home. It is considered that this fine example of devotion to duty fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


MIDDLEMISS, Flight Sergeant William (RAF 970668) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1942. DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation for a DFM dated 7 February 1942.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has flown 263 hours as a member of an air crew on operations. Of this flying 116 hours have been flown in this unit upon 32 operational flights against the enemy.

 

As the wireless operator and air gunner, Sergeant Middlemiss has been on operations which have resulted in attacks on shipping on five occasions. Two vessels, a total of 9,000 tons, have been damaged. On the 28th December 1941, a merchant vessel of 5,000 tons was hit by two bombs but the aircraft was damaged by cannon shells and Sergeant Middlemiss was severely wounded in the legs. In spite of having both legs broken he continued to give the pilot instructions for avoiding the enemy fire which was coming from a destroyer and other flak ships. Just as the aircraft got clear of the gunfire he fainted from loss of blood but regained consciousness shortly afterwards. During the remainder of the return journey he constantly spoke in cheerful terms to his captain and insisted that he would be all right if left alone while the aircraft returned to base.

 

By his work as an air gunner and as a wireless operator, this Non-Commissioned Officer has contributed in a considerable measure toward the achievement of the fine results obtained by his crew. His stern determination and steadfast courage have been a considerable example to other members of his squadron.


* * * * *


MIDDLETON, Flight Sergeant Leonard Edward Gawry (RAF 1294748) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 June 1944. No career details at DHist. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed great skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 14428/AL.834 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 16 March 1944 when he had flown 27 sorties (162 hours 45 minutes), 7 March 1943 to 28 January 1944.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has made 27 successful operational sorties, including five over Berlin. During these trips he has shown a high degree of skill as a wireless operator. Throughout his tour he demonstrated in his work an excellent example of loyalty and devotion to duty. For his splendid record and outstanding ability this NCO is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


Same file has another recommendation dated 18 April 1944 stating he had flown 28 sorties (but time given is still 162 hours 45 minutes and dates are 7 March 1943 to 28 January 1944):

 

An above-average and very efficient wireless operator who has completed 28 successful trips and has shown such exceptional operational ability that he has won the confidence and respect of his crew and his superior officers. Under a calm and quiet manner this Non-Commissioned Officer has shown remarkable skill and coolness, and has been an inspiration to all wireless operators in the squadron. For his exceptional skill and quiet determination and his devotion to duty, this Non-Commissioned Officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


MIDWOOD, Flight Sergeant Kenneth (RAF 938159) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Fitter, Engines (F2E).


* * * * *


MILL, Flight Sergeant William Robert (RAF 1380016) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944. Born 1920 in Sunderland; home there (apprenticed joiner). Enlisted 1940. Wireless Operator. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 13588/AL/769 refers. The original recommendation, dated 23 January 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9339 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 42 sorties (239 hours 50 minutes) as a Wireless Operator.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is a very capable Wireless Operator (Air) who has completed many sorties against enemy targets. In the face of heavy enemy opposition, he has performed his duties in a cool, efficient manner. His high morale and fine record have set an example. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


MILLWARD, Sergeant William Arthur (RAF 1183837) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 April 1942. Born in Shanghai, 1920; home in Thorpe Bay, Essex (clerk). Enlisted 1940. No citation published other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 6672 refers and is the source of the following citation:

 

One night in January 1942, this airman was first Wireless Operator/Air Gunner of an aircraft detailed out carry out an attack on Bremen. Before reaching the target the aircraft was engaged and attacked by two Messerschmitt 110s, the aircraft being damaged and all the crew, with the exception of the pilot, being wounded. Although the intercommunication gear had been shot away and no instructions could be given, the pilot descended to a low level while Sergeant Millward continued to beat off the attackers. He eventually destroyed one of the enemy aircraft.


Public Record Office Air 2/9585 has the original citation text, drafted when he had flown 14 sorties (75 operational hours); it differs in some significant details from the above:

 

On the night of the 21st January 1942, this airman was first Wireless Operator/Air Gunner of an aircraft detailed out carry out an attack on Bremen. Before reaching the target the aircraft was engaged and attacked by two Messerschmitt 110s, the aircraft being damaged and all the crew, with the exception of the pilot, being wounded. Although the intercommunication gear had been shot away and no instructions could be given, the pilot descended to a low level while Sergeant Millward continued to beat off the attackers. He eventually destroyed one of the enemy aircraft. This airman has taken part in attacks on many targets in germany and France and has always displayed courage and determination.


* * * * *


MILNE, P/O Ronald Deane (NZ 413105) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 June 1944. Born in Danedin, New Zealand, 1922; home in Tinmoree; enlisted 1941; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14171/AL.818 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enmy in which he has displayed hugh skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."


* * * * *


MITCHELL, F/L Geoffrey Duncan (RAF 123850) - Mention in Despatches - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Enlisted 17 June 1941; service included six months in South Africa. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation drafted 17 July 1944.

 

Flight Lieutenant Geoffrey Duncan Mitchell is a very keen Air Bomber and has completed numerous operational sorties over some of the most heavily defended enemy targets.

 

His great enthusiasm for work was so apparent that he was selected to be the Squadron Bombing Leader, and his interest and efficiency in this capacity has been reflected in the excellent results obtained by the Air Bombers of this squadron.


NOTE: Subsequently recommended for a further Mention in Despatches (16 May 1945) for services with No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit where he was Bombing Leader (DHist file 181.002 D.225).


MITCHELL, F/L Geoffrey Duncan (RAF 123850) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. Recommended by W.C. A.J. Lewington, Commanding Officer, RCAF Base Wombleton, 21 June 1945. Document in DHIst file 181.009 D.2813 (RG.24 Volume 20632). Credited with 30 sorties (153 hours 35 minutes operational time).

 

Since completing an operational tour Flight Lieutenant Mitchell has served as Bombing Leader with No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit for eight months commencing in November 1944.

 

During this period the Bombing Section has worked with ever increasing efficiency and keenness, and as a direct result of the untiring zeal and leadership of this officer, bombing errors have been considerably reduced. The statistics for this unit for the month of May 1945 record the reduction of the average bombing error for all crews in training at that time to a new low of 148 yards.

 

In recognition of Flight Lieutenant Mitchell's valuable contributions to the efficiency of this unit, I strongly recommend that he be made a Member of the Order of the British Empire.


* * * * *


MITCHELL, P/O Peter Edward (RAF 135429) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 April 1943. Born at Pollokshaws, Glasgow, 1913; home there; educated at Shawland Academy, Glasgow. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 9816 refers.

 

Pilot Officer Mitchell is a navigator of high merit. He has taken part in 23 sorties, including a number of attacks on heavily defended targets in the Ruhr and northern France. One night in March 1943 he navigated an aircraft which attacked Berlin. His great skill contributed materially to the success achieved. Pilot Officer Mitchell has displayed great determination and cheerfulness in arduous and adverse circumstances.


NOTE: DHist file 181.006 D.2617 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 8 March 1943 when he had flown 23 sorties (138 hours 42 minutes). Sortie mentioned was 1 March 1943 when they obtained a photo within one mile of aiming point.


* * * * *


MONKS, P/O Cecil (RAF 179010) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1905 in Southport, Lancashire; home there; educated at Christ Church High School, Southport. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16623/AL.940 refers.

 

Pilot Officer Monks is a flight engineer of great keenness and resourcefulness. During his operational tour, he has taken part in bombing missions over many of the most important targets in Germany including Stuttgart, Karlsruhe and Essen. On one sortie to Stuttgart, by his ingenuity and presence of mind, a defective engine was kept running and thus the crew were able to complete the attack successfully. On the return flight, the pump to the overload petrol tank became unserviceable and no petrol could be obtained from it. By expert manipulation of the petrol in the remaining tanks, Pilot Officer Monks ensured that the supply was adequate for the requirements of the aircraft. Throughout his operational career, this officer has invariably displayed unswerving courage in the face of difficulties.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Box 20607) has recommendation dated 18 September 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (173 hours 55 minutes), 9 April to 31 August 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Monks, a flight engineer of great resourcefulness and keenness, has recently completed a tour of operations with No.425 Squadron. During his operational tour, he has been on bombing missions over many important targets among which were Stuttgart, Hamburg, Essen, Wesseling, Karlsruhe and Dusseldorf.

 

On 25th July 1944 his crew were detailed to attack Stuttgart. Shortly after takeoff, one of the engines seemed not to be responding. It was noticed by the flight engineer that the oil pressure was dropping rapidly while the oil temperature was rising. The condition of the engine was such that warranted the engine being feathered. On the advice of Pilot Officer Monks, the engine was kept running at 1,800 revolutions per minute. The aircraft was able to proceed to the target and the mission was carried out successfully.

 

On the return trip, the pump to the overload tank was unserviceable and no petrol could be taken out of this particular tank. The flight engineer, displaying remarkable ingenuity and presence of mind, manipulated the petrol cocks of the remaining tanks in such a manner, making sure at all times that there was sufficient petrol in each tank to keep the motors running, and at the same time maintaining equal distribution of weight in both wings.

 

Pilot Officer Monks displayed skill throughout his tour of operations. Of quiet mien, his cool-headedness and calculating shrewdness were responsible for the safe return of his aircraft on many occasions. His dauntless courage in the face of difficulties is highly commendable. Because of his exceptional good work and devotion to duty, I highly recommend Pilot Officer Monks for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


MORRIS, Leading Aircraftman David George (RAF 1161721) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Armament Assistant.


* * * * *


MORRIS, W/C Douglas Griffith (RAF 29099) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.406 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 October 1941. Born at Michaelstown, Glamorgan, 1908; educated at St.John's College, Johannesburg; commissioned in RAF, 1930; promoted to Flying Officer, 1931; attached to Fleet Air Arm, 1932-34; posted to Near East; to Far East, 1933; qualified as instructor, Central Flying School, 1934; flying instructor, 1934-38; promoted to Squadron Leader, 1938; became Chief Flying Instructor at No.12 Flying Training School, Grantham, 1938-39. Attended RAF Staff College, 1940 and then attached to Air Ministry. Promoted to Wing Commander, March 1941. Commanded No.406 Squadron, 28 May 1941 to 6 August 1942. Victories in that period as follows: 30 September 1941, one Ju.88 destroyed; 2 October 1941, one He.111 and one Do.17 destroyed; 8/9 December 1941, one He.111 damaged; 7/8 July 1942, one Do.217 destroyed. On Staff of Allied Expeditionary Air Force Headquarters, 1943-44. Promoted Group Captain, 1 January 1944. Commanded No.132 (Fighter) Wing in Normandy, France, Belgium, and Holland, 1944-45; Senior Air Staff Officer of No.84 Group, February to November 1945. At Headquarters, West Africa, 1945-46; Joint Planning Staff, Ministry of Defence, 196-47; National War College, Washington, 1947-48; on staff of British Joint Services Mission, Washington, 1948-50; Sector Commander, Fighter Command, 1950-51; Imperial Defence College, 1954. As of 1955 he was an Air Vice-Marshal with CB, CBE, DSO and DFC. Air Ministry Bulletin 5352 refers to award of DFC.

 

One night in September 1941, this officer pursued and destroyed a Junkers 88 about 50 miles out to sea. His aircraft had been hit by the enemy's return fire and one engine put out of action. Wing Commander Morris succeeded, however, in flying back to base on the remaining engine. Two nights later, this officer destroyed a Heinkel 111 and a Dornier during one sortie in spite of intense evasive action by the enemy aircraft. Wing Commander Morris has set a fine example by his determination and skill.


* * * * *


MORTIMER, F/L Donald (RAF 49336) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 November 1943. Born in Leeds, 1915; home in Batley, Yorkshire. Enlisted 1938; remustered to pilot, 1941; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 12011 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful sorties against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


MOSE, F/O Basil Phillip Arthur (RAF 178807) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 January 1945. Born 1921 in Finchley; home there; educated at New Polytechnical School, London. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 12155/AL.960 refers.

 

This officer has completed many operational sorties over enemy territory. He has twice attacked Berlin and has also attacked such heavily defended targets as Essen and Karlsruhe. On one occasion in April 1944 his aircraft was attacked and damaged by an enemy fighter over Essen. The intercommunication system was rendered unserviceable. Flying Officer Mose located the trouble and discovered that the insulation had been stripped off most of the wires. He succeeded in spacing and insulating them with pieces of a cigarette carton and intercommunication was restored. Flying Office Mose throughout his tour of operations and in his capacity of Deputy Signals Leader has consistently displayed outstanding skill, initiative and leadership worthy of high praise.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation for an immediate award dated 19 October 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (166 hours 20 minutes).

 

This officer, Wireless Operator of Flying Officer Major's crew, has since February 1944 completed 31 operational sorties over enemy territory, including such heavily defended targets as Berlin (2), Essen and Karlsruhe.

 

On one occasion, namely the night of April 26/27th when attacking Essen, this officer found his intercommunication unserviceable after being shot up by an enemy aircraft. He located the trouble in the mid-fuselage and discovered that the insulation had been stripped off most of the wires of the intercommunication system. He succeeded in spacing and insulating them with pieces of cigarette carton and intercommunication was restored. Although forced to leave his W/T for a long time this officer kept a good log and listened out at the correct times. This particular instance is only indicative of the skill and initiative displayed by Pilot Officer Mose throughout his tour, and in his capacity as Deputy Signals Leader his qualities of leadership plus his splendid example has done much to improve the efficiency of the section.

 

I consider that this officer's fine record of achievement fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


The Signals Section at Base Skipton-on-Swale was very impressed. Another report (DHist file 181.009 D.1552, RG.24 Volume 20601) carried the following report dated 29 April 1944; aircraft was R/433:

 

When over the target the entire intercom system suddenly became defective, crackling noises and oscillation appeared and voice communication became almost inaudible.

 

An initial routine check of sockets, etc., revealed nothing wrong and the operator then, with the aid of his torch, commenced a circuit check through the aircraft, returning to his post every few minutes to maintain his regular duties. About one hour after the defect occurred, the fault was located in the assembly of wires that form the cable run along the top port side of the fuselage at a point just above the Elsan. The insulation on the majority of these wires had been severely damaged resulting in shorting. Lacking tape or other suitable mending material, the operator wrapped several of the wires with cardboard from a cigarette box, thereby spacing them so as to prevent shorting. The intercom system was then restored to normal working order for the remainder of the mission.

 

An examination of the aircraft the following day revealed that a piece of flak or cannon shell had entered through the starboard side of the fuselage, struck the ammo track serving the rear turret where it broke, and passed out the port side of the fuselage at three different places at the same time badly stripping the insulation of the wires. Very slight movement of the wires caused arcing.

 

It is considered that commendable initiative and resourcefulness was displayed by this operator in locating the trouble and effecting temporary repairs, while at the same time carrying out his assigned duties without interruption. A neat and complete log was also maintained throughout.


* * * * *


MOYES, F/L David Braid (RAF 126901) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1916 in Tornton, Fife; home in Fife; educated at Buckhaven High School, Fife. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 21 July 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (200 hours ten minutes), 6 April to 4 September 1942, 7 July 1943 (which seems to be an isolated mining mission) and 3 October 1943 to 12 June 1944. Navigator.

 

Flight Lieutenant Moyes has carried out 34 operational sorties against the enemy. His keen and efficient work has enabled his crew to press home their attacks with marked success against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Karlsruhe, mannheim and Hamburg. Flight Lieutenant Moyes has shown a high standard of keenness and initiative in the performance of his duties, setting a splendid example to those under him.


* * * * *


MOYLER, Sergeant Leslie Ernest (RAF 1268616) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943. Born in London, 1921; home in St.Albans (bookbinder). Enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 11448 refers. Wireless Operator to Flight Sergeant William Biggs (which see for citation). The original recommendation, dated 15 August 1943, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/4995 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 19 sorties (89 hours) as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner.

 

Sergeant Moyler was the Wireless Operator/Air Gunner of a Halifax aircraft detailed to attack Mannheim on the night of 9th/10th August 1943. After bombing, the aircraft was attacked and severely damaged by a night fighter, Sergeant Moyler being wounded in the shoulder. Despite his injury, he nevertheless carried on with his normal duties, kept an exceptionally accurate W/T log and transmitted an emergency signal, although wounded. He eventually parachuted to safety with the remainder of the crew. Sergeant Moyler showed commendable courage and devotion to duty in spite of physical suffering.


* * * * *


MULHOLLAND, F/L Edward Stephen (RAF 174229) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945. Born 1920 at Gateshead; home in Burbage, Marlborough; educated at All Saints' Boys School, Gateshead. Served in the ranks; commissioned February 1944. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 19246/AL.1062 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation by W/C E.M. Bryson dated 22 May 1945 when he had flown 34 sorties (314 hours 55 minutes), 12 March 1943 to 27 September 1943 (28 sorties) and 30 December 1944 to 10 May 1945 (six trips including three EXODUS flights). Flight Engineer.

 

Flight Lieutenant Mulholland, now operating on his second tour, has flown as Flight Engineer against many heavily defended German targets, several times against Berlin on his first tour which lasted the twelve months of 1943. On three occasions when his aircraft has badly damaged in attacks on Duisburg, Wuppertal and Peenemunde, his technical skill and resourcefulness, under extreme hazard, contributed largely to the saving of his crew and aircraft.

 

Of undoubted operational skill, his work as Flight Engineer Leader has been equally outstanding.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation for a DFC dated 29 March 1945 when he was with No.420 Squadron. He was also recommended for an AFC, 30 May 1945.


* * * * *


MUSGRAVE, F/L John (RAF 80095) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.423 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1943. Born in Selukwe, Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), 1916; home there; enlisted in RAF, 1940; commissioned 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 12235/AL.711 refers.

 

...has at all times maintained highest standard of efficiency in crew and has always shown utmost eagerness to undertake sorties even in face of extremely adverse weather. On several occasions has been forced to return to base with engine trouble and once made skilful forced landing without damage to aircraft or crew, when an engine failed immediately after takeoff by night. In May 1943, while engaged on convoy escort duties, sighted enemy submarine. Dived to attack and was engaged by heavy anti-aircraft fire from U-boat. In ensuing combat which lasted 20 minutes he displayed great skill, keeping one of the convoy escort vessels informed of the position and when the U-boat finally submerged, enabling the escort to destroy the enemy. During sortie in July 1943 his aircraft had its rear turret rendered unserviceable in attack by Focke Wulfe 200. His prompt evasive action probably saved his aircraft from destruction.


* * * * *


NAIRN, F/O John William Campbell (RAF 171692) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1916 in Dublin; educated there; home in Dunaoghaire, Dublin; enlisted 1940; trained in Canada and United States; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.


NAIRN, F/L John William Campbell (RAF 171692) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 17078/AL.960 refers.

 

Flight Lieutenant Nairn has proved himself a most efficient navigator. During his two tours of operational duty he has participated in many attacks against heavily defended targets. His fearlessness, determination and fine fighting spirit have played a large part in the successful completion of many missions.


* * * * *


NELSON, Flight Sergeant Harold (RAF 969187) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 November 1943. Born in Doncaster, 1921; home in Wadworth, Yorkshire (farm labourer); enlisted 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 12011 refers. Air Gunner. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."


* * * * *


NELSON, F/L Randolph Murray, DFC (RAF 146304) - Mention in Despatches - Station Croft - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. Enlisted 30 June 1941. Awarded DFC, 10 December 1943 and Bar to DFC 15 August 1944, both for services with No.97 Squadron. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Volume 20648) has recommendation submitted 3 May 1945.

 

This officer has been Station Radio Navigation Leader for the past six months. During this period he has devoted himself with conspicuous and meritorious perseverance to the furtherance of radar navigation on this station.

 

His hours of duty have often been long and exacting but this officer by his very willingness and cheerfulness of disposition has set the highest possible example to all who came in contact with him during what was a most trying period.

 

He has always displayed the utmost tenacity and determination of purpose in carrying out his duties and he has been directly responsible for creating this station's present very commendable standard of radar navigational efficiency.


* * * * *


NEVILLE, F/O Stanley Eric (RAF 129369) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 February 1944. Born 1919 in St.Pancras, London; home in Streatham. Enlisted in Territorial Army as a sapper, 1939; transferred to RAF for aircrew, 1940. Trained in Canada at No.20 EFTS and No.10 AOS; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 12872/AL.748 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."


* * * * *


NEW, F/L Edward James (RAF 183754) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945. Born 1921 in Bath, Somerset; home in Brierley Hill, Stafforshire. Educated in Bath City School and Beechen Cliff, Bath. Enlisted July 1941; trained in South Africa; commissioned September 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 19246/AL.1062 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


NEWENHAM, P/O William Adino (NZ 59860 - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 February 1942. Commissioned in RNZAF, October 1941; trained under CJATP. Air Ministry Bulletin 6298 refers. No citation in London Gazette other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Citation published in Flight, 5 March 1942.

 

As an air observer this officer has displayed exceptional keenness and enthusiasm during his operational tour. He has participated in attacks on targets which have included Cologne, Berlin, Kiel, Hamburg and Stettin. Although many of the sorties in which he has taken part have been of a difficult and hazardous nature, Pilot Officer Newenham showed himself to be a capable and reliable observer.


* * * * *


NEWTON, S/L Robert Buckley (RAF 88464) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.411 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 September 1942. Born in Preston, 1915; home in Lytham St.Annes; enlisted 1939; commissioned 1940. Posted from No.72 Squadron to No.411 Squadron to command, 12 February 1942; posted away on 27 September 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 8158 refers.

 

This officer has completed some 60 sorties over enemy territory. His leadership, zeal and courage have inspired the pilots in his command. During combined operations at Dieppe his fine qualities were well to the fore.


* * * * *


NICOLLE, P/O Stanley John (RAF 147361) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 November 1943. Born Guersey, Channel Islands, 1916; educated at Elizabeth College, Guernsey; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12171/AL.705 refers.

 

...has attacked most of the difficult and heavily defended targets in Germany and Itally. A skilful pilot, his courage and coolness have contributed largely to the many successes attaained by his crew.


* * * * *


NICHOLLS, Flight Sergeant Bertram Arthur (RAF 942990) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 July 1943. Born in Leicester, 1919; home there (hosiery operative); enlisted 1939. Commissioned with service number 145810. Air Ministry Bulletin 10775 refers. Citation published in Flight, 26 August 1943.

 

Flight Sergeant Nicholls has taken part in operational sorties against practically all the enemy's most heavily defended targets in Germany and France. He has also participated in two 1,000-bomber raids.


NOTE: DHist cards carry the following paraphrase which was probably taken from Air Ministry Bulletin:

 

...has taken part in sorties against practically all the enemy's most heavily defended targets in Germany and France. Has participated in two "1,000 bomber raids",,,has fine record of achievement and has always shown exceptional qualities of leadership; has set splendid example to fellow wireless operators. By cheerfulness and coolness on operations and fine technical skill a great factor in many successful sorties.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 25 May 1943 when he had flown 48 sorties (319 hours 40 minutes). First tour (on Hampdens) was 18 March to 14 August 1941 (29 sorties) plus participation in 1,000 bomber raids of 30 June and 1 May 1942 (probably while on strength of an OTU). Second tour was 6 February to 18 May 1943.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is now nearing the end of his second tour of operations, having completed a total of 48 sorties and 320 hours of operational flying as Wireless Operator Air Gunner.

 

Flight Sergeant Nicholls has participated in sorties to practically all of the most hotly defended targets in Germany and France. He took part in the 1,000 bomber raids of May 30th and June 1st of last year, and has visited targets ranging from Berlin to Bordeaux. Recently he has been six times to the heavily defended cities in the Ruhr Valley.

 

At all times he has by his cheerfulness and coolness on operations set a magnificent example to his fellow Wireless Operators and to his own crew, and on many occasions his exceptional skill in obtaining wireless fixes and bearings has greatly aided the successful completion of a sortie. He is an outstanding wireless operator with a strong sense of duty.


* * * * *


NICHOLLS, Sergeant Clarence Gordon (RAF 1379461) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 October 1943. Born 1922 in Cardiff; home there (clerk); enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 11857 refers.

 

...many operations against German and Italian targets. As wireless operator and fire controller has largely contributed to the many outstanding successes attained by crew while his enthusiasm and cheerful confidence have always been most praiseworthy.


* * * * *


NORMAN, Sergeant Alan (RAF 935912) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 January 1943. Born in Carlisle, Cumberland, 1919; home there (photo developer). Enlisted 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 8817 refers. No citation in London Gazette. Citation published in Flight, 11 February 1943.

 

Sergeant Norman has shown exceptional skill and gallantry as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner. One night in August 1942, he was a member of a crew detailed to attack Duisburg. The aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter while over the target area, and Sergeant Norman was wounded in the scalp, face and right hand. The aircraft was extensively damaged, but he courageously remained at his post without complaining.


NOTE: DHist card publishes the above but adds:

 

At all times he has performed his duties with tenacity, determination and courage of the highest order.


* * * * *


NORMAN, Sergeant James (RAF 1868905) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 September 1944. Born 1924 in Walthamstowe; home there (tool setter's assistant); enlisted 1943 as Air Gunner.

 

In July 1944 Sergeant Norman was the flight engineer in an aircraft detailed to attack Siracourt. It was a daylight sortie. When crossing the enemy coast heavy anti-aircraft fire was encountered. The aircraft was hit. Two petrol tanks were pierced by fragments of shell. Displaying quick resource, Sergeant Norman switched all four engines onto one of the damaged tanks in order to use as much petrol as possible before it all leaked away. He afterwards rendered much assistance in the careful treatment of two defective engines. His skill, resource and determination contributed materially to the success of the operation. This airman has participated in numerous sorties and has displayed great coolness and good judgement.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 23 July 1944 when he had flown eight sorties (41 hours five minutes), 6 June to 15 July 1944.

 

On 6th July 1944 Sergeant Norman was detailed to attack Siracourt in daylight as spare Engineer with a crew on their first operational sortie. When crossing the enemy coast, heavy flak was encountered and number two starboard tank and number two port tank were seriously damaged, with eventual loss of all fuel from these tanks. Immediately these tanks were holed, Sergeant Norman with great presence of mind switched all four engines on to the port number two tank to use as much petrol as possible before it was all lost. The starboard inner engine was damaged shortly after but Sergeant Norman was able to feather it successfully before the engine seized. The port outer engine was also damaged and the throttle controls were rendered useless but Sergeant Norman successfully nursed this engine through the duration of the attack and safely back to a diversion in this country.

 

The coolness and efficiency with which Sergeant Norman conducted himself during this operation was undoubtedly a large contributing factor in the successful completion of the attack and the return of the aircraft to this country and I consider that his actions fully merit the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


NORTH, F/O Wilfred Ronald Eli (RAF 114391) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943. Born in Coventry, Warwickshire, 1916; home in Lossiemouth, Scotland; enlisted 1939; commissioned 1941; Mention in Despatches in 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11416 refers.

 

...now on second tour of operational duty, has taken part in attacks on most of major enemy targets in Germany. Very efficient navigator; has consistently displayed fine fighting spirit and great devotion to duty, while cheerful confidence has done much towards maintaining high standard of morale attained by crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 18 July 1943 when he had flown 38 sorties (215 hours 25 minutes), in two tours. First was 7 September 1940 to 17 May 1941 (27 sorties) and balance to date was eleven trips, 13 May to 9 July 1943. On first trip of second tour (target Bochum) aircraft had been badly shot up by flak and a fighter.

 

Flying Officer North is now completing his second tour on this squadron, having completed his first tour on Wellingtons. He has carried out operations against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany, namely Bochum, Berlin, Wuppertal, Dusseldorf, Le Creusot, Krefeld, Mulheim, Cologne, Gelsenkirchen, Kiel.

 

Throughout his tour with this squadron, Flying Officer North has proven himself to be a very competent navigator, leading his captain to targets with a high degree of navigational proficiency. He has set a fine example and his cheerful confidence has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew.


* * * * *


NUTLEY, Flight Sergeant Robert (RAF 996397) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1916 at Paisley, Renfrew, Scotland; home there (plasterer); enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 17 September 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (153 hours five minutes), 18 April to 28 August 1944.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer, the Flight Engineer of the crew captained by Pilot Officer F.J. Devine, has now completed his first tour of operations made up of 34 trios over enemy territory.

 

The courage, skill and determination in action displayed at all times by Sergeant Nutley has been a great inspiration to his crew, and his coolness and devotion to duty has contributed in a large measure to the success of his many operational flights.

 

I consider that in every way, this Non-Commissioned Officer fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal (non-immediate).


* * * * *


NUTT, Sergeant Arthur (RAF 1170640) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Citation found in Flight, 28 January 1943. Born in Birmingham, 1922; home there (salesman); enlisted 1940; commissioned 1942 (130917); later in No.431 Squadron. Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers; no citation in London Gazette.

 

As Wireless Operator/Air Gunner, Sergeant Nutt has rendered excellent service. He has taken part in attacks on a wide range of targets, including Berlin, industrial centres in the Ruhr, and on the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau in the Channel. His efficiency and high morale have set an inspiring example.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 23 October 1942 when he had flown 31 sorties (159 hours four minutes), 7 November 1941 to 2 September 1942.

 

Sergeant Nutt has a fine record of thorough, efficient service on operations. Without any spectacular episodes, to recount his service is of the sound, eager, persevering type which builds up and sustains unit morale and efficiency. Such men are the backbone of a squadron. For fine meritorious service over a full operational tour Sergeant Nutt is recommended for the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


O'CONNOR, F/O Edward (RAF 174075) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1923 at Kendall, Westmoreland; home there; educated at Senior Boys School, Kendal. Commissioned 1923 after service in the ranks. Air Ministry Bulletin 15918/AL.902 refers.

 

This officer is a very capable captain of aircraft. Most of the sorties in which he has participated have been directed against distant and heavily defended targets in enemy territory. On many occasions his aircraft has suffered attacks by enemy fighters and damage from anti-aircraft fire, but by skilful pilotage and fine leadership he has always succeeded in flying his aircraft safely back to base.


O'CONNOR, F/L Edward (RAF 174075) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 17078/AL.960 refers.

 

Flight Lieutenant O'Connor has completed two tours of operational duty during which he has participated in attacks on numerous vital targets. This officer has displayed a fine fighting spirit, initiative and determination at all times which, together with his outstanding leadership and unflagging devotion to duty, have set a splendid example to all members of his squadron.


* * * * *


O'HANLON, Flight Sergeant Leonard James Stanley (RAF 1874132) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945. Born 1924 at Greenwich; home there (machine minder); enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 17093/AL.960 refers. Air Gunner. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 21 October 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9029 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 45 sorties (224 hours seven minutes) as an Air Gunner.

 

Flight Sergeant O'Hanlon is a keen and efficient Air Gunner in a highly successful crew, now on their second tour of operations. He has taken part in attacks on such heavily defended enemy areas as Stuttgart, Frankfurt and Bremen. On many occasions this Non-Commissioned Officer has been placed in great personal danger through contact with heavy enemy opposition, but he has placed all personal considerations aside in favour of remaining at his post of duty and pressing home his attacks to the full. Undoubtedly, this Non-Commissioned Officer's extreme devotion to duty and sense of responsibility, even under the most hazardous conditions, has had an inspiring effect on all members of his crew. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


O'NEILL, F/O John Henry (RAF 144430) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 June 1944. Born 1920 in Dulwich; home in Wellington, Surrey; educated at Wellington Country School. Enlisted 1940; trained in Canada; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14171/AL.818 refers. No citation other thaan "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."


* * * * *


O'TOOLE, Flight Sergeant Thomas (RAF 11336259) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette 16 January 1945. Born 1915 in Dowlais, Glamorganshire; home in Merthyrtydfil, Glamoranshire (miner). Enlisted 1941. Wireless Air Gunner. Air Ministry Bulletin 17078/AL.902 refers.

 

Flight Sergeant O'Toole is now on his second tour of operations. He has participated in attacks against such heavily defended targets as Berli, Stuttgart and Turin. On one occasion the aircraft in which he was flying was forced down on to the sea. Despite this trying experience, he immediately volunteered for operational duty on his return. His indomitable spirit, enthusiasm and devotion to duty is worthy of high commendation.


* * * * *


OAKLEY, F/L John Harold Richard (RAF 158808) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1921 in Hampstead; educated Greenlane Boys School, Dagenham; home in Country Durham. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 10 July 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (222 hours five minutes), 19 June 1943 to 5 July 1944.

 

As Flight Engineer, Flight Lieutenant Oakley has attacked many targets in Germany and France including Hamburg, Essen, Nuremburg, Mannheim, Vaires and Laon and has also carried out minelaying operations. He has at all times excelled in the carrying out of his duties, with the result that the best performance and maximum endurance was always obtained from the aircraft. He has shown great keenness for operational flying and has gone on operations with many different crews.

 

As Flight Engineer Leader this officer has been responsible for the training and direction of all flight engineers on the squadron. During the conversion to a new type of aircraft he put in many hours beyond the ordinary call of duty, giving instruction to flight engineers and other crew members. His enthusiasm at all times has been an inspiration to those serving under him.

 

For rendering outstanding service to the squadron over a long period of time, I recommend the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


OLDLAND, P/O Henry Rex (RAF 185807) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1923; home in Wooton-under-Edge, Gloucester. Enlisted November 1941; commissioned October 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18789/AL.1018 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Public Record Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation drafted 20 February 1945 when he had flown 55 sorties (230 hours 50 minutes) as a flight engineer. Owing to an oversight, the sortie list has not been supplied. The text (which also refers to 56 sorties rather than 55) reads as follows:

 

Pilot Officer Oldland has successfully completed two full tours of operations numbering 56 operational sorties. This officer has been a member of a crew which has attacked such heavily defended enemy targets as Munich, Stettin, Stuttgart, Frankfurt and Magdeburg. He has endeavoured, by his courage and sincere devotion to duty, to make all his missions successful despite the most difficult of situations. He has been an inspiration to all members of the squadron, by his fine personal example of keenness and efficiency.


* * * * *


ORCHARD, S/L Louis Neil (RAF 106143) - Mention in Despatches - Station Linton-on-Ouse - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Enlisted 29 July 1940. Recommendation (drafted about August 1944) in DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Vol.20606).

 

This officer has been employed for the past several months as Station Navigation Officer. In the discharge of his duties he has shown devotion and enthusiasm far above the normal call. His unswerving loyalty, cheerfulness and leadership have won the respect of all personnel.


ORCHARD, S/L Louis Neil (RAF 106143) - Distinguished Flying Cross - Station Linton-on-Ouse - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Appears on list of unit awards (DHist file 181.009 D.1763, RG.24 Volume 20610). No citation or unit in London Gazette.


* * * * *


ORMESHER, Flight Sergeant John Harrison (RAF 1237979) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 May 1944. Born in Sale, Cheshire, 1922; home there (architectural draughtsman). Enlisted 1941. Navigator. Air Ministry Bulletin 14007/AL.805 refers. No citation other than "completed many operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 21 February 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (164 hours 50 minutes), 3 March 1943 to 19 February 1944. Navigator. The form is marked "Canadian" but this may be an error.

 

This airman has completed many operational sorties, including Berlin, Frankfurt and Leipzig, as well as targets in the Ruhr and minelaying. Regardless of opposition, he has repeatedly pressed home the attacks by accurately navigating his aircraft onto the most difficult of targets.

 

He has shown, throughout his tour of operations, outstanding ability and a strong sense of duty. His coolness and exceptional fearlessness in the face of danger has proved a source of great confidence in his crew, who have placed their whole trust in his vigilance and skill.


* * * * *


ORMSON, F/O William (RAF 169674) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born 1920 in Manchester; educated at Cheltinham Senior School, Manchester. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed many operations against the enemy in which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHIst file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 20 August 1944 when he had flown on 32 sorties (185 hours five minutes), March 1943 to 25 June 1944.Patter

 

This officer, wireless operator of the crew captained by Squadron Leader H.T. Patterson, DFC, has completed 32 trips over enemy territory including such heavily defended German targets as Hamburg (4), Berlin (2), Dusseldorf and Duisburg.

 

Pilot Officer Ormson consistently throughout his tour has shown exceptional skill and resourcefulness in carrying out his duties, and by his cooperation, leadership and initiative has done much to raise the standard of efficiency throughout his section.

 

I consider that his splendid record and quiet determination in every way fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).


* * * * *


OWEN, Flight Sergeant Leslie Francis (RAF 1218176) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Commissioned August 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/ALL.922 refers. No biographical details and no published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." The original recommendation, dated 20 August 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8828 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 43 sorties (202 hours 33 minutes) as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner.

 

Flight Sergeant Owen is a very capable and efficient Wireless Operator/Air Gunner now on his second tour of operations. This Non-Commissioned Officer has displayed at all times throughout his long and varied operational career a keenness for operational duty which has set a magnificent example to all his fellow crew members. On one occasion, when over a heavily defended German target, the aircraft in which he was flying was attacked by an enemy fighter. This fighter was not sighted by either of the two Air Gunners but was immediately picked up on special instruments by this Non-Commissioned Officer. Undoubtedly, due to his wide-awake attitude, the lives of all members of the crew were saved as the Captain was able to take the necessary evasive action. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


OWEN, Corporal John Richard (RAF 536325) - Mention in Despatches - No.408 Squadron (No.62 Base) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Found in DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Vol.20606) which also supplies recommendation. Enlisted 19 November 1936; Fitter/Armourer.

 

Corporal Owen has displayed great devotion to duty. His application to his work has played no small part in the ground organization of his squadron.


* * * * *


OWEN, Sergeant Leonard Stanley (RAF 656427) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette 19 September 1944. Born 1919 at Plaistow; home at Wakefield, Yorkshire (clerk). Transferred from the army, 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 15618/AL.875 refers.

 

As air gunner, Sergeant Owen has participated in very many sorties and has proved to be a vigilant and resolute member of aircraft crew. On one occasion he was the mid upper gunner of an aircraft which was engaged by a fighter. Sergeant Owen promptly gave his pilot the necessary combat manoeuvre and then he and his co-gunner opened fire. Following their accurate bursts the enemy aircraft broke away and was seen to be on fire. This airman displayed great coolness and his good shooting contributed materially to the safe return of the aircraft.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has recommendation dated 27 June 1944 when he had flown 20 sorties (91 hours) with more detail:

 

On the night of May 10th, 1944, when detailed for operations, this Non-Commissioned Officer was mid-upper gunner of a Halifax and destroyed an enemy fighter. A small pale yellow light was sighted at 600 yards and a burst of fire was directed at the aircraft. The enemy was immediately identified as a Junkers 88 and Sergeant Owen quickly opened fire and gave evasive action orders. The fighter went into a spin and the rear gunner joined in the attack. It was then seen to burst into flames and disappeared down through the clouds.

 

Sergeant Owen has taken part in a large number of sorties over enemy territory with continued skill and outstanding efficiency. He has set a fine example to all members of his squadron. His coolness, devotion to duty and conspicuous gallantry is worthy of a high order.


* * * * *


PACKER, F/O Robert (RAF 168971) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1918 at Paddington; home in Stanmore, Middlesex; educated at Acton Technical College. Enlisted June 1941; trained in Canada; commissioned November 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 18788/AL.1018 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Public Record Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation drafted 20 February 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (267 hours 15 minutes) as a bomb aimer (* = counted has ½ sortie; ** = counted as 1/3 of an operational sortie):


15 Mar 43  anti-sub patrol (9.10)*                 16 Mar 44  Amiens (5.10)**

18 Mar 43  anti-sub patrol (10.10)*               18 Mar 44  GARDENING, Heligoland (4.25)

21 Mar 43  anti-sub patrol (9.10)*                 22 Mar 44  GARDENING, Baltic (6.15)

24 Mar 43  anti-sub patrol (9.00)*                 25 Mar 44  Aulnoye (5.50)**

28 Mar 43  anti-sub patrol (9.50)*                 22 Apr 44   Dusseldorf (5.05)

5 Apr 43     anti-sub patrol (9.10)*                 24 Apr 44   Karlsruhe (6.30)

12 July 43  GARDENING (7.00)                  26 Apr 44   Essen (5.05)

2 Oct 43     Annolt (8.40)                               30 Apr 44   Somaine (4.20)**

4 Oct 43     Frankfurt-on-Main (7.40)            7 May 44    St.Valery (3.50)

3 Nov 43    Dusseldorf (6.40)                        16 Nov 44  Julich (5.00)

22 Nov 43  Berlin (7.10)                                18 Nov 44  Munster (6.05)

25 Nov 43  Frankfurt-on-Main (7.45)            2 Dec 44     Hagan (7.20)

26 Nov 43  Stuttgart (8.35)                            4 Dec 44     Karlsruhe (6.45)

20 Dec 43   Frankfurt-on-Main (7.25)            5 Dec 44     Soeste (6.30)

29 Dec 43   Berlin (8.00))                               14 Dec 44   Ludwigshaven (6.00)

15 Feb 44   Berlin (7.00)                                21 Dec 44   Cologne (6.15)

2 Mar 44    Meulons (4.45)**                        29 Dec 44   Gelsenkirchen (6.35)

7 Mar 44    Le Mans (5.45)**                        7 Feb 45     Cleve (4.00)

13 Mar 44  Le Mans (6.00)**                        8 Feb 45     Wanne Eickel (4.00)

15 Mar 44  Amiens (4.55)**                         13 Feb 45   Bohlen (7.05)

 

Flying Officer Packer, who is at present engaged on his second tour of operations, is a very keen and conscientious bomb aimer whose spirit has been amply reflected in the results he has achieved. Flying Officer Packer's coolness and tenacity have been reflected in his operational results and in his willing work on the ground. Many of the attacks he has taken part in have been against strongly defended targets.


* * * * *


PAINE, Sergeant Rose Winnifred (RAF WAAF 433603) - Mention in Despatches - No.62 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944 - Found in DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Vol.20606) - Weekly Routine Orders of No.62 Base dated 24 January 1944. Recommendation in same file.

 

The terrific amount of extra work thrown on the shoulders of this Non-Commissioned Officer during and after the move of Station Headquarters Dishforth to Linton-on-Ouse has been accepted by her in truly traditional service manner. Sergeant Paine has exhibited the ability of not only being able to do her own job extremely well, but also of being able to deal with any emergency. The efficiency displayed by this Non-Commissioned Officer is only surpassed by the zeal and ardour with which she performs her duties. Her ability to meet situations which require prompt action, with a steady and cool mind, has been a contributing factor to the success which has met her effort. Her contribution to the service is extremely deserving of commendation.


* * * * *


PALMER, P/O Donald Ivor (RAF 170472) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 June 1944. Born 1922 at Seven Kings, Essex; home in Ruislip, Middllesex; educated at Beal Modern Secondary School, Illford. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 14171/AL.818 refers. No published citaion other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has dispalyed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 16 March 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (155 hours 37 minutes), 21 May 1943 to 30 January 1944.

 

This officer has participated in 26 sorties, involving attacks on a wide variety of important and well defended targets in Germany. Throughout his tour he has displayed great skill and determination, pressing home his attacks with vigour, often in the face of heavy opposition. He is a most efficient captain, whose fine fighting qualities have impressed all. For his airmanship, skill and devotion to duty this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


PARKER, F/O Stanley Charles Brian (RAF 183130) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945. Born 1922 in St.Pancras; home in South Harrow, Middlesex; educated at Southfield Secondary School, Oxford. Enlisted September 1941; commissioned August 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 19248/AL.10662 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 March 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (174 hours 30 minutes), 11 April to 5 December 1944. Wireless Operator, Pilot Officer when recommended.

 

This officer, the Wireless Operator of the crew captain by Flight Lieutenant W.H. Miller, has since April 1944 made 32 operational trips over enemy territory, including many of the major and well defended targets in Germany.

 

Throughout his tour he has consistently displayed a high degree of ability and his courage and initiative has proven himself to be an outstanding member of a gallant crew.

 

Pilot Officer Parker has also greatly strengthened the hand of the Signals Leader of the squadron when on the ground, where his keenness and tireless energy have done much to improve the efficiency of his section.

 

I consider his fine record of achievement fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).


* * * * *


PARKINSON, F/O John Eric (RAF 136913) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born 1914 in Slyne, Lancashire; home in Kendal, Westmoreland. Enlisted 1941; trained in South Africa. Air Ministry Bulletin 15618/AL.875 dated 18 September 1944 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations, during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1729 has recommendation (undated) compiled when he had flown 31 sorties (192 hours 45 minutes), 15 September 1943 to 16 June 1944.

 

This bomb aimer has made 31 trips on which 21 of these have been on major targets. Flying Officer Parkinson is an outstanding operator of the H2S equipment and as a result has nearly always been successful in obtaining a primary and bringing back an excellent photograph.

 

Flying Officer Parkinson's cooperation, coolness and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure to the success of operational flights made by this crew.


* * * * *


PARMENTER, F/L Arthur Ernest (RAF 162618) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 August 1944. Posted from No.405 Squadron to No.426 with effect from 17 May 1944; served as Flight Engineer iin F/L Parmenter's crew. Posted to No.428 Squadron, 16 September 1944.

 

As flight engineer, Flight Lieutenant Parmenter has participated in very many sorties against enemy targets, including seven attacks on the German capital. He is a most efficient member of aircraft crew, whose example of coolness and determination under enemy fire has been inspiring. He has at all times displayed exceptional keenness and devotion to duty and his record is worthy of much praise.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation dated 29 June 1944 when he had flown 20 sorties (109 hours 50 minutes), 23 September 1943 to 11 May 1944 which has more details:

 

Flight Lieutenant Parmenter has completed may trips to Germany's most heavily defended targets such as Berlin and Mannheim, as Flight Engineer of a Lancaster. On one occasion his aircraft passed directly through a "Scare Crow" which had just burst, showering the aircraft with flaming oil and pieces of metal and rendering one engine unserviceable. Flight Lieutenant Parmenter was a tower of strength to his captain in assisting to extinguished the fire, thereby enabling his captain to concentrate of his flying so that he was able to bring his damaged aircraft safely back to this base. On other occasions Flight Lieutenant Parmenter has been equally cool and courageous in most difficult circumstances. He has at all times shown a high degree of courage, skill and determination and is therefore recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


PARMENTER, F/L Arthur Ernest (RAF 162618) - Mention in Despatches - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation submitted to No.6 Group Headquarters, 2 February 1945. Enlisted 13 December 1940. Flight Engineer Leader.

 

This officer has shown exceptional keenness, great loyalty and outstanding devotion to duty. Through his untiring efforts the efficiency of his section has attained a high standard which is reflected in the operational efficiency of the unit as a whole. His great cheerfulness and manner have contributed to a high standard of morale in the unit.


* * * * *


PARNELL, F/O Thomas Hugh (RAF 129401) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 June 1944. Born in Gloucester, 1916; home in Charlottetwon, Prince Edward Island. Enlisted in Royal Artillery, 1940; transferred to RAF for aircrew, 1941; trained in Canada at No.23 EFTS, No.32 SFTS, No.9 AOS and No.4 BGS. Commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14835/AL.835 refers. Cited with F/O W.G. Brasnett (RCAF).

 

As pilot and navigator of aircraft respectively, Flying Officer Brasnett and Flying Officer Parnell have taken part in several attacks on shipping. On a recent occasion they attacked a number of enemy vessels off the French coast. In spite of intense anti-aircraft fire the attack was pressed home with skill and daring and a hit was obtained on one of the ships. Some hours later they successfully attacked another enemy vessel. These officers displayed a high degree of courage and determination throughout.


* * * * *


PARNHAM, P/O Percy (RAF 121507) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette 29 dated December 1942. Born 1909 in Leicester; home in Hounslow, Middlesex. Served in the ranks before being commissioned, May 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers.

 

This officer has taken part in many operational sorties including two over Berlin. He is a rear gunner who possesses great courage and skill. He took part in a daylight attack on the German battleships Scharnhorst and Gnneisenau and although repeatedly attacked, skilful evasive tactics were made possible by the excellent running commentary he gave to his pilot, Throughout he has shown exceptional skill and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


PARRAT, Sergeant Hugh Edmund (RAF 1306717) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 April 1943. Born in Ealing, 1920; home in Woking (bank clerk); enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 9816 refers.

 

This airman has flown on 30 operational missions as wireless operator. His exceptional ability and great determination have contributed materially to the successes obtained. This was amply demonstrated on one occasion in February 1943 when the aircraft in which he was flying was badly damaged by anti-aircraft fire. Sergeant Parrat skilfully obtained radio fixes which enabled his pilot to set a course for base. He has displayed great devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.006 D.2617 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 March 1943 when he had flown 30 sorties (167 hours three minutes). In crew of F/O Gamble; incident described was on 3 February 1943. Same file has an earlier recommendation dated 8 February 1943 when he had flown 21 sorties (110 hours 35 minutes).


* * * * *


PARRY, F/O Robert William (RAF 186761) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 18 April 1945 when he had flown 29 sorties (175 hours 20 minutes), 10 September 1944 to 5 January 1945.

 

On 12th September 1944, the crew of which Pilot Officer Parry was Flight Engineer were detailed to carry out a daylight raid on Wanne Eickel, Germany.

 

The trip to the target was carried out without any major trouble. Shortly before reaching the target, the aircraft encountered a heavy flak barrage. No.4 and No.5 petrol tanks were holed. Petrol could be seen streaming from the wing on the starboard side of the aircraft. On inspection, it was noticed that the petrol gauges of these two tanks were indicating a decrease. Despite these unfavourable conditions, this crew with courage and dogged determination carried on to the target and pressed home a successful attack.

 

On the return trip, Pilot Officer Parry, the Flight Engineer, had to economize greatly on the petrol used. By constant vigilance and expert manipulation of the cocks, he was able to supply sufficient fuel to the tanks to get the aircraft back to base.

 

On this occasion, as well as on numerous other sorties, Pilot Officer Parry showed an outstanding mastery of his trade. The safe return of the aircraft and its crew were dependent, in no small measure, on this officer's technical skill.

 

His skill and exceptional efficiency warrants my recommendation for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


NOTE: He had been recommended earlier (17 January 1945) but the award appears to have been delayed due to quotas.


* * * * *


PARSLOW, Sergeant George Charles William (RAF 1332251) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 June 1943. Born at Marylebonne, 1922; home at Wembley; enlisted 1941. Navigator. Air Ministry Bulletin 10527 refers. Cited with F/O J.B.G. Bailey (RAF, awarded DFC) and Sergeant S.N. Sloan (RAF, awarded CGM); see Sloan for citation.


* * * * *


PARSONS, Flight Sergeant Roy Edward (RAF 901365) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette 2 September 1941. Born in Brighton, 1914; window dresser; enlisted as air gunner, September 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 4907 refers. Award part of a general distribution of honours for attacks on Scharnhorst and Gneisenau; one citation covered five DSOs, 26 DFCs and 20 DFMs; included CAN/RAF personnel L.J. Stickley and W.B. Keddy. Cards compiled by F.H. Hitchins and held by Directorate of History state that on the raid of 24 July 1941, attacking these ships in dry dock, his own aircraft was attacked by a Messerschmitt 109. He fired 40 rounds from each gun into its expose belly as it broke away at 100 yards and enemy aircraft dived strait down. See Keddy for citation.


* * * * *


PATERSON, P/O Alexander Stevenson (RAF 177167) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Commissioned in 1944 after service in the ranks. Flight Engineer. Air Ministry Bulletin 15618/AL.815 dated 18 September 1944 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


PATERSON, F/O Philip Dunthorne (RAF 155103) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 June 1944. Born in London, 1909; home in Seaford, Sussex; educated at Vicarage School, Radwell and Ravenscroft School, Purley. Enlisted 1941; trained in South Africa; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14451/AL.834 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 15 March 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (170 hours 55 minutes), 9 January 1943 to 25 February 1944. Air Bomber.

 

This officer has completed numerous trips to vital targets in Germany including six on Berlin. At all times he has shown coolness and determination in the execution of his duties as Air Bomber. Regardless of enemy opposition he has at all times pressed home his attacks and accurately placed his bombs. He is highly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


PATTINSON, P/O Howard Leslie (RAF 173312) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944. Born 1922 in Brigham, Cumberland; home at Cockermouth, Cumberland; educated at Keswick High School. Enlisted 1944; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15971/AL.902 refers.

 

Pilot Officer Pattinson has completed many operations against targets in Germany and France and also successful mine-laying missions. As captain of aircraft he has maintained a high standard of discipline and crew cooperation. On one occasion his skilful evasive tactics, combined with the excellent cooperation of his crew, resulted in an attacking enemy fighter being shot down. This officer has shown high courage and devotion to duty at all times.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 27 July 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (233 hours 50 minutes), 27 July 1943 to 2 June 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Pattinson has completed one tour of operations during which he has attacked many targets in Germany and France and also carried out minelaying operations. As captain of aircraft he maintained a high standard of discipline and crew cooperation which on one occasion enabled him and his crew to evade attack by an enemy fighter and at the same time enabled one of the crew members to shoot down the attacking aircraft.


* * * * *


PAY, P/O William Charles Alfred (RAF 171335) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944. Born 1922 in London;; home in Fulham; educated at Fulham Central School. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 13601/AL.796 refers.

 

This officer is a skilful and courageous pilot whose keenness and determination have been inspiring. He has completed a very large number of sorties, most of which have been against heavily defended targets such as Berlin, Hanover, Frankfurt and Stuttgart. His achievements have been noteworthy.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 16 March 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (183 hours nine minutes), 6 August 1943 to 7 March 1944.

 

This officer has shown remarkable skill as a pilot and as an inspiring example of courage and determination to his crew. On his 30 operational sorties he failed to bomb his target only once and that was due to engine trouble. The majority of these trips have been over heavily defended targets in Germany, six of them being on Berlin, and others on such as Hanover, Leipzig, Frankfurt, Stettin and Stuttgart. His quiet confidence, which has inspired a high standard or morale in his crew, and his cooperation, coolness and devotion to duty warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


PAYNE, P/O Robert (RAF 178852) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Commissioned 1944; Air Ministry Bulletin 17155/AL.960 refers. In crew captained by F/L R.B. McCullaugh.

 

Pilot Officer Payne has completed a tour of operations which has included sorties against targets in France and Germany. He has also completed many mine-laying missions. On one occasion, during an attack on Sterkrade, his aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter and sever damage was sustained. Two engines were rendered unserviceable and, on return to base, a crash landing was necessary. In the course of the return flight, Pilot Officer Payne displayed a high order of skill, determination and devotion to duty under very harassing circumstances. His coolness and courage have always been a source of confidence to his crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Volume 20636) has recommendation (undated) listing 34 sorties (171 hours 25 minutes), 25 March to 27 August 1944. Experienced fighter attack on second sortie (9 April 1944, Lille) and seven fighter attacks on 1 May 1944 (St.Ghislain; "one wheel landing". The sortie of 16 June 1944 (also mentioned in recommendation" is described thus: "Attacked by JU.88.Port fuel tanks holed, No.1, 3 tank cables shot away. PO [port outer] oil tank holed. Two engines feathered. Port flap badly hit. PO and SI inner props holed; crash landed with port tyre holed".

 

Pilot Officer Payne has completed a tour of operations including sorties on targets in Germany and France. He has also completed numerous minelaying operations. On one occasion during an attack on Sterkrade his aircraft was attacked by enemy fighters which resulted in such severe damage that it was necessary to feather two engines and to execute a crash landing on return. As Flight Engineer Pilot Officer Payne displayed skill, determination and devotion to duty under very harassing circumstances. His coolness and courage has always been a source of inspiration to his crew.


* * * * *


PEARCE, Sergeant Colin Rees (NZ 414671) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 July 1943. Born 22 January, 1921 at Kaiapoi, near Canterbury, New Zealand. Educated at Christchurch Boys High School (swimmer). Farmer with his father; home Irwell, New Zealand. Applied for RNZAF aircrew, 8 July 1940. Enrolled at Initial Training Wing, Levin, 17 August 1941. On completion of initial training he went to No.3 Elementary Flying Training School, Harewood. On conclusion of course he embarked for Canada (17 November 1941). Proceeded on 5 December 1941 to No.4 Service Flying Training School (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan; Course 44); received pilot's flying badge, 27 March 1942 and promoted to Sergeant; promoted to Flight Sergeant, 1 May 1943, but then commissioned with effect from 13 April 1943. As of 28 March 1942 he had gone to "Y" Depot, Halifax. Arrived at No.3 Personnel Reception Centre, Bournemouth, 13 May 1942; posted on 23 June 1942 to No.15 (Pilots) Advanced Flying Unit, Kirmington, Lincolnshire. Fir a few days in July was attached to No.1512 Beam Approach Training Flight, Dishforth, Yorkshire (course in blind flying). On 4 August 1942 he was posted to No.11 Operational Training Unit, Bassingboure, Hertfordshire. There and at the satellite airfield (Oakley, Buckinghamshire) he completed training on Wellingtons. Posted from there to No.428 Squadron , initially operating as a second pilot. RNZAF Museum notes he flew nine sorties on Wellingtons to targets such as Lorient (four trips), Cologne, St.Nazaire and Hamburg. Attached in March 1943 to No.1535 Beam Approach Training Flight, Middleton St.George, County Durham for additional blind flying course. He then returned to No.428 Squadron (Dalton). RNZAF Museum reports eight additional sorties for a total of 17 (but see below) including targets at Bochum (two), Kiel, Dortmund, St.Nazaire and two air/sea rescue flights. Late in May posted to No.1659 Conversion Unit, Topcliffe for conversion to Halifax aircraft. Attached in early June 1943 to No.419 Squadron, Middleton St.George, taking part in two more operational flights (Le Creusot and Fuefeld). Failed to return from a raid on 21/22 June 1943; buried at Prince Hagen Military Cemetery, Breda, Holland; later reinterred at Bergen op Zoom British Military Cemetery. Air Ministry Bulletin not stated.

 

Under a calm, quiet manner this airman has a fine fighting spirit which inspires confidence in his fellow pilots. He has successfully completed a number of operational sorties, included in which are several to some of the enemy's most heavily defended targets in Germany and northwest France. Sergeant Pearce has secured some excellent photographs. This airman has shown by his work that he has the courage and determination to press home his attacks with the utmost vigour, setting a fine example to all.


DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 25 May 1943 when he had flown fourteen sorties (90 hours five minutes), 29 January to 13 May 1943.

 

Under a calm and quiet manner this Non-Commissioned Officer has a fine offensive spirit in action which inspires confidence in his fellow pilots and in his own crew. He has successfully completed fourteen sorties, included in which are several to extremely heavily defended targets in the Ruhr Valley. From these and from other targets in Germany and northwest France, Sergeant Pearce has brought back repeatedly photographic evidence of having bombed the precise target, obtaining, in some cases, clear ground detail showing the aiming point. This has borne out his determination always to press home his attack despite intense flak opposition.


* * * * *


PEARCE, Sergeant (now P/O) R.E. (AUS 403434) - Mention in Despatches - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943. Public Records Office Air 2/5684 has recommended citation:

 

The above airman was a member of the crew of an aircraft which was shot down over Belgium on 1st August 1942 after raiding Dusseldorf. Though he delayed his departure from the scene of the crash in an attempt to help a badly injured member of his crew, he nevertheless evaded capture and succeeded in crossing the frontier into Belgium. Following a period of hiding he obtained assistance and food for his journey southwards, and displaying great determination, finally passed into France, later reaching Spain, whence he was repatriated on 13th September 1942.


* * * * *


PEARSON, Leading Aircraftman Philip Emrys (RAF 1264166) - Mention in Despatches - Station Croft - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation drafted mid-July 1944.

 

This airman enlisted September 2nd, 1940, and has been employed in the bomb dump since July 1941. He has continually shown a willingness and spirit of co-operation far beyond the bounds of normal duty. He has worked long and difficult hours under the most trying conditions of weather and throughout has shown a fine spirit of cheerfulness and sacrifice which has contributed in a large measure to the efficient operation of his section.


* * * * *


PEDLEY, F/L Alexander (RAF 48328) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Technical.


PEDLEY, F/L Alexander (RAF 48328) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944.


* * * * *


PERKS, F/L Geoffrey Derry (RAF 145348) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1944. Born in Winsor, 1918; home in Slough, Buckinghamshire; educated at Thomas Grey Boys School. Enlisted 1941; trained in Canada and United States; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14170/AL.818 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Pilot.


* * * * *


PERRIN, Corporal Mabel Margaret (RAF 885499) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base, Middleton St.George - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation submitted to No.6 Group Headquarters, 2 February 1945. Enlisted 3 September 1939. Corporal in charge of WAAF SSQ (quarters ?) at base.

 

Very exceptional ability and interest in work. Has proven very capable and dependable. Long and untiring devotion to duty.


* * * * *


PERRY, Flight Sergeant Robert Adair (RAF 657639) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette 28 March 1944. Born in York, 1919; home in Belfast (local government clerk). Transferred from infantry, 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 13347/AL.775 refers.

 

...has displayed skill and determination of high order throughout operational career. On his first flight, a night attack on the French coast, he pressed on through adverse weather and anti-aircraft fire to complete his mission. Since then he has taken part in operations of many different types and has complted numerous dangerous attacks on enemy submarines and surface craft. In January 1944 was detailed to attack two enemy destroyers off French coast. Throughout the action he experienced accurate and heavy anti-aircraft fire. Diving through this barrage he did not release his bombs until he was cerain of damaging the enemy vessels. His tour of duty has been remarkable for cool courage and keeness.


* * * * *


PETTIT, F/L Alfred George (RAF 168727) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born 1911 at St.Pancras; home in East Finchley; educated at Stanley Central School. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."


* * * * *


PHILLIPS, Sergeant Archibald Ronald (RAF 1339529) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 May 1944. Born in Islington, England, 1922; home in Dagenham; enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 13758/AL.804 refers.

 

One night in March 1944 this airman was navigator of an aircraft detailed to attack Berlin. On the return flight the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fore and Sergeant Phillips was struck by a fragment of shrapnel, sustaining wounds to his chest and arm. Although weak from loss of blood, he continued his navigational duties and guided his pilot safely back to this country. He has set a fine example of courage, fortitude and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2909 (RG.24 Volume 20633) had recommendation by W/C C.B. Sinton dated 31 March 1944 when he had flown four sorties (25 hours seven minutes).

 

On the night of 24/25 March 1944, Sergeant Phillips was the navigator of aircraft "G" (LV935) piloted by Flying Officer Van Slyck, detailed to attack the German city of Berlin. After bombing the target successfully and on proceeding back to base, his aircraft was accurately engaged and hit twice by heavy flak, inflicting extensive damage to the aircraft and rendering the port outer motor unserviceable. During these encounters Sergeant Phillips was wounded by a piece of flak, sustaining injuries to [the] left wall of his chest. Despite the fact that his left arm was rendered useless he coolly, skilfully and with dogged determination stuck to his task of navigation and brought his damaged aircraft safely back to base in England.

 

His commendable courage and devotion to duty in my opinion fully justifies the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


PHILLIPS, P/O Clifford John (RAF 169400) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1921 in Newbury; home there; enlisted 1941 and trained in Canada. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 6 July 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (221 hours five minutes), 2 September 1943 to 1 July 1944 (posted 14 July 1944); had served on crews captained by Sergeant Pollard and later F/O Wright:

 

This Wireless Operator has completed a tour of 38 operations, 13 of which have been to heavily defended German targets. His efficiency and enthusiasm have been an inspiration to all crews and his courage an example to all.


* * * * *


PHILLIPS, Sergeant John Alwyn (RAF 1339011) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943. Born in Swansea, 1922; home there (clerk); enlisted 1941. The following is a digest from Air Ministry Bulletin 11132:

 

...skilful pilot...many attacks on important enemy targets; night in July 1943, attacking Cologne, aircraft attacked by enemy fighter; damaged, difficult to control; flew on to target, bombs released manually, bomb doors being shot away. Displayed praiseworthy skill and determination.


* * * * *


PIDDINGTON, W/C James Arthur (39562) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 28 July 1944 with effect from 26 July 1943. Born in Montreal, 1914; home in Sydney, British Columbia. Served two years in Canadian Militia; pupil pilot in RAF, 1938. Flew Whitleys with No.77 Squadron, 18 January to 24 August 1940. Later flew with Nos.427 and 434 Squadron; appointed to command No.429 Squadron, 28 June 1943; killed in action, 28 July 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14869/AL.855 refers.

 

Wing Commander Piddington has flown on a large number of anti-submarine patrols, many of which have been long and hazardous. He has also participated in attacks on some of the enemy's most heavily defended targets. As captain of aircraft he has invariably displayed cool judgement and determination. He has set an inspiring example to his crew by his cheerfulness and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation dated 20 July 1943 when he had flown 32 bomber sorties and 43 anti-submarine patrols totalling 593 hours 45 minutes. As a Canadian in the RAF, his sortie list is remarkable; sorties from 24 February to 30 April 1940 were as second pilot; all subsequent trips as captain:

 

24 Feb 1940Shipping recce, Borkum-Heligoland-Sylt-Wilhelmshaven-Borkum (7.45)

19 Mar 1940Sylt/Hornum (6.50)

11 Apr 1940Shipping recce, Kattegat (9.00)

16 Apr 1940Varnes Aerodrome-Trondheim. Ran out of fuel, baled out (11.30)

22 Apr 1940Varnes Aerodrome, Trondheim (9.00)

30 Apr 1940Stavanger aerodrome (7.00)

16 May 1940Maastrict, hit by light flak (6.10)

20 May 1940Cotillon (7.20)

23 May 1940Averne (7.45)

27 May 1940Gladbach Munchen (6.00)

28 May 1940Averne (7.20)

2 June 1940Soest (6.20)

3 June 1940Kamen (6.30)

5 June 1940Bapaume (6.40)

21 June 1940Ham (5.40)

24 June 1940Mannheim, target not found due to weather; bombed Elsenborn aerodrome (7.00)

26 June 1940Mannheim (7.25)

29 June 1940Frankfurt (7.20)

2 July 1940Evere aerodrome, Brussels (5.35)

4 July 1940Tirpitz, Wilhelmshaven (5.15)

13 July 1940Mannheim; hit by flak, returned on one engine, landed at Martlesham Heath (6.00)

21 July 1940Kassel (7.10)

23 July 1940Oldenburg; hit by flak, returned on one engine to Bircham Newton (6.45)

28 July 1940Wismar (7.40)

9 Aug 1940Mannheim (8.35)

14 Aug 1940Bordeaux, oil tanks; large fires started (9.50)

16 Aug 1940Augsburg; target not located; bombed Darmstad (10.20)

18 Aug 1940Milan; Caprioni factory; direct hits observed from 2,000 feet; attacked by fighter after leaving target (10.00)

24 Aug 1940Mannheim (8.50 - total hours to date, 213 hours 30 minutes)

 

194140 anti-submarine patrols from Gander Lake, Newfoundland (347.20)

1942three anti-submarine patrols from Patricia Bay (15.10)

11 June 1943Dusseldorf (5.15)

19 June 1943Le Creusot (7.30)

13 July 1943Aachen (5.00)

 

Wing Commander Piddington has completed one tour of operations, a large number of sorties being against strongly defended targets. He has carried out a large number of anti-submarine patrols, many of which have been of a long and hazardous nature. He has set an example of skilful pilotage, cool judgement and determination, which has been an inspiration to his crew and all personnel under his command. He has shown great devotion to duty and fully merits the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


To this, A/C C.M. McEwen (Commanding Base Linton-on-Ouse), adds:

 

Wing Commander Piddington served under my command in Newfoundland on coastal cooperation duties as an RAF officer attached to the RCAF. He completed over 350 hours operational flying under the most primitive and hazardous flying conditions. He was popular and respected by everyone for his cheerfulness and devotion to duty. A very deserving case for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


PIM, F/L Anthony Stanley Mortimer (RAF 60566) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 February 1942. Home in Formby, Lancashire; commissioned February 1941. Killed in Burmas, January 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 6298 refers. No citation in London Gazette other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Citation published in Flight, 5 March 1942.

 

This officer has participated in attacks on Bremen, Mannheim, Hamburg, Duisburg and other important targets. On every occasion Flight Lieutenant Pim has endeavoured to press home his attacks with great determination, in spite of heavy defences. Recently he attacked an enemy tanker from a height of about 20 feet. Despite heavy opposition from the defences, he succeeded in scoring a direct hit on the ship. Flight Lieutenant Pim has performed excellent work and has set a fine example.


* * * * *


PINDER, P/O Albert Frederick (RAF 185168) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1922 in Camberwell; home there; educated at Oliver Goldsmith Senior Boys School. Enlisted April 1941; commissioned August 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18789/AL.1018 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1746 (RG.24 Volume 20608) has recommendation dated 11 January 1945 when he had flown 35 sorties (206 hours ten minutes), 15 February to 2 December 1944.

 

This officer has completed an outstanding tour of operations against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Nuremburg and numerous Ruhr targets. Pilot Officer Pinder is a resourceful member of aircrew whose engineering skill has on more than one occasion contributed materially to the safe return of his aircraft. At all times, both on the ground and in the air, this officer has been an inspiration to his squadron.


* * * * *


PINNEY, Warrant Officer Edward Frank William (RAF 740546) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 August 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 7711 has no career details. Participated in the squadron's first operation, January 1942. No citation in London Gazette other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations".

 

Warrant Officer Pinney has participated in attacks against many of the highlly defended and inportant enemy targets such as Hamburg, Essen, the Renault Works near Paris, Lubeck and Rostock. He is a skilful pilot who carries through his allotted task with great coolness. He has set a splendid example to the lesser experienced members of his squadron.


* * * * *


PITT, F/O Arthur (RAF 168975) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1921 in Twickenham; educated at Isleworth County High School; home in Whitton, Middlesex. Enlisted 1941; trained in Canada; commisioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 20 July 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (176 hours 25 minutes), 3 November 1943 to 1 July 1944.

 

This navigator has completed a large number of operational sorties, Through his outstanding ability and determination, he has always navigated his aircraft to and from the target with the highest degree of accuracy. By his courage, keenness and devotion to duty, his crew have been able to make successful attacks on such distant and well defended targets as Berlin, Frankfurt, Leipzig and Dusseldorf. In recognition of this officer's excellent operational record and fighting spirit, it is strongly recommended that he receive the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


PLATT, P/O Frederick Patrick (RAF 185771) - Mention in Despatches - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 23 November 1944 for a posthumous George Cross. Emanated from No.429 Squadron (Leeming); Flight Engineer.

 

On November 1st, 1944, Pilot Officer Platt was supervising the servicing of a Halifax aircraft of which he was flight engineer. A Lancaster with full bomb load of fourteen 1,000-pound bombs swung on take-off and crashed into an adjoining aircraft setting both aeroplanes on fire. Pilot Officer Platt, noting that his aircraft was in danger of being destroyed when the bombs exploded, rushed into the cockpit and with the assistance of the Chief Technical Officer of the station attempted to start the engines so that he might taxi the aircraft to safety. However, two, 1,000-pound bombs of the burning Lancaster exploded and both officers vacated the aircraft. Pilot Officer Platt then decided to make another attempt and having instructed some senior Non-Commissioned Officers in the external "doping" procedure for starting the engines again entered the aircraft accompanied by the Chief technical Officer. They had succeeded in starting one engine when there was a further explosion of seven to ten of the Lancaster's 1,000-pound bombs. The nose of Pilot Officer Platt's aircraft was blown in and Pilot Officer Platt was fatally injured. Pilot Officer Platt displayed courage of a very high order in the face of great danger and lost his life in an attempt to save an aircraft from destruction.

 

It is considered that this display of heroism and devotion to duty fully merits the posthumous award of the George Cross.


* * * * *


PLUMMER, Sergeant Albert Victor (RAF 1803113) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 17147/AL.960 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 27 September 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (139 hours 50 minutes), 18 March to 25 September 1944. Flight Engineer.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has taken part in 28 successful sorties over a wide variety of targets in France, and some of the most heavily defended in Germany, such as Frankfurt, Berlin, Dusseldorf, Bremen and Hamburg. During this tour he has always displayed a fine offensive spirit and proved a valuable member of his crew. For his loyalty, high technical ability and splendid record this Non-Commissioned Officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


POLLARD, F/L Laurence Valentine (RAF) 118899) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 May 1944. Born in Maldon, Essex, 1914; home in Newport, England; enlisted 1939; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14007/AL.805 refers.

 

As rear gunner he has taken part in numerous attacks on enemy targets in Europe, including three on Berlin. On several occasions his aircraft has been intercepted by enemy fighters, but he has always succeeded in driving them away. Once during a low level attack on shipping in Wilhelmshaven harbour, his aircraft was illuminated by searchlights, two of which he shot out. Throughout many air operations his fine fighting spirit and unceasing vigilance have been most commendable.


* * * * *


POOLE, Flight Sergeant Stanley (RAF 1005565) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 May 1944. Born in Doncaster, Yorkshire, 1922; home there (salesman); enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 14007/AL.805 refers. Air Gunner; no published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." The original recommendation, dated 19 February 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9339 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 26 sorties (165 hours 25 minutes) as an Air Gunner.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer Air Gunner has carried out many sorties against Germany, including four attacks on Berlin. Flight Sergeant Poole has displayed an enthusiasm for operations and a fine offensive spirit which has done much to inspire those with whom he works. His reliability as an Air Gunner, his steady aim and thorough sky search have often saved his aircraft from enemy fighters. It is considered that this Non-Commissioned Officer's devotion to duty and zeal for combat merit the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


POTTER, Sergeant Michael Allan (RAF 1894729) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945. Commissioned 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 19759/AL.1070 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 April 1945, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8751 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 45 sorties (227 hours 35 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

Sergeant Potter is a very efficient and keen Flight Engineer now on his second tour of operations. He has participated in many attacks against very heavily defended targets such as Cologne, Dessau and Hanover. Invariably, he has displayed a high degree of courage and initiative, even under the most adverse circumstances, thereby setting an inspiring example to all members of his crew. Undoubtedly, the fine fighting spirit of this Non-Commissioned Officer along with his superior technical knowledge and its practical application have served as an inspiration to his crew. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


PRATT, F/O George Edmund (RAF 178245) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1922 at Southampton; home there; educated at Elementary School, Bitterne. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 2 September 1944 when he had flown 39 sorties (236 hours 25 minutes), 15 September 1943 to 10 June 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Pratt has carried out 39 attacks against the enemy. He has dropped mines in enemy waters and has also bombed such major targets as Berlin. Frankfurt, Leipzig and several heavily defended areas in the Ruhr. His above average ability and crew cooperation imparted great confidence to the other crew members and his keenness for operational flying was shown by the fact that he was willing to fly with several different crews on very difficult trips either as a mid gunner or as a tail gunner.

 

For reliability and keenness, and for the completion of a very satisfactory tour of operations, I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


PREECE, P/O Percy Stanley Vincent (RAF 190661) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1907, Ledburg, Hertfordshire; home in Newton-le-Willoos {?}; enlisted June 1943; commissioned January 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 18989/AL.1018 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Public Record Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation drafted 20 February 1945 when he had flown 50 sorties (244 hours four minutes) as a flight engineer:


27 May 44   Bourg Leopold (4.30)                  27 Sep 44    Bottrop (3.10)

31 May 44   Mount Couple (3.05)                   5 Oct 44      Saarbrucken (4.55)

5 June 44     Houlgate (4.40)                            19 Oct 44    Duisburg (3.25)

6 June 44     Coutance (4.10)                           23 Oct 44    Essen (4.20)

9 June 44     Le Mans (5.15)                            25 Oct 44    Homberg (3.15)

21 June 44   St.Martin l'Hortier (4.05)             30 Oct 44    Cologne (4.25)

23 June 45   Bientques (3.35)                          11 Nov 44   Dortmund (4.10)

24 June 44   Bamieres (3.55)                           18 Nov 44   Wanne Eickel (4.30)

28 June 44   Metz (6.45)                                  20 Nov 44   Coblenz (4.15)

1 July 44     Biennais (4.00)                            21 Nov 44   Aschaffenburg (5.15)

4 July 44     Biennais (3.40)                            30 Nov 44   Duisburg (4.20)

5 July 44     Biennais (3.40)                            22 Dec 44   Bingen (5.40)

7 July 44     Caen (4.05)                                  28 Dec 44   Bonn (4.20)

12 July 44   Thiverny (4.10)                            29 Dec 44   Gelsenkirchen (4.50)

17 July 44   Caen (4.00)                                  2 Jan 45       Nuremburg (6.45)

20 July 44   Formes du Grande Vois (3.25)    5 Jan 45       Royan (5.10)

25 July 44   Stuttgart (8.15)                             5 Jan 45       Hannover (4.00)

28 Feb 44    Hamburg (5.40)                           7 Jan 45       Munich (6.55)

4 Aug 44     Bois de Cassan                             14 Jan 45     Merseburg (6.00)

5 Aug 44     St.Leu (4.30)                                16 Jan 45     Zeitz (6.45)

27 Aug 44   Homberg (3.07)                           1 Feb 45      Mannheim (5.10)

6 Sept 44     Emden (4.00)                               7 Feb 45      Cleve (4.00)

12 Sep 44    Frankfurt (6.00)                           8 Feb 45      Politz (7.50)

13 Sep 44    Nordstern (3.25)                          13 Feb 45    Bohlen (6.55)

20 Sep 44    Calais (2.05)                                14 Feb 45    Chemnitz

 

Pilot Officer Preece is a conscientious and skilled flight engineer of an experienced crew, having completed 50 operational sorties against enemy targets. He has participated in attacks against such strongly defended areas in germany as Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Dortmund and Stettin. His outstanding ability and devotion to duty in the air, as well as on the ground, has contributed very much to the outstanding record made by his crew.


* * * * *


PRETTY, Flight Sergeant Harold Charles (RAF 624056) - Disinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 July 1943. Born 1919 in Ipswich; home there (grocer's assistant); enlisted 1938. Wireless Operator/Air Gunner. Air Ministry Bulletin 10775 refers. Citation published in Flight, 26 August 1943.

 

Flight Sergeant Pretty has completed a large number of operational sorties. He has taken part in attacks against such major targets as Berlin, Hamburg, Essen, Turin, Bremen and Cologne.


* * * * *


PRICE, Warrant Officer William (RAF 653002) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 February 1945. Born 1920 in Maryhill, Glasgow; home in Glasgow (butcher). Enlisted 1939. Air Gunner. Air Ministry Bulletin 17468/AL.967 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


PUXLEY, Pilot Officer William George Pernan (RAF 117933) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943. DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has a recommendation for a DFM dated 3 March 1942; he was then a Flight Sergeant (746970).

 

Squadron Leader Lewis, with his two Wireless Operator/Air Gunners, Flight Sergeant Puxley and Flight Sergeant [S.C.] Cox, have flown 93 hours on 28 operational missions on this squadron since September 1941. Of this flying 20 flights, a total of 70 hours, have been at night. During this period five merchant vessels have been damaged, one seriously.

 

The following is this crew's record of night attacks on shipping:

 

15.10.41M.V. 5,000 tonsNo claim

25.10.41M.V. 5/6,000 tonsNo claim

1.11.41M.V. 3,000 tonsDirect hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

2.11.41M.V. 6,000 tonsDirect hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

30.11.41M.V. 4,000 tonsDirect hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

6.1.42M.V. 6,000 tonsExplosion observed (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

22.1.42M.V. 1,000 tonsTwo hits followed by explosions (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm M.V. seriously damaged)

 

This crew has at all times pressed home its attacks at mast head height in the face of anti-aircraft fire from shipping and shore batteries. On the occasions when no claim has been allowed the weather conditions were such as to make it impossible to observe the results of the attack.

 

This is Flight Sergeant Puxley's second tour of operational duty.


* * * * *


PYM, P/O Frederick Daniel (RAF 179835) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Commissioned July 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers with few details. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation for a DFM dated 20 August 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (210 hours), 3 October 1943 to 10 August 1944. Wireless Operator/Air Gunner; Flight Sergeant at the time.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has taken part in 38 sorties against targets in Germany and France. These operations include successful attacks on the Ruhr, Berlin and other heavily defended targets. At all times he has shown himself to be cooperative, cool and resourceful under combat conditions. His outstanding ability and strong sense of duty has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew. I strongly recommend that Flight Sergeant Pym be awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


QUANE, P/O John Patrick (AUS 425357) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Born 1915 in Mount Morean, Queensland; home in Bribane; educated at Christian Brothers' College, Brisbane and Queensland University. Air Ministry Bulletin 16345 refers. No citation. DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Volume 20603) has recommendation dated 21 August 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (164 hours 28 minutes), 15 February to 10 August 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Quane has completed an operational tour as Navigator on four engined bombers. He navigated his aircraft successfully to many targets such as Berlin, Augsburg, Nuremburg and Friedrichshafen deep in Germany. On all occasions Pilot Officer Quane has navigated in an exceptionally skilful manner. Several times when his aircraft was shot up and in difficulties, Pilot Officer Quane's resourceful and skilful navigation was largely responsible for the safe return of the aircraft and crew to this country. At all times Pilot Officer Quane displays exceptional keenness to participate in operations and his coolness in the face of the enemy inspired his crew with great confidence. His efforts throughout his tour have been a very large contributing factor to the great success achieved by his crew and warrant the highest praise.


* * * * *


RABNETT, F/L Arthur George Anthony (RAF 78689) - Mention in Despatches - No.423 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944. Air Gunner. Confirmed as Pilot Officer, 27 March 1941 and promoted to Flying Officer, 16 May 1941. NOTE: name may be RABNITT.


* * * * *


RAWLINSON, F/L Thomas (RAF 168670) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 June 1944. Born in Preston, 1916; home in Harrowgate, Yorkshire. Educated at St.Josephs, Preston. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14335/AL.835 refers.

 

This officer has completed a notable tour, during which he has attacked Berlin on six occasions. He has displayed the greatest keenness throughout and his determination to make every sortie a success has won high. He is a model captain whose gallant example has been reflected in the fine spirit of his crews.


* * * * *


RAYNE, F/O Robert Needell (RAF 68797) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 April 1943. Born in Kismayu, Kenya, 1813; home in Shere, Surrey; educated at Abbey School, Bickenhama and Bradford College, Berkshire. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 9917 refers. Citation published in Flight, 27 May 1943.

 

This officer has participated in many bombing operations with much success. He has taken part in sorties over many heavily defended targets, including Essen, Cologne, Bremen and Duisburg, and also in the attacks on Rostock and the German warships while they were at Brest.


NOTE: Summary taken from Air Ministry Bulletin adds, "His devotion to duty and the efficiency he displayed as an operational pilot have been thoroughly commendable".


* * * * *


REA, Flight Sergeant Alan James (RAF 1162829) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 June 1942. Born in Birmingham, 1918; home there (estimator). Enlisted May 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 7376 refers. No citation published other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execition of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 7376 is the source of the following:

 

This airman pilot has participated in attacks on many of the important targets in the Ruhr and in occupied territory. Flight Sergeant Rea has displayed great courage and determination throughout and his skill and devotion to duty have been an inspiration to other members of air crews in his squadron.


* * * * *


READ, S/L Ronald Albert, DFC (RAF 117643) - Mention in Despatches - No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit, Wombleton - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. Enlisted 12 September 1940; may have trained in Canada. DFC awarded 13 August 193 for ervices in No.78 Squadron. DHist file 181.003 D.225 has recommendation dated 16 May 1945.

 

This officer has served as a flying instructor and flight commander on 1664 and 1666 Conversion Units for 22 months during which he has flown more than 300 instructional hours on Halifaxes and Lancasters. His fine qualities as an instructor, cooperative spirit and organizing ability have contributed in a large measure to the high standard of crews trained at this unit.


* * * * *


REFFITT, F/O John Douglas Bernard Valentine (RAF 47458) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943. Born in London, 1919; home there; educated at Cambridge. As a 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Artillery he transferred to RAF, 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 11416 refers.

 

... numerous bombing sorties over enemy territory and in several minelaying operations. Consistently displayedf fine navigational skill. On ground has rendered valuable assistance with traiing of new crews and has several times acted as squadron navigation officer. Outstanding ability and devotion to duty highly commendable.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 18 July 1943 when he had flown 26 sorties (157 hours five minutes), 14 January to 29 May 1943. Navigator.

 

This officer has participated in numerous bombing sorties over enemy territory and has also taken part in several mine-laying sorties. The navigational skill displayed has been of the highest order and he has never failed to guide his aircraft over the target within the very narrow time limits allowed.

 

On the ground he has rendered valuable assistance with the training of new crews and has, on several occasions, taken over the duties of Squadron Navigation Officer. His outstanding ability and devotion to duty are, in my opinion, worthy of recognition. I recommend the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross..


* * * * *


REGELOUS, Warrant Officer Class 1 George Ernest (RAF 519091) - Mention in Despatches - Station Skipton-on-Swale - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Enlisted 5 April 1933. DHist file 181.009 D.1762 (RG.24 Volume 20609) has recommendation drafted about 21 July 1944 by S/L W.S. Taylor.

 

519691 Warrant Officer Regelous, George Ernest, has proven to be most efficient in the carrying out of all duties in connection with the Armament Section on this station. During the period of organization and at all times he has shown a deep interest in the working of the Section and it is with pleasure that I recommend him for a Mention in Despatches.


REGELOUS, Warrant Officer Class 1 George Ernest (RAF 519091) - Mention in Despatches - Station Skipton-on-Swale - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. DHist file 181.009 D.1762 (RG.24 Volume 20609) has recommendation for a BEM dated 25 April 1945. Warrant Officer in Charge of Bomb Dump.

 

Warrant Officer Regelous is a man of long experience and superior technical ability. He was assigned a difficult task of reorganizing a section which had got into a bad state of arrears. With a limited number of personnel, he produced surprisingly good results in a very short time. He always places the interests of the Service above his own. His cooperation is most commendable. His long years of service have give him an invaluable familiarity with administrative procedures. He handles men with the firmness, tact and justice that commands their respect as well as admiration. It would be difficult to find a man more deserving of recognition for his conscientious efforts and results.


* * * * *


REID, F/O Dennis Samuel Leo (RAF 53313) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945. Born 1921 in Middleborough; educated there; home in Doncaster, Yorkshire. Enlisted January 1939; commissionened September 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 20118/AL.1104 refers.

 

This officer has completed numerous operations against the enemy, in thre course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 14 May 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (200 hours 25 minutes), as Flight Engineer. First tour had been with No.78 Squadron (6 November 1942 to 14 April 1943, 24 sorties); the second tour was six sorties, 11 March to 22 April 1945.

 

Flight Lieutenant Reid has completed six operational flights on his second tour. He has participated in attacks against such heavily defended targets as Stuttgart, Essen, Kiel, Duisburg and Cologne.

 

Throughout his operational career, this officer has displayed great enthusiasm for operational flying, and his skill and courage have set a very high standard to the less experienced flight engineers. Flight Lieutenant Reid is a competent and trustworthy member of his crew, and his initiative and skill have ensured the success of many missions.


* * * * *


REINELT, P/O Ronald Clapham (RAF 174583) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1944. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 14508/AL.843 refers.

 

This officer has completed a large number of sorties, including attacks on such targets as Frankfurt, Mannheim and Berlin. On one occasion in March 1944, his aircraft was extensively damaged in an encounter with a fighter. The starboard main plane caught fire and the flames were only extinguished with much difficulty. Nevertheless, Pilot Officer Reinelt flew the damaged aircraft to an airfield in this country. His example of courage and resolution was most commendable.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2909 (RG.24 Volume 20633) has recommendation by W/C C.B. Sinton dated 29 May 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (172 hours 45 minutes). See also award to P/O A.R.W. Hardes.

 

This officer has compiled a record of 28 complete sorties for a total of 104 points, which includes attacks on the most heavily defended areas of Germany such as four trips to Berlin, Frankfurt, Nuremburg, Schweinfurt.

 

On one occasion, namely March 30th, 1944, while returning from Nuremburg, this officer's aircraft was attacked by a Messerschmitt 210 and suffered considerable damage, so much so that the starboard outer engine and starboard mainplane were on fire for the last hour and a half to two hours of the trip. The aircraft landed at diversion practically out of petrol with skin burned from the top of the starboard mainplane just abaft the starboard outer engine leaving a hole of approximately 32 square feet. This officer's skilful and calculated handling of his aircraft under this extremely difficult condition undoubtedly saved the lives of the other members of the crew.

 

His commendable courage and devotion to duty, in my opinion, fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


RENNIE, Flight Sergeant John Steel (RAF 1563899) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1922 at Bothwell, Glasgow; home at Uddingston, Glasgow (apprenticed electrician). Enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy during which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 July 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9026 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 48 sorties (240 hours 55 minutes) as an Air Gunner.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is a very keen and efficient Air Gunner who has now completed two tours of operations. The courage, skill and determination displayed by Flight Sergeant Rennie in the performance of his duties has set a magnificent example to all members of his crew which would be difficult to surpass. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


REYNOLDS, F/O Gerald (RAF 43217) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945. Born 1916 at Chopwell, Newcastle-on-Tyne; home there. Enlisted March 1938; commissioned October 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 18027/AL.995 refers. Flight Engineer in W/C Blackburn's crew to 6 January 1945. Incident described occured before joining No.434 Squadron.

 

Flying Officer Reynolds has completed numerous operational sorties including thirty attacks agaist heavily defended German targets. On one occasion, during a mission to Hamburg at 20,000 feet, the rear gunner's oxygen mask became unserviceable. Flying Officer Reynolds gave his own to the rear gunner and in consequence suffered great discomfort due to lack of oxygen. The mission was successfully completed. At all times this gallant officer has displayed outstanding skill, determination and unselfish devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation by W/C A.P, Blackburn, undated but about 4 November 1944 when he had flown 44 sorties (256 hours 35 minutes), tours lasting from 16 September 1942 to 30 July 1943 and 2 August to 23 October 1944. The same document is found in Public Record Office Air 2/9050.

 

Flying Officer Reynolds as Flight Engineer has completed 44 operational sorties. Of these attacks over 30 have been against heavily defended major German targets. On one occasion [30 July 1943] during an attack on hamburg at 20,000 feet the rear gunner oxygen mask became unserviceable. Flying Officer Reynolds (then Sergeant), realizing that the aircraft would have to turn back promptly, gave his own oxygen mask to the rear gunner and thereby enabled the aircraft to continue and complete a successful mission while he himself suffered great discomfort due to lack of oxygen. At all times Flying Officer Reynolds has displayed a high degree of skill, a fine offensive spirit and a grim determination. His loyalty and keenness has been an example to all other members of the squadron.


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REYNOLDS, F/L Kenneth Harold (RAF 144456) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944. Born 1913 in Skegness; home in Swansea, Glamorganshire. Enlisted 1941; trained in South Africa. Air Ministry Bulletin 16576/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


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REYNOLDS, P/O Robert Joseph, DFM (RAF 48905) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Citation found in Flight, 14 January 1943. Born in Mohill, Country Leitrim or Antrim, 1917; home in County Sligo; educated at Sligo Model School. Enlisted as a Wireless Air Gunner. Awarded DFM, December 1940 (Air Ministry Bulletin 2548); Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers to DFC.

 

In September 1942, during an attack on a target in northern France, the aircraft in which this officer was flying was attacked by an enemy fighter. Displaying exceptional coolness and determination, he kept up a constant fire until the enemy aircraft was destroyed. Pilot Officer Reynolds has shown exceptional keenness and his high degree of technical skill as Wireless Operator/Air Gunner has greatly contributed to the successes achieved.


* * * * *


RICHARDS, Flight Sergeant Francis Henry (RAF 564393) - Mention in Despatches - No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Enlisted 16 December 1931. DHist file 181.009 D.2813 (National Archives of Canada Record Group 24 Volume 20632) has recommendation by G/C N.S. MacGregor dated 22 July 1944. Assigned to "B" Flight.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is responsible to a great extent for the success that this unit has had since its inauguration. His vast amount of past experience has been responsible for several excellent ideas, and his vigorous personality has definitely promoted harmony and good will among his associates.

 

The flight of which he is in charge is second to none on the station, and it has been found that Non-Commissioned Officers working under him acquire his skilful manner in directing others.


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RICHARDSON, F/O William (RAF 136822) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1919 in Cambuslang, Glasgow; home in Amersham, Bickingamshire. Enlisted 1942; trained in Canada; commisioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 16623/AL.940 refers. Bomb Aimer.

 

This officer has completed a tour of operational during which he has attacked some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany. On one occasion during a sortie to Ludwigdhaven the rear gunner in his aircraft was seriously injured as a reult of anti-aircraft fire. Flying Officer Richardson showed great coolness and efficiency in administering first aid to his wounded comrade. In the face of the enemy this officer has invariably displayed outstanding courage and indimitable determination to complete his allotted tasks.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Volume 20636) has recommendation (undated) listing 35 sorties (221 hours 20 minutes), 12 June 1943 to 25 August 1944. Incident involving rear gunner was 18 November 1943 (his 6th sortie - 3rd if one does not count the first three "sea sweeps", 10-15 June 1943.

 

This officer has completed a successful tour of operations including seven sorties on heavily defended German targets. On one occasion during an attack on Ludwigshaven, the rear gunner was seriously injured as a result of anti-aircraft fire. Flying Officer Richardson displayed coolness and efficiency while under stress by immediately extricating the rear gunner from his turret and administering first aid. His courage and devotion to duty have been an example to all crews.


* * * * *


RIDDELL, Warrant Officer William Allen (RAF 5351588) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.422 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1944. Born in Erdington, Birmingham, 1918; home in Bepley Heath (motor mechanic). Enlisted 1936. Air Ministry Bulletin 14172/AL.823 refers. Citation appears to refer to sortie of 30 March 1944 (F/L M.J. Rothschild, captain).

 

This Warrant Officer is an exceptional fight engineer who has completed arduous flying duties in several theatres of war, including the Far East, Middle East, Malta, Crete, Greece and the United Kingdom. In all his operational flying he has displayed the highest qualities of leadeship and efficiency. On a number of occasions his skill has probably saved the lives of his crew. Recently he crawled out in the wing to the starboard outer engine of his aircraft, and in an attempt to repairf a broken oil pipe, worked for nearly an hour with hot oil spraying over him. On this occasion his efficiency and advice to his captain probably saved the aircraft.


Public Record Office Air 2/9627 has original recommendation dated 10 April 1944, drafted by Wing Commander J.R. Frizzle, noting that Riddell had flown 1,445 hours including 800 operational hours in 74 sorties. The text of the recommendation differs in small detail (but not in substance) from the above.


* * * * *


RIX, Sergeant Archibald Vincent (RAF 940408) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.406 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 October 1941.

 

As an observer /air gunner, Sergeant Rix has assisted in the destruction of three enemy aircraft within three nights. He has shown great skill and determination.


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ROBB, Warrant Officer Angus (RAF 1550317) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 18 May 1945. Born 1923 in Govan, Glasgow; home in Troon, Ayreshire (telegraphic messenger). Enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 18752/AL.1026 refers. Cited with P/O Roy Bentley Van Metre (RCAF, awarded DFC).

 

Pilot Officer Van Metre and Warrant Officer Robb were wireless operator and mid-upper gunner respectively in an aircraft detailed to attack Dessau one night in March 1945. Whilst over the target the aircraft was attacked by three enemy fighters. The first enemy aircraft to attack was shot down by the rear gunner. Warrant Officer Robb engaged the second fighter. Following a short but accurate burst of fire from his guns the enemy aircraft fell to the ground. The remaining fighter attacked with great persistence. The rear gun turret of the bomber was badly hit and set on fire. The rear gunner was trapped. Pilot Officer Van Metre and Warrant Officer Robb, displaying the greatest determination, immediately went to the assistance of their trapped comrade. By their joint efforts, these crew members finally extinguished the flames and extricated the rear gunner from the gun turret. Pilot Officer Van Metre had severely burned his hands. In spite of much pain he returned to his post to work at his wireless apparatus throughout the return flight. Pilot Officer Van Metre and Warrant Officer Robb set a fine example of courage and resolution in very trying circumstances.


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ROBERTS, P/O David James (RAF 177714) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1921 in Wales; home in Northallerton, Yorkshire; educated at Silverhill Senior School, Hallington, Sussex. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16576/AL.940 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation by W/C A.C. Hull dated 2 September 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (235 hours 25 minutes), 9 August 1943 to 6 June 1944.

 

As Flight Engineer, Pilot Officer Roberts has completed 34 trips into France and Germany and minelaying in enemy waters. At all times he showed great keenness for operational flying and his ability and judgement made him a real asset to the several crews with whom he flew during his tour. He has attacked Berlin, Hanover, Frankfurt, Mannheim and other heavily defended targets and although his aircraft was several times damaged by flak it was always able to return to safe territory. For a very satisfactory tour of operations I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


ROBERTSON, Corporal Barbara (WAAF 896152) - Mention in Despatches - No.61 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944.


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ROBINSON. Sergeant Edward (RAF 618467) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Teleprinter Operator.


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ROBSON, P/O Arthur James Robert (RAF 173300) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born 1922 in Southend, Essex; educated at Ashley Down School, Horfield, Bristol. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 5 August 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (241 hours three minutes), 15 September 1943 to 10 June 1944.

 

As wireless operator, this officer has completed many sorties into France and Germany as well as having carried out minelaying operations. He has always been extremely capable in his duties and cool in emergencies. His interest in his crew and squadron has helped to create a fine spirit among his associates, by whom he was greatly respected.

 

For the completion of a satisfactory tour of 38 trios and exemplary conduct at all times I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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ROBSON, F/O Clifford (RAF 177743) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 October 1945. Born 1920 in Newcastle-on-Tyne; home in Denton, Newcastle; educated at Newcastle Elementary School. Enlisted October 1941; commissioned June 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 20047/AL.1096 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with couraghe and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation by W/C E.M. Bryson dated 22 May 1945 when he had flown 53 sorties (331 hours 15 minutes). First tour was 25 November 1943 to 28 July 1944 (41 sorties, 233 hours 55 minutes); second tour was 23 March to 10 May 1945 (twelve sorties, 76 hours 30 minutes including three EXODUS trips). Wireless Operator.

 

Flying Officer Robson, now on his second tour, has displayed notable initiative and determination in operational duties against many heavily defended targets. His example as a Deputy Signals Leader and his general buoyant attitude towards operations has contributed largely to the high morale and efficiency of his section, making him a valued member of this squadron.


* * * * *


RODGERS, Sergeant Alma (RAF 1064159) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 August 1943. Born 1920 at Castleford, Yorkshire; home there (screen worker). Enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 11066 refers. Cited with F/O Gordon Bennett (RCAF).

 

Flying Officer Bennett and Sergeant Rogers were pilot and wireless operator of an aircraft detailed to attack Gelsenkirchen. Whilst over the target area the bomber was hit by anti-aircraft fire. Some stores caught fire and burned furiously. Coolly, Flying Officer Bennett dived his aircraft and the force of the wind put out the flames on the burning fabric. Meanwhile, acting with great promptitude, Sergeant Rogers fought the flames inside the bomber with the extinguishers. By these means in succeeded in subduing the fire although much of the equipment including the hydraulic system were rendered unserviceable. Flying Officer Bennett flew the damaged bomber to an airfield in this country and landed it safely. His skill and resource were worthy of high praise while Sergeant Rogers displayed commendable promptitude and skill.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 12 July 1943 when he had flown five sorties (29 hours 25 minutes). Member of F/O Bennett's crew; this was an immediate award:

 

Sergeant Rodgers has carried out five sorties against heavy enemy defences.

 

On the night of the 9th July 1943, while over Gelsenkirchen, Germany, the aircraft in which Sergeant Rodgers was Wireless Operator/Air Gunner was hit by eight incendiary bombs. He immediately, without word from the captain, proceeded back to the rest position where an incendiary had caught fire and had got a firm hold. Sergeant Rodgers played extinguishers on the fire until it was fairly well under control, when with the aid of the bomb aimer and flight engineer, he was able to stamp out with his feet the remaining fire.

 

Sergeant Rodgers displayed exceptional coolness and courage, so saving his aircraft and other members of his crew from a perilous situation.


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RODWELL, F/O Antony (RAF 146994) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 18 January 1944. Born in London, 1922; home there; educated at Trinty County School, Wood Green, London. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12623/AL.730 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."


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ROSE, Sergeant John Douglas (RAF 1892093) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 November 1944. Born 1918 in Walton, Liverpool; home at Upminster, Essex (clerk). Enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16190/AL.914 refers. Cited with F/L R.E. Curtis (RCAF, awarded DSO), F/O D.A. McGillivray (RCAF, awarded DSO), F/L Hugh F. Smith (RCAF, awarded DFC), F/O Robert G. Marshall (RCAF, awarded DFC), F/O Charles F. Wattie (RCAF, awarded DFC), and Sergeant J.D. Rose (RAF, awarded DFM). Date of incident below was 12 August 1944.

 

These officers and Sergeant Rose have participated in a very large number of sorties and have displayed skill, courage and devotion to duty worthy of the highest praise. In August 1944, they were members of the crew of an aircraft detailed to attack Dortmund. Whilst on the bombing run the aircraft came under heavy anti-aircraft fire and was hit. Flight Lieutenant Curtis was wounded in the head. Despite the severity of his injury, this brave pilot remained at the controls and pressed home his attack. Not until the task was accomplished did he ask for assistance. He afterwards collapsed and was placed in the rest position. Flying Officer McGillivray, the air bomber, then took over the controls and kept the aircraft on a course for home. During the return flight his comrades, Flight Lieutenant Smith, Flying Officers Marshall and Wattie and Sergeant Rose set a fine example of coolness and co-operation and did everything within their power to assist in flying the aircraft home. Eventually an airfield was reached. Although he had never previously landed an aircraft, Flying Officer McGillivray succeeded in bringing it down, being greatly assisted by the advice and directions of Sergeant Rose, the flight engineer. These members of aircraft crew displayed rare determination and great courage in perilous circumstances. Flight Lieutenant Curtis had sustained a compound fracture of the skull. Until the time he became incapable of further action he had displayed the courage and tenacity of a fine leader.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (National Archives RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 15 September 1944 when he had flown 21 sorties (124 hours 35 minutes). Flight Engineer.

 

On the 12th August, while attacking Dortmund, Sergeant Rose's aircraft was struck heavily by flak, the rear gunner killed and the pilot dangerously wounded. The bomb aimer took over the control and piloted the aircraft to England. Sergeant Rose rose to the occasion and gave the bomb aimer invaluable assistance in both the piloting and the landing of the aircraft and the safety of the crew rests largely on the assistance given by Sergeant Rose. For his determination and coolness in the face of danger, I recommend the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


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ROSE, F/O Noel Stanton (AUS 402402) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944. Born in Wingham, New South Wales; home in Sydney; served five years in Australian army. Enlisted in RAAF, 1940; trained in Australia and Canada. Air Ministry Bulletin 12905/AL.748 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


ROSS, P/O David Burgess (RAF 139642) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943. Born in Aberdeen, Scotland, 1920; home there; educated at Aberdeen Grammar School. Enlisted 1939; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11179 refers.

 

...now on second tour of opeations...many sorties...March 1943, air gunner in aircraft attacking Essen; bomber ht by anti-aircraft fire, navihator killed, wireless operator seriously injured; assisted captain to fly damaged aircraft back to base, beating off two attacks by Junkers 88 during the journey. Always performs duties with zeal, coolness and courage; worthy of highest praise.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 22 June 1943 when he had flown 26 sorties (170 hours ten minutes). First tour was 8 December 1941 to 24 April 1942 (15 sorties); second tour had included a sea search on 21 December 1942 and had to date consisted of ten combat sorties, 3 January to 19 June 1943.

 

Pilot Officer Ross has completed ten operations on his second tour with this squadron and gas carried out his duties in the air with the greatest zeal. On a flight to Essen on March 12th, 1943, he was Air Gunner of an aircraft hit by heavy flak in which the navigator was killed and wireless operator seriously injured. He nevertheless helped the captain in bringing the damaged aircraft to base, and on the way home successfully beat off two attacks by a Junkers 88. He has shown courage and devotion to duty during the present operation tour of the highest order.


ROSS, F/O David Burgess (RAF 139642) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 18786/AL.1018 refers.

 

Flight Lieutenant Ross is now on his third tour of opeational duty. Throughout he has proved himself to be a skilful and determined air gunner. On one occasion in December 1944 his aircraft was detailed to attack Cologne. During the sortie one engine was rendered unservicable and on leaving the target area an attack was made ny a Messersch,itt 210. Flight Lieutenant Ross skilfully directed evasive action and, by his accurate fire, drove off the enemy fighter. By his cool efficiency and devotion to duty he has set an outstanding example to all members of his squadron.


DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 18 January 1945 when he had flown 46 sorties (307 hours 30 minutes). Second tour described as 3 January to 16 September 1943 (22 trips, one not completed); third tour had been ten sorties, 6 October to 30 December 1944. All sorties as a gunner in Bomber Command.

 

This gunner has completed ten trios on his third tour of operations. At all times his work has been of a very high calibre. He has exceptional qualities of leadership and coolness setting a fine example not only to his crew but to the squadron in general.

 

On the 30th of December his bomber was detailed to attack Cologne. After leaving the target while on three engines, the bomber was attacked by a Me.210. Flying Officer Ross skilfully directed the evasive action and drove off the enemy fighter with his guns.

 

I most highly recommend that Flying Officer Ross be awarded a Bar to his Distinguished Flying Cross


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ROTHWELL, P/O James (RAF 190746) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945. Born 1925 in Wigan, Lancashire; home in North Pontefract, Yorkshire; educated at Kinsey Senior School, Pontefract. Enlisted February 1943; commissioned November 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 19248/AL.1061 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 13 March 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (176 hours 15 minutes), 18 July 1944 to 11 March 1945.

 

This officer has completed 32 operational sorties. He has at all times proven himself to be, by his efficiency, a valued crew member. His knowledge of his job is such that he can meet any emergency, and his willingness and cooperation has been instrumental in improving the knowledge and work of the Section.


* * * * *


ROWLAND, P/O George William (RAF 183936) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1913 in West Ham; home in East Ham; educated Holy Trinity School, London. Enlisted February 1941' commissioned August 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18788/AL.1018 refers.

 

This officer has now completed his tour of operations throughout which he has displayed outstanding skill, courage and determination of a high order. On one occasion in March 1944 he was Flight Engineer of an aircraft detailed to attack Berlin. In leaving the target, his aircraft was hit by heavy anti-aircraft fire and sustained extensive damage including the failure of one engine. Pilot Officer Rowland suffered from a wrenched shoulder and severely burned hands. Despite this he insisted upon assisting his captain and by skilful handling of the tanks and engines he was largely instrumental in flying the aircraft back to base in England, although another engine was rendered unserviceable. Pilot Officer Rowland's fortitude and skill in perilous circumstances have won the admiration of all his crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation by W/C G.A. Tambling dated 15 January 1945 when he had flown 34 sorties (175 hours ten minutes), 6 March to 4 December 1944.

 

On one occasion, namely March 24th, 1944, this officer was the Flight Engineer in an aircraft detailed to attack Berlin. When coming out of the target his aircraft was hit by heavy flak, inflicting extensive damage to the port wing, nose and under part of the aircraft and rendering the port outer engine unserviceable. Despite the fact that Pilot Officer Rowland suffered from a wrenched shoulder and badly burned hands, he insisted upon assisting the captain although the balance of the crew had been ordered to their crash positions. By skilful switching of tanks and assistance in the handling of engines, this officer was very instrumental in getting the aircraft back to a diversionary base in England, and although the port inner engine also went unserviceable while they were in the circuit a safe landing was effected.

 

This officer has now completed his tour of operations comprised of 34 trips over enemy territory, and I consider that his splendid example of skill, courage and determination fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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ROWSELL, F/O Cyril (146604) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 November 1944. From Port Blandford, Newfoundland.

 

As wireless operator (air) this officer has completed two tours of operational duty, during which he has participated in attacks on many heavily defended targets in germany including Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Stettin and Berlin. He has rendered service which has contributed materially to the successes obtained.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Vol. 20603) has recommendation dated 30 August 1944 when he had flown six sorties in Coastal Command (17-29 August 1942, 45 hours 50 minutes) and 48 in Bomber Command (3 December 1942 to 19 June 1943 and 29 January to 7 August 1944, 259 hours 50 minutes in all).

 

This officer has completed two tours as a wireless operator, during which time he has participated in many attacks on such well defended targets as Berlin, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Stettin and Dusseldorf, and by his skill and determination has contributed much to the successes obtained.


* * * * *


RUBERY, Sergeant William Russell (RAF 939921) - Mention in Despatches - No.61 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944.


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RUBIE, F/L Robert Percival (RAF 159564) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944. Born at St.Ann's Bay, Jamaica, 1913; home in Jamaica. Enlisted 1941; trained in Canada and the United States; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15550/AL.875 refers. No citation other thah "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 22 June 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (224 hours 27 minutes), 15 March 1943 to 7 June 1944 (NOTE: six sorties, 15 March to 5 April 1943, were anti-submarine patrols).

 

This officer, as pilot, has taken part in a large number of sorties, including attacks on a variety of strongly defended targets, among them Frankfurt, Berlin and Stuttgart. On two occasions when attacking the two latter targets, his motors were damaged by flak, and in face of heavy anti-aircraft fire he completed his missions and returned to his base on three engines. He has displayed outstanding skill, courage, gallantry and dogged resolution throughout his tour. He is an inspiring example to his squadron and is highly recommended for an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


RUMBLE, P/O Harry (RAF 174239) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 October 1944. Born in Reading, 1922; home there; educated at Colliers Centrak School, Reading. Commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15767/AL.891 refers.

 

Pilot Officer Rumble has participated in a large number of sorties as navigator, many of which have been over strongly defended areas of Germany. His skill, cooperation and devotion to duty have contributed materially to the successful completion of these sorties. On one occasion when detailed to attack Karlsruhe his aircraft was attacked and severely damaged by anti-aircraft fire. Much of his navigational equipment was rendered useless but Pilot Officer Rumble navigated the aircraft home with unerring skill. He has proved himself to be a most devoted member of aircraft crew.


NOTE: DHIst file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 6 August 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (187 hours 30 minutes).

 

This officer, the navigator of the crew captained by Acting Flight Lieutenant D. Brown, DFC, has now completed 30 operational sorties, many of which have been over such heavily defended areas as Berlin (4), Nuremburg (2), Karlsruhe and Stuttgart, all calling for the highest degree of navigational skill on such long distance targets.

 

Pilot Officer Rumble's skill, cooperation, coolness and devotion to duty have in large measure contributed to the successful completion of these sorties.

 

On one occasion, namely 24th April 1944, when detailed to attack Karlsruhe, the aircraft in which this officer was flying through dense cloud and severe icing conditions, was accurately hit by predicted flak on the way to the target, resulting in approximately 64 square feet of starboard mainplane being shot away, including part of the starboard aileron and fin rudder. The captain made it known immediately that the aircraft was very difficult to handle and would possible become uncontrollable at any moment. Accordingly, order was given to "Put on Parachutes", and the journey to target continued. In spite of the fact that the aircraft's navigational aids were unserviceable, this officer by his exceptional skill and determination, navigated the aircraft to the target and back to an emergency base, thereby setting a magnificent example of devotion to duty, not only to his crew but to the squadron in general.

 

I consider that by his courage, skill and determination, his outstanding ability and strong sense of duty, this officer fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


RUSSELL, 2nd Lieutenant John Edmund (USAAF O-885981) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.57 Squadron - award approved 1 September 1943 but not published in London Gazette. Born 30 January 1920; enlisted in RCAF, Montreal, 15 July 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 7 November 1941), No.6 EFTS (graduated 2 January 1942) and No.4 SFTS (graduated as Sergeant Pilot, 29 April 1942). Posted to No.31 OTU, 23 May 1942; overseas and attached to RAF, 20 June 1942; promoted to Flight Sergeant, 24 October 1942; to WO2, 24 April 1943; commissioned 12 May 1943; transferred to American forces, 10 June 1943. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

This officer as captain of aircraft has participated in many sorties against major targets in Germany. He has shown commendable courage and ability and his skilful leadership has evoked the confidence and admiration of his crew. Second Lieutenant Russell's loyalty and devotion to duty have set an excellent example.


* * * * *


RYAN, F/O Charles Rene George (RAF 185434) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 May 1947. No citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations".


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RYDER, Sergeant John Vint (RAF 1063655) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.423 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 July 1943. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". No mention of him in Air Ministry Bulletins. The original recommendation, dated 12 April 1943, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8964 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 34 sorties (550 hours) as an Air Gunner.

 

Sergeant Ryder has been an extremely valuable member of his crew, maintaining an enthusiasm for his work after many long and difficult patrols. In April 1943, whilst flying as a Rigger and Air Gunner in an aircraft flown by Flight Lieutenant Bradley, a U-boat was sighted. When the signal was given for the bombs to be wound out, Sergeant Ryder rushed to open the bomb doors but found that, due to the pressure built up during the dive and violent turns, one door had jammed. Realizing that quick action was necessary, he wrenched the door off, held the safety switch down with his foot and operated the bomb traversing mechanism with his free hand. His quick thought and coolness in acting thus undoubtedly enabled a successful attack to be delivered.


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