CRABE, FS William Eugene (R205588) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.170 Squadron - Award effective 20 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 625/45 dated 13 April 1945. Home in Fingal, Ontario; enlisted London, Ontario, 11 November 1940. Trained at No.1 WS (graduated 29 October 1943) and No.3 BGS (graduated 28 January 1944). Award presented 29 May 1947.

 

This airman was the mid-upper gunner detailed for a sortie one night in February 1945. Soon after leaving the target the aircraft sustained severe damage. The rear gun turret was wrecked. Flight Sergeant Crabe went at one to attend to the trapped rear gunner. Assisted by another member of the crew he cut away the side of the turret, then tying a rope round himself Flight Sergeant Crabe climbed into the wrecked turret. He was completely exposed to the slipstream and in danger of falling and was not wearing a parachute. Heedless of this and despite intense cold this valiant airman toiled until he succeeded in freeing the gunner and getting him back into the fuselage. Unfortunately his comrade was dead. Although his efforts were in vain, Flight Sergeant Crabe's brave and determined bid to save his co-gunner were worthy of the greatest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

CRABTREE, F/L George (J15524) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 21 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 29 October 1943 and AFRO 2457/43 dated 26 November 1943. Home in Pugwash, Nova Scotia; enlisted Halifax, 19 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 17 August 1940), No.1 BGS (graduated 18 January 1941), No.1 AOS (graduated 10 December 1940) and No.1 ANS (graduated 15 February 1941). Invested with award by the King, 29 June 1945.

 

This officer has completed a large number of sorties to distant and dangerous targets in Germany and Italy. As a navigator and deputy flight commander his work has invariably been characterized by the greatest courage, skill and accuracy and has contributed very largely to the successes attained by the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

CRADDOCK, F/O Billy Alfred (J17793) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Home in Woodstock, Ontario; enlisted London, Ontario, 20 February 1941. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 19 January 1942) and No.2 WS (graduated 26 May 1941. Award presented 8 January 1946. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8782 has recommendation dated 22 December 1943 when he had flown 45 sorties (347 hours two minutes) as follows:

 

31 Jul 42 Dusseldorf (4.42) 13 May 43 Bochum (5.08)


4 Aug 42 Essen (5.04) 25 May 43 Dusseldorf (4.05)

11 Aug 42 Mainz (3.40) 21 Jun 43 Drefeld (3.45)

16 Sep 42 Essen (6.15) 28 Jun 43 Cologne (4.33)

19 Sep 42 Saarbrucken (7.20) 13 Jul 43 Aachen (5.04)

23 Sep 42 Flensburg (6.25) 15 Jul 43 Montbeliard (7.15)

1 Oct 42 Flensburg (6.12) 9 Aug 43 Mannheim (5.33)

5 Oct 42 Aachen (5.15) 10 Aug 43 Nuremburg (7.19)

6 Oct 42 Osnabruck (5.43) 12 Aug 43 Turin (7.46)

29 Oct 42 A/S patrol (7.30) 16 Aug 43 Turin (8.00)

3 Nov 42 Convoy patrol (9.40) 17 Aug 43 Peenemunde (7.36)

8 Nov 42 Bordeaux (9.00) 23 Aug 43 Berlin (6.46)

9 Nov 42 A/S patrol (10.30) 31 Aug 43 Berlin (6.49)

14 Nov 42 Convoy patrol (12.30) 3 Sep 43 Berlin (7.43)

19 Nov 42 A/S patrol (8.30) 5 Sep 43 Mannheim (5.44)

24 Nov 42 A/S patrol (10.00) 6 Sep 43 Munich (7.14)

30 Nov 42 A/Ship strike (10.00) 22 Sep 43 Hanover (5.05)

5 Dec 42 A/S patrol (8.35) 27 Sep 43 Hanover (4.16)

16 Dec 42 A/S patrol (9.45) 2 Oct 43 Munich (7.23)

30 Dec 42 A/S patrol (1.40, 3 Oct 43 Kassel (5.10)

incomplete) 7 Oct 43 Stuttgart (5.50)

12 Jan 43 A/S patrol (9.00) 8 Oct 43 Hanover (4.34)

20 Jan 43 A/S patrol (9.50) 3 Nov 43 Cologne (4.16)

25 Jan 43 A/S patrol (10.30) 10 Nov 43 Modane (7.17)

27 Apr 43 Duisburg (5.11) 23 Nov 43 Berlin (6.36)

12 May 43 Duisburg (4.15) 26 Nov 43 Berlin (6.40)

 

This officer has completed two operational tours and has at all times displayed courage of the highest order and devotion to duty, in spite of intense opposition from enemy forces. He has participated in attacks on most of the enemy's heavily defended targets including Berlin, Hanover, Cologne, Krefeld and Dusseldorf. This officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

CRADDOCK, P/O Gordon Robson (J15705) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 31 December 1942 as per London Gazette dated 12 January 1943 and AFRO 232/43 dated 12 February 1943. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 26 April 1939. Trained at No.412 Squadron, overseas. Award presented 7 April 1944.

 

This officer has participated in many skilfully executed operations as a rear gunner and has always shown exceptional coolness in the face of intense opposition and danger. On one occasion whilst returning from Hamburg with only one engine functioning he jettisoned as much equipment and ammunition as possible, thus enabling his captain to reach the English coast where a forced landing was made. On another occasion his aircraft was attacked by a hostile fighter. Owing to his understanding of evasive action Pilot Officer Craddock was able to give his captain an excellent running commentary which enabled him to manoeuvre his aircraft away from its attacker. This officer's devotion to duty and cheerful spirit have been an inspiration to his crew.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAFT, FS Robert George (R84492) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.10 Squadron - Award effective 6 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 13 August 1943 and AFRO 1849/43 dated 10 September 1943. Home in Brantford, Ontario; enlisted Hamilton, 8 February 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 21 June 1941), No.16 EFTS (ceased training 12 August 1941), No.4 AOS (graduated 17 January 1942), No.4 BGS (graduated 28 February 1942), and No.2 ANS (graduated 13 April 1942). Invested with award by the King, 28 March 1944.

 

Flight Sergeant Craft became a first class air bomber at a very early stage in his operational career and it has been very largely owing to his skill and determination that many fine photographs have been obtained. On one occasion during an attack on Berlin his aircraft was badly damaged by anti-aircraft fire and Flight Sergeant Craft received severe head injuries. After a month in the hospital this airman returned to duty. Since then he has continued to display great keenness and courage.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAIB, Corporal Norman John (R87950) - Mention in Despatches - Linton-on-Ouse - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Kamloops, British Columbia. Identified in AFRO as "Overseas". McEwen papers (CWM) with list of recommendations with MiD recommendations for 1 February to 31 July 1945 identifies unit. DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation forwarded to No.6 Group Headquarters, 5 May 1945. Fitter IIE; enlisted in Vancouver, 30 January 1941; served 13 months in Canada, 38 months overseas:

 

Corporal Craib's trade ability and long hours of work beyond that required by duty has greatly assisted the work of his section and materially contributed to raise the standard of aircraft maintenance on the Station. His cheerful and willing manner has been a fine example to those who work with him.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAIG, S/L Frederick Young (J15694) - Distinguished Flying Cross - Station Tholthorpe (now No.420 Squadron) - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. See War Service Records 1939-1945 (Canadian Bank of Commerce, 1947). Born in Calgary, 16 April 1918. Home in Vulcan, Alberta; enlisted in Edmonton, 18 December 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 9 March 1941), No.4 AOS (graduated 9 June 1941) and No.1 BGS (graduated 19 July 1941). DHist card also mentions graduation from No.2 ANS, 19 August 1941. Overseas in September 1941. Flew three sorties with No.51 Squadron and 22 with No.405. From August 1942 to August 1944 he was non-operational (admin and instructing), but then went to No.420 Squadron (20 sorties). Sent to Canada to prepare "Tiger Force". Award presented 22 June 1949. Remained in postwar RCAF (Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953, when a Wing Commander at Station Winnipeg). No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."

 

* * * * *

 

CRAIG, F/L George Laughlin (J18420) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Fitzroy Harbour, Ontario; enlisted in Ottawa, 26 December 1940. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 28 May 1941), No.13 EFTS (graduated 15 July 1941) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 25 September 1941). Award presented by Governor General, 28 February 1946. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 13 September 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (145 hours 55 minutes), 27 May 1944 to 6 September 1944. His trip sheet is detailed - on 10 June 1944 (Versailles) he sustained four enemy aircraft attacks; on 4 July 1944 (Villeneuve St.George) witnessed the destruction of five aircraft; 12 August 1944 (Brunswick) saw three aircraft destroyed; 15 August 1944 (Melsbroek aerodrome) hit in port outer engine by flak and came home on three. Also holed by flak on 16 August 1944 (Kiel).

 

Flying Officer Craig has at all times displayed a high standard of courage and the utmost determination in finding and bombing his target. He has completed 31 sorties over enemy territory. The outstanding results he achieved on operations soon marked him as a leader in his Flight.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAIG, F/O James (J21466) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.97 Squadron - Award effective 24 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1444/44 dated 7 July 1944. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 14 May 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 May 1942), No.10 EFTS (ceased training 31 July 1942), No.5 AOS (graduated 20 November 1942) and No.7 BGS (graduated 9 October 1942). Invested with award by the King, 10 March 1945.

 

This officer has taken part in numerous sorties against German targets including nine against Berlin. An excellent air bomber, by his determination in the face of heavy enemy opposition he has played no small part in the successful completion of many missions. On several occasions his aircraft has been damaged by fire from the enemy defences.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAIG, Sergeant Kenneth William (R54334) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.58 Squadron - Award effective 26 May 1942 as per London Gazette dated 16 June 1942 and AFRO 1000-1001/42 dated 3 July 1942. Home in City View, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa. Trained at No.2 ITS, No.8 EFTS and No.3 SFTS (graduated 28 May 1941). Cited with FS G.J. Strutt (which see for citation). Newsclipping dated 31 January 1944 relates his return home to Ottawa; wearing the DFM ribbon he stepped smartly off the train:

 

With hardly less alertness, there stepped up to grasp his hand a venerable gentleman of 94 years of age, hale and heart in appearance, his bearded face reminding bystanders somewhat of Sir William Mulock. And his breast was adorned with the Fenian Raid Medal of 1866. He was Flying Officer Craig's grandfather, William Craig, of City View.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAIG, FS (now WO) Walter David (R74224) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.35 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943 and AFRO 2258/43 dated 5 November 1943. Home in Westborough, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa, 10 October 1940. Trained at No.6 BGS (graduated 29 September 1941) and No.1 WS (graduated 17 August 1941). Award presented 17 April 1947.

 

Flight Sergeant Craig has completed numerous night bombing sorties against targets in enemy territory. These have included Berlin and Turin and other dangerous and distant objectives. During all these missions he has proved himself to be a most conscientious and efficient air gunner, and his constant watchfulness has, on more than one occasion, enabled his captain to evade fighters.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAIG, Corporal William (R98617) - British Empire Medal - No.6 OTU - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Enlisted in Saskatoon, 1 April 1941. Award presented 14 May 1948.

 

Through tireless energy and persistence under difficulties due to shortage of personnel, this non-commissioned officer has contributed immeasurable to the efficiency and high morale of Station Headquarters. He has expanded his service knowledge far beyond requirements of rank. His ability and initiative have continually been displayed in a most meritorious performance of all ranks.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAIK, FS John Henderson MacDonald (R50556) - Mention in Despatches - Station Goose Bay - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Home in New Westminster, B.C.; enlisted in Vancouver, 27 October 1939.

 

This senior non-commissioned officer has applied himself diligently to his duties, maintaining the two power plants at a high degree of operational efficiency. The execution of his duties was carried out in a most satisfactory and far-sighted manner and under conditions not comparable to other stations.

* * * * *

 

CRAIN, P/O Arthur Parlow (J87344) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Home in Ottawa; enlisted in Toronto, 3 November 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 27 March 1942) and No.8 AOS (graduated 3 August 1942). Award presented 9 April 1947. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.3080 (RG.24 Vol.20636) has recommendation dated 22 July 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (193 hours 50 minutes), 6 September 1943 to 20 July 1944 (115 "points").

 

This officer has completed a total of thirty-four operations. He is one of the outstanding navigators of the squadron. His ability, great zeal and devotion to duty have contributed in no small measure to the successful tour of his crew. His keenness and efficiency have inspired confidence in those who have worked with him.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAMER, P/O Lawrence George (J19373) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.77 Squadron - Award effective 19 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 30 June 1944 and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Home in Arbourfield, Saskatchewan; enlisted Saskatoon, 5 July 1941. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 25 September 1942). Award presented 6 November 1948.

 

As rear gunner, this officer has participated in attacks against many of the major targets in Germany. On four occasions his aircraft has been engaged by enemy fighters. In June 1943, while on the way to the target, his aircraft was attacked by a Junkers 88. Pilot Officer Cramer opened fire, damaging the enemy fighter, thus enabling his pilot to press on to his objective which was successfully attacked. A capable and alert air gunner, this officer has always displayed coolness and devotion to duty of a high order.

 

* * * * *

 

CRANSTONE, FS John George (R111923) - British Empire Medal - No.2 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Enlisted in Ottawa, 30 July 1941. Award sent by registered mail, 10 September 1947.

 

Flight Sergeant Cranstone, as a non-commissioned officer in the Personnel Branch, has served in an exceptionally efficient manner for a considerable period. He has displayed outstanding initiative and his work has been unfailingly reliable at all times. He has willingly performed duties above those normally required of him. His enthusiasm and loyalty have set a splendid example to all who have worked with him.

* * * * *

 

CRAPPER, F/O Albert Frederick (J8599) - Mention in Despatches - No.159 Squadron - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 29 October 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 26 February 1941), No.7 BGS (graduated 27 April 1941), No.7 AOS (graduated 17 August 1941), and No.1 ANS (graduated 27 October 1941).

 

* * * * *

 

CRATON, F/L James Douglas (J15666) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 6 July 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 6 January 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 29 April 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 9 July 1941) and No.15 SFTS (graduated 13 September 1941). Award presented 11 June 1949.

 

Flight Lieutenant Craton is a most successful pilot and a highly efficient captain. He has completed a very large number of operational missions and his ability, coupled with great determination, has contributed materially to the successes obtained. During a sortie one night in March 1945 his aircraft was attacked no less than seven times by enemy fighters. In the engagements, this pilot displayed great coolness and courage. In the last of the attacks by the enemy, Flight Lieutenant Craton's aircraft was badly damaged and set on fire. The bomber became uncontrollable. Although he ordered the crew to leave by parachute, this brave pilot fought to regain control. The aircraft turned completely over and Flight Lieutenant Craton was flung through the perspex of his compartment. His parachute opened and he came down in the battle area with both arms broken, bad lacerations about the face and neck and many cuts and abrasions on other parts of his body. Although in great physical distress, Flight Lieutenant Craton reached our own lines. He displayed courage, fortitude and devotion to duty of the highest order.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAWFORD, F/L Arthur Black (C9598) - Mention in Despatches - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 3 January 1942.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAWFORD, F/L Alan Masters (C5734) - Mention in Despatches - No.62 Base - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Vancouver. No citation, but DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 31 July 1944. Enlisted in Vancouver, 21 June 1941; served in Canada two months, overseas for three years.

 

This officer has shown outstanding ability in his work, and in adapting himself and directing others in the new Base organization in such a manner as to maintain maximum effort from all ranks. Mainly through his efforts and guidance, inexperienced junior officers have been able to successfully carry out their duties. This has entailed a great deal of extra work and long hours on his part; however the time was freely given. He has continually strengthened the hand of his superior officers and his keenness and devotion to duty are worthy of commendation.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAWFORD, F/O Charles Walsh (J23323) - Air Force Cross - No.520 Squadron - Award effective 3 April 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 19 December 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 1 August 1942), No.15 EFTS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.11 SFTS (graduated 5 February 1943). Award sent by registered mail, 6 January 1956. Postwar salesman in Georgetown, Ontario. No citation in Canadian sources. Public Records Office Air 2/9061 has citation; notes that he had flown 295 operational hours, 77 non-operational hours, and 242 hours in previous six months.

 

This officer is a captain of a Halifax aircraft engaged on meteorological reconnaissance. On the 25th June, 1944, an engine failed with full load at 300 feet but, by skilful flying, this officer saved the aircraft from crashing. On the 24th November, 1944, whilst on a meteorological reconnaissance sortie over the Atlantic, two engines failed and a third gave trouble. Course was et for Lisbon but the aircraft had to descend in the sea before reaching port. By his excellent airmanship, Flying Officer Crawford undoubtedly saved the lives of his crew, the efficiency and team work of his crew enabling the aircraft to descend within 20 miles of the Portuguese coast. This officer, through his good leadership, has produced the finest Halifax team in the squadron.

 

 

* * * * *

 

CRAWFORD, W/C Edward Hugh Martin (C5251) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.2 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 10 May 1941. Award presented 30 October 1948.

 

This officer has displayed outstanding devotion to duty and intense interest in the Service throughout his career. His wide experience in legal and administrative matters has been applied most diligently to the benefit of the Service, his brother officers and all other ranks. His attitude towards his Service obligations has been exemplary and has been reflected in the work of all those with whom he has been associated.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAWFORD, F/L Harvey Alexander (J15545) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.411 Squadron - Award effective 13 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 January 1945 and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Born in Revelstoke, British Columbia, 11 December 1920. Home in Edmonton; enlisted there 13 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 23 December 1940), No.16 EFTS (graduated 21 February 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 28 May 1941). Awarded wings as a Sergeant (Flight Sergeant, 1 October 1941; WO2, 1 June 1942; Pilot Officer, 10 June 1942; Flying Officer, 10 December 1942; Flight Lieutenant, 1 July 1944. Posted to UK, 17 July 1941. Further trained at No.61 OTU. To No.412 Squadron, 16 September 1941; to No.403 Squadron, 29 September 1941; to No.55 OTU, 21 February 1942; to No.32 Squadron, 7 September 1942/ To Gibraltar, 22 November 1942; to No.14 Squadron, 16 April 1943; to No.32 Squadron, 12 June to 1 August 1943; to Canada, 7 September 1943. Instructed at No.1 OTU, Bagotville, 8 October 1943 to 30 April 1944. Embarked for UK, 16 June 1944; arrived UK, 24 June 1944. No.411 Squadron, 28 July to 31 December 1944. To Canada, 1 February 1945. At No.5 OTU, 19 March to 23 September 1945. Released, 28 September 1945; recalled to duty, 16 January to 30 May 1946. Award presented by Governor General, 18 May 1954. He claimed to have flown 151 sorties (252 hours) on first tour, 125 sorties (150 hours) on second tour. He also claimed five enemy aircraft destroyed and two damaged. Not all records available; can verify kills on 12 August 1944 (one Bf.109 destroyed, east of Alencon) and 21 November 1944 (one FW.190 destroyed, Rheinberg). Aircraft holed by flak on three successive sorties with No.411 Squadron.

 

Flight Lieutenant Crawford has completed a large number of operational sorties and has displayed outstanding courage, keenness and initiative in leading his flight. Since commencing his second tour of operations he has destroyed over fifty enemy vehicles and three trains and throughout his flying career has shot down at least three enemy aircraft. His courage and determination have always been most commendable.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9043 has original recommendation (which is only slightly more detailed) dated 4 November 1944 when he had flown 212 sorties (326 operational hours).

 

Flight Lieutenant H.A. Crawford has completed a great number of operational sorties throughout which he has shown outstanding keenness and initiative in leading his flight and often the squadron on dive-bombing and armed reconnaissance sorties against heavily defended targets. Since starting his second tour of operations he has over 50 enemy vehicles and three trains to his credit. During his operational flying he has destroyed three enemy aircraft, probably destroyed another and damaged two more.

 

* * * * *

 

CRAWFORD, S/L Nathan (J12954) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.156 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. American in the RCAF according to large DHist card, although home is given as Chatham, New Brunswick (perhaps because his wife was living there) and place of enlistment is North Bay, Ontario (9 September 1941). Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 15 January 1942), No.6 AOS (graduated 25 April 1942), No.6 BGS and No.1 ANS S 20 July 1942. Killed in action with No.405 Squadron, 2 January 1945 (Lancaster PB477); buried in Germany. Award presented to his widow, 1 April 1949. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy."

 

* * * * *

 

CRAWFORD, Sergeant William Albert (R72741) - Mention in Despatches - No.434 Squadron (AFRO gives No.64 Base) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Cherry Hill, Prince Edward Island; enlisted Charlottetown, 20 December 1940. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation sent to No.6 Group Headquarters, 11 September 1944, at which time he was identified as being with No.434 Squadron.

 

This airman enlisted in the RCAF on 20th December, 1940, and has served in the United Kingdom since 17th April 1943. Sergeant Crawford is employed as a Fitter and is outstanding as a tradesman and NCO. His untiring efforts under adverse working conditions have definitely improved the serviceability of the aircraft in his charge.

 

* * * * *

 

CREBO, Corporal Joseph Sylvester (R78593) - Mention in Despatches - No.9405 Servicing Echelon - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Mortlach, Saskatchewan; enlisted Regina, 31 October 1940.

 

* * * * *

 

CREEDEN, FS James Waldon (R64432) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.407 Squadron - Award effective 13 March 1942 as per London Gazette dated 24 March 1943 and AFRO 611/42 dated 24 April 1942. Born in Brantford, Ontario, 4 February 1922; educated in Paris, Ontario which was his home. Employed at Gypsum, Lime and Alabastrine Co. Ltd in Paris. Enlisted in Hamilton, 2 July 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS and No.3 EFTS. Graduated from No.6 SFTS, Dunnville, 10 February 1941. Later commissioned (J15353) but killed in action 16 May 1942. Award presented by Governor General, 3 December 1942.

 

On the afternoon of 12th February 1942, a force of Beaufort and Hudson aircraft carried out an attack on an enemy naval force including the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau off the Dutch coast. In the face of harassing fire from screening destroyers the attack was pressed home with the utmost determination at very close range. Although it has not been possible to assess damage inflicted owing to extremely poor visibility, it is believed that several hits were obtained. The operation demanded a high degree of skill and courage.

* * * * *

 

 

CREEGGAN, S/L Walter William (C20802) - Member, Order of the British Empire No.1 Landlines Communication Signals Unit - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Enlisted in Montreal, 13 November 1942. Award presented 1 December 1948.

 

This officer has rendered outstanding service in the Signals and Landline Branches of the Royal Canadian Air Force since 1942. He has shown an exceptional interest in his duties and set an outstanding example to those under his command and others with whom he comes in contact. Since November 1945 he has been organizing No.1 Landlines Communication Signals Unit, North West Air Command and in his contact with the United States Army Signals he has shown a very co-operative and diplomatic attitude.

 

* * * * *

 

CREEPER, F/L John Ewart (J8382) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 30 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Home in Owen Sound, Ontario; enlisted Toronto, 17 February 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 June 1941), No.3 EFTS (graduated 8 August 1941) and No.14 SFTS (graduated 24 October 1941). Flying instructor before going overseas. Served in No.429 and 433 Squadrons. Award presented 1 December 1948. Remained in postwar RCAF, attaining rank of Group Captain; awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 when a Wing Commander at Station Greenwood. His postwar appointments included Commanding Officer of No.405 Squadron (Greenwood), Officer Commanding No.2 Maritime Operational Training Unit (Summerside), RCAF Director of Joint Maritime Warfare School (Halifax), Training Officer on the staff of Supreme Allied Command Atlantic (Norfolk, West Virginia), Officer Commanding Station Summerside, and Deputy Chief of Staff (Operations) at Maritime Command Headquarters (Halifax); retired 1966. He then accepted an administrative appointment with Department of Fisheries and Oceans, retiring again in 1979. Died in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 26 August 2000.

 

This officer has completed numerous operational missions and throughout has displayed the greatest determination to complete his sorties successfully. This was well illustrated on one occasion in February 1945 when detailed to attack Osterfeld. On the outward journey the poet inner engine became unserviceable and the propeller had to be feathered. Despite this Flight Lieutenant Creeper continued to the target and made a successful attack. This officer has proved himself to be a resourceful and devoted captain.

 

* * * * *

 

CREIGHTON, P/O Allan David (J19870) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.49 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 21 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 25 January 1946 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. Home in Saskatoon; enlisted there 9 June 1941. Trained at No.2 WS (graduated 20 March 1942) and No.5 BGS (graduated 26 May 1942). Killed in action 28/29 June 1944; buried in Germany. Award presented by Governor General to next-of-kin, 10 December 1947. NOTE: Citation calls him a pilot, but casualty list and training school list make clear he is an air gunner.

 

Pilot Officer Creighton, as pilot, has completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

CREW, F/L Basil Glynn (J17170) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943 and AFRO 2138/43 dated 22 October 1943. Home in Victoria; enlisted Regina, 26 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 23 July 1941)), No.15 EFTS (graduated 18 September 1941) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 5 December 1941). Invested with award by the King, 11 August 1944. Killed in action with rank of Squadron Leader, 5 January 1945 (Halifax NR257); buried in Germany.

 

As captain of aircraft this officer has successfully completed a number of operational sorties. He has at all times displayed a high standard of courage and efficiency. His keenness and devotion to duty under difficult and hazardous conditions have been of a high order.

 

* * * * *

 

CREW, P/O John Alfred (J93353) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.582 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Home in Windsor, Ontario; enlisted there 11 June 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 February 1943), No.7 BGS (graduated 10 July 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 3 September 1943). Award presented in Toronto, 30 November 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8750 has recommendation dated 16 April 1945 when he had flown 44 sorties (207 hours 40 minutes), 25 July 1944 to 11 April 1945.

 

25 Jul 44 Ardouval 9 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel

25 Jul 44 Stuttgart 21 Nov 44 Dusseldorf

28 Jul 44 Stuttgart 4 Dec 44 Karlsruhe

10 Aug 44 Oeuf en Ternois 12 Dec 44 Cologne

11 Aug 44 Douai 23 Dec 44 Cologne

14 Aug 44 Fontaine le Pin 13 Jan 45 Saarbrucken

15 Aug 44 Volkel 16 Jan 45 Zeitz

18 Aug 44 Terneuzen 28 Jan 45 Stuttgart

11 Sep 44 Castrop Rauxel 1 Feb 45 Ludwigshaven

13 Sep 44 Osnabruck 4 Feb 45 Bonn

26 Sep 44 Calais 7 Feb 45 Goch

27 Sep 44 Duisburg 14 Feb 45 Dresden

30 Sep 44 Sterkrade 15 Feb 45 Chemnitz

14 Oct 44 Duisburg 21 Feb 45 Duisburg

14 Oct 44 Duisburg 11 Mar 45 Essen

15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven 13 Mar 45 Herne

19 Oct 44 Stuttgart 15 Mar 45 Misberg

21 Oct 44 Essen 19 Mar 45 Hannau

25 Oct 44 Homberg 21 Mar 45 Bremen

28 Oct 44 Walcheren 22 Mar 45 Dulmen

29 Oct 44 Walcheren 24 Mar 45 Sterkrade

4 Nov 44 Bochum 11 Apr 45 Nuremburg

 

Pilot Officer Crew, as Observer in a successful Visual Marker crew, has shown a consistently high standard of operational efficiency, and his keenness and steadiness in action are worthy of high praise. He is strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

CRICH, P/O Howard Clair (C45233) - Air Force Cross - No.4 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 March 1945 and AFRO 132/45 dated 26th January 1945. Home in Griffin, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Regina, 21 May 1940. Had completed 1,666 flying hours, 1,029 operational hours (121 sorties). Award presented 17 July 1947.

 

This flight engineer, with many hours of operational flying to his credit, has proven himself to be a most co-operative and energetic member of aircraft crew. His cheerful devotion to duty and exceptional efficiency have set a splendid example to all aircrew on the Pacific coast. Pilot Officer Crich, with untiring and skilful effort, has rendered outstanding meritorious service.

 

* * * * *

 

CRICK, P/O William Charles Kingsley (C49637) - Air Force Cross - No.3 OTU - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, 3 November 1921. Educated there and at Surrey, B.C. Enlisted in Vancouver, 17 January 1942. As of award had flown 794 hours Award presented 6 May 1950..

 

Pilot Officer Crick has completed 794 hours flying as a staff flight engineer in the conversion flight of No.3 Operational Training Unit since November 1943. Almost all of this time has been on day and night circuits with pupil pilots undergoing their first seaplane training and represents a considerable nervous strain. Pilot Officer Crick has never flagged in his enthusiasm for this arduous duty and has set a valuable example to his fellows. The devotion to duty and ability he has shown over a lengthy period has been most commendable.

* * * * *

 

CRIGHTON, W/C Hector Naismith (C3906) - Member, Order of the British Empire - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 5 February 1941. Award presented 9 April 1948.

 

This officer assumed the position of Senior Auxiliary Services Officer in November 1943, and through his untiring efforts has developed his Branch to a high degree of efficiency, whereby he has been able to serve and look after Royal Canadian Air Force personnel both on Canadian and Royal Air Force stations. The many ramifications of his Branch have been difficult to control and it is only through his utter devotion to duty, the long hours spent on organizing and the thoroughness in which he has tackled his problems that his branch has reached its present efficient level. He has made a splendid contribution to the Royal Canadian Air Force.

 

* * * * *

 

CRIMMINS, P/O William Dennis (J16533) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.12 Squadron - Award effective 12 April 1943 as per London Gazette dated 20 April 1943 and AFRO 985/43 dated 28 May 1943. Home in Guelph, Ontario; enlisted Hamilton, 2 July 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 September 1940), No.1 BGS (graduated 17 February 1941), and No.1 WS (graduated 19 January 1941). Invested with award by the King, 9 November 1943.

 

Pilot Officer Crimmins is a most gallant gunner whose cheerful confidence throughout his tour of operational duty has inspired a high standard of morale and courage in his crew. His coolness and determination in action have been outstanding.

 

* * * * *

 

CROIL, A/V/M George Mitchell, AFC (C65) - Commander, Order of the British Empire - AFHQ - Award effective 1 January 1943 as per AFRO London Gazette of that date and 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 5 June 1893. Family moved to Montreal when he was eleven. Joined Gordon Highlanders at outbreak of war; to RFC, spring of 1916. Served with No.47 Squadron in Aegean and Egypt; awarded AFC for training duties (also awarded Croix de Guerre). Joined CAF at Camp Borden, 28 February 1920. Active at High River (forestry patrols, army co-operation exercises). Liaison officer to Air Ministry, commander of Camp Borden. Became Senior Air Officer, 1 January 1934 - the post which eventually became Chief of Air Staff. Described as "decent but mediocre", he relinquished his post in May 1940 and was appointed Inspector General of the RCAF. CBE presented by Governor General, 16 April 1943. Retied 2 July 1944. Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953. Died in Vancouver, 8 April 1959.

 

This officer's extensive experience and devotion to duty over a considerable period of time has marked him as an officer of exceptional ability. Prior to the opening of hostilities he held the appointment of Chief of Staff and as such was largely instrumental in drawing up the Joint Air Training Plan and in laying plans for the future development of the Plan. As Inspector General his worth was outstanding both in his efforts in the measures taken for the defence of Canada and in his suggestions for the improvement of morale and discipline of the service. His leadership and mature judgement has been invaluable in the direction of the RCAF.

 

* * * * *

 

CROISIAU, FS Georges Thomas Bon (R82128) - Mention in Despatches - Award effective 1 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943 and AFRO 1247/43 dated 2 July 1943. A Belgian national (home in Brussels), he enlisted in Ottawa, 28 November 1940. Trained at No.4 BGS (graduated 18 April 1941).

 

* * * * *

 

CROMARTY, Sergeant Robert Francis (Can 22030A) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.162 (Bomber Reconnaissance) Squadron - Award effective 26 September 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2534/44 dated 24 November 1944. Home in Sydney, Nova Scotia; enlisted Saint John, New Brunswick, 4 September 1939. Award sent by registered mail, 10 September 1948. Cited with F/O James M. McRae (RCAF, pilot, awarded DFC) and WO2 Joseph J.C. Bergevin (RCAF, WOP, awarded DFC). Action described was sinking of U-715 north of the Shetlands, 13 June 1944. See W.A.B. Douglas, The Birth of a National Air Force, pp.593-594.

 

These members of aircraft crew participated in an attack on a U-boat in 1944 and displayed a high standard of skill and co-operation which contributed materially to the success obtained. In the fight the aircraft sustained severe damage and afterwards the captain was forced to bring it down on to the sea. The inter-communication system had failed and, owing to the rapidity of the action, there was no time to plan for the landing. Nevertheless, with great presence of mind and good judgement, Sergeant Cromarty lowered the wing tip floats and thus enabled the aircraft to touch down successfully. Meanwhile Warrant Officer Bergevin had remained at his wireless apparatus transmitting distress signals and only left his post when the aircraft was on the verge of sinking. Subsequently the crew were adrift in the dinghy for some seven hours. During the period, Flying Officer McRae and his two comrades displayed much fortitude and cheerfulness and did much to succour and inspire other survivors in their distress. Their example throughout was of the highest order.

 

* * * * *

 

CROMPTON, F/L William Frank (C17086) - Mention in Despatches - No.12 Base - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Home in Milner, British Columbia; enlisted Vancouver, 3 May 1941.

 

* * * * *

 

CRONYN, F/L Peter Hume (C24436) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 12 August 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 February 1946 and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946. Home and wife in London, Ontario; enlisted there 26 March 1941. Trained at No.20 EFTS (graduated 6 November 1942) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 19 March 1943). Killed in action, 12/13 August 1944 (Halifax LV821, ZL-U); name on Runnymede Memorial.

 

Flight Lieutenant Cronyn, as pilot, has completed numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

CROOK, P/O Norman Joseph (J88295) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 5 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 9 June 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 22 January 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 25 June 1943). Award presented 22 June 1949.

 

This officer is a navigator of high merit. He has participated in very many attacks on enemy targets and his ability has played a good part in the successes obtained. On one occasion, whilst over Metz, his aircraft was extensively damaged in an encounter with three enemy fighters. Despite this he navigated the aircraft safely to base, skilfully avoiding heavily defended areas en route. He has set a fine example of determination and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

CROOME, S/L Rodney Syoboda (J8645) - Mention in Despatches - No.406 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 418/46 dated 18 April 1946. Home in London, England; enlisted in Toronto, 17 January 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 21 June 1941), No.15 EFTS (graduated 20 August 1941), and No.11 SFTS (graduated 7 November 1941). Certificate sent to London, England, 11 August 1948. Unit not identified in AFRO which merely says "Overseas". See The RCAF Overseas: The Sixth Year, pp.327 and 329. Destroyed a He.219 on 14/15 February 1945 and damaged an unidentified enemy aircraft on 3/4 March 1945.

 

* * * * *

 

CROSBY, FS Knowles Eugene (R65465) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1942 as per London Gazette dated 10 July 1942 and AFRO 1097/42 dated 17 July 1942. Home in South Ohio, Nova Scotia; enlisted Halifax, 24 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS, No.2 WS and No.4 BGS (graduated 24 May 1941. See Swanson, FS M.L. for citation. Invested with award by the King, 24 November 1942.

 

* * * * *

 

CROSBY, F/O Robert Gordon (C22655) - Mention in Despatches - No.438 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Born 11 March 1916 in Vancouver. A geologist; enlisted in Vancouver, 12 September 1940, and commissioned in December 1942. Public Records Office Air 2/9229 has recommendation dated 19 July 1944 submitted by S/L A.R. Hall, Commanding Officer of No.56 Squadron:

 

Flying Officer R.G. Crosby having been forced to abandon his aircraft whilst on an operational sortie over France near Hucqueliers by his courage and resourcefulness, overcoming difficulties, made his escape back to England. I consider his efforts merit the award of the Mention in Despatches.

 

This is accompanied by a report filed by him with MI.9, having left Gibraltar on 5 May 1944:

 

I took off from Martlesham Heath at 1230 hours on 3 January 1944 in a Typhoon aircraft on a "rhubarb" northwest of Hesdin (N.W. Europe 1:250,000, Sheet 1, G 9513) flying number two to Flight Lieutenant Hawkins. I attacked the target west of Embray (G 9127) and after breaking off the attack due to jammed starboard guns, I found the Glyco vapour was pouring from around the exhaust ports. I called up number one and told him that I would have to abandon aircraft. I baled out from approximately 1,000 feet.

 

I landed in a clearing in a small wood west of Hucqueliers (G 8835). I hid my parachute, mae west and harness and ran into another wood nearby, where I hid in the undergrowth until evening. At dusk I began walking in a southeasterly direction and found a jacket on a scarecrow. At 2100 hours I reached the outskirts of Avesnes (G 933) where I went to a house. I was given food, a hat and a pitchfork and escorted to a crossroads east of Maninghem (G 9031). I then walked to Radingham (H 0033) where I spent the remainder of the night in a barn.

 

In the morning (4 January) I approached one of the farm workers, and he took me to the farm house where I was given food. After the meal I started walking to Matringhem (H 0631) where I approached a man. He gave me a meal and took me to a woman who kept me in her home overnight. Her son supplied me with a jacket, trousers, shoes, raincoat, a hat and food. On the evening of 5 January a man called and escorted me to his home at Verchin (H 0625) where I exchanged some of my clothing. I stayed there one night. On 6 January he took me by horse wagon to Renty (G 9937) to the home of a woman friend of his. I stayed at this house for two nights. This woman communicated with Paris on my behalf.

 

On the morning of 8 January Gestapo officers called at the house looking for someone who was in hiding there. The daughter of the house roused me out of bed and escorted me across the fields to a farm house. The Gestapo searched the house, but did not discover my aids box, which had been left lying on the table. The woman of the house was arrested. I hid in a barn at the farm house until the afternoon, being fed by the farmer. In the afternoon the girl returned with a car accompanied by a driver and an American pilot (2nd Lieutenant Paul Mariot). I was taken in the car to a house in a village (name unknown) where a doctor was obtained for Mariot, who was injured in a crash landing. Mariot and I stayed at this house until midnight, when the doctor took us by car to Verchin, where I stayed at the same house as on 5 January. The American was taken to another house. I stayed overnight, and on 9 January I met another American pilot (Lieutenant Neil Lathrop) at the house of a helper.

 

Lathrop accompanied me to the house where I was staying, and we remained there until the following day (10 January) when we went to the house where Mariot was staying. The three of us stayed there until 12 January when we went to another house in the village, where Lathrop and I stayed until 22 January. Mariot was moved to the doctor;s hose on 13 January, and I did not see him again.

 

On 22 January Lathrop and I were moved to another house in the village, where we stayed until 18 February. We were then moved to the house where I had met Lathrop. During this time I met another two Americans, Sergeant Paul Pearce and Sergeant Bill Hendrickson. They stayed in the village after out departure. We stayed at this house for approximately ten days, when we were moved to another house in the village, where we stayed until 10 March; we were then taken by car to Pauquembergues ( 0237). The remainder of our journey was arranged for us.

 

For purposes of Air Ministry Honours and Awards Committee, this was edited to the following citation:

 

Flying Officer Crosby was compelled to abandon his aircraft when on an operational sortie over France on 3rd January 1944. He landed in a small wood near Hucqueliers and, after burying his parachute and life saving jacket, ran off into another wood and hit until evening. At dusk he moved on and after taking a jacket from a scarecrow, went to a house on the outskirts of Avesnes where he was given a hat and a pitchfork. Flying Officer Crosby was then escorted to some cross roads and spent the rest of the night in a barn. Next morning a farm worker took him to a farm house where he was fed. Continuing his journey he met another man who gave him food and took him to a woman who sheltered him. From this point Flying Officer Crosby's journey home was made with the aid of helpers. He arrived in the United Kingdom, via Gibraltar, on the 6th May 1944.

 

CROSBY, S/L Robert Gordon (C22655) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.439 Squadron - Award effective 23 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 3 April 1945 and AFRO 765/45 dated 4 May 1945. Award sent by registered mail 24 February 1950.

 

During a lengthy operational career this officer has attacked the enemy with determination on a wide variety of sorties. He has led fighter patrols, anti-shipping missions, armed reconnaissances, and dive-bombing operations against railway sidings, strong points, and enemy troop concentrations. During the recent German offensive in Belgium, his squadron under his leadership destroyed or damaged a large number of enemy vehicles and shot down six enemy fighters in three days. Squadron Leader Crosby has invariably led his squadron with outstanding courage and determination against even the most heavily defended targets.

 

NOTE: On 22 January 1945 he was reported missing, believed killed. He actually survived, but a report filed by F/L J. Carr (Acting Commanding Officer, No.439 Squadron) makes for interesting reading:

 

Nine aircraft of this squadron took off at 1610 hours on 22 January 1945 led by S/L Crosby, on a Ramrod carrying 1,000-lb bombs (C.25 tail fused), to dive bomb the town of Uetterath, Germany, which is about five miles north of Geilenkirchen [sic]. On reaching the target area, the squadron orbited once over the target and then S/L Crosby led it into a 70 dive from approximately 7,500 feet. He appeared to fly straight into a concentrated barrage of heavy, light and accurate flak. At 1645 hours, his No.2, F/O Harrison, saw strikes on his aircraft and almost immediately a huge black puff of black smoke which turned into a red ball of flame. The whole of the aircraft with the exception of the engine and parts of the wings disintegrated and went down flaming and crashed into the town of Uetterarth. F/O Harrison claims that the bombs were still on when the aircraft exploded but lost sight of them in the debris. S/L Crosby was not seen to have baled out.

 

* * * * *

 

CROSS, F/O James Sherley (J36927) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1945 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. Home in Coburg, Ontario; enlisted Toronto 30 July 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 20 March 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 29 October 1943). Award presented at Government House, 7 November 1949.

 

This officer has completed a successful tour of operations against highly defended targets such as Magdeburg, Wanne Eickel, Hemmingstadt and Goch. In March 1945, Flying Officer Cross was detailed to bomb Chemnitz. Shortly after leaving base, heavy icing was encountered. This rendered many of the navigational instruments useless throughout the journey. Despite this, Flying Officer Cross pressed on through heavy anti-aircraft fire and successfully bombed his objective. On many other occasions this officer has shown cool courage and a high standard of skill in the face of danger. His outstanding skill, determination and devotion to duty have set a fine example to his squadron.

 

NOTE: In a letter to H.A. Halliday dated 13 March 2000, Mr.Cross provided a list of his sorties as recorded in his log book:

 

4 July 44 - Nickel Raid, Saumar (5.55)

16 Nov 44 - Julich; army co-op; holed by flak in engineers's compartment (5.45, day)

18 Nov 44 - Munster; landed Middleton St.George (6.30, day)

21 Nov 44 - Castrop-Rauxel; good prang; landed Leeming (7.35)

30 Nov 44 - Duisburg (6.40)

18 Dec 44 - Duisburg; bombed on Gee, diverted East Kirby (5.50

24 Dec 44 - Dusseldorf aerodrome; bombed visually; gaggle diverted to Rivenhill

(4.20, day)

29 Dec 44 - Troisdorf; Target Indicators; moonlight (7.20)

30 Dec 44 - Cologne marshalling yards, Wanganui; good prang (6.30)

2 Jan 45 - Ludwigshaven; 14x500 pounders, incendiaries; good prang;

very concentrated; landed Woodbridge (6.30)

4 Jan 45 - Hanover; sky markers; dozen bullet holes in starboard wing; lost one

fuel tank; bit shaky; 2,000-pounder and incendiaries (5.40)

6 Jan 45 - Hanau; rather scattered; sky markers; 2,000-pounder and

incendiaries (6.55)

13 Jan 45 - Saarbrucken; 6,000 pounds; good trip (7.45)

14 Jan 45 - Grenbroich; i/c u/s part trip; 6,000 pounds; good trip, API (6.55)

16 Jan 45 - Magdeburg; hang-up; hairy trip (6.45)

1 Feb 45 - Mainz; engine trouble; good raid; landed Woodbridge (6.20)

7 Feb 45 - Goch; army co-op; called off by Master Bomber (5.50)

8 Feb 45 - Wanne Eickel; heavy search lights; some flak; ASI [airspeed indicator] and DRC [directional radio compass] unserviceable; heavy icing on return (6.20)

14 Feb 45 - Chemnitz; good prang; on DR navigation for two hours (8.30)

17 Feb 45 - Wessel; called off due to weather; landed East Fortune (6.15, day)

20 Feb 45 - Monheim oil target; good prang although bombed on glow (7.10)

21 Feb 45 - Worms; very good prang; well concentrated (7.30)

23 Feb 45 - Essen; bombed on Gee through cloud; good attack gaggle (6.15, day)

24 Feb 45 - Kamen oil target; fair trip; almost caught a load (6.50, day)

27 Feb 45 - Mainz; bombed sky markers; seemed well concentrated (6.50, day)

1 Mar 45 - Mannheim; gaggle; bombed smoke puffs, 9/10 clouds (6.50, day)

2 Mar 45 - Cologne; engine cut 10 minutes from target; lost height to 2,000 feet below minimum; returned to base (6.15, day)

5 Mar 45 - Chemnitz; longest yet; bombed through cloud; radar unserviceable; on DR for three hours; very heavy icing and corresponding losses; landed Thorney Island (9.10)

7 Mar 45 - Hemmingstadt on Danish peninsula; easy do (6.00)

8 Mar 45 - Hamburg; little flak; no Gee' on DR three hours (6.15)

12 Mar 45 - Dortmund; bombed through 10/10 clouds; huge smoke column penetrated through clouds (6.45, day).

 

* * * * *

 

CROSS, F/O John Edgar (J28225) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.10 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945. Home in Leamington, Ontario; enlisted Galt, 14 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 19 December 1942) and No.2 AOS (graduated 9 July 1943). Award presented 11 June 1949.

 

Flying Officer Cross has completed a very successful operational tour. He has participated in attacks against a wide range of targets including Stuttgart, Kiel, Duisburg and Sterkrade. He has proved himself to be a skilful navigator and a fearless and reliable member of aircrew. In July 1944, his aircraft was detailed for a mission against Kiel. On approaching the target area it was attacked by a Messerschmitt 109. Although driven considerably off course, Flying Officer Cross navigated his aircraft to the target and enabled his pilot to execute a successful bombing run. During another sortie against Duisburg in October 1944, the aircraft in which this officer was flying was attacked by a Focke Wulf 190 shortly after leaving the target area. Again driven off track, Flying Officer Cross guided his aircraft safely to base, skilfully avoiding heavily defended areas on the way.

 

* * * * *

 

CROSS, W/C Robert Stewart (C2213) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.2 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born in Toronto, 7 November 1896; educated in Ottawa (Lisgar Collegiate). Life insurance manager. Enlisted in Ottawa, 6 June 1940. Award presented 5 November 1946.

 

This officer's devotion to duty and willingness to co-operate have made a tremendous contribution to the organization of this command. Untiring in his energy and possessed of a high degree of initiative, the manner in which this officer has carried out his arduous duties has been an inspiration to all who have been associated with him and has been reflected in improved efficiency throughout the Command. He has rendered loyal and devoted service of a very high order.

 

* * * * *

 

CROSSEY, F/O Richard Edward Fitzpatrick (J37520) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 28 July 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 19 March 1943), No.6 BGS (graduated 14 June 1943) and No.9 AOS (graduated 29 October 1943). Award presented 22 May 1946. No citation in AFRO other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 19 April 1945 when he had flown 31 sorties (191 hours 20 minutes).

 

This navigator has completed thirty-one heavy operational bombing attacks against the enemy; his timing [and] track keeping has been of a splendid calibre, and his work in general excellent.

 

Flying Officer Crossey is an example of cheerful, unselfness [sic] and sacrifice and has proven himself to be an outstanding member of a gallant crew; his cheerful confidence has inspired a high standard of morale in all who come in contact with him.

 

* * * * *

 

CROSSLEY, F/L Charles Carleton (C1654) - Commended for Valuable Services in the Air - North West Staging Route - Award effective 5 October 1943 as per Canada Gazette and London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2258/43 dated 5 November 1943. Home in Kingston, Ontario; enlisted in Ottawa, 6 January 1940.

 

On April 6th an aged woman living in a remote area was seriously injured and, in order to save her life, immediate hospitalization was necessary but all roads were impassable. Although the landing of an aircraft in the vicinity appeared to be impossible the urgent necessity of getting the injured woman to a hospital, as expressed by the doctor and the people of the community, influenced this officer to make the attempt. At great personal risk Flight Lieutenant Crossley executed a difficult landing in a muddy field and with the patient aboard attempted to take off from a narrow mud road. The aircraft was damaged by fence posts as it veered on the tale-off. Emergency repairs were made and he succeeded in getting the injured woman to hospital where she has since recovered. Throughout, this officer displayed ability, resourcefulness and courage of a high order.

 

* * * * *

 

CROSSMAN, P/O George Travis (J17501) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 6 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943 and AFRO 2005/43 dated 1 October 1943. Home in Sackville, New Brunswick; enlisted Moncton, 13 September 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 24 February 1941), No.1 BGS (graduated 2 August 1941), No.1 AOS (graduated 19 June 1941) and No.1 CNS (graduated 1 September 1941). Award presented 5 July 1945.

This officer has completed, successfully, a large number of bombing sorties in the course of which he has displayed exceptional ability and devotion to duty. A highly efficient navigator, Pilot Officer Crossman's resourcefulness and initiative have contributed to much of the success of the flights on which he has been engaged.

 

* * * * *

 

CROSSWELL, P/O Percy Bruce (J88362) - Mention in Despatches - No.419 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 726/46 dated 26 July 1946. Home in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan; enlisted Winnipeg, 16 September 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 23 July 1943). Killed in action 22/23 April 1944; name on Runnymede Memorial.

 

* * * * *

 

CROTEAU, Sergeant Joseph Marcel Albert (R187075) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 13 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1660/44 dated 4 August 1944. Home in Bonnyville, Alberta; enlisted Edmonton, 31 August 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 23 July 1943). Invested with award by King George, 11 August 1944.

 

As rear gunner, this airman has participated in several sorties including attacks on such targets as Essen, Frankfurt and Karlsburg. During the attack on the last named target, his aircraft was engaged by a fighter. Sergeant Croteau used his guns with deadly effect, however, and his bullets set the enemy aircraft on fire. It fell to the ground and exploded on impact. His skill and determination were characteristic of that he has shown on all occasions.

 

* * * * *

 

CROTHERS, FS Thomas (Can 10269) - Mention in Despatches - No.10 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 3 November 1944 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 2479/44 dated 17 November 1944. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 1 September 1939. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 20 December 1942).

 

This non-commissioned officer, while serving as a wireless mechanic air gunner, has completed many hours of operational flying in the North Atlantic area. He has proven himself to be a valuable and skilful member of the crew. He has consistently displayed cheerfulness, courage and devotion to duty that are most praiseworthy.

 

* * * * *

 

CROUCHER, F/L Gordon (J26857) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Home in Verdun, Quebec; enlisted Montreal, 7 July 1942. Trained at No.4 WS (graduated 19 April 1943) and No.6 BGS (graduated 31 May 1943). Killed in action, 28/29 July 1944 (Lancaster LL687); name on Runnymede Memorial. No citation in AFRO; DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation forwarded 31 July 1944. WOP/AG and Squadron Signals Leader. Had served in Canada one year, overseas one year.

 

Flight Lieutenant Croucher has been with this squadron for several months and has been leading the Signals Section with very great efficiency. Operationally he is exceptionally keen and an inspiration to all serving with and under him. His cheerful good nature combined with his untiring energy have made his section an exemplary one.

 

* * * * *

 

CROWE, F/L Clinton Norton (J22104) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945. Home in Peterborough, Ontario; enlisted Toronto, 12 December 1940. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 12 September 1942) and No.9 BGS (graduated10 December 1942). Award sent by registered mail 9 February 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9060 has recommendation dated 20 January 1945 when he had flown 50 sorties (244 hours three minutes), 20 April 1944 to 16 January 1945.

 

20 Apr 44 Lens (4.25) 14 Aug 44 Potigny (2.35)

24 Apr 44 Karlsruhe (5.50) 15 Aug 44 Brussels (2.35)

26 Apr 44 Essen (5.15) 16 Aug 44 Stettin (8.05)

8 May 44 St.Pierre (4.10) 26 Aug 44 Kiel (5.15)

9 May 44 Calais (3.25) 29 Aug 44 Stettin (9.15)

10 May 44 Ghent (3.55) 20 Sep 44 Calais (2.00)

27 May 44 Bourg Leopold (4.15) 5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (4.40)

31 May 44 Au Febvre (4.20) 14 Oct 44 Duisberg (3.15)

2 June 44 Neufchatel (3.35) 15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven (4.00)

6 June 44 Coutrances (4.30) 19 Oct 44 Stuttgart (5.10)

7 June 44 Acheres (5.05) 9 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel (3.45)

9 June 44 Le Mans (5.50) 18 Nov 44 Munster (3.45)

14 Jun 44 St.Pol (4.00) 21 Nov 44 Coblenz (4.25)

15 Jun 44 Boulogne (3.40) 21 Nov 44 Aschaffenburg (5.00)

17 Jun 44 Oisemont-Neuville- 27 Nov 44 Freiburg (5.00)

au-Bois (4.10) 2 Dec 44 Hagen (5.40)

21 Jun 44 St.Martin (4.10) 4 Dec 44 Urft Dam (5.00)

24 Jun 44 Bamieres (3.50) 6 Dec 44 Leuna Oil Plant (6.20)

27 Jun 44 Foret d'Eawy (4.50) 28 Dec 44 Bonn (4.00)

1 July 44 Biennais (4.10) 29 Dec 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.30)

4 July 44 Biennais (4.25) 2 Jan 45 Nuremburg (6.40)

6 July 44 Biennais (3.30) 5 Jan 45 Royan (5.10)

18 Jul 44 Caen (4.20) 5 Jan 45 Hannover (4.25)

18 Jul 44 Wesseling (5.20) 7 Jan 45 Munich (6.35)

20 Jul 44 Ferme du Forestel (4.05) 14 Jan 45 Merseburg (6.35)

24 Jul 44 Ferfay (3.30) 16 Jan 45 Zeitz (6.28)

 

Flying Officer Crowe is an outstanding and exceptional Air Gunner who has participated in many attacks on such enemy targets as Munich, Nuremburg, Stettin and others.

 

By his vigilance, courage and skill, under enemy fire, this officer has contributed to the many successes achieved by his crew, and has been an inspiration to the squadron. Strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

 

CROWELL, WO2 Oscar Lewis (R88199) - Mention in Despatches - No.161 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 183/46 dated 22 February 1946. Home in Smithsville, Nova Scotia; enlisted in Halifax, 7 March 1941.

 

This airman has completed numerous operational flights and during his tour of duty has invariably shown the greatest courage and devotion to duty. At all times he has been a leader in the squadron and his initiative as Flight Engineer has been an inspiration to all with whom he has served.

 

* * * * *

 

CROWLEY, Corporal Peter Felix (R76173) - Mention in Despatches - No.419 Squadron (AFRO gives unit as No.64 Base) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Frenchville, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation from W/C W.P. Pleasance, CO of No.419 Squadron, to CO Middleton St.George dated 14 July 1944. Had enlisted in Halifax, 12 November 1940, serving 14 months in Canada, 30 months overseas. Fitter IIE.

 

Corporal Crowley has set a very fine example as a Junior Non-Commissioned Officer Aero Engine Mechanic. He has worked hard and long hours, often under most adverse weather conditions.

 

* * * * *

CROWTHER, F/O Gordon Charles (J12975) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 12 July 1943 as per London Gazette dated 27 July 1943 and AFRO 1724/43 dated 27 August 1943. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 9 September 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 15 January 1942), No.5 BGS (graduated 8 June 1942), No.6 AOS (graduated 24 April 1942) and No.1 ANS (graduated 20 July 1942). Award presented 17 June 1945.

 

In air operations this officer has displayed courage and fortitude worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

CROWTHER, F/L Raymond Maurice (J26093) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.576 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Home in Edmonton; enlisted there 10 April 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 10 October 1942), No.15 EFTS (graduated 30 December 1942) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 30 April 1943). Award presented by Governor General at Government House, 12 June 1953.

 

Flight Lieutenant Crowther has completed numerous sorties against many heavily defended targets including Duisburg, Stuttgart, Essen and Bremen. On several occasions his aircraft has been damaged by anti-aircraft fire. Throughout his tour of operations, this officer has shown the utmost determination in pressing home his attacks, together with great courage and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

CROXTON, P/O Bruce Darwin (J15152) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 29 July 1942 as per London Gazette dated 4 August 1942 and AFRO 1413/42 dated 4 September 1942. Home in Vancouver; enlisted in Edmonton, 21 June 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.2 AOS, No.4 BGS and No.1 ANS. Award presented 31 May 1944.

 

This officer is a first class navigator and bomb aimer whose abilities have contributed in a large way to successes of crews with whom he has flown. He has at all times displayed high qualities of courage, tenacity and initiative.

 

* * * * *

 

CROZIER, FS David MacLeod (R84062) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.106 Squadron - Award effective 6 November 1942 as per London Gazette dated 20 November 1942 and AFRO 1962/42 dated 4 December 1942. See War Service Records 1939-1945 (Canadian Bank of Commerce, 1947). Born 15 June 1915 at Ponoka, Alberta. Educated in Walkerton, Ontario; home there. Enlisted in Hamilton, 19 December 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 12 May 1941), No.4 AOS (graduated 4 August 1941), No.4 BGS (graduated 15 September 1941), and No.2 ANS (graduated 2 November 1941). Overseas November 1941. Killed in action 13 January 1943. Award presented by Governor General to next-of-kin, 27 June 1945.

 

Pilot Officers Healey and Pennington and Flight Sergeant Crozier were pilot, navigator and air bomber, respectively, of an aircraft engaged in recent sorties against le Creusot, Genoa, and Milan. On all occasions they achieved much success, and each in his respective role displayed a high standard of skill and determination. Throughout the many sorties in which they have taken part, these members of aircraft crew have invariably displayed gallantry and devotion to duty worthy of high praise.

 

* * * * *

 

CRUIKSHANK, F/L Alfred Stanley (J22339) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 10 February 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 June 1941), No.3 EFTS (graduated 8 August 1941) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 19 October 1941). Award presented 22 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1761 (RG.24 Vol.20609) has recommendation dated 30 March 1945 when he had flown 35 sorties (221 hours 40 minutes), 18 November 1944 to 25 March 1945.

 

As a captain of aircraft Flight Lieutenant Cruickshank has developed his crew to one of the finest in Bomber Command. He has proved to be a determined leader and through his courage and skill has been responsible for delivering some powerful blows to the enemy. On February 24th, 1943, he was deputy leader for a raid on Kamen. On March 1st and March 22nd he was fully responsible for leading a heavy formation of bombers to Mannheim and Dorsten respectively...

 

* * * * *

 

CRUIKSHANK, P/O Donald Herbert (J17887) - United States Air Medal and Two Oak Leaf Clusters - 9th USAAF - Air Medal and Two Oak Leaf Clusters - Award effective 20 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Home in Saint John, New Brunswick; enlisted in Moncton, 5 December 1940. Trained at No.7 BGS (graduated 18 August 1941) and No.2 WS (graduated 20 July 1941). Public Records Office Air 2/9599 has citation from General Order No.31, HQ US Army Air Forces in the Middle East, 28 April 1944.

 

For meritorious achievement while participating in aerial flights against the enemy while on duty with the Ninth United States Air Force in the Middle East...he having participated in five operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and four operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration.

 

Same order awards the first Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in five operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and ten operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration."

 

Order further awards second Oak Leaf Cluster for "...having participated in five operational missions, each of 2 1/2 hours or more duration, and twenty operational missions, each of less than 2 1/2 hours duration.

 

* * * * *

 

CRUIKSHANK, W/C George Alexander (C2249) - Member, Order of the British Empire - AFHQ - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Enlisted in Winnipeg 18 June 1940. Award presented 24 April 1948.

 

This officer is the Director of Financial Services, Royal Canadian Air Force, and as such his duties are most onerous and complex. He has performed his duties with the utmost enthusiasm and has not spare himself in attaining the most successful results which could be expected in the trying circumstances. He has displayed initiative, imagination and forethought of a very high order which have been of material assistance to high Departmental officials in the furtherance of the war effort.

 

* * * * *

 

CRUIKSHANK, LAC James Frederick (R183361) - Mention in Despatches - No.431 Squadron ("Overseas" in AFRO) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Sunny Brae, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia; enlisted Halifax, 30 November 1942. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation dated 26 July 1944 when he was on strength of No.431 Squadron.

 

This airman enlisted November 1942, and has served in the United Kingdom since September 1943, and has filled the position of LAC in his trade for the last nine months. This airman has been in duty with this squadron as Armourer for the past six months. Long hours and trying conditions have served to demonstrate his zeal, his devotion to duty and his skill. He has set a fine example to his comrades.

 

* * * * *

 

CRUIKSHANK, F/L John Alexander (J12986) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Home in Toronto; enlisted London, Ontario, 20 June 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 3 January 1942), No.3 AOS (graduated 27 April 19442), No.2 BGS (graduated 6 June 1942) and No.1 ANS (graduated 20 July 1942). Award sent by registered mail 13 November 1948. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations during which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2909 (RG.24 Vol.20633) has recommendation dated 29 May 1944 when he had flown 27 1/2 sorties (171 hours 55 minutes), 23 October 1942 to 22 April 1944 (no sorties for period 29 March to 26 August 1944). Squadron Bombing Leader.

 

This officer has now completed 27 1/2 sorties for a total of 107 points over enemy territory, including such heavily defended areas as Berlin (2), Dusseldorf, and Lorient (4), and four daylight sorties.

 

Flight Lieutenant Cruickshank has displayed outstanding ability and a strong sense of duty and holds a fine record of achievement on the squadron. He has acted as Bombing Leader with the squadron since its inception and by his high degree of skill, courage and initiative has proven an inspiration to all personnel. He has handled his section in a most outstanding manner and by his example [of] cheerful courage has maintained a very high standard of morale, not only among his section members, but in the squadron in general.

 

* * * * *

 

CRUIKSHANK, F/O Lloyd Salter (J28265) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 11 April 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942), No.7 BGS (graduated 25 May 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 9 July 1943). Award presented 11 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation dated 15 January 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (169 hours 25 minutes), 27 May 1944 to 6 January 1945.

 

This officer as bomb aimer has always exhibited skill and determination of a very high order in attacks carried out against Germany and in occupied territory. In all his work in the air and on the ground he has shown courage and unswerving devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

CRUIKSHANK, S/L Ross Alexander (C5886) - Mention in Despatches - Middleton St.George - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Volume 20648) has a recommendation for MiD submitted from No.64 Base to No.6 Group Headquarters, 28 July 1944. Home in Dresden, Ontario; enlisted in Windsor, 4 July 1941; has served 23 months in Canada, 13 months in England. Armament Officer.

 

This officer has shown qualities of efficiency and endurance above average. Increased responsibilities and lack of sleep have only tended to bring out his best efforts, particularly noticeable since D-Day and the uncertain weather since encountered. His loyalty and devotion to duty is an example worthy of the high traditions of the Royal Canadian Air Force.

 

* * * * *

 

CRUICKSHANKS, FS Austin Chesley (R50148) - British Empire Medal - Station Botwood - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Home in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. Enlisted in Halifax, 27 January 1940. Award sent by registered mail 21 December 1949.

This non-commissioned officer is an outstanding Aero Engine Mechanic whose efforts have contributed in a major degree to the efficiency of this unit in carrying out reconnaissance work over the North Atlantic. His continual good spirits and ability have won the confidence of all working with him.

 

* * * * *

 

CRUSE, WO Robert Cecil (R123889) - Mention in Despatches - No.284 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 15 August 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS, No.2 WS (graduated 6 November 1942) and No.7 BGS (graduated 7 December 1942).

 

* * * * *

 

CRYDERMAN, F/L Norman Johnson (C8119) - Mention in Despatches - RCAF Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 418/46 dated 18 April 1946. Home in Winnipegosis, Manitoba; enlisted Winnipeg, 23 April 1941.

 

* * * * *

 

CUDDINGTON, P/O Leonard Frederick (J16758) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.61 Squadron - Award effective 3 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 15 June 1943 and AFRO 1338/43 dated 16 July 1943. American in the RCAF. Born 1912 in Vancouver; home in Carlsbad, New Mexico. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 31 January 1941), No.12 EFTS, No.2 SFTS, No.6 BGS (graduated 29 September 1941) and No.5 AOS (graduated 7 July 1941). Commissioned 1942. Invested with award by King George, 21 March 1944.

 

An outstanding air gunner, Pilot Officer Cuddington has always maintained a keen and accurate lookout while his fine co-operation with his crew has greatly contributed to the successes attained. He has participated in a very large number of attacks against some of the enemy's most heavily defended targets including Berlin, Essen and Turin. This officer's unfailing confidence in times of stress is worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

CUELENAERE, P/O Marcel Redmond Charles (J16384) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.97 Squadron - Award effective 3 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 15 June 1943 and AFRO 1338/43 dated 16 July 1943. Born 1918 in Leask, Saskatchewan; home there (clerk); enlisted in Saskatoon, 3 March 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 18 August 1941), No.6 EFTS (graduated 4 October 1941), and No.4 SFTS (graduated 2 January 1942). Commissioned November 1942. Invested with award by King George, 21 March 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Cuelenaere has taken part in many operational sorties which have included some long distance flights to Italy and attacks against some of the most heavily defended targets including those in Berlin, Essen, the Ruhr and western Germany. On all occasions he has displayed courage and determination of the highest order.

 

CUELENACRE, A/S/L Marcel Redmond Charles, DFC (J16384) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.630 Squadron - Awarded 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 4 December 1945 and AFRO 212/46 dated 1 March 1946. Award presented 14 February 1948.

 

Squadron Leader Cuelenacre has completed a number of sorties on his second tour of operational duty. Included in these were attacks against such strongly defended targets as Politz, Brux, Bohlen and Leipzig. In April 1945 he was captain of an aircraft detailed to attack Lutzendorf. When on the outward journey and still some considerable distance from the target the starboard outer engine of his aircraft failed, but by skilful and determined flying he succeeded in reaching the target on time and completed his mission successfully. This officer has set a magnificent example of courage and determination at all times.

 

* * * * *

 

CULL, F/L Richard Henry (J5065) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.401 Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1453/45 dated 14 September 1945. Born 28 February 1922 in Seba Beach, Alberta; home there (student, University of Saskatchewan); enlisted Edmonton, 13 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 27 November 1940), No.5 EFTS, Lethbridge (graduated 16 January 1941) and No.3 SFTS, Calgary (graduated 4 May 1941). Commissioned 5 May 1941 (Flying Officer, 5 May 1942; Flight Lieutenant, 1 February 1943). To Station Trenton (instructor's course), 18 May 1941; to No.31 EFTS, 6 November 1941; to No.133 Squadron, 7 September 1942; to Halifax, 16 March 1943. Arrived in UK, 16 April 1943. To No.412 Squadron, 12 June 1943; to No.401 Squadron, 6 February 1944; to Air Defence Great Britain, 11 September 1944; to Air Fighting Development Unit, 11 September 1944; to Central Flying School, 16 October 1944; to No.83 Group Pool, 9 March 1945; to No.401 Squadron, 17 March 1945; to No.412 Squadron, 22 June 1945; to Canada, 7 August 1945; released 25 September 1945. Aerial victories as follows: 7 June 1944, one Ju.88 destroyed west of Caen plus one Bf.109 damaged; 1 July 1944, one FW.190 damaged, Cabourg; 17 July 1944, one Bf.109 destroyed south of Domfront; 3 August 1944, one FW.190 damaged; 20 April 1945, one Bf.109 destroyed and one FW.190 destroyed, Hagenow. Also claimed three locomotives and ten rail cars damaged, ten MET destroyed plus 41 MET damaged. First tour was 140 sorties (230 hours); second tour was 55 sorties (75 hours). Photo PL-30223 shows him beside Spitfire. Award presented 27 May 1950.

 

This officer is now on his second tour of operational duty. On his first tour Flight Lieutenant Cull destroyed two enemy aircraft and damaged three more. He has destroyed two more enemy aircraft during his second tour. He has also taken part in attacks against enemy rail and road transport. This officer has proved himself to be a conscientious and courageous pilot who has set an excellent example to all.

 

* * * * *

CULLEY, F/O James Edwin (J35535) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Born 1923 in Toronto; home there (artist and book keeper); enlisted there 23 July 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 3 April 1943), No.4 BGS (graduated 6 August 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 17 September 1943). Commissioned 1943. Award presented 22 June 1949. No citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy". Dhist file 181.009 D.2988 (RG.24 Vol.20633) has recommendation dated 15 January 1945 when he had flown 31 sorties (167 hours), 30 July to 31 December 1944.

 

This officer, Air Bomber of the crew captained by Flying Officer Forbes, has now completed thirty-one trips over enemy territory including a wide variety of targets both in France and Germany. He has at all times displayed outstanding ability, and his courage, skill and determination in action has been a constant source of inspiration to his crew.

 

Flying Officer Culley has acted in the capacity of H2S Leader for some considerable time, and his keenness, energy and reliability has contributed in a large measure to raising the standard of efficiency in that section.

 

I consider that this officer, in every respect, merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

* * * * *

 

CULLIMORE, Sergeant Charles Leonard (R116526) - British Empire Medal - No.1 Equipment Depot - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Birmingham, England; enlisted in London, Ontario, 3 July 1941. Medal presented 18 October 1947.

 

Sergeant Cullimore, at the time a Corporal in rank, was required to organize and run a cafeteria to mess over 500 personnel. He has built up an efficient and well-run organization quickly in spite of many difficulties. His perseverance, unfailing good humour, and long hours of work have been an inspiration not only to those under him, but to all ranks. The manner in which he has always undertaken and discharged responsibilities far in excess of those normally expected has been most commendable.

 

* * * * *

 

CULLITON, F/L John Patrick (C3773) - Commended for Valuable Services in the Air - Station Rockcliffe - Award effective 21 April 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 15 July 1941.

 

For the past three and one-half years this officer has been a test pilot at Test and Development Establishment. He has flown on many hazardous flights with skill and determination. As officer in charge of writing pilots' notes and then as officer in charge of flying, he has displayed energy and ability of a high order. By his constant good work he has made an outstanding contribution to the prosecution of the war.

 

* * * * *

 

CULVERSON, FS Jack Rowland (R63846) - British Empire Medal - No.1 Bombing and Gunnery School - Awarded 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Enlisted n Toronto, 2 April 1940. Award presented 27 January 1946.

 

This armament instructor has maintained a high standard of instruction at Bombing and Gunnery Schools for the past four years. By the untiring and efficient performance of his duties at all times, he has been an inspiration to his pupils and staff. The devotion to duty of this non-commissioned officer over a long period on instructional work is most praiseworthy.

 

* * * * *

 

CUMBERLAND, FS David Alexander (R58307) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.142 Squadron - Award effective 16 June 1942 as per London Gazette dated 22 September 1942 and AFRO 1653/42 dated 16 October 1942. Born 1920 in Britannia Beach, British Columbia; home there (mechanic); enlisted Vancouver, 13 July 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS, No.3 AOS, No.2 BGS, and No.1 ANS. Invested with award by King George, 15 December 1942.

 

This airman has attained a very high standard of navigation. Whatever the opposition he has consistently obtained good results. He has participated in attacks against the majority of the highly defended targets in the Ruhr. This airman has at all times set an inspiring example.

 

Public Records Office Air 2/9598 has recommendation raised on 21 July 1942 when he had flown 28 sorties (169 hours 40 minutes).

 

5 Aug 41 Boulogne (7.30) 2.20 over target

14 Aug 41 Rotterdam (6.15)

16 Aug 42 Cologne (6.40)

19 Aug 42 Kiel (1.00) Rear turret u/s, returned to base.

31 Aug 42 Essen (6.05) Bombed area in Ruhr; believe fires started.

7 Sept 41 Berlin (7.50) Bombed mile east of target.

8 Sept 41 Kassel (6.35 Hit target - machine factory.

11 Sept 41 Rostock (7.40)

15 Sept 41 Hamburg (7.10)

29 Sept 41 Stettin (8.45)

10 Oct 41 Cologne (6.50)

30 Nov 41 Emden (5.50)

16 Dec 41 Wilhelmshaven (5.15)

28 Dec 41 Wilhelmshaven (5.15) Nine SBC x 30-lb incendiaries; Bullseye. One photograph.

9 Jan 42 Brest (5.40) Four bursts near Gneisenau.

10 Jan 42 Wilhelmshaven (6.45) Fires in NW part of city.

14 Jan 42 Hamburg (6.10) Bullseye - three bursts on target.

26 Jan 42 Hanover (4.50) Bombed Rotterdam - port motor unserviceable; six bursts at head of dock.

31 Jan 42 St.Nazaire (7.15) 10/10 cloud; bombed new 'drome west of Vannes; photo of bullseye.

6 Feb 42 Brest (6.30)

11 Feb 42 Bremen (5.35)

12 Feb 42 German cruisers (3.15) Daylight; [bombs] landed 100 yards off port bow of Scharnhorst; machine hit twice.

27 Feb 42 Kiel (4.25)

5 May 42 Stuttgart (8.45)

8 May 42 Warnemunde (7.30) Target identified and bombed

30 May 42 Cologne (5.15) Started fire south of aiming point.

1 June 42 Essen (5.00) Started fire in south of town.

14 July 42 GARDENING (4.05) Completed minelaying task.

 

This Canadian observer has attained a very high standard of navigation since he has been in this squadron. His results have always been of the highest order despite the gravest opposition from enemy defences and climatic conditions.

 

The most heavily defended areas of the Ruhr or German North Sea ports have not daunted his fearless courage or deterred him from locating and bombing his objective.

 

His skilful work and cheerful disposition have been an inspiration to his crew and have done much to raise the standard of navigation in the squadron. He is strongly recommended for the Distinguished Flying Medal.

 

* * * * *

 

CUMBERLAND, FS Robert Burns (R87040) - British Empire Medal - No.145 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Home in Saskatoon; enlisted there 3 January 1941. DHist file 181.009 D.3690 (RG.24 Vol.20640) has a letter dated 10 January 1945 from A/V/M A.E. Stedman (Director General Air Research) to Sergeant Cumberland, then on the strength of Station Torbay. It advises him that his "suggestion of an improved method of stowage of marine distress signals, Very cartridges, and the Very pistol" was passed by EAC to AFHQ. His improved method of stowage is now being adopted for general use where applicable. Award presented at Esquimalt, 21 July 1956.

 

This non-commissioned officer has at all times displayed outstanding devotion to duty and interest in the welfare of the service. He has suggested a method of stowage of Marine Distress Signals which has been generally accepted in certain aircraft. His ability and initiative have been given unstintingly to this squadron and he has been instrumental in raising and maintaining its efficiency.

 

* * * * *

 

CUMBERS, FS (now P/O) John William (R210110/J88456) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 5 September 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 1925 in Winnipeg; home there; served two years in Winnipeg Sea Cadets; enlisted there 11 December 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS, Mont Joli, Quebec (graduated 6 August 1943. Flew often with Flight Sergeant (later Pilot Officer) E.A. Snider. Combat of note: 4/5 July 1944, target Villeneuve St.George, aircraft met fighters five times and two attacks developed - at 0040 hours (Bf.109 attacked from behind and slightly to left; opened fire at 200 yards, breaking away at 150 yards; both gunners fired and '109 seen going down on fire; at 0136 a FW.190 seen trying to sneak up; shot down burning and exploded on ground. Award sent by registered mail February 1952. Photo PL-31715 shows him in his turret; PL-31713 with FS E.A. Snider.

 

Flight Sergeant Cumbers is a most resolute and gallant air gunner. He has taken part in very many sorties and has played a worthy part in the successes obtained. On a recent occasion, when returning from an operation against Villeneuve-St.Georges, his aircraft was attacked by a fighter. As the attacker closed in, Flight Sergeant Cumbers delivered a burst of fire which struck the enemy aircraft, setting it on fire. His coolness and determination were characteristic of that which he has shown throughout his tour of operational duty.

 

* * * * *

 

CUMING, F/L Howard Nelson (J19790) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Born 1920 in Kipling, Saskatchewan; home in Whitewood, Saskatchewan (clerk); enlisted Regina, 15 May 1941. Trained at No.3 WS (graduated 14 March 1942) and No.8 BGS (graduated 14 April 1942). Commissioned October 1943.

 

CUMING, F/L Howard Nelson (J19790) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.436 Squadron - Award effective 9 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 October 1945 and AFRO 1822/45 dated 7 December 1945. Award presented in Toronto, 30 November 1949.

 

Flight Lieutenant Cuming has completed a very large number of hours flying on convoy and anti-submarine patrols with Coastal Command. He commenced his second tour of duty with Transport Command in India as signals leaders of his squadron and has completed many hazardous sorties in this capacity. On one occasion he took an important part in a large scale airborne operation against Rangoon. The efficiency, toughness and leadership displayed by this officer have been of great value to his unit.

* * * * *

 

CUMMINGS, F/O Russell Spence (J28886) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 1923 in Calgary; home Brittania Bay, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa, 20 April 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 24 October 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 26 June 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 20 August 1943). Commissioned August 1943. Award presented 10 December 1947. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 9 November 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (159 hours 50 minutes), 6 June to 4 November 1944. Died in London, Ontario, 18 September 1995.

 

This officer, as Air Bomber, has completed 28 operations against the enemy, including such heavily defended targets as Bochum, Sterkrade, Kiel and Stuttgart. At all times, Flying Officer Cummings has operated with a very high degree of accuracy. Through his aggressive spirit and high sense of crew co-operation, this officer has made a notable contribution to a successful crew who have rained telling blows on the enemy. In recognition of Flying Officer Cummings' cool courage and devotion to duty and his steadiness under fire, I recommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

CUMYN, W/C Philip Arthur (C2163) - Member, Order of the British Empire - AFHQ (Executive Assistant to Chief of Air Staff) - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 113/44 dated 21 January 1944. Born at Etzatlan, Jalisco, Mexico, 10 December 1904. Enlisted in Montreal, 5 June 1940. Award presented 22 April 1944.

 

Wing Commander Cumyn is Executive Assistant to the Chief of the Air Staff, Secretary of Air Council and Secretary of the Supervisory Board of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. This officer has accompanied the Chief of the Air Staff on important missions and has worked in close association with him in a secretarial capacity on many matters of a highly secret nature. He has devoted himself exclusively to his duties and rendered untiring and efficient service of an outstanding order.

 

* * * * *

 

CUNNEYWORTH, LAC Joseph William Robert (R96204) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Born 14 May 1902. Home in Halifax. Enlisted in Ottawa, 19 May 1941. Sent overseas, July 1942; repatriated 18 June 1945. Released July 1945.

 

* * * * *

CUNNINGHAM, F/L Charles Cleveland (J10105) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.162 (Bomber Reconnaissance) Squadron - Award effective 13 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2052/44 dated 22 September 1944. Home in Burnaby, British Columbia; enlisted Vancouver, 26 May 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 15 August 1941), No.2 EFTS (graduated 24 October 1941) and No.13 SFTS (graduated 16 January 1942). Commissioned 1942. Award presented 29 January 1947.

 

This officer has completed much operational flying and has displayed praiseworthy skill, perseverance and keenness. In February 1944, he sighted a fully surfaced U-boat, on which he pressed home an accurate and determined attack in face of fierce anti-aircraft fire. His action on this occasion was typical of the resolution he has shown throughout his tour.

 

* * * * *

 

 

CUNNINGHAM, F/O Roy Harvey (J9754) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.233 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943 and AFRO 2138/43 dated 22 October 1943. Born 1920 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 2 May 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 25 October 1941), No.20 EFTS (graduated 10 October 1941) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 9 January 1941). Commissioned 1942. Award sent by registered mail 30 September 1948.

 

This captain of aircrew has completed a tour of operations during which he has shown outstanding ability as a pilot and a fine fighting spirit. In July 1943 he was detailed for a convoy escort off Cape St.Vincent when four Focke Wulfe 200s, in formation, were sighted. Flying Officer Cunningham immediately attacked, damaging one enemy aircraft and in the face of concentrated fire succeeded in driving off the raiders. Later he sighted another Focke Wulfe 200 and engaged it at close range, forcing it to jettison its bombs. His own aircraft was hit and damaged but with superb airmanship Flying Officer Cunningham flew safely back to base on one engine, having contributed in no small measure to the safety of the convoy.

 

* * * * *

 

CUNNINGHAM, Corporal Yvonne Marie (W300211) - Mention in Despatches - Linton-on-Ouse - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1672/45 dated 2 November 1945. Home in Cambria, Alberta; enlisted Calgary, 23 October 1941. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; DHist file 181.009 D.1650 (PAC RG.24 Vol 20605) identifies unit. Recommended 24 July 1944 as follows:

 

This airwoman has been untiring in her efforts as Chef to give the best possible satisfaction to all whom her work concerns. Her loyal co-operation and keen devotion to duty are an inspiration to all, and the courage she displays in the face of difficulties goes a long way in maintaining a high degree or morale. Her pleasing disposition and ability have won the confidence of all...

 

* * * * *

 

CURLEE, S/L Thomas Hoyle (J11079) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.39 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 10 October 1944 and AFRO 2534/44 dated 24 November 1944. American in the RCAF; born 1916 in North Carolina; home in Albermarle, North Carolina; enlisted in Ottawa, 29 July 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 7 October 1941), No.4 EFTS (graduated 19 December 1941) and No.13 SFTS (graduated 10 April 1942). Commissioned 1941. Award presented 20 May 1949.

 

This officer has completed a tour of operational duty during which he has taken part in numerous anti-shipping and long range patrols. On two occasions, when leading a formation, his aircraft has been attacked by enemy fighters. Another time during a torpedo attack he shot down an enemy aircraft in a very daring and cool manner. On a more recent occasion his aircraft was very badly damaged by anti-aircraft fire and forced down on to the sea. Squadron Leader Curlee, with his navigator, was sixty hours in the dinghy before being rescued. Under his inspiring leadership three enemy merchant vessels have been sunk and many operations successfully completed.

 

* * * * *

 

CURRIE, F/L Leo Lloyd (J9582) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.514 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945. Born 1921 in Bridgewater, Nova Scotia; home there (seaman); enlisted in Halifax, 13 May 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 August 1941), No.20 EFTS (graduated 10 October 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 2 January 1942). Commissioned January 1942. Award presented in Halifax, 27 July 1949. Entitled to Africa Star. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9060 has recommendation dated 8 January 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (133 hours ten minutes, 26 August to 21 December 1944.

 

26 Aug 44 Kiel (5.20) 2 Nov 44 Homberg (4.15)

30 Aug 44 Abbeville (3.50) 5 Nov 44 Solingen (4.40)

17 Sep 44 Boulogne (2.50) 6 Nov 44 Coblenz (4.40)

20 Sep 44 Calais (2.50) 11 Nov 44 Wuppertal (4.45)

23 Sep 44 Neuss (4.40) 15 Nov 44 Dortmund (5.05)

5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (5.35) 16 Nov 44 Heinsberg (3.55)

6 Oct 44 Dortmund (5.40) 20 Nov 44 Homberg (4.10)

7 Oct 44 Emmerich (3.50) 21 Nov 44 Homberg (4.05)

22 Oct 44 Neuss (4.10) 27 Nov 44 Cologne (4.40)

23 Oct 44 Essen (5.20) 28 Nov 44 Neuss (4.15)

25 Oct 44 Essen (4.00) 8 Dec 44 Duisburg (4.00)

26 Oct 44 Leverskusen (4.15) 11 Dec 44 Osterfelt (4.10)

28 Oct 44 Cologne (4.35) 12 Dec 44 Witten (4.25)

30 Oct 44 Wesseling (4.25) 16 Dec 44 Siegen (5.35)

31 Oct 44 Bottrop (4.30) 21 Dec 44 Trier (4.40)

 

Flight Lieutenant Currie has completed thirty operations as pilot and captain of four-engined bomber aircraft. His sorties have been largely on heavily defended German targets, both by day and by night.

 

This pilot has constantly displayed the greatest keenness and enthusiasm for operational flying. His aircraft has been hit and damaged by anti-aircraft fire on many occasions, but it has failed to impair his determination or deter him in nay other way. Even on his last sortie, an attack on Trier on 20th December [sic] 1944, his aircraft was severely damaged by flak over the target, and the starboard inner engine made unserviceable. In spite of considerable difficulty Flight Lieutenant Currie brought his aircraft and crew safely back to base.

 

This officer has also made many sorties as a formation leader, in which a straight and level approach to the target is most necessary. Flight Lieutenant Currie has not allowed even the most accurate of heavy flak to deter him from making such an exact approach, and his leadership has been most consistently reliable.

 

As a captain of aircraft and as an aircrew officer of the squadron, Flight Lieutenant Currie's devotion to duty has been outstanding; his calm confidence and unfailing determination have been a great source of inspiration and encouragement to his comrades and he has set a fine example to all.

 

 

* * * * *

 

CURRIE, F/O Neill Edward (J25296) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945. Born 1921 in Port Arthur, Ontario; home in Starbuck, Manitoba (bookkeeper, former COTC); enlisted in Winnipeg, 20 February 1944. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 12 September 1942), No.15 EFTS (graduated 4 December 1942) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 16 April 1943). Commissioned April 1943. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 10 December 1944 when he had flown 33 sorties (167 hours 40 minutes), 21 June to 28 October 1944. Sortie list says his aircraft was holed by flak (25 June, Gorenflos), met fighters over Hamburg (28 July), and was badly holed by flak again (Sterkrade, 27 September).

 

This officer has completed a tour of operations including attacks on such targets as Hamburg, Stuttgart, Emden, and centres in the Ruhr area. He has at all times displayed the greatest determination and tenacity. On more than one occasion his aircraft has been damaged whilst in the target area but this has not deterred him from pressing home the attack. He is a highly skilled and courageous pilot whose example is worthy of emulation by other members of the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

CURRIE, S/L Ross Macham Gourley (J15468) - Mention in Despatches - No.410 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946. Born i Winnipeg, 22 December 1921. Home in Regina; enlisted there 5 November 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS, Regina (graduated 26 February 1941), No.6 EFTS, Prince Albert (graduated 22 April 1941), and No.10 SFTS, Dauphin (graduated 15 July 1941). Sergeant on graduation; Flight Sergeant 1 March 1942; Pilot Officer on 1 May 1942; Flying Officer 1 November 1942; Flight Lieutenant on 6 April 1943; Squadron Leader on 22 December 1944. Arrived in UK, 31 August 1941. Posted to No.60 OTU, 8 September 1941; with No.151 Squadron, 11 November 1941 to 9 April 1942; with No.410 Squadron, 9 April 1942 to 13 July 1943; with No.54 OTU, 13 July 1943 to 16 March 1944; in Canada, 24 March to 25 May 1944. Returned to UK, 2 June 1944. With No.410 Squadron, 15 June 1944 to 27 April 1945. To UK on 27 April 1945; to Canada on 8 June 1945; released, 25 July 1945. Unit not given in AFRO, which says only "Overseas". See The RCAF Overseas: The Fifth Year, p.284 and The RCAF Overseas: The Sixth Year, pages 310 and 314. Shot down a Ju.88 on 7/8 August 1944 and a Ju.188 on 31 December 1944/1 January 1945. DHist file of No.410 Squadron honours has recommendation dated 29 April 1945 when he had completed 85 sorties (1,480 flying hours).

 

Since joining this unit, S/L Currie has consistently shown above average enthusiasm and keenness in his work. He was a Deputy Flight Commander from January 1943 to June 1943, when he went on rest. He rejoined this unit in June 1944 and in December 1944 he was appointed a Flight Commander, which appointment he held until his posting. He has completed two tours of operations, has destroyed two enemy aircraft at night, and has done many operational patrols, often in bad weather.

 

* * * * *

 

CURRIE, P/O Ryland Vincent (J88935) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945 and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Born 1923 in Halifax, Nova Scotia; home in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia (electrician); enlisted Halifax, 18 August 1942. Trained at No.4 WS (graduated 1 October 1943) and No.1 BGS (graduated 15 November 1943). Commissioned August 1944. Award presented in Halifax, 27 July 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation dated 27 December 1944 when he had flown 33 sorties (150 hours), 19 April to 30 November 1944. NOTE: the sortie of 19 April was an ASR trip, probably at OTU as his first bombing trip is 18 July 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Currie, a wireless air gunner, has completed a successful tour of thirty-three trips against the enemy including such heavily defended targets as Bremen, Kiel, Sterkrade and Duisburg. Throughout his tour Pilot Officer Currie has maintained the highest traditions of aircrew and on two occasions by his steadiness and expert knowledge has extricated his crew from perilous situations.

 

In recognition of Pilot Officer Currie's determination and devotion to duty, I recommend that he be awarded the non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

CURRY, F/L John Harvey (C2645) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.601 Squadron - Award effective 1 February 1943 as per London Gazette dated 5 February 1943 and AFRO 373/43 dated 5 March 1943. American in the RCAF. Born 1915 in Dallas, Texas; home there. Enlisted in Ottawa, 27 August 1940. Trained at Trenton and No.1 BGS. Commissioned directly as a Flying Officer, 27 August 1940 (Flight Lieutenant, 1 June 1942; Squadron Leader, 2 December 1943). Posted overseas 20 November 1941; repatriated 26 July 1944; posted to No.1 OTU, 9 September 1944; released 25 September 1945. DFC presented at Buckingham Palace, 9 May 1944; OBE presented 16 January 1948.

 

Flight Lieutenant Curry is an outstanding pilot who displays the greatest determination to engage the enemy regardless of the opposition encountered. He has destroyed at least seven enemy aircraft and is a source of inspiration to his fellow pilots.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/8933 has the earlier text of the recommendation for a non-immediate award, sent on 21 December 1942 from Headquarters, Royal Air Force, Middle East to Air Ministry.

 

This pilot is an outstanding shot and is keen to come to grips with the enemy regardless of the numbers opposing him. The ease [with] which he gains superiority over his opponent and invariably shoots him down is an example which inspires the less experienced pilots in the squadron. He has now destroyed seven enemy aircraft confirmed, with four credited as probably destroyed in the space of three months.

 

CURRY, S/L John Harvey, DFC (C2645) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.80 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2231/44 dated 13 October 1944. No citation in Canadian sources. Public Records Office Air 2/9221 has recommendation (plus extensive supporting data). First draft compiled 30 March 1944, noting he had flown about 130 sorties; shot down 2 March 1944 and returned 18 March 1944. On 1 April 1944 Air Commodore Pike recommended a Military Cross, which was approved by HQ Mediterranean Allied Air Forces and by General Harold C. Alexander. It was in London that this was changed to an OBE. The original narrative is quite detailed; the following is the draft completed before final submission.

 

On 2nd March, 1944, Squadron Leader Curry was engaged in a low flying operation and, while attacking three enemy tanks, enemy returned fire stopped his engine. He made a forced landing near Rocco di Mezzo and, after destroying certain equipment in his aircraft, made his way to a hut a short distance away. An hour later he returned to his aircraft and cut pieces off his parachute which later were to serve for camouflaging himself against the snow. While by the aircraft, Squadron Leader Curry saw two men approaching, so he made off in the deep snow in a southerly direction. One of the men, being on skiis, soon overtook him and said that he was a Jugoslav who had come to help as an enemy search party was in the vicinity. The man offered Squadron Leader Curry his skiis but he could not fit them to his boots and, when twenty men were seen approaching down in the pass some two miles distant, Squadron Leader Curry instructed the Jugoslav to ski back to the aircraft, obliterating his tracks from it. Squadron Leader Curry then crawled through deep snow into the bush on the mountainside, continuing until he was exhausted. Later he continued his journey eastwards until he reached a large plain near a slope on Monte Sirente where he found a hut. He made a fire on the floor boards and rested while wolves howled in the vicinity. At daylight on 3rd March he continued his journey and was given some food in the village of Secinaro before making his way towards the hills. In Gagliano, Squadron Leader Curry was given some clothes and filthy food and managed to get some sleep in a stable where three Italians provided him with some straw for his bed. Next morning he left the stable and soon met two South Africans who had escaped, and they took him to a "Casetta" where they met five officers from an Italian prison camp who were waiting for a guide to lead a party through the lines. Next morning, Squadron Leader Curry, with others, was led to a cave where the party remained for seven days. At the end of this time, as no other guide has appeared, Squadron Leader Curry and another officer set off to reach Popoli. They were up to their knees in snow. Soon afterwards they started to ascend Monte Morrone and were forced to plough through snow which came up to their hips. After many vicissitudes they reached the top of the mountain and continued to the Morrone range, afterwards proceeding through the pass between the Morrone and Meilla ranges. In the valley an armed enemy patrol was seen but was evaded. They decided to climb Mont Meilla (10,000 feet) and achieved this feat after gruelling experiences. Finally a gorge was reached and, while descending again, the Sangro River came into view. They came out of the gorge and eventually reached safety when hailed by Indians of the 6th Lancers.

 

* * * * *

 

CURTIN, P/O Donald Joseph (J9340) - Distinguished Flying Cross - unit not given in AFRO; "Attached to RAF Overseas" - Award effective 7 August 1942 as per London Gazette dated 21 August 1942 and AFRO 1497/42 dated 18 September 1942. American in RCAF. Born 1918 in New York City, N.Y.; home there. Enlisted in Ottawa, 5 May 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 11 August 1941), No.12 EFTS (graduated 25 September 1941), and No.5 SFTS (graduated 12 September 1941). Commissioned December 1941. Unit may have been either No.97 or No.106 Squadron. Killed in action 25/26 February 1943 with No.106 Squadron (Lancaster R4886); buried in Germany. DFC and Bar presented to next of kin, 13 June 1944.

 

One night in July 1942 this officer was captain of an aircraft detailed to attack a target in northwest Germany. When nearing the target area his aircraft was intercepted by an enemy fighter but Pilot Officer Curtin evaded it and flew on to the objective. Shortly after leaving the target area his aircraft was again intercepted by enemy fighters. In the ensuing engagement the rear gunner and wireless operator were badly wounded. Pilot Officer Curtin was almost blinded by cordite from a bursting shell and the aircraft lost height by several thousand feet before the captain was able to clear his eyes and regain control. Later, when nearing the Dutch coast, the bomber was hit by fire from the ground defences. The navigator sustained wounds and the aircraft was damaged. Despite this, Pilot Officer Curtin flew on and eventually reached this country. In difficult circumstances he made a safe landing in a field. Afterwards he assisted his wounded crew from the aircraft and then went off for further help. In this, his first operational flight, Pilot Officer Curtin displayed great courage, determination and devotion to duty.

 

 

CURTIN, F/L Donald Joseph, DFC (J9340) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.106 Squadron - Award effective 10 February 1943 as per London Gazette dated 12 February 1943 and AFRO 410/43 dated 12 March 1943.

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, this officer has participated in numerous operational sorties against heavily defended targets in the Ruhr and in north Italy. During a daylight raid on Milan in October, when attacked by enemy fighters, Flight Lieutenant Curtin skilfully evaded them and enabled his gunners to destroy one and drive off the other. On two consecutive nights in January 1943, he took part in attacks on Berlin, on the second occasion spending thirty minutes over the target to ensure accurate bombing. This officer has always displayed the greatest courage and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

CURTIN, F/O Joseph Patrick (J21889) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.138 Squadron - Award effective 30 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1943 and AFRO 166/44 dated 28 January 1944. Born 1916 in Govan, Saskatchewan; home there; enlisted Regina, 17 July 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 24 April 1942) and No.3 AOS (graduated 28 August 1942). Commissioned 1942. Award presented 6 November 1948. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

 

* * * * *

 

CURTIS, F/L Joseph Robert (J16520) - Air Force Cross - No.435 Squadron (identified in AFRO only as "Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Ponoka, Alberta; enlisted in Calgary, 10 January 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 29 April 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1941), and No. 15 SFTS (graduated 13 September 1941). Killed on flying operations in Canada, 15 October 1954. No citation in AFRO or biographical file. DHist file 181.009 D.1768 (RG.24 Vol.20610) has recommendation dated 27 October 1945 when he had flown 2,505 hours, 1,500 on transport duties, 300 in previous six months. Deputy Flight Commander. Citation is poorly drafted. Award presented 1 April 1949.

 

This officer has been in Transport Command for the past two years on various work. Commencing firstly with supply dropping and flying passengers and freight to the forward areas [of] India and Burma during the Battle of Burma. After extremely good work during the above campaign, he spent many months at an OTU in India engaged in the untiring work of training new crews to fit into the airborne role of transport work.

 

Early in 1945, Flight Lieutenant Curtis returned to a squadron in the United Kingdom, where he flew transport aircraft carrying valuable loads of passengers and freight to destinations ranging as far as India. With his valuable experience he was considered an exceptional Captain, and often was called upon to fly the most important personages and freight through the worst of weather.

 

He has played a star role in this unit in training the new crews. He is strongly recommended for the Air Force Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

CURTIS, WO Robert Douglas (R92557) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.97 Squadron - Award effective 19 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 27 June 1944 and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Born 1922 in Salmon River, British Columbia; home in Trail, British Columbia; enlisted Calgary 13 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 4 June 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 27 July 1941), No.15 SFTS (ceased training 3 October 1941) and No.3 BGS (graduated 31 July 1942). Award presented 27 November 1948. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8780 has recommendation dated 18 March 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (197 hours), including thirteen with an unidentified unit prior to joining No.97 Squadron. Sortie list identical to that of P/O James B. Findlay (although for some reason Findlay's form states he had flown more operational hours).

 

Pre-No.97 Squadron No.97 Squadron

 

21 June 43 Krefeld (4.45) 22 Sept 43 Oldenburg (4.35)

24 June 43 Elberfeld (5.40) 23 Sept 43 Mannheim (6.00)

28 June 43 Cologne (5.00) 1 Oct 43 Hagen (4.30)

3 July 43 Cologne (5.45) 2 Oct 43 Munich (7.50)

8 July 43 Cologne (3.50) 4 Oct 43 Frankfurt (5.20)

27 July 43 Hamburg (5.05) 9 Oct 43 Hanover (4.55)

29 July 43 Hamburg (5.05) 18 Oct 43 Hanover (4.50)

30 July 43 Remscheid (4.30) 20 Oct 43 Leipzig (6.45)

2 Aug 43 Hamburg (4.45) 22 Oct 43 Kassel (5.35)

9 Aug 43 Mannheim (5.50) 10 Nov 43 Modane (6.35)

12 Aug 43 Milan (8.00) 11 Nov 43 Cannes (7.40)

17 Aug 43 Peenemunde (6.50) 17 Nov 43 Mannheim (5.35)

23 Aug 43 Berlin (7.10) 22 Nov 43 Berlin (5.45)

27 Nov 43 Berlin (6.30)

10 Dec 43 Berlin (6.40)

20 Dec 43 Frankfurt (4.20)

23 Dec 43 Berlin (6.30)

14 Jan 44 Brunswick (5.00)

21 Jan 44 Magdeburg (6.20)

27 Jan 44 Berlin (6.45)

15 Feb 44 Berlin (6.45)

19 Feb 44 Leipzig (6.10)

20 Feb 44 Stuttgart (5.55)

27 Feb 44 Schweinfurt (6.55)

15 Mar 44 Stuttgart (6.40)

 

Warrant Officer Curtis has completed 38 successful sorties against enemy targets, 25 of them in the Pathfinder Force, of which 24 have been marker sorties.

 

He is the mid-upper gunner of a crew which have many very successful sorties to their credit, and who have been attacked several times by enemy aircraft but have always successfully pressed home their attacks, frequently in the face of the heaviest opposition.

 

There is no doubt that Warrant Officer Curtis's vigilance and coolness under fire have, on more than one occasion, been the means of enabling his crew to reach the peak of efficiency which they have now attained.

 

* * * * *

 

CURTIS, Sergeant Russell Edward (R66257) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.104 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1942 as per London Gazette dated 4 December 1942 and AFRO 2069/42 dated 18 December 1942. American in RCAF. Born in Pennsylvania, 1921; home in Albion, Pennsylvania. Enlisted in Niagara Falls, Ontario, 7 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 February 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 22 April 1941), and No.8 SFTS (graduated 27 July 1941). Ferry pilot. Commissioned 1943. As of 1949 he was with Spartan School of Aeronautics, in Oklahoma. DFC and DFM presented in Chicago, 28 November 1947.

 

Sergeant Curtis is a most determined pilot who, throughout his operational career, has always succeeded in his attacks which have sometimes been made in the face of severe ground opposition. Once, following an attack on the marshalling yards at Messina, his aircraft was hit and severely damaged. With great skill he flew it back to base, executing a masterly landing without injury to his crew. Three weeks later the engine of his aircraft failed when over the target area but by superb airmanship he managed to maintain height for two hours in bad weather conditions, before making a successful crash landing without injuring his crew. This airman's operational record was of the very highest standard and his technical ability outstanding.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9606 has recommendation dated 3 November 1942 which is rather more detailed than that published:

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has completed 29 operational sorties and has always shown the greatest determination at bombing the target. Without exception on all trips that he has completed he has bombed in the target area, in many cases against severe ground opposition. On three of his trips he has saved his crew through piloting of the highest order. Once after attacking Messina with a 4,000-pound bomb and hitting the marshalling yards, causing very large explosions and fires, his aircraft was hit and one of the fuel lines severed. This became evident shortly after leaving the target and one engine stopped. He managed to isolate the damaged system and returned over Malta where both engines cut through lack of fuel. He was unable to make a landing on the aerodrome and successfully executed a perfect landing in the water just off shore without injury to the crew.

 

Three weeks later while attacking Tmini aerodrome the engine failed over the target. He maintained height for two hours in conditions of low cloud and bad visibility, found a flarepath and made a successful landing without damage to the aircraft or injury to the crew.

 

Yet again, returning from a raid, one engine caught fire over the Delta which he extinguished and as he was losing height fast, set course for the nearest aerodrome. He was unable to complete a circuit ad had to land across the flarepath. This landing he executed with great skill and brought the machine to rest again without damage or injury to his crew.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer's operational record so far is of the very highest standard and his ability to handle aircraft under adverse conditions gives an example of the ability he displays when under enemy fire.

 

CURTIS, F/L Russell Edward, DFM (J24086) - Distinguished Service Order - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 3 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1/45 dated 5 January 1945. Cited with F/O D.A. McGillivray (RCAF, awarded DSO), F/L Hugh F. Smith (RCAF, awarded DFC), F/O Robert G. Marshall (RCAF, awarded DFC), F/O Charles F. Wattie (RCAF, awarded DFC), and Sergeant J.D. Rose (RAF, awarded DFM). Medals and logbook displayed in RCAF Memorial Museum, Trenton, Ontario.

 

* * * * *

 

CURTIS, A/V/M Wilfred Austin, DSC (C317) - Commander, Order of the British Empire - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 28 May 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. First World War fighter ace and later Chief of Air Staff (1947-1953). Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953. Died 7 August 1977. Recommended for CBE in April 1943 by Air Marshal Harold Edwards. It appears he had been recommended earlier, but the suggestion had not reached Priority List for honours. The following citation was found in Governor General's Records, RG.7 Group 26, File 190-I (1943 dossier).

 

Air Vice-Marshal Curtis, DSC, has rendered untiring and devoted service since the commencement of present hostilities. In the Auxiliary Active Air Force, prior to the present war, this officer's display of energy, leadership and integrity, combined with a pleasing personality, was an inspiration to all those with whom he came in contact. Since September 1939, Air Vice-Marshal Curtis has consecutively filled with distinction, high executive positions in No.1 Training Command Headquarters, Air Force Headquarters and RCAF Headquarters Overseas. This officer's diligence, devotion to duty, keenness and conscientiousness in his every effort, his loyalty and industriousness to complete the tasks at hand, have combined to make him an invaluable officer.

 

NOTE: the undated 1942 recommendation for a CBE (not issued) is interesting and could be compared to final:

 

Air Vice Marshal Curtis has brought to the Service a fund of knowledge and experience based on last war service, a successful business career and a most satisfactory record in the Auxiliary Air Force. Since the beginning of the war he has an excellent record as Headquarters Staff Officer and also as a Station Commander. Since his arrival in the United Kingdom he has been called upon to aid in dealing with problems arising out of the interpretation of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, problems dealing with training generally and the multitude of questions which occur when two Services with different procedures and systems endeavour to co-operate towards a common goal. These problems have been met with tact and diplomacy and his handling of RCAF-RAF Liaison has been to no small degree responsible for the happy relations which exist. By his zeal and enthusiasm he infects all RCAF personnel and his services are eminently outstanding.

 

CURTIS, A/V/M Wilfred Austin, CBE, DSC, ED (C317) - Companion, Order of the Bath - AFHQ - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Recommended 26 March 1946 by Air Marshal Leckie:

 

Air Vice-Marshal Curtis served with the Auxiliary Air Force for a number of years before the war. Through his voluntary efforts he thus obtained valuable experience in Air Force matters and thus at the start of hostilities was immediately entrusted with important responsibilities. He served in various senior staff positions including that of Deputy Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Overseas, and he has been a member of the Air Force Council since 1943. He represents the Royal Canadian Air Force on the United States-Canada Permanent Joint Board on Defence. His outstanding devotion to duty, tactful manner, skill and persistence have enabled him to render most valuable contribution to the efficient administration of the Royal Canadian Air Force.

 

CURTIS, A/V/M Wilfred Austin, CB, CBE, DSC, ED (C317) - US Legion of Merit (Degree of Commander) - Air Force Headquarters - Award effective 18 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette dated 13 July 1946 and AFRO 726/46 dated 26 July 1946. Colonel R.E.S. Williams, Military Attache, to AFHQ, 31 May 1946, gives citation:

 

Air Vice Marshal Wilford [sic] A. Curtis, Royal Canadian Air Force, distinguished himself as a member of the Permanent Joint Board on Defence, Canada-United States, from April 1944 to March 1946. He ably assisted in expediting the solution of problems pertaining to the placing of American troops and installations within the Dominion of Canada. His characteristic cooperation and devotion to duty materially furthered the collaboration of the two countries in ensuring the security of the North American continent during World War II.

 

CURTIS, A/V/M Wilfred Austin (C317) - Chevalier of the Legion of Honour (France) - AFHQ - AFRO 485/47 dated 12 September 1947.

 

CURTIS, A/V/M Wilfred Austin (C317) - Croix de Guerre avec Palm (France) - AFHQ - AFRO 485/47 dated 12 September 1947.

 

CURTIS, A/M Wilfred Austin (C317) - Military Order of Italy, Degree of Commander - Awarded as per AFRO 798/51.

 

* * * * *

 

CURTIS, P/O William Arthur (J86474) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 1922, Neepawa, Manitoba; home in Melfort, Saskatchewan; enlisted Saskatoon, 18 September 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 1 August 1942) and No.9 AOS (graduated 30 December 1942). Commissioned 1944. Award presented 22 April 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20632) has recommendation dated 23 July 1944 when he had completed 28 sorties (159 hours 40 minutes), 2 January 1944 to 19 July 1944.

 

This officer, the navigator of the crew captained by Pilot Officer Monahan, has since January 1944 completed 28 sorties over enemy territory, including such long distance targets at Stuttgart, Schweinfurt and Nuremburg, calling for a high degree of navigational ability.

 

His outstanding ability and strong sense of duty have been a constant source of encouragement to his fellow navigators, and his cheerful confidence has inspired a high standard of morale in his crew.

 

Pilot Officer Curtis has at all times displayed exceptional fearlessness in the face of intensive enemy opposition and has cooly carried out his work efficiently...

 

* * * * *

 

CUSH, F/O Hugh Harold Stephen (J20642) - French Croix de Guerre - No.122 Squadron (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Awarded as per AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born in Calgary, 26 December 1919; home there; enlisted Toronto, 12 November 1941. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 10 April 1942), No.9 EFTS (graduated 17 July 1942) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 6 November 1942). Commissioned 6 November 1942; Flying Officer, 6 May 1943; Flight Lieutenant, 6 November 1944. Posted to Britain, arriving 18 December 1942; No.17 (P) AFU, 18 February to 23 March 1943; No.57 OTU, 23 March to 3 August 1943; No.122 Squadron, 3 August 1943 to 1 December 1944; No.53 OTU, 1 December 1944 to 16 May 1945; repatriated to Canada, 2 August 1945; released, 21 September 1945. Aerial victories as follows: 25 July 1944, one FW.190 destroyed, St.Leger; 26 July 1944, one FW.190 destroyed (shared with another pilot), Laigle; 27 September 1944, one Bf.109 destroyed, Nijmegen. Public Records Office Air 2/9645 has citation.

 

During the battle for France Flying Officer Cush participated in much operational flying including armed reconnaissances and patrols during which he assisted in the destruction of numerous transports and trains. On one occasion Flying Officer Cush displayed outstanding courage and ability after his aircraft had sustained extensive damage whilst flying over Paris. Flying Officer Cush was wounded in the neck and his radio transmitter was rendered unserviceable; in addition, ammunition was exploding in the starboard wing and the starboard tank was on fire. Nevertheless this officer flew the aircraft back to base successfully. Flying Officer Thomerson [sic - error for Cush] has destroyed at least two enemy aircraft.

 

 

* * * * *

 

CUSHLEY, S/L Robert (C9306) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. Home in Ottawa; enlisted at Camp Borden, 23 May 1928.

 

* * * * *

 

CUSSON, FS Raymond Joseph (R51634) - British Empire Medal - No.2 Service Flying Training School - enlisted at Fort William, 15 April 1940 (home in Fort William) - Awarded 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Later in No.407 Squadron. Award presented 29 August 1946.

 

This non-commissioned officer, for the past four years, has served as an aero engine mechanic at this unit. Throughout this period he has done outstandingly fine work on salvage operations and tradesmen training courses. In particular, he has been largely responsible for the direction and design of synthetic training devices, which have proven of great value in all phases of training at this unit. His energetic application and devotion to duty are outstanding.

 

* * * * *

 

CUTHBERT, P/O Harvey Elliot (J87682) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.101 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Born 1913 in Pierson, Manitoba; home in Edmonton or McLennan, Alberta; enlisted Edmonton, 5 June 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 24 October 1942), No.2 BGS (graduated 19 March 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 10 February 1943). Commissioned 1944. Award presented 29 November 1947. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations during which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9276 has recommendation dated 30 May 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (178 hours 20 minutes). This is an interesting document because at every level from squadron to group it is for a DFM and he is referred to as "Flight Sergeant Cuthbert", with the rank being typed over and "Pilot Officer" substituted. The sortie sheet is also exceptionally detailed (apparently common practice in this squadron) and it copied here in full.

 

20 Dec 43 Frankfurt While the attack was made the aircraft was hit by flak which holed No.2 port tank.

 

23 Dec 43 Berlin Many large fires and explosions on target in concentrated attack.

 

29 Dec 43 Berlin Quiet trip. Well directed attack producing very good attack.

 

1 Jan 44 Berlin Heavy flak over target. 10/10 cloud. Through breaks saw many fires.

 

14 Jan 44 Brunswick Many searchlights on route, but attack seemed to be concentrated.

 

20 Jan 44 Berlin Heavy attack. Many large fires, with smoke rising to 23,000 feet.

 

21 Jan 44 Magdeburg Concentrated attack in target area with scattered fires around.

 

15 Feb 44 Berlin Many large fires and explosions in a successful and heavy attack.

 

19 Feb 44 Leipzig Attacked target on three engines. 10/10 cloud. Glow of fires seen through clouds.

 

20 Feb 44 Stuttgart Two very large dull red explosions seen prior to, and after, bombing.

 

24 Feb 44 Schweinfurt Engaged by enemy fighters on route without damage. Observed many fires and explosions in target area.

 

25 Feb 44 Augsburg The heaviest concentration appeared to be east of the target. Clear visibility for god observations.

 

1 Mar 44 Stuttgart Fires seen through gaps in cloud. Glow could be seen 150 miles distant.

 

15 Mar 44 Stuttgart Very scattered attack. Two large fires seen to southeast of target.

 

18 Mar 44 Frankfurt Haze over target. Well placed markers directed a good attack.

 

22 Mar 44 Frankfurt Clear visibility over target. Heavy attack caused widespread fires and damage.

 

30 Mar 44 Nuremburg Bright moon light assisted enemy fighters causing fairly scattered attack.

 

11 Apr 44 Aachen Very quiet trip. Attacks strong and effective. Many large fires and explosions.

 

18 Apr 44 Rouen Concentrated marking. Ground detail clearly seen showing excellent results of attack.

 

20 Apr 44 Cologne Cloud over target, bombed sky markers. Fair amount of flak.

 

22 Apr 44 Brunswick Successful attack. Target well marked.

 

24 Apr 44 Munich Heavy defences and many searchlights. Heavy attack showed very good results.

 

26 Apr 44 Essen Many fires and large explosions observed. Strong enemy defences.

 

27 Apr 44 Friedrichshaven Quiet trip except over target.

9 May 44 Mardyck Very short and quiet trip. Markers accurate and on time.

 

27 May 44 Bourg Leopold No opposition. A good attack.

 

31 May 44 Trappes Excellent visibility enabled accurate bombing.

 

2 June 44 Berneval A good attack with little opposition.

 

Pilot Officer Cuthbert, a Canadian, has completed 28 very successful operations with this squadron. He is a member of an exceptionally fine crew whose outstanding determination to press home their attacks in the face of the strongest opposition has been materially assisted by this Air Bomber.

 

He has proved himself to be an Air Bomber of unerring skill and determination who possesses great coolness and displays great cheerfulness in the face of danger.

 

Pilot Officer Cuthbert's cheerful confidence and fine example is an inspiration to all with whom he has come in contact, while his co-operation and team spirit is in keeping with the particularly fine crew of which he is a member.

 

It is recommended that this officer's record of achievement and devotion to duty be recognised by an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

CUTTING, F/L Robert James (J20080) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.414 Squadron. Award effective 3 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1945 and AFRO 1672/45 dated 2 November 1945. Born 1916 in Windsor, Ontario; home in Detroit, Michigan or Saint John, New Brunswick (salesman); enlisted London, Ontario, 8 September 1939. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 25 April 1942), No.21 EFTS (graduated 4 July 1942) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 5 July 1942). NOTE: These dates do not male sense and should be checked. Commissioned 1942.

 

Flight Lieutenant Cutting has completed numerous sorties covering all phases of reconnaissance operations. He has always shown great courage in the face of danger. On one occasion his aircraft was attacked by over twenty enemy fighters and he destroyed one and damaged another. On another occasion his aircraft was badly damaged by anti-aircraft fire but by skilful airmanship he crash-landed at base bringing back valuable information for immediate use. Flight Lieutenant Cutting is a pilot of exceptional ability and has been a valuable asset to his unit.

 

* * * * *

 

CYBULSKI, F/L Martin Anthony (J15807) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.410 Squadron - Award effective 26 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 9 November 1943 and AFRO 358/44 dated 18 February 1944. Born Otter Lake, Quebec, 1916; home in Ottawa. Sergeant in Canadian Militia for ten years. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 31 October 1940), No.6 EFTS (graduated 3 January 1941) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 17 March 1941). Commissioned 1942. Destroyed a Do.217 on the night of 26 September 1943. Injured in flying accident, 24 December 1943. Award presented 22 November 1944. Cited with F/O H.H. Ladbrook (RAF, awarded DFC). Later changed his surname to "Ross". Died in Cambridge Memorial Hospital, 26 April 1987.

 

As pilot and observer respectively, Flight Lieutenant Cybulski and Flying Officer Ladbrook have taken part in numerous sorties, involving attacks on rail installations, locomotives and various other targets. During a sortie one night in September 1943, they attacked a Dornier 217 at close range. Following a well directed burst of fire, the enemy aircraft exploded in the air. Flight Lieutenant Cybulski was temporarily blinded by the explosion and the aircraft went into a steep dive. Flying Officer Ladbrook resourcefully regained control, however, and afterwards Flight Lieutenant Cybulski, who had quickly recovered, flew the aircraft to base. These officers have invariably displayed great skill and tenacity.

 

* * * * *

 

CYBULSKI, P/O Stanley Julian (J15531) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 16 June 1942 as per London Gazette dated 22 September 1942 and AFRO 1653/42 dated 16 October 1942. Born 1919 in Jasmin, Saskatchewan; home in Pembroke, Ontario. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.7 EFTS, and No.5 SFTS. Commissioned June 1942. Invested with award by King George, 8 December 1942. Killed in action with No.156 Squadron, 21 December 1942; buried in France.

 

This officer has completed all his operational tasks skilfully and with great determination. On many occasions difficulties have been encountered but Pilot Officer Cybulski has shown great perseverance and determination to reach his objective. He has participated in attacks on the majority of the enemy's most important targets.

 

Public Records Office Air 2/9598 has recommendation dated 21 July 1942 when he had flown 24 sorties (142 hours 40 minutes) and gives more details.

 

22 Feb 42 Valenciennes (5.00, 24 Apr 42 Rostock (7.55)

Nickling) 4 May 42 Stuttgart (8.00)

26 Feb 42 GARDENING, Yams (6.25) 7 May 42 GARDENING, Forget-me-Not

1 Apr 42 Le Havre (6.05) (7.55)

2 Apr 42 Le Havre (4.45) 8 May 42 Not stated; a/c returned u/s.

4 Apr 42 GARDENING, Nectarine II 30 May 42 Cologne (4.00, engine u/s,

(4.50) returned with incendiaries)

5 Apr 42 Cologne (7.00) 1 June 42 Essen (5.10)

10 Apr 42 Essen (5.50) 2 June 42 Essen (5.05)

13 Apr 42 GARDENING, Nectarine II 5 June 42 Essen (5.25)

(5.15, returned with 17 June 42 GARDENING, Beech (7.35)

mine) 19 June 42 Osnabruck (5.30)

14 Apr 42 Dortmund (4.05, returned 21 June 42 GARDENING, Artichokes (6.00)

with bombs, a/c u/s) 25 June 42 Bremen (6.15)

23 Apr 42 Rostock (8.45) 27 June 42 Sea sweep (5.30)

14 Jul 42 GARDENING, Beech (7.10)

 

This officer has carried out all his operational commitments with great courage, skill and determination. On one occasion one engine failed soon after crossing the English coast. Pilot Officer Cybulski turned back, but some twenty minutes later was able to start the engine up again, and as it appeared to be running normally, turned again and proceeded to the target, which was bombed successfully.

 

In several other operations he has persevered to a successful conclusion in the face of difficulties that would have deterred many others. On one occasion he brought back two excellent pictures of the target area.

 

This young officer has maintained a very high standard as a bomber captain, and has set an excellent example to the remainder of his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

CYR, P/O Maurice (J94265) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Born 1922 in Ottawa; home there (hotel handyman); enlisted there 16 January 1941. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 26 March 1944. Commissioned March 1945. Award presented at Government House, 7 November 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 10 April 1945 when he had flown 22 sorties (156 hours), 30 November 1944 to 16 April 1945.

 

Pilot Officer Cyr has participated in 22 sorties as mid-upper gunner of heavy bomber aircraft. The majority of the targets have been in the most heavily defended areas of the Ruhr. He has always displayed keenness and alertness and his vigilance and devotion to duty have contributed materially to the safety of his aircraft and its crew.

 

It is considered that the coolness displayed by this officer in the face of the enemy, together with his fine fighting spirit and devotion to duty, fully merit the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.