LUCKHART, P/O Rex Claire Frederick (J90446) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.640 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945.  Born 1916 in Vancouver; home there (packer); enlisted London, Ontario, 16 June 1942.  Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 3 September 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 4 December 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 2 April 1943) and No.10 AOS.  Commissioned 1944. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."  Public Records Office Air 2/8831 has recommendation dated 14 November 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (163 hours two minutes), 1 July to 6 November 1944.

 

                                          (* denotes mission abandoned on orders)

 

1 July 44         Oisemont (3.45)                           31 Aug 44      La Pourchinte (3.09)*

4 July 44         Domleger (3.48)                           3 Sept 44       Soesterburg (3.49)

6 July 44         Mimoyecques (3.03)                    9 Sept 44       Le Havre (4.28)*           

7 July 44         Caen (4.04)                                   11 Sep 44      Cadillac (4.18)

12 Jul 44        Ferme de Forestal (4.07)            12 Sep 44      Schloven (4.29)

14 Jul 44        Les Landes V et H (3.52)            23 Sep 44      Neuss (4.59)

17 Jul 44        Caen H.1 (4.01)                            25 Sep 44      Calais (3.54)

20 Jul 44        Ardouvai (4.21)                             27 Sep 44      Calais (3.17)

23 Jul 44        Les Catelliers (3.54)                    6 Oct 44         Sterkrade (4.31)

24 Jul 44        Stuttgart (8.37)                              7 Oct 44         Cleve (4.01)

30 Jul 44        Battle area (3.46)*                        9 Oct 44         Bochum (5.12)  

2 Aug 44        L'Hey (3.42)                                  14 Oct 44       Duisburg (5.57)

11 Aug 44      Etaples (3.45)                               16 Oct 44       Wilhelmshaven (4.09)

12 Aug 44      Russelsheim (5.35)                      21 Oct 44       Hanover (2.27), recalled

15 Aug 44      Eindhoven (3.59)                          23 Oct 44       Essen (5.33)

16 Aug 44      Kiel (5.13)                                     2 Nov 44         Dusseldorf (5.49)

18 Aug 44      Sterkrade (4.32)                           4 Nov 44         Bochum (4.26)

25 Aug 44      Brest/Ile Longue (5.05)                6 Nov 44         Gelsenkirchen (4.45)

27 Aug 44      Homberg (4.40)

 

Pilot Officer Luckhart is a very gallant and fearless navigator who has at all times shown a spirit of cool competency.  It has been largely due to his skill in the air that many tons of bombs have found their target in Germany and other vital targets in occupied territories.

 

One night during an attack on Duisburg, this officer became the victim of a severe attack of neuralgia shortly after setting course.  In spite of suffering pain and physical discomfort, this navigator uncomplainingly navigated his aircraft in his usual efficient manner which is so characteristic of this officer's personality. It was not until the aircraft had returned safely to base that his captain and other members of the crew were aware of his sufferings.  This example is one of many which Pilot Officer Luckhart has set to his comrades.


He has at all times displayed courage, determination and devotion to duty of the highest order, and I therefore consider that his fine operational record is worthy of recognition by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUCKING, WO2 Alfred - Mention in Despatches - Western Air Command Marine Squadron - Western Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 2 February 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 280/46 dated 15 March 1946.  Enlisted in Vancouver, 28 August 1942.

 

During the year 1944 and up to the present date, Warrant Officer Second Class Lucking, as Master of the M537 "Arrow". has been responsible for carrying provisions, equipment and moving personnel between Zeballos, Tofino and the radio detachment at Ferrer Point on the west coast of Vancouver Island.  During summer and winter this Warrant Officer, under adverse conditions, showed devotion to duty, high courage and extremely fine seamanship in keeping the radio detachment at Ferrer Point happy by regularly supplying them with provisions, mail and moving of personnel.  His courage and determination have set a fine example for all to follow.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUDLAM, F/O Walter Frederick (J14773) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.116 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 21 April 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945.  Home in Long Branch, Ontario.  Enlisted in Toronto, 6 November 1941.  Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 20 June 1942) and No.1 AOS (graduated 9 October 1942).  Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26 Volume 58, file 190-I, dossier 6) has citation.  When recommended he had flown 1,354 hours, of which 935 were on operations (91 sorties).

 

This officer has completed nearly two years, involving hundreds of  hours of operational flying, as a navigator in Bomber Reconnaissance operations in the North Atlantic area.  The precision and accuracy of his work has gained for him the complete confidence and respect of his crews.  His courage and cheerfulness have done much to keep the morale of his crews to a high degree and his skill has resulted in the successful completion of their many trips.  By his inspiring example, his patience and enthusiasm he has been most valuable in training new members of his squadron.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUKE, P/O Claude Edward (J85526) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.1 Ferry Unit Transport - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 132/45 dated 26 January 1945.  Enlisted in Edmonton, Alberta, 25 June 1941.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 30 December 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 13 March 1942) and No.15 SFTS (graduated 17 July 1942).  No citation in Canadian sources.  Public Records Office Air 2/9036 has recommended citation drafted when he had flown 800 hours including 190 in previous six months.

 

This officer has completed 23 ferry flights to various destinations in the Middle East.  His flying ability is of an unusually high standard and he displays outstanding keenness and enthusiasm.  He sets a high example in his flying and general conduct.  He has had no failures in his deliveries and this is attributable to his skilful planning, attention to detail, determination and devotion to duty.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUKE, G/C Edward Corbus (C508) - Mention in Despatches - Western Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945.  Born 29 October 1903 in Chicago.  Attended Royal Military College.  Commissioned in Montreal, 14 July 1925; served until 1928 on forestry protection and photo survey in Manitoba and Saskatchewan; re-enlisted in Vancouver, 5 October 1932.  Trained as Civil Engineer, employed in Works and Buildings.  Awarded Queen's Coronation Meal,  23 October 1953 while a Group Captain at No.1 Air Division Headquarters.  Died 2 October 1996 in Shoreham Village Home for Special Care (Chester, Ontario).

 

This officer, presently senior administrative officer, has served in several capacities at this command headquarters for the past three years.  Throughout this time he has carried out his duties in a most capable manner.  He has inspired his staff with the necessity of being of help to units in the field, which effort has done much to raise the morale of isolated units.  he is a determined, energetic officer, whose devotion to duty is outstanding.

 

LUKE, G/C Edward Corbus (C508) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - WAC Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/45 dated 25 January 1946.  Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 59, file 190-I, dossier 8) has citation.

 

This officer was Senior Air Staff Officer at Western Air Command at the time of the attack by the Japanese at Pearl Harbour, and his untiring work and quick appreciation of the requirements during this critical time resulted in complete patrol coverage of the Canadian coast being organized within a few hours of the news of the attack.  This quick and purposeful action was highly commended. During the following tense weeks, Group Captain Luke's untiring efforts were largely responsible for the maintenance of adequate patrol coverage during a time when equipment and pilots were in extremely short supply.  He the served in Headquarters successively as Senior Personnel Staff Officer, Senior Administration Officer and presently as Senior Supply and Organization Staff Officer.  He has at all times carried out his duties in an exemplary manner.  His energy and diligence have been an inspiration to those under him and his good judgement and power of making decisions a great help to his superiors.  In addition to his normal duties, Group Captain Luke has always been more than willing to take on any extra tasks which have been assigned to him.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUKINUK, F/O Thomas Alexander (J92082) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.640 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945.  Born 1921 in Parkview, Alberta; home in Edmonton (bookkeeper); enlisted there 29 June 1942.  Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 6 February 1943), No.2 AOS (graduated 16 April 1943) and No.8 BGS (graduated 21 August 1943.  Commissioned October 1944.

 

Flying Officer Lukinuk has proven himself to be a skilful and courageous air bomber.  Throughout a large number of operational missions these qualities have done much to ensure the successful completion of his sorties.  In December 1944, while attacking Essen, his aircraft was severely damaged by fire from the ground defences.  Unperturbed, this officer gave his captain excellent directions which enabled him to press home a telling attack.  In the face of the enemy, Flying Officer Lukinuk has always displayed great skill, courage and devotion to duty.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUMGAIR, WO Robert Oliver (R86155) - Distinguished Flying Cross -  No.408 Squadron - Award effective 3 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 19 November 1943 and AFRO 166/44 dated 28 January 1944.  Born in Thornhill, Manitoba, 1919; home there (farmer); enlisted Winnipeg, 20 December 1940. Trained at No.1 BGS (graduated 8 November 1941) and No.1 WS (graduated 12 October 1941).

 

As air gunner, Warrant Officer Lumgair has taken part in a large number of sorties involving attacks on industrial centres in the Ruhr and many other targets of importance.  He is a most conscientious member of aircraft crew whose vigilance and skill have played a good part in the successes obtained.  During an operation against Hanover in October 1943, his aircraft was attacked by a fighter.  In the ensuing combat Warrant Officer Lumgair displayed excellent judgement in directing the necessary evading tactics, afterwards using his guns to such good effect in unison with the rear gunner that the attacker was shot down in flames. His efforts contributed materially to the success of the sortie.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUMMIS, FS Floyd Bert (Can 9867) - Station Trenton - George Medal - Award effective 11 June 1942 as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1942 and AFRO 1000-1001/42 dated 3 July 1942.  Home in Frankfurt, Ontario; enlisted Trenton 28 May 1938.

 

On the 22nd of December 1939, this airman was engaged in draining gasoline from an aircraft in a hangar at RCAF Station Trenton.  As a result of an electric light breaking into a gasoline can, the gasoline was ignited. Sergeant Lummis seized the flaming can and after two attempts succeeded in removing it from the hangar. In this act of bravery he showed total disregard for his personal safety and the greatest courage as by the time he got outside he was a mass of flames.  He thereby saved 12 aircraft which, at this date, were invaluable to Canada's air training plan.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUMSDEN, F/O John Peppiatt (J22982) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.442 Squadron - Award effective 18 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1944 and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Born 1922 in Hamilton; home there; enlisted there 5 May 1941.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 August 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 7 October 1941) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 22 January 1942).  Commissioned 1944.

 

Flying Officer Lumsden has in a very short period of operational flying shown himself to be an extremely keen and efficient pilot.  He has attacked the most heavily defended targets and has achieved noteworthy results.  He has destroyed and damaged seventy mechanical vehicles and damaged fourteen locomotives. He has also participated in the complete destruction of a large ammunition train.  In the air he has destroyed one enemy aircraft.  At all times Flying Officer Lumsden has displayed a fine fighting spirit, determination and courage which have been highly commendable.

 

NOTE:  DHist file 181.009 D.2833 (RG.24 Volume 20632) has recommendation dated 26 October 1944.  As of that date he had flown 92 sorties (112 hours 25 minutes).

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUNAN, LAC John Russell (R159509) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945.  Home in Asbestos, Quebec; enlisted Montreal, 9 March 1942.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUNAU, FS Hughie Roy (R119164) - Western Air Command Headquarters - Mention in Despatches - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946.  Enlisted in Toronto, 24 July 1941.

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUND, W/C Fred (C3356) - Member, Order of the British Empire - EAC Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945.  Born 21 November 1893 in Preston, England; educated there.  Tractor foreman with Nova Scotia Department of Highways before enlisting in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, 19 April 1924.  Also awarded Long Service and Good Conduct Medal, effective 11 October 1944 as per AFRO 2274/44 dated 20 October 1944.  Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Vol.59, file 190-I, dossier 7) has citation.

 

As Aeronautical Engineering Officer in Catalina, Canso and Liberator squadrons during the past four years, Wing Commander Lund has made an outstanding contribution to the operational efficiency of Eastern Air Command.  Through tireless effort and superior ability to organize and direct his men, he has always maintained a high state of serviceability in his squadrons even under the most difficult conditions.  His knowledge of men, coupled with his technical capabilities, has gained him the respect and loyalty of all who have served with him. His devotion to duty has been of a very high order.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUNDEEN, FS Clarence Philip (R87366) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 12 April 1943 as per London Gazette dated 20 April 1943 and AFRO 985/43 dated 28 May 1943.  Born in Rockford, Saskatchewan, 1915; home in Preeceville, Saskatchewan; home there; enlisted Saskatoon, 19 February 1941.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 4 June 1941), No.8 EFTS (graduated 27 July 1941), and No.3 SFTS (graduated 17 October 1941). Commissioned January 1942.

 

This airman has participated in operations with admirable determination and skill.  On one occasion over Hamburg his excellent airmanship made it possible for his gunners to shoot down an attacking enemy fighter.  Although his own aircraft was badly damaged, Flight Sergeant Lundeen flew it safely to base.  Later, while on a daylight sortie over Germany, he successfully bombed the target and when the weather cleared unexpectedly, made skilful use of scanty cloud cover to evade three enemy fighters which were in the vicinity.  This airman has set an example of high courage and devotion to duty.

 

LUNDEEN, F/L Clarence Philip, DFM (J17061) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 30 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945.

 

Throughout his tour of operational duty this officer has displayed high qualities of skill and courage.  His keenness and determination have always been evident and have set a very fine example.  One night in December 1944 he piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Cologne.  On the outward flight the port inner engine caught fire.  Flight Lieutenant Lundeen feathered the propeller and the flames died away.  Despite the loss of power from the unserviceable engine, Flight Lieutenant Lundeen flew on to the target and executed a good attack.  His skill and resolution were most commendable.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUNN, F/O Ross Raymond (J85179) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945.  Born 1923 in Millbrook, Ontario; home there; enlisted Toronto, 29 April 1942.  Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 22 January 1943).  Commissioned 1944.  Bomb aimer in F/O A.B. Gardner's crew.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."  DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Vol.20636) has recommendation (undated) when he had flown 39 sorties (192 hours 40 minutes), 22 October 1943 to 12 September 1944.

 

Flying Officer Lunn has completed a tour of operations totalling thirty-nine operations, seven of which were against heavily defended German targets.  He has also participated in minelaying operations in the Kiel and Baltic areas.  He has invariably displayed a high degree of courage and skill and his example has been worthy of emulation.  His fine offensive spirit has been an example to all crews.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUNNY, F/L Kenneth Urban (J36682) - Mention in Despatches - No.145 Squadron - Award effective 23 February 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 280/46 dated 15 March 1946.  Home in Westmount, Quebec; enlisted Montreal 28 June 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 November 1941), No.4 AOS (graduated 2 March 1942), No.4 BGS (graduated 11 April 1942) and No.2 ANS (graduated 11 May 1942)

 

On October 30th, 1942, Sergeant (now Flight Lieutenant) Lunny was navigator on a Hudson aircraft engaged in convoy escort from Torbay, Newfoundland, which participated in a brilliantly executed attack on an enemy submarine.  According to information received from German sources there is every reason to believe that this attack resulted in the destruction of the submarine.  The contribution of this non-commissioned officer as a member of the crew was meritorious and a deciding factor in the success of the attack.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUPIEN, Sergeant Joseph Andre (Can 2627) - Mention in Despatches - No.425 Squadron (No.62 Base in AFRO) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945.  Home in Lac a la Tortue, Quebec; enlisted in Montreal, 12 July 1939.  No citation in AFRO.  Recommended for MiD, July 1944 at which time he was a Fitter IIE with No.425 Squadron .  Recommendation noted he had served 21 months in Canada, 39 months overseas (including six months in North Africa), and had attained his present rank on 27 December 1943.  Described in part as

 

A Fitter II.E of outstanding ability...Throughout his service career, Sergeant Lupien has been noted for his devotion to duty and for the willingness with which he passes on his knowledge to others.  While serving with No.425 Squadron in North Africa, this highly efficient NCO, without help from the Maintenance Section, kept in a state of serviceability the aircraft for which he was responsible during a period covering 48 offensive sorties.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUPTON, F/L Hugh William (J3988) - Commended for Valuable Services in the Air - No.11 SFTS - Award effective 26 October 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2386/43 dated 19 November 1943 - Born in Regina, the son of RCMP Staff Sergeant P.R. Lupton; enlisted there 20 June 1940 (had previously obtained pilot's license) - Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 3 October 1940), No.4 EFTS (graduated 25 November 1940), and No.6 SFTS (graduated 10 February 1941).  Instructed at No.11 SFTS.  Left No.11 SFTS, November 1944 and posted overseas.  An expert on instrument flying.  Served in post-war RCAF, rising to Group Captain by 1961. Postwar service included instructional duties and command of No.426 Squadron.  Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 while Wing Commander at Station Lachine.  Died in Kingston, Ontario, 10 March 1981.

 

This officer employed on flying instructional duties for the past two years has displayed outstanding ability and devotion to duty.  His continuous good work and splendid example have made a generous contribution to the high standard of pilot training at this unit.

 

LUPTON, S/L Hugh William (J3988) - Air Force Cross - No.11 SFTS (but see notes below) - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946 -  No citation to AFC in biographical file.  DHist file 181.009 D.3050 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has a letter dated 8 March 1945 from W/C J.L. Berven, Officer Commanding No.1 IFS to AOC, No.1 Air Command, stating that he had recommended Lupton for an AFC but that Lupton had been posted overseas.  The intended recommendation or citation was to read:

 

Squadron Leader Lupton as Chief Instructor of this unit since November 1944, has been an extremely diligent worker.  He has converted the S.B.A. school to the Instrument Flying Wing to qualify pilots for the Instrument Rating Card.  This he was able to do so quickly and effectively that the first course started early in January and graduated on time although handicapped by a considerable shortage of suitable equipment.  By his untiring efforts and the performance of duties over and above those normally expected he has made an extremely valuable contribution to this unit.

 

Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26 Volume 59, file 190-I, dossier 8) has citation.  When recommended he had flown 1,957 hours as instructor, 757 hours in previous 12 months.

 

This officer has carried out the duties of Instructor, Flight Commander, Examining Officer and Squadron Commander at a Service Flying Training School.  His continuous good work and splendid example have played a very great part in the high standard of pilot training, and he has displayed outstanding ability and devotion to duty.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LUSSIER, Sergeant (now F/O) Kenneth Edward (R204124/J85500) - Mention in Despatches -  No.408 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945.  Born 1924 in Ottawa; home there (clerk). Trained at No.9 BGS.  Commissioned April 1944.  Served in postwar RCAF; killed on flying operations, 25 April 1952 (20428 F/L K.E. Lussier, DFC).  Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067).  DHist file 181.009 D.1763 (RG.24 Vol.20610) has recommendation for a Non-Immediate DFC dated 5 April 1945 when he was an Flying Officer with No.420 Squadron.  He had by then flown 32 sorties (206 hours 45 minutes), with two trips on 24 February 1944 and 25 February 1944; the balance were 4 November 1944 to 25 March 1945.  This may have been the basis of the MiD, although the short time lapse from date to recommendation to date of gazetting suggests otherwise.  The recommendation form gives sorties as 31 and 32; the first (24 February 1944) was an early return which may explain the discrepancy.

 

This officer has participated in 31 operational sorties which included some very heavily defended targets such as Schweinfurt, Augsburg, Karlsruhe, Hanover, Saarbrucken, Magdeburg, Essen, Cologne, Hamburg, Munster and Chemnitz.  Wile on his second trip to Augsburg, February 25th, 1944, his crew ran into trouble near the target.  One engine failed going into the target, one failed coming out and when over France, the third engine failed.  This officer bailed out with the other members of the crew and evaded the enemy for some days, finally making contact with the Marquis, returning to England after a month in enemy territory.  He was crewed up again and completed his tour of operations with 420 Squadron.

 

LUSSIER, F/O Kenneth Edward (J85500) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945.  NOTE: The citation is rather grand, suggesting a pilot rather than an air gunner.  However, the original recommendation (DHist file 181.009 D.2618, RG.24 Vol.20627) says he was an air gunner, recommended 5 April 1945 after 32 sorties (206 hours 45 minutes) from 24 February 1944 to 15 March 1945.  Baleout incident was 25 February 1944 (his second missions).  Not back on operations until 4 November 1944.

 

This officer has participated in a large number of operational sorties including attacks against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany.  On one occasion in February 1944, whilst en route to Augsburg, one engine of his aircraft failed.  Nevertheless he pressed on and bombed his objective.  Later the remaining two engines failed and he was forced to leave the aircraft by parachute.  Flying Officer Lussier landed in enemy occupied territory and successfully evaded the enemy.  On his return to the United Kingdom a month later, this officer resumed operational flying with undiminished enthusiasm.  Throughout he has displayed outstanding courage and determination.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYBBERT, F/O Daniel Harden (J24246) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945.  Born 1917 in Glenwoodville, Alberta; home there (butcher); enlisted Calgary 11 April 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 10 October 1942) and No.3 AOS (graduated 5 March 1943).  Commissioned 1943.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."  DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 10 July 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (147 hours 20 minutes), 13 March to 9 August 1944.

 

Flying Officer Lybbert is an above average navigator who has always shown a high degree of skill and courage.  This has been demonstrated in thirty-one successful sorties over many targets.  His cheerful disposition, coupled with complete confidence and ability to successfully impart his knowledge to others, has been instrumental in developing new crews.

 

For his fine record of achievement, intense loyalty and strong sense of duty, this officer is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYLE, F/L Hilliard Coats (C11378) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945.  Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 1 May 1942.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYMBURNER, P/O Joseph Arthur Laurent (J16573) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 21 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 29 October 1943 and AFRO 2457/43 dated 26 November 1943.  Born St. Vincent, Alberta, 1920; home in Montreal; enlisted there 26 February 1941.  Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 15 July 1941), No.13 EFTS (ceased training 19 August 1941), No.9 AOS (graduated 16 January 1942), No.6 BGS (graduated 28 February 1942) and No.2 ANS (graduated 30 March 1942).  Commissioned 1942.   After tour with No.425 Squadron he flew with No.1409 Flight, which photographed Bomber Command targets.  On 27 February 1945, on a sortie to Mainz, his aircraft was attacked by three fighters and then hit by flak.  His pilot crash-landed the Mosquito, but it caught fire and exploded.  Lymburner was initially treated in a German hospital, but on 22 March he was repatriated to England; two days later he was admitted to East Grinstead.  He has suffered severe leg burns and was treated over a period of four months, during which time several successful skin grafts were carried out.  Portrait drawn by F/O Charles Goldhamer while at Queen Victoria Hospital (Canadian War Museum 11262).

 

This officer has completed a tour of operations over German and Italian territory.  He has participated in attacks against some of the most heavily defended targets such as Essen, Duisburg, Wilhelmshaven, Stuttgart and Cologne.  On several occasions he has navigated his aircraft accurately to the target and back in adverse weather.  A skilful navigator, Pilot Officer Lymburner's cheerful confidence throughout his tour of operational duty has inspired a high standard of morale and courage in his crew.

 

LYMBURNER, F/O Joseph Arthur Laurent, DFC (J16573) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.1409 Flight (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 12 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945.  Cited with F/L Robert Duncan McLaren (RAF).

 

Flying Officer Lymburner and Flight Lieutenant McLaren, as observer and pilot respectively, were detailed for a reconnaissance far over enemy territory.  The complete success achieved on this difficult mission reflects the greatest credit on the skill, courage and determination of these members of aircraft crew.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYNASS, Sergeant Agnes McCree (V300244) - British Empire Medal - No.1 Bombing and Gunnery School.  Award effective as of 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Enlisted 21 December 1941 in Calgary.

 

This instructress, by her efficiency, patience and unceasing effort, has raised aircraft recognition training at this unit to a high standard.  She consistently spends her spare time in giving extra assistance to pupils.  Her proficiency in her trade and her outstanding devotion to duty have been a very fine example and inspiration to pupils and instructors of aircraft recognition at this station.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYNCH, F/L Francis Edward (J8143) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945.  Born 1921 in Toronto; home in Mimico (druggist apprentice); enlisted Toronto 19 December 1940.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 16 May 1941), No.19 EFTS (graduated 15 July 1941), and No.11 SFTS (graduated 7 October 1941.  Commissioned 1941.  Lived in Pembroke, Ontario after war. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy."  DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 11 September 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (194 hours five minutes), 20 April to 29 August 1944.

 

Flight Lieutenant Lynch has at all times displayed exceptional keenness and determination in the air with an obvious desire to press home the attack.  He has flown thirty-six sorties with the squadron, and his targets include Wesseling, Kiel, Stuttgart, Hamburg, Brunswick, Russelsheim, Stettin, and many French targets.  He has reached and bombed the target on each occasion and has proved himself a very capable captain of aircraft.  On the ground, Flight Lieutenant Lynch has shown great co-operative spirit and ability as Deputy Flight Commander and has held the interests of the squadron foremost.

 

For his all-round ability and spirit, I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross with high priority.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYNCH, F/O Robert (J8354) - United States Air Medal - No.111 Squadron, Alaska - Award effective 23 December 1942 as per AFRO 272/43 dated 19 February 1943.  Home in St.Vital, Manitoba; enlisted Winnipeg.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 17 June 1941), No.2 EFTS (graduated 12 August 1941), and No.2 SFTS (graduated 24 October 1941).

 

On 25th September 1942, they voluntarily flew with United States Army combat pilots, accompanying heavy bombers in making a hazardous five hundred mile overwater flight in order to press home an attack on the enemy at Kiska Island, Alaska.  Although the mission of protecting the bombing planes from anti-aircraft fire and enemy fighters was completed, the fighters returned to strafe all enemy installations with remarkable success.  All planes returned safely to base.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYNCH-STAUNTON, W/C Victor Martyn (C2757) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.1 Composite Training School - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/45 dated 25 January 1946.  Enlisted in Toronto, 12 October 1940.  Retired as of date of award.

This officer was one of the first non-flying list administrative officers appointed to the service after the outbreak of hostilities.  His outstanding abilities were quickly recognized and he was responsible in a large measure for the successful training of many administrative officers in the Royal Canadian Air Force.  He has since filled, with outstanding success, many appointments as a staff officer and for the past year has been Commanding Officer of the Composite Training School.  His exceptional ability in administrative duties, unswerving loyalty and high sense of duty have resulted in this officer making a most significant contribution to the Royal Canadian Air Force.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYNDE, F/O Carl Edward (J43624) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.142 Squadron - Award effective 20 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 1914; home in Lethbridge, Alberta.  Enlisted in London, England, 10 July 1942. Trained at No.10 AOS (graduated 31 October 1943).  Commissioned March 1944.  Public Records Office Air 30/186 has citation as submitted to Buckingham Palace.  The opening sentence reads, "One night in December 1944 a Mosquito aircraft crashed on landing" but otherwise is identical to that published.

 

One night in December 1944 an aircraft crashed on landing.  Fire broke out immediately in the cockpit and Flying Officer Lynde, the navigator, was enveloped in flames.  By the time the aircraft had come to a standstill the complete structure was burning furiously.  Flying Officer Lynde, having already jettisoned the top hatch, climbed out on the port wing, the starboard side being ablaze.  Finding the pilot had failed to get to safety, Flying Officer Lynde returned to the blazing aircraft, released the pilot's harness and dragged him to safety through the top hatch, receiving severe burns while so doing. His prompt and courageous action undoubtedly saved the pilot's life.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYNDON, F/O Alfred Borden Secord (J16674) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.105 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944.  Born 1917 in Regina; home in Bracebridge, Ontario (clerk); enlisted Toronto, 24 June 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 27 July 1940), No.2 AOS (graduated 23 November 1940) No.2 BGS (graduated 4 January 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 3 February 1942).  Commissioned December 1942.  No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty".  Public Records Office Air 2/9026 has recommendation dated 19 July 1944 when he had flown 45 sorties (260 hours).

 

First Tour                                                        First Tour (Cont.)

 

1-3 July 41     Ferrying, England-          7 Feb 42        Benghazi (7.30)

Gibraltar-Malta-               11 Feb 42      Heraklion (6.55)

Egypt (27.20                    21 Feb 42      Ferrying to Malta (7.45)

10 Aug 41      Benghazi (7.40)               24 Feb 42      Tripoli (4.00)

15 Aug 41      Benina (8.15)                   25 Feb 42      Tripoli (6.15)

22 Aug 41      Benghazi (7.55)               27 Feb 42      Tripoli (5.45)

25 Aug 41      Benghazi (7.30)               2 Mar 42         Palermo (2.45)

3 Sept 41       Derna (5.50)                    12 Mar 42      Ferrying, Malta-Egypt (6.55)

13 Sep 41      Heraklion (5.20)

27 Sep 41      Rhodes (5.20)                                         Second Tour

28 Sep 41      Bardia (3.35)

13 Oct 41       Benghazi (7.45)               17 June 44     Aulnoye (2.45)

6 Nov 41         Derna (6.05)                    22 June 44     Le Grand Verdret (2.48)

12 Nov 41      Derna (5.50)                    23 June 44     Boues (2.55)

13 Nov 41      Benghazi (7.50)               25 June 44     Homberg (3.16)

16 Nov 41      Bardia (4.25)                   27 June 44     Scholven (2.59)

23 Nov 41      Benina (8.00)                   1 July 44         Homberg (3.01)

25 Nov 41      Benghazi (7.45)               3 July 44         Homberg (3.00)

30 Nov 41      Benghazi (8.10)               5 July 44         St.Martin l'Hortier (2.08)*

6 Dec 41        El Adem-Acroma            7 July 44         St.Leu d'Esserant (3.04)*

Road (4.35)                     9 July 44         Le Catelliers (2.16, day)*

7 Dec 41        Tobruk-Gazala                 11 July 44       Homberg (2.52)

Road (5.15)                     13 July 44       Homberg (3.09)

9 Dec 41        Derna (8.10)                    14 July 44       Anderbelck (2.23)*

23 Dec 41      El Agheila (8.35)             18 July 44       Cagny (2.41, day)*

27 Jan 41       El Agheila (6.40)

3 Feb 42        Benina (7.35)

 

After a first tour in the Middle East, where he carried out 31 sorties, Flying Officer Lyndon commenced operating with Pathfinder Force in June last, and has now completed a further fourteen sorties.  As a navigator his work has been of the highest standard and he has shown himself possessed of exemplary courage and devotion to duty under all conditions.

 

LYNDON, F/L Alfred Borden Secord, DFC (J16674) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.105 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945.

 

Flight Lieutenant Lyndon has continued to operate with courage and determination.  Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross he has participated in many further sorties against vital targets in Germany.  A skilful navigator, this officer has materially contributed to the successful completion of many missions.  His devotion to duty at all times has been most praiseworthy.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYNK, WO (now P/O) John Henry (R104429/C87843) - Mention in Despatches - No.22 Operational Training Unit - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945.  Home in Canning, Nova Scotia; enlisted Halifax 28 September 1941.  No citation in AFRO.  Recommended for MiD, 21 July 1944 when he was an air gunner with No.432 Squadron.  Recommendation noted that he had completed 31 1/2 sorties "in which he has displayed much ability and skill as an air gunner.  Both in the air and on the ground his work is of a consistently high standard.  He is a most valuable crew member and has set an example for all other gunners of the squadron."

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYNN, F/O John Patrick (J25705) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945.  Born in Capreol, Ontario; home in Ashdod or Mount St.Patrick, Ontario (student); enlisted Ottawa 2 May 1942.  Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 18 December 1942), No.4 BGS (graduated 7 March 1943) and No.9 AOS (graduated 20 April 1943).  Commissioned April 1943.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 13 December 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (175 hours 55 minutes), 22 March to 13 September 1944.

 

Having completed thirty-seven successful sorties over enemy territory, this officer has proven his skill as a most efficient Air Bomber.  His co-operation, coolness and presence of mind contributed in a large measure to the success attained by his crew.  His fine fighting spirit, initiative and determination are deserving of the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYON, WO (now P/O) Armstrong (R108340/J92830) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.214 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945.  American in the RCAF.  Born 1919, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; home in Marbarth, Pennsylvania; enlisted Montreal 25 June 1941.  Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 1 November 1941) and No.6 BGS (graduated 16 February 1942).  Commissioned 1944.  No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."  Public Records Office Air 2/8830 has recommendation dated 16 November 1944 when he had flown 56 sorties (288 hours 35 minutes).  It is a particularly interesting document in that the Station CO, G/C T.C. Dickens, writes on 19 November that Lyon is "A really excellent Air Gunner...The personal successes of the Warrant Officer have proved an inspiration to all aircrew on the Station, in that over two operational tours this Air Gunner is officially credited with four enemy night fighters destroyed (one shared) and two damaged."

(* denotes jamming operation; ** is window

sortie; + is Big Ben operation; all others are

standard bombing or mine-laying missions)

 

First Tour                                                                  Second Tour

 

16 Feb 43      Paris (5.30)*                                 25 May 44      Kiel (5.45)*

19 Feb 43      Le Havre (3.00)*                           27 May 44      Nantes (5.05)*

20 Feb 43      Paris (5.00)*                                 5 June 44       Normandy (4.30)*

22 Feb 43      Cherbourg (3.50)*                        4 July 44         Villeneuve St.

8 Mar 43         Nuremburg (6.10)*                                               Georges (5.00)*

18 Apr 43       Frisiens (4.00)*                             9 July 44         St.Leu d'Esserent (4.30)

22 Jun 43       GARDENING Frisiens (4.40)      14 Jul 44        Revigny (8.00)

24 Jun 43       Wuppertal (4.30)                          17 Jul 44        France (2.00)**

25 Jun 43       Gelsenkerchin (4.15)                   19 Jul 44        Belgium (3.45)**

13 Jul 43        Aachen (4.55)                               20 Jul 44        France (3.00)**

24 Jul 43        Hamburg (6.30)                            24 Jul 44        France (3.00)**

25 Jul 43        Essen (4.55)                                 25 Jul 44        Stuttgart (9.00)*

27 Jul 43        Hamburg (6.30)                            13 Aug 44      Belgium (2.00)**

29 Jul 43        Hamburg (4.25)                            16 Aug 44      Kiel (5.00)*

10 Aug 43      Nuremburg (8.00)                         17 Aug 44      Dutch coast (3.15)*

12 Aug 43      Turin (8.15)                                    18 Aug 44      Sterkrade (3.30)*

16 Aug 43      Peenemunde (7.25)                     13 Sep 44      Gelsenkirchen (4.50)+

23 Aug 43      Berlin (8.00)                                  14 Sep 44      Wilhelmshaven (2.35)*

26 Aug 43      Nuremburg (8.00)                         16 Sep 44      The Hague (2.25)+

30 Aug 43      Munchen Gladbach (4.00)           19 Sep 44      France (5.20)**

31 Aug 43      Berlin (7.30)                                  21 Sep 44      Holland (5.30)+

8 Sept 43       Boulogne (2.50)                            5 Oct 44         Saarbrucken (5.00)*

15 Sep 43      Mont Lucon (6.40)                        6 Oct 44         Germany (5.20)**

16 Sep 43      Mondaine (7.50)                           8 Oct 44         Brunswick (7.00)*

22 Sep 43      Hanover (5.50)                              19 Oct 44       Nuremburg (6.15)*

23 Sep 43      Mannheim (6.35)                          26 Oct 44       Denmark (4.15)**

3 Oct 43         Kassel (3.00)                                30 Oct 44       Germany (5.15)**

4 Oct 43         Frankfort (6.00)                             31 Oct 44       Cologne/Franfort (6.15)**

8 Oct 43         Bremen (5.00)                             

 

This Warrant Officer is a most excellent Air Gunner who has flown on almost 60 operational sorties.  He has always shown himself ready to engage the enemy wherever the least opportunity has arisen.  By his aggressive spirit and by a thorough knowledge of his guns he has engaged and destroyed many enemy night fighters.  He has set a splendid example to his fellow gunners which they have been quick to follow.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYON, LAC George Francis William (R82698) - George Medal - Station Torbay - Award effective 13 August 1943 as per Canada Gazette dated 21 August 1943 and AFRO 2198/43 dated 29 October 1943.  Home in Ottawa; enlisted there 27 January 1941.   Medals with Canadian War Museum (AN 19790059-001).

 

On the night of December 12th, 1942, the Knights of Columbus Hostel at St.John's, Newfoundland was completely razed by fire with the loss of ninety-nine lives.  This airman, who was in the vicinity when the fire broke out, realizing the possibility of jamming at exits, immediately ran to the building, smashed a window and climbed to the opening, a position of extreme danger, in the hostel from where he shouted to people to come to the window.  He lifted at least eight persons, mostly girls, through the opening to safety.  After being thrown to the ground by a burst of flame and severely burned, he returned to another window and continued to aid others to safety until just before the collapse of the building.  By his prompt and extremely courageous actions and total disregard for personal safety this airman, although badly burned and bleeding profusely from numerous cuts caused by broken glass, undoubtedly was responsible for the saving of at least ten lives.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYON, F/O Henry Gordon (J5698) - Commended for Valuable Services in the Air - No.3 OTU - Award effective 28 May 1943 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 2 June 1943, and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943.  Born in Bruce Country, Ontario, 1909.  Attending University of Toronto (Commerce).  Home in Toronto; enlisted there 10 October 1940.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 27 January 1941), No.9 EFTS (graduated 29 March 1941), and No.5 SFTS (graduated 21 June 1941).  No citation to commendation at DHist offices.  DHist file 181.009 D.1753 (RG.24 Vol.20609) has recommendation dated 7 December 1942 for an AFC, downgraded to Commendation on 27 February 1943 by A/V/M L.F. Stevenson.

 

This officer has been with 13 OTS (now 3 OTU) since June 1941 as a Flying Instructor during which time he has carried out his duties in a most efficient manner.  He has shown qualities of reliability, cheerful devotion to duty and perseverance of a high degree which has set an excellent example for other instructors.  He is tireless in his efforts and has completed over 700 hours Flying Boat Instructor in a little more than a year.

 

LYON, F/L Henry Gordon (J5698) - Air Force Cross - No.4 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 March 1945 and AFRO 132/45 dated 26 January 1945.  As of recommendation he had flown 1,880 hours including 620 operational hours (45 sorties).

 

This officer, who is a most capable and efficient pilot, has displayed outstanding devotion to duty throughout his flying career.  He has carried out many operational patrols under adverse weather conditions, and has displayed cheerfulness and resourcefulness throughout.  His good leadership has done much to promote the efficiency of his squadron and his cheerful and co-operative spirit has been an inspiration to other aircrew members.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYON, FS John Henri (R99347) - British Empire Medal - No.10 Bombing and Gunnery School - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945.  Born 23 March 1908 in Glassville, New Brunswick; educated there and at Normal School in Fredericton.  Home in Lakesville, New Brunswick; teacher with Gordonsville Car Company; enlisted 13 May 1941 in Moncton.  DHist file 181.009 D.1422 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20598) has recommendation which includes a list of his inventions - Turret Manipulation Trainer which projects several aircraft images on wall for trainees to follow with their sights, Hits Recorder and Fire Interrupter for zone allowance turret training at 200 yards, Computer for Camera Gun which indicates correct point of aim on film for assessment purposes, Hunt's mirror trainer for Range Estimation training.  Armourer by trade.

 

This non-commissioned officer has displayed outstanding ability, initiative and unremitting persistence throughout his service career.  He has devoted all his ingenuity and efforts to the furtherance of efficient training and has originated synthetic training devices which have been adopted and proved to be very useful.  This non-commissioned officer's contribution to gunnery training has been of great value.  His loyal and devoted service has been highly meritorious.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYON, F/L Peyton Vaughan (J9565) - Commended for Valuable Services in the Air - No.5 OTU - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945.  Enlisted in Winnipeg, 7 November 1940.  Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 22 April 1941), No.10 AOS (graduated 13 October 1941), No.4 BGS (graduated 21 November 1941) and No.2 ANS (22 December 1941).

 

Flight Lieutenant Lyon arrived at this unit shortly after its inception and since that time has worked incessantly for its betterment.  He is outstanding in his lecturing and organizing ability in carrying out his duties as a navigation course instructor.  His previous knowledge of navigational equipment on Liberator aircraft has been used to great advantage in this phase of the training.  He utilizes every spare moment to carry out research work and has put forward many excellent suggestions which have been incorporated, giving marked improvement of navigational results.  His conscientious application to his work has earned the respect of both staff and trainees and inspired all concerned to greater efforts.

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYSTER, FS Richard George (R60703) - Mention in Despatches - No.423 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946.  Home in Edmonton; enlisted There 31 May 1940.  A DHist card says he was "ground crew member who did considerable flying about the time of D-Day landings."

 

                                                                        * * * * *

 

LYTTLE, F/O Alexander Lawrence (J28573) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.502 Squadron - Award effective 19 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 July 1945 and AFRO 1672/45 dated 2 November 1945.  Born 1917 in Ottawa; home in Vancouver; enlisted there 23 March 1942.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 10 December 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 19 March 1943) and No.17 SFTS (graduated 23 July 1943).  Commissioned 1943.  Cited with F/L Patrick J. McManus (RCAF, awarded DFC).

 

Flight Lieutenant McManus was first pilot and captain of aircraft and Flying Officer Lyttle was second pilot of an aircraft detailed for an attack on enemy shipping in the Skagerrak.  Intense anti-aircraft fire was encountered and the aircraft was so badly damaged it was forced down onto the sea.  From the moment the aircraft was hit til its final plunge into the sea these two officers remained at their posts and by their calm efficiency inspired the other members of the crew with confidence.  Although badly cut about the head, Flight Lieutenant McManus continued in a rough sea to look to the safety of the others.  In these difficult circumstances these two officers displayed cool courage and devotion to duty and averted disaster and saved the lives of all nine members of their crew.