BURNAND, F/L (now S/L) Lewis Bransby (C2980) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945.   Home in Toronto; enlisted there 1 November 1939.  Awarded sent by registered mail 4 April 1950 (both DFC and Bar).  No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy."  Public Records Office Air 2/8882 has recommendation dated 20 September 1944 when he had flown 39 sorties (211 hours 15 minutes), 9 August 1943 to 12 September 1944 (NOTE: Sortie list does not quite tally with this).

 

                                                   * denotes counted as 1/3 sortie

 

9 Aug 43        NICKLING, Creil                         16 Jun 44       Renescure (2.00)

(4.05, no sortie)                          23 Jun 44       Coubronne (1.46)

20 Jan 44       Berlin (3.10), DNCO                  24 Jun 44       Middle Straete (1.44)

21 Jan 44       Magdeburg (7.20)                      27 Jun 44       Oisemont-au-Bois (2.23)

15 Feb 44      Berlin (7.15)                                30 Jun 44       Villers Bocage (2.34)

1 Mar 44         Stuttgart (6.55)                           2 July 44         Oisemont-au-Bois (2.13)

6 Mar 44         Trappes (4.20)*                          12 Jul 44        Paris/Vaires (3.03)

7 Mar 44         Le Mans (4.30)*                         15 Jul 44        Nucourt (3.37)

18 Mar 44      Frankfurt (6.00)                          17 Jul 44        Cagny (2.29)

22 Mar 44      Frankfurt (6.00)                          22 Jul 44        Acquet (2.35)

24 Mar 44      Berlin (1.35), DNCO                  23 Jul 44        Kiel (5.12)

26 Mar 44      Essen (4.50)                               24 Jul 44        Stuttgart (6.58)

30 Mar 44      Nuremburg (8.15)                      25 Jul 44        Stuttgart (7.11)

18 Apr 44       Tergnier (4.30)*                          27 Jul 44        Boissons (3.19)

20 Apr 44       Ottignies (4.15)*                         28 Jul 44        Stuttgart (6.18)

22 Apr 44       Dusseldorf (4.55)                       30 Jul 44        Battle area (3.21)

24 Apr 44       Karlsruhe (6.35)                         5 Aug 44        Chaussee (3.06)

26 Apr 44       Paris (5.10)*                               8 Aug 44        Lucheux (2.38)

27 Apr 44       Montzen (4.35)                           10 Aug 44      La Pallice (5.13)

30 Apr 44       Scheres (4.35)*                          13 Aug 44      Falaise (2.38)

1 May 44        Malines (3.40)                            16 Aug 44      Stettin (5.13)

7 May 44        Nantes (4.40)                             18 Aug 44      Bremen (4.48)

11 Jun 44       Toures (5.07)                              12 Sep 44      Frankfurt (5.49)

15 Jun 44       Lens (3.08)                                

 

Flight Lieutenant Burnand is an extremely capable and efficient captain, now on his second tour of operations.  He is an excellent leader with a high sense of responsibility and devotion to duty.  His skill, courage  and determination have been an inspiration and incentive to the members of his crew.  By his fine personal example of fearlessness and his desire to press home his attacks to a successful conclusion at all times, he has set a very high standard for other members of aircrew.  A large number of the targets attacked by this officer have been heavily defended German cities such as Berlin, Nuremburg and Essen.


 

BURNAND, S/L Lewis Bransby, DFC (C2980) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945.

 

Throughout two tours Squadron Leader Burnand has proved himself to be a most efficient pilot and captain of aircraft.  He has completed many attacks against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Stuttgart and Frankfurt.  On many occasions he has been detailed for highly dangerous and important missions and despite all opposition he has always pressed home his attacks with the utmost determination.  At all times he has displayed excellent leadership, unfailing devotion to duty and a fine fighting spirit which have been most praiseworthy.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9050 has recommendation dated 20 December 1944 when he had flown 53 sorties (258 hours 50 minutes) of which 13 trips (51 hours 30 minutes) were since previous award.  Additional sorties and unpublished text as follows:

 

20 Sep 44      Calais (2.20)                              30 Oct 44       Cologne (4.15)

27 Sep 44      Bottrop (3.15)                             2 Nov 44         Dusseldorf (3.55)

28 Sep 44      Cap Gris Nez (1.45)                  11 Nov 44      Dortmund (4.10)

5 Oct 44         Saarbrucken (4.45)                   18 Nov 44      Munster (3.45)

6 Oct 44         Dortmund (4.45)                         20 Nov 44      Coblenz (4.15)

15 Oct 44       Wilhelmshaven (4.05)                21 Nov 44      Aschaffenburg (5.00)

19 Oct 44       Stuttgart (5.15)

 

Squadron Leader Burnand is a highly efficient pilot and captain of a crew who has now completed two tours of operations. He has participated in attacks on such heavily defended enemy areas as Berlin, Stuttgart and Frankfurt. He is an outstanding leader with a high sense of devotion to duty and a fine fighting spirit which becomes most evident when he is engaged in offensive action. On many occasions he has been detailed for duty of a highly dangerous and important nature, but with utter disregard for his own personal safety he has pressed home his attacks to the full. Undoubtedly his fine qualities as an officer and pilot have been instrumental in ensuring the many successes attained by his crew.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNAP, F/L Raymond Webster (C11990) - Commended for Valuable Services - Station Edmonton - Award effective 14 November 1944 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 2684/44 dated 15 December 1944.  Home in Edmonton; enlisted there 1 May 1942. See also F/O J.S. Coombes, AFC, and Nursing Sister H.M. Brown, Commendation.

 

This medical officer volunteered to go on a mercy flight to an isolated farm in wild northern bush country to evacuated a patient who was critically ill.  In spite of landing in a ploughed field and a take-off through brush, which damaged the aircraft, the patient was hospitalized in time to save her life.  This officer displayed complete disregard for his own safety to save the patient's life.  He has consistently shown outstanding devotion to duty.

* * * * *

 

BURNESS, S/L Gordon Lennox (C3355) - Mention in Despatches - No.406 Air Stores Park - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945.  Born in Wadena, Saskatchewan, April 1916; home there.  Attended Sir George Williams University and obtained a degree in Commerce.  Joined RCAF as equipment assistant, December 1937;  commissioned in Vancouver 15 December 1940.  Served in Canadian Equipment Depots; posted overseas in July 1942; repatriated May 1946.  Remained in postwar RCAF; awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 while a Squadron Leader at Air Defence Command Headquarters.  As of 1963 he was a Group Captain commanding No.7 Supply Depot, Namao, Alberta.  No citation.  Died in Ottawa, 1 August 1997.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNETT, Sergeant Merrill Rugles (R195900) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 22 August 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2274/44 dated 20 October 1944. Home in Chelsea, Quebec (employed by Gatineau Power Company); enlisted Ottawa, 2 November 1942.  Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 20 August 1943.  Awarded sent by registered mail.  Incident described was a mid-air collision with another bomber.

 

As rear gunner this airman has participated in a number of attacks on various enemy targets and has displayed courage and determination of a high order.  On one occasion, shortly after the target had been successfully attacked, his aircraft sustained very severe damage and went out of control.  Before the captain could regain control, considerable height was lost.  Although the order to leave by parachute had been given, Sergeant Burnett stayed by his captain who succeeded in regaining control and in the face of extreme difficulties flew the crippled aircraft to base.  Throughout the return flight, Sergeant Burnett did everything possible to assist his captain and his services proved of immense value.  His coolness, resolution and devotion to duty in the face of harassing circumstances set a very fine example.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNETT, F/O Walter James Norval (J35827) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 765/45 dated 4 May 1945.  Born 20 August 1914 in Vernon, British Columbia; home in Vancouver.  Obtained a degree in pharmacy before the war (UBC).  Enlisted in Vancouver, 9 November 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 17 April 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 17 September 1943).  Commissioned 17 September 1943; F/O 17 March 1944. Posted overseas, October 1943; on strength of No.3 Personnel Reception Centre, Bournemouth, 23 December 1943 to 7 January 1944.  Attended No.3 Advanced Flying Unit, Halpenny Green, 7 January to 10 March 1944 (Ansons); at No.24 Operational Training Unit, Honeybourne, 10 March to 24 May 1944 (Whitleys and Ansons); at No.1664 Heavy Conversion Unit, Dishforth, 2 June to 2 July 1944 (Halifaxes); at No.433 Squadron, Skipton, 3 July 1944 to 1 February 1945; on form he stated he had flown 34 sorties including 17 that involved either mining or sorties to the Ruhr. While with that squadron he was Assistant Briefing Officer and Navigation Interrogation Officer; used LORAN (experimental), Gee and H2S;  repatriated to Canada at the end of February 1945.  Immediately posted to Western Air Command, serving with No.122 Squadron, Patricia Bay, to June 1945 (Air/Sea Rescue work with Ansons and Hudsons carrying airborne lifeboat); with No.122 Squadron, Port Hardy, June 1945 to 7 August 1945 (responsible for unit compasses); No.122 Squadron, Patricia Bay, 7 August to October 1945 (unit navigation officer on ASR work); with Western Air Command Communications Flight, Sea Island, October 1945 to April 1946 (ASR work with Ansons, Hudsons, Goose, Canso, Expeditor; assisted in airborne lifeboat displays and other ASR equipment, instructed navigation to pilots taking green card exams. Summerside Air Navigation School, April 46 to 15 October 1946 as pupil and later in staff, instructing in instruments and compasses (he was first in a class of 14); 18 October 1946 to March 1949, with B-29 Detachment, Edmonton; described his work as "LORAN operator, navigator, assisted in LORAN analysis, acted as officer in charge of instruments, became familiar with APQ-7 - APQ-13 - AFS HO Radar, formed and instructed L.F. LORAN familiarization course, assisted in research in northern flying and reconnaissance. Flew as navigator for AACS, ATC and Troop Carrier Command (Americans) on northern flights. Acted as Navigation Officer (B-29, C-47, C-54, C-82)," flying 900 hours on northern and polar low level LORAN work.  To Air Navigation School, Summerside, April 1949.   Medal presented in New Brunswick 21 December 1949.  Killed in crash of Lancaster KB893, Summerside, 25 April 1952; pilot had been on consumption test, Goose Bay to Summerside, overshot, climbed away for another pass but lost flying speed in turn and crashed.  Four crew killed, one crew and seven passengers survived.

 

Flying Officer Burnett has completed many operational missions against a wide variety of targets in Germany and enemy occupied territory, throughout which he has consistently displayed outstanding navigational skill and devotion to duty.  On one occasion in October 1944, during an attack against Dortmund, his aircraft was severely damaged and the bomb aimer was badly wounded.  A 200 miles per hour gale swept through the aircraft and blew away Flying Officer Burnett's navigational chart, log and instruments.  Despite great difficulties and aided only by a small pilot's chart this officer continued to navigate the damaged aircraft and the mission was successfully completed.  Throughout the return flight he also rendered first aid to the injured air bomber.  Flying Officer Burnett has always set a splendid example of determination and resourcefulness.

 

NOTE: A document dated 9 May 1951 gave his flying time as follows: Anson (217 hours 10 minutes), Whitley (80 hours 45 minutes), Halifax (250 hours five minutes), Bolingbroke (nine hours 45 minutes) Canso (nine hours 30 minutes), Hudson (90 hours 35 minutes), Dakota (499 hours 40 minutes), Goose (two hours 15 minutes), B-29 (360 hours 50 minutes), C-54 (97 hours ten minutes), C-82 (18 hours five minutes), North Star (45 hours 40 minutes), Lancaster (266 hours 25 minutes), Expeditor (two hours), B-17 (four hours 15 minutes).

 

NOTE: As the work of LORAN detachments and Canadians on B-29s is largely underwritten, the following assessments by Burnett's Commanding Officers are interesting for the light they throw on these operations, as well as on Burnett's own role in them:

 

1 December 1947 - W/C N.W. Timmerman, Commanding Officer, Station Edmonton:

 

This officer is one of the officers in the B-29 Detachment calibrating LORAN stations. His ability in polar navigation is excellent and he has been responsible for the success of many long and arduous missions by his skilful navigation.  He has aided in the compilation of statistical data and reports necessary for the success of these operations.  He is one of the instructors in the LORAN School where his knowledge of radar and its uses in polar navigation has been particularly helpful.  His cheerful nature has contributed to the smooth running of this international Detachment.

 

14 October 1948 - F/L K.R. Greenaay, B-29 Detachment:

 

Flying Officer Burnett is in charge of the Navigation Section of the B-29 Flight Test Section.  He has been a member of this Unit for two years, and during this period has proven to be an outstanding navigator.

 

Flying Officer Burnett has aided greatly in the development of navigation technique in the Polar and Arctic regions, and has given a number of lectures on Grid and Gyro Navigation.

 

This officer has acquired an enviable reputation among USAF personnel and has been a credit to the RCAF in trade and service knowledge and liaison ability.  In view of the above, it is recommended that this officer be considered for promotion to the rank of Flight Lieutenant.

 

1 March 1949 - F/L W.H. Spafford, B-29 Flight Test Section:

 

F/O Burnett has worked with the B-29 Flight Test Section for the past 2 1/2 years. His duties have been navigator, LORAN Observer and instructor in grid-gyro navigation and LF LORAN.  He has continually given much of his time to instructing USAF and RCAF personnel.  F/O Burnett received high praise from the USAF for his help in navigating American aircraft to various Beetle sites during the winter of 1947-1948.

 

F/O Burnett is a conscientious, hard working officer with great experience as a navigator and a limited experience in administration.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNS, F/L Cecil Albert (J8605) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.220 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944.  Home in Slocan City, British Columbia; enlisted Regina, 12 November 1940.  Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 4 May 1941), No.5 AOS (graduated 17 August 1941), No.3 BGS (graduated 29 September 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 27 October 1941).  Award presented 29 January 1947.

 

Flight Lieutenant Burns has participated in many operations as a navigator.  He was the first navigator to become captain in the squadron on duty which he performed extremely well.  His consistent good work has been of the highest order and has set a fine example to the other members of his squadron.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9276 has recommendation dated 8 April 1944 when he had flown 70 sorties and 800 operational hours:

 

Flight Lieutenant Burns has been in the squadron for 25 months during which time his navigation has been of the highest order. His work has always been an example to the other navigators.  He was the first navigator to become a Captain in the squadron, a duty which he carried out extremely well.  I am most satisfied with the work of this officer, who is strongly recommended for the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNS, W/C Charles Fowler Williams (C6633) - Mention in Despatches - EAC Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945.  Home in St.Andrews, New Brunswick; enlisted in Toronto, 1 August 1941.  Certificate sent to him at Halifax, 27 June 1945.

 

As Command Flying Control Officer since July 1942, Wing Commander Burns has been responsible for the organization of flying control and airways traffic control.  Although faced at times with seemingly insurmountable difficulties, by enthusiasm, tact and ceaseless effort, he has overcome these difficulties and has brought the organization to a very creditable standard of efficiency.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNS, F/O Gerald Charles (J16496) - Mention in Despatches - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944.  Home in Outremont; enlisted Montreal, 21 October 1940.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 4 March 1941), No.13 EFTS (graduated 6 May 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 27 July 1941).  Killed in action 22 April 1944 (Halifax LV990); buried in Germany.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNS, F/L Gordon Mortimer (J25789) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.49 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945.  Born in Toronto, 21 December 1933.  Home in Kitchener; enlisted in Hamilton, 3 March 1942.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 25 September 1942), No.9 EFTS (graduated 31 December 1942) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 30 April 1943).  Remained in postwar RCAF; awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 when Squadron Leader, No.420 (Auxiliary) Squadron.

 

This officer has completed many operational sorties against such well defended targets as Stuttgart, Bremen, and Brunswick.  On three separate occasions his aircraft has been attacked by an enemy fighter but by his skilful defensive tactics he was able to foil the attackers.  In August 1944 his aircraft was severely damaged by anti-aircraft fire while on the bombing run.  Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Burns continued his run and pressed home his attack with the utmost determination.  On leaving the target it was found that the bomb doors could not be closed and two of the fuel tanks were holed.  With outstanding airmanship, this officer flew his damaged aircraft back to base where he executed a masterly landing.  Flight Lieutenant Burns has always shown exceptional courage and devotion to duty.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9050 has recommendation dated 15 December 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (155 hours), giving more details:

 

                                                                 * daylight sortie

 

12 July 44           Culmont Chalindrey (7.55)   16 Aug 44      Stettin (7.40)

15 July 44           Nevers (7.05)                         18 Aug 44      L'Isle Aden (4.15)

17 July 44           Caen (3.40)                           25 Aug 44      Darmstadt (8.20)

18 July 44           Revigny (5.30)                       10 Sept 44     Le Havre (3.20)*

20 July 44           Courtrai (3.20)                       11 Sept 44     Darmstadt (5.30)

23 July 44           Kiel (4.55)                              12 Sept 44     Stuttgart (6.50)

24 July 44           Donges (5.45)                       17 Sept 44     Boulogne (3.20)*

25 July 44           Stuttgart (8.40)                      18 Sept 44     Bremerhaven (4.30)

28 July 44           Stuttgart (7.35)                      19 Sept 44     Munchen Gladbach (4.20)

30 July 44           Caen (5.05)*                          6 Oct 44         Bremen (5.05)

31 July 44           Tilley (4.50))*                         14 Oct 44       Brunswick (6.50)

1 Aug 44             La Ereteque (4.00)*              19 Oct 44       Nuremburg (7.35)

2 Aug 44             Trossy (4.00)                         28 Oct 44       Bergen (6.30)

3 Aug 44             Trossy (4.10)*                        30 Oct 44       Walcheren (3.35)*

5 Aug 44             St. Ley (4.40)*                       11 Nov 44      Harberg (5.05)

 

This officer has completed 30 operational sorties as Captain of Lancaster aircraft, having attacked such heavily defended targets as Stuttgart (twice), Bremen, Brunswick and Munchen Gladbach.

 

On one occasion, on 18th August 1944, his sixteenth sortie, his aircraft was struck three times by flak, sustaining serious damage. This incident occurred on the bombing run and Flight Lieutenant Burns showed great determination in pressing home his attack.  The port outer engine had been damaged and was feathered before the bombs were dropped. On leaving the target it was discovered that the bomb doors could not be closed owing to damage sustained in the hydraulic system. All the starboard fuel tanks were badly holed and after using as much fuel as possible from these the aircraft was flown back to base on the port tanks. When a safe landing had been made, the crew being in crash positions, it was discovered that the tail wheel had been shot away.

 

On three separate occasions Flight Lieutenant Burns was attacked by an enemy fighter, but with skilful defensive manoeuvres was able to bring his aircraft safely through.

 

His airmanship has been of a high standard, and he has always set a fine example of operational efficiency.  For his devotion to duty, his coolness and courage in the face of the enemy, I strongly recommend this officer for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNS, P/O Jack Chester (J93617) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945.  Home in Sault Ste.Marie, Ontario; enlisted Notth Bay, 8 October 1942.  Trained at No.2 WS (graduated 23 July 1942) and No.1 BGS (graduated 6 September 1942).  Award presented 28 June 1949.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty".  Public Records Office Air 2/9083 has recommendation dated 23 March 1945 when he had flown 45 sorties (221 hours 31 minutes), 22 May 1944 to 20 March 1945.

 

22 May 44      Le Mans (5.40)                           15 Aug 44      Volkel (3.10)        

24 May 44      Aachen (4.50)                            18 Aug 44      Bremen (5.05)

26 May 44      GARDENING (3.50)                  25 Aug 44      Russelsheim (7.10)

Cherbourg                                  26 Aug 44      Kiel (5.45)

27 May 44      Bourg Leopold                           12 Sep 44      Wanne Eickel (3.15)

(5.45)                                           13 Sep 44      Gelsenkirchen (3.15)

31 May 44      Au Fevre (4.05)                          15 Sep 44      Kiel (5.15)

6 June 44       Houlgate (4.45)                          5 Oct 44         Saarbrucken (5.05)

6 June 44       Conde sur Noireaux                  14 Oct 44       Duisburg (3.25)

(6.40)                                           25 Oct 44       Homberg (3.25)

7 June 44       GARDENING (6.00),                 2 Nov 44         Dusseldorf (5.30)

Lorient                                         12 Dec 44      Essen (4.35)

9 June 44       Le Mans (5.45)                           17 Dec 44      Duisburg (4.15)

12 Jun 44       Arras (4.30)                                27 Dec 44      Gladbach (4.05)

21 Jun 44       Oisemont Neuville                      16 Jan 45       Magdeburg (6.05)

au Bois (5.30)                            28 Jan 45       Stuttgart (5.45)

24 Jun 44       Bonnetot (4.30)                          1 Feb 45        Mannheim (5.35)

25 Jun 44       Gorenflos (4.30)                         3 Feb 45        Bottrop (4.35)

28 Jun 44       Wizernes (3.50)                         8 Feb 45        Politz (8.20)

4 July 44         Paris (5.55)                                13 Feb 45      Bohlen (7.00)

6 July 44         Siracourt (4.30)                          14 Feb 45      Chemnitz (7.00)

8 July 44         Lorient (6.40)                              7 Mar 45         Dessau (7.55)

12 Jul 44        Bremont (4.15)                           8 Mar 45         Hamburg (5.20)

7 Aug 44        Caen (2.40)                                15 Mar 45      Misburg (6.10)

14 Aug 44      Potigny (2.40)                             20 Mar 45      Heide (5.00)

 

Pilot Officer Burns is a very efficient Wireless Air Gunner now on his second tour of operations.  He has participated in attacks on such heavily defended areas as Magdeburg, Politz, Hamburg and Dessau.  He has invariably displayed a fine fighting spirit and a practical knowledge of his work, which has inspired confidence in all members of his crew.  His outstanding quality is his disregard for danger.  Undoubtedly this officer's efficiency and keenness for operational duty has had an inspiring effect on all members of his crew.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNS, P/O Joseph Myles (J86462) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.51 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945.  Home in Edmonton; enlisted there 5 September 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 9 July 1943).  Award presented at Esquimalt, 21 July 1956.

 

Pilot Officer Burns has proved himself an efficient and gallant air gunner.  He has participated in many operational missions with coolness and calm courage.  In April 1944, when detailed to attack a target in Dusseldorf, his aircraft was attacked and damaged by a Messerschmitt 109.  His skill and vigilance together with his clear and concise commentary to his captain undoubtedly played a large part in saving the lives of the crew and preventing extensive damage to his aircraft.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNS, F/O Neil Alexander (J35215) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.442 Squadron - Award effective 23 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 18 September 1945 and AFRO 1672/45 dated 2 November 1945.  Home in Toronto; enlisted there 15 July 1942.  Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 23 January 1943), No.10 EFTS (graduated 2 April 1943) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 3 September 1943).  Credited with damaging one Bf.109, 28 June 1944; shot down and taken prisoner, 24 January 1945.  Released from RCAF on 5 November 1945. Award presented 22 June 1949.

 

Flying Officer Burns has shown exceptional keenness to engage the enemy.  He has taken part in a large number of successful bombing sorties.  On one occasion this officer together with another pilot was detailed to fly on an armed reconnaissance.  During the flight they cut railway lines twice, destroyed two locomotives, damaged and destroyed other railway vehicles and damaged radio stations.  Throughout his tour Flying Officer Burns has destroyed or damaged a large number of enemy transport vehicles and locomotives.  He has done a great deal of hard and conscientious work during his operational career and has invariably displayed exceptional courage and a fine fighting spirit.

NOTE: DHist file 181.009 D.2833 (RG.24 Volume 20632) has recommendation dated 9 January 1945 for a Mention in Despatches.  He had flown 148 sorties (188 hours 45 minutes).  It is clear from the comments of Group Captain G.R. McGregor that no higher award was contemplated at the time.  Precisely when the award was upgraded (and at what level) is not evident from the document:

 

Flying Officer Burns has shown exceptional keenness and ability to engage the enemy both in the air and on the ground.  He has taken part in a great number of successful dive-bombing sorties. On one occasion this officer with another pilot was flying on an armed weather reconnaissance.  They scored two rail cuts, destroyed two locomotives, damaged four locomotives and destroyed six railway cars and damaged four railway cars.  They also damaged two radio stations.  He has at least eight rail cuts.  Throughout his operational tour he has destroyed or damaged at least 62 enemy transport and has damaged or destroyed fourteen locomotives.  Flying Officer Burns has always shown such an extremely aggressive spirit to engage the enemy under all circumstances that he has inspired his fellow pilots.

 

To the above, G/C McGregor noted:

 

The recommended award has been well earned at least twice over in this case.  It is felt that this pilot's tour, now nearing its end, represents a tremendous amount of hard, conscientious fighter work and that had he experienced slightly better fortune in the matter of opportunities to engage enemy aircraft, his score would have well justified a Distinguished Flying Cross.  With reluctance the latter recognition is not recommended in the interests of maintaining the high standard which has been set.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNS, F/L Robert (J18363) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 24 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1444/44 dated 7 July 1944.  Home in Sault Ste.Marie, Ontario; enlisted at North Bay, 22 October or 19 November 1941.  Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 27 February 1942), No.7 EFTS (graduated 5 June 1942) and No.14 SFTS (graduated 25 September 1942).  Invested with award by King George 11 August 1944.  No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty".  Public Records Office Air 2/9149 has recommendation by W/C D.S. Jacobs dated 25 January 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (177 hours 17 minutes), 25 May 1943 to 27 January 1944.

 

23 May 43        Dortmund (4.35,                              2 Aug 43           Hamburg (6.25)

co-pilot)                                            7 Oct 43            Stuttgart (7.05)

25 May 43        Dusseldorf (4.30,                            18 Oct 43          Hanover (5.30)

co-pilot)                                            20 Oct 43          Leipzig (7.35)

11 June 43       Dusseldorf (5.20,                            3 Nov 43           Dusseldorf (4.40)

returned on three                            18 Nov 43         Berlin (8.05)

engines)                                           23 Nov 43         Berlin (6.35)

12 June 43       Bochum (5.15)                                3 Dec 43           Leipzig (7.10)

28 June 43       Cologne (5.20)                                16 Dec 43        Berlin (6.35)

2 July 43           GARDENING (4.20)                       20 Dec 43        Frankfurt (5.50,

9 July 43           Gelsenkirchen (7.10,                                                returned on

attacked by fighters)                                                 three engines)

13 July 43         Aachen (5.25)                                 29 Dec 43        Berlin (6.10)

24 July 43         Hamburg (5.30)                              1 Jan 44            Berlin (7.10)

25 July 43         Essen (5.10)                                   5 Jan 44            Stettin (8.05)

27 July 43         Hamburg (6.05)                              20 Jan 44         Berlin (7.05)

29 July 43         Hamburg (5.30)                              21 Jan 44         Magdeburg (5.55)

30 July 43         Remshred (5.30)                            27 Jan 44         Berlin (?)

 

Since joining the squadron, Flight Lieutenant Burns has carried out a large number of operations against some of the most heavily defended and distant targets in Germany, including at least six sorties to Berlin.  This officer has at all times set a very high example as a Captain, and his experience and cheerful attitude towards his duties have been a source of inspiration to the remainder of the squadron.  I strongly recommend that this officer be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

BURNS, F/L Robert, DFC (J18363) - Mention in Despatches - Station Topcliffe - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945.  As of recommendation (23 January 1945) he had been two years in Canada, one year three months overseas.  Citation not published; following from DHist 181.002 D.225.

 

On December 11th, 1944, Flight Lieutenant Burns was giving night dual instructions.  At 300 feet after takeoff, both port engines cut simultaneously and aircraft dived sharply to port.  Flight Lieutenant Burns immediately took over control of the aircraft, and deciding against a crash landing at night, he managed, by superb skill and airmanship, to fly round a close circuit and make a hood landing.  The ability and airmanship shown was of the highest standard and undoubtedly saved the aircraft and possibly the lives of the crew.  Flight Lieutenant Burns has been employed as an instructor for eleven months and has always displayed keenness and a high standard of ability.

 

* * * * *

 

BURNS, F/O Robert Gregory (J86959) - Croix de Guerre (France) - No.424 Squadron (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Awarded as per AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Home in Markham, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto, 9 April 1941.  Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 2 April 1943), No.5 EFTS (graduated 28 May 1943) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 17 September 1943).  DHist file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 9 January 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (165 hours) between 17 June and 24 November 1944.

 

This officer, a gallant captain of a very efficient bomber crew, has completed thirty-three successful sorties against enemy strongholds.  Commencing his tour of operations shortly after D-Day, he successfully attacked such formidable French targets as Villeneuve St.Georges, Boulogne and Calais.  Displaying great skill and meticulous care in the bombing of the targets selected, Flying Officer Burns and his crew demonstrated outstanding ability and courage of the highest order. Of his thirty-three sorties, fifteen were against targets in occupied France and the contribution that Flying Officer Burns made towards the liberation of France deserves high mention.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9645 has citation that may be deemed as final.  Very similar but shows editing.

 

This officer is a gallant captain of a very efficient bomber crew with which he has completed 33 successful sorties against enemy strongholds including such formidible targets in France as Villeneuve St.Georges, Boulogne and Calais.  He has displayed great skill and meticulous care in the bombing of his targets and together with his crew demonstated outstanding ability and courage of the highest order.  Flying Officer Burns is a fearless and most capable pilot.

 

* * * * *

 

BURPEE, FS (now P/O) Lewis Johnston (R82285/J17115) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.106 Squadron - Award effective 13 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 18 May 1943 and AFRO 1187/43 dated 25 June 1943. Born 5 March 1918. Home in Ottawa; enlisted there 17 December 1940. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 4 May 1941), No.13 EFTS (graduated 21 July 1941), and No.9 SFTS (graduated 30 August 1941). Struck off strength of Canada to RAF overseas, 28 September 1941. Commissioned 3 April 1943 (J17115). Killed in action with No.617 Squadron, 17 May 1943 (Lancaster ED865); widow in Britain; buried in Holland. Award presented to next-of-kin, 12 December 1944.

 

This airman has successfully completed a number of operational sorties against targets which include the naval ports of Wilhelmshaven, Bremen and Hamburg and also industrial centres in Italy.  He has also taken part in raids on Berlin, Nuremburg, and Stuttgart.  He has constantly displayed the utmost determination to complete his allotted task, whatever hardships or dangers are encountered.  From raids on Lorient and St.Nazaire he secured valuable photographs.  Flight Sergeant Burpee has invariably exhibited coolness and courage and has performed his duties conscientiously and efficiently.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office has recommendation dated 26 March 1943 when he had flown 26 sorties (205 hours 20 minutes) as listed below; text slightly more detailed than published citation:

 

15 Oct 42          Cologne (5.20)                                Flew as 2nd pilot

22 Oct 42          Genoa (8.00)                                               ditto

24 Oct 42          Milan (9.50)                                                 ditto, daylight raid

7 Nov 42           Genoa (5.35)                                   First trip as captain; mission abandoned

16 Nov 42         Silverthorn (9.30)

20 Nov 42         Turin (9.20)                                      Burst seen in centre of town.

22 Nov 42         Stuttgart (7.45)

8 Dec 42           Turin (9.00)                                      Burst seen in built-up area near aiming point.

9 Dec 42           Turin (4.25)                                      Mission abandoned; generators u/s

20 Dec 42        Duisburg (5.15)                               Shot up on bombing run; navigator wounded.

3 Jan 43            Essen (5.00)

8 Jan 43            Duisburg (2.55)                               Mission abandoned.

11 Jan 43         Essen (4.10)

12 Jan 43         Essen (4.00)

17 Jan 43         Berlin (9.00)

21 Jan 43         Essen (4.55)                                   Successful despite heavy flak which severely damaged aircraft.

23 Jan 43         Dusseldorf (5.35)

27 Jan 43         Dusseldorf (6.05)                            Results not seen owing to cloud.

30 Jan 43         Hamburg (7.25)

11 Feb 43         Wilhelmshaven (4.00)                    Mission abandoned.

13 Feb 43         Lorient (6.00)                                  Bomb fell in dock area.

14 Feb 43         Milan (9.50)                                     Bombs across centre of town.

16 Feb 43         Lorient (6.15)                                  Photograph of aiming point.

18 Feb 43         Wilhelmshaven (5.25)

21 Feb 43         Bremen (5.45)

25 Feb 43         Nuremburg (9.10)                           Took photograph of built-up area.

26 Feb 43         Cologne (4.35)                                Photograph of factory buildings.

28 Feb 43         St.Nazaire (6.55)

5 Mar 43           Essen (5.05)                                   Bombs fell on Krupp Works

8 Mar 43           Nuremburg (7.30)

10 Mar 43         GARDENING (7.40)                       Baltic

12 Mar 43         Essen (5.10)                                   Bombs fell on target.

 

Flight Sergeant Burpee has taken part in 26 operational sorties, successfully bombing many vital targets ranging from the naval ports of Bremen, Hamburg and Wilhelmshaven to the industrial centre of the Ruhr and as far afield as the war centres of Italy.

 

He has consistently displayed the greatest determination in the execution of whatever tasks were allotted him.  Berlin, Nuremburg, Stuttgart, Genoa and Turin are some of the many objectives he has attacked with satisfactory results and in recent weeks he has taken part in the highly successful raids on Lorient (aiming point photograph), S.Nazaire and both of the Essen attacks.  He also flew on the daylight attack against Milan in October 1942.

 

Flight Sergeant Burpee has shown coolness and courage throughout his operational tour and has performed his duties conscientiously and efficiently.

 

* * * * *

BURRAGE, F/O Robert Harcourt (J14076) - Mention in Despatches - No.117 Squadron (Canada) - now No.5 EFTS - Award effective 5 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1133/44 dated 26 May 1944.  Home in Burnaby, British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 23 October 1940.  Trained at No.2 BGS (graduated 21 July 1941) and No.2 WS (graduated 23 June 1941).  Awarded operational wings October 1944 when he had flown 1,428 hours on Canso/Catalina aircraft.  At No.WS at the time.  Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 57, file 190-I) has citation; notes indicate that as of recommendation he had flown 1,670 hours, of which 1,393 were operational (152 sorties).

 

This officer, as a Wireless Operator Air Gunner, has displayed outstanding devotion to duty and ability in his operational duties.  His cheerfulness, determination and initiative have been most inspiring.

 

* * * * *

 

BURROUGHS, F/L George Whitehead (J9392) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.414 Squadron - Award effective 12 May 1944 as per London Gazette dated 19 May 1944 and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 May 1944.  Born in Toronto, 30 April 1921; enlisted there 29 April 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 August 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 25 September 1941) and No.14 SFTS (graduated and commissioned 19 December 1941).  To "Y" Depot, Halifax, 20 December 1941; struck off strength to RAF overseas, 7 January 1942; repatriated 11 August 1944; retired 23 April 1945.   Credited with the following victories: 28 January 1944, one Bf.109 destroyed pus one unidentified single engined enemy aircraft destroyed (shared with F/O G. Wonnacott); 7 June 1944, one Ju.52 destroyed (shared with F/O R.A. Bromley).  Award presented 18 October 1947.  Public Record Office Air 2/9626 indicates he was recommended when he had compleed 74 sorties (104 operational hours).

 

During the last two years Flight Lieutenant Burroughs has completed a large number of reconnaissance and ranger sorties.  In addition he has acted as escort to bomber aircraft and taken part in twenty-eight coastal patrols.  During that time he has destroyed at least one enemy aircraft and inflicted much damage on enemy locomotives, barges and other installations.  A keen and courageous pilot, he has set an inspiring example to the other members of his squadron.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/9626 has recommendation drafted by his Flight Commander about 20 March 1944 when he had flown 74 sorties (104 operational hours).

 

Since joining No.414 Squadron two years ago, this officer has completed a large number of Reconnaissance and Ranger sorties against the enemy.  He has taken part in nine INSTEP patrols in the Bay of Biscay, protecting Beaufighters and Mosquitos in addition to 28 coastal patrols on the south coast against "sneak raiders".  Twenty Tactical and Photo Reconnaissances were made against heavily defended targets in enemy occupied territory, notably a sortie to the Pas de Calais area.

 

Flight Lieutenant Burroughs has shown exceptional keenness in the planning and execution of Rhubarbs and Rangers.  As a result of these sorties he has destroyed one and one-half enemy aircraft, damaged 17 locomotives, three barges ad many other enemy installations.

 

As a Tactical and Photo Reconnaissance pilot he has displayed great skill, courage and devotion to duty. For the past six months he has been a Deputy Flight Commander and at all times has maintained a high standard of efficiency.

 

On 21 March 1944 S/L C.H. Stover wrote:

 

Flight Lieutenant Burroughs has shown exceptional ability in operations and has set a magnificent example to other members of the squadron.  His keenness to engage the enemy is unsurpassable.

 

The same day (21 March 1944) W/C E.H. Moncrieff added:

 

Flight Lieutenant Burroughs has proven himself, while flying with his squadron, to be a keen and courageous pilot who at all times has inspired confidence, displaying great determination and outstanding skill in his duties as a reconnaissance pilot and can be depended upon to carry out the most difficult tasks successfully.

 

On 23 March 1944 the Air Vice-Marshal commanding his group wrote:

 

I strongly recommend this award. The valuable but less spectacular work of the fighter reconnaissance pilot is particularly deserving of recognition in the case of Flight Lieutenant Burroughs.

 

This was duly marked "Approved" on 9 April 1944 by Air Marshal A. Coningham (Commanding 2nd Tactical Air Force) and also approved on 23 April 1944 by Air Chief Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory, Air Commander-in-Chief, Allied Expeditionary Air Forces.

 

* * * * *

 

BURROW, Corporal Leonard (R69735) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944.  No citation in AFRO.  Home in Toronto; enlisted there 4 July 1940.  No citation.

 

* * * * *

 

BURROWS, WO Charles Douglas (R160639) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.166 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 19 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944.  Home in Calgary; enlisted there 1 April 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 28 May 1942) and No.2 AOS (graduated 30 December 1942).  Award presented 26 February 1949. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations during which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."  Public Records Office Air 2/9276 has recommendation dated 14 June 1944 when he had flown 27 2/3 sorties (169 hours); it is unclear as what constituted partial sorties.

 

15 Feb 44      Berlin                                      1 May 44        Lyon

19 Feb 44      Leipzig                                   9 May 44        Mardyck

1 Mar 44         Stuttgart                                  11 May 44      Hessalt

15 Mar 44      Stuttgart                                  15 May 44      GARDENING

22 Mar 44      Frankfurt                                 19 May 44      Orleans

24 Mar 44      Berlin                                      21 May 44      Duisburg

26 Mar 44      Essen                                     22 May 44      Dortmund

11 Apr 44       Aachen                                   24 May 44      Aachen

18 Apr 44       Rouen                                     3 June 44       Boulogne

20 Apr 44       Cologne                                 5 June 44       Cherbourg

24 Apr 44       Dusseldorf                             6 June 44       Acheres

24 Apr 44       Karlsruhe                                10 Jun 44       Acheres

26 Apr 44       Essen                                     12 Jun 44       Gelsenkirchen

27 Apr 44       Friedrichshafen                     14 Jun 44       Le Havre                   

30 Apr 44       Rouen

 

This Canadian navigator has now completed 27 2/3 sorties against the enemy over a wide range of targets.

 

An efficient navigator when faced with adverse weather conditions and on occasions with some of his navigational aids unserviceable, he has skilfully navigated his aircraft out to the target and back safely to base.  The undoubted success of his crew has depended a great deal on this navigator's work and every flight had his sterling qualities of quiet confidence and courage in the face of intense enemy opposition.

 

For his devotion to duty and his high standard of skill, he is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BURROWS, F/L James Ernest (J26916) - Air Force Cross - WAC Communications Flight - Award effective 23 February 1946 as per Canada Gazette dated 2 February 1946 and AFRO 280/46 dated 15 March 1946. Enlisted in Edmonton (home), 20 June 1941.  Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 24 September 1941), No.5 EFTS (graduated 21 November 1941), and No.12 SFTS (graduated 13 March 1942).  As of award had flown 2,065 hours, 275 hours in past six months, 900 operational hours (86 sorties).  Award presented 27 May 1950.

 

This officer has rendered valuable and meritorious service during his employment as a communications pilot.  Throughout many hours of arduous flying duties, he has always displayed outstanding initiative, courage and devotion to duty.  His ability as a pilot navigator is most commendable and worthy of high praise.

 

* * * * *

BURROWS, F/O John Woollatt (J22599) - Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm (deceased) - Awarded 17 July 1948 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 455/48 dated 23 July 1948.  Home in Mont Royal, Quebec.  Navigator, killed in action with No.432 Squadron, 27/28 April 1944, Halifax LW592.  Buried in Belgium.

 

* * * * *

 

BURROWS, F/L Leslie Edward (J26917) - Air Force Cross- WAC Communications Flight - Award effective 23 February 1946 as per Canada Gazette dated 2 February 1946 and AFRO 280/46 dated 15 March 1946.  Enlisted in Edmonton (home), 20 June 1941.  Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 24 September 1941), No.5 EFTS (graduated 21 November 1941), and No.12 SFTS (graduated 13 March 1942).  As of award had flown 2,065 hours, 315 hours in past six months, 800 operational hours (106 sorties).  Award sent by registered mail 7 June 1950.

 

This officer during his employment as a communications pilot has rendered valuable and meritorious service.  Although on various occasions it has been necessary for him to fly in very arduous weather, he has always displayed outstanding ability in his determination to reach his destination.  His devotion to duty in the performance of his allotted tasks is worthy of high praise.

 

* * * * *

 

BURROWS, FS Russell Ellis (R59208) - British Empire Medal - Air Force Headquarters - Awarded 1 January 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945.  Enlisted in Winnipeg, 14 June 1940.

 

This non-commissioned officer has at all times displayed outstanding devotion to duty and has willingly accepted responsibilities beyond those normally required.  He can be relied upon to carry out expeditiously and efficiently any duties assigned to him.  His outstanding ability and his co-operative and enthusiastic spirit are most praiseworthy. His initiative and willingness to place service before self have been a splendid example.

 

* * * * *

 

BURSEY, FS William Edwin (R64767) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944.  Home in Lewisville, New Brunswick; enlisted in Moncton, 27 June 1940.  Trained at No.2 BGS (graduated 27 June 1940).  No citation.  Faint pencilled item on biog card might be unit.

 

* * * * *

 

BURSTOW, Sergeant William Frederick John (R103063) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946.  Home in Dundas, Ontario; enlisted in Hamilton, 6 May 1941.  No citation.

 

* * * * *

 

BURTON, F/L Elgert (J36530) - Air Force Cross - No.164 Squadron (now No.168 Squadron) - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946 - Enlisted in Winnipeg, 20 June 1941.  Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 9 October 1941), No.16 EFTS (graduated 6 December 1941), and No.10 SFTS (graduated 11 April 1942).  As of award he had flown 3,214 hours, 2,047 hours as instructor, 427 hours in previous six months.  Award sent by registered mail via Department of External Affairs, 28 June 1955, when he was living in Fairview Park, Ohio.

 

This officer has flown over 2,000 hours on transport duties, the last 1,400 hours as a Captain.  This flying has been mainly over water, including Trans-Atlantic and Far East duties.  A great deal of his flying has been in extremely inclement weather.  His work has been faultless and as a transport captain his work has been exemplary.

 

* * * * *

 

BURTON, F/O Gordon Ralph (J16558) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.114 Squadron - Award effective 30 December 1943 as per London Gazette dated 7 January 1944 and AFRO 410/44 dated 25 February 1944.  Home in Edmonton; enlisted there 7 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 4 June 1941), No.16 EFTS (graduated 27 July 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 24 October 1941).  Became a prisoner of war, 14/15 July 1943 with No.114 Squadron; involved in "The Great Escape". Award presented 1946.  Died in Port Hope, Ontario, 9 June 2000.

 

Displaying a fine fighting spirit, great keenness and determination, Flying Officer Burton has taken part in many operational sorties.  In July 1943, while returning from an armed reconnaissance, his aircraft was engaged by anti-aircraft fire from an enemy airfield at Gerbini.  Flying Officer Burton immediately attacked the gunsite and considerably reduced the volume of fire but his aircraft was hit and severely damaged.  He climbed to fifteen hundred feet but his blazing aircraft was a target for the enemy defences and he ordered the crew to leave by parachute.  Meanwhile, keeping the aircraft level to facilitate their exit in hazardous circumstances, this officer seriously jeopardized his own chance of escape to enable his crew to leave the aircraft safely.  His coolness and courage were worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

BURTON, Sergeant James Robert (R92979) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 12 April 1943 as per London Gazette dated 16 April 1943 and AFRO 985/43 dated 28 May 1943.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 27 June 1941), No.19 EFTS (graduated 1 September 1941) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 19 December 1941).  Invested with award by King George 18 May 1943.

 

In December 1942, this airman was captain of an aircraft detailed for an anti-submarine patrol. An enemy convoy was sighted and while engaged in shadowing it his aircraft was attacked by two Junkers 88.  In the ensuing action the hostile aircraft was destroyed and the other damaged and probably destroyed.  Sergeant Burton, by his coolness and courage, played no small part in this successful encounter.

 

* * * * *

 

BURTON, W/C James Wallace (C1830) - Member, Order of the British Empire - AFHQ - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946.  Home in Ottawa; enlisted there, 2 April 1940.  Award presented by Governor General, 9 December 1947.

 

This officer has at all times shown outstanding ability and devotion to duty in supervising the provisioning and distribution of maps and charts to Royal Canadian Air Force Home War and British Commonwealth Air Training stations and schools.  He has also given valuable service in connection with air survey operations.  His unbounded energy and efficiency are deserving of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

BURTON, F/L John Alexander (C10537) - Mention in Despatches - Station Gander - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945.  Home in Medicine Hat, Alberta; enlisted in Toronto, 20 March 1942.  Certiface and emblems sent to Station Gander, 29 June 1945.

 

For over thirty months this officer has carried out his duties with a high sense of responsibility and outstanding efficiency.  He has consistently endeavoured to strengthen the hand of his superior officers and his bearing has been an example for all personnel on the station.

 

* * * * *

 

BURTON, Sergeant Paul (R208596) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 3 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944.  Home in Beloit, Wisconsin. enlisted Winnipeg 25 November 1942.  Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 1 October 1943).  Cited with Sergeant William F. Mann (RCAF, mid-upper gunner, awarded DFM).  Award sent by External Affairs, 7 March 1947.  Although his home was given as being in United States, he is otherwise identified as being "Canadian".

 

As rear and mid-upper gunners respectively these airman have participated in very many sorties and have displayed notable determination and devotion to duty throughout.  On several occasions they have driven off enemy aircraft and, in so doing, have displayed great coolness and co-operation.  One night in June 1944, when returning from an operation against Acheres, they shot down a Junkers 88.

 

* * * * *

 

BURTON, WO2 Ralph Wellington (R147766) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945.  Home in Zealandia, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Saskatoon, 14 January 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 31 July 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 6 November 1942) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 5 March 1943).  Award sent by registered mail.  Served in postwar RCAF.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."  DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation by S/L J.A. Westland dated 15 August 1944 when he had flown 38 sorties (185 hours 30 minutes) from 19 February to 9 August 1944.  He was second pilot on his first mission (19 February, Leipzig), sustained a flak hit on his second mission (Schweinfurt, 24 February), and made two runs over target on 26 April (Essen) and 27 April (Aulnoyes); flak hit on 30 April (Semain).

 

Warrant Officer Burton is a captain of a four-engined heavy bomber who has successfully completed thirty-seven sorties over Germany and enemy occupied territory.  Berlin, Essen and Stuttgart were some of the heavily defended targets he attacked besides many French targets and some mining missions.

 

He at all times has displayed great courage and fortitude in the face of bitter opposition and his determination to, at all cost, press home his attacks merits high recognition.

 

* * * * *

 

BURTON, FS Robert John (R66002) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.10 Squadron - Award effective 21 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 9 November 1943 and AFRO 358/44 dated 18 February 1944.  Home in Smooth Rock Falls, Ontario; enlisted Montreal, 19 June 1940.  Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 9 October 1942).  Award presented 5 October 1947.

 

As air gunner, Flight Sergeant Burton has participated in very many sorties against well defended targets and has proved himself to be a most dependable member of aircraft crew.  One night in September 1943, Flight Sergeant Burton took part in an attack on Bochum.  During the operation, an enemy fighter flew in to attack the bomber from close range. Coolly  and skilfully, Flight Sergeant Burton directed his captain in the necessary evading tactics and subsequently, with a well directed burst of fire, he shot the enemy aircraft down.  His efforts contributed materially to the success of the operation and the safe return of the bomber.

 

* * * * *

 

BURTON, F/L William Donald (J18959) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.439 Squadron - Award effective 18 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1944 and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945.  Born in 1921, Brantford, Ontario; home there.  Enlisted in Hamilton, 5 June 1941, commissioned 1943.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 13 September 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 7 November 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 27 February 1942).  Award presented 14 June 1949.

 

Since joining his present squadron, Flight Lieutenant Burton has flown on a large number of sorties against targets of all kinds, including railway sidings, airfields, enemy shipping and transport.  In June 1944, in spite of very adverse weather and powerful defences he led his formation at very low level to attack an important bridge on the river Orne.  The bridge was demolished and thereby the enemy were denied the use of a very important supply and escape route.  On another sortie in September 1944, Flight Lieutenant Burton, while leading a formation located an enemy road convoy in Holland.  After his attack six vehicles were seen to be on fire and others badly damaged.  During the return flight two troop trains were encountered.  These also were left on fire.  This officer has been a flight commander in his squadron since August 1944.  He is an excellent leader and has set a fine example of courage and resource.

 

* * * * *

 

BURTON, P/O William Robert (J85126) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945.  Home in St.Thomas, Ontario; enlisted London, Ontario 12 July 1941. Trained at No.4 BGS (graduated 16 February 1942.  Award presented 15 April 1948.  No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy."  DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation by W/C A.F. Avant dated 10 September 1944 when he had flown 55 sorties (275 hours ten minutes).  First tour was with No.40 Squadron (1 September 1942 to 1 June 1943, 39 sorties, 200 hours); second tour with No.429 Squadron to that date was 16 trips (75 hours ten minutes), 9 July to 31 August 1944.  DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has a recommendation from No.434 Squadron for a DFC, this one dated 10 December 1944.  This credits him with 56 sorties (313 hours 45 minutes), and lists the tours as being 15 July 1942 to 12 April 1943 (shot up and baled out on 2 January 1943, Sousse) and 9 July to 4 November 1944.  It also says that he had to bale out once in West Africa and was three weeks in the interior before being rescued.

 

This officer has completed fifty-five sorties against the enemy.  On his first tour of operations in the Middle East theatre of war, he displayed great courage, fortitude and devotion to duty of the highest order.  On several occasions he was attacked by fighters but with great skill and valour succeeded in evading the attacks.  His enthusiasm for operational work and eagerness to come to grips with the enemy has been most inspiring at all times.  He is most efficient as an air gunner and crew member.

 

It is considered that his fine operational record, cheerfulness and determination fully merit the award of the D.F.C.

* * * * *

 

BURWOOD, Corporal Albert George (R61885) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base (AFRO gives only "Overseas") - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945.  Home in Rapid City, Manitoba; enlisted in Saskatoon, 1 April 1940.  No citation in AFRO or biographical file.  DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation sent to No.6 Group Headquarters, 2 February 1945.  This gives initials as G.R. but serial number is consistent.  Aero-engine mechanic.

 

This NCO is mainly responsible by his devotion to duty and long tiring hours at work for the production of sufficient serviceable power plants and engines, to keep the four squadrons attached to No.64 Base at their present high standard of efficiency, i.e. first, second, third and sixth within No.6 Group.

 

* * * * *

 

BURY, WO1 Lawrence Vernon (Can 1357) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.5 Equipment Depot - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946.  Home in Barrie, Ontario; enlisted at Camp Borden, 26 January 1925.  Award presented 9 April 1948.

 

This Warrant Officer has shown himself to be a skilful and resourceful Master Mechanic.  Over a long period of time he has consistently discharged his duties in a most commendable manner.  His willingness to accept any task and carry it through to a successful conclusion has been most praiseworthy.  As a Technical Board Warrant Officer his keen sense of service and devotion to duty have been exemplary.

 

* * * * *

 

BUSH, WO (now P/O) Douglas Gordon (R97642/J39727) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.11 (BR) Squadron (now Overseas) - Award effective 5 May 1944 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1133/44 dated 26 May 1944.  Home in Kelowna, British Columbia; enlisted in Vancouver, 15 March 1941.  Trained at No.8 BGS (graduated 2 February 1942) and No.2 WS (graduated 4 January 1942).  Killed in flying accident, 5 July 1944 (Wellington HF485, No.82 OTU); buried in Britain.  Award presented to next-of-kin by Governor General, 12 December 1944. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 57, file 190-I) has citation; notes indicate that as of recommendation he had flown 756 hours, 614 operational (118 sorties).

 

This Warrant Officer, as a Wireless Operator Air Gunner, has been employed continuously for a long period on anti-submarine operations, during which time he has displayed exceptional keenness and ability in the performance of his duties.  He has participated in four attacks on enemy submarines, three of which he has been credited as the one who made the first sighting.

 

* * * * *

 

BUSH, F/O Edward Forbes (J27119) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945.  Home in Toronto; enlisted there 15 July 1942.  Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 6 February 1943), No.1 BGS (graduated 1 May 1943) and No.9 AOS (graduated 25 June 1943).  Award presented 28 June 1949.  See his memoires, "Room With a View: A Bomb Aimer's War" in High Flight, Volume III, Nos. 1 and 2 (Spring and Summer, 1983).

 

This officer has completed a large number of sorties.  On one occasion his crew were detailed to bomb Stuttgart.  On approaching the target intense anti-aircraft fire was encountered and the aircraft was severely damaged.  The main petrol supply line was hit causing a heavy loss of petrol.  Nevertheless, Flying Officer Bush pressed on and successfully bombed the target.  Throughout his operational career, Flying Officer Bush has displayed outstanding gallantry and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTCHER, F/O Ronald William (J20961) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 5 August 1944 as per London Gazette dated 18 August 1944 and AFRO 2101/44 dated 29 September 1944.  Home in Sackville, New Brunswick; enlisted Moncton, 20 January 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 31 July 1942) and No.4 AOS (graduated 20 November 1942).  Award presented 19 August 1949.  Long interview with Stu Tait in biographical file at DHist.  No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."  Public Records Office Air 2/9632 has recommendation dated 16 May 1944 when he had completed 23 sorties (154 hours 23 minutes), 3 December 1943 to 27 April 1944.

 

3 Dec 43        Berlin (8.01)                                  24 Feb 44      Schweinfurt (8.11)

16 Dec 43      Berlin (7.30)                                  25 Feb 44      Augsburg (7.31)

20 Dec 43      Frankfurt (6.10)                             15 Mar 44      Stuttgart (7.37)

14 Jan 44       Brunswick (5.51)                          22 Mar 44      Frankfurt (5.39)

20 Jan 44       Berlin (7.09)                                  26 Mar 44      Essen (4.36)

21 Jan 44       Magdeburg (5.33)                        30 Mar 44      Nuremburg (7.45)

27 Jan 44       Berlin (7.46)                                  10 Apr 44       Laon (4.47)

28 Jan 44       Berlin (7.36)                                  18 Apr 44       Noisy le Sec (4.38)

30 Jan 44       Berlin (6.35)                                  22 Apr 44       Dusseldorf (5.23)

15 Feb 44      Berlin (7.13)                                  24 Apr 44       Karlsruhe (6.20)

19 Feb 44      Leipzig (7.21)                               27 Apr 44       Friedrichshafen (8.10)

20 Feb 44      Stuttgart (7.01)

 

Flying Officer Butcher is nearing the completion of his first tour of operations.  He has navigated his aircraft on many occasions to very distant targets in Germany, including seven sorties to Berlin and nine sorties to southwest Germany.

 

The crew with whom he flies has achieved considerable success on operations, and this is, in no small manner, attributable to Flying Officer Butcher's skill as a navigator.  He has at all times carried out his duties in a determined and cheerful manner, and his offensive spirit is reflected in the remainder of the crew.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTLER, F/L Anthony Robert Hamilton (J26039) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.100 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 4 December and AFRO 212/46 dated 1 March 1946.  Home in St.Ctharines, Ontario; enlisted Hamilton, 5 May 1941.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 August 1941), No.9 EFTS (graduated 10 October 1941), and No.6 SFTS (graduated 31 December 1941).  Award presented 22 June 1947.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty".  Public Records Office Air 2/8772 has recommendation dated 31 May 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (180 hours) as follows:

 

23 Oct 44                   Essen                         23 Feb 45      Pforzheim

1 Nov 44                     Dusseldorf                 7 Mar 45         Dessau

4 Nov 44                     Bochum                      8 Mar 45         Kassel

6 Nov 44                     Gelsenkirchen                       11 Mar 45      Essen

11 Nov 44                  Dortmund                   12 Mar 45      Dortmund

16 Nov 44                  Duren                          15 Mar 45      Misburg

18 Nov 44                  Wanne Eickel                        21 Mar 45      Hamburg

21 Nov 44                  Aschaffenburg                       10 Apr 45       Plauen

27 Nov 44                  Freiburg                     14 Apr 45       Berlin

24 Dec 44                  Cologne                     18 Apr 45       Heligoland

14 Jan 45                   Leuna                         22 Apr 45       Bremen

16 Jan 45                   Zeitz                            25 Apr 45       Berchtesgaden

7 Feb 45                    Cleve                          3 Feb 45        Dresden                    

20 Feb 45                  Dortmund                   27 Apr 45       EXODUS (Brussels)

21 Feb 45                  Duisburg                    30 Apr 45       MANNA

 

Flight Lieutenant Butler, a Canadian officer, has completed his first tour of operations, many of which have been against some of the most distant and heavily defended targets, which include such places as Leuna and Berlin.  He has always shown a great keenness to take part in operations against the enemy, and his determination to press home his attacks has been an example to all, and an inspiration to his crew.

 

Flight Lieutenant Butler has at all times shown a devotion to duty beyond praise, and as a captain of aircraft, he has set a fine example to the squadron.  His cheerfulness, courage and fortitude have been of the highest order at all times.

 

In recognition of this officer's fine record and unswerving devotion to duty, he is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTLER, F/O Arthur Lawrence (J39809) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 13 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2534/44 dated 24 November 1944.  Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 12 January 1943.  Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 10 December 1943).  Award presented 4 September 1945.

 

Flying Officer Butler has completed many operational sorties over enemy territory.  In June 1944, on a mission to Sautrecourt, the aircraft in which Flying Officer Butler was rear gunner was attacked by enemy fighters on six occasions.  This officer, showing outstanding coolness and fearlessness, gave the correct manoeuvres to the pilot which enabled the enemy aircraft to be evaded.  On another occasion on a mission to Metz his aircraft was attacked by a Junkers 88 before reaching the target.  Again by giving correct instructions to the pilot the fighter was out-manoeuvred and destroyed.  Flying Officer Butler's vigilance and skill contributed to the success of his crew and the destruction of an enemy aircraft.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTLER, FS Cyril Thomas (R72557) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.10 Squadron - Award effective 3 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 11 June 1943 and AFRO 1294/43 dated 9 July 1943.  Home in Yorke Point, Prince Edward Island; enlisted Charlottetown, 29 August 1940.  Trained at No.6 BGS (graduated 15 September 1941) and No.1 WS (graduated 17 August 1941).  Award presented by King George VI 16 November 1943.

 

Flight Sergeant Butler has completed a highly successful tour of operational duty during the course of which he has displayed courage, skill and devotion to duty of the highest order.  He has also obtained some excellent photographs.  On one occasion he had to leave his aircraft by parachute.  On two other occasions his aircraft was attacked by enemy night fighters, one attacker being destroyed each time.  Despite these hazardous experiences this airman has steadfastly continued to fly on operations with unflagging zeal and enthusiasm.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTLER, S/L Frank (J5045) - Mention in Despatches - Eastern Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 21 April 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945.  Home in Toronto.  Enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 17 August 1940.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 9 December 1940), No.1 EFTS (graduated 28 January 1941) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 28 April 1941).

 

During a long tour of duty with an anti-submarine squadron, this officer has displayed aggressiveness and devotion to duty worthy of the highest praise.  His ability, keenness and leadership throughout his many sorties have won for him the respect and admiration of all members of his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTLER, F/O Gordon Douglas (J24616) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 7 January 1942.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 2 November 1942) and No.5 AOS (graduated 19 March 1943).   Award sent by registered mail 24 February 1950.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."  DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation of W/C J.F. Easton dated 4 November 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (133 hours 30 minutes), 9 April to 15 August 1944.  Medals with logbook and other documents offered for sale by Gateway Militaria, Catalogue No.14 (1999 ?) for $ 725.00.

 

Flying Officer Butler has completed a tour of operations as navigator on four engined bombers in an exemplary manner.  He has operated against such heavily defended targets in Germany as Dortmund, Wesselling, Kiel and Stuttgart.  At all times he has shown complete disregard for any defences encountered and on more than one occasion when his aircraft was damaged by enemy action, he carried on his extremely skilful navigation undeterred by the fact that his compartment was riddled with flak and cannon fire, directly his aircraft accurately back to base.  More recently, on precision targets, Flying Officer Butler has taken his aircraft to the target obtaining aiming point photographs whenever cloud conditions permitted.

 

Flying Officer Butler, by virtue of his sterling leadership and operational ability, has proven himself a great asset to the squadron.  Therefore I recommend that he be awarded a Non-Immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTLER, FS James Walter (R206496) - British Empire Medal - No.8 Construction and Maintenance Unit - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946.  Home in Westhill, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto, 24 November 1942.  Award presented 9 April 1948.

 

Flight Sergeant Butler has been in charge of the Drafting Room and Estimating Department since this unit was formed at the beginning of 1943.  In this position he has supervised the preparation of plans, estimates and requisitions for materials used in the various construction projects undertaken by this unit, many of which were for the complete building of radio detachments in Labrador and Newfoundland when urgency was the keynote.  Many times this non-commissioned officer has served beyond his call of duty, an instance being during the evacuation of civilians from the Dartmouth and Tufts Cove area at the time of the explosion in the Naval Arsenal at Halifax in 1945.  He has served the Air Force well, efficiently and faithfully, fulfilled all duties assigned to him and has been at all times willing to co-operate with others.  His leadership has been an inspiration to all with whom he has worked.

* * * * *

 

BUTLER, P/O Michael Clement (J15392) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 232/43 dated 12 February 1943.  Enlisted in Quebec, 22 June 1940.  Trained at No.2 ITS, No.10 EFTS, No.8 SFTS and No.5 SFTS.  No citation.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTLER, Corporal Pierce W. (R112066) - Mention in Despatches - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944.  Home in Peters Road, Prince Edward Island; enlisted Charlottetown, 15 July 1941.  No citation in AFRO and unit identified only as "Overseas".  DHist File 181.009 D.1552 (PAC RG.24 Box 20601) identifies unit and provides the following recommendation, dated 27 January 1944, signed by Wing Commander C.B. Sinton (unit CO) and seconded by Group Captain L.E. Wray (station CO):

 

Corporal Butler, on the morning of December 19th, 1943, was running the engines of aircraft "Q" Queenie in conjunction with Leading Aircraftman O'Connor and Leading Aircraftman McEvoy when aircraft "C" Charlie crashed while taking off and landed on top of the aircraft in which Corporal Butler was working.  Both aircraft immediately burst into flame.  Leading Aircraftman O'Connor was rendered unconscious by the crash and Corporal Butler, despite the intense flames, attempted to remove him through the pilot's escape hatch, but was unable to do so.  In his attempt to remove his comrade, he stayed in the cockpit of the aircraft despite intense flames and smoke until almost overcome.  It was only then that he thought of self-preservation and he crawled out of the pilot's escape hatch and jumped from the nose of the aircraft into a pile of flaming debris, thereby breaking both his heels.  He proceeded to crawl on his hands and knees through the flaming mass.  Corporal Butler showed outstanding courage and determination in his effort to save his fellow worker and I consider his gallant effort to rescue Leading Aircraftman O'Connor fully merits that he should be mentioned in despatches.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTLER, Sergeant Robert Haward (R79746) - Mention in Despatches - No.75 SW - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945.  Home in Regina; enlisted there 18 November 1940.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTT, F/O Leslie (J28904) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.10 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945.  Home in Niagara Falls, Ontario; enlisted in Hamilton 30 June 1942.  Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 3 April 1943), No.1 BGS (graduated 26 June 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 6 August 1943).  Award presented at Stamford Centre, 7 August 1949.

 

This officer has completed many successful operations against the enemy in which he has displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9051 has recommendation dated 20 December 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (155 hours 18 minutes), 24 May to 25 September 1944.  Similarity of sortie list indicates he and F/O T.J. Beeby were in same crew:

 

24 May 44      Colline Beaument (3.38)           25 Jul 44        Berfay (3.55)

27 May 44      Bourg Leopold (4.45)                5 Aug 44        Foret de Dieppe (1.30)

7 June 44       Juvisy (4.25)                               8 Aug 44        St.Philbert Forme (3.25)

9 June 44       Laval (5.00)                                10 Aug 44      Dijon (7.00)

12 Jun 44       Amiens (3.50)                            11 Aug 44      Le Nieppe (3.20)

14 Jun 44       Douai (5.40)                               15 Aug 44      GARDENING (5.30)

15 Jun 44       Fouilliard 5.10)                           17 Aug 44      Brest (4.40)

16 Jun 44       Domleger (3.30)                        25 Aug 44      Brest (5.40)

22 Jun 44       Laon (4.36)                                 29 Aug 44      GARDENING (6.15)

24 Jun 44       Foyelle en Chausseur (3.20)    3 Sept 44       Soesterburg (3.45)

25 Jun 44       Montergueil (3.25)                     11 Sep 44      GARDENING (4.30)

27 Jun 44       GARDENING (4.55)                  15 Sep 44      Kiel (5.30)

1 July 44         St.Martin l'Hortier (3.45)            17 Sep 44      Boulogne (5.15)

4 July 44         St.Martin l'Hortier (3.40)            23 Sep 44      Neuss (5.00)

5 July 44         St.Martin l'Hortier (3.40)            25 Sep 44      Calais (4.00)

6 July 44         Croixdale (3.40)                         26 Sep 44      Calais (3.40)

23 Jul 44        Kiel (4.55)                                   9 Oct 44         Bochum (5.00)

24 Jul 44        Stuttgart (8.05)

 

Flying Officer Butt was posted to No.10 Squadron in April 1944, and after completing 35 sorties comprising 155 operational hours has been screened and posted.  These sorties included attacks on heavily defended German targets including Kiel (twice), Bochum and Stuttgart.

 

This Canadian officer has proved himself to be a first class Air Bomber whose skill and coolness in the face of heavy opposition have played a good part in the success of this squadron.  His ability as Air Bomber has enabled his captain to bring back some good photographs of the target area.  On the ground he has rendered valuable assistance in the training of new crews.

 

He was the Air Bomber of a Halifax aircraft detailed to attack Croixdale on the night of 6th July 1944.  On approaching the target area moderately heavy and accurate flak was encountered and damaged was sustained to the aircraft.  Undaunted he cooly and skilfully directed the Halifax and enabled his pilot successfully to complete the mission.  On this as on other occasions he displayed commendable courage and proved himself to be a gallant and dependable member of aircraft crew.

I consider Flying Officer Butt an Air Bomber of high merit and strongly recommend that his skill, courage and strong devotion to duty be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTTAR, F/L Philip (J18848) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.619 Squadron - Award effective 5 August 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 August 1944 and AFRO 2101/44 dated 29 September 1944.  Home in Rosetown, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Saskatoon, 15 September 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 8 May 1942), No.16 EFTS (graduated 1 August 1942) and No.7 SFTS (graduated 20 November 1942.  Award presented 26 February 1949..

 

This officer has completed many successful operations against targets in Germany and occupied Europe.  Flight Lieutenant Buttar has set a fine example to the rest of his squadron by his efficiency and enthusiasm.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office has recommendation dated 15 May 1944 which has more detail.  He had flown 26 sorties and accumulated 166 hours 34 minutes on operations.

 

                                                           * counted as 1/3 sortie

                                                         # unsuccessful operation

 

22 Oct 43          Kassel (6.03)                           22 Mar 44      Frankfurt (5.50)

3 Nov 43           Dusseldorf (4.58)                    24 Mar 44      Berlin (7.08)

26 Nov 43         Berlin (8.47)                             26 Mar 44      Essen (5.04)

14 Jan 44         Brunswick (5.56)                     30 Mar 44      Nuremburg (7.42)

21 Jan 44         Magdeburg (6.44)                   5 Apr 44         Toulouse (7.35)

28 Jan 44         Berlin (8.01)                             11 Apr 44       Aachen (4.26)

15 Feb 44         Berlin (7.13)                             18 Apr 44       Juvissy (5.09)*

19 Feb 44         Leipzig (6.57)                          20 Apr 44       La Chapelle (5.13)*

20 Feb 44         Stuttgart (7.24)                         22 Apr 44       Brunswick (6.34)

24 Feb 44         Schweinfurt (7.15)                   24 Apr 44       Munich (9.31)

1 Mar 44           Stuttgart (8.26)                         7 May 44        Salbris (5.26)*

15 Mar 44         Stuttgart (8.08)                         9 May 44        Gennevillier (4.34)*

18 Mar 44         Frankfurt (2.54)#                      11 May 44      Louvain (3.36)*

 

This officer has now made 25 successful operational sorties against targets in germany and Occupied Europe, including attacks on such heavily defended places as Berlin, Schweinfurt, Munich and Brunswick. The photos taken on his bombing runs have shown that he has consistently done his utmost to drop his bombs on the target, and from plots it is proved that he has achieved a large measure of success.

 

In spite of sickness during the early part of his tour he has maintained the utmost determination and efficiency on operations and his keenness and example have had a very good effect on the morale of the squadron.  I strongly recommend Flight Lieutenant Buttar for the Non-Immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

This document was favourably endorsed by the Officer Commanding, RAF Station Dunholme Lodge, on 19 May 1944, and by the Air Officer Commanding, No.5 Group, on 4 June 1944.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTTE, P/O Steve (J85829) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.403 Squadron - Award effective 6 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 625/45 dated 13 April 1945.  Born in Waugh, Alberta, 7 November 1921.  Enlisted in Calgary, 9 January 1942.  Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 20 June 1942), No.13 EFTS (graduated 10 October 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 5 March 1943; wings that day).  Arrived in UK, 4 April 1943 and underwent further training at No.17 (P) AFU (posted there 27 May 1943) and No.53 OTU (posted there 13 July to 31 December 1943).  Station Grangemouth, 31 December 1943 to 12 May 1944; Station Redhill, 12 May 1944.   With No.403 Squadron, 10 June 1944 to 18 March 1945.  Repatriated to Canada 3 December 1945; released 17 January 1946. Award presented at Sea Island, 22 October 1949.  Incident described was on 1 January 1945 when he was credited with two Bf.109s and one FW.190 destroyed.  Negative PL-42673 shows him and LAC N. Trembath.

 

One morning early in January 1945, Pilot Officer Butte was detailed to fly the leading aircraft of a section on a sortie over the battle zone.  Just as the formation became airborne a large force of enemy fighters attacked the airfield.  Pilot Officer Butte immediately engaged one of the enemy aircraft, shooting it down.  A second and yet a third attacker fell to his guns before his ammunition was expended.  He was himself then attacked by two fighters but outmaneouvred them.  In this engagement against a vastly superior number of enemy aircraft Pilot Officer Butte displayed great skill, bravery and tenacity.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTTERWICK, F/O Gordon Francis (J36276) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.166 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Home in Calgary; enlisted there 6 August 1942.   Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 15 May 1943), No.7 AOS (graduated 1 October 1943) and No.2 BGS (graduated 21 August 1943).  Award presented 9 July 1949.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty".  Public Records Office Air 2/9069 has recommendation dated 8 February 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (185 hours), 12 September 1944 to 7 February 1945.

 

12 Sep 44      Frankfurt                            2 Dec 44          Essen

16 Sep 44      Seeuwarden                     15 Dec 44        Ludwigshaven

20 Sep 44      Neuss                                21 Dec 44        GARDENING

26 Sep 44      Cap Gris Nez                    24 Dec 44        Cologne

27 Sep 44      Calais                                28 Dec 44        Munchen Gladbach

5 Oct 44         Saarbrucken                     29 Dec 44        Scholven Buer

7 Oct 44         Emmerich                          2 Jan 45           Nurnburg

19 Oct 44       Stuttgart                             5 Jan 45           Hanover

23 Oct 44       Essen                                7 Jan 45           Munich

31 Oct 44       Cologne                             14 Jan 45         Merseburg

2 Nov 44         Dusseldorf                         16 Jan 45         Zeitz Troglitz

6 Nov 44         Gelsenkirchen                   28 Jan 45         Stuttgart Zuffenhausen

18 Nov 44      Wanne Eickel                   1 Feb 45           Mannheim

21 Nov 44      GARDENING                    2 Feb 45           Wiesbaden

27 Nov 44      Freiburg                             7 Feb 45           Kleve

 

This Canadian air bomber has completed thirty operations against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany and enemy occupied territory.  Throughout these sorties he has shown exceptional fighting qualities and resourcefulness.  Without consideration of his personal safety, he invariably sets his mind on the task in hand, fearlessly and with a fine offensive spirit, setting a magnificent example to his crew.

 

His coolness and presence of mind under fire have contributed to the successful completion of the sorties in which he has been engaged and he was allowed no difficulty to impair the accuracy of his bombing.

 

For his devotion to duty, courage and skill he is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

* * * * *

 

BUTTLE, F/L Thomas William (J9178) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 7 April 1941.  Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 9 July 1941), No.14 EFTS (graduated 13 September 1941) and No.11 SFTS (graduated 5 December 1941).  Living in Britain after the war.

 

Flight Lieutenant Buttle has participated in a large number of sorties, including many against strongly defended targets.  On one occasion during a sortie his aircraft was severely damaged after sustaining attacks by enemy fighters and became difficult to control.  Nevertheless, this officer flew his aircraft back to base and, by his skill and resolution, was undoubtedly responsible for the safe return of the aircraft and crew.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTTS, Sergeant Nolan (R88361) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.196 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 5 October 1943 and AFRO 2258/43 dated 5 November 1943.  Born in Newfoundland, 1919.  Home in Mira Gur, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia; enlisted Halifax, 30 April 1941.  Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 25 September 1942).  Cited with F/O James Lyall Deans (RAF pilot, awarded DFC).  Killed in action 17 October 1943 (Stirling EF960);  name on Runnymede Memorial.  Award sent by registered mail to next-of-kin, 29 December 1944.

 

 

One night in September 1943, Flying Officer Deans and Sergeant Butts were pilot and rear gunner of an aircraft which attached Mannheim.  Shortly after the bombs were released the aircraft was attacked by enemy fighters.  In the first attack the bomber was hit and Sergeant Butts' guns suddenly failed to operate.  Nevertheless this airman cooley gave his pilot directions in offensive action and at the same time cleared his guns of their stoppages.  Further attacks were made by the enemy fighters but owing to Sergeant Butts' skilful commentary Flying Officer Deans so manoeuvered his aircraft that one of the attackers was shot down.  This officer and airman displayed great skill and courage.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTTS, FS Nona Frances (W304702) - Mention in Despatches - Station Patricia Bay - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945.  Enlisted in Vancouver, 5 May 1942.  DHist file 181.009 D.2531 (RG.24 Volume 20631) has recommendation dated 30 December 1944; WD Squadron Disciplinarian.  Certificate sent to Patricia Bay 29 June 1945.

 

This NCO during her period of 19 months' service at this unit, has shown at all times a devotion to duty far in excess of that required of a person of her rank.  Her cheerfulness, resourcefulness and co-operative attitude have set a high standard for all ranks who have been associated with her and her unflagging enthusiasm and capacity for hard work have proved an inspiration for all the airwomen.

 

* * * * *

 

BUTTS, F/L Robert Anthony (C854) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.582 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 4 December and AFRO 212/46 dated 1 March 1946.   Home in Culverton, New Brunswick; enlisted at Trenton as a Provisional Pilot Officer, 4 July 1938; wings at Trenton, 17 June 1939.  Award presented by Governor General at Government House, 12 June 1953.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty".  DHist file 181.009 D.3061 (RG.24 Vol.20635) has letters indicating that in August 1942 he was recommended for an AFC for services with No.10 (BR) Squadron (115 sorties, 851 operational hours); EAC Headquarters queried it because Butts had also been posted following court martial for low flying offence.  Public Records Office Air 2/8772 has recommendation dated 14 May 1945 when he had flown 34 sorties (212 hours 50 minutes), 14 October 1944 to 25 April 1945.

 

14 Oct 44       Duisburg                                3 Feb 45        Bottrop

15 Oct 44       Wilhelmshaven                      9 Feb 45        Goch

19 Oct 44       Stuttgart                                  13 Feb 45      Dresden

30 Oct 44       Cologne                                 14 Feb 45      Chemnitz

31 Oct 44       Cologne                                 3 Mar 45         Kamen

2 Nov 44         Dusseldorf                             5 Mar 45         Chemnitz

11 Nov 44      Dortmund                               8 Mar 45         Hamburg

16 Nov 44      Duren                                      21 Mar 45      Bremen

29 Nov 44      Dortmund                               22 Mar 45      Dulmen

4 Dec 44        Karlsruhe                                24 Mar 45      Sterkrade

6 Dec 44        Merseberg                             3 Apr 45         Lutzkendorf

12 Dec 44      Essen                                     8 Apr 45         Hamburg

15 Dec 44      Ludwigshaven                       9 Apr 45         Kiel

17 Feb 45      Ulm                                         10 Apr 45       Plauen

24 Feb 45      Cologne                                 13 Apr 45       Kiel

1 Feb 45        Ludwigshaven                       14 Apr 45       Potsdam

2 Feb 45        Weisbaden                            25 Apr 45       Wangerooge

 

Flight Lieutenant Butts is a very keen and able captain of a Blind Marker crew.  His skill and determination throughout his tour have been worthy of the highest praise.  He is strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

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BYARS, S/L Peter Ferguson Copland (C10030) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946.  Home in Reazanze, Saskatchewan; enlisted Saskatoon, 30 January 1942.  Certificate sent 11 August 1948.

 

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BYERS, WO2 Angus Napean Charles (R264874) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Effective 12 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945 and AFRO 133/45 dated 8 February 1946. Home in Lunenburg, Noa Scotia; enlisted Bridgewater, 11 August 1943.  Trained at No.10 BGS (graduated 25 February 1944.  Award presented in Halifax, 27 July 1949.

 

In November 1944, this Warrant Officer as air gunner participated in an attack on Bochum in the Ruhr Valley.  Whilst on the bombing run, Warrant Officer Byers sighted a hostile aircraft about to attack another aircraft.  With coolness and determination he fired on the enemy aircraft which was severely damaged.  The fighter was seen to break of the engagement smoking extensively.  By his courage this airman possibly saved the lives of the other crew.  Warrant Officer Byers has always displayed a high standard of devotion to duty.

 

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BYERS, S/L Robert David (C1298) - Air Force Cross - No.4 Training Command Headquarters, Calgary - Award effective 11 June 1942 as per London Gazette and Canada Gazette (both dated 11 June 1942) and AFRO 1000-1001/42 dated 3 July 1942. Had received wings at Camp Borden, 11 December 1939.  Award presented 3 December 1942.

 

The above-noted officer has been in charge of the Ferry and Communications Flight at these Headquarters for more than a year, and during this time it has been necessary to ferry a very large number of aircraft long distances, in some cases from the Atlantic seaboard.  Due to the persistent energy, resourcefulness, and devotion to duty of this officer these aircraft have been ferried very successfully in nearly every case.  This officer has also been called upon to test Flying Instructors and potential Flying Instructors and to fly communication aircraft under adverse conditions.  This officer has shown marked ability and devotion to duty and it is strongly recommended that his services be recognized by the award of the Air Force Cross.

 

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BYERS, F/O William Burnard (J19507) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944.  Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 20 March 1940.  Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 6 June 1942), No.5 EFTS (graduated 15 August 1942) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 4 December 1942).  Award presented 5 March 1949.  No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty".  DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20632) has recommendation dated circa 20 July 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (209 hours 20 minutes), 27 September 1943 to 14 July 1944.

 

This officer has taken part in thirty-five attacks on enemy territory, many of these attacks against the most heavily defended targets, including five attacks on Berlin.  Throughout his tour of operations this officer has shown a great devotion to duty, keenness for operations and determination to come to grips with the enemy.  By his good leadership he has inspired his crew and by his skilful airmanship has always managed to evade action by hostile enemy aircraft, attack his target and return safely to base.

 

It is considered that this officer's notable tour of operations fully merits the award of the D.F.C.

 

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BYFORD, F/O Arthur John Percival (J22142) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 19 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1296/44 dated 16 June 1944.  Born in Ottawa; October 1919; home there (member, RCMP); enlisted there 10 Decmebr 1941.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 5 June 1942), No.9 EFTS (graduated 11 September 1942) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 29 December 1942).  Arrived in UK in February 1943; to No.419 Squadron on 10 October 1943.  On a trip to Berlin predicted flak knocked his aircraft out of control and he lost 5,000 feet altitude.  DFC incident occured during raid on Leipzig when some 79 bombers lost; enemy fighter believed to be a Me.210 or Me.410 attacking from astern.   About 27 April 1944 he was again attacked by two fighters which attacked five minutes apart but were evaded.  Presented with both DFC and Bar, 28 February 1946.  Remained in postwar RCAF; with No.426 Squadron, 1948-1951 (pilot and Chief Operations Officer); later commanded Instrument Flying School in Centralia; early 1956 assigned duties at Preliminary Flying Training School, Centralia;  Wing Commander as of December 1956 when he was posted to Middle East and staff of Major General E.L.M. Burns.  Copy of logbook held by National Aviation Museum.

 

This officer has completed very many sorties as captain and has displayed commendable skill, courage and resolution.  On one occasion on the outward flight to Leipzig his aircraft was hit by cannon fire from a fighter.  A large hole was torn in one of the wings, the hydraulic system was damaged, whilst part of the port rudder was shot away.  Nevertheless, Flying Officer Byford continued to the target and bombed it, afterwards flying safely to base.  His determination was characteristic of what he has shown throughout his tour.

 

BYFORD, F/L Arthur John Percival, DFC (J22142) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945.  DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 28 July 1944 when he had flown 15 sorties since previous award and a total of 35 sorties (210 Hours 20 minutes), 5 November 1943 to 27 June 1944.

This officer is an outstanding pilot and captain of aircraft.  He has attacked among other targets Berlin, Leipzig, Frankfurt and objectives in the Ruhr, and has always pressed home his attacks with fine skill and determination.  His example of fearlessness and imperturbability has made a noteworthy contribution to  the high morale of the squadron.

 

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BYRNES, F/O John MacEachren (J28308) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.437 Squadron - Award effective 8 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1219/45 dated 27 July 1945.  Home in Tillsonburg, Ontario; enlisted Hamilton, 11 June 1942.  Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942), No.4 EFTS (graduated 5 March 1943) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 5 July 1943).  Award presented 14 June 1949.  DHist file 181.009 D.4855 (RG.24 Vol.20657) has recommendation dated 1 April 1945 when he had flown 1,010 hours (295 in previous six months), 360 operational hours (96 sorties).  It stated he had "participated in all airborne operations since and including D-Day."

 

This officer's gallant work in all the airborne operations to which the squadron has been committed has won much praise.  He has invariably displayed a high degree of courage showing the greatest resolution to make every sortie a success.

 

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BYTHELL, S/L John Eric Wilson (J6284) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.9 SFTS - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945.  Home in Campbellford, Ontario; enlisted in London, Ontario, 22 October 1940.  Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 7 February 1941), No.3 EFTS (graduated 10 April 1941) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 15 July 1941).  No citation.  Certificate and emblem sent to No.1 Air Command, 5 July 1945.