FRAME, P/O James Henry (J90419) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 23 May 1944 as per London Gazette dated 21 December 1945 and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born 1919 in Conrad, Saskatchewan; home in Senate, Saskatchewan (rancher). Enlisted in Regina, 29 May 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 10 October 1942) and No.3 BGS (graduated 13 January 1943. Commissioned October 1944.

 

This officer has completed as air gunner many successful operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/9632 has recommendation drafted 22 May 1944 when he had flown 43 sorties (253 hours 30 minutes):

 

* not counted as operational sortie

 

25 June 43 Gelsenkirchen (4.45) 29 Dec 43 Berlin (6.50)

28 June 43 Cologne (5.00) 2 Jan 44 Berlin (6.20)

2 July 43 GARDENING (5.00) 5 Jan 44 Stettin (8.45)

3 July 43 Cologne (6.00) 20 Jan 44 Berlin (7.25)

9 July 43 Gelsenkirchen (5.55) 21 Jan 44 Magdeburg (6.30)

13 July 43 Aachen (5.45) 27 Jan 44 Berlin (6.50)

15 Sept 43 Montlucon (2.20)* 28 Jan 44 Berlin (7.30)

16 Sept 43 Modane (7.15) 30 Jan 44 Berlin (6.00)

22 Sept 43 Oldenburg (4.40) 19 Feb 44 Leipzig (6.30)

23 Sept 43 Mannheim (5.45) 20 Feb 44 Stuttgart (5.55)

27 Sept 43 Hanover (4.40) 25 Feb 44 Augsburg (6.35)

2 Oct 43 Munich (7.00) 1 Mar 44 Stuttgart (6.35)

3 Oct 43 Kassel (5.40) 15 Mar 44 Stuttgart (6.25)

7 Oct 43 Stuttgart (6.25) 18 Mar 44 Frankfurt (4.55)

8 Oct 43 Hanover (4.55) 30 Mar 44 Nuremburg (6.40)

20 Oct 43 Leipzig (2.25)* 18 Apr 44 Paris (3.45)

22 Oct 43 Kassel (5.00) 20 Apr 44 Lens (2.55)

3 Nov 43 Dusseldorf (3.40) 24 Apr 44 Karlsruhe (5.55)

17 Nov 43 Mannheim (4.55) 26 Apr 44 Villeneuve St.

18 Nov 43 Berlin (7,05) Georges (4.10)

2 Dec 43 Berlin (5.55) 27 Apr 44 Freidrichshaven (6.40)

16 Dec 43 Berlin (8.00) 3 May 44 Mont Didier (2.55)

23 Dec 43 Berlin (6.50) 10 May 44 Ghent (2.30)

 


This Warrant Officer is a very keen and efficient Air Gunner who has completed 42 operational sorties against such heavily defended enemy targets as Berlin, Mannheim and Munich. On many occasions, this Warrant Officer has been placed in extreme personal danger, but in spite of this fact he has carried out his duties in a most efficient and commendable manner, setting a high example to his comrades in the squadron. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

FRANCE, F/O George Allison (J16263) - Mention in Despatches - No.353 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Home in Edmonton. Enlisted in Saskatoon, 6 March 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 21 July 1941), No.5 AOS (graduated 12 October 1941), No.3 BGS (graduated 24 November 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 22 December 1941).

 

* * * * *

 

FRANCE, W/C Kenneth Alan (J7445) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born at Kelowna, British Columbia, 1922; home there (clerk). Enlisted in Vancouver, 7 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated16 May 1941), No.15 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1941) and No.11 SFTS (graduated14 September 1941). Commissioned September 1941. Repatriated 30 June 1945. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation compiled by G/C R.A. McLernon, 11 April 1945 when he had flown 25 sorties (141 hours 15 minutes) between 15 September 1944 and 3 April 1945).

 

Wing Commander France has completed a very large number of sorties against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany. Throughout his tour, he has been an inspiring example of courage and leadership. On all occasions he has displayed a fine offensive spirit and has pressed home all his attacks with the greatest determination.

 

As a squadron commander, Wing Commander France has led his squadron in an exemplary manner. By his keenness and enthusiasm for both operations and training, he has been largely responsible for the great success obtained by his men. It is my considered opinion that such a splendid record of outstanding service should be rewarded with an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

* * * * *

 


FRANCIS, P/O Alan John (J15331) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 26 December 1942 as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1942 and AFRO 232/43 dated 12 February 1943. Born in Saskatoon, 1922; home there. Member of Saskatchewan Light Infantry, 1937-1939. Enlisted in Saskatoon. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 21 June 1940), No.1 WS (graduated 9 November 1940) and No.2 BGS (graduated 20 December 1940). Commissioned April 1942. DHist file 181.009 D.1636 (RG.24 Vol.20604) has application for Operational Wings dated 17 February 1944; claimed 29 sorties (163 hours 15 minutes) on Welingtons, four sorties (21 hours five minutes) on Halifax bombers, July 1941 to March 1942. Repatriated to Canada in November 1942 and subsequently served with No.149 Squadron on West Coast, commencing January 1943. Posted to pilot's course, November 1943.

 

This officer has shown an eagerness for action, a keenness of his work and a courageous spirit which calls for the highest praise. He has been an inspiration to all those with whom he has come in contact and his sterling qualities have been a constant source of strength on operations.

 

* * * * *

 

FRANCIS, P/O Gustave Edwin (J10690) - Mention in Despatches - No.113 Squadron (Canada) - Awarded 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born at Stellerton, Nova Scotia, 19 January (or 19 December) 1915. Educated there and New Glasgow. Home in St.Stephen, New Brunswick; in RCMP before enlisting in Moncton, 28 May 1941. Trained at No.1 AOS (graduated 4 January 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 14 February 1942), and No.2 ANS (graduated 16 March 1942).

 

This officer, an Observer, has demonstrated considerable skill in navigation and has contributed to the successful completion of several attacks on submarines carried out under adverse weather conditions. By his skill in navigation he also assisted in an attack which resulted in the severe damage of destruction of an enemy submarine. He has by his diligence and devotion to duty set an example which has assisted in maintaining a hugh morale in his unit.

 

FRANCIS, F/O Gustave Edwin (J10690) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.113 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. As of award had flown 933 hours (550 operational hours; 121 sorties).

 

This officer as navigator has completed many hours of operational flying in the North Atlantic area, throughout which time he has displayed exceptional qualities of coolness, efficiency and devotion to duty. During two attacks against enemy submarines his quick thinking and proficiency in navigation contributed greatly to the success of the attacks.

 

* * * * *

 

FRANCIS, P/O James Earle (J15758) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.12 Squadron - Award effective 2 November 1942 as per London Gazette dated 6 November 1942 and AFRO 272/43 dated 19 February 1943. Born 10 February 1919 Windsor, Ontario; home there. Enlisted Windsor 16 December 1940. Commissioned July 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 16 May 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1941), and No.14 SFTS (graduated 24 September 1941).

 


This captain of aircraft has pressed home his attack on the enemy letting neither anti-aircraft defences, adverse weather conditions, nor minor technical defects deter him from his objective. On one occasion when returning from a sortie the hydraulics of his aircraft failed but, displaying resourcefulness and ingenuity, this officer succeeded in getting enough coffee from thermos flasks into the hydraulic system to lower the flaps, thereby reducing the risk of damage to a valuable aircraft. Pilot Officer Francis is a most gallant and successful operational captain who, by his personal example, holds the complete confidence of his crew.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9604 has recommendation dated 19 September 1942 when he had flown 28 sorties (155 hours 45 minutes); the sortie list is interesting but equally so is the evolution of the citation, which went through at least two drafts before reaching Air Ministry Honours and Awards Committee:

 

23 Apr 42 Rostock (7.10) 25 Jul 42 Duisburg (4.45)

24 Apr 42 Rostock (6.35) 29 Jul 42 Saarbrucken (6.00)

28 Apr 42 Kiel (6.25) 31 Jul 42 Dusseldorf (4.30)

5 May 42 Stuttgart (3.10, DNCO, 6 Aug 42 Duisburg (4.25)

engine unserviceable) 9 Aug 42 Osnabruck (4.25)

30 May 42 Cologne (5.00) 10 Aug 42 GARDENING, Samso

5 June 42 NICKELING, France (4.20) (7.00, DNCO, bad

18 Jun 42 GARDENING, Emms (4.30) weather)

20 Jun 42 Emden (4.55) 12 Aug 42 Mainz (7.30)

22 Jun 42 Emden (4.50) 24 Aug 42 Frankfurt (6.20)

25 Jun 42 Bremen (5.20) 27 Aug 42 Kassel (5.50)

2 July 42 Bremen (5.00) 2 Sept 42 Karlsruhe (6.40)

11 Jul 42 GARDENING, Frisians 4 Sept 42 Bremen (5.25)

(5.45, DNCO, bad 16 Sep 42 Essen (5.30)

weather) 18 Sep 42 GARDENING, La

13 Jul 42 Duisburg (4.25) Pallice (7.40)

21 Jul 42 Duisburg (5.15) 23 Sep 42 GARDENING (7.05)

 

Since April 1942, Pilot Officer Francis has carried out 28 offensive sorties over enemy territory.

 

He has pressed home these attacks with the utmost determination. His courage, skill and determination in action, often in the face of strong enemy opposition, have been an inspiration to his crew.

 

Under a calm and quiet manner he has a fine offensive spirit in action which inspires confidence in his crew, and has helped in maintaining the squadron morale at a very high level.

 


His bombing height was consistently below the average, and having a keen and intelligent appreciation of enemy defences he bombed targets such as Mainz, on the 12th/13th August 1942, from as low a height as 6,500 feet.

 

The Commanding Officer of RAF Station Binbrook added his comments on 21 September 1942; they are unusually detailed for observations at this level:

 

This young Canadian officer has proved to be a most gallant and successful operational captain, whom I hold in the highest regard. He has a fine spirit of aggressiveness and determination and a calm and imperturbable manner. Neither enemy defences, foul weather, nor minor technical troubles deter him from his objective.

 

His balanced judgement and the certainty he will get to the target makes him an immediate choice for the special report now required after bombing attacks.

 

He is a most skilful and resourceful pilot, who maintains a high standard of crew discipline and holds the complete confidence of his crew.

 

In [On ?] 2 July 1942 on return from a raid on Bremen his hydraulics failed, but by his resourcefulness and ingenuity he succeeded in getting enough coffee from Thermos flasks into the hydraulics system to lower the flaps, thus reducing the risk of damage to a valuable aircraft. For this he received a special commendation from the Air Officer Commanding No.1 Group. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

FRANCIS, F/L James Earle, DFC (J15758) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No. 434 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1507/45 dated 28 September 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation dated 24 March 1945 when he had flown 20 sorties (124 hours), 10 September 1944 to 27 February 1945.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross this officer has continued to show fearlessness and devotion to duty which has been an inspiration to all. His skill and gallantry as deputy flight commander have gained him the admiration of the whole squadron. He has always pressed home his attacks with the utmost gallantry and resolution, even in the face of the heaviest opposition.

 

* * * * *

 


FRANCIS, F/O John Philip Wiseman (C26866) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.401 Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1453/45 dated 14 September 1945. Born 1 August 1913 in Battleford, Saskatchewan; home there (tractor operator). Enlisted in Saskatoon, 20 June 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 18 August 1940), No.6 EFTS (graduated 15 November 1940) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 28 May 1943); an instructor at No.6 EFTS, 2 January 1941 to 1 December 1942. Promoted to Warrant Officer 2nd Class, 5 January 1942; to Warrant Officer 1st Class, 30 January 1943. Commissioned as a Pilot Officer, 28 May 1943; promoted to Flying Officer, 28 November 1943. Posted to No.1 OTU, Bagotville, 5 June 1943; to Eastern Air Command, Halifax, 18 August 1943; served in No.130 Squadron, 19 August 1943 to 15 March 1944. Embarked from Halifax, 25 May 1944, arriving in Britain on 2 June 1944. Attended No.57 OTU, 8 August to 13 October 1944. Posted to No.442 Squadron on 30 October 1944; to No.401 Squadron, 18 March 1945; repatriated 6 August 1945; released on 19 October 1945. Victories as follows: 2 November 1944: one FW.190 destroyed southeast of Coesfeld; 23 January 1945: one FW.190 damaged, Rheine; 17 April 1945: one Bf.109 destoyed near Ludwigslust; 20 April 1945: one Bf.109 destroyed and one Bf.109 damaged southwest of Schwerin plus one FW.190 destroyed and one FW.190 damaged, Hagenow; 3 May 1945: two Ju.52s destroyed on ground, Schonberg.

 

This officer has shown great skill and courage in flying operations against the enemy. On his first operational flight he destroyed an enemy aircraft while on fighter patrol. His score is now four enemy aircraft destroyed and three damaged. Flying Officer Francis has also attacked rail and road transport, often in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire. He has at all times displayed a fine fighting spirit, skill and devotion to duty of the highest order.

 

* * * * *

 

FRANCIS, P/O Norman Alfred (J88177) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945 and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born 1923 in Birmingham, England; home in Valleyfield, Quebec (office clerk and lab assistant). Enlisted in Montreal, 9 September 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 14 May 1943), No.4 BGS (graduated 21 August 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 1 October 1943). No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 9 December 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (161 hours 20 minutes), 4 July to 5 December 1944.

 

This officer has participated in thirty-one operational sorties as an Air Bomber. His zeal and enthusiasm, whilst locating and bombing the target, has proved an excellent inspiration to his crew at all times.

 

Pilot Officer Francis has shown great courage and devotion to duty whilst on operations, at the same time acquiring a high standard of photography and bombing.

 

I strongly recommend that his valour be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 


FRANCISCONE, FS Antonio (R70951) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.100 Squadron - Award effective 10 January 1944 as per London Gazette dated 18 January 1944 and AFRO 410/44 dated 25 February 1944. Born in Regina, 1922; enlisted there 18 October 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 24 April 1942), No.15 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1942) and No.2 BGS (graduated 16 September 1942).

 

Flight Sergeant Franciscone has completed a tour of night bombing sorties, operating with conspicuous ability over heavily defended targets in western and northern Germany. On one occasion during an attack on Hanover, just at the commencement of the bombing run, his aircraft was attacked by a Junkers 88 but his skilful directions enabled his captain to accomplish the bombing run and frustrate the attacker. Another time, when the engine of his aircraft caught fire on the way to Leipzig, this airman's able assistance played no small part in the successful completion of the mission and the safe return of the aircraft to base. At all times in air combat, Flight Sergeant Franciscone has shown initiative and determination of a high order, and by skilful co-operation with his pilot has extricated his aircraft from many perilous situations.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9153 has recommendation dated 15 November 1943 when he had flown on 27 sorties (167 operational hours).

 

23 May 43 Dortmund 12 Aug 43 Milan

25 May 43 Dusseldorf 15 Aug 43 Milan

27 May 43 Essen 22 Aug 43 Leverkusen

29 May 43 Wuppertal 23 Aug 43 Berlin

16 June 43 Cologne 27 Aug 43 Nuremburg

21 June 43 Krefeld 30 Aug 43 Munchen Gladbach

28 June 43 Cologne 1 Oct 43 Hagen

8 July 43 Cologne 2 Oct 43 Munich

12 July 43 Turin 4 Oct 43 Ludwigshaven

27 July 43 Hamburg 7 Oct 43 Stuttgart

30 July 43 Remscheid 8 Oct 43 Hanover

2 Aug 43 Hamburg 20 Oct 43 Leipzig

9 Aug 43 Mannheim 22 Oct 43 Kassel

10 Aug 43 Nuremburg

 

Sergeant Franciscone, a Canadian, has completed a very successful tour of night bombing sorties as an Air Gunner, and has operated with conspicuous ability over highly defended targets of western and northern Germany. On one occasion over Hanover he was engaged in combat with a Ju.88 just at the time of bombing, but by skilful direction and cooperation with his captain and rear gunner, he assisted materially in accomplishing the bombing run and shaking off the enemy fighter. On another occasion his aircraft flew for several hours with an engine on fire, reaching its target at Leipzig and making a safe return, partly owing to Sergeant Franciscone's vigilance in assessing the value of cloud cover throughout the homeward trip.


On these and other occasions, as when attacked over his own base by an enemy night intruder, this young Canadian Non-Commissioned Officer proved himself imperturbable, reliable and courageous. His bearing and actions are considered worthy of the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal for which he is strongly recommended.

 

To this Group Captain R.A.C. Carter (Commanding Officer, RAF Station Grimsby) added on 16 November 1943):

 

Sergeant Franciscone has proved himself to be a courageous and efficient Air Gunner and his high morale and fine offensive spirit have been an inspiration to the aircrews with which he has flown during his operational tour.

 

In air combat he has shown initiative and determination of a high order and by skilful cooperation with his pilot has succeeded in extricating his aircraft and crew from many perilous situations when held in searchlights and attacked by enemy night fighters.

 

It is considered that the exceptional fighting qualities displayed by this Non-Commissioned Officer coupled with his cheerfulness and keenness to operate have set an outstanding example to all the other Air Gunners of his squadron and he is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.

 

* * * * *

 

FRANKEL, F/O Bernard (J85367) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born in Winnipeg, 1921; home at Highway, Manitoba. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 11 September 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 25 April 1942), No.9 EFTS (graduated 31 July 1942), No.7 BGS (graduated 5 December 1942) and No.5 AOS (graduated 22 January 1943). No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 8 August 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (243 hours 45 minutes), 3 November 1943 to 6 June 1944.

 

As bomb aimer this officer has attacked Berlin five times, Leipzig twice, Frankfurt, Dusseldorf and many other targets. He has completed thirty-eight operational sorties against the enemy and his keenness for operational flying has always been outstanding. Not only did he complete many sorties with his own crew but on occasions he operated with crews other than his own. Throughout his tour he has shown steadiness and reliability and a high degree of skill, giving invaluable aid to the navigator and usually achieving very satisfactory bombing results.

 


For the aid given in the training of new crews, for continuous strong support of the squadron and for the completion of a most satisfactory tour of operations I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

FRANKLIN, F/O Arthur Edmund (J14225) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - Award effective 28 April 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1186/44 dated 2 June 1944. Born 1921 in Zealandia, Saskatchewan; home in Prince Rupert, British Columbia; Enlisted in Saskatoon, 19 February 1941. Trained at No.1 AOS (graduated 11 September 1942).

 

This officer has taken part in very many sorties involving attacks on a wide variety of targets. He has displayed great courage and coolness and his high standard of navigational ability has contributed materially to the many successes obtained. His services have been of great value.

 

* * * * *

 

FRANKLIN, F/L Elliott Maynard (J14038) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 1920 in Digby, Nova Scotia; home there. Enlisted in Digby, 2 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 27 January 1941), No.11 EFTS (graduated 29 March 1941) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 20 June 1941). Commissioned 1942. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Vol.20603) has recommendation dated 1 July when he had flown 32 sorties (166 hours 32 minutes), 20 January to 17 July 1944. Name given as Elliott Maynard Claude Franklin.

 

Flight Lieutenant Franklin has completed a large number of sorties against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany, including several to Berlin. On all his sorties he has shown a fine offensive spirit and his photographs of the target have been excellent, many indicating hits on the actual aiming point.

 

Flight Lieutenant Franklin, through his cheerfulness and excellent leadership, combined with his splendid operational record, has set an inspiring example to his crew and to the squadron as a whole. Therefore, I recommend that he be awarded a non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 


FRANKLING, F/O George Reginald (J25781) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945. Born 1918 in Winnipeg; home in Windsor, Ontario. Educated in Winnipeg and University of Toronto; insurance clerk. Ex-RCA. Enlisted in Winnipeg 5 January 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 9 October 1942), No.7 EFTS (graduated 1 January 1943) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 30 April 1943). Commissioned May 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1515 (RG.24 Vol.20600) has recommendation dated 6 December 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (160 hours 45 minutes), 4 July to 1 November 1944.

 

Flying Officer Frankling has completed a tour of operations on four-engined bombers in an exemplary manner. He has operated over such heavily defended targets as Stuttgart, Essen and Duisburg. By pressing home his attacks with keen determination he has been responsible for bringing home many excellent aiming point photographs.

 

Flying Officer Frankling has set an example to other members of the squadron by his keenness to participate in attacks against the enemy at all times. His cheerfulness and courage were outstanding during his tour, and I therefore recommend him for the Non-Immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

FRANKLING, F/L Samuel Roy (J5046) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 14 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Born 8 May 1919, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Home in Muskoka, Ontario (mill operator and miner). Enlisted in Toronto, 9 September 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 15 December 1940), No.1 EFTS (graduated 28 January 1941), and No.1 SFTS (graduated 28 April 1941). Commissioned 1941. No citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations". DHist file 181.009 D.1513 (RG.24 Vol.20600) had recommendation for an immediate DFC dated 23 August 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (147 hours 31 minutes). Flight Commander.

 

Squadron Leader Frankling has completed a very large number of sorties against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany. Throughout his tour, he has displayed a fine offensive spirit, pressing home all his attacks with coolness and great determination no matter how heavy were the defences encountered. On nearly all his sorties he brought back pictures of the actual aiming point attacked and he has proven conclusively to all that as an operational pilot he is exceptional.

 

As a Flight Commander on this squadron, Squadron Leader Frankling has imparted to those serving under him much of his own operational skill and keenness, and by his untiring efforts, has won the praise of all in any way connected with him.

 

* * * * *

 


FRANKS, F/L Harry Gordon (J20365) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Born 1914 in London, Ontario; home in Toronto (printer). Enlisted in London, Ontario, 25 October 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 23 December 1940), No.15 EFTS (graduated 21 February 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 28 May 1941). Commissioned 1942. No citation in AFRO other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy". DHist file 181.009 D.1731 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20608) has recommendation dated 16 January 1945, at which time he had flown 26 sorties (159 hours 40 minutes):

 

A versatile pilot of a Halifax bomber, Flight Lieutenant Franks and his crew were detailed to bomb Emden, Germany on the night of October 23rd, 1944.

 

The trip to the target was accomplished without incident and an accurate bombing was carried out. On leaving the target, however, the aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter. The rear gunner sighted the Focke Wulf and warned the pilot immediately, at the same time giving the evasive action to be taken. The pilot's response was immediate and effective. The enemy fighter made a second attack but was evaded due to the captain's superior manoeuvring ability.

 

The rear gunner fire eight hundred (800) rounds of ammunition on the attacker. This pilot's skill and outstanding flying knowledge made possible a safe return to base without further incident.

 

Flight Lieutenant Franks has been detailed for missions over heavily defended targets, among which have been Cologne, Essen, Karlsruhe, Dusseldorf and Duisburg.

 

His exceptional coolness, vigilance and superb airmanship were largely responsible for the safety of the crew and for the safe return of the aircraft. Flight Lieutenant Franks' activity in the air bespeaks distinguished service.

 

* * * * *

 


FRANKS, S/L (now W/C) Wilbur Rounding (C4407) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.1 Clinical Investigation Unit - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 113/44 dated 21 January 1944. Born in Weston, Ontario, 4 March 1901. Educated in Regina. Attended University of Toronto (BA, 1924, Masters degree in Physiology, 1925, MD in 1928. Joined staff of Toronto General Hospital, conducting research with Frederick Banting. On sabbatical in Zurich and Munich, 1930-31. Returning to Canada, September 1931, joined Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto. From 1939-1941 he was engaged in military research with Banting and commissioned in Canadian Army Medical Corps. Transferred to RCAF, Toronto, 16 November 1940. Inventor of the Franks Suit. Photo PL-25121 shows him with centrifuge equipment; PL-25126 is a full-face picture of W/C Franks in an aircraft. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 57, file 190-I) has citation. Died in Toronto, 4 January 1986. See Winter 1983 issue of Journal of the Canadian Aviation Historical Society for extensive study of Franks Flying Suit.

 

This officer, who has done outstanding work in medical research, has been the instigator of black-out experiments which, after numerous exasperating disappointments, ingenious experimental procedures and operational trials in various places and altitudes, has been developed for use in tactical operations. This development has been an outstanding contribution to the war effort and has been made available only after many very real risks subjected to by this officer.

 

NOTE: He was recommended for the OBE on 18 October 1943; the original text is far more detailed:

 

In September 1919, Squadron Leader Franks conceived the idea of protecting a person against black-out by the use of counteracting hydrostatic pressure. For many months this work was carried out by means of a series of exasperating disappointments, the theory had to be proven by the use of ingenious experimental procedures on mice. Thereafter, the problem of designing a garment suitable for wear in the air under combat conditions added to the difficulties.

 

A centrifuge of a new and difficult design was completed, but not before Squadron leader Franks had tried many prototypes of the suit in training aircraft, each time subjecting himself to extreme black-out and at great risk to himself. He took as many as seven flights in a day, with as many different pilots.

 

New type fabric had to be designed to withstand the hydrostatic pressures, and new type cement likewise had to be developed.

 

In 1942 Squadron leader Franks took prototype suits to England for tests, and after months of delay, trials were finally carried out. The RAF and Fleet Air Arm showed their interest by starting production development of the suits in the United Kingdom under the direction of Squadron Leader Franks.

 

Operational trials were carried out at Oran and other places with great success, and the suits have been accepted for large scale use in the near future as a surprise element. The suit permits an individual to increase markedly his resistance to black-out to such an extent that anti-inertia devices were necessary even in Spitfires.

 

The RCAF through Squadron Leader Franks has and continues to lead all other nations in both the fundamental and practical knowledge of acceleration and black-out, and has put this knowledge into a form where its use in tactical operations has been proven. This development has been an outstanding contribution to the war effort, and is made available only by the willingness of Squadron Leader Franks to take very real risks in the air.

 


FRANKS, W/C Wilbur Rounding, OBE (C4407) - Retired - Officer, Legion of Merit (United States) - Award effective 2 November 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1075/46 dated 15 November 1946. Colonel R.E.S. Williamson, Military Attache, writing to AFHQ, 2 October 1946, provided citation:

 

Wing Commander Wilbur Rounding Franks, Royal Canadian Air Force, performed exceptionally meritorious services to the United States Army Air Forces during the period December 1941 to August 1945. He displayed extensive scientific knowledge, experience and ability in joint Canadian-American developments to protect aircraft pilots from the dangers of over-acceleration.

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, P/O Alexander Donald (J90500) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.37 Squadron - Award effective 13 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 January 1945 and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Born in Winnipeg, 1923; home there; enlisted in Winnipeg 25 February 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 11 September 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 4 December 1942) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 14 May 1943). Commissioned September 1944.

 

This Pilot Officer has completed a large number of operational missions against targets in Austria and the Balkans. In July 1944 his aircraft was detailed to mine the Danube. Despite opposition from ground fire and machine guns he descended to a very low altitude and dropped his mines in the required position. Pilot Officer Fraser has also attacked many important oil targets, all of which were heavily defended. In August 1944 he completed a successful sortie against important railway sidings in Hungary although enemy fighters and adverse weather were encountered. Throughout his tour this Pilot Officer has shown exceptional keenness and efficiency.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9043 has recommendation dated 14 November 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (total operational hours described as "not known"). He was then a Warrant Officer (R157247):

 

Warrant Officer Fraser, posted to this unit on the 6th July 1944, has completed 36 operational sorties during his first tour against targets in Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Roumania, Yugoslavia and northern Italy.

 

On the night of the 30th/31st July 1944, Warrant Officer Fraser was briefed to mine the Danube. Despite opposition both from machine guns and light anti-aircraft fire he dropped his mines in the detailed area just east of Belgrade, at a height well below the river banks.

 


This Warrant Officer has attacked many important oil targets situated amongst other places at Bucharest, Ploesti and Pardubice. All these targets were heavily defended both by ground defences and night fighters. To attack Pardubice it necessitated passing twice through the Vienna night fighter belt where 40-50 ground controlled night fighters were known to be operating. Despite this, Warrant Officer Fraser persevered to the target area where he spent 20 minutes locating the target for himself, as the key target marking aircraft had been shot down by fighters en route.

 

Warrant Officer Fraser twice attacked the Romanz-Americana oil refineries at Ploesti and on each occasion sightings of enemy fighters were made after crossing the Danube on the way out and heavy opposition both from ground and air were encountered in the target area.

 

On the night of the 22nd/23rd August 1944, the target was Miskolz Marshalling Yards in Hungary and on this occasion not only did Warrant Officer Fraser have to contend with night fighters, but he had to fly through extremely bad weather to reach the target which he bombe with good results as proved by his photograph.

 

These operations are characteristic of Warrant Officer Fraser's devotion to duty and complete disregard for his own personal safety. He has throughout his tour shown exceptional keenness, carrying out his operations conscientiously and with great efficiency. I recommend that such service is worthy of a non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, Sergeant (now F/L) David Scott (R77814/J17879) - Air Medal With One Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster (United States) - Overseas - Award effective 3 November 1943 as per Canada Gazette dated 4 May 1946 and AFRO 473/46 dated 10 May 1946. Home in Calgary; enlisted there 30 December 1940. Trained at No.2 WS (graduated 7 August 1941) and No.2 BGS (graduated 15 September 1941). Public Records Office Air 2/8973 has letter from G/C F.W. Trott (Senior RAF Liaison Officer at HQ, USSTAF) to Air Ministry dated 10 November 1944, as follows:

 

Pilot Officer Fraser has been awarded the American Air Medal and one Cluster on the authority of an entry in American Middle East Orders (General Orders No.59 dated 20th August 1944) for gallantry when acting as a radio operator of a B-25 on April 6th, 1943 and in respect of the completion of twenty operational missions during the course of his service with an American squadron.

 

* * * * *

 


FRASER, F/O Donald John (J29665) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 12 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946. Born 1917 in Monmouth, Wales; home in London, Ontario (upholsterer). Enlisted in London, Ontario, 13 January 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 12 September 1942), No.4 AOS (graduated 4 September 1943) and No.1 BGS (graduated 15 October 1943). Commissioned January 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 22 May 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (186 hours 35 minutes), 9 July 1944 to 6 January 1945.

 

Flying Officer Fraser has completed one tour of operations as Bomb Aimer and second Navigator against many targets in Germany with unquestionable courage and efficiency. His technical skill and determination is responsible in a very large measure for the success of his crew on a number of hazardous mining missions. The quality of his work is such that his crew is regarded as one of the top mining crews of the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, F/O Jack Whitney (J90453) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.78 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1922 in Toronto; home in Concord, Ontario (salesman). Enlisted in Toronto, 30 January 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 25 September 1942), No.4 EFTS (graduated 20 November 1942) and No.13 SFTS (graduated 19 March 1943). Commissioned October 1944. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Pilot for P/O Miller G. Brittain. Public Records Office Air 2/9082 has recommendation dated 14 March 1945 when he had flown 37 sorties (197 hours 23), 18 August 1944 to 23 February 1945.

 

18 Aug 44 Sterkrade (4.20) 6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.16)

as 2nd pilot 18 Nov 44 Munster (5.15)

25 Aug 44 Watten (2.30) 21 Nov 44 Sterkrade (5.15)

1 Sept 44 Lumbres (3.29) 30 Nov 44 Duisburg (5.18)

3 Sept 44 Soesterburg (3.24) 5 Dec 44 Soest (6.11)

15 Sep 44 Kiel (6.00) 18 Dec 44 Duisburg (6.21)

17 Sep 44 Boulogne (3.18) 26 Dec 44 St.Vith (6.01)

23 Sep 44 Neuss (5.11) 5 Jan 45 Hanover (5.41)

25 Sep 44 Calais (3.37) 12 Jan 45 GARDENING (5.30)

26 Sep 44 Calais (3.29) 16 Jan 45 Magdeburg (6.31)

6 Oct 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.32) 1 Feb 45 Mainz (6.24)

7 Oct 44 Cleves (4.40) 2 Feb 45 Wanne Eickel (5.25)

9 Oct 44 Bochum (5.31) 3 Feb 45 GARDENING (4.15)

14 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.30) 7 Feb 45 GARDENING (5.57)

29 Oct 44 Westkapelle (2.58) 13 Feb 45 Bohlen (8.19)

30 Oct 44 Cologne (6.19) 14 Feb 45 Chemnitz (7.46)

31 Oct 44 Cologne (4.23) 17 Feb 45 Wesel (4.46)

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (5.43) 20 Feb 45 Reisholz (6.40)

5 Nov 44 Bochum (4.44) 23 Feb 45 Essen (5.08)

 


This officer has now completed his first operational tour consisting of 37 sorties (145 points) involving a total of 197 hours.

 

He is a very capable and efficient captain of aircraft who has completed a most successful tour. He has always set a high standard in the execution of his duties both in the air and on the ground, displaying the greatest determination at all times.

 

For his courage, skill and determination, this officer is most strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

NOTE: The station commander, on 21 March 1945, goes to unusual lengths in supporting this recommendation:

 

A fine operational captain of aircraft whose tour of operations has been most successful. he has displayed the highest standard of airmanship throughout his tour and he has never failed to press home his attacks with the utmost determination.

 

His personal qualities have been reflected in the efficiency of all members of his crew and the highest standard of operational efficiency has been maintained throughout the five months in which his 38 sorties [sic) have been completed.

 

For his excellent example as an operational captain of aircraft and for his personal courage and high sense of duty the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross is strongly recommended.

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, F/O Kenneth Vaughan (J88003) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.100 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1924 in Ottawa; home there (law clerk); Enlisted in Ottawa 9 June 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 19 February 1943), No.12 EFTS (graduated 16 April 1943) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 3 September 1943). Commissioned July 1944.

 

During his first operational tour this officer has taken part in many sorties against distant and heavily defended objectives in enemy territory. On one sortie over Dortmund his aircraft was damaged by anti-aircraft fire just before bombing but with great determination Flying Officer Fraser continued with his attack which was successfully completed. On another sortie to Dresden when all his flying instruments had been rendered unserviceable this officer successfully evaded a determined attack by an enemy fighter. He has proved himself an outstanding and capable pilot and captain.

 

* * * * *

 


FRASER, P/O Lawrence McLeod (J86757) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 1913, Winnipeg; home in Vancouver. Enlisted in Vancouver, 27 August 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 14 May 1942). Commissioned 1944. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 24 July 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (225 hours 35 minutes), 30 August 1943 (while at OTU) or 3 November 1943 to 2 June 1944.

 

As rear gunner, Pilot Officer Fraser has completed one tour of operations. He has attacked many targets in France and Germany and carried out many minelaying operations. His vigilance and ability and fine crew co-operation enabled he and his crew to do nearly forty operations without once suffering damage by enemy night fighters. His keenness and enthusiasm added greatly to the morale of the squadron and he gave strong support to the squadron at all times.

 

For reliability and keenness and for the completion of a very satisfactory tour of operations, I recommend the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, W/C Lennox Gordon Douglas (C1283) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 27 September 1942 as per London Gazette dated 16 October 1942 and AFRO 1731/42 dated 30 October 1942. Born in Kinisteno, Saskatchewan, 1911. Home in Winnipeg. Much pre-war flying experience. One card says he enlisted in RCAF in 1938; another says in Vancouver, 3 October 1939. Trained at Camp Borden and Trenton. Commanded No.168 (Heavy Transport) Squadron, November 1944 to September 1945.

 

This officer has completed many sorties, including five against Essen in the face of much opposition. One night in September 1942, he piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Bremen. On the outward flight engine trouble was experienced but Wing Commander Fraser flew on to the town and bombed it. During the return journey engine trouble still persisted and the rear turret became unserviceable. An enemy fighter attempted to attack. Skilfully maneouvering his aircraft, however, Wing Commander Fraser evaded the fighter, thus averting a perilous situation. He eventually made a safe landing at an aerodrome in this country. On two other occasions this officer has flown his aircraft safely back to England in most difficult circumstances. He has at all times displayed exceptional airmanship and great courage.

 

NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2995 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation dated 17 September 1944 when he had flown 20 sorties (106 hours 20 minutes), 27 March to 14 September 1942. The text is much more detailed than that published:


Wing Commander L.G. Fraser of No.405 Squadron RCAF has completed 20 operational sorties since the beginning of March of this year. No fewer than five of these trips have been over Essen, when particularly fierce fighter and flak opposition has on each occasion been experienced. Wing Commander Fraser has at all times displayed the highest qualities of airmanship during trying conditions, allied to coolness and exceptional fearlessness in the face of danger. Detailed to make special immediate report for Headquarters Bomber Command on the night of September 13/14th when Bremen was the target, he carried on with his reconnaissance despite great difficulties. The temperature of the port outer engine of his Halifax II had risen dangerously due to a glycol leak, even prior to bombing at 02.38; he yet pressed home his bombing attack on the centre of the town and took a photograph in accordance with his orders. The temperature continued to rise, the engine could not be feathered, and there was imminent danger of it catching fire. Owing to this trouble and to a failure of one of the parallel fuses, the rear turret was unserviceable at the same time. For the purpose of completing his reconnaissance this officer circled the area until 03.39 hours. On the homeward trip an enemy fighter approached while the rear turret was still unserviceable, Wing Commander Fraser evaded the attack by skilful maneouvering of his damaged aircraft, and extricated his crew from a perilous situation. A safe landing was made at Galton [?], and his crew owe their lives to his courage and determination. It is noteworthy that on his two previous trips, to Dusseldorf and hamburg, Wing Commander Fraser has experienced engine rouble in each case, but by his ability as a pilot has brought his aircraft safely home. This officer's qualities of quiet but dogged determination have inspired a high standard of morale in the squadron he now commands.

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, W/C Martin Pare (C374) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.19 SFTS - Award effective 26 October 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2386/43 dated 19 November 1943 - Enlisted as P/P/O, Camp Borden, 15 February 1930. Released during the "Big Cut", 1 April 1932.

 

This officer, employed on flying instructional duties since 1940, has displayed outstanding ability and devotion to duty. For the past eight months as Chief Flying Instructor he has rapidly and skilfully organized the flying training at a new school which is now functioning at a high standard of efficiency.

 

FRASER, G/C Martin Pare (C374) - Air Force Cross - No.1 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 21 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 24 April 1945 and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. No citation in AFRO. When recommended he had flown 2,123 hours, of which 1,056 were as instructor (60 in previous six months). Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Vol.58, file 190-I, dossier 6) has citation.

 


This officer has had considerable flying and instructional experience. In this field he has always displayed outstanding sill and devotion to duty which have enabled him to attain excellent results in the training of aircrew. In his present position his wide experience, knowledge and friendly, co-operative spirit are demonstrated in the energetic and very capable manner in which he performs his duties. By his loyalty, efficiency and energy he has made a splendid contribution to the training plan.

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, P/O Morris Edwin (J89414) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born in Regina, 1918; home in Edmonton (distributor). Trained at No.4 ITS, No.5 EFTS and No.15 SFTS. Commissioned July 1944. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2891 (RG.24 Vol.20633) has recommendation dated 24 January 1945 when he had flown 28 sorties (160 hours 35 minutes), 13 September 1944 to 16 January 1945. Incident described was on his last sortie (16 January 1945).

 

One night in January 1945 this officer pilot his aircraft in an attack on Magdeburg. Coming out of the target area, his aircraft was involved in a mid-air collision with another aircraft and sustained severe damage to the mainplane, rudder and fin, and his aileron controls were rendered practically useless. Although faced with a long journey over heavily defended enemy territory this officer retained control of his aircraft, made an accurate assessment of the damage and by skilful airmanship piloted his badly damaged bomber to an airfield in this country and affected [sic] a safe landing although excessive flying speed was required to maintain control. This officer is a highly efficient and courageous captain and is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Immediate).

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, Sergeant Neil Cameron (R188973) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 19 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 27 June 1944 and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Born in Ottawa, 1924; home there (clerk). Enlisted in Ottawa, 12 October 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 25 June 1943).

 


Sergeant Fraser, as air gunner, has participated in many attacks against vital and heavily defended enemy targets. In February 1944 he was rear gunner in an aircraft which was attacked by an enemy fighter. His accurate return fire and skilful directions largely contributed to the successful conclusion of the engagement although as a result of the combat his rear turret and guns had been rendered useless. Sergeant Fraser remained at his post after leaving the target. His aircraft was again attacked by an enemy fighter but once more through his skilful directions his captain was able to evade the attacker. At all times this airman has set a fine example of courage, skill and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, F/L Reginald Bruce (C1350) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.114 Squadron - Award effective 23 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2052/44 dated 22 September 1944. Born in Pictou, Nova Scotia, 1916; home there; enlisted Trois Rivieres, Quebec, 6 November 1939.

 

This officer has completed very many sorties and has displayed great skill and devotion to duty throughout. He has invariably pressed home his attacks with accuracy and vigour and has achieved much success in operations against shipping and road transport. On a recent occasion Flight Lieutenant Fraser attacked shipping in an enemy harbour in the face of considerable anti-aircraft fire. Although his aircraft was hit in numerous places he pressed home an accurate attack. On the flight home he also attacked a number of vehicles with machine gun fire from a low level. His determination was characteristic of that which he has shown on all occasions.

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, P/O Robert Charles (J87011) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born in Winnipeg, 1916; home Grosse Ile, Manitoba. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 25 April 1940. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 26 March 1943). Commissioned 1944. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 22 July 1944 when he had flown 37 sorties (233 hours 15 minutes), 18 November 1943 to 4 July 1944.

 

This officer during his tour of operations has attacked Berlin several times, Leipzig, Leverkusen, Frankfurt and other heavily defended targets in Germany. He has also bombed numerous railway installations in France and dropped many mines in enemy waters. His skill as a gunner forestalled attacks by enemy night fighters on several occasions and his coolness always gave great reassurance to the remainder of the crew.

 

* * * * *

 


FRASER, Corporal Roderick James (R57629) - Mention in Despatches - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Lloydminster, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Vancouver, 20 March 1940. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol 20607) has list of MiDs this date giving unit as Linton-on-Ouse. However, DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation forwarded 3 February 1945 when he had served 34 months in Canada, 24 months overseas, and tying him to No.426 Squadron. MiD again, 1 January 1946. Had been recommended for MiD as early as 18 July 1944; see DHist file 181.009 D.1511 (RG.24. Vol.20600) as "a very competent and capable aero engine mechanic." Fitter IIE.

 

This airman has been with No.426 (RCAF) Squadron since he arrived overseas. A very hard worker, conscientious and dependable, his trade knowledge is such that on many occasions he has been detailed to service aircraft at strange aerodromes. In all occasions the aircraft have returned serviceable in record time and thus available for operations. By his willingness to work long hours, day and night, in adverse weather in order to meet operational requirements, he has proven himself to be a perfect leader of the highest calibre. His cheerfulness and proficiency in his trade have won him the respect of all those with whom he comes in contact.

 

FRASER, Corporal Roderick James (R57629) - Mention in Despatches - Linton-on-Ouse - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 388/46 dated 12 April 1946. Identified in AFRO as "Overseas". McEwen papers (CWM) with list of recommendations with MiD recommendations for 1 February to 31 July 1945 identifies unit. No citation. DHist file 181.009 D.4431 (RG.24 Vol.20649) has recommendation dated 18 July 1944 from No.426 Squadron when he had been in Canada (20 March 1940 to 2 February 1943) and overseas since February 3rd, 1943. Fitter IIE. Recommendation read:

 

This NCO is a very competent and capable aero engine mechanic and has an enviable record for serviceability of engines with this squadron. His skill and diligence have been largely responsible for the efficiency of aircraft of this squadron on operational sorties. He is extremely reliable and is an outstanding leader. The high standard of this NCO's workmanship and outstanding devotion to duty fully merits recognition and I strongly recommend that he be awarded a "Mention in Despatches".

 

* * * * *

 

FRASER, F/O Thomas (J22321) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.113 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born 22 July 1921 in Vancouver; educated there. Employed by CNR Telegraphs before enlisting in Vancouver, 5 March 1941. Trained at No.2 BGS (graduated 8 December 1941) and No.2 WS (graduated 8 November 1941); Air Gunner wing in December 1941. As of award had flown 1,388 hours (1,015 operational hours, 125 sorties).

 

This officer has flown continually for hundreds of hours on operations as a Wireless Operator Air Gunner. On one occasion he was a member of a Liberator crew which thwarted enemy attacks on a convoy by two enemy submarines. His unswerving devotion to duty and buoyant spirit under difficult conditions have won for him the admiration of his associates. His enthusiasm and ability in his work at all times have been outstanding.


* * * * *

 

FREBERG, F/O Philip Gustave (J6659) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.7 Squadron - Award effective 4 January 1943 as per London Gazette dated 8 January 1943 and AFRO 232/43 dated 12 February 1943. Born in Vancouver, 1915; home in New Westminster. Enlisted in Vancouver, 26 October 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 3 March 1941), No.3 AOS (graduated 26 May 1941), No.2 BGS (graduated 8 July 1941), and No.1 ANS (graduated 5 August 1941). Commissioned August 1941. Shot down by a night fighter on the night of 10/11 September 1942 (Stirling W7630, MG-M); parachuted into Holland and evaded capture.

 

This officer, as navigator, has participated in a number of operational sorties during which he has displayed great determination and a high standard of courage and tenacity.

 

* * * * *

 

FREDERICK, F/L Ralph Gordon (J8125) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. Home in Lindsay, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto, 18 November 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 3 May 1941), No.4 AOS (graduated 4 August 1941), No.4 BGS (graduated 13 September 1941) and No.2 ANS (graduated 2 November 1941).

 

* * * * *

 

FREE, F/O George Henry (J86667) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945. Born in Frankford, Ontario, 1921; home in Hamilton (shoe cutter). Enlisted in Toronto, 14 August 1941. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 19 March 1943). Commissioned March 1944. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation by W/C G.A. Tambling dated 15 December 1944 when he had completed 30 sorties (179 hours 50 minutes), 15 September 1943 to 30 November 1944.

 

This officer has since September 1943 completed thirty and a half trips over enemy territory including such heavily defended German targets as Berlin, Hamburg (2), Essen (2), Leipzig and Schweinfurt.

 

Throughout his tour Pilot Officer Free has consistently displayed outstanding fortitude and skill, and his splendid example of cheerful courage, co-operation and devotion to duty has been an inspiration, not only to his fellow gunners, but to the squadron in general. This officer has flown with many crews throughout his tour and I consider his fine offensive spirit and splendid record of achievement fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 


* * * * *

 

FREE, F/O Harold Orval (J29643) - Mention in Despatches - No.161 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 132/45 dated 26 January 1945. Enlisted in London, Ontario, 18 April 1940. Trained at No.1 WS (graduated 14 October 1940) and No.1 BGS (graduated 4 December 1940).

 

This officer has displayed courage and devotion to duty of a high order. His skill as a wireless operator air gunner is outstanding and this, combined with his ability as a leader, make him a most valuable member of aircrew. In addition to his other duties he has done exceptionally well in training other wireless operator air gunners of his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

FREEBORN, F/O Donald Boyd (J35289) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.153 Squadron - Award effective 12 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945. Born in Millbank, 19 April 1912; educated in Chapleau Public Schools. Applied to RAF in summer of 1936 and was accepted as boy apprentice after sitting for tests at Chapleau. Father (a CPR agent) died one month before he was to sail. As the eldest of eight children, Freeborn choose to remain at home. Working in summer, he completed Senior Matriculation and one year at University of Western Ontario (pre-medicine); home in Ottawa; enlisted in North Bay, Ontario, 8 October 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 25 April 1942), No.10 EFTS (graduated 17 July 1942) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 6 November 1942). Sergeant, 9 November 1942; Flight Sergeant 10 May 1943; Pilot Officer 10 September 1943; Flying Officer 22 March 1944. Staff Pilot at Mont Joli, 1942-1943 (flew approximately 1,000 hours). To No.153 Squadron, August 1944; shot down on fourth mission (Stuttgart - gunner, Sergeant J.G.O. McNamara, destroyed enemy aircraft); crash-landed Manston and hospitalized at East Grinstead for plastic surgery. To No.166 Squadron, October 1944; shot down on eighth sortie and baled out over Holland; evaded capture and returned to squadron to complete tour with no further incident. To No.408 Squadron, Greenwood (volunteer for Far East), June 1945. Remained in postwar RCAF; Composite Training School (Toronto, January 1946); recruiting (February 1946); Director of Emergency Equipment Research at Institute of Aviation Medicine (developed RCAF droppable medical kit and worked with former G/C F. Tisdale on new emergency rations and protective clothing); instructor at Centralia (June 1948); to North Bay, 1 April 1953 (Jet Instrument and Flying School, No.3 OTU).

 


One night in October 1944 this officer captained an aircraft detailed to attack Stuttgart. On the bombing run the aircraft was subjected to anti-aircraft fire. Flying Officer Freeborn was struck by a piece of shrapnel in the thigh. The wound was serious. Nevertheless this pilot withheld the fact from his crew and pressed home his attack. Not until the bombs had been released did he call for assistance. It became necessary to apply a tourniquet to his leg, an operation which Flying Officer Freeborn himself superintended. In spite of much physical suffering this resolute pilot flew the aircraft to this country. He displayed courage, fortitude and devotion to duty of a high order.

 

* * * * *

 

FREEMAN, F/L Albert Brawley (J14457) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.160 ((Bomber Reconnaissance)) Squadron - Award effective 3 March 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Enlisted in Calgary, 20 December 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 28 April 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1941) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 23 September 1941). Medal sent by registered mail, 9 February 1950, at which time he was with TCA Flight Operations, Winnipeg. No citation in AFRO other than "in recognition of valuable services in the air". When recommended he had flown 1,743 hours of which 1,216 were on operations (165 sorties). Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Vol.58, file 190-I, dossier 6) has citation.

 

This officer, a pilot of outstanding ability, has displayed exceptional qualities of skill, determination and leadership throughout a long period on anti-submarine operations in the North Atlantic area. The courage and efficiency which he has displayed at all times have set a splendid example to others and contributed to the success of his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

FREEMAN, S/L Donald Burke (J15228) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. Born 21 October 1914 in Lougheed, Alberta; home in Calgary (clerk); enlisted there 16 August 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 28 November 1940), No.4 EFTS (graduated 28 January 1941) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 1 April 1941). Commissioned 1942. Served in No.410 Squadron from its formation, transferring to No.406 Squadron, April 1943. Instructed six months at Cranfield Night Fighter School before returning to Canada on leave (married). Returned to England in September 1944 for second tour with No.406 Squadron; credited with shooting up four trains and much transport at night plus the following claims against enemy aircraft: 21/22 March 1945, two Ju.87s destroyed; 30/31 March 1945, one FW.190 and two Me.323s damaged on ground; 12/12 April 1945, three unidentified enemy aircraft damaged on ground. Remained with postwar RCAF Auxiliary; joined No.403 Squadron on reformation, 1948; appointed CO, 1 February 1952. Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 while serving with No.403 (Auxiliary) Squadron; killed in flying accident with that unit, 29 November 1953. Photo PL-43193 shows him.

 

FREEMAN, S/L Donald Burke (J15228) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.406 Squadron - Award effective 8 August 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1945 and AFRO 1507/45 dated 28 September 1945.

 


This officer has completed numerous operational sorties. He has attacked enemy airfields in Germany, Czechoslovakia and Denmark. On one occasion during an attack on an airfield in Czechoslovakia he destroyed two enemy aircraft in combat. In addition he has damaged many more enemy aircraft on the ground and caused considerable damage and destruction to the enemy's rail and transport systems. Under his energetic leadership his flight has attained a high standard of operational efficiency.

 

* * * * *

 

FREEMAN, P/O George Charles (J90980) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.9 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Born 1918 in Twickenham, England; home in Vancouver (butcher and farmer); ex-RCA. Enlisted in Edmonton, 20 October 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 9 July 1943) and No.3 BGS (graduated 15 October 1943).

 

This officer has completed an extended tour of operations. He has participated in attacks on many heavily defended targets. He has shown skill and efficiency at all times. On several occasions, when his aircraft has been attacked by enemy fighters, he has, by his prompt and accurate commentary and close co-operation with the rest of the crew, enabled his captain to evade the attackers successfully. Pilot Officer Freeman has shown keenness and courage, which have been an inspiration to all who have served with him.

 

* * * * *

 

FREEMAN, P/O George Frank (J88397) - Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm (deceased) - Awarded 17 July 1948 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 455/48 dated 23 July 1948. Home in Toronto. Air gunner, killed in action with No.424 Squadron, 27/28 May 1944, Halifax HX313. Buried in Belgium.

 

* * * * *

 


FREEMAN, F/O Harold (J22448) - Mention in Despatches - No.198 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 13 December 1917 in Vestfold, Manitoba of Icelandic parents. Home in Winnipeg (clerk); enlisted there 13 April 1940 Trained at No.1 ITS, 29 April to 23 May 1940 (graduated 23 May 1940 and promoted LAC), No.2 EFTS (graduated 10 September 1940) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 4 November 1940 when promoted to Sergeant). Retained as flying instructor in Canada for two years, accumulating 1,500 hours flying (attended CFS, 4 November 1940 to 7 January 1941, then at No.6 SFTS, 8 January to 22 October 1941, No.12 SFTS, 23 October 1941 to 5 March 1942, and No.2 EFTS, 26 August to 10 September 1942. Posted to "Y Depot, 15 October 1942; arrived in Britain, 5 November 1942. Commissioned 11 November 1942; posted to No.17 (PO) AFU, 17 November 1942; to No.55 OTU, 10 January 1943; to No.198 Squadron , 2 March 1943. Between 17 September 1943 and 24 May 1944 he flew 49 operational sorties (149 hours); destroyed one enemy aircraft plus shares in two others destroyed. Had shared in destruction or damage of a large number of ships. Killed in action, 24 May 1944 (Typhoon MN410); buried in France. No citation in AFRO or Canadian sources. Public Records Office Air 2/5010 has recommendation for a Victoria Cross which was not granted.

 

On 24th May 1944, this officer piloted one of a formation of Typhoon aircraft detailed to attack a radar station at Jobourg on the western tip of the Cherbourg peninsula. The fact that such operations were vital to the success of the impending invasion had been strongly impressed on the personnel engaged. The enemy was aware that his stations were being attacked systematically and had considerably strengthened their anti-aircraft defences.

 

The section led by Flying Officer Freeman flew very low in the face of fierce fire. A 37-millimetre shell hit his aircraft and practically shot away the tail. He managed to keep some sort of control and continued to the target. Diving below the level of the installation he was attacking, he released rocket projectiles into the structure with devastating effect. As he tried to climb away the wing tip of the following aircraft touched his fuselage. The two aircraft became locked together and crashed in flames 100 yards beyond the target. Flying Officer Freeman's fate has not yet been ascertained.

 

The radar station was so damaged that it was never used again. The outstanding success of this and other operations was, indeed, the main factor in attaining surprise when the invasion was launched. Flying Officer Freeman had taken part in six previous attacks and knew full well the difficulties of approach and the formidable opposition to be expected. He displayed courage of the highest order in executing at all cists a task of supreme importance to future operations by the three services.

 

* * * * *

 

FREEMAN, F/L Leslie Robert (C2660) - Mention in Despatches - No.83 Group (AFRO gave only "Overseas" as unit) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. Born in London, England, 23 June 1904. Insurance claims manager. Enlisted in Toronto, 4 September 1940. Posted to Trenton on enlistment. Promoted Flying Officer, 19 October 1940; to No.119 (BR) Squadron, 20 October 1940; to AFHQ, Ottawa, 17 August 1941; promoted Flight Lieutenant, 1 December 1941; to Station Yarmouth, 5 April 1942 (Station Adjutant) ; to Halifax, 29 March 1943; embarked from Canada, 27 May 1943; to No.3 PRC, 5 June 1943; to Headquarters, No.6 Group, 12 June 1943; numerous attachments to No.433 Squadron, No.1659 CU, Eastmoor and Topcliffe; to Headquarters, 2 TAF, 30 November 1943; to No.129 Airfield, 7 March 1944; to No.144 Airfield, 1 May 1944; to Headquarters, No.83 Group, 24 May 1944; promoted Squadron Leader, 26 May 1944; arrived in France, 12 June 1944; promoted Wing Commander, 25 June 1945. To Canada, 23 September 1945; released 29 November 1945. No citation. However, the following assessment, 22 February 1945 by W/C M.M. Kayes, No.83 Group, is relevant:

 


An exceptionally able and capable administrative officer. His business training and experience stand him in good stead in organization work.

 

FREEMAN, S/L Leslie Robert (C2660) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.83 Group (AFRO gave only "Overseas" as unit) - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. No citation. However, the following statement by G/C E.H. Moncrieff dated 2 August 1945 indicates the esteem in which he was held:

 

An outstanding staff officer with above average ability for detail administration. He possessed sound common sense [and] has gained the respect and confidence of all those with whom he works. His services have been invaluable throughout the campaign.

 

Largely due to this officer's knowledge and experience, the Group has functioned smoothly and with efficiency throughout the campaign across Europe, and he deserves great credit for his contribution to the organization of the Group.

 

On 9 August 1945, A/C L.J. Crisham added:

 

I concur. The services of this officer have been of inestimable value to 83 Group.

 

* * * * *

 

FRENCH, P/O Arthur Boden (J85937) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - Award effective 25 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 7 November and AFRO 1/45 dated 5 January 1945. Born 1922 in Amhurst, Nova Scotia; home there; enlisted in Moncton, 3 November 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 27 May 1942), No.3 EFTS (graduated 5 June 1942) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 9 October 1942).

 

Pilot Officer French has completed many operational sorties including eleven successful anti-shipping attacks. He was part leader to several of these formations. The skill, high courage and devotion to duty he has displayed are most praiseworthy. On one occasion when detailed for an anti-shipping sortie to the south-west coast of France, this officer showed great initiative in attacking a secondary target when unable successfully to complete his initial mission.

 

* * * * *

 


FRENCH, F/O Colin Donald (J40213) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1924 in Montreal; home in Westmount. Ex-RCA; enlisted in Montreal, 9 December 1942. Trained at No.10 BGS (graduated 24 December 1943). No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 13 March 1945 when he had flown 29 sorties (159 hours 25 minutes), 31 July to 30 December 1944.

 

Flying Officer French has completed many sorties with the squadron, most of which were over heavily defended German targets. This officer has at all times displayed admirable courage and coolness in many difficult situations. Flying Officer French has been most keen to fly at all times, and has given his full hearted support to squadron work, both in the air and on the ground.

 

* * * * *

 

FRENCH, W/C David Thomas (C1617) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 19 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1296/44 dated 16 June 1944. Born in Calgary, 25 March 1915. Attended Normal School (graduated 1934). Ex-COTC and teacher. Went on to University of Alberta and obtained B.Sc., 1939. Enlisted in Edmonton, 29 January 1940. Trained at Calgary Aero Club (February 1940 to May 1940), and No.1 SFTS (graduated 19 August 1940). Flying instructor at No.5 SFTS, Brantford, November/December 1940, and at No.1 SFTS, Camp Borden, December 1940 to June 1941. At Air Armament School, Mountain View, June-August 1942; sent overseas in February 1943. On operations with No.426 Squadron, May-June 1943, with No.429 Squadron, June-October 1943 (Flight Commander) and No.428 Squadron (CO), October 1943 to May 1944. To No.62 Base (June 1944) and No.6 Group Headquarters (June-September 1944, Group Training Inspector). Attended RAF Staff College, September-December 1944, and then to staff of RCAF Staff College, February 1945. To RCAF Headquarters, June 1946 as Executive Assistant to Chief of Air Staff. Joined RCAF Regular Force, October 1946. In 1948 he went to Station Aylmer as Commanding Officer; transferring to No.405 Squadron, Greenwood,, Nova Scotia, on its reforming in March 1950. Killed 31 July 1950 when piloting Lancaster engaged in ice reconnaissance and supply dropping, Alert Bay (seven members of RCAF and two civilians killed).

 

In air operations this officer has displayed a high degree of skill, courage and determination. He has taken part in a large number of sorties against dangerous and difficult targets and the results obtained are an excellent tribute to his fine fighting qualities. He is an ideal leader whose example has impressed all.

 

* * * * *

 

FRENCH, F/L James Albert (12548) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.145 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 14 November 1944 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 2684/44 dated 15 December 1944. Home in Hamilton, Ontario; enlisted there. Trained at No.4 WS (graduated 22 December 1941) and No.1 BGS (graduated 6 July 1942). As of award had flown 714:45 hours, 458:35 operational hours (85 sorties).

 


This officer, who has served with his squadron for a very long period, has given unstintingly of his best, both with his crew and as squadron WAG leader. As a wireless operator/air gunner he has turned in a splendid record of flawless work over a considerable period of operational flying time on anti-submarine and convoy escort duties. His air work has, at all times, been worthy of the highest praise, under the most trying conditions of bad weather and the monotony of long patrols over the North Atlantic.

 

* * * * *

 

FRENCH, F/O William Maynard (J4752) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.228 Squadron - Award effective 12 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 20 August 1943 and AFRO 2049/43 dated 8 October 1943. Born in Alberta, 1920; home in Fairview, Alberta. Enlisted in Edmonton, 27 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 31 October 1940), No.5 EFTS (graduated 21 December 1940) and No.7 SFTS (graduated 26 March 1941). Commissioned 1941.

 

In May 1943, this officer was captain of a Sunderland aircraft which made a skilful attack on a damaged submarine on the surface of the water. The U-Boat was sunk. The attack was made in the face of intense opposing fire and the success achieved reflects great credit on Flying Officer French.

 

* * * * *

 

FRIEDLANDER, F/L John Brown (J11276) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.247 Squadron - Award effective 3 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 1920 in Montreal; home in Chateauguay and Montreal, attending McGill University. Enlisted Montreal, 11 July 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 7 November 1940), No.14 EFTS (graduated 2 January 1942), and No.1 SFTS (graduated 24 April 1942). Commissioned 1942.

 

Flight Lieutenant Friedlander has taken part in a large number of attacks on the enemy's lines of communication. In May, 1945, he led his squadron in four attacks against enemy road transport near Kiel and shipping in the Kiel Canal. Throughout, this officer has shown a fine fighting spirit, determination and courage of a high order.

 

* * * * *

 

FRIEDMAN, F/L Lloyd Arnold (J27859) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born in Southey, Saskatchewan, 1918; home in Moose Jaw (teacher). Enlisted in Regina, 28 May 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 31 October 1941), No.5 EFTS (graduated 30 January 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 19 June 1942). Commissioned November 1942. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9051 has recommendation dated 20 December 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (163 hours 15 minutes), 19 May to 30 November 1944.


19 May 44 Le Clipon (3.20 28 Jul 44 Hamburg (5.40)

22 May 44 Le Mans (4.50) 4 Aug 44 Bois de Cassant (4.55)

27 May 44 Bourg Leopold (4.30) 5 Aug 44 St.Leu d'Esserant

31 May 44 Mont Couple (3.05) (4.30)

5 June 44 Houlgate (4.40) 27 Aug 44 Homberg (3.05)

6 June 44 Coutances (4.10) 6 Sept 44 Emden (4.00)

9 June 44 Le Mans (5.15) 12 Sep 44 Frankfurt (6.05)

21 Jun 44 St.Martins (4.05) 13 Sep 44 Nordstern (3.25)

23 Jun 44 Bienque (3.40) 20 Sep 44 Calais (2.05)

24 Jun 44 Bamieres (3.55) 27 Sep 44 Bottrop (3.15)

27 Jun 44 Metz (6.45) 5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (4.50)

1 July 44 Biennais (4.00) 14 Oct 44 Duisburg (3.24)

4 July 44 Biennais (3.40) 23 Oct 44 Essen (4.20)

5 July 44 Biennais (3.40) 25 Oct 44 Homberg (3.20)

7 July 44 St.Germain (4.05) 30 Oct 44 Cologne (4.20)

12 Jul 44 Thiverny (4.10) 11 Nov 44 Dortmund (4.10)

18 Jul 44 Caen (4.00) 18 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel (4.35)

20 Jul 44 Fermes du Grand 20 Nov 44 Coblenz (4.10)

Bois (3.25) 21 Nov 44 Aschaffenburg (5.10)

25 Jul 44 Stuttgart (8.20) 30 Nov 44 Duisburg (4.20)

 

Flying Officer Friedman is an outstanding pilot and captain who has now completed one tour of operations. He has taken part in attacks on such heavily defended enemy areas as Hamburg, Stuttgart and Dortmund. He is an exceptional leader and organizer who, by his own personal example of fearlessness and extreme devotion to duty, has inspired his crew with the same unquenchable spirit. Undoubtedly, this officer's fine record of achievement and keenness to take part in offensive action will be difficult to surpass.

 

* * * * *

 

FRIESEN, F/O John K. (J29859) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.514 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born in Altona, Manitoba, 1912; home there; enlisted in Winnipeg, 10 August 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 9 April 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 20 August 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8830 has recommendation dated 17 November 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (144 hours 50 minutes), 26 June 1944 to 5 November 1944. Appointed Member, Order of Canada, 3 July 1997 with effect from 17 April 1997 for achievements in post-secondary and adult education in Canada, Asia and Africa.

 

24 Jun 44 Rimeux (2.25) 5 Sept 44 Le Havre (3.25)

2 July 44 Beauvoir (3.25) 8 Sept 44 Le Havre (3.15)


3 July 44 Watten (2.30 11 Sep 44 Kamen (4.20)

7 July 44 Vaires (4.35) 14 Sep 44 The Hague (2.50)

9 July 44 Nucourt (3.35) 20 Sep 44 Calais (2.40)

12 Jul 44 Vaires (4.10) 5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (5.30)

15 Jul 44 Chalons sur 6 Oct 44 Dortmund (5.35)

Marne (6.30) 7 Oct 44 Emmerich (3.50)

18 Jul 44 Emieville (3.20) 14 Oct 44 Duisberg (4.30)

20 Jul 44 Homberg (3.25) 14 Oct 44 Duisberg (5.00)

25 Jul 44 Stuttgart (8.05) 19 Oct 44 Stuttgart (5.55)

29 Jul 44 Amaye sur Sueles 21 Oct 44 Flushing (3.00)

(3.10) 23 Oct 44 Essen (5.25)

1 Aug 44 Le Nieppe (2.25) 25 Oct 44 Essen (1.35)

3 Aug 44 Bois de Cassan 28 Oct 44 Cologne (4.40)

(4.15) 30 Oct 44 Wesseling (4.15)

25 Aug 44 Russelsheim 31 Oct 44 Bottrop (4.50)

(8.05) 4 Nov 44 Solingen (4.20)

26 Aug 44 Kiel (5.30) 5 Nov 44 Solingen (4.30)

 

Flying Officer Friesen has taken part in thirty-four successful sorties as Navigator in Lancaster aircraft. These sorties include a wide variety of day and night attacks on heavily defended German targets and important targets in enemy occupied territory.

 

During his tour of operations he has distinguished himself by his brilliant navigation and his extremely high standard of devotion to duty. He has also done much valuable work in the training of new navigators in the Squadron.

 

On two occasions in July 1944 the aircraft, in which he was flying, experienced serious engine trouble, with resulted in the loss of most of his navigational aids. In spite of this, and the fact that adverse weather conditions were making his task even more difficult, he displayed such determination and calm confidence that his captain was able to complete the sortie successfully.

 

Flying Officer Friesen is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross as a reward for the imitable fighting qualities which he has consistently displayed on operations.

 

* * * * *

 

FRIGON, Sergeant (now P/O) Joseph Conrad Leonel (R82647/J85993) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Home in Landrienne, Abitibi County, Quebec; enlisted in Ottawa, 21 January 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 8 June 1941), No.3 AOS (graduated 15 March 1942), No.3 BGS (graduated 9 May 1942) and No.1 ANS (graduated 8 June 1942). No citation in AFRO.


* * * * *

 

FRITH, P/O Hubert Daniel Fraser (J85330) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born in Vancouver, 1915; home there (chemist). Enlisted in Vancouver, 22 September 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 27 March 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1942) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 23 October 1942). Commissioned March 1944. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Vol.20636) has recommendation dated 18 August 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (189 hours 30 minutes), 18 November 1943 to 20 July 1944.

 

This officer has completed a total of thirty-six operations. He has at all times displayed the highest degree of courage as captain of his crew and has been an inspiring example to all other crews on the squadron. He determined and quiet confidence has been most outstanding.

 

* * * * *

 

FRITZ, F/L Henry John (J24265) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.90 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1919 in Shaunavon, Saskatchewan; home there. Spent two years in Army; enlisted in Regina, 9 March 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 17 July 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 23 October 1942) and No.11 SFTS (graduated 5 March 1943). Commissioned 1943. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." Public Records Office Air 2/8881 has recommendation dated 21 September 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (136 hours 22 minutes), 2 May to 6 September 1944. NOTE: The similarity of targets and hours flown suggests he was in the same crew as F/O R.K. Bannister (navigator) and P/P K. Christie (air gunner).

 

* denotes daylight sortie

 

2 May 44 GARDENING, Frisians 9 July 44 Nucourt (3.38)

(2.32) 22 Jul 44 Mont Condon (3.29)*

11 May 44 Louvain (2.43), 2nd 24 Jul 44 Acquet (3.23)*

pilot 25 Jul 44 Stuttgart (7.56)

15 May 44 GARDENING, Gironde 28 Jul 44 Stuttgart (7.52)

(5.50) 30 Jul 44 Caen (3.37)*

25 May 44 Air/Sea Rescue 3 Aug 44 L'Isle Adam (4.30)*

(6.20) 4 Aug 44 Bec d'Ambs (7.56)*

2 June 44 GARDENING, Heyst- 8 Aug 44 Lucheux (3.10)

Flushing (2.28) 12 Aug 44 Brunswick (6.21)

3 June 44 GARDENING, Knocke 14 Aug 44 Hamel (4.28)*

(2.15) 16 Aug 44 GARDENING, Kiel Bay,


5 June 44 Special Duties (4.39) (6.57)

21 Jun 44 North France (2.55) 18 Aug 44 Bremen (4.48)

24 Jun 44 Rimeux (2.52) 29 Aug 44 GARDENING, Gulf of

27 Jun 44 Cleres (3.22) Danzig (9.20)

30 Jun 44 Villers Bocage (3.22) 31 Aug 44 Pont Remy (3.31)*

2 July 44 Beauvoir (3.01) 5 Sept 44 Le Havre (3.34)

5 July 44 Wizernes (2.12) 6 Sept 44 Le Havre (3.47)

7 July 44 Varies (4.34)

 

This officer has, during his tour of operations, set an inspiring example of outstanding leadership and cool determination. On every mission which he has carried out, whether by day or night, the same high standard of captaincy and pilotage has been evident, and has been reflected in the results he has achieved and in the efficiency of his crew as a whole. On a number of occasions, his aircraft has been involved in combats with enemy night fighters, but not once has it been damaged. Two enemy aircraft have probably been shot down by his gunners. His crew's successes are in every respect due very largely to his exceptional leadership, and I consider that his consistent performance warrants the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

FROEHLER, P/O Alphonsus Joseph (C51575) - Mention in Despatches - No.5 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 183/46 dated 22 February 1946. Born in Strome, Alberta, 2 August 1922. Enlisted in Calgary, 9 June 1941. Awarded Flight Engineer wings, February 1943. Served in No.4 (BR) Squadron, 1941-43, and No.5 (BR) Squadron, 1943-45. Postwar was Chief Mechanic for Canadian Pacific Airlines, Calgary, and served with RCAF Auxiliary from April 1954 onwards (Chief Technical Servicing Officer to No.403 Squadron).

 

Throughout many hazardous anti-submarine patrols over the North Atlantic this officer has invariably shown outstanding devotion to duty and ability. As a Flight Engineer his work has been of the highest standard and a splendid example for those with whom he has served.

 

* * * * *

 


FROST, F/O Douglas Patterson (J86102) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 1923 in Winnipeg; home there (accountant). Ex-COTC. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 31 March 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 6 November 1942), No.6 EFTS (graduated 5 February 1943) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 11 June 1943). Commissioned 1944. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 14 December 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (162 hours 25 minutes), 24 June to 6 December 1944.

 

This officer has made thirty-four successful sorties over enemy territory. During these trips he has shown a high degree of skill and has been an outstanding captain of aircraft. At all times he has been a keen, willing worker and an inspiring example to other pilots.

 

For his airmanship, intense loyalty and splendid record, Flying Officer Frost is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

* * * * *

 

FROST, F/O Gordon Richard (J21359) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born 1910 in Orangeville, Ontario; home in Toronto. Enlisted in Hamilton, 22 January 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 3 July 1942) and No.8 AOS (graduated 20 November 1942). Commissioned 1942. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 20 November 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (195 hours 20 minutes), October 1943 to 14 October 1944.

 

Flying Officer Frost has completed a successful tour of operations as a navigator. A veteran of most of the major targets in Germany and several precision targets in enemy-occupied territory, this officer has displayed an exceptionally high standard of navigation at all times. His courage and determination have been of the highest order, and his track-keeping and timing have been an example to all other navigators in the section. Both in the air and on the ground Flying Officer Frost has done his utmost to attain the highest standard of work, and the results of his efforts have been shown in excellent log and chart-keeping. In addition to his work in the air he has done much in aiding new navigators on the squadron and helping with routine work in the section.

 

* * * * *

 

FROST, Sergeant Lawrence Andrew (R92047) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943 and AFRO 1247/43 dated 2 July 1943. Home in Kingsville, Ontario; enlisted in London, Ontario, 17 February 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 3 July 1941), No.12 EFTS (graduated 1 September 1941), and No.1 SFTS (graduated 19 December 1941).

 

* * * * *


FRUDD, F/L Herbert Harmston (J27780) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.18 SFTS - Award effective 21 April 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. American in RCAF. Enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 28 April 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 27 June 1941), No.19 EFTS (graduated 1 September 1941) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 5 June 1942).

 

This officer has earned his promotion from a sergeant pilot to his present rank through great ability and devotion to duty. Throughout his twenty-nine months as an instructor he has at all times been an inspiration to his fellow instructors and has set an example by his indomitable energy in his flying duties that is outstanding.

 

* * * * *

 

FRY, F/O Charles William (J19861) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1923 in Aurora, Ontario; home there; enlisted in Toronto, 1 October 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 25 June 1943). Commissioned 1944. Mid-upper gunner to F/L B.G. Hughes.

 

This officer has completed a tour of operations involving many attacks against Germany's most heavily defended targets such as Magdeburg, Stettin and Berlin. During one of these flights over Berlin when enemy aircraft were particularly active it was due to Flying Officer Fry's skilful directions that his pilot was able to employ successful evasive measures. He has throughout his tour displayed determination and courage warranting the highest praise. His co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty have contributed largely to the successful completion of many operational flights.

 

* * * * *

 

FRY, F/L Frederick Ernest Joseph (C8260) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.1 Clinical Investigation Unit - Award effective as of 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 6 January 1945 and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Enlisted in Toronto, 24 October 1941.

 

This officer, employed as medical associate in research and development, has made an outstanding contribution to the technical efficiency of the Royal Canadian Air Force in that he has invented and supervised the successful production of a demand type air-oxygen regulator for purpose of breathing in aircraft. This incorporates a new principle of regulating the mixture of air and oxygen for greater precision and safety. Exhibiting great skill and keen and untiring effort this officer has rendered outstanding meritorious service.

 

* * * * *