MARA, F/L Neil Duncan (J16120) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 16 February 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born 1921 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 7 September 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 January 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 4 March 1941) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 21 June 1941). Commissioned October 1942. Killed in action, 4 February 1945 (Lancaster PA219); widow in UK; buried in Britain.

 

One night in December 1944, this officer was the pilot of an aircraft detailed to attack Osnabruck. Before reaching the target, trouble was experienced with the port outer engine which began to misfire, followed by a large flame from the exhaust. The throttle control kept jumping back to the closed position. Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Mara went on to the target. Whilst on the bombing run, flames once again shot out from the exhaust. Nevertheless, this pilot continued his run and the bombs were released. At this point, two enemy aircraft attempted to close in. Flight Lieutenant Mara evaded them and course was set for home. Soon after crossing the enemy coast, the hydraulic system became unserviceable. The bomb doors fell open and the tail wheel dropped to the down position. Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Mara, when he reached an airfield, effected a safe landing. This officer displayed great skill and coolness in difficult circumstances.

 

* * * * *

 

MARANI, G/C Ferdinand Herbert, VD (C4739) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.1 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born in Vancouver, 8 August 1893. Educated at Ridley College and University of Toronto. Architect. Enlisted in Toronto, 26 February 1940. Medal presented 27 January 1944. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26 Vol.59, File 190-I, dossier 7) has citation.

 

This officer has performed his duties as chief works officer at No.3 Training Command in a highly satisfactory manner. He is capable, very keen and hard-working. He displays a great deal of zeal and vigour. His meritorious work has been a decided factor in the continued successful expansion of training in this Command. Group Captain Marani's Devotion to duty has been outstanding. He has set a very high standard in the performance of his duties which has been an inspiration to those associated with him, He has made a valuable contribution to the success of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan.

 

* * * * *

 


MARCH, S/L Ian Anderson (J3258) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.410 Squadron - Award effective 22 September 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2274/44 dated 20 October 1944. Born in Aberdeen, Scotland, 1921; home in St.John's, Newfoundland; enlisted in Halifax, 3 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 July 1940), No.3 EFTS (graduated 15 September 1940) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 14 November 1940). Commissioned 1941. Photo PL-25971 shows him. Cited with F/L K.M. Eyolfson (RCAF, awarded DFC), which see above for citation.

 

* * * * *

 

MARCIL, FS (now P/O) Joseph Eugene Germain (R219039/J94155) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1453/45 dated 14 September 1945. Born 1924 in Drummondville, Quebec; home in Montreal (shipper). Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 28 January 1944). Commissioned January 1945. Medal presented 5 October 1947.

 

In January 1945 Flight Sergeant Marcil was rear gunner in an aircraft detailed to attack Magdeburg. On the way to the target the aircraft was riddled by anti-aircraft fire and also attacked by a Messerschmitt 210. Flight Sergeant Marcil, with the co-operation of the mid-upper gunner, succeeded in shooting the enemy aircraft down in flames. The mission was completed and the aircraft returned safely to base. Flight Sergeant Marcil has at all times shown a fine fighting spirit, skill and devotion to duty of a very high order.

 

* * * * *

 

MARCOTTE, WO Joseph Henri Arthur (R77063) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 7 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 14 May 1943 and AFRO 1078/43 dated 11 June 1943. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 30 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 30 October 1940), No.8 EFTS (graduated 22 December 1940), and No.4 SFTS (graduated 17 March 1941). Medal presented at Buckingham Palace, 28 September 1943.

 

Warrant Officer Marcotte has taken part in a large number of operational sorties against targets in Germany and the Middle East. These operations include attacks on Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Essen. He has also participated in several minelaying operations, making all these attacks with consistent skill and courage. His calm and quiet manner and fine fighting spirit, coupled with dogged determination, has set an example worthy of the highest praise.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/8950 has recommendation by W/C J.M.W. St.Pierre dated 7 March 1943 when he had flown 43 sorties (335 hours 50 minutes). It shows a career more complex than that described by the published citation. All sorties on Wellington aircraft.

 

No.103 Squadron

 

5 July 41 Rielfeld (5.55) 3 Sept 41 Brest (2.20)

7 July 41 Cologne (5.35) 7 Sept 41 Berlin (8.35)

10 July 41 Cologne (5.10) 10 Sept 41 Turin (50 minutes)


20 July 41 Rotterdam (4.00) 12 Sept 41 Frankfurt (1.50)

24 July 41 Emden (5.05) 21 Oct 41 UK-Malta (9.40)

5 Aug 41 Frankfurt (7.05) 24 Oct 41 Malta-Egypt (7.10)

14 Aug 41 Hanover (7.15)

 

No.37 Squadron

 

9 Nov 41 Benghazi (11.05) 12 Jan 42 El Agheila (12.30)

11 Nov 41 Derna (11.00) 25 Jan 42 Agedabia (10.50)

15 Nov 41 Bardia (7.35) 27 Jan 42 Agedabia (11.35)

19 Nov 41 Derna (7.55) 5 Feb 42 Benghazi (10.15)

19 Nov 41 Derna (7.05) 7 Feb 42 Benghazi (5.10)

9 Dec 41 Derna (9.50) 24 Feb 42 Egypt-Malta (8.10)

12 Dec 41 Derna (4.35) 26 Feb 42 Tripoli (4.25)

18 Dec 41 Benghazi (11.30) 1 Mar 42 Tripoli (3.45)

23 Dec 41 El Agheila (10.30) 5 Mar 42 Tripoli (4.45)

1 Jan 42 Marble Arch (14.20) 19 Mar 42 Malta-Egypt (6.50)

5 Jan 42 Tripoli (16.50)

 

No.425 Squadron

 

26 Jan 43 Lorient (6.55) 16 Feb 43 Lorient (6.30)

29 Jan 43 Lorient (6.10) 19 Feb 43 Wilhelmshaven (6.00)

3 Feb 43 Hamburg (3.20) 24 Feb 43 Wilhelmshaven (5.15)

4 Feb 43 Lorient (6.35) 26 Feb 43 Cologne (6.00)

6 Feb 43 GARDENING (4.20) 1 Mar 43 GARDENING (5.50)

13 Feb 43 Lorient (7.00 5 Mar 43 Essen (5.55)

14 Feb 43 Cologne (5.20)

 

Warrant Officer Marcotte, a pilot, Canadian in the RCAF, since completing nine successful operational sorties over Germany, including such targets at Berlin, Frankfurt, Emden, and also a further 18 successful sorties on enemy targets in the Middle East, has carried out 13 successful sorties over Germany since joining this squadron. These operations include sorties to Hamburg, Cologne and Essen, as well as some difficult mining trips, making a total of 74 hours 15 minutes operational hours on this tour.

 

This Warrant Officer has carried out these attacks with constant skill and courage. With his calm and quiet manner, he has a fine offensive spirit in action and this, together with his splendid record and dogged determination, has set a fine example to the other members of the squadron. I consider his fine record of achievement, his tenacity , endurance and courage, fully merit the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

On 8 March 1943 the Officer Commanding, Station Dishforth, added:


Warrant Officer Marcotte has carried out successfully with courage and determination many bombing attacks against heavily defended targets. He enjoys the absolute confidence of his crew and of everyone with whom he works. I recommend he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross in recognition of his long and distinguished operational career.

 

On 29 March 1943 Air Vice-Marshal G.E. Brookes, Air Officer Commanding, No.6 Group, concurred, noting, "This Warrant Officer has done outstanding work as a pilot.".

 

* * * * *

 

MARCOTTE, F/O Joseph Louis Albert Lucien (J86833) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 12 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Born 1915 in Montreal; home there;enlisted there, 11 June 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 19 March 1943), No.11 EFTS (graduated 14 May 1943) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 3 September 1943). Medal presented in Montreal, 25 November 1949.

 

As captain and pilot of aircraft this officer has participated in very many operational missions and throughout has set a high standard of skill, determination and keenness. In September 1944 he piloted an aircraft in an attack on Wanne Eickel. Heavy and concentrated anti-aircraft fire was encountered over the target area and Flying Officer Marcotte's aircraft was hit. The rear gunner and the wireless operator were wounded, the latter member seriously. Flying Officer Marcotte promptly directed another crew member to tend to the injured men and then coolly executed a successful bombing attack. He afterwards flew the aircraft to an airfield in this country in the shortest possible time so that the seriously wounded wireless operator could receive the urgent medical attention necessary to save his life. Flying Officer Marcotte has completed very many sorties and has invariably pressed home his attack with the greatest determination. He is a brave and devotion captain.

 

* * * * *

 


MARCOU, S/L Howard Fortescue, AFC, (C795) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Awarded 20 February 1945 [correct] as per London Gazette of 1 March 1946 and AFRO 418/46 dated 18 April 1946. Born in Westmount (Montreal), 21 February 1917; home there; secured junior matriculation at McGill College. RCAF Provisional Pilot Officer, 3 January 1938; trained at Trenton; wings on 18 October 1938 under a short-lived pre-war scheme to provide pilots to the RAF. Transferred to RAF, 5 November 1938; At RAF Station Uxbridge, 6-23 November 1938; at No.6 SFTS, Rissington, 24 November to 15 April 1939 (detached to Warmwell Practice Camp, 11 March to 6 April 1939); with No.52 (Bomber) Squadron, Upwood, 15 April to 27 July 1939; with Central Flying School, Upavon, 24 July to 12 September 1939; instructing with No.5 SFTS, Sealand, 13 September 1939 to 21 April 1941 (on detachment to Ternhill, 2 November 1940 to 21 April 1941); with Central Flying School, Upavon, 22 April 1941 to 1 January 1942; with No.2 Flying Instructor School, Montrose, 3 January 1942 to 26 April 1943 (Deputy Chief Flying Instructor); with Empire Central Flying School, Hullavington, 27 February to 26 May 1943; to No.2 FIS, Montrose, 27 May 1943 to 17 August 1944. During this time he transferred to RCAF, 7 November 1943 (C795). Had been awarded AFC as a member of the RAF. To Pathfinder Night Training Unit, Warboys, 18 August to 3 September 1944; with No.405 Squadron, 4 September 1944 to 20 February 1945. He flew 31 trips (141 hours 50 minutes). Adventures with that unit including having his aircraft, Lancaster PB516, being struck by incendiaries from another aircraft. On the night of 20/21 February 1945 he went missing on operations (Lancaster PB530 "W"); reported safe in Britain, 24 April 1945. In the postwar RCAF he reverted to Squadron Leader (1 October 1946), being promoted to Wing Commander, 1 September 1951. His major postings included Experimental and Proving Establishment, Rockcliffe, 21 September 1947 to 31 October 1949; Air Defence Group (later renamed Air Defence Command), 1 November 1949 to 3 April 1952; Canadian Joint Staff, London, 4 April to 9 September 1952; Air Defence Command, 10 September to 7 October 1952; Station St.Denis, 8-19 October 1952; Commanding Officer of No.12 Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron. Mont Apica (radar base), 17 August 1953 to 25 January 1956 (awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953); Air Force Headquarters, 26 January 1956 to 3 January 1960; Northern NORAD Region Headquarters, North Bay, 2 August 1963 to 20 January 1964. He retired from the RCAF on 21 February 1966 and died in Drummond Township, Nepean, Ontario on 5 January 1999.

 

This officer has completed, as pilot, numerous operations against the enemy, in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.

 

NOTE: The types of aircraft he flew were sufficiently varied as to bear remark. Two forms, one filled in March 1948 and the other in June 1951, track his flying career. The numbers are not consistent from one date to the next, but the range of machines flown remains interesting:

 

March 1948 June 1951

 

Single Engine

 

Hart 85.55 64.55

Audax 60.40 48.20

Battle 51.20 44.35

Tutor 63.25 159.20

Harvard 11.10 47.50

Fury 8.05 1.45

Master 979.00 1,155.30

Hind - .20

Spitfire 2.40 5.00

Miles M.18 1.00 .30

Magister 62.20 70.05

Mustang 1.15 .45

Bermuda 1.40 .45

Bonanza - .30


Norseman - 4.00

Hotspur - .20

Finch - 65.00

Tiger Moth - 68.15

 

Twin-Engine

 

Anson 82.35 153.00

Oxford 420.25 485.00

Dominie 12.15 5.20

Blenheim 10.15 8.55

Hudson 1.00 1.10

Whitley 1.00 1.00

Wellington 9.15 7.55

Expeditor 85.45 214.55

Dakota 10.20 57.25

Beaufighter - .45

Fairchild 71 3.05 -

Canso 3.00 9.20

Ventura - 1.05

 

Multi-Engine

 

Halifax 5.00 5.20

Lancaster 210.10 226.45

North Star - 17.25

 

Helicopters - 2.00

 

* * * * *

 

MARCUS, FS (now P/O) Norman (R161644/J92470) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. WOPAG. Home in Ottawa; enlisted there 27 April 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 6 August 1943). Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). WOPAG. DHist file 181.009 D.1722 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation drafted by W/C J.K. MacDonald (CO, No.432 Squadron) dated 2 October 1944 for Marcus, Ranson, Stokx, Walker, Wyers, and 1890323 FS Eric Arthur Slaughter (RAF Flight Engineer).

 


On September 26th, 1944, these NCOs were members of a crew detailed to attack Calais. The enemy put up effective anti-aircraft fire before and after the actual attack. Their aircraft was badly damaged and difficult to control, but as the Flight Engineer had his parachute shot to pieces it was decided that they would fight it out and stay with the ship. The effort against great odds was successful and each member of the crew proved to be courageous and skilful in his duties under these adverse conditions. For their dogged determination, devotion to duty and to their fellow crew members they are strongly recommended for an award of Mention in Despatches.

 

* * * * *

 

MARGERISON, F/L Clarence Christopher William (J7337) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.571 Squadron - Award effective 5 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945. Born 1914 in Carroll, British Columbia; home in Cloverdale, British Columbia; educated at University of British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 6 January 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 29 April 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1941) and No.15 SFTS (graduated 13 September 1941). Medal presented 9 July 1949.

 

One night in October 1944 this officer was the pilot of an aircraft detailed for a mine-laying mission. Considerable anti-aircraft fire was encountered in the target area but Flight Lieutenant Margerison completed his task with skill and precision. This officer has participated in very many sorties and has set a fine example of courage and determination.

 

* * * * *

 

MARIER, F/L John Eugene (J13819) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945. Born in Toronto; home there (paper tester); enlisted there 28 October 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 10 April 1942) and No.8 AOS (graduated 28 August 1942). Medal presented in Toronto, 30 November 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation dated 24 January 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (179 hours 45 minutes), 24 June 1943 to 14 January 1945, divided between No.408 Squadron (24 June 1943 to a Berlin raid in March 1944, 22 sorties) and No.434 Squadron (20 July 44 to 14 January 1945, nine sorties). Sortie list is very detailed listing many engagements with flak and fighters. Returning from Berlin, 21 January 1944, they landed at Dalton with ten minutes' fuel left ("All England fogged in - really hairy"); crash-landing at base after raid on Magdeburg, 21 January 1944, orbited over Berlin defences in March, and on 10 September 1944, bombing Le Havre, took movies and stills.

 

Flight Lieutenant Marier as navigator has completed a tour of operations, the majority of which were attacks against major German targets including five sorties against Berlin. He has displayed high navigational skill at all times, remaining cool and navigating accurately back to base on several occasions when his aircraft has been seriously damaged by enemy action.

 


As squadron navigation leader he has carried out his duties very efficiently, holding the high respect of all those under him and proving himself a tower of strength to the squadron. His devotion to duty and fine offensive spirit have been an example worthy of emulation by all members of the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

MARIER, FS Joseph Albert Marcel (R54497) - British Empire Medal - No.2 Bombing and Gunnery School - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born in Ottawa, 15 August 1918. Home in Eastview (Vanier), Ontario; employed by Continental Paper; enlisted in Ottawa, 7 September 1940. Clerk admin. Medal presented 10 January 1946, Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 59, file 190-I, dossier 7) has citation.

 

Flight Sergeant Marier, during his four years in the Air Force, has shown outstanding executive ability in Air Force administration. He has been largely responsible for the efficient organization of station Orderly Room and Central Registry and has also been of great assistance in an advisory capacity to all other sections of this station. He has made sound, worthwhile suggestions which have undoubtedly been of great saving to the service both in man-hours and money and also have been the means of eliminating many common errors. This non-commissioned officer has conscientiously and tirelessly instructed his staff until he was sure that maximum efficiency has been attained. His character and personality, plus his absolute devotion to duty, have been such as to command respect from all personnel with whom he has come in contact.

 

* * * * *

 

MARK, S/L Cyril Victor (J4557) - Air Force Cross - No.2 FIS - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946 - Trained at No.2 ITS, No.2 EFTS, and No.2 SFTS. As at December 1943 (could be typo for 1945 ?) he had flown 2,013 hours, 1,810 as instructor, 240 hours in past six months.

 

This officer has been a flying instructor at this unit for eighteen months. During this time, as an Instructor, Flight Commander and Examining Officer, his extreme devotion to flying duty has been an example and inspiration to all. The interest he has taken in his work and his ability as a pilot and instructor have done much to improve the standard of flying training at this unit.

 

* * * * *

 


MARK, Corporal George Arthur (R100740) - Mention in Despatches - No.7 Squadron - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944. See War Service Records, 1939-1945 (Canadian Bank of Commerce, 1947) which gives name as George Archer. Born in Toronto, 8 February 1919. Entered bank service, 1937. Enlisted in Toronto, 8 April 1941. Trained as a Radar Mechanic before going overseas, October 1941. Further radar training at Prestwick, Scotland, then served in Pathfinder forces. Released 10 October 1945 and returned to bank duties. No citation in AFRO.

 

* * * * *

 

MARK, Sergeant Robert John (R123352) - British Empire Medal - No.4 Release Centre - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 7 August 1941. Medal presented 14 October 1947.

 

Sergeant Mark has been employed in the Accounts Section of this unit since 26 January 1945. At all times he has shown devotion to duty above that which may be expected of a non-commissioned officer in his position. He has conducted himself in an exemplary manner and has set a splendid example for those with whom he has been associated. In periods of extraordinary activity he has carried through with benefit to the service and credit to himself. He may be regarded as an outstanding non-commissioned officer.

 

* * * * *

 

MARK, Corporal Thomas Charles (R197821) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Victoria; enlisted in Vancouver, 30 October 1942.

 

* * * * *

 

MARK, F/L William McIntyre (J29775) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 18 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 26 October 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946. Home in Toronto (mechanic); enlisted there 24 July 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 25 October 1941), No.22 EFTS (graduated 19 December 1941), and No.9 SFTS (graduated 8 May 1942). Commissioned 1942. Medal presented in Toronto, 30 November 1949.

 

This officer has completed his first tour of operational duty. In February 1945 he was detailed to participate in an attack against Wanne Eickel. On the return journey heavy anti-aircraft fire was encountered and engine trouble developed. Later, fire broke out and could not be controlled. Flight Lieutenant Mark, regardless of his own safety, remained at the controls till all the members of his crew had left by parachute. His coolness in adverse circumstances have always been worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 


MARKEY, FS (now P/O) William John (R168289/J90975) - French Croix de Guerre - No.106 Squadron (AFRO gave unit only as "Overseas" - Awarded as per AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Home in Oakville, Ontario; enlisted in Hamilton, 16 June 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 6 February 1943), No.4 BGS (graduated) 1 May 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 25 June 1943). Public Record Office Air 2/9645 has unit and citation.

 

Flight Sergeant Markey took part in 34 operational sorties during which he proved to be a Bomb Aimer of outstanding ability, achieving many notable successes. He was engaged in bombing missions at various points in Normandy prior to D-Day both day and night, often in conditions of adverse weather, and he has taken part in a number of attacks in direct support of the ground forces. Flight Sergeant Markey has shown skill and courage worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

MARKS, P/O Vernon Gerald (J90495) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.635 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1923 in Leask, Saskatchewan; home there (student); enlisted in Saskatoon, 17 July 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 16 April 1943) and No.9 BGS (graduated 1 October 1943). Commissioned September 1944. Medal sent by registered mail 24 December 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9083 has recommendation dated 20 March 1945 when he had flown 54 sorties (259 hours ten minutes), 10 May 1944 to 13 March 1945. NOTE: the text of the recommendation is awkwardly drafted.

 

10 May 44 Lens (3.50) 12 Aug 44 Brunswick (5.10)

11 May 44 Tours (3.45) 15 Aug 44 Tirelemont (3.30)

19 May 44 Boulogne (3.30) 18 Aug 44 Sterkrade (4.20)

27 May 44 Bourg-Leopold (3.40) 25 Aug 44 Brest (5.20)

1 June 44 Ferme d'Ourville (4.00) 26 Aug 44 Baltic Area (5.50)

2 Jun 44 Trappes (4.35) 13 Sep 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.05)

3 June 44 Brest (4.50) 17 Sep 44 Boulogne (2.45)

5 June 44 Mont Fleury (4.25) 23 Sep 44 Neuss (5.00)

7 June 44 St.Nazaire (5.20) 25 Sep 44 Calais (3.40)

9 June 44 Lorient (5.20) 26 Sep 44 Calais (3.10)

12 Jun 44 Amiens (4.05) 27 Sep 44 Calais (3.15)

27 Jun 44 Brest (5.00) 6 Oct 44 Heligoland (3.50)

28 Jun 44 Blainville (6.45) 9 Oct 44 Bochum (4.55)

1 July 44 St.Martin (3.45) 2 Jan 45 Nuremburg (7.00)

4 July 44 St.Martin (3.45) 16 Jan 45 Zeitz (6.45)

6 July 44 Croixdale (3.45) 22 Jan 45 Gelsenkirchen (4.30)

12 Jul 44 Tireny (4.30) 1 Feb 45 Mainz (5.25)

18 Jul 44 Vaires (4.15) 2 Feb 45 Weisbaden (5.35)

19 Jul 44 Mont Candon (3.15) 4 Feb 45 Osterfeld (4.25)


23 Jul 44 Kiel (4.45) 9 Feb 45 Wanne Eickel (4.45)

24 Jul 44 Stuttgart (7.55) 13 Feb 45 Dresden (8.20)

25 Jul 44 Trafey (3.50) 24 Feb 45 Kamen (4.40)

28 Jul 44 Foret de Nieppe (3.40) 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz (8.10)

1 Aug 44 Prouville (3.40) 7 Mar 45 Dessau (8.25)

3 Aug 44 Bois de Casson (4.05) 8 Mar 45 Kassel (6.30)

9 Aug 44 Foret de Mormal (3.15) 11 Mar 45 Essen (4.15)

10 Aug 44 Dijon (6.30) 13 Mar 45 Wuppertal (4.35)

 

This officer has participated in 54 operational sorties against the enemy and is even now engaged on his second tour of operational duty. He has always displayed a high standard of skill, courage, this coupled with his tenacity has set a most inspiring example.

 

* * * * *

 

MARLATT, F/L Stafford Dean (J15113) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.439 Squadron - Award effective 10 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 24 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born in 1915, Oakville, Ontario; home there. Former clerk and member of the Royal Canadian Artillery. Enlisted in Toronto, 16 October 1940; commissioned 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 23 December 1940), No.12 EFTS (graduated 21 February 1941), and No.1 SFTS (graduated 16 May 1941). Commissioned 1942. Medal presented 9 April 1948. DHist file 181.009 D.1636 (RG.24 Vol.20604) has application for Operational Wings dated 9 February 1944 from J15113 F/O S.D. Marlett (NOTE: CHECK NUMBER AND SPELLING OF HIS NAME) claiming approximately 100 operational hours, night fighting and day offensive sweeps, with No.247 Squadron (Typhoons), 15 September 1941 to 30 October 1943.

 

During his first tour of operations this officer completed numerous bomber escort and night fighter sorties. Since joining his present squadron he has been occupied mainly with attacks on the railway and transport system of Germany and in armed reconnaissance work. Flight Lieutenant Marlatt has also taken part in close support missions during which he has achieved outstanding results. In support of the Rhine crossing he was engaged in harassing German communications, artillery concentrations, and troops, and in the latter stages of the war he participated in anti-shipping operations. As a flight commander he showed great ability and leadership and was materially responsible for the consistently good results achieved by his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 


MARLOW, F/L Geoffrey Campbell (J36615) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 12 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946. Born 1922 in Duncan, British Columbia; home in Carshalton, Surrey, England (student); enlisted in London, England, 10 July 1942. Trained at No.19 EFTS (graduated 25 June 1943) and No.19 SFTS (graduated 15 October 1943). Commissioned October 1943. Medal presented 4 August 1949. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation by W/C J.C. Mulvihill dated 20 May 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (215 hours 40 minutes), 2 November 1944 to 10 May 1945 including one "Exodus" trip.

 

This officer has completed a tour of operations as a Captain of an aircraft. He has attacked such heavily defended targets as Dusseldorf, Osnabruck and Karlsruhe with a determination to press home the attack with great tenacity. He has at all times shown a fine offensive spirit and has led his crew into battle with the utmost courage, which has been an inspiration to other members of his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

MARQUET, Corporal Maurice (R87217) - George Medal - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 27 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945. Born 1922 in Dollard, Saskatchewan; home in Meadow Lake (aero engine mechanic). Event also led to award of George Cross to A/C A.D. Ross, George Medal to FS J.R.M. St.Germain, and BEM to LACs M.M. McKenzie and R.R. Wolfe. NOTE: See DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (RG.24 Volume 20607) shows that Marquet was originally recommended for a George Cross (downgraded to GM); St.Germain was originally recommended for a George Medal (and it stood).

 


One night in June 1944, an aircraft, while attempting to land, crashed into another which was parked in the dispersal area and fully loaded with bombs. The former aircraft had broken into three parts and was burning furiously. Air Commodore Ross was at the airfield to attend the return of aircraft from operations and the interrogation of aircrews. Flight Sergeant St.Germain, a bomb aimer, had just returned from an operational sortie and Corporal Marquet was in charge of the night ground crew, whilst Leading Aircraftmen McKenzie and Wolfe were members of the crew of the crash tender. Air Commodore Ross, with the assistance of Corporal Marquet, extricated the pilot who had sustained severe injuries. At that moment ten 500-pound bombs in the second aircraft, about 80 yards away, exploded, and this officer and airman were hurled to the ground. When the hail of debris had subsided, cries were heard from the rear turret of the crashed aircraft. Despite further explosions from bombs and petrol tanks which might have occurred, Air Commodore Ross and Corporal Marquet returned to the blazing wreckage and endeavoured in vain to swing the turret to release the rear gunner. Although the port tail plane was blazing furiously, Air Commodore Ross hacked at the perspex with an axe and then handed the axe through the turret to the rear gunner who enlarged the aperture. Taking the axe again the Air Commodore, assisted now by Flight Sergeant St.Germain as well as by Corporal Marquet, finally broke the perspex steel frame supports and extricated the rear gunner. Another 500-pound bomb exploded which threw the three rescuers to the ground. Flight Sergeant St.Germain quickly rose and threw himself upon a victim to shield him from flying debris. Air Commodore Ross' arm was practically severed between the wrist and elbow by the second explosion. He calmly walked to the ambulance and an emergency amputation was performed on arrival at station sick quarters. Meanwhile, Corporal Marquet had inspected the surroundings and, seeing petrol running down towards two nearby aircraft, directed their removal from the vicinity by tractor. Leading Aircraftmen McKenzie and Wolfe rendered valuable assistance in trying to bring the fire under control and they also helped to extricate the trapped rear gunner, both being seriously injured by flying debris. Air Commodore Ross showed fine leadership and great heroism in an action which resulted in the saving of the lives of the pilot and rear gunner. He was ably assisted by Flight Sergeant St.Germain and Corporal Marquet who both displayed courage of a high order. Valuable service was also rendered by Leading Aircraftmen McKenzie and Wolfe in circumstances of great danger.

 

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MARQUIS, LAC Joseph Fortunat Jean Marie (R63837) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (also identified as Station Eastmoor) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Rimouski, Quebec; enlisted there 5 September 1940. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945 when he had served 30 months in Canada, 21 months overseas. Fitter IIE.

 

This airman by his willingness to work hard without stint to complete even the most difficult job has set a high example to all the other airmen in his section. He is constantly trying out new schemes in his own time to improve the standard of work in his trade and is encouraging his fellow airmen by his outstanding devotion to duty.

 

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MARR, F/L William Lloyd (J9873) - Air Force Cross - No.409 Squadron - Award effective 3 April 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. Home in Langley, British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 6 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 July 1940), No.8 EFTS (graduated 15 September 1940) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 20 December 1940). Medal sent by registered mail 7 June 1950. No citation in AFRO or biographical file. DHist file 181.009 D.3510 (RG.24 Vol.20640) has recommendation dated 6 November 1944 when he had flown 51 sorties (143 hours 20 minutes).

 


Flight Lieutenant Marr has flown a total of 2,113 hours of which 415 hours have been at night. He served for eighteen months at Central Flying School in Canada in which time he was considered well above the average in flying ability and in interest shown in Station and Squadron activities. He has always been a tower of strength in Squadron affairs since arriving here and though he has had bad luck in contact with the enemy (on two occasions his guns jammed when in position to make a kill), he has never lost interest and has shown exceptional and outstanding keenness at all times. During his long tour he has had five successful single engine landings at night and during his entire service career at no time has he had the slightest mishap or damaged his aircraft.

 

NOTE: His work in Canada involved hazards as well. On 27 August 1942, at Central Flying School, Trenton (Harvard 2971) he was instructing in spinning when engine caught fire and throttle jammed. He made a forced landing with undercarriage retracted.

 

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MARRIOTT, F/L Edwin Thomas (J7031) - Mention in Despatches - No.145 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 21 April 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. Home in Bateman, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Ottawa, 31 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 10 April 1941), No.3 EFTS (graduated 28 May 1941) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 20 August 1941).

 

This officer has proved himself a most able and competent flight commander and pilot. On his many operations over the North Atlantic he has exhibited skill and leadership of a very high order. He has been an inspiration and example to all who have served under him.

 

* * * * *

 

MARRIOTT, WO1 Robert William (Can 284) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.15 SFTS - Award effective 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born at Kingston, Ontario, 15 February 1911.

 

Warrant Officer Marriott was posted to this station to reorganize the Motor Transport Section. He has proved himself to be a most capable administrator. By his own efforts and teaching he has made a most praiseworthy improvement in the standard of knowledge of all Motor Transport personnel on the station and has given without stint his off-duty hours to further their program. He is an excellent disciplinarian and leader, and outstanding in all respects among the warrant officers of this station.

 

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MARRITT, F/O Edwin Franklin (J36873) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Born 1924 at Keswick, Ontario; home there (student); enlisted Toronto, 13 July 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 23 January 1943), No.1 AOS (graduated 30 October 1943) and No.1 BGS (graduated 10 December 1943). Commissioned October 1943. Medal presented 22 June 1949. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation by S/L R.W. Swartz dated 20 April 1945 when he had flown 35 sorties (250 hours 15 minutes), 6 October 1944 to 25 March 1945.

 

This officer has displayed great ability and skill as an air bomber coupled with great tenacity of purpose and exceptional courage. He has participated in many sorties on heavily defended targets and every time he has bombed the objective with outstanding results securing many fine photographs.

 

His obvious ability created a fine standard of morale in his crew and proved of great help to his pilot to the betterment of efficiency.

 

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MARSDEN, F/O Walter (C29453) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 19 September 1939.

 

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MARSH, FS Cedric Stanley (R70100) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.108 Squadron - Award effective 26 February 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 March 1943 and AFRO 513/43 dated 26 February 1943. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.2 WS and No.4 BGS.

 

As air gunner, Flight Sergeant Marsh has completed a large number of operational missions. Throughout, he has displayed great determination and devotion to duty and has proved himself to be a valuable member of aircraft crew.

 

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MARSH, FS Francis Joseph (R266317) - Mention in Despatches - No.405 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 726/46 dated 26 July 1946. Home in Westree, Ontario. Enlisted in Toronto, 22 July 1943. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 28 January 1944. Missing 15/16 March 1945; reported died as a POW, 17 March 1945.

 

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MARSH, F/L Francis Peter (J15643) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 19 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 1 June 1943 and AFRO 1187/43 dated 25 June 1943. Born 1918 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 1 July 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 10 October 1940), No.1 BGS (graduated 15 February 1941), and No.2 WS (graduated 20 January 1941). Commissioned 1942. Killed in action 17/18 August 1943 (Lancaster DS681); buried in Germany. Medal presented to next-of-kin. Cited with F/O D.W. Simpson (RCAF, navigator).

 

One night in April 1943, these officers were wireless operator and navigator, respectively, of an aircraft detailed to attack Duisburg. When nearing the target area the bomber was engaged by an enemy fighter and sustained severe damage. On the return flight Flying Officer Simpson displayed exceptional navigational ability in most difficult circumstances, and Flight Lieutenant Marsh, who skilfully obtained bearing, rendered him valuable assistance. Both these members of aircraft crew displayed great coolness and skill in a perilous situation.

 

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MARSHALL, W/C Clyde Charles Wilton (C1205) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 14 October 1918 in Kingston, Ontario; home in Ottawa; enlisted Kingston, 20 June 1939. Commissioned October 1939; Flight Lieutenant, October 1941; Squadron Leader, January 1943; Wing Commander, October 1944, reverting to Squadron Leader in postwar RCAF. Instructed in Canada (No.4 SFTS in 1940, No.10 SFTS, 1941-43) before going overseas; Commanding Officer, Station Dishforth, 1945. In postwar RCAF during which he rose again to Wing Commander. Major postwar assignments included Canadian Joint Staff (Washington); as of 1957 he was Commanding Officer, No.4 (T) OTU, Trenton. Medal presented in Halifax, 27 July 1949. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty. DHist file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation by G/C J.G. Kerr (CO, Skipton-on-Swale) dated 24 December 1944 when he had flown 25 sorties (133 hours ten minutes), 12 July to 17 December 1944.

 

This officer, who now commands No.433 (RCAF) Squadron, is nearing the completion of a most successful tour of operations. At the commencement of his tour, he showed himself to be a resolute Captain who moulded his crew into an exceptionally fine fighting team. His keenness to fly on operations coupled with his natural ability as a pilot was immediately outstanding.

 

In due course he assumed command of a flight. Here, with great scope for his energy and ability, he proved to be of great assistance to his Squadron Commander.

 

For the past two months he has been employed on his present duties. Once again, his ability to organize and direct have produced excellent results and the efficiency and morale of his squadron has shown remarkable improvement. He himself continues to set an outstanding example as an operational pilot. He purposely details himself for the most difficult targets and on every operation he shows great determination in pressing home his attacks.

 


Throughout his operational career, this officer's work has been outstanding in all phases and I strongly recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MARSHALL, P/O Gordon Thomas (J86715) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1922 in Montreal; home there (stock clerk); enlisted there 28 April 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 6 November 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 19 March 1943). Commissioned May 1944. Medal presented 5 October 1946. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Vol.20636) has recommendation, originally drafted 5 August 1944, resubmitted 20 August 1944, when he had flown 38 sorties (180 hours ten minutes), 18 November 1943 to 28 July 1944 (108 "points").

 

This officer has completed a tour of thirty-six operations. He has at all times displayed a fine offensive spirit and his skill as a navigator has contributed in no small measure to the successes of his crew. His cheerful, quiet manner and dogged determination, together with his unswerving devotion to duty, have been an example to all crews.

 

* * * * *

 

MARSHALL, F/L Murray Gordon (J11068) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1921 in Hamilton, Ontario; home in Ancaster, Ontario. Trained at No.3 ITS, No.12 EFTS and No.5 SFTS. Commissioned 1942. Served in postwar RCAF Auxiliary; as of 1961 he was a Group Captain and Officer Commanding No.16 Wing, Hamilton. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation forwarded from squadron, date uncertain but apparently early July 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (157 hours 10 minutes).

 

This captain has completed thirty-one operational bombing sorties against the enemy, eight of which have been on major targets. He has shown outstanding ability and courage during these operations. His keenness and devotion to duty have at all times been of a very high order.

 

* * * * *

 


MARSHALL, F/O Norman William (J85583) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1917 in Toronto; home in Detroit, Michigan; enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 4 May 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 23 October 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 5 March 1943). Commissioned March 1944. Medal presented 27 May 1949.

 

Throughout his operational tour this officer has displayed outstanding courage and determination. He has participated in many attacks against heavily defended targets including Berlin, Essen and Dusseldorf. On one occasion during a mission to Berlin in August 1944, his aircraft was illuminated by searchlights for fifteen minutes. Although evasive action was taken, anti-aircraft fire was most intense and the aircraft was damaged. Despite poor visibility and high winds Flying Officer Marshall gave his pilot valuable assistance in locating the target and it was successfully attacked. His outstanding technical skill and initiative have largely contributed to the success of many operations.

 

* * * * *

 

MARSHALL, F/O Robert George (J19504) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 3 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1/45 dated 5 January 1945. Born 1921 in Melancthon, Ontario; home there; enlisted Toronto, 23 October 1940. Trained at No.1 WS (graduated 27 April 1941) and No.4 BGS (graduated 24 May 1941). Cited with F/L R.E. Curtis (RCAF, awarded DSO), F/O Dougal A. McGillivray (RCAF, awarded DSO) F/L Hugh F. Smith (RCAF, awarded DFC), F/O Charles F. Wattie (RCAF, awarded DFC) and Sergeant J.D. Rose (RAF, awarded DFM). Incident described was on 12 August 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 15 September 1944 when he had flown 52 sorties (348 hours 35 minutes). These began with a three-leg journey to Egypt (March-April 1942) followed by 34 sorties with No.148 Squadron (23 June to 24 September 1942) and 21 sorties with No.428 Squadron (5 July to 12 September 1944).

 


These officers and Sergeant Rose have participated in a very large number of sorties and have displayed skill, courage and devotion to duty worthy of the highest praise. In August 1944, they were members of the crew of an aircraft detailed to attack Dortmund. Whilst on the bombing run the aircraft came under heavy anti-aircraft fire and was hit. Flight Lieutenant Curtis was wounded in the head. Despite the severity of his injury, this brave pilot remained at the controls and pressed home his attack. Not until the task was accomplished did he ask for assistance. He afterwards collapsed and was placed in the rest position. Flying Officer McGillivray, the air bomber, then took over the controls and kept the aircraft on a course for home. During the return flight his comrades, Flight Lieutenant Smith, Flying Officers Marshall and Wattie and Sergeant Rose set a fine example of coolness and co-operation and did everything within their power to assist in flying the aircraft home. Eventually an airfield was reached. Although he had never previously landed an aircraft, Flying Officer McGillivray succeeded in bringing it down, being greatly assisted by the advice and directions of Sergeant Rose, the flight engineer. These members of aircraft crew displayed rare determination and great courage in perilous circumstances. Flight Lieutenant Curtis had sustained a compound fracture of the skull. Until the time he became incapable of further action he had displayed the courage and tenacity of a fine leader.

 

* * * * *

 

MARSHALL, F/O Stuart Allan (J28750) - Mention in Despatches - No.417 Squadron (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born in Yorkton, Saskatchewan, 10 August 1921; home in Peterborough, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto, 23 May 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 26 January 1943), No.12 EFTS (graduated 3 April 1943) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 6 August 1943). Overseas in August 1943; to Italy in August 1944; to Canada in August 1945; demobilized September 1945. Rejoined postwar RCAF, August 1948, serving with No.413 (Photo) Squadron and in public relations duties; awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 while a Flight Lieutenant with Canadian Joint Staff (Washington). Qualified for aircrew again, October 1954; killed in the crash of a CF-100, Kinross, Michigan during an air show, 19 May 1956 (Mo.428 Squadron at the time).

 

* * * * *

 

MARSHALL, LAC William Edward (R12020A) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (also identified with Station Eastmoor) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Home in Regina; enlisted there 17 December 1936. Re-enlisted 15 August 1941. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945 when he had served 18 months in Canada, 21 months overseas. Fitter IIE.

 

This airman has spared neither time nor effort to do an excellent job of work. By his cheerfulness under all circumstances and high sense of duty to his section, he has encouraged his comrades to greater efforts.

 

* * * * *

 

MARSHALL, S/L William Leslie (C3373 or C3377) - Mention in Despatches - Station Linton - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Enlisted in Toronto, 9 December 1940. No citation in AFRO which also gives unit only as "Overseas". Station Administrative Officer. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 14 February 1944.

 


After a year and a half of noteworthy service at Technical Training School, St.Thomas, Ontario, Squadron Leader Marshall was posted in July 1942. He served three months as Adjutant of No.409 (RCAF) Squadron and subsequently assumed the duties of Station Adjutant and Squadron Leader Administrative at RCAF Station Dunsfold. Upon the entry of Eastmoor into No.6 (RCAF) Group in May 1943, he assumed the duties of Senior Administrative Officer there, and by his zeal, energy and efficient performance of his duties, which have been far in excess of normal requirements, played a vital part in building up a smooth running and effective station organization. Since December 4th he has performed similar duties at Linton. A very loyal and hardworking officer.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTEL, F/O Albert Joseph (J88173) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born 1921 in St.Boniface, Manitoba; home there (sheet metal worker); enlisted in Winnipeg, 30 June 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 16 April 1943), No.6 EFTS (graduated 11 June 1943) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 15 October 1943). Commissioned July 1944. Postwar with Trans-Canada Airlines. Medal presented by Governor General at Government House, 7 November 1949. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1731 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20608) has recommendation dated 10 January 1945, when he had flown 27 sorties (158 hours 25 minutes):

 

On October 28th, 1944, Flying Officer Martel and his crew were detailed to take part in a daylight raid over Cologne, Germany.

 

Shortly after setting course, trouble developed in the port inner engine. Attempts were made to rectify the trouble but the gauges indicated that it was dangerous to operate it further. The pilot was forced to feather the engine. Determined to drive home a successful attack, he decided to carry on to the target on three engines. The height from which the crew had been briefed to bomb was 21,000 feet. When the port inner engine was feathered, height was gradually lost. The target was bombed on time from 15,000 feet. On the trip to base, the port outer developed trouble. It could not do more than 1,800 revs per minute. Despite this fact, Flying Officer Martel completed the trip back to base successfully.

 

In times of stress, this officer's cool efficiency and unfailing devotion to duty have been a constant source of encouragement and confidence to the other members of his crew.

 

On many other sorties he has met with serious difficulties far inside enemy territory but this outstanding leader's exceptional airmanship and cool determination have always permitted him to successfully complete his missions.

 

* * * * *

 


MARTELL, F/O Herman (J12983) - Mention in Despatches - No.10 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 3 November 1944 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 2479/44 dated 17 November 1944. Home in Edmonton; enlisted there 4 July 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 16 January 1942), No.2 AOS (graduated 25 April 1942) and No.1 ANS (graduated 20 July 1942).

 

This officer, in many hours of operational flying in the North Atlantic area under all weather conditions, has consistently shown keenness and skill in navigation. His ability and steadiness have played a major part in the successful completion of many sorties and have been an inspiration and example to all members of his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, FS Andre Eugene (Can 2426) - Mention in Despatches - No.14 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per Canada Gazette and London Gazette of that date and AFRO 113/44 dated 21 January 1944. Born 9 June 1913, St.Claude, Manitoba. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 10 June 1938.

 

Flight Sergeant as NCO in charge, organized, trained and directed a maintenance section required for a type of aircraft entirely new to him and to those under him. He has personally set an example of cheerful efficiency under most difficult conditions.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/O Anthony Arthur (J17876) - Air Medal and Six Oak Leaf Clusters (United States) - 9th USAAF - Award effective 20 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Home in Squamish, British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 24 January 1941. Trained at No.5 BGS (graduated 15 September 1941) and No.2 WS (graduated 17 August 1941). Public Records Office Air 2/9599 has citation from General Order No.31, HQ US Army Air Forces in the Middle East, 28 April 1944.

 

For meritorious achievement while participating in aerial flights against the enemy while on duty with the Ninth United States Air Force in the Middle East...he having participated in ten operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."

 

Same order awards the first Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in four operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and two operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."

 

Same order awards the second Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in five operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and twenty operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."

 

Same order awards third Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in five operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration."

 


Same order awards fourth Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in five operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration."

 

Same order awards fifth Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in four operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and two operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."

 

Same order awards sixth Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in two operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and six operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."

 

MARTIN, F/O Anthony Arthur (J17876) - Distinguished Flying Cross (United States) - 9th USAAF - Award effective 20 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Public Records Office Air 2/9599 has citation from General Order No.31, HQ US Army Air Forces in the Middle East, 28 April 1944.

 

For extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flights. While attached to the Ninth United States Air Force as a radio-gunner in a B-25 bomber he completed 51 combat missions totalling 129 combat hours during the Allied drive from El Alamein to Tunisia, and in operations connected with the Islands of Pantellaria, Lampadusa and Sicily. On one occasion while on a combat flight the plane in which he was flying hut some turbulent air causing one bomb to fall through the bomb-bay doors and explode and leaving another bomb hanging by one shackle, thus endangering the plane and crew. Sergeant Martin climbed down into the bomb-bay and replaced the safety pin in this bomb thus making a safe landing possible. Through his devotion to duty and courageous efforts he has contributed in a marked degree to the military successes in the Middle East.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/O (now S/L) Branston Wilmott (C3173) - Member, Order of the British Empire - RCAF Overseas - Award as per London Gazette dated 1 October 1946 and AFRO 1059/46 dated 8 November 1946. Home in Kingston; enlisted in Ottawa, 6 November 1940. Medal presented 19 November 1948. No citation with AFRO other than "...in recognition of gallant and distinguished services rendered during the period of operations against the Japanese in Malaya and the Netherlands East Indies, terminating in March, 1942." Public Records Office Air/8774, dealing with awards to personnel in the Far East, gives citation as presented to Air Ministry Honours and Awards Committee:

 

In December 1941, Flying Officer Martin was technical officer commanding a radar station on the east coast of Malaya, 100 miles north of Singapore. Despite great difficulties caused by tropical conditions, the unit reached a high pitch of operational efficiency, largely because of Flying Officer Martin's efforts. It was the first radar unit to plot the first enemy raid on Singapore, thereby giving almost an hour's warning of its approach. By 15th January, 1942, the enemy had advanced to within


half a mile of the station, which sustained repeated low level machine gun and bombing attacks. Despite this, it continued to function until orders to withdraw were received. All the secret equipment was then removed intact, although the station was not a mobile one, and although most of the personnel, including Flying Officer Martin, were suffering from malaria or dengue. On 9th February 1942 the station, now mobilized and re-erected at Tuas on Singapore Island, had again to be withdrawn before the Japanese advance. Flying Officer Martin completed this task and then, on his own initiative, returned with a volunteer party, to an area partly occupied by advanced enemy elements to destroy another radar installation. The party spent two hours at this work and withdrew safely. At the withdrawal from Tuas, the unit had been ordered to ensure speed by abandoning their masts but, by 12th February 1942, Flying Officer Martin was again able to report that the station was functioning at Tanah Merah Kechil on the south east side of Singapore Island. He had shown great ingenuity in devising aerials and feeders which were mounted on palm trees instead of masts. Shortly afterwards, the enemy landing at Changi necessitated a further withdrawal and Flying Officer Martin prepared to instal the unit at Fort Canning. While he was preparing the site and aerials, the army car park in which the technical vehicles had been left under guard was closely menaced by the enemy. Flying Officer Martin once more volunteered to take a party back into the danger area. This party reached the vehicles and spent a considerable time rendering the equipment useless to the enemy. Throughout the campaign and the later withdrawal from Singapore, this officer showed the utmost leadership, tenacity and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/O Byron Le Verne (J86185) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945 and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Born 1919 in Port Arthur, Ontario; home there (labourer); enlisted there 15 July 1941. Trained at No.3 WS (graduated 30 July 1942) and No.8 BGS (graduated 31 August 1942). Medal presented 22 February 1947.

 

Flying Officer Martin has completed a successful tour of operations which has included attacks against such heavily defended targets as Kiel, Hamburg, Duisburg and Essen. He has proved himself to be a keen and skilful wireless operator. On the return flight from a mission against Essen in November 1944, a dinghy which had been adrift in the English Channel for four and a half hours was sighted. Flying Officer Martin promptly sent accurate information to a headquarters in England. This was maintained for nearly an hour until the petrol supply of his aircraft was running low. Owing to the exactness of the information sent the crew were rescued half an hour later by a destroyer. The splendid co-operation, determination and devotion to duty displayed by this officer have been most commendable.

 

* * * * *

 


MARTIN, LAC Charles (R223976) - Medal of Merit, Second Class (Czechoslovakia) - No.12 Communications Squadron - Award effective 2 November 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1075/46 dated 15 November 1946. Home in Edwards, Ontario; enlisted in Ottawa, 6 May 1943.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, Sergeant Douglas Christopher (R64125) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.42 Squadron - Award effective 29 October 1941 as per London Gazette dated 4 November 1941 and AFRO 1340/41 dated 14 November 1941. Born 1920 in Brantford, Ontario; home there (student); enlisted in Hamilton, Ontario, 25 April 1940. Trained at No.1 AOS, Rivers (graduated 29 September 1940 and No.1 BGS. Arrived in UK, 15 November 1940 and posted to No.42 Squadron, 30 November 1940, commencing operations 9 January 1941. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace, 24 March 1942. Later returned to Canada to train as pilot; MiD for work in Eastern Air Command.

 

Sergeant Martin has participated in twenty-three operational missions. In October 1941 he was observer of an aircraft which carried out an attack at dusk on enemy shipping off the Norwegian coast. A successful attack was carried out but in the heavy gunfire encountered, Sergeant Martin was wounded in the leg. He did not inform the pilot of his injuries, however, and successfully navigated the aircraft back to base without the aid of the air speed indicator which had been put out of action. This airman's courage in navigating the aircraft under difficult conditions and in spite of the pain from his wounds has set a magnificent example.

 

MARTIN, F/L Douglas Christopher, DFM (J15312) - Mention in Despatches - Eastern Air Command Meteorological Flight - Award effective 7 July 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945.

 

Flight Lieutenant Martin has been navigation leader of Eastern Air Command Meteorological Flight since its inception in October 1943. His perseverance and devotion to duty have made him one of those instrumental in the carrying out of the original plan and development of this unit. The organization ability he has displayed ensured the very high standard of navigation required to cope with the adverse weather conditions encountered. Flight Lieutenant Martin has contributed materially to the high unit morale and in addition to his other duties has compiled a great number of hours on meteorological flights.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/O (now F/L) Eld James (J7648) - Mention in Despatches - No.7 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 113/44 dated 21 January 1944. Born 2 October 1917 at Edmonton, Alberta. Home in Prince Rupert. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.7 EFTS, and No.4 BGS, and No.4 AOS. Appears to have died of natural causes soon after the war.


Flying Officer Martin is a skilled Navigator who has performed difficult tasks with accuracy and reliability. His keen interest in navigation has resulted in the development of a crew trainer which is of inestimable value to his unit. In addition he has at all times displayed energy and initiative of a high standard.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, Sergeant Emmerson Stanley (R97264) - Mention in Despatches - Womblton - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 418/46 dated 18 April 1946. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 6 November 1941. Served in Canada two years four months; had been in England one year ten months as of recommendation on 16 May 1945. Clerk in station Orderly Room. No citation in AFRO; found in DHist file 181.002 D.225:

 

This non-commissioned officer was the NCO in charge Central Registry from April 1944 until the end of February 1945 when he was placed in charge of Station Headquarters Orderly Room. While in charge of Central Registry he showed great enthusiasm for his work in carrying out a change-over in the filing system from RAF procedure to the RCAF system and in maintaining a smoothly running section. After his transfer to the Orderly Room, Sergeant Martin again demonstrated his energy and leadership with the result that he has instilled a spirit of confidence and enthusiasm among his staff which is reflected in the present high morale and the good work which is being produced.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/L John Edward Ross (J2932) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.10 Squadron (Canada) - since gone to No.5 OTU. Award effective 14 November 1944 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 2684/44 dated 15 December 1944. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 16 April 1940. Trained at No.1 SFTS (graduated 17 September 1940). As of award had flown 1,762:15 hours, 1,009:10 operational hours (144 sorties). Medal presented 13 September 1947.

 

This officer on one occasion was carrying out a convoy escort under very poor weather conditions. Upon sighting a surfaced enemy submarine he immediately attacked, the explosive rolling the U-Boat over 45. After this attack this officer's crew engaged the U-Boat with machine-gun fire in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire. The U-Boat then settled under the surface and this officer carried out another good attack shortly after which a large oil patch appeared on the surface. At this time a second U-Boat was sighted on the surface. The enemy opened with heavy anti-aircraft fire and Flight Lieutenant Martin manoeouvered his aircraft to engage it to attack with all its guns at 1,200 yards. Since all depth charges were expended, no further attack could be carried out but the running battle was maintained until the U-Boat disappeared into a fog bank. In his many hours of operational flying this officer has proven himself to be a courageous and skilled pilot.


* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/O Joseph Carlton (J86938) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Trained at No.4 WS and No.4 BGS.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, Sergeant (now P/O) Leonard Frank (R80349/C42277) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 27 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Born 1922 in Winnipeg; home there; enlisted there 22 November 1940. No published citation other than "In air operations this airman has displayed courage and fortitude of a high order." Ian Tavender records, in The Distinguished Flying Medal Register for the Second World War (London, Savanah Publications, 2000) the following recommendation dated 26 May 1944 as found in Public Record Office Air 2/9157.

 

Sergeant Martin took part in 23 attacks on the enemy prior to being reported missing on the night of the 16th September 1943. His aircraft was shot down by a night fighter on that night and Sergeant Martin landed by parachute in Northern France. He proceeded to walk home as detailed in M.I.9/S/P.G.(-)1704, arriving at Whitchurch on 17th January 1944. I consider that this Non-Commissioned Officer's gallantry while operating with this squadron and the persistence and ingenuity shown by him while making his escape fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/L Norman Victor St.Clair (J9514) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 10 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 23 May 1941), No.7 AOS (graduated 11 October 1941), No.7 BGS (graduated 22 November 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 22 December 1941). No citation in AFRO.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/L Oscar Archibald Joseph (J7792) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - Award effective 15 August 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2052/44 dated 22 September 1944. Born 1921 in Ottawa; home there (bank clerk). Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 24 January 1941), No.15 EFTS (ceased training 4 March 1941), No.3 AOS (graduated 21 July 1941), No.5 BGS (graduated 1 September 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 29 September 1941). Commissioned 1941. Medal presented 10 December 1947.

 


As observer Flight Lieutenant Martin has participated in many sorties both by day and night. He is a highly skilled and gallant member of aircraft crew whose example has been most commendable. He has assisted in the destruction of four enemy aircraft.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/O Raymond William (J39925) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.103 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946. Born 1924 in Windsor, Ontario; home there (reporter); enlisted there 28 August 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 28 May 1943), No.4 BGS (graduated 12 November 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 23 December 1943). Commissioned December 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8751 has recommendation dated 3 April 1945 when he had flown 36 sorties (236 hours 50 minutes), 23 October 1944 to 15 March 1945.

 

23 Oct 44 Essen 31 Dec 44 Osterfeld

24 Oct 44 Essen 21 Jan 45 Nuremburg

28 Oct 44 Cologne 28 Jan 45 Zuffenhausen

30 Oct 44 Cologne 1 Feb 45 Ludwigshaven

31 Oct 44 Cologne 2 Feb 45 Wiesbaden

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf 7 Feb 45 Cleve

4 Nov 44 Bochum 8 Feb 45 Politz

6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen 13 Feb 45 Dresden

9 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel 14 Feb 45 GARDENING

11 Nov 44 Dortmund 20 Feb 45 Dortmund

16 Nov 44 Duren 21 Feb 45 Duisburg

18 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz

29 Nov 44 Dortmund 7 Mar 45 Dessau

3 Dec 44 Urft Dam 8 Mar 45 Kassel

12 Dec 44 Essen 11 Mar 45 Essen

17 Dec 44 Ulm 12 Mar 45 GARDENING

22 Dec 44 Koblenz 13 Mar 45 Herne

29 Dec 44 Scholven Buer 15 Mar 45 Misburg

 

This Canadian officer was posted to No.103 Squadron on 2nd October 1943, and during his tour of duties has completed 36 sorties on Lancaster aircraft, involving 236.50 hours flying.

 

Flying Officer Martin by his eagerness to take part in operational flights on every possible occasion has displayed courage and devotion to duty of a high order which has been enhanced by his skill and determination to bomb accurately his objective on every sortie.


Many of the sorties in which this Air Bomber took part involved attacks on railway marshalling yards, tactical targets in support of the Allied Expeditionary Force, in addition to many attacks on heavily defended industrial targets in Germany.

 

In view of his fine record I strongly recommend that Flying Officer Martin may be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, P/O Stanley Sinclair (J15225) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.103 Squadron - Award effective 19 April 1942 as per London Gazette dated 27 July 1943 and AFRO 1724/43 dated 27 August 1943. Born 1920 in Toronto (possibly in Calgary); enlisted in Calgary 11 September 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 30 December 1940), No.1 EFTS (graduated 27 January 1941) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 28 April 1941). Commissioned 1942. NOTE: DHist card says he was dead and medal presented to next of kin by Governor General, 17 April 1947. Nevertheless, he appears also to have been killed in action, 1/2 June 1942 with No.20 OTU. Even the serial numbers match. Had he completed a tour with No.103 Squadron and was "non-operational with the OTU?

 

This officer has completed thirty sorties, on twenty of which he has acted as captain of aircraft. He has participated in attacks on a wide range of enemy targets including objectives at Le Havre, Frankfurt, Wilhelmshaven, Brest, Poissy, Rostock and the Renault Works at Paris. He has shown great thoroughness in planning his attacks whilst his careful attention to detail during flights have enabled him to reach the target with regularity and accuracy. On one occasion following a successful attack on Hamburg his aircraft was held in a cone of searchlights and heavily engaged by the ground defences. Although his aircraft was damaged he skilfully evaded the fire zone and flew the damaged aircraft back to England. Throughout this officer has displayed fine leadership and courage which have won the entire confidence of his crew.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/8755 has recommendation dated 19 April 1942 when he had flown 30 sorties (191 operational hours). The body of the text says 29 sorties, but the sortie list adds one more (23 April 1942). The evidence supports the above supposition, that he was tour-expired but operating with an OTU crew during the second of the 1,000-bomber raids when he was killed.

 

* 2nd pilot (all others flown as captain of aircraft)

 

11 Sept 41 Le Havre (4.50)* 21 Jan 42 Bremen (5.00)

16 Sept 41 Karlsruhe (8.20)* 6 Feb 42 Brest (6.30)

20 Sept 41 Frankfurt (9.10)* 21 Feb 42 Giessen (8.00)

30 Sept 41 Hamburg (7.40)* 3 Mar 42 Paris/Renault Works (6.20)

13 Oct 41 Dusseldorf (5.25)* 8 Mar 42 Essen (5.40)


16 Oct 41 Duisburg (6.00)* 9 Mar 42 Essen (5.40)

20 Oct 41 Emden (7.10)* 25 Mar 42 Essen (5.00)

24 Oct 41 Frankfurt (7.10))* 28 Mar 42 Lubeck (7.05)

31 Oct 41 Hamburg (1.10, DNCO)* 2 Apr 42 Poissy (6.30)

26 Nov 41 Ostende (3.35) 5 Apr 42 Cologne (7.00)

16 Dec 41 Wilhelmshaven (5.55) 6 Apr 42 Essen (6.00)

28 Dec 41 Wilhelmshaven (6.20) 8 Apr 42 Hamburg (7.30)

8 Jan 42 Brest (7.05) 10 Apr 42 Essen (6.05)

10 Jan 42 Wilhelmshaven (6.20) 12 Apr 42 Essen (6.50)

15 Jan 42 Hamburg (7.30) 23 Apr 42 Rostock (8.10)

 

Pilot Officer Martin has completed 29 operational sorties of which 20 have been as Captain. He has carried out these attacks with skill and great determination. Throughout he has shown great enthusiasm and cheerfulness which have been an inspiration to his crew and the squadron.

 

His thoroughness in planning before take off and his attention to detail have enabled him to reach the target with regularity and accuracy. His supervision of the navigation of his aircraft has been exceptional; on many occasions he has obtained useful astro sights which have been of great assistance to his Observer.

 

His fine offensive spirit has kept him over the target area for considerable periods in order to locate accurately his point of aim, despite intense flak and searchlight opposition.

 

On one occasion, after successfully locating and attacking the target at Hamburg, and obtaining an excellent photograph, he was held in a large searchlight cone and heavily engaged by intense and accurate heavy flak. His aircraft was hit in several places, the hydraulics being put unserviceable. However, with great skill and determination he eventually evaded the searchlights at 3,500 feet and brought his crew and aircraft safely back to base.

 

Pilot Officer Martin has a fine crew who have carried out many sorties, producing excellent photographs, and have a good fighting and cheerful spirit, due in no small degree to the leadership and example of their fine young captain. His splendid record and his courage, skill and determination in action fully merit the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 


MARTIN, F/O Theodore John (J8628) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.158 Squadron - Award effective 6 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943 and AFRO 2005/43 dated 1 October 1943. Born 1920 in Prince George, British Columbia; home in Vancouver; enlisted there 20 February 1941. Trained at No.7 BGS (graduated 8 November 1941) and No.2 WS (graduated 12 October 1941). Commissioned 1941. NOTE: The reference to his having twice flown "as captain of aircraft" is puzzling for a gunner. CHECK THIS WITH ORIGINAL GAZETTE. DHist file 181.009 D.1636 (RG.24 Vol.20604) has application for Operational Wings dated 12 January 1944. Stated that after training in Canada he further trained at No.22 OTU. With No.158 Squadron, 20 August 1942 to 11 June 1943 - 28 sorties (245 operational hours). Repatriated to Canada, August 1943 on medical grounds (burns affecting eyes following fire in aircraft). Medal presented 3 January 1946.

 

As a rear gunner this officer has shown exceptional capability and on more than one occasion has been instrumental in saving his aircraft from destruction by enemy fighters. Over all the more heavily defended targets such as Essen, Munich, Dortmund and Dusseldorf, Flying Officer Martin has set a fine example of courage and efficiency to other gunners. On two occasions he has flown successfully as captain of aircraft.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/L W.Y. (19689) - Medal for Bravery (Czechoslovakia) - Canada Gazette dated 24 January 1948, AFRO 81/48 dated 6 February 1948. Pilot

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/L Warren Graydon (J26467) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.166 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Born 1923 in Montreal; home in Granby, Quebec (lathe operator); enlisted in Ottawa, 20 April 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 10 October 1942), No.10 EFTS (graduated 10 January 1943) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 14 May 1943). Commissioned May 1943. Medal presented in Montreal, 25 November 1949. No citation other than "completed ...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9069 has recommendation dated 8 February 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (218 hours), 12 September 1944 to 14 February 1945.

 

12 Sep 44 Frankfurt 12 Dec 44 Essen

16 Sep 44 Seeuwarden 15 Dec 44 Ludwigshaven

23 Sep 44 Neuss 17 Dec 44 Ulm

26 Sep 44 Cap Gris Nez 21 Dec 44 GARDENING

28 Sep 44 Calais 24 Dec 44 Cologne

5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken 28 Dec 44 Munchen Gladbach

7 Oct 44 Emmerich 29 Dec 44 Scholven-Buer

19 Oct 44 Stuttgart 2 Jan 45 Nuremburg

21 Oct 44 Cologne 5 Jan 45 Hanover


23 Oct 44 Essen 7 Jan 45 Munich

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf; 14 Jan 45 Merseberg

attacked by enemy 16 Jan 45 Zeitz Troglitz

fighter; rear 28 Jan 45 Stuttgart Zuffenhausen

gunner killed. 1 Feb 45 Mannheim

6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen 2 Feb 45 Wiesbaden

18 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel 7 Feb 45 Kleve

21 Nov 44 GARDENING 13 Feb 45 Dresden

27 Nov 44 Freiburg 14 Feb 45 Chemnitz

 

This Canadian officer, as captain of aircraft, has now completed 33 sorties against a wide variety of targets in enemy territory. During this time he has proved himself to be a most capable pilot and gallant captain of aircraft.

 

Under all circumstances he has displayed a fine offensive spirit in action and has pressed home his attacks, despite the fiercest enemy opposition, and often in the face of most adverse weather conditions.

 

For his skill, determination and magnificent record of achievement he is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/O William Francis (J25054) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1921; home in London, Ontario (grocery clerk); enlisted there 31 March 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 9 October 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 7 December 1942) and No.10 AOS (graduated 2 April 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 29 May 1947. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9039 has recommendation dated 21 October 1944 when he had flown 39 sorties (153 hours). Appears to have been in the same crew as Flight Sergeant Shopland, DFM.

 

6 June 44 Houlgate (4.30) 16 Aug 44 Stettin (6.45)

6 June 44 Coutances (4.30) 25 Aug 44 Russelheim (7.01)

9 June 44 Mayenne (5.25) 26 Aug 44 Kiel (5.36)

9 June 44 Le Mans (6.00) 28 Aug 44 L'Hey (2.07)

14 June 44 St.Pol (4.00) 29 Aug 44 Stettin (8.36)

15 June 44 Boulogne (3.45) 15 Sept 44 Kiel (5.07)

16 June 44 Sterkrade (4.45) 17 Sept 44 Boulogne (1.50)

10 July 44 Nucourt (2.52) 20 Sept 44 Calais (1.57)

12 July 44 Paris/Vaires (3.11) 24 Sept 44 Calais (1.52)

15 July 44 Nucourt (3.33) 25 Sept 44 Calais (1.37)


28 July 44 Hamburg (4.54) 26 Sept 44 Cap Gris Nez (1.54)

30 July 44 Battle Area (4.01) 27 Sept 44 Bottrop (3.04)

3 Aug 44 L'isle Adam (2.52) 28 Sept 44 Cap Gris Nez (1.56)

4 Aug 44 St.Maximim (2.58) 30 Sept 44 Bottrop (3.11)

5 Aug 44 Bordeaux (7.26) 5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (4.36)

7 Aug 44 TOTALIZE 5 (2.33) 6 Oct 44 Dortmund (4.41)

8 Aug 44 Lucheux (2.54) 11 Oct 44 Fort Frederick

12 Aug 44 Russelheim (4.31) Hendrick (1.58)

14 Aug 44 TRACTABLE 21 (2.29) 14 Oct 44 Duisburg (3.25)

15 Aug 44 Melsbroek (4.22) 14 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.05)

 

Flying Officer Martin is a skilled navigator who has now practically completed one tour of operations. He has participated in attacks on such heavily defended enemy areas as Stettin, Kiel and Russelheim. Invariably, this officer has displayed a keenness for operational duty which has acted as an incentive not only to his crew, but to all navigators in the squadron. Undoubtedly, this fine fighting spirit and devotion to duty will be very difficult to surpass. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/O William Stanley (J22604) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.409 Squadron - Award effective 30 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 27 March 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 29 August 1942) and No.8 AOS (graduated 21 December 1942). Observer, cited with WO Edward F. Cole (RCAF pilot), which see above for citation. Medal presented 20 August 1949.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, F/L William Young (J10830) - Mention in Despatches - No.422 Squadron - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944. Born in Toronto, 16 June 1915; enlisted there 7 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 21 July 1940), No.4 EFTS (graduated 6 October 1940) and No.31 SFTS (graduated 30 December 1940). Posted to Trenton, 8 January 1941; to No.2 SFTS (instructor), 21 March 1941; commissioned 31 March 1942; left that unit 19 May 1942 on posting overseas via Ferry Command; to No.4 (C) OTU, 18 August 1942; to No.422 Squadron, 23 November 1942; to No.4 (C) OTU, 30 June 1944; repatriated to Canada, 14 January 1945; released 2 October 1945. Rejoined RCAF, 1 October 1946 in rank of Flight Lieutenant; promoted Squadron Leader, 1 January 1949; promoted Wing Commander, 1 January 1953.; retired 18 November 1964.

 


Upon repatriation he claimed 793 hours five minutes on operations overseas plus 439 hours 15 minutes non-operational time overseas; last sortie on 22 June 1944. On another form dated 14 December 1945 he reported the following flying times: Yale (11.25), Harvard (1,084.00); Hudson (49.55); Saro London (56.00), Sunderland (1,091.55), Catalina (101.50), Anson (46.15); Beechcraft (20.45).

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, WO (now P/O) Willmer Alexander (R102411/J87038) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.218 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1944 as per London Gazette of dated 15 February 1944 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born 1921 in McTaggart, Saskatchewan; home there (farmer); enlisted in Regina, 22 May 1941. Trained at No.3 WS (graduated 12 April 1942) and No.5 BGS (graduated 15 May 1942). Following incomplete from DHist award card: Award sent by registered mail, 11 March 1949.

 

Has at all times displayed enthusiasm and a marked eagerness to take part in operations. He has completed a number of sorties against such targets as Berlin and Hamburg. On three missions his aircraft has been attacked by fighters, but on each occasion his accurate fire and perfect co-operation with his captain have beaten off the attacks. This officer has always shown great coolness and set a fine example to other air gunners in the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTING, P/O George William (J17880) - Air Medal and Two Oak Leaf Clusters (United States) - Overseas - Award effective 20 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Home in Montreal; enlisted in Hamilton, 16 September 1940. Trained at No.1 BGS (graduated 15 September 1941) and No.1 WS (graduated 17 August 1941).

 

* * * * *

 

MARTING, F/O Harold Fesler (J4919) - Military Cross - No.450 Squadron - Award effective 13 July 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1949/43 dated 24 September 1943. Born 1911; home in Indianapolis, Indiana (former Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, 1929-1931); enlisted in Vancouver, 10 October 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 27 November 1940), No.7 EFTS (graduated 20 January 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 29 March 1941). Commissioned 1941. Medal presented 21 November 1944.

 

This officer was awarded the Military Cross in recognition of distinguished service.

 

* * * * *

 


MARTINO, P/O George William (J17880) - United States Air Medal and Two Oak Leaf Clusters - 9th USAAF (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 20 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Trained at No.1 BGS and No.1 WS. Public Records Office Air 2/9599 has citation from General Order No.31, HQ US Army Air Forces in the Middle East, 28 April 1944.

 

For meritorious achievement while participating in aerial flights against the enemy while on duty with the Ninth United States Air Force in the Middle East...he having participated in five operational missions, each of more than 2 1/2 hours duration."

 

Same order awards the first Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in five operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and ten operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."

 

Same order awards the second Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in five operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and twenty operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."

 

* * * * *

 

MARVIN, F/L James (J18724) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.77 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1944 as per London Gazette dated 23 May 1944 and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born 1922 in Bear River, Nova Scotia; home in Kentville, Nova Scotia; enlisted in Halifax, 22 October 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 11 January 1941), No.6 EFTS (graduated 5 March 1941) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 3 July 1941). Commissioned 1943. Medal sent by registered mail 8 August 1946.

 

This officer has taken part in many attacks against heavily defended German targets including Berlin. He has invariably displayed great determination in attacking his allotted targets which has been reflected in the excellent photographs he has obtained. In September 1943, during a sortie against Montlucon, his aircraft was attacked by two hostile fighters but owing to Flight Lieutenant Marvin's fine airmanship these attacks were repulsed without damage to his bomber. Both in the air and on the ground this captain of aircraft has shown great devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

MASKELL, Corporal James (R141859) - Mention in Despatches - No.429 Squadron (AFRO gives unit as No.63 Base) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Verdun, Quebec; enlisted in Montreal 6 November 1941. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 has recommendation forwarded to No.6 Group Headquarters, 31 July 1944 when he had served 16 months in Canada, 16 months in UK.

 


By his work as Corporal Instrument Repair, this man has been of great service to the Daily Servicing Flights and the squadron as a whole. His devotion to duty has been an inspiration to the whole of the Instrument Section. He has worked long hours and foregone passes and leave to ensure that the work for which he was responsible was well done and all aircraft were kept serviceable.

 

* * * * *

 

MASKELL, WO1 Joseph (Can 626) - Mention in Despatches - Leeming - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation for an MBE dated 28 January 1945 when he was WO Engineer, Station Servicing Wing. DHist file 181.009 D.5527 RG.24 Vol.20667) has note that he enlisted in May 1923 and was posted overseas 16 September 1943. DHist card in biographical file says his home was in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia but that he had enlisted in Winnipeg, 1 April 1924.

 

He has carried out his duties as Squadron Engineer Warrant Officer in an exemplary manner; his attention to detail at all times and in all kinds of weather has been a major factor in his squadron's high serviceability during the past year.

 

Early in 1944, an aircraft dropped part of its load of incendiary bombs on the ground as it was leaving its dispersal point. Warrant Officer Maskell skilfully led the ground crew party which cleared away the burning bombs without regard for his personal safety. He incurred minor injuries from an exploding bomb, but no damage was done to the aircraft.

 

MASKELL, WO1 Joseph (Can 626) - Mention in Despatches - RCAF Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 418/46 dated 18 April 1946.

 

* * * * *

 

MASON, W/C Alfred Thomas (C2273) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.1 Training Command Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 6 January 1945 and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Born 10 February 1912; home in Toronto; enlisted in Camp Borden, 3 September 1930. Commissioned in Ottawa, 15 July 1940. Medal presented 17 June 1945. Served postwar as an administrative officer, AFHQ; later a probation officer. Died in Orillia, 7 February 1992.

 

This officer, by virtue of his thorough knowledge of service procedure and his untiring zeal, has been a tower of strength to his senior officers throughout his extensive career. His sound knowledge and good judgement have been of inestimable value in opening new units and closing stations no longer required by the training plan. By his cheerful and co-operative spirit and outstanding devotion to duty he has set an excellent example to those serving under him. His qualities of leadership and organizing ability have contributed materially to the successes of the training plan.


* * * * *

 

MASON, P/O James Hubert (J17624) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.50 Squadron - Award effective 30 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 December 1943 and AFRO 297/44 dated 11 February 1944. Born 1919 in Hanna, Alberta; home in Vancouver; enlisted in Calgary, 8 August 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 30 December 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 13 March 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 17 July 1942). Commissioned 1943. Killed in flying accident, 1 February 1944 (No.1660 Conversion Unit, Stirling EF232; buried in UK). Medal presented to next-of-kin, 13 September 1947. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

 

* * * * *

 

MASON, FS Lorne Reginald (R172951) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.106 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 1922 in Winnipeg; home there (office clerk); enlisted there 25 June 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 2 January 1943), No.2 BGS (graduated 7 July 1943) and No.7 AOS (graduated 20 August 1943). Medal presented 13 September 1947. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9051 has recommendation dated 5 December 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (150 hours 55 minutes), 20 July to 17 October 1944.

 

* denotes daylight sortie

 

20 Jul 44 Courtrai rail yards (3.15) 18 Aug 44 Bordeaux oil tanks (7.25)*

23 Jul 44 Kiel (5.00) 25 Aug 44 Darmstadt (8.15)

24 Jul 44 St.Nazaire (5.35) 26 Aug 44 Konigsburg (9.30)

25 Jul 44 St.Cyr air park (3.40)* 29 Aug 44 Konigsburg (10.00)

26 Jul 44 Givors rail yards (8.55) 31 Aug 44 Auch-les-Hesdin V-1 dump (4.10)*

28 Jul 44 Stuttgart (7.35) 3 Sept 44 Deelan airfield (3.45)

30 Jul 44 Normandy battle area (5.05), 17 Sep 44 Boulogne (2.45)*

DNCO, cloud over target 18 Sep 44 Bremerhaven (4.25)

31 Jul 44 Rilly la Montagne 19 Sep 44 Rheydt (4.35)

V-1 dump (5.10)* 23 Sep 44 Dortmund-Ems Canal (4.40)

1 Aug 44 Siracourt V-1 dump (3.45) 26 Sep 44 Karlsruhe (4.40)

12 Aug 44 Brunswick (5.30) 27 Sep 44 Kaiserlauten (6.00)

14 Aug 44 Normandy battle area (3.45)* 4 Oct 44 GARDENING, Silverthorne (6.05)

15 Aug 44 Gilze Rejn airfield (3.35)* 6 Oct 44 Bremen (4.30)

16 Aug 44 GARDENING, Stettin 14 Oct 44 Brunswick (6.50)

Canal (7.10) 17 Oct 44 Westkapelle (2.30)*

 


Flight Sergeant Mason has taken part in twenty-nine sorties and has achieved very successful results. By both day and night he has bombed targets of vital importance with extreme accuracy.

 

Tactical bombing has frequently been his task. Railway yards, airfields and troop concentrations are amongst his targets and he has obtained aiming point photographs during daylight attacks on oil tanks at Bordeaux, gun emplacements at Boulogne and the sea wall at Westkapelle.

 

He took part in both the successful attacks on Konigsburg, and other German targets he has bombed are Stuttgart, Darmstadt, Karlsruhe, Bremen and Brunswick.

 

Flight Sergeant Mason has also laid mines in enemy waters and it was on one of these sorties that he achieved the most outstanding success of his tour. He was detailed to lay mines in the Stettin Canal, a task necessitating a high degree of accuracy from a low level. As was expected, fierce opposition was encountered but Flight Sergeant Mason coolly directed his captain over the target, and from a height of only 250 feet he dropped his mines in the canal. Much of the credit for the successful completion of this important and dangerous task must go to Flight Sergeant Mason.

 

Throughout his tour, Flight Sergeant Mason has displayed keenness and a high technical skill which have rewarded him with many successful sorties.

 

* * * * *

 

MASON, F/L William Ewen Burdett (J26408) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.156 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 1918 in Hawksbury, Ontario; home in Toledo, Ohio (gardener); enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 7 April 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 10 October 1942), No.13 EFTS (graduated 18 December 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 14 May 1943). Commissioned May 1943. Medal sent by registered mail 6 May 1949. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9051 has recommendation dated 17 December 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (161 hours 30 minutes), 22 June to 4 December 1944.

 

22 Jun 44 Rheims 25 Aug 44 Russelsheim

27 Jun 44 Vaires 26 Aug 44 Kiel

29 Jun 44 Siracourt 29 Aug 44 Stettin

30 Jun 44 Vierzon 15 Sep 44 Kiel

2 July 44 Oisemont 16 Sep 44 Moerdejk

5 July 44 Dijon 5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken

7 Jul 44 Caen 14 Oct 44 Duisburg

12 Jul 44 Tours 15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven

18 Jul 44 Sennerville 19 Oct 44 Stuttgart


18 Jul 44 Gelsenkirchen 1 Nov 44 Oberhausen

20 Jul 44 Wizernes 4 Nov 44 Bochum

11 Aug 44 Somain 6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen

12 Aug 44 Russelsheim 16 Nov 44 Duren

14 Aug 44 Battle area 18 Nov 44 Munster

15 Aug 44 Volkel 21 Nov 44 Sterkrade

16 Aug 44 Stettin 3 Dec 44 Urft Dam

18 Aug 44 Bremen 4 Dec 44 Karlsruhe

 

Flight Lieutenant Mason has completed 34 operational sorties, 23 of which have been with the Pathfinder Force.

 

This officer is a captain of skill, courage and determination, whose calculated and skilful handling of his aircraft under many difficult conditions have gained him the confidence of his crew. He presses home his attacks with tenacity and courage in spite of difficult and trying conditions. He has a fine offensive spirit and a strong sense of duty, and can be relied upon to complete any work entrusted to him.

 

He has always shown a high degree of skill, courage and devotion to duty, and I recommend him for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MASSE, WO1 (now P/O) Joseph Jean Charles Ubald (R55488/J87969) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 6 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2534/44 dated 24 November 1944. Born 1921 in Quebec City; home in Montreal; enlisted in Quebec City, 4 September 1940. Trained at No.4 BGS (graduated 14 August 1942). Commissioned 1944. Medal presented 25 February 1949.

 

Throughout a tour of operational duty as air gunner, Warrant Officer Masse has consistently displayed outstanding initiative and a fine fighting spirit. On a recent sortie he was rear gunner of an aircraft which was hit and damaged by enemy fire. As a result of violent evasive action the elevators were rendered unserviceable and the aircraft went out of control. The door leading to the rear turret was jammed but Warrant Officer Masse managed to force his way through. Control having been temporarily regained, this officer then succeeded in locating the defective control rod and with the assistance of the flight engineer the damage was repaired. By his coolness and presence of mind Warrant Officer Masse contributed in good measure to the safe return of the aircraft.

 

* * * * *

 


MASSEY, F/O Cornelius (J1113) - Mention in Despatches - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 1 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943 and AFRO 1247/43 dated 2 July 1943. Born 1910 in Hyde, Cheshire; home in Caun, Dorset, England or Plains, New Jersey. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 August 1941), No.12 EFTS (ceased training 25 September 1941), No.6 BGS (graduated 28 February 1942), No.9 AOS (graduated 16 January 1942), and No.2 ANS (graduated 30 March 1942). Commissioned 1942. AFRO does not give unit; No.6 Group Monthly Summary of Operational and Training Activities (June 1943) gives unit as No.405 Squadron.

 

MASSEY, F/O Cornelius (J11113) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2624 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation dated 20 December 1943 when he had flown 20 sorties (203 hours 15 minutes) between 13 September 1942 and 3 December 1943. These included anti-submarine patrols flown 16 November 1942 to 18 February 1943 which in turn included two sightings of U-boats on 26 November 1942 (crashed at St.Eval) and one attack on a U-boat on 12 February 1943. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace, 11 August 1944.

 

This officer has proved himself a most courageous and skilful Bomb Aimer. He has completed many operational sorties, both in Coastal Command and Bomber Command, including attacks against many of the most heavily defended enemy targets. He has consistently achieved success over the most difficult targets in the face of intense enemy opposition. By his coolness and determination he has set a high example in the squadron...

 

* * * * *

 

MASSEY, G/C Denton (C1706) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.4 Release Centre - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/45 dated 5 July 1946. Enlisted in Toronto, 20 February 1940. Best known postwar as radio evangelist.

 

This officer has contributed outstanding service to the Royal Canadian Air Force throughout the war and during the demobilization period following as Commanding Officer of the Reselection Centre, Trenton, Initial Training School, Victoriaville, Repatriation Centre, Warrington, England, and No.4 Release Centre, Toronto. He has administered these difficult units and the personnel passing through them with zeal, tact, personal energy and perseverance far beyond the normal call of duty. He has at all times exercised his ability and command in the studied improvement of good relations between the service and the individual and between the Royal Canadian Air Force and the citizens of the communities in which he has served, a feature which has been of incalculable benefit to the high standard of the Royal Canadian Air Force at home and abroad.

 

* * * * *


MASSEY, F/L Hart Parkin Vincent (C1337) - Croix de Guerre with Bronze Star (France) - Award as per Canada Gazette dated 20 September 1947 and AFRO 485/47 dated 12 September 1947. Administrative Officer. Home in Toronto.

 

* * * * *

 

MASSIE, F/O James Cardno (J38182) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.692 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1945 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. Born 1923 in Toronto; home there (student); enlisted there 23 April 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 5 December 1942) and No.10 AOS (graduated 26 November 1943. Commissioned November 1943. Medal presented by Governor General at Government House, 24 January 1956. No citation, "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8772 has recommendation dated 19 May 1945 when he had flown 45 sorties (182 hours).

 

19 Oct 44 Wiesbaden 7 Mar 45 Berlin

10 Nov 44 Hanover 9 Mar 45 Berlin

28 Dec 44 Bonn 11 Mar 45 Berlin

30 Dec 44 Hanover 13 Mar 45 Berlin

1 Jan 45 Hanover 14 Mar 45 Berlin

2 Jan 45 Berlin 16 Mar 45 Berlin

4 Jan 45 Berlin 17 Mar 45 Nuremburg

5 Jan 45 Hanover 21 Mar 45 Berlin

7 Jan 45 Hanover 26 Mar 45 Berlin

10 Jan 45 Hanover 27 Mar 45 Berlin

14 Jan 45 Berlin 8 Apr 45 Dessau

21 Jan 45 Kassel 10 Apr 45 Chemnitz

29 Jan 45 Berlin 12 Apr 45 Berlin

1 Feb 45 Berlin 13 Apr 45 Hamburg

3 Feb 45 Wiesbaden 14 Apr 45 Berlin

4 Feb 45 Dortmund 16 Apr 45 Berlin

19 Feb 45 Erfurt 17 Apr 45 Ingoldstaadt

22 Feb 45 Berlin 21 Apr 45 Kiel

23 Feb 45 Berlin 23 Apr 45 Kiel

24 Feb 45 Neusse 24 Apr 45 Munich

27 Feb 45 Berlin 26 Apr 45 Husum

28 Feb 45 Berlin 2 May 45 Kiel

3 Mar 45 Wurzburg

 


This officer has completed 45 operational sorties against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany, including twenty attacks on Berlin. He has at all times shown skill and courage in carrying out his duties and displayed the utmost determination to bomb his targets accurately. For his skill, courage and devotion to duty he is strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MASSIE, FS Joseph Dorius (R74233) - British Empire Medal - No.7 Release Centre - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Enlisted in Ottawa 11 October 1940. Medal sent by registered mail 7 February 1956.

 

This non-commissioned officer possesses a knowledge of messing far surpassing the average and has the faculty of maintaining harmony in the operation of the mess. In several instances during his Air Force career he has been called upon to organize and carry out messing functions of all descriptions. These have all been carried out in a manner worthy of the highest commendation. Central messing has been in force at this unit and Flight Sergeant Massie has been chiefly responsible for its operating efficiency and extreme cleanliness. He has always been most active in holding instructional classes for chefs and chef assistants and with his help in the actual preparing of food he has raised the standard of mess hall personnel in the service.

 

* * * * *

 

MASTERS, F/L Thomas James (J9463) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.36 Squadron - Award effective 27 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 7 July 1944 and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Born 1916 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 25 February 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 July 1941), No.20 EFTS (graduated 13 September 1941) and No.13 SFTS (graduated 19 December 1941). Commissioned 1941. Medal presented by Governor General, 24 May 1946.

 

This officer has taken part in a large number of operational sorties throughout which his courage and devotion to duty have been outstanding. One night in January 1944 he was second pilot of an aircraft when a fully surfaced U-Boat was sighted. Despite intense anti-aircraft fire he pressed home his attack with the utmost vigour. During the bombing run his aircraft was hit and caught fire and the flames spread rapidly. Flight Lieutenant Masters was forced to bring his aircraft down on to the sea. His determination to press home the attack in the face of accurate fire from the enemy submarine is typical of this officer's fine fighting spirit.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9016 has recommendation dated 21 May 1944 when he had flown 42 sorties (330 operational hours); this tells a fuller story than that published:

 


This officer was second pilot of a Wellington aircraft engaged on Operation SWAMP on the night of the 8th January 1944, and was at the controls when a contact was obtained. Doubt existed as to the contact and an effort at establishing identification was made. Intense anti-aircraft fire was the response. Advantage was taken of the moon to recognize a fully surfaced U-boat. Flying Officer Masters began his attack and the aircraft was hit by accurate fire during the run in. His attack was pressed home with the utmost vigour and the depth charges dropped. Almost simultaneously the aircraft caught fire which, spreading rapidly and with great intensity, caused Flying Officer Masters to make a crash ditching under extremely adverse conditions. Four of the crew were rescued after some three hours in the water.

 

The determination of this officer in pressing home this attack despite the intense and accurate fire from the U-Boat is typical of his work generally with the squadron. Flying Officer Master is always keen to engage the enemy and anxious to fly in spite of bad weather conditions. His courage and devotion to duty have been outstanding, and this officer has set a high example to the remainder of the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

MATHER, LAC Thomas Leslie (R173038) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Born 8 May 1918 in Toronto; educated there. Joined Bank of Commerce, 1938. Enlisted in Hamilton, 19 June 1942; trained at Galt and St.Thomas; posted overseas in February 1943. Released 28 September 1945, returning to bank duties. No citation in AFRO. The following is taken from War Service Records, 1939-1945, (Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, 1947), p.9 and 167-168 (entries not fully consistent with each other):

 

Our men were also used in specialist capacities, as, for example, Corporal T.L. Mather, who after being badly injured in an accident while on duty, was posted to effect equipment liaison between the engineering and equipment administrations of Bomber Command. His report, submitted to the Air Ministry, was subsequently adopted almost in its entirety. He was also successful in tracing and remedying certain engine difficulties at one of the RCAF bases....

 

Exposure to dampness caused a condition which necessitated relinquishing his trade as mechanic. Thereafter employed on specialist work which later received high commendation. Upon cessation of hostilities, was selected to fly to Canada to assist in organizing the new 6 Group Bomber Bases to be formed on the East Coast for operations in the Far East. Suffered severe injuries to left foot while unloading a Lancaster.

 

* * * * *

 


MATHERS, F/O James Wilson (J12570) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.162 Squadron - Award effective 27 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Born in Weyburn, Saskatchewan; home in Vancouver; enlisted there 2 August 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 5 December 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 13 February 1942) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 3 July 1942). Commissioned 1942. Medal presented by Governor General, 27 June 1945.

 

Flying Officer Mathers has completed a tour of operational duty. On several occasions he has shown great skill and resource in extricating his aircraft from perilous situations. At other times this officer has been detailed to fly along the coastline of defended enemy territory at low level. In many cases intense anti-aircraft fire has been encountered but Flying Officer Mathers has never let this or adverse weather prevent him from completing his allotted tasks. Throughout his courage and devotion to duty have been of the highest order.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9016 has recommendation (no date) giving incredible detail.

 

This officer has now completed an operational tour of 230 hours with this squadron.

 

On the night of 2/3 February 1944 Flying Officer Mathers was captain of a Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out a Signals Investigation flight in the Aegean. Whilst flying at 500 feet just north of Rhodes town the aircraft was suddenly illuminated by a coast searchlight and engaged by intense anti-aircraft fire of all calibres. Flying Officer Mathers immediately took violent evasive action but it was some time before he could get the aircraft out of range of enemy fire. During this time the aircraft was holed several times and it was due entirely to the captain's skill, tenacity and resource that it was not shot down.

 

On another occasion when this officer captained an aircraft flying at 1,500 feet near Rhodes the starboard engine failed and Flying Officer Mathers turned for base. At first a little power was obtained from the unserviceable engine and the pilot managed to gain height, but shortly afterwards the engine became useless and was stopped. Height could not be maintained on one engine, and once again it was the pilot's skill which enabled him to make a successful landing at base with just sufficient height to spare.

 

On a third sortie when flying at 500 feet in the Aegean the aircraft was engaged by an enemy convoy and the tail fin badly holed. Despite this the captain decided to carry on with the operation and completed it successfully.

 

All Flying Officer Mathers' operations have been carried out around Crete, Rhodes, north and south Aegean, Khice, Salonika, west coast Greece to Corfu and Corinth Canal. In many cases bad weather conditions have been encountered but this officer has whenever humanly possible completed the flights required.


No.162 Squadron has, until recently, been under the direct control of Headquarters, Royal Air Force, Middle East, Signals Department, and performs varied special duties of a highly secret nature. In order to understand the difficult and often dangerous duties performed by our pilots and crews, a knowledge of methods used in enemy radar investigation is necessary. These flights must be made at a height not exceeding 1,000 feet and preferably at about 500 feet. Our aircraft is required to be plotted continually by the transmissions, and is therefore usually fired on, especially if the transmission is of gunlayer type, and in most other cases is very likely to have night fighters vectored onto it.

 

In order to make positioning of enemy radar stations possible, it is necessary that the aircraft be held on a steady course, regardless of shelling, and often over heavily defended areas. At all times when Flying Officer Mathers has been the captain of the machine very successful results have been obtained owing to his appreciation of technical requirements and skill and tenacity in flying the course required. It will be remembered that out aircraft are not fitted with ASV or any radio navigation device (except loop) but must still fly accurate courses among the islands, even on moonless nights at low levels. The results of a flight depend entirely upon the accuracy of navigation.

 

The accurate flying and will to see a job well done is characteristic of Flying Officer Mathers and his crew and has materially increased the value of the work done in this squadron over the last year. His courage and devotion to duty has always been of the highest order, and an example to everyone in the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

MATHESON, Corporal Alexander Laughlin (R88104) - Mention in Despatches - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Little Narrows, Nova Scotia; enlisted in Halifax, 13 December 1941.

 

* * * * *

 

MATHESON, WO2 (now P/O) - Colin Neil - Distinguished Flying Cross -(R152802/J877765) - No.409 Squadron - Award effective 3 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2534/44 dated 24 November 1944. Born 1916 in Winnipeg; home there (pay roll clerk); enlisted there 17 January 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 3 July 1842) and No.3 AOS (graduated 23 October 1942). Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 13 July 1945. Cited with WO1 Walter G. Kirkwood (RCAF, pilot, DFC - see above for citation).

 

* * * * *

 


MATHESON, F/L Kenneth Albert (J24370) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.49 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 1914 in Calgary; home in New Westminster, British Columbia (clothing store partner); enlisted in Vancouver, 30 January 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 17 July 1942), No.5 EFTS (graduated 23 October 1942) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 5 March 1943). Commissioned 1943. Both DFC and Bar presented at Buckingham Palace, 13 July 1945. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9015 has recommendation dated 15 July 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (133 hours 25 minutes) and was a Deputy Flight Commander. For sorties, see entry for Bar to DFC; text with recommendation as follows:

 

This officer has now completed 26 operational sorties as a captain of Lancaster aircraft. A great number of these sorties have been carried out against heavily defended targets including Essen, Munich, Schweinfurt and Creil. He has show exceptional determination to place his bombs accurately on the target regardless of the opposition encountered.

 

He has shown exceptional qualities of leadership and is an outstandingly keen and efficient captain. He has set an invaluable example to the less experienced crews.

 

For his devotion to duty in the face of the enemy and the thoroughness in which he has carried out every task allotted to him I strongly recommend the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

MATHESON, S/L Kenneth Albert, DFC (J24370) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.83 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, Squadron Leader Matheson has taken part in many more operational sorties. He has proved to be a most skilful pilot and successful captain of aircraft who has always faced the enemy with cool courage and determination. On one occasion in October 1944 he was captain of an aircraft detailed for an attack against Bremen. While over the target his aircraft was heavily engaged by anti-aircraft fire and illuminated by searchlights. Undeterred he kept his damaged aircraft steady and successfully completed his allotted task.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9015 has recommendation for DFC dated 15 July 1944; Public Records Office Air 2/9069 (Part One) has recommendation for Bar to DFC dated 8 February 1945. The sortie list below is compiled from both documents; the text is interesting for the comparison between initial proposal and final citation. As of this recommendation he had flown 50 sorties (281 hours 17 minutes), 26 March to 21 December 1944.

 

26 Mar 44 Essen (4.45) 7 July 44 St.Lo (4.25)


9 Apr 44 GARDENING, Danzig (8.55) 12 Jul 44 Chaundrey (7.55)

10 Apr 44 Tours (5.25) 15 Jul 44 Nevers

18 Apr 44 Paris/Juvisy (4.45) 18 Jul 44 Caen

20 Apr 44 Paris/La Chapelle M/Y (4.25) 20 Jul 44 Courtrai

22 Apr 44 Brunswick (6.35) 23 Jul 44 Kiel

24 Apr 44 Munich (9.50) 25 Jul 44 Stuttgart

26 Apr 44 Schweinfurt (8.40) 26 Jul 44 Givors

7 May 44 Salbris (5.10) 18 Aug 44 L'Isle d'Adam

9 May 44 Gennevillier (4.15) 26 Aug 44 Konigsburg

11 May 44 Bourg Leopold (3.15) 29 Aug 44 Konigsburg

19 May 44 Amiens (3.35) 9 Sept 44 Rheydt

21 May 44 GARDENING, Kiel (5.55) 11 Sep 44 Darmstadt

22 May 44 Brunswick (5.35) 12 Sep 44 Stuttgart

24 May 44 Antwerp 6 Oct 44 Bremen

27 May 44 Marsalines (3.25) 14 Oct 44 Brunswick

31 May 44 Maisy (6.05) 19 Oct 44 Nuremburg

2 June 44 Wimereux (3.35) 1 Nov 44 Homberg

5 June 44 La Parnelle (4.05) 4 Nov 44 Dortmund-Ems

8 June 44 Pont au Beault (4.10) 6 Nov 44 Ems-Weser Canal

9 June 44 Etampes (4.50) 21 Nov 44 Harburg

12 Jun 44 Caen (4.30) 21 Nov 44 Dortmund-Ems Canal

14 Jun 44 Aunay sur Odon (4.30) 17 Dec 44 Munich

16 Jun 44 Beauvoir (3.30) 18 Dec 44 Gyndia

4 July 44 Creil (4.05) 21 Dec 44 Politz

 

Squadron Leader Matheson is a very experienced captain of a Lancaster crew. He has now completed 50 sorties against the enemy. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross at the end of his first tour of operations, which he completed with Main Force, and he immediately volunteered to join the Pathfinder Force and continue operations. He has now completed 18 sorties in this work.

 

He has proved himself to be a most skilful pilot and a successful captain of his crew. They quickly mastered the Pathfinder technique and now they are classed as Best Blind Markers. In this capacity they have taken a leading part in the work of target marking and illumination, in many most satisfactory raids. Their work has required them to be one of the first aircraft over the target, and they have had to meet considerable opposition from the ground defences. Squadron Lader Matheson has always faced this with exemplary courage and has refused to be deterred from making the steady run required for accurate marking.

 


An example of this occurred on the night of 6/7th October, 1944. Squadron Leader Matheson's crew were detailed to drop the first flares by means of instruments in an attack on Bremen. While on their run, they were engaged by heavy flak and finally coned by searchlights. Undeterred by these hazards, Squadron Leader Matheson kept the aircraft steady until all the flares were released. The aircraft was considerably damaged.

 

For his fine and courageous work as captain of a Pathfinder crew, for his leadership and example to his squadron and for his determination to inflict the utmost damage to the enemy, Squadron Leader Matheson is recommended for the award of a Bar to his Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MATHESON, W/C Samuel Henderson (C2082) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.15 Aeronautical Inspection Detachment - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born 5 August 1914 in Winnipeg. Attended Boeing School of Aeronautics and University of Manitoba (Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering). Employed by Good Roads Department, Manitoba government. Enlisted in Toronto, 29 May 1940. Medal presented 8 November 1945.

 

This officer continues to render outstanding and meritorious service in the performance of his duties. At all times he has put the service above his personal conveniences and his contribution to the Royal Canadian Air Force has been very great. His tact, fairness and firmness have been admired and respected by all personnel under him which has resulted in a fine esprit de corps and a highly effective Aeronautical Inspection District. His devotion to duty has been outstanding.

 

* * * * *

 

MATHESON, F/O Sidney Edward (J22227) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.162 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 28 July 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Born in Nelson, British Columbia; home in Regina; enlisted in Calgary, 7 January 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 3 July 1942), No.7 BGS (graduated 18 December 1942) and No.1 CNS (graduated 6 November 1942). Medal sent by registered mail 7 June 1950. Cited with F/O B.C. Denomy (DSO), F/O Graham Campbell (DFC, see above for citation) and Flight Sergeants Israel J. Bodnoff and Sydney R. Cole (DFMs).

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/9158 has recommendation raised 1 July 1944 by the Officer Commanding, RAF Station Wick. It noted that Matheson (misspelled "Mathieson") had flown approximately 36 sorties (400 operational hours):

 


Flying Officer Matheson was Navigator in Canso "P" of 162 Squadron on the 24th June 1944 hen during the run in to attack a U-Boat in face of devastating anti-aircraft fire and at a time when the aircraft was being hit repeatedly, the starboard engine out of action and on fire, he cooly and courageously stood to his post and operated a hand held camera because the automatic camera had been wrecked by flak.

 

It is considered that he showed great courage and devotion to duty.

 

Immediately afterward the aircraft was forced to ditch owing to the starboard engine falling out. During the subsequent 21 hours spent in the water, this officer did all in his power to assist the others, to such an extent that due to over-exertion he was himself receiving artificial respiration when a High Speed Launch arrived.

 

It is considered that this officer not only showed exceptional courage and devotion to duty but also great self-sacrifice in his actions, which undoubtedly saved the lives of other members of the crew, at the risk of his own.

 

He is most strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguish Flying Cross.

 

To this the Air Officer Commanding, No.18 Group, added (2 July 1944):

 

Flying Officer Matheson who was Navigator of Canso P/162 during its successful attack on a U-Boat, behaved in an exemplary manner throughout the action. Finding the automatic cameras unserviceable he continued to take photographs with a hand-held camera despite the fact that the aircraft was blazing furiously. His behaviour after the aircraft had ditched did much to encourage the members of the crew throughout their long ordeal. Strongly recommended for the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MATHESON, FS Stuart Gordon (R101644) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.44 Squadron - Award effective 17 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 December 1943 and AFRO 410/44 dated 25 February 1944. Born 1922 in Winnipeg; home in Stonewall, Manitoba (farmer); enlisted in Winnipeg, 24 April 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 13 February 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 24 April 1942) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 28 August 1942). Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 14 November 1944.

 


This airman has taken part in a large number of sorties, including attacks on industrial centres in the Ruhr and many other important targets. In September 1943, Flight Sergeant Matheson piloted an aircraft detailed for a mine-laying mission. In spite of much anti-aircraft opposition he made two runs over the target to ensure accuracy. On another occasion, on the outward flight to Munich, the oxygen supply failed. Nevertheless, Flight Sergeant Matheson continued to the target and bombed it. This airman has invariably displayed skill, courage and determination of a high order.

 

* * * * *

 

MATHEWS, P/O Andrew Thomas (J87578) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.166 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1921 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 27 February 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 25 September 1942) and No.1 AOS (graduated 22 January 1943). Commissioned June 1944. Medal sent by registered mail 20 April 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8827 has recommendation dated 16 August 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (166 hours), 25 March to 31 July 1944.

 

25 Mar 44 Aulnoye 24 Jun 44 Flers

26 Mar 44 Essen 27 Jun 44 Bernapre

30 Mar 44 Nuremburg 29 Jun 44 Domleger

9 Apr 44 GARDENING 30 Jun 44 Oisemont

10 Apr 44 Aulnoye 4 July 44 Orleans

24 May 44 Aachen 5 July 44 Dijon

28 May 44 Aachen 7 July 44 Caen

6 June 44 Acheres 12 Jul 44 Revigny

7 June 44 Versailles 14 Jul 44 Revigny

10 Jun 44 Acheres 18 Jul 44 Sannerville

12 Jun 44 Gelsenkirchen 24 Jul 44 Stuttgart

14 Jun 44 Le Havre 26 Jul 44 GARDENING

16 Jun 44 Sterkrade 28 Jul 44 Stuttgart

22 Jun 44 Mimo'ques 30 Jul 44 Cahagnes

23 Jun 44 Saintes 31 Jul 44 Le Havre

 

This Canadian officer has now completed 30 sorties against the enemy. Under a calm and quiet manner he has a fine offensive spirit which has inspired the members of both crews with whom he has operated with the same confidence and disregard for personal safety in the face of heavy enemy opposition.

 

His accuracy has been of high value to his captain and in adverse weather conditions and when heavily engaged by the enemy, he has navigated the aircraft skilfully out to the target area and back to base.

 

This officer's tenacity and untiring and fine offensive spirit make him well worthy of the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *


 

MATHEWS, P/O William Hooker (J8424) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.69 Squadron - Award effective 8 November 1942 as per London Gazette dated 20 November 1942 and AFRO 1962/42 dated 4 December 1942. Born 4 August 1916 in Blanchard, Iowa. Served in ROTC, September 1934 to June 1936; US Navy (Midshipman), June 1936 to June 1937. Home in Newark, New Jersey; enlisted in Montreal, 6 February 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 21 June 1941), No.3 EFTS (graduated 22 July 1941) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 24 October 1941). Commissioned 24 October 1941. To No.31 GRS, Charlottetown, 15 November 1941; to No.31 OTU, Debert, 18 January 1942; emplaned in Newfoundland, 22 April 1942; taken on strength of No.3 PRC, 28 April 1942; to No.7 OTU, 11 May 1942; to No.1446 (FT) Flight, 11 August 1942. Killed in action, 9 November 1942 in a Wellington of No.69 Squadron. No known grave; name on Malta Memorial.

One day in October 1942, this officer executed a successful attack on a large heavily escorted merchant ship. Pressing home his attack with great skill, Pilot Officer Mathews obtained a hit on the vessel inflicting such damage that later it had to be run ashore and its cargo unloaded. His aircraft was damaged by anti-aircraft fire but he flew it to base. On another night towards the end of the month Pilot Officer Mathews attacked, with telling effect, another enemy merchant ship escorted by three destroyers. Later it was learned that the ship and its valuable cargo of fuel had become a total loss. This officer has displayed outstanding skill and determination to inflict loss on the enemy.

 

NOTE: He was involved in a flying accident at No.7 OTU, 4 July 1942, when Wellington HX424 piloted by Sergeant J.M. Watt, RAF, struck a marker ball on a target while flying over glassy water (Mathews was co-pilot). Damage repairable.

 

He was lost with Wellington HF883 (letter L) and a crew of four other RCAF plus Sergeant J.M. Watt. Aircraft took off from Luqa at 2155 hours and not seen again. He was to carry out a search (and if necessary a torpedo attack) in the Porto Stilo area. A subsequent letter on file states that Porto Stilo could not be found in gazetteers and suggested it was Faro Capo Stilo.

 

P/O Paul Hartman, RCAF was flying that night as well (crew Sergeant O.S. Evans, RAF, P/O R.R. Perry, RCAF, later killed, Sergeant Armando John Perno, RCAF, later commissioned, Sergeant George Arnold Phillips, RCAF, later commissioned, and Sergeant Sydney Joseph. Thomas, RCAF, later commissioned). He reported receiving a message from L giving a target at Cape Stilo. He investigated, saw flares being dropped, but visibility was poor and radar blips, when followed up, turned up nothing. Later, at Gozzo Spadere he had more radar contacts, which seemed to be E Boats, but fuel short and starboard engine giving trouble.

 

* * * * *

 


MATHIESON, S/L John Gordon (C5441) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.2 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Born 31 December 1915 in Vancouver; educated there. Enlisted at Camp Borden, 19 February 1936 as a wireless operator. Commissioned at Rockcliffe in 1941 (Signals Branch). Served at Dartmouth, Gander and Torbay until April 1943 when he was posted as Signals Staff Officer, Eastern Air Command Headquarters. Soon afterwards was given command of Training Section, No.3 Wireless School, Winnipeg, where he remained until January 1945. Then went to staff duties at No.2 Air Command Headquarters, Winnipeg. Remained in postwar RCAF, serving on Pacific Coast to May 1948. Exchange Officer with USAF, May 1948-June 1950. Then made Deputy Chief Technical Officer, Air Defence Group headquarters, St.Hubert. To RCAF Staff College, September 1952. After that to AFHQ (Directorate of Telecommunications). Named to command Station Clinton, August 1960. To NORAD HQ, August 1963 (Group Captain). Medal presented 27 November 1950. Died in Vancouver, 20 November 1999.

 

Squadron Leader Mathieson has served as Signals Officer (Non Flying List) at Operational Stations, Training Stations and Command Headquarters in Canada. Throughout his career he has displayed the utmost perseverance and devotion to duty. He has at all times placed his responsibilities to the Service in the foremost, and has contributed a great deal towards the efficient operation and function of the Royal Canadian Air Force Signals Branch.

 

* * * * *

 

MATTE, P/O Lawrence Edward (J90736) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.103 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945 and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born 1910 in Winnipeg; home there (labourer); enlisted there 29 April 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 23 January 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 25 June 1943). Commissioned October 1944. Medal sent by registered mail 7 June 1950. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9051 has recommendation dated 9 December 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (166 hours five minutes), 14 June to 6 December 1944.

 

14 Jun 44 Le Havre 11 Oct 44 Frederik Hendrik

16 Jun 44 Sterkrade 14 Oct 44 Duisberg

28 Jun 44 Chateaux Pernapre 15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven

29 Jun 44 Domleger 19 Oct 44 Stuttgart

30 Jun 44 Oisemont 23 Oct 44 Essen

4 July 44 Orleans 31 Oct 44 Cologne

5 July 44 Dijon 2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf

7 July 44 Caen 6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen

12 Jul 44 Revigny 11 Nov 44 Dortmund

5 Aug 44 Blaye 16 Nov 44 Duren

7 Aug 44 Fontenay 21 Nov 44 GARDENING

11 Aug 44 Douai 27 Nov 44 Freiburg


3 Oct 44 Westkapelle 29 Nov 44 Dortmund

5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken 3 Dec 44 Urft Dam

7 Oct 44 Emmerich 6 Dec 44 Merseberg

 

Pilot Officer Matte, a Canadian, was posted to No.103 Squadron on 27th May, 1944 and has since completed 30 sorties as navigator on Lancaster aircraft, with a total of 166.05 hours operational flying.

 

In the course of these numerous sorties, extending over a period of six months, Pilot Officer Matte has taken part in attacks on a wide variety of targets in enemy and enemy-occupied territory, including operations in support of the Allied Expeditionary Force, large scale bomber attacks on enemy industrial objectives and marshalling yards, and minelaying operations. During these operations this officer has proved himself to be an outstanding operational navigator. His navigational skill, combined with his personal qualities of determination, endurance and reliability have been largely responsible for the remarkably successful tour of operations carried out by his crew.

 

He has therefore made a valuable contribution to the bomber offensive in recent months, and in doing so, has set a fine example for all navigators.

 

I strongly recommend that this officer's excellent work may be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MATTEN, F/O William Charles (J35928) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.166 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born 1914 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 28 July 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 17 April 1943) and No.5 AOS (graduated 17 September 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 22 June 1949. Died in Toronto, 15 December 1999. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." NOTE: Although gazetted as No.160 Squadron, the recommendation clearly comes from No.166 Squadron. Public Records Office Air 2/8831 has recommendation dated 12 November 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (145 operational hours):

 

23 Jul 44 Kiel 3 Sept 44 Gilze-Rijen

1 Aug 44 La Belle Croix 5 Sep 44 Le Havre

les Bruyeres 6 Sep 44 Le Havre

2 Aug 44 Le Havre 7 Sep 44 Le Havre

3 Aug 44 Trossy St.Maximum 10 Sep 44 Le Havre

4 Aug 44 Pauillac 20 Sep 44 Sangatte


7 Aug 44 Fontenay le Marmion 26 Sep 44 Calais

10 Aug 44 Paris 27 Sep 44 Calais

11 Aug 44 Duvai 2 Oct 44 Westkappelle

14 Aug 44 Fontaine le Pin 5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken

15 Aug 44 Leculot 12 Oct 44 Fort Frederik Hendrik

16 Aug 44 Stettin 13 Oct 44 Duisburg

25 Aug 44 Russelsheim 14 Oct 44 Duisburg

26 Aug 44 Kiel 19 Oct 44 Stuttgart

29 Aug 44 Stettin 25 Oct 44 Essen

31 Aug 44 Agenville

 

This Canadian officer has now completed 30 sorties as a navigator including attacks on heavily defended targets in Germany and enemy occupied territory. Of a lively nature, his cheerful bearing in the face of danger and his calm and steady concentration on his task have been a magnificent example to his crew.

 

On several occasions when his captain has been faced with difficult conditions, his steady encouragement has materially assisted in a successful attack being delivered. For his undoubted skill as a navigator, his cheerful spirit and example, he is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

MATTHEWS, F/O Andrew Stephen (J39318) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.12 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1945 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. Born 1921; home in Strathroy, Ontario (farmer); enlisted London, Ontario, 17 July 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 26 June 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 13 January 1944. Commissioned December 1943. Medal presented 30 November 1949. No citation, "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8772 has recommendation dated 13 May 1945 when he had flown 31 sorties (189 hours 15 minutes):

 

27 Oct 44 Cologne 1 Mar 45 Mannheim

16 Nov 44 Duren 2 Mar 45 Cologne

18 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz

21 Nov 44 Aschaffenburg 8 Mar 45 Kassel

24 Nov 44 Dortmund 11 Mar 45 Essen

4 Dec 44 Karlsruhe 12 Mar 45 Dortmund

6 Dec 44 Merseburg 13 Mar 45 Gelsenkirchen

21 Dec 44 Bonn 15 Mar 45 Misberg

28 Dec 44 Bonn 13 Apr 45 Kiel Bay

31 Dec 44 Osterfeld 18 Apr 45 Heligoland


6 Jan 45 Meuss 22 Apr 45 Bremen

7 Jan 45 Munich 25 Apr 45 Berchtesgaden

16 Jan 45 Zeitz 28 Apr 45 EXODUS (Brussels)

3 Feb 45 Bottrop 30 Apr 45 MANNA (The Hague)

21 Feb 45 Duisburg 1 May 45 MANNA (The Hague)

23 Feb 45 Pforzeheim

 

Flying Officer Matthews, a Canadian, has recently completed his first tour of operations against the enemy as Navigator of a Lancaster aircraft. The outstanding success achieved by his crew can be attributed very largely to his exceptional skill and to his cool efficiency, which was never impaired even in most adverse circumstances.

 

This Canadian officer has proven himself a most reliable and conscientious navigator on operations, thus inspiring his captain and crew with the utmost confidence. He has been a most reliable member of a very successful crew. I strongly recommend the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross to Flying Officer Matthews.

 

* * * * *

 

MATTHEWS, F/O Frank William (C19431) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.90 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945 and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Born 1910 in Halifax; home in Vancouver (patrol man, foreman); enlisted there 1 February 1940. Commissioned November 1943. Medal presented 5 March 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9060 has recommendation dated 21 January 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (148 hours 17 minutes), 5 October 1944 to 1 January 1945 - a remarkably compact tour.

 

* denotes daylight operation

 

5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (5.52) 2 Dec 44 Dortmund (3.59)*

14 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.57)* 4 Dec 44 Oberhausen (4.16)*

14 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.38) 5 Dec 44 Schwammanauel Dam

19 Oct 44 Stuttgart (6.22) (4.14)

23 Oct 44 Essen (5.07) 6 Dec 44 Merseberg (7.40)

25 Oct 44 Essen (4.33)* 8 Dec 44 Duisburg (4.31)*

26 Oct 44 Leverkusen (4.07)* 11 Dec 44 Oberhausen (4.15)*

28 Oct 44 Cologne (4.27)* 12 Dec 44 Witten (4.18)*

30 Oct 44 Cologne (4.50) 15 Dec 44 Siegen (2.43 by day)

31 Oct 44 Cologne (4.05) 23 Dec 44 Trier (4.23)*

2 Nov 44 Homber (4.34)* 27 Dec 44 Rheydt (4.04)*

4 Nov 44 Solingen (4.59)* 28 Dec 44 Cologne/Gremberg


6 Nov 44 Koblenz (6.05) (4.39)*

11 Nov 44 Castrop Rauxel (4.46)* 29 Dec 44 Koblenz/Lutzel

21 Nov 44 Homberg (4.34)* (4.41)*

26 Nov 44 Fulda (5.37)* 31 Dec 44 Vohwinkel (4.43)*

28 Nov 44 Neuss (4.27) 1 Jan 45 Vohwinkel (6.16)*

 

As a mid-upper gunner, this officer has operated with a large diversity of crews, all of whom have been loud in their praises of his ability and worth as an operational crew member. At no time has he hesitated to fly even with the least experienced crews and, by his unceasing vigilance and excellent coo-operation, the aircraft in which he has flown have always returned unscathed. In addition to his routine tasks he has always been active in the tuition of inexperienced gunners, who have benefited by his knowledge and attention to a marked degree. His tour of duty has been an excellent example of service before self.

 

* * * * *

 

MATTHEWS, F/L Herbert Lincoln (J22545) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.120 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1944 as per London Gazette dated 11 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Born 1922 in Alert Bay, British Columbia; home in Courtney, British Columbia; enlisted Vancouver, 2 September 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 2 January 1942), No.8 BGS (graduated 23 May 1942), No.2 AOS (graduated 11 April 1942) and No.1 ANS (graduated 20 July 1942). Commissioned 1942. Medal presented 29 January 1947. NOTE: The following citation reads badly, as if a line or two has been dropped; CHECK CITATION.

 

While engaged on anti-submarine work this officer has completed his duties as navigator with great success. On convoy escort sorties, though often called upon to fly in adverse weather, he has never failed to reach his objective in an engagement with a U-boat. Flight Lieutenant Matthews by skilful co-operation with his captain placed a stick of depth charges across the submarine. One of these exploded directly under the quarry, which was destroyed. This officer's outstanding courage and devotion to duty have been most praiseworthy.

 

* * * * *

 

MATTHEWS, F/L John Herbert Victor (J6698) - Air Force Cross - No.2 FIS - Award effective 21 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 24 April 1945 and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. Enlisted at Hamilton, 25 November 1940 - Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 9 March 1041), No.15 EFTS (graduated 16 May 1941) and No.34 SFTS (graduated 8 August 1941) - Had flown 2,800 hours to date, 2,200 hours as instructor, 300 hours in previous six months. Medal sent by registered mail 23 September 1948.

 


This flying instructor has shown outstanding ability and enthusiasm in all his undertakings. He has instilled the utmost confidence in his pupils and now as flight commander his organizing and directive abilities have brought his flight to the highest peak of efficiency. By his energy, zeal and devotion to duty this officer has rendered highly meritorious service in flying training.

 

* * * * *

 

MATTHEWS, Sergeant John Lamont (R103101) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.49 Squadron - Award effective 21 March 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 April 1943 and AFRO 757/43 dated 30 April 1943. Born 1919 in Port Arthur, Ontario; home there (student); enlisted in Hamilton, 14 May 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 October 1941), No.1 BGS (graduated 14 March 1942), No.1 AOS (graduated 31 January 1942), and No.2 ANS (graduated 14 April 1942). Cited with Sergeant Edward John Lowans (above). Also cited with Sergeant G.B. Sylvester and Sergeant E.W. Tickler (RAF; CGM to Tickler, DFM to others).

 

One night in February 1943, Flight Sergeants Matthews and Lowans and Sergeant Sylvester were members of a crew of an aircraft, captained by Sergeant Tickler, which was detailed for a mine-laying mission. When well on the outward flight an armed ship opened fire on the aircraft and the rear turret was hit, but the captain proceeded on his course. Visibility in the target area was poor and Sergeant Tickler had to bring the aircraft down to 700 feet to locate the objective. Whilst at this height during the commencement of its attacking run the aircraft was engaged by the ground defences. A number of anti-aircraft guns opened fire whilst it was held in the searchlights and the bomber was hit in the navigator's compartment, the rear turret, the pilot's cockpit and the port wing. The flight engineer was severely wounded in the head and became unconscious. Sergeant Tickler was hit in the left shoulder and side and became so dazed that he almost lost control of the aircraft, which commenced to dive. Sergeant Matthews, with great promptitude, however, pulled back the control column and brought the aircraft back to a height of 700 feet. Displaying great fortitude, Sergeant Tickler kept to his course and the mines were dropped in the correct place. Not until this was accomplished did he inform his comrades of his injuries. On the return flight, although his left arm was entirely useless, he remained at the controls, greatly assisted by Flight Sergeant Lowans, and Sergeant Sylvester did everything possible to mitigate his task. Meanwhile, Flight Sergeant Matthews displayed great navigational ability and, although deprived of all wireless aid, he set courses which enabled his captain to reach an airfield in this country. Despite his injuries, Sergeant Tickler effected a perfect landing before collapsing over the controls. This captain displayed courage, fortitude and devotion to duty of the highest order while the skill, gallantry and teamwork of his comrades who rendered such valuable support were worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 


MATTHEWS, Sergeant Lionel Wollaston (R103566) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.150 Squadron - Award effective 17 March 1943 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1943 and AFRO 809/43 dated 7 May 1943. Born 1920; home in Calgary (telegraph clerk); enlisted there 5 May 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 29 August 1941), No.5 EFTS (graduated ?), and No.10 SFTS (graduated 16 January 1942). Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 18 May 1943.

 

This airman has completed 31 operational sorties over Germany, Italy and Tunisia. He has invariably pressed home his attacks with courage and determination and has obtained many excellent photographs. On one occasion, when taking part in an operation over Sicily, his aircraft sustained damage and his rear gunner received wounds which subsequently proved fatal. Sergeant Matthews brought his damaged aircraft back safely, landing with his wounded comrade at an aerodrome where hospital attention was available.

 

* * * * *

 

MATTHEWS, W/C Paul Whiteside (C2232) - Member, Order of the British Empire - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 6 June 1940. Medal sent by registered mail.

 

This officer has served with the Royal Canadian Air Force since 1940. In 1942 he opened No.6 District Headquarters at Edinburgh which was one of the main RCAF Field Headquarters, and served there until 1944 when he was posted to Command District Headquarters, Cairo, where he remained until the end of hostilities. The outstanding manner in which this officer represented the Royal Canadian Air Force is most worthy of recognition.

 

* * * * *

 

MAU, Corporal Herbert William (R161879) - Mention in Despatches - Eastmoor - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Pembroke, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa, 21 May 1942. No citation in AFRO. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945. Armourer (G); enlisted 21 May 1942; served ten months overseas, 18 months overseas.

 


LAC Mau has at all times displayed the highest degree of efficiency and skill, not only in gun armament but also as the leading members of a bombing-up crew. His cheerful acceptance and efficient execution of all orders has always inspired those working with him to double their efforts. During a period a short time ago when LAC Mau's flight was suffering from an acute lack of staff, this airman, despite adverse weather conditions and extremely long hours of work, always displayed such great zeal, determination, efficiency and cheerfulness whilst working both on gun maintenance and as the leading member of his crew, that he was largely instrumental in his flight always meeting all operational and training commitments fully and on time.

 

* * * * *

 

MAVAUT, F/L Paul Raymond (J25970) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.106 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 11 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 February 1946 and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946. Born 1914 in Ottawa; educated Lisgar Collegiate; home in Montreal. Had been with Metropolitan Life and Eatons. Enlisted in Montreal, 19 September 1939. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 10 October 1942), No.13 EFTS (graduated 27 December 1942), and No.5 SFTS (graduated 14 May 1943). Commissioned April 1943. Killed in action 12 September 1944. Medal presented by Governor General to next-of-kin, 2 December 1946. Medals with Canadian War Museum (AN 19920099-001).

 

As captain of aircraft Flight Lieutenant Mavant has completed many successful operational sorties. He has attacked heavily defended targets at Stuttgart, Gelsenkirchen, Givors and the submarine pens at Lorient. In July, 1994, he participated in daylight attacks on flying bomb installations. On one occasion when making his bombing run his aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter and badly damaged, one member of the crew being mortally wounded. Nevertheless, Flight Lieutenant Mavaut pressed home his attack and secured an excellent photograph.

 

* * * * *

 

MAW, F/O John Thompson (C4269) - Mention in Despatches - No.113 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. NOTE: Name may be John Thomas Maw. Home in Nashville, Ontario; enlisted in North Bay, Ontario, 15 March 1941.

 

This officer's untiring efforts in supervising and maintaining serviceability has contributed in a large degree to the excellent record of this squadron's operational sorties. He has displayed great skill and leadership and has earned the respect and willing co-operation of his subordinates during long hours of work and under difficult conditions.

 

* * * * *

 


MAWBY, Corporal James Turnell (R134940) - Mention in Despatches - Linton-on-Ouse - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Cypruss River, Manitoba; enlisted in Winnipeg, 12 November 1941. Enlisted 10 November 1941. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol 20607) has list of MiDs this date with unit. No citation in AFRO. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation forwarded 3 February 1945 when he had served one year in Canada, 27 months overseas. Armourer.

 

This airman has proved to be outstanding in his ability to carry out the most difficult work under adverse conditions. His untiring efforts combined with his determination and devotion to duty have shown exceptional results in the efficiency of his Flight in Daily Servicing Squadron Armament Section.

 

* * * * *

 

MAWDESLEY, G/C Frederick Joseph (C49) - Air Force Cross - No.5 Bombing and Gunnery School - Award effective as of 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 6 January 1945 and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Had flown 5,174 hours (check figure) to date, 1,115 hours as instructor.

 

This officer, as commanding officer of a Bombing and Gunnery School, by his energy and good leadership, has brought the functioning of this station to a high level of efficiency. Throughout a long flying career he has made an excellent record as a pilot and instructor and has at all times taken a keen and active interest in the progress and welfare of those undergoing flying training. By his personal example of leadership, ability and devotion to duty he has set a high standard for all officers to follow.

 

* * * * *

 

MAWHINNEY, F/O Bruce Alger (J23880) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1923 in Toronto; home there (labourer); enlisted there 8 January 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 17 July 1942), No.9 EFTS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 19 February 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 22 June 1949. DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (RG.24 Vol.20667) has recommendation dated 9 November 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (127 hours 54 minutes), 5 July to 9 October 1944.

 

This officer has flown many operational sorties against such heavily defended targets as Bremen, Kiel and the Ruhr. On one occasion in September 1944, during an attack against Sterkrade, his aircraft sustain damage from anti-aircraft fire and the navigator was wounded. Flying Officer Mawhinney handled his aircraft with outstanding skill and flew it safely back to base. He has proved himself an excellent pilot and captain of aircraft whose fearless determination and devotion to duty have largely contributed to the successful completion of all the missions detailed to his crew.

 

* * * * *


MAWHINNEY, F/O Clifford Stuart (J46888) - Air Force Cross - Station Torbay - Award effective 1 December 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 183/46 dated 22 February 1946. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 21 April 1941. Trained at No.6 BGS (graduated 22 November 1941) and No.4 WS (graduated 6 June 1942). Medal presented 22 June 1949. As of award had flown 585 hours.

 

In the middle of the night of the 1st-2nd May, 1945, in Newfoundland, a pilot and crew were requested to fly penicillin to Buchan's, Newfoundland, where a child was dying. The weather at base was so poor that it was necessary to ask for volunteers. Flying Officer Mawhinney volunteered as wireless operator of the crew and, fully aware of the risk involved, they took off in almost zero-zero conditions. After encountering severe icing conditions, which rendered the radio almost useless, and making several attempts to break through the cloud at 200 feet, the penicillin was successfully dropped. This officer shown skill as a wireless operator contributed to the success of the mission which saved a child's life.

 

* * * * *

 

MAWSON, F/L John Douglas (J19057) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 13 January 1921 in Kingston, Ontario; home there; enlisted in Trenton, 21 August 1939 as a clerk/stenographer. Remustered to Clerk/Administration, 20 April 1942 but then applied for aircrew status. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 25 April 1942), No.10 EFTS (graduated 17 July 1942) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 20 November 1942, at which time he was officially remustered as aircrew). Arrived in Britain on 18 December 1942. Further trained at 15 (P) Advanced Flying Unit (posted there 29 March 1943), No.22 Operational Training Unit (posted there 1 June 1943) and No.1659 Heavy Conversion Unit (posted there 11 August 1943). To No.431 Squadron, 4 September 1943; to No.427 Squadron, 9 September 1943. Commissioned 26 February 1944. Posted away to No.1666 HCU, 31 July 1944; to No.1659 HCU, 12 July 1945; to Station Topcliffe, 6 September 1945; to No.427 Squadron, 2 October 1945; repatriated to Canada, 7 May 1946. Medal presented by Governor General at Government House, 7 November 1949. Remained in postwar RCAF with the following postings: Mountain View, 18 June 1946 to 10 March 1947; Trenton, 11 March 1946 to 27 February 1949; No.412 Squadron, 28 February 1949 to 31 January 1950; No.413 Squadron, 1 February to 1 November 1950; No.408 Sqn, 1 November 1950 to 12 March 1951; Air Transport Command Headquarters, 13 March 1951 to 1 November 1953; Air Force Headquarters, 2 November 1953 to 10 July 1956; Air Material Command Headquarters, 11 July 1956 to 1 March 1957. Killed in the crash of a Mitchell, 1 March 1957, en route back from Churchill. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 22 July 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (222 hours 45 minutes) from 15 September 1943 to 12 July 1944.

 


This captain has completed thirty-four operational bombing sorties against the enemy nineteen of which have been on major targets. He is a Deputy Flight Commander and his work generally has been of the highest calibre. This officer's ability to make instant decisions in emergency, skilful pilotage and cool judgement has been an inspiration to both his crew and the squadron.

 

NOTE: During his tour of duty at Air Transport Command Headquarters he was on Temporary Duty in the Far East (22 August to 9 September 1952). According to a letter he wrote in applying for the Korea Medal, he flew two Meteor sorties with No.77 Squadron (RAAF) out of Kimpo, 1 September and 3 September 1952. However, RAAF writes to say they know nothing of him.

 

* * * * *

 

MAXHAM, P/O Arthur Gilbert (J90125) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born 1915 in Melbourne, Australia; home in Montreal (clerk, office equipment mechanic); enlisted there 29 June 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 23 July 1943) and No.9 BGS (graduated 12 November 1943). Commissioned September 1944. Medal presented in Montreal, 25 November 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1761 (RG.24 Vol.20609) has recommendation dated 18 January 1945 when he had flown 35 sorties (167 hours 15 minutes), 22 May to 29 December 1944.

 

This officer has completed a very successful tour as Mid-Upper Air Gunner involving attacks on many heavily defended German targets. Although attacked by two enemy aircraft in quick succession, major damage to his aircraft has been averted by his good judgement and accurate fire. Always displaying a high standard of skill and determination, his fine co-operative spirit and devotion to duty have contributed materially both in the air and on the ground...

 

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MAXWELL, WO (now P/O) Joseph John Horace (R162983/J88575) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.97 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944 and AFRO 1/45 dated 5 January 1945. Name may be Joseph John Horne. Born 1924 in Chase, British Columbia; home in Chemainus, British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 14 May 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 23 October 1942), No.2 BGS (graduated 12 January 1943) and No.3 AOS (graduated 19 February 1943). Commissioned 1944. Medal presented.

 


In July 1944, Warrant Officer Maxwell was detailed to participate in an attack on Bordeaux. Whilst over the target his aircraft was repeatedly hit by heavy anti-aircraft fire, seriously injuring two of the crew. Warrant Officer Maxwell administered first aid to his injured comrades and was of invaluable assistance to the navigator in bringing the aircraft safely back to England. This airman has also rendered valuable service in the training of less experienced air crews while his imperturbable coolness in the face of enemy opposition has set an inspiring example to all.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/8827 has the complete recommendation dated 15 August 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (207 hours 30 minutes). This consisted of ten sorties flown prior to No.97 Squadron (2 December 1943 to 20 February 1944) and the balance with No.97 Squadron, 18 March to 9 August 1944. The list and recommended citation is given below as additional information.

 

Pre-No.97 Squadron

 

2 Dec 43 Berlin (7.15) 9 May 44 Annecy (8.45)

3 Dec 43 Leipzig (7.20) 19 May 44 Amiens (3.30)

20 Dec 43 Frankfurt (6.00) 22 May 44 Brunswick (5.35)

20 Jan 44 Berlin (7.05) 24 May 44 Eindhoven (3.20)

27 Jan 44 Berlin (9.00) 27 May 44 St.Valery (3.15)

28 Jan 44 Berlin (7.50) 5 June 44 St.Pierre du Mont

30 Jan 44 Berlin (7.00) (3.45)

15 Feb 44 Berlin (7.10) 6 June 44 Argentan (3.45)

19 Feb 44 Leipzig (7.30) 23 Jun 44 Limoges (6.15)

20 Feb 44 Stuttgart (7.15) 4 July 44 Creil (3.50)

12 Jul 44 Culmont-Chalindrey

No.97 Squadron (8.00)

15 Jul 44 Nevers (6.50)

18 Mar 44 Frankfurt (5.30) 20 Jul 44 Courtrai (2.40)

22 Mar 44 Frankfurt (5.20) 24 Jul 44 Donges (5.00)

24 Mar 44 Berlin (6.50) 3 Aug 44 Trossy St.Maximin

26 Mar 44 Essen (4.25) (4.35)

30 Mar 44 Nuremburg (7.10) 5 Aug 44 St.Leu d'Esserent

11 Apr 44 Aachen (3.30) (4.55)

22 Apr 44 Brunswick (5.40) 7 Aug 44 Sequeville la

26 Apr 44 Schweinfurt (8.30) Compagne (3.00)

6 May 44 Louailles (4.25) 9 Aug 44 Chattelerault (5.45)

 

This non-commissioned officer has completed 36 sorties, on which 26 have been with the Pathfinder Force, 22 of them as marker. Seven of these sorties have been carried out against Berlin. He is the set operator of one of the squadron's best crews, and his efficiency has played a large part in the consistently fine results obtained by his crew.

 


In addition to his fine work in the air, Warrant Officer Maxwell has rendered valuable service in the training of inexperienced set operators and has obtained excellent results. His imperturbable bearing and coolness in the face of enemy opposition have been a source of inspiration to all other members of his crew.

 

For his fearlessness and strong sense of duty he is strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

MAXWELL, WO (now P/O) Joseph John Horace (R162983/J88575) - Mention in Despatches - No.97 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945.

 

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MAXWELL, FS Robert Burton (R165426) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 24 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1924 in Toronto; home there' enlisted there 12 May 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.12 EFTS and No.5 SFTS (graduated 11 June 1943). Commissioned August 1944. Incident described was 25 August 1944 (target, Russelshein). Medal sent by registered mail 10 June 1948. DFC was sent by registered mail, 28 June 1949.

 

In August 1944 Flight Sergeant Maxwell was detailed to attack a target in Germany. When nearing the objective, his aircraft was struck by anti-aircraft fire, disabling an engine and damaging the electrical system. Despite loss of height and a wound in the leg, this airman pressed on to the target where the bombs had to be released manually. Flight Sergeant Maxwell then flew his aircraft back to England and effected a safe landing. His coolness, courage and determination to achieve success have been of a high order.

 

MAXWELL, F/O Robert Burton, CGM (J89628) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945.

 

Since the award of the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal this officer has flown on a large number of operational sorties. He has taken part in attacks against such heavily defended targets as Kiel, Chemnitz, Merseburg and Berlin. Flying Officer Maxwell is an outstanding leader who has invariably displayed courage and devotion to duty of a high order.

 

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MAXWELL, WO1 (now F/O) William Christie (R93153/J35980) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.10 Squadron - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born 3 July 1920 at Mount Dennis (Toronto suburb); employed by a motor shaft company; enlisted in Toronto, 12 February 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 21 June 1941), No.6 BGS (graduated 7 November 1941), No.9 AOS (graduated 29 September 1941) and No.2 ANS (graduated 8 December 1941). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 6 March 1945. As of award had flown 1,087:15 hours (630:40 operational, 86 sorties).

 

This navigator has completed many operational flying hours in the North Atlantic area. Upon one occasion when participating in an attack against an enemy submarine, he was wounded in the head and leg by anti-aircraft fire. He kept the bomb doors open to ensure release of the depth charges and, after first aid was administered, successfully navigated his aircraft over 700 miles back to base in very bad weather. He has at all times proved himself to be a navigator of exceptional ability.

 

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MAXWELL, PO William Mead (J17114) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 6 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943 and AFRO 2005/43 dated 1 October 1943. Born in New Jersey, 1920; home in Leamington, Ontario; enlisted in Windsor, 4 March 1941. Trained at No.4 BGS (graduated 30 March 1942) and No.3 WS. Rear gunner in S/L C.S. Dowie's crew and later in S/L J.B. Millward's crew. Medal presented at Buckingham Palace 15 February 1944.

 

This officer has an excellent operational record. He has participated in attacks on such heavily defended enemy targets as Kiel, Duisburg, Bochum and Wuppertal and in several successful mine-laying sorties. The initiative and vigilance which he has always displayed have been assets of high value to his crew and in no small measure contributed to the safe return of his aircraft on several occasions. His courage, skill and devotion to duty have been most praiseworthy.

 

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MAY, Corporal Gordon Frederick (R122355) - Mention in Despatches - Station Sea Island - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Home in New Westminster; enlisted in Vancouver, 18 August 1941. Chef. Certificate sent 4 July 1945.

 

This airman has consistently shown a complete disregard for his own personal leisure and has at all times discharged his duties in a most commendable manner. He stands out among his fellow workers and at the same time inspires them to put forth their greatest efforts. This airman has served the personnel of his station well and willingly and is deserving of great credit.

 

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MAY, S/L John Robert (J5808) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1920 in Toronto; home in Midland, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto, 9 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 January 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 5 March 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 21 June 1941). Commissioned 1941. Medal sent by registered mail 10 March 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.4431 (RG.24 Vol.20649) has recommendation (undated) when he was a Flight Lieutenant and had flown 21 sorties (99 hours 45 minutes), 19 May to 4 August 1944.

 

This officer has completed a good number of successful operations against German and French targets. He has always shown himself to be cool and confident under all circumstances and displays fearlessness and aggressiveness in the face of danger and enemy opposition. He has always shown a keen desire to press home his attack with the greatest accuracy possible. As Deputy Flight Commander he has always been of great assistance in maintaining a high degree of efficiency in his flight. His personal keenness and devotion to duty have set a real example to the pilots in the squadron.

 

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MAY, F/O John Walter (J16246) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1910 in Edmonton; home in Vancouver (cashier); enlisted in Edmonton, 11 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 March 1941), No.5 AOS (graduated 23 June 1941), No.5 BGS (graduated 4 August 1941) and No..1 ANS (graduated 1 September 1941). Commissioned 1942. Medal presented 22 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 12 August 1944 when he had flown 47 sorties (271 hours 25 minutes). First tour was 29 May 1942 to 16 February 1943 (26 1/2 trips - the half trip was likely an abandoned sortie to Hamburg, 15 October 1942). Second tour was 24 July 1943 to 27 May 1944 (20 1/2 trips - actually 22 sorties of which three were sea searches).

 

Flying Officer May started his operational career in May 1942 and has now twenty and one-half trips on his second tour. His wide variety of targets include some of the enemy's most heavily defended, such as Essen, Cologne, Kiel, Stuttgart, Mannheim, along with many mine-laying sorties and objectives in France. During his long tour of duty, his loyalty, keenness and fighting spirit has never wavered. A most skilful navigator, this officer's cheerful confidence and devotion to duty have always merited the highest praise. He is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 


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MAY, F/O Lewis Farnell (J14318) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No. 414 Squadron - Award effective 24 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1/45 dated 5 January 1945. Born 1916 in Orangeville, Ontario; home in Toronto; enlisted there 18 December 1940. Trained at No.6 SFTS (graduated 11 September 1942). Commissioned 1942. Medal presented 14 May 1948.

 

Flying Officer May has completed many sorties against the enemy and as a reconnaissance pilot has continuously displayed exceptional skill and courage in completing the many tasks assigned to him, frequently in the face of the most intense enemy opposition. He has also attacked a variety of ground targets in enemy occupied territory. On the first day of the assault on the coast of Normandy this officer performed two very successful co-operation flights in support of the naval bombardment.

 

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MAYO, F/O Earl Charles (J25382) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945 and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born 1917; home in Toronto; enlisted there 15 September 1939. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 11 September 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 4 December 1942) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 16 April 1943). Commissioned April 1943. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 19 November 1944 when he had flown 25 sorties (129 hours 45 minutes), 24 July to 4 November 1944.

 

This captain has completed twenty-five heavy operational bombing attacks against the enemy. His work in general has been exceptional and through his courage, skill and determination in action he has been an inspiration to his crew.

 

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MAYOU, P/O Francis David (J18381) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Born 1920 in Verdun, Quebec; home in Montreal; enlisted there 13 June 1941. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 11 May 1942) and No.4 WS (graduated 27 October 1941). Medal sent by registered mail 12 July 1946. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8782 has recommendation dated 22 December 1943 when he had flown 45 sorties (362 hours 28 minutes), 7 December 1942 (A/S patrol) to 20 December 1943 (Frankfurt). Although his total times differ by 19 minutes from those of H.C. Banks, their list of sorties and times are virtually identical, with one exception; an A/S patrol recorded by Banks on 17 January 1943 is recorded with Mayou as 18 January 1943. They are almost certainly members of the same crew.

 

During his many sorties against enemy targets, Pilot Officer Mayou has displayed exceptional skill as a Wireless Operator Air Gunner. Always keen to proceed on operations, this officer has invariably performed his duties in a highly commendable fashion. His courage and devotion to duty have been an example to all. This officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

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