NON-CANADIAN PERSONNEL DECORATED


FOR SECOND WORLD WAR SERVICES WITH


RCAF UNITS OVERSEAS


compiled for No.1 Air Division by


 Hugh A. Halliday

1594 Delia Crescent

Orleans, Ontario

K4A 1W9


(613) 830-8366



Acknowledgement: This data base has been prepared with generous assistance from Surgeon Commander (ex F/O) John Blatherwick, CM, CD, MD, New Westminster, British Columbia.


Hugh Halliday welcomes written comments, additions or corrections sent to his home or through the internet (hughhall@attcanada.ca).


British Commonwealth and Imperial personnel were mixed together throughout the Second World War. Canadians have been informed repeatedly that upwards of 60 percent of RCAF personnel served in British rather than Canadian squadrons. At the same time, however, many members of the Royal Air Force served in RCAF overseas units, as did smaller numbers of men and women wearing American, Australian and New Zealand uniforms. This data base records the honours and awards granted to these non-Canadians in recognition of their contributions to RCAF operations abroad.


The data base is not comprehensive; in compiling it the researcher has almost certainly missed some personnel, particularly those Mentioned in Despatches, and it would be much appreciated if such oversights could be brought to my attention. In many cases there have been no citations or recommendations located as of November 2001. Nevertheless, a search for perfection would only delay the distribution of this material. There are some who might argue that this information is already several years overdue.




ABBOTT, FS Anthony George (RAF 1312308) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born 1921 in Southend-on-Sea; home in Basingstoke, Hants; clerk in civil life; enlisted for aircrew, 1940. No published citation other than "has completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. The original recommendation, dated 20 August 1944 when he had flown 50 sorties (241 hours 30 minutes), was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8827.1 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000) which is an important work on this award at this period.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is a very keen and efficient Wireless Operator (Air) who has now completed two tours of operations. He has invariably displayed a keenness for operations and a high sense of devotion to duty which is most commendable. The unselfish manner in which he has performed all duties allotted to him has set a fine example, which it will be difficult to surpass. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


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ADDY, Sergeant Frederick (RAF 1819066) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. No details on DHist card. No citation other than "has completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 17146/AL.960 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 27 September 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (144 hours 35 minutes), 27 April to 9 September 1944.

 

During 34 operational sorties this Non-Commissioned Officer has proved beyond doubt his outstanding ability as a most capable Flight Engineer. The cool efficient manner in which he has always carried out his duties contributed in a large measure to the success attained by his crew.

 

For his example of loyalty and fine record of achievement, Sergeant Addy is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal (Non-immediate).


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ALLISON, S/L William Ezekiel (RAF 115784) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 April 1943. Born in County Durham, 1920; home in Billingham, Durham. The following citation published in Flight, 20 May 1943.

 

This officer, who is serving on his second tour of operational duties, has taken part in attacks on many of the enemy's most heavily defended targets, including Berlin, Cologne, Brest, Kiel, Essen, Hamburg.


DHist cards (apparently based on Air Ministry Bulletin 9917) give the following:

 

... Pilot and Flight Commander, now on his second tour - has taken part in attacks on enemy's most heavily defended targets (Berlin, Cologne, Brest, Kiel, Essen, Hamburg). At all times his courage, daring and fearlessness have been an inspiration to subordinates. Outstanding leader - instills confidence into personnel under his command.


DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 24 February 1943 when he had flown 33 sorties (178 hours ten minutes). "Fuller Operation" is a puzzle; was this the first 1,000-bomber raid ?

 

This officer, who is one of my Flight Commanders, has completed one tour of operations and six operational sorties on his second tour. He has carried out sorties over many strongly defended areas such as Berlin, Cologne, Brest, Kiel, Duisburg, Fuller Operation, Essen, Hamburg, Dusseldorf, Wilhelmshaven and many others, as shown on the reverse side of this pro forma. At all times he has carried out his duties in a most satisfactory manner and has set an outstanding example to all personnel under his command, particularly by his courageous daring and fearlessness and his strong character and conscientiousness at his work. He is a very capable leader and instills the utmost confidence, nt only in personnel under his command but also in his superiors.


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AMIES, Flight Sergeant Robert John (RAF 540486) - Mention in Despatches - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation drafted mid-July 1944. Fitter 2A.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer enlisted on 6th May 1937 and has been in charge of a Flight in this squadron since it was formed. His ability to perform his duties under trying conditions of long hours and adverse weather has set his Flight a splendid example. Due entirely to his untiring devotion to duty, the morale and consequently the serviceability of his flight has been exceptional.


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ANDERSON, Flight Sergeant James (RAF 370704) - Mention in Despatches - No.61 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944. Engine Fitter (F2A).


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ANDREW, Sergeant John Francis (RAF 1199065) - Mention in Despatches - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. Unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (RG.24 Volume 20607). Flight Engineer.


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ANDREW, F/O Philip Alfred (RAF 123847) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 October 1943. Born in Harrow, Middlesex, 1921; home in North Harrow; enlisted in RAF, 1941; trained in South Africa; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11857 refers.

 

...has taken part in large number of attacks against both German and Italian targets. As bomb aimer has consistently placed his bombs on the aiming point, at all times undertaking this task in a fearless manner with complete disregard for the enemy's defences.


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APPLETON, P/O Eric (RAF 178226) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 October 1944. Born 1921 in Nuneaton, Warwick; home in Hinckley, Leics.; served in the ranks, commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15824/AL.894 dated 5 October 1944 refers.

 

In July 1944, this officer was the flight engineer of an aircraft engaged on an operational mission. When on the homeward flight the aircraft came under heavy fire from the ground defences and was hit. Much damage was sustained and three members of the crew were wounded. The aircraft became difficult to control and a fire had commenced in the bomb bay. The situation was most alarming, but Pilot Officer Appleton cooly applied himself to the task of repairing sustained to the fuel control cables, working by the light of a torch. He afterwards assisted in putting out the fire in the bomb bay. This officer displayed outstanding coolness and determination in difficult circumstances and his example proved most inspiring.


NOTE: DHIst file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 15 August 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (150 hours 50 minutes). The document is much more detailed than the published citation:

 

This officer has completed 29 sorties against the enemy, including the German capital and many of the heavily defended targets in the Ruhr. As flight engineer, both in the air and on the ground, he has shown himself to be an outstanding member of aircrew. Throughout his tour he has been of great assistance to his pilot and to the leader of his section in helping to train the newer flight engineers. On the night of 28/29 July 1944, whilst returning from operations against the enemy, the aircraft in which he was flight engineer was engaged by enemy anti-aircraft fire some 70 miles from the enemy coast. The pilot, mid-upper gunner and navigator were wounded and the aircraft was very badly damaged and practically out of control. The fuel control cables were out on the starboard side and the aircraft was almost unmanageable. Pilot Officer Appleton showed great coolness and skill in sorting out the fuel control cables, the fuel cocks having been rendered unserviceable, by feel and using a torch and operating them by pulling the correct ones. A fire started in the bomb bay. Together with the air bomber he went back and extinguished the fire and again resumed as flight engineer. Throughout the whole incident, until the aircraft was safely landed in this country, Pilot Officer Appleton remained confident and cool and stayed at his post. By his air of confidence he inspired the other members of the crew and greatly assisted the captain to bring the aircraft safely back to base having successfully completed the mission.

 

It is considered that this officer's coolness and skill on this occasion, combined with his splendid operational record, fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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ARMOUR, P/O William John (AUS 414333) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 May 1945 (with effect from 19 December 1943). Born 1915 in Mount Morgan, Queensland, Australia; home in Brisbane. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 18664/AL.1030 refers.

 

This officer as pilot and captain of aircraft has completed numerous operations against the enemy, in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.


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ARMSTRONG, Flight Sergeant Reginald Ragnor (RAF 611857) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 August 1944. Born in South Shields, 1918; home there. Air Ministry Bulletin 15067/AL/853 Part I refers.

 

...has been continuously engaged on operations against the enemy since July 1942. Many of the sorties in which he has participated have been anti-submarine patrols. The majority of these were completed hundreds of miles from land in adverse weather. He has taken part on other occasions in bombing sorties on heavily defended centres in Germany including Berlin. Over a long period this airman has set a fine example of courage and skill as an air gunner to all other members of aircraft crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation dated 8 April 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (324 hours 24 minutes) - or so the sheet states. A count of sorties on the reverse side shows 39 sorties, although the flying hours count remains at 325 hours 24 minutes. He had taken part in raids on Dusseldorf (31 July 1942), Kiel (13 October 1942) and Cologne (15 October 1942) before commencing a series of 18 anti-submarine patrols (30 October 1942 to 26 February 1943. Raids thereafter had been 11 March 1943 to 24 February 1944.

 

Flight Sergeant Armstrong has been continuously on operations against the enemy since July 1942. During this period he had made 30 operational sorties of which 18 were anti-submarine patrol, the majority hundreds of miles from land in conditions of foul winter weather testing courage and endurance alike, and twelve were bombing raids of which all were on heavily defended German targets and no less than six were against the capital city itself. Through all this extended tour his application to his air gunner's duties has been exemplary and his unvarying display of keenness, cheerfulness and offensive spirit has been an inspiration to all his comrades.


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ARMSTRONG, FS Robert (RAF 754484) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 April 1942. Born in Holborn, 1919; home in Whitstable. Clerk before enlisting as pilot, July 1939. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations." Air Ministry Bulletin 6672 gave the following citation:

 

As an observer, this airman has taken part in attacks on Brest, Lorient, St.Nazaire, Kiel, Hamburg, Cologne, Berlin and Oslo. Several of these were carried out under difficult conditions and Flight Sergeant Armstrong always displayed great keenness and skill.


Public Record Office Air 2/9585 has the original recommendation dated 24 February 1942 when he had flown 33 sorties (198 hours 55 minutes) as follows:


* assessed as "unsuccessful"


12 Jun 41    Soest                                    31 Aug 41  Cologne*

13 Jun 41    Brest                                    2 Sept 41    Berlin*

15 Jun 41    GARDENING, Norderney  6 Sept 41    GARDENING, Oslo

17 Jun 41    GARDENING, Norderney  11 Sep 41   Rostock

20 Jun 41    Kiel                                      20 Sep 41   Berlin

24 Jun 41    Kiel                                      1 Oct 41     Ostend

29 Jun 41    Hamburg                              11 Oct 41   Essen

2 July 41    Cologne*                             13 Oct 41   Cologne

27 Jul 41    GARDENING, Lorient        1 Nov 41    Kiel*

5 Aug 41    Ludwigshafen                      7 Nov 41    Cologne

7 Aug 41    Essen*                                  7 Dec 41    Boulogne

14 Aug 41  Hanover                               11 Dec 41  Cologne*

16 Aug 41  Dusseldorf*                         14 Dec 41  Brest

19 Aug 41  Kiel                                      26 Jan 42    GARDENING, Borkum

22 Aug 41  Mannheim*                          31 Jan 42    St.Nazaire

27 Aug 41  Mannheim                            7 Feb 42     GARDENING, Juist

29 Aug 41  Frankfurt                                                 (daylight op)

 

This Sergeant Observer has throughout his period of operations shown himself to be an exceptionally keen and competent navigator. The unsuccessful trips that he participated in were all due to technical or weather failures.


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ASHFIELD, F/O Kenneth Thornby (RAF 157397) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 May 1944. Born in Ealing, 1923; home in Brentford, Middlesex. Enlisted 1941 for aircrew; trained in Canada and United States; commissioned 1943. Cited with F/O G.N. Brown (RAF). Air Ministry Bulletin 13908/AL.815 refers.

 

As pilot and observer respectively they have completed very many sorties, including a number of anti-submarine patrols and attacks on enemy shipping. Their successes include destructive attacks on two merchantmen, one of large and the other of medium tonnage. In each fight they pressed home their attacks with great determination and the results obtained were a tribute to their accurate bombing. They have proved themselves to be skilful and courageous members of aircraft crew.


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ASHMORE, Warrant Officer James (RAF 564323) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 (RCAF) Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Wireless and Electrical Mechanic (WEM).


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ASHTON, Sergeant John Norman Stephen (RAF 1750283) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 September 1943. Born in Manchester, 1911; home in Perthshire. Enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 11582 refers.

 

This airman was flight engineer of an aircraft detailed to attack Munchen-Gladbach one night in August 1943. Soon after leaving the target the bomber was hit by fire from an enemy fighter. Some batteries were set alight, the flames sweeping back along the fuselage. Displaying great promptitude, Sergeant Ashton sprayed the flames around the batteries with an extinguisher until they subsided. Having secured another extinguisher he went to mid position and raised the bomb bay inspection panels to investigate further. Flames immediately blazed up into his face. With his gloved hands he held and rotated the extinguisher in an opening in the floor so that the wind in the slip stream sprayed the fluid around the bomb bay and thus the flames were put out. By his promptitude and resource this gallant airman contributed materially to safe return of aircraft.


NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 21 May 1943 when he had flown eight sorties (62 hours 54 minutes), was found in Public Record Office Air 2/5002 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000) which is an important work on this award at this period.

 

On the night of 30th/31st August 1943, Sergeant Ashton was detailed to attack Munchen Gladbach as engineer of a Halifax aircraft. Shortly after leaving the target, the aircraft in which he was flying was attacked by a night fighter and the length of the fuselage raked by cannon and machine gun fire. Almost immediately, the rear and mid-upper gunners reported flames sweeping back along the fuselage. Sergeant Ashton then noticed that the batteries had caught fire and saw smoke and sparks rising in the rest position. Without hesitation, he lifted a fire extinguisher and played it on the flames surrounding the batteries. Eventually the flames began to subside and Sergeant Ashton left this fire extinguisher at this position and obtained another. He then proceeded to the mid-position where he lifted the bomb-bay door inspection panels. On doing so, the flames blew up in his face. Disregarding personal danger, with his gloved hands he held and rotated the fire extinguisher in the opening in the floor so the fluid, with the assistance of the slip stream, was thrown about the bomb bays and eventually extinguished the fire. This action took place at an altitude of 18,000 feet and Sergeant Ashton was without the use of oxygen for the entire period. His courage, devotion to duty and disregard of personal danger were undoubtedly responsible for the safe return of the aircraft. In view of the above, I strongly recommend him for the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


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ATKINS, Corporal Cyril (RAF 653462) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1942. Armourer in unit. DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation drafted 8 February 1942.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has at all times shown outstanding zeal and interest in his armament duties. His astute understanding of individual personnel of his section has enabled him to get the utmost possible work done under what has very often been trying conditions. He always sets an excellent example by being to the forefront in the amount of exacting practical work undertaken by himself.


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AUTEN, Warrant Officer James Robert (RAF 563515) - Mention in Despatches - No.61 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944. Wireless and Electrical Mechanic (WEM).


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BADGERY, F/L Frank Alexander (AUS 412565) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944. Born in Moss Vale, New South Wales, 1912; home in Cumnock, New South Wales. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. No published citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 15550/AL.875 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 22 June 1944 when he had flown 27 sorties (149 hours seven minutes), 23 September 1943 to 15 June 1944.

 

As a Non-Commissioned Officer, this pilot completed a number of sorties against the Ruhr and two successful attacks on Berlin. Since appointment to commissioned rank, he has set a fine example as an efficient, resourceful captain, and has inspired his crew with confidence by his coolness, courage and determination. Flight Lieutenant Badgery's fine operational record is worthy of the highest commendation.


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BAILEY, F/O John Brian Godfrey (RAF 48551) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1943. Born 1920 in Muswell Hill; home in Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire. Enlisted 1938; commissioned 1942. Later killed in action. Air Ministry Bulletin 10527 refers. Cited with Sergeant S.N. Sloan (CGM) and Sergeant C.W. Parslow (DFM). See Sloan for citation.


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BAKER, S/L John, DFC (RAF 120393) - Distinguished Service Order - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 June 1944. Born at Wednesbury, Staffordshire, 1914; home there. Gunner in army; trained as aircrew, 1941; commissioned 1942; awarded DFC, 11 June 1943 for services with No.35 Squadron. Air Ministry Bulletin 14232/AL.830 refers.

 

This officer has participated in a very large number of sorties involving attacks on a wide range of well defended enemy targets. He is a fearless and devoted member of aircraft crew whose determination to bomb his targets accurately has won him great success. In the air and on the ground his conduct has been exemplary and he has set the finest example of devotion to duty, never sparing himself in his efforts to strike at the enemy at every opportunity.


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BAKER, P/O John Robert (RAF 171619) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 June 1944. Born in Cosley, Staffordshire, 1923; home in Belston, Staffordshire; commissioned 1944. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 14171/AL.818 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 16 March 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (173 hours ten minutes), 25 August 1943 to 7 March 1944.

 

This officer has shown exceptional navigational ability throughout his tour, consisting of 28 operational sorties, many of which were over main objectives in Germany. His quiet confidence, which has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew, and his cooperation, courage and devotion to duty warrant a strong recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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BALLANCE-STUART, S/L Frederick William (RAF 85413) - Mention in Despatches - No.62 Base - awarded as per awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944 - Found in DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Vol.20606) - Weekly Routine Orders of No.62 Base dated 24 January 1944. Administrative Officer. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Vol.20606) had recommendation forwarded to No.6 Group Headquarters, 27 August 1943.

 

This officer has served in the Operations/Intelligence Branch of the Royal Air Force since September 1940 and has displayed exceptional devotion to duty and an excellent spirit of cheerful cooperation and effort.

 

At RAF Station Topcliffe, when the first Canadian squadron (No.405) arrived there, this officer did a tremendous amount of work as President of the Officers' Mess, in promoting a fine feeling of cooperation and spirit between the two services. He continued in those days, carrying a tremendous load of personnel work on his shoulders, as well as carrying out his duties as Intelligence Officer, with excellent efficiency and despatch.

 

On formation of this Base, this officer was posted as the Base Intelligence Officer here and was faced with the problems of reorganizing and setting up as Station Intelligence Section as well as organizing his own department. During all this time, this officer's efforts to promote and sustain unbroken harmony between the RAF and RCAF personnel, especially aircrew, met with a great deal of success. His contribution to the Service in this respect has resulted in a smooth coordination of all personnel with whom he comes in contact. His suave diplomacy, his coolness and tact, are qualities which have assured him of every success in all his efforts.


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BANCROFT, Sergeant George Arthur (RAF 1140325) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1945. Born in Stockport, 1913; home there (bus conductor). Enlisted 1941. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 10357/AL.1105 refers. The original recommendation, dated 24 May 1945 was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9467 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000) which is an important work on this award at this period.

 

This airman, who is a member of a very successful crew, has shown shill and determination in all his sorties which include such heavily defended areas as Dortmund, Essen and Hamburg. As Flight Engineer, he has shown great tenacity and devotion to duty in trying circumstances and both in the air and on the ground, his work has set an inspiring example to his crew and his squadron and is worthy of high praise. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


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BANNISTER, F/O Roland (RAF 176679) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945. Born 1924 in Nelson, Lancashire; home there; enlisted 1942; commissioned 1944. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 18302/AL.1007 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation by W/C A.P. Blackburn dated 10 December 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (180 hours 15 minutes), 19 February to 2 November 1944. Very adventurous tour. On his first sortie (Leipzig) the aircraft was coned by searchlights hit by flak and attacked by four fighters. On 12 June 1944 (Arras) the aircraft was coned, attacked by a Ju.88, and had a starboard engine set on fire.One fighter shot down; when they landed the port outer engine was on fire. Air Gunner to F/O H.J. Hawley and crew.

 

Pilot Officer Bannister has completed a tour of operations, many sorties of which were attacks against heavily defended German targets. On several occasions when his aircraft has been attacked, his cool and skilful directions have enabled the pilot to successfully evade enemy fighters. On one occasion during an attack on Arras, the aircraft was coned by searchlights and then attacked by an enemy fighter. Although two engines were made unserviceable, Pilot Officer Bannister's accurate fire enabled him to claim one enemy aircraft destroyed and to see his own aircraft return safely to this country. He has proved himself to be a most valuable member of the squadron.


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BARCHAM, F/O Leonard John (RAF 133658) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 5 December 1944. Born 1915 in Bromley, London; home at Dagenham, Essex. Enlisted as aircrew, 1940; trained in Canada; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 16529/AL.937 refers.

 

Flying Officer Barcham has acted as navigator on a large number of operational missions and has successfully directed his pilot on a large number of anti-shipping operations. His ability, judgement and coolness have been of great value to his pilot and he has on several occasions secured excellent photographs. He has displayed the greatest determination to engaged the enemy at every opportunity.


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BARNES, P/O Arthur (RAF 173123) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Born in 1919 at Nottingham; home in Radford, Nottinghamshire; served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 21 August 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (181 hours 54 minutes), 8 October 1943 to 20 July 1944.

 

This officer has successfully navigated his aircraft on many long operational flights and has shown great resourcefulness and initiative in the face of harassing enemy opposition on heavily defended targets such as Frankfurt, leipzig and Stuttgart. At all times, Pilot Officer Barnes has completely justified the trust placed in him by his crew, working cooly and skilfully with outstanding technical ability. I strongly recommend that this officer's outstanding operational achievements be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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BARSHAM, Section Officer Eileen Laura (RAF WAAF 5188) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group (Station Tholthorpe) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Volume 20606) has recommendation sent to No.6 Group Headquarters, 14 February 1944; WAAF "G" Officer on station.

 

This officer has been Officer in Charge of WAAF at this station since it was opened. This being an isolated and dispersed station, her work has been very trying and strenuous. Under such adverse conditions she has organized and administered her section in an exemplary manner. Throughout her many difficulties she has maintained a cheerful attitude and has always been thoughtful and considerate of those under her control. Her devotion to duty and display of zeal and enthusiasm have gone far beyond the limits of normal responsibilities and are a great credit to the service. Section Officer Barsham is recommended for the award of Mention in Despatches.


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BASSETT, F/L Peter Raymond (RAF 131015) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 February 1945. Card not found at DHist but AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945 lists him as having trained in Canada (No.31 ANS) and published the following citation:

 

This officer is a most competent and skilful navigator who has taken part in many anti-shipping operations. His direction of his pilot on these sorties have contributed much to their success. He has frequently navigated the squadron, very often in adverse weather, and has secured many valuable photographs on several occasions. During the whole of his operational tour, this officer has shown outstanding courage and devotion to duty.


NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9046 has a the original recommendation, drafted when he had flown 45 sorties (179 operational hours).

 

During the whole of his operational flying, Flight Lieutenant Bassett has been navigator to Flight Lieutenant Shulemson, DSO, and with him has completed 45 sorties, for a total of 179 operational hours, including no less than twelve successful anti-shipping strikes on the Norwegian, Dutch and Bay of Biscay coasts. His direction of his pilot on these strikes has contributed materially to the success of these operations. His has frequently been the responsibility of navigating the squadron, and on occasions the whole wing, very often in most difficult weather conditions - a task which he has always carried out with the greatest efficiency. He has further on many occasions secured most valuable photographs of the target permitting accurate identification and providing proof of the damage inflicted on it.

 

On January 26, Flight Lieutenant Shulemson attacked a single-engined fighter which was itself attacking another aircraft of the formation, whereupon this fighter turned its attention to Flight Lieutenant Shulemson's aircraft. During the ensuing combat, which lasted some 20 minutes, Flight Lieutenant Bassett so skilfully directed his pilot in evasive action that both aircraft were enabled to return safely to base without injury to the members of either crew and with the minimum of damage to their aircraft.

 

During the whole of his tour of operations, now completed, this navigator has shown outstanding devotion to duty, and his courage in the face of the enemy has been of the highest order.


This was subsequently compressed into the following text submitted to Air Ministry Awards Committee:

 

This officer is a most competent and skilful navigator who has taken part in many anti-shipping operations. His direction of his pilot on these sorties have contributed much to their success. He has frequently navigated the squadron, very often in adverse weather, and has secured many valuable photographs on several occasions. In January 1944, his pilot attacked an enemy fighter which had itself attacked another aircraft of the formation. During the ensuing combat, which lasted some 20 minutes, Flight Lieutenant Bassett gave his pilot skilful directions for evasive action, which enabled both of our aircraft to return safely to base. During the whole of his operational tour, this officer has shown outstanding courage and devotion to duty.


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BATE, Aircraftman First Class Frederick Stephen (RAF 1668591) - Mention in Despatches - Station Croft - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation drafted mid-July 1944.

 

This airman enlisted 8th October 1942 and is employed as an instrument repairer. As such, it is his responsibility that all aircraft leaving the station are, at all times, completely charged with oxygen. He has been unswerving in his loyalty and devotion to duty, working long and arduous hours well above those required by normal duties. Through his untiring efforts, it has been possible to ensure that all aircraft have been properly equipped before taking off. His initiative, persistence and unceasing cooperation are highly commendable.


* * * * *


BAYS, Sergeant Barnard Oswald Richard (RAF 1445000) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 November 1943. Born in Southend, 1921; home in Prittlewell, Essex; clerk; enlisted 1941. Cited with S/L Massey Williamson Beveridge (RCAF, awarded DFC). Involved in the following successful combats: 13 May 1943, one Ju.88 damaged, one Ju.87 damaged, one unidentified enemy aircraft damaged (shared among three crews); 21 June 1943, one Do.217 probably destroyed; 23/24 September 1943, one Bf.110 and one Do.217 destroyed. Air Ministry Bulletin 11992/AL.698 refers.

 

As pilot and observer respectively, Squadron Leader Beveridge and Sergeant Bays have undertaken many successful sorties against the enemy airfields. During a recent operation they shot down two enemy aircraft, one of them after a long pursuit. Their skill and tenacity were highly commendable. Squadron Leader Beveridge is a most efficient flight commander who has set a fine example of devotion to duty, while Sergeant Bays has proved himself to be a most valuable member of aircraft crew.


NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 30 September 1943, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/5011 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000) which is an important work on this award at this period.

 

Sergeant Bays as acted as Observer on 26 intruder sorties during which he has patrolled or bombed most of the heavily defended aerodromes in enemy occupied territory. His navigation has bee of a very high standard and his ability to size up a difficult situation quickly has enabled his pilot to place himself favourably for an attack or take successful evasive action when necessary. Recently he was a member of a crew which destroyed two enemy night fighters over their base south of Stuttgart. During the return to base, which was made under unfavourable weather conditions, his navigation was exceptional. On two other occasions, his pilot has damaged or probably destroyed enemy aircraft and Sergeant Bays has given great assistance in locating enemy aerodromes and targets. His observation of lights, pin-points etc, have proved most useful in keeping the intelligence maps up to date. He has gone out of his way repeatedly to pass on his knowledge to less experienced navigators.


* * * * *


BEADMAN, P/O Clifford Owen (RAF 183088) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 February 1945. Born 1922 in Rutlandshire; home in Melton Mowbray. Clerk; enlisted March 1941; commissioned August 1944. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 17468/AL.967 refers. Flight Engineer.


* * * * *


BEALE, Warrant Officer 1st Class James William (RAF 562976) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.419 Squadron (also connected with No.6 Group Headquarters) - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Mentioned in Operational Record Book entry, 7 June 1943, No.6 Group Headquarters. Citation found in Public Record Office, Air 2/9609.

 

This Warrant Officer has been with the Maintenance Flight of this squadron since its formation in December 1941, and has discharged his duties whilst in charge of "A" Flight and as the Warrant Officer in charge of Maintenance with fine zeal. He has suffered from poor health since the completion of his tour in the Middle East but his sense of responsibility and duty and his determination to see the job through have been a constance source of inspiration to those working under him. The efficiency of squadron maintenance can be traced, in the main, to the example set and inspiration afforded by Warrant Officer Beale.



* * * * *


BEAUMONT, P/O Philip (RAF 171034) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born 1916 at Chorleton-on Medlock; home at Ashton-Under-Lyne, Lancashire. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1943. No citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 15618/AL.875 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has recommendation (undated) compiled when he had flown 31 sorties (192 hours 45 minutes), 23 September 1943 to 16 June 1944.

 

This navigator has completed 31 trips of which 21 of these trips have been on major targets. At all times Pilot Officer Beaumont has been successful in keeping the aircraft on track and on time. On a trip to Berlin on 15th February, and on a rip to Leipzig on 19th February, the weather as briefed was extremely different to that which was found, but in spite of this difficulty this navigator kept on track and arrived over the target on time. His courage, skill and determination have been an inspiration to the other members of the crew.


* * * * *


BECK, Flight Sergeant Richard Colvin Seddon (NZ 402154) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 March 1942. Born 17 December 1911 in Wesport, Buller, New Zealand; educated at Westport Technical High School; home there (motor mechanic); applied to join RNZAF on a short service commission in April 1937 but was unsuccessful; In June 1939 he applied to enrol in the Civil Service Reserve of Pilots; application deferred. Enlisted as a pilot, July 1940. Took ground training at Levin. Attended No.1 Flying Training School (Taieri) and No,1 Service Flying Training School (Wigram). Awarded wings in January 1941 and promoted to Sergeant. Embarked on SS Awatea on 29 February 1941, arriving No.3 Personnel Reception Centre, Bournemouth, 20 April 1941. Commenced operational training on Hampdens at No.16 Operational Training Unit, Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire, 26 April 1941. To No.408 Squadron, Syerston, Nottinghamshire, in July. Posted to No.49 Squadron, Scampton, Lincolnshire on 29 July 1941, taking part in raids on Calais, Brunswick and Kiel. Reposted to No.408 Squadron on 21 August 1941. Took part in raids on Hamburg, Essen, Bocholt, Duisburg, Bremen, Cologne and Dusseldorf as well as mine laying in Heligoland Bight. Commissioned 5 February 1942. Posted on 7 March 1942 to No.25 Operational Training Unit, Finningley, Yorkshire. Participated in 1,000-bomber raids on Cologne and Essen. Killed 24 July 1942 when his Wellington collided with another Wellington near the aerodrome. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations." Air Ministry Bulletin 6484 refers but with no citation. The RNZAF Museum on 13 January 1999 provided much of the foregoing biographical information and the following citation from its own records.

 

During his operational tour this airman has carried out some particularly fine flights. In January 1942 he carried out a successful mine laying mission off La Rochelle in adverse weather. A few days previously he attacked a synthetic rubber factory at Huls. In September 1941 he participated in a daylight raid on Abbeville.

 

On several occasions he has attacked the searchlight belt near Bochold, thus facilitating the passage of our bombers to their objective. This airman has set a very fine example.


NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 27 January 1942, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9262 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000) which is an important work on this award at this period.

 

This Flight Sergeant pilot, with Sergeant Fraser as navigator has carried out some particularly fine flights during the course of his 29 sorties involving 169 hours flying. He carried out a most successful mine-laying flight to La Rochelle in January 1942, and despite adverse weather conditions, planted his mine successfully in the correct place. He also made a successful attack on the synthetic rubber factory at Huls a few days previously and obtained a first class night photograph. In addition, he took part in a successful daylight raid in formation on Abbeville in September 1941. On two or three occasions, he has been detailed to attack the searchlight belt near Bocholt. On each occasion, he has carried out a determined attack which enabled other aircraft to press on to the targets in the Ruhr practically unhindered. On all occasions, this pilot has set a fine example of courage and devotion to duty and has been an inspiration to other pilots in the squadron. This Non-Commissioned Officer is in the Royal New Zealand Air Force attached to the Royal Air Force.


* * * * *


BECKETT, Sergeant James Gilbert (RAF 526997) - Mention in Despatches - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943. Engine Fitter (F2E).


* * * * *


BEDFORD, F/L Sydney Ernest (RAF 143653) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 August 1944. Born in Hackney, 1911; home in Harrow Weald, Middlesex; enlisted 1940; commissioned 1943. No citation. Air Ministry Bulletin 15067/AL.853 refers. Wireless Air Gunner. Public Record Office Air 2/9652 has recommendation dated 17 May 1944 when he had flown 47 sorties (271 hours 45 minutes). The whole of the first tour had been on Wellington aircraft; the first three sorties of his second tour (which may have been with an OTU) were also on Wellingtons, with the balance flown on Halifaxes.


First Tour


6 Jan 42      Cherbourg (4.20)                      6 June 42    Emden (50 minutes,

9 Jan 42      Brest (6.10)                                                  crashed with bomb load)

10 Jan 42    Wilhelmshaven (6.20)              22 June 42  Emden (4.10)

28 Feb 42   Sea Search (5.20)                      25 June 42  Bremen (5.45)

9 Mar 42    Boulogne (4.05)                        29 June 42  Bremen (4.45)

13 Mar 42  Sea Search (4.25)                      2 July 42    Bremen (4.05)

5 Apr 42     Le Havre (3.35)                        6 July 42    GARDENING, Lorient (5.30)

8 Apr 42     Le Havre (5.10)                        8 July 42    Wilhelmshaven (2.00, port

10 Apr 42   Le Havre (5.05)                                            engine unserviceable)

19 Apr 42   GARDENING, Borkum (4.25)                    14 July 42  Duisburg (4.45)

25 Apr 42   Dunkirk (6.40)                          21 July 42  Duisburg (4.10)

21 May 42  GARDENING, La Rochelle     23 July 42  Duisburg (4.20)

                            (7.55)                                25 July 42  Duisburg (4.20)

30 May 42  Cologne (4.20)                          27 July 42  Emden (4.20, daylight)

1 June 42    Essen (4.15)(4.20)                    29 July 42  Saarbrucken (5.05)

2 June 42    Essen (4.15)                              1 Aug 42    Dusseldorf (4.15)

5 June 42    Essen (4.35)

 

Second Tour

 

25 June 43  GARDENING, St.Nazaire        28 Jan 44    Berlin (8.20)

                                (8.55)                            3 Feb 44     Kiel (2.40, radar

26 June 43  GARDENING, Lorient (7.45)                      unserviceable)

12 July 43  GARDENING, St.Nazaire        5 Feb 44     GARDENING, Oslo (7.25)

                               (8.15)                             10 Feb 44   GARDENING, St.Nazaire (7.20)

20 Dec 43   Frankfurt (7.55)                        24 Feb 44   GARDENING, Kiel (6.50)

29 Dec 43   Berlin (8.40)                             25 Feb 44   GARDENING, Kiel (5.45)

4 Jan 44      GARDENING, La Rochelle     3 Mar 44    GARDENING, Gironde River (7.20)

                              (8.00)                              6 Mar 44    Trappes (7.30)

6 Jan 44      GARDENING, Brest (5.55)     18 Mar 44  GARDENING, Heligoland (5.15)

20 Jan 44    Berlin (7.50)                             21 Mar 44  Kiel (2.30, recalled by Group

21 Jan 44    Magdeburg (8.20)                                               Headquarters)

 

Flight Lieutenant Bedford has completed 37 night operations against the enemy. For the past two months he has carried out his duties as Signals Leader of this squadron in a remarkably capable fashion and he has at all times shown great determination to operate against the enemy at every available opportunity. I consider that this officer's continuous gallantry and inspired leadership which he has shown fully merits the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


The Officer Commanding, RCAF Station Middleton St.George, added (19 May 1944):

 

Flight Lieutenant Bedford is a most energetic and enthusiastic member of aircrew. He has devoted himself to inspiring confidence and perfection in operation to newer operators. His recent application to continue operational flying after completing his second tour is an example of his keenness and the fact that his unit is loathe to lose him shows the high esteem in which he is held. Recommend most favourable consideration of the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


On 20 May 1944 the Air Officer Commanding, No.6 Group (Air Vice-Marshal C.M. McEwen) added his comments:

 

This officer's record is outstanding for determination and skill during a log period of operations. I concur in the above remarks and I recommend the Non-Immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


BEDFORD, Corporal Walter (RAF 1144729) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 (RCAF) Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Engine Fitter (F2E).


* * * * *


BEECH, P/O John Thomas Henry (RAF 174567) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Born 1923 at Burslem, Soke-on-Trent; home there; commissioned May 1944. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 20 August 1944 when he had flown 33 sorties (183 hours 35 minutes), 8 October 1943 to 10 August 1944.

 

This officer is an intelligent, conscientious Flight Engineer who, under a calm and quiet manner, has a fine offensive spirit in combat which inspires confidence. He has completed 33 sorties against the enemy, including such hazardous targets as Berlin, Hanover and Leipzig. During that time he proved an inspiring example of quiet, courageous devotion to duty which contributed in no small way to the already excellent morale of his crew. In view of this officer's operational record, his thoroughness in all duties, and excellent example to all cres, I strongly recommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


BELL, Flight Sergeant Cyril Lewis (RAF 560242) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 (RCAF) Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 29 January 1944 emanating from No.432 Squadron; Fitter IIE.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has had 18 years service in the Royal Air Force, during the whole of which period he has demonstrated highly exceptional abilities which he devoted to his duties with outstanding and unflagging zeal. At a Fitter IIE, in charge of a Servicing Flight, this Flight Sergeant has proved an ideal leader of men, inspiring complete confidence, not only in his fellow groundcrew, but in the aircrew who fly his aircraft. He has set an example of loyalty and unselfishness, and created a splendid esprit de corps in the members of his flight to whom he has imparted the intricate knowledge of his trade.

 

For his fine record of achievement, marked by special services of a high degree of merit, this Non-Commissioned Officer is strongly recommended for the award of Mention in Despatches.


* * * * *

BELLAMY, P/O Geoffrey Guy, DFM (RAF 173883) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born 1923 in Birmingham; home in Ledbury, Herfordshire. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1944. Navigator; information on citation from Air Ministry Bulletin 15641/AL 875 Part II section 2. Public Record Officer Air 2/8872 states he had flown 52 sorties (319 operational hours) including 26 sorties (147 operational hours) since previous award.

 

Pilot Officer Bellamy has completed two tours of operational duty during which he had attacked such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Essen, Dusseldorf and Stuttgart. Has consistently evinced great keenness for operational flying and by his devotion to duty has set an excellent example to the less experienced navigators in the squadron.


* * * * *


BENTLEY, Sergeant William (RAF 1641605) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. Had been provisionally commissioned, 9 November 1944; confirmed as Pilot Officer (187755) on 9 May 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) had recommendation for a DFM; dated 7 October 1944 when he had flown three sorties (12 hours 40 minutes); recommended with F/O D.B. MacLennan (MiD though put up for DFC), Sergeant P.E. Palmer (MiD though put up for DFM), Sergeant G.O. Duffy (no award, though recommended for DFM) and F/O George Albert Fox (recommended for DFC, awarded MiD). The pilot, F/L John Adair Woodward, had flown five sorties (20 hours 15 minutes, 3-27 September 1944); he was wounded on run-up but kept control until bombs dropped; collapsed and navigator (F/O C.M. Hay) took controls. Woodward revived on trip home and tried to carry on but was dangerously weakened by loss of blood. From rest compartment he directed, guided and encouraged crew, setting example of calm courage. He had to be restrained from attempting to land the aircraft; his worst wound could not be treated by tourniquet. Woodward recommended for DFC but got nothing. Recommendation for Fox and comrades said:

 

On the 27th of September, 1944 these officers and airmen were members of the crew of the aircraft captained by Flight Lieutenant J.A. Woodward (J9115). They were detailed to attack Bottrop. Over the target the captain was mortally wounded by enemy fire, and some instruments were damaged and two parachutes shot up. Between them they managed to bring the aircraft back to this country and although the undercarriage collapsed and the machine caught fire on landing they escaped uninjured and got the captain out with them. Throughout this ordeal each member of the crew assisted the others to the utmost extent, unmindful of his own distress and refusing to take the opportunity of saving their lives by bailing out. It was an outstanding example of crew co-operation and devotion to their comrade.

 

For their courageous action in face of enemy fire, their calmness and devotion to duty under adverse conditions, and for their dogged determination to assist their comrade they are recommended for the award of the DFC and DFM respectively. (Immediate).


BENTLEY, P/O William (RAF 187755) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945. Flight engineer; no details. DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 8 April 1945 when he had flown 13 sorties (75 hours 35 minutes), 25 September 1944 to 4 April 1945.

 

The above mentioned officer commenced his tour in August 1944. Since that time he has completed thirteen operational sorties over heavily defended targets in the Ruhr, also Magdeburg, Hanover, Frankfurt, and Harburg-Rhenanian.

 

On 29th September 1944, this officer was member of a crew which attacked Bottrop. Over the target area the aircraft was damaged by flak and the pilot seriously wounded. The pilot slumped over the control column and the aircraft dived steeply. He was pulled pack into his seat and helped out, the aircraft climbed steeply and Pilot Officer Bentley adjusted the trim to prevent stalling. The navigator took over the controls and the whole crew cooperating got the aircraft back to base. Pilot Officer Bentley in his capacity as flight engineer inspected the aircraft for damage and on the return trip checked the trim and watched the navigators handling. Due to the pilot's condition every effort was made to get back to base as quickly as possible. The flight engineer coaxed all possible speed from the aircraft, at the same time exercising as much fuel conservation as possible. On the landing the flight engineer used the throttle and trip to control the airspeed. He also operated the flaps and hammered down the undercarriage lever which had become jammed. Pilot Officer Bentley helped attend the pilot on the return trip, injected morphine and generally did his best to keep him comfortable.

 

For outstanding fortitude and courage in the face of danger, for the splendid example which he at all times displays both in the air and in his section and for a high standard of professional ability, Pilot Officer Bentley is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).


* * * * *


BEVAN, F/O Bertie (RAF 170984) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945. Born 1911 in Caerphilly, Glamorganshire; home in Pontypool, Montrose. Enlisted July 1940; commissioned January 1944. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 18302/AL.1007 refers.


* * * * *


BICKERSTAFF, F/O George Glendower Frederick (RAF 50718) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. No career details on DHist card. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 24 July 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (219 hours 57 minutes), 2 August 1943 to 2 June 1944. Recommendation gives name as George Frederick; Blatherwick has it George Glendower. Navigator; trained in Canada at No.4 AOS and No.1 BGS.

 

Flying Officer Bickerstaff has completed one tour of operations, having attacked Berlin, Kassel, Hanover, Frankfurt and many other targets in France and Germany. He has been very steady, reliable and cool in emergencies which make him a very strong asset to his crew.

 

For loyalty to his crew and squadron and general good work I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


BIDDULPH, F/O Cyril Victor (RAF 151104) - Mention in Despatches - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation drafted 11 July 1944.

 

This officer enlisted on the 23rd September 1939 as an airman and won his commission on 29th January 1943. He has served nine months of his time in Canada and the balance in England. He came to this squadron in August 1943, and his work as Deputy Bombing Leader has been of an exceptionally high calibre. Through his hard work and cheerfulness he has been an inspiration to the rest of the squadron.


* * * * *


BIGGANE, P/O Denzil Francis Heriz (RAF 60569) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 November 1941. Born in Allahabad, 1918; home in Gloucestershire; enlisted in RAF, January 1940; commissioned January 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 5664 refers. Citation and unit given in Flight, 11 December 1941. However, he may have won it for previous services in No.44 Squadron. Missing in action, March 1943.

 

On night in November 1941 this officer was the pilot of an aircraft which carried out a mine-laying mission in waters near the enemy coast. Extremely adverse weather conditions were encountered whilst flying over the sea, and when the target was reached, very heavy clouds were encountered. Nevertheless, Pilot Officer Biggane descended beneath them and skilfully located his position.

 

Whilst making his approach to the target his aircraft was illuminated by searchlights and immediately subjected to intense and accurate fire from two armed ships. Defying the barrage, Pilot Officer Biggane continued his course, and although his aircraft received a direct hit on one of the wings, he skilfully accomplished his task.

 

This officer has completed many operational sorties, including attacks on important targets in Germany. On one occasion, whilst flying to Mannheim, his aircraft was attacked by two enemy fighters whilst held in a concentration of searchlights, but although his aircraft sustained damage, Pilot Officer Biggane skilfully evaded his attackers, continued his flight, and finally bombed his objective.

 

On a second occasion, in the course of another mission, he attacked two ships, scoring a direct hit on one of them from a low level.

 

Throughout, this officer has displayed great determination, courage and initiative.


* * * * *


BIGGS, Flight Sergeant William (RAF 1239042) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943. Born in Neston, Cheshire, 1921; home there (clerk). Enlisted 1941 as a pilot. Air Ministry Bulletin 11448 gives details of citation (with Sergeants J. Elliott and L.E. Moyler, respectively flight engineer and wireless air gunner). Air Ministry Bulletin 11448 refers.

 

One night in August 1943 these airmen were captain, flight engineer and wireless operator/air gunner respectively of an aircraft detailed to attack Mannheim. Shortly after bombing the target the aircraft was attacked by fighter. Although the enemy aircraft was eventually shot down, the bomber sustained extensive damage. A fire in one of the wings but Sergeant Elliott, after making an aperture in the side of fuselage with an axe, was able to put out the flames with an extinguished. The aircraft became exceedingly difficult to control, requiring almost superhuman efforts to maintain a level flight. Despite this, Flight Sergeant Biggs battled on to reach this country. The aircraft was so badly crippled, however, that a landing could not be effected, but the crew were able to leave the bomber by parachute. Flight Sergeant Biggs displayed great courage and a fine fighting spirit throughout, while Sergeants Elliott and Moyler, though the latter was wounded, displayed great devotion to duty and rendered valuable assistance.


NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 15 August 1943, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/4995 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000). It notes that Biggs had flown 21 sorties (124 hours five minutes) and reads as follows:

 

Flight Sergeant Biggs was the captain of a Halifax aircraft detailed to bomb Mannheim on the night of 9th/10th August 1943. After bombing he was twice attacked by a night fighter, his rear gunner shooting the fighter down on the second attack, but the Halifax was seriously damaged in the tail unit and hydraulic system and a fire started in the starboard wing. The fire was extinguished by the Flight Engineer after using an axe on the fuselage side. So severe was the damage that Flight Sergeant Biggs was unable to muster sufficient strength to hold the control column forward. His second pilot helped him but their combined efforts were not enough to maintain level flight. A rope was then attached to the control column to hold it forward and, with the help of this and the strength of both pilots against the wheel, the aircraft was flown to this country where the crew parachuted to safety. The successful completion of this operational flight was due to the initiative, resourcefulness and skilful airmanship of this Non-Commissioned Officer who has always displayed courage of the highest order on numerous occasions.


* * * * *


BISHOP, F/L Joseph William (RAF 81385) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1943. Born 1911 in Bewdley; home there; commissioned in 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 10475 refers. Flight, 1 July 1943, published citation.

 

This officer has completed all his operations in a skilful and determined manner. On one occasion, when flying at very low level during a bombing sortie, Flight Lieutenant Bishop's aircraft was illuminated by searchlights. With great skill he shot out three searchlights in rapid succession, thus enabling his captain to extricate the aircraft from a perilous situation.


NOTE: Air Ministry Bulletin 10475 has details of citation that differ from above.

 

...fine operational record, both as Air Gunner and Squadron Gunnery Leader..skilful and determined, outstanding devotion to duty both in the air and on the ground. Once, during low level bombing, his aircraft was caught in searchlights. With great skill he shot out three searchlights in rapid succession, enabling captain to save aircraft...has set high standard of skill and by untiring efforts has done much to raise standard of gunnery in his unit.


* * * * *


BISSETT, S/L Robert Clare (RAF 39778) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 October 1942 but with effect from 23 November 1941. CAN/RAF; born in Edmonton, 1913; joined RAF in 1937; awarded DFC for services with No.51 Squadron, 22 October 1941. Missing, believed killed, 30 November 1941. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 8219 seems to have details.

 

In recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations. Led flight in an exemplary manner in most difficult and lengthy sorties. Outstanding qualities of leadership; set a fine example by skill and courage. In many raids on German industrial targets and in two raids on Turin.


RCAF AFRO 1653/42 has the following:

 

This officer has now completed his second tour of operations and has helped to form a new squadron. He has led flight in an exemplary manner, participating in most difficult and lengthy sorties. He has outstanding qualities of leadership and has set a fine example by skill and courage. He has participated in many raids on German industrial targets.


* * * * *


BLACK, P/O Ivor Howard (RAF 176496) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Born in Liverpool, 1912; home there; served in ranks; commissioned June 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 21 August 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (190 hours 13 minutes), 8 October 1943 to 20 July 1944. Air Gunner.

 

This officer has completed 36 operational sorties over Germany and France, including the most heavily defended targets of Berlin, Stuttgart, Frankfurt and the Ruhr. He has shown, throughout his tour of operations, outstanding ability and a strong sense of duty. His coolness and exceptional fearlessness in the face of danger has proved a source of great confidence to his crew, who have placed their whole trust in his vigilance and skill. In the light of Pilot Officer Black's splendid record, I strongly recommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


BLACKBURN, Section Officer Doreen Jessie (RAF 7037) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation dated 26 July 1944. Signals Officer.

 

This officer displays a willingness to work and a keenness to learn which impressed all those with whom she comes in contact. There appears to be no job in the signals field which she is afraid to tackle, whether it be technical or communication, and to date there have been very few instances indeed where she has been unable to carry on unassisted. Her application to her work regardless of personal sacrifice and long hours is outstanding, and an example worthy of the highest praise.


* * * * *


BLAKENEY, F/L Charles Mack (RAF 121784) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 October 1943. Born in Stephenville, Texas, 1919; home there. Commissioned in Ottawa in RAFVR, 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11585 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.1739 (RG.24 Volume 20608) has recommendation dated 18 July 1943 when he had flown 19 ½ sorties (111 hours 20 minutes); total flying time was 400 hours (152 hours in previous six months).

 

This officer has engaged in a number of successful sorties over German and Italian territory. He has always shown the greatest determination to achieve his object and on one occasion, in a night bombing attack over Sciacca, Sicily, the aircraft which he piloted was attacked by what is believed to be a Junkers 88, causing severe injuries to the Wireless Operator and damage to the aircraft. Through skilful pilotage and cool judgement, he piloted the aircraft in such a position to enable the rear gunner to return fire and the enemy aircraft is claimed as destroyed.


* * * * *


BLYTHE, F/L Alexander Conway (66567) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.437 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1944. Born in Winnipeg, 1921; home in Swindon, Wiltshire; enlisted for aircrew, 1940, commissioned 1941. Missing (prisoner of war), 19 September 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16815/AL.950 refers. Postwar he remained in the RAF; as a Squadron Leader he was awarded a Bar to the DFC, 18 September 1951, "in recognition of distinguished service in Malaya".

 

Flight Lieutenant Blythe has completed numerous sorties supplying troops in Burma. He also took part in the invasion of Normandy and Holland. On one occasion this officer was captain of an aircraft detailed to supply the 1st Airborne Division in the Arnhem area. Despite intense and accurate antiaircraft fire, he pressed home his attack and accurately dropped the supplied. Throughout his career, Flight Lieutenant Blythe's cool valour, efficiency and devotion to duty have been worthy of high praise.


* * * * *


BLYTHIN, Flight Sergeant William Oswyn (RAF 2210560) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945. See Air Ministry Bulletin 19738/AL.1070. DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation by W/C W.F. McKinnon dated 23 April 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (180 hours 55 minutes), 15 August 1944 to 4 April 1945. Flight Engineer.

 

Flight Sergeant Blythin has just completed a long and arduous tour of operations. During that time he attacked such heavily defended targets as Bochum, Duisburg, Dortmund, Karlsruhe and Hanover. On one occasion, while attacking Chemnitz [5 March 1945] his pilot was wounded and Flight Sergeant Blythin, by his able assistance, contributed to a great extent to the successful return of the aircraft to base. His efficiency and cheerfulness have been a continual source of inspiration to his comrades both on the ground and in the air.


* * * * *


BOAST, S/L Roy Stanley (RAF 81066) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945. No citation other than "completed operations with gallantry and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 18786/AL.1018 refers. Bomb Aimer. Public Record Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation drafted 20 February 1945 when he had flown 53 sorties (274 hours 30 minutes).


First Tour Sorties

* Duty Not Carried Out


9 June 40    Anti-sub patrol (1.30)                  6 Feb 41     Dieppe (5.55)

20 Sept 40  Ehroing (10.00)                           10 Feb 41   Hannover (6.45)

24 Sept 40  Frankfurt (9.00)                           23 Feb 41   Calais (5.45)

12 Nov 40  Lorient (8.15)                              1 Mar 41    Cologne (6.10)

15 Nov 40  Eindhofen (5.30)                         3 Mar 41    Cologne (1.30)*

17 Nov 40  Lorient (10.00)                            15 Apr 41   Kiel (5.50)

2 Dec 40     Lorient (6.50)                              8 July 41    Wilhelmshaven (3.30)

17 Dec 40   Mannheim (7.05)                         23 July 41  Berlin (3.40)

20 Dec 40   Berlin (10.00)                              24 July 41  Brest (4.35)

23 Dec 40   Mannheim (10.15)                       2 Aug 41    Kiel (.40)*

29 Dec 40   Frankfurt (8.10)                           2 Aug 41    Bremen (3.50)

3 Jan 41      Bremen (.35)*                             6 Aug 41    Brest (4.25)

4 Jan 41      Brest (6.35)                                 12 Aug 41  De Kooy (3.10)

10 Jan 41    Brest (7.25)                                 9 Sept 41    Sea search (2.05)

16 Jan 41    Wilhelmshaven (5.50)                 12 Dec 41   Luga (8.30)

3 Feb 41     Brest (7.45)                                 15 Dec 41   Foyoum Road (7.05)

 

Second Tour Sorties

 

27 June 42  Sidi Barrani (5.20)                      22 July 42  Tobruk (8.20)

28 June 42  Sidi Barrani (5.00)                      23 July 42  El Daba (4.50)

2 July 42    El Daba (4.25)                             25 July 42  Heraklion (6.05)

9 July 42    Tobruk (8.15)                              27 July 42  El Daba (4.25)

11 July 42  Tobruk (7.35)                              30 July 42  Tobruk (7.50)

13 July 42  Tobruk (6.40)                              1 Aug 42    Tobruk (8.00)

15 July 42  Tobruk (7.10)                              3 Aug 42    Tobruk (8.05)

17 July 42  Tobruk (8.00)                              5 Aug 42    El Gubbi (7.55)

19 July 42  Tobruk (8.15)                              7 Aug 42    Tobruk (8.05)

 

Third Tour

 

1 Feb 45     Mannheim (5.10)

7 Feb 45     Cleve (4.10)

13 Feb 45   Dresden (7.55)

 

Squadron Leader Boast is one of the most capable Bomb Aimers on the squadron. His ability in the air is unquestioned. While his work on operations has been of a very high standard he has, at the same time, been able to run his section with great efficiency. Squadron Leader Beast's own efficiency and keenness is well reflected in the work and results of the squadron. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


BOLDERSTONE, Sergeant Peter Frederick (RAF 3000725) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 January 1945. Born 1925 at Kings Lynn, Norfolk; home at Thorpe; brick and tile moulder; enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 17030/AL.948 refers.

 

Sergeant Bolderstone was the flight engineer of an aircraft detailed to attack Cologne one night in October 1944. On the bombing run the aircraft was hot by shrapnel. Sergeant Bolderstone was injured. Despite this he set a fine example of devotion to duty by insisting on remaining at his post. With the assistance of another member of the crew he executed the engineering tasks necessary for the safe return of the aircraft to this country. On this, his first operational mission, this airman proved himself to be a most resolute and dependable member of aircraft crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 12 November 1944 when he had flown one sortie (four hours 45 minutes).

 

On October 28th, 1944, Sergeant Bolderstone was the flight engineer of an aircraft detailed to attack Cologne. When getting on to the bombing run the aircraft was engaged by flak and sustained direct hits. After completing the bombing run and while waiting for the camera to operate the aircraft was again hit by flak and Sergeant Bolderstone reported that he was wounded. The pilot ordered the air bomber to go back and assist the engineer and to take over his duties. The flight engineer, however, stuck to his post and with the assistance of the air bomber carried out his duties in an exemplary manner in spite of the fact that he was in pain due to his wounds. He refused to hand over his duties and retire to the rest position until the aircraft was safely landed when he was admitted to hospital.

 

It is considered that this flight engineer's fine example of fortitude and devotion to duty fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


BOLLAND, Flight Sergeant George Eric (RAF 2206444) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 March 1946. Born in Manchester, 1925; home in Blackmore; enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 21034/AL.119 refers. Name may have been Bollant. Award effective 19 February 1945; killed about 20 February 1945.

 

This airman has completed, as flight engineer, numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.


NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 20 February 1945, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9070 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000). Bolland had completed 63 sorties (245 hours five minutes).

 

Flight Sergeant Bolland has successfully completed one full tour of operations and is now on his second tour. His successful sorties include such strongly defended enemy areas as Wanne Eickel, Dusseldorf, Essen and Nuremburg. His determination to make every mission successful combined with his skill and efficiency as a Flight Engineer make him a very valuable crew member. No mission is too difficult for this Non-Commissioned Officer to undertake and his keenness is an inspiration to the other members of his section.


* * * * *


BOOSEY, F/L Robert Henry George (RAF 110552) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 April 1943. Born in Faversham, Kent, 1920; home in Vange, Pitsea, Essex; educated at John Henry Burrows; enlisted 1940; commissioned 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 9917 refers. The following citation was published in Flight, 20 May 1943:

 

While serving as an operational pilot, Flight Lieutenant Boosey has displayed courage and coolness of a very high order. He has participated in sorties against such targets as Bremen, Dusseldorf, Kassel, Lorient, and in numerous mine laying operations. He has on several occasions brought back excellent photographs of the aiming point. In February 1943, when about to land, after an attack on Cologne, his port outer engine caught fire, and the port inner engine stopped when the aircraft was at a height of about 300 feet. Flight Lieutenant Boosey, with great skill and coolness, kept the aircraft under control and climbed to 900 feet where the crew baled out safely. With complete disregard of his personal safety, the pilot then made a successful crash landing.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 12 April 1943 when he had flown 26 sorties (163 hours).

 

Since joining this squadron in June 1942, Squadron Leader Boosey has carried out 26 operational sorties over enemy territory and carried out attacks on the mist intensely defended enemy targets. These operations included sorties to Bremen, Saarbrucken (2), Mainz, Dusseldorf (2), Osnabruck, Flensburg, Kassel, Lorient, Wilhelmshaven (2), Berlin (2), Munich, Stuttgart, Duisburg, Frankfurt, Cologne, Gardening (7).

 

During these operations Squadron Leader Boosey has pressed home his attack with utmost determination, and has shown courage and coolness of a very high order in that on four consecutive sorties, namely, Dusseldorf, Osnabruck, Flensburg and Wilhelmshaven, this officer brought back pictures of the actual aiming point. On the night of the 1st March 1943, when carrying out a raid on Berlin, Germany, this officer piloted his aircraft in such a manner as to obtain a picture within a mile of the aiming point of Berlin.

 

On the night of the 14th February 1943, when returning from Cologne and when making his approach to land, his port outer engine caught fire and the port inner stopped when at about 300 feet. Squadron Leader Boosey managed to keep his aircraft under control;, climbed the aircraft to 900 feet and ordered his crew to bale out, then attempted a successful crash landing at night on return from operations. This officer's coolness and devotion to duty and complete disregard for his personal safety contributed to the success of this trip.


NOTE: Same file has a recommendation for DFC dated 15 February 1943 when he had flown 18 sorties (107 hours 53 minutes); text less detailed than above.


BOOSEY, S/L Robert Henry George, DFC (RAF 110552) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 (RCAF) Group Headquarters - NOTE: awarded as per ?


* * * * *


BOWDEN, S/L Frederick Harold, DFC (RAF 89593) - Mention in Despatches - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Born in Dartford, 1918; home in Plymouth; enlisted 1939; commissioned 1941. Awarded DFC, 6 June 1941 for services in No.49 Squadron.


BOWDEN, S/L Frederick Harold, DFC (RAF 89593) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 10475 refer and is likely source of the following digest:

 

...outstanding leader...invariably displays great tenacity in pressing home attacks, undeterred by difficulties or danger. Once made three runs over target at Lorient to drop a bomb which had failed to release...his work and example of dogged determination, skill and devotion to duty have been inspiration to all.


NOTE: Citation published in Flight, 1 July 1943.

 

Squadron Leader Bowden has completed a further number of operational sorties since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. On one occasion when detailed for an attack on Lorient he made six runs over the target to drop a bomb which had failed to release.


DHist file 181.009 D.2902 (RG.24 Volume 20633) has original recommendation dated 17 February 1943 when he had dlown 39 sorties (236 hours). First tour described as 7 October 1940 to 15 May 1941 (34 sorties, 202 hours, No,5 Group). Second tour had commenced 26 January 1943 with a raid on Lorient.

 

On the night of 13/14 February 1943, this officer was captain of a Wellington aircraft detailed to attack Lorient. On making his first run over the target his bomb aimer reported that his bomb, a 4,000-pounder, had hung up. He then made five more runs over the target, four of them on the heading ordered, which necessitated circling over the target, while his bomb aimer attempted to release the bomb with the manual release and ultimately with an axe. On these runs he himself gave the bomb aimer instructions when to attempt to release the bomb, using the bomb sight as a guide. He remained in the target area until the time off target given in orders for the operation.

 

Flight Lieutenant Bowden has now completed 39 operational sorties. He is an outstanding officer and has at all times shown marked ability and determination.


* * * * *


BOWDEN, P/O Victor Edward (RAF 171868) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 June 1944. Born 1922 in Harpenden, Herts.; educated at St.Albans School; enlisted 1941; trained in United States (although AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945 reported his Bar to DFC under the heading "RAF Trained in Canada"); commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 14171/AL.818 refers. No citation other than "has completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."


BOWDEN, F/L Victor Edward (RAF 171868) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945.

 

Flight Lieutenant Bowden has proved himself an extremely courageous and capable bomb aimer who has completed two tours of operational duty. He has, at all times, displayed outstanding enthusiasm for operations and has attacked many of the major targets in German territory. Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, this officer has continued to operate with the utmost skill and determination.


* * * * *


BOWES, Corporal Winnifred Stella (RAF WAAF 2055795) - Mention in Despatches - Station Eastmoor - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. Enlisted 26 February 1942. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 has recommendation, apparently drafted in late summer of 1944 (date cannot be assigned) when she was a Clerk (General Duties). This does not appear to have gone through, but was resubmitted again in February 1945 (again, exact date not clear from file).

 

This WAAF Non-Commissioned Officer is employed as a Clerk in Station Headquarters Orderly Room and has many times demonstrated her capabilities. Her work has always been of the highest standard and complicated as it has been with the combination of RAF and RCAF procedure, Corporal Bowers has maintained an extremely high standard of efficiency in the Orderly Room. In addition this Non-Commissioned Officer has contributed of her off-duty hours much in excess of requirements. By her untiring efforts at her duties and her cheerful manner. Corporal Bowers has acted as an inspiration and help to her section.


* * * * *


BOYD, F/L Arthur Farrer (RAF 123097) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 July 1944. Born 1921 in Newcastle; home in County Durham; enlisted 1941; trained in Canada; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14506/AL.841 refers.

 

An outstanding navigator, he has participated in numerous anti-shipping sorties. On one occasion, when acting as navigator and bomb aimer, the sight of Flight Lieutenant Boyd's aircraft became unserviceable while over the target. With great skill he effected repairs enabling him to release his bombs satisfactorily although subjected to intense heavy and light anti-aircraft fire. On two other occasions this officer has obtained hits on heavily escorted enemy shipping while another time he made a telling attack on enemy vessels despite the presence of enemy fighter aircraft. At all times the skill, courage and cool determination of this navigator have been worthy of the highest praise.


* * * * *


BRICKSTOCK, P/O Philip Jabez (RAF 185780) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945. Born 1905 in Epping, Essex; home in West Wimbledon; educated at Essex County School, Epping. Served in the ranks; commissioned September 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18027/AL.995 refers.

 

Pilot Officer Brickstock has participated in numerous attacks against targets in Germany and France. In October 1944, whilst attacking Duisburg, this officer's aircraft sustained severe damage and became unmaneouverable. Pilot Officer Brickstock displayed outstanding initiative in attaching a piece of rope to the rudder pedal. By manipulating this rope, he was able to assist his pilot in controlling the aircraft. A successful emergency landing was effected after a hazardous flight to this country. This officer's outstanding ingenuity and dogged determination were a large factor in the safe return of his aircraft and crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (RG.24 Volume 20607) has recommendation dated 5 December 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (148 hours 55 minutes).

 

On the night of October 16th, the crew of which Pilot Officer Brickstock is Flight Engineer were detailed to bomb Duisburg. When the aircraft was about an hours flying time from the target, a sharp thud indicated a collision. The Flight Engineer found on inspection that another aircraft had collided with his aircraft and had caused the top half of the starboard fin and rudder to come adrift. On further inspection he noticed that the trimming controls had all been broken.

 

The aircraft became unmaneouverable, Pilot Officer Brickstock displayed great coolness and presence of mind by rigging a rope taken from his tool chest about the rudder pedal. By manipulating this rope he was able to assist the pilot in controlling the aircraft. The trip back was hazardous as control of the aircraft was maintained by means of the rope. A successful emergency landing was effected.

 

The safety of the aircraft and the safe return of the crew were due largely to the outstanding ingenuity and dogged determination of the Flight Engineer. For such devotion to duty I recommend Pilot Officer Brickstock for the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


BRIGHT, Flight Sergeant Thomas John (RAF 1270593) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 July 1944. Born at Custom House, London, 1915; home in Canning Town, London (forging inspector). Air Ministry Bulletin 838 dated 2 July 1944 refers. No published citation other than "displayed courage, fortitude and devotion to duty of a high order in air operations." The original recommendation, dated 26 May 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9157 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is identified as being a Wireless Operator.

 

Flight Sergeant Bright took part in 23 attacks on the enemy prior to being reported missing on the night of 16th September 1943. His aircraft was shot down by a night fighter on that night and Flight Sergeant Bright landed by parachute in northern France. He proceeded to walk home as detailed in M.I.9/S/P/1840, arriving at Lyneham on 17th March 1944. I consider that this Non-Commissioned Officer's gallantry while operating with this squadron and the persistency and ingenuity shown by him while making his escape fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


BRINGES, Sergeant Elvira Maude (RAF 2020098) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation submitted to No.6 Group Headquarters, 2 February 1945. Enlisted 15 September 1941.

 

This WAAF Senior Non-Commissioned Officer displays a willingness to work and a keenness to learn which has impressed all those with whom she comes in contact. As a Watchkeeper in the Base Operations Room she has carried out her duties with exceptional efficiency, even when the volume of work has been extraordinarily heavy. Her application to her work regardless of personal sacrifice and long hours is outstanding and an example worthy of the highest praise.


* * * * *


BRISTOW, Flight Sergeant John Robert (RAF 1384434) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944. Born 1921 at Shoreditch; home at Hackney (warehouseman); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 16576/AL.940 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." The original recommendation, dated 20 September 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8882 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 50 sorties (230 hours 25 minutes).

 

Flight Sergeant Bristow is a most capable and keen Wireless Operator/Air Gunner now on his second tour of operations. He has taken part in many sorties included amongst which are raids on such strongly defended enemy targets as Berlin, Mannheim and Hanover. On many occasions, this Non-Commissioned Officer has been placed in personal danger but he has not wavered from his allotted task, performing his duties in a highly efficient and cool manner, The fine personal example set by this Non-Commissioned Officer has been an inspiration to the other members of his crew. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


BROMLEY, F/O Richard John (RAF 178734) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1915 at Church Stretton, Shropshire; home in Birkenhead; educated at Priory School, Shrewsbury. Enlisted November 1942; commissioned June 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18305/AL.1007 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 20 November 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (128 hours 11 minutes). Flight Engineer.

 

This officer has completed a large number of successful operations as a flight engineer, including raids on heavily defended targets in Germany and many in enemy occupied territory. He has been on the squadron ten months, during which time his work has been outstanding, both on the ground and in the air. His eagerness to fly on operations has been marked by his willingness to fly with anyone as a spare flight engineer, following the screening of his pilot.

 

In addition to his outstanding work in the air, this officer has been valuable in his section as Deputy Engineering Leader. At all times he has shown exceptional ability and has been ann inspiration to the crews with whom he flew, and an example to the other members of the section.


* * * * *


BROOK, F/L Robert (RAF 164668 or 174668) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 February 1946 (but with effect from 15 September 1944). Air Ministry Bulletin 20890/AL.1116 refers but with no career details. Deceased.

 

...as navigator has completed numerous operations against the enemy, in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


BROWN, F/L Duncan (RAF 159567) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 May 1944. Born 1911 in Edinburgh; home there; educated at Boroughshire Secondary School, Edinburgh. Served in the ranks, 1930-34; re-enlisted in 1940 for aircrew; trained in Canada; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14100/AL.825 refers.

 

One night in April 1944 was the pilot of an aircraft detailed to attack Karlsruhe. When nearing the target area the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire. A large hole was torn in the starboard mainplane; the starboard tailplane was also damaged and the fuselage was pierced by shrapnel. Although the aircraft became extremely difficult to control, Flight Lieutenant Brown pressed home his attack and afterwards flew the damaged aircraft to an airfield in this country and made a safe landing in very difficult circumstances. He displayed the finest qualities of skill, determination and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2909 (RG.24 Volume 20633) has recommendation by W/C C.B. Sinton dated 30 April 1944 when he had flown 17 1/6 sorties (137 hours 40 minutes).

 

On the night of April 24th, 1944, Acting Flight Lieutenant D. Brown (159567) was captain of aircraft "K" King (LV941) which was detailed to attack Karlsruhe. When approximately 20 miles north of the target, flying in dense cloud, the aircraft was actively engaged by predicted flak which inflicted heavy damage resulting in the loss of approximately 64 square feet of the starboard mainplane including part of the starboard aileron. During this engagement the starboard tailplane and fuselage were also hit. Despite the fact that the aircraft was flying in icing conditions and was extremely difficult to control, this officer pressed home his attack with the utmost determination and successfully bombed his target. Throughout the attack and during the return trip the crew were standing by ready to bale out. Flight Lieutenant Brown coolly and skilfully flew his heavily damaged aircraft back to an emergency field in England and executed a masterly landing under the most difficult and trying circumstances.

 

I consider this officer's dogged determination, skill and devotion to duty, plus the splendid example he has set for the remainder of his squadron fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


BROWN, F/L Frank Kendall (RAF 155348) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944. Born 1920 in York; home in Carnforth, Lancs.; educated at Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School; enlisted for aircrew in 1940; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15555 dated 15 September 1944 refers.

 

As squadron signals leader, this officer has taken part in many sorties. He has displayed outstanding coolness and devotion to duty. On one occasion his aircraft was severely damaged by anti-aircraft fire, rendering it extremely difficult to control but despite this Flight Lieutenant Brown continued his duties in a most efficient manner. His splendid record and quiet determination are most praiseworthy.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2909 (RG.24 Volume 20633) has recommendation by W/C C.B. Sinton dated 29 May 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (151 hours 30 minutes). 30 January 1943 to 24 April 1944.

 

This officer has now completed 26 trips over enemy territory including such heavily defended areas as Berlin (2), Essen, Frankfurt. Dusseldorf and several trips to the Brest harbour for "gardening".

 

His cooperation, coolness and devotion to duty have contributed in a large measure not only to the success of the Signals Section, of which he is the Leader, but to the entire squadron.

 

On one occasion, namely April 24th, 1944, while operating against the German target of Karlsruhe, the aircraft in which this officer was flying was heavily damaged by predicted flak resulting in the loss of approximately 64 square fet of the starboard mainplane and including part of the starboard aileron. Despite the fact that the aircraft was flying in icing conditions and was extremely difficult to control, this officer carried out his duties in a most cool and efficient manner. The aircraft eventually landed at an emergency field in England after completing their attack.

 

His splendid record and quiet but dogged determination I consider fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).


* * * * *


BROWN, F/O George Norman (RAF 161239) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 May 1944. Born 1921 in Linlithgow; home in Polmont, Stirlingshire; educated at Falkirk Technical School and Royal Technical College, Glasgow; enlisted for aircrew in 141; trained in Canada and United States; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 13908/AL.815 refers. For citation see F/O K.T. Ashfield (RAF).


* * * * *


BROWN, F/L James (RAF 159067) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 May 1944. Born 1918 in Edgbaston, Birmingham; home in Preston, Lancs.; educated at Preston Grammar School. Served in the ranks before commissioning in 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14007/AL.805 refers. Posted to No.426 Squadron, March 1944; to No.1654 Conversion Unit for instructional tour on completion of operational tour. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy, in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 19 February 1944 when he had flown 24 sorties (154 hours 35 minutes), 28 March 1943 to 15 February 1944. Pilot.

 

This officer has completed a large number of sorties involving attacks on a wide range of enemy targets, including ten trips to Berlin. He has displayed skill of a high order while his unfailing determination to inflict loss on the enemy has been a noteworthy feature of his work. He is efficient and his gallant example has proved a rare source of encouragement.


* * * * *


BROWNE, S/L St.John Arthur, MBE (RAF 85056) - Mention in Despatches - Station Middleton St.George - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944. Administrative Officer.


* * * * *


BRUCE, F/O Robert Richard Fernie (RAF 153354) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 November 1944. Born 1915; home near Stroud, Gloucestershire; served in the ranks; trained in Canada at No.33 ANS; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16381/AL.932 refers; navigator for S/L R. Bannock.

 

Flying Officer Bruce has taken part in many operational sorties, and has patrolled some of the most heavily defended airfields in enemy and enemy occupied territory. He has always shown outstanding keenness for operational flying and determination to complete his allotted tasks. This officer has assisted his pilot in the destruction of 18 flying bombs and at last six enemy aircraft. An outstanding navigator, he has done much to increase and maintain the operational efficiency of the other navigators in the squadron.


BRUCE, F/O Robert Richard Fernie (RAF 153354) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 February 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 17402/AL.965 refers.

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, this officer has completed numerous sorties far into enemy territory. He is a navigator of exceptional skill whose faultless work has contributed in good measure to the successes obtained. Flying Officer Bruce has proved himself to be a most devoted and valiant member of aircraft crew.


* * * * *


BUCKLEY, F/O John (RAF 182546) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945. Born 1917 in Chadderton, Lancs.; home there; enlisted June 1940; trained in Canada; commissioned July 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18787/AL.1018 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 10667) has recommendation (undated) when he had flown 29 sorties (170 hours five minutes), 2 December 1943 to 6 January 1945.

 

Pilot Officer Buckley is a cool, intelligent and efficient Flight Engineer who has displayed a high standard of gallantry whilst on operations. This officer's thoroughness and devotion to duty has been a great source of inspiration to those serving with him.

 

In view of his splendid operational record and courageous conduct, I strongly recommend that Pilot Officer Buckley be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


BUCKLEY, Flight Sergeant William Henry (RAF 755601) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.425 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 November 1943. Born 1919 in Leicester; home there (leather trade); enlisted 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 12171/AL.705 refers.

 

...has completed tour during which he has attacked many important targets in enemy territory. Has attacked Berlin, Essen, Kiel and has contributed materially to successes achieved by crew. Has constantly displayed greatest keenness and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1739 (RG.24 Vol.10608) has recommendation dated 16 September 1943 when he had flown 57 sorties (364 hours 50 minutes); total hours flown were 826 hours 35 minutes, of which 260 hours 25 minutes had been in previous six months.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has now completed one tour of operations over German and Italian territory. He has participated in attacks against some of the most heavily defended targets such as Berlin, Essen, Kiel, Cologne and Duisburg. He has proven himself to be an efficient Wireless Operator and has fully contributed to the successes achieved by his crew. Flight Sergeant Buckley has constantly displayed courage and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


BULLOCK, Sergeant Norman Herbert (RAF 18806065) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Born 1924 in Stowmarket, Suffolk; home there (motor mechanic); enlisted as aircrew, 1942 and trained as flight engineer. Air Ministry Bulletin 17155/AL.960 refers.

 

Throughout the many day and night operations in which this airman has participated, he has invariably maintained a high standard of coolness, courage and devotion to duty. His skill and resourcefulness have materially contributed to the successful completion of his missions. On one occasion when returning from an attack against Anderbelek [?], his aircraft was damaged by anti-aircraft fire. The inter-communication system was rendered unserviceable and one of the controls was severed. Sergeant Bullock successfully repaired the broken control. His promptitude and skill in effecting the repair enabled his pilot to regain control of the aircraft and effect a safe return to base.


NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 10 October 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9039 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 23 sorties (128 hours 25 minutes). The original document is much more detailed:

 

Sergeant Bullock has taken part in 23 day and night operations against the enemy and has invariably displayed an exceptionally high standard of coolness and courage. His efficiency and ingenuity when in dangerous situations was well illustrated by his actions when returning from an attack on Anderbelck. As his aircraft was approaching the enemy coast, it was hit by a close burst of flak. Sergeant Bullock immediately started a close inspection of the aircraft and found several flak holes just forward of the leading edge of the tailplane and also that the rudder push-pull control rod had been almost completely severed. The aircraft's intercom had been rendered unserviceable. Sergeant Bullock passed a note back to the pilot informing him of the situation and obtained the Wireless Operator's spare tailing aerial and cut off approximately ten feet of wire. He then proceeded to bind up the severed control with this wire and was successful in allowing the pilot to again obtain complete control of his aircraft. Sergeant Bullock's quick thinking and fast action was undoubtedly material in getting his aircraft safely back to base. In consider Sergeant Bullock's example of coolness and effective action in an emergency fully merits recognition by the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


BURDEN, Sergeant Joyce Mary (RAF WAAF 2060338) - Mention in Despatches - No.62 Base. awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. United identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (RG.24 Volume 20607). DHIst file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation forwarded to No.6 Group Headquarters, 19 February 1945. Clerk/SD (Watchkeeper). Enlisted 12 August 1941.

 

The above Non-Commissioned Officer has filled the position of Watchkeeper at Eastmoor for the past 30 months. During this tour of duty which has been unique in that this Sergeant worked in an Operations Room situated at some distance from the Flying Control Tower and was called upon to supervise the work done there by other Watchkeepers, and has at all times performed these duties with a keenness and a devotion to duty which is very commendable.

 

Sergeant Burden is deserving of high recognition for her unceasing efforts and I unhesitatingly recommend her for a Mention in Despatches.


* * * * *


BURGESS, Sergeant John Isaac (RAF 2201790) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1924 at Huddersfield; home in Elland, Yorkshire; educated at West Riding County School; mechanic. Enlisted 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 18305/AL.1007 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." The original recommendation, dated 20 January 1945, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9060 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 49 sorties (241 hours 38 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is an engineer of outstanding ability who has taken part in attacks on enemy strongholds including such heavily defended targets as Munich, Stuttgart and Stettin. His efficiency and coolness under fire have proved him to be a very valuable member of his crew. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


BURNSIDE, W/C Dudley Henderson (RAF 37464) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1943. Born in Woodford, 1912; home in Reading. Educated at King Edward VII School, Bury St.Edmunds. Enlisted in 14th London Regiment, Territorial Army, 1935; commissioned in RAF that same year. Awarded DFC on 25 October 1940 for 1939 Waziristan operations (1939); see Air Ministry Bulletin 2082). Cited with P/O R.J. Hayhurst (RAF) who was awarded DFC:

 

One night in March 1943, Wing Commander Burnside and Pilot Officer Hayhurst were captain and bomb aimer of an aircraft detailed to attack Essen. When nearing the target area the bomber was hit by anti-aircraft fire. One of the crew was killed and another severely wounded, while the aircraft sustained damage. The aileron control was affected, while the windscreen de-icing glycol tank burst, drenching Pilot Officer Hayhurst and filling the forward part of the bomber with suffocating fumes. Despite this, Pilot Officer Hayhurst directed his captain to the target, which was successfully bombed and a good photograph obtained. The aircraft was held by searchlights for a few minutes but Wing Commander Burnside skilfully evaded the defences and set course for home. On the return flight the aircraft encountered enemy fighters, but each time he shook them off. Displaying fine airmanship he flew the aircraft back to an airfield in this country.


* * * * *


BURTON, Sergeant George Dawson (RAF 2206983) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 July 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 14717/AL.849 refers but gives no career details.

 

This airman was the flight engineer of an aircraft detailed to attack an enemy target. During the operation the bomber was engaged by a fighter and sustained much damage. One engine caught fire and the flames blew into the fuselage through the open bomb doors. Displaying great promptitude, Sergeant Burton obtained an extinguisher with which he put out the flames and thus a dangerous situation was averted. His coolness and resolution in harassing circumstances set an excellent example.


NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 17 June 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9158 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 12 sorties (51 hours 30 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

On the night of 27th/28th May 1944, Sergeant Burton was acting in his capacity of Flight Engineer of aircraft "G", LW423. On approaching the target area, the aircraft was attacked by a FW.190 which raked the aircraft from stem to stern. Cannon shells set fire to the starboard inner engine, rendered the hydraulic and electrical systems partially unserviceable, rendered useless the fuel cocks on Nos.1, 2, 3 and 4 tanks and one shell blew a large hole in the starboard mainplane. As the bomb doors were open, the fire from the damaged engine was blowing into the fuselage over the bombs and Sergeant Burton went back with a fire extinguisher to fight the flames. At the same time, due to the damaged electrical system, all the internal lights were burning and he knocked these out with the axe. During this time he was, whenever possible, in communication with the pilot ascertaining the extent of the damage to the engine and mainplane and giving any advice needed. Sergeant Burton showed great presence of mind and gallantry and undoubtedly extricated his crew from a perilous situation. In recognition, this Non-Commissioned Officer is strongly recommended for the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


BURTON, P/O William Stanley (RAF 169512) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944. Born 1910 at Stoke-on-Trent; home at Canvey Island, Essex. Educated at St.Peters School, Stoke. Enlisted as a signaller, 1939; transferred to aircrew, 1941, and commissioned 1943. Gunner in F/L J. Brown's crew. Posted from No.426 Squadron to No.1666 Conversion Unit, March 1944 for instructional tour. Air Ministry Bulletin 15628/AL.875 dated 18 September refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations during which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 15 March 1944 when he had flown 24 sorties (158 hours 55 minutes), 4 February 1943 to 7 March 1944. Air Gunner.

 

This officer has completed many sorties to the most distant targets in Germany including ten on the capital. His devotion to duty and his keenness and courage have been outstanding and an inspiration to his crew at all times. He is highly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


BUSS, Flight Sergeant Frederick Herbert (RAF 1172607) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944. Born 1914 at Tonbridge, Kent; home in Maidenhead, Berks. Enlisted 1940 as an air bomber. Air Ministry Bulletin 13588/AL.769 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." The original recommendation, dated 23 February 1943, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9339 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 34 sorties (150 hours) as a Bomb Aimer.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has completed a very long tour of operations carried out over Germany and in the Mediterranean theatre of war. He has at all times displayed keen determination to carry out his missions and his outstanding knowledge of his equipment and its uses have been of great value to the squadron. Despite many hazardous trips over diverse and difficult targets, he has shown complete disregard for personal safety in volunteering readily for extra duties whenever called upon. In recognition of his services, I recommend the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


BUTLER, F/L Sydney William (RAF 103035) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.422 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 April 1944. Born 1915 at Barnesbury; home in Southgate; enlisted 1940; commissioned 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 13491/AL.788 refers. Incident was sinking of U-625 on 10 March 1944.

 

This officer has completed a large number of sorties and throughout has set a fine example of keenness and devotion to duty. Recently Flight Lieutenant Butler captained an aircraft which engaged a U-boat. Despite considerable anti-aircraft fire, Flight Lieutenant Butler pressed home a determined and accurate attack and the submarine was destroyed. His skill and courage were of a high order.


* * * * *


BYRNE, F/L Stephen Michael (RAF 159230) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 18786/AL.1018 refers but has no career details. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 January 1945 when he had flown 26 sorties (176 hours five minutes), 28 July 1943 (when in No.427 Squadron) to 4 December 1944. Wireless Operator and Signals Leader.

 

This officer has now completed 26 sorties for a total of 98 points over enemy territory, including such heavily defended areas as Berlin (4), Nuremburg, Magdeburg, Frankfurt and Hanover.

 

Flight Lieutenant Burns has displayed outstanding ability and a strong sense of duty and holds a fine record of achievement on the squadron. He has acted as Signals Leader with the squadron, and by his high degree of skill, courage and initiative has proven an inspiration to all personnel. He has handled his section in a most outstanding manner and by his example of cheerful courage has maintained a very high standard of morale, not only among his section members but in the squadron in general.

 

I consider that this officer in every way merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).


* * * * *


CALDWELL, S/L Peter Lawson (RAF 85651) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 October 1942. Born in Bolton, England; home in Paisley; educated at Denbighshire; enlisted 1939; commissioned 1940. Promoted to Squadron Leader, August 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 8409 refers.

 

This officer has completed numerous operational sorties, many of them at night. Besides gaining success in defensive patrols, Squadron Leader Caldwell has proved himself to be a determined intruder pilot whose skill has been reflected in the work of the flight he commands. He has destroyed one enemy aircraft while engaged on defensive patrol duties.


* * * * *


CAMPBELL, S/L Graham Cox (41252) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette 20 November 1942. Born Stewiacke, Nova Scotia, 1914; home in Alberta; commissioned 1938; F/O 3 September 1940; F/L, 3 September 1941; missing (POW), 8/9 May 1942. For services in No.420 Squadron. No citation in London Gazette but AFRO 1962/42 gives the following:

 

This pilot has displayed great courage and resourcefulness on all his sorties and sets a splendid example to the squadron by his cheerful readiness to accept any task, however arduous. He has participated in numerous attacks on important enemy targets and in mine laying in enemy waters.


Public Records Office Air 2/8775 has recommendation dated 11 April 1942. The text does not differ materially from that given above; the sortie list (22 trips, 145 hours 50 minutes) is as follows:


8 Sept 41    GARDENING (7.50)                  16 Dec 42   Brest (7.05)

11 Sept 41  GARDENING (5.50)                  23 Dec 42   Cologne (7.50)

15 Sept 41  Wilhelmshaven (8.55)                 27 Dec 42   Dusseldorf (5.45)

10 Oct 41   Essen (6.15)                                 28 Dec 42   Huls (6.15)

12 Oct 41   Huls (6.15)                                  2 Jan 42      GARDENING, Bordeaux (8.10)

20 Oct 41   Bremen (7.55)                             31 Jan 42    Brest, cruisers (5.45)

22 Oct 41   Mannheim (6.20)                         3 Mar 42    Renault works (5.40)

1 Nov 41    Kiel (7.05)                                   10 Mar 42  Ruhr area (6.00)

5 Nov 41    GARDENING, Kiel (7.45)         24 Mar 42  GARDENING, Artichokes (4.40)

7 Nov 41    Cologne (4.40)                            26 Mar 42  GARDENING, Deodars (7.35)

27 Nov 41  Dusseldorf (5.50)                        3 Apr 42     GARDENING, Gorse (6.20)

 

* * * * *


CAMPBELL, P/O Hanlon Donald Richard Leroy (87059) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 February 1942. Born in Regina, 1918; home in Vancouver. RAF, October 1939; P/O, 19 October 1940. Joined No.408 Squadron, June 1941. Killed in action 14 May 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 6298 refers. No citation in London Gazette other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Royal Air Force Quarterly (June 1942) spells name as Hanlan and gives the following:

 

This officer has shown great courage and persistence in attacking heavily defended targets in enemy territory. In September 1941 he participated in three daylight raids over France. On each occasion his aircraft sustained damage from the enemy's fire, but despite this he carried out his missions successfully. Pilot Officer Campbell has consistently shown a high standard of keenness and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


CAMPBELL, P/O William Gordon (RAF 102997) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 September 1942. Born Dumbarton, Scotland, 1911; home there. Enlisted 1939; commissioned 1941. No citation in London Gazette other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations." Air Ministry Bulletin 8119 refers.

 

In all his sorties against the enemy Pilot Officer Campbell has displayed courage and ability of a high order. Since September 1940 he has participated in numerous sorties involving attacks on industrial targets, dockyard installations, marshalling yards and oil refineries. For the past few months this officer has been employed as Squadron Signals Officer and wireless operator. He is always eager to operate against the enemy.


* * * * *


CAPON, P/O Robert John (RAF 176943) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 October 1944. A flight engineer, cited with P/O John Surtees.

 

These officers as flight engineer and wireless operator respectively have participated in many sorties against a variety of heavily defended targets in Germany. On one occasion shortly after leaving Berlin, the rear gunner of the aircraft was discovered partly unconscious from lack of oxygen. Pilot Officers Capon and Surtees went to his assistance but, in his semi-comatose state, he resisted strongly. It was not until half an hour had elapsed that they were able to extricate him. They themselves were in much distress and suffering from the intense cold. Nevertheless, Pilot Officer Capon managed to get his stricken comrade to a position from where he could be given oxygen from a supply point. Meanwhile, Pilot Officer Surtees manned the rear turret where he remained throughout the remainder of the flight. These officers displayed great fortitude and set an example of determination and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHIst file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 6 August 1944 when he had flown 31 ½ sorties (197 hours 15 minutes).

 

This officer has since August 1943 completed a record of 31 operational sorties over enemy territory, including many of the heavily defended targets over Germany, such as Berlin (4), Nuremburg (2), Frankfurt, Hanover, Mannheim and Karlsruhe.

 

On the 28th January 1944, shortly after leaving Berlin, the Rear Gunner was discovered suffering from lack of oxygen and partly unconscious. This officer with the assistance of the Wireless Operator, after a period of almost 30 minutes, succeeded in getting the Rear Gunner from his turret although nearly physically exhausted and suffering from intense cold. Whilst the Wireless Operator occupied the rear turret, Pilot Officer Capon managed to drag his unconscious comrade from the rear of the aircraft to the rest position and connect him to the oxygen supply. Although the captain of the aircraft desired this officer to rest with the Rear Gunner, Pilot Officer Capon returned to his post in spite of the fact that he was suffering from fatigue, from where he kept a constant watch on his comrade, the Rear Gunner in the rest position, who although connected to the oxygen supply, was far from acting normally.

 

This officer by his outstanding devotion to duty and stricken comrade, set a magnificent example to his crew of unselfishness, endurance and cool determination.


* * * * *


CARDEN, Sergeant Edward John (RAF 633818) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.423 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 November 1943. Born in Folkstone, 1919; home in North Berwick, East Lothian. Enlisted 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 12011 refers; following likely digested from that source:

 

This Flight Engineer has taken part in a large number of operational sorties and has always been willing, capable and cheerful member of his crew. On one occasion, his aircraft was attacked by a Focke Wulf 200 and Sergeant Carden was badly wounded in the leg. Despite this, he replaced the gunnery officer who took over fire control. On the return journey it was found necessary to jettison petrol, after which the jettison cocks could not be closed. Although suffering great pain from his wound, Sergeant Carden effected a satisfactory repair. His coolness and devotion to duty in these trying circumstances were worthy of the highest praise.


* * * * *


CAREY, P/O Glyndwr (RAF 179406) - Mention in Despatches - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. Enlisted 4 November 1940; served two months in Africa, 49 in Britain as of submission. Recommendation dated 22 February 1945 found in DHist file 181.009 D.1766 (RG.24 Volume 20610).

 

Throughout the large number of operational hours Pilot Officer Carey has flown, he has shown exceptional courage under very adverse conditions, and has proved an outstanding crerw member. As an air operator [sic; wireless operator ?], Pilot Officer Carey's work has been of the highest order, and his devotion to duty and cooperation with other members of his section has been a fine example to all members of the squadron.


* * * * *


CARLIN, F/O James (RAF 131016) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1944. Born in Glasgow, 1920; home in Kirkintelloch, Glasgow; enlisted 1940; trained in Canada; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14172/AL.823 refers. Mentioned in Despatches, London Gazette dated 14 January 1944 (not sure as of 8 April 1998 if this was for service in No.404 Squadron).

 

This officer has been instrumental in directing formations of aircraft with skill and success on a number of anti-shipping operations. The success attained by his squadron on such operations has been largely due to his outstanding ability as a navigator. His efficiency and courage have always been of the highest order.


NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/9627 had recommendation dated 24 March 1944 by W/C Willis, noting that F/O Carlin had flown 120 operational hours (27 sorties). The text differed in some significant detail from that published:

 

This officer has been instrumental in skilfully directing strike formations on nine successful anti-shipping operations. In addition it has been his responsibility to successfully guide strike formations on twelve occasions when no suitable targets were sighted. A most enthusiastic attitude with respect to his aircrew duties has largely contributed to the outstanding operational success of his crew.


On 23 April 1944 the Station Commander added his remarks:

 

I fully concur in the remarks made by the Officer Commanding No.404 Squadron. Flying Officer Carlin is Wing Commander Gatward's crew. The success of the squadron on anti-shipping strikes is largely due to his outstanding ability. I strongly endorse the recommendation of his Commanding Officer that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


On 28 April 1944 the Air Officer Commanding, No.18 Group, further endorsed the recommendation:

 

The skill and devotion to duty of this officer have been of the highest order. There is little doubt that his splendid work has contributed largely to his squadron's success. Strongly recommended.


Air Chief Marshal Sholto Douglas, Air Officer Commanding Coastal Command, added "Strongly recommended" on 10 May 1944.


* * * * *


CARRIGAN, Sergeant John William (RAF 1807113) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 June 1944. Born in Brighton, 1924; home in Hellingly, Sussex (junior clerk); served in ATC (No.54 Squadron); enlisted 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14335/AL.835 refers.

 

This officer [sic] has completed a tour of operations during which he has taken part in attacks on a variety of targets important to the enemy's war effort. Throughout he has displayed high qualities of zeal and resolution and his engineering skill has played a worthy part in the successes obtained. During a recent sortie his aircraft was hit by bullets from a fighter and caught fire. Coolly and resourcefully, Sergeant Carrigan helped to extinguish the flames, and afterwards assisted in navigating the aircraft home in addition to executing his normal engineering duties. His exemplary conduct at all times has been most commendable.


NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 20 May 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9157 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 30 sorties (214 hours 25 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

Sergeant Carrigan has completed many sorties as Flight Engineer against targets in Germany and France including Nuremberg, Munich, Berlin, Mannheim, Hanover, Kassel and Caen besides mine-laying operations. He has always remained cool and efficient in his duties, often under very difficult conditions. His aircraft has been attacked on several occasions and on the night of 20th April 1944, was set on fire. After helping to put out the fire, he assisted other crew members in navigating the aircraft to safe territory besides carrying out his normal duties. In the subsequent crash-landing, Sergeant Carrigan was seriously injured,sustaining concussion, abrasions and lacerations. His efficiency, initiative and quick action during this incident are commendable and I consider him worthy of an immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


CARTER, F/O Cyril Francis (RAF 43163) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945. Born 1912; home at Ipswich, Suffolk; served in Royal Artillery, 1931-1935; re-enlisted, February 1938, transferring to RAF, March 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin number not given on DHist card but the following is:

 

Flying Officer Carter has proved himself to be a keen and capable member of his crew. He has shown exceptional devotion to duty. In November 1944, when returning from a mission to Oberhausen, a jet propelled Messerschmitt 163 was sighted. Evasive measures were employed but the enemy aircraft continued to press home its attack. Flying Officer Carter opened fire and the attacker was destroyed. This officer has completed a very large number of sorties and has done much to ensure the success of many missions.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 19 November 1944 when he had flown 58 sorties (349 hours five minutes). He had flown to Middle East in May 1942, commencing operations on 24 May 1942; he flew 40 trips (255 hours 20 minutes) up to 25 November 1942. His second tour had begun on 25 August 1944 and as of 2 November 1944 comprised 18 sorties (93 hours 35 minutes).

 

This gunner has completed two operational bombing tours against the enemy. He has outstanding ability and a strong sense of duty.

 

On November 1st, his aircraft was detailed to attack Oberhausen and on the homeward track the Mid-Upper Gunner sighted a jet propelled enemy fighter aircraft ME.163. Combat manoeuvre was given but enemy fighter continued to press home his attack. Both gunners opened fire and were successful in destroying the enemy aircraft.

 

I highly recommend that Flying Officer Carter be awarded a non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


CAST, P/O Ernest Douglas (RAF 173857) - Mention in Despatches - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation made 11 July 1944. See also recommendation in 181.009 D.1729 (RG.24 Volume 20707).

 

This officer enlisted as an airman in March 1941 and won his commission of the 13th March 1944. His tour of duty has been spent in England. He is a wireless operator and came to this squadron in September 1943. His work in general has been of an exceptionally high calibre. He is an example of cheerfulness and unselfishness and has set a magnificent example to all he has come in contact with.


* * * * *


CATLIN, Flight Sergeant Ronald Henry (RAF 1867791) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945. Born 1924 at Hackney Home, Ilford, Essex; educated Southeast Essex Technical College. Former tool maker; enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 19246/AL.1062 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 23 March 1945, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9083 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 45 sorties (224 hours 27 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

Flight Sergeant Catlin has completed many sorties against heavily defeated targets in Germany such as Nuremberg, Chemnitz and areas in the Ruhr. He has always displayed the will to battle which, combined with his technical skill, is worthy of the highest praise. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


CHADWICK, P/O James William (RAF 179408) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Born 1921 in Newcastle; home in Hove, Sussex. Educated at Stanford School, Brighton; served in ranks; commissioned July 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 17146/AL.960 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 25 September 1944 when he had flown 35 ½ sorties (174 hours 20 minutes), 25 November 1943 to 15 September 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Chadwick has completed 35 and one half successful operational sorties. Many of these have been accomplished in the face of heavy opposition and against such targets as Berlin, Stuttgart, Essen and other strongly defended areas. As Wireless Operator (Air) he has displayed great courage and skill and has at all times cooperated in the highest possible degree with other members of his crew.

 

For his splendid record, loyalty and devotion to duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


CHAMPION, Flight Sergeant Francis Arthur (RAF 362348) - Mention in Despatches - No.403 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943. Aero engine fitter.


* * * * *


CHAMPION, Sergeant Frederick John Joseph (RAF 1250636) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. Born at Greenwich, near London, 1921; home there (printing compositor); enlisted 1940. No citation in London Gazette; following citation found in Flight, 21 January 1943.

 

This airman is employed as Wireless Operator/Air Gunner. He has participated in numerous sorties including attacks on heavily defended targets as well as several mine laying operations.


Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 gives a slightly longer text.

 

This airman is employed as Wireless Operator/Air Gunner. He has participated in numerous sorties including attacks on heavily defended targets as well as several mine laying operations. He has at all times displayed a high standard of efficiency and a fine fighting spirit.


NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 17 October 1942, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/16183 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 31 sorties (177 hours 15 minutes) as a Wireless Operator/Air Gunner. The text does not differ materially from that of the Air Ministrt Bulletin.


* * * * *


CHARD, Flight Sergeant Douglas William (RAF 1389199) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1943. Born in Southampton, 1923; home there (shop assistant); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 12235/AL.711 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


CHILDS, F/O Arthur John Barlase (RAF 151311) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 September (November ?) 1944. Born 1916 in Carnaervon; home at Farnham Common, Bucks,; enlisted in Royal Artillery (Territorial Army), 1940; transferred to RAF, trained in Canada, and commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 8 August 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (233 hours 25 minutes), 15 September 1943 to 10 June 1944.

 

This officer has completed one tour of operations. He has altogether made 38 trips against the enemy on minelaying operations and to such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Dusseldorf, Hanover, Kassel and Mannheim. He has flown with different crews either as mid gunner or rear gunner and has always done his job well.


* * * * *


CHILES, F/L Samuel (RAF 161048) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945. Born 1911 at West Bromich; home there; served in ranks; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 17093/AL.960 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation by W/C A.C. Hull dated 5 September 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (194 hours 40 minutes) and was the Deputy Signals Leader of the unit. Sorties flown 30 August 1943 to 18 July 1944.

 

As Wireless Operator, Flying Officer Chiles has successfully bombed the majority of the enemy's major targets including Berlin, Leipzig, Frankfurt, Kassel and Dusseldorf. His standard of efficiency has always been extremely high, on no occasion any technical failures being experienced, and the aid he gave to other crew members on several occasions was invaluable. His keenness, reliability and above average ability made him an ideal crew member. As Deputy Signals Leader he assumed much of the responsibility for the smooth functioning of his section and he was eventually given the task of organizing the Signals Section of a new squadron. For outstanding service over a long period of tie I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


CHIPLING, S/L Alban Philip Sidney (RAF 108178) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1943. Born Guindleford [?], 1913; home in Cambridge; educated at Bracondale School, Norwich; enlisted 1938; commissioned 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 12235/AL.711 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty".


* * * * *


CHRISTIE, F/O John Stewart (RAF 157629) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.410 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 22 September 1944. Born in Montreal, 1921; educated in England and gave home as London. RAF, 1941, commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15676/AL.887 refers.

 

This officer has participated in many sorties as observer involving attacks against enemy airfield, locomotives and barges. On a recent occasion Flying Officer Christie assisted in the destruction of a Junkers 88 which exploded in the air with such violence that his own aircraft was so severely damaged that it could no longer be flown. Flying Officer Christie descended safely by parachute and was rescued from his dinghy six hours later. This officer has invariably displayed a high degree of courage and determination.


* * * * *


CHURCH, Flight Sergeant Joseph (RAF 1895963) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 19738/AL.1070 refers. No published citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty". NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 20 April 1945, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8751 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 43 sorties (207 hours 40 minutes) as a Flight Engineer.

 

Flight Sergeant Church is an extremely valuable member of aircrew. He is an experienced and capable Flight Engineer of a most successful crew which has almost completed two tours of operations. He has taken part in many highly successful attacks against such strongly defended targets as Essen, Hamburg and Kiel. Throughout his operations, Flight Sergeant Church, by his quiet manner and efficient work, has been a great example and asset to this squadron. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


CLAPHAM, Sergeant Kenneth Frederick Paul (RAF 926846) - British Empire Medal - RCAF Repatriation Depot, Houghton Green - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. Public Record Office Air 2/8872 has recommendation. // This airman has been employed on secretarial duties at various units and has done much good work in the preparation of technical reports. He is at present Secretary to the Air Crew Re-Selection Board and Special Cases Committee at Houghton Green. The reports produced are of the greatest importance as there must be a complete and full history of the officer or airman concerned as well as a record of the action taken. Sergeant Clapham was given the responsibility of preparing the reports himself, and he has performed this duty and conducted correspondence connected therewith with great efficiency. The responsibilities of his work have increased and he has made an outstanding contribution to the delicate and involved work of this unit, and has also rendered valuable service to several thousand personnel of the Royal Canadian Air Force.


* * * * *


CLARE, P/O William Alan (RAF 179367) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1923 at Runcorn, Cheshire; home there; educated at Wade Deacon Grammar School. Commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation by W/C A.C. Hull dated 6 September 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (191 hours ten minutes), 27 September 1943 to 20 July 1944.

 

As Wireless Operator, Pilot Officer Clare has completed highly successful sorties against Berlin, Stuttgart, Mannheim, Hanover and many other targets in France and Germany. He always carried out his duties with a very high standard of efficiency and contributed much to the success enjoyed by his crew. He showed a marked spirit of cooperation both in the air and on the ground. For the completion of one tour and support of the squadron at all times, I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


CLARK, P/O Alexander Stanley (RAF 55843) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945. Born 1921 at Brixton, London; home in Blackpool, Lancs. Commissioned July 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18027/AL.995 refers.

 

Pilot Officer Clark has now completed a tour of operations, many sorties of which have been against heavily defended German targets. On one occasion during an attack on Vaires, his aircraft was severely damaged by anti-aircraft fire. Pilot Officer Clark was wounded, but despite his injury he continued with his allotted task, displaying gallantry, perseverance and devotion to duty. His actions were largely responsible for the safe return of his aircraft to this country. Pilot Officer Clark's courage and fearlessness in the face of enemy opposition has always been worthy of the highest praise.


DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation by W/C A.P.Blackburn dated 17 November 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (153 hours 40 minutes), 25 June to 15 October 1944. Sortie list includes two trips (both on 18 July 1944) when his aircraft was badly damaged by flak.

 

Pilot Officer Clark has completed a tour of operations, many sorties of which were against heavily defended German targets. On one occasion during an attack on Vaires, Pilot Officer Clark as Flight Engineer was wounded in the hand. The aircraft was severely damaged by flak and the hydraulic system was rendered unserviceable. Despite his injury, Pilot Officer Clark carried out the required emergency operation, displaying gallantry and devotion to duty in the face of danger, and thus enabling the aircraft to be brought safely back to this country. Pilot Officer Clark has at all times displayed skill, courage and a fine offensive spirit throughout his tour.


* * * * *


CLARK, F/L Alfred John Frederick (RAF 127281) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944. Born Kennington, 1910; home in Clapham; enlisted 1940; trained in Camada; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 15550/AL.875 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1729 has recommendation (undated) compiled when he had flown 25 sorties (156 hours 45 minutes), 9 January 1943 to 22 May 1944.

 

This officer has completed 25 sorties and 21 of these have been on major targets. He is the Bombing Leader and his work has been outstanding. He has the confidence and admiration of the squadron and has proven exceptional qualities of leadership and coolness, setting a splendid example to other members of his crew.


* * * * *


CLARK, S/L David Walter Sealy (RAF 36213) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943. Born in Surbiton, Surrey, 1916; home in Auckland, New Zealand. Served in RNZAF, 1938; commissioned in RAF, 1939. Air Ministry Bulletin 11391 refers; DHist cards have a summary, but the following text was provided by the RNZAF Museum on 13 January 1999:

 

This officer has a fine record as an operational captain of aircraft. The sorties in which he has taken part include two successful attacks on Berlin and raids on Genoa, Turin, Hamburg and the Ruhr objectives. He has displayed consistent keenness, courage and determination throughout all his missions and as Flight Commander, and has given great energy to raise standard of airmanship and training generally among the crews of his flight. His unswerving gallantry and exceptional flying skill have been most praiseworthy.


CLARK, W/C David Walter Sealy (RAF 36213) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944.


NOTE: The RNZAF Museum adds that he was awarded a Bar to the Distinguished Flying Cross on 17 October 1944 when he was a Wing Commander, No.635 Squadron:

 

One night in August 1944, this officer was pilot of an aircraft detailed to attack Stettin. On the bombing run the aircraft was hit and severely damaged by anti-aircraft fire. One engine was rendered unserviceable and the aircraft was difficult to control. Nevertheless by cool thinking and excellent cooperation this officer and his navigator made a successful attack on the target and brought the aircraft safely back to base. Wing Commander Clark has completed very many sorties and has at all times displayed exceptional skill and courage.


* * * * *


CLARK, P/O Dennis (RAF 176717) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944. Born 1914 at Old Hill, Staffordshire; home there; commissioned 1944. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 15970/AL.902 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 24 July 19444 when he had flown 36 sorties (225 hours 27 minutes), 3 November 1943 to 2 June 1944.

 

As flight engineer Pilot Officer Clark has completed one tour of operations, having attacked most of the enemy's targets in France and Germany as well as having carried out minelaying operations. At all times he has shown the greatest keenness for operational flying and is an ideal crew member. On the ground he has been most cooperative, helping in every way possible to boost the efficiency of his section and the squadron as a whole.


* * * * *


CLIFTON, F/L Philip Harcourt (RAF 157577) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945. Born 1920 at Streatham; home in Greenford, Middlesex; educated at Henry Thornton Secondary School (Clapham) and Central School of Arts and Crafts, London; enlisted 8 October 1940 (DHist card said August 1940 but this is wrong); commissioned September 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 18302/AL.1007 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty".


CLIFTON, F/L Philip Harcourt, DFC (RAF 157577) - Mention in Despatches - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. United identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (RG.24 Volume 20607). DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (RG.24 Volume 20606) has recommendation drafted February 1945. Engineer Leader.

 

Flight Lieutenant Clifton has completed one tour on four-engined bombers and is now on his second tour. He has operated deep into the heart of Germany on many occasions and over such heavily defended targets as Essen, Emden, Kiel, Hamburg and Duisburg. His record as a Flight Engineer and Engineering Leader has been superior. His devotion to ground training and operational flying has been of a high standard, which in turn has radiated a fine spirit in his section.


* * * * *


CLYNES, Warrant Officer Michael George (RAF 1377364) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 August 1943. Born 1914 at Longford, Eire; home in Edgworthstown, Longford, Eire (carpenter's mate); enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 11124 refers.

 

This Warrant Officer has successfully completed a large number of operational sorties. He has taken part in attacks against Tripoli, Naples, Catania, Benghazi and other targets in the Middle East and North Africa. He has also attacked some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany. On four occasions his aircraft has been attacked by night fighters and each time he has successfully directed his captain's evasive action. During these combats he has destroyed at least two enemy aircraft. Over long period has set splendid example of courage, determination and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation (undated) which states he had flown 47 ½ sorties but could not give total hours as his logbook had been destroyed by enemy action on his first tour. He had flown 45 sorties with No.104 Squadron, commencing with a raid on Cologne (30 July 1941). In all he flew twelve trips in Bomber Command (on six of which the aircraft was damaged). He went to Egypt in mid-October 1941 and commenced operations in North Africa on 19 October 1941; his last recorded sortie in that theatre was 20 November 1942, although a certificate from the Commanding Officer of No.104 stated he had flown nine additional trips for which no record had survived. His second tour had begun on 12 May 1943 (Duisburg) and had to date consisted of three trips (a sea search on 14 June 1943 and Krefeld on 21 June 1943).


* * * * *


COBB, Corporal Joan Elaine (RAF 2048104) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base, Middleton St.George - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation submitted 17 July 1944. Fabric worker.

 

During the conversion of aircraft at this unit in recent months, this Non-Commissioned Officer has been under crushed [sic] pressure and has carried out her duties most efficiently, working extremely long hours. She has, by her outstanding example, contributed greatly to the efficiency of this unit.


* * * * *


COLE, F/L Cyril William (RAF 108152) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 October 1943. Born 1920 at Seven Kings, Essex; home at Romford, Essex; enlisted 1940; commissioned 1941; trained in Canada (graduated from No.31 ANS and No.31 BGS). Air Ministry Bulletin 11720 refers. The following citation is from AFRO 2610/43 dated 17 December 1943 ("RAF Trained in Canada").

 

Throughout many operational sorties, this officer has displayed a fine fighting spirit and courage of the highest order. A navigator of outstanding ability, he has set an inspiring example.


* * * * *


COLLINS, F/O Geoffrey Boyer (RAF 168976) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born 1921 in Manchester; home in Blackpool; enlisted 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 21 August 1944 when he had flown 33 ½ sorties (179 hours 35 minutes), 22 October 1943 to 3 August 1944.

 

This officer is a navigator of exceptional ability who has navigated to many long distant [sic] and hazardous targets in Germany, including Berlin, Leipzig and Frankfurt. His cheerful confidence and endurance inspired a high standard of morale in his comrades which, on many occasions, contributed to the success of their operations. In view of this courageous officer's exceptional operational record, his thoroughness in all duties and excellent example to all crews, I strongly recommend that Pilot Officer Collins be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


COLLINS, Flight Sergeant William Alfred (RAF 91500) - Mention in Despatches - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944.


* * * * *


COLVILL, P/O Charles James (RAF 179859)- Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1924 at Canning Town; home at Bow, London. Enlisted 1942, commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Volume 20637) has recommendation dated 2 September 1944 when he had flown 25 sorties (151 hours), 27 July 1943 to 10 September 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Colvill, as Flight Engineer, has completed 25 operational sorties including several on major targets. He has displayed exceptional skill and efficiency coupled with great keenness and determination. In October 1943 on an attack on Mannheim, Pilot Officer Colvill was wounded by flak and hospitalized for three months. He returned to operations with unabated keenness and has proved an inspiration. For his all around efficiency and determination, I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


COMPTON, 1st Lieutenant Archie Melville (USAAF O-886286) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - award approved 24 November 1944 but not published in London Gazette. Born 15 May 1916. Enlisted in RCAF in Toronto, 19 June 1941 (R108956 and J11067). Posted to No.1 Manning Depot, 19 June 1941; to Technical Training School, 27 July 1941; to No.5 ITS, 20 August 1941 (graduated 9 October 1941 and promoted to Leading Aircraftman); to No.12 EFTS, 26 October 1941; to No.5 SFTS, 20 December 1941 (graduated 10 April 1942 and commissioned); to No.10 SFTS as instructor, 19 July 1942; to "Y" Depot, Halifax, 31 May 1943; arrived in Britain on 22 June 1943; transferred to American forces on 10 January 1944. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634).

 

Lieutenant Compton has participated in many successful operations against the enemy's most heavily defended targets including Berlin, Frankfurt, Aachen and Stuttgart. Throughout he has displayed leadership, skill and courage, qualities which have been reflected in the successes achieved by his crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 August 1944 when he had flown 39 sorties (197 operational hours), 15 February to 7 August 1944. His first trip (to Berlin) had been as second pilot; eleven trips had been daylight sorties; eight had been minelaying (GARDENING) operations.

 

This officer has completed 38 successful sorties calling for exceptional qualities of airmanship. He has carried out extremely difficult missions, many of which demanded the greatest precision and faultless judgement.

 

Berlin, Frankfurt, Aachen, Stuttgart and Metz were some of the heavily defended German targets attacked besides many mining operations carried out in enemy-held waters - two journeys to Brest, also other trips to Kiel, Kattegat, St.Nazaire and Lorient - and numerous French targets comprised this lengthy and exacting tour.

 

Many times, due to adverse weather and icing conditions, it was due to the superb ability of Lieutenant Compton that the crew and aircraft returned safely to base. His eagerness for operations was outstanding at all times and his cooperative spirit was a splendid example to all personnel on this squadron. I take the greatest pleasure in highly recommending Lieutenant Compton for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


CONNELL, Flight Sergeant George (RAF 1077021) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1921 at Morpeth, Northumberland; home at Blyth, Northumberland (colliery worker); enlisted 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 refers. No published citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 July 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9026 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 48 sorties (241 hours five minutes) as a Wireless Operator.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is a skilled and efficient Wireless Operator who has now completed two tours of operations. Throughout his long and varied operational career, Flight Sergeant Connell has set a fine example to all members of his crew and the squadron generally by his unselfish devotion to duty and utter disregard for his own personal safety and considerations. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


CONSTANCE, F/L Delwyn Stanley Norris (NZ 240217) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 October 1942. Born 1913; home at Otahuku, Aukland, New Zealand; enlisted in RNZAF, trained in Canada, commissioned 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 8375 refers. No citation in London Gazette other than ""for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". The following summary on DHist card was likely from Air Ministry Bulletin:

 

This captain of aircraft has taken part in numerous bombing and mine laying sorties. In February 1942 while approaching the German battle cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau his aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft gunfire and badly damaged. Nevertheless, with great determination, he pressed home attack. The aircraft was further damaged but with skill he succeeded in bringing it back to its base. Flight Lieutenant Constance by his cheerfulness and courage has been an inspiration to his fellow aircrews.


* * * * *


COOK, Flight Sergeant A.H.L - Mention in Despatches - No.416 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Mentioned in a circular list found in DHIst file 181.009 D.1749 (RG.24 Volume 20608).


* * * * *


COOK, F/L Eric (RAF 126087) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 December 1945. Born 1920 in Sunderland, County Durham; home in Newcastle-on-Tyne; enlisted June 1940; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 10357/AL.1105 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation by W/C E.M. Bryson dated 22 May 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (177 hours 15 minutes), 7 January 1942 to 10 September 1942 (27 trips, 148 hours five minutes) and 22 April to 10 May 1945 (six trips including a "Recall" and three EXODUS flights, 29 hours 10 minutes). Wireless Air Gunner.

 

Flight Lieutenant Cook, now on his second tour, has a long record of exceptional ability on operations. He has participated in very many attacks on German targets when losses have been exceptionally high. He is such an outstanding personality that he is a "spark plug" of his crew and squadron. As a morale raiser, he is an invaluable member of the squadron.

 

Apart from this, his unsurpassed ability as a Signals Leader guarantees the efficiency of his section.


COOK, S/L Eric (RAF 126087) - Mention in Despatches - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1945.


COOK, S/L Eric (RAF 126087) - Mention in Despatches - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945.


* * * * *


COPENHAVER, Captain Lawrence Benjamin, DFC (O-886282) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - award approved 22 September 1944 as an honourary award to an American national and not published in London Gazette. Born 11 August 1916; enlisted in RCAF at Windsor, Ontario, 26 April 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS, 27 May to 27 July 1941 (promoted to Leading Aircraftman on latter date); at No.15 EFTS, 27 July to 12 September 1941; at No.4 SFTS, 13 September to 5 December 1941 (awarded wings as Sergeant Pilot). Posted overseas, January 1942; commissioned 26 December 1942; promoted to Flying Officer, 26 June 1943; transferred to American forces, 10 January 1944. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634). Original DFC had been awarded with effect from 20 September 1943 (London Gazette of 1 October 1943) while still a member of the RCAF and serving in No.424 Squadron.

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, this officer, as captain of aircraft, has participated in many sorties including attacks against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Stuttgart, Leipzig, Frankfurt and Cologne. Throughout he has displayed courage and determination which have contributed materially to the high standard of morale maintained in the squadron.


* * * * *


CORY, F/L Wilfred Arthur (RAF 134091) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 August 1944. Born 1917 in Brixron; home in Strealtham; enlisted 1941; trained in USA; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14921/AL.859 refers.

 

Flight Lieutenant Cory is a skilful and resolute pilot. He has taken part in a large number of sorties and his determination to achieve success has won great praise. One more than one occasion his aircraft has been damaged by anti-aircraft fire, but he has flown safely to base each time . This officer has displayed devotion to duty of a high order.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1729 has recommendation (undated) compiled when he had flown 33 sorties (205 hours), 23 July 1943 to 16 June 1944.

 

This pilot has completed 33 trips and 23 of these trips have been on major targets. Flight Lieutenant Cory sets his mind on the task in hand, fearlessly and with a fine offensive spirit, setting a magnificent example to his crews, and as a result has never had a turn back or an early return.

 

On the 22nd November his aircraft was attacking Berlin and the aircraft was hit by flak over the target; the starboard outer engine caught fire and this was extinguished by the pilot through feathering and using governor switch. Flight Lieutenant Cory was successful in bringing his damaged aircraft back to base on three engines.

 

On the 19th February [his] aircraft had attacked Leipzig and upon return at the enemy coast one engine failed; this pilot was again successful in bringing [his] aircraft safely back to base.

 

His outstanding ability and strong sense of duty has made this pilot an excellent Acting Flight Commander and his courage, skill and determination in action has been an inspiration to his crew.


* * * * *


COSGROVE, Flight Sergeant John (RAF 1572208) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1924 at Goran, Glasgow; home in Glasgow (apprentice fitter); enlisted 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 15917/AL.902 dated 12 October 1944 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Volume 20603) has recommendation dated 26 July 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (151 hours 35 minutes), 1 March to 20 July 1944.

 

As rear gunner this airman has participated in a large number of sorties and has displayed great keenness and devotion to duty throughout. His constant vigilance has enabled his pilot to avoid combat on many occasions, and successfully complete many missions. He has proven to be a cheerful and willing worker with his fellow men in the gunnery section.

 

For his airmanship and intense loyalty, this Non-Commissioned Officer is strongly recommended for the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


COULL, S/L Norman McLeod (109507) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette 15 August 1944. Born in Westhartlepool, England, 26 November 1914; educated in Montreal including Sir George Williams College, 1929-1931. Was employed as a photographer, Donaldson Atlantic Line, 1938; vessel was SS Athenia, sunk by enemy action on 3 September 1939. He was landed in Scotland and enlisted in RAF, 27 December 1939; took Wireless Course at No.2 Electrical and Wirelss School, Yatesbury, 1 June to 12 September 1940; classified as Wireless Operator, 16 September 1940. Gunnery Course, 15 September to 20 October 1940. Promoted to from Aircraftman 2nd Class to Sergeant (Wireless Operator/Air Gunner), 19 October 1940; took Gunnery Leaders Course, Castle Kennedy, 1-25 August 1941; commissioned 10 October 1941; promoted to Flight Lieutenant, 5 November 1941; appointed Acting Squadron Leader, 17 June 1943. First tour began with No.78 Squadron (Whitleys); posted to No.405 Squadron on 5 November 1941. Between tours he was on strength of No.6 Group Headquarters; returned to No.405 Squadron, 15 February 1944. Transferred to RCAF, 14 March 1945 (C94007), specifically to speed up his repatriation to Canada at a time of shipping shortages. Posted to Canada, 2 May 1945; on strength of No.1 Air Command, 17 May to 17 June 1945; No.13 EFTS, 18-21 June 1945; Eastern Air Command Headquarters, 22 June to 14 October 1945; released 24 October 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 15067/AL.853 refers. No published citation. Public Record Office Air 2/9652 has recommendation by Wing Commander R.J. Lane dated 22 May 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (197 hours) as follows:


6 Feb 41     Dunkirk (5.15)                       24 July 41   Emden (6.00)

18 Apr 41   Berlin (9.00)                          21 Jan 42    Bremen (4.20)

3 May 41    Dusseldorf (8.00)                   1 June 42    Essen (5.30)

5 May 41    Brest (7.50)                            3 June 42    Bremen (3.00)

15 May 41  Boulogne (6.15)                     25 June 42  Bremen (3.35)

27 May 41  Cologne (7.45)                       29 June 42  Wilhelmshaven (4.20)

7 June 41    Brest (7.45)                            23 Oct 42    Genoa (10.00)

10 June 41  Wilhelmshaven (6.50)           28 Oct 42    Sea Patrols (10.00)

20 June 41  Kiel (8.05)                             6 Nov 42     Sea Patrols (10.50)

23 June 41  Cologne (5.30)                       24 Feb 44    Schweinfurt (6.35)

26 June 41  Cologne (7.10)                       22 Mar 44   Frankfurt (5.35)

30 June 41  Bremen (8.20)                       24 Mar 44   Berlin (6.30)

2 July 41    Cologne (1.00, nil op)           30 Mar 44   Nuremburg (6.10)

5 July 41    Munster (6.50)                       26 Apr 44   Essen (3.45)

8 July 41    Hamm (7.15)                         19 May 44  Mount Couple (2.05)

19 July 41  Hanover (7.15)

 

This officer is a very keen and efficient air gunner who has completed 30 operational sorties against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Bremen and Hanover. Squadron Leader Coull has on four occasions taken part in actual combats with enemy aircraft, and has been successful in warding off their attacks. The courage, skill and devotion to duty displayed by this officer under these conditions has been most commendable. In addition, the skill and initiative shown by this officer in the performance of his duties as Squadron Gunnery Leader has been outstanding. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


This document was favourably endorsed by the Officer Commander, RAF Station Gransden Lodge on 24 May 1944 and by the Air Officer Commanding, No.8 Group on 30 May 1944.


NOTE: Further details of his tours are known from applications for Operational Wings. However, it is puzzling in that some entries from the first tour differ as to date or target from the list given above; the second tour sortie list carries his missions well beyond the date on which his DFC was recommended:


            First Tour (Nos.78 and 405 Squadrons)         Second Tour (No.405 Squadron)

            sorties 21 January 1942 on with No.405

 

            6 Feb 41          Dunkirk (5.15)                        24 Feb 44        Schweinfurt (6.35)

            18 Apr 41       Berlin (9.00)                           22 Mar 44       Frankfurt (5.35)

            3 May 41        Dusseldorf (8.00)                    24 Mar 44       Berlin (6.30)

            5 May 41        Brest (7.50)                             30 Mar 44       Nuremburg (6.10)

            7 May 41        Brest (7.45)                             26 Apr 44       Essen (3.45)

            10 May 41      Wilhelmshaven (6.50)18 May 44      Mount Couple (2.05)

            15 May 41      Boulogne (6.15)                      1 May 44        Le Mans (3.20)

            27 May 41      Brest (7.45)                             27 May 44      Rennes (3.45)

            20 June 41      Kiel (8.05)                              31 May 44      Trappes (3.45)

            23 June 41      Cologne (5.30)                        2 June 44        Trappes (3.30)

            26 June 41      Cologne (7.10)                        4 June 44        Calais (1.45)

            30 June 41      Bremen (8.20)                        6 June 44        Conde (4.05)

            5 July 41         Munster (6.50)                        7 June 44        Paris (3.05)

            8 July 41         Hamm (7.15)                          9 June 44        Versailles (3.45)

            19 July 41       Hanover (7.15)                       12 June 44      Amiens (2.40)

            24 July 41       Emden (6.00)                          14 June 44      Cambrai (2.35)

                                                                                    15 June 44      Lens (2.30)

            21 Jan 42        Bremen (5.20)                        2 July 44         Oisemont (2.10)

            1 June 42        Essen (5.30)                            9 July 44         Mount Condon (2.10)

            3 June 42        Bremem (3.00)                       12 July 44       Bremont (2.30)

            25 June 42      Bremen (3.35)                        14 July 44       Alderbelch (1.40)

            29 June 42      Wilhelmshaven (4.20)20 July 44       Bottrop (3.15)

            23 Oct 42        Genoa (10.00)                         23 July 44       Kiel (5.15)

            28 Oct 42        Atlantic patrol (10.30)            24 July 44       Stuttgart (6.50)

            6 Nov 42         Atlantic patrol (11.00)            5 Aug 44         Bordeaux (7.15)

                                                                                    8 Aug 44         Lucheux (3.00)

                                                                                    10 Aug 44       Le Havre (2.15)

                                                                                    12 Aug 44       Wanne Eickel (3.35)

                                                                                    17 Sept 44       Boulogne (1.50)

                                                                                    25 Sept 44       Calais (2.45)

                                                                                    12 Dec 44       Essen (4.30)

 

On a form dated 2 April 1945 he described his flying as 263 hours 40 minutes operational, 306 hours 20 minutes non-operational; 56 sorties and was No.6 Group Gunnery Leader at the time. He had flown in the following types - Dominie I (17 hours 40 minutes), Battle (one hour 15 minutes), Hampden (seven hours 20 minutes), Anson (34 hours 50 minutes), Whitley (251 hours 45 minutes), Wellington (nine hours five minutes), Halifax (74 hours 25 minutes) and Lancaster (173 hours 40 minutes); he claimed to have destroyed one FW.190.


* * * * *


COUSINS, P/O Frank (RAF 148838) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1943. Born 1921 at Ossett, Yorkshire; home there; commissioned June 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12012/AL.689 refers.


COUSINS, F/O Frank (RAF 148838) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 19736/AL.1070 refers.

 

Flying Officer Cousins is now on his third tour of operations. He has participated in attacks against many heavily defended targets including Kiel, Mannheim, Munich and Berlin. He has shown outstanding courage, skill and devotion to duty which merits high praise.


* * * * *


COWLING, F/L Fred (RAF 138504) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 February 1944. Born 1919 at Oldham, Lancs.; home there; enlisted 1940; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 12872/AL.748 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 20 December 1943 when he had flown 29 sorties (180 hours 45 minutes). First tour had been 3 June 1942 to 24 February 1943 (28 sorties); trip of 26 November 1943 was only one in second tour when recommended.

 

Flight Lieutenant Cowling is Signals Leader with this squadron and is now on his second tour of operations. He has completed many operational sorties against the most heavily defended enemy objectives and throughout all his operations has displayed a fine fighting spirit and has set a high example to all members of his section.


* * * * *


COX, Flight Sergeant Arthur (RAF 952028) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 with effect from 8 April 1943 (deceased). Air Ministry Bulletin 19267/AL.1058 refers.

 

Flight Sergeant Cox has completed numerous operational sorties against heavily defended targets in Germany, Italy and occupied territories. He has also flown on anti-submarine patrols. In July 1942, this airman was a member of a crew which successfully attacked a submarine. More recently he was detailed for an attack on Stuttgart, when his bomber was attacked by enemy aircraft. After an engagement during which one Junkers 88 was probably destroyed the attackers were driven off. A very efficient rear gunner, Flight Sergeant Cox has earned the entire confidence of his crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 8 April 1943 when he had flown 25 sorties (276 hours 53 minutes), 20 October 1941 to 27 March 1943. This included 21 anti-submarine patrols (13 March to 10 July 1942 and 28 October 1942 to 15 February 1943). Two anti-submarine patrols were counted as one Bomber Command sortie. Recommendation gave his name as Albert.

 

Flight Sergeant Cox has been engaged in numerous operations against heavily defended targets in industrial Germany, German occupied territories, Belgium, France, Italy, and has participated in 22 anti-submarine patrols. On the 10th July 1942, the crew of which he was a member attacked and sank a submarine. On the 11th March 1943, on an attack on Stuttgart, they engaged in combat with enemy aircraft which were driven off. This Non-Commissioned Officer is a very efficient Air Gunner who has earned the confidence and respect of his crew during the long period in which he has been engaged in active operations.


* * * * *


COX, Sergeant Claude (RAF 1575171) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Born 1921; home in Aspley, Notts. Former dock worker. Enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 17146/AL.960 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 21 October 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9029 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 45 sorties (224 hours seven minutes) as a Wireless Operator.

 

Sergeant Cox is a very efficient Wireless Operator (Air), now on his second tour of operations. He has participated in attacks on such heavily defended enemy areas as Stuttgart, Stettin, and Frankfurt. He has invariably displayed a fine fighting spirit which has inspired confidence in all members of his crew. His most outstanding quality is his disregard for danger and his subordination of his personal interests to those of the service. Undoubtedly, this Non-Commissioned Officer's efficiency and keenness for operational duty have had an inspiring effect on all members of his crew. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


COX, Flight Sergeant Stephen Charles (RAF 616567) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 October 1942. No citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has a recommendation dated 3 March 1942. Previously Mentioned in Despatches, 1 January 1941.

 

Squadron Leader Lewis, with his two Wireless Operator/Air Gunners, Flight Sergeant Puxley and Flight Sergeant [S.C.] Cox, have flown 93 hours on 28 operational missions on this squadron since September 1941. Of this flying 20 flights, a total of 70 hours, have been at night. During this period five merchant vessels have been damaged, one seriously.

 

The following is this crew's record of night attacks on shipping:

 

15.10.41M.V. 5,000 tonsNo claim

25.10.41M.V. 5/6,000 tonsNo claim

1.11.41M.V. 3,000 tonsDirect hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

2.11.41M.V. 6,000 tonsDirect hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

30.11.41M.V. 4,000 tonsDirect hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

6.1.42M.V. 6,000 tonsExplosion observed (Coastal Command Headquarters confirms M.V. damaged)

22.1.42M.V. 1,000 tonsTwo his followed by explosions (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm M.V. seriously damaged)

 

This crew has at all times pressed home its attacks at mast head height in the face of anti-aircraft fire from shipping and shore batteries. On the occasions when no claim has been allowed the weather conditions were such as to make it impossible to observe the results of the attack.

 

This is Flight Sergeant Cox's second tour of operational flying duty and he has now flown a total of 339 operational hours. He was Mentioned in Despatches on the 1st January 1941.


* * * * *


CRAFT, F/O Harold Cecil (RAF 131122) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 27 July 1943. Born in Cambridge, 1921; home in Hutton, Essex; educated at Cambridge and Country High School. Enlisted in Royal Artillery, 1939; transferred to RAF, 1941; commissioned 1942; pilot. Air Ministry Bulletin 10937 refers. AFRO 2005/43 dated 1 October 1943 announced the award and stated that he was then in Canada.

 

...has flown on operations continuously since March 1942...targets have included enemy airfields in France, Belgium, Holland; also trains and marshalling yards. May 1943, destroyed Junkers 88. Both as Non-Commissioned Officer and officer, his general conduct and operational ability have been an inspiration to all members of squadron.


* * * * *


CRAIG, F/L William Gordon (AUS 416549) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944. Born 1922 in Adelaide; home in Prospect, South Australia; educated at Prince Albert College and Adelaide University. Enlisted 1941; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15918/AL.902 dated 13 October 1944 refers,

 

This pilot has completed numerous operational sorties over enemy territory, attacking such distant and well-defended targets as Berlin, Frankfurt and Essen. In April 1944, during an attack on Essen, by his coolness and presence of mind, he successfully evaded persistent attacks by enemy night fighters. Despite this opposition he pressed on with great gallantry to bomb the target. This officer's tenacity, endurance and fine fighting spirit have been of a very high order throughout his tour of duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 20 July 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (177 hours 55 minutes), 4 October 1943 to 5 July 1944.

* * * * *


CRAMP, P/O Stanley Jack (RAF 137600) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943. Born in Willesden, 1918; home in Wembley; enlisted 1940, commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 11391 refers. Navigator.

 

...engaged continuously on operational flying for over two years. Completed a very large number of operational sorties including strikes on land targets and shipping, air/sea rescues and anti-submarine patrols. As navigator has been responsible for locating four dinghies with subsequent rescue by surface craft of twenty members of air crew. Consistently displayed initiative, keenness and devotion to duty.


* * * * *


CRIBB, F/L George John (RAF 120431) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 May 1944. Home in Catford; served in the ranks; trained in Canada, graduating from No.35 SFTS; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 14007/AL.805 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1729 has recommendation dated 23 February 1944 when he had flown 16 sorties (125 hours 50 minutes), 27 August 1943 to 20 February 1944.

 

This captain has successfully completed 16 operational bombing sorties against the enemy. He has at all times set a magnificent example by his dogged determination and enthusiasm, and has shown outstanding courage and devotion of the highest order to his duty, and his fine record is considered worthy of commendation,


* * * * *


CRISP, Flight Sergeant Bernard Alfred (RAF 1890041) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945. Commissioned October 1944; Air Ministry Bulletin 17093/AL.960 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." The original recommendation, dated 21 October 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9029 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 50 sorties (240 hours 52 minutes) as an Air Gunner.

 

Flight Sergeant Crisp is an Air Gunner in a highly successful crew. He has had a long and varied operational career during which he has participated in attacks on many strongly defended German areas. In the performance of his allotted duties, he has displayed an excellent offensive spirit and dogged determination to make his missions successful ones. He is always cheerful and willing to help others which, combined with his ability, make him a valuable member of aircrew. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


CRITCHLEY, FS James (RAF 1764027) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945. Born 1922 in Westhoughton, Lancs.; home in Southport, Lancs. (butcher's assistant); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 19738/AL.1070 refers. No citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 17 April 1945 when he was a Sergeant and had flown 25 sorties (163 hours ten minutes, 25 September 1944 to 16 April 1945. Flight Engineer.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is approaching the end of a tour which included all the more hazardous mining and bombing targets. Throughout, his efficiency has been of the utmost value to his captain and an inspiration to other members of his crew and squadron. On the ground, as in the air, his contribution to his squadron and section has been invaluable and as complement to his example on operations, he has developed his qualities of cooperation and willingness to assist newcomers to a high degree.

 

For his courage and efficiency, I have no hesitation in recommending him for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


CROMPTON, Flight Sergeant Ronald (RAF 517473) - Mention in Despatches - No.416 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Mentioned in a circular list found in DHIst file 181.009 D.1749 (RG.24 Volume 20608). Engine Fitter (F2E).


* * * * *


CROOKS, W/C Leslie (RAF 44054) - Distinguished Service Order - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 28 May 1943. Born in Bishop Aukland, 1910; home in York, Yorkshire. Enlisted as apprentice, 1927; Sergeant pilot in Iraq, 1935-1937; commissioned 1940. Awarded DFC, February 1941 for services with No.58 Squadron (Air Ministry Bulletin 2957). As a Squadron Leader took part in No.426 Squadron's third operation, 21 January 1943; date of award incident was 26 April 1943; Commanding Officer of unit, 15 February to 17 August 1943 (missing, Peenemunde raid). Air Ministry Bulletin 10393 refers.

 

This officer's courage and skill were admirably demonstrated during a recent attack on Duisburg. When approaching the target his aircraft was raked by cannon fire from an enemy fighter. Wing Commander Crooks skilfully evaded the attacker, but his aircraft had sustained much damage. Although one aileron and half the port tail plane had been shot away, while the hydraulic and electrical systems were rendered inoperative, Wing Commander Crooks flew the bomber back to this country. Unfortunately, it was impossible to effect a safe landing, but when the crew were forced to abandon aircraft, all descended safely. In the face of heavy odds, Wing Commander Crooks set an example worthy of high praise.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2707 (RG.24 Vol.20631) has recommendation dated 3 May 1943 when he had flown 29 sorties (212 hours 35 minutes) of which eight sorties (63 hours 30 minutes) had been since previous award.

 

Wing Commander Crooks assumed command of his squadron after it had suffered serious losses of experienced aircrew personnel. He displayed splendid leadership ability and by untiring work maintained the squadron in a high status of operational efficiency. In the month of March his squadron is credited with having maintained a daily aircraft serviceability state of 100 percent.

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, Wing Commander Crooks has taken part in many raids against enemy objectives which he has attacked with determination and vigour. His courage and flying ability were demonstrated most admirably on the night of April 26/27, when he was captain of a Wellington attacking Duisburg. About 20 miles short of the target his aircraft was raked by cannon fire from an enemy fighter. Evasive action shook off the attacher and whilst his crew inspected the dame, Wing Commander Crooks continued towards the target. Only when it was discovered that the damage sustained prevented the release of the bombs was the attack abandoned.

 

With one aileron and half the port tail plane shot away, and with the hydraulic and electrical systems inoperative, Wing Commander Crooks flew his Wellington back to base. Coffee from the thermos flasks and oil from the rear turret were poured into the emergency hydraulic system. The attempt to pump the wheels into the locked position failed, and as bombs were still aboard, Wing Commander Crooks was ordered to abandon the aircraft. All members of the crew landed safely and the aircraft crashed with no damage to private property. The splendid leadership he has provided his squadron and his display of exceptional skill and coolness in emergency are highly commendable.


* * * * *


CULPIN, P/O Bernard Walter (RAF 155922) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 December 1943. Born Swinton, Yorkshire, 1921; home there; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 12236/AL.711/2 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy, in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."


CULPIN, S/L Bernard Walter, DFC (RAF 155922) - Distinguished Service Order - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 August 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15382/AL.870 refers.

 

This officer has participated in a very large number of sorties including sixteen attacks on the German capital. He has set a splendid example of keenness and devotion to duty. In addition to his operational tasks, Squadron Leader Culpin has devoted much skill and energy in training other members of the squadron with good results.


* * * * *


CURLEY, P/O Derek Vivian Ainsworth (RAF 168680) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 18 August 1944. Born in belfast, 1923; home there; enlisted 1941; trained in Canada. Commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 15073/AL.853 refers. No published citation. Public Record Office Air 2/9632 has recommendation by W/C W.A.G. McLeish dated 20 May 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (222 hours 55 minutes) as follows:


* daylight operation on Boston aircraft

# 2nd pilot (captain of aircraft on all other sorties)


25 May 43  Cherbourg (2.40)*                   7 Mar 44      Le Mans (5.50)

3 Oct 43     Kassel (6.10)#                         22 Mar 44    GARDENING, Kiel Bay

4 Oct 43     Frankfurt (7.20)#                                                              (6.50)

8 Oct 43     Hanover (5.25)                        23 Mar 44    Laon (6.20)

22 Oct 43   Kassel (7.30)                           25 Mar 44    Aulnoye (6.00)

3 Nov 43    Dusseldorf (6.50)                    26 Mar 44    Courtrai (5.15)

18 Nov 43  Ludwigshaven (8.30)              9 Apr 44      Lille (4.55)

19 Nov 43  Leverkusen (6.45)                   10 Apr 44     Ghent (4.45)

21 Nov 43  Berlin (7.40)                            17 Apr 44     GARDENING, Kiel (5.40)

25 Nov 43  Frankfurt (6.00)                       18 Apr 44     GARDENING, Rostock (6.50)

26 Nov 43  Stuttgart (8.40)                        20 Apr 44     GARDENING (4.45)

20 Jan 44    Berlin (8.10)                            22 Apr 44     Laon (5.25)

28 Jan 44    Berlin (8.20)                            23 Apr 44     GARDENING, Femern Belt

3 Feb 44     GARDENING, La Rochelle                                           (6.15)

                                    (8.15)                      3 May 44     GARDENING, Morlaix (4.45)

5 Feb 44     GARDENING, Oslo (7.10)    5 May 44     GARDENING, Morlaix (4.45)

15 Feb 44   Berlin (7.35)                            7 May 44     GARDENING, Frisian Islands

24 Feb 44   GARDENING (6.10)                                                                  (3.55)

4 Mar 44    GARDENING, Brest (6.10)    7 May 44     GARDENING, Brest (5.30)

6 Mar 44    Trappes (5.10)                         10 May 44   Ghent (4.40)

 

Pilot Officer Curley has completed a large number of sorties against the enemy including attacks on major targets such as Berlin, Frankfurt, Kassel, Hanover, Mannheim and others. At all times he has displayed the finest qualities of leadership and determination in pressing home his attacks. His devotion to duty and above the average proficiency is outstanding and is held in high esteem by his fellows. I consider this officer's conduct merits the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


On 22 May 1944 Group Captain F.A. Sampson (Officer Commanding, RCAF Station Middleton St.George) commented:

 

This officer is outstanding in the unit for his reputation of high determined effort to get on to the target. He goes out of his way to urge others on and promote high esprit de corps within the unit. Recommend most favourable consideration.


On 25 May 1944 Air Vice-Marshal C.M. McEwen noted on the form, "I concur and recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross."


* * * * *


CURRY, F/L Hugh (RAF 121549) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944. Born 1910 in Darlington; home in Richmond, Yorkshire; enlisted 1940; trained in Canada; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 13588/AL.769 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty".


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has a recommendation dated 13 October 1942 for a DFC when Curry was a Pilot Officer in No.405 Squadron. He appears not to have received a DFC at this time, but might have been Mentioned in Despatches. He had flown two sorties (nine hours 37 minutes) only.

 

During the attack on Krefeld on 2 October 1942 one engine of the aircraft in which Pilot Officer Curry was navigator failed and immediately after, as a result of a very near burst of heavy flak, the aircraft was out of control and in a spiral dive or spin. During this period a voice was heard to order "Bale out". The escape hatch was jettisoned and the flight engineer jumped. Curry stood back for the wireless operator and bomb aimer to go. Just then he realized that the pilot was bringing the aircraft under control and no one else baled out. With the aircraft under control it was realized that the flight engineer had given the "Bale out" order. During the dive when the escape hatch was open the navigator has lost all his instruments and certain maps and a chart. Pilot Officer Curry then showed great initiative by navigating the aircraft on fixes plotted on lines extended on the table surface from another chart still in his possession. This provided a route out clear of heavy opposition between Rotterdam and Ober Flakke. In addition he carried out during the trip essential flight engineer's duties and so contributed in no small measure to the successful return of his aircraft. For this he is recommended for the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


CURTIS, Sergeant Clayton (RAF 1000250) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 March 1942. Born at Rock Ferry, 1921; home in Borough, Birkinhead (local government officer); enlisted May 1940. No citation published in London Gazette other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations" (Air Ministry Bulletin 6484). Flight, 26 March 1942 published the following citation:

 

As Wireless Operator/Air Gunner this airman has participated in raids against heavily defended industrial centres and dockyard installations. These attacks were pressed home with great determination. Recently Sergeant Curtis attacked a tanker near Emden, and in spite of heavy opposition, scored a direct hit from a height of only 20 feet. This airman has performed excellent work and he has played a good part in the successes obtained.


NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9263 has a recommended citation as placed before Air Minister Honours and Awards Committee; he had flown 26 sorties (160 operational hours); the citation seems more for a pilot or bomb aimer than a gunner:

 

This airman commenced his operational tour in August 1941. As wireless operator/air gunner he has participated in raids against highly defended industrial centres and dockyard installations. These attacks were pressed home with great determination. Recently, Sergeant Curtis attacked a tanker near Emden and, in spite of heavy opposition, scored a direct hit from a height of only 20 feet. This airman has performed excellent work and he has played a good part in the successes obtained.


* * * * *


D'ARCY, F/O George (RAF 169392) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944. Born 1921 in Liverpool; home there; educated at Major Lester Council School, Liverpool; enlisted for aircrew, 1940; commissioned 1943. Wireless Operator in F/L D.N. Logan's crew. Missing on operations to Metz, 28/29 June 1944; returned to UK, 27 August 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16577/AL.940 refers.

 

This officer has completed many operational sorties including a number of attacks against Berlin. On three occasions his equipment has been damaged by enemy fire. In each case he has effected repairs and got it working satisfactorily before base was reached. At all times he has displayed keen determination under hazardous circumstances, a fine fighting spirit and unfailing devotion to duty which are worthy of the highest praise.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Volume 20603) has recommendation dated 13 September 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (163 hours 25 minutes), 23 September 1943 to 27 June 1944 (although this does not seem to include the Metz mission described).

 

This officer has completed 29 sorties over enemy territory including five to Berlin. On three occasions his equipment has been damaged by enemy fire but in each case he has repaired his equipment and had it working satisfactorily by the time they reached base. On his last sortie to Metz they were attacked and shot down by enemy night fighters and forced to bail out. By perseverance and ingenuity he evaded capture and arrived back in the United Kingdom within two months. He has at all times shown keen enthusiasm to do his best under difficult circumstances and set an excellent example to all aircrew in the squadron. Pilot Officer D'Arcy is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).

* * * * *


DART, F/L Adrian Peter (RAF 108960) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 August 1942. Born in Britain, 1916; educated at Bembridge School, Isle of Wight; home at Oakham, Ruttan; Sergeant before being commissioned, October 1941. Participated in squadron's first operation (21/22 January 1942). No citation published other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 7711 refers and has the following text:

 

This officer has completed a number of sorties, including bombing and mine laying missions. Throughout his operational career, Flight Lieutenant Dart has participated in attacks against most of highly defended and important enemy targets. He is a skilful pilot, and is held in high esteem by all air crew of the squadron.


DART, S/L Adrian Peter (RAF 108960) - Distinguished Service Order - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942. No citation published. Air Ministry Bulletin 8793 refers.

 

This officer has taken part in many of the most successful attacks on enemy targets including Cologne, Rostock and the Renault factory at Paris. He has also participated in daylight attacks on the German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and in mine laying operations. He has always displayed skilful airmanship in the face of concentrated defences. His cheerful confidence, fine offensive spirit and exceptional qualities of leadership and coolness under fire have inspired a high standard of morale amongst the personnel of his squadron.


* * * * *


DAVIES, P/O Hubert George (RAF 176931) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944. Born 1923 at Port Talbot, Derbyshire; educated at Port Talbot Central School; enlisted 1942; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16587/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 15 September 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (222 hours 20 minutes), 29 July 1943 to 4 August 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Davies has completed 34 sorties as a Flight Engineer over enemy territory, the majority of which were carried out over heavily defended German targets.

 

He has displayed outstanding efficiency in his work both in the air and on the ground. His determination and courage soon marked him out as one of the most deserving members of his squadron.

 

I feel that Pilot Officer Davies fully deserves the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


DAVIS, F/O Phillip (RAF 159868) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 6 June 1944. Born at Stratford; home in South Harrow, Middlesex; enlisted 1941; trained in Canada; commissioned 1943. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 14171/AL.818 refers. DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 22 March 19444 when he had flown 23 2/3 sorties (160 hours), 25 February to 12 July 1943 (twelve trips, broken by a trip on 23 May when his aircraft crash landed after being shot up by a night fighter; resumed operations 3 July 1943) and 3 October 1943 to 7 March 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Davis is a fearless and reliable pilot who has captained his aircraft and achieved splendid results on many occasions. He has taken part in operations against some of the most heavily defended German targets. His courage, skill and determination in action have been an inspiration to his crew.


* * * * *


DAWSON, Sergeant Charles Nicholas (RAF 1191341) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. C.S.D. (not sure what this signifies).


* * * * *


DAY, Flight Sergeant Frank (RAF 1503804) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 June 1944. Born 1921; home in Lancashire (sorting clerk); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 14287/AL.832 refers.

 

As observer this airman has taken part in a large number of sorties and has displayed a high degree of ability, determination and devotion to duty. He has assisted in the destruction of at least three enemy aircraft in the air and in damaging attacks on three more on the ground. His keenness has always been apparent and has set a praiseworthy example.


NOTE: The original recommendation, dated 27 April 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9468 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 25 sorties (96 hours) as a Navigator. However, the figures given in the text add up to 26 sorties.

 

This navigator has participated in 25 operational sorties of which 23 have been intruder and bomber support duties and three Day Rangers. At all times, Flight Sergeant Day has shown the utmost keenness to take part in operations and has shown a very high degree of skill in locating many of the most difficultly situated aerodromes in enemy and enemy occupied territory. Undoubtedly, his ability as a navigator has been a great contribution towards the successes he and his pilot have achieved. Flight Sergeant Day has directed his pilot on sorties both by day and night which have resulted in the destruction of an He.177, two Gotha 242s in the air, two FW.190s and a trainer on the ground. In addition, he directed his pilot on a sortie in which they shared in the destruction of a bi-Heinkel and a Ju.87. Flight Sergeant Day takes great interest in his job and has proved himself a most reliable navigator, capable of undertaking the most difficult operations. His value to an operational squadron cannot be rated too highly.


* * * * *


DE MIDDLEMAER, F/O John Thomas Howsen (RAF 184080) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945. Born 1922 at Ulverston, Cartwell (?), Lancs,; enlisted August 1941; commissioned August 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 19737/AL.1070 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 17 April 1945 when he had flown 36 sorties (196 hours 55 minutes), 24 February 1944 to 13 March 1945.

 

This Flight Engineer officer has displayed skill, courage and determination to a marked degree. His operational record, which includes many missions to strongly defended targets in France and Germany, has set a fine example to other members of the squadron. These qualities, together with his willingness to act in an administrative capacity in his section, have contributed much to the successes attained by this squadron. It is strongly recommended that Pilot Officer De Middlemaer's excellent all-round efficiency in his aircrew duties be rewarded by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).


* * * * *


DEAVES, Sergeant Cyril (RAF 1817188) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.428 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945. Born in Tredegar; home in Anglesey, North Wales (pipe joiner); enlisted 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 17146/AL.960 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". The original recommendation, dated 20 October 1944, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/9039 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 34 sorties (186 hours) as a Flight Engineer.

 

As Flight Engineer, Sergeant Deaves has demonstrated great coolness and determination on operations. These, combined with outstanding skill and devotion to duty, make him invaluable to his captain and contributed to a large degree to the successful tour of operations completed by his crew. His ability to set his mind to the task at hand set a fine example to his crew and he squadron. I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


DELANEY, P/O James Henry Eric (RAF 145168) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 October 1943. Born in Ormskirk, Lancs., 1914; home in Liverpool; educated at Alsop High School, Liverpool; enlisted 1940; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 11627 refers. Cited with P/O Archie MacDonald (RCAF, pilot).

 

In July 1943, Pilot Officers MacDonald and Delaney were pilot and navigator respectively of an aircraft which attacked an enemy anti-aircraft ship off the coast of Norway. The aircraft was hit by a cannon shell and badly damaged while Pilot Officer MacDonald was wounded in the right arm and leg. Despite partial paralysis of his right arm and considerable loss of blood he, with the able assistance of Pilot Officer Belaney, flew the aircraft back to base, making a successful crash landing. Both these officers displayed skill, fortitude and resourcefulness in trying circumstances and throughout many operations have always completed their tasks with courage and efficiency.


* * * * *


DELBRIDGE, P/O Kenneth Shapley (RAF 162793) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 June 1944. Born in Chiswick, 1922; educated at Chiswick Central School; home in West Ealing. Enlisted 1941; trained in Canada; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14451/AL.834 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 16 March 1944 when he had flown 27 sorties (151 hours 22 minutes), 21 May 1943 to 30 January 1944.

 

This officer has shown outstanding navigational ability in his 27 successful sorties, many of which were over heavily defended areas in Germany. This officer has shown a high degree of courage and coolness, an excellent spirit of cooperation, both in operations and training, and an inspiring example of devotion to duty, and is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


DENHAM, Corporal Ada (RAF 2094273) - Mention in Despatches - Station Croft - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1946. Enlisted 11 July 1941. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Volume 20648) has recommendation submitted 3 May 1945.

 

This airwoman has been employed as Non-Commissioned Officer in charge Telephone Exchange in the Station Signals Block for over two years. During this time, there has been many changes in telephone facilities and accommodation at Croft. These changes have often caused the telephone staff to work under very bad conditions and under unusual stress and strain. Corporal Denham has distinguished herself by her cheerful willingness to work under continued hardships, with efficiency and devotion to her duties. She has been an outstanding example to those under her and her efforts have contributed immensely to the successful operation of the Station telephone services.


* * * * *


DENNIS, Flight Sergeant Albert James (RAF 186922) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.415 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 October 1945. Born 1922 at Mickleham, Dorking; home in Worcester (asbestos worker); enlisted 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16576/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1750 (RG.24 Volume 20608) has recommendation drafted at uncertain date, crediting him with 33 sorties (159 hours), 9 April to 10 September 1944, originating from No.415 Squadron.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is an exceptionally efficient Mid-Upper Air Gunner who has proved his steadiness and coolness in the face of enemy opposition. He has inspired complete confidence in his ability among the other members of his crew. In June 1944, while on a mission to Metz, his aircraft was attacked by enemy fighters and in co-operation with the Rear Gunner succeeded in driving off these attackers and from this action claimed hits on one aircraft. On all his sorties during his tour to date Flight Sergeant Dennis has given evidence of his outstanding ability in directing evasive action when necessary.


* * * * *


DENNIS, Sergeant (now P/O) Frank (RAF 1869984) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 26 October 1945. Born 19923 in Peterborough; home there; educated at Peterborough Church of England School; enlisted 1943; commissioned March 1945. Air Ministry Bulletin 20047/AL.1096 refers.

 

This airman has participated in attacks against some of the enemy's most heavily defended targets. In November 1944, during an attack against Oberhausen his aircraft was damaged by cannon fire. The navigator's compartment was set on fire and the navigator and wireless operator severely wounded. Sergeant Dennis courageously extinguished this fire with his hands and feet and administered first aid to his wounded comrades. Then, with only two engines of the aircraft functioning, he assisted his pilot to fly it back to base. On landing, the undercarriage collapsed and another engine burst into flames. Sergeant Dennis extinguished the flames and then assisted with the wounded. At all times this airman has shown outstanding courage and gallantry in the face of heavy opposition.


DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (RG.24 Vol.20604) has recommendation dated 19 April 1945 when he had flown 15 sorties (92 hours), 25 September 1944 to 9 January 1945. This is much more detailed:

 

On the night of November 1st, 1944, when attacking Oberhausen, the aircraft in which Sergeant Dennis was the Flight Engineer was attacked by an enemy fighter and badly damaged by cannon fire, setting fire to the Navigator's compartment and cutting the lines to the port inner engine. Sergeant Dennis successfully put out the flames with his hands and feet and then feathered the damaged port inner motor. Proceeding to the rear of the aircraft, although the intercom was unserviceable and there was no oxygen supply available, he found the Navigator and Wireless Operator severely wounded by shell fragments. With the aid of the Mid-Upper Gunner he very skilfully rendered first aid and dressed their wounds. A few moment s later he was compelled to feather the starboard inner engine. Five minutes later this engine broke into flames and Sergeant Dennis very quickly extinguished it with the Graviner system.

 

With only two engines serviceable, bomb doors open, flaps down and elevators badly shot up the aircraft became very difficult to control. Sergeant Dennis then very skilfully started the port inner engine windmilling, thereby restoring flying instruments, and then acted as contact between Pilot and Navigator in order to keep the aircraft on course. The starboard undercarriage collapsed when touching down and the starboard outer engine burst into flames. Sergeant Dennis promptly extinguished the flames and then assisted with the wounded. The skill and speed with which the Wireless Operator was bandaged undoubtedly resulted in saving his life.

 

Sergeant Dennis showed, throughout this incident, the greatest courage, skill and coolness. He has taken part in 15 operations and has invariably set a high standard of efficiency.


* * * * *


DENNIS, F/O Leonard (RAF 174717) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945. Born 1922 at Swansea; home in Bridgend, Glam. Educated at Bynevor Secondary School; enlisted August 1940; commissioned March 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 19737/AL.1070 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 15 April 1945 when he had flown 62 sorties (403 hours 35 minutes) in two tours - 17 April to 14 November 1942 in North Africa and 30 September 1944 to 12 March 1945. Wireless Operator.

 

This officer has now completed two tours of operations comprised of 62 sorties, most of which were over heavily defended targets in Germany, plus long range and difficult areas in the African theatre of war.

 

Throughout his tour he has consistently displayed a high degree of ability and by his courage and initiative has proven himself to be an outstanding member of a gallant crew.

 

Flying Officer Dennis has also greatly strengthened the hand of the Signals Leader of the squadron when in the ground, where his keenness and tireless energy have done much to improve the efficiency of his section.

 

I consider his fine record of achievement fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).


* * * * *


DERBYSHIRE, Warrant Officer Maurice (RAF 354146) - Mention in Despatches - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 January 1944. Armament Mechanic.


* * * * *

DEVAN, F/L James Jardine (RAF 51723) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 18 January 1944. Born 1921 in Dumfries; home there; enlisted 1938; commissioned 1943. Flight Engineer to W.C W.H. Swetman. Posted from No.426 Squadron to No.6 Group Headquarters, 17 May 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 12623/AL.730 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation dated 18 November 1943 when he had flown 20 sorties (113 hours 20 minutes), 30 May to 10 September 1942 (16 trips) and 17 August to 22 October 1943 (four).

 

Flight Lieutenant Devan is Flight Engineer Leader with this squadron and has completed numerous operational sorties against all types of targets in enemy territory. Recent targets include Peenemunde, Berlin, Mannheim and Kassel where intense enemy fighter opposition was encountered.

 

His consistent cheerfulness has been a source of confidence to all members of the squadron, and has contributed in no small amount in maintaining the morale of the squadron at a very high level.

 

With his cheerful determination and exceptional qualities of leadership he has set a high example to all members of his section. He has consistently shown great devotion to duty and I strongly recommend he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross..


* * * * *


DICKINSON, Sergeant William Ryder (RAF 1577546) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 January 1945. Born in Leigh, Lancs., 1911; home at Matlock, Derby (land drainage assistant); enlisted 1941. Spelled "Dickson" by Blatherwick; Squadron diary gives Dickinson. Air Ministry Bulletin 12540/AL.737 refers and is likely source of following summary:

 

One night in November 1943 this airman was navigator of an aircraft detailed to attack Frankfurt. During operation, aircraft was attacked by fighters and sustained much damage. Aircraft went into spin and lost considerable height before pilot regained control. Sergeant Dickinson severely hurt his back when thrown from his seat. All his equipment was useless. Nevertheless, he navigated the damaged aircraft to base. His skill and devotion to duty, in spite of great personal discomfort, contributed greatly to safe return of aircraft.


* * * * *


DIX, Corporal Helen Carlisle (RAF 883189) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base, Middleton St.George - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 June 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol. 20648) has recommendation submitted to No.6 Group Headquarters, 2 February 1945. Enlisted 6 September 1939.

 

This Airwoman has been a Radio Telephone Operator on this station since July 1942. Her work has been exceptional and in times of staff shortage has volunteered for long hours of duty. In general, she has shown devotion far beyond the normal call of duty.


* * * * *


DIXON, P/O John Ronald (RAF 176485) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Born 1924 in Wombwell, Yorkshire; commissioned May 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Volume 20667) has recommendation dated 21 August 1944 when he had flown 34 ½ sorties (185 hours 35 minutes), 22 August 1943 to 3 August 1944.

 

As a rear gunner, this officer has completed 34 ½ successful sorties over western Germany and France, including Berlin, Kassel, Dusseldorf and Leipzig. Pilot Officer Dixon's cooperation, coolness and devotion to duty at all times has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew. Combined with an ability to make instant decisions in an emergency, his quiet confidence justifies the faith which his comrades placed in his vigilance during long, hazardous flights. In view of this officer's outstanding ability and strong sense of duty, I strongly recommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


DOBSON, F/L William (RAF 127858) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944. Born in Duncan, British Columbia; enlisted 1940; commissioned 1942. Awarded DFC, 15 October 1943 for services in No.158 Squadron (see CAN/RAF data base). Transferred to RCAF, 31 January 1945 (C89557). Air Ministry Bulletin 16577/AL.940 refers.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, this officer has completed many sorties on his second tour of operational duty. As a wireless operator and signals leader he has continued to display keenness, efficiency and devotion to duty. On several occasions by his coolness under fire he has been of great assistance in ensuring the safe return of his aircraft. At all times this officer has proved a valuable asset to his crew.


DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 1 September 1944 when he had flown 42 sorties (228 hours 40 minutes) of which 20 sorties (91 hours ten minutes) had been flown since previous award. First tour described as being 22 sorties 137 hours 30 minutes) with No.158 Squadron (8 March to 15 July 1943); second tour was 26 April to 18 August 1944.

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross this officer has completed many sorties on his second tour of operations. An outstanding wireless operator and signals leader, Flight Lieutenant Dobson has continued to display keenness, efficiency and great devotion to duty, setting a splendid example to his men and squadron. On several occasions, by his coolness under fire, he has been instrumental in the safe return of his aircraft. At all times being cheerful and eager to come to grips with the enemy, this officer has proved a valuable crew member. It is considered that his fine operational record, skill and fortitude fully merit the award of the Bar to the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


DODD, Sergeant Robert Percy Burrage (RAF 748755) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 September 1941. Born at Leamington Spa, 1920; engineer before he enlisted 1939; father living in Coventry. No published citation other than "for gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". Air Ministry Bulletin 5103 refers. The original recommendation, dated 21 July 1941, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8900 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 29 sorties (211 hours 45 minutes).

 

This Sergeant Pilot throughout his operational career has carried out his duties with keenness, efficiency and determination. He has been a constant inspiration to others of the squadron due to his keenness and determination to press home attacks on enemy targets, often in the face of strong opposition. I recommend that this Non-Commissioned Officer's courage and determination in carrying out operations at night should be recognized with the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


* * * * *


DOMONE, P/O Ernest Victor (RAF 137317) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.409 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 June 1943. Born at Hendon, 1916; home in northwest London; educated at Kingsbury County School; served in the ranks; commissioned 1942. Air Ministry Bulletin 10478 refers.

 

One night in April 1943, this officer was a member of the crew of an aircraft engaged on an offensive operation. During the flight the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire and Pilot Officer Domone was seriously wounded in the thigh. Despite intense pain and loss of blood, Pilot Officer Domone reassured his pilot and gave him a course for base. This officer displayed courage and fortitude of the highest order.


* * * * *


DOOLEY, F/O John Patrick (RAF 154601) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945. Born 1923 in Liverpool; home in West Derby; enlisted December 1941; commissioned December 1943. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Air Ministry Bulletin 19737/AL.1070 refers.


* * * * *


DORMAND, P/O Peter (RAF 51503) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943. Born in Sunderland, 1922; home in Newcastle; commissioned 1943; Air Ministry Bulletin 11179 refers.

 

...now on second tour of operations...fearless in face of enemy opposition. Has taken part in large number of operational sorties and courage and devotion to duty have contributed largely to successes achieved.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 22 June 1943 when he had flown 38 sorties (217 hours 55 minutes). First tour was 2 June to 20 October 1941 (29 sorties); second tour was two 1,000-plane raids (30 May and 1 June 1942) plus eight additional trips, 9 January to 16 April 1943. Wireless Air Gunner.

 

Pilot Officer Dormand has completed ten operational sorties on his second tour with this squadron. At all times he has shown exceptional devotion to duty and has carried out his duties with great keenness and outstanding ability.


* * * * *


DOUGLAS, S/L Alfred Graham (RAF 70188) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.401 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 29 May 1942. Born 1908; commissioned 1928. Air Ministry Bulletin 7089 refers. Previously in No.452 and 403 Squadrons.

 

This officer has completed over 100 operational sorties, of which 72 have been over enemy territory. He has destroyed two enemy aircraft, probably destroyed one, and damaged a further two. On one occasion, whilst over France, the port tailplane and starboard elevator of his aircraft were shot away, but he succeeded in flying back to base safely. In a recent engagement his aircraft was so severely damaged that he was compelled to abandon it. He was, however, flying on operations again the following day. Squadron Leader Douglas has led his squadron with skill and determination.


* * * * *


DOWLING, S/L William Edward Brabaxon (RAF 60351) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943. Administrative Officer; promoted to Squadron Leader (General Duties, Reserve of Officers), 28 July 1940; confirmed in that rank, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 6 February 1941.


* * * * *


DUNCANSON, F/L Robert William (RAF 148833) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944. Born 1911 at Rothwell, Dumfries; home at Middlesbrough; commissioned 1943 after service in the ranks. Air Ministry Bulletin 16576/AL.940 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Volume 20668) has recommendation dated 9 September 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (173 hours 28 minutes), 9 January 1943 to 9 June 1944.

 

This officer has a fine operational record of attacks on many major targets. Throughout his tour he has displayed a high standard of proficiency, skill and keen devotion to duty. Flight Lieutenant Duncanson has been the Squadron Engineer Leader for the past ten months and in that capacity his ability and success in developing new crews has consistently been of the highest order.

 

For his splendid record of achievement in his ground duties as well as in the air, this officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


EADIE, Sergeant James Strathie (RAF 1370101) - British Empire Medal - No.422 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 20 October 1944. Born 1920 at Chesterfield House, Currie, Midlothian. Air Ministry Bulletin 16023/AL.882 refers.

 

In February 1944, an aircraft in which this airman was serving as wireless operator (air) collided with a high tension cable and crashed in flames. Two of the crew were killed and seven were injured. Sergeant Eadie, however, escaped injury. Although he was soaked in engine oil, he gallantry re-entered the blazing aircraft and rescued a crew member who was trapped and unconscious. He passed him out of the aircraft to a civilian who had arrived to help in removing the injured. Sergeant Eadie again entered the aircraft and, with the assistance of the civilian, helped three other members of the crew to safety. He did not leave the wreckage until the whole of the crew had been accounted for. During this time the aircraft was burning furiously and ammunition was exploding. Sergeant Eadie's courage and complete disregard for his personal safety were of a very high order.


NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/8784 has the text of the original recommendation which differs only in that the first sentence reads:

 

On 20th February 1944, a Sunderland flying boat in which this airman was serving as wireless operator (air) collided with a high tension cable and crashed in flames.


* * * * *


EAMES, F/L Jack (RAF 81548) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.409 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 31 October 1944. Born 1910 in Ventnor, Isle of Wight; home in Marley, Leeds. Educated at Southend-on-Seas. Enlisted as a fitter, 1933; later trained for aircrew and commissioned. Air Ministry Bulletin 16115/AL.910 refers.

 

This officer has participated in a very large number of sorties. He is an observer of high merit and has proved himself to be a keen and determined member of aircraft crew. He has assisted in the destruction of three enemy aircraft.


* * * * *


EARNSHAW, Corporal Etheldreda (WAAF 462595) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 (RCAF) Group - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Typist.


* * * * *


EARTHROWL, S/L Cyril Henry (RAF 69450) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 August 1943. Born in Kenington, 1921; home at Exhall, Coventry; educated at Harrow Secondary School, Middlesex. Enlisted for pilot training, April 1939; commissioned 1941. Had been Mentioned in Despatches with another unit in January 1943. The following is a summary from a document described on DHist card as Air Ministry Bulletin 11124.

 

Now on second tour of operations...fine record of achievement. As flight commander has shown keenness and leadership of high order; his outstanding thoroughness has contributed in no small measure to success and high morale of squadron.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 22 June 1943 when he had flown 39 sorties (238 hours ten minutes). First tour had been 31 sorties (1 November 1940 to 6 November 1941); he had then flown on the 1,000-plane raids of 30 May and 1 June 1942; balance had been flown 16 February to 19 June 1943.

 

Squadron Leader Earthrowl has completed numerous sorties over enemy territory on which eight have been completed on his second tour with this squadron. During the last few months he has been a flight commander and has shown leadership and keenness of the highest order. His thoroughness is outstanding and his flying leadership exceptional, and has contributed in no small measure to the success and high morale of the squadron.


* * * * *


EDINGTON, Flight Sergeant Archibald (RAF 366092) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943. Non-Commissioned Officer in charge of "B" Flight servicing. DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation drafted 17 August 1942 (Fitter IIA).

 

This airman joined this squadron on the 16th of July 1941 shortly after its formation and has served as Senior Non-Commissioned Officer in both Maintenance and "B" Flights. In both capacities he has discharged his duties in a manner consistent with the finest traditions of the service. Unassuming in manner, he controls with that tempered discipline which comes only from sound knowledge and a complete understanding of a situation. By balancing a rigorous pursuit of efficiency with a genuine concern for the well-being of those over whom he exercises authority, he has faithfully supported his Flight Commander with full and intelligent service from ground crews.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has a recommendation for a Mention in Despatches dated 7 February 1942, showing that he had been valued highly even earlier.

 

Flight Sergeant Edington has been the Non-Commissioned Officer in charge of this unit's maintenance section since July 1941. He has combined personal knowledge, enthusiasm, example and discipline in providing the leadership necessary for effective maintenance in the squadron.

 

A large measure of the credit for the successful manner in which enemy shipping has been attacked must be attributed to the work of this Non-Commissioned Officer. He has been over sixteen years in the Royal Air Force including service overseas.


EDINGTON, Flight Sergeant Archibald (RAF 366092) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation for a BEM drafted 13 January 1944 (Fitter I).

 

Through 18 years service with the Royal Air Force and in particular serving the past two and one-half years with an RCAF operational squadron, this Non-Commissioned Officer has built up a most enviable record, both in character and trade proficiency. His outstanding ability and devotion to duty even under most trying circumstances have been an inspiration to all junior ranks who have served under him.


* * * * *


EDMONDS, P/O Frederick Cecil (RAF 52021) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 October 1943. Born 1922 in Liverpool; home there; educated at Major Costie School. Served in the ranks; commissioned in 1943. The following summary is described on DHist card as from Air Ministry Bulletin 11721.

 

...has completed large number of operations. Now on second tour and has contributed largely by his fine fighting spirit and enthusiasm to success of many missions. As Wireless Operator/Air Gunner has displayed outstanding determination, skill and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1516 (RG.24 Vol.20601) has recommendation dated 8 August 1943 when he had flown 47 sorties (307 hours), 25 July 1940 to 14 August 1941 and 19 February to 25 July 1943 (aircraft shot down by a flak ship on this last date).

 

This officer has carried out 47 operations against the enemy. His sorties include such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Bremen, Essen, Hamburg, Dusseldorf and Cologne, many of these targets several times. His fine offensive spirit and enthusiasm for his task have been reflected in the work of his crew, his fine record of achievement and inspiration to his squadron.


* * * * *


EDWARDS, P/O Gordon James (RAF 177700) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944. Born 1921 in Milford Haven, Pembroke; home there; educated at County School. Served in the ranks; commissioned June 1944. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty." Air Ministry Bulletin 16345/AL.922 refers. Public Record Office Air 2/8828 has recommendation drafted by G/C R.J. Lane (giving his Christian names as George James) and dated 20 August 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (169 hours 29 minutes) as follows:


* counted as 1/3 sortie

** Duty Not Carried Out; sortie not counted


15 Feb 44      Berlin (6.41)                                      10 June 44         Versailles (3.46)

25 Feb 44      Augsburg (6.55)                                 12 June 44         Amiens (2.37)

1 Mar 44       Stuttgart (6.46)                                   15 June 44         Lens (2.23)

15 Mar 44     Stuttgart (6.44)                                   16 June 44         Renescure (1.54)

18 Mar 44     Frankfurt (4.40)                                 17 June 44         Oisement (2.25)

22 Mar 44     Frankfurt-am-Main (5.19)                 24 June 44         M-Straete (1.56)

24 Mar 44     Berlin (6.49)                                      28 June 44         Metz (5.11)

30 Mar 44     Nuremburg (6.47)                              2 July 44           Oisement (2.12)

18 Apr 44      Terquier (2.58)*                                 7 July 44           Caen (2.26)

24 Apr 44      Karlsruhe (2.10)**                             10 July 44         Nucourt (2.42)

26 Apr 44      Villeneuve St.George (3.57)*            20 July 44         Courtrai (2.03)

27 Apr 44      Montzen (3.16)                                  23 July 44         Kiel (5.17)

3 May 44       Montdidier (3.03)                              24 July 44         Stuttgart (7.02)

10 May 44     Ghent (2.24)                                      25 July 44         Stuttgart (7.18)

11 May 44     Boulogne (2.39)                                 28 July 44         Stuttgart (6.16)

19 May 44     Le Mans (4.04)                                  4 Aug 44           L'isle Adam (2.49)

22 May 44     Le Mans (4.33)                                  7 Aug 44           TOTALIZE 5 (2.27)

31 May 44     Trappes (3.54)                                   8 Aug 44           Lucheux (2.50)

2 June 44       Trappes (3.23)                                   10 Aug 44         La Pallice (5.14)

5 June 44       Longues (3.08)                                   12 Aug 44         Russelheim (4.43)

 

This officer is a skilled Bomb Aimer is a very successful crew. He has participated in many raids against strongly defended enemy areas, but this has not deterred him from successfully carrying out his allotted tasks in a highly efficient and courageous manner. The devotion to duty displayed by Pilot Officer Edwards under most trying circumstances is highly commendable. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *


ELLIOTT, Sergeant Jack (RAF 1479954) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943. Born in Leigh, Lancashire, 1921; millwright; enlisted 1941. Flight engineer in FS W. Biggs' crew (which see for citation). Air Ministry Bulletin 11448 refers.


* * * * *


ELT, Flight Sergeant Kenneth Winston (RAF 906012) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 4 January 1944. Born 1915 at Claineo, Worcestershire; home in Whitewell, Country Antrim. Garage proprietor; enlisted 1939. A flight engineer; no published citation other than "...in air operations...displayed courage, fortitude and determination of the highest order." DHist card refers to Air Ministry Bulletin 12525/AL.725. The original recommendation, dated 11 November 1943, was found in Public Record Office Air 2/8999 and reproduced by Ian Tavender in his book The Distinguished Flying Medal Register of the Second World War (London, Savannah Press, 2000); he is described as having flown 22 sorties (231 hours ten minutes).

 

During an operational bombing sortie against Stuttgart on the night of 11th March 1943, the aircraft in which Sergeant Elt was Flight Engineer was attacked by a night fighter and shot down in flames. The crew baled out on orders from the Captain. Sergeant Elt succeeded in eluding enemy patrols and underwent considerable personal hardship in effecting his escape. He displayed considerable ingenuity and resourcefulness in so doing. This Non-Commissioned Officer has completed 22 operational sorties on most of the heavily defended targets ad is strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


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ENNALS, F/O Albert John (RAF 157758) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 June 1944. Born at Upton Park, London, 1914; home in Dublin; educated at Watford Grammar School. Enlisted as aircrew, 1941; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 14451/AL.834 refers. No citation other than "...has completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Volume 20636) has recommendation dated 11 March 1944 when he had flown 25 sorties (259 hours ten minutes). Navigator. Ditching mentioned was 25/26 June 1942 following attack by Bf.109. Sortie list indicates he was with No.405 Squadron, June 1942 to 30 April 1943 (engagement with four Ju.88s while with Coastal Command, 4 February 1943; one destroyed); three sorties with No.419 Squadron, 5-23 May 1943, and balance of trips with No.434 Squadron (seven trips, 16 September 1943 to 7 March 1944).

 

Pilot Officer A.J. Ennals has successfully completed a tour of operations against some of the most heavily defended areas in Germany, including two low level attacks on Flensburg. On one occasion Pilot Officer A.K. Ennals and his crew spent twelve hours in a dinghy during which time his cheerfulness was an inspiration to the remainder of the crew.

 

Throughout his tour he has displayed the highest standard of navigation even though at times many of his navigational aids were unserviceable. Pilot Officer A.J. Ennals' ability and devotion to duty has been an outstanding example to other navigators on the squadron and he merits the highest commendation for his achievements. I recommend the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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EVANS, Flight Sergeant John Bertram (RAF 566246) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 January 1943. Non-Commissioned Officer in charge of "A" Flight servicing. DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation drafted 17 August 1942 (Fitter II). Had been previously recommended, 7 February 1942.

 

The successful operation of "A" Flight of this squadron may largely be traced to the patient, effective efforts of this airman. He has imparted knowledge and confidence to less skilled airman and has succeeded in moulding a well organized and efficient Flight ground staff. In his zeal to have aircraft available for operations he is unsparing of himself, rarely failing to be actively on the scene at any hour of the day or night when he considered his presence could be of possible value. His unremitting keenness marks this airman as an outstanding Non-Commissioned Officer.


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EVANS, P/O Kenneth Maurice (RAF 178561) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 October 1944. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1944. DHist card cites Air Ministry Bulletin 15788/AL892 dated 2 October 1944.

 

This officer has completed a tour of operational duty during which very many strongly defended targets in Germany have been attacked. He has displayed a high standard of navigational ability throughout and has proved himself to be a most reliable member of aircraft crew. One night in July 1944, when returning from Hamburg, his aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire and sustained extensive damage. Pilot Officer Evans was badly wounded in the leg. Although in much distress he insisted on fulfilling his duties after receiving first aid. Although much of his equipment had been destroyed, Pilot Officer Evans navigated the aircraft home with his usual skill. This officer displayed great courage, fortitude and devotion to duty.


NOTE: DHIst file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 15 August 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (150 hours 50 minutes). The text, more detailed than that published, is worth noting for comparison.

 

This navigator has completed 29 sorties against the enemy, including such difficult targets as Berlin, Magdeburg, Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Dusseldorf and Essen. Throughout his tour this navigator has shown great coolness and skill and a determination that his mission shall be successfully carried out. On the night of the 28/29th July 1944, when returning from Hamburg, when 70 miles from the enemy coast, the aircraft in which he was navigator was hit by anti-aircraft fire from an enemy flak ship and received extensive damage. Pilot Officer Evans received serious wounds in the right leg and suffered badly from loss of blood. All navigational aids were destroyed, the aileron control was damaged and the aircraft was very difficult to control. In spite of this, Pilot Officer Evans, displaying great fortitude, remained at his work and after receiving first aid, safely navigated the aircraft back to this country. It is considered that this officer's devotion to duty combined with his fortitude and disregard of his own danger, fully merit the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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EVERETT, Sergeant Howard Garson (RAF 908637) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.407 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 24 March 1942. Born 1916 in Tooting, England; home at Tulse Hill; enlisted December 1939 as WOP/AG. Air Ministry Bulletin 6533 refers. Purportedly with FS J.W. Creedon (see citation below) although Hitchins writes on card that he was not listed in Creedon's crew - or any other - on 12 February 1942. On 15 March 1942 he was posted to No.279 Squadron and subsequently commissioned. See also entry for Sergeant George Hancox.

 

On the afternoon of 12th February 1942, a force of Beaufort and Hudson aircraft carried out an attack on an enemy naval force including the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau off the Dutch coast. In the face of harassing fire from screening destroyers the attack was pressed home with the utmost determination at very close range. Although it has not been possible to assess damage inflicted owing to extremely poor visibility, it is believed that several hits were obtained. The operation demanded a high degree of skill and courage.


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EWING, 1st Lieutenant Donald E. (USAAF O-886103) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - award approved 6 October 1944 but not published in London Gazette. Citation in DHist file 181.009 D.3051 (National Archives of Canada RG.24 Vol.20634). Born 3 October 1914. Enlisted in RCAF in Winnipeg, 21 August 1941 (R124030 and J13105). Posted to No.2 Manning Depot, 21 August 1941; to No.12 SFTS, 10 October 1941; to No.2 ITS, 23 November 1941 (graduated 17 January 1942 and promoted to Leading Aircraftman); to No.19 EFTS on 17 January 1942; to No.12 SFTS, 11 April 1942; received wings on 31 July 1942 and commissioned; to No.1 General Reconnaissance School, 28 August 1942; to No.32 OTU, 6 November 1942; to "Y" Depot, Halifax, 20 March 1943; arrived overseas on 27 March 1943; transferred to American forces, 27 September 1943.

 

Lieutenant Ewing has been engaged in numerous anti-shipping operations off the Dutch and French coasts. He has displayed high courage and great devotion to duty. In May 1944, Lieutenant Ewing attacked a heavily defended convoy and damaged a 2,000 ton merchant vessel in the face of intense opposing fire. On 7th July he attacked a convoy off the Dutch coast and despite a heavy and accurate anti-aircraft barrage, secured a hit on a 2,000 ton merchantman which caught fire and blew up.


NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9276 has recommendation dated 16 July 1944 when he had flown eleven sorties with this unit (62 hours ten minutes); cited with J11621, F/L Edward George Cliff.

 

1st Lieutenant Ewing and Flying Officer Cliff are pilot and navigator respectively in a crew engaged in anti-shipping operations off the Dutch and French coasts. Lieutenant Ewing has been with the squadron for over a year, being on Hampden torpedo bombers (in RCAF at that time) for first two months. At all times this pair have shown a very high degree of courage and devotion to duty in the face of the enemy.

 

On the night of July 7th, Lieutenant Ewing with his navigator, Flying Officer Cliff, were detailed to do a reconnaissance and strike with six 500-pound bombs on a convoy off the Dutch coast. They proceeded to the target area and found the convoy without trouble. The pilot flew around, sizing up the target, picking the largest of the merchant vessels. After climbing to height and agreeing on their line of attack they went in. At the same time as they attacked they were greeted with a barrage of heavy and light flak, which, however, failed to throw off the aim of the navigator (who was now bomb aimer as well) or to shake the nerve of the pilot. The bombs were dropped accurately, the crew seeing at least one direct hit and a near miss. After evasive action the pilot returned for a further reconnaissance of the convoy. He saw his 2,000-ton merchant vessel on fire and blew up. The endeavour to obtain accurate information for his report took them through the convoy at 400 feet when they were suddenly engaged by five small flak ships. They fortunately, and due to their skill, evaded it, and at the same time obtained the information required.

 

On May 9th this team also attacked a heavily defended convoy. Lieutenant Ewing and Flying Officer Cliff made six runs over the target before being satisfied with the accuracy of the bombing run. Each time they were engaged by accurate heavy and light flak. The merchant vessel, also 2,000 tons, was assessed as damaged by a very near miss. The pilot was congratulated by the Air Officer Commanding upon his determined effort to hit the enemy.

 

It is considered that these attacks, which have shown the highest of determination and skill, are very deserving of an immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.


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FAITHFUL, F/O Stephen Theodore (RAF 151026) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 5 December 1944. Born in Sudbury, Suffolk, 1921; home in Birmingham; enlisted for aircrew, 1941; trained in Canada (No.33 ANS); commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 16529/AL.937 refers.

 

As navigator this officer has taken part in many operational sorties. In the face of the enemy, his coolness is outstanding and this, coupled with his skill and devotion to duty, have materially contributed to the successes achieved by his pilot.


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FARROW, Sergeant James Phillip (NZ 402136) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 10 February 1942. Born in Gisborne, Auckland; home there (lorry driver); enlisted July 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 6289 refers. Incident occurred 21/22 January 1942; two of crew died and third seriously wounded. Missing (prisoner of war ?), 17 June 1944.

 

One night in January 1942 this airman was the pilot of an aircraft which bombed Emden. The aircraft was subsequently attacked and badly damaged by the fire from two enemy fighters. Sergeant Farrow received a slight wound in the leg, and the remaining members of the crew were seriously wounded. In the face of a harassing situation Sergeant Farrow ordered the crew to abandon aircraft.

 

Unaware that his message had not been received, as the intercommunication system had broken down, and believing himself to be alone in the aircraft, he finally evaded his attackers and set an approximate course for England. Flying the badly damaged aircraft on a dark, moonless night, and with no instruments to aid him, Sergeant Farrow eventually reached this country where he made a safe landing with the undercarriage retracted. By his skill and resolution he saved both his aircraft and, unknowingly, his wounded crew. This airman has always shown courage and tenacity worthy of high praise.


NOTE: Awarded Distinguished Flying Cross for services with No.692 Squadron (London Gazette dated 13 June 1944) in distribution of two DSOs, one Bar to DFC and nine DFCs. The operation described also brought awards to F/L John Hollis Barron and F/O V.P.B. Hill (RCAF, also in No.692 Squadron).

 

One night in May 1944 several crews of Mosquito aircraft were detailed for a difficult and dangerous mine-laying mission. The operation called for the highest standard of skill and accuracy in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire, balloon defences and considerable searchlight activity. The attack was pressed home with great precision from a low level. That complete success was achieved in spite of such hazards is a high tribute to the calm courage and iron determination shown by Flight Lieutenant Farrow.


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FAULKES, F/O Leslie (RAF 148657) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. A and SD (possibly Armament and Special Duties ?)


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FAWCETT, P/O Harry (RAF 155160) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1943. No details or citation; Air Ministry Bulletin 12012/AL.689 refers.


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FEARNSIDE, S/L Frederick Haigh (RAF 48242) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. Pilot Officer on Probation promoted to Flying Officer on Probation, 29 January 1943. Technical.


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FELL, FS George William Frederick (RAF 1266083) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.424 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 1 November 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 17 May 1945 when he had flown 26 sorties (162 hours 27 minutes), 11 September 1944 to 22 April 1945. Flight Engineer.

 

Flight Sergeant Fell has flown as a spare Engineer on the majority of his 26 sorties. These sorties have been against most of the heavily defended enemy targets. He has always shown a great desire to fly on operations and has, by his example, helped the less experienced members of his section.

 

On one occasion, when his pilot was wounded in the face, Flight Sergeant Fell assisted him in flying the aircraft safely back to base.

 

At all times this Flight Engineer has been an asset to his section and his squadron and I have no hesitation in recommending him for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


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FENWICK, Warrant Officer William Cook (RAF 370345) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. General Duties (Wireless) Fitter.


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FERNAND, P/O Alan Harry (RAF 147586) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 19 October 1943. Served in the ranks; commissioned 1943. Air Ministry Bulletin 11721 refers.

 

...has completed a number of successful sorties, during which he has displayed determination, skill and devotion to duty. His keenness and energy on operational flying have been outstanding and his skill as a navigator has been of great value to his crew.


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FINCHAM, Flight Sergeant Stanley Frederick (RAF 1385731) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 February 1944. Born 1919 in Betheral Green; home in Burham-on-Crouch, Essex (capstan operator); enlisted 1941; now Observer. Air Ministry Bulletin 12872/AL.748 refers. No citation other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy, in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty.


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FINLAY, Flight Sergeant Donald David (RAF 13390619) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.429 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945. Born 1922 in Finsbury; home there (labourer); enlisted 1941. Air Ministry Bulletin 17983/AL.995 refers. No published citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Volume 20627) has recommendation dated 19 November 1944 when he had flown sixteen sorties (110 hours). Wireless Operator.

 

Flight Sergeant Finlay has participated in sixteen attacks on enemy territory, including two attacks on Berlin and attacks on Frankfurt, Leipzig, and the Ruhr. He has at all times proved himself to be a conscientious and valuable member of his crew, never lacking in courage, fortitude and cheerfulness. During his sixteenth sortie which was against Nuremberg on the 30th of March, 1944, his aircraft was shot down over enemy territory, but Flight Sergeant Finlay evaded capture and on his return to this country six months later requested to be sent back to his old squadron to finish his tour of duty.

 

It is felt that his spirit in requesting to be returned to duty, coupled with his previous record of duty well done, fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.


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FISHER, Sergeant Colin (RAF 1168321) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 12 January 1943. Citation published in Flight, 4 February 1943. Born 1920 in Birmingham; home in Sutton Coldfield (clerk); enlisted as Observer, 1940. Air Ministry Bulletin 8877 refers.

 

This airman has carried out his navigational tasks with skill and determination, and his ability, combined with his determination in attack, has contributed materially to the successes achieved. In addition to his many bombing sorties, Sergeant Fisher has participated in numerous mine laying operations. His thoroughness and devotion to duty have set a praiseworthy example.


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FLIPPANT, P/O Frederick William John (RAF 185454) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945. Born 1925 in Wimborne, Dorset; home there; enlisted March 1943; commissioned September 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18304/AL.1007 refers.

 

This air gunner has consistently set a fine example to his squadron. He has guided his aircraft and crew to safety through many attacks by enemy fighters. In August 1944 his aircraft was seriously damaged while en route to the target at Hamburg, with the result that the port inner engine became unserviceable and the aircraft arrived late at the target. After a successful attack had been completed, two by Focke Wulfe 190s were sustained. By Pilot Officer Flippant's accurate fire, these attackers were driven off, one of them diving towards the sea with smoke pouring from its engine. On a number of other occasions, Pilot Officer Flippant has been in combat with enemy aircraft. On one sortie to Bochum the electrical lighting system of the aircraft was damaged and the lights, which could not be extinguished, attracted many enemy fighters and constant attacks took place. Due to the keen and alert lookout kept by this officer, the aircraft was enabled to return to this country without further damage. His resourcefulness, courage and fine fighting spirit have been of great value to his crew.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1634 (National Archives RG.24 Volume 20604) has recommendation dated 27 November 1944 when he had flown 23 sorties, 18 July to 16 November 1944.

 

On the night of 27th August 1944, the aircraft in which Pilot Officer Flippant was Rear Gunner was detailed to attack Hamburg. En route to the target the port inner engine failed and had to be feathered, with the result that by the time the target was reached his aircraft was late and well below the main stream. On the return journey, whilst over the sea, his bomber was attacked by two FW.190s. Pilot Officer Flippant opened fire while cooly giving his pilot combat manoeuvres, with the result that his aircraft escaped damage and the enemy aircraft was seen plunging towards the sea with smoke pouring from the engine.

 

During the course of three other bomber sorties, Pilot Officer Flippant's aircraft has been attacked by enemy fighters but, on each occasion, he was successful in evading these attacks before the enemy could open fire. These culminated in a very harrowing experience on the night of 8th November 1944, when attacking Bochum. On this occasion his aircraft was hit by cannon shell which shorted the electrical circuit causing the navigation lights of the aircraft to burn. These lights attracted many enemy fighters and his aircraft was consistently attacked until they were well past the Dutch coast, and it was only due to the keen, alert manner in which Pilot Officer Flippant kept a lookout that his aircraft was enabled to return to this country without further damage.

 

I consider the great coolness and courage shown by this officer during the course of many hazardous sorties fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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FOGG, Flight Sergeant Harry (1058696) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 9 February 1943. Born 1920 in Dewsbury; home at Thornhill Lees, Dewsbury (bank clerk); enlisted 1940 as Air Observer. Air Ministry Bulletin 9206 refers.

 

Flight Sergeant Fogg has participated in successful sorties against such heavily defended targets as Cologne, Brest, Essen, Hamburg and Dusseldorf. Throughout, he has set a high standard of navigational ability which has won the confidence of his crew and materially contributed to the success achieved. Invariably he exhibits good humour and cheerfulness and his courage and devotion to duty are beyond praise.


FOGG, F/L Harry (RAF 141832) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 15550/AL.875 dated 15 September 1944 refers.

 

Flight Lieutenant Fogg is now on his second tour of operations, nine sorties of which have been against major targets. He has shown a splendid example of leadership and through his untiring efforts the navigational record of the squadron has been of the highest order.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1729 has recommendation (undated) compiled when he had flown 41 sorties (243 hours 45 minutes), including 14 sorties (89 hours 15 minutes) since previous award; tours had been 11 December 1941 to 22 November 1942 (27 sorties, 154 hours 30 minutes) and 22 September 1943 to 22 May 1944.

 

This officer has successfully completed 14 sorties on his second tour, none of which have been on major targets. Flight Lieutenant Fogg is Navigation Leader and his work in general has been excellent. He has both [the] confidence and admiration of the squadron which has been obtained by his untiring efforts. He has exceptional qualities of leadership and coolness, setting a splendid example to members of his squadron.


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FORSDYKE, P/O Ronald Albert (RAF 55905) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945. Born 1921 in Peekham; home in Lewisham; enlisted September 1938. Trained in Canada; commissioned August 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 18789/AL.1018 refers. No citation other than "completed operations with courage and devotion to duty". Public Record Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation drafted 20 February 1945 when he had flown 50 sorties (224 hours 15 minutes) as a flight engineer as follows:


22 May 44  Le Mans (5.30)                            6 Oct 44     Sterkrade (3.05)

31 May 44  Au Fevre (5.15)                           11 Oct 44   Fort Fredrik Hendrik (2.15)

10 June 44  Versailles (4.50)                          14 Oct 44   Duisburg (4.00)

16 June 44  Pas de Calais (4.35)                     15 Oct 44   Wilhelmshaven (4.00)

21 June 44  Pas de Calais (4.40)                     19 Oct 44   Stuttgart (5.15)

24 June 44  Pas de Calais (4.25)                     23 Oct 44   Essen (4.15)

25 June 44  Pas de Calais (4.05)                     25 Oct 44   Homberg (3.25)

27 June 44  Pas de Calais (3.45)                     28 Oct 44   Walcheren (2.00)

28 June 44  Metz (6.30)                                  16 Nov 44  Julich (3.45)

4 July 44    Villeneuve-St.George (6.00)       18 Nov 44  Wanne Eickel (4.30)

18 July 44  Mondeville (4.25)                       21 Nov 44  Castrop (4.20)

18 July 44  Wesselring (5.30)                        2 Dec 44     Hagen (5.30)

20 July 44  Pas de Calais (3.35)                     4 Dec 44     Urft Dam (4.10)

24 July 44  Pas de Calais (3.30)                     6 Dec 44     Merseburg (6.15)

25 July 44  Stuttgart (8.15)                            17 Dec 44   Ulm (5.55)

28 July 44  Hamburg (5.30)                           5 Jan 45      Hannover (5.05)

30 July 44  Beachhead, Normandy (4.05)     14 Jan 45    Saarbrucken (4.45)

1 Aug 44    Pas de Calais 3.10)                      16 Jan 45    Zeitz (6.50)

3 Aug 44    Hazebrouck (3.30)                       28 Jan 45    Stuttgart (5.40)

27 Aug 44  Homberg (3.05)                           1 Feb 45     Mannheim (5.25)

29 Aug 44  Stettin (8.35)                               2 Feb 45     Wanne Eickel (4.05)

6 Sept 44    Emden (3.50)                               7 Feb 45     Cleve (3.40)

12 Sept 44  Wanne Eickel (3.25)                   8 Feb 45     Wanne Eickel (3.55)

27 Sept 44  Bottrop (3.25)                              13 Feb 45   Boulen (6.50)

30 Sept 44  Bottrop (3.10)                              14 Feb 45   Chemnitz (7.10)

 

Pilot Officer Forsdyke is a capable and efficient crew member who has completed 50 operational sorties against such enemy strongholds as Sterkrade, Stettin, Stuttgart and Bottrop. His calmness and tenacity under the most difficult conditions have proven a great asset, not only to his crew, but to the squadron as a whole. On the ground his experience and ability to state clearly his convictions have helped in no small way to keep the efficiency of his section at a high peak.


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FORSYTH, Flight Sergeant Colin Leo Malcolm (NZ 40607) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.418 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 30 October 1942. Born at Tauranga, Auckland, 11 February 1914; educated at Te Kuitti District High School (rugby and tennis player). Held several jobs and at time of applying for aircrew (5 October 1939) he was a timer worker for Hopkins and Beston, Oropi, New Zealand. Formally enlisted at Ground Training School, Levin, 13 February 1940. On completion of initial training, posted (11 March 1940) to No.1 Air Observers School, Ohakea. On 6 April 1940 was awarded Air Gunner badge. Promoted to Sergeant, 27 May 1940, to Flight Sergeant on 1 September 1941, and commissioned 3 December 1942; promoted to Flying Officer one year later. Had earlier embarked (26 April 1940) aboard SS Rangiyiki for the United Kingdom. Arrived at No.1 Reception Centre, Uxbridge, 8 June 1940; to No.5 Operational Training Unit, Aston Downs, Gloucestershire (17 July 1941; flying Blenheims); to No.23 Squadron on 21 September 1940. For the next fourteen months he was an Air Gunner with the unit at Stations Ford, Manston and Tangmere, first on Blenheims and then Havocs. Flew 34 sorties with that squadron (night patrols, low level intruder attacks; targets included Caen, Lille, Le Bourget, Amiens and Avreux). Slightly injured in aircraft accident, 20 July 1941 (crash on takeoff; recovered from burns at RAF Hospital, Halton). Posted to No.418 Squadron in early December 1941; participated in 32 sorties over the next 19 months. Targets included Ghent in Belgium (oil refineries), Calais and Le Havre (shipping), and attacks on airfields at Soesterberg (Holland), Chevres, Creil, Juvincourt, Melum, Evreux, Beauvais, Chartres, Orleans and Avord (France), Gilze-Ryen, Leewarden and Eindhoven. Posted on 5 July 1943 to No.180 Squadron (Foulsham, Norfolk and Dunsfold, Surrey); flew 20 sorties on Mitchells, with targets including Fokker works at Amsterdam, airfields at St.Pol and Schipol, dumps at Hesdin, marshalling yards at Rouen, Abbeville and Amiens, docks and gun positions at Boulogne, intruder raids on Lens, Marquise, St.Pierre and Cherbourg. Late in February 1944 he was transferred to No.98 Squadron (Dunsfold) and took part in a further 16 operational sorties; targets included enemy installations, formations and marshalling yards at Montreuil, St.Pol, Abbeville, Ailly-le-Haut Clocher, Vauchelles, Charleroi, Heudiere, Yrencheux, Hesdin, Vacqueriente and Fruges. On 8 May 1944, engaged on his 102nd sortie, his aircraft was hit by flak, set on fire and crashed near the target (Pois Cocquerel); all crew killed. Air Ministry Bulletin 8409 refers, but the bulk of information has been obtained via the RNZAF Museum.

 

Flight Sergeant Forsyth has participated in numerous sorties. He is an outstanding air gunner, while his wireless skill has proved of the greatest assistance to his pilot. He has at all times displayed courage and determination in the performance of his duties.


NOTE: He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (London Gazette, 10 April 1945, with effect from 7 May 1944). No citation published, but RNZAF Museum supplied he following:

 

Flying Officer Forsyth has been engaged on operational flying for a long period. As an air gunner he has participated in numerous attacks against heavily defended and important enemy targets. He has displayed, at all times, great courage and devotion to duty, while his skill, keenness and reliability have been an inspiring example to the other members of his crew.


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FOSTER, Flight Sergeant Donald (RAF 547325) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 13 February 1942. Born in Cleethorpe, 1918; home in Hull (clerk); enlisted 1937 as wireless operator. Air Ministry Bulletin 6298 refers. Citation published in Flight, 26 February 1942.

 

This airman has participated in a large number of sorties as Wireless Operator/Air Gunner. He has taken part in raids which have included Lille, Hamburg, Mannheim and Dusseldorf. His wireless duties have invariably been carried out with skill and judgement. During daylight raids on Lille in September, Flight Sergeant Foster used his guns with good effect and assisted materially in repelling enemy fighters who attempted to attack the formation. He has always shown courage and devotion to duty.


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FOX, Sergeant Violet Alice (RAF/WAAF 447415) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group - Station Eastmoor - awarded as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944. DHIst file 181.009 D.1719 has recommendation compiled about February 1944.

 

Sergeant Fox has been Senior Administrative Non-Commissioned Officer at this station for the past 18 months. She has worked unceasingly for the good of the station. She sets a very high standard and with untiring efforts she helps each individual airwoman to try to attain that standard, with the result the discipline is very good. It is largely due to her unfailing cheerfulness that the happy atmosphere exists throughout the whole section. With regard to the welfare of the airwomen, she has their complete confidence and is able to handle a difficult situation with tact and sympathy. Her devotion to duty, with which nothing is allowed to interfere, her sense of justice and loyalty to her officers is second to none.


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FREER, 1st Lieutenant Romeo H., Jr. (USAAF O-886157) - Air Medal (United States) - No.422 Squadron - awarded as per General Order No.40 dated 18 August 1944. DHIST file 181.009 D.5578 (RG.24 Vol.20669) "422 RCAF Squadron - Honours and Awards" has copy of General Order 40, issued 18 August 1944 by Headquarters, Air Service Command, United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe which covers awards of Air Medals including his. Pilot of aircraft.

 

For meritorious achievement in the performance of anti-submarine patrol against the enemy, 13 November 1943 to 26 April 1944. The courage, coolness and skill displayed by Lieutenant Freer upon these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States. Entered military service from Maryland.


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FRY, F/O William James (RAF 172204) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944. Born 1913 in Slough, Buckinghamshire; home at Tunbridge Wells, Kent. Educated at Rusthall Elementary School, Tunbridge Wells. Enlisted 1940; commissioned 1944. Air Ministry Bulletin 16298/AL.922 refers. No citation other than "completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariable displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty. DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation by W/C A.J. Lewington dated 20 August 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (177 hours five minutes), 28 March 1943 to 25 June 1944 (text says April 1943 but sortie sheet shows first mission was 28 March 1943);

 

This officer, the rear gunner of the crew captained by Acting Squadron leader H.T. Patterson, DFC, has since April 1943 completed 31 operational trips over enemy territory including Hamburg (4), Berlin (4), Duisburg (2) and Essen.

 

He has at all times displayed a fearless brand of courage in combat and his coolness and presence of mind has contributed much to the successful completion of his tour.

 

Pilot Officer Fry has also greatly strengthened the hand of the Gunnery Leader of this squadron when on the ground, his work and leadership being a constant source of inspiration to his fellow gunners.

 

I consider his outstanding record and devotion to duty fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (non-immediate).


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FURSMAN, S/L Richard Jack (RAF 40689) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.413 Squadron - awarded as per London Gazette dated 7 March 1944. Born in Crediton, Devon, 1920; home in Kingussie, Inverness; educated King Edward IV School, Stafford. Pupil pilot in RAF, 1938; commissioned that year; promoted to Acting Squadron Leader, 1943. Ferry Command delivery cards (Directorate of History and Heritage, Document 84/44-3) show a F/O R.J. Furseman (note spelling) active in Ferry Command, March to July 1941, delivering PBYs to Britain. Air Ministry Bulletin 13127/AL.765 refers.

 

...has completed two tours of operational duty in flying boats. Has flown on many long and arduous patrols, displaying a high degree of devotion to duty. Some of these patrols were made at night in the Arctic Circle where severe icing was experienced; others over the Mediterranean Sea, Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean in very adverse weather conditions. An excellent flight commander, this officer's efficiency, thoroughness of planning and fine leadership have constantly set a splendid example to his juniors.


NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1751 (RG.24 Volume 20608) has recommendation dated 11 November 1943 when he had flown 1,789 operational hours.

 

This officer has now completed 1,789 operational flying hours during two tours on flying boats. His operational rest was utilized in flying Catalina aircraft from U.S.A.

 

He has carried out many long and arduous patrols in the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and Arabian Seas, operating in many cases from unprepared bases.

 

His second operational tour has been completed entirely with this squadron as captain of aircraft and Flight Commander. His quiet efficiency, thoroughness of planning and qualities of leadership have set a splendid example for junior captains.


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