TUCHAK, F/O Myros (J28731) - Commended for Valuable Services - Station Dorval - Award effective 7 September 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Enlisted in Ottawa, 12 December 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 20 February 1943), No.10 EFTS (graduated 19 March 1943), and No.1 SFTS (graduated 23 July 1943). No citation in Canadian sources. Public Records Centre Air 2/9117 has recommendation drafted when he had flown 896 hours on operations, 343 hours in previous six months.

 

This officer, as pilot and captain of a Ferry aircraft, has completed several successful ferrying flights over the North and South Atlantic routes. On one occasion when a forced landing in the desert was inevitable he showed great care and deliberation in choosing the area for his landing, keeping the aircraft airborne until all his crew has safely parachuted down. He then made a successful forced landing without damaging the aircraft. He has proved himself to be a most reliable pilot.

 

* * * * *

 

TUCKER, F/O McDonald Charles (J17744) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 11 April 1944 as per London Gazette dated 21 April 1944 and AFRO 1075/44 dated 19 May 1944. Born 1917 in Oshawa; home in West Mount or Lakeview, Ontario; enlisted Toronto, 11 December 1940. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 16 May 1941), No.11 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1941), No.14 SFTS (ceased training 19 July 1941), No.4 AOS (graduated 22 December 1941), No.4 BGS (graduated 31 January 1942) and No.2 ANS (graduated 2 March 1942). Commissioned 1943. Award presented 17 June 1945. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

 

* * * * *

 

TUCKER, F/O Warren William (J17956) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 24 May 1944 as per London Gazette dated 6 June 1944 and AFRO 1660/44 dated 4 August 1944. American in RCAF. Born 1923 in Greencastle, Indiana; home there. Enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 26 September 1941. Trained at No.5 BGS (graduated 25 May 1942). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5524 (RG.24 Vol.20667) has recommendation dated 19 March 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (201 hours 40 minutes), 4 February 1943 to 6 March 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Tucker has taken part in thirty operations against the enemy, many of them against the most heavily defended areas of Germany, including Berlin, Essen, Hamburg, and Hannover. His keenness and ability as a Rear Gunner have contributed in a large measure to the safety of his crew and his cheerful devotion to duty have been an inspiration to his crew members and to the squadron.

 


I consider that Pilot Officer Tucker's devotion to duty and the skill with which he has carried out his duties fully merit the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

TUGWELL, S/L Samuel Chester (J6387) - Mention in Despatches - No.24 OTU - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born at Stella, Ontario, 27 February 1916. Engaged six years in building trades. Enlisted in Kingston, Ontario, 22 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.10 EFTS and No.8 SFTS. Overseas, 19 August 1941. Public Records Office Air 2/9061 has citation, composed when he had flown 850 instructional hours, 30 in previous six months.

 

This officer is a flying instructor at No.24 Operational Training Unit. His strength of mind and understanding nature have been an inspiration to all instructors and to all pupils passing through his Flight. He is an excellent Flight Commander and has done fine co-operative work at his Station, displaying devotion to duty and intense loyalty. Prior to his posting to Instructor duties he completed an operational tour of 150 hours in 30 sorties.

 

TUGWELL, S/L Samuel Chester (J6387) - Air Force Cross - No.24 OTU (Fighter Command) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1219/45 dated 27 July 1945. Public Records Office Air 2/8771 has citation, composed when he had flown 900 instructional hours (50 in previous six months).

 

Squadron Leader Tugwell has been employed on instructional duties for 2 1/2 years. From Junior Flying Instructor he has been promoted step by step to Flight Commander at this unit. His work throughout this long period of exacting instructional duties has been of a high standard and he has set a splendid example to all the instructors who have worked under him, to all pupils he himself has trained and to all those who have passed through his Flight. On two occasions he has waived his right to repatriation to Canada as he was asked by the unit to remain and continue his valuable work with them. At all times his devotion to duty, loyalty and efficiency have been of a very high order.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/8771 has a different citation, composed when he had flown 900 instructional hours (50 in previous six months).

 


Squadron Leader Tugwell has been employed on instructional duties for 2 1/2 years. From Junior Flying Instructor he has been promoted step by step to Flight Commander at this unit. His work throughout this long period of exacting instructional duties has been of a high standard and he has set a splendid example to all the instructors who have worked under him, to all pupils he himself has trained and to all those who have passed through his Flight. On two occasions he has waived his right to repatriation to Canada as he was asked by the unit to remain and continue his valuable work with them. At all times his devotion to duty, loyalty and efficiency have been of a very high order.

 

* * * * *

 

TUKE, F/L John Frederick Dearness (C17384) - Mention in Despatches - Skipton-on-Swale - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Home in Haileybury, Ontario; enlisted in Montreal, 22 September 1941. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation forwarded 1 February 1945 to No.63 Base HQ. Station Electrical Officer; had been six months in Canada, 32 months overseas.

 

This officer is a steady and industrious worker. He handles his men most capably and is CO of a very efficient section. He has worked up to his present position through the ranks and has shown splendid qualities of progressive leadership at all times. His continued good work and efficiency are in themselves a recommendation for a "Mention in Despatches".

 

* * * * *

 

TULK, FS (now P/O) George Milton (R271627/J94132) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.625 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1925 at Deer Lake, Nova Scotia; home at Grimsby Beach, Ontario (mechanic); enlisted in Halifax, 26 August 1943. Trained at No.10 BGS (graduated10 March 1944. Commissioned February 1945. Award presented 15 April 1948.

 

This airman has participated in attacks on Freiburg, Dortmund, Karlsruhe, Essen and many other strongly defended targets. In January 1945, during an attack on Munich, with the assistance of another gunner, he destroyed an enemy aircraft. On another sortie in February 1944 [correct], Flight Sergeant Tulk damaged a Junkers 88. A skilled gunner and a courageous member of aircrew, he has continually shown outstanding keenness and devotion to duty throughout his tour.

 

* * * * *

 


TULLOCH, F/O William Alexander (J41419) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.162 Squadron (RAF) - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1923 in Toronto; home given various as Ottawa and Fairville, New Brunswick (clerk); enlisted in Toronto 12 November 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 25 June 1943), No.9 AOS (graduated 11 February 1944) and No.6 BGS (graduated 3 September 1944). Commissioned February 1944. Award presented by Governor General at Government House, 12 June 1953. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9082 has recommendation dated 20 March 1945 when he had flown 38 sorties (155 hours 30 minutes), 15 November 1944 to 17 March 1945. NOTE: Trips flown from 15 November to 12 December 1944 (ten) were with No.142 Squadron; balance flown with No.162 Squadron.

 

15 Nov 44 Berlin (4.45) 4 Feb 45 Hanover (3.40)

20 Nov 44 Hanover (3.30) 5 Feb 45 Berlin (4.25)

25 Nov 44 Nuremburg (4.25) 7 Feb 45 Cleve/Duisburg (3.35)

27 Nov 44 Berlin (4.35) 8 Feb 45 Berlin (4.20)

29 Nov 44 Hanover (3.45) 13 Feb 45 Magdeburg (4.10)

30 Nov 44 Hamburg (3.55) 14 Feb 45 Berlin (4.25)

2 Dec 44 Giessen (3.45) 23 Feb 45 Berlin (4.25)

4 Dec 44 Hagen (3.05) 25 Feb 45 Erfurt (4.20)

6 Dec 44 Merseburg (4.05) 27 Feb 45 Berlin (4.15)

12 Dec 44 Osnabruck (3.30) 1 Mar 45 Berlin (5.00)

23 Dec 44 Limburg (4.05) 2 Mar 45 Kassel (3.25)

7 Jan 45 Hanover (3.10) 4 Mar 45 Berlin (4.30)

10 Jan 45 Hanover (4.15) 6 Mar 45 Wesel (3.25)

14 Jan 45 Merseburg (4.40) 7 Mar 45 Berlin (4.55)

17 Jan 45 Magdeburg (4.05) 9 Mar 45 Berlin (4.25)

18 Jan 45 Sterkrade (2.25) 11 Mar 45 Berlin (4.35)

22 Jan 45 Hanover (3.45) 14 Mar 45 Berlin (4.30)

1 Feb 45 Berlin (4.30) 15 Mar 45 Berlin (4.25)

2 Feb 45 Mannheim (3.55) 17 Mar 45 Berlin (4.35)

 

Flying Officer Tulloch has taken part in a large number of operational sorties, the success of which has been largely due to the courageous and devoted way in which he has carried out his duties as Navigator/Bomb Aimer. His ability to reach the target and bomb it accurately has contributed to the success of many operations, particularly the recent attacks on Berlin which he has bombed fourteen times since the beginning of last month.

 

At all times Flying Officer Tulloch has displayed a cheerfulness and courage, often in the face of the stiffest opposition, which has been an inspiration and outstanding example to the other members of his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

TULLY, F/O Matthew James (J20072) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945 and AFRO 625/45 dated 13 April 1945. Born 1918 in London, England; home in Fernie, British Columbia; formerly in Canadian Army; enlisted in Vancouver, 8 January 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 3 July 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 23 October 1942). Commissioned 1942. Award presented 6 May 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Vol.20603) has recommendation dated 14 October 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (159 hours 40 minutes), 6 October 1943 to 13 September 1944.


Flying Officer Tully has completed a tour of operations as navigator on four-engined bombers in an exemplary manner. On many of these sorties he navigated with great accuracy to such heavily defended targets deep in Germany as Berlin, Nuremburg and Frankfurt, and on all occasions he showed a cool disregard for any defences the enemy had to offer.

 

As a navigator, Flying Officer Tully is exceptionally good. On all his operations his timing and track keeping were excellent, and this is well proved by the fact that the aircraft in which he flew was never attacked by fighters and seldom hit by flak.

 

Flying Officer Tully's courage and skill were a great inspiration to his crew. His splendid navigation inspired them with confidence and set a fine example to all navigators on the squadron. Therefore I recommend that this officer by virtue of his long and outstanding service be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

* * * * *

 

TULLY, F/O Ralph Wilbert (J18180) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.35 Squadron (POW) - Award effective 24 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 April 1945 and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. Born 1920 in Vancouver; home in Chemainus, British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 11 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 22 May 1941), No.9 AOS (graduated 23 October 1941), No.6 BGS (graduated 6 December 1941) and No.2 ANS (graduated 16 March 1942). Commissioned 1943. Award presented 29 January 1947.

 

As air bomber this officer has taken part in a large number of operational missions against the enemy in the course of which he has invariable displayed the utmost courage, fortitude and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

TUMMON, F/L Evan Ernest (J10223) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.400 Squadron - Award effective 23 March as per London Gazette dated 3 April 1945 and AFRO 765/45 dated 4 May 1945. See Field of Honour (Bank of Montreal, c.1950). Home in Foxburg; enlisted in Hamilton, 4 June 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 13 September 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 7 November 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 28 February 1942). May have flown as many as 120 sorties. Award sent by registered mail 26 September 1949.

 


This officer has flown on a variety of missions which have included fighter patrols. His attacks on ground targets have always been effectively completed, frequently in the face of intense opposition. On one sortie while evading enemy fire his aircraft collided with a tree which did major damage to the main plane and rendered the flying instruments unserviceable. Flight Lieutenant Tummon made a crash landing on reaching base. In the course of his operational career he has damaged several locomotives.

 

* * * * *

 

TUNIS, F/O William Elmer (J88131) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Born 1921 in Hamilton, Ontario; home there (blacksmith's helper); enlisted there 30 August 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 18 February 1943), No.9 EFTS (graduated 18 April 1943) and No.14 SFTS (graduated 6 August 1943). Commissioned July 1944. Award presented in Hamilton, 27 July 1949.

 

This officer, at all times, has shown keenness and determination during his attacks on enemy targets. His aircraft, on one occasion, was so badly hit by anti-aircraft fire that he had to leave it by parachute. On another occasion, while on a daylight attack, one engine of his aircraft was damaged and later was badly hit by anti-aircraft fire but, despite these hazardous circumstances, Flying Officer Tunis flew his aircraft safely back to base. By his fine leadership and coolness this officer has always set a fine example to his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

TUPPER, P/O Bruce Hayes (J17428) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.148 Squadron - Award effective 22 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 6 July 1943 and AFRO 1849/43 dated 10 September 1943. Born Borden, Saskatchewan, 27 December 1916; home in Saskatoon where he was employed as linen keeper at the city hospital; enlisted there 27 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 31 January 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 1 April 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduation date uncertain) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 16 April 1941). Arrived in UK, 16 August 1941; to No.27 OTU, 23 August 1941; to No.20 OTU, 16 September 1941; promoted Flight Sergeant, 1 December 1941; promoted Warrant Officer, 1 June 1942; to No.1653 Conversion Unit, 10 June 1942; to Middle East, 31 July 1942; to GSI (F) Flight, 8 October 1942; to No.108 Squadron, 23 November 1942; commissioned 12 February 1943; to Bombay, 11 May 1943; struck off strength of No.148 Squadron, 25 March 1944. Posted to UK, 23 April 1944; to Canada, 20 May 1944; to No.5 OTU, Boundary Bay, 11 July 1944; to Release Depot, 6 September 1945; released 11 September 1945. Award presented 6 November 1948. Postwar Air Cadet Officer, 1 September 1953 to 19 June 1957.

 

This officer has completed numerous sorties, many of them of [over ?] difficult terrain. He is a resourceful captain whose unsurpassed skill and judgement have been largely responsible for the successes obtained. Pilot Officer Tupper has set an example worthy of the highest praise.

 


NOTE: The postings reported are difficult to reconcile with other documents. On repatriation to Canada he filled out a form which stated he had flown 75 hours on Fleet Finch aircraft, about 400 on Ansons, 100 on Wellingtons and 748 on Liberators. He further stated he had flown about 350 instructional hours at No.20 OTU, 67 operational hours with No.160 Squadron, and 485 operational hours with No.148 Squadron.

 

A document dated 10 June 1942 from No.20 OTU indicates that he was a pupil there, 16 September to 20 December 1941, after which he was transferred to Establishment Strength as an instructor in which role he excelled expectations in the Anson and Conversion Flights.

 

A letter dated 2 May 1944 (Air Officer Commanding, RCAF Overseas to AFHQ, Ottawa) states:

 

Flight Lieutenant Tupper embarked for the United Kingdom on the 16th July 1941, and after pre-operational training, was posted to No.20 OTU on the 13th September 1941, where he instructed until the 11th June 1942 on Ansons and Wellingtons. He was the posted on the 13th June 1942 to No.1453 Conversion Unit on Liberators II. On completion of this he was posted to No.160 Squadron, Middle East. On the 12th October 1942 he was posted to the Special Liberator Flight, which became No.148 Squadron Middle East and CMF, with which squadron he remained until his return to the United Kingdom which took place at the end of March.

 

He has a total flying time of 1,340 hours, 552 of which are operational. He has made 53 sorties and has a credit of two operational tours.

 

On 29 May 1944, applying for Operational Wings, he filled out a form which states he flew with No.160 Squadron, 31 July 1942 (England to Gibraltar, 8.15, Gibraltar to LG.220, 1 August 1942, 12.20) with an attack on shipping (15 August 1942, 12.30), raid on Tobruk (25 August 1942, ten hours), raid on Corinth Canal (28 August 1942, 8.15); Tobruk again (5 September 1942, 9.15 and 29 September 1942, 8.15). He then records sorties in Special Ops Flight, with 17 sorties flown, 18 October 1942 to 24 April 1943 (all described as Special duties with the longest being flown on 10 January 1943 - 14.05 - and 2 February 1943 - 14.15). He then records further Special Duties flights with No.148 Squadron, commencing 15 May 1943 until 21 June 1943 (six sorties) at which point his first tour concludes. He then lists second tour flying with No.148 Squadron 8 August 1943 to 21 December 1943 (23 sorties) including one of 17 hours 30 minutes (9 August 1943), another lasting 13 hours 45 minutes (5 October 1943) and one of 13 hours (29 September 1943).

 

* * * * *

 

TUPPER, Corporal Estell (W304707) - British Empire Medal - Station Lachine - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Penticton, British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 12 May 1942. Clerk (Administration); released 16 October 1946. Award presented 7 May 1947.

 


This non-commissioned officer has been on strength of No.1 Repatriation Depot for nearly three years. She is quiet and capable and has helped in the swift and efficient disposal of repat drafts through this depot on their way to well-earned leave by working on many occasions at dawn or all through the night to this end without thought of personal inconvenience to herself or of time off. Her efforts have contributed to the efficient running of this depot.

 

* * * * *

 

TURENNE, P/O Denis Joseph (J17533) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 21 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 29 October 1943 and AFRO 2457/43 dated 26 November 1943. Born at St.Pierre, Manitoba; home there; enlisted in Winnipeg, 19 June 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 23 September 1941), No.5 EFTS (graduated 21 November 1941) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 13 March 1942). Commissioned 1943. Award presented 13 September 1947.

 

This officer has completed a tour of operations during which he has participated in attacks against many of the most heavily defended targets in Germany and Italy. An outstanding captain of aircraft, his courage and devotion to duty have been of a high order.

 

* * * * *

 

TURGEON, Corporal Joseph Louis Georges (R136543) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Born 18 September 1923; enlisted in Quebec, 25 November 1941. General Duties and Maintenance Assistant. No citation in AFRO.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNBULL, F/L Harry Brown (J6663) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.148 Squadron - Award effective 19 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1943 and AFRO 1247/43 dated 2 July 1943. Born 1913; home in Sarnia, Ontario; enlisted London, Ontario, 22 July 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 9 October 1941), No.1 BGS (graduated 7 June 1941), No.1 AOS (graduated 26 April 1941), and No.1 CNS (graduated 4 August 1941). Commissioned 1941. Award presented 6 April 1944.

 

Flight Lieutenant Turnbull has completed a large number of operational sorties during which his navigation has invariably been of a high standard. A meticulous and determined officer, he has obtained many successful hits on enemy land targets and amongst shipping. On one occasion he started three fires during one night. At all times he has shown courage and devotion to duty, worthy of high praise.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/8952 has a more detailed text communicated 13 April 1943 from Headquarters, RAF Middle East to Air Ministry; recommendation had been initiated 14 January 1943.

 


Flight Lieutenant Turnbull has completed 43 operational sorties totalling 259 hours. His navigation at all times has been of an extremely high standard and on several occasions has found his main target where less conscientious navigators have been content with the secondary target.

 

He has shown a marked determination not to release bombs until runs are perfect, with the result that he has obtained extremely successful results. On the night of 29th July and 1st August he obtained hits on the jetties and among shipping in Tobruk. During the recent successful campaign he started as many as three fires in one night.

 

In addition this officer has carried the weight of the Navigation Section on his shoulders, acting as Squadron Navigation Officer for the past four months.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNBULL, F/L John Cameron (J21370) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 19 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 27 June 1944 and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Born 1923 in Regina; home in Govan, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Regina, 30 September 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 22 May 1942), No.6 EFTS (graduated 14 August 1942) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 4 December 1942). Commissioned 1942. Invested with award by King George, 11 August 1944. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9015 has recommendation dated 21 April 1944 when he had completed 20 2/3 sorties (159 hours 19 minutes), 30 August 1943 to 18 April 1944.

 

30 Aug 43 Munchen Gladbach (6.25) 3 Dec 43 Leipzig (8.35)

31 Aug 43 Berlin (9.20) 20 Dec 43 Frankfurt (6.50)

2 Sept 43 GARDENING (3.50) 29 Dec 43 Berlin (7.30), heavy

5 Sept 43 Mannheim (8.10) flak, blew controls

6 Sept 43 Munich (9.25) from pilot's hands

15 Sept 43 Montlucon (8.00) 4 Jan 44 GARDENING (8.00)

16 Sept 43 Modane (7.25), heavy 15 Feb 44 Berlin (7.10)

icing conditions 6 Mar 44 Trappes (5.25)

3 Oct 43 Kassel (7.45) 15 Mar 44 Stuttgart (7.40)

4 Oct 43 Frankfort (7.40) 11 Apr 44 GARDENING (6.10)

22 Oct 43 Kassel (7.30) 18 Apr 44 Paris (5.25)

3 Nov 43 Dusseldorf (6.00)

26 Nov 43 Stuttgart (8.40),

guns u/s

 

This officer, during his more than twenty sorties against the most heavily fortified and defended targets such as Berlin, Mannheim, Kassel and Frankfurt to mention a only a few, has displayed a very high quality of leadership, fine determination and initiative.

 


An excellent captain and a conscientious Flight Commander, his determination and fortitude in the face of great difficulties has been and is an inspiration, and at all time Flight Lieutenant Turnbull's outstanding devotion to duty has been an example of great worth to all in the squadron. I highly recommend this officer and consider he fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNBULL, F/O John Howard (J6211) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.600 Squadron - Award effective 29 July 1943 as per London Gazette dated 20 August 1943 and AFRO 2258/43 dated 5 November 1943. Born in St.Thomas, Ontario, 30 December 1915; home there (bank teller, 1935-1940). Enlisted in Toronto, 19 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 20 February 1941), No.15 EFTS (graduated 24 April 1941) and No.32 SFTS (graduated 15 July 1941). Commissioned 16 July 1941. Posted overseas immediately. Further trained at No.60 OTU, 10 September to 11 November 1941. Served in No.125 Squadron, 12 November 1941 to 2 March 1943, and No.600 Squadron, 3 March 1943 to 14 February 1944 (went with unit to Mediterranean). His first sortie had been 15 December 1941; his first with No.600 Squadron was 15 March 1943. By 2 June 1944 he had flown 1,060 hours (403 by night, 657 by day). This included time on Tiger Moths (64 hours), Harvards 80), Magister (ten), Master (ten), Oxford (ten), Blenheim (15), Defiant (200), Beaufighter (650) and Mosquito (twelve). He had flown 350 operational hours (125 sorties). Victories as follows: 4 November 1942, one Ju.88 destroyed (shared); 23 April 1943, one CANT Z.1007 destroyed; 11 July 1943, one Ju.88 destroyed; 15 July 1943, three Ju.88s destroyed; 17 July 1943, one Ju.88 and one He.111 destroyed; 9 August 1943, two Ju.88s destroyed; 9 September 1943, one Ju.88 destroyed; 10 September 1943, one Ju.88 destroyed; 24 January 1944, one Ju.88 destroyed. Returned to Britain, 5 March 1944; embarked for Canada, 18 April 1944. Several OTU postings that summer; flew 250 instructional hours on Mosquitos. Released 23 October 1945. DFC and Bar presented at Buckingham Palace, 28 February 1944. Photo PL-28308 shows him just after investiture. Postwar he worked at selling Mosquitos to Nationalist China. Postwar marketing and sales manager for Asahi Pentax; retired 1981 to devote himself to photography, horses and dogd. Died in South Muskoka, 26 August 1992; extensive obituary in Toronto Star dated 31 August 1992. Cited with Sergeant Cyril F.J. Fowler (RAF, awarded DFM). For added details see H.A. Halliday, The Tumbling Sky.

 

As pilot and observer, Flying Officer Turnbull and Sergeant Fowler have taken part in many night operations and have destroyed five enemy aircraft. They have displayed skill and tenacity worthy of high praise.

 

TURNBULL, F/L John Howard (J6211) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.600 Squadron - Award effective 5 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 November 1943 and AFRO 2507/43 dated 2 November 1943. Cited with FS Cyril Fowler, RAF (Bar to DFM).

 


As pilot and observer respectively, Flight Lieutenant Turnbull and Flight Sergeant Fowler have displayed outstanding skill in operations at night and have destroyed ten enemy aircraft. They have displayed exceptional keenness and determination, setting an example of the highest order.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNBULL, Sergeant Neil James (R102734) - British Empire Medal - No.181 Signals Wing, ACSEA - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 132/45 dated 26 January 1945. Home in Leamington, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto 1 May 1941. Award presented 14 June 1949. No citation in Canadian sources. Public Records Office Air 2/8872 has recommendation. The draft citation is awkwardly worded in the middle (although the sense is clear):

 

On the 19th March, 1944, this airman, who is a radar mechanic, landed at Broadway with a crew of four operators. He was instructed to place himself and his small crew and equipment at the disposal of an American Signals Corps Lieutenant and crew whose light warning set had been destroyed by fire as the result of an air raid. Sergeant Turnbull erected the new equipment two or three miles from the strip at the edge of a small jungle clearing, but at first the results were not up to standard. On the 24th March the equipment was dismantled and moved to a new site. At midnight, the enemy made a heavy and surprise attack on the site and the Gurkha guard was overwhelmed. Sergeant Turnbull and his crew were confined to a fortress for four days until the enemy were forced to retire on 31st March. As soon as he was able to reconnoitre the area and inspected the equipment which had been damaged. He decided that the chosen site was good from the technical point of view, afforded good camouflage cover from the air, and was immediately adjacent to the fortress, thereby ensuring greater protection from the enemy ground forces. The American radar personnel, including the officer, had all left and Sergeant Turnbull was required to work on his own initiative with his small crew. By the 3rd April all the faults had been cleared and the damage repaired. The equipment was kept working throughout the daylight hours, being manned by Sergeant Turnbull and three operators until April 8th when more RAF radar operators arrived. Sergeant Turnbull was faced with very considerable responsibilities throughout and the results that he achieved were worthy of high praise.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNBULL, Sergeant Robert Steele (R61603) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.476 Squadron - Award effective 17 December 1941 as per London Gazette dated 23 December 1941 and AFRO 1/42 dated 9 January 1942. Born in Winnipeg, 1918; home in Govan, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Regina, 19 June 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 8 August 1940), No.6 EFTS (graduated 7 November 1940) and No. 4 SFTS (graduated 28 January 1941). Commissioned 1941. Retired from RCAF, July 1970; died in Victoria, 8 February 1977. Award presented at uncertain date.

 


Sergeant Turnbull is a reliable and conscientious captain of aircraft. On his last flight to Nuremburg he circled over the target area for an hour to identify it before releasing his bombs which caused many fires. Sergeant Turnbull has displayed high courage and never failing enthusiasm.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9572 has recommendation dated 22 October 1941 when he had flown 25 sorties (161 hours 20 minutes) with sortie list (although text adds little to the published citation); he was based at Middleton St.George but had to make many landings away from his home field:

 

29 May 41 Kiel (6.30) Target covered by 10/10 cloud; bombed Munsum; landed at Linton

8 June 41 Dortmund (7.55) Full moon; target clear and was bombed; intense searchlights.

11 June 41 Duisburg (6.50) Low fog over target; bombed target area; a "fresher" trip (RAAF slang ?)

12 June 41 Schwerte (6.40) Target area bombed; low fog; another "fresher" trip.

15 June 41 Cologne (7.00) Target foggy but area bombed; another "fresher" trip.

29 June 41 Bremen (7.00) Bombed target; very clear; landed at Linton.

2 July 41 Cologne (7.20) Foggy over target; accurate and intense flak; landed at Bimbrook.

5 July 41 Munster (6.20) Target bombed; easy trip with little flak.

7 July 41 Osnabruck (6.00) Target bombed; attacked by Me.110; tail gunner claims a probable.

16 July 41 Hamburg (6.45) 7/10 cloud over target; poor searchlight cones but accurate flak.

22 July 41 Frankfurt (7.50) Local thunderstorms over target; ice; flew home without airspeed indicator; bombed Aachen; new navigator.

24 July 41 Emden (6.45) Target clear; phot taken; flak intense and aircraft hit 30 times.

2 Aug 41 Hamburg (8.20) Target bombed; new navigator; landed at Acklington.

6 Aug 41 Frankfurt (8.40) 9/10 cloud; bombed target area; ice conditions all the way.

8 Aug 41 Kiel (6.55) Target clear and bombed; exactor trouble; flak intense and hit a dozen times.

16 Aug 41 Cologne (5.40) Target bombed; easy trip with searchlight opposition only.

28 Aug 41 Duisburg (4.55) Target covered by 9/10 cloud; bombed target area; no flak or searchlights.

31 Aug 41 Cologne (6.30) 10/10 cloud over target; bombed target area; encountered flak and searchlights in the Ruhr.


2 Sept 41 Berlin (7.45) Target clear; good pin-points on track. Very good searchlight and flak cooperation. Saw other aircraft hit.

7 Sept 41 Berlin (7.35) Saw and bombed target area; many fires; not place to hang around. Picked up by searchlights; saw two fighters; hit a couple of times.

13 Sept 41 Brest (6.05) Smoke covered target. Picked up coast as good pin-points. Easy trip for all.

19 Sept 41 Stettin (8.00) Target bombed; wizard trip and many pin-points. Good fires started in all areas. Few searchlights and little flak.

12 Oct 41 Nuremburg (8.00) Target bombed; fires started; little flak; landed at Docking.

 

A Canadian pilot of outstanding capability and personality. A very sound and well above the average Halifax pilot. An exceptionally thorough, reliable and conscientious captain of aircraft. Altogether a gallant fellow whose courage and never-failing enthusiasm should be rewarded.

 

On his last trip to Nuremburg, he spent one hour circling round in the target area before he definitely identified, to his satisfaction, the target; then he bombed it and started fires. His crew follow him to a man.

 

TURNBULL, S/L Robert Steele, DFM (J15054) - Mention in Despatches - No.1659 Conversion Unit - Award effective 1 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943 and AFRO 1247/43 dated 2 July 1943. AFRO does not give unit; No.6 Group Monthly Summary of Operational and Training Activities (June 1943) does.

 

TURNBULL, W/C Robert Steele, DFM (J15054) - Air Force Cross - No.1659 Conversion Unit (AFRO gives unit as No.427 Squadron) - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 809/44 dated 14 April 1944. AFC, DFC and Bar to DFC all presented on 4 September 1945. No citation to AFC. DHist file 181.009 D.2993 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation for an OBE dated 21 June 1943 when he was CO, No.1659 Conversion Unit and this was most likely the basis of his AFC.

 

Since completing his tour of operations in April 1942, Wing Commander Turnbull has shown exceptional ability and devotion to duty both as a flying instructor and as Commanding Officer of the Conversion Unit. He has done 396 hours instructional flying and built the unit up from a flight of 405 Squadron to a very efficient full-sized Conversion Unit. He sets a high standard for his officers and is an outstanding example to all pilots screened for instructional duties after a tour of operations.

 

Public Records Office Air 2/8959 has recommendation which links his award to No.1659 Conversion Unit and is more precise than above:

 


This officer has shown exceptional ability and devotion to duty bit as a flying instructor and as Commanding Officer of the Unit. He sets a high standard for his officers and is an outstanding example to all pilots screened for instructional duties after a tour of operations. He has shown fine ability in the building of this Conversion Unit.

 

TURNBULL, W/C Robert Steele, AFC, DFM (J15054) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 19 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1296/44 dated 16 June 1944.

 

This officer has completed many sorties on his second tour of operations. He is a five leader, whose example of courage and devotion to duty has been worthy of high praise. In addition to his work in the air, Wing Commander Turnbull has displayed great organizing ability and has devoted much energy towards the training of other members of the squadron with excellent results. He has rendered much loyal and devoted service.

 

TURNBULL, G/C Robert Steele, DFC, AFC, DFM (J15054) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.64 Base - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross Group Captain Turnbull has completed a second operational tour, throughout which he has consistently displayed the highest courage and tenacity of purpose. On many occasions he has pressed home his attack and successfully completed his mission under extremely difficult and hazardous circumstances. Outstanding leadership and coolness in the air together with his initiative and exceptional ability on the ground have set an inspiring example to all.

 

TURNBULL, W/C Robert Steele, DFC, AFC, DFM (19768) - Croix de Guerre with Silver Star (France) - Award as per AFRO 485/47 dated 12 September 1947.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNBULL, F/L Walter Lundy (J35824) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945. Born 1916 in Winnipeg; home in Regina (chartered accountant); enlisted there 1 September 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 17 April 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 17 September 1943). Commissioned September 1943. Award presented in Vancouver, 22 October 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 17 December 1944 when he had flown 27 sorties (149 hours five minutes), 27 June to 15 December 1944. The first eight sorties (27 June to 18 July) were with No.420 Squadron; those from 28 July to 15 December were in No.428.


In the air Flight Lieutenant Turnbull has displayed exceptional skill and ability as a navigator together with great courage, coolness and determination. His efforts have contributed to a major degree in the operational efficiency of his crew and the unit as a whole.

 

As Navigation Leader he has shown exceptional qualities in leadership and initiative and has maintained the efficiency of his section at a high standard producing excellent results.

 

For his all around ability and devotion to duty, I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNBULL, F/O William Wrigley Watts (J18177) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.9 Squadron - Award effective 24 May 1944 as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1944 and AFRO 1444/44 dated 7 July 1944. Citizen of Mexico; born 1916 in Pueblo, Mexico; home in San Antonio, Texas; enlisted in Montreal, 18 August 1941. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 19 December 1941), No.12 EFTS (graduated 27 February 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 11 September 1942). Commissioned 1943. Award presented in Honduras, 23 July 1949. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9149 has recommendation dated 11 February 1944 when he had flown 25 sorties (175 hours 20 minutes).

 

* early return; not counted as a sortie

 

8 July 43 Cologne (6.10) 18 Oct 43 Hanover (5.10)

12 July 43 Turin (9.40) 22 Oct 43 Kassel (5.30)

24 July 43 Hamburg (5.25) 18 Nov 43 Berlin (7.55)

27 July 43 Hamburg (5.00) 22 Nov 43 Berlin (6.45)

9 Aug 43 Mannheim (6.10) 23 Nov 43 Berlin (6.40)

12 Aug 43 Milan (3.40)* 3 Dec 43 Leipzig (7.20)

14 Aug 43 Milan (8.50) 16 Dec 43 Berlin (7.25)

22 Aug 43 Leverkusen (4.40) 20 Dec 43 Frankfurt (5.40)

23 Aug 43 Berlin (7.20) 23 Dec 43 Berlin (7.25)

3 Sept 43 Berlin (8.00) 1 Jan 44 Berlin (3.55)*

6 Sep 43 Munich (8.30) 14 Jan 44 Brunswick (5.35)

23 Sep 43 Mannheim (6.30) 20 Jan 44 Berlin (7.15)

7 Oct 43 Stuttgart (6.20) 21 Jan 44 Magdeburg (7.40)

8 Oct 43 Hanover (4.50)

 


Nine trips to Berlin rounded off this officer's very efficient tour of operations. On his last trip he was engaged for a quarter of an hour by an enemy fighter. Continual bursts of fire were maintained on both sides and damage was inflicted by both combatants. Flying Officer Turnbull is a United States citizen who joined the RCAF before the USA declared war. His gallantry is well appreciated by the members of his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNER, P/O Alvin Clinton (C17967) - Mention in Despatches - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Born 2 June 1919; home in Codette, Saskatchewan; foreman at General Motors; enlisted in Saskatoon, 24 July 1940. No citation in AFRO. See G.A. Brown, Those Who Dared. Aircraft shot down over Holland, 5 March 1943; he baled out. Evaded capture and returned to UK. Public Records Office Air 2/5025 has recommendation for a Military Cross (War Office suggested British Empire Medal). Left Gibraltar 27 June 1943; arrived Hendon 28 June 1943.

 

On the night of 6th March, 1943, Pilot Officer Turner was the flight engineer of an aircraft detailed to bomb Essen. After bombing the target the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire and Pilot Officer Turner sustained a severe cut in his right eye. Later, while crossing the Zuider Zee, the bomber was attacked by fighters and set on fire. The captain ordered the crew to escape by parachute. Pilot Officer Turner became unconscious during his descent. On regaining consciousness after landing he disposed of his parachute and other equipment and, with the aid of a pocket compass, he commenced to walk southwards towards Amsterdam. Here he hid in doorways when necessary and, after daybreak, left the city, remaining in a small wood near Diemerburg for the rest of the day. He was subsequently able to evade a number of German patrols and reached Utrecht on 8th March. He avoided a German camp but was later accosted by a German guard whom he managed to deceive by making guttural noises when challenged. Pilot Officer Turner then hid in a hay stack and later continued his journey, reaching Tricht on 9th March. He had obtained food by stealth and managed to board a train on the 10th March which he left between Wicjk and Aachen. He proceeded southwards on foot and ultimately some helpers gave him food and a civilian suit. He found his way into Belgium and reached Liege on 12th March. Here he obtained help from a waiter in a restaurant who took him to his house. Pilot Officer Turner's subsequent journey to this country was arranged for him.

 

NOTE: Air 2/5025 also has recommendation submitted 27 September 1943 by his CO, noting he had flown ten sorties (56 hours 50 minutes). Recommended for DCM; G/C A.D. Ross supports this (30 September 1943); A/V/M G.E. Brookes notes (14 October 1943) that Turner has been commissioned and suggests a Military Cross.

 

Sergeant Turner has completed ten operational sorties against the enemy and enemy occupied territory as Flight Engineer. At all times he has shown himself to be efficient, keen and determined in the face of grave dangers.

 


On the night of 6th March 1943, Sergeant Turner's aircraft failed to return. He returned himself, however, after some 15 weeks. The details of his escape from enemy territory as outlines in MI.9 MOST SECRET REPORT M.I.9/S/P.G.-1273, show outstanding fortitude on his part. His determination to avoid capture and to return to friendly territory deserves nothing but the highest praise.

 

FURTHER NOTE: Air 2/5025 includes long MI.9 report on his evasion up to linking with Resistance.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNER, Corporal David George (R105610) - Medal of Merit, Second Class (Czechoslovakia) - No.12 Communications Squadron - Awarded as per Canada Gazette dated November 2nd, 1946 and AFRO 1075/46 dated 15 November 1946.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNER, F/O Geoffrey (J7326) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.75 Squadron - Award effective 1 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943 and AFRO 2005/43 dated 1 October 1943. Born 1913 in Middlesborough, Yorkshire; home in Minaki, Ontario (optical instrument maker). Private in Kenora Light Infantry, 1928-1930; bandsman in Winnipeg Grenadiers, 1938-1940; enlisted in Winnipeg, 16 December 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 4 April 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 6 June 1941) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 29 August 1941). Killed in action, 23 September 1943 (Stirling EH936); buried in Germany. Award presented to next of kin, 16 December 1944.

 

This officer has taken part in numerous sorties and has proved himself to be a fearless and skilful pilot. On one occasion he was severely injured as the result of a crash landing but, on recovery some months later, resumed operational flying with undiminished zest. One night in July 1943, Flying Officer Turner piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Hamburg. Whilst over the target area, the aircraft collided with an enemy fighter which struck and broke off some four feet of the starboard wing. Other damage was sustained, making the bomber difficult to control. Nevertheless, Flying Officer Turner flew back to base and effected a safe landing. He displayed outstanding skill and determination throughout.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNER, F/L Gordon Chester (C10033) - Mention in Despatches - Station Croft - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Home in North Simcoe, Ontario; enlisted in Hamilton, 6 February 1942. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation drafted 26 July 1944.

 


This officer was appointed on 6th February 1942, and has served in the United Kingdom for sixteen months. He has been employed as Engineer Officer in charge of Daily Servicing Squadron since this station became operational in December last. During that time he has displayed the utmost in the way of initiative and resourcefulness in an attempt to weld the ground crews of two thoroughly disorganized squadrons into competent and efficient servicing organizations.

 

His assignment throughout has been a most difficult one and for many months he was faced with the problem of trying to effect flight maintenance while staffed with a high percentage of untrained personnel.

 

He has consistently displayed a keenness and unswerving conscientiousness that is characteristic of very few officers. His thorough knowledge of the work in hand and his personal example in the way of ceaseless self endeavour have made themselves felt, not only throughout the whole of the Maintenance Wing, but by the aircrew as well, who have implicit faith in Flight Lieutenant Turner's ability and in the quality of the maintenance work being done on the aircraft.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNER, F/L Gordon Chester (C10033) - Mention in Despatches - Station Croft - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Identified in AFRO as "Overseas". McEwen papers (CWM) with list of recommendations with MiD recommendations for 1 February to 31 July 1945 identifies unit. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) confirms unit and gives recommendation (for an MBE) dated 2 May 1945, when he was in charge of Daily Servicing Section.

 

Showing ability, drive and determination, Flight Lieutenant Turner has been an outstanding officer at this unit. In charge of the Daily Servicing Section, he has, by his organizing ability and force of character, secured a high standard of efficiency in his section. A good leader, he is respected by his men and is able to get the best results from them. He holds the confidence of squadron personnel and has thus contributed both to the efficiency and morale of operational efforts from this unit.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNER, W/C Percival Stanley, DSO, DFC (20426) - War Cross, 1939 (Czechoslovakia) - Canada Gazette dated 24 January 1948, AFRO 81/48 dated 6 February 1948.

 

TURNER, W/C Percival Stanley, DSO, DFC (20425) - Medal for Bravery (Czechoslovakia) - Canada Gazette dated 24 January 1948, AFRO 81/48 dated 6 February 1948.

 

* * * * *

 


TURNER, S/L Samuel Ashton (C6739) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.5 Release Centre - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Enlisted in Saskatoon, 25 July 1941. Award presented 6 November 1948.

 

This officer has always displayed initiative and devotion to duty far beyond the average. His untiring efforts have set an example for the staff which has been largely responsible for the continued high morale considered most essential at a Release Centre where personnel get their final and lasting impression of Air Force life.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNER, F/O Stewart Douglas (C4456) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.160 Squadron - no details of training; he is evidently a pilot. Award effective 28 November 1945 as per London Gazette of 11 December 1945 and AFRO 212/46 dated 1 March 1946. Born September 1916 in Toronto; home in Calgary; enlisted in Toronto, 30 November 1941. Commissioned March 1941. Postwar he was a distinguished lawyer and judge. Died in Toronto, 27 September 1990.

 

This officer has completed a tour of operational duty during which he has displayed outstanding courage, determination and devotion to duty. On one occasion his aircraft was forced down on the sea but despite this trying experience he has continued to show undiminished enthusiasm for operational flying. Flying Officer Turner is an excellent captain of aircraft who has consistently set a high standard and an inspiring example to his crew.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9138 has original recommendation dated 13 September 1945 when he was credited with 25 sorties (450 operational hours); text expands somewhat on the above (published) citation:

 

Throughout his operational tour Flying Officer Turner has shown outstanding determination and devotion to duty. During his first operational sortie he carried out a successful ditching. In spite of attendant shock, he was flying operationally within ten days of the incident and went on to complete a most successful tour. In all his work he has consistently set a high standard and as captain of aircraft he is beyond reproach. He is cheerful, enthusiastic, and an example to his comrades.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNER, F/L (now S/L) Sydney Desmond (C1577) - Mention in Despatches - No.162 Squadron (Canada) - Awarded 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born in Vancouver, 26 January 1911. Home in Victoria, British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 31 January 1929; re-enlisted (or commissioned) at North Sydney, Nova Scotia, 15 November 1939. Later awarded DFC. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Vol.57, File 190-I) has citation.

 


This officer has flown 390 hours on anti-submarine sweeps and convoy duty over a period of eight months. He has at all times displayed a conspicuous devotion to duty and has faithfully completed, often under adverse conditions, all operational tasks assigned to him. He has organized his unit well and has maintained within it a high standard of morale and efficiency.

 

TURNER, W/C Sydney Desmond (C1577) - Distinguished Flying Cross - Eastern Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 5 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1133/44 dated 26 May 1944. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 57, file 190-I) has citation; notes indicate that as of recommendation he had flown 2,325 hours (925 of them on operations, 154 sorties). Award presented 9 April 1945.

 

This officer has been employed continuously on anti-submarine operations over the Northwest Atlantic since September 1939. Throughout this service he has displayed coolness and courage in hazardous circumstances and conspicuous devotion to duty. His outstanding ability and successful leadership has been an inspiration and very praiseworthy.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNER, S/L William Ronald David (C1369) - Commended for Valuable Services in the Air - No.1 Training Command Headquarters - Awarded 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born at Carmen, Manitoba, 19 August 1915; educated in Manitoba public schools and University of Manitoba. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 13 or 16 November 1939; trained at No.1 SFTS (wings on 20 May 1940; graduated 17 July 1940) and Central Flying School, Trenton. Remained in postwar RCAF; Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 (Group Captain, No.17 Wing, Auxiliary Air Force). Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 57, File 190-I) has citation.

 

This officer has shown outstanding qualities and exemplary application to his duties as a flying instructor at the Central Flying School, and subsequently as Assistant Chief Supervisory Officer at an Elementary Flying Training School and generally in continued efforts to the furtherance of Flying Training. In the course of 15 months this officer did approximately 1,200 hours instructional flying.

 

TURNER, W/C William Ronald David (C1369) - Air Force Cross - No.1 Training Command Headquarters. Award effective as of 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Described as having flown 1,821 hours, 1,200 hours as instructor, nil flying in past six months. Award presented.

 


Throughout his tour of duty in the Air Training Plan, this officer has shown the greatest enthusiasm in flying training and its related problems. By his exceptional initiative and flying ability he has been responsible for many helpful and practical suggestions for the betterment of training. His recognized skill as a pilot, combined with his sound judgement and co-operative spirit, have made notable his excellent and faithful work.

 

* * * * *

 

TURNOUR, FS Noel Cecil (R62270) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 26 December 1942 as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1943 and AFRO 232/43 dated 12 February 1943. Born in Alberta; home in Vancouver (student); enlisted in Saskatoon. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 15 November 1940), No.12 EFTS (ceased training, 2 January 1941), No.5 AOS (graduated 26 April 1941), No.4 BGS (graduated 7 June 1941) and No.1 CNS (graduated 8 July 1941). Award presented 20 March 1944.

 

Flight Sergeant Turnour has taken part in attacks on most of the principal targets in Germany and German occupied territory and has also participated in many successful mining operations. One night in August 1942 he was a member of the crew of an aircraft detailed to attack Kassel. On the outward journey the aircraft was attacked by a Junkers 88. After a hard battle the enemy bomber was shot down and Flight Sergeant Turnour navigated his aircraft to the target which was bombed successfully. Throughout, this airman's zeal, courage and outstanding work have been an example to all and his cool confidence and determination have always been of the highest order.

 

* * * * *

 

TURPIN, P/O John Alfred (J92863) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.102 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born 1924 in Quebec City; home there (student); enlisted there 20 July 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 6 February 1943), No.4 BGS (graduated 24 July 1943) and No.9 AOS (graduated 17 September 1943). Commissioned October 1944. Award presented. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation dated 10 February 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (168 hours), 8 August 1944 to 22 January 1945.

 

 

8 Aug 44 Belle Croix les Hit by flak; starboard outer feathered;

Bruyeres (3.40) landed Shepherd's Grove.

11 Aug 44 Somain (4.00)

15 Aug 44 Eindhoven (3.50)

18 Aug 44 Sterkrade (4.30)

25 Aug 44 Wemers Capel (3.15)

27 Aug 44 Homberg (2.55) Early return; port outer feathered

31 Aug 44 Lumbers (3.40)

14 Sep 44 Wilhelmshaven (2.15) Group recall

7 Oct 44 Cleve (4.20) Army co-operation


9 Oct 44 Bochum 5.55)

14 Oct 44 Duisburg (5.25) Diverted to Foulsham

22 Oct 44 GARDENING, Kattegat Starboard outer feathered over (6.25) Denmark

25 Oct 44 Essen (5.40)

28 Oct 44 Cologne (4.45)

31 Oct 44 Cologne (5.25)

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (5.10)

6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen (5.10)

21 Nov 44 GARDENING, Oslo Fiord (6.45)

27 Nov 44 GARDENING, Horten (6.20)

30 Nov 44 DUISBURG (5.49)

5 Nov 44 Soest (6.15)

6 Dec 44 Osnabruck (6.05)

24 Dec 44 Mulheim (4.55) Diverted to Carnaby

26 Dec 44 St.Vith (4.45)

28 Dec 44 Munchen-Gladbach (5.25)

29 Dec 44 Koblenz (6.25)

30 Dec 44 Cologne (6.20)

2 Jan 45 Ludwigshaven (6.50)

13 Jan 45 Saarbrucken (6.40)

14 Jan 45 Dulmen (7.10)

16 Jan 45 GARDENING, Kattegat (6.25)

22 Jan 45 Gelsenkirchen (5.15)

 

Pilot Officer Turpin has completed a first tour operations in Bomber Command as an Air Bomber. During his tour of 30 sorties he has carried out 23 attacks on German territory by day and night, three sea mining operations and four attacks on occupied territory. Among the German targets he has attacked in the heavily defended area of the Ruhr are Bochum, Duisburg, Gelsenkirchen (twice), Essen, Dusseldorf, and Cologne (three times).

 

Pilot Officer Turpin has shown a very high standard of efficiency as an air bomber and crew member throughout his tour. He has obtained an aiming point photograph on every occasion where cloud conditions permitted his camera results to be plotted.

 

By his splendid record and quiet but dogged determination this officer has proved himself to be an outstanding member of a gallant crew. I consider that his fine operational record fully merits for him the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 


TURPIN, Sergeant Muriel Joyce (W316801) - British Empire Medal - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Enlisted in London, England, 19 October 1943. Clerk; repatriated to Canada, 8 May 1946; released 19 December 1946. Award presented by Governor General, 10 December 1947.

 

This non-commissioned officer has carried out outstanding work in the Directorate of Medical Services during the past two and one-half years. Her loyalty and integrity have been unimpeachable and her diligence and interest in the Service have been far in excess of what is normally expected of a non-commissioned officer. She is extremely efficient and conscientious and has been of great assistance in maintaining a co-operative spirit in the Orderly Room at the Directorate of Medical Services.

 

* * * * *

 

TURVEY, F/L David Lloyd George (J7424) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.417 Squadron - Award effective 31 August 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 September 1944 and AFRO 2231/44 dated 13 October 1944. Born 14 January 1919 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 9 December 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 4 May 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 21 June 19441) and No.6 SFTS (graduated and commissioned 13 September 1941). To "Y Depot, 25 September 1941; to RAF overseas, 27 September 1941; to No.131 Squadron, 8 March 1942; to No.244 Wing, Middle East, 20 May 1942; to No.238 Squadron, 25 August 1942; to No.92 Squadron, 1 March 1943; to No.417 Squadron (date uncertain). Press Release 2021 dated 21 May 1943 states he destroyed a Bf.109 in Tunisia. Destroyed a FW.190 on 29 March 1944 and damaged a Bf.109 on 14 May 1944 (both with No.417 Squadron); invested with award by King George 10 October 1944. Repatriated 28 October 1944; to No.1 Training Command, 4 December 1944; to No.1 Wireless School, 8 January 1945; released from RCAF on 1 May 1945. Died in Sunnybrook Hospital, Toronto, 7 October 2001.

 

Now on his second tour of operational duty, this officer has proved to be a skilful leader and courageous pilot who, by his fine fighting spirit and devotion to duty,has contributed in no small way to the successes attained by his squadron. On several occasions he has led formations of fighters which have successfully intercepted much larger formations of enemy aircraft. In February 1944, when over the Anzio beachhead, Flight Lieutenant Turvey, who was leading eight aircraft, engaged and successfully broke up a formation of twenty enemy fighters and a month later accomplished a similar feat against a force of thirty enemy aircraft. He has destroyed at least two enemy aircraft and damaged others.

 

* * * * *

 


TUSTIN, F/O Thomas George (J35513) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945 and AFRO 1085/45 dated 29 June 1945. Born 1919 in Brandon, Manitoba; home in Bonnyville, Alberta; educated at University of Alberta (sampler and labourer, COTC and ex-Royal Canadian Artillery); enlisted in Edmonton, 17 July 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 22 January 1943), No.6 BGS (graduated 30 April 1943) and No.10 AOS (graduated 17 September 1943). Commissioned September 1943. Award sent by registered mail 7 June 1950.

 

Flying Officer Tustin has participated in many operational sorties against a wide range of vital targets. He has shown himself to be a cool and skilful navigator and has set an excellent example of gallant and unselfish devotion to duty. In November 1944 his aircraft was detailed for a mission against Dusseldorf. On the return flight from the target damage was sustained from anti-aircraft fire and a fire broke out in the aircraft. Flying Officer Tustin calmly directed the pilot by the shortest route to a landing in friendly territory, when it became necessary to abandon the aircraft by parachute. This officer gave valuable assistance in leading the other members of the crew to safety.

 

* * * * *

 

TUTTON, FS Francis Mark (R86544) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.83 Squadron - Award effective 6 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 13 August 1943 and AFRO 1849/43 dated 10 September 1943. Born at Edmonton, 1914; home there (salesman); enlisted there 27 December 1940. Trained at No.5 BGS (graduated 18 August 1941) and No.2 WS (graduated 3 March 1941). Invested with award by King George 8 February 1944.

 

The majority of the operational missions in which this airman has participated have been raids on the enemy's most heavily defended targets. On two occasions his skill in giving directions to his pilot has caused enemy fighters to break off their attacks. On one occasion, when returning from a raid at a low altitude, this airman's aircraft was illuminated by several searchlights which Flight Sergeant Tutton extinguished by skilful gunnery. Later, when crossing the French coast, he engaged light anti-aircraft batteries with success. Flight Sergeant Tutton has invariably displayed coolness and efficiency of a high order.

 

* * * * *

 

TWAMLEY, F/L Bruce Elwood (C7316) - Commended for Valuable Services in the Air - No.8 AOS - Award effective 28 May 1943 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 2 June 1943, and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. Home in Listowel, Ontario; enlisted in London, Ontario, 22 August 1941. Trained at No.1 ANS (graduated 8 November 1941), No.5 ITS (graduated 4 April 1942) and No.8 AOS.

 

This officer's unselfish devotion to duty and keenness have been extremely valuable in the output of trained observers at this school. His untiring efforts and skill as an Instructor are evidenced by the high standard reached by his pupils. Flight Lieutenant Twamley has flown 225 hours during the last ten months.

 


* * * * *

 

TWISS, Corporal Guy Lyndon (R97816) - British Empire Medal - RCAF Station Prince Rupert - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and RCAF Routine Order 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born at Ganges, Salt Spring Island; educated in British Columbia schools; enlisted in Vancouver, 26 March 1941. Award presented 15 January 1945.

 

One night recently when a Canso boat crashed and turned over in the harbour, this NCO rushed to the scene in a dinghy accompanied by another senior NCO. Corporal Twiss boarded the crashed aircraft carrying a lamp and succeeded with great difficulty in extricating the flight engineer, who was injured and trapped in the wreckage. This NCO's act of gallantry was outstanding in that he carried out his purpose with exceptional coolness in the face of danger of an explosion of gasoline. Shortly after the aircraft burst into flames and sank.

 

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TWIST, W/C Joseph Gainham (C1282) - Air Force Cross - Central Flying School - Award effective 26 October 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2386/43 dated 19 November 1943. Enlisted in RCAF, 3 October 1939, at Sault Ste.Marie, Ontario. Award presented 27 April 1944.

 

Wing Commander Twist has an exceptionally fine record as a flying instructor due to his outstanding ability and enthusiasm for work and has exerted a powerful influence upon the younger instructors and pupils to the benefit of the Service. In the early stages of training he carried out intense research on the spinning characteristics of Harvard aircraft. The data compiled by him has been included in Air Publications for Flying Instructors and it is considered that these findings have greatly assisted in decreasing the number of fatal accidents due to spinning.

 

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TYCHO, F/L Norman Ingemar (J23109) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Home in Smithers, British Columbia; enlisted Vancouver 24 September 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 30 January 1942), No.4 WS (graduated 8 June 1942) and No.7 BGS (graduated 25 January 1943).

 

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TYLEY, F/L Kenneth (J14835) - Croix de Guerre (France) - No.342 Squadron (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas" - Awarded as per AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 28 September 1919 in Peoria, Illinois; home in Chicago; enlisted in Toronto, 7 October 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 11 April 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 20 June 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 6 November 1942). Attended Flying Instructor School, Trenton, 7 November to 29 December 1942; served at No.6 SFTS, Dunnville, 30 December 1942 to 3 November 1943; to No.1 GRS, Summerside, 4 November 1943; to No.31 OTU, Debert, 29 January 1944; to "Y" Depot, Lachine, 21 May 1944; to No.45 Group, Dorval, 23 May 1945; to "Y" Depot, Lachine, 6 August 1944; embarked Halifax, 29 August 1944; arrived in UK, 5 September 1944; at No.21 (P) AFU, 7 November to 5 December 1944; at No.13 OTU, 5 December 1944 to 28 February 1945 when posted to No.2 GSU; to No.88 Squadron, 15 March 1945; to No.342 Squadron, 6 April 1945, serving with that unit until 30 May 1945; repatriated to Canada, July 1945; released 10 September 1945; appears to have remained in Canada. Wartime ranks as follows: AC2, 7 October 1941; LAC, 11 April 1942; Pilot Officer, 9 October 1942; Flying Officer, 9 Ail 1943; Flight Lieutenant, 9 October 1944. Award sent by registered mail 22 July 1946. Public Records Office Air 2/9031 gives citation.

 

This pilot of the Royal Air Force, although of an unassuming nature, has not been able to hide from his colleagues his first-class professional ability and fighting spirit, which he has constantly shown. Since his posting to No.342 Squadron he has carried out a series of operations against objectives in Western Germany and under all circumstances has shown unquestionable skill and leadership. He particularly distinguished himself on the 18th and 19th April 1945, when he contributed much to the success of important missions and on the 25th April 1945, when the formation in which he was flying was singled out by the enemy for intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire.

 

NOTE: On 2 July 1945 he filled out a form outlining his overseas flying. He described this as 50 operational hours (16 sorties, last sortie on 25 April 1945) plus 70 non-operational hours. His overseas types had been Oxford (40 hours), Boston (60 hours) and Mitchell (20 hours).

 

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TYNAN, F/O Grant Gowan (J20252) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1918 in Winnipeg; home in Vancouver; ex-Irish Fusiliers; enlisted Vancouver 3 December 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 4 July 9942), No.1 BGS (graduated 25 April 1942) and No.1 AOS (graduated 23 October 1942). Commissioned 1942. Award presented with Bar, 21 February 1948. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." Public Records Office Air 2/8882 has recommendation dated 20 September 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (201 hours 20 minutes), 9 August 1943 to 12 September 1944. Appears to have been in the same crew as F/L L.B. Burnand.

 

* denotes counted as 1/3 sortie

# not counted as a sortie

 

9 Aug 43 NICKLING, Creil (4.00)# 16 Jun 44 Renescure (2.00)

20 Jan 44 Berlin (3.10), DNCO 23 Jun 44 Coubronne (1.46)


21 Jan 44 Magdeburg (7.20) 24 Jun 44 Middle Straete (1.44)

15 Feb 44 Berlin (7.15) 27 Jun 44 Oisemont-au-Bois (2.23)

1 Mar 44 Stuttgart (6.55) 30 Jun 44 Villers Bocage (2.34)

6 Mar 44 Trappes (4.20)* 2 July 44 Oisemont-au-Bois (2.13)

7 Mar 44 Le Mans (4.30)* 12 Jul 44 Paris/Vaires (3.03)

18 Mar 44 Frankfurt (6.00) 15 Jul 44 Nucourt (3.37)

22 Mar 44 Frankfurt (6.00) 17 Jul 44 Cagny (2.29)

24 Mar 44 Berlin (1.35), DNCO 22 Jul 44 Acquet (2.35), DNCO

26 Mar 44 Essen (4.50) 23 Jul 44 Kiel (5.12)

30 Mar 44 Nuremburg (8.15) 24 Jul 44 Stuttgart (6.58)

18 Apr 44 Tergnier (4.30)* 25 Jul 44 Stuttgart (7.11)

20 Apr 44 Ottignies (4.15)* 27 Jul 44 Boissons (3.19)

22 Apr 44 Dusseldorf (4.55) 28 Jul 44 Stuttgart (6.18)

24 Apr 44 Karlsruhe (6.35) 30 Jul 44 Battle area (3.21)

26 Apr 44 Paris (5.10)* 5 Aug 44 Chaussee (3.06)

27 Apr 44 Montzen (4.35) 8 Aug 44 Lucheux (2.38)

30 Apr 44 Acheres (4.35)* 10 Aug 44 La Pallice (5.13)

1 May 44 Malines (3.40) 13 Aug 44 Falaise (2.38)

6 May 44 Nantes (4.40) 16 Aug 44 Stettin (5.13)

11 Jun 44 Tours (5.07) 18 Aug 44 Bremen (4.48)

15 Jun 44 Lens (3.08) 12 Sep 44 Frankfurt (5.49)

 

This officer is a keen and efficient navigator in a very successful crew, now on their second tour of operations. The missions in which this officer has participated include as objectives such heavily defended areas as Stuttgart, Frankfurt and Berlin. Much of the success attained by his crew can be attributed to the skill and aptitude displayed by Flying Officer Tynan on all occasions. His courage and determination to make his missions successful have been an inspiration not only to the other members of his crew but to the squadron generally.

 

TYNAN, F/L Grant Gowan, DFC (J20252) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945.

 

Throughout two tours of operations Flight Lieutenant Tynan has proved himself to be a very keen and skilful navigator. he has participated in a large number of operational missions against such heavily defended targets as Frankfurt, Essen and Stuttgart. Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, Flight Lieutenant Tynan has continued to display high courage, devotion to duty and a fine fighting spirit which have set an inspiring example to all.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9050 has recommendation dated 20 December 1944 which lists all sorties. He had by then flown 51 sorties (248hours 30 minutes) including 13 sorties (51 hours 40 minutes) since previous award. The additional trips (and recommended text) as follows:


20 Sep 44 Calais (2.20) 30 Oct 44 Cologne (4.15)

27 Sep 44 Bottrop (3.15) 2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (3.55)

28 Sep 44 Cap Gris Nez (1.50) 11 Nov 44 Dortmund (4.10)

5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (4.45) 18 Nov 44 Munster (3.45)

6 Oct 44 Dortmund (4.45) 21 Nov 44 Coblenz (4.15)

15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven (4.10) 21 Nov 44 Aschaffenburg (5.00)

19 Oct 44 Stuttgart (5.15)

 

Flight Lieutenant Tynan is a very keen and efficient Navigator in a highly successful crew which has now completed two tours of operations. He has participated in attacks on such heavily defended enemy areas as Frankfurt, Essen and Stuttgart. Invariably, this officer has displayed a high degree of courage and a fighting spirit which has acted as an incentive to all fellow crew members. He is an excellent leader, with a thorough knowledge of both the theoretical and practical side of his work, and applies himself diligently with the same enthusiasm on any ground tasks allotted to him. His cheerfulness and eagerness to operate on every possible occasion has had an inspiring effect on other Navigators on the squadron, and has done much to keep the standard of their work at a high level.