FLANAGAN, FS Ambrose (R225232) - British Empire Medal - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Awarded 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 26 January 1946 - enlisted in London, England, 7 November 1940.


This non-commissioned officer, in charge of the largest Royal Canadian Air Force Field Post Office in the United Kingdom, has discharged his duties in an outstanding manner.  Through his unstinting efforts and devotion to duty, personnel of the permanent staff and transient personnel passing through that Unit have benefited greatly.  The Postal Service given at that unit has materially assisted in the maintenance of morale within the Unit.  In addition, this non-commissioned officer has trained many Postal Clerks who are now in charge of Field Post Officers both in the United Kingdom and abroad, enabling the expansion of Postal Services to the Royal Canadian Air Force when greatly needed.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLANAGAN, F/O Beverly William (J18515) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 1923 in Chatham, Ontario; home there.  Grocery clerk.  Enlisted in Windsor, 23 July 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 6 October 1941), No.7 AOS (graduated 20 March 1942), No.1 ANS (graduated 8 June 1942) and No.3 BGS (graduated 9 May 1943). Commissioned August 1943. Navigator to 1st Lieutenant J.K. Smith.  Posted from No.426 Squadron to No.1664 Conversion Unit, 18 April 1944.


This officer as navigator has participated in numerous operational sorties including attacks against such heavily defended targets as Frankfurt, Leipzig and Nuremburg.  On one occasion his aircraft was twice attacked by an enemy fighter and sustained severe damage.  Without the assistance of any navigational aids Flying Officer Flanagan with coolness and skill guided the aircraft safely back to base.  Throughout his operational career this officer has displayed a high degree of skill, courage and determination.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLANAGAN, P/O Earl Francis (J17232) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 6 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943 and AFRO 2005/43 dated 1 October 1943. Born in Montreal, 1917; home there; enlisted there 6 November 1940. Trained at No.5 BGS (graduated 4 August 1941) and No.3 WS (graduated 4 July 1941).


This officer has completed a large number of operational sorties with success and has displayed outstanding courage and ability throughout all his missions.  Many of these have been attacks on heavily defended targets at Dusseldorf, Hamburg, Frankfurt and Wuppertal.  Whatever the hazards or dangers encountered, Pilot Officer Flanagan has invariably met them with exceptional gallantry and devotion to duty.

                                                                        * * * * *


FLECK, F/O Andrew Baker (J86730) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.619 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born in Vancouver, 1922; home there; enlisted there 19 March 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 12 September 1942), No.15 EFTS (graduated 4 December 1942) and No.11 SFTS (graduated 2 April 1943). Commissioned 1944.  No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and d devotion to duty."  Public Records Office Air 2/8830 has recommendation dated 7 December 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties, 9 June to 14 October 1944.


9 June 44       Etampes (4.54)                          2 Aug 44        Bois de Cassan (5.42)

12 Jun 44       Caen (4.45                                 3 Aug 44        Trossy St.Maximum (4.19)

14 Jun 44       Aunay sur Oden (4.44)              6 Aug 44        Bois de Cassan (3.48)   

16 Jun 44       Beauvoir (4.16)                          7 Aug 44        Sequeville (3.46)

4 July 44         Creil (4.06)                                 18 Aug 44      L'Isle Adam (4.18)

7 July 44         St. Lou (4.58)                             25 Aug 44      Darmstadt (8.25)

12 Jul 44        Culmont Chalindry                     26 Aug 44      Konigsberg (10.14)

(8.17)                                           29 Aug 44      Konigsberg (10.10)

14 Jul 44        Villeneuve (6.53)                        31 Aug 44      Duchy les Hesdins

18 Jul 44        Caen (3.38)                                                        (3.52)

18 Jul 44        Revigny (5.06)                            3 Sep 44        Declen (4.01)       

20 Jul 44        Courtrai (3.37)                            9 Sep 44        Munchen Gladbach

24 Jul 44        Stuttgart (2.09)                                                   (4.47)

25 Jul 44        Stuttgart (8.42)                           11 Sep 44      Darmstadt (5.39)

26 Jul 44        Givers (9.08)                              18 Sep 44      Bremerhaven (5.00)

28 Jul 44        Stuttgart (8.25)                           19 Sep 44      Munchen Gladbach                                  (4.25)

30 Jul 44        Battle area (4.32)                       23 Sep 44      Handorf (5.31)

31 Jul 44        Duchy les Roches                      11 Oct 44       Veere (2.27)

(5.13)                                           14 Oct 44       Brunswick (7.04)


Acting Flying Officer Fleck has now completed his first tour of 33 successful operational sorties as captain and pilot in Lancaster aircraft.


Among targets which he attacked were such heavily defended areas as Creil, Stuttgart, Darmstadt and Munchen Gladbach.  In spite of fierce opposition both from Anti Aircraft fire and from fighters, Flying Officer Fleck pressed home his attacks, ensuring that his bombs would fall on the target.  Other targets which he has attacked have called for extremely skilful and accurate flying such as those on important pin-point targets in France, and his night bombing photographs show a very high measure of success.


Throughout his tour Flying Officer Fleck has displayed great keenness and determination in face of the enemy and has exhibited qualities of leadership to a high degree.  By his personal efforts and example he formed his crew into one of the most efficient fighting units in the Squadron and materially assisted in maintaining the high morale of the other aircrews.


I strongly recommend Flying Officer Fleck for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.



                                                                        * * * * *


FLECK, P/O Carl Sidney (J17125) - Air Medal and Four Oak Leaf Clusters (United States) - 9th USAAF (AFRO gives only "Overseas") - - Award effective 20 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944.  Home in Middle Stewiacke, Nova Scotia.  Enlisted in Halifax, 8 October 1940.  Trained at No.1 BGS (graduated 15 September 1941) and No.1 WS (graduated 17 August 1941).  Later served at No.5 SFTS.  Public Records Office Air 2/9599 has citation from General Order No.31, HQ US Army Air Forces in the Middle East, 28 April 1944.


For meritorious achievement while participating in aerial flights against the enemy while on duty with the Ninth United States Air Force in the Middle East...he having participated in three operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and four operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."


Same order awards the first Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in four operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and two [sic] operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."


Same order awards the second Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in two [sic] operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and six operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."


Same order awards third Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in four operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and two operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."


Same order awards fourth Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in one operational mission of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and eight operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEISHMAN, Sergeant (now P/O) Edmund David (R54969/J10829) - Air Force Medal - No.4 SFTS - Award effective 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943.  Born in Vancouver, 30 June 1918.  Educated there.  Woodsman and logger before the war, then attended Curtiss-Wright Technical School, 1939 and employed by Fairchild, followed by Noorduyn, December 1939 to June 1940.  Enlisted in Montreal, 6 June 1940.   Trained at No.1 ITS (placed 60th in a class of 244; promoted Leading Aircraftman on 19 July 1940; graduated 20 July 1940), No.8 EFTS (placed 19th in a class of 23; graduated 12 October 1940) and No.4 SFTS (placed 21st in a class of 38; graduated 30 December 1940 when promoted Sergeant).  At Trenton, 20 December 1940 to 23 February 1941; at No.4 SFTS as instructor, 24 February 1941 to 19 May 1942 (promoted Flight Sergeant 1 December 1941 and WO2 on 20 December 1941).  Commissioned 10 April 1942. Posted to Britain, arriving 21 May 1942; to No.22 OTU, 9 June 1942; to No.15 OTU, 20 June 1942; to Middle East, 16 August 1942; to No.37 Squadron, 20 November 1942.  Killed 23 November 1942 in crash of Wellington P9693; aircraft shot down by flak attacking an airfield; buried in Crete.


This NCO pilot has carried out his duties as a flying instructor in a most continuous, uncomplaining and diligent manner.  His attitude, loyalty, and reliability has been an example of the highest order to other instructors.  He has shown considerably more interest in the operation of the flight than the average.  He has completed 1,209 hours of flying.


NOTE: This award was first recommended by S/L A.E. Thompson, Chief Flying Instructor, No.4 SFTS on 13 February 1942 and endorsed the same day by W/C C.F. Newcombe.  On 2 May 1942 it was supported by A/V/M A.B. Shearer (Air Officer Commanding, No.2 Training Command); the Chief of Air Staff approved it at an uncertain date.  It was much more detailed:


This NCO pilot has carried out his duties as a flying instructor in a most continuous, uncomplaining and diligent manner.  His attitude, loyalty, and reliability has been an example of the highest order to other instructors.  He has shown considerably more interest in the operation of the flight than the average and has been of great material assistance in the capacity of an NCO.  This instructor is particularly keen to be posted overseas, and has been somewhat disappointed a number of times in this regard.  He has not, however, allowed these disappointments to affect his most excellent work.  He has completed 1,209 hours of flying.


His talents had not been immediately obvious.  When tested on 29 March 1941 as an instructor, F/L J.C. Wickett wrote, "This instructor was tested in the following sequences: taxying, takeoff, turns single engine, forced landings, precautionary landing, circuit and landing.  Flying Instructional ability are slightly below average and demonstrations were incorrect in some instances.  It is recommended that this instructor have his category removed unless his demonstrations and the standard of his students improve."  However, S/L N.B. Peterson (CFI) graded him as a "C" instructor, writing "Test very satisfactory.  With a little experience should become a capable instructor."


The opinions of his superiors were thereafter favourable.  On 31 December 1941, S/L A.E. Thompson wrote:


An excellent flying instructor with all the necessary qualifications of leadership and initiative, ability and education to warrant promotions to commissioned rank immediately.


On 2 December 1941, W/C C.G. Newcombe, in recommending him for a commission, declared,


This NCO has been serving as a flying instructor on this unit for a period of 12 months, during which time he has proven himself to be well above the average as pilot and flying instructor.  His airmanship and general knowledge of aircraft and service flying is most satisfactory.  He has displayed considerable initiative, and has shown himself to be capable of handling a Section quite efficiently.  His educational standard is Junior Matriculation and he has also obtained a Master Mechanic's Certificate.  His conduct at all times has been satisfactory and he has been able to obtain the confidence and respect of his students in a very marked manner.


On 6 March 1942, when applying for a commission, he stated he had flown 100 hours on Tiger Moths (1940-41), 200 hours on Ansons (1940-41), 20 hours on Harvards (1941), 20 hours on Lockheed 10 and 12 aircraft (1941) and 900 hours on Cranes (1941-42).


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEMING, F/L Alan Edward (J16332) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946.  Home in Toronto; enlisted there 13 November 1940.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 26 February 1941), No.8 EFTS (graduated 22 April 1941) and No.14 SFTS (graduated 21 November 1941).  Killed in flying accident, 8 March 1952, while a Wing Commander in RCAF Auxiliary.  NOTE: His DHist biographical file should be checked to see if he is brother to F/L John Peerless Fleming, MiD for services as a POW.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEMING, W/C Arthur (C1567) - Air Force Cross - No.116 Squadron - Award effective 21 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 24 April 1945 and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945.  Born 15 December 1906; enlisted in RCAF, 9 March 1927; trained as a pilot, 1930; attained rank of Flight Sergeant, 1 June 1936. On 25 July 1937, left Ottawa for a special task; August 1937, with F/L David A. Harding, in a Fairchild of No.7 Squadron, transported the Governor General, Lord Tweedsmuir from Aklavik, N.W.T. to Cooking Lake, Alberta.  Aircraft returned to Rockcliffe, in late August. From May to mid-August 1939, using a Northrop Delta aircraft, engaged on photographic operations for the Geographical Section, General Staff.  After completing some jobs around Petawawa, Camp Borden and Toronto, he flew to Western Canada for other tasks at Regina, Moose Jaw, Saskatoon and North Battleford.  On this work a special 6-inch wide Ross lens was tested and proved superior to lenses previously used.  Commissioned in Vancouver, 15 November 1939 at which time he was classified as a pilot, general list.  Promoted directly to Flight Lieutenant, 1 December 1940.  Posted to No.5 (Bomber Reconnaissance) Squadron, 2 May 1941;  to No.1 GH, 27 January 1943 (I do not know what "GH"signifies);  to Eastern Air Command Headquarters, 10 March 1943.  Promoted to Squadron Leader, 15 August 1943.  Promoted to Wing Commander, 1 June 1944;  to No.116 (Bomber Reconnaissance) Squadron, 8 September 1944;  to "Y" Depot, Halifax, 8 July 1945.  Normally such a posting was in preparation for going overseas, but it would seem that did not take place.  Posted to No.6 Reserve Equipment and Maintenance Unit, 21 July 1945;  to No.1 Air Command, 25 August 1945;  to No.1 Composite Training School, 3 January 1946;  to No.1 Air Command, 15 February 1946.  Reverted to Flight Lieutenant in Permanent Force, 30 November 1946;  to "H", 25 April 1947 ("Hospital" ?  "Halifax" ? do not know that it signifies).  Promoted to Squadron Leader, 1 June 1948.  Posted to Air Transport Command, 8 July 1948.  Posted 3 February 1949 to a unit described only as "A" or "H" on the microfilm; not certain what this signifies. Released 5 April 1954.  When recommended for AFC he had completed 2,671 flying hours.


This officer, who presently commands a Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron, has had a long career of flying during which he has performed many outstanding missions in the air.  In 1941 he was entrusted with the difficult task of flying the pioneers of the now mighty Goose Bay into that then bleak spot and also the photographing of the Labrador coast, calling for superior navigation and pilot qualities, landing, as was constantly necessary, in uncharted waters.  Throughout these and other operations, Wing Commander Fleming proved himself to be a captain of superior ability.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEMING, P/O Donald James Cheal (J85087) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.103 Squadron - Award effective 5 August 1944 as per London Gazette dated 18 August 1944 and AFRO 2101/44 dated 29 September 1944.  Born in Montreal, 1923; home in London, Ontario.  Enlisted in London, 12 December 1941.  Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 15 August 1942), No.4 EFTS (graduated 21 September 1942), No.8 BGS (graduated 30 December 1942) and No.5 AOS (graduated 19 February 1943).  No citation other than "completed ...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."  Public Records Office Air 2/9632 has recommendation dated 19 May 1944 when he had flown 26 1/3 sorties (191 hours 18 minutes), 22 November 1943 to 9 May 44.


22 Nov 43      Berlin                                      28 Jan 44       Berlin

26 Nov 43      Berlin                                      30 Jan 44       Berlin

2 Dec 43        Berlin                                      20 Feb 44      Stuttgart

3 Dec 43        Leipzig                                   24 Feb 44      Schweinfurt

16 Dec 43      Berlin                                      25 Feb 44      Augsburg

20 Dec 43      Frankfurt                                 22 Mar 44      Frankfurt

29 Dec 43      Berlin                                      24 Mar 44      Berlin

1 Jan 44         Berlin                                      26 Mar 44      Essen

2 Jan 44         Berlin                                      30 Mar 44      Nuremburg

3 Jan 44         Stettin                                     30 Apr 44       Maintenon

14 Jan 44       Brunswick                              3 May 44        Mailly le Camp

20 Jan 44       Berlin                                      9 May 44        Merville

21 Jan 44       Magdeburg                            19 May 44      Lyons

27 Jan 44       Berlin                                     


Pilot Officer Fleming, a Canadian, was posted to this squadron on 7th November 1943, since when he has completed 26 1/3 sorties. comprising 191.18 hours on his first operational tour.  He joined the squadron as a Flight Sergeant, being appointed to commissioned rank on 1st January 1944.


Throughout his time in the squadron, this officer has ever shown an intense enthusiasm for operational flying, which he has carried out with competence  and zeal of a very high order.  His sole object, in spite of frequent  heavy enemy opposition both by anti-aircraft fire and fighter attacks, has been to present the target with the full weight of his bomb load, and his cool courage under these circumstances has been an inspiration to the remainder of his crew.


His cheerful demeanour and dogged courage and determination to press home his attacks have enabled him to direct his pilot on each occasion to the very heart of the target, and I recommend him most strongly for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEMING, P/O John Charles (J88048) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.49 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945.  Born 1916, Salmon Arm, British Columbia.  Home in New Westminster.  Enlisted in Vancouver, 23 March 1942.  Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 23 October 1942) and No.2 AOS (graduated 18 February 1943).  Commissioned 1944.


Throughout many operational sorties this officer has proved to be a reliable and accurate navigator.  On one occasion when his aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter a cannon shell exploded inside the fuselage near his table.  Undeterred, Pilot Officer Fleming continued to work with calmness and efficiency.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEMING, F/L John Peerless (J15051) - Mention in Despatches - No.232 Squadron - Award effective 29 December 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 183/46 dated 22 February 1946.  Born at Newboro (Chaffey's Locks), Ontario; educated there and at Smiths Falls.  Home either Ottawa or Smiths Falls, Ontario.  Prior to war he was prominent in local hockey and a guide around Chaffey's Locks, conducting tourists on hunting and fishing trips.  Enlisted in Montreal, 1 October 1940.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 2 January 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 21 February 1941), and No.6 SFTS (graduated 17 May 1941), going overseas in 1941.  A brother, P/O Allen E. Fleming, was also in RCAF overseas (and may be the A.E. Fleming who was MiD in 1946).


Flight Lieutenant Fleming was captured by the Japanese early in the war and was transferred to the Prisoner of War Camp in Kuching, Borneo, in 1942.  At an obvious risk, a plan was laid to build a small wireless set.  Those responsible were faced with severe punishment and perhaps death if discovered.  A Royal Air Force Warrant Officer elected to build the set with the aid of a few selected volunteers who obtained scraps and bits and pieces of makeshift materials and finally the valves.  Flight Lieutenant Fleming undertook the task of officer in charge of security and organized an ingenious scheme of warning fuses, lookouts, and hiding places for the set which despite vigorous searches, successfully avoided discovery.  During a period of over two years Flight Lieutenant Fleming guarded the tiny set.  As the responsible officer, his punishment if caught was certain.  By his disregard for his own safety he won the admiration of his fellows and contributed materially to their high standard of morale.


FLEMING, Sgt John Peerless (R77070, now F/L, J15051) - Mention in Despatches - No.232 Squadron.  Award as per London Gazette dated 1 October 1946 and AFRO 1059/46 dated 8 November 1946.  Award earlier announced, effective 29 December 1945, with details; the 1946 citation reads only:


...in recognition of gallant and distinguished service whilst prisoners of war in Japanese hands.


Public Records Office Air 2/8774 has a citation for Air Ministry Honours and Awards Committee which appears, in fact, to be a digest of that for the earlier Mention in Despatches:


At considerable risk to himself, this officer obtained spare wireless parts with which he assisted in building a secret wireless receiving set at Kuching camp.  When the set was in operation, together with Corporal Beckett, he received and organized the distribution of news to various camp commanders, thus assisting them to keep prisoners in contact with world affairs and the progress of the war.  This service was of great value in maintaining morale in the camp.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEMING, WO (now P/O) Melville (R109805/J89169) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.156 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945.  Born 1920 at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan;; home in Drinkwater, Saskatchewan.  Enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 21 July 1941.  Trained at No.4 BGS (graduated 16 February 1942).  Commissioned September 1944.  No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy."  Public Records Office Air 2/8881 has recommendation dated 17 September 1944 when he had flown 63 sorties (331 hours five minutes) in two tours (24 October 1942 to 30 April 1943 and 11 June to 14 September 1944).


First Tour                                                        Second Tour


24 Oct 42       Milan                                                   11 Jun 44       Tours

13 Nov 42      Genoa                                                15 Jun 44       Lens

16 Nov 42      GARDENING, Anholt Isle                 16 Jun 44       Renescure

18 Nov 42      Turin                                                    27 Jun 44       Oisemont

6 Dec 42        Mannheim                                          2 July 44         Oisemont

9 Dec 42        Turin                                                    7 July 44         Vaires

20 Dec 42      Duisburg                                            10 Jul 44        Nucourt

12 Jan 43       Essen                                                 11 Jul 44        Cappennes

16 Jan 43       Berlin                                                  12 Jul 44        Thiverney

17 Jan 43       Berlin                                                  14 Jul 44        Revigny

21 Jan 43       Essen                                                 17 Jul 44        Mont Candon

27 Jan 43       Dusseldorf                                         18 Jul 44        Sannerville

14 Feb 43      Milan (DNCO)                                    23 Jul 44        Donges

16 Feb 43      Lorient                                                24 Jul 44        Stuttgart

18 Feb 43      Wilhelmshaven                                  28 Jul 44        Hamburg

21 Feb 43      Bremen                                              31 Jul 44        Foret du Croc

25 Feb 43      Nuremburg                                         4 Aug 44        Pauilliac

26 Feb 43      Cologne                                             14 Aug 44      Falaise area

1 Mar 43         Berlin                                                  15 Aug 44      Eindhoven

5 Mar 43         Essen                                                 16 Aug 44      Kiel

8 Mar 43         Nuremburg                                         18 Aug 44      Connantre

9 Mar 43         Munich                                                25 Aug 44      Russelsheim

11 Mar 43      Stuttgart                                              26 Aug 44      Kiel

22 Mar 43      St.Nazaire                                          27 Aug 44      Mimoyeques

27 Mar 43      Berlin                                                  29 Aug 44      Stettin

16 Apr 43       Pilsen                                                 31 Aug 44      St.Riqiour

18 Apr 43       Spezia                                                3 Sept 44       Eindhoven

20 Apr 43       Stettin                                                 5 Sept 44       Le Havre

27 Apr 43       Duisburg                                            6 Sept 44       Le Havre

28 Apr 43       GARDENING, Lubeck Bay              8 Sept 44       Le Havre

30 Apr 43       Essen                                                 10 Sep 44      Le Havre

12 Sep 44      Frankfurt

14 Sep 44      The Hague area


Warrant Officer Fleming has completed 62 operational sorties, 33 of which have been with the Pathfinder Force.  The majority of the targets have been heavily defended German areas.


This Warrant Officer by his unceasing vigilance, [and] his quick and accurate directions to his pilot, has on many occasions been responsible for successful evasions of enemy aircraft.  He flies with a crew which carry out the duties of Master Bomber, and has proved himself to be a determined and courageous gunner.


His devotion to duty has been of a high order, and I recommend him for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEMING, F/O Ronald Mitchell (J24920) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Award effective 19 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945.  Born in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, 1912; home there.  Salesman.  Enlisted in Halifax, 22 April 1942.  Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 5 December 1942) and No.9 AOS (graduated 2 April 1943).  Commissioned 1943.


This officer was the navigator of an aircraft detailed to attack Bochum one night in October 1944.  During the operation the aircraft sustained extensive damage when hit by anti-aircraft fire.  Much of his navigational equipment was rendered useless.  In spite of this Flying Officer Fleming navigated the aircraft home with his usual accuracy.  He set a fine example of skill and devotion to duty in most difficult circumstances.  This officer has participated in a large number of sorties involving attacks on a wide range of enemy targets.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEMING, F/L Walter Clifton (C20486) - Mention in Despatches - Station Dartmouth - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945.  Enlisted in Saint John, New Brunswick, 28 September 1939.


As assistant to Chief Engineering Officer, this officer has at all times shown outstanding ability and devotion to duty.  His close supervision, earnestness and co-operation have aided greatly in the high serviceability maintained by Royal Canadian Air Force Station, Dartmouth.  He is a highly dependable officer who at any time will cheerfully work beyond the ordinary call of duty.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLETCHER, F/L Robert Earl (J9323) - Mention in Despatches - No.22 OTU - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945.  Home in Toronto; enlisted in Winnipeg, 12 September 1940.  Trained at No.1 ITS, No.4 AOS (graduated 29 September 1941), No.1 BGS (graduated 8 November 1941) and No.2 ANS (graduated 8 December 1941).  No citation.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEWELLING, F/L Murray Franklin (J18927) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 1 August 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2052/44 dated 22 September 1944.  Born in Calgary, 1919; home there; clerk.  Enlisted in Calgary, 1 August 1942.  Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 24 April 1942), No.6 EFTS (graduated 31 July 1942) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 20 November 1942).  Commissioned 1943.  DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 20 June 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (162 hours five minutes), 12 August 1943 to 10 June 1944.


This officer has participated in very many sorties, most of them against heavily defended targets.  He is a highly skilled member of aircraft crew whose fearlessness and determination have greatly inspired his crew.  He has set an excellent example.


NOTE: The recommendation to this award is very detailed and it is clear the published citation does not do justice to his service.  For the record, the recommendation read as follows:


This officer has been with the squadron since its formation, and has completed a total of twenty-nine sorties.  Twelve of these operations have been against heavily defended targets in Germany.  While over the target on one of his attacks on Berlin [28 January 1944], his aircraft was attacked by a fighter and the fuel tanks punctured.  He successfully carried out his mission and displayed exceptional skill, fearlessness and dogged determination in extricating his aircraft from a perilous situation.  He completed a hazardous and perilous return journey, safely bringing his aircraft over home soil.  With the petrol supply completely exhausted he was unable to reach an airport.  With complete disregard for his personal safety he kept his aircraft aloft until his crew had safely baled out, then abandoned it by parachute.  His crew undoubtedly owe their lives to the outstanding fortitude and skill of this officer.  This officer's efficiency, zealous devotion to duty, exceptional fearlessness and magnificent leadership are an inspiration and praiseworthy example of the highest order.


                                                                        * * * * *


FLEWWELLING, F/O Paul Hamilton (J18586) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.207 Squadron - Award effective 12 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946.  Born in Clifton, British Columbia, 1919.  Home in Bridgetown, Nova Scotia.  Bank clerk.  Enlisted in Charlottetown, 15 May 1941.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 1 September 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 25 October 1941), and No.16 SFTS (graduated 28 February 1942).  Commissioned September 1943.


Flying Officer Flewwelling has completed a successful tour of operational duty, during which he has attacked many heavily defended targets in Germany.  During one sortie his aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire while over the target.  Nevertheless, he successfully completed his mission and flew safely back to base with only three engines of his aircraft functioning.  In January 1945, this officer was detailed for an attack against Munich.  Shortly after the take off, owing to severe icing, a number of the instruments in his aircraft were rendered unserviceable.  Despite this he completed a long and arduous flight and successfully bombed his target.  At all times Flying Officer Flewwelling has displayed gallantry and devotion to duty of a high order.


NOTE:  Public Records Office Air 2/9137 has recommendation dated 16 May 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (30 successful) totalling 232 hours 45 minutes operational time.  Sortie list and extended text give better idea of his tour:


6 Nov 44           Gravenhorst (5.35)                     2 Feb 45        Karlsruhe (7.05)

11 Nov 44         Harburg (5.10)                            8 Feb 45        Politz (10.00)

16 Nov 44         Duren (5.30)                               13 Feb 45      Dresden (5.05, DNCO.

21 Nov 44         Gravenhorst (6.25)                                             Boomerang S.I. u/s)

22 Nov 44         Trondheim (11.15)                     14 Feb 45      Rositz (9.15)

26 Nov 44         Munich (9.35)                             19 Feb 45      Bohlen (8.00)

11 Dec 44        Heimbach (5.20)                        21 Feb 45      Gravenhorst (6.30)

17 Dec 44        Munich (10.10)                           24 Feb 45      Ladbergen (4.25)

30 Dec 44        Houffalize (5.20)                         5 Mar 45         Bohlen (10.00)

1 Jan 45            Ladbergen (6.00)                       7 Mar 45         Harburg (6.40)

4 Jan 45            Royan (6.10)                               21 Mar 45      Hamburg (5.35)

6 Jan 45            Houffalize (5.35)                         23 Mar 45      Wesel (5.55)

7 Jan 45            Munich (9.30)                             4 Apr 45         Nordhausen (6.35)

13 Jan 45         Politz (5.25, DNCO,                   7 Apr 45         Molbis (8.20)

14 Jan 45         Merseburg (9.20)                       10 Apr 45       Leipzig (3.00, DNCO, S/O u/s)

16 Jan 45         Brux (9.30)                                  17 Apr 45       Cham (8.30)

1 Feb 45           Siegen (6.40)                             23 Apr 45       Flensburg (5.20)


Flying Officer Flewwelling, the captain of a Lancaster aircraft, has completed a very satisfactory tour of 30 successful sorties for a total of 233 operational hours. The majority of his sorties were against highly defended targets in Germany itself, and his tour included such long trips as Trondheim, Munich (three times), Bohlen (twice), Merseburg, Brux, Politz, Rositz and Cham.  This officer invariably displayed a quiet determination to press home his attacks to a successful conclusion regardless of the opposition, which was often intense.


On his first operational sortie as captain, Flying Officer Flewwelling was hit by flak over the target, which he nevertheless successfully attacked. Shortly afterwards his starboard outer engine failed, and he returned to base on three engines, making a successful landing.


On January 7/8th against Munich, he ran into severe icing shortly after takeoff, which rendered his airspeed indicator, air position indicator and bomb sight unserviceable.  Despite these difficulties and aided by his navigator and air bomber, he carried on for the long and arduous trip and successfully bombed the target without the aid of these instruments.

On April 4th he had difficulty in releasing his bombs. After some time in the target area, he managed to jettison his bombs on the target, damaging his bomb doors in the process.


Throughout his highly successful tour, Flying Officer Flewwelling has displayed a courageous resolution and gallantry and a determination to hit the enemy, which has been an inspiration to his crew.  I recommend him for the Distinguished Flying Cross.


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FLICK, F/L Joffrey Barton (C4300) - Mention in Despatches - Headquarters Balkan - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945.  Home in Toronto; enlisted there 7 March 1941.  No citation.


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FLINT, F/L (now S/L) Theodore Pember (J10392) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.187 Squadron - Award effective 7 September 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945.  Posted from No.422 Squadron to No.426 Squadron, 31 August 1945.  Public Records Office Air 2/9117 has recommendation drafted when he had flown 2,200 hours, 900 on operations, 250 in previous six months.


This officer has been engaged on Trans-Atlantic Ferry duties and general air transport work for the past two years.  He has flown in all conditions of weather and that he has accomplished his tasks is a fine tribute to his ability as a pilot.  He commands the best qualities from his crew to whom he has set a fine example.


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FLOOD, F/O Thomas Joseph (J38153) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.10 Bombing and Gunnery School - Award effective 11 August 1945 as per London Gazette dated 14 August 1945 and AFRO 1453/45 dated 14th September 1945.  Home in Cochrane, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto, 20 June 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 28 May 1943), No.9 EFTS (graduated 23 July 1943) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 12 November 1943).


This officer as Officer Commanding Conversion Flight has displayed exceptional qualities and devotion to duty, particularly under most trying conditions.  At all times his example and cheerfulness inspired personnel under him with an "esprit de corps" feeling that has helped greatly towards the efficiency of this station.


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FLOODY, F/L Clark Wallace (J5481) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 726/46 dated 26 July 1946.  Cancelled by London Gazette dated 1 October 1946.


FLOODY, F/L Clarke Wallace (J5481) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.401 Squadron - Award as per London Gazette dated 1 October 1946 and AFRO 1059/46 dated 8 November 1946.  Enlisted in Toronto, 25 October 1940.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 23 December 1940), No.10 EFTS (graduated 21 February 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 16 May 1941).  Shot down, POW, 27 October 1941.  Died in Toronto, 25 September 1989.  Principal engineer of tunnels at Stalag Luft III, Sagen, he supervised their construction (and probably broke his own health) in the days leading up to the "Great Escape".  Ray Silver (a fellow POW) is quoted in Toronto Star of 26 September 1989, "The Brits thought that, because Wally worked in a northern Canadian gold mine, he had to be a professional engineer.  Wally used to say that, because he wanted to escape, he didn't disabuse them of the notion.  That's how he became the Tunnel King, and he was a good one because he certainly knew what he was doing."  He himself was transferred to another camp shortly before the mass break-out - a circumstance that may have saved his life.  Of 76 who broke out, three got back to Britain, 18 were returned to Sagen and 50 were shot.  Postwar he helped found the RCAF Prisoner-of-War Association.


This officer's aircraft was shot down during operations in October 1941.  During the whole of his captivity he took a leading part in all escape activities.  Flight Lieutenant Floody made a very thorough study of tunnelling work and devised many different methods of technique.  He became one of the leading organizers and most indefatigable workers in the tunnels themselves.  Besides being arduous, this work was frequently dangerous, and on two occasions Flight Lieutenant Floody was buried under heavy falls of sand.  In both cases it was only due to extraordinary luck and the presence of mind of his helpers that he was rescued alive.  On other occasions, he had narrow escapes from being buried, as the soil was of a sandy nature and woods for supports was extremely difficult to obtain.  Flight Lieutenant Floody was largely responsible for the construction of the tunnel through which 76 officers escaped from Stalag Luft II in May 1944.  Throughout his imprisonment he showed outstanding determination to continue with this work.  Time and time again, projects were started and discovered by the Germans but, despite all dangers and difficulties, Flight Lieutenant Floody persisted, showing a marked degree of courage and devotion to duty.


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FLOOK, Corporal Herbert Vernon (R89018) - British Empire Medal - No.62 Base - Award effective 13 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945.  AFRO identifies unit only as "Overseas"; precise unit stated in No.6 Group Monthly Summary of Activities (March 1945), p.68.  Born in Esterhazy, Saskatchewan, 1909; mechanic; enlisted in Sudbury, 27 June 1940.  Incident occurred 11 September 1944.  Died at Yorkton, Saskatchewan, 6 December 1999. Public Records Office Air 2/9029 and Air 2/9230 have recommended citation which (specific date aside) does not differ from the published citation.

One night in September 1944, Corporal Flook, an aero engine mechanic, was on duty in a hangar when a Halifax aircraft crashed into some nearby workshops.  The aircraft immediately burst into flames and the heat became intense.  Corporal Flook, together with other airmen, ran to the scene of the crash.  By now the ammunition in the aircraft was exploding and M.T. vehicles in the vicinity were catching fire.  As Corporal Flook approached the burning aircraft a member of the crew came stumbling from the wreckage.  His upper clothing was on fire.  Corporal Flook tore off the airman's burning clothes, wrapped his own tunic around him and passed him to some other helpers.  Them seeing another member of the crew struggling amongst the wreckage, he ran to his assistance.  After some difficulty Corporal Flook extricated the airman, tore off his burning garments, and led him away to safety, just before the petrol tanks exploded.  In the face of great danger Corporal Flook displayed outstanding courage and set an inspiring example to all.


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FLORENCE, P/O David Stewart (J2834) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.75 Squadron - Award effective 9 September 1941 as per London Gazette of 23 September 1941 and AFRO 1292/41 dated 7 November 1941.  Born in Edmonton, 1912; home there; ex-Edmonton Fusiliers; enlisted there 13 April 1940.  Trained at No.1 ITS, No.1 AOS, No.1 BGS and No.1 ANS. Photo UK-406 shows him beside tail of Wellington.  No citation in AFRO or gazette.  Public Records Office has recommendation dated 20 July 1941 when he had flown 30 sorties (170 hours) as follows:


13 Mar 41         Paris (Nickel raid)                        17 May 41        Cologne

18 Mar 41         Rotterdam                                     27 May 41        Daylight search for

21 Mar 41         Lorient                                                                      Prinz Eugen

27 Mar 41         Cologne                                        11 June 41       Dusseldorf

3 Apr 41            Brest                                              15 June 41       Cologne

6 Apr 41            Brest                                              18 June 41       Brest

7 Apr 41            Kiel                                                21 June 41       Dunkirk

9 Apr 41            Berlin                                             24 June 41       Kiel

24 Apr 41         Kiel                                                27 June 41       Bremen

29 Apr 41         Mannheim                                     30 June 41       Cologne

2 May 41           Hamburg                                       3 July 41           Essen

4 May 41           Brest                                              5 July 41           Munster

6 May 41           Hamburg                                       7 July 41           Munster

8 May 41           Hamburg                                       8 July 41           Munster

9 May 41           Mannheim                                     10 July 41         Cologne

11 May 41        Hamburg


This officer has completed 30 operational flights since March of this year. He is a particularly fine navigator, and the manner in which he coordinated all methods of navigation reflects great credit on himself, and is an example to all the other Observers in the squadron.  He showed great enthusiasm for night photography and succeeded in securing no less than 20 photographs, many of which contained valuable information.


Despite weather conditions and enemy opposition, the sources given to his Captain were invariably accurate and his conscientious and valuable work proves him worthy of recognition.


To this the Base Commander, Feltwell, adds (22 July 1941):


This officer has set a very high standard as a Navigator; his ability to return with large numbers of successful night photographs is also a proof of his skill and determination.  His recognition is strongly recommended.


To which the Air Officer Commanding, No.3 Group adds (31 July 1941):


A very thorough and persevering Navigator who has done much to raise the standard both of photography and navigation throughout the unit.  As a bomb aimer he has been equally successful.


The Air Ministry Honours and Awards Committee finally reviewed the following text:


This officer has shown great enthusiasm for night photography and has secured no less than 20 photographs, many of which contained valuable information.  Despite weather conditions and enemy opposition the courses given to his captain were invariably accurate. He is a very through and persevering navigator who has done much to raise the standard of photography and navigation throughout the unit. As a bomb aimer he has been equally successful.


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FLORENCE, FS Gordon Edward (R53070) - British Empire Medal - AFHQ, Personnel Services - Award effective 28 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 28 May 1943 and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943.  Born in Toronto; enlisted there, 3 November 1939.  Later remustered to aircrew and trained as a navigator.


This Flight Sergeant, by his readiness to accept responsibility, as well as extra duties which have entailed long hours, hard work, planning and organization, has set a fine example to those with whom he comes in contact and has greatly assisted the officers for whom he worked.  Although he has attained the highest proficiency group in his trade (Clerk Administrative), this NCO takes every opportunity to increase his knowledge of Service matters.  Flight Sergeant Florence has given unstintingly of his spare time to instruct other personnel in drill and discipline and to assist junior personnel to attach higher trade proficiency.

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FLORENCE, F/O Harold Percy (J24066) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945.  Home in Foam Lake, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Saskatoon, 8 June 1940.  Trained at No.3 WS (graduated 21 June 1943) and No.7 BGS (graduated 22 February 1943).  DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation dated 20 June 1944 when he had flown six sorties (61 hours 25 minutes).  He was in Bolger's crew in attack of 23 May 1944.


Although a comparatively new member of this squadron, this officer displayed great skill and coolness in the early morning of 23rd May while operating the S.E. Equipment he made contact with a U-Boat at 17 miles. When attacked, the U-boat took violent evasive action making it necessary to hold radar contact throughout four runs before his captain could position himself so as to enable the depth charges to be dropped with the most effect.


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FLORENCE, Sergeant Jean Paul Alfred Alphonse (R195070) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 13 July 1944 as per London Gazette dated 28 July and AFRO 2160/44 dated 6 October 1944.  Originally published as a DFC citation in AFRO 2052/44, cancelled by AFRO 2101/44 and then corrected.  Born 1917 in Montreal; home there; pre-war radio mechanic.  Enlisted in Montreal, 1 October 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 25 June 1943).


This airman has participated in very many sorties and has proved himself to be a vigilant and resolute air gunner.  On one occasion in May 1944, when returning from an attack on a target in Germany, Sergeant Florence sighted a Messerschmitt 410 closing in to attack.  Displaying great coolness, Sergeant Florence gave the necessary combat manoeuvre to his pilot and then opened fire.  His first burst struck the enemy aircraft which caught fire and fell to the ground.  This airman has invariably displayed a high degree of determination and devotion to duty.


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FLUELLING, F/L Gordon Henry (J13687) - Mention in Despatches - No.145 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 183/46 dated 22 February 1946.  Home in Toronto; enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 4 July 1941.  Trained at No.4 WS (graduated 1 August 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 14 September 1942) and No.8 AOS (graduated 23 July 1943).  DHist file 181.009 D.3690 (RG.24 Vol.20640) has undated recommendation (circa April or May 1945) when he had flown 1,323 hours 45 minutes (202 hours 15 minutes in previous six months).  This included 629 hours 35 minutes on operations (104 sorties).


This officer has completed a tour of anti-submarine operations over the North Atlantic.  He has at all times proved himself to be an outstanding Wireless Operator Air Gunner.  His enthusiasm, efficiency and devotion to duty have set a fine example for all the personnel with whom he has served.


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FLYNN, F/O Harold Patrick (J87622) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - Award effective 29 May 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945.  Born 1922 at St.Albert, Alberta; home in Port Alice, British Columbia.  Enlisted in Vancouver, 14 November 1941.  Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 5 June 1942), No.6 EFTS (graduated 11 September 1942) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 22 January 1943).  Commissioned 1945.


This officer is an outstanding operational pilot.  He has taken part in many sorties including numerous attacks on enemy shipping and has inflicted much damaged on the enemy.  In March 1945, Flying Officer Flynn led an attack against a convoy of shipping in Egersund Harbour.  Despite intense anti-aircraft fire, he pressed home his attack, obtaining hits on an escort vessel which afterwards sank.  Highly skilled, cool and resolute, Flying Officer Flynn has rendered much valuable service.


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FLYNN, F/L Ralph Robert (J16879) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945.  Born 1918 in Winslow, British Columbia; home in Passmore, British Columbia.  Ex-RCA.  Enlisted in Vancouver, 8 January 1941.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 14 May 1941), No.8 EFTS (graduated 2 July 1941) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 21 September 1941).  Commissioned November 1942.  Repatriated to Canada,  12 June 1945.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."  DHist file 181.009 D.1746 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20608) has recommendation dated  19 April 1945 at which time he had flown 46 sorties (285 hours 30 minutes).  First tour (35 sorties) had been in North Africa, 27 June 1942 to 11 November 1942, during which he had been attacked on his first sortie, and on 1 July 1942 he had returned from his third sortie minus air filters and cowlings.  Second tour (11 sorties) had been 21 February to 4 April 1945.  Recommendation read:


This pilot has completed one successful tour of operations with Bomber Command in Africa, and has completed eleven trips on his second tour against such heavily defended targets as Mannheim, Cologne, Hamburg and Essen.  Throughout all his operations he has displayed keenness and enthusiasm in his work.


On a daylight attack on Munster on the 25th of March, his aircraft was badly damaged by flak.  Despite this he carried out his attack and successfully bombed the target.  By skilful handling of the aircraft he was able to return to base.


This officer at all times displays leadership of the highest order, and by his zeal and energy, coupled with his determination to press home his attack to the best advantage, sets a very high example to the members of his crew and to the squadron.


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FLYNN, S/L William Wilson (J4700) - Mention in Despatches Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945.  Home in Regina; enlisted there 28 June 1940.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 17 August 1940), No.3 AOS (graduated 9 December 1940), No.2 BGS (graduated 20 January 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 15 February 1941.


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