COPE, F/O Jacob Lewis (J28702) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Home in Sioux Lookout, Ontario; enlisted there 8 June 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 5 March 1943) and No.7 AOS (graduated 23 July 1943). Award presented 5 June 1949. No citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy". Public Records Office Air 2/9083 has recommendation dated 23 March 1945 when he had flown 44 sorties (221 hours 20 minutes), 22 May 1944 to 14 March 1945.

 

22 May 44 Le Mans (5.40) 26 Aug 44 Kiel (5.45)

24 May 44 Aachen (4.50) 12 Sep 44 Wanne Eickel (3.15)

26 May 44 Cherbourg (3.50) 13 Sep 44 Gelsenkirchen (3.15)

27 May 44 Borg Leopold (5.45) 15 Sep 44 Kiel (5.15)

31 May 44 Au Fevre (4.05) 5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (5.05)

6 June 44 Houlgate (4.45) 14 Oct 44 Duisburg (3.25)

6 June 44 Conde sur Noireaux 25 Oct 44 Homberg (3.25)

(6.10) 2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (5.30)

7 June 44 Lorient (6.00) 12 Dec 44 Essen (4.25)

9 June 44 Le Mans (5.45) 17 Dec 44 Ulm (6.05)

12 Jun 44 Arras (4.30) 28 Dec 44 Bonn (4.10)

24 Jun 44 Bonnetot (4.30) 2 Jan 45 Nuremburg (6.40)

25 Jun 44 Gorenflos (4.30) 5 Jan 45 Royan (6.40)

28 Jun 44 Wizernes (3.50) 14 Jan 45 Saarbrucken (4.30)

4 July 44 Villeneuve St. 3 Feb 45 Bottrop (4.30)

George (5.55) 8 Feb 45 Politz (8.05)

6 July 44 Siracourt (4.30) 23 Feb 45 Pforzheim (6.25)

8 July 44 Lorient (6.40) 1 Mar 45 Mannheim (5.05),

12 Jul 44 Bremont (4.15) 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz (8.10),

7 Aug 44 Caen area (2.40) Master Bomber

14 Aug 44 Potigny (2.40) 8 Mar 45 Hamburg (5.55)

15 Aug 44 Volkel (3.10) 11 Mar 45 Essen (4.30)

18 Aug 44 Bremen (5.05) 14 Mar 45 Zweibrucken (5.00)

25 Aug 44 Russelsheim (7.10)

 

Flying Officer Cope is a navigator of great skill and determination. His work on operations has always ben of an unfailing high standard. The results achieved by this officer's crew have been due, in no small measure, to his great ability. He has always evidenced great keenness to take part in operations, and despite the large number of sorties he has participated in, he is nevertheless extremely willing and conscientious. Flying Officer Cope is at present engaged on his second tour of operations, and has participated in attacks on targets such as Kiel, Nuremburg and Chemnitz.

 

* * * * *

 


COPE, F/O Roy Allan (J90328) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.103 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Home in Forest, Ontario; enlisted London, 8 April 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 10 October 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 19 February 1943). Award presented 28 May 1947. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8750 has recommendation dated 28 March 1945 when he had flown 35 sorties (213 hours 50 minutes), 8 September 1944 to 15 March 1945.

 

8 Sept 44 Le Havre 29 Dec 44 Gelsenkirchen

10 Sep 44 Le Havre 28 Jan 45 Stuttgart

20 Sep 44 Calais 1 Feb 45 Ludwigshaven

26 Sep 44 Cap Gris Nez 2 Feb 45 Wiesbaden

27 Sep 44 Calais 7 Feb 45 Cleve

28 Sep 44 Calais 8 Feb 45 Politz

5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken 13 Feb 45 Dresden

7 Oct 44 Emmerich 14 Feb 45 GARDENING

19 Oct 44 Stuttgart 20 Feb 45 Dortmund

28 Oct 44 Cologne 21 Feb 45 Duisburg

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz

6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen 7 Mar 45 Dessau

16 Nov 44 Duren 8 Mar 45 Kassel

18 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel 11 Mar 45 Essen

3 Dec 44 Urft Dam 12 Mar 44 GARDENING

6 Dec 44 Merseburg 13 Mar 45 Herne

15 Dec 44 Ludwigshaven 15 Mar 45 Misburg

22 Dec 44 Coblenz

 

This officer was posted to No.103 Squadron on 17th January 1945 and has now completed his first operational tour, comprising 35 sorties, with a total of 213.50 hours flying on Lancaster aircraft.

 

During the time Pilot Officer Cope has been with the squadron he has participated in attacks involving operations in support of the Allied Expeditionary Forces, large scale attacks on enemy industrial targets and marshalling yards, and minelaying. This officer has not only proved an outstanding operational navigator, but always possessed a cheerful determination, combined with endurance and reliability. These qualities have contributed in no small measure to the remarkably successful tour of operations carried out by his crew.

 

I strongly recommend that Pilot Officer Cope's excellent work be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

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COPELAND, F/L Jack Cameron (J9421) - Mention in Despatches -No.441 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. Born in Brantford, Ontario, 25 October 1918. Home in Toronto; served in Algonquin Regiment; enlisted North Bay 13 March 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 14 July 1941), No.12 EFTS (graduated 13 September 1941) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 20 December 1941). Unit not identified in AFRO, which merely says "Overseas". See The RCAF Overseas: The Fifth Year, p.248 and The RCAF Overseas: The Sixth Year. Shot down a FW.190 on 13 July 1944, shared in destruction of a Bf.109 on 18 July 1944 and destroyed a Bf.109 on 27 September 1944. Claimed 99 sorties (154 hours ten minutes) on one form. However, Directorate of History and Heritage file 78/323 folio 9 has recommendation for a DFC drafted 7 January 1945 by S/L R.H. Walker which mentions 104 sorties (148 operational hours). At the time he was second-in-command of a Flight.

 

Flight Lieutenant Copeland has just left for one months leave in Canada, having served actively overseas for three years. He instructed for 18 months on Tiger Moths and is credited with one tour of operations with this squadron.

 

During his first few engagements, this officer was twice hit by enemy fighters, but in both cases brought his badly shot-up Spitfire back to crash land on the aerodrome. Demoralizing as this was, he continued to carry the attack to the enemy and in his next two engagements, destroyed a FW.190 on the 13th July, 1944, and shared a ME.109 destroyed with his No.2 on 18th July 1944. Both of these successes were obtained in the Argentan area. While providing cover for the paratroop attack at Arnhem on September 27th, 1944 [sic] he attacked and destroyed an additional ME.109. These successes have been achieved while flying protective patrols over the front line, from D Day until after the Arnhem show. He has destroyed 22 enemy road transport and damaged two barges by shooting up the Huns ahead of our army from Normandy to Holland. On one occasion he was hit by flak in the Falaise Gap area, but again brought his aircraft back safely to base.

 

Flight Lieutenant Copeland has displayed great courage and determination to seek out and destroy the Hun where ever he could be found and has contributed largely to the fine record of this squadron. I therefore recommend the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

An appendix to this submission breaks down his sorties as follows: Patrols (49); Armed Reconnaissances (30), Escorts (15), Sweeps (four), Dive Bombing (two), Air/Sea Rescue (two), Scramble (one), Ship Reconnaissance (one). However, the figure of 22 enemy road transport destroyed is actually broken down as MET Destroyed (13) and MET damaged (nine).

 

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COPENHAVER, P/O Lawrence Benjamin (J16770) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 20 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 1 October 1943 and AFRO 2258/43 dated 5 November 1943. American in the RCAF. Born 11 August 1916; home in Salem, Illinois; enlisted in RCAF at Windsor, Ontario, 26 April 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS, 27 May to 27 July 1941 (promoted to Leading Aircraftman on latter date); at No.15 EFTS, 27 July to 12 September 1941; at No.4 SFTS, 13 September to 5 December 1941 (awarded wings as Sergeant Pilot). Posted overseas, January 1942; commissioned 26 December 1942; promoted to Flying Officer, 26 June 1943; transferred to American forces, 10 January 1944. Award presented 30 July 1944. Awarded Bar to DFC, September 1944; see data base of awards to non-RCAF personnel serving in RCAF units.

Several of the sorties completed by this officer have been bombing attacks on heavily defended targets in Germany. He has invariably evinced a keen interest in his duties while his courage and determination have been mainly responsible for the good work performed by his crew over difficult targets.

* * * * *

COPLAND, S/L Alfred (C10909) - Member, Order of the British Empire - Eastern Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Home in Seaforth, Ontario. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 10 April 1942. Award presented May 1949.

As a result of his wide experience in Canada's northland, this officer proved of inestimable value to the Royal Canadian Air Force in the establishing of bases and radio units on the Labrador coast and in isolated parts of Newfoundland. Possessed of a keen executive ability, the knowledge of the conditions under which Royal Canadian Air Force personnel manning the bases would be required to live, and the necessary initiative to provide means of meeting the conditions, Squadron Leader Copland's direction of the enterprise resulted in the saving of thousands of dollars to the Royal Canadian Air Force through the economical and efficient co-ordination of the project. During the summer months of three years this officer personally directed the work in the field. During these periods he covered thousands of miles of virgin northland by air and boat, often under hazardous and primitive conditions.

 

* * * * *

 

COPLEY, F/L William (C10938) - Mention in Despatches - No.8422 Servicing Echelon - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. Home in Fort William; enlisted Winnipeg, 19 November 1936. Unit identified only as "Overseas" in AFRO; Squadron ORB dated 25 June 1945 mentions the award.

 

COPLEY, F/L William (C10938) - Mention in Despatches - No.422 Squadron - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944.

 

* * * * *

 

COPP, FS Arthur Paisley (R99319) - British Empire Medal - Station Lachine - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Chatham, New Brunswick; enlisted in Moncton, 27 May 1941. Medal presented 20 April 1948.

 

Flight Sergeant Copp has performed his duties as fire chief in a most commendable manner. He has always been indefatigable in his efforts to prevent fire and fire hazards. His work has been particularly outstanding because the danger of fire from personnel carelessness was greatly enhanced by the nature of the station, the function of which was first to despatch personnel for Overseas posting and later to receive repatriated personnel on their return. This non-commissioned officer has used care and shown personal effort beyond the ordinary and has a fine record as a fire chief.

 

* * * * *

 

COPP, F/O Lawrence Russell (J22476) - Croix de Guerre (France) - Overseas - Awarded as per AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 1 October 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS and No.9 AOS (graduated 14 August 1942). Public Records Office Air 2/8769 has recommended citation but no unit.

 

This officer has shown outstanding ability as a navigator. His keenness and enthusiasm have been particularly remarkable and his efficiency has contributed largely to the success achieved by his crew.

 

* * * * *

 


COPPINGER, F/O John Joseph (J88623) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.161 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Home in Edmonton; enlisted Saskatoon, 13 July 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 5 March 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 6 August 1943). No citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy".

 

* * * * *

 

CORBEIL, F/O Joseph Laurent (J18330) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 5 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 16 September 1940. Trained at No.1 WS (graduated 3 March 1941) and No.6 BGS (graduated 18 August 1941). Award presented 28 June 1947.

 

This officer has displayed great skill and tenacity and has participated in attacks on many vital targets in Germany and enemy occupied territory. He has an outstanding record of accurate bombing and has set a fine example to all. His devotion to duty has been of a very high order.

 

* * * * *

 

CORBIELL, AC1 Joseph Clement Aloysius (R121428) - Mention in Despatches - No.409 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 232/43 dated 12 February 1943. Born 5 February 1920. Home in Cluny, Alberta; enlisted Calgary, 19 August 1941. Posted overseas, April 1942; repatriated February 1944; released 24 March 1945. He began as an airframe mechanic; remustered to Flight Engineer, 19 April 1943; Commissioned 30 April 1944 (C86006). Unit not given in AFRO but inferred from The RCAF Overseas: The First Four Years, p.127 (linking him to BEM action of LAC H.R. Carter). DHist file 181.009 D.3512 (RG.24 Vol.20640) has letter from CO, No.409 Squadron to CO, Station Digby, 23 September 1943 which describes the incident (see below); another letter dated 24 September stated that after consultation with AOC No.12 Group it had been decided to recommend Carter for George Medal and Corbiell for BEM. Carter received BEM.

 

In connection with the crash of Beaufighter X8106 at Colby Grange on the night of 19.9.42, it is desired to draw attention to the exceptional work performed by the above airmen in rescuing Observer Sgt. Leahy.

 


Carter and Corbiell, who were working nearby when the machine struck the stores hut, immediately ran over to the crash and found that the perspex of the Observer's astrodome was broken. In spite of the fact that the front of the aircraft was burning fiercely and the remaining petrol tanks were likely to explode at any moment, Carter, being the smallest, climbed through the hole in the perspex and found the Observer in the middle of the aircraft lying across the ammunition tanks. He had some difficulty in raising him as the cord of his R/T helmet was wound round his face and had caught on some projection in the aircraft, but finally succeeded in getting him under the astrodome. Corbiell, who was outside, broke away pieces of the perspex with his hands to enlarge the hole and assisted Carter, who was still inside, to lift out the Observer; the latter was then carried away by some other airmen. Carter and Corbiell then left the aircraft as the ammunition began to explode.

 

Both Carter and Corbiell displayed great courage and a complete disregard for their personal safety. The Observer, Sergeant Leahy, owes his life to their prompt and courageous action and it is recommended that these airmen receive suitable recognition for their fine work.

 

CORBIELL, AC1 Joseph Clement Aloysius (R121428) - Mention in Despatches - Award effective 1 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943 and AFRO 1247/43 dated 2 July 1943.

 

* * * * *

 

CORBET, G/C Alexander Andrew Gordon (C4024) - Mention in Despatches - EAC Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born in Saint John, New Brunswick, 9 February 1906. Home in Halifax. Joined the Militia in 1935; enlisted in RCAF 16 November 1940. Also awarded Efficiency Decoration; in 1950 admitted to the Order of St.John of Jerusalem. Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 30 October 1953 (Air Commodore, AFHQ). Retired in 1961; died in Ottawa 4 December 1965.

 

Group Captain Corbet has held the position of Principal Medical Officer at Eastern Air Command for nearly four years. An officer of high merit and skill he has, during this period, demonstrated his aptitude for handling medical problems peculiar to operational commands and at all times has been an inspiration to his associates in the medical profession.

 

CORBET, G/C Alexander Andrew Gordon, ED (19972) - Medal of Merit, 1st Class (Czechoslovakia) - Canada Gazette dated 24 January 1948, AFRO 81/48 dated 6 February 1948. Medical branch.

 

* * * * *

 

CORBETT, FS (now P/O) Edward Salter (R74882) - Air Force Medal - No.116 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born at Ganges, British Columbia, 3 January 1921. Enlisted in Vancouver, 25 October 1940. Trained at No.1 WS (graduated 25 May 1941) and No.1 BGS (graduated 23 June 1941). Killed 9 December 1942 when Catalina Z2136 crashed on takeoff. Award presented to next-of-kin in 1943.

 

Flight Sergeant Corbett is an outstanding NCO in his trade. He has completed 1,028 hours flying, of which 723 hours were on operational duties and has made 66 coastal operational flights. During a period of intense enemy activity he cheerfully accepted more than his share of the extra duties imposed on his squadron. His example has been an inspiration to other aircrew personnel.


* * * * *

 

CORBETT, F/O Leslie Allister (J26329) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.640 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Home in New Westminster; enlisted Vancouver, 6 May 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 1 January 1943) and No.3 AOS (graduated 14 May 1943). Award sent by registered mail 7 June 1950.

 

This officer has completed a successful first tour of operations including attacks against Duisburg, Stuttgart and targets in the Ruhr. On one occasion when attacking formation leader on a daylight mission against northern France, one compass was rendered unserviceable. Despite this handicap, Flying Officer Corbett gave valuable assistance to his pilot and subsequently navigated the aircraft safely back to base. He has at all times shown outstanding enthusiasm and devotion to duty of a high order.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9038 has recommendation dated 17 October 1944 when he had flown 39 sorties (162 hours eight minutes) on operations. Unfortunately the sortie list sent from England is missing dates.

 

* * * * *

 

CORBETT, FS Phillips Arnold (R79152) - Mention in Despatches - No.145 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 5 October 1943 as per Canada Gazette and London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2258/43 dated 5 November 1943. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 17 February 1941. Trained at No.1 BGS (graduated 5 January 1942) and No.1 WS (graduated 7 December 1941). NOTE: The AFRO gives his unit as No.145 Squadron - and he was with that outfit on 30 October 1942 when a crew destroyed U-658 - but the citation refers to an incident on 5 May 1943 when U-630 was destroyed; at that time he was with No.5 (BR) Squadron.

 

This NCO, second wireless operator air gunner on convoy patrol duties, by his assistance to the first wireless operator air gunner in the operation of the wireless equipment contributed to the success of the patrol when three enemy submarines were sighted, one of which was destroyed.

 

CORBETT, F/L Phillips Arnold Augustin (J45202) - Mention in Despatches - No.145 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 23 February 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 280/46 dated 15 March 1946 - Trained at No.1 WS and No.1 BGS.

 


On October 30th, 1942, Sergeant (now Flight Lieutenant) Corbett was a wireless air gunner on a Hudson aircraft engaged on convoy escort from Torbay, Newfoundland, which participated in an attack on a German submarine. According to information received from German sources there is every reason to believe that this attack resulted in the destruction of the submarine. The skill and determination of this non-commissioned officer was a contributing factor in the success of this attack.

 

* * * * *

 

CORBETT, S/L Vaughan Bowerman (C299) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.402 Squadron - Award effective 31 January 1942 as per London Gazette dated 13 February 1942 and AFRO 358/44 fated 18 February 1944. P/P/O and Royal Military College Cadet, 24 June 1929; received wings, 19 August 1931. Graduated 1932 and placed on Reserve of Officers, 5 October 1932. Pilot Officer with No.15 Squadron (Auxiliary), 30 December 1935; Flying Officer, 30 December 1937. Flew in Battle of Britain. Credited with one Do.215 damaged (26 August 1940) and one Bf.109 destroyed (27 September 1941, shared with another pilot). Invested with award by King George 14 July 1942. Killed in flying accident at Bagotville, 20 February 1945.

 

This officer has led his squadron on numerous bomber escorts over enemy occupied territory in France. Throughout he has displayed great skill and leadership which have undoubtedly played a large part in the splendid protection afforded to the bomber formations. During these operations, Squadron Leader Corbett has destroyed at least one enemy aircraft and damaged several others. He has also participated in numerous low flying attacks on enemy territory during which his tactical ability and fine fighting spirit have proved an inspiration. This officer, who fought in the Battle of Britain, has always displayed the greatest keenness.

 

* * * * *

 

CORBETT, P/O William David (J88248) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron (missing) - Award effective 6 April 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 765/45 dated 4 May 1945. Home in Edward, Alberta; enlisted Vancouver, 7 April 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 25 September 1942), No.5 EFTS (graduated 18 December 1942) and No.7 SFTS (graduated 16 April 1943). Killed in action 7/8 March 1945 (Halifax MZ815); name on Runnymede Memorial. Award sent by registered mail to his widow, 5 September 1951.

 

One night in February 1945, Pilot Officer Corbett piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Mainze. On the outward journey the port outer engine became unserviceable. Undeterred, Pilot Officer Corbett continued to the target and executed a successful attack. On the return flight the starboard inner engine showed signs of overheating. Nevertheless, skilfully using the defective engine, Pilot Officer Corbett flew the aircraft safely to an airfield in England. This officer has proved himself to be an excellent captain and has set a fine example to all.

 

* * * * *

 


CORBETT, F/O William Grenville (J20958) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.102 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Home in Swift Current, Saskatchewan; enlisted Regina, 5 November 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 8 May 1942), No.19 EFTS (ceased training 23 June 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 20 November 1942). No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9026 has recommendation dated 13 July 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (177 hours), 27 July 1943 to 7 July 1944.

 

27 Jul 43 Sea Search (7.05) 26 Mar 44 Courtrai (4.20)

28 Jul 43 Sea Search (6.20) 28 Mar 44 Vaires (5.30)

29 Jul 43 Sea Search (6.15) 1 Apr 44 GARDENING, Texel

17 Aug 43 Peenemunde (8.15) (3.10)

22 Aug 43 Leverkusen (5.20) 9 Apr 44 Lille (4.30)

30 Aug 43 Gladbach (5.15) 11 Apr 44 GARDENING, Samsos

5 Sept 43 Mannheim (7.40) Island (5.30)

22 Sep 43 Hanover (6.20) 18 Apr 44 GARDENING, Copenhagen

4 Oct 43 Frankfurt (7.10) Bay (6.05)

22 Oct 43 Kassel (6.35) 22 Apr 44 Laon (5.00)

22 Nov 43 Berlin (6.40) 26 Apr 44 Villeneuve St.George

26 Nov 43 Frankfurt (7.55) (5.30)

20 Dec 43 Frankfurt (6.05) 28 Apr 44 Aulnoye (4.00)

28 Jan 44 Berlin (3.50, early 1 May 44 Mourai (4.30)

return) 5 May 44 GARDENING, Brest

24 Feb 44 GARDENING, Kiel Bay (4.45)

(6.25) 10 May 44 Le Havre (3.45)

22 Mar 44 GARDENING, Kiel Bay 27 May 44 Bourg Leopold (4.05)

(6.10) 19 June 44 Dom Leger (3.50)

25 Mar 44 Aulnoye (5.30) 7 July 44 Caen

 

Flying Officer Corbett has recently completed a tour of 32 operations as navigator in Bomber Command aircraft.

 

His sorties have included attacks against a large number of strongly defended targets in Germany including Berlin, Hanover, Kassel, and Ruhr towns. In addition he has operated against a number of targets in enemy occupied territory and has been engaged in mine-laying. Throughout his tour, Flying Officer Corbett has shown great skill as a navigator, and the successful completion of a number of difficult attacks and mine-laying sorties have been due largely to the fact that he has made excellent use of the navigation aids available to him.

 

His ability has been utilized to improve the operational efficiency of the Bomber Group with which he has been operating and he has acted as Squadron Navigational Training Officer for some considerable time.

 

It s considered that the devotion to duty which Flying Officer Corbett has displayed, combined with his courage and skill, fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *

 

CORCORAN, F/O Edward Lambert (J40290) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.10 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 March 1945 and AFRO 132/45 dated 20 January 1945. Had flown 1,390 hours to date, 980 operational hours (120 sorties). Home in Victoria. Enlisted in Vancouver, 15 July 1941. Previously trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 25 February 1942), No.2 AOS (graduated 6 June 1942), No.8 BGS (graduated 18 July 1942) and No.1 ANS (graduated 5 September 1942). Award presented at Sea Island, 22 October 1949.

 

This navigator, throughout his period of duty on coastal operations, has flown with cheerfulness and devotion to duty frequently under extremely hazardous weather conditions. His outstanding efficiency has been largely responsible for the successful completion of many operational sorties. His exceptional ability and devotion to duty have been an outstanding example and have contributed greatly to the high standard of efficiency amongst the aircrew of his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

CORKE, Corporal Edward Albert (R139106) - Mention in Despatches - Middleton St.George - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Identified in AFRO as "Overseas". McEwen papers (CWM) with list of recommendations with MiD recommendations for 1 February to 31 July 1945 identifies unit. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation submitted to OC No.64 Base, 4 May 1945, confirms unit. Home in Brantford. Enlisted in Hamilton, 3 November 1941; had spent six months in Canada, three years overseas.

 

Corporal Corke for many months has been servicing aircraft turrets and guns. When a difficult task has to be done in a very short time it has always been this Corporal who could be relied upon to get the job done. Many times he has worked for hours on aircraft in the cold and darkness, never stopping in order to get aircraft serviceable. This characteristic of dogged determination and devotion to duty beyond what could be expected has made him deserving of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

CORMAN, Sergeant John Edward (R52653) - Mention in Despatches - No.1659 Conversion Unit - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Moncton; enlisted Niagara Falls, Ontario, 10 May 1940. DHist file 181.009 D.2992 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has recommendation forwarded from No.61 Base to Headquarters, No.6 Group, 27 July 1944. He had enlisted 10 May 1940, serving 19 months in Canada and 29 months overseas; Fitter IIE.

 


This Non-Commissioned Officer has, in his long time on No.1659 Conversion Unit, set an example as an efficient organiser with sustained drive for keeping his men working. He has a devotion to [a] sometimes monotonous job beyond the normal call of duty.

 

* * * * *

 

CORMIER, F/O Percival Joseph (J29080) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Home in Mazenod, Saskatchewan; enlisted Regina, 27 August 1940. Trained at No.19 EFTS (graduated 16 April 1943) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 6 August 1943). Award sent by registered mail 11 March 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation dated 20 February 1945 when he had flown 40 sorties (192 hours), 31 July 1944 to 14 February 1945.

 

31 Jul 44 Coqueraux (4.15) 4 Nov 44 Bochum (3.45)

1 Aug 44 L'Hey (3.40) 6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen (3.35)

7 Aug 44 L'Hoque (4.55) 9 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel (3.50)

8 Aug 44 Chantilly (5.15) 15 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel (4.20)

9 Aug 44 Prouville (4.10) 16 Nov 44 Julich (3.40)

12 Aug 44 La Brettque (4.40) 21 Nov 44 Aschaffenberg (5.15)

14 Aug 44 Aisy (4.45) 27 Nov 44 Neuss (4.00)

15 Aug 44 Soesterburg (3.55) 17 Dec 44 Ulm (6.15)

16 Aug 44 Kiel (5.00) 22 Dec 44 Bingen (5.05)

31 Aug 44 Cezember (4.55) 28 Dec 44 Bonn (4.45)

6 Sept 44 Emden (4.35) 29 Dec 44 Scholven (5.00)

10 Sep 44 Le Havre (4.05) 30 Dec 44 Cologne (4.20)

11 Sep 44 Kiel Bay (5.30) 2 Jan 45 Nuremburg (6.20)

15 Sep 44 Kiel (6.15) 5 Jan 45 Rayon (5.20)

17 Sep 44 Boulogne (3.50) 5 Jan 45 Hannover (4.30)

16 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.05) 16 Jan 45 Magdeburg (6.05)

23 Oct 44 Essen (4.10) 7 Feb 45 Cleve (4.05)

28 Oct 44 Walcheren (2.05) 8 Feb 45 Politz (7.55)

30 Oct 44 Cologne (4.40) 13 Feb 45 Dresden (8.00)

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (4.10) 14 Feb 45 Chemnitz (7.00)

 

Flying Officer Cormier is an outstanding pilot and captain of aircraft who has achieved many operational successes. Although of a quiet, unperturbed nature, he possesses an insatiable zeal for operations and a thorough knowledge of his work, which makes him stand out amongst his comrades. His fine offensive spirit and determination even in the face of extreme personal danger is most commendable.

 

* * * * *

 


CORNELL, P/O William Robert (J90498) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Home in Kitchener, Ontario; enlisted London, Ontario, 30 October 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 7 April 1943) and No.3 BGS (graduated 26 November 1943). Award presented in Hamilton, 27 July 1949.

 

Throughout many operational sorties this officer has displayed a fine fighting spirit and outstanding enthusiasm to engage the enemy wherever possible. His cool, determined manner has done much to inspire the confidence in his crew. In December 1944, when returning from an attack against Osnabruck, his aircraft was engaged by a Junkers 88. Pilot Officer Cornell opened fire on the attacker and by the fine handling of his guns drove it off after inflicting considerable damage. His work has at all times set a sterling example to the rest of the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

CORNISH, Sergeant Donald Mervin (R102446) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.179 Squadron [incorrectly given in AFRO as No.619] - Award effective 17 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 23 November 1943 and AFRO 113/43 dated 21 January 1944. Home in Scout Lake, Saskatchewan; enlisted Regina, 23 May 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 29 August 1941), No.5 EFTS (graduated 24 October 1941), and No.10 SFTS (graduated 16 January 1942). On 24 October 1943 he sank U-566. Award sent by registered mail. Cited with a Flight Sergeant Gould (RAF ?)

 

As wireless operator/air gunner and pilot, respectively, Flight Sergeant Gould and Sergeant Cornish have undertaken many anti-submarine patrols. On one occasion they sighted a U-Boat and in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire Sergeant Cornish pressed home his attack with great accuracy. The U-Boat was extensively damaged and was unable to submerge. These gallant airmen displayed great skill and determination, setting an excellent example.

 

* * * * *

 

CORRIGAN, F/L Graham Harley (J8403) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.2 Squadron - Award effective 17 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1/45 dated 5 January 1945. Home in Rouyen, Quebec; enlisted Toronto, 9 january 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 6 June 1941), No.19 EFTS (graduated 8 August 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 24 October 1941). Award presented 9 April 1948.

 

This officer has participated in many reconnaissance sorties during which his leadership has been an invaluable factor in the success of these missions. He has photographed accurately all types of heavily defended targets and has displayed exceptional skill and courage.

 


* * * * *

 

CORRIGAN, F/L John Francis (J23909) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.7 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Billings Bridge, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa, 20 April 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 10 October 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 19 February 1943). May also have served with No.582 Squadron overseas. Served in postwar RCAF and CAF, 1946 to 1 August 1973 (as a Staff Officer, navigation instructor and CF-100 crewman). From 1967 to 1969 he was at NORAD Headquarters and received a Certificate of Achievement for "outstanding competence as Chief of the Battle Staff Support Centre" (detailed citation in DHist file). Retired as a Lieutenant-Colonel. DFC and Bar presented in Edmonton, 27 May 1950. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." Public Records Office Air 2/8882 has recommendation dated 15 September 1944 when he had flown 40 sorties (172 hours 43 minutes), 10 April to 15 September 1944.

 

10 Apr 44 Laon (3.45) 7 July 44 Caen (3.20)

18 Apr 44 Tergnier (3.30) 10 Jul 44 Nucourt (3.20)

20 Apr 44 Cologne (3.45) 12 Jul 44 Vares (3.15)

22 Apr 44 Dusseldorf (3.54) 15 Jul 44 Chalons-sur-Marne

26 Apr 44 Essen (4.04) (6.10)

11 May 44 Louvain (2.50) 18 Jul 44 Cagny (3.00)

19 May 44 Pas de Calais (2.20) 18 Jul 44 Aulnoye (3.40)

21 May 44 Duisburg (3.40) 20 Jul 44 Courtrai (2.30)

22 May 44 Dortmund (4.10) 23 Jul 44 Kiel (5.00)

24 May 44 Aachen (3.25) 24 Jul 44 Stuttgart (7.20)

27 May 44 Reenes (4.30) 25 Jul 44 Stuttgart (7.45)

28 May 44 Anger (6.35) 3 Aug 44 Paris (3.20)

7 June 44 Foret de Cerisy 4 Aug 44 Bordeaux (7.40)

(3.50) 5 Aug 44 Bordeaux (7.40)

8 June 44 Fogeres (4.20) 7 Aug 44 Caen (2.50)

9 June 44 Reenes (4.40) 9 Aug 44 Lille (2.35)

14 Jun 44 Le Havre (2.40) 12 Aug 44 Bordeaux (6.05)

15 Jun 44 Valencienes (2.55) 24 Aug 44 Brest (5.30)

16 Jun 44 Renescure (2.05) 29 Aug 44 Stettin (8.35)

2 July 44 Oisemont (2.45) 12 Sep 44 Frankfurt (5.55)

5 July 44 Wizernes (2.10) 15 Sep 44 Kiel (5.20)

 

This officer has completed 40 operational sorties, all of them with this squadron and sixteen as Air Bomber in a Marker crew. Under a calm and quiet manner, Flight Lieutenant Corrigan has a fine offensive spirit in action which inspires the utmost confidence of his crew. This officer has proved himself to be an outstanding member of a very fine crew and his splendid record and dogged determination has set a high example to the squadron.

 


CORRIGAN, F/L John Francis, DFC (J23909) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.7 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross Flight Lieutenant Corrigan has participated in many further operational sorties which have included attacks against heavily defended German targets. He is now engaged on his third operational tour and continues to show undiminished zeal and determination at all times. His courage, initiative and devotion to duty have been of a very high standard.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9069 (Part 1) has recommendation dated 20 February 1945 when he had flown 68 sorties (309 hours) including 31 sorties (156 hours 40 minutes) since previous award. However the sortie list itself gives only 28 missions. For the record, the new sorties and the text of the recommendation are as follows:

 

25 Sep 44 Calais (1.50) 17 Dec 44 Ulm (6.00)

26 Sep 44 Calais (2.05) 24 Dec 44 Essen (4.30)

19 Oct 44 Stuttgart (5.10) 29 Dec 44 Coblenz (4.30)

21 Oct 44 Hanover (1.35), DNCO 30 Dec 44 Cologne (4.20)

23 Oct 44 Essen (4.15) 5 Jan 45 Hanover (5.10)

25 Oct 44 Essen (3.45) 6 Jan 45 Hanau (5.30)

30 Oct 44 Cologne (4.30) 14 Jan 45 Leuna (8.00)

31 Oct 44 Cologne (4.20) 16 Jan 45 Zeitz (6.45)

18 Nov 44 Munster (3.50) 1 Feb 45 Ludwigshaven (5.30)

20 Nov 44 Coblenz (4.20) 4 Feb 45 Gelsenkirchen (4.00)

21 Nov 44 Aschaeffenburg (5.30) 7 Feb 45 Cleve (4.30)

4 Dec 44 Karlsruhe (5.00) 8 Feb 45 Politz (8.05)

5 Dec 44 Soest (5.00) 13 Feb 45 Bohlen (7.30)

12 Dec 44 Essen (4.30) 14 Feb 45 Chemnitz (6.45)

 

This officer is on his third operational tour, having so far completed 68 sorties, all in the Pathfinder Force. He has on 48 occasions acted with a Marker crew.

 

Flight Lieutenant Corrigan is an exceptionally good Air Bomber. His keenness and coolness in action against the enemy has set a fine standard of morale in the Flight Commander's crew with which he operates. Never at a loss to overcome difficulties, his steadfastness and determination to give of his best at all times is highly commendable. He possesses courage of a high degree and cheerfulness under all circumstances. He has proved himself by showing a high degree of fearlessness, skill and initiative to be an outstanding member of a gallant crew.

* * * * *

 


CORSBIE, F/O Joseph Hardcastle (J29983) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.626 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Home in Doe River, British Columbia; enlisted Edmonton, 6 May 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 20 February 1943) and No.8 AOS (graduated 17 September 1943. Award presented 5 March 1949.

 

Flying Officer Corsbie has flown as navigator against such targets as Essen, Cologne, Stuttgart and Dresden. In December 1944, as his aircraft was leaving the target after an attack on Osterfield, it was severely damaged by an enemy fighter. The captain had difficulty in controlling the aircraft and both flight engineer and rear gunner were injured. Displaying great coolness, Flying Officer Corsbie gave the pilot instructions which enabled him to fly safely to base. The aircraft was forced to crash land on the landing ground but much credit for the crew's safety was due to this officer's presence of mind. His unconquerable spirit has done much to inspire the rest of the crew.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/8751 has detailed recommendation dated 6 April 1945 when he had flown 28 sorties 168 hours 45 minutes).

 

15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven 16 Jan 45 Zeitz

23 Oct 44 Essen 28 Jan 45 Stuttgart

28 Oct 44 Cologne 1 Feb 45 Ludwigshaven

30 Oct 44 Cologne 2 Feb 45 Weisbaden

31 Oct 44 Cologne 3 Feb 45 Bottrop

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf 7 Feb 45 Cleve

4 Nov 44 Bochum 13 Feb 45 Dresden

6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen 18 Feb 45 GARDENING, Heligoland

27 Nov 44 Freiburg 23 Feb 45 Pforzeim

14 Dec 44 GARDENING, Kattegat 16 Mar 45 Nuremburg

15 Dec 44 Ludwigshaven 18 Mar 45 Hanau

17 Dec 44 Ulm 25 Mar 45 Hanover

28 Dec 44 Bonn 27 Mar 45 Paderborn

31 Dec 44 Osterfeld 31 Mar 45 Hamburg

 

Flying Officer Corsbie, a Canadian navigator, has completed 28 sorties against such enemy targets as Essen, Cologne, Stuttgart and Dresden. He has at all times shown a high standard of work and has ably supported his captain.

 


On the night of 31st December 1944 he was navigator of an aircraft detailed to attack Osterfeld, which was severely damaged by an enemy fighter when leaving the target area. The captain has great difficulty in controlling the aircraft and both the Flight Engineer and the Rear Gunner were injured. However, Flying Officer Corsbie, displaying the highest qualities of coolness and devotion to duty, gave the pilot the necessary instructions to reach this country. The aircraft was eventually crash landed at an emergency landing ground, and much of the credit for the crew's safety was due to this officer's coolness and presence of mind.

 

Since this incident, Flying Officer Corsbie has navigated with great skill and determination, showing an unconquerable spirit which has done much to inspire the rest of the crew. For his work generally, and especially his cool determination in the face of adversity, I strongly recommend that this officer he awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

COSBURN, P/O Stanley Cyril (J15709) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.401 Squadron - Award effective 6 December 1942 as per London Gazette dated 15 January 1943 and AFRO 232/43 dated 12 February 1943. Home in West Calgary; enlisted Calgary, 29 July 1939. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 March 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 4 May 1941) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 30 July 1941). Invested with award by King George 6 April 1943. Credited with the following victories: 3 June 1942, one Me.108 destroyed (shared with another pilot); 5 June 1942, one FW.190 damaged; 19 August 1942, two Do.217s damaged; 2 October 1942, one FW.190 damaged; 11 December 1942, one FW.190 destroyed; 12 December 1942, one FW.190 damaged.

 

During the past year Pilot Officer Cosburn has participated in numerous operational sorties. He has proved himself to be a courageous and skilful fighter and has destroyed one enemy aircraft, shared in the destruction of another and damaged others. He has at all times set an inspiring example of enthusiasm and determination.

 

* * * * *

 

COSCO, S/L John Eugene (C5581) - Air Force Cross - No.166 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 March 1945 and AFRO 132/45 dated 26th January 1945. Enlisted at Camp Borden, 1 November 1939. Had completed 1,854 flying hours to date. Award sent by registered mail 18 October 1950.

 

This officer's flying record as a communications pilot and squadron commander has been outstanding. By his able leadership and fine personal example of skill and efficiency, he has raised the standard of flying within his squadron and has improved the conduct and efficiency of its flying operations to a marked degree. He has successfully completed many difficult flights under adverse conditions. He has rendered outstanding meritorious service.

 

* * * * *

 


COSMAN, F/O William Nathan (J23397) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.248 Squadron - Award effective 17 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1/45 dated 5 January 1945. Home in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia; enlisted Halifax, 24 August 1940. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 3 July 1942), No.5 EFTS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 5 February 1943. Killed in action 7 December 1944 (Mosquito NR225); name on Runnymede Memorial. Award sent by registered mail to next-of-kin.

 

This officer, now on his second operational tour, has unfailingly pressed home his attacks with outstanding courage and determination. He has taken part in attacks on submarines, a destroyer and minesweepers. Flying Officer Cosman has displayed great skill and his devotion to duty has been of a high order.

 

* * * * *

 

 

COSTELLO, G/C Martin (C112) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Born in Alexandria, Ontario, 1904; taken on RCAF as Gentleman Cadet, RMC, 1925; awarded wings, 31 August 1927. RCAF Pilot Officer, 4 September 1928, on graduation from RMC. Served at Vancouver, Winnipeg, Trenton before the war; duties included aerial photography, forestry patrols, and RCAF patrols out of Vancouver, 1932; attended RAF Staff College, 1938. Early in war he served in Eastern Air Command; overseas in 1943, he worked largely in Coastal Command and commanded a station. Returned to Canada, 18 April 1945 to become Assistant Chief of Air Staff. Remained in postwar RCAF; Officer of the American Legion of Merit (12 March 1949, while at Winnipeg) and Queen's Coronation Medal (23 October 1953, while at Canadian Joint Staff London). No citation in AFRO.

 

COSTELLO, G/C Martin (C112) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Award presented by Governor General, 28 February 1946.

 

Throughout a lengthy period this officer has given distinguished service to the Royal Canadian Air Force. As Senior Air Staff Officer at Eastern Air Command and Director of Operations at Air Force Headquarters, he carried out his duties in a highly capable manner. As Director of Air Staff at Royal Canadian Air Force Headquarters, Overseas, he has continued to display a very high standard of efficiency. In the many difficult assignments he has been given he has demonstrated that he is an energetic officer of great initiative. This officer's devotion to duty has been outstanding and he has made a very valuable contribution to the activities of the Royal Canadian Air Force.

 

COSTELLO, A/C Martin, OBE (C112) - Commander, Order of the British Empire - AFHQ - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Award presented 2 May 1948. Governor General's Record (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 60, file 190-I, dossier 9) has citation.

 


Air Commodore Costello has served with distinction both in Canada and overseas and throughout his entire career with the Royal Canadian Air Force has set a high example by initiative and devotion in the performance of his service duties and especially while occupying such positions as Assistant Chief of the Air Staff, Senior Air Staff Officer, Eastern Air Command, Deputy Air Member Air Staff (Operations) and Director of Air Staff at RCAF Headquarters.

 

* * * * *

 

COSULICH, WO2 Norman Robert (R128850) - Mention in Despatches - Western Air Command Marine Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 8 September 1941.

 

During the year 1944 and part of 1945, while Master of the M535 "Nimpkish", a small 60-foot Supply Vessel, this Warrant Officer was wholly responsible for running supplies, equipment, and moving personnel to and from a radio detachment on Langara Island. During this time Warrant Officer Cosulich was required to navigate his vessel between Langara Island and Masset, through Hecate Straits, a particularly treacherous piece of water, and land supplies and personnel by work-boat to Langara Island where no docking facilities exist. This Warrant Officer's devotion to duty, cheerfulness and high ability as a seaman is responsible for a high state of morale at the detachment on Langara Island and that of his crew. The example of courage and determination shown by him was a fine example for others to follow.

 

* * * * *

 

COTE, F/L Joseph Yvon Alcide (J85354) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 15 September 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2274/44 dated 20 October 1944. Home in Quebec City; enlisted there 27 November 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 22 May 1942), No.11 EFTS (graduated 4 September 1942) and No.13 SFTS (graduated 22 January 1943). Unclear as to whether his medals were mailed or presented, 12 April 1948.

 

This officer has an excellent operational record. He is a highly skilled and courageous pilot who has completed many successful sorties over enemy territory. On one occasion this officer piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Leipzig. Shortly before reaching the target the aircraft was struck by anti-aircraft fire and sustained extensive damage. Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Cote went on to attack the target with his usual determination. Just after the bombs had been released an engine became unserviceable, but Flight Lieutenant Cote flew his aircraft safely to base.

 

COTE, F/L Joseph Yvon Alcide, DFC (J85354) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945. Trained at No.3 ITS, No.11 EFTS and No.13 SFTS.

 


This officer has completed numerous sorties since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. He continues to display a high degree of courage and determination and his example has been worthy of the highest praise. In September 1944 this officer piloted an aircraft in an attack on Osnabruck. When over the target the bomber was subjected to fire from the ground defences. A shell burst very close to one of the wings. Fragments of shell tore a large hole in the fuselage which was also pierced in many other places. Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Cote pressed home his attack with great coolness and determination.

 

* * * * *

COTE, F/O Joseph Yvon Jacques (J19722) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 5 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945. Home in Joliette, Quebec; enlisted Montreal. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 25 September 1942), No.11 EFTS (graduated 11 December 1942) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 30 April 1942).

 

In September 1944 Flying Officer Cote captained an aircraft detailed to attack Calais. Whilst over the target the port inner engine was hit by anti-aircraft fire. The propeller had to be feathered. In spite of this Flying Officer Cote pressed home his attack. When nearing base on the homeward flight the starboard outer engine suddenly burst into flames and became unserviceable. Coolly and skilfully, however, this officer effected a masterly landing. Flying Officer Cote has completed very many sorties and has demonstrated his determination and devotion to duty on all occasions.

 

* * * * *

 

COTE, F/O Louis Phillipe Marius Robert (J24917) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Home in Quebec City; enlisted there 18 June 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942) and No.9 AOS (graduated 2 April 1943). Award presented at Sea Island, 25 November 1949. No citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy". DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 18 December 1944, crediting him with 30 sorties (155 hours 55 minutes operational flying):

 

As navigator of a crew detailed to attack Wanne Eickel on September 12th 1944, this officer displayed great coolness and determination when he assisted in removing and administering first aid to both the WOP/AG and rear gunner who had been wounded by the fierce anti-aircraft fire. While on the bombing run he continued the WOP/AG's duty of "windowing" and the aircraft delivered a telling attack. He was of great assistance to his pilot in bringing the flak-damaged aircraft to the nearest English aerodrome.

 


Throughout the numerous operational sorties in which this officer has participated, he has been consistently sound in his navigational duties. His accuracy and efficiency have been of unfailing assistance to his captain and even under the most adverse circumstances he has shown cheerful confidence and courage of the highest order. Flying Officer Cote has operated successfully against heavily defended targets such as Dortmund, Essen, Cologne and Dusseldorf. He also has completed a first tour of operations with a total of thirty sorties over enemy territory.

 

By his offensive spirit and keenness on operations, Flying Officer Cote has proven himself to be an outstanding member of this squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

COTTERILL, F/L Stanley Herbert Ross (J4874) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Born in Beamsville, Ontario, 30 October 1919. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 25 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS, Regina (posted there 14 October 1940; promoted to LAC 4 November 1940), No.6 EFTS, Prince Albert (posted there 4 November 1940) and No.4 SFTS (posted there 4 January 1941; awarded wings 17 March 1941 and promoted to Sergeant). Attended Central Flying School Trenton, 25 March 1941; to No.6 SFTS, Dunnville, 24 June 1941 as instructor. Posted to No.36 OTU, Greenwood, 29 October 1943; posted to No.1 "Y" Depot, Halifax, 15 January 19444; arrived in UK, 31 January 1944; posted to No.60 OTU, 29 February 1944; to No.418 Squadron, 2 May 1944; killed in action, 18 October 1944 with F/L C.G. Finlayson. Award presented to next-of-kin, 2 December 1946. All aerial victories gained with Sergeant E.H. McKenna (RAF) as navigator. These were: 6 June 1944, three Ju.52s destroyed plus one Ju.188 destroyed; 22/23 June 1944, two V-ls destroyed; 27/28 June 1944, one V-1 destroyed; 7/8 July 1944, one V-1 destroyed; 3 September 1944, one Bf.109 destroyed. Photos PL-29467 (in flying gear) and PL-29468 (with McKenna).

 

This officer has completed numerous sorties and has set a fine example of skill, courage and resolution. One night in June 1944 Flight Lieutenant Cotterill shot down four enemy aircraft over an area in northern France, a feat which testifies to his exceptional keenness and determination. On other occasions, Flight Lieutenant Cotterill has operated against enemy airfields and railway installations with success.

 

* * * * *

 



COTTON, G/C Charles Henry (C1149) - Mention in Despatches - EAC Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Enlisted in CAF, 1923; left in 1936 to joint Department of Transport; home in Overbrook, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa, 6 October 1939. During the war served at No.8 Repair Depot and Summerside. Postwar RCAF; awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 21 October 1953 (Group Captain, AFHQ, staff of Air Member for Technical Services). This officer has carried out his duties as Staff Officer Aeronautical Engineering in Eastern Air Command with the utmost vigour and despatch. He has held appointments as Chief Engineering Officer prior to his appointment at this headquarters, at training and operational stations. His general knowledge of engineering, coupled with his energetic and determined attitude towards his duties, has contributed largely to the efficient operation of technical sections in this Command.

 

* * * * *

 

COUCH, Sergeant William Stanley (R54520) - Mention in Despatches - No.10 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Born 18 July 1911. Home in Verdun, Quebec; enlisted in Montreal, 31 May 1940. With No.10 (BR) Squadron, 6 November 1940 to 6 December 1943. Released 18 August 1945.

 

This non-commissioned officer has, by his attitude and high devotion to duty, been an outstanding example to all the men in the maintenance Squadron. He has shown good leadership and has been most efficient in performing all his duties. His enthusiasm and deep interest in his work have done much to foster a fine esprit de corps on this unit.


* * * * *

 

COUGLER, F/L Harold Dwight (C13159) - Mention in Despatches - Odiham - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. See Field of Honour (Bank of Montreal, c.1950). Born 18 September 1909. Home in London, Ontario; enlisted there 7 August 1942; trained at Trenton; served in Canada at No.5 ITS and No.6 ITS. Overseas in March 1944, serving as Adjutant to No.414 Squadron, then with No.39 Wing and finally in charge of traffic despatch at Odiham.

 

* * * * *

 

COULOMBE, WO (now P/O) Joseph Albert Roger (R96703/J19380) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 25 January 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Born 12 September 1920; home in Montmagny, Quebec; enlisted Quebec, 21 July 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 14 March 1942), No.11 EFTS (graduated 4 June 1942) and No.13 SFTS (graduated 25 September 1942). Posted overseas, October 1942; commissioned 21 November 1943; repatriated 18 June 1945; released 6 September 1945. Served in RCAF Primary Reserve, 10 September 1954 to 15 November 1956. Award presented 25 February 1949.

 

Warrant Officer Coulombe has completed many sorties including eight against Berlin. One night in December 1943 he took part in an attack on the German capital and whilst over the target his aircraft was intercepted by a fighter. The enemy aircraft made several attacks but Warrant Officer Coulombe skilfully evaded them without sustaining damage until the final attack when one of the bomber's engines was hit. Later the aircraft was hit by shrapnel. The hydraulic system was damaged and one of the petrol tanks was pierced. Nevertheless Warrant Officer Coulombe flew the damaged bomber back to this country. This Warrant Officer has invariably displayed great skill, courage and resolution.

 

NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.4431 (RG.24 Vol.20649) has interesting correspondence on another "unofficial" award. On 31 March 1944, S/L C.L. Tufts, on behalf of Base Commander, No.62 Base, reported that the Secretary to British Legation, Panama, had forwarded to Bomber Command twelve watches, the gift of Senor Adalbert Fastlich, who asked they be given to the bomber crew that had dropped the largest weight of bombs on Berlin. The watches were anti-magnetic, water-proof and shock-proof. Bomber Command allotted two watches to certain Groups to distribute. HQ No.6 Group had concluded that two squadrons - No.426 and 408 - had dropped the largest loads on Berlin. The CO of Station Linton was asked to choose an officer from one and an NCO from the other "who not only made the most trips to Berlin but dropped the heaviest loads." On 6 April 1944, CO of No.426 Squadron nominated Pilot Officer Coulombe, who had flown 12 trips to Berlin with the following loads:

 

 

Date H.E. INCENDIARIES


23.8.43 1 x 4,000 2 x 90 four-lb, 2 x 8 30-lb.

3.9.43 1 x 4,000 3 x 90 four-lb, 3 x 8 30-lb.

18.11.43 1 x 4,000 3 x 90 four-lb, 1 x 8 30-lb.

23.11.43 1 x 4,000 6 x 90 four-lb, 2 x 8 30-lb.

26.11.43 1 x 4,000 3 x 90 four-lb, 1 x 8 30-lb.

2.12.43 1 x 4,000 6 x 90 four-lb, 2 x 8 30-lb.

16.12.43 1 x 8,000 2 x 90 four-lb.

29.12.43 1 x 4,000 7 x 90 four-lb, 2 x 8 30-lb.

20.1.44 1 x 4,000 3 x 90 four-lb, 3 x 150 four-lb, 2 x 8 30-lb.

27.1.44 1 x 4,000 2 x 150 four-lb.

30.1.44 1 x 4,000 4 x 90 four-lb., 2 x 150 four-lb., 3 x 8 30-lb.

24.3.44 1 x 1,000 6 x 90 four lb, 9 x 8 30-lb.

 

"On two occasions this officer's aircraft was attacked and badly damaged by fighters over the target, and for one of these sorties he was awarded an immediate DFC. He is a very keen and reliable pilot and it is highly recommended that he be presented one of the watches."

 

* * * * *

 

COULTER, F/L John Lorne (J36272) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.635 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Home in Rosetown, Saskatchewan; enlisted Winnipeg, 22 August 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 29 May 1943), No.2 BGS (graduated 21 August 1943) and No.7 AOS (graduated 15 October 1943). Award presented 15 April 1948. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8751 has recommendation dated 16 April 1945 when he had flown 38 sorties (205 hours), 1 September 1944 to 31 March 1945.

 

1 Sept 44 Lumbres (3.35) 2 Jan 45 Nuremburg (7.00)

3 Sept 44 Soesterburg (3.30) 22 Jan 45 Gelsenkirchen (4.30)

10 Sep 44 Le Havre (3.55) 1 Feb 45 Mainz (7.20)

12 Sep 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.35) 4 Feb 45 Osterfeld (4.25)

23 Sep 44 Neuss (5.00) 7 Feb 45 Cleve (7.20)

25 Sep 44 Calais (3.15) 8 Feb 45 Politz (7.55)

26 Sep 44 Cap Gris Nez (3.45) 13 Feb 45 Bohlen (7.30)

6 Oct 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.10) 14 Feb 45 Chemnitz (7.45)

7 Oct 44 Cleve (4.20) 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz (8.20)

14 Oct 44 Duisburg (5.00) 7 Mar 45 Dessau (8.35)

14 Oct 44 Duisburg (5.40) 8 Mar 45 Kassel (6.40)

15 Oct 44 Kattegat (5.45) 11 Mar 45 Essen (4.45)

23 Oct 44 Essen (5.25) 12 Mar 45 Dortmund (4.45)

12 Dec 44 Essen (5.35) 13 Mar 45 Wuppertal (4.20)


15 Dec 44 Ludwigshaven (6.00) 14 Mar 45 Zweibrucken (5.25)

27 Dec 44 Dusseldorf (3.30) 15 Mar 45 Hagen (6.00)

28 Dec 44 Munchen Gladbach (5.25) 16 Mar 45 Nuremburg (7.35)

29 Dec 44 Troisdorf (5.05) 21 Mar 45 Bremen (4.05)

1 Jan 45 Dortmund (4.00) 31 Mar 45 Hamburg

 

This officer has completed 38 operational sorties against the enemy and has attacked many heavily defended targets such as Nuremburg and Hamburg. Throughout, his outstanding ability and strong sense of duty have been an inspiration to his crew, and a magnificent example to other set operators in the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

COULTER, F/L Lionel Elwood (J27630) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 24 April 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 918/45 dated1 June 1945. Home in Prairie Grove, Manitoba; enlisted Winnipeg, 27 June 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 18 December 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 5 March 1943) and No.11 SFTS (graduated 25 June 1943). Award presented 27 May 1950.

 

This officer has participated in very many sorties and has proved himself to be a cool, confident and skilful pilot and captain. He has invariably pressed home his attacks and his determination has won much praise. One night in February 1945 he piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Mannheim. On the outward flight an engine failed. In spite of this, Flight Lieutenant Coulter continued to the target. Whilst over the sea, a fault in the electrical circuit caused a small fire in the bomb aimer's compartment. The fire was quickly extinguished, however, and the target was then successfully attacked. During the return flight, Flight Lieutenant Coulter skilfully evaded a fighter which attempted to close in. This officer displayed outstanding devotion to duty throughout a trying sortie.

 

* * * * *

 

COULTER, WO2 (now P/O) Robert Allen (R97641/J23806) - Mention in Despatches - No.113 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 28 May 1943 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 2 June 1943, and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. Born in Vancouver, 1919; home there; enlisted there 15 March 1941. Trained at No.2 WS (graduated 4 January 1942) and No.8 BGS (graduated 2 February 1942). MiD again 23 February 1946 mentioning his part in attack on U-Boat, 30 October 1942. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Vol.57, File 190-I) has citation for this earlier award.

 


This Warrant Officer has flown 456 hours of which 328 were completed as a Wireless Air Gunner on operational flights over a period of five months. He has shown outstanding ability in his trade and has proven to be dependable under all conditions. Warrant Officer Coulter has participated in two attacks on enemy submarines and by his keenness and aptitude assisted materially in the execution of these attacks.

 

COULTER, P/O (now F/L) Robert Allan (J23806) - Mention in Despatches - No.113 Squadron - Award effective 23 February 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 280/46 dated 15 March 1946. NOTE: The facts of the citation should be checked, as a letter dated 6 April 1946 (S/L D.L. Ramsay, CO, WAC HQ Administration Unit to the Department of National Defence for Air) says that Coulter and Rogers (below) were actually with S/L N.E. Small on 31 July 1942, operating from Yarmouth.

 

On October 30th, 1942, Sergeant (now Flight Lieutenant) Coulter was first wireless air gunner on a Hudson aircraft from Torbay, Newfoundland, engaged on convoy escort, which participated in an attack on an enemy submarine. According to information received from German sources there is every reason to believe that this attack resulted in the destruction of the submarine. During the attack he displayed coolness and efficiency and his quick thinking and skill contributed in a large measure to the success of the attack.

 

* * * * *

 

COUMANS, W/C Oswald Blanchard (C5272) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.1 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Locust Hill, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto, 16 May 1941. Award presented 22 November 1948. Remained in postwar RCAF Reserve (Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953, when he was on strength of No.2 Group, RCAF Auxiliary).

 

Wing Commander Coumans has had a wide and varied career in the Royal Canadian Air Force and has served with distinction throughout. He has been recommended repeatedly for accelerated promotion due to his outstanding ability and service. He is the type of officer who subordinates his personal desires to the requirements of the service and has always worked beyond the normal call of duty. He is presently continuing to serve although it is to his own personal disadvantage. He well merits recognition of his unstinted efforts in behalf of the service.

 

* * * * *

 

COURT, F/L George Lachlan (J5304) - Mention in Despatches - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944. Home in Ottawa; enlisted Toronto, 16 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 December 1940), No.1 BGS (graduated 12 April 1941), No.3 AOS (graduated 3 March 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 12 May 1941).

 


COURT, F/L George Lachlan (J5304) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 19 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 27 June 1944 and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Award presented 22 November 1948. Public Records Office Air 2/8780 has recommendation dated 23 March 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (230 hours 15 minutes).

 

First Tour Second Tour

 

22 Oct 41 Mannheim (8.40) 22 Nov 43 Berlin (6.30)

24 Oct 41 Frankfurt (8.15) 23 Nov 43 Berlin (6.25)

31 Oct 41 Hamburg (7.35) 26 Nov 43 Berlin (6.55)

7 Nov 41 Berlin (9.40) 3 Dec 43 Leipzig (6.30)

7 Dec 41 Dunkirk (4.50) 2 Jan 44 Berlin (6.55)

17 Dec 41 Brest (7.10) 6 Jan 44 Stettin (7.55)

23 Dec 41 Cologne (8.15) 14 Jan 44 Brunswick (5.00)

15 Jan 42 Emden (7.00) 20 Jan 44 Berlin (6.50)

17 Jan 42 Emden (.20; exactor 21 Jan 44 Magdeburg (6.20)

u/s, early return) 27 Jan 44 Berlin (6.50)

21 Jan 42 Emden (5.20) 28 Jan 44 Berlin (7.30)

27 Feb 42 Bruneval (4.15, 30 Jan 44 Berlin (5.55)

dropped paratroops) 15 Feb 44 Berlin (6.35)

8 Mar 42 St.Nazaire (7.20) 19 Feb 44 Leipzig (6.25)

6 Apr 42 Le Havre (6.10) 20 Feb 44 Stuttgart (6.05)

23 Apr 42 Rostock (8.35) 25 Feb 44 Augsburg (6.45)

1 Mar 44 Stuttgart (7.05)

18 Mar 44 Frankfurt (4.30)

 

This officer is an experienced navigator who has completed 33 sorties against such heavily defended enemy targets as Berlin, Stuttgart and Leipzig. Flight Lieutenant Court is a cool, efficient worker with an excellent background of instructional experience. His fine example of devotion to duty has been an inspiration to his crew. Strongly recommended for award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

COURTOIS, P/O Joseph Herve Roger (J88449) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 17 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1/45 dated 5 January 1945. Home in Victoriaville, Quebec; enlisted Montreal, 27 August 1941. Trained at No.6 BGS (graduated 7 December 1942). WOP, cited with F/O Robert R. Kingsland (RCAF pilot, awarded DFC). Award presented 25 February 1949.

 


This pilot and wireless operator (air) have completed many sorties against the enemy and on all occasions have displayed coolness and devotion to duty. On a recent mine-laying operation over Oslo heavy anti-aircraft was encountered which damaged the starboard outer and port outer engines. Undeterred, Flying Officer Kingsland completed his run and successfully dropped his mines before taking evasive action. Fire broke out and was eventually extinguished, but at the same time the starboard propeller flew off, damaged the starboard inner propeller, port fin and rudder. Over the sea the starboard inner engine caught fire but the flames were put out. Height was lost and it was evident that the aircraft could not reach land. Pilot Officer Courtois remained at his post, sending out distress signals, until ordered to his forced landing position. The bomber was then brought safely down onto the sea and the crew were subsequently rescued from their dinghy. The courage and initiative displayed by these officers in the face of danger inspired the rest of the crew and are worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

COUSE, WO1 Jackson Murray (R66185) - Air Force Cross - No.2 SFTS - Award effective 28 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943 and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. - Born in St.Catharines, Ontario. Enlisted at Niagara Falls, Ontario, 3 September 1940. Trained at Station Trenton (16 November 1940) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 5 June 1942). Award presented 23 November 1943.

 

This Warrant Officer has now been instructing for the past eighteen months. He has a total flying time of 1,669 hours, of which 1,310 are instructional. Warrant Officer Couse has always displayed consistent keenness towards flying duties and has been turning out a very high standard of pupils. His devotion to duty has been an inspiration to pupils and instructors alike.

 

* * * * *

 

COUSE, F/O Mervyn Austin (J40407) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.12 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1945 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. Home in Hamilton; enlisted there 31 October 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 23 August 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 14 January 1944). Award sent by registered mail 5 April 1951. No citation, "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8772 has recommendation dated 13 May 45 when he had flown 29 sorties (193 hours five minutes) as follows:

 

15 Dec 44 Ludwigshaven 2 Mar 45 Cologne

28 Dec 44 Bonn 8 Mar 45 Kassel

29 Dec 44 Scholven-Buer 10 Mar 45 Essen

31 Dec 44 Osterfeld 21 Mar 45 GARDENING

2 Jan 45 Nuremburg 22 Mar 45 GARDENING

5 Jan 45 Royan 25 Mar 45 Hanover

7 Jan 45 Munich 27 Mar 45 Paderborn

28 Jan 45 Stuttgart 31 Mar 45 Hamburg


1 Feb 45 Ludwigshaven 4 Apr 45 Lutzkendorf

2 Feb 45 Wiesbaden 9 Apr 45 Kiel

7 Feb 45 Cleve 14 Apr 45 Potsdam

13 Feb 45 Dresden 18 Apr 45 Heligoland

14 Feb 45 Chemnitz 22 Apr 45 Bremen

20 Feb 45 Dortmund 25 Apr 45 Berchtesgaden

21 Feb 45 Duisburg

 

Flying Officer Couse, a Canadian, has navigated a Lancaster aircraft on 29 successful bombing missions against the enemy. Included amongst the targets are some of the most heavily defended in Germany such as Nuremburg, Munich, Dresden, Chemnitz, Hamburg, Kiel, Bremen and many targets in the Ruhr.

 

By his skilful navigation coupled with his coolness under fire and unshaken efficiency in most difficult circumstances he has made a considerable contribution to the outstanding success of his crew. He has instilled complete confidence in his captain and crew.

 

I consider the magnificent work coupled with his excellent fighting spirit merit the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

 

* * * * *

 

COUSINS, F/L George Thomas (J108971) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 30 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 6 November 1945 and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted Regina, 3 June 1941. Trained at No.2 WS (graduated 28 February 1942) and No.5 BGS (graduated 31 March 1942). Award sent by registered mail 16 July 1951. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Recommended 17 May 1945 by W/C R.W. Norris who noted that Cousins had flown 602.30 operational hours in two tours. The second tour had lasted from 18 December 1944 to 21 April 1945. (NOTE: the figure of 602.30 hours seems very high and may include training hours). Recommendation read:

 

Flight Lieutenant Cousins has completed 16 trips on his second tour of operations with this squadron. A wireless operator of outstanding ability, this officer has always shown determination and courage. On two occasions, while pressing home attacks in the face of difficulties, he has had to transmit emergency messages. His W/T discipline and procedure were of the highest order. On the ground, Flight Lieutenant Cousins has at all times been an asset to his section and has assisted in advising and instructing inexperienced W/T operators. Always ready to fly at any time with any pilot, I consider this officer fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.


* * * * *

 

COUSINS, F/O (now F/L) Richard Harry (J12091) - Mention in Despatches - No.162 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 113/44 dated 21 January 1944. Born 27 September 1915 in Victoria, British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 13 April 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 23 May 1940), No.8 EFTS (graduated 3 September 1940), and No.1 SFTS (graduated 18 September 1940).

 

As captain of aircraft on operational duties this officer has carried out many arduous tasks in a very efficient manner. By his devotion to duty and ability as an operational pilot he has set an excellent example.

 

* * * * *

 

COUTLEE, P/O Charles Martin (J18986) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Home in Ottawa; enlisted there 14 July 1941. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 19 December 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 27 February 1942) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 31 July 1942). Award presented (dated uncertain).

 

The targets attacked by this officer have included such heavily defended areas as Berlin, Peenemunde and many of the Ruhr centres. On two occasions his aircraft has been heavily engaged by a night fighter, both of which were destroyed. Pilot Officer Coutlee has obtained many successful photographs of the target area. He has proved a thoroughly dependable, courageous and skilful operational pilot.

 

* * * * *

 

COUTTS, F/O Gordon Lyle (J20167) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Home in Newdale, Manitoba; enlisted Winnipeg, 19 August 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS, No.7 BGS (graduated 11 September 1942) and No.5 AOS (graduated 23 October 1942). Award presented 9 April 1949. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations during which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9276 has recommendation dated 15 June 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (180 hours), 27 May 1943 to 22 May 1944.

 

27 May 43 Essen (5.55) 22 Sep 43 Formia (6.30)

6 June 43 GARDENING (3.50) 1 Oct 43 Formia (5.55)

11 Jun 43 Dusseldorf (5.30) 3 Oct 43 Civitavecchia (6.45)

19 Jun 43 Ferrying to Tunisia 4 Oct 43 Formia (5.40)

(12.40) 13 Mar 44 Le Mans (6.00)

11 Aug 43 Messina (5.30) 30 Mar 44 Nuremburg (9.50)

12 Aug 43 Messina (5.10) 10 Apr 44 Ghent (4.00)


15 Aug 43 Viterbo (6.05) 18 Apr 44 Noisy-le-Sec (6.10)

17 Aug 43 Lamezia (5.20) 20 Apr 44 Lens (4.30)

20 Aug 43 Villa Literno (5.50) 22 Apr 44 St.Nazaire (5.20)

24 Aug 43 Bagnoli (5.35) 8 May 44 St.Valery (4.05)

26 Aug 43 Taranto (6.50) 9 May 44 St.Nazaire (5.15)

31 Aug 43 Salerno (6.00) 12 May 44 Borchum (3.30)

4 Sept 43 Grazzanise (6.00) 20 May 44 Kattegat (4.55)

17 Sep 43 Cerveteri (5.55) 22 May 44 Le Mans (5.10)

 

This officer has completed a tour of operations from Middle East and English bases during which time he has done work of a very high order. His ability to accurately locate and bomb targets, even under the most arduous and exacting circumstances resulting in the completion of a highly effective tour of operations. Flying Officer Coutts has at all times shown the utmost determination and keenness in operational flying and by his work both in the air and on the ground has set an excellent example to all members of aircrew.

 

* * * * *

 

COVERT, F/O Frank Manning (J36828) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Home in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia; enlisted Ottawa, 29 September 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 15 May 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 15 October 1943). Award presented 12 November 1948. Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 28 October 1953 (Civilian, Air Cadet League of Canada).

 

Throughout numerous operational sorties this officer has consistently displayed exceptional ability and initiative. In January 1945 he was navigator of an aircraft detailed to attack Grevenbrotch. As he was setting course a leakage caused one engine of the aircraft to become unserviceable and the propeller had to be feathered resulting in considerable loss of height. The aircraft was only able to attain minimum bombing height. Despite this, Flying Officer Covert navigated so skilfully that his aircraft arrived at the target at the correct time and a successful attack was pressed home. At all times Flying Officer Covert has displayed great courage and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 


COVILLE, WO2 (now P/O) Harold Lloyd (R188530/J94530) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Home in Brockville, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa, 25 August 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 28 January 1944. Award presented 21 May 1949. DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation by W/C M.E. Ferguson dated 18 April 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (223 hours 25 minutes), 30 October 1944 to 31 March 1945. Rear gunner; attack mentioned in citation occurred 17 December 1944.

 

This Warrant Officer has flown on a large number of operational sorties over some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany. On one occasion during an attack on Duisburg his aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter while in the target area. Largely owing to his excellent directions and accurate fire, the enemy fighter was driven off. Warrant Officer Coville has displayed praiseworthy courage and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

COWAN, S/L Emerson Weldon (C853) - Commended for Valuable Services in the Air - No.3 OTU - Award effective 19 June 1943 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. Enrolled as a Provisional Pilot Officer at Ottawa, 4 July 1938; awarded wings at Trenton, 17 June 1939. Listed as a Canadian, but home was Atlantic City, New Jersey. Killed in action as a Squadron Leader, 20 January 1944 (No.415 Squadron, Albacore X9280); no known grave; name on Runnymede Memorial.

 

Shortly after taking off in a flying boat this officer observed a landplane crash into the sea. Although at the time a heavy sea was running and a gale was blowing, he succeeded in alighting and rescuing the landplane crew. His skilful and courageous action carried out under hazardous conditions was undoubtedly responsible for the saving of the lives of the four crew members.

 

NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2699 (National Archives RG.24 Volume 20631) has recommendation for an Air Force Cross raised 26 November 1942 by S/L C.C. Austin. It identified Cowan as a flying boat conversion student.

 

* * * * *

 

COWAN, F/O Henry Hugh (J85095) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 18 May 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1085/45 dated 29 June 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted in Ottawa, 29 June 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 9 November 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 5 March 1943) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 25 June 1943). Killed in crash of a Dakota at Estevan, Saskatchewan, 15 September 1946. Award presented to next of kin, 10 December 1947.

 

This officer has participated in numerous sorties against the enemy and has on all occasions pressed home his attacks. In March 1945 he was detailed to attack Dortmund. On the outward journey one engine became unserviceable but he continued to the target and made a successful attack in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire. He afterwards flew safely to base. This officer has set a fine example of devotion to duty and his determination to make every sortie a success has won great praise.


* * * * *

 

COWAN, F/O Irving Clark (J9495) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.69 Squadron - Award effective 17 March 1943 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1943 and AFRO 757/43 dated 30 April 1943. Home in Montague, Prince Edward Island; enlisted Charlottetown, 20 December 1940. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 15 January 1942) and No.4 WS (graduated 21 November 1941. Award presented 31 May 1944. Cited with F/O R.E. Cline (see above).

 

 

NOTE, Public Record Office Air 2/8940 has recommendation forwarded from Headquarters, RAF Middle East to Air Ministry, 19 January 1943. Text provided courtesy of Seas Morrison.

 

The following recommendation for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross to Pilot Officer Irving Clark Cowan (CAN/J.9495) of No.69 Squadron is forwarded.

 

This officer arrived in Malta on 5th September 1942 and since that date has been has carried out his duties as Wireless Operator on Wellington aircraft with special equipment in an outstanding manner. He has consistent shown initiative in getting his messages through in spite of adverse conditions.

 

On one night in December 1942 [2/3 December], the aircraft in which he acts as First Wireless Operator was employed in co-operation with our naval forces. He had great difficulty in getting messages through to our naval force, but he finally succeeded in conveying messages the Captain of the aircraft had give him. This brilliant work was largely responsible for the naval success in sinking practically the whole of the enemy convoy.

 

Pilot Officer Cowan has proved to be an outstanding Wireless Operator who carroied on and gets results in spite of what appears to be insuperable difficulties.

 

* * * * *

 

COWAN, FS (now P/O) Jack Arnold (R160574/J92202) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.12 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 625/45 dated 13 April 1945. Home in Calgary; enlisted there 17 August 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 30 April 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 17 September 1943). Award presented 14 June 1947. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8831 has recommendation which bears no date but was drafted between 6 November and 12 November 1944; he had flown 30 sorties (154 hours 20 minutes), 6 July to 5 November 1944.

 

6 July 44 Foret Ducroc 10 Sep 44 Le Havre


17 Jul 44 Caen 16 Sep 44 Hopsten-Rheine

20 Jul 44 Courtrai 20 Sep 44 Calais

23 Jul 44 Kiel 23 Sep 44 Neuss

24 Jul 44 Stuttgart 26 Sep 44 Cap Gris Nez

28 Jul 44 Stuttgart 14 Oct 44 Duisburg

3 Aug 44 Trossy St.Maximum 14 Oct 44 Duisburg

5 Aug 44 Blaye 19 Oct 44 Stuttgart

7 Aug 44 Fontenay le Marmion 23 Oct 44 Essen

12 Aug 44 Brunswick 25 Oct 44 Essen

15 Aug 44 Volkel 28 Oct 44 Cologne

16 Aug 44 Stettin 30 Oct 44 Cologne

26 Aug 44 Kiel 31 Oct 44 Cologne

5 Sept 44 Le Havre 4 Nov 44 Bochum

6 Sept 44 Le Havre 5 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen

 

Flight Sergeant Cowan, a Canadian, has recently completed his first tour of operations against the enemy as navigator in a Lancaster aircraft, with many attacks on targets demanding a very high standard of navigation, such as Kiel, Stuttgart, Brunswick, Stettin, Neuss, Duisburg, Essen, Cologne, Bochum and Gelsenkirchen.

 

This Canadian's record has been an example of exceptional ability coupled with calm confidence and courage, which have played a large part in maintaining the high morale of his crew and have enabled them to achieve considerable success.

 

I consider the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal to Flight Sergeant Cowan would be fitting recognition of his excellent record of courage and efficiency.

 

* * * * *

 

COWAN, G/C Sydney Godwin (C158) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.1 Equipment Depot - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/45 dated 25 January 1946. Joined at Camp Borden, 2 June 1930. Award presented 9 April 1948. Remained in postwar RCAF, attaining rank of Air Commodore before retiring in 1965. Service included command of No.30 Air Materiel Base, Langer, England. Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 21 October 1953 (Group Captain, AFHQ).

 

This officer has served on equipment staff duties for the greater part of the war years and latterly as Commanding Officer at an Equipment Depot. He has consistently displayed a very high sense of devotion to duty and his sound judgement and more than ordinary ability have contributed in no small way to the efficient administration of Equipment Depots and staffs throughout the country. This officer has consistently put his high standard of professional knowledge to good use and through his excellent work has made a notable contribution to the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan.


* * * * *

 

COWAN, P/O William James Henry (J88515) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 29 June 1942. Trained at No.3 WS (graduated 16 April 1943) and No.7 BGS (graduated 11 June 1943). Award sent by registered mail 10 March 1949. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 17 September 1944 by W/C A.J. Lewington when he had completed 33 sorties (153 hours 55 minutes), 18 April to 28 August 1944.

 

This officer, the Wireless Operator of the crew captained by Pilot Officer F.J. Devine, DFC, has now completed his first tour of operations comprised of thirty-three trips over enemy territory. Throughout his tour he has consistently displayed a high degree of courage, skill and initiative and has proven himself to be an outstanding member of a gallant crew.

 

Pilot Officer Cowan has also greatly strengthened the hand of the Signals leader of this Squadron when on the ground, his keenness, energy and reliability being a constant source of inspiration to his fellow Wireless Operators.

 

I consider his splendid record of achievement fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

* * * * *

 

COWANS, F/L John Cassils (J10962) - Air Force Cross - No.1 CFS - Award effective 14 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2684/44 dated 15 December 1944. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 10 May 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 21 June 1940), No.4 EFTS (graduated 31 August 1940) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 1 December 1940). Had flown 2,062 hours to date, 1,505:20 as instructor, 307:35 in past six months. Award presented in Montreal, 21 March 1947.

 

For the past three years this officer has executed his instructional duties in an exemplary manner, giving unstintingly of his time and efforts. During the past year on the staff of the senior instructor's course, he has, by his outstanding ability and his splendid example, contributed greatly to the high standard of efficiency achieved by his flight.

 

* * * * *

 


COWANS, S/L Russell, No.426 Squadron - Distinguished Flying Cross - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 20 July 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 30 September 1940), No.1 EFTS (graduated 11 December 1940) and No. 2 SFTS (graduated 21 February 1941). Award presented 15 April 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1515 (RG.24 Vol.20600) has recommendation dated 24 January 1945 when he had flown 32 sorties (170 hours 25 minutes), 18 July 1944 to 16 January 1945. NOTE: AFRO incorrectly gave unit as No.428 Squadron.

 

In the course of his tour of operations this officer participated in many attacks on vital and heavily defended targets in Germany including Stuttgart, Hamburg, Hanover and Magdeburg. He has shown the utmost keenness for his job and has always pressed home his attacks on the target with the greatest determination and skill. His determination to complete his missions regardless of his personal safety has set a fine example throughout the squadron. This officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

* * * * *

 

 

COWL, LAC George Edward (R181374) - Mention in Despatches - Eastmoor - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in South Wales; enlisted in Vancouver, 14 August 1942. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol 20607) has list of MiDs this date with unit. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945, when he had served seven months in Canada, 21 months overseas. ACH/Armament Assistant.

 

Throughout his stay at Eastmoor as a Sandra Light Operator, this airman has kept his equipment serviceable even though the parts needed were unobtainable from stores. In these circumstances he improvised during his spare time with old and broken parts and made the lights usable. For this unusual initiative and devotion to duty he is strongly recommended for "Mention in Despatches".

 

* * * * *

 

COWLEY, A/V/M Arthur Thomas Noel, OBE (C9) - Commander, Order of the British Empire - No.1 Training Command Headquarters - Award effective 26 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born in Winnipeg, 20 December 1888, educated University of Manitoba and McGill (B.Sc., 1910). In railway construction work before the First World War. Served with RNAS and taken prisoner in 1916. Joined Canadian Air Board, June 1922 and the RCAF on 1 April 1924. Chiefly concerned with Civil Aviation and Air Regulations. On the outbreak of war, as Director of Manning, he created the recruiting organization which operated across Canada. Later he commanded No.1 SFTS. In October 1940 he went to Regina (later Calgary) to lead No.4 Training Command; in March 1942 he went to AFHQ as Air Member for Organization. Award presented 12 December 1944. Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953. Citation to CBE incomplete as of October 28th, 1990:


Air Vice Marshal Cowley, with outstanding ability, energy and initiative, has successfully filled the positions of Commanding Officer, No.1 Service Flying Training School, Air Officer Commanding, No.4 Training Command, Air Member for Organization, Air Officer Commanding, No.1 Training Command. This officer has served with distinction in all of those positions. He sets a high standard in devotion to duty and his example is an inspiration to all those associated with him. He has rendered outstanding service to the Royal Canadian Air Force.

 

COWLEY, A/V/M Arthur Thomas Noel (C9) - King Haakron VII's Cross of Liberation (Norway) - Award effective 13 December 1949 as per Canada Gazette of 17 December 1949 and AFRO dated 23 December 1949.

 

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COWNDEN, P/O Vincent Joseph (J88410) - Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm (deceased) - Awarded 17 July 1948 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 455/48 dated 23 July 1948. Home in Victoria, British Columbia. Air gunner, killed in action with No.434 Squadron, 27/28 April 1944, Halifax LL243. Buried in Holland.

 

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COWPERTHWAITE, F/O Lonsdale (J3726) - Mention in Despatches - No.407 Squadron - Award effective 9 June 1942 as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1942 and AFRO 1000-1001/42 dated 3 July 1942. Enlisted in Toronto; trained at No.1 ITS, No.1 EFTS and graduated from No.5 SFTS, Brantford, 28 January 1941. DHist file 181.009 D.2620 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation dated 4 March 1942 for him, P/O J.E. Lister and FS Norman John Jones (RAF). Missing 12 February 1942 (Hudson AM598); mother in UK; name on Runnymede Memorial.

 

Flying Officer Cowperthwaite with his crew, Pilot Officer Lister and Flight Sergeant Jones, led a formation attack on the 12th February 1942 against an enemy force which was proceeding northwards up the Channel.

 

His aircraft was last seen by another pilot to be going down to attack one of the enemy warships. This crew failed to return.

 

This exceptional crew have been engaged on many day and night operations and have always been amongst the first to volunteer for a difficult and dangerous mission. They made a special request to be on this operation.

 

Flying Officer Cowperthwaite had previously attacked four merchant vessels, two of which were definitely damaged. These ships were of 4/5000 tons each. No claim was made for the other two vessels. He has flown on 30 operational flights, 20 of which were at night.

 


Flight Sergeant Jones was on his second tour of operational duty and had flown a total of 350 operational hours. While with this squadron he and his crew had attacked four merchant vessels of which two were definitely damaged.

 

Pilot Officer Lister had flown 150 operational hours.

 

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COX, P/O Douglas Maxwell (J88380) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 19 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Born in Halifax, 5 August 1919; home there; trained as a teacher; enlisted in Halifax 19 July 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 25 September 1941), No.1 AOS (graduated 16 February 1942), No.3 BGS (graduated 28 March 1942) and No.1 ANS (graduated 27 April 1942). After service in Ferry Command he delivered a Mitchell to Britain on 2 July 1942. Assigned to No.7 Squadron, he flew five sorties, 7 February to 9 March 1943 when his aircraft was shot down by a night fighter. In January 1997 the Royal Air Forces Escaping Society (Canadian Branch) presented to the National Aviation Museum a "dossier" (actually more like an album) with extended autobiographical notes on members (catalogued in the museum as D.805 C3 L96 1995 NMM). This included much information on Cox. See also his article, "It Was a Long Walk Home", Roundel, May 1961. No citation other than that in air operations he had "displayed outstanding bravery, fortitude and devotion to duty, setting an example of a high order." DHist file 181.009 D.2988 (RG.24 Vol.10633) has recommendation for an immediate DFC dated 15 November 1944. He had flown 31 trips (146 hours 55 minutes) including his time with No.7 Squadron; the second tour was 18 July to 25 October 1944. NOTE: This is one of the most remarkable stories associated with what was ultimately a Non-Immediate award.

 

On one occasion, namely the night of March 9/10, 1943, when detailed to attack the German city of Munich, the aircraft in which this officer was the Navigator was shot down by an enemy fighter from a height of 8,000 feet in the Luxembourg-Alsace Lorraine area. Pilot Officer Cox assisted some of the crew out and then checked to make sure the captain's parachute was properly placed before baling out himself. The aircraft crashed at a point about a mile distant from where this officer landed and he immediately returned to the crash to see if it was possible to assist the pilot, as he realized he might not have had the opportunity to bale out. Despite the fact that the starboard mainplane and entire fuselage was ablaze and the ammunition was exploding, he conducted a search, but no sign of the pilot was found. For the next four and a half months, by constant courage, resourcefulness and initiative, he successfully evaded capture and finally reached England, via Gibraltar, in late July.

 


After a short leave this officer returned to operations and has now completed a successful tour consisting of twenty-six trips over a wide variety of well defended targets in Germany and France. He has consistently displayed a high degree of navigational ability and I consider his splendid record plus his dogged determination and devotion to duty fully merits the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

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COX, Corporal Frederick Cyril (R75958) - British Empire Medal - No.5 SFTS - Award effective 14 July 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Home in Toronto; enlisted Hamilton, 2 December 1940. Award presented 17 June 1945.

 

While driving his automobile to his unit, Corporal Cox saw an aircraft crash about a mile and a half from the aerodrome. Accompanied by a Private in the Canadian Army, who was a passenger in his vehicle, he rushed to the scene of the crash. The aircraft was burning furiously by the time it was reached, the metal parts having become very hot, and the pilot was trapped in the wreckage. For at least four minutes before the pilot could be reached, they had to tug at burning pieces and lift portions away from the main body of the wreck. He directed operations in the correct manner and, together with the soldier and two civilians, succeeded in effecting the rescue of the pilot. Corporal Cox suffered severe burns to his hands and singed his hair and eyebrows. His courage, determination and prompt actions, with complete disregard for his own safety, undoubtedly were most instrumental in saving the life of the pilot.

 

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COX, P/O Gordon Alexander (J92193) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Home in either Nobleford or Coleman, Alberta; enlisted Calgary, 21 October 1942. Trained at No.2 WS (graduated 23 July 1943) and No.8 BGS (graduated 20 September 1943). Award sent by registered mail 7 June 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation dated 20 February 1945 when he had flown 55 sorties (222 hours five minutes), 22 May 1944 to 7 January 1945.

 

22 May 44 Le Mans (5.05) 12 Sep 44 Wanne Eickel (3.20)

2 June 44 Neuf Chatel (4.30) 17 Sep 44 Boulogne (1.55)

6 June 44 Haulgate (4.20) 17 Sep 44 Biggekerke (1.55)

6 June 44 Coutrances (4.40) 20 Sep 44 Calais (2.10)

7 June 44 Acheres (4.50) 23 Sep 44 Domberg (1.55)

9 June 44 Le Mans (5.25) 25 Sep 44 Calais (1.55)

12 Jun 44 Cambrai (4.50) 26 Sep 44 Cap Gris Nez (1.40)

15 Jun 44 St.Pol (4.25) 27 Sep 44 Bottrop (3.20)

15 Jun 44 Boulogne (3.35) 28 Sep 44 Cap Gris Nez (3.15)

16 Jun 44 Sautrecourt (4.00) 30 Sep 44 Bottrop (3.25)

21 Jun 44 St.Martin (4.05) 5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (4.50)


23 Jun 44 Bientaques (3.55) 6 Oct 44 Dortmund (4.50)

27 Jun 44 Foret d'Eawy (3.50) 11 Oct 44 Fort Frederick Hendrik

1 July 44 Biennais (4.40) (2.20)

4 July 44 Biennais (3.45) 14 Oct 44 Duisburg (3.20)

5 July 44 Biennais (3.45) 2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (4.15)

7 July 44 Caen (5.05) 6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen (2.15)

12 Jul 44 Thiverny (4.30) 21 Nov 44 Aschaffenburg (5.00)

15 Jul 44 Nucourt (4.45) 27 Nov 44 Neuss (4.00)

12 Aug 44 La Pallice (5.15) 30 Nov 44 Duisburg (4.25)

14 Aug 44 Falaise (2.45) 12 Dec 44 Essen (4.20)

18 Aug 44 Bremen (5.05) 17 Dec 44 Ulm (6.15)

25 Aug 44 Russelsheim (6.55) 22 Dec 44 Bingen (4.35)

26 Aug 44 Kiel (5.45) 28 Dec 44 Bonn (4.10)

28 Aug 44 Fromental (2.20) 29 Dec 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.50)

6 Sept 44 Emden (4.00) 2 Jan 45 Nuremburg (6.40)

8 Sept 44 Le Havre (2.35) 5 Jan 45 Hannover (4.40)

10 Sep 44 Le Havre (2.30) 7 Jan 45 Munich (7.00)

 

Pilot Officer Cox is the Wireless Operator of a crew which has now completed two full operational tours. He has participated in attacks on such heavily defended enemy targets as Bremen, Essen, Duisburg and Dusseldorf. He is always cool and calm under the most difficult conditions and by his keenness and devotion to duty this officer has undoubtedly contributed much to the successes attained by his crew.

 

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COX, WO Jesse Edwin (R67128) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.77 Squadron - Award effective 16 October 1942 as per London Gazette dated 27 October 1942 and AFRO 1783/42 dated 6 November 1942. Born in Swindon, England, 6 August 1912. Home in Kingston, Ontario; enlisted there 30 August 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 27 January 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 29 March 1941), and No.5 SFTS (graduated 21 June 1941). Award presented by the King, 15 December 1942. DHist file 181.009 D.3456 (RG.24 Vol.20639) has recommendation for Bar to DFC dated 18 December 1944 when he had flown a total of 62 sorties (461 hours 45 minutes). First tour had been from 7 November 1941 to 21 September 1942. First trip (as second pilot) was ten hours to Berlin, and in all he flew 45 trips (although on three the duty was not carried out. Also, 22 of these were "Air Sea Patrols" conducted 1 June 1942 to 21 September 1942. Second tour was 25 September to 30 November 1944.

 

Warrant Officer Cox has exhibited a high degree of skill, enthusiasm and courage, and has taken part in a large number of attacks on the enemy. He has several times flown his damaged aircraft safely to base. On one occasion one engine failed when flying very low over the sea, but on the remaining engine he returned safely to an English aerodrome. This warrant officer has also been directly responsible for the saving of another crew, who had been forced to take to their dinghy.


NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9600 has recommendation dated 1 September 1942 when he had flown 39 sorties (136 hours 53 minutes in Bomber Command, 161 hours ten minutes in Coastal Command. The form states that his Bomber Command time was equivalent to having flown 410 hours 39 minutes in Coastal Command (interesting to figure out the formula used to convert back and forth):

 

* flown as 2nd pilot (all others as captain)

 

7 Nov 41 Berlin (10.00)* 1 June 42 Anti-sub patrol (8.55)

16 Nov 41 Emden (7.15)* 3 June 42 do. (8.38)

30 Nov 41 Emden (7.00)* 7 June 42 do. (7.40)

7 Dec 41 Duren (7.20)* 11 June 42 do. (9.14)

27 Dec 41 Dusseldorf (5.42)* 13 June 42 do. (6.24)

7 Jan 42 Stavanger (6.45)* 15 June 42 do. (8.41)

9 Jan 42 Brest (7.01)* 17 June 42 do. (8.52)

15 Jan 42 Emden (5.36)* 19 June 42 do. (8.17)

28 Jan 42 Rotterdam (5.15) 24 June 42 do. (8.28)

15 Feb 42 St.Nazaire (8.31) 27 June 42 do. (8.55)

25 Feb 42 SM.67 and 73 (7.45) 17 July 42 do. (4.56)

27 Feb 42 Wilhelmshaven (7.25) 21 July 42 do. (6.17)

3 Mar 42 Billancourt (6.33) 23 July 42 do. (9.06)

12 Mar 42 Emden (DNCO, severe 27 July 42 do. (8.26)

icing conditions) 31 July 42 do. (3.07)

25 Mar 42 St.Nazaire (8.35) 2 Aug 42 do. (9.10)

27 Mar 42 St.Nazaire (8.43) 8 Aug 42 do. (9.38)

1 Apr 42 Poissy (7.54) 12 Aug 42 do. (6.49)

17 Apr 42 St.Nazaire (8.24) 16 Aug 42 do. (10.10)

23 Apr 42 Rostock (2.26, DNCO) 22 Aug 42 do. (9.25)

25 Apr 42 Rostock (8.43)

 

Warrant Officer Cox has almost completed an operational tour in Bomber and Coastal Commands. Throughout he has shown a very high degree of skill, enthusiasm and courage, and has been genuinely distressed when prevented from going on operations by outside circumstances. He has several times brought back damaged aircraft safely to base. On one occasion, an engine failed when for operational reasons he was flying very low over the sea; by excellent airmanship he averted a forced landing in the water, and brought his aircraft safely to an English aerodrome on the remaining engine. He has also been directly responsible for the saving of another crew who had been forced to take to their dinghy. I strongly recommend that his fine operational record be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 


COX, F/L Jesse Edwin, DFC (J16156) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945. Award presented 9 April 1948.

 

Flight Lieutenant Cox has a splendid operational record. He has completed two tours of operations which have included attacks against many important and difficult targets. Undaunted by the hazardous circumstances he has encountered, Flight Lieutenant Cox has always shown fearless courage in combat, superb airmanship and consistent devotion to duty.

 

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COX, F/L Lorne Thomas (C24847) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in City View, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa, 7 February 1936. Served in postwar RCAF (33 years service in all); awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1943 as a Flight Lieutenant with No.1 (F) Wing; died at Otter Lake, Quebec, 29 June 1995.

 

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COX, F/O Ronald Lee (J26413) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 26 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Home in Shelburne, Nova Scotia; enlisted in Halifax, 28 March 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 25 September 1942), No.11 EFTS (graduated 12 December 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 14 May 1943). Award presented in Montreal, 25 November 1949. Cited with F/O Lyle W. Sitlington (RCAF, WOP, awarded DFC) and FS Raymond A. Toane (RCAF, AG, awarded DFM). Photo PL-35206 shows him.

 


These officers and this airman were pilot, wireless operator and rear gunner respectively of an aircraft detailed to attack Oberhausen one night in November 1944. The target was successfully bombed but, soon after leaving the area, the aircraft was hit by a hail of bullets from an enemy fighter. Both inner engines were put out of action. The inter-communication and hydraulic systems were rendered unserviceable. Flying Officer Sitlington was wounded in the face and arm and Flight Sergeant Toane was injured in the face, the arms and leg. The enemy aircraft again came in with guns blazing. The bomber sustained further damage and went into a spiral dive but Flying Officer Cox succeeded in levelling out after considerable height had been lost. Meanwhile, Flying Officer Sitlington had shown the greatest coolness and determination in successfully extinguishing a fire which had broken out in his cabin. Flight Sergeant Toane had also proved his courage and resolution. Blood streamed down his face and, though almost blinded by it, he had remained in his turret to fire his guns at the attacker. Throughout the fight, Flying Officer Cox displayed great skill and coolness and he afterwards flew the severely damaged aircraft to the first available airfield. Here he effected a successful crash landing. He displayed the finest qualities of courage and determination. Flying Officer Sitlington and Flight Sergeant Toane also proved themselves to be most worthy members of aircraft crew. Although injured and in much distress they showed the highest standard of devotion to duty.

 

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COX, F/L Ronald Sydney (J11464) - Air Medal (United States) - 11th USAAF - effective 27 August 1943 as per Canada Gazette dated 4 May 1946 and AFRO 473/46 dated 10 May 1946. Home in Winnipeg, Manitoba; enlisted there 4 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 July 1940), Winnipeg Flying Club (graduated 14 September 1940) and No.1 SFTS. See Cochand for details; flights were 22 July to 13 August 1943.

 

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COX, F/O Walter Fred (J21810) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.550 Squadron - Award effective 23 March as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 765/45 dated 4 May 1945. Home in Fernie, British Columbia; enlisted Calgary, 21 January 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 28 August 1942), No.2 BGS (graduated 7 November 1942) and No.2 AOS (graduated 18 December 1942). Award presented at Sea Island, 22 October 1949.

 

Flying Officer Cox as air bomber has participated in many missions against such targets as Stuttgart, Kiel and the Ruhr supply depots. On one occasion when attacking a target near Paris his aircraft was hit by a shell from the enemy's anti-aircraft defences. The pilot was severely wounded and rapidly lost consciousness. Flying Officer Cox took over control of the aircraft with the aid of the flight engineer who also rendered first aid to the pilot. The resourcefulness and coolness displayed by this officer materially contributed to the safe return of the aircraft to this country. At all times his devotion to duty and consistent gallantry have been of a high order.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9050 has recommendation dated 30 November 1944 which gives sortie list (30 trips, 140 hours 33 minutes) and a more detailed text:

 

10 June 44 Acheres (5.03) 30 July 44 Cahagnes (4.11)

12 June 44 Gelsenkirchen (3.58) 31 July 44 Le Havre (3.36)

23 June 44 Saintes (6.59) 2 Aug 44 Le Havre (3.33)

27 June 44 Chateau Bernapre (3.33) 3 Aug 44 Trossy St.Maximim (4.28)

29 June 44 Domleger (2.59) 8 Aug 44 Fontenay (4.20)

30 June 44 Oisemont Neuville (3.32) 10 Aug 44 Dugny (5.14)

2 July 44 Domleger (3.28) 26 Aug 44 Russelsheim (8.30)

5 July 44 Dijon (8.24) 11 Sept 44 Le Havre (3.55)

6 July 44 Foret St.Croix (3.51) 16 Sept 44 Steenwijk (3.52)

7 July 44 Caen (3.41) 17 Sept 44 Bigge Kirke (2.54)

18 July 44 Scholven Buer (4.33) 23 Sept 44 Neuss (4.46)


20 July 44 Wizernes (3.25) 26 Sept 44 Calais (3.18)

23 July 44 Kiel (5.14) 28 Sept 44 Calais (3.19)

25 July 44 Stuttgart (8.44) 3 Oct 44 West Kapelle (3.02)

28 July 44 Stuttgart (8.08) 6 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (6.23)

 

This Canadian officer has now completed 30 sorties amounting to 140.53 hours operational flying as an Air Bomber. In this time he has been a member of a crew attacking such heavily defended targets in Germany as Kiel, Stuttgart and the Ruhr, besides many attacks on precision targets in France and the Low Countries.

 

Throughout his tour of operations, he has shown an unswerving keenness and determination to deal the enemy the hardest possible blow. By his skill and ability he assisted his pilot which enabled him to bomb the target with the highest degree of accuracy despite all enemy resistance. His unfailing cheerfulness in the face of opposition in the form of heavy flak defences or enemy fighters has been an inspiration to his crew.

 

On one occasion,when attacking a target near Paris, the aircraft was repeatedly hit by flak and the pilot seriously wounded in the neck. The captain lost consciousness quickly, but Flying Officer Cox instantly appreciated the situation, took over control of the aircraft and directed the Flight Engineer in rendering first aid to the wounded pilot. This action was so successful that the pilot recovered consciousness and flew his aircraft safely back to base.

 

This Canadian officer's clear thought and instant action extricated the remainder of the crew from a perilous situation. At all times he has displayed courage and determination of a very high order. Such devotion to duty and consistent gallantry well merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

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COYNE, WO (now P/O) Edward Kenneth (R212916/J94267) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.7 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 3 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 1 March 1946 and AFRO 418/46 dated 18 April 1946. Born 28 December 1923. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 16 December 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 29 October 1943). Proceeded overseas, 12 November 1943, arriving in UK on 23 November 1943. Killed in action 4/5 April 1945 (Lancaster NG229); buried in Germany. Award presented to next-of-kin, 1 December 1948.

 

This warrant officer has completed, as air gunner, numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.

 

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COYNE, F/O James Patrick (J15233) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.263 Squadron - Award effective 1 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 15 June 1943 and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. Born 23 October 1930. Home in God's Lake, Manitoba; enlisted Winnipeg, 10 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 3 November 1940), No.1 EFTS (graduated 17 March 1941), and No.2 SFTS (graduated 17 June 1941 as a Sergeant). Proceeded overseas, 20 July 1941; commisioned 26 February 1942; promoted to Flying Officer, 1 October 1942; to Flight Lieutenant, 16 May 1943; to Squadron Leader, 1 December 1943; repatriated 12 March 1946; released 8 May 1946. Credited with the following while flying with No.263 Squadron: 14 December 1942, one FW.190 damaged; 16 May 1943, one FW.190 damaged. Award presented by the King, 8 February 1944. Photo PL-26044 shows him.

 

This officer has completed numerous sorties involving low level attacks on airfields, dock installations and rail communications. His courageous leadership, tenacity and keenness have been inspiring.

 

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COYNE, F/O John McCreary Elliott (J36344) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.404 Squadron - Award effective 29 May 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Born 20 June 1919; home in Winnipeg; enlisted Ottawa, 19 June 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 16 April 1943), No.9 EFTS (graduated 11 June 1943) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 8 October 1943). Posted to No.31 General Reconnaissance School, 8 October 1943; posted overseas, January 1944; repatriated 2 August 1945; released 2 October 1945. Award presented in Ottawa, 1 December 1948.

 

This officer is a most efficient and determined pilot. He has completed many sorties against enemy shipping and throughout has displayed a high degree of skill and devotion to duty. In March 1945, Flying Officer Coyne participated in an attack against shipping in Egersing Harbour. Whilst attacking a medium sized merchant vessel his aircraft was hit by enemy fire, sustaining damage to the leading edge of the mainplane and throwing the aircraft over on to its side. Nevertheless, this officer righted the aircraft and continued his attack. On his return to base, he executed a masterly landing without further damage to his aircraft. He set a fine example of skill, courage and resolution throughout.

 

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COZENS, P/O Ernest Brazier (J16010) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.218 Squadron - Award effective 4 January 1943 as per London Gazette dated 8 January 1943 and AFRO 232/43 dated 12 February 1943. Born 23 October 1917; American in the RCAF; home in Haverford, Pennsylvania; enlisted in Hamilton, 17 December 1940. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 25 April 1941), No.2 EFTS (graduated 2 July 1941), and No.6 SFTS (graduated 13 September 1941 as a Sergeant). Embarked for overseas, 14 September 1941, arriving in Britain 27 September 1941. Commissioned 7 October 1942; promoted Flying Officer, 15 February 1943; promoted Flight Lieutenant, 7 December 1944; promoted Squadron Leader, 15 December 1944; repatriated to Canada, 8 May 1946; released 21 May 1946. Award presented by the King, 11 May 1943.

 

Pilot Officer Cozens has participated in a large number of operational sorties. One night in December 1942, he was captain of an aircraft detailed to attack a target in northwest Germany. When approaching the objective his aircraft was held in a cone of searchlights and badly damaged by anti-aircraft fire. Despite this, Pilot Officer Cozens, displaying great determination, flew on and bombed the target from a very low level. On the return journey the bomber was again hit by anti-aircraft fire and the starboard inner engine caught alight. Descending to one hundred feet a fuel tank was jettisoned and the fire extinguished. Pilot Officer Cozens then flew his aircraft safely back to base. He is an outstanding officer whose only desire is to get at grips with the enemy. His quiet determination and courage have been a fine example to other members of his crew.

 

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COZENS, FS (now P/O) William Joseph Gerrard (U199230/J94528) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 18 May 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born 24 November 1922. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 3 December 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 12 July 1943), No.12 EFTS (graduated 3 September 1943) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 28 January 1944). Proceeded overseas, 22 March 1944; repatriated 2 August 1945; released 12 August 1945. Award presented 18 October 1947.

 

One night in February 1945 this airman was captain of an aircraft detailed to attack Dortmund. During the bombing run the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire and afterwards attacked by a fighter. Both starboard engines were damaged and had to be put out of action. The hydraulic system was affected and the bomb doors could not be closed. Although the aircraft began to lose height rapidly, Flight Sergeant Cozens set course for Allied territory. On crossing our lines he gave the order to abandon aircraft. After several of the crew had left safely by parachute, the aircraft was too low to permit Flight Sergeant Cozens and his one remaining comrade to jump with safety. Nevertheless he succeeded in effecting a masterly crash landing. This airman displayed skill, coolness and courage of a high order.

 

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