MUFF, F/O John (J16608) - Mention in Despatches - No.28 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Home in Carleton Place, Ontario; enlisted in Ottawa, 28 April 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 26 October 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 19 December 1941) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 10 April 1942). Arrived overseas 20 April 1942. Commissioned 1943.

 

* * * * *

 

MUIR, F/L Gilbert Alexander (C5645) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.46 Squadron - Award effective 12 May 1944 as per London Gazette dated 19 May 1944 and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born in Winnipeg, 1912; home there; enlisted there 13 June 1941. Commissioned 1941. Promoted to Flight Lieutenant as of 18 March 1943. Medal presented 9 April 1949.

 

This officer has taken part in night intruder operations over Rhodes, Cos and Crete. On one occasion he was observer in an aircraft when at least two enemy aircraft were destroyed and others damaged. Flight Lieutenant Muir's technical knowledge and experience have been invaluable to his squadron, while his keenness and devotion to duty have been an inspiring example to all.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/9626 has the original recommendation dated 19 March 1944:

 

Flight Lieutenant Muir was one of the pioneers of scientific night interceptions on the technical side, and has never lost any opportunity of flying as observer. His technical knowledge and practical experience have been invaluable, and his keenness and example have been an inspiration to all.

 

He has also taken part in night intruder operations over Rhodes, Cos and Crete, and on a recent occasion was observer to group Captain Max Aitken, DSO, DFC, when two enemy aircraft were destroyed, one probably destroyed and one damaged. Flight Lieutenant Muir's navigational skill contributed to the success.

 

Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

Group Captain Aitken had piloted Beaufighter LZ330 "F" in the action described (5/6 March 1944); on 27 March 1944 he added his own comments:

 

This officer has always shown the most intense desire to fly and engage the enemy both at home and overseas. He has contributed largely to the success of No.46 Squadron, especially in regard to their serviceability of A.I. [airborne radar]. His navigational ability, together with his exceptional keenness, was almost entirely responsible for the success in night intruder operations over Rhodes and Crete. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *


MUIR, F/O John Archibald (J23085) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.19 EFTS - Award effective 5 October 1943 as per Canada Gazette and London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2258/43 dated 5 November 1943. Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 7 January 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 29 April 1941), No.19 EFTS (graduated 26 June 1941), and No.15 SFTS (graduated 3 September 1941). Medal sent by registered mail 8 June 1948.

 

This officer, when taking off, noticed a Gypsy Moth crash and immediately burst into flames. Instantly, Flying Officer Muir slipped down and landed beside the burning aircraft and as he left his plane he saw the pupil pilot half stand in the cockpit and suddenly collapse backward into the fire out of sight. Without hesitation this officer entered the flames and brought the injured and unconscious pilot to safety, who although severely burned has since recovered. The Medical Officer who witnessed the accident stated that had the pilot remained in the flames fifteen or twenty seconds longer he would have been fatally burned. Flying Officer Muir at extreme danger to himself and suffering from burns to both arms unquestionably saved his pupil's life.

 

* * * * *

 

MUIR, W/C Joseph Raymond Cuthbertson, ED (C2520) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.3 Training Command (later No.1 ACHQ) - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Home in Montreal; enlisted there, 15 August 1940. Veteran of Royal Flying Corps (shot down over Piave River, Italy). Served with Sherbrooke Regiment, 1930 to 1939 (Lieutenant to Major). Joined RCAF on formation of No.3 Training Command and organized their accounts section. Instituted pay records methods subsequently used throughout RCAF and adopted by Army. In September 1944 he was appointed Executive Assistant to Chairman, Dependants' Allowance Board, AFHQ. Medal presented 2 May 1948.

 

This officer has been the Command Accountant at this command for a long period of time. Throughout this period he has displayed outstanding zeal and initiative in the performance of his duties. Through his untiring efforts, a high standard of efficiency has been consistently maintained in the Accounts Branch at this Headquarters. This officer's devotion to duty and meritorious service have been of the highest order.

 

* * * * *

 

MULDOWNEY, F/O William George (J28861) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945 and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Born 1918 in Toronto; home there (metal polisher; ex-Royal Canadian Artillery); enlisted there 31 July 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 20 March 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 6 August 1943). Commissioned August 1943. Medal presented in Toronto 30 November 1949. Died in Ottawa, 4 October 1997. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 18 December 1944 when he had flown 27 sorties (139 hours 40 minutes), 3 September to 27 November 1944.

 

As navigator, this officer has completed twenty-seven successful operational sorties over enemy territory. Throughout, he has displayed the greatest keenness and his example of courage and determination has been of a high order.

 

For his outstanding record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

* * * * *

 

MULHALL, F/L Victor Allen (J4757) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.214 Squadron - Award effective 7 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 13 May 1943 and AFRO 1035/43 dated 4 June 1943. Born in Regina, 1918; home in Saskatchewan; member of Militia (Weyburn Regiment), 1934 to 1937 and of RCMP (1937-1940); enlisted in Ottawa 11 May 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 21 June 1940, No.1 EFTS (graduated 16 August 1940), No.1 SFTS (ceased training 7 October 1940), No.1 BGS (graduated 17 February 1941), No.1 AOS (graduated 3 January 1941) and No.1 CNS (graduated 20 March 1941). Commissioned 1941. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 7 December 1943.

 

Flight Lieutenant Mulhall has been navigation officer in his squadron for eleven months, during three months of which he has also performed the duties of bombing leader. Despite his duties as squadron navigation officer, Flight Lieutenant Mulhall has taken part in a large number of operational sorties. Twice on recent occasions he has returned with excellent photographs of the aiming point. The high standard of navigation attained in the squadron is largely owing to the untiring efforts of this officer, while his personal example has been a source of inspiration to his fellow navigators.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/8950 has recommendation drafted 21 March 1943 when he had flown 32 sorties (173 hours 35 minutes). Sortie list and text add to the record:

 

23 Aug 41 Le Havre 10 Feb 42 Brest

25 Aug 41 Karlsruhe 12 Feb 42 Sweep for cruisers, North Sea

28 Aug 41 Duisburg 8 Mar 42 Essen

31 Aug 41 Cologne 9 Mar 42 Essen

7 Sept 41 Kiel 10 Mar 42 Essen

12 Sept 41 Frankfurt 23 Mar 42 GARDENING

28 Sept 41 Genoa 25 Mar 42 Essen

14 Oct 41 Nuremberg 28 Mar 42 Lubeck

20 Oct 41 Bremen 2 Apr 42 Poissy

24 Oct 41 Brest 17 May 42 Vichy (Nickel raid)

1 Nov 41 Brest 4 Sep 42 Bremen

7 Nov 41 Berlin 13 Sep 42 Bremen

23 Nov 41 Brest 17 Dec 42 GARDENING

25 Nov 41 Essen 13 Feb 43 Lorient

11 Dec 41 Cologne 1 Mar 43 Berlin

15 Dec 41 Brest 8 Mar 43 Nuremberg

 

Flight Lieutenant Mulhall has been Navigation Officer in this squadron for over eleven months, during three months of which he has also performed the duties of Bombing Leader.

 

He has carried out 32 operational sorties (involving 173 hours 35 minutes) and is an excellent practical navigator. His work in this squadron has been of a high order, and it has been largely due to his untiring efforts that the standard of navigation has reached such a high level, particularly in astro work. Despite the fact that his work as a Squadron Navigation Officer has entailed his being on duty for long periods, he has continued to operate.

 

Twice in his recent sorties he has been responsible for obtaining excellent photographs. These were obtained in Bremen on two different occasions and were both close to the aiming point. Flight Lieutenant Mulhall's personal example has been an inspiration to the navigators of this squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

MULHOLLAND, F/L John Valentine (J36985) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Born 1922 in Perth County, Ontario; home in Mitchell, Ontario (hydraulic press operator); enlisted in Hamilton 17 August 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 1 May 1943), No.10 EFTS (graduated 25 June 1943) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 15 October 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation in AFRO other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy". DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 19 March 1945 when he had flown 36 sorties (221 hours ten minutes), 24 September 1944 to 16 March 1945.

 

This captain has completed thirty-six heavy operational bombing attacks against the enemy; at all times his work has been of a very high calibre.

 

This squadron does special mining work for the group and this requires crews of a very dependable nature. Flight Lieutenant Mulholland possesses coolness, and displays exceptional fearlessness in the face of danger and can be relied upon to complete the most hazardous mining operations. His bombing attacks have been of an excellent calibre and he has never been a non-starter; his skilful and calculated handling of his aircraft under extremely difficult conditions has been an inspiration to his crew.

 

* * * * *

 

MULHOLLAND, F/L William John (J28665) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.166 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 1919 in Toronto; home there (student); enlisted there 4 December 1940. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 6 February 1943), No.5 EFTS (graduated 3 April 1943) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 6 August 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal sent by registered mail 28 June 1949. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8750 has recommendation dated 13 April 1945 when he had flown 35 sorties (243 operational hours), 2 November 1944 to 4 April 1945.

 

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf 13 Feb 45 Dresden

9 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel 21 Feb 45 Duisburg

11 Nov 44 Dortmund 23 Feb 45 Pforsheim

21 Nov 44 Aschaffenburg 1 Mar 45 Mannheim

27 Nov 44 Freiburg 2 Mar 45 Cologne

29 Nov 44 Dortmund 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz

3 Dec 44 Urft Dam 7 Mar 45 Dessau

4 Dec 44 Karlsruhe 8 Mar 45 Kassel

6 Dec 44 Merseburg 11 Mar 45 Essen

12 Dec 44 Essen (10) 12 Mar 45 Dortmund

15 Dec 44 Ludwigshaven 15 Mar 45 Misburg

22 Dec 44 Coblenz 16 Mar 45 Nuremburg

16 Jan 45 Zeitz-Troglitz 18 Mar 45 Hanau

22 Jan 45 Duisburg 21 Mar 45 Bremen

1 Feb 45 Mannheim (15) 24 Mar 45 Harpenerweg

2 Feb 45 Weisbaden 27 Mar 45 Paderborne

7 Feb 45 Cleve 4 Apr 45 Lutzkendorf

8 Feb 45 Politz

 

As captain of aircraft this Canadian officer has now carried out 35 sorties against the enemy. During his stay with the squadron he has discharged his duties with distinction and has proved himself to be a worthy leader of a gallant crew. He has consistently pressed home his attacks despite fierce enemy opposition and on more than one occasion has successfully defied attacks by enemy night fighters.

 

By his skill as a pilot and coolness under fire he has won the implicit confidence of his crew and his conduct at all times has done much to maintain the high standard of morale in the squadron.

 

For his outstanding ability, strong sense of duty and undoubted courage he is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MULLEN, FS (now P/O) Robert Gerald (R61626/J15209) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.407 Squadron - Award effective 29 May 1942 as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1942 and AFRO 880-881/42 dated 12 June 1942. See War Service Records 1939-1945 (Canadian Bank of Commerce, 1947). Born 17 February 1918 at Saskatoon, Saskatchewan; educated in Winnipeg and Regina; home in Canora, Saskatchewan. Enlisted 20 June 1940 in Regina. Trained at No.2 ITS and No. 6 EFTS; graduated from No.4 SFTS, 28 January 1941. Commissioned February 1942. Overseas in February 1941, flew 44 sorties (30 at night) with No.407). Returned to Canada, June 1942, to instruct at Charlottetown and Summerside. Medal presented by Governor General, 16 April 1943.

 

Since September, 1941, Flight Sergeant Mullen has completed over thirty operational flights of which twenty-five have been completed at night. Disregarding danger he has pressed home his attacks against enemy ships at mast-head height in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire from the vessels and shore batteries. The success he has achieved has been gained by his undaunted keenness.

 

NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Volume 20628) has recommendation for DFMs dated 3 March 1942 for Flight Sergeant R.G. Mullen, Sergeant D.K. Branter (RCAF, Mentioned in Despatches, 1 January 1943) and Sergeant Richard Webdell (RAF, later commissioned and awarded Mention in Despatches, 1 January 1943). A copy of the same document is to be found in Public Record Office Air 2/9588.

 

Flight Sergeant Mullen with his two Wireless Operator/Air Gunners, Sergeant Webdell and Sergeant Branter, have flown 116 hours on 33 operational flights on this squadron since September 1941. Of this flying 25 flights, a total of 86 hours, have been by night. During this period four merchant vessels have been successfully attacked by night.

 

Their record of attacks is as follows:

 

12.9.41 M.V. 2,000 tons Direct hit (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm motor vessel probablly damaged).

29.9.41 M.V. 5,000 tons Fire observed after attack (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm motor vessel probably damaged).

12.10.41 M.V. 1,000 tons No claim.

30.11.41 M.V. 5,000 tons Vessel observed sinking (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm motor vessel seriously damaged).

10.1.42 M.V. 6/8,000 tons Direct hit on centre island (Coastal Command Headquarters confirm motor vessel probably damaged).

 

These attacks have all been pressed home at mast head height in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fir from shipping and shore batteries. Their aircraft was damaged by anti-aircraft fire on the last attack, one member of the crew was wounded, the undercarriage and the port wing were badly damaged.

These successes have been achieved by undaunted keenness and an exceptional co-ordination of effort by all members of the crew which have been a splendid source of inspiration to all crews.

 

MULLEN, P/O Robert Gerald, DFM (J15209) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - Award effective 9 June 1942 as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1942 and AFRO 1000-1001/42 dated 3 July 1942. DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation for DFM dated 10 February 1942; he was then a Flight Sergeant. He was awarded a DFM on 11 June 1942, but the citation for that differs markedly from what follows here:

 

This Canadian NCO was one of the first pilots of this squadron to score a success against enemy shipping. He has flown 115 hours on 30 operational flights as pilot and captain of his aircraft and is credited with damaging three enemy supply ships, a total of 13,000 tons, and with probably damaging another 7,000 tons. In addition he attacked one vessel of which it was impossible to observe the results.

 

These praiseworthy successes have been achieved by continuous keenness and flying of the highest order. The sincere esteem in which Sergeant Mullen is held by the aircrews is a splendid source of inspiration to all.

 

In carrying out his most recent attack the aircraft was damaged by anti-aircraft fire and his observer was wounded.

 

* * * * *

 

MULLIGAN, F/L Eric Harold (J16708) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 6 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 12 November 1943 and AFRO 2610/43 dated 17 December 1943. Born in Pembroke, Ontario, 1920; home in Sudbury, Ontario (apprentice mechanic); enlisted in Ottawa, 16 December 1940. Commissioned 1943. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 11 August 1944. No citation in AFRO other than "completed many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1513 (RG.24 Vol.20600) has recommendation by W/C W.D.B. Ferris dated 18 September 1943 when he had flown 17 sorties (108 hours 30 minutes), 6 September 1942 to 24 July 1943. Flight Engineer Leader; returned from Berlin 1 March 1943 with 78 holes in aircraft.

 

Since joining the squadron in September 1942, Flight Lieutenant Mulligan has carried out operations against heavily defended targets in Germany. These sorties included the following: Duisburg, Frankfurt, Dusselldorf, Wilhelmshaven, Essen (two), Saarbrucken, Flensburg, Lorient, Turin, Cologne (two), Berlin, Kiel, Stettin, Dortmund, Hamburg.

 

Flight Lieutenant Mulligan has at all times set a very good example to his fellow Flight Engineers in the capacity of a leader. He has carried out two conversions on the squadron, keeping a high standard of efficiency amongst his men. Under a cheerful manner he has inspired a high standard of morale, and I strongly recommend that this officer be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MULLIGAN, S/L George Bernard (C2411) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.16 SFTS - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 6 January 1945 and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Home in North Simcoe, Ontario; enlisted in Ottawa 6 August 1940. Medal presented 17 June 1945.

 

This officer, as Senior Administrative Officer, has earned the esteem and admiration of all ranks by the efficiency and untiring devotion with which he has carried out his duties. Progressive and most loyal, he has shown exceptional leadership in his work over a long period of time. By his energy, industry, initiative and self sacrifice, he has set a splendid example and has contributed materially to the successful operation of his station.

 

* * * * *

 

MULVIHILL, F/L John Cornelius (C1052) - Air Force Cross - No.116 (BR) Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born in Ottawa, 23 October 1918; enlisted there; trained at Trenton and Camp Borden. Later commanded "Bluenose" Squadron which he led back to Canada in June 1945. Medal presented by Governor General, 16 April 1943. Photo PL36593.

 

The total flying time of this officer is 935 hours, 529 of which have been on operational coastal patrol flights, often in adverse weather conditions. The devotion to duty and outstanding zeal of this officer, together with his fearless qualities make him an inspiration and example to all other members of the squadron.

 

* * * * *

MULVIHILL, F/O Kevin Patrick (J23249) - Mention in Despatches - No.11 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 20 February 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 1 August 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.15 SFTS (graduated 5 February 1942).

 

Flying Officer Mulvihill is a very conscientious and capable pilot who has recently completed a tour of operations on the East Coast. He has at all times carried out his duties in a most commendable manner.

 

* * * * *

 

MUNCASTER, FS Harold Henry (Can 6066) - British Empire Medal - No.18 SFTS - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 20 September 1939 (as per DHist card - but citation says he had been in RCAF eleven years. Medal presented 17 January 1948.

 

This non-commissioned officer has served eleven years in the Royal Canadian Air Force. He is extremely industrious and well above the average in skill and intelligence. He applies himself to his job with a thoroughness that is outstanding. He is absolutely reliable and by his example is of infinite value to his superior officers. In the Maintenance Wing of this unit he knows his job and does it well and cheerfully.

 

* * * * *

 

MUNGALL, F/O Robert Hill (J14862) - Mention in Despatches - No.11 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Home in Union Mills, New Brunswick; enlisted in Moncton, 21 August 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 January 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated5 March 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 21 June 1941).

 

This officer has completed a tour of operations and has recently been employed transporting personnel by air across the North Atlantic. He has carried out his duties in a most exemplary manner and is deserving of high praise.

 

* * * * *

 

MUNN, F/O John (J25562) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.578 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born 1915 in Regina; home in Victoria (packer); enlisted there 28 May 1937. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 5 June 1942), No.5 EFTS (graduated 11 September 1942) and No.2 AOS (graduated 16 April 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal sent by registered mail 4 February 1952. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8831 has recommendation dated 11 November 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (164 hours 12 minutes).

 

(* denotes daylight sortie)

 

1 May 44 Malines (4.23) 6 July 44 Croixdale (3.39)*

11 May 44 Trouville (4.08) 9 July 44 Les Cartelliers (4.15)*

22 May 44 Orleans (5.32) 15 Jul 44 Nucourt (3.55)

27 May 44 Bourg Leopold (4.17) 18 Jul 44 Caen H.2 (4.21)*

31 May 44 Trappes (5.34) 20 Jul 44 Bottrop (4.44)

2 June 44 Harinzeles (3.13) 23 Jul 44 Kiel (5.08)

4 June 44 Boulogne (3.01) 24 Jul 44 Stuttgart (8.00)

6 June 44 Chateaudun (5.54) 28 Jul 44 Foret de Nieppe (3.38)*

8 June 44 Alencon (4.58) 30 Jul 44 Battle area (4.23)*

11 Jun 44 Massy Palaiseau (4.45) 11 Aug 44 Somain (3.53)*

12 Jun 44 Amiens (3.46) 12 Aug 44 Russelsheim (6.21)

14 Jun 44 Douai (3.30) 14 Aug 44 TRACTABLE 21A (3.44)

23 Jun 44 Oisemont (3.33) 15 Aug 44 Tirlemont (4.19)

24 Jun 44 Le Grand Rossignol (3.51)* 18 Aug 44 Sterkrade (4.37)

27 Jun 44 Marquis Mimoyecques (3.23)* 3 Sept 44 Venlo (4.18)*

28 Jun 44 Wizernes (3.08)* 15 Sep 44 Kiel (5.48)

30 Jun 44 Villers Bocage (4.31)* 17 Sep 44 Boulogne (3.35)*

1 July 44 Oisemont (3.34)* 25 Sep 44 Calais (3.38)*

5 July 44 St.Martin L'Hortier (3.27) 27 Sep 44 Calais (3.28)*

 

Flying Officer Munn has carried out 38 operations totally 164.12 hours flying including those against such well know targets as Kiel, Stuttgart, Russelsheim, etc.

 

He has accomplished with outstanding success a large number of navigational tasks and his continuous skill and accuracy have ensured that his aircraft has completed in accurate accord with orders, successful journeys to many different targets. Even tempered and cool during the most difficult tasks, Flying Officer Munn's quiet and confident manner have contributed much towards the high morale of his crew.

 

It is recommended that his fine operational record should be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MUNRO, S/L George Robert (C3374) - Mention in Despatches - Skipton-on-Swale (AFRO gives unit as No.63 Base) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. Home in Stratford, Ontario; enlisted in Hamilton 9 December 1940. DHist file 181.009 D.1762 (RG.24 Vol.20609) has recommendation sent to No.63 Base HQ, 20 August 1944. MiD again, 1 January 1946. Enlisted January 1941; 13 months in Canada, five months in Africa, 26 months in UK.

 

Squadron Leader George Robert Munro has served as Senior Intelligence Officer at this station for the past six months. He has been largely instrumental in organizing his Section and bringing it to a high standard of efficiency. He has worked tirelessly and without stint and has at all times set a splendid example to his Section and the Station.

 

MUNRO, S/L George Robert (C3374) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; unit found in McEwen Papers list of recommendations for MiD.

 

* * * * *

 

MUNRO, P/O James Francis (J17499) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.97 Squadron - Award effective 1 July 1943 as per London Gazette dated 13 July 1943 and AFRO 1724/43 dated 27 August 1943. Home in Fitzroy Harbour, Ontario; enlisted in Ottawa, 21 May 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 24 September 1941), No.12 EFTS (graduated 21 November 1941), and No.5 SFTS (graduated 13 March 1942). Repatriated to Canada, August 1943; returned to operations overseas; reported missing in January 1944 but appears to have evaded capture. Meal presented by Governor General, 27 June 1945.

 

This officer has displayed a high standard of determination and efficiency during numerous operational missions. Many of these have been completed in the face of intense opposition over such targets as Essen, Spezia and Milan. In pressing home his attacks during these sorties Pilot Officer Munro has invariably displayed outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty which have been a fine example to his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

MUNRO, F/L Lorne Earle (J29516) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.156 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Born 1912; home in Brantford, Ontario (salesman); enlisted in London, Ontario, 28 July 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 19 March 1943) and No.5 AOS (graduated 20 August 1943). Commissioned 1943. Killed in action 31 March 1945 (Lancaster PB517) during daylight sortie to Hamburg. Medal presented to his mother at Governor House, 7 November 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation dated 18 February 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (173 hours 50 minutes), 20 July 1944 to 7 February 1945.

 

20 Jul 44 Courtrai 19 Oct 44 Stuttgart

25 Jul 44 Stuttgart 23 Oct 44 Essen

28 Jul 44 Stuttgart 25 Oct 44 Essen

3 Aug 44 Chantilly 28 Oct 44 Cologne

4 Aug 44 Pauillac 20 Nov 44 Colbenz

7 Aug 44 Caen 21 Nov 44 Ascheffenburg

10 Aug 44 Paris 27 Nov 44 Freiburg

11 Aug 44 Fontaine le Pin 29 Nov 44 Essen

16 Aug 44 Stettin 30 Nov 44 Duisburg

25 Aug 44 Russelheim 4 Dec 44 Karlsruhe

29 Aug 44 Stettin 6 Dec 44 Osnabruck

30 Sep 44 Bottrop 21 Dec 44 Bonn

6 Oct 44 Sterkrade 16 Jan 45 Zeitz

7 Oct 44 Cleve 22 Jan 45 Hamborn

14 Oct 44 Hamborn 1 Feb 45 Mainz

14 Oct 44 Duisburg 7 Feb 45 Goch

15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven

 

Flight Lieutenant Munro has completed 33 operational sorties, the majority of which have been on German targets; 22 of these have been with the Pathfinder Force.

 

This officer is a reliable and efficient navigator and has always maintained a high standard in his operational work. He is keen and determined and his zest for operational work is worthy of high praise.

 

He has shown loyalty and devotion to duty of a high order and I recommend him for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MUNSIE, FS Lewis Smith (R88247) - British Empire Medal - Linton-on-Ouse (identified in AFRO only as "Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Pictou, Nova Scotia; enlisted in Halifax, 26 March 1941. Medal presented 16 April 1948. No citation in AFRO; DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 3 May 1945 when he had been 3 years in Canada, seven months in UK. He was NCO in charge of Bomb Dump. See also Roth, MBE.

 

On the morning of Thursday, 8th March 1945, a 500-pound bomb, fitted with a six-hour delay fuse, was discovered in the bomb dump at this unit, with the ampoule broken and the bomb fused. The bomb had been removed the previous night from a non-starter aircraft and was resting in a bay next to a 1,000-pound fused bomb with a long delay pistol. In the adjoining bays were 168,000 pounds of normally fused bombs, as well as a large quantity of unfused bombs.

 

No one knew just when or how the ampoule was broken and consequently the bomb dump area was immediately evacuated, except for the Base and Station Armament Officers, Flight Sergeant Munsie, and one other senior NCO Armourer. It was decided to remove the bomb with the broken ampoule and Flight Sergeant Munsie and the other Senior NCO proceeded to collect demolition equipment in preparation to demolish the bomb. The bomb was removed to the rear entrance of the bomb dump, where the Station Armament Officer, Flight Sergeant Munsie and the other senior NCO assisted in making a hole in the barbed wire fence surrounding the aircraft dispersal, so that the bomb could be towed into a field, the demolition charges placed, and the bomb destroyed.

 

Outstanding courage and devotion to duty were displayed by Flight Sergeant Munsie during this undertaking and his coolness and efficiency throughout the incident have set an outstanding example to all ranks. He is strongly recommended for the award of the British Empire Medal.

 

* * * * *

 

MURCHIE, F/L Burton Durrell (J15366) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.175 Squadron - Award effective 6 November 1942 as per London Gazette dated 24 November 1942 and AFRO 1962/42 dated 4 December 1942. Born St.Stephen, New Brunswick, 1920; home in Colchester, Essex, New Brunswick. Educated in Fredericton; enlisted in Moncton, 13 August 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 27 November 1940) No.7 EFTS (graduated 16 January 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 29 March 1941). Commissioned 1942.

 

This officer has participated in numerous sorties including many low level attacks on shipping and land targets. His keenness to engage the enemy has been outstanding and he has invariably pressed home his attacks with the utmost vigour. By his excellent leadership and high skill Flight Lieutenant Murchie has won the entire confidence of his flight.

 

* * * * *

 

MURIE, WO (now P/O) Leonard Munro Thompson (R188011/J86014) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 13 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 30 June 1944 and AFRO 2052/44 dated 22 September 1944. Born Brighton, Ontario, 1924; home in Coburg, Ontario (lathe operator); enlisted in Toronto, 17 August 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 22 January 1943). Medal presented 19 November 1948.

 

Throughout a tour of operational duty this Warrant Officer has displayed a fine fighting spirit and by his cheerful confidence in times of stress has largely contributed to the successes attained by his crew. As mid-upper gunner, by his unceasing vigilance and skilful use of his guns, he has several times frustrated attacks on enemy fighters.

 

* * * * *

 

MURPHY, F/L Clifford Edward Joseph (J20392) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 3 March 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 March 1944 and AFRO 766/44 dated 6 April 1944. Born in Belleville, Ontario, 1917; home there; enlisted in Toronto, 18 July 1941. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 30 January 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 10 April 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 14 August 1942). Commissioned 1942. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 11 August 1944.

 

This officer has completed numerous sorties, including several attacks on the German capital. He has invariably displayed a high degree of courage and skill and his example has been worthy of emulation. In February 1944 he piloted an aircraft, one engine of which failed long before the target was reached. In spite of this, Flight Lieutenant Murphy flew on to complete his missions successfully.

 

* * * * *

 

MURPHY, F/O Francis Benton (J25733) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1916 in MacLeod, Alberta; home in Cowley, Alberta (aerodrome keeper); enlisted in Calgary 28 May 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942), No.2 BGS 6 March 1943) and No.7 AOS (graduated 30 April 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 7 September 1949. Bomb aimer in F/L G.A. Ecclestone's crew (33 trips, 124 points). No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation dated 18 March 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (208 hours 30 minutes), 12 July 1944 to 23 February 1945. Sortie list says that on 9 October (Bochum) there were three attacks by enemy fighters. Form gives name as Francis Bennett.

 

Flying Officer Murphy has completed a tour of operations, the majority of which sorties were attacks against heavily defended targets including such targets as Munich and Dresden. At all times Flying Officer Murphy has displayed courage, devotion to duty and a fine offensive spirit which has served as an example to all other Bomb Aimers. His helpful guidance to new crews has contributed in large measure to the success of the squadron as a whole.

 

* * * * *

 

MURPHY, P/O Harry Oliver (C50234) - Air Force Cross - No.3 OTU - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born in Ladner, British Columbia, 24 March 1915. Educated at Delta and Ladner. Millwright at Ocean Falls, B.C. before enlisting in Vancouver, 10 November 1941. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Vol.59, file 190-I, dossier 7) has citation. When recommended he had flown 636 hours.

 

Pilot Officer Murphy has completed 636 hours flying as a staff flight engineer in the conversion flight of No.3 Operational Training Unit since November 1943. Almost all of this time has been on day and night circuits with pupil pilots undergoing their first seaplane training and represents a considerable nervous strain. Pilot Officer Murphy has never flagged in his enthusiasm for this arduous duty and has set a valuable example to his fellows. The devotion to duty and ability he has shown over a long period are most commendable.

 

* * * * *

 

MURPHY, F/L Jack Morris (J22769) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 30 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 1922 in Kinnistino, Saskatchewan; home in St.Thomas, Ontario (clerk); enlisted in Saskatoon, 27 August 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 11 February 1942), No.15 EFTS (graduated 8 May 1942) and No.11 SFTS (graduated 11 September 1942). Commissioned 1942. Medal sent by registered mail 1 November 1946.

 

This officer has set a fine example of skill, gallantry and devotion to duty, qualities which were well illustrated during a recent sortie involving a minelaying mission in enemy waters. In spite of poor weather Flight Lieutenant Murphy reached his target where he was met with heavy and accurate anti-aircraft fire. Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Murphy made three runs over the target to ensure that his mines were dropped in the desired area. His determination was characteristic of that which he has shown on all occasions.

 

* * * * *

 

MURPHY, F/O Keith Campbell (J7228) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.115 Squadron - Award effective 16 October 1942 as per London Gazette dated 27 October 1942 and AFRO 1783/42 dated 6 November 1942. Born in Ottawa, 27 February 1920; home there; enlisted there 14 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 December 1940), No.1 AOS (graduated 22 June 1941), No.1 BGS (graduated 2 August 1941), and No.1 ANS (graduated 1 September 1941). Commissioned September 1941. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 15 December 1942.

 

This navigator bomb aimer has participated in sorties against many of the enemy's most highly defended targets and recently acted as captain of aircraft. His work has been of the highest order, and he has set a high standard by his courage and devotion to duty.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9600 has recommendation dated 20 August 1942 when he had flown 29 sorties (153 hours 30 minutes). The text is unusual for, although a navigator, he is described as acting on occasion as captain of the aircraft:

 

22 Apr 42 Le Havre 29 June 42 Bremen

24 Apr 42 Dunkirk 30 June 42 North Sea search

25 Apr 42 Rostock 2 July 42 Bremen

4 May 42 Stuttgart 8 July 42 Wilhelmshaven

6 May 42 Stuttgart 11 July 42 GARDENING, Baltic

8 May 42 Warnemunde 13 July 42 Duisburg

17 May 42 GARDENING, Heligoland 21 July 42 Duisburg

19 May 42 Mannheim 23 July 42 Duisburg

29 May 42 Ghone Rhone Works 25 July 42 Duisburg

30 May 42 Cologne 26 July 42 Hamburg

1 June 42 Essen 29 July 42 Saarbrucken

3 June 42 Bremen 12 Aug 42 Mainz

6 June 42 Emden 16 Aug 42 GARDENING, Frisians

9 June 42 Frisians (bomb raid) 18 Aug 42 Elensburg

25 June 42 Bremen 21 Aug 42 GARDENING, Biscay

 

Since joining the squadron in April of this year, Pilot Officer Murphy has carried out 29 operations as navigator; his work as such has been of the highest order and he has set a fine example to the new navigators in the squadron.

 

On his last few sorties he has acted as captain of aircraft, which duty he has carried out exceptionally well. On all his operations he has acted as bomb aimer as well as navigator, photographs have been brought back of Warnemunde, Le Havre, Gnome Rhone Works, Cologne, Emden, Hamburg and Saarbrucken.

 

This officer has at all times set a high standard by his courage and devotion to duty; he has helped with the training of new crews, sacrificing much of his spare time to do so.

 

To this the Station Commanding Officer adds (23 August 1942):

 

Pilot Officer Murphy has proved himself cool and outstanding navigator when carrying out these 29 operations in 115 Squadron. Never once has he failed to reach his target even if weather conditions were unfavourable. For his outstanding work in the squadron, although he was a navigator, he was made Captain of Aircraft and while acting as such he set a fine example to his crew and to other crews in the squadron. Very strongly recommended for an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

NOTE: A clipping from his biographical file is interesting for the description of a navigator's kit and is quoted here:

 

Flight Lieutenant Murphy...had to wrinkle his brow to set down the contents of the two green canvas bags which the navigator carries out with him in addition to all the paraphernalia of his flying equipment.

 

"Let's see", he said. "First of all there are the maps, about 12 of them for an important trip. Then there are two or three charts on which the course must be plotted and the log sheet upon which the record of the flight is jotted down. Everything is put down on the log from the time of take off to the time of landing. There's also the computer, in its own canvas case, with which our track can be calculated according to the direction of the winds - its a revolving disc on a metal square. There are parallel rulers and an ordinary plastic ruler. Then there's a protractor for measuring tracks on the map, a pair of dividers and a heavy sextant in a metal case. We carry, too, a planisphere which is a celluloid sheet in a steel frame, on which the position of the stars at any given time can be found. There are also the cartridges - for the Verey pistol which is used for firing, when necessary, the "recognition" colours of the day. Oh, and I mustn't forget the flashlight, and pencils and eraser. To all that you can add the few things which individual navigators carry along with them to help them on the trip.

 

In the plane of course are other instruments like the astrograph and astro compass and other odds and ends.

 

* * * * *

 

MURPHY, F/L Leo Thomas (J27190) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.10 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1507/45 dated 28 September 1945. Born 1920 in Toronto; home there (aircraft worker); enlisted there 6 April 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 6 November 1942), No.11 EFTS (graduated 5 December 1943) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 11 June 1943). Commissioned June 1943. Medal sent by registered mail 13 February 1952.

 

This officer has always shown outstanding determination to press home his attacks on the enemy. He has acted as deputy flight commander and has greatly assisted in the development of new crews. In October 1944 he was captain of an aircraft detailed to attack Cologne. During the attack one engine failed but despite this handicap and heavy anti-aircraft fire the mission was completed. On many other flights Flight Lieutenant Murphy has proved himself to be an exceptionally able captain of aircraft.

 

* * * * *

 

MURPHY, F/O Louis Eric John (J20191) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 6 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2534/44 dated 24 November 1944. Born 1923 at Moberley, Cheshire; home in Brittania Heights (Ottawa), Ontario; enlisted in Ottawa, 27 August 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 8 April 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1942) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 23 October 1942). Commissioned 1942. One of 21 killed in crash of a Dakota at Estevan, Saskatchewan, 15 September 1946.

 

Flying Officer Murphy has completed very many sorties as captain of aircraft. In August 1944 he piloted an aircraft of a bomber force detailed to attack Foret de Nieppe. Whilst over the target area the aircraft sustained severe damage. Despite this he flew the aircraft safely to base. He displayed the highest standard of airmanship, coolness and determination in a most difficult situation. This officer has completed many sorties.

 

* * * * *

 

MURPHY, P/O Matthew John (J16832) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 6 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943 and AFRO 2005/43 dated 1 October 1943. Born in Orillia, Ontario, 1919; home in Falconbridge, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto, 30 April 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 6 October 1941), No.6 BGS (graduated 28 February 1942), No.9 AOS (graduated 16 January 1942) and No.2 ANS (graduated 13 April 1942). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 2 February 1945. Bomb aimer in Flight Sergeant H.E. Patch's crew.

 

Pilot Officer Murphy has proved himself to be cool, efficient and reliable as a bomb aimer during numerous operational missions. He has participated in attacks on Essen, Duisburg, Cologne and Wuppertal and many other objectives on enemy territory. A source of confidence for his crew and as a result of his efforts successful pictures of the aiming point have been secured on several occasions. This officer's excellent record of operations has been most commendable.

 

* * * * *

 

MURPHY, F/O Tommy Cecil (J88722) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.77 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945 and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Home in Demers Centre, Quebec; enlisted in Hamilton. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 18 December 1942), No.11 EFTS (graduated 19 March 1943) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 23 July 1943). Medal sent by registered mail 26 September 1949. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9060 has recommendation dated 15 January 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (154 hours 19 minutes), 7 July to 22 December 1944.

 

7 July 44 Caen (4.06) 24 Aug 44 Brest (4.55)

12 Jul 44 Hauts Boissons (3.35) 25 Aug 44 Chapelle Notre Dame

17 Jul 44 Caen (4.00) (3.15)

20 Jul 44 Chapelle Notre Dame 31 Aug 44 Lumbres (3.05, DNCO)

(3.05) 17 Sep 44 Boulogne (3.05)

1 Aug 44 Noyelle en Chausse 20 Sep 44 Calais (3.50)

(4.00, DNCO) 6 Oct 44 Gladbach (4.40)

3 Aug 44 Bois de Casson (4.15) 7 Oct 44 Cleve (4.00)

5 Aug 44 Foret de Nieppe 9 Oct 44 Bochum (5.55)

(3.35) 14 Oct 44 Duisburg (5.55)

6 Aug 44 Foret de Nieppe 15 Oct 44 Duisburg (6.00)

(3.15) 4 Nov 44 Bochum (5.10)

7 Aug 44 TOTALIZE 3 (3.35) 6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.45)

8 Aug 44 Chapelle Notre Dame 21 Nov 44 GARDENING, Oslo

(3.10) Fiord (6.55)

11 Aug 44 Somain (4.00) 29 Nov 44 Essen (5.55)

12 Aug 44 Russelsheim (5.55) 30 Nov 44 Duisburg (5.30)

15 Aug 44 Eindhoven (3.35) 2 Dec 44 Hagen (6.35)

16 Aug 44 Kiel (5.18) 13 Dec 44 GARDENING, Oslo

17 Aug 44 GARDENING, Gironde Fiord (6.35)

Estuary (6.55) 22 Dec 44 Bingen (5.55)

 

This captain of aircraft has now completed his first operational tour, having successfully carried out 33 sorties.

 

Throughout his tour he has impressed everyone by his determination and accuracy in bombing the most difficult targets. His consistently high performance on bombing targets made him a natural choice for special mining missions and his results on these particular sorties have been exceptional.

 

In recognition of a tour well carried out, during which he has at all times shown great devotion to duty, Flying Officer Murphy is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, S/L Allen Weir (C2066) - Member, Order of the British Empire - Eastern Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born 15 October 1907, River John, New Brunswick. Educated in Haileybury, Ontario. Chief Accountant with East Malartic Mines before enlistment. Home in Toronto. Enlisted in Ottawa, 30 May 1940. Equipment Accounting officer. Medal sent by registered mail 25 January 1946. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Vol.59, file 190-I, dossier 7) has citation.

 

This officer's work has been an important factor in maintaining a high rate of aircraft serviceability in Eastern Air Command. By his initiative and resourcefulness he has gained a wealth of service knowledge which at all times has been industriously and skilfully applied. He has given energetic assistance to squadron commanders and other officers in the field. By his outstanding devotion to duty he has been an example to all those with whom he has served and has made a valuable contribution to flying in Eastern Air Command.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, P/O Alpine McLean (J92480) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.158 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1919 in Capheath, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia (farmer and shipping clerk). Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 17 April 1943), No.4 BGS (graduated 17 September 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 29 October 1943). Commissioned November 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Murray has completed a successful tour of operational duty as air bomber. He has flown on attacks against most of the major targets in Germany. On one flight his aircraft sustained severe damage while attacking Cologne. The navigator was killed and an outbreak of fire was only prevented by the prompt action taken by Pilot Officer Murray. As the aircraft was then on the bombing run this officer completed the attack and then rendered all possible aid to the other members of the crew. He took over the navigator's duties and guided the aircraft safely back to this country. On other occasions when under enemy fire from fighters and ground defences Pilot Officer Murray has shown the greatest fortitude and resourcefulness. He has secured many excellent photographs.

 

NOTE: Although the above citation was published in AFROs, the original recommendation was found and copied in England; it is dated 15 March 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (186 hours 59 minutes), 23 September 1944 to 14 March 1945 and is given here for added information and comparison.

 

23 Sep 44 Neuss (5.22) Bombed in cloud.

25 Sep 44 Calais (3.32) Recalled by M/Bomber.

30 Sep 44 Bottrop (4.44) Bombed 12 miles WSW of AP.

6 Oct 44 Sterkrade (5.07) Bombed through clouds.

9 Oct 44 Bochum (5.42) Bombed TIs; many fires.

28 Oct 44 Domburg (3.14) Successful bombing.

29 Oct 44 Zoutelande (3.15) Bombed aiming point.

30 Oct 44 Cologne (6.21) Bombed TIs; nav. killed.

4 Nov 44 Bochum (4.49) Successful attack.

16 Nov 44 Julich (4.36) Successful.

18 Nov 44 Munster (5.15) Bombed through cloud.

21 Nov 44 Sterkrade (5.52) Bombed aiming point.

29 Nov 44 Essen (6.09) Bombed through clouds.

5 Dec 44 Soest (6.18) Concentrated attack; fires.

12 Dec 44 Essen (5.21) ditto.

24 Dec 44 Essen-Mulheim airfield (5.01) Bombed airfield.

26 Dec 44 St.Vith (4.08) Good bombing.

14 Jan 45 Saarbrucken (6.35) Sortie completed.

16 Jan 45 Magdeburg (6.01) Bombed aiming point.

1 Feb 45 Mainz (6.29) Many fires; good bombing.

7 Feb 45 Goch (5.43) Recalled by M/Bomber.

9 Feb 45 Wanne Eickel (5.28) Bombed aiming point.

13 Feb 45 Bohlen (8.25) Bombed through clouds.

21 Feb 45 Worms (7.19) Bombed TIs; many fires.

23 Feb 45 Essen (5.51) Bombed through clouds.

27 Feb 45 Mainz (6.27) ditto.

2 Mar 45 Cologne (5.27) Good bombing.

3 Mar 45 Kamen (6.16) Concentrated attack with many fires.

5 Mar 45 Chemnitz (8.42) Good attack.

7 Mar 45 Hemmingstedt (5.55) Bombed TIs; many fires.

12 Mar 45 Dortmund (5.35) Good attack.

13 Mar 45 Wuppertal (5.38) Bombed in cloud; fires.

14 Mar 45 Homburg (6.24) Bombed in cloud.

 

Pilot Officer Murray has completed a tour of operations as an air bomber in Halifax III aircraft with this squadron. He has flown against some of the most heavily defended targets in Europe and the majority of his attacks have been against vital objectives in Germany itself.

 

On 30th October 1944, when his aircraft was hit by a shower of bombs from a higher aircraft over Cologne, he displayed outstanding initiative and courage. An incendiary bomb killed the navigator and fell into the bottom of the aircraft. Immediately, Pilot Officer Murray seized the bomb and threw it through the parachute hatch. As he was then on the bombing run he aimed his bombs on to the target indicators and then went back to give aid to his colleague. After doing everything possible to help the navigator, whose skill was crushed, he went forward and took over the task of navigating the aircraft back to this country.

 

On this occasion this officer's resourcefulness and courage were an inspiration to others in the crew and were largely responsible for a safe return to base.

On other occasions, under enemy fire from fighters and flak, Pilot Officer Murray has shown the greatest fortitude, and with a complete disregard for the safety of his own life he has pressed home his attacks. His photographic record is an admirable one.

 

It is recommended that this officer's outstanding record of courage, initiative, determination and devotion to duty throughput a hazardous tour be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/L Bruce Alexander (J7212) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.10 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 18 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 June 1944 and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born 20 February 1921 at Crozier, Alberton County, Ontario. Educated at Fort Francis, Ontario. Enlisted in Fort William, 16 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 February 1941), No.1 BGS (graduated 2 August 1941), No.1 AOS (graduated 22 June 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 1 September 1941); Observer's wing in August 1941. Medal presented 16 May 1945. As of award had flown 1,197:45 hours, 780:55 operational (96 sorties).

 

This officer was Navigator on a VLR Liberator when it attacked an enemy submarine in the North Atlantic area. Encountering bomb door creepage on the final run-in, despite anti-aircraft fire, he coolly manipulated his bomb door controls to ensure the successful operation of the bomb release mechanism. This officer was largely responsible for the fact that the attack was assessed as probably sunk. In many hundreds of hours flown on anti-submarine operations, he has displayed exceptional skill and devotion to duty and by his splendid example he has earned the high respect of his fellow navigators.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, P/O Charles (J17498) - Mention in Despatches - No.83 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Home and wife in Watrous, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Saskatoon, 17 April 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 16 August 1941), No.16 EFTS (graduated 10 October 1941) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 2 January

1942). Killed in action 16/17 June 1943 (Lancaster ED907).

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/O David Heath (J28171) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.625 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born in Lachine, Quebec; home in Pointe Claire, Quebec (clerk); enlisted in Montreal, 11 April 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 5 December 1942), No.13 EFTS (graduated 19 February 1943), and No.2 SFTS (graduated 9 July 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented by Governor General, 5 October 1946. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." Public Records Office Air 2/8881 has recommendation dated 19 September 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (123 hours), 12 June to 20 September 1944.

 

* denotes photograph of aiming point obtained

** denotes photograph of target area obtained

 

12 Jun 44 Gelsenkirchen* 14 Aug 44 Fontainele Pin*

15 Jun 44 Boulogne 15 Aug 44 Volkel**

16 Jun 44 Domleger 16 Aug 44 Stettin**

22 Jun 44 Rheims 18 Aug 44 Ghent*

25 Jun 44 Liegescourt** 25 Aug 44 Russelheim

27 Jun 44 Vaires** 26 Aug 44 Kiel

29 Jun 44 Siracourt 29 Aug 44 Stettin

30 Jun 44 Vierzon** 31 Aug 44 Raimbert

4 July 44 Orleans 3 Sept 44 Gilze-Rijen**

5 July 44 Dijon** 5 Sept 44 Le Havre**

12 Jul 44 Revigny 8 Sept 44 Le Havre

4 Aug 44 Pauillac** 10 Sep 44 Le Havre

7 Aug 44 Fontenay le Marmion 20 Sep 44 Calais (day)

 

Flying Officer Murray is the Canadian captain and pilot of a Lancaster aircraft and has now carried out 26 sorties and 123 hours operational flying on his first tour of operations.

 

He has attacked many strongly defended targets in Germany and occupied territories including Gelsenkirchen, Stettin, Russelsheim and Kiel, but the heaviest defences have never deterred him and the attacks he has carried out have always been successful.

 

He has welded his crew together into a very efficient fighting team, and his calm and confident leadership has inspired them greatly. The bombing results they have obtained have been outstanding and photographs taken at the time of bombing have testified to the great accuracy they have achieved either by day or by night.

 

For his outstanding leadership, unfailing courage and devotion to duty, I strongly recommend Flying Officer Murray for an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/L Donald Lyle Hunter (J92255) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1507/45 dated 28 September 1945. Born Lyleton, Manitoba; home there (farmer); enlisted in Winnipeg, 18 November 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 9 May 1942), No.15 EFTS (graduated 31 July 1942) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 20 November 1942). Commissioned October 1944. Medal presented 22 February 1947. DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation dated 26 March 1945 when he had flown 24 sorties (163 hours 54 minutes), 14 December 1944 to 12 March 1945. On the Julich trip (16 November) the "other damage" involved both elevators, port flap destroyed, and mid-upper turret damaged.

 

As captain of aircraft this officer has displayed a fine fighting spirit and high skill during numerous operational sorties. On one occasion during an attack on Julich in November 1944 two of the engines of his aircraft were rendered unserviceable by anti-aircraft fire and other serious damage was sustained. In the face of great danger, Flight Lieutenant Murray flew his aircraft safely to base where he made a successful landing, thus undoubtedly saving the lives of his crew. He has always displayed outstanding ability as a captain and pilot.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/O Douglas Gray (J85076) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.35 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1921 in Southbank, British Columbia; home in Vancouver (tallyman); enlisted there 29 April 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 26 July 1941), No.8 EFTS (graduated 13 September 1941) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 5 December 1941). Commissioned February 1944. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8827 has recommendation dated 23 August 1944 when he had flown 47 sorties (192 hours) as follows:

 

(* denotes daylight sortie)

 

30 Jul 43 Renscheid 24 Jun 44 Middel Straete

3 Aug 43 Hamburg 6 July 44 Calquerean*

3 Oct 43 Kassel 7 July 44 Caen

8 Oct 43 Hanover 10 Jul 44 Nucourt*

22 Oct 43 Kassel 12 Jul 44 Rollez*

22 Nov 43 Berlin 14 Jul 44 Nucourt*

25 Nov 43 Frankfurt 16 Jul 44 St.Philibert*

15 Feb 44 Berlin 18 Jul 44 Wesseling

1 Mar 44 Stuttgart 20 Jul 44 Monttanbin*

9 Apr 44 Lille 22 Jul 44 L'Hey*

11 Apr 44 Aachen 23 Jul 44 Foret du Croc*

18 Apr 44 Rouen 25 Jul 44 Stuttgart

26 Apr 44 Essen 28 Jul 44 Hamburg

27 Apr 44 Friedrichshafen 30 Jul 44 Caen*

30 Apr 44 Acheres 3 Aug 44 Trossy*

3 May 44 Montdidier 6 Aug 44 Foret de Nieppe*

19 May 44 Boulogne 7 Aug 44 TOTALIZE

5 June 44 Longues 9 Aug 44 Foret de Nieppe

7 June 44 Foret de Cerisy 11 Aug 44 Douai*

8 June 44 Fougeres 12 Aug 44 Russelscheim

11 Jun 44 Tours 14 Aug 44 Falaise area*

15 Jun 44 Lens 16 Aug 44 Le Culot*

16 Jun 44 Resescure 16 Aug 44 Stettin

23 Jun 44 Coubrounne

 

Flying Officer Murray is an outstanding captain of aircraft who continues to show the most praiseworthy determination to attack his target regardless of the opposition. In all, he has flown on 47 sorties and he has recently operated in the important role of visual marker with much success.

 

In view of this officer's excellent record of devotion to duty and tenacity, he is recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, FS Duncan McKerral (R160850) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.44 Squadron - Award effective 5 August 1944 as per London Gazette dated 18 August 1944 and AFRO 2101/44 dated 29 September 1944. Born in Campbelltown, Scotland; home in Lousana, Alberta; enlisted in Calgary, 6 May 1942. Trained at No.2 WS (graduated 17 August 1942) and No.3 BGS (graduated 16 April 1943). Medal sent by registered mail 29 July 1947. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9632 has recommendation dated 15 May 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (202 hours 54 minutes), 20 October 1943 to 22 April 1944.

 

20 Oct 43 Leipzig (7.18) 19 Feb 44 Leipzig (7.14)

22 Oct 43 Kassel (4.05), DNCO 20 Feb 44 Stuttgart (7.58)

3 Nov 43 Dusseldorf (4.34) 24 Feb 44 Schweinfurt (7.23)

2 Dec 43 Berlin (7.17) 10 Mar 44 Ossun (8.03)

3 Dec 43 Leipzig (7.17) 15 Mar 44 Stuttgart (7.54)

16 Dec 43 Berlin (8.03) 18 Mar 44 Frankfurt (6.07)

20 Dec 43 Frankfurt (6.12) 22 Mar 44 Frankfurt (6.05)

1 Jan 44 Berlin (7.48) 24 Mar 44 Berlin (7.43)

5 Jan 44 Stettin (9.13) 26 Mar 44 Essen (5.21)

20 Jan 44 Berlin (7.04) 30 Mar 44 Nuremburg (7.24)

21 Jan 44 Berlin (7.19) 5 Apr 44 Toulouse (8.10)

27 Jan 44 Berlin (8.58) 9 Apr 44 GARDENING (9.08)

28 Jan 44 Berlin (7.42) 20 Apr 44 La Chapelle (4.49)

30 Jan 44 Berlin (6.53) 22 Apr 44 Brunswick (6.56)

15 Feb 44 Berlin (6.59)

 

Flight Sergeant Murray as Rear Gunner in his crew has taken part in 28 successful operational sorties. The targets he has visited include Berlin (ten times), Frankfurt (three times) and Leipzig (twice). This non-commissioned officer has invariably shown the greatest keenness to fly and fight and his efficiency and personal courage and cheerful spirit have all been on the same high level. It is these qualities which have made him an inspiring example to his fellow Air Gunners and to his crew.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/L Elbert Alonzo (J15142) - Mention in Despatches - No.410 Squadron - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944. Home in Stellerton, Nova Scotia; enlisted in New Glasgow, 23 September 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 21 December 1940), No.3 EFTS (graduated 9 February 1941) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 18 April 1941. Killed in flying accident, 30 July 1943 (Oxford V3744); buried in England.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/L Francis Neville (J21443) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1944 as per London Gazette dated 23 May and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born in St.Joseph, Trinidad, 1918; home at Maxwell Coast, Bahamas. Educated in England. Enlisted in Toronto, 28 November 1941. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 8 May 1942), No.9 EFTS (graduated 14 August 1942) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 4 December 1942). Commissioned 1942. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 11 August 1944. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 23 February 1944 when he had flown 15 trips (117 hours 50 minutes):

 

This officer has successfully completed fifteen operational bombing sorties on some of the most heavily defended targets. His courage and determination have always been of the highest order and at all times [he] has shown great tenacity to strike at the enemy. On two occasions, this captain has brought back to base his badly crippled bomber. His quiet and confident manner has been an inspiration to all those who come in contact with him.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/L Frederick Thomas (J18113) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.401 Squadron - Award effective 9 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 625/45 dated 13 April 1945. Born 28 May 1922 at Windsor, Ontario; home in Saint John, New Brunswick (bank clerk and ex-Royal Canadian Artillery). Enlisted in Moncton, 2 August 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 16 January 1942), No.22 EFTS (graduated 27 March 1942) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 31 July 1942). Commissioned 17 June 1943; Flying Officer on 17 December 1943; Flight Lieutenant on 24 December 1944. Posted overseas in August 1942 (immediately on gaining wings). Further trained at No.5 (P) AFU (11 September to 13 October 1942) and No.53 OTU (13 October 1942 to 13 January 1943). With No.412 Squadron (13 January 1943 to 24 March 1944 and 3 October to 24 December 1944) and No.401 Squadron (24 December 1944 to 22 February 1945). Shot down and taken prisoner, 22 February 1945, repatriated to Canada in June 1945, released 28 August 1945. Aerial victories as follows: 26 November 1944, one FW.190 destroyed, Venlo; 5 December 1944, two Bf.109s destroyed southwest of Wesel plus one Bf.109 probably destroyed; 29 December 1944, one FW.190 destroyed. Munster/Rheine; 14 January 1945, one FW.190 destroyed, Munster; 23 January 1945, two Ar.234s damaged at Munster (one further damaged, shared with eleven other pilots).

 

Flight Lieutenant Murray has completed very many sorties including a number of successful attacks against locomotives and other targets on the ground. In air combat he has destroyed five enemy aircraft. This officer has set a fine example of skill, courage and tenacity.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, P/O George Bremner (J15476) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.401 Squadron - Award effective 10 September 1942 as per London Gazette dated 29 September 1942 and AFRO 1653/42 dated 16 October 1942. Born in Winnipeg, 1920; home in Halifax; enlisted there 14 August 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS, No.16 EFTS, and No.11 SFTS. Commissioned 1942. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 8 December 1942.

 

Pilot Officer Murray has carried out numerous sorties. He is an excellent leader whose resource and skill in action have proved inspiring. He has set a praiseworthy example to others.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, P/O George Ernest (J87955) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1921,, Lakeside, Hampton County, New Brunswick; home in London, Ontario; enlisted in Moncton, 8 June 1942. Formerly in Saint John Fusiliers. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 18 December 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 16 April 1943). Commissioned July 1944. Medal presented 17 August 1949.

 

Throughout his tour of operations, Pilot Officer Murray has consistently shown high courage, determination and resourcefulness. In May 1944 he was navigator in an aircraft detailed to attack Louvain. Prior to the departure from base he sustained an injury to his right wrist. Although in great pain, Pilot Officer Murray insisted on continuing his allotted tasks in order that his aircraft could proceed on the mission. He displayed the utmost fortitude in navigating his aircraft to the target and back to base in difficult circumstances. Subsequent examination revealed that his right wrist was broken. His gallant action has won the admiration of the whole of his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, WO George Francis Denis (R79421) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.34 Squadron - Award effective 30 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 December 1943 and AFRO 297/44 dated 11 February 1944. Born Verdun, Quebec, 1922; home there (clerk); Enlisted in Montreal, 28 April 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 8 December 1941) and No.4 BGS (graduated 24 September 1941). Medal presented 25 February 1949.

 

A most capable and efficient air gunner, Warrant Officer Murray has at all times displayed great devotion to duty and a fine fighting spirit. He has participated in many night bombing attacks against some of the enemy's most heavily defended targets, skilfully directing his captain to avoid searchlights and anti-aircraft fire.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, S/L Hugh Gordon (C2554) - Member, Order of the British Empire - Station Greenwood - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Enlisted in London, Ontario, 19 August 1940. Medal presented 29 May 1947.

 

This officer, as Chief Instructor of the RCAF Air Navigation School, has been largely responsible for the high standard of instruction in the more advanced stages of Air Navigation. His work in the compilation of Polar charts and in the sphere of higher mathematics associated with Astronomical Navigation has raised the art of Air Navigation to the status of a science. His high academic qualifications together with his habits of perpetual study and research in this field are of an international character which, if given the scope, could make Canada paramount among all other nations in the science of Air Navigation.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/O James Leo (C36046) - Mention in Despatches - No.9 Construction and Maintenance Unit - Western Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 2 February 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 280/46 dated 15 March 1946. Home in Vancouver. Enlisted in Edmonton, 11 June 1941.

 

This officer has displayed qualities of energy and resourcefulness of a most outstanding character. His skill and persistence in performing the work of his Department, under the difficult conditions existing in this Unit, are unquestioned. The unusual requirements of a Unit of this sort have presented problems difficult to correlate to the normal procedures of his branch, and it is due to his untiring and cheerful efforts that these matters have been solved. Long hours of work and a careful assumption of responsibilities beyond the normal requirements of his rank and appointments have been of great assistance to his Commanding Officer, and an example and inspiration to his men.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/O James Manuel (J22701) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.77 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945 and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born 11 May 1917 in Petrograd, Russia; home in Ottawa, Ontario (stenographer); enlisted in Montreal, 8 August 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 17 July 1942), No.9 AOS (graduated 22 January 1943) and No.4 BGS (graduated 8 December 1942). Commissioned January 1943. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 16 October 1945. After doing 43 trips with No.77 Squadron he became an administrative officer and served in postwar RCAF. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Died in Ottawa, 22 November 1993. Public Records Officer Air 2/9050 has recommendation dated 20 December 1944 when he had flown 33 sorties (146 hours 54 minutes), which does not square with earlier information about 43 sorties. Sortie list (which is very similar to that of F/O W.W. Briggs, indicating they were in same crew) and supporting statement as follows:

 

7 May 44 GARDENING, North Sea 12 Jul 44 Hauts Boissons (3.50)

(3.31) 17 Jul 44 Caen (4.40)

9 May 44 Berneval (4.12) 20 Jul 44 Chapelle Notre Dame

10 May 44 Lens (3.51) (3.35)

22 May 44 Orleans (5.42) 28 Jul 44 Foret de Nieppe (3.30)

24 May 44 Beaumont (3.42) 7 Aug 44 TOTALIZE 3 (4.10)

5 June 44 Maisy (5.04) 8 Aug 44 Chapelle Note Dame

8 June 44 Alencon (4.49) (3.40)

11 Jun 44 Massy-Palaiseau (4.58) 12 Aug 44 Brunswick (3.35)

12 Jun 44 Amiens (4.38) 14 Aug 44 TRACTABLE 22 (4.25)

17 Aug 44 GARDENING, Gironde 16 Aug 44 Kiel (5.15)

Estuary (6.55) 3 Sept 44 Venlo (4.00)

16 Jun 44 Sterkrade (4.22) 11 Sep 44 Nordstern (4.35)

22 Jun 44 Laon (5.01) 25 Oct 44 Essen (4.45)

24 Jun 44 Noyelle en Chausse (3.29) 28 Oct 44 Walcheren (3.05)

25 Jun 44 Montorgueil (3.24) 30 Oct 44 Cologne (4.50)

28 Jun 44 Blainville (6.50) 16 Nov 44 Julich (4.40)

1 July 44 St.Martin (3.35) 18 Nov 44 Munster (5.00)

6 July 44 Marquiss Memo (4.06) 21 Nov 44 Sterkrade (5.45)

 

This officer as Air Bomber has now completed his first operational tour of 33 sorties, many of these demanding a high degree of skill and resolution. He has obtained a very good photographic record, with many Aiming Point photographs, which reveals tenacity of purpose of real merit and which undoubtedly contributed in no uncertain manner to the general operational success of the squadron.

 

Flying Officer Murray's record is one of devoted operational endeavour and his courage, together with his excellent application of skill to his important task, are worthy of high praise and he is considered fully deservant [sic] of the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross for which he is strongly recommended.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/O James Ross (J92267) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.158 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1822/45 dated 7 December 1945. Born 1911, London, Ontario; home in Toronto (clerk and accountant); enlisted in London, 6 February 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 29 August 1942), No.12 EFTS (graduated 7 November 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 7 March 1943). Commissioned November 1944. Medal presented 18 May 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8751 has recommendation dated 15 April 1945 when he had flown 35 sorties (204 hours 53 minutes), 27 September 1944 to 21 March 1945.

 

27 Sep 44 Calais (3.58) Bombed aiming point.

30 Sep 44 Bottrop (4.37) Attacked in cloud.

6 Oct 44 Sterkrade (4.12) Good results

25 Oct 44 Essen (5.02) 3,500 yards overshoot

29 Oct 44 Zoutelande (3.31) Bombed aiming point.

30 Oct 44 Cologne (6.03) Bombed through clouds.

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (5.55) Many fires in target area.

4 Nov 44 Bochum (5.47) Concentrated fires.

16 Nov 44 Julich (4.57) Bombed aiming point.

18 Nov 44 Munster (5.15) Bombed in cloud.

21 Nov 44 Sterkrade (7.11) Bombed target indicators.

29 Nov 44 Essen (5.49) Cloud over target.

21 Dec 44 Koln/Nieppe (6.08) ditto.

28 Dec 44 Opladen (5.47) ditto.

29 Dec 44 Koblenz/Mosel M/Y 5,700 yards from aiming (6.13) point.

30 Dec 44 Cologne (6.48) Good attack; cloud.

2 Jan 45 Ludwigshaven (6.55) Bombed aiming point.

5 Jan 45 Hanover (5.19) Cloud; many fires.

16 Jan 45 Magdeburg (5.52) Many fires in target area.

22 Jan 45 Gelsenkirchen (5.44) ditto.

1 Feb 45 Mainz (6.28) ditto.

7 Feb 45 Goch (5.39) Saw fires; bombed as ordered.

9 Feb 45 Wanne Eickel (5.35) Bombed on target indicators.

13 Feb 45 Bohlen (7.48) Concentrated fires.

14 Feb 45 Chemnitz (7.53) ditto.

5 Mar 45 Chemnitz (8.31) Bombed through clouds.

8 Mar 45 Hamburg (5.34) 3 3/3 miles SW of A/P.

11 Mar 45 Essen (5.24) Bombed through clouds.

12 Mar 45 Dortmund (6.03) Cloud and smoke over T/A.

13 Mar 45 Wuppertal (5.40) ditto

14 Mar 45 Homburg (6.08) Many fires.

15 Mar 45 Hagen (6.11) Fires seen in target area.

18 Mar 45 Witten (6.48) ditto.

20 Mar 45 Recklinghausen (5.21) 8 miles east of A/P.

21 Mar 45 Rheine (4.47) Bombed visually.

 

Pilot Officer Murray has completed a tour of 37 sorties as a navigator in Halifax III aircraft with No.158 Squadron. All but two of these sorties have been directed against major targets in the most heavily defended areas of Germany.

 

Much of the success achieved by his crew was due to his accurate work, and an assessment of his logs shows that his track keeping and navigation generally were of a very high standard.

 

In addition to his first-class work, Pilot Officer Murray revealed qualities of courage and coolness in the most hazardous circumstances. He faced the heaviest enemy fire with complete calm, and his unimpaired efficiency in such times gave confidence to all in crew.

 

It is strongly recommended that this navigator's good work and high courage throughout an excellent tour be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/L John Albert James (J12471) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Home in Halifax; enlisted in Moncton, 23 June 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 19 December 1941), No.2 EFTS (graduated 27 February 1942) and No.14 SFTS (graduated 3 July 1942).

 

MURRAY, F/L John Albert James (J12471) - Air Force Cross - No.279 Squadron (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Medal sent by registered mail 20 April 1949. No citation in AFRO. Public Records Office Air 2/9144 identifies unit and has recommendation; he had flown 680 hours, 180 on present duties and 78 in previous six months. Gives number as J12971 which is clearly wrong.

 

This officer served in No.281 Squadron from November 1943 until November 1944, when he joined No.279 Squadron. He has to his credit 150 hours operational flying. For the past eight months he has served as deputy flight commander and his loyalty, perseverance and initiative have been outstanding. He has proved to be an excellent pilot and has carried out numerous searches over enemy waters in adverse weather. On one occasion, Flight Lieutenant Murray was returning from search in June 1944 when, off Scapa Flow at about midnight and in conditions of 10/10 cloud, both engines of his aircraft failed. Nevertheless, Flight Lieutenant Murray brought the aircraft down on the water without incurring any damage. The ditching drill was carried out in an exemplary way and no casualties occurred. On another occasion, after taking off at Sumburgh in adverse weather, an engine failed completely. Flight Lieutenant Murray returned t base on one engine and, owing to a strong wind, low cloud and local topography, was forced to land across and slight down wind. The aircraft ran off the end of the runway, into the sea and caught fire. Flight Lieutenant Murray remained on top of the burning aircraft until all the occupants had got clear. He the jumped into the water and went to the assistance of an airman, a non-swimmer, in danger of drowning. This officer is an excellent captain of aircraft and has displayed the highest standard of devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, A/C John MacLeod (C8932) - Commander, Order of the British Empire - Air Force Headquarters (Director of Accounts) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born at Birkenhead, England, 18 July 1901. Educated in England and Wales, training as Chartered Accountant. Worked in Southampton for six years, then to British Marine Air Navigation. A member of the RAF Permanent Force; transferred to RCAF in Ottawa, 10 November 1941. Medal presented 8 April 1948. Remained in postwar RCAF; awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 21 October 1953 when at AFHQ. Following citation was found in Governor General's Records, RG.7 Group 26, Volume 59, File 190-I (dossier 7).

 

Air Commodore Murray proceeded to Canada in January, 1940, on loan from the Royal Air Force in connection with the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. He was actively employed in the inception of the Accounting Branch of the Royal Canadian Air Force and the development of many of the departments of the accounts and finance division have been due to his untiring efforts. Due to this officer's knowledge and experience, and in the public interest, he was transferred to the Royal Canadian Air Force in November 1941. He has acted as Deputy Air Member for Accounts and Finance since the inception of the division and throughout the performance of his duties has been outstanding. He continues to keep himself abreast of all developments in the service, is well versed in service procedure, and is absolutely dependable and trustworthy. He has the complete confidence of his staff and has always been zealous in obtaining a high degree of efficiency in the work of all directorates. The devotion to duty and untiring efforts that he has displayed have been exceptional.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/O John Walter (J28235) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945 and AFRO 1085/45 dated 29 June 1945. Born 1921 in Sydney, Nova Scotia; home in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia (mill clerk); enlisted in Halifax, 21 August 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 16 January 1942), No.22 EFTS (ceased training 27 March 1942), No.5 BGS (graduated 28 May 1942) and No.7 AOS (graduated 9 July 1943). Commissioned July 1943. Medal presented 10 January 1946.

 

Throughout his tour of operations Flying Officer Murray has shown himself to be a keen and courageous bomb aimer whose skill and determination have played a large part in the successful completion of many missions. He has participated in many attacks against heavily defended targets in the Ruhr Valley. On one occasion his aircraft was damaged while over the target and his eye was injured. Despite the resultant pain, he released his bombs and secured an excellent photograph before informing his captain of his injury. His fortitude and devotion to duty have been most commendable.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/O Robert Gordon (J14460) - Air Force Cross - No.8 OTU - Award effective 14 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2684/44 dated 15 December 1944. Trained at No.2 ITS, No.6 EFTS, No.4 SFTS. As of award had flown 1,350 hours (405 as test pilot, 160 in previous six months).

 

This officer, for the last eighteen months, has carried out all tests and modifications on Mosquito aircraft. he has carried out many hazardous flight and has continually displayed exceptional skill and loyalty in the performance of his duties. This officer's flying as a test pilot is worthy of high praise.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, S/L Stuart Elliot (J16199) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.406 Squadron - Award effective 8 August 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1945 and AFRO 1507/45 dated 28 September 1945. Born 14 December 1919 in Grahamdale, Manitoba; home in Warren, Manitoba (mechanic); enlisted In Winnipeg, 7 November 1940. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 22 April 1941), No.2 EFTS (graduated 21 June 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 13 September 1941). Commissioned November 1942. Medal presented 18 May 1946. Remained in postwar RCAF, chiefly in Tactical Air Command units. On retirement he entered the oil business (North Star Oil, Shell Oil) and retired as Coordinator of Refineries, Shell Oil. Died in Toronto, 13 February 1997.

 

Squadron Leader Murray has completed two tours of operational duties. Recently he has taken part in a number of very long patrols in support of Bomber Command operations against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Prague and Vienna. During these operations considerable damage has been inflicted on the enemy's lines of communication. As a flight commander Squadron Leader Murray has proved himself to be a courageous leader.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, F/O Thomas Robertson (J36314) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.626 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 15 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 12 February 1946 and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946. Born 1922 in Galt, Ontario; home there (printer); enlisted in Hamilton, 29 July 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 15 May 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 15 October 1943). Commissioned October 1943. Killed in action 14/15 January 1945 (Lancaster LL959); buried in Germany. Medal presented to his mother at Government House, 7 November 1949.

Flying Officer Murray as navigator has completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, G/C Walter Allan (C544) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.1 Central Navigation School - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/45 dated 25 January 1946. Enrolled as Provisional Pilot Officer, 4 June 1929; qualified for wings, 19 August 1931; placed on Reserve List that day. To No.11 (Reserve) Squadron, 4 February 1934. Subsequently with Nos.111 and 113 (Reserve) Squadrons; to Active Force in Calgary, 27 October 1939.

 

As Commanding Officer of No.1 Central Navigation School since January 1943, this officer has been entirely responsible for the successful operation of the unit. During this period his excellent judgement, tact and ability to surmount obstacles has contributed in raising the navigational standards of the Royal Canadian Air Force to a very high level. His devotion to duty, excellent example and constant thought for the well-being of all personnel has been instrumental in maintaining this unit at a very high state of efficiency.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRAY, FS William Alexander (R68471) - Mention in Despatches - No.427 Squadron (No.63 Base in AFRO) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Ingersoll, Ontario; enlisted in London, Ontario, 19 September 1940. DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 11 July 1944:

 

This non-commissioned officer enlisted in September 1940 and was posted to the United Kingdom in August 1942. He is an Armourer (Bombs) and came to 427 Squadron in November 1942. He is in charge of the "bombing up" crews and continually has shown keen devotion to duty. Under the most trying conditions he has always completed the task in hand and his work in general is exceptional.

 

MURRAY, FS William Alexander (R68471) - British Empire Medal - Station Leeming (identified in AFRO only as "Overseas) - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation dated 5 May 1945 when he was Flight Sergeant in charge, Daily Servicing (Armament). Medal presented 17 May 1948.

 

Enlisting 19.9.40, Flight Sergeant Murray was posted overseas 7.8.42. Since 9.11.42 he has been at Leeming. During this period he has shown himself to be an outstanding tradesman and an NCO of the highest order. Extremely efficient in organization and a remarkable knowledge of service regulations, Flight Sergeant Murray, through his cheerful manner and pleasing personality, has won the fullest co-operation of personnel under his command which has resulted in his section being one of the most efficient on the unit. He voluntarily works long hours far beyond the normal section requirements, with complete disregard for his personal welfare. He is at his best under pressure and no matter how difficult the job may be it will be carried out to the complete satisfaction of all concerned. Respected and admired by all ranks and highly regarded by his superior officers whom he serves under.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRELL, P/O Sidney Leon (J16203) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 7 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 13 May 1943 and AFRO 1035/43 dated 4 June 1943. Born 1917; home in Gainsville, Texas; enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 1 February 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 27 July 1941), No.11 EFTS (graduated 20 September 1941) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 18 November 1941). Commissioned 1942. Killed in action 22 June 1943 (Halifax JD124). Medal presented to next-of-kin, 13 June 1944.

 

In January 1943 this officer, as captain of aircraft, was detailed for a daylight attack on a target in northwest Germany. Cloud cover was scanty, but with determination he succeeded in attacking an alternative target. On the return journey his aircraft was attacked by two Messerschmitt 109s. In the ensuing engagement, which lasted twenty minutes, the hostile aircraft made twelve separate attacks but Pilot Officer Murrell, by skilful manoeuvering, enabled his gunners to frustrate the attackers. By his keenness, determination and fine fighting spirit this officer has set an inspiring example to all.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/8950 has original recommendation by W/C J.W. St.Pierre, drafted on 20 March 1943 when he had flown 21 sorties (119 hours 40 minutes). This lists his sorties to that date and gives a slightly more detailed account of the incident described.

 

* denotes flying as a second pilot

** denotes daylight operation

 

5 Oct 42 Aachen (6.30)* 21 Jan 43 GARDENING (4.45)

13 Oct 42 Kiel (6.00)* 23 Jan 43 Essen (4.55)**

15 Oct 42 Cologne (6.00) 30 Jan 43 Oldenburg (6.25)**

9 Nov 42 Hamburg (6.45) 4 Feb 43 Lorient (6.00)

16 Nov 42 GARDENING (4.25) 7 Feb 43 Sea Search (5.50)**

22 Nov 42 Stuttgart (8.40) 11 Feb 43 GARDENING (4.05)

25 Nov 42 GARDENING (5.55) 24 Feb 43 Wilhelmshaven (5.20)

6 Dec 42 GARDENING (4.50) 3 Mar 43 Hamburg (6.15)

9 Dec 42 Turin (6.50) 5 Mar 43 Essen (5.10)

16 Dec 42 GARDENING (5.20) 12 Mar 43 Essen (4.50)

20 Dec 42 Duisburg (4.50)

 

On the 30th January 1943, Pilot Officer Murrell (USA, RCAF) was captain of a Wellington bomber detailed for a daylight attack on Oldenburg. On the way to the target, about 30 miles from the enemy coast, cloud cover was scanty. However, Pilot Officer Murrell could see well built up clouds over the land, and as he had received no general recall signal, he decided to continue and to attempt an attack on the target. He did not reach his objective, but he did bomb a built-up area in enemy territory.

 

On the return journey, where no cloud cover existed, Pilot Officer Murrell was set upon by two ME.109Fs, which in the ensuing 20 minute running fight, made twelve separate attacks. By skilful maneouvering, Pilot Officer Murrell enabled both his beam and rear gunners to bring fire to bear on the attackers so that only on the final attack did they come to close range and score any hits.

 

Pilot Officer Murrell is an extremely enthusiastic bomber pilot and is an asset to the squadron. I recommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

The Officer Commanding, Station Dishforth, supported this on the same day (20 March 1943), writing:

 

The keenness and determination showed by this officer on all occasions is such that he is an inspiration to all crews of the squadron. For the particular service mentioned above, I heartily endorse the recommendation of the Squadron Commander.

 

Air Vice-Marshal G.E. Brooks, Air Officer Commanding, No.6 Group, added, on 29 March 1943:

 

This pilot has developed a fine offensive spirit and merits the award recommended.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRELL, FS William Arthur (R84196) - British Empire Medal - No.6 RD - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Enlisted in Hamilton, 6 January 1941. Presented 17 May 1948.

 

This non-commissioned officer has served at this unit for over two years. At all times his work has been of an excellent calibre, and his ability for organization and efficiency is exceptional. His willingness to do a great deal more than his share of work for the Station in general has made him an outstanding example. His devotion to duty is praiseworthy.

 

* * * * *

 

MURRELL, P/O William Henry (J92483) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born in Victoria, British Columbia; home there (operator for tailor); enlisted Vancouver 16 March 1943. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 15 October 1943). Commissioned November 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation for a DFM dated 22 February 1945 when he was still a Flight Sergeant. He had flown 30 sorties (174 hours 25 minutes), 28 July 1944 to 27 November 1944. The action described in citation was on his first sortie. DFC sent by registered mail, 7 June 1950.

 

This officer has taken part in many operations and has at all times shown a high degree of skill and efficiency. In July 1944 his aircraft was detailed to attack Hamburg. On the return journey they were attacked by an enemy aircraft. By the correct and timely combat instructions which Pilot Officer Murrell gave to his pilot the hostile aircraft was successfully out-manoeuvred and by skilful manipulation of his guns he succeeded in shooting down the attacker. Soon after this encounter they were again attacked but again Pilot Officer Murrell gave precise directions to his pilot and the enemy aircraft was out-manoeuvred before it was in a position to fire. His dependability and courage in an emergency have always been worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

MURTON, F/L Arthur Homer (J12040) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.103 Squadron - Award effective 30 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 6 November 1945 and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born in Ottawa, 1918; home there (bank clerk); enlisted there 27 June 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 22 November 1941), No.22 EFTS (graduated 31 January 1942) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 2 June 1942). Commissioned June 1942. Instructed at Mountain View until posted overseas, September 1943. Presented by Governor General, 2 December 1946. No citation other than "completed ...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9131 has recommendation dated 23 April 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (215 hours 30 minutes), 19 October 1944 to 13 April 1945.

 

19 Oct 44 Stuttgart 28 Jan 45 Zuffenhausen

6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen 13 Feb 45 Dresden

9 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel 15 Feb 45 GARDENING

11 Nov 44 Dortmund 20 Feb 45 Dortmund

18 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel 21 Feb 45 Duisburg

21 Nov 44 Aschaffenburg 23 Feb 45 Pforzheim

27 Nov 44 Freiburg 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz

29 Nov 44 Dortmund 7 Mar 45 Dessau

3 Dec 44 Urft Dam 8 Mar 45 Kassel

12 Dec 44 Essen 11 Mar 45 Essen

15 Dec 44 Ludwigshaven 12 Mar 45 GARDENING

17 Dec 44 Ulm 13 Mar 45 Herne

24 Dec 44 Cologne 25 Mar 45 Hanover

5 Jan 45 Hanover 4 Apr 45 GARDENING

7 Jan 45 Munich 10 Apr 45 Plauen

16 Jan 45 GARDENING 13 Apr 45 GARDENING

 

Flight Lieutenant Murton was posted on 14th October, 1944 to No.103 Squadron and has since completed 32 sorties on Lancaster aircraft with a total of 215.30 hours operational flying.

 

This Canadian officer has, in the course of his tour of operations, taken part in most of the large scale bomber attacks of recent months including numerous attacks on the enemy's major industrial objectives and communication centres, e.g. Dortmund, Ludwigshaven, Cologne, Stuttgart, Munich, Dresden, Essen, Dessau and Chemnitz. On these targets and many others attacked, heavy opposition from both ground defences and enemy fighters could be expected and, frequently, was experienced but Flight Lieutenant Murton, whatever the target and whatever the scale of enemy opposition, consistently pressed home his attacks with highly commendable accuracy and zeal.

 

In addition, he has been very successful in the specialized task of laying mines in enemy waters. He has in fact proved himself to be an extremely skilful and resourceful captain of aircraft to whose quiet but forceful leadership are largely attributable the many successes achieved by an excellent crew.

 

Flight Lieutenant Murton's work as captain of aircraft has thus been a fine example to the squadron and an inspiration to his crew. I therefore strongly recommend him for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MUSGROVE, F/O Gerald Albert (J17952) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.15 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born in Calgary; home there (formerly in Royal Canadian Corps of Signals); enlisted there 30 January 1941. Trained at No.2 WS (graduated 14 September 1941) and No.2 BGS (graduated 13 October 1941). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." Presented by Governor General at Government House, 12 June 1953 when he was living in Toronto. Public Records Office Air 2/8881 has recommendation dated 21 August 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (152 hours 55 minutes), 24 June 1942 to 7 June 1944 on Stirlings and Lancasters.

 

Stirling Sorties Lancaster Sorties

 

24 Jun 42 St.Nazaire (6.30) 14 Jan 44 Brunswick (5.30)

26 Jun 42 St.Nazaire (5.25) 15 Feb 44 Berlin (7.05)

29 Jun 42 Bremen (5.00) 19 Feb 44 Leipzig (6.50)

30 Jun 42 ASR Search (3.00) 1 Mar 44 Stuttgart (7.25)

2 July 42 Bremen (5.45) 22 Mar 44 Frankfurt (6.05)

7 July 42 GARDENING, Frisians (4.00) 24 Mar 44 Berlin (7.15)

8 July 42 Wilhelmshaven (5.00) 30 Mar 44 Nuremburg (7.40)

19 Jul 42 Vegesack (6.00) 11 Apr 44 Aachen (3.20)

21 Jul 42 Duisburg (4.30) 20 Apr 44 Cologne (4.00)

23 Jul 42 Duisburg (4.00) 26 Apr 44 Essen (4.25)

25 Jul 42 Duisburg (4.30) 19 May 44 Le Mans (4.50)

28 Jul 42 Hamburg (5.40) 21 May 44 Duisburg (4.05)

19 Feb 43 Wilhelmshaven (5.10) 30 May 44 Boulogne (1.50)

10 Apr 43 Frankfurt (6.50) 5 June 44 Caen (3.50)

28 Jun 43 Cologne (3.50) 7 June 44 Massy (missing,

2 Oct 43 GARDENING, Frisians (2.55) evaded capture)

 

Flying Officer Musgrove has completed a most successful tour of operations comprising sixteen sorties totalling 78 hours 45 minutes on Stirling aircraft and fifteen sorties totalling 74 hours ten minutes on Lancaster aircraft, a total of 31 sorties and 152 hours 55 minutes. Included in these sorties were such targets as Berlin (two), Duisburg (four), Wilhelmshaven (two), Bremen, Hamburg, Cologne, Nuremburg and Leipzig.

 

Flying Officer Musgrove joined No.15 Squadron in June 1942 and operated regularly for about one month. As a result of an aircraft accident he was posted non-effective on the 3rd August, 1942, and on rejoining the squadron he became an effective spare operating infrequently with a number of captains. This did not in any way affect his keenness and enthusiasm to operate whenever possible. He was eventually crewed up as Air Bomber in Squadron Leader Lamason's crew with whom he completed fourteen sorties, carrying out his duties with coolness and determination, and obtaining several very successful photographs.

 

This crew with Flying Officer Musgrove was reported missing on the night of the 7/8th June 1944, when attacking the railway yards at Massey. Flying Officer Musgrove, however, evaded capture and recently reported back to this country.

 

During his long stay with No.15 Squadron, this officer has proved himself to be a very capable and skilful Bomb Aimer and has been of invaluable assistance to his leader, and on many occasions acted as Squadron Bombing Leader, performing these duties with skill and distinction. Under very trying circumstances he has set a very fine example of courage and devotion to duty worthy of the highest praise. Flying Officer Musgrove is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

NOTE: In January 1997 the Royal Air Forces Escaping Society (Canadian Branch) presented to the National Aviation Museum a "dossier" (actually more like an album) with extended autobiographical notes on members (catalogued in the museum as D.805 C3 L96 1995 NMM). This included much information on Musgrove although the description of his evasion is very brief.

 

* * * * *

MUSSELL, F/L Mervyn Arthur (J9661) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Home in Summerside, Prince Edward Island; enlisted Winnipeg, 21 May 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 16 August 1941), No.8 EFTS (graduated 7 October 1941) and No.3 SFTS (graduated(graduated 2 January 1942). No citation in AFRO.

 

* * * * *

 

MUSSELLS, S/L Campbell Haliburton, DSO (C1639) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Born in Montreal, 20 June 1920. Medical student attending McGill. Home in Westmount; enlisted Montreal, 29 January 1940. Instructed in Canada three years before going overseas when he attended Empire Central Flying School. Joined No.426 Squadron and then No.405; two tours. In postwar RCAF (OBE, 5 June 1952); Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 while a Group Captain, Air Transport Command. Appointed OC, Central Flying School, Trenton, April 1954; CO Station Uplands, 1957 to June 1961; Director of Air Plans, AFHQ, 1961-December 1963. Attended Imperial Defence College. DFC and DSO both presented in Montreal, 25 November 1949. No citation to DFC other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy". Public Records Office Air 2/9083 has recommendation dated 23 March 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (139 hours), 12 September 1944 to 8 March 1945. Died in Ottawa, 1 September 1987.

 

12 Sep 44 Frankfurt (6.00) 6 Dec 44 Merseburg (6.10)

16 Sep 44 Kiel (5.05) 18 Dec 44 Duisburg (3.55)

30 Sep 44 Bottrop (3.10) 28 Dec 44 Bonn (4.15)

5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (4.30) 29 Dec 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.45)

6 Oct 44 Sterkrade (3.05) 30 Dec 44 Cologne (4.10)

23 Oct 44 Essen (4.15) 4 Jan 45 Royan (5.00)

25 Oct 44 Homberg (3.40) 22 Jan 45 Hamborn (3.45)

28 Oct 44 Domburg (2.10) 1 Feb 45 Mannheim (5.15)

31 Oct 44 Cologne (4.05) 2 Feb 45 Wanne Eickel (3.35)

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (3.55) 13 Feb 45 Dresden (7.40)

4 Nov 44 Bochum (3.30) 20 Feb 45 Dortmund (4.20)

9 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel (4.10) 23 Feb 45 Pforzeim (6.25)

18 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel (4.25) 2 Mar 45 Cologne (4.00)

2 Dec 44 Hagen (5.45) 7 Mar 45 Dessau (8.00)

4 Dec 44 Urft Dam (4.15) 8 Mar 45 Hamburg (5.45)

 

Squadron Leader Mussells has completed attacks on heavily defended enemy targets such as Kiel, Dortmund, and many others. At all times he has displayed fine fighting spirit and has proved himself an officer of outstanding ability, whose cool determination, cheerfulness and devotion to duty have been an inspiration to his squadron.

 

MUSSELLS, S/L Campbell Haliburton, DFC (C1639) - Distinguished Service Order - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 17 July 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945.

 

In April 1945, this officer piloted an aircraft in an attack against Leipzig. Just after making his first run over the target, the aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter and sustained serious damage. The rear turret and the starboard rudder were shot away. The port rudder was smashed and both elevators were badly damaged. The aircraft dived out of control. As Squadron Leader Mussells fought to regain control he found that the trimming controls were useless. Nevertheless, he succeeded in levelling out after considerable height had been lost. To keep the nose of the aircraft up, the control column had to be lashed back. In circumstances of the greatest difficulty, Squadron Leader Mussells flew the crippled aircraft back to this country. After crossing the English coast, he ordered his crew to abandon the aircraft and, with the exception of the mid-upper gunner who was seriously wounded, they left by parachute. Squadron Leader Mussells flew on to the nearest airfield with his wounded comrade. With the control column still lashed back and without the aid of flaps, this officer showed superb skill in bringing the crippled aircraft down safely. Throughout a most trying experience this officer displayed the highest qualities of leadership, skill and courage. His example was outstanding.

 

* * * * *

 

MUSSELMAN, F/L Alba Leslie (C8108) - Mention in Despatches - Headquarters, Bomber Command - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944. Home in West Montrose, Ontario; enlisted in Fort William, Ontario, 25 April 1941. No citation.

 

MUSSELMAN, S/L Alba Leslie (C8108) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. No citation.

 

* * * * *

 

MUSSELMAN, F/O Harold John (J88125) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.166 Squadron - Award effective 27 February 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 625/45 dated 13 April 1945. Born 1919 in Kitchener; home there (laboratory worker); enlisted Toronto 31 July 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 23 October 1941), No.9 EFTS (graduated 5 February 1943) and No.14 SFTS (graduated 11 June 1943). Commissioned 1944.

 

In December 1944, this officer was pilot and captain of an aircraft detailed to attack an enemy target. On the outward flight the starboard inner engine failed. Despite the loss of engine power, Flying Officer Musselman continued his flight. Some time later the port outer engine became defective. Nevertheless, this resolute pilot went on to attack the target at a lower level than planned. Much anti-aircraft [fire] was directed at his aircraft which sustained damage but Flying Officer Musselman flew it back to base. Although beset by many difficulties this officer was fully determined to make his mission a success. He set a very fine example.

 

* * * * *

 

MUTCH, S/O Ishbel McCrae (V30411) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas Headquarters, attached No.6 Group - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Born 21 March 1905, Lumsden, Saskatchewan; soprano; studied music in Regina and in Europe (Hamburg, Berlin, Paris plus Italian centres). Went on a ten-year concert tour of Europe and North America including appearances with NBC and CBS plus operatic appearances. In 1942, following a Canadian tour with the forces, she enlisted in the RCAF in Ottawa (10 September 1942). At No.7 Manning Depot, Rockcliffe, 31 October to 19 November 1942; No.6 Manning Depot, Toronto, 20 November to 17 December 1942; No.7 Manning Depot, 18 December 1942. Commissioned 26 March 1943 in the Administration Branch and placed on strength of Station Rockcliffe; at No.2 Composite Training School, Toronto, 27 March to 3 May 1943; with Eastern Air Command, Halifax, 3 May to 26 September 1943; trade altered to "Special Service", 26 September 1943. On strength of No.1 Training Command, 27 September 1943 to 7 February 1944; to "Y" Depot, Halifax, 2 March 1944; overseas by 23 March 1944 when posted to No.6 Group Headquarters. Promoted Flight Officer, 1 December 1944. Repatriated 3 December 1945; released 15 January 1946. Married G/C W.D. "Tiny" Ferris, DFC. No citation.

 

MUTCH, Fl/O Ishbel McCrae (V30411) - Member, Order of the British Empire - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Medal presented 13 April 1948. No citation.

 

NOTE: No citations or recommendations found for either award, but her career was marked by enthusiasm on her part and confusion among RCAF officers who seemed bent on using her in clerical duties rather than those that used her special talents. Seeking to join the RCAF, she wrote to Officer Commanding, RCAF, 12 September 1942

 

I have been asked to give my reasons for selecting the Air Force as the branch of the services in which I prefer to belong.

 

My first association with any part of the armed forces was through my concert work last year, when I sank before hundreds of airmen, as well as soldiers on my trip through Canada.

 

It was the Air Force personnel who were instrumental in arranging the details of what proved to be one of the most satisfactory experiences of my life. The welcome I received and the courtesy and appreciation have left me with very pleasant memories of a fine body of men and an organization I would feel honoured to be associated with.

 

The fact that I have two brothers-in-law and numerous friends in the Air Force has had some bearing on my choice, so when the time arrived when I was free to offer my services to my country, I was naturally drawn to the RCAF.

 

G/C F.W. Hammond, 6 Group Headquarters, wrote on 28 November 1944:

 

Early this year, S/O Mutch was attached to 6 Group as Group Entertainment Officer. At that time there was not the interest being shown in Unit entertainment as was desired, but through her untiring diligence and perseverance she stimulated the interest necessary to find local talent. As a result nearly every Station in this Group has its own Concert Party. She has worked long hours to achieve this end and, in addition, has given her own services as a vocalist whenever requested. While her duties bring her in contact with all Base and Station Commanders, who have the utmost confidence in her ability to organize entertainments, most of her work is done with the Special Services and Auxiliary Services Officers, who are Flight Lieutenants or have Flight Lieutenant status.

 

In view of the above, and as a reword for the very fine work she has done and is still doing, it is strongly recommended that she be promoted to the Acting Rank of Flight Officer.

 

* * * * *

 

MUTCHLER, F/O Walter (J37704) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.158 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Born 1918 in Sherbrooke, Quebec; home there (machinist); ex-Royal Canadian Artillery; enlisted London, England, 10 April 1942. Trained at No.1 BGS (graduated 18 September 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 17 November 1943). Commissioned November 1943. Medal presented 16 September 1947. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8751 has recommendation dated 15 April 1945 when he had flown 31 sorties (178 hours 59 minutes), 2 November 1944 to 8 April 1945. Sortie list identical as to dates, targets and times with those of F/L Dugald Griffin.

 

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (5.58) Bombed through clouds

4 Nov 44 Bochum (5.09) Good results

6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.58) Bombed as ordered.

16 Nov 44 Julich (4.29) Bombed on aiming point.

18 Nov 44 Munster (5.27) Bombed through clouds.

21 Nov 44 Sterkrade (7.00) Good results.

17 Dec 44 Duisburg (5.52) Bombed through clouds.

24 Dec 44 Essen-Mulheim airfield (4.57) Bombed on aiming point.

28 Dec 44 Opladen (5.59) Glow seen through clouds.

30 Dec 44 Cologne (6.44) Clouds over target.

1 Jan 45 Dortmund (5.02) Good attack.

5 Jan 45 Hanover (5.03) Clouds; bombed target.

6 Jan 45 Hanau (5.48) Cloud.

14 Jan 45 Saarbrucken (6.31) Bombed aiming point.

16 Jan 45 Magdeburg (5.54) Bombed as ordered; fires.

22 Jan 45 Gelsenkirchen (5.53) Good attack.

28 Jan 45 Stuttgart (7.52) Bombed through cloud.

23 Feb 45 Essen (5.46) do.

24 Feb 45 Kamen (6.02) do.

2 Mar 45 Cologne (5.30) Bombed aiming point.

3 Mar 45 Kamen (6.16) Good results.

7 Mar 45 Hemmingstedt (6.18) Bombed target; many fires.

8 Mar 45 Hamburg (5.49) Fires seen through clouds.

11 Mar 45 Essen (5.21) Cloud and smoke seen.

12 Mar 45 Dortmund (5.57) do.

14 Mar 44 Homburg (6.12) Bombed aiming point.

15 Mar 45 Hagen (5.46) Many fires.

20 Mar 45 Recklinghausen (5.28) Good bombing.

24 Mar 45 Gladbeck (5.50) Bombed aiming point.

25 Mar 45 Munster (4.06) do.

8 Apr 45 Hamburg, Blohm and Voss yards (6.02) Good bombing.

 

Throughout a tour of 31 operational sorties in Halifax III aircraft with No.158 Squadron, Flying Officer Mutchler has proved himself to be an air bomber of outstanding ability. At all times he has shown the greatest keenness to fly against the enemy, and in the face of the severest flak defences he has pressed on to place his bombs accurately.

 

His complete confidence and disregard for the safety of his own life have been a source of inspiration to others and contributed materially to a fine crew morale. It is recommended that this officer's record of skill, determination and courage throughout a hazardous tour of operations be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MUTTON, P/O Jack Beauchamp (C89528) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.298 Squadron - Award effective 23 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 1 June 1945 and AFRO 1219/45 dated 27 July 1945. Born 1912 in Toronto; home there. Member of RAF, 1936 to 1944. Transferred to RCAF in London, England, 6 November 1944. DFC sent by registered mail.

 

Pilot Officer Mutton has completed two tours of operational duty. In 1941 he served as an air gunner in the Middle East and more recently as pilot and captain of aircraft. He has flown over France, Belgium and Holland and made deep penetrations into Norway. This officer has also towed gliders to Normandy, Arnhem and the Rhine crossing. During the crossing of the Rhine, Pilot Officer Mutton flew his aircraft steadily, undeterred by the intense fire from the defences and despite poor visibility released his glider in the detailed position. At all times this officer has accomplished his allotted tasks with skill and determination.

 

* * * * *

 

MYERS, Sergeant (now P/O) Allan A. (R65786/J11470) - Commended for Valuable Services in the Air - No.4 SFTS - Awarded 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. NOTE: microfilm at DHist gives names as Arnold Armistead. Born 10 September 1918 at Lindsay, Ontario; home there. Joined RCAF 7 June 1940; trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 10 July 1940), No.2 EFTS and No.4 SFTS; awarded pilot's wings in 28 November 1940. Instructed at Saskatoon until end of 1942, then to General Reconnaissance School (Summerside), OTU (Debert) and Ferry Command (Montreal) until November 1943. Commissioned 15 April 1942. England and West Africa to July 1945; discharged 20 November 1945. Joined No.406 Squadron (Auxiliary) in 1947 and became its CO on 1 January 1952. Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 while CO of No.406 Squadron and Aide de Camp to Governor General. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 57, File 190-I) has citation.

 

This NCO has been an inspiration to other instructors. He has, through long tedious hours of instruction, assisted very materially in graduating many classes of high standard pilots. This NCO's total flying time to date is 1,034 hours of which 797 have been spent in instruction on this station.

 

* * * * *

 

MYERS, F/L Cecil Dennison (J23215) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.407 Squadron - Award effective 27 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 8 May 1945 and AFRO 966/45 dated 8 June 1945. Born 1921 in Vancouver; home in New Westminster (park caretaker); enlisted Vancouver 13 June 1942. Trained at No.3 WS (graduated 18 December 1942) and No.8 BGS (graduated 1 February 1943). Commissioned 1943. DFC presented 29 January 1947.

 

Throughout a tour of operational duty this officer has proved to be an outstanding wireless operator (air). He has invariably displayed great skill, courage and devotion to duty. One night in December 1944 it was largely owing to his fine work that an enemy submarine was attacked and probably sunk. On a previous occasion he was wireless operator in an aircraft when a U-boat was attacked and damaged in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire.

 

* * * * *

 

MYERS, F/O Clyde Vincent (J27470) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1915 in Halifax; home there (teacher); enlisted there 16 May 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 1 January 1943) and No.5 AOS (graduated 25 June 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 13 September 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (148 hours five minutes), 31 May to 12 September 1944. DFC sent by registered mail, 30 March 1949.

 

Having completed thirty-one successful sorties over enemy territory, this officer has proven his skill as a most efficient navigator. His co-operation, coolness and presence of mind contributed in a large measure to the success attained by his crew.

 

For his outstanding record of achievement and devotion to duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MYERS, Sergeant Robert Bruce Stoddard (Can 11547) - British Empire Medal - Station Dartmouth - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Born 2 March 1916. Home in Dartmouth; enlisted in Halifax, 7 July 1939. On strength of No.5 (BR) Squadron, 7 July 1939 to 27 December 1940; with No.8 SFTS, 28 December 1940 to January 1943. Posted overseas, January 1943; repatriated 13 April 1945. Remained in postwar RCAF. Joined as General Duties; reclassified as Disciplinarian and Drill, 26 August 1943; postwar was Equipment Assistant. Medal presented 13 July 1948.

 

Sergeant Myers has rendered high meritorious performance of ordinary duties as assistant to the Station Warrant Officer. He, in addition to normal duties, has always shown sincere interest in organization, and has volunteered his services far beyond all normal calls of duty. He has by a constant display of a high degree of initiative contributed materially to the efficiency of the station.

 

* * * * *

 

MYERS, F/O William James (J18688) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.441 Squadron - Award effective 17 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2534/44 dated 24 November 1944. Born in Windsor, Ontario, 1923; home there; enlisted there 5 May 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 August 1941), No.20 EFTS (graduated 10 October 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 2 January 1942). DFC sent by registered mail 13 November 1949.

 

This officer has displayed a high standard of skill and efficiency. he has completed very many sorties and has at all times pressed home his attacks with great determination inflicting much damage on the enemy. On one occasion his squadron encountered twelve enemy aircraft. Flying Officer Myers destroyed two before his aircraft sustained damage. Nevertheless, he continued the combat and destroyed a further enemy aircraft, bringing his total to three destroyed. This officer has set a worthy example.

 

* * * * *

 

MYLES, P/O John Robinson (J16477) - Air Medal (United States) - No.541 Squadron - effective 23 June 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. Born 13 January 1923 in Saint John, New Brunswick; home there; enlisted Moncton, 26 February 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 27 July 1941), No.21 EFTS (graduated 25 September 1941) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 19 December 1941). Posted overseas; arrived No.17 (P) AFU, 23 March 1942; to GR (general reconnaissance ?), 25 April 1942; to No.8 (C) OTU, 30 June 1942; to No.1 PRU, Benson, 26 August 1941; to No.541 Squadron, 19 October 1942; to No.108 Airfield, 23 August 1943; attached to No.410 Squadron, 28 August 1942; attached to No.400 Squadron, 16-28 October 1943; served in No.544 Squadron, 2 November 1943 to 17 July 1944; with No.618 Squadron, 17 July 1944 to 9 May 1945. Attached to Australia, 7 May to 1 June 1945. Arrived back in UK, 7 July 1945; to Canada, 6 August 1945. Commissioned 19 November 1942. Invested with DFC at Buckingham Palace, 13 July 1945. Released 26 September 1945. On 9 July 1945 he claimed to have flown 70 sorties (44 with No.541 Squadron, 26 with No.544 Squadron). No citation found to Air Medal, but on 19 May 1943 the Air Ministry writes to the Canadian High Commissioner as follows::

 

I am directed to inform you that the Commanding General, European Theatre of Operations, United States Army, has expressed the desire to confer the United States Air Medal on Pilot Officers J.R. Myles and M.W.O. Jones. These officers are said to have accomplished many photographic reconnaissance missions under great hazards and difficulties, the execution of which materially aided the United States Eighth Bomber Command in determining the results of their bombing missions and the planning of future operations.

 

The Commanding General's offer was accepted by this Department but it has since come to light that the first-named officer belongs to the Royal Canadian Air Force (Pilot Officer John Robenson Myles, Can/J.16477).

 

I am to request that you will be good enough to ascertain whether any objection is seen by your Government to the completion of the award to Pilot Officer Myles by the publication of the usual notice in the London Gazette. The omission to consult you at an earlier date is regretted.

 

MYLES, F/O John Robinson (J16477) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.544 Squadron - Award effective 28 April 1944 as per London Gazette dated 5 May 1944 and AFRO 1186/44 dated 2 June 1944.

 

Flying Officer Myles is a most efficient operational pilot and has at all times displayed great keenness. On the 20th January 1944, when over Southern France, the starboard engine of his aircraft failed. In spite of complete wireless and electrical failure he safely reached base after a hazardous flight necessitating great skill and coolness. His courage and efficiency have been outstanding at all times.

 

* * * * *

 

MYLES, S/L Thomas Roy (C11197) - Member, Order of the British Empire - Station Gander - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Fredericton, New Brunswick; enlisted in Moncton, 29 August 1940. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 60, File 190-I, dossier 9) has citation to MBE. Presented 17 August 1949.

 

Squadron Leader Myles was appointed Works and Buildings Officer during the period when Gander was the main stepping stone for the delivery of overseas aircraft. He has done a superb job of supervising and maintaining the aerodrome under the most trying conditions. He has knit together a magnificent organization that could only have been accomplished by this officer's personal drive, diligence and devotion to duty. His efforts have been in keeping with the highest traditions of the service.

 

* * * * *

 

MYLREA, WO Frank Henry (R58214) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.102 Squadron - Award effective 4 August 1942 as per London Gazette dated 11 August 1942 and AFRO 1371/42 dated 28 August 1942. Born in Victoria, 1 October 1920; home there (salesman); enlisted Vancouver 27 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.2 AOS, No.4 BGS and No.1 ANS.

 

Warrant Officer Mylrea is a navigator of exceptional merit and has at all times displayed the greatest determination to bomb the target. He has taken part in attacks on such targets as Bremen, Essen, Berlin, Wilhelmshaven, Brest and other highly defended areas. His courage and determination have set an excellent example.

 

NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 21 June 1942 when he had flown 28 sorties (200 hours 14 minutes), 14 August 1941 to 6 June 1942.

 

14 Aug 41 Hanover (7.58) 20 Oct 41 Wilhelmshaven (5.36)

17 Aug 41 Bremen (9.38) 7 Nov 41 Berlin (10.48)

26 Aug 41 Cologne (7.35) 30 Nov 41 Hamburg (7.49)

29 Aug 41 Frankfurt (8.48) 27 Dec 41 Boulogne (5.02)

31 Aug 41 Brest (6.00) 6 Jan 42 Paris area (6.43)

2 Sept 41 Ostend (5.11) 8 Jan 42 Brest (6.25)

6 Sept 41 Huls (8.05) 14 Apr 42 Le Havre (5.50)

8 Sept 41 Kassel (9.14) 16 Apr 42 Lorient (7.18)

12 Sep 41 Frankfurt (9.02) 28 Apr 42 Kiel (6.28)

20 Sep 41 Berlin (8.23) 19 May 42 Paris (6.05)

26 Sep 41 Mannheim (5.53) 30 May 42 Cologne (6.04)

29 Sep 41 Stettin (10.43) 1 June 42 Essen (5.44)

1 Oct 41 Stuttgart (9.04) 3 June 42 Bremen (5.15)

16 Oct 41 Duisburg (7.08) 6 June 42 Emden (4.21)

 

This Warrant Officer has been flying on operations since August 1941 and has completed 28 operational sorties against targets in enemy occupied territory. He is a navigator of exceptional merit and has at all times shown the greatest keenness and utmost determination to bomb the targets. By careful planning with his captains and attention to detail before a trip, and his coolness and skill during flight, he has undoubtedly contributed to the success of the missions in which he has taken part. His example has been an inspiration to the rest of the squadron and I strongly recommend him for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

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MYLREA, Corporal Raymond Gilbert (R139719 or R139717) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 16 June 1944 (amendment to Birthday Honours List). Born 16 February 1916; enlisted in Saskatoon, 14 November 1941. Radio mechanic; posted overseas October 1942; repatriated 23 October 1945; releases 22 November 1945.

 

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MYNARSKI, P/O Andrew Charles (J87544) - Victoria Cross - No.419 Squadron - Awarded as per London Gazette dated 11 October 1946 and AFRO 1042/46 dated 1 November 1946. Born in Winnipeg, 1916; home there (fabric cutter); enlisted there 29 September 1941. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 18 December 1942). Presented by AOC, No.2 Air Command to his mother in Winnipeg. June 1984 issue of Journal of the Canadian Aviation Historical Society had extensive coverage of him.

 

Pilot Officer Mynarski was the mid-upper gunner of a Lancaster aircraft,detailed to attack a target at Cambrai in France, on the night of 12th June, 1944. The aircraft was attacked from below and astern by an enemy fighter and ultimately came down in flames.

 

As an immediate result of the attack, both port engines failed. Fire broke out between the mid-upper turret and the rear turret, as well as in the port wing. The flames soon became fierce and the captain ordered the crew to abandon the aircraft.

 

Pilot Officer Mynarski left his turret and went towards the escape hatch. He then saw that the rear gunner was still in his turret and apparently unable to leave it. The turret was, in fact, immovable, since the hydraulic gear had been put out of action when the port engines failed, and the manual gear had been broken by the gunner in his attempts to escape.

 

Without hesitation, Pilot Officer Mynarski made his way through the flames in an endeavour to reach the rear turret and release the gunner. Whilst so doing, his parachute and his clothing up the waist were set on fire. All his efforts to move the turret and free the rear gunner were in vain. Eventually the rear gunner clearly indicated to him that there was nothing more he could do and that he should try to save his own life. Pilot Officer Mynarski reluctantly went back through the flames to the escape hatch. There, as a last gesture to the trapped gunner, he turned towards him, stood to attention in his flaming clothing, and saluted, before he jumped out of the aircraft. Pilot Officer Mynarski's descent was seen by French people on the ground. Both his parachute and his clothing were on fire. He was found eventually by the French, but was so severely burnt that he died from his injuries.

 

The rear gunner had a miraculous escape when the aircraft crashed. He subsequently testified that had Pilot Officer Mynarski not attempted to save his comrade's life, he could have left the aircraft in safety and would, doubtless, have escaped death.

 

Pilot Officer Mynarski must have been fully aware that in trying to free the rear gunner he was almost certain to lose his own life. Despite this, with outstanding courage and complete disregard for his own safety, he went to the rescue. Willingly accepting the danger, Pilot Officer Mynarski lost his life by a most conspicuous act of heroism which called for valour of the highest order.