GARLICK, S/L John Edward (RAF 48294) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944.


GARLICK, S/L John Edward (RAF 48294) - Mention in Despatches - No.63 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation for an OBE dated 30 August 1944; Servicing Wing Engineer.

 

Squadron Leader Garlick joined the Royal Air Force on 19 August 1927, was commissioned on 22 February 1942 and posted to this station as Chief Technical Officer on the 24th January 1944. At the time of his posting, both squadrons were converting to a new type of aircraft, which mainly through his untiring efforts, was accomplished in a smooth and efficient manner. By an intelligent deployment of his sound administrative ability and extensive technical knowledge he has successfully welded all sections under his jurisdiction into a smooth working team and established a high standard of cooperation with all other sections on the station. The results of his efforts are reflected in the record of high serviceability in operational aircraft. All this has only been effected by long hours of exacting and arduous work which Squadron Leader Garlick has carried out in a very cheerful manner. This officer has been twice Mentioned in Despatches and he is strongly recommended for the award of the Order of the British Empire.


* * * * *


GARNETT, Sergeant John (RAF 966875) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 November 1941. Born in Liverpool, 1918; home there (clerk); enlisted 1939. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 5646 refers. The original recommendation, dated 8 September 1941, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9334 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 30 sorties (187 hours 50 minutes).

 

A first-class Wireless Operator/Air Gunner who, during his operational sorties, contributed a great deal to successful operations carried out by the crew of which he was a member. Coolness and efficiency was displayed at all times despite opposition and weather encountered on several of his sorties. I strongly recommend that this Non-Commissioned Officer be awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


GATWARD, W/C Alfred Kitchener, DFC (RAF 83251) - Distinguished Service Order - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1944. Born in Hornsey, 1914; home in Old Southgate, London; enlisted 1937; commissioned 1940. Awarded DFC, 22 September 1942 for services in No.236 Squadron (Air Ministry Bulletin 8119 refers). Mentioned in Despatches, February 1944. Dropped a tricolour on Arc de Triomph, 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14172/AL.823 refers.

 

Wing Commander Gatward has taken part in a large number of operational sorties. Recently he has been engaged on anti-shipping operations off the Norwegian coast. His brilliant leadership has inspired confidence in his crew and materially contributed to the successful conclusion of many engagements resulting in serious losses to the enemy. Both in the air and on the ground, this officer has set a magnificent example.


NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/9627 has recommendation drafted 26 March 1944 when he had flown 91 sorties (380 operational hours). At the time he was an Acting Squadron Leader.

 

A remarkable operational record for a crew engaged in a fleeting opportunity role. While on the strength of this unit, this officer has completed 28 sorties and a total of 130 flying hours over a period of nine months, nine of these sorties having been completed in a period of one month. In addition to the inconsistent and therefore strenuous and exacting nature of these operations, leading a strike formation on anti-shipping operations on the Norwegian coast demands the highest calibre of airmanship which has been exemplified by this officer's work. His brilliant leadership has inspired confidence in his crews on nine successful anti-shipping engagements resulting in serious losses to the enemy. On March 23rd, leading a strike formation of twelve aircraft, this officer sighted an enemy convoy and developed the attack with such great resolution that he fired the main weapons at point-blank range, thus registering a maximum number of hits.


The Officer Commanding, RAF Station Wick, added his comments on 23 April 1944; in the month past he had been promoted to Wing Commander:

 

Wing Commander Gatward is in all respects an outstanding leader both in the air and on the ground. On operations he has consistently displayed intrepidity and steadfastness of purpose in the performance of his allotted task, persistence and élan in pressing home an attack and has inspired his strike forces with the confidence which is borne of the knowledge that they are being well led. On the ground, he had been indefatigable in fostering esprit de corps and maintaining a good fighting spirit and enthusiasm amongst his crews. The fact that he has deservedly won the unstinted appraisal [sic - approval] of the Royal Canadian Air Force squadron which he now commands is in itself significant. I concur in the assessments of the late Squadron Commander and strongly recommend him for the award of the Distinguished Service Order.


The commander of No.18 Group concurred on 28 April 1944; the Air Officer Commanding, Coastal Command agreed on 10 May 1944.


GATWARD, W/C Alfred Kitchener (RAF 83251) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 October 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15798/AL.892 dated 2 October 1944 refers.

 

This officer has led the squadron with great skill and gallantry in many sorties. In July 1944 he participated in an operation which resulted in the destruction of an enemy convoy, comprising three medium sized merchant vessels and six escorting ships. In August 1944, Wing Commander Gatward led his squadron in an attack on a target in the Gironde area. During the operation his aircraft was repeatedly hit by anti-aircraft fire and sustained serious damage. Nevertheless he flew safely to base in the face of great difficulty. This officer has displayed leadership of the highest order.


* * * * *


GAUNT, 2nd Lieutenant Stanley, DFM (USAAF O-885972) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - award approved 28 December 1943 as an honourary award to an American national and not published in London Gazette. Born 1921; home in Pascoag, Rhode Island; enlisted 1941. Awarded DFM effective 5 July 1943 while still in RCAF (No.426 Squadron). First member of that unit to win two decorations. DFC citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal in May 1943, this officer has participated in many sorties including five against targets in Berlin. Throughout his operational career he has displayed initiative, fearlessness and determination. Lieutenant Gaunt's exceptional ability as a leader has evoked the admiration and confidence of all with whom he has flown.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 8 December 1943 when he had flown 27 sorties (166 hours 22 minutes), of which 14 sorties (94 hours 30 minutes) had been since previous award.

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal in May 1943, Lieutenant Gaunt has completed a further 14 sorties against targets in Germany. These operations included the heavy raid on Peenemunde and five sorties to Berlin, where intensive fighter opposition was encountered. He has consistently displayed cool judgement and fearless determination, frequently in the face of strong enemy opposition. His superior captaincy and airmanship and exceptional qualities of leadership have been an inspiration and an example to the entire squadron. This officer's tour was climaxed by three very successful raids on Berlin. I strongly recommend the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross..


NOTE: An earlier recommendation (18 November 1943) made when he had flown 24 sorties (143 hours 37 minutes) of which eleven (71 hours 45 minutes) had been since previous award. Sortie list shows raids from 14 February to 20 October 1943.


* * * * *


GEDDES, Warrant Officer Henry Caine (AUS 427619) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 February 1945. Born 1915 in Perth; home in Claremont, Western Australia; enlisted 1942. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 17468/AL.967 refers. Public Records Office Air 2/8831 has recommendation dated 20 November 1944 when he had flown 45 sorties (229 hours 47 minutes).


* duty not carried out


22 Nov 43    Berlin (7.05)                      21 May 44  Duisburg (4.20)

23 Nov 43    Berlin (6.35)                      24 May 44  Aachen (3.25)

26 Nov 43    Berlin (8.00)                      3 June 44    Calais (2.00)

2 Dec 43      Berlin (6.40)                      5 June 44    Longues (3.10)

20 Dec 43    Frankfurt (6.00)                 7 June 44    Foret de Cerisny (3.20)

23 Dec 43    Berlin (7.25)                      8 June 44    Fougeres (4.05)

29 Dec 43    Berlin (7.20)                      9 June 44    Rennes (4.30)

1 Jan 44       Berlin (7.40)                      15 June 44  Lens (2.10)

14 Jan 44     Brunswick (5.45)               16 June 44  St.Omer (2.00)

20 Jan 44     Berlin (7.25)                      23 June 44  Coubronnes (2.00)

15 Feb 44    Berlin (6.50)                      1 July 44     St.Martin (2.35)

19 Feb 44    Leipzig (7.30)                    29 Aug 44   Stettin (8.50)

20 Feb 44    Stuttgart (6.20)                   6 Sept 44     Le Havre (2.55)

24 Feb 44    Schweinfurt (3.00)*           8 Sept 44     Le Havre (2.50)

25 Feb 44    Augsburg (6.50)                 12 Sept 44   Frankfurt (6.10)

15 Mar 44    Stuttgart (7.10)                   15 Sept 44   Kiel (5.22)

18 Mar 44    Frankfurt (4.40)                 20 Sept 44   Calais (2.20)

22 Mar 44    Frankfurt (5.20)                 5 Oct 44      Saarbrucken (5.10)

24 Mar 44    Berlin (6.50)                      19 Oct 44    Stuttgart (5.40)

30 Mar 44    Nuremburg (7.00)              28 Oct 44    Cologne (4.10)

26 Apr 44    Villeneuve St.George        31 Oct 44    Cologne (4.20)

                                     (3.55)                  9 Nov 44     Wanne Eickel (4.05)

11 May 44   Hasselt (3.45)                    15 Nov 44   Julich (3.15)

19 May 44   Orleans (4.00)

 

Warrant Officer Geddes is a very keen and capable Air Gunner, who is now on his second tour of operations. He has participated in attacks on such heavily defended enemy targets as Berlin, Frankfurt and Stuttgart. Although of a very quiet nature, he possesses a fine fighting spirit and desire for offensive action which has inspired his crew to greater achievements. Although often subject to strong enemy fire, he has remained at his post and warded off attacks to the fullest extent of his ability. His extreme devotion to duty and very cheerful manner, even under the most adverse conditions, is most commendable. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


GEDDES, Sergeant James (RAF 1566616) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 October 1943. Born in Galashiels, Selkirk, 1923; home there (wool worker); enlisted 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11814 refers. Incident was night of 30/31 August 1943.

 

This airman was the Flight Engineer of an aircraft which attacked Munchen Gladbach one night in August 1943. On the return flight the bomber was attacked by two enemy fighters and sustained much damage. Sergeant Geddes received two wounds in the stomach. Nevertheless he refrained from informing his captain and calmly continued his engineering duties throughout the return flight. Not until the damaged aircraft had been safely landed in this country did Sergeant Geddes disclose that he had been hurt. On this, his first sortie, this airman displayed extraordinary conduct, setting an excellent example.


* * * * *


GEDDES, F/O John (RAF 168964) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1918; home in Leyton; educated at Clapham Central School and City of London College. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 20 July 1944 when he had flown 22 sorties (133 hours 55 minutes), 3 November 1943 to 1 May 1944.

 

This navigator has completed a large number of successful operational sorties. Through his determination and outstanding ability, his crew has been able to forcibly press home, with great accuracy, attacks against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Mannheim, Leverkusen and Frankfurt. His courage, skill and determination in action have been an inspiration to his crew and are worthy of the highest praise. He is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


GERARD, P/O Maurice Anthony (RAF 185451) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1925 in Fareham, Hampshire; home in Christchurch, Hampshire; educated in Brighton; commissioned September 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18304/AL.1007 refers.

 

This officer has completed a large number of sorties, many of them a most exacting nature. On several occasions his aircraft has sustained severe damage in combat with enemy fighters and from anti-aircraft fire. During an attack on Hamburg in August 1944, one engine of his aircraft failed while on the outward flight. Despite this the attack was successfully completed. On the return flight, while over the sea, the aircraft was attacked by two Focke Wulfe 190s, one of which opened fire. The cool manner in which Pilot Officer Gerard gave his captain evasive instructions was largely instrumental in saving the aircraft from damage. During other encounters with enemy aircraft this officer has displayed great courage and skill in warding off attacks. He has always shown the greatest devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation for an immediate award dated 27 November 1944 when he had flown 23 sorties (136 operational hours), 18 July to 16 November 1944.

 

When detailed to attack Hamburg on 27th August 1944, the aircraft in which this officer was Mid-Upper Gunner suffered an engine failure on the way to the target, with the result that the target was eventually reached considerably later than the main stream and at much lower altitude. On the return journey, while over the sea, the bomber was attacked by two FW.190s, one of which opened fire. While the Rear Gunner concentrated his fire on one of the attacking aircraft, Pilot Officer Gerard cooly gave evasive manoeuvre to his pilot, with the result that the bomber came through the encounter unscathed.

 

While over the target area of Stettin on 29th August 1944, his aircraft was attacked by a Junkers 88 but [it] was successfully out-manoeuvred primarily due to this officer's cool and precise directions to his pilot.

 

When attacking Dortmund on 6th October 1944, Pilot Officer Gerard's aircraft was attacked no fewer than three times by enemy aircraft but on each occasion the enemy aircraft were out-manoeuvred before they could open fire.

 

During an attack on Bochum on 8th October 1944, their aircraft was hit by cannon shell and the electrical circuit shorted, with the result that the navigation and other lights were put on and could not be extinguished. This lighting attracted many enemy night fighters with the result that his aircraft was consistently attacked on the return journey. All of these attacks were successfully warded off without any further damage being suffered.

 

Pilot Officer Gerard has now completed 23 sorties during ten of which his aircraft has been badly riddled by flak and, on one occasion, returning to this country with only one engine fully operational and one engine giving half power only. In spite of these difficulties and harrowing experiences, Pilot Officer Gerard has continued to show great keenness to operate and thereby shown a magnificent example to the rest of the squadron.

 

I consider the great courage, coolness and extreme devotion to duty shown by Pilot Officer Gerard fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


GIBBS, Sergeant Cecil Frederick (RAF 1895356) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944. Commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16575/AL.929 refers but with no career details.

 

As Flight Engineer, this airman took part in an attack on Bottrop in September 1944. While over the target area the aircraft was hit by heavy anti-aircraft fire. Sergeant Gibbs was badly wounded. Nevertheless he refused to leave his post. Although in much distress and unable to stand, he remained on hand to direct another member of the crew in various engineering tasks. He displayed courage, fortitude and devotion to duty of a high order.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has recommendation dated 11 October 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (124 hours 45 minutes).

 

On the day of September 27th, 1944, Sergeant Gibbs was acting in his capacity as Flight Engineer in Flight Lieutenant Ainslie's crew on an attack on Bottrop.

 

While in the target area, the aircraft was hit by heavy flak which seriously injured Sergeant Gibbs and caused slight injuries to the pilot. Although suffering from shock, loss of blood, and unable to stand due to leg injuries, Sergeant Gibbs refused to leave his post. He directed the mid-upper gunner on all the various duties and continually assured the injured pilot as to the state of the aircraft and petrol.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer throughout this trying ordeal displayed gallantry of the highest order, and it is strongly recommended that he be awarded the immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


GIBLIN, F/O Deryck Worthy Trevor (AUS 403405) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943. Born in Sydney, 1922; home there; enlisted 1941; trained in Australia and Canada (No.3 Wireless School, Winnipeg and No.2 Bombing and Gunnery School, Mossbank); commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11391 refers.

 

...since June 1942 has flown on operations against some of most heavily defended targets in Germany. Has always shown outstanding keenness for operational flying and has fine record of achievement. Cheerfulness, determination and fine fighting spirit have done much to maintain high standard of morale attained by squadron.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 12 July 1943 when he had flown 25 sorties (153 hours five minutes), 19 July 1942 to 19 June 1943. Sortie list shows that on 29 July 1942 (target Saarbrucken) he was attacked by two Ju.88s but successfully evaded; on 14 February 1943 he baled out over base on return from Wilhelmshaven; pilot crash-landed, killing rear gunner.

 

Since joining this squadron in June 1942, Pilot Officer Giblin has carried out operations against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany. These operations included the following: Mining, Duisburg (3), Hamburg, Saarbrucken, Dusseldorf (2), Elbe River, Mainz, Osnabruck, Flensburg, Gardening Frisiens (2), Lorient, Cologne, Wilhelmshaven, St.Nazaire, Berlin, Munich, Stuttgart, Essen, Kiel, Frankfurt, Le Creusot.

 

Throughout these operations, Pilot Officer Giblin has displayed great courage and has set up a fine record of achievement. Through his cheerful manner he has shown a fine offensive spirit and has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew.


* * * * *


GIBSON, F/O Raymond Alexander (RAF 120068) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 August 1943. Born in Ealing, 1918; home in Abingdon, Berkshire; educated at Ealing County School; enlisted 1939; trained in Canada; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11124 refers.

 

...large number of sorties - Western Germany and Ruhr, Antwerp, Brest, Cologne; aircraft several times hit by anti-aircraft and attacked by enemy fighters. Outstanding navigator; cheerfulness and courage an inspiration to crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation (undated) which states he had flown on 41 sorties (275 hours 30 minutes). First tour was 25 September 1940 to 30 June 1941 (29 sorties); participated in 1,000 bomber raids on Cologne (30 May 1942) and Essen (1 June 1942). Second tour began 26 April 1943 and had, as of 26 June 1943, encompassed nine sorties.

 

This officer has successfully completed 41 operations. He has taken part in sorties against Antwerp, Hamburg, Brest, Kiel, Cologne and also the other heavily defended targets in western Germany and the Ruhr. On several occasions his aircraft has been hit by shrapnel and attacked by enemy fighters.

 

He took part in the two 1,000 bomber raids on the 30th April [sic] and 1st June, 1942, over Cologne and Essen.

 

His cheerfulness and courage have been an inspiration to his crew and an example to all, in keeping with the best traditions of the service.


* * * * *


GILLESPIE, F/L Geoffrey Frank Waller (RAF 141555) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 November 1944. Born 1922 in Sydenham; home in Crieff, Perthshire; enlisted 1941; trained in South Africa; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16209/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Record Office Air 2/8828 has recommendation drafted 20 August 1944 when he had flown 41 sorties (195 hours eight minutes).


23 Dec 43    Berlin (7.36)                         22 May 44        Le Mans (4.15)

29 Dec 43    Berlin (6.26)                         10 June 44        Versailles (3.47)

2 Jan 44       Berlin (6.25)                         12 June 44        Amiens (2.42)

27 Jan 44     Berlin (7.46)                         16 June 44        Renescure (1.45)

28 Jan 44     Berlin (8.36)                         27 June 44        Oisemont (2.15)

30 Jan 44     Berlin 6.22)                           28 June 44        Metz (5.18)

15 Feb 44    Berlin (6.53)                         9 July 44           Lhey (1.46)

19 Feb 44    Leipzig (6.53)                       10 July 44         Nucourt (2.45)

20 Feb 44    Stuttgart (6.18)                      12 July 44         Paris/Vaires (3.08)

25 Feb 44    Augsburg (7.05)                    15 July 44         Nucourt (3.30)

1 Mar 44      Stuttgart (7.01)                      17 July 44         Gagny (2.30)

15 Mar 44    Stuttgart (6.55)                      28 July 44         Stuttgart (6.17)

18 Mar 44    Frankfurt (5.02)                    30 July 44         Battle area (2.34)

22 Mar 44    Frankfurt-am-Main (5.19)     3 Aug 44          Nieppe (2.03)

24 Mar 44    Berlin (6.44)                         4 Aug 44          L'isle Adam (2.44)

30 Mar 44    Nuremberg (6.39)                 13 Aug 44        Falaise (2.38)

18 Apr 44    Paris (3.37)                           14 Aug 44        TRACTABLE 2 (2.21)

8 May 44     Haine St.Pierre (2.44)           15 Aug 44        Meisbroek (4.15)

10 May 44   Ghent (2.19)                          16 Aug 44        Stettin (4.57)

11 May 44   Boulogne (2.33)                    18 Aug 44        Sterkrade (3.34)

19 May 44   Le Mans (3.58)

 

This officer is a skilled and capable navigator in a very successful crew. Flight Lieutenant Gillespie has a long and varied operational career, and has, on many occasions, been placed in imminent personal danger. In spite of this fact he has not veered from his allotted tasks, but has shown a coolness and dogged devotion which has set a magnificent example to all fellow members of his crew. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


GILLESPIE, F/L Geoffrey Frank Waller (RAF 141555) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945.

 

Throughout two tours of operations Flight Lieutenant Gillespie displayed outstanding navigational skill and devotion to duty. He has participated in numerous attacks against such vital targets as Berlin, Stuttgart and Frankfurt. Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross he has maintained a high standard of cool courage and determination.


* * * * *


GILLETT, P/O Ronald George (RAF 177887) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1922 in Shottery, Warks.; home at Leamington Spa; educated at Alceste Road Church of England School, Stratford-on- Avon. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 14 September 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (197 hours 40 minutes), 2 September 1943 to 3 August 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Gillett has proved himself to be a most efficient Wireless Operator. He has completed 31 successful sorties, the majority of which were carried out over heavily defended German targets such as Mannheim, Munich, Hanover, Dusseldorf and Berlin.

 

Pilot Officer Gillett has always shown keenness and determination, setting a very high example to the rest of his crew. From the very start of his tour he has set himself to improve his technical knowledge and to cooperate with the other members of his crew. His quiet and determined efforts have made him one of the most useful members of this squadron.

 

I feel that Pilot Officer Gillett fully deserves the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


GILMOUR, F/O Oswald Merwin (RAF 136910) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born 1922 in Belfast; home in Hillsborough, County Down; enlisted 1940; trained in Canada; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 21 August 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (188 hours 50 minutes), 8 October 1943 to 5 August 1944.

 

This officer has completed 35 sorties as an Air Bomber against such distant and heavily defended targets as Berlin, Leipzig and Hanover. He has always taken the greatest pains to locate and bomb his target, undeterred by heavy opposition. Throughout his tour of operations, Flying Officer Gilmour's outstanding technical efficiency and strong sense of duty has proved a source of great confidence to his crew, who have placed their while trust in his courage and accuracy. In the light of this officer's excellent operational record, I strongly recommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


GINGLES, Flight Sergeant John (RAF 1113981) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943. Born in Kilwaughter, Larne, County Antrim, 1922; home there; enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 11391 refers.

 

...completed a large number of successful operational sorties, majority against heavily defended targets in Ruhr Valley. Outstanding pilot and captain of aircraft, has inspired crew with exceptional coolness, skill and devotion to duty".


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 21 July 1943 when he had flown 37 sorties (207 hours), 7 September 1941 to 8 April 1942 and 25 May to 13 July 1943. The sortie list describes a particularly adventurous first tour (one sortie as captain; all others as 2nd pilot) - but it also describes 30 trips on first tour and twelve on second for a total of 42 trips. Of these, however, five are listed as "DNCO" (Duty Not Carried Out) which is probably how the 37 sorties are tallied. His raids included a low level attack on Schipol airfield, 20 January 1942 (400 feet, one enemy aircraft destroyed, searchlight shot out, gunner awarded DFM), attack on German warships at sea (12 February 1942) and a daylight raid on Essen, 31 March 1942 (captain awarded DFC); on second tour (all sorties as 2nd pilot) his aircraft was shot up by a Lancaster, 3 July 1943.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has completed 37 successful trips, the majority of them over heavily defended targets in the Ruhr Valley. He has proven himself an outstanding pilot, and has inspired his crew with his coolness and his dogged determination. For his fine record of achievement, his exceptional coolness and skill, and his devotion to duty, he is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


GLEW, Corporal Robert (RAF 35090) - Mention in Despatches - Station Leeming - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation forwarded 31 July 1944.

 

Corporal Glew has been Non-Commissioned Officer in charge of the High Frequency Direction Finding Station, Leeming, since November 1942. During this time he has been responsible for the signal communications to thousands of aircraft. His efficient and confident ability has been without question responsible for many aircraft returning safely to Base, even when in extreme difficulties. Under his guidance this Direction Finding Station has built up a reputation for accuracy which for accuracy which is now well known. Corporal Glew has maintained the morale of his subordinates at a very high level in spite of the fact that they are living under adverse conditions and operate under considerable strain.


* * * * *


GOODIER, Sergeant William (RAF 941765) - British Empire Medal - No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. Non-Commissioned Officer in charge of Armament Section. DHist file 181.009 D.2813 (National Archives of Canada Record Group 24 Volume 20632) has recommendation drafted in June 1945.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer worked at this unit for a total of 21 months. During the greater portion of that time he was entirely in charge of the Armament Section. The established position called for Warrant Officer rank. Sergeant Goodier, being a Royal Air Force Non-Commissioned Officer on a Royal Canadian Air Force Station, could not be promoted. Knowing full well that there would be no reward in the way of promotion, he did not let that deter him and carried on his duties in a way that was a fine example and inspiration to all serving with him. On reequipping with a different type of aircraft it was found that the cine-gyro camera assembly necessary for gunnery training could not be installed. Rather than wait and delay the training programme while new equipment was being demanded, this Non-Commissioned Officer designed and manufactured an installation suitable for the new type of aircraft enabling training to be started much sooner than would otherwise have been possible.


* * * * *


GOODRIDGE, Flight Sergeant William Henry (RAF 635318) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 July 1943. Enlisted in RAF as Aircraftsman, February 1939; on operations from May 1940 onwards, serving in No.99 Squadron, No.148 Squadron and No.419 Squadron. Commissioned May 1943; retrained as a pilot in 1952, retired 1954. Awarded DFC (London Gazette, 16 February 1945) on recommendation from No.75 (NZ) Squadron, having completed 91 sorties. Medals offered for sale by Eugene Ursual, Catalogue No.116 (1996) for 3,250.00. Flight of 26 August 1943 published citation.

 

Flight Sergeant Goodridge has taken part in a large number of operational sorties against targets in Europe and the Middle East. His operations include attacks against Berlin, Hamburg, Essen, Kiel, Stettin and Munich, as well as Naples, Tripoli and Benghazi.


NOTE: The auction catalogue has a more detailed text, presumably from documents that carried original recommendation or Air Ministry Bulletin.

 

Since May 19th, 1940, Flight Sergeant Goodridge has completed 73 sorties against the enemy as Rear Gunner. Of this number, 50 sorties were completed from bases in the United Kingdom and the remainder from bases in the Middle East. His operations include attacks against Berlin, Hamburg, Essen, Kiel, Stettin and Munich as well as Naples, Tripoli, Benghazi and the Corinth Canal. At no time during his operational career has Flight Sergeant Goodridge been found wanting in spirit or willingness to complete whatever task was set him. Rather, he has shown extreme unwillingness to be rested from operations.


* * * * *


GOODWIN, F/L Harry James, DFM (RAF 160061) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 November 1944. Rhodesian.

 

As Flight Engineer this officer has completed many sorties, most of which have been against strongly defended targets. He has displayed a high degree of skill and throughout his coolness and initiative in times of emergency have made him a most dependable member of aircraft crew. In a sortie in August 1944, engine trouble was experienced. Nevertheless, Flight Lieutenant Goodwin proved his engineering skill and his efforts played a good part in the safe return of the aircraft.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Box 20607) has recommendation dated 16 September 1944 when he had flown 45 sorties (284 hours five minutes of which 19 sorties (98 hours 35 minutes) had been since previous award. Tour history as follows: 6 December 1942 to 23 May 1943 (26 trips); 18 March to 9 August 1944 (13 sorties); 9-15 September 1944 (six sorties).

 

This officer has participated in 45 successful operational sorties, many of which were over heavily defended targets such as Frankfurt, Nuremburg, Stuttgart and Hamburg. He has carried out these attacks with constant skill and exceptional courage.

 

On the night of 10th August 1944, Flight Lieutenant Goodwin was the flight engineer of a Halifax bomber detailed to attack Foret de Nieppe, France. Shortly after takeoff, this officer reported to the pilot a rise in temperature and a drop in oil pressure of the starboard inner engine. This engine was feathered after reaching sufficient height and the aircraft was directed towards the target 15 minutes before setting course time. Upon reaching the French coast, the starboard outer engine failed. The bombs were jettisoned and with great determination and undaunted devotion to duty, this officer immediately proceeded to close the bomb doors by means of the hand pump as the hydraulic system was unserviceable. When he returned to his position, there was no oil pressure and the engine could not be feathered. After numerous attempts, the starboard inner engine was finally brought into play, but developed only about one-third of its capacity. Before reaching the emergency landing field, the starboard outer propeller snapped completely off, damaging the starboard inner engine and indications were that this motor would not hold out for more than ten minutes.

 

Flight Lieutenant Goodwin's great presence of mind, outstanding initiative and tenacity of purpose made possible the safe landing of the aircraft without injuries to the crew and is worthy of high praise. I strongly recommend that Flight Lieutenant Goodwin be granted the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


GOURLIE, F/L Robert Norman (RAF 104471) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 November 1943. Born in Ontario; home there; educated in Toronto; enlisted in RAF, 1940; commissioned 1941. No citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty displayed in the execution of air operations." Following from DHist cards (based on Air Ministry Bulletin 12171/AL.905).

 

...has completed large number of sorties as captain of night bombing aircraft. During Sicilian-Italian campaign has consistently pressed home attacks with enthusiasm and total disregard for enemy defences. Has obtained many excellent photographs of aiming point and set high standard of proficiency.


* * * * *


GRANT, Flight Sergeant Ernest (RAF 1012823) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. F/Assistant.


* * * * *


GRANT, Flight Sergeant Walter McIndoe (RAF 1560735) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 November 1945. No details in DHist cards. DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 17 May 1945 when he had flown 28 sorties (180 hours 25 minutes), 12 September 1944 to 16 April 1945. Flight Engineer.

 

Flight Sergeant Grant has completed a tour of operations against the enemy, including some of the most heavily defended targets. He has at all times shown an efficiency which has made him a valued crew member.

 

On one occasion, during an attack on a target in the Ruhr, his aircraft was hit by flak and one of the wing tanks caught fire. Flight Sergeant Grant assisted the pilot in flying the aircraft safely back to Allied lines, during which the burning tank fell out of the wing. Having reached the lines, the crew was ordered to abandon and this was successfully carried out.

 

At all times, bot in the air and on the ground, this Non-Commissioned Officer has been a valued member of this squadron and I recommend him for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


GRAY, F/O Duncan (RAF 160616) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944. Home in Glasgow; commissioned 1943. Gunner for F/O W.G. Wright. Air Ministry Bulletin 16577/AL.940 refers.

 

This officer has participated in many sorties against enemy targets with outstanding success, displaying vigilance, skill and devotion to duty in the face of enemy opposition. During one operation his aircraft was attacked by a Junkers 88 and suffered severe damage. Undaunted, Flying Officer Gray fired at the enemy aircraft with great accuracy and shot it down. At all times he has displayed coolness and courage of a high order.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Volume 20636) has recommendation (undated) listing 40 sorties (198 hours 42 minutes), 15 March to 27 August 1944. Engagement with Ju.88 was 27 April 1944 when his own aircraft had starboard fin shot away; he also damaged a FW.190 on 27 June 1944.


* * * * *


GRAY, Sergeant Thomas James (RAF 568413) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1942. Fitter.


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GRIBBON, F/O Joseph Harold (RAF 169141) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945. Born 1914 in Harpurhey, Manchester; home in Marple, Cheshire; educated at technical schools in Manchester and Blackpool as well as Northern Wireless School, Preston. Enlisted in May 1941; commissioned December 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 17466/AL.967 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 19 November 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (163 hours 55 minutes). This included two "milk runs" to St.Nazaire (probably at an OTU) on 12 June and 2 July 1943 followed by a regular tour from 3 October 1943 to 12 September 1944.

 

This wireless operator has completed thirty heavy operational bombing attacks against the enemy. His work in general has at all times been of a very high calibre. Under a calm and quiet manner he has a fine offensive spirit in action which inspires confidence in his crew. I strongly recommend that Flying Officer Gribbon be awarded a non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


GRIEVE, F/L John Fraser (RAF 178233) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944. Commissioned in June 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15970/AL.902 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy, in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation by W/C M.E. Ferguson dated 22 May 1945 when he had flown 24 sorties (151 hours 15 minutes), 3 November 1943 to 25 April 1945. There are several long gaps in his tour; for example he flies no sorties between 20 September and 24 December 1944, and none between 24 December 1944 and 16 April 1945. This is probably owing to his appointment as Flight Engineer Leader of No.419 Squadron.

 

This officer has completed 24 operational sorties with No.419 Squadron as Flight Engineer and has participated in attacks on the majority of Germany's most heavily defended areas.

 

On a great many of his trips he has served as spare crew member and has capably and willingly fulfilled his duties. His cheerful disposition and keenness has inspired enthusiasm in other members of his crew. His trade proficiency as Engineer Leader has been of the highest standard and he has, during the course of his operational tour, assisted no less than 13 different skippers attack various targets as Berlin, Dusseldorf, Leipzig and Frankfurt. Flight Lieutenant Grieve has been 17 months with No.419 Squadron and at no time has he lost his enthusiasm or determination nor has he ever been heard to complain.

 

In view of his keenness, determination and courage on operations and his skilful manner in running his Flight Engineers section, I strongly recommend him for the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).


* * * * *


GRIEVE, P/O Robert (RAF 177757) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944 - DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 22 July 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (207 hours 15 minutes), 16 May 1943 to 4 July 1944.

 

As Wireless Operator, this officer has carried out 38 trips against the enemy, having attacked Hamburg, Berlin, Hanover, targets in the Ruhr, railway installations in France and minelaying operations. His conscientious and extremely thorough work added greatly to the efficiency of his crew and in emergencies, particularly once during a trip to Hamburg when very severe icing conditions were encountered, his coolness gave strong reassurance to the other crew members.


* * * * *


GRIFFITH, Corporal Leslie (RAF 1081523) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Armament Assistant.


* * * * *


GRIFFITHS, P/O William Herbert (RAF 176635) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born in South Wales, 1910; home in Aberdare, South Wales; educated at Glynhafod Public School; served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15641/AL.875 refers. Public Record Office Air 2/8872 has citation drafted when he had flowm 32 sorties (194 operational hours).

 

This Wireless Operator has taken part in numerous attacks over enemy territory on many heavily defended targets. On one occasion attacking Karlsruhe, his wireless set became unserviceable but he dismantled the set, effecting the necessary repairs undismayed by the enemy opposition. Both in the air and on the ground Pilot Officer Griffiths has performed his allotted tasks with keenness and efficiency. He has also assisted the Signals Leader in training other operators.


* * * * *


GRITTEN, P/O Raymond John (RAF 129061) - Mention in Despatches - No.428 Squadron (identified in other documents only as a member of No.6 Group) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Bomb aimer. DHist file 181.009 D.2902 (RG.24 Volume 20633) has recommendation for a DFC dated 17 February 1943 when he had flown five sorties (34 operational hours). It is not clear why this particular award did not go through; was not because he became a casualty as his name does not appear in Commonwealth War Graves Commission records. He is clearly the bomb aimer for F/L F.H. Bowden (which see for Bar to DFC award).

 

On the night of 13/14 February 1943, this officer was bomb aimer in a Wellington aircraft detailed to attack Lorient. On running over the target he found that his load, one 4,000-pound bomb, would not release electrically. This was subsequently found to be due to a mechanical failure in the release block. After again trying the electrical release and operating the jettison bars, he arranged with the captain to do another run over the target to allow him to release the bomb by means of the manual release. This also failed though a total of five additional runs was made and the aircraft did not leave the target area until the ordered time off target.

 

Pilot Officer Gritten next attempted to release the bomb by playing hot air from a heating pipe on the release slip, and then by prising open the jaws of the release and hammering on the release block with an axe. He persevered in his efforts until finally the bomb released when the aircraft was over the Channel. He had then ben attempting to release the bomb for one hour and 20 minutes and had suffered considerable discomfort due to lack of oxygen. Gritten's determination, which eventually resulted in the bomb being released, undoubtedly saved the loss of the aircraft, since it could not have been landed with the bomb in position.


* * * * *


GUGGIARI, Flight Sergeant L.W. - Mention in Despatches - No.422 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944. Missing (presumed dead), 24 May 1944. Squadron Operational Record Book (entry of 26 January 1944) says it was "for his heroic efforts to save the life of a Motor Boat Crewman who had fallen overboard in an aircraft mooring accident at Mowmore in the summer of 1943".


* * * * *


GUNNELL, Warrant Officer Harry Vincent (RAF 507995) - Mention in Despatches - Station Linton-on-Ouse - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Enlisted 13 December 1927. Recommendation (drafted about August 1944) in DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Vol.20606); Warrant Officer in Charge, Daily Servicing Wing.

 

Loyalty and extreme devotion to duty have characterized the work of Warrant Officer Gunnell. Long and trying periods of work under heavy pressure have found his enthusiasm and keennness unflagging.


* * * * *


GURNEY, F/O Graham Oswald (RAF 135630) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Born 1922 at Moseley, Birmingham; home there; enlisted 1941; trained in Canada; commissioned December 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 17146/AL.960 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 19 October 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (199 hours 40 minutes), 12 June 1943 to 15 October 1944.

 

This Air Bomber has completed 38 heavy operational bombing attacks against the enemy. His work in general has been outstanding and his cooperation, coolness and devotion to duty, a splendid example to his crew. I most highly recommend that Flying Officer Gurney be awarded a non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


GUYATT, Flight Sergeant Peter Raymong George (RAF 906482) - Mention in Despatches - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943. Electrician.


* * * * *


GUYOTT, 1st Lieutenant Frederick Francis (USAAF O-886012) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - award approved 18 January 1945 as honourary award to an American national and not published in London Gazette. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

On 19th September 1944, this officer was the sub-leader of a formation of aircraft which attacked enemy shipping off the coast of Norway. Lieutenant Guyott's outstanding courage and leadership enabled his section to sink one vessel; another was set on fire and ran aground and a third vessel was damaged. On another occasion Lieutenant Guyott led the wing when the leader was compelled to return to base. Throughout, Lieutenant Guyott has displayed keenness and initiative of a high standard.


* * * * *


HAIR, F/O Frederick Syme (RAF 129588) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 October 1943. Born 1908; home in Birmingham; trained in Canada (No.33 ANS); commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11720 refers. The following citation is from AFRO 2610/43 dated 17 December 1943 ("RAF Trained in Canada").

 

As navigator this officer has discharged his duties in a most effective and capable manner. He has completed his first tour of duty which has included raids on on such dangeorous and difficult targets as Cologne, Duisburg and Essen with outstanding courage and resolution. His consistent gallantry and devotion to duty in the face of the enemy have been highly commendable.


* * * * *


HALDON, Sergeant John Christopher (RAF 1283177) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Wireless Operator/Air Gunner.


* * * * *


HALL, F/L Archibald Raymond (RAF 144865) - Mention in Despatches - Station Leeming - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. Listed in DHist file 181.009 D.1741 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20608). A and S D (not sure what this signifies).


* * * * *


HALL, Sergeant Francis (RAF 771006) - Mention in Despatches - No.62 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944 - Found in DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Vol.20606) - Weekly Routine Orders of No.62 Base dated 24 January 1944. Recommendation in same file.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer over a period of more than four years service has displayed exceptional ability and devotion to duty. The long hours he has spent in the organizing and development of the Intelligence Sections at RCAF Station Dishforth, and later at this Base [Linton-on-Ouse], have resulted in every success. While here at Linton-on-Ouse, Sergeant Hall has taken it on himself to train a number of Canadian operational clerks newly arrived in this country. He has done a great deal towards promoting efficiency throughout the entire Base, as regards Intelligence Sections and operational clerical work. Sergeant Hall has proven his ability to complete his work in an extremely efficient manner, and to meet any emergency with extraordinary dexterity.


* * * * *


HALL, F/O John Leonard Newman (RAF 159418) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.406 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 March 1945. Born 1923 in Surbiton, Surrey; home there; educated at Tiffin School and Art College, Kingston. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 17695/AL.982 refers.

 

Flying Officer Hall has taken part in numerous patrols. Throughout all his operations he has proved himself to be a most skilful and enthusiastic navigator. He has materially assisted in the destruction of at least three enemy aircraft and on one occasion he succeeded in locating three enemy E-Boats in very bad weather. The E-Boats were attacked and one was damaged. Flying Officer Hall's high courage and devotion to duty at all times have been most noteworthy.


* * * * *


HALL, Flight Sergeant Joseph Edgar (RAF 1682799) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944. Born in Bingley, Yorkshire, 1922; home there (technical apprentice); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 15550/AL.875 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 2 June 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9276 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 30 sorties (198 hours five minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has taken part in 30 attacks on enemy territory including four on the German capital and others on such heavily defended targets as Hanover, Dusseldorf, Mannheim and Stuttgart. He has at all times been most enthusiastic in his work and his quiet confidence and cheerful manner have been a great help to his Captain and the crew. His skill as a Flight Engineer and his quiet endurance of fatigue and trying conditions have been an outstanding example to the crew. It is considered that the devotion to duty, skill and fortitude displayed by this Non-Commissioned Officer are deserving of the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


HALLIWELL, Sergeant Charles (RAF 525179) - British Empire Medal - No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. Engine fitter. DHist file 181.009 D.2813 (National Archives of Canada Record Group 24 Volume 20632) has recommendation drafted in June 1945.

 

In October 1944 while an aircraft was attempting to land, it crashed. Fire broke out in the debris immediately. The starboard wing became dislodged from the main structure and was burning furiously only a few feet from the rear gunner. With total disregard for the danger, Sergeant Halliwell immediately entered the fuselage and extricated the gunner. Although the gunner was seriously injured and died a few hours later, the prompt action of Sergeant Halliwell would have undoubtedly saved his life had he not died of injuries. This Non-Commissioned Officer, being a career member of the Royal Air Force on a Royal Canadian Air Force station, knowing full well he could not be promoted against the Royal canadian Air Force establishment, never let that deter him from completing all tasks assigned to him. Throughout his career he has shown the keenest sense of responsibility and has displayed the highest standard of determination and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


HALLETT, F/O Austin Wilfred (RAF 175747) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 October 1945. Born in Dorset, 1921; home in Dochester [?], Dorset; enlisted April 1941; commissioned April 1944. Wireless Air Gunner in crew of S/L J.C.R. Brown. Air Ministry Bulletin 20047/AL.1096 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation by W/C J.C. Mulligill dated 20 May 1945 when he had flown 48 sorties (310 hours ten minutes). First tour was 27 September 1943 to 3 August 1944 (35 trips, 209 hours 50 minutes); second tour was 4 February to 16 April 1945 (13 trips, 100 hours 20 minutes). Wireless Operator/Air Gunner.

 

This officer has completed many sorties on his second tour of operations including heavily defended targets such as Cologne, Duisburg and Dortmund. He has at all times set a high standard of skill in the air which has greatly contributed to the efficiency of the squadron. His devotion to duty has been of the highest order.


* * * * *


HAMBY, F/O Reginald (RAF 159047) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 June 1944. Born in Newstead, Nottingham, 1914; home in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire; educated at Hucknall County Secondary and Nottingham University College; enlisted 1940; commissioned 1943. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 14171/AL.818 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 22 March 1944 when he had flown 23 sorties (147 hours 23 minutes). First tour had been six sorties, listed as being 20 January 1942 (Rotterdam, 2nd pilot)), 21 January 1942 (Bremen, 2nd pilot), 26 January 1942 (Hanover, 2nd pilot), 2 March 1943 (Gardening, Frisiens, captain), 3 March 1943 (Gardening, Frisiens, captain) and 12 March 1943 (an odd spread; could this have been 20 January to 12 March 1943 or 20 January to 12 March 1942 ?) Last sortie was raid on Essen when aircraft badly shot up, navigator killed and much instrumentation, hydraulics and wireless wrecked. Commenced operations again, 28 April 1943 and had done 19 trips up to 18 March 1944 (which adds up to 25 sorties !).

 

Pilot Officer Hamby has taken part in a large number of operational sorties agaisnt targets in Germany. These operations include attacks on targets in the Ruhr, Berlin and otoher heavily defended areas. He has also particpated in minelaying operations, making all these attacks with great skill and courage. A fearless captain, his fine example has proved inspiring.


* * * * *


HAMEL-SMITH, F/O Anthony Harcourt (RAF 143464) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944. Born in Trinidad, 1920; home in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad; enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 15550/AL.875 refers. Public Record OfficeAir 2/8872 reported he has flown 31 sorties (203 operational hours)


* * * * *


HAMER, F/L Ronald Habgood (RAF 129000) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born 1918 at Bolton; home near Easingwold, Yorkshire; educated at Bury Grammar School; enlisted 1939; commissioned 1942. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy, in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 14 August 1944 when he had flown 39 sorties (213 hours 36 minutes), 13 July 1940 to 12 March 1941 (30 trips, 166 hours 46 minutes) and 24 June 1943 to 28 July 1944 (nine sorties, 46 hours 50 minutes).

 

Flight Lieutenant Hamer has demonstrated his superior ability not only in the air but on the ground. As Squadron Bombing Leader since the formation of the squadron, his personal ability and instruction has consistently been of the highest order. Now on his second tour of operations, his many targets include Bremen, Frankfurt, Cologne, Berlin (three), Hamburg (four), Hanover and Mannheim, This officer's splendid record is most deserving of the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


HAMILTON, Sergeant William Edward (RAF 1105515) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Born in Dumfries, 1920; home there (audit clerk); enlisted 1940. Subsequently commissioned, at which point his service number changed. Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers.

 

This airman has performed excellent work as wireless operator. His skill, speed and accuracy have made notable contributions to the successes achieved and have won the complete confidence of his colleagues. Sergeant Hamilton has taken part in attacks against many well defended targets including Essen, Hamburg, Bremen, Dusseldorf and Duisburg.


Citation found in Flight, 21 January 1943 is abbreviated:

 

This airman has performed excellent work as Wireless Operator. Sergeant Hamilton has taken part in attacks against many heavily defended targets, including Essen, Hamburg, Bremen, Dusseldorf and Duisburg.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 24 October 1942 when he had flown 30 sorties (161 hours 25 minutes), 12 February to 6 September 1942.

 

Sergeant Hamilton has completed an operational tour throughout which he has not only enjoyed the complete confidence of his crew, but has earned high praise from all. In his work as a Wireless Operator his skill, speed and accuracy have made notable contributions to the success of his aircraft's operations; in operations his coolness, steadiness and courage have been an inspiration even in an exceptional crew. For such distinguished service, Sergeant Hamilton is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


HAMILTON, F/L William Edward, DFM (RAF 139210) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 January 1945.

 

As wireless operator this officer has completed a second tour of operational duty. He has at all times displayed the greatest keenness and devotion to duty. He is a highly skilful member of aircraft crew, whose coolness and resolution in emergency have set a very fine example.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has recommendation dated 13 November 1944 when he had flown 57 sorties (292 hours 25 minutes) in tours lasting 12 February to 26 September 1942 (26 sorties) and 22 September 1943 to 14 October 1944.

 

A veteran Wireless Operator who has successfully completed 57 sorties at the end of his second tour of operations. Flight Lieutenant Hamilton has participated in offensive sorties against such strongly defended targets as Essen, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Duisburg, Hamburg, Dortmund, Cologne, Dusseldorf, Karlsruhe, Berlin and other heavily defended targets. In all these actions he has displayed outstanding skill and praiseworthy disregard for danger.

 

On the 4th September 1942, when detailed to attack Bremen, the port inner and outer engines of a Halifax bomber failed while over the Dutch coast. Later the captain decided that danger of ditching was imminent and instructed the Wireless Operator - Flight Lieutenant Hamilton - to initiate distress procedure. This was done in the most cool manner and fixes were passed between the aircraft and MF/DF Stations all the way back in order that ditching position would have been easily determined by Air Sea Rescue organization. Contact was also kept with base which was informed of the aircraft's difficulties. Finally the aircraft crossed the English coast at 500 feet and the captain effected a successful emergency landing.

 

Flight Lieutenant Hamilton's fine offensive spirit and outstanding devotion to duty have been an inspiration to all who have know him. This magnificent example in all these operations fully merits the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


HANCOX, Sergeant George (RAF 978688) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 24 March 1942. Born in Warrington, 1919; home at Great Orme, Llandudno; enlisted February 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 6533 refers. Flight, 2 April 1942 has the following citation:

 

Flight Sergeant Creedon, Sergeant Hancox and Sergeant Everett were members of the crew of a Hudson which made a daring low level attack on an enemy destroyer escorting the battleships. Flight Sergeant Creedon, the pilot, descended through cloud at 400 feet and sighted the German destroyer directly below. Diving through fierce flak to 200 feet, he released his bombs which straddled the enemy warship. As he turned away to climb back into cloud the Hudson was attacked by a Junkers 88. Sergeant Everett, rear gunner, opened fire with his turret guns and the enemy aircraft broke off the engagement.


* * * * *


HAND, Sergeant Gordon (RAF 1591980) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1944. Unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (RG.24 Volume 20607). Aircraft Finisher.


* * * * *


HANLEY, Flight Sergeant Frederick Harry (RAF 560805) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1942. Motor Transport Fitter.


* * * * *


HANNAFORD, S/L Harold William Crimp (43612) - Mention in Despatches - Station Leeming - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation for an MBE dated 22 February 1943 and submitted by G/C C.R. Dunlap.

 

As Senior Accountant Officer and Entertainment Officer, Squadron Leader Hannaford rendered outstanding service. His efforts on behalf of the personnel of this station have been unceasing, and he has been successful in building up and maintaining orchestras, bands and concert parties which are second to none. His work in connection with the improvement of the cinema, the stage and general entertainments have been of the highest order. His efforts have been greatly appreciated by all ranks, and have been a great uplift to morale and happiness generally.


* * * * *


HANNAFORD, F/O Ronald John (RAF 158800) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1922; home in Bargoed, South Wales; educated at Montague Road School, Edmonton (England); commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 18788/AL.1018 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


HARDES, P/O Albert Richard Walter (RAF 176459) - Distinguished Flying Cross - 433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Served in ranks; commissioned June 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15641/AL.875 refers but with no other career details.

 

...has taken part in attacks against many of the enemy's most heavily defended targets. On one occasion was navigator of aircraft detailed to attack a target in Germany. On return journey aircraft suffered considerable damage from attack by enemy fighter. Despite this, Pilot Officer Hardes coolly and calmly navigated aircraft to a diversion base. The courage and determination of Pilot Officer Hardes has set a fine example to his crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2909 (RG.24 Volume 20633) has recommendation for a DFM (he was still a Flight Sergeant) by W/C C.B. Sinton dated 29 May 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (160 hours 20 minutes), 27 September 1943 to 21 May 1944. See also award to P/O R.C. Reinelt.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has completed 26 sorties over enemy territory including attacks on such heavily defended areas as Berlin (4), Frankfurt (2), Essen and Nuremburg. This Non-Commissioned Officer has at all times set his mind on the task at hand, fearlessly and with a fine offensive spirit, thereby setting a fine example to his crew.

 

On one particular occasion while returning from a trip to Nuremburg, the aircraft which this Non-Commissioned Officer was navigating was attacked by a Messerschmitt 210 and suffered considerable damage. The starboard outer engine and starboard mainplane were set afire and continued to blaze for the last hour and a half to two hours of the return trip. Despite the fact that this Non-Commissioned Officer knew that his aircraft was apt to go out of control any minute, he cooly and calmly navigated the aircraft to a diversion base.

 

I consider that his fine record of achievement plus his exceptional tenacity of purpose fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).


* * * * *


HARLE, P/O Stanley (RAF 176432) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Commissioned April 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15618/AL.875 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation for a DFM dated 24 June 1944; he was then a Flight Sergeant (1126984) serving as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner. As of recommendation he had flown 28 sorties (171 hours 30 minutes), 8 September 1943 to 1 October 1943 (Italian targets) and 19 February to 27 May 1944 (Germany and western European targets).

 

Flight Sergeant Harle, as Wireless Operator in Pilot Officer Boadway's crew, has been an essential part in the fine example obtained by them. His cheerfulness and devotion to duty has set an excellent example to other members of this squadron. Flight Sergeant Harle is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


HARRINGTON, 1st Lieutenant Archibald Allan (USAAF O-885992) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.410 Squadron - award approved 18 January 1945 as an honourary award to an Americam national and not published in London Gazette. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634). Logbook and memorabilia in RCAF Memorial Museum, Trenton.

 

Lieutenant Harrington has operated with this squadron since June 1943, and has participated in a large number of operational sorties. Undeterred by enemy opposition, he has consistently pressed home his attacks with the utmost skill and determination. In air combats this officer has destroyed at least two enemy aircraft. On one occasion his aircraft was holed in many places and the petrol supply was nearly exhausted. Despite this, Lieutenant Harrington succeeded in returning to base safely. Throughout his operational career Lieutenant Harrington has shown skill and courage of a high standard.


HARRINGTON, 1st Lieutenant Archibald Allan (USAAF O-885992) - Distinguished Service Order - No.410 Squadron - award approved 18 January 1945 as an honourary award to an American national and not published in London Gazette. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

On the night of 25th November 1944, Lieutenant Harrington as pilot of an aircraft displayed outstanding courage and initiative and assisted in the destruction of three enemy aircraft.


* * * * *


HARRIS, F/L Peter Norman (RAF 122954) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 July 1943. Born 1920 at Briton Ferry, Neath; home there; enlisted 1940; trained in Canada (graduate of No.36 SFTS). Air Ministry Bulletin 10775 refers; the following published in AFRO 2005/43.

 

In May 1943, Flight Lieutenant Harris was pilot of an aircraft detailed to attack a convoy off the Frisian Islands. The convoy was sighted and a large vessel attacked. Despite intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire, one ship was destroyed. Flight Lieutenant Harris has always displayed great determination in seeking out and striking at the enemy. On other occasions he has attacked and sunk enemy shipping. His courage and devotion to duty have been above praise.


NOTE: Abbreviated citation published in Flight, 19 August 1943.

 

In May 1943, Flight Lieutenant Harris was pilot of an aircraft detailed to attack a convoy off the Frisian Islands. The convoy was sighted and a large vessel attacked, despite intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire. On ship was destroyed. On other occasions he has attacked and sunk enemy shipping.


* * * * *


HARRIS, F/L Thomas William (RAF 37878) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 October 1943. Born in London, 1921; home there; enlisted 1941. Trained in Canada (No.9 BGS and No.1 CNS); commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11720 refers. The following citation is from AFRO 2610/43 dated 17 December 1943 ("RAF Trained in Canada").

 

As bomb aimer, Flight Lieutenant Harris has, throughout tour of duty, shown fine enthusiasm for operations. The success of many sorties has been due to his perseverance and courage in the face of heavy enemy opposition. His sorties have included raids on Berlin, Hamburg and Essen and several minelaying missions. This officer has a long record of successful work and has helped considerably in maintaining the excellent spirit of his crew.


* * * * *


HARRISON, Sergeant Arthur (RAF 2210559) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945. Flight Engineer in crew of F/L L.R. Deryckere. Air Ministry Bulletin 19759/AL.1070 refers but gives no career details. DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 21 April 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (171 hours 15 minutes), 27 September 1944 to 24 March 1945.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has completed many operational sorties against important targets in enemy and enemy occupied territory. As a flight engineer he has displayed a high standard of keenness and devotion to duty at all times. On several occasions whilst engaged heavily be enemy defences, Sergeant Harrison's coolness and courage has contributed greatly to the success of the operation. He is, therefore, strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


HARRISON, Flight Sergeant Jack (RAF 1623883) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born 1924 at Sculcoates, Yorkshire; home in Birkby, Huddesfield (shop assistant); ex-ATC Cadet; enlisted 1942. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. The original recommendation, dated 20 August 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8828 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 51 sorties (247 hours 39 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is a very capable Flight Engineer who has now completed two tours of operations. Many of the sorties in which Flight Sergeant Harrison has been engaged were against heavily defended enemy areas but he has displayed an unshakable determination to complete his mission successfully in spite of the personal danger and discomfort to which he has been subjected. The fine personal example set by this Non-Commissioned Officer is very commendable. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


HARRISS, S/L Baylis Earle (RAF 121788) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 August 1943. Born in Galveston, Texas, 1915; home there; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11124 refers.

 

...has set splendid example of dogged determination and skill n all sorties. May 1943, captain of aircraft attacked by enemy night fighters. Due to skilful maneouvering, rear gunner was able to destroy one, his own aircraft being undamaged. Pilot of outstanding ability; has set inspiring example of determination and devotion to duty...cheerful confidence has contributed materially to high standard of operational efficiency of squadron.


NOTE:DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 22 June 1943 when he had flown 25 sorties (156 hours 20 minutes), 7 February to 21 June 1943. Interesting sorties include 26 April 1943 (Duisburg, four hours 50 minutes, "coned for 15 minutes - moderate flak damage") and 13 May 1943 (Bochum, five hours 20 minutes, "attacked by two Me.110s - one enemy aircraft claimed as destroyed").

 

Since joining this squadron in February 1943, Squadron Leader Harriss has carried out 25 operational sorties against heavily defended enemy targets. On the night of 13th May 1943, the aircraft in which Squadron Leader Harriss was captain was attacked by two enemy night fighters. Due to his skilful maneouvering, the rear gunner was able to destroy one enemy night fighter and his own aircraft sustained no damage.

 

This officer is a skilful pilot whose example of determination and devotion to duty has been inspiring. He has rendered excellent service, contributing materially to the high standard of operational efficiency of the squadron. I consider that his splendid record fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


HART, F/O Arthur George Thomas (RAF 178924) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1920 in Westham; home there; educated Holborn Road Elementary School; enlisted July 1940; commissioned June 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18305/AL.1007 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


HART, Warrant Officer Harold Ross (RAF 1583567) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 February 1945. Born 1924 at Leicester; home there (hosiery trimmer); enlisted 1942. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 17468/AL.967 refers.


* * * * *


HARTLEY, Warrant Officer Eric (RAF 971618) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 18 August 1944. Born in Bradford, Yorkshire, 1920; home in Lincoln; enlisted 1939. No citation. Air Ministry Bulletin 15073/AL.853 refers. Wireless Operator. Air Ministry Bulletin 15073/AL.853 refers. Wireless Operator. Public Record Office Air 2/9632 has recommendation by W/C R.J. Lane dated 22 May 1944 when he had flown 43 sorties (245 hours 35 minutes) as follows:


* duty not carried out


6 Nov 40      Hanover (6.20)                   12 May 41  Mannheim (6.35)

13 Nov 40    Dortmund (6.00)                 17 May 41  Cologne (6.30)

16 Nov 40    Hamburg (6.45)                  23 May 41  Cologne (6.05)

8 Dec 40      Interception Patrol (4.05)   17 June 41  Cologne (5.55)

11 Dec 40    Interception Patrol (4.20)   26 June 41  Frisian Islands (4.40)

15 Dec 40    Berlin (7.35)                       29 June 41  Frisian Islands (5.30)

21 Dec 40    Berlin (8.10)                       2 July 41    Duisburg (6.25)

21 Feb 41    Brest (6.25)                         4 July 41    Lorient (6.10)

26 Feb 41    Juist (4.15)                          6 July 41    Brest (6.15)

28 Feb 41    Wilhelmshaven (6.00)         * * * *

10 Mar 41    Cologne (5.30)                    15 Mar 44  Stuttgart (6.50)

13 Mar 41    Hamburg (6.55)                  18 Mar 44  Frankfurt (4.55)

20 Mar 41    St.Nazaire (7.00)                22 Mar 44  Frankfurt (5.00)

23 Mar 41    Fehmarne Island (7.50)      24 Mar 44  Berlin (6.50)

27 Mar 41    Dusseldorf (5.05)                26 Mar 44  Essen (4.35)

6 Apr 41      St.Nazaire (7.35)                20 Apr 44   Lens (2.55)

8 Apr 41      Calais (3.15)                       22 Apr 44   Dusseldorf (3.40)

12 Apr 41    Bordeaux (8.40)                  24 Apr 44   Karlsruhe (5.25)

16 Apr 41    Sylt (5.55)                           27 Apr 44   Friedrichshaven (6.30)

17 Apr 41    Berlin (2.35)*                     10 May 44  Ghent (2.40)

22 Apr 41    Brest (1.30)                         11 May 44  Boulogne (2.15)

26 Apr 41    Hamburg (7.35)                  19 May 44  Le Mans (4.05)

8 May 41     Hamburg (6.30)

 

This Warrant Officer is a very keen and capable Wireless Operator/Air, who has completed 43 operational sorties against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Dusseldorf and Frankfurt. On several occasions, Warrant Officer Hartley has been in great personal danger, but this has never deferred him from performing his duties in a cool and efficient manner. The fine fighting spirit displayed by this Warrant Officer has been an inspiration to his crew. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


This was subsequently endorsed by the Officer Commanding, RAF Station Gransden Lodge, on 24 May 1944 and by the Air Officer Commanding, No.8 Group, on 30 May 1944.


* * * * *


HARTSHORN, 1st Lieutenant Jospeh Harold (USAAF O-886290) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - award approved 18 July 1944 but not published in London Gazette. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

This officer has completed many operational sorties at night during which he has displayed outstanding courage and devotion to duty. On 16th June 1944, whilst participating in an attack against Sterkrade, his aircraft was attacked by two enemy fighters and much damage was sustained. Nevertheless, this officer continued his mission and flew the badly damaged aircraft back to base and accomplished a successful landing.


DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 27 June 1944 when he had flown eight sorties (38 hours 40 minutes), 9 May to 16 June 1944, although the text begins by saying seven; the eighth was a daylight trip (Boulogne, 15 June 1944).

 

1st Lieutenant Hartshorn has completed seven night attacks against the enemy, in the course of which he has shown resourcefulness and courage of a very high order.

 

On the night of June 16th, 1944, when proceeding to bomb Sterkrade, his aircraft was attacked by two enemy night fighters. Evasive action was taken but one of the fighters opened fire and secured a number of hits. At the same time there was a burst of heavy flak just off the port wing tip. Between the two the aircraft was severely damaged, practically all the perspex being blown away and the navigator was slightly wounded. During the course of the engagement with the fighter, several hits were secured and this aircraft has been claimed as a probable. In spite of these distractions, Lieutenant Hartshorn proceeded to the target and successfully bombed, although the emergency system for opening and closing the bomb doors had to be used. Lieutenant Hartshorn flew his badly damaged aircraft back to base, making a successful landing through the use of the emergency system for lowering the undercarriage.

 

I consider that the high courage and devotion to duty shown by this officer and the magnificent example he has set, fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


HASELDINE, F/L Dennis Wilfred (RAF 129451) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1920 in Homerton; educated at Leyton County High School; home in Stratford-on-Avon; enlisted 1939; trained in Canada; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 15918/AL.902 dated 13 October 1944.

 

Flight Lieutenant Haseldine is now in his second tour of operations. His skill and courage under the most dangerous circumstances are highly commendable and have in a large measure contributed to building up the operational efficiency of the squadron. One night in March 1944, he was detailed to attack Aulnoye. On approaching the enemy coast two engines of his aircraft failed, a crash landing was made in the United Kingdom and several of the crew were injured. In spite of this experience, Flight Lieutenant Haseldine has continued to show exemplary zeal and high courage.


DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 27 June 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (185 hours 15 minutes), 27 October 1940 to 15 January 1941 (22 trips), participation in two 1,000-bomber raids, and assorted other attacks; his last tour appears to have begun about 6 March 1944.

 

Flight Lieutenant Haseldine has completed 34 night sorties against the enemy. He was posted to this squadron as Bombing Leader on 12th November 1943, having made six trips on his second tour at Conversion Unit, and has carried out his duties in a most commendable fashion, materially assisting in building up the operational efficiency of the squadron.

 

On the night of 25th March, 1944, when detailed to attack Aulnoye, the aircraft in which he was flying lost the two port engines on approaching the enemy coast. A crash landing was made in this country and several of the crew were injured. In spite of this harrowing experience, Flight Lieutenant Haseldine has continued to show great zeal to attack the enemy and I consider that his continuous gallantry and his high personal example fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


HAWKINS, Flight Sergeant Robert Charles (RAF 1237463) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 November 1943. Born in Gimesthorpe, Sheffield; home there (railway clerk); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 12171/AL.705 refers.

 

...has completed outstanding tour. Fearless, reliable captain of aircraft; has achieved many splendid results, obtained excellent photographs of accurate bombing over many major targets. Once completed bombing mission over Monte Corivino despite failure of starboard engine. His courage and devotion to duty have always been most praiseworthy.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1739 (RG.24 Vol.10608) has recommendation dated 30 August 1943 when he had flown 36 sorties (251 hours ten minutes); total flying time was 635 hours 35 minutes (209 hours 30 minutes in previous six months).

 

This airman has now completed a tour of operations. He is a fearless and reliable pilot, who has captained his aircraft and achieved splendid results on many occasions. He has taken part in operations against German and Italian targets and has frequently secured excellent photographic evidence of accurate bombing. On one occasion on a bombing mission over Monte Corviva, the starboard motor of his aircraft failed. Despite this, Flight Sergeant Hawkins continued and successfully bombed his target, returning to base on one engine. At all times, his high courage and devotion to duty have been most praiseworthy.


* * * * *


HAYCOCKS, S/L Norman (RAF 106913) - Mention in Despatches - Station Linton - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. Enlisted 19 September 1941. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 has recommendation, apparently drafted in late summer of 1944 (date cannot be assigned).

 

This officer has been the Senior Intelligence Officer for several months past. His ability and devotion to duty have been outstanding. Under his tutelage his Section has reached a most satisfactory level of efficiency and aircrew have been constantly coached with meticulous care which is reflected in their operational records. Squadron Leader Haycocks' influence has extended into Intelligence Sections on other stations and his cheerful personality. fine qualities of leadership, unselfish application to duty and interest in the welfare of his personnel have earned him the high respect of all who know him.


* * * * *


HAYHURST, P/O Reginald James (RAF 128419) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1943. Born in Hendon, 1914; home in London. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 9882 refers. Cited with W/C D.H. Burnside (RAF, awarded Bar to DFC), which see for citation.


* * * * *


HAYNES, P/O Arthur Lionel (RAF 177069) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Born 1910; home in Leyton; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 1 August 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (223 hours 15 minutes), 2 August 1943 to 2 June 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Haynes, as wireless operator, has successfully attacked many of the enemy's major targets including Berlin, Frankfurt, Hanover and targets in the Ruhr as well as having carried out minelaying operations. He has always been efficient in his duties and cool in emergencies and cooperated well with his crew at all times.

 

For steadiness and reliability at all times and for the completion of a satisfactory tour of operations I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


HAYNES, P/O Lionel John (RAF 146865) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 October 1943. Born in Putney (London), 1906; home in Portsmouth; educated at Layymer Upper School, London; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 11814 refers.

 

This officer has completed a large number of sorties and has displayed commendable skill and determination. One night in September 1943 he piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Hanover. During the operation, the bomber was repeatedly attacked by fighters and sustained damage. Despite this, Pilot Officer Haynes continued to the target and bombed it. This officer is a most efficient captain whose fine fighting qualities have won great praise.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 25 September 1943 when he had flown 43 sorties (236 hours 15 minutes).

 

On the night of September 22nd/23rd, 1943, this officer was captain of a Wellington aircraft during bombing operations over Hanover. Although repeatedly coned by many searchlights and attacked three times by enemy fighters, which damaged his aircraft, he successfully piloted his aircraft to the target and dropped his bombs.

 

This sortie completed his second tour of operations. During his operational experience Pilot Officer Haynes has displayed a spirit and devotion to duty of the highest standard and is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


HAYWOOD, P/O George Browning (RAF 171623) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 18 August 1944. Born in Derby, 1911; home in Brischen, Devon; educated at Kingswood School, Bath and Kings College, Newcastle. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15073/AL.853 refers. No published citation. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 12 May 1944 when he had flown 26 ½ sorties (158 hours 40 minutes), 13 February 1943 to 28 January 1944.

 

This officer, during the course of his operational tour as Bomb Aimer, demonstrated exceptional ability and a very high degree of courage and coolness. His 26 operational trips were practically all over heavily defended areas of Germany, such as Berlin, Frankfurt, Hamburg and Essen. By his skilful guidance to the captain of his aircraft, the target, according to photographic evidence, was always in the bomb sight, irrespective of the opposition over the target. He has been an inspiration, not only to his own crew, but to all the bomb aimers of the squadron.

 

For his fine record of achievement, his devotion to duty, and remarkable ability, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


HEAMES, F/O Ian Lewis Charles (RAF 170652) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1920 in Swindon, Wilts.; home in Yeovil, Somerset; educated at Jennings Street Elementary School and The College, Swindon. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1944. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 18788/AL.1018 refers. Public Record Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation drafted 20 February 1945 when he had flown 45 sorties (279 hours 35 minutes) as an air gunner as listed (* duty not carried out and sortie not counted).


22 Sep 43   Hannover (5.00)                          1 Aug 44    Ferme du Bois (3.50)*

22 Oct 43   Kassen (6.10)                              12 Sept 44  Frankfurt (5.55)

26 Nov 43  Berlin (4.00)*                              15 Sept 44  Kiel (5.00)

2 Dec 43     Berlin (6.50)                                23 Oct 44   Homberg (3.20)

29 Dec 43   Berlin (6.40)                                29 Oct 44   Walcheren (2.15)

1 Jan 44      Berlin (7.05)                                2 Nov 44    Dusseldorf (4.15)

2 Jan 44      Berlin (6.50)                                11 Nov 44  Dortmund (4.05)

5 Jan 44      Stettin (8.30)                               29 Nov 44  Freiburg (5.30)

20 Jan 44    Berlin (7.00)                                4 Dec 44     Karlsruhe (5.15)

21 Jan 44    Magdeburg (6.50)                       6 Dec 44     Merseburg (6.25)

27 Jan 44    Berlin (7.45)                                12 Dec 44   Essen (4.20)

28 Jan 44    Berlin (7.40)                                22 Dec 44   Bingen (4.40)

30 Jan 44    Berlin (2.45)*                              29 Dec 44   Scholven (4.50)

15 Feb 44   Berlin (7.40)                                2 Jan 45      Nuremburg (6.45)

19 Feb 44   Leipzig (7.20)                              5 Jan 45      Royan (5.25)

20 Feb 44   Stuttgart (7.20)                            5 Jan 45      Hannover (5.00)

24 Feb 44   Schweinfurt (7.55)                      7 Jan 45      Munich (6.45)

25 Feb 44   Augsburg (7.50)                          22 Jan 45    Duisburg (3.55)

15 Mar 44  Stuttgart (7.50)                            28 Jan 45    Stuttgart (5.15)

18 Mar 44  Frankfurt (5.10)                           1 Feb 45     Mannheim (5.15)

22 Mar 44  Frankfurt (5.30)                           3 Feb 45     Bottrop (4.30)

24 Mar 44  Berlin (7.05)                                8 Feb 45     Politz (7.50)

26 Mar 44  Essen (4.50)                                 13 Feb 45   Bohlen (6.50)

30 July 44  Amaye-sur-Seunes (4.20)            14 Feb 45   Chemnitz (6.30)

 

Flying Officer Heames has now completed two full tours of operational duty totalling 45 sorties. The majority of these have been against such enemy fortifications as Dresden, Dortmund, Dusseldorf and Magdeburg. His skill and courage together with his determination to make all his missions successful has contributed greatly to the successes attained by this squadron.


* * * * *


HELLYER, Flight Sergeant Sidney Graham (RAF 525775) - Mention in Despatches - Station Middleton St.George - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January1 1944.


* * * * *


HENDERSON, P/O Arthur Henry (RAF 197023) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1945. Born 1908 in Edmonton (England); educated there. Enlisted April 1943; commissioned November 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 10057/AL.1105 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 18 May 1945 when he had flown 28 sorties (172 hours 30 minutes), 5 June 1944 to 16 April 1945. Flight Engineer.

 

Pilot Officer Henderson, as flight engineer, has completed his first operational tour comprising 298 sorties over enemy territory. Throughout his tour, which consisted of many trips to the most heavily defended areas of Germany, he displayed determination and skill of the highest degree. His captains have the highest praise for this officer's cooperation and coolness for, on occasions, by his efficiency and thoroughness, Pilot Officer Henderson definitely contributed to the safe return of their aircraft. This officer has set a fine example to all members of his section and has, by his keen interest and helpfulness, played a large part toward the efficiency of his fellow engineers.


* * * * *


HENDERSON, Corporal Elsie Susan (RAF WAAF 2038122) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 (RCAF) Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Cook.


* * * * *


HENDERSON, Flight Sergeant James Ronald (RAF 1566044) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944. Born 1923 at Heaton, Newcastle-on-Tyne (joiner in civil life). Enlisted 1941; Flight Engineer. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 16576/AL.940 refers. The original recommendation, dated 20 September 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8882 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 48 sorties (224 hours 25 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

Flight Sergeant Henderson is a highly efficient Flight Engineer now on his second tour of operations. He has participated in many attacks on such heavily defended enemy targets as Berlin, Stettin and Frankfurt. He has invariably displayed a fine offensive spirit and a keenness for operational duty which has been an inspiration to his crew and an incentive to greater achievements. Undoubtedly this Non-Commissioned Officer's fine record of achievement is one which other Flight Engineers may well set as their standard. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


HENDERSON, P/O Robert Godfrey (RAF 187245) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1920 in Glasgow; home there; educated at Woodside Secondary School, Glasgow; enlisted August 1940; commissioned November 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18789/AL.1018 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


HENRY, Flight Sergeant William (RAF 967367) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 August 1943. Born in Dundee, 1919; home in Aberdeen (former confectioner); enlisted 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 11124 refers.

 

...large number of sorties - Berlin, Lorient, Calais, Tripoli, Benghazi, Jedabya, Duisburg, Bochum, Dusseldorf, St.Nazaire. Has consistently shown coolness and devotion to duty of high order...continued courage and keenness deserving of high praise.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 27 June 1943 when he had flown 46 sorties (321 hours 55 minutes). His first seven sorties were in Bomber Command (7 October 1940 to 9 April 1941). He flew to Egypt via Gibraltar and Malta) 1-11 May 1941) but did not resume operations until 1 November 1941 (raid on Bardia). He subsequently flew a total of 34 sorties in North Africa (the last being on 22 April 1942) which included four low level strafing attacks on enemy airfields and motor vehicles. His next tour began on 11 June 1943 (Dusseldorf) and had, as of recommendation, encompassed five sorties. The figure of 42 sorties with No.57 Squadron (see below) does not square with the sortie list, which specifies only 41 operational trips. Air Gunner.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has successfully completed 46 operations against the enemy; 42 were with No.57 Squadron. He has been engaged in sorties over Berlin, Lorient, Calais, Tripoli, Benghazi, Derna, Bazala, Benina, Jedabya, Agedabia, Martuba, Mechili, Duisburg, Bochum, Dusseldorf and St.Nazaire.

 

He has shown coolness and devotion to duty of a high order, and his continued courage and keenness to operate is deserving of the highest praise. He sets a high standard of keenness and efficiency on operations which is an example to all.


* * * * *


HENSBY, F/L Sidney Albert (RAF 118658) - Mention in Despatches - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944.


* * * * *


HEWITT, F/L Ian (RAF 119334) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 May 1944. Born 1920 in Manchester; home in Godaiming, Surrey; educated at Sidcup Country School. Served in ranks before being commissioned, 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14007/AL.805 refers. Awarded DFC 4 August1942 for services with No.35 Squadron as a Pilot Officer (Air Ministry Bulletin 7701 refers).

 

This officer has completed a large number of attacks against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Mannheim and Nuremburg. An outstanding navigator, he has set a fine example to all by his determination, devotion to duty, leadership and zeal in performing his allotted tasks.


* * * * *


HEYES, Flight Sergeant Thomas Sidney (RAF 655460) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943. Born in Manchester, 1913; home there (sign cleaner). Transferred from Royal Artillery to RAF in 1941. Killed in action before formal announcement. Air Ministry Bulletin 11391 refers.

 

...captain of aircraft, participated in many sorties. Targets included Essen, Duisburg, and most other heavily defended objectives in Germany. At all times showed great determination, courage and skill in pressing home his attacks, often in the face of intense opposition from ground defences and enemy fighters.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation dated 10 July 1943 when he had flown 25 sorties (129 hours), 2 February to 24 June 1943.

 

As captain of aircraft, Flight Sergeant Heyes has participated in a large number of operational sorties. His targets, some of the most heavily defended in Germany, include Essen, Duisburg, Bochum, Frankfurt and Mannheim. At all times he has shown great determination and skill in pressing home his attack, often in the face of intense opposition from ground defences and enemy fighters. By utter disregard of danger and by his devotion to duty and skill as a pilot, Flight Sergeant Heyes has set an example of the highest order to the other members of the squadron.


* * * * *


HILTON, Flight Sergeant Eric (RAF 2211605) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945. Born 1925 in Manchester; home in Middleton, Manchester (instrument maker); former ATC Cadet (1945 Squadron). Air Ministry Bulletin 17983/AL.995 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 December 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9051 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 48 sorties (192 hours 29 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

Flight Sergeant Hilton is a very capable and efficient Flight Engineer who has practically completed two tours of operations. He has participated in attacks on such heavily defended enemy areas as Berlin, Essen and Stuttgart. He is a cheerful, quiet type of Non-Commissioned Officer, imbued with a fighting spirit which is best observed when engaged in operational duty. He applies himself diligently to all tasks allotted to him either on the ground or in the air, setting a splendid example which all Flight Engineers may well set as their standard. Undoubtedly the fine work done by this Non-Commissioned Officer has contributed greatly to the many successes attained by his crew. Strongly recommended for the Non-Immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


HITCHCOCK, P/O Harold Arthur (RAF 120853) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 September 1942. Born in Catford, London, 1920; home at Lee, London; commissioned from the ranks, April 1942. No citation published other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 8119 refers.

 

This officer has proved himself to be a most successful navigator. Operating in all kinds of weather and against most of the main targets in Germany and German occupied territory, his determination to achieve success has been outstanding. He has invariably pressed home his attacks whatever the opposition.


* * * * *


HOGG, Warrant Officer Francis Emslie (NZ 391383) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1942. Born in Edinburgh, 1919; warehouseman before enlisting in RNZAF, 1939; home in Masterton, New Zealand. Air Ministry Bulletin 7515 refers. Although posted from No.23 Squadron to No.418 on 1 December 1941, W/C F.H. Hitchins notes, "no special feats recorded in 418".

 

As an observer Warrant Officer Hogg has completed a large number of operational sorties against targets in Germany. He has taken part in numerous operations against the enemy aerodromes in Northern France, Holland and Belgium. He has always displayed great courage, whilst his persistence and skill in bombing enemy aerodromes at night have been most marked.


NOTE: RNZAF Museum adds that he was awarded the Belgian Croix de Guerre on 21 January 1944 (no citation). He received a Bar to his Distinguished Flying Cross for services with No.605 Squadron (London Gazette, 14 July 1944 with the following citation:

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, this officer has completed a large number of sorties, many of them far into Germany and often in adverse weather. He is an observer of high merit and has displayed a worthy part in the success obtained in attacks on a variety of targets, including railway installations. Flying Officer Hogg has set an excellent example of determination and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


HOLT, P/O Joseph William (RAF 177104) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Born 1923 in Islington; home in Romford, Essex; educated at Pettits Lane Senior School, Romford. Commissioned from the ranks in 1944. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 1 August 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (219 hours 35 minutes), 3 November 1943 to 2 June 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Holt, as wireless operator, has completed one tour of operations during which he has successfully attacked many of the enemy's major targets as well as having carried out many important minelaying operations. He has always been very efficient in his duties and cool in emergencies, and his keenness and enthusiasm at all times made him an ideal crew member.

 

For steadiness and reliability throughout his whole tour of operations and for strong support of the squadron at all times I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


HOOKER, Flight Sergeant Ernest Leslie (RAF 74716) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Citation found in Flight, 14 January 1943. Born in Cuckfield, Essex, 1919; home at Haywards Heath, Sussex (railway clerk). Enlisted 1939 as Wireless Air Gunner. No citation in London Gazette. Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has had a long and outstanding career as Wireless Operator/Air Gunner and has never had a failure with his wireless equipment. He has participated in attacks on some of the most heavily defended targets, including Wilhelmshaven, Essen, Dortmund, Cologne and Berlin. At all times he has displayed exceptional keenness and determination and his efficiency and devotion to duty have set a praiseworthy example.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617, (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 28 September 1942 when he had flown 61 sorties (372 hours 25 minutes). First tour had been 20 June to 20 October 1940 (34 sorties, 210 hours); second tour had been 8 March to 31 July 1942.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has had a long and outstanding career as Wireless Operator Air Gunner, and has at all times displayed great keenness and determination in carrying out his duties. In all his sorties he has never had a Wireless Telephone failure. He has been on operations over all the heavily defended targets, such as Hamburg, Wilhelmshaven, Essen, Dortmund, Stuttgart, Cologne and Berlin. He has also taken part in many mining operations. He is a member of one of the outstanding crews of the squadron, and it is owing to his skill and cheerfulness that the efficiency of this crew has reached such a high standard.


* * * * *


HORNE, Flight Sergeant Albert Elliott (AUS 402461) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 April 1943. Born in Sydney, New South Wales, 1912; home at Hurlstone Park, New South Wales (clerk); enlisted 1940; trained in Canada at No.1 Wireless School (Montreal) and No.1 Bombing and Gunnery School (Jarvis). Air Ministry Bulletin 9917 refers. Citation published in Flight, 13 May 1943.

 

In all the operations in which he has participated Flight Sergeant Horne has displayed untiring devotion to duty. On one occasion he was flying in an aircraft which was shadowing an enemy convoy when it was attacked by two Junkers 88s. During the ensuing action this airman calmly put up a stout defence, and by expert use of his guns made a valuable contribution to the success of the encounter. One of the enemy aircraft was destroyed, and other damaged and probably destroyed.


* * * * *


HORNER, Sergeant D.C. (RAF 66172) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943.


* * * * *


HOUSTON, P/O John McCrae (RAF 174233) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 August 1944. Born 1924 in Kilmarrock, Ayrshire; home there. Enlisted 1943; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 14921/AL.859 refers.

 

As rear gunner this officer has completed a large number of sorties including nine attacks on Berlin. He is a confident and determined member of aircraft crew whose skill and cooperation have contributed materially to the successes obtained. He has set a fine example.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation prepared 22 June 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (207 hours 30 minutes), 18 November 1943 to 16 June 1944. Incident with Ju.88 was 16 June 1944.

 

This officer has made 34 trips as rear gunner, 20 over Germany, including Berlin (nine trips), Nuremburg, Augsburg, Dusseldorf, Karlsruhe, Essen, Schweinfurt, Leipzig, Frankfurt, Stettin, Magdeburg and Brunswick. His cooperation coolness, and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure to the success of these operations. His cheerful confidence and steadiness under all circumstances contributed immensely toward the safety of the aircraft, and resulted in a high standard of morale in his crew. On his last trips to complete the first tour on an operation against Sterkrade Holten in the Ruhr Valley, and aircraft in which he was detailed as rear gunner was attacked by a Junkers 88. This officer by his skilful direction of the evasive tactics and accurate shooting, permitted his aircraft to come out unscathed with the enemy aircraft disappearing in a damaged condition. Foe his keenness, devotion to duty and high standard of technical ability this officer is strongly recommended for the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


HOWARD, Flight Sergeant Thomas James (RAF 567136) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Recommendation in DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Volume 20606). Fitter/Armourer at Tholthorpe.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer came to this station in its early stages after approximately five years service in the Middle East. He has since been Senior Armament Non-Commissioned Officer during which time his service has been of a highly exemplary nature. He has worked unflaggingly far beyond the bounds of normal responsibility, ignoring privilege leave in favour of continuing with duties in hand. An excellent organizer and possessing high qualities as a Non-Commissioned, he has been an example to his men and a source of strong support to his superiors.


* * * * *


HOWARD, F/L William Frederick (RAF 160161) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Born 1911 in Cape Town, South Africa; home in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia; educated at Prince Edward School, Salisbury and Gymnasium School, Pretoria. Enlisted in June 1942; trained in Rhodesia; commissioned March 1944. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers. Public Record Office Air 2/8828 has recommendation drafted by G/C R.J. Lane and dated 20 August 1944 when he was still a Pilot Officer and had flown 43 sorties (204 hours 17 minutes) as follows:


* counted as 1/3 sortie


23 Dec 43      Berlin (7.36)                                      19 May 44         Le Mans (3.58)

29 Dec 43      Berlin (6.29)                                      22 May 44         Le Mans (4.15)

1 Jan 44         Berlin (6.45)                                      10 June 44         Versailles (3.47)

2 Jan 44         Berlin (6.25)                                      12 June 44         Amiens (2.42)

27 Jan 44       Berlin (7.46)                                      16 June 44         Renescure (1.45)

28 Jan 44       Berlin (8.36)                                      27 June 44         Oisemont (2.15)

30 Jan 44       Berlin (6.22)                                      28 June 44         Metz (5.18)

15 Feb 44      Berlin (6.53)                                      2 July 44           Oisemont (2.21)

19 Feb 44      Leipzig (6.53)                                    9 July 44           Lhey (1.46)

20 Feb 44      Stuttgart (6.18)                                   10 July 44         Nucourt (2.45)

24 Feb 44      Schweinfurt (6.53)                             12 July 44         Paris/Vaires (3.08)

25 Feb 44      Augsburg (7.05)                                 15 July 44         Nucourt (3.30)

1 Mar 44       Stuttgart (7.01)                                   17 July 44         Cagny (2.30)

15 Mar 44     Stuttgart (6.55)                                   28 July 44         Stuttgart (6.17)

18 Mar 44     Frankfurt (5.02)                                 30 July 44         Battle area (2.34)

22 Mar 44     Frankfurt-am-Main (5.19)                 3 Aug 44           Nieppe (2.03)

24 Mar 44     Berlin (6.44)                                      4 Aug 44           L'isle Adam (2.44)

30 Mar 44     Nuremburg (6.39)                              13 Aug 44         Calais (2.38)

18 Apr 44      Paris (3.37)*                                      14 Aug 44         TRACTABLE 21 (2.21)

8 May 44       Haine St.Pierre (2.44)                        15 Aug 44         Meisbroek (4.15)

10 May 44     Ghent (2.19)                                      16 Aug 44         Stettin (4.57)

11 May 44     Boulogne (2.33)                                 18 Aug 44         Sterkrade (3.34)

 

This officer is a very keen and capable navigator who is now on his second tour of operations. Throughout his long and varied operational career, Pilot Officer Howard has been faced with almost insurmountable difficulties, but by sheer pluck and determination he has successfully carried out his allotted tasks. The fine qualities displayed by this officer have had an excellent effect on the morale of his crew and has undoubtedly contributed to their fine record of achievement. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


HOWARD, F/L William Frederick (RAF 160161) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, Flight Lieutenant Howard has continued to operate with outstanding skill and determination. He has now completed two tours of operations and has participated in attacks against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Stuttgart and Frankfurt. His brilliant navigation has materially contributed to the successful completion of many important missions.


* * * * *


HOWELL, F/L John Edward (153227) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1945. Born 1921; home in Manchester; enlisted September 1941. Trained in Canada (No.33 ANS); commissioned August 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 19670/AL.1080 refers.

 

Throughout two tours of operational duty, Flight Lieutenant Howell has displayed a high degree of skill and courage in the face of the enemy. He has shared in the destruction of at least six enemy aircraft, and has inflicted considerable damage on the enemy's transport, trains and installations. As Squadron Navigation Officer this officer has accomplished valuable work and the fighting efficiency of his squadron is, in no small measure, due to his navigational ability and sound judgement.


* * * * *


HUGHES, F/O Clarence Lindsay (RAF 146448) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 18 January 1944. Born in Luton, 1921; home there; educated at Dunstable Grammar School. Enlisted for aircrew and trained in Canada and United States. Commissioned 1943. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Wireless Operator. Public Record Office Air 2/8872 reported he had flown 32 sorties (204 operational hours).


* * * * *


HUME, P/O Thomas (RAF 179174) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944. Born 1923 at Otley, Yorkshire; home there; served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1729 has recommendation for a DFM (undated) compiled when he had flown 32 sorties (193 hours 45 minutes), 27 September 1943 to 16 June 1944; Sergeant at the time (1624000). Flight Engineer.

 

The above-mentioned Sergeant has completed 32 operational bombing sorties against the enemy, 20 of which have been on major targets. Through his exceptional ability and strong sense of duty he has proved himself an outstanding member of a gallant crew.


* * * * *


HUMPHREY, 2nd Lieutenant Marcus Rice (USAAF O-886209) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - award approved 12 June 1944 as honourary award to an American national and not published in London Gazette. From Nebraska. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

As captain of aircraft this officer has participated in many sorties against the enemy's most heavily defended targets including eleven against Berlin. His outstanding ability, courage and cheerfulness have contributed largely to the successes achieved and the high standard of morale maintained by the squadron.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1724 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has a letter dated 9 May 1944 for a commendatory endorsement of his logbook (number given as O-8862909):

 

On January 5th, 1944, 2nd Lieutenant Humphrey was captain of an aircraft detailed to bomb Stettin. On the outward journey, while still about 100 miles from the target, one of his engines failed. Nevertheless,, despite the fact that he was losing height with his bombs still aboard, this captain continued with his mission and released his bombs over the primary. He thereafter brought the aircraft safely home to this country. It is considered that his decision to press home his attack under these conditions is worthy of a commendatory endorsement.


DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation for his DFC dated 14 February 1944 when he had flown 23 sorties (156 hours 19 minutes), 9 June 1943 to 19 February 1944 (last two sorties tallied on sheet after date of recommendation, probaly at Station level). Text much the same as that agreed upon in final citation.


DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (RG.24 Vol.20607) has copy of United States Strategic Air Forces General Order No.29 dated 19 May 1944 which awards him the Air Medal:

 

For meritorious achievement while serving as pilot of a heavy bombardment airplane in combat missions over enemy occupied territory on 26 November 1943, 2 December 1943, 16 December 1943, 20 December 1943 and 29 December 1943. The courage, coolness and skill displayed by Lieutenant Humphrey upon these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the military forces of the United States.


The same order awards him Oak Leaf Clusters - the first for missions on 1 January, 2 January, 5 January, 14 January and 20 January 1944; the second for sorties on 27 January, 28 January, 30 January, 15 February and 19 February 1944.


* * * * *


HUNT, F/L Ralph Holmes Vernon (RAF 133617) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 June 1944. Born 1923 in Dunnrow, Essex; home in Richmond; enlisted 1941; trained in Canada; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14287/AL.832 refers.

 

In the course of his tour Flight Lieutenant Hunt has attacked very many well defended targets. He has at all times displayed the greatest keenness and his example in pressing home his attacks has won great praise. He is a most understanding captain and has given much valuable service. Five of his sorties have been against Berlin.


* * * * *


HUSBAND, Sergeant Marjorie (RAF WAAF 2080442) - Mention in Despatches - No.63 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. Listed in DHist file 181.009 D.1741 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20608). Clerk/General Duties.


* * * * *


ILLINGWORTH, P/O Albert Frederick (RAF 178846) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 December 1944. Born 1924; home at Potters Bar, Middlesex; educated at St.John's Cannonball Schools, London; served in ranks; commissioned 1944. A member of F/O A.L. Spencer's crew; later in crew of F/L Hart. Cited event was on night of 25 March 1944 (target Aulnoyes). Air Ministry Bulletin 16660/AL.933 refers.

 

As flight engineer, this officer has taken part in very many sorties and has displayed commendable skill and devotion to duty throughout. On one occasion, whilst over an enemy target, the aircraft sustained much damage when hit by anti-aircraft fire. Pilot Officer Illingworth was wounded in the thigh. In spite of much physical discomfort, he continued his engineering duties until the aircraft reached base. Since recovering from his injury, Pilot Officer Illingworth has taken part in a number of sorties, including attacks on such targets as Hamburg, Kiel and Dortmund. His keenness and devotion to duty have set a fine example.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Volume 20636) has recommendation (undated) listing 20 sorties (107 hours 30 minutes), 16 March to 12 September 1944. Incident described was on 25 March 1944 (aircraft "X") when he was still a Sergeant.


* * * * *


INNES, Sergeant John Alexander (RAF 991149) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 November 1944. Born 1916 at Wick, Caithness; home there (bank clerk); enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 16190/AL.914 refers.

 

As flight engineer this airman has participated in many sorties. He has displayed commendable skill and courage and has proved himself to be a worthy member of aircraft crew. On his last sortie, Sergeant Innes was wounded whilst over Hamburg. Although in much pain he remained at his post until the mission was completed. Not until leaving the aircraft after it had been landed in England did he mention his injuries. He set a fine example of fortitude and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Volume 20603) has recommendation dated 13 September 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (124 hours 34 minutes), 7 March to 27 July 1944. Flight Engineer.

 

Sergeant Innes has completed a very large number of sorties against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany. As an engineer he was exceptionally efficient and on more than one occasion he was responsible for saving the aircraft in which he was flying from destruction.

 

On his last trip, Sergeant Innes was badly wounded by a cannon shell from an enemy fighter over Hamburg. Undaunted by this he stuck cheerfully to his duties till the aircraft had landed safely and only mentioned his wounds after leaving the aircraft.

 

This brave action, together with his splendid record of long and efficient service fully warrant in my opinion an award of the non-immediate Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


INSTRELL, F/L Ronald Charles (RAF 120886) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945. Born in Wandsworth, London; home in Bournemouth. Enlisted May 1941; trained in South Africa. Commissioned May 1942.

 

This officer has participated in a large number of operational sorties including attacks against such important targets as Berlin, Frankfurt and Leipzig, as well as targets in the Ruhr Valley and mine laying missions. In spite of intense opposition, Flight Lieutenant Instrell has always pressed home his attacks with the utmost determination. In March 1943, during an attack against Essen, his navigator was killed by anti-aircraft fire and the aircraft was severely damaged. He took over the navigation and was largely responsible for the aircraft's safe return. On many other occasions this officer has been instrumental in extricating his crew from perilous situations and has set an outstanding example of courage and fortitude.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 9 December 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (172 hours six minutes), 2 March 1943 to 4 December 1944. A very odd tour with many long breaks.

 

Flight Lieutenant Instrell has completed 32 operational sorties against the enemy as an Air Bomber, including Berlin, Frankfurt and Leipzig, as well as targets in the Ruhr and minelaying. Regardless of opposition and adverse weather conditions, he has repeatedly pressed home the attacks by directing his aircraft onto the most difficult targets, showing at all times courage of the highest order. On 12th March 1943, whilst attacking Essen, his navigator was killed by flak and the aircraft severely crippled. Flight Lieutenant Instrell took over the navigation and was responsible for the aircraft's safe return to a friendly base. On many other occasions, this officer has been instrumental in extricating his crew from perilous situations, thereby proving a shining example of courage and fortitude to the whole squadron.


* * * * *


IZZARD, F/L Leslie Douglas (RAF 128408) - Mention in Despatches - No.62 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944.


* * * * *


JACKSON, P/O Benjamin Parker (RAF 147993) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 December 1943. Born in Coxhoe, County Durham, 1917; home in West Cornforth, Ferry Hill, County Durham; educated at Alderman Wraith School; enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Posted to No.431 Squadron, July 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12236/AL.711/2 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation dated on or slightly before 23 October 1943 when he had flown 24 sorties (135 hours 25 minutes), 16 February to 8 October 1943. These included some notable trips - 10 April 1943 (Frankfurt, seven hours 25 minutes, landed West Malling, short of petrol) and 15 June 1943 (mining Lorient, six hours, aircraft shot up and damaged category "B" by defences).

 

This officer has completed many operational sorties including attacks on well defended targets in the Ruhr. He has always shown great courage and coolness in emergency. One night in June 1943, he piloted an aircraft to lay mines at Lorient. Whilst running into his mining area, the bomber was engaged by anti-aircraft fire, causing it to deviate from its track. In spite of this, Pilot Officer Jackson pressed home the attack and successfully completed his detail. As captain of aircraft, this officer's leadership has been an inspiration to his crew.


* * * * *


JACKSON, P/O Donald (RAF 179221) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 October 1944. Commissioned 1944 after service in the ranks. Air Ministry Bulletin 15798/AL.892 dated 2 October 1944 refers.

 

As flight engineer, Pilot Officer Jackson has participated in a large number of sorties, including attacks on such targets as Kiel, Stuttgart and Leipzig; he has also taken part in many minelaying missions. He has proved himself to be a highly skilled and resolute member of aircraft crew and his conduct has at all times been exemplary.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 5 August 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (212 hours 50 minutes), 19 February to 25 July 1944.

 

As Flight Engineer, Pilot Officer Jackson has completed 37 operations, all with outstanding success. He has bombed Leipzig, Wesseling, Stuttgart, Kiel, marshalling yards in France and has also carried out many minelaying operations. At no time did his aircraft fail to reach the objective because of a technical failure which shows the efficiency with which he performed his duties.

 

On the last trip of his tour he was detailed to attack Stuttgart. Shortly after taking off, severe stomach pains brought him to the verge of collapse, but he said nothing to the remainder of his crew until they had arrived safely back at base. He was immediately taken to the hospital and an appendicitis operation was performed.

 

His determination and courage in this instance was typical of the spirit he showed throughout his whole tour and I consider he merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


JAMES, Flight Sergeant David Benjamin (RAF 576764) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944. Born in Llandaff, Cardiff; home in Barry, Glamourganshire (student). Enlisted, 1939. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy, in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 13588/AL.769 refers. The original recommendation, dated 23 January 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9339 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 45 sorties (266 hours 55 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

This Flight Engineer has completed two operational tours. During his many sorties against enemy targets, Flight Sergeant James has displayed coolness, courage and devotion to duty which has set an inspiring example to the rest of his crew. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


JANSON, F/O Phillip Rees (RAF 190772) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1945. Born 1907 at Fulham; educated at Raines Foundation Secondary School; home in London; enlisted June 1943; commissioned October 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 10357/AL.1105 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 19 May 1945 when he had flown 29 sorties (157 hours five minutes), 30 July 1944 to 31 March 1945. Flight Engineer.

 

This officer, the flight engineer of the crew captained by Flight Lieutenant Strelchuk, has since the 30th July of 1944, made 29 operational sorties over enemy territory including many of the major and heavily defended targets in Germany.

 

Pilot Officer Janson has at all times displayed outstanding ability and a strong sense of duty, and he hods a fine record of achievement on the squadron. His untiring devotion to duty in moments of danger has been largely responsible for the successful completion of his crew's many sorties, and by his example of cheerful courage, has maintained a very high standard of morale among not only his crew members, but the squadron in general.


* * * * *


JARVIS, F/L Alfred John George (RAF 110950) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 April 1943. Born at Islington, England, 1915; home in Bushey, Herts.; educated at St.Marks School. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 10029 refers.

 

...has completed 28 operations, including attacks on strongly defended targets in Germany and northern France. Extremely efficient air gunner, his fine work as Squadron Gunnery Leader contributed materially to successes obtained. Has displayed courage, coolness and outstanding devotion to duty".


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 1 April 1943 when he had flown 28 sorties (170 hours 33 minutes). Wireless Air Gunner.

 

Flight Lieutenant Jarvis has made 28 operational sorties on which some of the most heavily defended German targets have been attacked. These operations included the following: Gardening (5), Emden (2), dinghy search (2), Wilhelmshaven (2), Duisburg (1), Mainz (1), Flensburg (1), Kassel (1), Saarbrucken (1), Karlsruhe (1), Frankfurt (1), Lorient (3), Hamburg (1), Cologne (2), St.Nazaire (1), Essen (1), Nuremburg (1), Munich (1).

 

The first half of this officer's operational tour was done as Wireless Operator Air Gunner on Hampden aircraft, where he has shown commendable courage and devotion to duty. Since this squadron's conversion to Halifax's, Flight Lieutenant Jarvis has acted in the capacity of Squadron Gunnery Leader and through his untiring efforts has achieved a very high standard in the squadron's Gunnery Section, at the same time carrying out the last twelve of his operational sorties against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany, showing exceptional qualities and leadership, courage and skill and setting a fine example to other crews.


* * * * *


JELLEY, P/O Charles Frederick (RAF 161812) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born 1923 at Porthcawl; home in Pembroke, South Wales; educated Pembroke Dock Secondary School. Enlisted February 1943; commissioned November 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15618/AL.875 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation dated 15 March 1944 when he had flown 22 sorties (154 hours 40 minutes), 17 August 1943 to 7 March 1944.

 

As an Air Gunner Pilot Officer Jelley has completed numerous trips to the most distant and heavily defended targets in Germany including seven to the capital itself. Throughout his keenness to fly and his cool and fearless determination have been an inspiration to his crew and squadron. He has [was ?] at all times an outstanding example and he is therefore recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


JENNINGS, F/L Alfred William (RAF 145466) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1917 at Holloway; home at Ealing; enlisted 1940; enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15916/AL.896 dated 11 October 1944 refers.

 

Flight Lieutenant Jennings is a skilful and courageous air gunner who has participated in many attacks against well defended targets. In April 1944, when approaching Karlsruhe, his aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire and a large part of the starboard mainplane was shot away. The captain ordered parachutes to be worn as the bomber was apt to become uncontrollable. Flight Lieutenant Jennings insisted on being permitted to return to his turret to give evasive directions and to be available to use his guns if necessary. He did this knowing well that his chances of escape were small should the bomber fall out of control. This officer displayed great courage in dangerous circumstances.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 19 August 1944 when he had flown 27 ½ sorties (167 hours 55 minutes). Name spelling "Jennings" throughout the document.

 

This officer, mid-upper gunner of the crew captained by Acting Flight Lieutenant D. Brown, DFC, has completed 27 ½ sorties over enemy territory, including such heavily defended targets as Berlin (4), Nuremburg (2), Stuttgart and Karlsruhe.

 

On one occasion, namely 24th of April 1944, when attacking Karlsruhe and whilst 20 minutes away from the target, the aircraft in which he was flying was hit by predicted flak, resulting in 64 square feet of starboard mainplane being shot away, including part of the aileron and fun rudder. The captain gave orders to put on parachutes as the aircraft was difficult to handle and apt to become uncontrollable at any moment. As they approached the target, Flying Officer Jennings insisted that he be permitted to return to his turret to give evasive action and supply adequate protection, if necessary. He did this knowing full well that he would have a slim chance of abandoning the aircraft if it became unmanageable.

 

This officer has at all times shown exceptional tenacity of purpose, and his cooperation, coolness and devotion to duty has contributed in a large measure to the success of his many operational flights. Since coming to this squadron, Flying Officer Jennings has acted in the capacity of Deputy Gunnery Leader, and also when possible, as Assistant Adjutant, and his initiative and fine leadership have proven an inspiration to all personnel.


* * * * *


JOB, F/O Bernard (RAF 153383) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 November 1944. Home in Plymouth; trained in Canada at No.31 ANS; commissioned 1943.

 

This officer has flown on many operational sorties. In August 1944 he was detailed, as navigator, for a daylight sortie to the Baltic. When over the Danish coast his aircraft was badly damaged by anti-aircraft fire, his pilot being severely wounded in the hip and he himself wounded in both legs. Despite this, he administered first aid to the pilot and during the return flight of several hundred miles, gave him every assistance. Finally, when a base in this country was reached, Pilot Officer Job remained with his captain and helped him to land the aircraft. Throughout this harassing experience, Flying Officer Job displayed courage of a high order and though wounded himself successfully navigated his aircraft back to this country. At all times this officer has proved to be a first class navigator and has always evinced outstanding courage, gallantry and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


JOHNSON, P/O Eric Arthur (RAF 147215) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943. Commissioned from the ranks, 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 11416 refers.

 

...successfully completed many operational sorties and at all times has shown high courage and skill. An excellent captain of aircraft, has consistently maintained cheerful confidence and dogged determination which have contributed much to high standard of morale attained by crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 20 July 1943 when he had flown 22 sorties (141 hours 20 minutes), 5 December 1942 to 9 July 1943.

 

Pilot Officer Johnson has successfully completed 22 operational sorties with this squadron and at all times has shown courage and skill of a very high degree.

 

He has always pressed home his attack with great determination and his operational efficiency has been an asset to the squadron. During a week of extensive bombing in June 1943 against heavily defended targets, he carried out four successful bombing sorties within five nights, and each time brought his aircraft to base under difficult circumstances.

 

His devotion to duty and personal courage has been of a very high order.


NOTE: The same file has a recommendation for a DFM dated 30 June 1943 while he was still a Flight Sergeant; as of that date he had flown 20 sorties (129 hours ten minutes).


* * * * *


JOHNSON, W/C James Edgar, DSO, DFC (RAF 83267) - Bar to Distinguished Service Order - Wing - awarded as per London Gazette dated 24 September 1943. Born Loughborough, 1915; enlisted 1939; commissioned 1940. Awarded DFC, 30 September 1941 (Air Ministry Bulletin 5147), Bar to DFC on 26 June 1942 (Air Ministry Bulletin 7381), DSO June 1943 (Air Ministry Bulletin 10457). See also Air Ministry Bulletins 11033, 11247, 11264 and 11562.

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Service Order this officer has destroyed a further seven enemy aircraft and shared in destruction one another. He is a relentless fighter whose brilliant leadership and outstanding skill have inspired all with whom he has flown. Within two months Wing Commander Johnson has led large formations of aircraft on very many sorties during which 27 enemy aircraft were shot down and a large number damaged.


JOHNSON, W/C James Edgar, DSO, DFC (RAF 83267) - Distinguished Flying Cross (United States) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 18 January 1944. Following text from Spink catalogue that including the auction of his medals, logbooks and memorabilia, 10 December 2001.

 

For extraordinary achievement while leading his wing as fighter escort for bombers of the Eighth Air Force on more than 70 missions over enemy occupied Europe. The high type of operational efficiency maintained and the protection afforded the escorted bombers are directly attributable to the superb leadership of Wing Commander Johnson. Zealously seeking out the enemy on each of these missions, he has personally destroyed 14 enemy aircraft and damaged many others. The courage, skill and leadership of Wing Commander Johnson reflect [the] highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of His Majesty's Government.


JOHNSON, W/C James Edgar, DSO, DFC (RAF 83267) - Second Bar to Distinguished Service Order - No.144 Wing - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 July 1944.

 

Since being awarded a Bar to his Distinguished Service Order, this officer has led large formations of aircraft in many and varied sorties. During these operations, 34 enemy aircraft have been destroyed, several of them by Wing Commander Johnson himself. He is a magnificent leader whose unsurpassed skill and personal courage have inspired all. Wing Commander Johnson has destroyed at least 28 hostile aircraft.


JOHNSON, W/C James Edgar, DSO, DFC (RAF 83267) - Order of Leopold with Palme and Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palme (Belgium) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 June 1947.


* * * * *


JONES, F/O Ernest Charles Geoffrey (RAF 1669513) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944. Born 1923 at Wolverhampton; home in Llandudno. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Flew with several crews before posting to No.64 Base, 15 December 1944. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Volume 20603) has recommendation dated 4 September 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (171 hours ten minutes), 17 August 1943 to 8 August 1944. Air Gunner.

 

This officer has completed 31 sorties, 25 of which have been against major heavily defended targets. On several occasions, by constant alertness and his skilful direction of evasive action, combined with superior gunnery he has warded off attacks by enemy night fighters. His tour has been long and drawn out, yet he still maintains a keen interest in the squadron and the efficiency of the Gunnery Section. His excellent example has been an inspiration to all gunners and his efforts have added greatly to the efficiency of the section.


* * * * *


JONES, Flight Sergeant Harold (RAF 543144) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 December 1945. Born at Everton, Lancs, 1919; home there (machine minder); enlisted August 1937. Air Ministry Bulletin 10357/AL.1105 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 May 1945, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8772 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 50 sorties (244 hours 50 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

This airman has taken part in a number of sorties against the enemy and has proved himself to be a cool and competent crew member. Throughout his tour which includes such heavily defended strongpoints as Mannheim, Hamburg and Essen, this Flight Engineer has always given his pilot the utmost assistance while his coolness and steadiness in the face of the enemy have been most praiseworthy. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


JONES, P/O John Henry (RAF 156575) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 January 1944. Born in London, 1920; home in Southend; educated Southchurch Hall School, Southend; commissioned from the ranks, 1943. Wireless Operator/Air Gunner in 2nd Lieutenant Gaunt's crew. Air Ministry Bulletin 12649/AL.730 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 18 November 1943 when he had flown 24 sorties (148 hours 25 minutes), 13 February to 20 October 1943.

 

The fine operational record of this officer is worthy of the highest traditions of the squadron. Pilot Officer Jones has participated in 24 operational sorties against the enemy, including attacks against the heavily defended Ruhr Valley, recent attacks on Peenemunde, Hanover and Leipzig, and two attacks on Berlin. In the face of strong fighter opposition, his coolness has at all times been a source of confidence to the other members of his crew, and his efficiency as a wireless operator has assisted in the safe return of his aircraft on more than one occasion. The offensive spirit which this officer has displayed is worthy of recognition, and I recommend the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross..


* * * * *


JONES, Flight Sergeant Norman John (RAF 818076) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1942. Wireless Air Gunner, lost 12 February 1942 during attacks on Scharnhorst and Gneisenau.


* * * * *


JONES, F/O Thomas Littlewood (RAF 177051) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945. Born 1914 in Holywell, North Wales; home there. Educated at Greenfield Council School. Enlisted January 1942; commissioned May 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 19248/AL.1062 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 23 March 1945 when he had flown 31½ sorties (194 hours 45 minutes), 15 September 1943 to 4 March 1945. Flight Engineer.

 

This officer has since September 1943 completed 32 operational sorties over enemy territory, many of which involved attacks against the most heavily defended targets in Germany.

 

Flying Officer Jones is one of the original members of this squadron and the larger percentage of his operational trios have been completed in the capacity of spare flight engineer.

 

Throughout his tour, the keenness and skill displayed by this officer irrespective of what crews he was detailed to fly with, has set an example of the highest order, not only to his Section, but to the squadron in general. Also whilst on the ground, his vast experience and willing assistance has proven of immeasurable help to his leader.

 

I consider his splendid record and quiet but dogged determination fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).


* * * * *


JOWETT, LACW Audrey Betty (RAF WAAF 2050867) - Mention in Despatches - Skipton-on-Swale - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944 (DHist file 181.009 D.1762, in National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20609). Trade unknown.


* * * * *


JOWSEY, F/O William Frederick (RAF 170881) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944. Born 1923 in Scarborough, England; home there; educated St.Thomas School, Scarborough; enlisted 1941; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16576/AL.940 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 6 September 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (199 hours 55 minutes), 27 September 1943 to 20 July 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Jowsey, as Flight Engineer, has completed 31 sorties against the enemy, having attacked Berlin, Hanover, Kassel, Stuttgart and many other targets in Germany and France. His keenness for operational flying has been apparent at all times and his enthusiasm and above-average ability have done much to raise the morale and efficiency of his section and the squadron as a whole. His technical knowledge was such that he and his crew carried out every sortie undertaken with no technical failures. On several occasions when operating at extreme range, only his careful engine handling allowed his aircraft to return to base with a comfortable reserve of fuel, thus ensuring the safety of the aircraft and crew.


* * * * *


KANARENS, P/O Alfred Donald Nightingale (RAF 173541) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born 1920 in Buenos Aires; home there. Enlisted 1941; trained in South Africa. Air Ministry Bulletin 15618/AL.857 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Navigator.


KANARENS, F/L Alfred Donald Nightingale (RAF 173541) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 19245/AL.1062 refers.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, Flight Lieutenant Kararens has continued to maintain the high standard of his work. This has been amply illustrated in the excellent results which he has obtained. His skill and devotion to duty have been instrumental in ensuring the success of all the sorties in which he has participated. Throughout his operational tours, Flight Lieutenant Kanarens has set an excellent example of courage and keenness, both to his own crew and to the other members of the squadron.


* * * * *


KANKA, Sergeant Stanley Edward (RAF 1895640) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945. Born 1925 in London; home in St.Pancras; educated at Exmouth Street School, Hampstead Street (toolmaker). Enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 19248/AL.1062 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 23 March 1945, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9083 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 47 sorties (232 hours 50 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

As Flight Engineer, Sergeant Kanka has completed very many operations against the enemy. On all occasions, in spite of specialized tasks and fierce opposition, Sergeant Kanka has always performed his duties in an exemplary manner. His determination, courage and zeal for operations have been evident during attacks on many heavily defended targets including Magdeburg, Politz and Dresden. Sergeant Kanka's ability as a Flight Engineer is undoubtedly of a very high order and is worthy of high praise. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


KARPASSITI, Warrant Officer Nicholas Walter (RAF 1336102) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945. Born 1922 at Westminster; home in South Ealing (optical lens worker); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 19248/AL.1062 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation by W/C M.E. Ferguson dated 17 February 1945 when he had flown 37 sorties (210 hours 30 minutes), 22 October 1943 to 30 October 1944.

 

This wireless operator has completed 37 operational trips, the majority of which were carried out with different crews. He has attacked some of the most dangerous targets including Dusseldorf, Frankfurt and Sterkrade and has been engaged on mine laying operations in enemy waters.

 

Warrant Officer 1 Karpassiti has always shown the greatest eagerness to fly with any pilot to any target and his exceptional ability has played an important part in the successful completion of the operations on which he has flown.

 

I consider this Warrant Officer's willingness and keenness to participate in any sortie and the high example he has set, fully merits the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


KAYE, S/L Thomas Chisholm (50584) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 May 1943. Born in Winnipeg, 1916; home in Manitoba. Educated at Lord Roberts High School and Kelvin Technical High School, Winnipeg. Served in Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, 1935, before enlisting in Royal Air Force, 17 January 1939; commissioned 26 November 1942. Began as a fitter, servicing Hampdens; re-mustered to pilot, 1940 and trained at Carberry, Manitoba; returned to a British OTU where he was flying Hampdens. As of 22 July 1944 he was reported as having served 35 months in Canada and 32 months in Britain. Transferred to RCAF in London, 9 January 1945 and awarded AFC (see RCAF awards data base). Remained in postwar RCAF, serving in Search and Rescue (western Canada), No.408 Squadron, inspector and investigator with Directorate of Flight Safety, and at Portage la Prairie. DFC presented 23 November 1943. DFC citation published in Flight, 17 June 1943:

 

This officer has piloted aircraft, in face of intense enemy opposition, to most of the heavily defended targets in Germany including Dusseldorf, Bremen, Wilhelmshaven and Cologne. He has also participated in attacks against targets at Lorient, St.Nazaire and Turin and has secured some excellent photographs.


NOTE: DHist cards summarize a slightly different account, apparently from Air Ministry Bulletin 10225.

 

...has piloted aircraft in face of intense enemy opposition to most heavily defended targets in Germany including Dusseldorf, Bremen, Wilhelmshaven and Cologne...also participated in attacks against targets at Lorient, St.Nazaire and Turin and has secured excellent photographs...has always displayed great courage, skill and determination...Under a calm, quiet manner he has a fine fighting spirit which inspires confidence in his crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (National Archives RG.24 Volume 20627) had recommendation dated 8 March 1943 when he had flown 23 sorties (135 hours 45 minutes), 2 June 1942 to 5 March 1943. This document is also found in Public Record Office Air 2/8950.

 

Since joining this squadron in May 1942, this officer has carried out 23 operational sorties against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany in the face of intense enemy defences. These operations included sorties to Rennes (1), Dieppe (2), Emden (1), Gardening (4), Mainz (1), Osnabruck (1), Flensburg (1), Kassel (1), Frankfort (1), Dusseldorf (1), Bremen (1), Lorient (3), Turin (1), Wilhelmshaven (2), Cologne (1), St.Nazaire (1).

 

On several of these operations, this officer has piloted his aircraft in such a manner as to bring back pictures of the actual target. He has always displayed great courage, skill and determination and under a calm, quiet manner, and he has a fine offensive spirit in action which inspires confidence from the rest of his crew.


KAYE, F/L Thomas Chisholm, DFC (50584) - Mention in Despatches - No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2813 (National Archives of Canada Record Group 24 Volume 20632) has recommendation by G/C N.S. MacGregor dated 22 July 1944.

 

Flight Lieutenant Kaye is an outstanding Pilot Instructor of four-engines aircraft. He was especially picked from No.1659 Conversion Unit as their best instructor to be posted to No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit Instructor School. Since his arrival he has proved himself to be an exceptional pilot whose experience and outstanding ability has been an inspiration to the instructors being trained at the school.

 

On September 15th he had a port outer engine cease in the air. The two top bearers broke and the engine slipped forward on its mountings, causing so much drag that Flight Lieutenant Kaye was unable to hold the aircraft straight. In spite of this Flight Lieutenant Kaye showed exceptional skill and executed a perfect "Wheels Up" landing. It is strongly recommended that this officer's devotion to duty may be mention in despatches.


* * * * *


KEDDY, S/L Walter Bernard (RAF 39535) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 September 1941. Burn in Burnside, Nova Scotia (possibly Manitoba ?) 1916; educated in Cornwall, Ontario; RAF, 1937; Acting Squadron Leader 8 June 1941. Posted to No.102 Squadron, 19 March 1941; to No.405 Squadron, 30 May 1941; killed in action, 17/18 January 1942. Award part of a general distribution of honours; one citation covered five DSOs, 26 DFCs and 20 DFMs. Air Ministry Bulletin 4907 refers.

 

In July 1941 large scale attacks were made on German warships at Brest and La Pallice (including the Gneisenau, Scharnhorst and Prinz Eugen). A smaller attack was made on Cherbourg. The operations were carried our in daylight and extremely heavy and accurate anti-aircraft fire and fighter opposition were encountered by all aircraft when approaching the targets, which at Brest were protected by balloon barrages. The air crews engaged succeeded, nevertheless, in securing direct hits on their objectives and in inflicting very severe damage in the target area. During the combats with enemy fighters 21 hostile aircraft were destroyed. The precise timing of attack by the various formations of aircraft and their correct approach to and accurate bombing of the objectives in the face of such powerful opposition demanded great skill and high courage. The great success of these operations was largely due to the bravery, determination and resource displayed by the following officers and airmen who participated in various capacities as leaders and members of the aircraft crews.


* * * * *


KEEN, Flight Sergeant Geoffrey Frank, DFM (RAF 923049) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 April 1943. Born 1916 in Chesham, England; home there (printer's cutter); enlisted 1940. Awarded DFC, January 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 9994 refers.

 

On night in March 1943, this airman was the wireless operator of an aircraft detailed to attack Essen. Whilst over the target area the aircraft was hit by heavy anti-aircraft fire. The navigator was killed instantaneously. Flight Sergeant Keen, who was in the astrodome, had his right foot blown off and received cuts on both legs. Disregarding his wounds, Flight Sergeant Keens regained his seat in the wireless cabin. For over two hours he laboured to repair the damaged apparatus. He could not speak to other members of the crew owing to damage to the inter-communication apparatus. Another airman spoke to him, however, on at least a dozen occasions and found him still conscious and working at his self-imposed task of directing the manipulation of various installations. He also offered assistance in navigating the aircraft and actually managed to drag himself on two occasions to the navigator's compartment to obtain essential information. His courage and fortitude in such circumstances were of the highest order.


* * * * *


KEMLEY, F/L Harold Joseph Sydney (RAF 128489) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 January 1946 (with effect from 25 July 1944). Trained in Canada at No.33 ANS. Air Ministry Bulletin 20717/AL.1112 refers but has no biographical details.

 

Flight Lieutenant Kemley, as navigator, has completed numerous operations against the enemy, in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 20 January 1944 when he had flown 19 ½ sorties (125 hours 45 minutes), 28 March 1943 to 5 January 1944. Squadron Navigation Officer at the time of submission.

 

This officer has made 19 ½ successful operational sorties,, 17 of which have been over strongly defended targets in Germany. During these trips he has shown a very high degree of navigational ability. At present he is employed as Navigation Leader and has demonstrated in his work an excellent example of loyalty and devotion to duty. Fir his inspiring leadership, his splendid record and outstanding ability, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


This appears to have failed to gain approval. The same file has another recommendation (no date) drafted when he had flown 30 ½ sorties (194 hours 15 minutes), 28 March 1943 to 24 July 1944.

 

This officer has made 30 ½ successful operational sorties, 19 of which have been over strongly defended targets in Germany. During these trips he has shown a very high degree of navigational ability. At present he is employed as Navigation Leader and has demonstrated in his work an excellent example of loyalty and devotion to duty. For his inspiring leadership, his splendid record and outstanding ability, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


KENNEDY, Warrant Officer Gordon Lindsay (NZ 411411) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 11416 refers but has no biographical details.

 

This Warrant Officer has taken part in numerous difficult sorties. He has at all times shown himself to be a keen and capable captain and pilot. By his enthusiasm and keenness, he has been an outstanding example to all with whom he has come in contact. His courage and devotion to duty have been most commendable on all his missions.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation dated 16 July 1943 when he had flown 23 sorties (125 hours), 16 February to 28 June 1943.

 

This airman has taken part in many difficult sorties. He has at all times shown himself to be a keen and capable captain and pilot. By his enthusiasm and willingness he has been an inspiration to all those who have come in contact with him.


* * * * *


KENYON, Sergeant Alva Alfred (RAF 1515049) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 January 1945. Born 1922 in Preston, Lancs.; home in Lostock Hall, Preston (clerk). Enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 16936/AL.944 refers.

 

As Flight Engineer, Sergeant Kenyon has taken part in very many sorties. He is a fearless and devoted crew member and on more than one occasion his skill and resource in the face of difficulties have played a good part in the return of the aircraft to this country. His conduct has at all times been exemplary.


DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (National Archives RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 29 October 1944 when he had flown 21 sorties (125 hours 20 minutes), 18 July to 19 October 1944.

 

Sergeant Kenyon has taken part in 21 day and night operations against the enemy, in which his efficiency, coolness and resource have been amply demonstrated.

 

During a daylight attack on Bottrop on 27th September, the aircraft in which he was Flight Engineer was very badly damaged while orbiting the target. The port inner engine was put out of action and the port outer caught fire and had to be feathered. The hydraulic system was rendered unserviceable and some of the controls were damaged to such an extent that two crew members had to assist the pilot to control the aircraft.

 

The bombing run was completed but, when leaving the target, the starboard inner engine started to lose power and it was found that this engine also had been badly damaged. Sergeant Kenyon successfully nursed the engine to give 50 percent power during the return trip to this country, showing great ingenuity and resource in doing so.

 

I consider the outstanding ability and coolness to danger shown by Sergeant Kenyon fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


KENYON, F/L Bennett Ley (RAF 112175) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 January 1943. Born 1913 in Kensington; home there; enlisted as a driver, 1940; remustered to Air Gunner, 1941; commissioned October 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 8877 refers. No citation in Gazette; citation found in Flight, 4 February 1943.

 

This officer has taken part in many operational sorties as Rear Gunner and Front Gunner/Bomb Aimer. His aircraft has been engaged by enemy aircraft and fighter defences on numerous occasions, but the cool and calculated way he has directed evasive tactics has largely contributed to the safety of the aircraft and crew. On one occasion his crew was detailed to attack Warnemunde. This operation was undertaken successfully from a low level, but resulted in damage to the aircraft. On the return journey the aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter and sustained further damage, and the rear gunner was wounded. Flight Lieutenant Kenyon extricated the wounded gunner, rendered first aid and stationed himself in the astro-dome aperture where he remained until the aircraft landed.


NOTE: DHist card (based on Air Ministry Bulletin) repeats synopsis of above, adding:

 

Always displayed great courage and devotion to duty, resourcefulness and clear thinking in critical moments an inspiration to squadron.


* * * * *


KETCHER, Sergeant Gerald Ralph (RAF 1890019) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944. Born 1924 at Cranleigh, Surrey; home there (nurseryman); enlisted 1943 and trained as Air Gunner. Mid-Upper Gunner in crew captained by F/L L.N. McCaig; commissioned as 168963. Incident described was 23/24 September 1943; missing from raid on Berlin, 20 January 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 12905/AL.748 refers.

 

In attacks against heavily defended German targets he has displayed skill and determination of a high order. In September 1943 he was mid-upper gunner of an aircraft which was detailed for an attack on Mannheim. During this operation his aircraft was twice attacked by enemy fighters. While engaged by searchlights over the target a Junkers 88 attacked but was driven off by the determined and accurate fire of this airman and his fellow gunner. A few minutes later a second enemy fighter attacked and Sergeant Ketcher was wounded in the right thigh. Despite this, he continued with his duties and gave excellent directions to his captain. By his coolness and resolution, this airman, with the assistance of the rear gunner, succeeded in destroying the hostile aircraft.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 24 December 1943 when he had flown five sorties (34 hours ten minutes), 27 August to 22 November 1943.

 

Sergeant Ketcher has taken part in operational sorties against the most heavily defended targets in Germany. During the attack on Mannheim on the night of 23rd September, 1943, he was the mid-upper air gunner of a Lancaster bomber which was twice attacked by enemy fighters. While coned by searchlights over the target a Junkers 88 attacked, but determined and accurate fire forced the enemy to break off. A few minutes later a second enemy fighter attacked and cannon and machine gun shells registered hits on the bomber, Sergeant Ketcher being wounded in the right thigh. Despite his wounds he continued to fire and instructed the captain in evasive action, and by his determination and coolness under fire coupled with accurate shooting had the satisfaction of sharing, with the rear gunner, the destruction of the enemy fighter. Sergeant Ketcher has since participated in two of the devastating raids on Berlin. By his coolness and determination he has at all times set a high example in the squadron and I strongly recommend the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


NOTE: same file has an earlier recommendation dated 28 September 1943 when he had flown three sorties (18 hours 55 minutes); text closely resembles above.


* * * * *


KEYS, Flight Officer James Grant (USAAF T-223101) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - award approved 24 November 1944 as an honourary award to an American national and not published in London Gazette. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

As captain and pilot of a four-engined aircraft this officer has completed many successful operations against targets in Germany and enemy occupied territory. Flight Officer Keys has displayed outstanding leadership and his skilful flying has enabled his gunners to destroy at least six enemy night fighters.


DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 August 1944 when he had flown 24 sorties (123 operational hours), 14 May to 12 August 1944. His sortie sheet is particularly interesting in view of the claims submitted by his gunners; the entry for 27 May 44 (target, Bourg-Leopold) indicates 14 attacks by fighters and two enemy aircraft destroyed; on 10 June 1944 the target was Paris and again two fighters were claimed shot down; finally, on 12 August 1944 the target was Brunswick when two fighters were claimed destroyed>

 

Flight Officer Keys is the captain of a four-engined heavy bomber who has completed 24 successful sorties over enemy and enemy-occupied territory. By skilful airmanship under most trying conditions and against the most stubborn resistance he has been able, by outstanding crew cooperation, to participate in the certain destruction of at least six night fighter enemy aircraft. His instantaneous cooperation, coolness and exceptional devotion to duty has contributed largely to the success of the gunners in his crew and it is definitely considered that this fine crew spirit is worthy of the highest praise. It is a pleasure to recommend Flight Officer Keys for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


KIER, P/O Leonard (RAF 117393) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Born 1923 in Dundee; home there. Educated at Logie Central School, Dundee. Commissioned from the ranks, 1944. Flight Engineer. Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 20 August 1944 (which spells his name "Keir) when he had flown 34 sorties (185 hours), 20 October 1943 to 3 August 1944.

 

This officer has completed 34 sorties including such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Dusseldorf and Frankfurt. At all times whilst inn the air, on operations as a Flight Engineer, Pilot Officer Keir has displayed courage, fortitude and resourcefulness of the highest order.


* * * * *


KING, P/O Dennis Edward (RAF 183198) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Born 1923 at Salisbury; home there; educated at St.Thomas Senior Boys School; served in the ranks; commissioned August 1944. Navigator. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 17146/AL.960 refers.


* * * * *


KING, F/O James Cyril (AUS 412558) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born in Sydney, 1920; home there; enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15641/AL.875 refers.

 

...during tour of operations has attacked many well defended targets in Germany. Has been a most reliable captain of aircraft. During sortie to Berlin one engine was disabled by anti-aircraft fire. In face of heavy anti-aircraft fire and damage to his aircraft he displayed outstanding courage and determination by completing mission successfully and returning safely to base with aircraft and crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 22 June 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (172 hours 36 minutes), 3 October 1943 to 7 June 1944.

 

During his tour as a pilot, this officer has attacked many well defended targets, on which he has been most keen and successful in pressing home his attacks. He is a reliable, capable captain who has given outstanding service to his country. Four of his sorties have been against Berlin. On one of these sorties one engine was disabled by flak over the target. In the face of dense flak and damage to his aircraft, he displayed outstanding courage and dogged determination by completing his mission and safely returning his aircraft and crew.


* * * * *


KING, Sergeant Leslie Ronald (RAF 569260) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 July 1943. Born 1920 at Brighton; home in Kingsway NW (london); enlisted 1936. Flight Engineer. Air Ministry Bulletin 10822 refers.

 

...now on second tour of operations, large number of sorties...exceedingly reliable and courageous Flight Engineer...technical abilities have several times assisted greatly in bringing damaged aircraft back to base...ability to impart knowledge and experience to less experienced Flight Engineers has made him very valuable member of squadron.


Ian Tavender, The Distinguished Flying Medal Register for the Second World War, has recommendation as found in Public Record Office Air 2/8964, drafted when he had flown 36 sorties (297 operational hours) as a flight engineer.

 

Sergeant King is an exceedingly steady, reliable and courageous Flight Engineer. His technical abilities have on several occasions assisted greatly in bringing damaged aircraft back to base. After completing his first operational tour, he spent two months as an instructor at a Conversion Unit but, at his own request, resumed operations as a member of a Pathfinder Force crew. He is at present Flight Engineer Leader of the squadron. His ability to impart his knowledge and experience to Flight Engineers is an asset to the squadron as is his courage and keenness in active operations.


* * * * *


KING, P/O Rowland Seaton (RAF 182229) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers; commissioned June 1944. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2608 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation for a DFM by W/C G.J. Gribb dated 19 August 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (214 hours 35 minutes), 5 September 1943 to 18 July 1944 (Flight Sergeant when recommended; service number 1005275).

 

This flight engineer has completed 32 operational attacks against the enemy, 24 of which have been on major targets. His work in general has been outstanding and his loyalty and devotion to duty a splendid example to his crew. I strongly recommend he be awarded a non-immediate Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


KING, Sergeant Walter Arthur (RAF 1891456) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1924 at Islington; home there (engineer apprentice). Enlisted February 1943. Flight Engineer. Air Ministry Bulletin 18789/AL.1018 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 February 1945, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9070 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 45 sorties (194 hours 30 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

Sergeant King is an efficient and capable Flight Engineer who has taken part in many difficult attacks on such targets as Russelsheim, Cologne, Hanover and Dusseldorf. His courage and ability to make every attack successful has in no small way contributed much to the success attained by this squadron. He is an inspiration to the other members of this squadron. Recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


KIRBY, P/O Herbert Harry (RAF 127173) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 January 1943. Citation published in Flight, 18 February 1943. Born in London, 1916; home there; educated at Battersea and Barnes Central School; enlisted 1940; commissioned November 1942. No citation in Gazette. Air Ministry Bulletin 8877 refers.

 

This officer has taken part in numerous sorties, including attacks on targets in the heavily defended Ruhr area as well as at Rostock and Lubeck. He has also completed several mine laying sorties. An extremely able navigator/bomb aimer whose excellent work has been worthy of high praise.


* * * * *


KIRTLAND, F/O Charles Henry Albert (RAF 176160) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 October 1945. Born 1921 at Bolton, Lancs.; educated at Gateway Secondary School, Leicester and at Leicester College of Technology. Enlisted December 1940; commissioned May 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 20047/AL.1096 refers.

 

...has completed his second tour of operational duty and has participated in attacks against such heavily defended targets as Hanover, Hamburg and Bremen. He has also taken part in mine laying operations. Flying Officer Kirtland has been largely responsible for the safe return of his aircraft and crew on a number of occasions. This was well illustrated during an attack against Leverkusen in December 1943. With one engine out of action, two others damaged and the gas tank holed, it was mainly due to his efforts that the aircraft reached England before it became necessary to abandon it. In the air this officer has invariably displayed great courage and devotion to duty. His work on the ground as a deputy engineering leader has been equally efficient.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation by W/C E.M. Bryson dated 22 May 1945 when he had flown 48 sorties (304 hours 45 minutes) in two groups - 18 November 1943 to 7 August 1944 (35 trips, 219 hours 45 minutes) and 14 March to 10 May 1945 (13 trips, 85 hours including one GARDENING recall and three EXODUS flights). Flight Engineer.

 

Flying Officer Kirtland, now on his second tour, has carried out 48 sorties almost entirely on German targets, starting in November 1943 when the enemy forces were at their peak of defensive strength. On several occasions his extremely practical knowledge of his aircraft and his resourcefulness under stress has brought his crew safely home, notably at Leverkusen in December 1943 when one engine knocked out and two damaged over the target and his gas tank holed, his work enabled the crew and aircraft to reach England before the crew were forced to abandon by parachute.

 

His work on the ground as Deputy Engineering Leader has been equally devoted and efficient.


* * * * *


KITTO, Flight Sergeant Desmond (RAF 1836232) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945. Born at Merthy Valley, Glamorganshire, 1924; home there; former ATC (No.1813 Squadron); enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 17466/AL.967 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 November 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8829 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 58 sorties (239 hours 45 minutes) as an Air Gunner.

 

Flight Sergeant Kitto is a very capable and keen Air Gunner who has now completed two tours of operations. He has participated in attacks on such heavily defended enemy areas as Berlin, Frankfurt and Stuttgart. This Non-Commissioned Officer has invariably displayed a keenness for offensive action and a high sense of responsibility which is most commendable. He has never swerved from his post of duty at any time but has pressed home his attacks to the full on every possible occasion. His coolness, courage and devotion to duty under fire has had an inspiring effect on all members of his crew and has contributed greatly towards their fine operational record. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


KLEIN, F/O Gerald (RAF 134205) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No. 408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943. Born in London, 1921; home in Eastcote, Middlesex; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11391 refers.

 

...now on second tour of operational duty, has attacked many of enemy's most heavily defended targets in Germany. Always displayed great devotion to duty and been untiring in efforts to maintain high standard of efficiency in squadron, Great confidence and fine fighting spirit have been an inspiring example to his crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 15 July 1943 when he had flown 42 sorties (195 hours 48 minutes). First tour had been 31 trips, 28 October 1941 to 20 February 1942; balance had been one trip to Dusseldorf dated 31 June 1942 [?1] followed by ten trips, 27 April to 24 June 1943. Wireless Air Gunner.

 

Pilot Officer Klein having carried out his first tour on Wellingtons, is completing his second tour on this squadron. He has carried out operations against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany, namely Dusseldorf, Gardening (2), Bochum, Dortmund, Essen, Wuppertal (2), Le Creusot, Krefeld, Gelsenkirchen.

 

At all times, Pilot Officer Klein has taken great interest in his work and has been very energetic towards helping organization and keeping a high standard of proficiency on the squadron. By a cheery manner and self-confidence he has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew and is completing a high record of achievement.


* * * * *


KNIGHT, Sergeant Ernest William (RAF 635682) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 December 1944. Born 1920 at Billinghurst, Sussex; home at Horsham, Sussex (farm labourer); enlisted February 1939; Air Ministry Bulletin 16660/AL.933 refers.

 

One morning in October 1944, this airman was the Flight Engineer of an aircraft detailed to attack Wanne Eickel. Whilst over the target the aircraft was badly hit by anti-aircraft fire. The bomb aimer was killed and Sergeant Knight was wounded. His injury was severe. Although suffering acutely he insisted on remaining at his post, ready to give of his best to assist his captain in his attempt to fly the badly damaged aircraft home. One engine was completely out of action, whilst a second was kept functioning only by Sergeant Knight's constant attention. This airman displayed courage, fortitude and devotion to duty of a high order. His example was most inspiring.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) had recommendation dated 15 October 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (124 hours 45 minutes), 28 June to 12 October 1944. Incident was on 12 October 1944.


* * * * *


KNIGHT, P/O Ronald Henry (RAF 590417) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 November 1942. Home in Carlisle; commissioned July 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 8443 refers. No citation in London Gazette other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 8443 refers and has the following text:

 

This officer's dogged determination, skill and devotion to duty is exemplified by the fact that he has completed 20 operational sorties in two months. On one occasion, when his aircraft was badly hit by anti-aircraft fire, in the face of heavy odds, he showed courage and coolness in extricating his crew and aircraft from a perilous situation and returning with numerous photographs.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 22 September 1942 when he had flown 27 sorties (140 hours 18 minutes), 25 October 1941 to 31 July 1942.

 

This officer's dogged determination, skill and devotion to duty is exemplified by the fact that he has completed 20 operational sorties in two months. He showed exceptional courage, skill and coolness in extricating his crew and aircraft from a perilous situation when his aircraft was severely shot up by flak. Pilot Officer Knight in the face of heavy odds showed courage and coolness of a very high order and returned with numerous photographs of the target area. His complete disregard of personal safety and his outstanding fortitude and skill have set a wonderful example for his crew.


* * * * *


KNOWLES, S/L Albert Benjamin, MBE (RAF 43429) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. NOTE: He was also Mentioned in Despatches, 1 January 1946 but it is not known if that was connected with duties in an RCAF unit or formation; the 1946 London Gazette indicated he had the MBE (dale of award unknown). Armament Officer. Recommendation for 1944 award in DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Volume 20606).

 

During over 26 years of continuous service in the Royal Air Force this officer has risen from Boy Entrant to the rank of Temporary Squadron Leader and has established a record of unstinted devotion to duty and unfailing enthusiasm and efficiency. He has served with distinction in two World Wars as well as in peacetime duties in a wide variety of posts, including service in Arabia and Transjorndania, and has already won the award of Membership in the Order of the British Empire. Upon the organization of No.6 (RCAF) Group in January 1943, Squadron Leader Knowles was posted to Topcliffe Base for Armament duties where he performed an outstanding job in organizing the Armament Section and successfully merging RCAF and RAF procedures and practices into a smooth and efficient system. When this base was instituted he was posted here to undertake the duties of Base Armament Officer which he has carried out with outstanding cheerfulness and efficiency and noteworthy success. A most loyal, hardworking and tactful officer with an unusually high service outlook.


* * * * *


KNOWLES, Flight Sergeant Ernest Charles (RAF 1390093) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944. Born 1923 at Gravesend; home in Denton Gravesend (labourer); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 15555/AL.875 refers.

 

This airman has displayed steadiness and reliability as a Wireless Operator (Air) throughout his whole tour of duty. The targets attacked by his crew includes some of the most dangerous and difficult in Germany and he has also taken part in minelaying operations. On one occasion when, due to a failure of electrical power, the rear turret of his aircraft became unserviceable, his directions enabled the rear gunner to get it into operation again. He has always shown outstanding courage and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


LADBROOK, F/O Harold Herbert (RAF 139394) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.410 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 November 1943. Born 1919 at Depthford, London; home in London; enlisted 1940; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 11992/AL.698 refers. Cited with F/L M.A. Cybulski (RCAF).

 

As pilot and observer respectively, Flight Lieutenant Cybulski and Flying Officer Ladbrook have taken part in numerous sorties, involving attacks on rail installations, locomotives and various other targets. During a sortie one night in September 1943, they attacked a Dornier 217 at close range. Following a well directed burst of fire, the enemy aircraft exploded in the air. Flight Lieutenant Cybulski was temporarily blinded by the explosion and the aircraft went into a steep dive. Flying Officer Ladbrook resourcefully regained control, however, and afterwards Flight Lieutenant Cybulski, who had quickly recovered, flew the aircraft to base. These officers have invariably displayed great skill and tenacity.


* * * * *


LAINCHBURY, F/O Eric (RAF 145467) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1920 at Olton, Birmingham; home there; enlisted 19940; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 20 July 1944 when he had flown 23 sorties (125 hours 35 minutes), 3 November 1943 to 26 June 1944.

 

This officer, a gunner, has completed a large number of operational sorties, having made several attacks on such well defended and distant targets as Berlin, Frankfurt, Mannheim and Leverkusen, Always setting his mind upon the task in hand, fearlessly and with a fie offensive spirit, he has proven himself to be an outstanding member of a gallant crew. His cheerful confidence has inspired a high standard of morale in his squadron. His devotion to duty and determination are worthy of the highest praise. He is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


LAMBERT, Flight Sergeant Douglas (RAF 550194) - British Empire Medal - No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. DHist file 181.009 D.2813 (National Archives of Canada Record Group 24 Volume 20632) has recommendation drafted in June 1945.

 

Flight Sergeant Lambert was employed as Non-Commissioned Officer-in-Charge, Wireless Telephone Maintenance, at RCAF Station Wombleton for over a year, an appointment calling for the rank of Flying Officer. During this time, Flight Sergeant Lambert displayed outstanding qualities of leadership, and his technical experience and ability were invaluable. The suggestions and ideas put forward by the Non-Commissioned Officer on numerous occasions resulted in improving wireless maintenance, and were responsible for the almost total lack of wireless failures, thereby contributing to the fulfilment of the high standard demanded by the training programme.

 

The unselfish devotion to duty of this Non-Commissioned Officer was particularly manifested during the period that his section, almost entirely composed of Royal Air Force personnel, was being handed over to the RCAF Non-Commissioned Officers and airmen newly arrived from Canada, and whose experience in the types of equipment they were called upon to service was negligible. A breakdown in section organization at this time would have had a very serious effect on training, but Flight Sergeant Lambert, by his example and ability in organizing the training and work of the new Non-Commissioned Officers and airmen, succeeded both in maintaining efficiency and harmony.


* * * * *


LANCASTER, F/L John Albert Edwin (RAF 142412) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1943. Born in Wandsworth, London, 1911; educated at Wandsworthy Country School; home in Yorkshire; enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12235/AL.711 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


LANE, F/O William Valentine (RAF 155868) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944. Born in Little Hereford, Shropshire, 1915; home in Tenbury, Worcester; educated at Little Hereford School. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15550/AL:.875 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." In the crew of W/C Harris; screened 10 December 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 22 June 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (173 hours 55 minutes), 14 January 1942 to 5 Jun 1944.

 

This officer is one of the outstanding Wireless Operators on the squadron. He has completed a total of 28 operations, 18 of which have been against heavily defended German targets in the face of extreme danger. His outstanding courage, exceptional skill, fearless and zealous devotion to duty have inspired confidence and are a shining example.


LANE, F/O William Valentine, DFC (RAF 155868) - Mention in Despatches - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation submitted to No.6 Group Headquarters, 2 February 1945. Enlisted 6 March 1940. Signals Officer.

 

This officer came to this squadron as a Sergeant in June 1943. His untiring cooperation and devotion to duty involving long hours of work have without a doubt contributed to the efficient operation of his section. In the absence of the Signals Leader on several occasions he has taken over the section in a most efficient manner. His willingness to give a helping hand and his cheerfulness under pressure of work has always been an inspiration to all members of the squadron.


* * * * *


LANGLEY, Flight Sergeant Daniel John (RAF 1376009) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 February 1944. Born 1915 in Bristol; home at Harrow Weald, Middlesex (salesman); enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 12872/AL.748 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 22 December 1943, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8829 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 37 sorties (284 hours 34 minutes) as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer during his many operational trips has displayed courage and devotion to duty of the highest order. He has participated in attacks on most of the enemy's most heavily defended targets including Berlin, Hanover, Hamburg and Cologne. Flight Sergeant Langley is most strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


LANGLEY, F/L Daniel John (RAF 171477) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 18786/AL.1018 refers.

 

Flight Lieutenant Langley has proved himself to be a very efficient wireless operator (air) and an enthusiastic Section Commander. He has achieved excellent results both in the air and on the ground. Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal he has participated in many operational sorties including attacks against such vital German targets as Stettin, Dresden, and Essen. Flight Lieutenant Langley has always displayed great keenness and determination.


Public Record Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation drafted 20 February 1945 when he had flown 58 sorties (369 hours 30 minutes), 14 January 1943 to 13 February 1945.


* * * * *


LANGTON, W/C Robert Thomas (RAF 45973) - Air Force Cross - No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2993 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 14 October 1944 while Chief Flying Instructor at No.1666 HCU, Wombleton: recommended by G/C N.S. MacGregor:

 

Wing Commander Langton has, by his initiative, drive and perseverance, shown himself to be an outstanding leader in the advancement of heavy conversion training within Bomber Command.

 

He has so perfected the training on the ground and in the air at the unit on which he has been Cgief Instructor since its inception, that it is now recognized as the model of that type of unit throughout the command.

 

He has personally developed many exercises and training aids, the application of which have in no small way contributed to the marked degree in operational losses.

 

He has personally demonstrated and incorprated into instructiional training, the feasibility of flying with two engines on one side, including turns to port and starboard, and he has also demonstrated the simplicity of coping with engine cut outs on take off, all of which is demonstrated and practiced as part of conversion training.

 

He has at all times given unsparingly of his time and boundless energy in the producing of such efficiency in crews, that he has greatly aided the operational units in the successful completion of their difficult tasks.

 

It is strongly recommended that this officer's outstanding performance and ability be rewarded by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


To this, G/C F.R. Miller (Commanding No.61 Base) added on 20 October 1944:

 

As Chief Instructor of No.1666 HCU from the very beginning, Wing Commander Langton carried out his duties under difficult condition with unbounded ebergy and marked ability. His faculty for inspiring his staff with his own hard driving enthusiasm has raised the morale and efficiency of his unit to the standard in the group.

 

Wing Commander Langton has 2,400 flying hours to his cred, many of them logged on instructional duties.

 

This recommendation for the recognitioon of Wing Commder Langton's work by the award of the Air Force Cross has my strongest support.


He had flown a tour in Bomber Command, and on 18 June 1943 W/C R.S. Steele (OC No.1659 CU) had recommended him for an AFC (he had completed 1,090 hours instruction work in the CUs and HCUs at that date). On 25 July 1944, Group Captain McGregor had recommended him for an OBE.


* * * * *


LANKTREE, F/O Brian Dane Joseph (RAF 151600) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Home in Argentina; commissioned 1943; trained in Canada at No.6 BGS and No.9 AOS. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Volume 20603) has recommendation dated 4 September 1944 when he had flown 25 sorties (119 hours nine minutes), 24 March to 28 August 1944.

 

Flying Officer Lanktree has completed as navigator of a four engined bomber, a very large number of sorties against the enemy, many of them deep penetrations to very heavily defended targets in Germany. On all occasions Flying Officer Lanktree has displayed outstanding ability as a navigator. On two occasions, when the aircraft in which he was flying was badly shot up by enemy fighters, he carried on with great confidence and managed to fight their badly damaged aircraft back to base.

 

Flying Officer Lanktree, through his skill and operational keenness, has set a magnificent example to all members of the squadron. Therefore, I recommend that he be awarded a non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


LARGE, Sergeant Sidney Gerald (RAF 1153456) - Mention in Despatches - Linton-on-Ouse - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. Enlisted 25 May 1940. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Volume 20606) has recommendation drafted February 1945. Fitter/Armourer.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has been responsible for the double-banking of Canadian personnel in the R and I Armoury. As such he has applied himself diligently and patiently and has set an example of loyalty to duty to all under his charge. He has taken an exceptional pride in his section and under his supervision these Canadian personnel have become efficient tradesmen. In his interest in the welfare and trade improvement of his men he has acquired their confidence and respect at all times.


* * * * *


LARKE, F/O Philip Edmund (RAF 179621) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1909 in Lewisham, London; home at Lee; educated at Eltham College, Nottingham, Kent; enlisted June 1943; commissioned July 1944. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 18788/AL.1018 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.1750 (RG.24 Volume 20608) has recommendation drafted 17 January 1945 when he had flown 20 sorties (102 operational hours), 1 July 1944 to 6 January 1945. Apparently not forwarded to higher authority until 19 February 1945 when sortie count had risen to 23 trips (120 hours 45 minutes), 1 July 1944 to 17 February 1945.

 

This Flight Engineer officer has displayed skill, courage and determination to a marked degree. His operational record, which includes many missions to strongly defended targets in France and Germany, has set a fine example to other members of the squadron. These qualities, together with his willingness to act in an administrative capacity in his section, have contributed much to the successes attained by this squadron. It is most strongly recommended that Pilot Officer Larke's excellent all-round efficiency in his aircrew duties be rewarded by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).


* * * * *


LARMAN, P/O Neville Wyndham (RAF 186242) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1906 at Dover, Kent; home in Eastham; educated at Dutton Secondary School and His Majesty's Dockyard School, Devon; enlisted April 1942; commissioned September 1944. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 18789/AL.1018 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation dated 12 February 1945 when he had flown 25 sorties (149 hours 17 minutes), 27 August 1944 to 4 February 1945.

 

Pilot Officer Larman is an intelligent, conscientious Flight Engineer who, under a calm and quiet manner, has a fine offensive spirit, which enhances the morale of his crew. He has completed 25 sorties against the enemy, during which time he has displayed courage and fortitude of the highest order.

 

In view of this officer's fine operational achievements and example to all crews, I strongly recommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


LAWRENCE, F/O William Mark (RAF 51603) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 June 1944. Wireless Operator/Air Gunner. DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 21 April 1944 when he had flown 47 2/3 sorties (342 hours ten minutes). His first tour was 35 sorties, 24 April to 23 December 1941 (all but one in Middle East; his first was a raid on Cologne; his first Middle East trip was 14 June 1941 against Derna); he participated in raid on Essen, 1 June 1942, but second tour began 22 October 1943 and had encompassed 15 sorties up to 20 April 1944. These figures add up to 51 sorties (also given in the text). It is possible that three transport sorties flown in North Africa (20 November, 6 December and 7 December 1941) were counted as fractions, but how Bomber Command counted fractional sorties is still puzzling. Air Gunner.

 

This officer has successfully completed 51 sorties over enemy territory. He has been engaged in operations over the Ruhr, Berlin, Leipzig, Benghazi, Derna, and many other heavily defended areas.

 

Flying Officer Lawrence has shown coolness and devotion to duty of a high order, and his continued courage and keenness to operate is deserving of the finest praise. He sets a high standard of efficiency on operations, and his cheerfulness and courage have been an inspiration to his crew, and an example to all in keeping with the best traditions of the service.

 

I strongly recommend that Flying Officer Lawrence's exceptionally fine operational record be recognized by an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


LAWSON, W/C Kenneth John, DFC (RAF 82728) - Bar to Distinguished Service Order - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 18 September 1945 with effect from 1 January 1945 (since deceased). Born in Winnipeg, 1918; home there; enlisted October 1940; commissioned as Pilot Officer on Probation, 28 July 1940; confirmed as a Pilot Officer and promoted to Flying Officer, 28 July 1941. Awarded DFC, 18 April 1941 for services in No.149 Squadron. Air Ministry Bulletin 19709/AL.1091 refers to the Bar to his DSO. DHist cards have only the award of the Bar to DSO (no earlier awards) and he is not listed in CAN/RAF cards. Commonwealth War Graves Commission records are ambiguous as his Canadian status; he was killed on 2 January 1945, aged 31, in the rank of Wing Commander with No.405 Squadron; buried in Durnbach War Cemetery, Bayern, Germany; "Son of Frederic John and Beatrice Mary Lawson, of Ealing, Middlesex", which suggests that, even if born in Canada, his British roots ran deeper.

 

Wing Commander Lawson has a long record of operational flying. Since his last award he has participated in numerous attacks against heavily defended targets. This officer has proved himself an outstanding leader with a high sense of devotion to duty and a fearlessness which has inspired confidence in his less experienced subordinates. Both in the air and on the ground Wing Commander Lawson has displayed great zeal and efficiency.


* * * * *


LAWSON, F/O Richard Donald (RAF 135113) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Home in Manchester; trained in Canada (No.4 AOS and No.7 BGS); commissioned from the ranks, December 1942. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 17146/AL.960 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 13 October 1944 when he had flown 23 sorties (144 hours 20 minutes), 15 March 1943 to 26 March 1944; it is not clear why the documenttaon was delayed so long (possible missing in action and taken prisoner).

 

This officer, and Air Bomber, has completed 23 operational sorties, the majority of which have been against heavily defended targets including the Ruhr, Mannheim, Leipzigm Frankfurt and Berlin.

 

At all times Flying Officer Lawson has proved a steady, reliable amd cheerful member of his crew, and despite the opposition encountered, has always enadeavoured to drop his bombs accurately on the target.

 

In view of Flying Officer Lawson's perseverance, courage and devotion to duty, as wwell as his outstanding ability as an AAir Bomber, I strongly rcommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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LEECH, Sergeant Donald Sparkes (RAF 1254044) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Citation found in Flight, 21 January 1943. Born in Manchester, 1912; home at Leigh-on-Sea, Essex (costing clerk); enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers.

 

Sergeant Leech has displayed a keen and fine fighting spirit. Serving as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner, he has taken part in attacks against Wilhelmshaven, Hamburg, Essen, Cologne, and other heavily defended areas in enemy territory. He has also flown in mine laying operations and has consistently exhibited outstanding ability, great courage and devotion to duty.


NOTE: The London Gazette apparently carries a briefer citation:

 

Sergeant Leech has displayed a keen and fine fighting spirit. Serving as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner, he has taken part in attacks against Wilhelmshaven, Hamburg, Essen, Cologne, and other heavily defended areas in enemy territory. He has also flown in mine laying operations.


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LEES, P/O Herbert (RAF 190740) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1913 in Derby; home there; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18789/AL.1018 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 February (for a DFM) when he was a Sergeant (1833528) and had flown 31 sorties (168 hours five minutes), 12 July to 29 December 1944. Flight Engineer.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer, the Flight Engineer of a crew captained by Flying Officer T.J.Kelly, has since the 12th of July 1944 made 31 operational sorties over enemy territory including many of the major and heavily defended targets in Germany.

 

Sergeant Lees has at all times displayed outstanding ability and a strong sense of duty, and he holds a fine record of achievement on the squadron His untiring devotion to duty in moments of danger has been largely responsible for the successful completion of his crew's many sorties, and by his example of cheerful courage, has maintained a very high standard of morale among not only his crew members, but the squadron in general.

 

I consider that this Non-Commissioned Officer in every way merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal (Non-Immediate).


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LEITCH, Warrant Officer David Duncan Patrick (RAF 921693) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 May 1946. Born 1921 in Bangor, County Down; home in Bristol; enlisted April 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 21747/AL.1124 refers.

 

Warrant Officer Leitch was the navigator of a Halifax aircraft which was badly damaged by enemy fire and had to be abandoned on the night of 10 March 1943. The crew baled out and Warrant Officer Leitch landed near Vassy, France. He destroyed his charts and disposed of his parachute and harness. Disguised in old clothes taken from a scarecrow, Warrant Officer Leitch obtained food and clothing from residents of Ville-en-Blaisois and with further help reached Ambrinville on 14 March 1943 where he was captured. He was taken to a military prison in Paris and thence to Dulag Luft, Oberusel. Warrant Officer Leitch made his first attempt to escape on 20 June 1943 from a train while being taken from Stalag Luft III to Stalag Luft VI. He left the train through a lavatory window but was recaptured after travelling nearly 100 miles in another train towards the Baltic coast. His next attempt was made in February 1944, again from a train in which he was being transferred from one camp to another. After two hours of liberty he was discovered and was returned to the Prisoner of War train. On 22 March 1944 Warrant Officer Leitch once more escaped from a train. He made contact with some French workers who took him to their camp. They assisted him to take the identity of a French worker, providing him with a forged identity card and a written authority to travel to Danzig where he hoped to board a Swedish ship. With coolness and resource he reached Danzig but was recaptured when trying to board a vessel there. Notwithstanding his previous failures, Warrant Officer leitch made preparations for another attempt to escape early in April 1944 with the aid of Army and Navy personnel of Stalag XXB but before the plan could be put in effect the Germans reorganized the defences. On discovering that the Germans were wiring the windows of the barracks about the end of April 1944, Warrant Officer Leitch decided to make another attempt without delay and broke out of the camp wearing civilian clothes. He remained at large until 8 June 1944 when he was recaptured. He was eventually liberated by the Allied forced at Velson [Belson ?] on 16 April 1945.


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LEKIS, Flight Officer Walter Raymond (USAAF T-223109) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - award approved 24 November 1944 as honourary award to an American national and not published in London Gazette. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

Flight Officer Lekis is a reliable and efficient pilot and captain of aircraft who has rendered very valuable service. He has participated in many sorties against varied targets and has invariably pressed home his attacks despite strong enemy opposition. Flight Officer Lekis' cheerful confidence and devotion to duty have set an excellent example.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 10 August 1944 when he had flown 29 ½ sorties (140 hours 22 minutes), 29 March to 9 August 1944.

 

During a most successful tour of operational duty, this officer has proved himself to be a most valuable member of his squadron. He is an outstanding operational captain and has invariably made the utmost efforts to complete his duties. His cheerful confidence and willing cooperation has always been apparent in whatever task he is assigned to. For his inspiring example, his fine record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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LEWIS, S/L Peter Evan (RAF 40400) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1942. Born 1917 in Portsmouth; educated at St.John's College, Swansea, and Bournemouth Collegiate School; commissioned 1938. No citation in London Gazette other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 7113 refers. Citation published in Flight, 25 June 1942.

 

This officer has shown great perseverance in pressing home his attacks against enemy ships, at mast-head height, in the face of anti-aircraft fire from the ships and shore batteries. He has destroyed one enemy aircraft and has damaged five enemy vessels. As flight commander, his keenness, energy and leadership have contributed largely to the remarkable successes achieved by his squadron.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation drafted 13 April 1942.

 

Squadron Leader Lewis has flown 93 hours on 28 operational flights on this squadron since September 1941. In addition he flew 45 hours on Blenheim fighters before joining this unit. He has one enemy aircraft to his credit. Of the 28 flights in this squadron, 20 were flown at night, a total of 70 hours. During this period he is credited with damaging five motor vessels, one seriously.

 

The following is a record of his night actions:

 

        15.10.41M.V. 5,000 tonsNo claim

25.10.41M.V. 5/6,000 tonsNo claim

1.11.41M.V. 3,000 tonsDirect hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

2.11.41M.V. 6,000 tonsDirect hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

30.11.41M.V. 4,000 tonsDirect hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

6.1.42M.V. 6,000 tonsExplosion observed (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

22.1.42M.V. 1,000 tonsTwo hits followed by explosions (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm M.V. seriously damaged)

 

Squadron Leader Lewis has at all times pressed home his attacks at mast head height in the face of antiaircraft fire from shipping and shore batteries. As a Flight Commander his keenness, energy and leadership have had strong influence on all his officers and men, and have led to many remarkable squadron successes.


Public Record Office Air 2/9588 has the same document, but with added comments by more senior officers. On 13 April 1942 the Officer Commanding, Station Bircham Newton, wrote:

 

Forwarded and strongly recommended. This officer has done a large amount of very valuable work in No.407 Squadron since its formation. he was recommended by me for this decoration several times when I commanded RAF Station North Coates, and I cannot speak too highly of his service. Squadron Leader Lewis has now been posted from No.407 Squadron.


On 22 April 1942, Air Commodore Lloyd, Commanding No.16 Group, noted:

 

This officer has been recommended by me on three previous occasions for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross. He has five successful attacks on shipping at night to his credit and its very strongly recommended.


Public Record Office Air 2/9588 also has a draft citation as sent to Air Ministry Awards Committee:

 

Since September 1941, Squadron Leader Lewis has flown 93 hours on 28 operational flights of which 20 have been completed at night. He has shown great perseverance in pressing home his attacks against enemy ships, at mast head height, in the face of anti-aircraft fire from the ships and shore batteries. He has destroyed one enemy aircraft and is credited with damaging five vessels, one seriously. As flight commander, his keenness, energy and leadership have contributed largely to the remarkable successes achieved by his squadron.


DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20828) has an earlier recommendation dated 10 February 1942 (which certainly shows how persistent authorities were at getting him an award).

 

This officer has been with this squadron since soon after its formation. His keenness, energy and leadership as Flight Commander have played a major part in the training of new pilots and in building the squadron until it was fir to become operational.

 

He has personally carried out 23 operational sorties, choosing for himself the most difficult tasks and has been credited with damaging five merchant vessels, a total of 20,000 tons of shipping. In addition he has attacked three vessels in very difficult night conditions for which no results were observed.

 

He has pressed home all his attacks at an extremely low altitude often in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire both from ships and from shore batteries. He has displayed, at all times, outstanding qualities of leadership and personal courage.

 

Before coming to this unit he flew 45 hours in Blenheim fighters.


The same file has another recommendation for a DFC dated 3 March 1942. See entry for P/O W.G.P. Puxley.


LEWIS, S/L Peter Evan (RAF 40400) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1942.


* * * * *


LEWTHWAITE, Flight Sergeant Sidney Herbert (RAF 1135997) - Air Force Medal - No.413 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.1751 (RG.24 Volume 20608) has recommendation, July 1944. First operational sortie had been 26 March 1943 and he had flown 1,006 hours 15 minutes in all.

 

This airman has completed an operational tour on Catalina aircraft. He is a Flight Engineer of high merit and has proved himself to be a courageous and resolute member of aircraft crew. His coolness and resource are most inspiring. His enthusiasm and efficiency have been valuable assets to his squadron.


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LITSON, P/O Frederick William Ronald (RAF 145432) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 December 1943. Wireless Operator or Wireless Operator/Air Gunner. Born 1918 in Ystalyfera, Glamorganshire; educated at Wern School, Ystalyfera and Brendon School, North Devon; home in Lynton, Devon; enlisted 1939; commissioned 1942. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 12236/AL.711/2 refers.


* * * * *


LITTLE, Sergeant John Osmond (RAF 975297) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 November 1941. Born 1921 in Brighton; home there (clerk); enlisted as Wireless Operator Air Gunner, 1939. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 5646 refers. Later commissioned; missing, presumed dead, October 1942. The original recommendation, dated 20 September 1941, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9334 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 30 sorties (189 hours 25 minutes) as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner.

 

Has completed 30 operational trips as Wireless Operator. His standard of work has been exceptionally high and he has aided his crew in locating targets by the skilful use of his wireless set.


* * * * *


LITTLEWOOD, Sergeant Leslie (RAF 992167) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 March 1942. Born in Sheffield, 1919; home in Whiston. Air Ministry Bulletin 6484 refers. No citation in London Gazette other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Killed in action, January 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin gives citation. (see also Flight, 26 March 1942).

 

This airman has participated in attacks on Mannheim, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Ostend and other important targets. In the course of one operation his aircraft was attacked by two enemy fighters but Sergeant Littlewood assisted greatly in driving off the attackers. He is a hard and conscientious worker and his skill as a wireless operator has contributed materially to the successes achieved.


* * * * *


LITTLEWOOD, F/O Peter Ronald Benjamin (126814) - Mention in Despatches - No.410 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944. As navigator he was involved in the following victories: 16 July 1943, one Bv.138 destroyed (shared with four other crews); 25/26 July 1943, one Do.217 destroyed. Killed with F/L E.A. Murray, 30 July 1943, aged 22, still with No.410 Squadron; buried in Scopwick Church Burial Ground, Lincolnshire. Commonwealth War Graves Commission states he was a navigator; "Son of Lancelot E. Littlewood and Edith Gladys Littlewood of Saanichton, Vancouver Island".


* * * * *


LIVESEY, F/O Arnold (RAF 155091) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 April 1945 with effect from 27 September 1943. Born 1920 in Salford, Lancs., home there; transferred from army to RAF while in South Africa; commissioned June 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 18266/AL.1001 refers.

 

Since joining this squadron Pilot Officer Livesey has taken part in numerous attacks against major targets in enemy territory. At all times he has shown coolness and courage of the highest order. In August 1943 he took part in an attack on Berlin, performing his duties as navigator with exceptional gallantry and devotion to duty in the face of numerous searchlights and fighter attacks. He is a highly efficient navigator and a most valuable member of his crew.


* * * * *


LLOYD, Flight Sergeant David Waide (RAF 948207) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 October 1943. Born in Leeds, 1915; home there (accountant's clerk); enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 11857 refers.

 

Throughout tour of operations as captain of aircraft, has set high standard of skill, courage, efficiency. Numerous sorties against German and Italian targets. Has always pressed home attacks with determination and secured many excellent photographs.


* * * * *


LOCKHART, Sergeant William Graham (RAF 156650) - Mention in Despatches - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944.


* * * * *


LONGMUIR, F/O James Alexander (RAF 174320) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1912 at West Ealing; home there; enlisted 1941 and trained in Canada. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Box 20607) has recommendation dated 16 September 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (164 hours 25 minutes). This was calculated in an odd way - five sorties, 14 March to 10 April 1943; two ferry flights (17 and 19 May 1943); a sea search (7 September 1943) followed by sorties from 24 February to 3 September 1944.

 

A bomb aimer of outstanding skill and highly commendable courage, Pilot Officer Longmuir is nearing completion of a tour of operations against strongly defended targets such as Berlin, Essen, Frankfurt, Kiel and Stuttgart. In all these sorties, the excellent jobs of bombing he has done have largely been responsible for the outstanding record of his crew.

 

On the night of 24th March 1944, the crew of which Pilot Officer Longmuir was bomb aimer were detailed to bomb Berlin. At the height of 22,000 feet, when crossing the Channel, it was discovered that the wind was entirely different to the Met winds given. Encountering terrifically strong winds, the aircraft was driven off course. Pilot Officer Longmuir, looking out the front of the aircraft, was able to pick four pin points along the enemy coast, and from these, map-read the aircraft to the next turning point. With this assistance, the navigator was able to set his course anew. The pressed was pressed on to the target with great success.

 

Throughout his tour of operations, Pilot Officer Longmuir's exceptionally fine skill as bomb aimer has been responsible for the outstanding precision bombing of this crew. His keenness for his work and his split-second timing have given confidence to the members of the crew. His cool courage and determination are greatly to be admired and should be recognized by the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


LUCKETT, P/O Reginald Gordon (RAF 176176) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1915 at Bristol; home there; educated at Ash Down and Bishop's Higher Technical School, Bristol. Enlisted 1941; trained in South Africa; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 8 September 1944 when he had flown 39 sorties (232 hours 55 minutes), 22 November 1943 to 10 August 1944.

 

As Bomb Aimer, Pilot Officer Luckett has completed his first operational tour, carrying out 39 trips against the enemy. He has successfully completed sorties against targets in Germany and France and in addition has laid a large number of mines in enemy waters. Pilot Officer Luckett has proved himself to be an outstanding member of his crew and the success of the missions can in no small way be attributed to his skill.

 

For the completion of a most satisfactory tour of operations and for the support he has given the squadron, I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


LUMA, 1st Lieutenant James F. (USAAF O-885995) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - award approved 13 July 1944 but not published in London Gazette. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

This officer has completed 21 sorties since September 1943, and has destroyed three enemy aircraft. One of these he shot down whilst intruding near the Spanish border, some 600 miles from his base. Shortly after the engagement the starboard engine in Lieutenant Luma's aircraft failed, but he skilfully flew on with the remaining engine and effected a successful landing at base.


NOTE: The above-noted file also has correspondence from January 1945 when he was with 419 Night Fighter Squadron, Detachment A, San Francisco. This stated that he had reported to No.418 Squadron on 9 December 1941 and transferred to the USAAF on 1 October 1942. His sorties were listed as follows (possibly incomplete - only 19 trips mentioned; obviously sorties flown while a member of the RCAF):

 

26 Mar 42Ghent26 June 42Deelen

           3 Apr 43          Brussels          6 July 42         Soesterberg

           10 Apr 43        Eindhoven      30 July 42       Gilse and Eindhoven

           12 Apr 43        Eindhoven      11 August 42  Soesterburg

           29 Apr 42        Poix                28 August 42  Lille-Valenciennes

           6 May 42         Gilne-Rijin     4 Sept 42         Melun

           30 May 42       Leeuwarden    7 Sept 42         Oreil

           31 May 42       Leeuwarden    8 Sept 42         Beauvais-Oreil

           2 June 42         Leeuwarden    19 Sept 42       Juvincourt

           9 June 42         Leeuwarden


* * * * *


LUMSDEN, Sergeant Stanley (RAF 528078) - Mention in Despatches - No.1666 Heavy Conversion Unit - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Enlisted 21 January 1936. Non-Commissioned Officer in charge of No.2 Hangar. DHist file 181.009 D.2813 (National Archives of Canada Record Group 24 Volume 20632) has recommendation by G/C N.S. MacGregor dated 22 July 1944.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has been responsible for the organizing and building up of a highly efficient Repair and Inspection Section. His untiring energy and brilliant initiative toward the maintaining and serviceability of aircraft has been an outstanding contribution toward the achievements of this Heavy Conversion Unit. His excellent leadership and example fostered a high state of morale amongst his section during a time of most adverse conditions. It is strongly recommended that his constant devotion to duty be mentioned in despatches.


* * * * *


LUMSDEN, Flight Sergeant William (RAF 1061816) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1943. Born 1922 at Shadforth, Durham; home in Ludworth, Durham (butler's assistant); enlisted 1940. Air Gunner. Air Ministry Bulletin 12235/AL.711 refers. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty".


* * * * *