CINQ MARS, LAC Jean Jacques Rene Armand (R179185) - Mention in Despatches - East Moor - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Chambly, Quebec; enlisted in Montreal 23 July 1942. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol 20607) has list of MiDs this date with unit. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945; had served eight months in Canada and 21 months overseas. ACH/Armament Assistant.

 

This airman has been employed in the Bomb Stores as an Armament Assistant for the past year. During that time he has been called upon to work in all weather and at all hours at a particularly heavy task of rolling High Explosive bombs. He always undertakes willingly any task given him and is an inspiration to his fellow workers.

 

* * * * *

 

CIRKO, F/L August (J9139) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.11 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 3 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2479/44 dated 17 November 1944. Home in Fort William, Ontario; enlisted Winnipeg, 28 April 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 26 July 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 13 September 1941), and No.15 SFTS (graduated 5 December 1941). Award sent by registered mail 19 February 1949. As of recommendation he had flown 2,372 hours 45 minutes, of which 1,507 were on operations (163 sorties).

 

This officer has completed very many operational sorties, entailing hundreds of hours of flying. The high degree of success he has obtained has been largely due to his untiring efforts and outstanding skill as a pilot. His cheerfulness and devotion to duty have been noticeably reflected by the keenness which he has inspired in his crew. He is a courageous and resourceful captain of aircraft, who has made an outstanding record throughout his flying career.

 

* * * * *

 

CLACKEN, F/L Courtenay O'Brien Robertson (J39101) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.440 Squadron - Award effective 18 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 26 January 1945 and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Born 15 January 1919 in Jamaica; home in Patricia Bay, B.C., before the war. Former ranch manager. Enlisted in Ottawa, 5 June 1940, commissioned 9 October 1943. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 27 July 1940), No.5 EFTS (graduated 27 November 1940), and No.3 SFTS (graduated 15 February 1941). Instructed at No.4 SFTS, 10 May 1941 to 3 February 1942 and at No.11 SFTS, 3 February to 12 March 1942. With Communications Flight, No.8 Repair Depot, 12 March to 2 November 1942; posted to No.1 OTU, Bagotville, 2 November 1942 and to No.111 Squadron, 1 March 1943 until it went overseas (as No.440), December 1943. To No.56 OTU, 17 May 1945; released 5 October 1945. Award presented postwar through British Colonial Office.


This officer has taken part in numerous sorties over enemy territory and his outstanding ability and fine fighting spirit have largely contributed to the many successes attained. On one occasion he flew through a withering barrage of anti-aircraft fire to attack enemy concentrations and stopped a counter-attack. Another time he participated in the destruction of a heavily defended bridge. At all times Flight Lieutenant Clacken's exceptional skill and great devotion to duty have inspired confidence in all who have flown with him.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9045 has citation as it was presented to Air Ministry Honours and Awards Committee; he had flown 103 sorties (105 operational hours; text does not differ materially from that published.

 

* * * * *

 

CLAIRMONT, WO Joseph Gerald (Can 9816) - Mention in Despatches - No.431 Squadron (AFRO gives unit as No.64 Base) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Home in Trenton, Ontario; enlisted there 25 November 1937. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation drafted 26 July 1944 by G/C D.M. Edwards, CO Station Croft.

 

This Warrant Officer enlisted November 1937, and has served in the United Kingdom since November 1942, and he has filled the position of Senior Warrant Officer in his trade for the last twelve months. During the past eighteen months, he has been in charge of armament daily servicing for two squadrons. Due to his initiative and skilful supervision, this work has been done, at all times, performed with a high standard of efficiency. He has, despite long and arduous hours of work, always proven to be highly dependable, efficient and totally devoted to his duties. He has been a fine example to his men and other NCO's on the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

CLAPPISON, A/C Henry Gordon (C2047) - Commander, Order of the British Empire - AFHQ - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Born in Hamilton, Ontario, 1 October 1898. Served First World War and awarded Belgian Croix de Guerre (see that data base). Entered University of Toronto, 1916, graduating 1923 in Civil Engineering. Worked for Nickelson Co. of New York until 1939, which he left to become Managing Director, Dominion Security Corporation. Enlisted in RCAF, Toronto, 8 May 1940 and immediately granted rank of Flight Lieutenant; promoted Squadron Leader, 1 January 1941; promoted Wing Commander, 1 September 1941; promoted Group Captain, 1 June 1942; promoted Air Commodore, 1 May 1945; released 10 October 1945. At Station Trenton (administration Course) 2-29 June 1940 and spent war at AFHQ. Award presented 8 April 1948.

 


This officer has done outstanding work with the Construction and Engineering Branch, especially during the hectic days when the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan was growing so rapidly and new stations and units were required to be constructed with the greatest possible speed. His cheerful personality, his tact and ability to get the best out of his officers and the contractors did much to ensure the successful completion of all buildings, etc., well in advance of the planned dates. He has been head of the branch since late 1944 and has been responsible for the closing of units and the maintenance of all station, landlines, etc., a responsibility he has carried out in a most commendable manner.

 

NOTE: On 11 October 1943, A/V/M R.R. Collard recommended him for an OBE:

 

Group Captain Clappison in his capacity as Deputy Director of Works and Buildings has borne a very large share of the responsibility for the design and construction of aerodromes, stations and other buildings throughout the Dominion of Canada and Newfoundland. In the execution of his duties he has displayed outstanding qualities of leadership and devotion to duty coupled with the ability to secure the cooperation of all who have been concerned in this vast enterprise, the completion of which on scheduled dates has been so vitally important to the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan and the defence of Canada.

 

This did not go through. Collard, at an unknown date and again on 25 August 1944, submitted the same recommendation, this time suggesting a CBE. A/V/M Frank McGill made a similar recommendation on 31 January 1945. This failed to get priority for the Birthday List 1945. Finally, on 9 August 1945, McGill made the recommendation that finally cleared all hurdles.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARAHAN, F/L Lawrence Earl (J90841) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 12 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946. Born 1918 in Calgary; home in Olds (farmer); enlisted Calgary, 4 December 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 24 July 1943), No.5 EFTS (graduated 18 September 1943), and No.15 SFTS (graduated 25 February 1944). Commissioned October 1944. Award presented 14 June 1947.

 

Flight Lieutenant Clarahan has completed numerous sorties including attacks on such heavily defended targets as Bohlen, Chemnitz, Hamburg and Leipzig. He has at all times displayed a high degree of skill and determination to complete his missions. In March 1945, during an attack against Chemnitz, his aircraft was twice attacked by enemy fighters while over the target are and the second time by a jet propelled aircraft which was shot down. His keenness and fine fighting spirit have always been most commendable and have set an inspiring example to the other members of his squadron.

 

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CLARK, F/L Austin Thomas (J86332) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.57 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 25 August 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 February 1946 and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946. Born 1918 in Montreal; home in Lachine, Quebec (ex-Canadian Grenadier Guards); enlisted Montreal, 5 February 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 12 September 1942), No.4 EFTS (graduated 27 December 1942) and No.13 SFTS (graduated 28 May 1943). Commissioned April 1944. Was he a POW or evader ? Killed in action 26/27 August 1944 (Lancaster LM278); name on Runnymede Memorial. Award sent by registered mail to next-of-kin by Governor General.

 

Flight Lieutenant Clark has taken part in many operational sorties which have included attacks against targets located in the most heavily defended areas in Germany and enemy occupied territory. On one occasion in July 1944, he was captain of an aircraft detailed to attack St.Leu Desserent. When twenty-five miles from the target one engine of his aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire. Fire broke out but was extinguished and the target was successfully attacked. Shortly after leaving the target another engine became unserviceable. The aircraft was illuminated by searchlights and heavily attacked by enemy ground defences. Largely owing to this officer's skilful handling it escaped further damage and although the hydraulic system was shot away a forced landing was safely accomplished at base. Flight Lieutenant Clark displayed cool courage and fortitude in continuing to his target in such hazardous circumstances. At all times his devotion to duty and determination have been worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, S/L Cecil Herbert (C284) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.10 SFTS (since moved to No.3 WS). Award effective 1 January 1945 as per Canada Gazette dated 6 January 1945 and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Enlisted at Camp Borden, 21 June 1929 (Flying Officer, Non-Permanent List). Awarded wings on same date ! Transferred to Reserve of Officers, 1 April 1932; not clear when he rejoined. Award presented 27 April 1945.

 

This officer, presently employed as chief ground instructor, has fulfilled his duties with vigour and industry and by his efforts over and above those normally required, has been of exceptional value to this station. Before his present employment he served most successfully in several capacities as an administrative officer. Because of his energy, determination and untiring devotion to duty throughout his extensive career, his service has been highly meritorious.

 

* * * * *

 


CLARK, F/L Donald Hartford (J6993) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.210 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943 and AFRO 2138/43 dated 22 October 1943. Born Winnipeg 1918; home in New Westminster; enlisted Vancouver, 14 December 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 10 March 1941), No.8 EFTS (graduated 15 May 1941) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 20 August 1941). Commissioned 1941. Killed in flying accident at Pensacola, Florida, 7 February 1944 when a US Navy SNJ-4 (Harvard trainer) collided with his PBY; eight killed. Award sent by registered mail to next-of-kin, 29 December 1944.

 

For the last fourteen months Flight Lieutenant Clark has been employed as captain of aircraft. On all occasions this officer has displayed courage, determination and cool judgement.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, F/L Everett Frederick (J6953) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.430 Squadron. Award effective 3 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1945 and AFRO 1672/45 dated 2 November 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted Hamilton, 20 December 1940. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 22 April 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 9 June 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 20 August 1941). Award sent by registered mail 28 June 1949.

 

Since joining the squadron in October 1944, this pilot has flown numerous operational sorties and his work generally has been of a very high standard and he has produced excellent results on photographic and artillery reconnaissance. Prior to the Rhine crossing, Flight Lieutenant Clark photographed parts of the river in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire. On one occasion, when detailed to investigate U-boat activity in the Kiel area, regardless of enemy patrols, he obtained valuable and essential information. Although Flight Lieutenant Clark's aircraft has twice been badly damaged by enemy fire, this has in no way lessened his keenness for operational flying and by his courage and devotion to duty he has set a fine example to other members of the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, S/L Frederick Patrick (J5488) - Air Force Cross - Central Flying School - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946 - Enlisted at Montreal, 14 September 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 22 December 1940), No.4 EFTS (graduated 21 February 1941), and No.9 SFTS (graduated 7 June 1941). As of award he had flown 2,287 hours, 2,006 hours as instructor, 139 hours in previous six months. Award presented 11 April 1949.

 

This officer's ability to organize his flight and supervise the smooth working of flying programmes has done much to ensure the success of this phase of training at Central Flying School. The technical knowledge and skill which he possess has been used to bring about a higher standard of instruction.

 

* * * * *

 


CLARK, P/O George Frederick (J18905) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1944 as per London Gazette dated 23 May and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born Elkhorn, Manitoba; home in Summerland, British Columbia; enlisted Vancouver, 20 August 1941. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 28 August 1942) and No.2 WS (graduated 18 July 1942). Commissioned 1943. Award presented 27 November 1948. DHist file 181.009 D.5524 (RG.24 Vol.20667) has recommendation dated 15 February 1944 when he had flown 25 sorties (158 hours 25 minutes), 15 January 1943 to 28 January 1944.

 

As rear gunner Pilot Officer Clark has participated in many sorties against the enemy including four attacks on Berlin. He has had many encounters with enemy night fighters and on one occasion probably destroyed a Junkers 88. The successful completion of many missions has been largely owing to his untiring vigilance and skilful determined action with his guns.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, F/O George Robert (J25257) - Mention in Despatches - No.145 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Home in Ninga, Manitoba; enlisted Winnipeg, 5 March 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 26 September 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 18 December 1942) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 16 April 1943).

 

Flying Officer Clark has carried out many long and arduous anti-submarine patrols on the Canadian East Coast and has at all times displayed a spirit which has inspired others and an enthusiasm which was unequalled. Many of his patrols have been carried out despite very bad weather and in such a way as to invite the admiration of the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, F/O Hollis Andrew Taylor (J26760) - Mention in Despatches - No.550 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Home in Toronto. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 25 September 1942), No.9 EFTS (graduated 22 January 1943) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 28 May 1943). Killed in action 19 July 1944 (Lancaster DV279).

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, P/O Jack (J85854) - Croix de Guerre (France) - No.622 Squadron (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Awarded as per AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Home in North Vancouver; enlisted Vancouver, 18 March 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 29 August 1942), No.6 EFTS (graduated 24 October 1942) and No.7 SFTS (graduated 5 March 1943). Public Records Office Air 2/9645 has citation.

 


Pilot Office Clark has been a member of No.622 Squadron since February 1944, and has established himself as a resolute captain of aircraft and an admirable leader. On the opening of the Normandy offensive on the 6th June 1944, and also prior to the invasion, he engaged the enemy in all stages of the attack and undoubtedly contributed greatly to the operational success of his squadron. By his inspired leadership and total disregard of personal danger he was always a source of encouragement to the personnel of his flight. His devotion to duty and gallantry in action were outstanding.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, F/L James Anthony (J17412) - Mention in Despatches - No.1666 Conversion Unit - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 9 February 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 25 July 1941), No.9 AOS (graduated 29 January 1942) and No.6 BGS (graduated 14 March 1942). DHist file 181.009 D.2813 (RG.24 Vol.20632) has recommendation dated 22 July 1944 when he had served 21 months in Canada, 20 months in UK. Navigation Instructor.

 

Flight Lieutenant Clark is an exceptional Navigator and by his outstanding ingenuity and organizing ability has made a great contribution to the production of highly trained crews. By his personal drive and leadership he organized an H2S Flight and commenced training, despite lack of equipment, workshop space, offices and trained personnel. His keenness and initiative have been an inspiration to all crews with whom he has come in contact...

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, S/L John Frederick Percival (J15167) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 1 July 1943 as per AFRO London Gazette dated 9 July 1943 and 1724/43 dated 27 August 1943. Born 1917 in London, Ontario; home there; enlisted there 6 June 1940. Trained at No.4 BGS (graduated 15 February 1941) and No.1 WS (graduated 7 December 1940). Commissioned 1942. Award presented by King George 9 May 1944.

 

Throughout all the sorties in which he has participated, this officer has displayed great presence of mind and courage. He has shot down one enemy aircraft and completed many missions against the most strongly fortified targets in Germany. These have included Frankfurt, Berlin, Hamburg, and Dortmund. Squadron Leader Clark's skill as a rear gunner has greatly contributed to the success of the squadron. As squadron gunnery leader he has completed his allotted tasks with marked success and his zeal, enthusiasm and organizing ability has been a great asset.

 

CLARK, W/C John Frederick Percival, DFC (J15167) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945.

 


CLARK, W/C John Frederick Percival, DFC (J15167) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946.

 

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CLARK, P/O John Hubert (J92980) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.519 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Home in St.Germain, near Winnipeg; enlisted Regina, 7 October 1942. Trained at No.3 WS (graduated 15 October 1942) and No.7 BGS (graduated 29 November 1943). Award sent by registered mail 24 February 1950.

 

On one occasion this officer, as wireless operator, was detailed for an attack against Hanall. Fifteen minutes before reaching the target area the intercommunication system failed. Pilot Officer Clark effected repairs while the aircraft was actually over the target and the mission was successfully completed. This officer has always shown courage and devotion to duty even in the most hazardous circumstances.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, P/O Lawrence Wilfred (J93256) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.77 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1922 at Morrisburg, Ontario; home there (student, ex-Royal Canadian Artillery); enlisted Ottawa, 15 September 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 15 May 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 15 October 1943). Commissioned November 1944. Award presented 7 August 1946. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9083 has recommendation dated 11 March 1945 when he had flown 37 sorties (196 hours), 24 August 1944 to 3 March 1945.

 

24 Aug 44 Brest (5.20) 21 Nov 44 Sterkrade (6.30)

25 Aug 44 Chapelle Notre 29 Nov 44 Essen (5.40)

Dame (3.40) 30 Nov 44 Duisburg (5.30)

31 Aug 44 Lumbres (3.25) DNCO 6 Dec 44 Osnabruck (6.10)

10 Sep 44 Le Havre (3.40) 24 Dec 44 Mulheim (5.30)

12 Sep 44 Munster (4.20) 1 Jan 45 Dortmund (5.00)

15 Sep 44 Kiel (5.45) 5 Jan 45 Hanover (5.20)

17 Sep 44 Boulogne (3.15) 13 Jan 45 Saarbrucken (6.40)

20 Sep 44 Calais (3.45) 1 Feb 45 Mainz (6.35)

6 Oct 44 Gladbach (4.30) 2 Feb 45 Wanne Eickel (5.00)

7 Oct 44 Cleve (4.25) 4 Feb 45 Bonn (5.40)

14 Oct 44 Duisburg (5.40) 7 Feb 45 Goch (6.10)

15 Oct 44 Duisburg (5.45) 13 Feb 45 Bohlen (8.00)

23 Oct 44 Essen (5.30) 17 Feb 45 Wesel (5.30)


25 Oct 44 Essen (4.55) 20 Feb 45 Reisholz (6.40)

28 Oct 44 Walcheren (2.45) 23 Feb 45 Essen (5.35)

31 Oct 44 Cologne (5.15) 27 Feb 45 Mainz (6.40)

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (5.25) 2 Mar 45 Cologne (5.40)

6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.35) 3 Mar 45 Kamen (6.15)

 

As a navigator this officer has now completed his first operational tour, having taken part in 37 sorties.

 

A member of a most successful crew of this squadron, he has contributed greatly to their achievements and due to his high standard of navigation, a fine photographic record has been obtained, which contains many aiming point photographs.

 

He has applied himself to his exacting task with great determination, many time in the face of strong enemy opposition. On several occasions throughout his tour his aircraft has been hit and severely damaged by flak.

 

In recognition of his fine record, his cool and courageous conduct in action, Pilot Officer Clark is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, P/O Ralph Johnston (J17004) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.158 Squadron - Award effective 6 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 17 August 1943 and AFRO 2005/43 dated 1 October 1943. Born 1923 at Vulcan, Alberta; home there; enlisted Calgary, 28 May 1941. Trained at No.6 BGS (graduated 13 April 1942) and No.2 WS (graduated 27 April 1942). Commissioned 1943. Award presented 14 February 1945.

 

As air gunner of exceptional merit, Pilot Officer Clark has completed a tour of operational duty attacking some of the enemy's most heavily defended areas including Bremen, Hamburg, Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Turin, Genoa and the Ruhr Valley. This officer has at all times displayed courage, determination and devotion to duty. His coolness when in action has, on occasions, been responsible for the successful completion of the sortie and the safe return of the aircraft to base.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, F/O Reginald Clair (C17992) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. Home in Orillia, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto, 7 April 1941.

 

* * * * *

 


CLARK, P/O Reginald Ferguson (J93656) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.162 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born 1917 in Castleford, Ontario. Home in South Porcupine, Ontario (clerk, ex-Royal Canadian Artillery). Enlisted in North Bay, 17 June 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 19 March 1943), No.6 BGS (graduated 10 December 1943) and No.10 AOS (graduated 23 July 1943). Commissioned February 1945. Award presented 5 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2 9082 has recommendation dated 20 March 1945 when he had flown 42 sorties (180 hours five minutes), 23 October 1944 to 18 March 1945. NOTE: Sorties from 23 October 1944 to 7 January 1945 with No.608 Squadron; thereafter with No.162 Squadron; sortie list shows only 41 trips.

 

* denotes daylight sortie

 

23 Oct 44 Berlin (5.05) 14 Jan 45 Berlin (4.50)

2 Nov 44 Osnabruck (3.55) 18 Jan 45 Sterkrade (2.35)

3 Nov 44 Berlin (4.40) 22 Jan 45 Hanover (4.05)

8 Nov 44 Hanover (3.40) 29 Jan 45 Berlin (4.55)

11 Nov 44 Wisbaden (3.35) 1 Feb 45 Berlin (4.45)

20 Nov 44 Hanover (3.30) 13 Feb 45 Berlin (4.35)

21 Nov 44 Stuttgart (4.35) 14 Feb 45 Dessau (4.25)

24 Nov 44 Berlin (4.40) 19 Feb 45 Erfert (4.10)

25 Nov 44 Duisburg (4.50) 21 Feb 45 Berlin (4.20)

27 Nov 44 Berlin (4.55) 22 Feb 45 Berlin (4.35)

28 Nov 44 Nuremburg (4.40) 25 Feb 45 Erfurt (4.10)

29 Nov 44 Hanover (3.55) 27 Feb 45 Berlin (4.30)

30 Nov 44 Duisburg (4.05)* 28 Feb 45 Berlin (4.20)

12 Dec 44 Essen (3.20) 2 Mar 45 Berlin (4.30)

17 Dec 44 Munster (3.45) 3 Mar 45 Berlin (4.35)

23 Dec 44 Siegburg (4.10)* 5 Mar 45 Berlin (4.40)

29 Dec 44 Munchen-Gladbach 7 Mar 45 Berlin (5.10)

(3.55) 9 Mar 45 Berlin (4.20)

31 Dec 44 Berlin (5.05) 11 Mar 45 Berlin (4.25)

2 Jan 45 Ludwigshaven (4.15) 13 Mar 45 Bremen (3.25)

7 Jan 45 Hanover (3.40) 18 Mar 45 Berlin (4.15)

 

This officer's work in the air and on the ground has shown him to be one of the outstanding navigators of his squadron. Of his many operational sorties to heavily defended targets in Germany, nineteen have been attacks on Berlin. He has displayed the greatest courage and resolution in the face of enemy opposition and his keenness and enthusiasm for operational flying have contributed largely to the invariable success which he has achieved. He has set and maintained a magnificent example and a very high standard for the other navigators of his squadron.

 


* * * * *

 

CLARK, Sergeant Rheta Beryl (W308239) - Mention in Despatches - Station Gander - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 20 October 1943. Citation seems to have been drafted for service at EAC Headquarters.

 

This non-commissioned officer has, during the past two years, given continuous guidance and inspiration to subordinates in operations bomber reconnaissance [sic]. Through her application and unremitting diligence, beyond the required limits of duty, she has contributed much to the efficiency of Eastern Air Command Headquarters operations and assisted greatly in promoting harmonious relations between this Headquarters and its operational stations. Her conduct has been exemplary.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, F/O Robert John (J10883) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.61 Squadron - Award effective 4 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 15 October 1943 and AFRO 2610/43 dated 17 December 1943. Born Strathmore, Alberta, 1918; home in Edmonton; Enlisted there 10 January 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 10 May 1941), No.5 BGS (graduated 28 February 1942), No.6 AOS (graduated 21 December 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 4 April 1942). Commissioned 1942. Award presented at uncertain date. NOTE: The citation published in the AFRO describes him as "captain of aircraft", a term normally applied to the pilot, not (as in his case) the navigator.

 

A determined and fearless captain of aircraft, Flying Officer Clark has contributed to the success of many sorties. He has guided his aircraft unerringly to the target and back, often through heavily defended areas and in adverse weather. On one occasion when his aircraft was damaged by enemy night fighters he displayed particular coolness and successfully navigated his aircraft back to base. This officer has always displayed highly commendable courage and devotion to duty.

 

CLARK, F/L Robert John (J10883) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.571 Squadron - Award effective 15 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Award presented 29 January 1947.

 

This officer has participated in a very large number of operational missions and he has invariably displayed a high degree of courage and resolution. One night in October 1944, Flight Lieutenant Clark was the navigator of an aircraft detailed for a mine-laying mission. The operation necessitated a high standard of skill and precise timing. That success was achieved reflects the greatest credit on the ability of this officer, whose work was of a high order.

 

* * * * *


CLARK, F/L Sebert Alfred (C12596) - Mention in Despatches - 28 Detachment (now No.7 RAD) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Home at Prosect Lake, British Columbia; enlisted Winnipeg, 20 October 1941.

 

This officer volunteered to accept the responsibilities of opening this unit despite the hazards of its extremely isolated position. His level headed and responsible management of this Detachment through its first winter, under extremely trying circumstances, prevented any loss of life and maintained a high standard of efficiency in operation. His personal example of energy and cheerfulness have inspired the full co-operation of the members of his unit and have done much to maintain high morale among the airmen in this extremely isolated spot.

 

NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.1688 (RG.24 Volume 20605) has letter dated 25 May 1944 in which S/L F.C. Aitkens recommends this award in much greater detail; Clark was then a Flying Officer:

 

This officer has, during his entire service in Western Air Command, shown exceptional devotion to duty, lack of concern for personal advantages, and outstanding ability under difficult circumstances as illustrated in the following example.

 

Flying Officer Clark was employed at Western Air Command Headquarters in the Radio Branch in a position subject to promotion, and from a personal standpoint, desirable, as his home and family are located in this area.

 

At the time No.28 Detachment, Cape St.James was about to be opened he realized that much concern was felt over providing an Officer Commanding with ability to cope with the difficulties presented by the hazards of access, lack of water, and extremely isolated position of this Detachment.

 

Flying Officer Clark volunteered to accept this responsibility to his personal disadvantage. His level headed and responsible management of this Detachment through its first winter under extremely trying circumstances prevented any loss of life through access hazards and maintained a high standard of efficiency in operation. His personal example of willingness and cheerfulness has kept a high standard of morale at this Detachment where due to extreme adverse climatic conditions and extreme isolation, serious consequences might have resulted from low morale among the airmen.

 

* * * * *

 


CLARK, Corporal Thomas (R106661) - Mention in Despatches - No.426 Squadron (No.62 Base in AFRO) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 26 May 1941. Wireless Mechanic. No citation in AFRO; DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation forwarded 31 July 1944. Enlisted 26 May 1941; served three months in Canada, 33 months overseas.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is considered to be one of the outstanding Wireless Mechanics serving with No.426 Squadron, and his determination and devotion to duty in maintaining a maximum serviceability of signals equipment has contributed in no small measure to the operational efficiency of the squadron. On two occasions, this Non-Commissioned Officer's quick thinking and accurate workmanship in repairing vital signals equipment has enabled aircraft which would have otherwise been grounded to take off on operations.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, LAC Wilfred Harvey (R108814) - Mention in Despatches - No.420 Squadron (No.62 Base) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 16 June 1941. No citation in AFRO. DHist File 181.009 D.1745 (RG.24 Volume 20608) describes him as an Armourer (Bombs); served in Canada until 28 February 1942; arrived overseas 30 March 1942. Recommended on 22 July 1944 by the Commanding Officer, No.420 Squadron, who wrote:

 

LAC Clark has displayed an outstanding example to others by his untiring sense of duty. When operational necessity has required long hours of endurance, his cheerful disposition in the face of trying difficulties has always been an inspiration to those around him, His ability to assume responsibility and place the task in hand above anything else has brought commendation from his officers.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARK, F/L William (J9331) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.279 Squadron - Award effective 11 August 1944 as per London Gazette dated 22 August 1944 and AFRO 2231/44 dated 13 October 1944. Home in Weyburn, Saskatchewan; enlisted London, Ontario, 27 February 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 August 1941), No.1 EFTS (graduated 25 September 1941) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 18 December 1941). Award presented 9 July 1949. Served in postwar RCAF. Died in Ottawa, 16 April 1983.

 

Flight Lieutenant Clark has taken part in numerous operational sorties, many of which have been of a difficult and dangerous nature and have called for a high degree of airmanship. He has also participated in a number of air/sea rescues. In February 1944, while on patrol and during a snowstorm, this officer sighted a dinghy. He laid a line of flame floats and guided the high speed launch to the dinghy and despite the adverse weather which was rapidly deteriorating he stayed with the launch until all the occupants of the dinghy had been rescued. More recently this year Flight Lieutenant Clark participated in a successful rescue whereby the complete crew of a Fortress were saved.


* * * * *

 

CLARKE, H/S/L Cyril (C8513) - Mention in Despatches - Leeming - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation forwarded to No.6 Group HQ, 31 January 1945. Enlisted in Edmonton, 10 October 1941; as of recommendation he had served 19 months in Canada, 21 months overseas.

 

Filling a highly responsible position in the station, Squadron Leader Clarke possesses the quiet charm, friendly good humour and strength of character which mark the ideal "Padre". No task too trivial, no requirement too great, he performs services and renders aid to all who seek him out and for many who do not. His genuine interest and solicitude for the well-being of all ranks is recognized and appreciated by all. He is always interested in station activities, and no operation is begun or ended with Padre Clarke absent. His value is inestimable.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARKE, S/L James Weir (J4567) - Mention in Despatches - No.161 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 132/45 dated 26 January 1945. Home in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Regina, 30 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS(graduated 12 November 1940), No.1 EFTS (graduated 4 January 1941) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 10 March 1941).

 

This officer is an extremely efficient detachment commander, whose example of courage and determination has been most inspiring. His cheerfulness and devotion to duty have been noticeably reflected by the keenness and high morale of those serving under him. He has proven himself to be a skilful pilot and a most efficient leader.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARKE, FS Manley Allan (R61656) - Mention in Despatches -No.5 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Home in Regina, Saskatchewan; enlisted there 26 June 1940. No citation.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARKE, Fl/Officer Mary Alice Christina (V30300) - Member, Order of the British Empire - Air Force Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 6 January 1945 and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Home in Goderich; enlisted Toronto, 5 September 1942. Award presented 27 June 1945.

 


This officer, who came to the Royal Canadian Air Force with a wide professional experience in social work, has been primarily responsible for formulating policies in connection with welfare problems, particularly in relation to the Women's Division. Her personal qualifications of leadership and general competence have undoubtedly been responsible for the establishment of excellent liaison with Government Departments and Welfare Agencies in connection with this work. By her own excellent example and good judgement the welfare officers of the Women's Division throughout the Royal Canadian Air Force have been given inspiration and guidance. This officer, deeply enthused in her work, has been completely unselfish in her devotion to duty and has made an outstanding contribution to the welfare of the Women's Division.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARKE, WO2 Owen Sidney Thetford (R200657) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette of 7 December 1945 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. Home in Hamilton, Ontario; enlisted there 6 November 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 12 August 1943) and No.3 BGS (graduated 15 January 1944). Award presented in Hamilton, 27 July 1949.

 

This Warrant Officer has completed many operational sorties against heavily defended targets. On one occasion when his aircraft was engaged by an enemy fighter Warrant Officer Clarke opened fire and the enemy aircraft was seen to fall to the ground in flames. At all times his courage and devotion to duty have been worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

CLARKE, WO (now P/O) Robert Granville (R165335/J93471) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.90 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 April 1945 and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Born 1914 in Saskatoon; home in Ottawa (clerk); enlisted Toronto, 6 May 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 6 November 1942), No.5 BGS (graduated 6 August 1943) and No.1 ANS (graduated 17 September 1943). Commissioned February 1945. Award presented 26 August 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9060 has recommendation dated 22 January 1945 when he had flown 34 sorties (166 hours 26 minutes), 7 August to 5 December 1944. NOTE: This list of sorties is identical to that for Warrant Officer J.J. Williams (navigator), strongly suggesting they were members of the same crew.

 

* denotes daylight sortie

 

7 Aug 44 Mare de Magne (3.55) 7 Oct 44 Cleve (4.00)*

9 Aug 44 Fort d'Englos (2.38) 14 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.51)*

11 Aug 44 Lens (3.24)* 14 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.57)


14 Aug 44 Hamel (3.58)* 19 Oct 44 Stuttgart (5.54)

16 Aug 44 Stettin (8.00) 22 Oct 44 Neuse (4.16)*

18 Aug 44 Bremen (5.08) 2 Nov 44 Homberg (4.16)*

25 Aug 44 Russelheim (8.29) 4 Nov 44 Solingen (4.36)*

5 Sept 44 Le Havre (3.55)* 5 Nov 44 Solingen (4.52)*

6 Sep 44 Le Havre (3.35)* 6 Nov 44 Koblenz (5.37)

10 Sep 44 Le Havre (4.16) 8 Nov 44 Homberg (4.21)*

11 Sep 44 GARDENING, Pomeranian 15 Nov 44 Dortmund (5.22)*

Bay (7.09) 16 Nov 44 Heinsberg (3.49)*

12 Sep 44 Frankfurt (6.32) 20 Nov 44 Homberg (4.42)*

23 Sep 44 Neuse (4.22) 21 Nov 44 GARDENING, Oslo

24 Sep 44 Calais (2.29)* (7.08)

27 Sep 44 Calais (2.30)* 26 Nov 44 Fulda (5.33)*

4 Oct 44 GARDENING, Kattegat 28 Nov 44 Neuse (4.40)

(7.39) 5 Dec 44 Schwammanauel Dam

5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken (5.23) (4.10)*

 

 

This air bomber has been of the greatest assistance to his captain in pressing home attacks in the face of formidable opposition from a large number of targets. Photographic results of his work have shown that he can be relied upon to hit his target under conditions which have at times been most exacting.

 

 

* * * * *

 

CLARKSON, F/O Peter (J85333) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.436 Squadron - Award effective 9 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 October 1945 and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born 1916 in Cambridge, England; home there (foreman); enlisted Montreal, 20 September 1940. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 13 March 1942), No.3 AOS (graduated 20 June 1942), No.2 BGS (graduated 1 August 1942) and No.1 ANS (graduated 21 September 1942). Commissioned February 1944. Award presented in Montreal, 25 November 1949.

 

This officer has displayed outstanding ability, determination and devotion to duty. He has flown with three different squadrons during his operational career and has completed numerous sorties. As navigator and bomb aimer Flying Officer Clarkson has taken part in numerous anti-shipping sorties over the North Sea during which his crew was responsible for the destruction of two enemy E-boats. Later in his tour of duty this officer took part in transport sorties in the Burma theatre of war, flying long hours over hazardous country. At all times his enthusiasm and fine fighting spirit have been a valuable asset to his unit.

 

* * * * *

 


CLAY, Sergeant Francis James (R187051) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.431 Squadron - Award effective 13 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2534/44 dated 24 November 1944. Born 1922 in Coronation, Alberta; home in Red Deer; enlisted in Edmonton, 27 August 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 15 October 1943). Award presented by King George 13 July 1945. Cited with F/O Robert G. Holden (RCAF, awarded DFC).

 

Flying Officer Holder was detailed one night in July 1944 to attack Hamburg and Sergeant Clay was his rear gunner. Whilst over the target the aircraft was swept by cannon and machine gun fire from an enemy fighter. Sergeant Clay was severely wounded and the aircraft became uncontrollable. It dived steeply and Flying Officer Holden ordered the crew to escape by parachute. The navigator, bomb aimer and mid-upper gunner jumped. After losing 10,000 feet the pilot regained control and rescinded his order to abandon aircraft. Sergeant Clay crawled to the nose of the aircraft where he remained during the return flight helping Flying Officer Holden to navigate his aircraft through a most heavily defended area of Germany. Only when the aircraft was being landed in England did Sergeant Clay indicate that he was injured by requesting Flying Officer Holden to have an ambulance to meet the bomber on the airfield. Flying Officer Holden and Sergeant Clay displayed unswerving devotion to duty and set an example of the highest order.

 

* * * * *

 

 

CLAYTON, W/C Arthur Chamberlain Pitt, DFC (C18639) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.62 Base (AFRO gives unit as "Overseas (now RCAF Headquarters") - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Born in Victoria, 21 February 1916. CAN/RAF officer (joined RAF in 1938), transferred to RCAF, 12 October 1943. Director of Demobilization from March 1944 onwards. Award presented 27 June 1945. No citation to OBE found in Canadian sources. Public Records Office Air 2/9149 has recommendation for a DSO raised 8 March 1944 by A/C A.D. Ross. He was described as having flown 57 sorties (370 operational hours). Since his previous award he had flown nine sorties (53 operational hours). The sortie list covers the whole of his RAF and RCAF combat career:

 

First Tour Second Tour

 

29 Feb 40 shipping strike (3.15) 26 Apr 41 Hamburg (7.50)

3 Mar 40 do. (3.30) 30 Apr 41 Kiel (7.00)

5 Mar 40 do. (3.00) 12 May 41 Mannheim (7.05)

3 June 40 Frankfurt (7.05) 10 June 41 Brest (5.55)

5 June 40 Hamburg (6.20) 12 June 41 Hamm (6.25)

13 June 40 Hirsons (6.50) 13 June 41 Brest (5.30)

17 June 40 GARDENING, Eglantines 22 June 41 Bremen (6.00)

(7.10) 25 June 41 Kiel (7.40)

19 June 40 GARDENING, Kiel (7.20) 27 June 41 Vegasack (6.30)


21 June 40 Kassel (7.25) 30 June 41 Dusseldorf (6.00)

24 June 40 GARDENING, Elbe (6.40) 5 July 41 Munster (5.10)

29 June 40 GARDENING, Kiel (6.30) 7 July 41 Brest (5.40)

1 July 40 Kiel (6.25) 17 July 41 North Sea search (7.30)

15 July 40 Paderborn (7.30) 12 Aug 41 Hanover (7.55)

26 July 40 Nantes (7.25) 17 Sept 41 Marquise (3.35, day)

2 Aug 40 GARDENING, Halsingborg 21 Sept 41 Lille (3.25, day)

(8.00) 30 Sept 41 Hamburg (7.00)

8 Aug 40 Mannheim (8.15) 12 Oct 41 Huls (5.30)

11 Aug 40 Dortmund (3.50) 22 Oct 41 Mannheim (5.55)

13 Aug 40 Dessau (9.00) 27 Nov 41 Dusseldorf (6.10)

16 Aug 40 Leuna (9.50) 28 Dec 41 Huls (4.50)

21 Aug 40 Magdeburg (8.10) 12 Feb 42 Scharnhorst and

24 Aug 40 GARDENING, Loire (6.10) Gneisenau off Hook

28 Aug 40 Berlin (10.45) of Holland (3.10)

2 Sept 40 Hamburg (6.25) 3 Mar 42 Paris, Renault works

4 Sept 40 Stettin (7.50) (5.35)

7 Sept 40 Ostend (4.05) 25 Mar 42 GARDENING, Lorient

9 Sept 40 Hamburg (9.35) (4.50)

18 Sep 40 GARDENING, Eglantines 26 Jan 43 Bordeaux docks

(7.30) (10.20)

20 Sep 40 Dortmund-Ems Canal (5.10)

23 Sept 40 Berlin (6.30)

27 Sept 40 Lorient (6.35)

30 Sept 40 Berlin (7.50)

11 Oct 40 GARDENING, Kiel (6.00)

 

Wing Commander Clayton joined the RAF on 28th December 1938, and he has served continually with the RAF and RCAF ever since.

 

On 7th December 1939 he was posted to No.83 Squadron (Operational Night Bomber Squadron). He started his first operation trip [sic] in February 1940, doing sweeps in the North Sea in search of the pocket battleship Deutschland, and he completed his first tour with Gardening operations over Kiel Bay on 11th October 1940, and was subsequently awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. Instead of doing a tour at an Operational Training Unit, Wing Commander Clayton remained with No.83 Squadron until 31st December 1940, and was then posted to Waddington to form a Havoc night fighter flight.

 


His second tour was also started with No.83 Squadron in April 1941, and he remained there until July 1941. He was then posted to No.408 Squadron to help in its formation, and subsequently took command in March 1942. In October of the same year he assumed command of the first Canadian bomber squadron, No.405 Squadron, and had the remarkable record during the four months he commanded the squadron, of well over 3,000 hours flown with only one aircraft lost in action. Wing Commander Clayton wound up his second tour in January 1943, having completed 57 sorties. During his second tour he was awarded a Bar to the Distinguished Flying Cross for leading a particularly successful daylight attack on Lille in northern France.

 

As his sortie record will show, his two tours of operations completed almost every [document torn, word uncertain, "application" ?] of day and night bombing. He was one of the first pilots to raid Berlin, and it will be noted that he has taken part in raids on almost all the difficult German targets. Many of the trips undertaken were most difficult ones, and the trip to Mannheim was particularly hazardous, flak having become very accurate, which resulted in the aircraft being hit several times. On one occasion, after bombing Berlin in a Hampden, one of the engines failed on the return journey, and the second engine failed a short distance from the coast, but a successful landing was made on the beach. Wing Commander Clayton also took part in the attack on the Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen.

 

After completing his operations, Wing Commander Clayton assumed the position of Wing Commander Operations at No.62 Base, subsequently attending the War Staff College course which he has just recently completed. It is anticipated that he will be returned to Canada in order to impart his extensive experience and knowledge to trainees in Canada.

 

It is considered that Wing Commander Clayton's work has been outstanding and exceptional, both on operations and otherwise, that he has been an inspiration to every crew that has served under him, and I very strongly recommend him for the immediate award of the Distinguished Service Order.

 

Air 2/9148 has edited text for this award was as follows:

 

Since the award of a Bar to the Distinguished Flying Cross, Wing Commander Clayton has taken part in nine operational sorties which have included attacks on Dusseldorf and Mannheim. He also participated in attacks on the Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen at Brest. Since completing his second tour of duty in January 1943 this officer has been employed as Wing Commander (Operations) at No.62 Base, subsequently attending the War Staff College course. Both in operations and on the ground, Wing Commander Clayton's work has been outstanding. His knowledge and experience have been of the utmost value to all who have served under him.

 

The same file, Air 2/9148 (which also contains a DSO recommendation for A.D. Ross) has interesting correspondence. A staff officer writes (25 April 1944) that:

 


...their claims to this decoration [the DSO] appear to be dubious. No.1 [Ross] has been a Station Commander since December 1942 and has participated in three sorties. No.1A [Chamberlain] has performed no operational flying since January 1943, when he became a Wing Commander (Operations) at Base Headquarters. You may, therefore, conclude that it would be more appropriate to consider them for OBEs in connection with the Birthday Honours List; if so, the Air Officer Commanding in Chief [Harris] will be asked to assign them an order of priority on his list of recommendations for the OBE.

 

The Chief of Air Staff wrote (27 April 1944) to the Secretary of State for Air:

 

The operational qualifications for the DSO have, I know, been considered from time to time during the war. As I understand it, these require that awards shall only be given for service under what amounts to combat conditions; exposure to shellfire or bombing attack is not sufficient since this is a risk which everyone undergoes even in the back areas. I understand that the War Office have departed from this rule on certain occasions, for example to decorate Staff Officers at headquarters of formations, but we have done what we can to prevent this and to keep them up to the mark.

 

Nos.1 and 1A [Ross and Clayton] do not, however, seem to me to fall outside this rule. No.1 has carried out three sorties while serving as a Station Commander and No.1A has done nine sorties since his last award although not in his present appointment. In my opinion therefore they have the necessary operational qualifications for the DSO and I think that the reports of the excellence of their work justify the award of this decoration to both of them. I hope that PUS, through whom I am passing this file, will agree that they fall inside and not outside the proper field for this award.

 

On 1 May 1944 the Secretary of State for Air wrote that he wished to discuss these awards with the Chief of Air Staff, particularly because if approved, the scale of other awards would be reduced by one DFC and one DFM. Clearly, the Secretary of State for Air disagreed with the Chief of Air Staff and had OBEs awarded rather than DSOs.

 

* * * * *

 

CLEARY, Nursing Sister Mary Jean (C4487) - Associate, Royal Red Cross - No.12 Service Flying Training School - Award effective 18 June 1944 as per Canada Gazette of that date and RCAF Routine Order 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944). Born in Brigus, Newfoundland. Enlisted in Halifax, March 1941. Award presented 15 January 1945.

 

This Nursing Sister has set an excellent example by her outstanding devotion to duty. In her two years of service she has consistently displayed initiative and resourcefulness over and above the ordinary line of duty.

 


* * * * *

 

CLEGG, F/L Charles Frederick (J25884) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.51 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born July 1920; home in Vegreville, Alberta (salesman) - although large award card at DHist give home as London; enlisted London, Ontario, 30 October 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 7 November 1942), No.6 EFTS (graduated 9 January 1943) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 14 May 1943). Commissioned April 1943. Award presented 28 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8749 has recommendation dated 22 April 1945 when he had flown 39 sorties (199 hours seven minutes), 1 August 1944 to 24 March 1945.

 

* denotes flown as second pilot

 

1 Aug 44 Anderbelck (2.36)* 7 Oct 44 Cleve (4.37)

2 Aug 44 Le Nieppe (3.24)* 30 Oct 44 Cologne (6.08)

5 Aug 44 Foret de Nieppe 2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (5.04)

(2.49) 6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.32)

9 Aug 44 Foret de Mormal 2 Dec 44 Hagen (6.20)

(3.45) 5 Dec 44 Soest (5.01)

11 Aug 44 Somain (4.31) 30 Dec 44 Kolkkalk (5.46)

12 Aug 44 Russelsheim (5.49) 28 Jan 45 Stuttgart (7.04)

14 Aug 44 TRACTABLE 21A (3.43) 1 Feb 45 Mainz (6.31)

15 Aug 44 Tirlemont (3.53) 2 Feb 45 Wanne Eickel (5.49)

16 Aug 44 Kiel (3.31) 4 Feb 45 Gelsenkirchen (5.25)

18 Aug 44 Sterkrade (5.01) 14 Feb 45 Chemnitz (7.54)

25 Aug 44 Brest (5.39) 21 Feb 45 Worms (6.42)

9 Sept 44 Le Havre (3.43) 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz (3.20), DNCO

10 Sep 44 Le Havre (3.39) 7 Mar 45 Hemmingstedt (6.10)

11 Sep 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.43) 8 Mar 45 Hamburg (6.05)

15 Sep 44 Kiel (5.48) 11 Mar 45 Essen (5.20)

17 Sep 44 Boulogne (3.22) 13 Mar 45 Wuppertal (5.45)

24 Sep 44 Calais (3.05) 18 Mar 45 Witten (6.54)

30 Sep 44 Bottrop (4.05) 21 Mar 45 Rheine (5.07)

6 Oct 44 Sterkrade (4.55) 24 Mar 45 Sterkrade (5.32)

 

Flight Lieutenant Clegg has successfully completed 39 operational sorties. These include day and night assaults on heavily defended industrial targets in Germany such as Hamburg, Kiel, Dusseldorf, and Gelsenkirchen, and attacks on the enemy's supplies and communications in enemy occupied territory in support of the Allied armies.

 


On his first operational sortie, one engine failed before reaching the target, but Flight Lieutenant Clegg displayed a fine offensive spirit by pressing home the attack, bombing the target successfully and returning safely to base.

 

As captain of aircraft he has shown a keen sense of duty, skill and resourcefulness, which gained for him the admiration and respect of his crew and the rest of his squadron. He is a fine type of officer, whose work on the ground is of a high order, upholding the highest traditions of the Royal Air Force. He is very strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

CLEGG, P/O Harvey Gordon (J93740) - Commended for Valuable Services in the Air - Awarded as per London Gazette dated 3 April 1945 (no AFRO entry). Born 26 October 1922; enlisted in Winnipeg 16 July 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 9 October 1941), No.14 EFTS (graduated about 20 December 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 5 June 1941, when he was graded as pilot). Commissioned 29 January 1945. Posted to No.31 OTU, 20 June 1942; posted overseas February 1944; repatriated August 1945; released 25 September 1945. Certificate and insignia forwarded to Trehearne, Manitoba, 8 November 1948.

 

* * * * *

 

CLEGG, F/L Jack Thomas (J25945) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Trenton; enlisted Hamilton, 15 May 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 23 October 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 30 December 1942) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 30 April 1943).

 

* * * * *

 

CLELAND, S/L Frederick Donald (C8532) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. See Field of Honour (Bank of Montreal, c.1950). Former bank employee; enlisted in Montreal, 31 October 1941. Trained in Toronto and Pennfield Ridge, New Brunswick; sent overseas in December 1941 to complete instruction. Served at several Bomber Command bases, latterly at Nos.63 and 64 Bases and No.6 Group Headquarters.

 

* * * * *

 

CLEMENT, F/L George Franklin (J8783) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.10 (Bomber Reconnaissance) Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1945 as per Canada Gazette dated 15 December 1945 and AFRO 183/46 dated 22 February 1946. Trained at No.3 ITS, No.20 EFTS, and No.16 SFTS. File not found at DHist, 19 September 1991. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26 Vol.59, file 190-I, dossier 7) has citation. When recommended he had flown 1,723 hours, of which 263 were operational (26 sorties).

 


On the 10th of May, 1945, several hundred miles out over the North Atlantic, Flight Lieutenant Clement, while captain of a long range operational aircraft, sighted a German U-boat. Immediately he turned in to attack but was forestalled by the running up of a flag of surrender. Simultaneously the U-boat's crew appeared on the conning tower and Flight Lieutenant Clement, with the perfect team work of his crew, homed naval forces to the scene and a complete surrender was then effected. The skill and efficiency with which this surrender was carried out is largely due to the inspiration and leadership of this aircraft captain. By his own splendid example and good leadership, Flight Lieutenant Clement has at all times displayed the same high standard of operational flying.

 

* * * * *

 

CLEMENT, Sergeant (now P/O) Rodney Stewart (R102099/J18133) - Air Force Medal - No.4 EFTS (AFRO gives unit as "No.51 Group Pool Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 809/44 dated 14 April 1944. Born 1919 Russell, Manitoba; home there; enlisted in Regina, 5 May 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 15 August 1941), No.19 EFTS (graduated 24 October 1941), and No.12 SFTS (graduated 16 January 1942). Commissioned 1943. No citation in Canadian sources. Public Records Office Air 2/8959 has recommendation and identifies unit; had flown 687 instructional hours, 475 in previous six months.

 

This airman is an enthusiastic and capable flying instructor who has set a very fine example.

 

CLEMENT, F/O Rodney Stewart, AFM (J18133) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.626 Squadron - Award effective 17 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1/45 dated 1 January 1945. Award presented by King George 13 February 1945.

 

In October 1944, when on his first operational flight as captain and pilot, Flying Officer Clement's aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire, causing damage in the mid-upper turret. Flying Officer Clement continued on his mission and successfully attacked his target, but fires broke out in both wings of his aircraft, causing considerable damage. The fire in the starboard wing died out but petrol from a damaged tank was feeding the fire in the port wing. After ensuring that the crew could abandon aircraft if necessary, Flying Officer Clement commenced his return flight. The fire in the port main plane subsided but a dull glow and flickering flames were seen through a hole in the mainplane. Flying Officer Clement, showing coolness and courage of a high order, was determined to fly his damaged aircraft back to base. Although the fire persisted in the port wing for the entire return flight, this officer landed his aircraft safely at base. The high standard of captaincy and skilful pilotage of Flying Officer Clement is worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 


CLEMENT, S/L Robert James (C288) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.435 Squadron - Award effective 27 March 1946 as per London Gazette dated 5 April 1946 and AFRO 497/46 dated 17 May 1946. Born in Brandon, Manitoba, 1910; enlisted as a P/P/O 2 June 1930; graduated from University of Manitoba, 1933 (B.Sc.). Completed two terms of flying training at Camp Borden but released 13 July 1934. Home in Winnipeg; joined No.112 (Auxiliary) Squadron there, 26 February 1938 and qualified for wings 18 April 1939. Went overseas with that unit in 1940; repatriated January 1941. Took armament course, Air Armament School, Trenton and then served on armament staff at Mountain View, No.7 BGS, Western Air Command and AFHQ. In November 1943 appointed flight commander in No.147 Squadron (Pacific coast) and then at Tofino; posted overseas again in June 1944, going from Britain to India and No.435 Squadron (flight commander and deputy CO on formation, October 1944). Remained in Burma to end of the war. Repatriated October 1945; retired November 1945. Joined Trans-Canada Air lines in 1946 (administrative engineer) and served in RCAF Auxiliary (with No.402 Squadron which he commanded, July 1946 to retirement at end of 1948). Award presented 11 June 1949.

 

Squadron Leader Clement has acted as flight commander on a number of operations. Many of these have been flown during the monsoon weather and in extremely difficult conditions. His keenness and steadiness during critical moments has given confidence and encouragement to his crew. This officer's energy and devotion to duty have helped considerably in attaining the very high standing [standard ?] of work achieved by the squadron. Squadron Leader Clement has shown great courage, skill and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

CLEMENTS, G/C William Isaac (C138) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - Gander - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/45 dated 25 January 1946. Home in North Devon, New Brunswick; RMC Cadet; joined RCAF at Camp Borden, 23 June 1930. Awarded wings, 6 October 1931. Attached to RAF, 24 March 1939; he became the first member of the RCAF to fly a wartime sortie (Blenheim reconnaissance with No.53 Squadron over France, September 1939). Award presented 9 January 1948. Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal while at AFHQ, 21 October 1953 (Air Commodore); later AOC of Maritime Air Command. Died in Metz, France, 3 February 1988. For personal recollections of flying RCMP Preventative Patrols, 1932-1936, see Spring 1979 issue of Journal of the Canadian Aviation Historical Society.

 

This officer is a Regular Officer of long service. At the outbreak of war he was serving on exchange with the Royal Air Force and proceeded to France with the first squadron. Since his return from overseas he has held several important posts including that of Canadian representative on an allied committee that visited all fighting fronts. Latterly he has been in command of a station in Newfoundland. Throughout all his service he has displayed such keenness, understanding and ability that he has earned for himself a very high reputation. His outstanding contribution during this war is worthy of high praise.


CLEMENTS, G/C William Isaac, OBE (138) - Croix de Guerre with Gold Star (France) - awarded as per Canada Gazette dated 20 September 1947 and AFRO 485/47 dated 12 September 1947. Pilot.

 

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CLEVELAND, S/L Howard Douglas (J5765) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - Award effective 2 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1444/44 dated 7 July 1944. Born Vancouver, 7 July 1913; home there; enlisted there 24 October 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 11 January 1941), No.8 EFTS (graduated 5 March 1941) and No.33 SFTS (graduated 22 June 1941). Commissioned 24 June 1941. Posted to Central Flying School, Trenton, 25 June 1941; to No.5 SFTS (Brantford) to instruct, 13 September 1941; to No.36 OTU, Greenwood, 25 June 1943. Embarked from New York, 8 October 1943; arrived UK, 16 October 1943. Posted to No.60 OTU, 26 October 1943, he was sent to No.418 Squadron, 1 January 1944. Interned in Sweden, 16 May 1944; reported safe in UK, 17 June 1944. Repatriated to Canada, 6 August 1944. To No.7 OTU, 21 October 1944; to RCAF Overseas Headquarters, 9 January 1945 (attached to 9th USAAF, 22 January to 18 April 1945). Commanded No.418 Squadron, 24 May 1945 to 15 September 1945; repatriated to Lachine, 16 September 1945; to No.8 Release Centre, 23 September 1945. Aerial victories as follows: 26 February 1944, one Go.242 destroyed in the air, one Go.242 destroyed on ground, one Ju.86 destroyed on ground, one He.111Z destroyed in the air (shared with F/O C.C. Scherf, RAAF); 16 April 1944, two FW.190s destroyed on ground, one Ju.87 destroyed on ground (shared with another pilot), one unidentified training aircraft destroyed on ground; 27 April 1944, one unidentified twin-engined aircraft destroyed; 16 May 1944, one He.111 destroyed, one Ju.87 destroyed, one Do.217 destroyed on ground; 27 July 1944, one unidentified twin-engine aircraft destroyed. See H.A. Halliday, The Tumbling Sky for more details. Logbook, uniform, medals and memorabilia with Canadian War Museum. Award presented by King George 13 July 1945. Photographs of him are PL-26174 (by tail of Mosquito), PL-26810 (with his RAF navigator, FS F. Day), PL-28732 (Cleveland, Harper, Kerr, Jasper), PL-28482 (Cleveland, Day, Luma, C. Finlayson). Medals with Canadian War Museum (AN 19800811-010) along with logbook, painting, memorabilia.

 

This officer is an extremely efficient flight commander whose example of courage and determination has proved most inspiring. He has completed very many sorties, including several successful sorties against ground targets in daylight. On one of these, Squadron Leader Cleveland assisted in the destruction of three enemy aircraft in the air and personally damaged one on the ground. On another occasion, in April 1944, this officer led a formation of aircraft in a most successful sortie during which he damaged three enemy aircraft on an airfield. He is a gallant and forceful leader and has rendered much valuable service.

 

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CLEVELAND, F/L James Barry (J15084) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 30 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1943 and AFRO 166/44 dated 28 January 1944. Born in Toronto, 1915; home there or in Knitsford, Cheshire; enlisted Toronto, 1 July 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 17 August 1940), No.2 BGS (graduated 17 February 1941), No.3 AOS (graduated 6 January 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 15 March 1941). Commissioned 1941. Reported to No.426 Squadron (from No.419 Squadron), 16 February 1943. Injured in crash on return from raid on Berlin, 23/24 November 1943. Award presented 18 October 1947.

 

This officer has a fine operational record of attacks on many major targets. His navigational ability has enabled his crew to attack in the allotted time on all sorties and has frequently been instrumental in bringing back a damaged aircraft. Flight Lieutenant Cleveland has acted as squadron navigation officer for some months and in that capacity has been particularly successful in developing new crews. His work both in the air and on the ground has been outstanding.

 

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CLEVELAND, W/C Wallace Bernard (C2017) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Enlisted in Halifax, 8 May 1940. No citation in biographical file. DHist file 181.009 D.2813 (RG.24 Vol.20632) has recommendation dated 22 May 1944 when he had served 42 months in Canada, six months in UK. He was then Station Administrative Officer, Womblton.

 

This officer has by his untiring effort, his exceptional organizing ability and his skilful leadership brought the efficiency of the various sections under his supervision up to a very high standard. This has been accomplished under trying conditions with a minimum of staff and a great shortage of equipment. The high standard of morale and attainment presently experienced throughout the Station is in no small measure the result of this officer's individual effort...

 

CLEVELAND, W/C Wallace Bernard (C2017) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.64 Base Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Award presented 16 April 1948. No citation to OBE in biographical file. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas". DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation dated 24 May 1945 which also identifies unit.

 

Wing Commander Cleveland's services in organizing the administrative structure of No.64 Base from its inception have been most outstanding. His energy and persistence, exceptional ability and strong sense of duty despite many difficulties, have sustained him over all obstacles resulting in a smooth functioning and efficient Base. These meritorious services are the culmination of an excellent record of achievement in various responsible administrative posts held during his service career. The award of the OBE is considered well merited and recommended.

 

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CLIBBERY, FS Alexander (R142144) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 31 January 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Born Winnipeg, 1923; home in Regina or Portage la Prairie (time keeper); enlisted Regina, 20 November 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 4 July 1942), No.2 EFTS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 5 February 1943). Award presented by King George 11 August 1944.

 

This airman was the pilot of an aircraft detailed to attack Magdeburg one night in January 1944. Whilst over the target area his aircraft was illuminated by searchlights and afterwards attacked by a fighter. Although the enemy aircraft was evaded the bomber had sustained much damage. Instruments had been shot away, the intercommunications system rendered unserviceable and the oxygen supply destroyed. Despite this Flight Sergeant Clibbery completed his bombing run and afterwards flew the damaged aircraft to base. This airman displayed a fine fighting spirit, great determination and devotion to duty.

 

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CLIFF, F/L Edward George (J11621) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Born 1920 in Edmonton; home there; enlisted there 11 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 22 May 1941), No.6 AOS (graduated 1 March 1942), No.5 BGS (graduated 11 April 1942) and No.1 ANS (graduated 11 May 1942). Commissioned 1942. Award sent by registered mail 30 December 1949.

 

This officer is a navigator who has been engaged in ant-shipping operations off the Dutch and French coasts. He has at all times shown a very high degree of courage in the face of the enemy. On the night of July 7, 1944 he was navigator of an aircraft detailed to attack a large enemy convoy. Despite heavy and accurate anti-aircraft fire the attack was pressed home and the bombs dropped precisely in the correct place. After the action, in an endeavour to obtain accurate information, the aircraft was flown through the convoy at a low level in the face of heavy fire. On another occasion this officer participated in an attack on a convoy during which six runs were made over the target to ensure accuracy. During all his sorties this officer has shown a high standard of skill and courage.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9276 has recommendation dated 16 July 1944 when he had flown eleven sorties with this unit (62 hours ten minutes); cited with O-886103 1st Lieutenant D.E. Ewing (USAAF).

 


1st Lieutenant Ewing and Flying Officer Cliff are pilot and navigator respectively in a crew engaged in anti-shipping operations off the Dutch and French coasts. Lieutenant Ewing has been with the squadron for over a year, being on Hampden torpedo bombers (in RCAF at that time) for first two months. At all times this pair have shown a very high degree of courage and devotion to duty in the face of the enemy.

 

On the night of July 7th, Lieutenant Ewing with his navigator, Flying Officer Cliff, were detailed to do a reconnaissance and strike with six 500-pound bombs on a convoy off the Dutch coast. They proceeded to the target area and found the convoy without trouble. The pilot flew around, sizing up the target, picking the largest of the merchant vessels. After climbing to height and agreeing on their line of attack they went in. At the same time as they attacked they were greeted with a barrage of heavy and light flak, which, however, failed to throw off the aim of the navigator (who was now bomb aimer as well) or to shake the nerve of the pilot. The bombs were dropped accurately, the crew seeing at least one direct hit and a near miss. After evasive action the pilot returned for a further reconnaissance of the convoy. He saw his 2,000-ton merchant vessel on fire and blew up. The endeavour to obtain accurate information for his report took them through the convoy at 400 feet when they were suddenly engaged by five small flak ships. They fortunately, and due to their skill, evaded it, and at the same time obtained the information required.

 

On May 9th this team also attacked a heavily defended convoy. Lieutenant Ewing and Flying Officer Cliff made six runs over the target before being satisfied with the accuracy of the bombing run. Each time they were engaged by accurate heavy and light flak. The merchant vessel, also 2,000 tons, was assessed as damaged by a very near miss. The pilot was congratulated by the Air Officer Commanding upon his determined effort to hit the enemy.

 

It is considered that these attacks, which have shown the highest of determination and skill, are very deserving of an immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

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CLIFFORD, F/O Arthur Wellington (J4770) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.162 Squadron (RAF) - Award effective 1 December 1942 as per London Gazette dated 4 December 1942 and AFRO 2069/42 dated 18 December 1942. Born in Unity, Saskatchewan, 5 December 1914; home in Gleichen, Alberta; enlisted Calgary, 29 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 30 September 1940), No.3 AOS (graduated 6 January 1941), No.2 BGS (graduated 16 february 1941) and No.1 CNS (graduated 26 March 1941). Commissioned 1941. Award presented 31 May 1944.

 

This officer is a first class navigator who has served both in the United Kingdom and the Middle East. He has always shown the greatest determination and courage, pressing home his attacks regardless of the difficulties and dangers he has encountered.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9606 has original recommendation communicated from Headquarters Middle East to Air Ministry, 3 November 1942:


This officer has completed 280 operational hours and 37 sorties. Of these, 19 were done in the United Kingdom and 18 in the Middle East. As an observer his bombing has always been carried out with the greatest determination and courage and his navigation accurate. In the course of his operations in the United Kingdom and his first three operations in the Middle East, his previous captain of aircraft was awarded a Distinguished Flying Cross and Bar during the time when Flying Officer Clifford was his observer. Since then he has completed 15 more successful operations.

 

His accurate and tenacious bombing has most certainly caused great damage to the enemy in the course of his operations.

 

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CLIFFORD, F/O John Sandfield (J17312) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Home in Oakville, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa, 27 February 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 1 September 1941), No.1 AOS (graduated 21 December 1941), No.1 BGS (graduated 31 January 1942) and No.2 ANS (graduated 2 March 1942). No citation in AFRO.

 

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CLIFFORD, P/O Nicholas Hugh (J87453) - Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm (Belgium), deceased - Awarded 17 July 1948 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 455/48 dated 23 July 1948. Home in Hamilton, Ontario. Air gunner, killed in action with No.405 Squadron, 27/28 April 1944, Lancaster JA976. Buried in Belgium.

 

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CLIFTON, P/O Joseph William (J90982) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1945 and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born 1922 in New Westminster; home in Britannia Beach, British Columbia (carpenter's helper); enlisted Vancouver, 4 January 1943. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 3 September 1943) and No.9 BGS (graduated 10 December 1943). Commissioned October 1944. Award sent by registered mail 24 April 1951.No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1746 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20608) has recommendation submitted January 1945, when he had flown 36 sorties (180 hours 50 minutes):

 

This officer has now completed a notable tour of operations against heavily defended enemy targets, during which his keenness and skill have been exceptional. On numerous occasions his alert and resolute attention to duty has been largely instrumental in the safety of his aircraft when attacked by enemy fighters. Pilot Officer Clifton's fine record of achievement is praiseworthy.

 


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CLINE, F/O Richard Emmett (J9501) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.69 Squadron - Award effective 17 March 1943 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1943 and AFRO 757/43 dated 30 April 1943. Born 1916; home in Vancouver; enlisted there 29 April 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 24 July 1941), No.3 BGS (graduated 25 November 1941), No.5 AOS (graduated 12 October 1941) and No.1 CNS (graduated 16 January 1942). Award presented (date uncertain). Cited with F/Os I.C. Cowan and W.W. Sutton.

 

One night in December 1942, the aircraft in which Flying Officers Cowan, Sutton and Cline were flying was employed in conjunction with naval forces in an operation against an enemy convoy. Great difficulty was experienced in communicating with these forces but Flying Officer Cowan finally succeeded in conveying the necessary information. In this task he was ably assisted by the pilot and by the navigator. As a result the naval forces were enabled to make contact with the convoy which was almost totally destroyed. On many other occasions these officers have displayed outstanding ability and courage in the face of the enemy.

 

NOTE, Public Record Office Air 2/8940 has recommendation forwarded from Headquarters, RAF Middle East to Air Ministry, 19 January 1943. Text provided courtesy of Sean Morrison.

 

The following recommendation for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross to Pilot Officer Richard Emmett Cline (J.9501) of No.69 Squadron is forwarded.

 

This officer arrived in Malta on 5th September 1942 and since that date has been employed as Navigator on Wellington aircraft with special equipment.

 

On the night of 2nd/3rd December 1942, whilst his aircraft was operating in co-operation with a naval force, Pilot Officer Cline was largely responsible for the rapid compilation of messages to the Navy and the passing of information to them. As a result of his outstanding work on this occasion, the major portion of the enemy convoy was destroyed by the naval force.

 

On many other occasions this officer has shown outstanding ability in his work, and his coolness and accuracy have been an example to the other Navigators in the squadron.

 

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CLINTON, P/O Richard Seymour (J16202) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 1 July 1943 as per London Gazette dated 13 July 1943 and AFRO 1724/43 dated 27 August 1943. American in the RCAF. Born in Whitney Point, New York; home there; enlisted Ottawa, 19 May 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 3 July 1941), No.9 EFTS, (graduated 20 August 1941) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 17 November 1941). Commissioned 1942. Award presented by King George 19 October 1943.

 

This officer has been engaged in many successful sorties over enemy territory against a large variety of targets including Kiel, Hamburg, Essen and Cologne. He has completed these missions with consistent skill and courage, setting an inspiring example of skilful pilotage, cool judgement and determination which has been an inspiration to his crew.

 

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CLOTHIER, F/L Robert Allan (J15680) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 5 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945. Born 1921 in Prince Rupert; home in Vancouver; enlisted there 19 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 4 March 1941), No.1 EFTS (graduated 4 May 1941) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 27 July 1941). Commissioned 1942. Award sent by registered mail 21 May 1956.

 

This officer has completed numerous sorties in the role of pilot, involving attacks on most of the enemy's heavily defended targets. On all occasions he has pressed home his attacks with great determination and by his personal example of courage, coolness and confidence has set an example which has inspired all with whom he has flown.

 

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CLOUTIER, F/O William Blaise Burke (J10313) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Born 1918 in Toronto; home there; enlisted there 26 May 1941). Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 13 September 1941), No.20 EFTS (graduated 7 November 1941) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 27 February 1942). Commissioned 1942. Killed in action 14 January 1944 (Lancaster ND341). Award presented to next-of-kin at Government House, 28 February 1946. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8782 has recommendation dated 22 December 1943 when he had flown 39 sorties (365 hours 11 minutes) as follows:

 

10 Sep 43 Dusseldorf (4.25) 5 July 43 HUNDON (11.40)

13 Sep 43 Bremen (6.55) 10 Jul 43 FUNGUS (12.20)

16 Nov 43 Bayonne (9.25) 12 Jul 43 TYPICAL (10.30)

20 Nov 43 Turin (7.50) 14 Jul 43 HOATHLEY (6.00)

22 Nov 43 Stuttgart (8.20) 15 Jul 43 HOATHLEY (11.00)

28 Nov 43 Turin (8.25) 18 Jul 43 FUNGUS (12.05)

2 Feb 43 UK-Gibraltar (8.30) 22 Jul 43 ALLGORY (9.25)

 


Special Operations 25 Jul 43 TYPICAL (10.30)

29 Jul 43 SMOULDER (8.45)

8 Feb 43 LG.224 (14.50) 1 Aug 43 ULLDALE (12.30)

19 Feb 43 FUNGUS (14.00)

2 Mar 43 SMOULDER (6.30) 8 Aug 43 Gib'r to UK (9.30)

6 Mar 43 FUNGUS (12.20) 18 Oct 43 Hanover (5.23)

18 Apr 43 FUNGUS (12.00) 20 Oct 43 Leipzig (6.46)

24 Apr 43 SMOULDER (10.30) 22 Oct 43 Frankfurt (5.26)

15 May 43 SMOULDER (8.15) 22 Nov 43 Berlin (6.15)

19 May 43 ALLEGORY (11.40) 23 Nov 43 Berlin (5.57)

21 May 43 FUNGUS (13.15) 26 Nov 43 Berlin (7.04)

31 May 43 SMOULDER (9.35) 3 Dec 43 Berlin (6.32)

28 Jun 43 FUNGUS (11.45) 16 Dec 43 Berlin (7.03)

2 July 43 FUNGUS (12.30) 20 Dec 43 Frankfurt (4.47)

 

 

This officer is a skilled pilot who has performed many operations and has displayed at all times courage and devotion to duty which has been an inspiration to his crew. He has participated in attacks on most of the enemy's heavily defended targets including Berlin, Hanover, Leipzig and Frankfurt. This officer is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

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CLOW, F/O William Ralph (J14011) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.51 Squadron - Award effective 15 October 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 297/44 dated 11 February 1944. Born 1920; home in Hamilton; enlisted Northport, Ontario, 23 November 1940. Trained at No.1 BGS (graduated 25 September 1942). Commissioned 1942. Award sent by registered mail.

 

Since joining the squadron this air gunner has completed a number of operational flights. Some have been raids on the heavily defended industrial centres of Germany, such as Hamburg, Essen and Cologne. In the face of concentrated opposition he has frequently proved himself to be an outstanding member of aircraft crew and his courage and devotion to duty have contributed much to the successes achieved.

 

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CLUCAS, S/L Clarence Melbourne (C2540) - Member, Order of the British Empire - AFHQ, Directorate of Procurement/Aircraft - Award effective 28 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 28 May 1943 and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. Born in Vivemount, Ontario. Veteran of 1914-1918 War. Enlisted in Sudbury, 24 August 1940. Award presented 24 November 1943.

 


The services of this officer have proven invaluable to the Royal Canadian Air Force in the setting up, development and organization of a new system of obtaining, recording and promulgating, in readily employable form, consumption data regarding airframe and aero-engine spare parts. The provisioning details obtained therefore, being based on scientific analysis, are considerably superior to those obtained by other methods. This system has received many commendations from representatives of the aircraft industry. Squadron Leader Clucas has at all times performed his duties in a conscientious manner, with a remarkable display of initiative and energy which has contributed greatly to the successful operation of Service Flying.

 

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