BROADBENT, S/L Stanley Yendle (C1585) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.16 SFTS - Awarded 1 January 1943 as per Canada Gazette dated 9 January 1943 and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born in St.Thomas, Ontario, 20 February 1910 (a Press Release says 23 February). Enlisted in RCAF as a Rigger, 24 June 1930; qualified as Sergeant Pilot, 17 June 1939; commissioned at Camp Borden on 15 November 1939. Attended Empire Central Flying School, England, 9 June to 8 September 1943. To No.16 SFTS, 15 August 1941 to 1 December 1942; returned to that unit, 1 November 1943; to No.14 SFTS, 9 April 1944. Remained in postwar RCAF; killed in flying accident 16 June 1948. See DHist file 181.009 D.3948 (RG.24 Vol.20641); recommended for an award as early as 14 November 1941 (G/C G.S. O'Brian to AOC No.1 Training Command) in which it is stated that after gaining wings at Borden he instructed at No.2 SFTS, Uplands before going to No.16 SFTS, as well as other extended praise for his wisdom and accident-free record. Recommended for AFC, 7 October 1942.

 

This officer worked his way up from an aero-engine mechanic in the ranks of the permanent RCAF. As a Sergeant Pilot he was instructing at Camp Borden at the commencement of the war. For the past fourteen months he has commanded a Training Squadron at No.16 SFTS where he has shown a keen devotion to duty and set an excellent example both as an officer and flying instructor to those under him. He has carried out 1,500 hours flying, mostly instructing, without a single accident. His record as an instructor, devotion to the service, and keen interest in the airmen's welfare and training has been of inestimable value to the war effort.

 

BROADBENT, S/L Stanley Yendle (C1585) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.14 SFTS - Award effective 19 August 1944 as per Canada Gazette of that date, London Gazette dated 22 August 1944 and AFRO 2052/44 dated 22 September 1944.

 

This officer was the pilot of a training aircraft recently, carrying out aerobatics, when the upper elevator cable completely parted. The aircraft whip stalled from a vertical nose upwards position. Endeavouring to recover from the ensuing vertical dive, the pilot discovered the complete loss of elevator control. By the use of elevator trim, the nose was brought up, but control was difficult to maintain. He ordered the crewman to abandon aircraft by parachute and assisted him onto the wing to make his jump safer, which resulted in the aircraft diving out of control again. The then prepared to abandon aircraft himself but noticed it was heading towards a thickly populated area. Fearing a crash might cause loss of civilian life and with complete disregard for his own safety, knowing his actions might result in his coming too low to jump successfully, Squadron Leader Broadbent manoeuvred the aircraft away from the area under semi-control. Noticing an unused relief field nearby, he decided to try to save the aircraft and with extreme courage and great skill carried out a forced landing with no damage. Not only was loss of life averted and a valuable aircraft saved but the preservation of the aircraft intact disclosed evidence of the cause of the accident. This officer's splendid actions on this occasion are an outstanding example of his devotion and ability as a flying instructor.

 


* * * * *

 

BROADBRIDGE, F/L Arthur Frederick (C12177) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. Home in Invermay, Saskatchewan; enlisted Saskatoon 2 July 1941.

 

* * * * *

 

BROCHU, F/L Leopold Rosario (J85412) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 5 September 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Home in St.Marie de Beauce; enlisted Saskatoon, 2 July 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 5 June 1942), No.11 EFTS (graduated 4 September 1942) and No.13 SFTS (graduated 22 January 1943). Award sent by registered mail 1 December 1950.

 

One night in June 1944 this officer piloted an aircraft detailed to attack a target in Northern France. En route to the target the aircraft was struck by anti-aircraft fire. A large hole was torn in the bomb aimer's compartment and much equipment was rendered unserviceable by shell fragments. The rigging was damaged which affected a wing. Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Brochu went on to the target and executed his attack. This officer has completed many sorties and has invariably displayed a high standard of skill and courage.

 

* * * * *

 

BROCK, P/O Robert George (J85520) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.50 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 23 April 1944 as per London Gazette dated 21 December 1945 and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 1932. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 26 September 1942), No.4 BGS (graduated 21 November 1942), and No.1 AOS (graduated 13 January 1943). Killed in action, 24/25 April 1944 (Lancaster ED876); wife in Toronto. Award presented to next-of-kin, 2 December 1946.

 

This officer has completed as air bomber many successful operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty.

 

Public Records Officer Air 2/8780 has recommendation for a DFM (he was still a Flight Sergeant; promoted to Warrant Officer 3 March 1944 with effect from 31 December 1943), dated 15 March 1944 when he had flown 20 sorties (140 hours ten minutes).

 

9 Oct 43 Hanover 14 Jan 44 Brunswick

18 Oct 43 Hanover 21 Jan 44 Magdeburg

20 Oct 43 Leipzig 27 Jan 44 Berlin

22 Oct 43 Kassel 28 Jan 44 Berlin

10 Nov 43 Modane 30 Jan 44 Berlin


18 Nov 43 Berlin 15 Feb 44 Berlin

20 Dec 43 Frankfurt 19 Feb 44 Leipzig

1 Jan 44 Berlin 20 Feb 44 Stuttgart

2 Jan 44 Berlin 25 Feb 44 Augsburg

5 Jan 44 Stettin 1 Mar 44 Stuttgart

 

Flight Sergeant Brock is the bombardier in the crew captained by Pilot Officer Durham; he has now completed 20 successful operational sorties. During his tour he has obtained many photographs of target conditions and has invariably pressed home his attacks with great determination and coolness. His initiative in the air is well illustrated in an action when he found that due to an electrical failure the light in the Collimator tube would not work. By shining his torch down the Collimator tube he was able to provide the necessary light and reproduce the graticule on the reflector glass; thus he was able to use his sight accurately and make a successful attack. Flight Sergeant Brock has always been anxious and enthusiastic to carry out operational flying, and for his bravery, skill and devotion to duty he is recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BRODIE, F/O Robert James (J35288) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.426 Squadron - Award effective 19 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Home in Westmount; enlisted Montreal, 12 May 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 1 September 1941), No.13 EFTS (graduated 25 October 1941) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 4 July 1942). Award sent by registered mail 20 April 1949. Cited with Sergeant Thoburn W. Christie (RCAF, rear gunner, awarded DFM).

 

This officer and airman were pilot and rear gunner respectively of an aircraft detailed to attack Dusseldorf. Soon after the target had been attacked the aircraft was engaged by three enemy fighters. As they closed in, Sergeant Christie opened fire. His bullets struck one of the attackers, causing it to give up the fight. Nevertheless, the other two fighters attacked with great persistence. Flying Officer Brodie's aircraft sustained much damage. Despite this, he manoeuvred with much skill. Meanwhile, Sergeant Christie used his guns to good effect and the enemy aircraft were finally driven off. Sometime later the bomber sustained further serious damage. Displaying the greatest coolness, Flying Officer Brodie maintained control and effected a successful crash landing on an open patch of ground in friendly territory. He displayed a high standard of skill, courage an tenacity on this his first sortie as a captain. Sergeant Christie also proved himself to be a resolute and devoted member of aircraft crew. This was his first operational mission and his coolness and confidence in such trying circumstances set a fine example.

 

* * * * *

 


BRODRIBB, S/L William James (C1998) - Member, Order of the British Empire - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born in Ottawa, 21 October 1911. Award presented by King George. Later awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 30 October 1953 while a Wing Commander, AFHQ.

 

Squadron Leader Brodribb has been Personal Assistant to Air Marshal H. Edwards both at Air Force headquarters and RCAF Overseas Headquarters. On him has fallen the task of dealing with matters of a most secret nature and of the highest policy level. He is one of the most capable officers in the entire service and through his tact and diplomacy he has greatly relieved the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of not only the routine matters of the day but he has also prepared the way in all matters of policy to such an extent that many hours of time and labour have been saved.

 

* * * * *

 

BRODSKY, F/L Buddy Karl (C5560) - Air Force Cross - No.112 Wing - Award effective 24 March 1944 as per London Gazette dated 31 March 1944 and AFRO 921/44 dated 28 April 1944. Home in Sturgis, South Dakota. Enlisted in Regina, Saskatchewan, 9 September 1940. No citation other than "In recognition of distinguished service with the Royal Air Force." Public Records Office Air 2/9616 gives unit and citation; says that as of recommendation (13 January 1944) he had flown 2,756 hours including 373 in previous six months. Award presented

 

This officer has been instructing at North Bay for ten months and has proved himself an indefatigabble worker and extremely competent on all types of aircraft. His category is A.1 and he has completed no less than 790 hours flying in the past twelve months.

 

* * * * *

 

BRONFMAN, S/L Gerald (C9946) - Officer, Legion of Merit (United States) - effective 21 December 1945 as per Canada Gazette dated 4 May 1946 and AFRO 473/46 dated 10 May 1946. Born in Montreal, 1912; graduated from McGill, 1935 (Commerce). Home in Montreal; enlisted there 25 November 1940. NOTE: This was originally announced in AFRO 388/46 dated 12 April 1946, reference Canada Gazette dated 6 April 1946. Why republication ? Following citation found in Canadian Jews in World War II. Award presented

 


Squadron Leader Gerald Bronfman, Royal Canadian Air Force, performed outstanding services from June 1943 to August 1945, while assigned to the Royal Canadian Air Force Division of the Canadian Joint Staff, Washington. Demonstrating unusual foresight, he organized a Canadian procurement group at Wright Field and supervised it in the work of simplifying the processing of requirements, which materially assisted the smooth operation of supply channels. He established methods and procedures whereby information and reports pertaining to requirements could be freely exchanged, and actively studied the production capacity of his own country with a view to full co-operation in satisfying all demands of critical supply. Through his skill and tactical [tactful ?] discharge of his duties, Squadron Leader Bronfman contributed much to the expeditious fulfilment of Royal Canadian Air Force supply requirements and the spirit of friendly co-operation existing between the United States and Canada.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOK, F/O Albert Carnelley (J10422) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - Award effective 19 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 30 June 1944 and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Home in Boissevain, Manitoba, enlisted Winnipeg 5 February 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 21 June 1941), No.5 BGS (graduated 21 January 1942), No.6 AOS (graduated 21 December 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 4 March 1942). Award presented 6 July 1945. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (RG.24 Vol.20667) has recommendation dated 19 April 1944 when he had flown 23 5/6 sorties (approximately 166 hours 35 minutes). The sortie sheet mentions five sorties flown on anti-submarine patrols ("Log book lost - Time unknown") followed by 25 trips, 16 February 1943 to 15 March 1944. Aircraft shot up over St.Nazaire, 22 March 1943; holed by flak over Dusiberg, 26 March 1943; shot up over Cologne, 3 July 1943; flak damage over Leverkusen, 22 August 1943; flak damage resulting in return on three engines from Berlin, 22 November 1943.

 

This officer has successfully navigatied his aircraft on many long operational flights and has shown a complete disregard for peronal safety in the face of enemy opposition. He has participated in attacks on many heavily defended targets, including the Ruhr and Berlin. Flying Officer Brook has displayed keenness, courage and devotion to duty worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOK, Sergeant Archibald Robert (R100603) - Mention in Despatches - Station Yarmouth - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Enlisted in Toronto, 31 March 1941. Certificate sent to Yarmouth, 27 June 1945.

 


The high standard of morale among airmen on this station may be attributed in a large measure to the efforts of Sergeant Brook. As non-commissioned officer in charge of airmen's mess, he has provided meals that are fully appreciated. His energy and enthusiasm over the Christmas and New Year seasons are particularly commendable, and were an inspiration to his staff. Despite the fact that he performs the duties of a messing officer for the entire station, this non-commissioned officer finds time to supervise the work of his personnel. He does much of the cooking himself, instructs less experienced chefs and potential chefs assistants in their trades. He also helps personally in maintaining a high standard of cleanliness. Sergeant Brook is always cheerful, works long hours and is held in high respect by his subordinates.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOK, F/L Philip Roy (J15469) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - Award effective 14 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 21 November 1944 and AFRO 1/45 dated 5 January 1945. Born at Salmon Arm, British Columbia, 7 February 1918. Educated in Niagara Falls and St.Catharines, Ontario. Enlisted in Toronto, 7 January 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 22 April 1941), No.9 EFTS (graduated 9 June 1941) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 20 August 1941). Arrived in United Kingdom, 29 September 1941. Further trained at No.60 OTU (20 October to 23 December 1941). Served with No.410 Squadron (23 December 1941 to 4 December 1942) and No.255 Squadron in North Africa (16 January 1943 to 8 October 1943). Returned to UK, 7 November 1943; at No.63 OTU, 23 November 1943 to 18 January 1944; at No.62 OTU, 18 January to 14 February 1944; at No.51 OTU, 14 February to 20 June 1944; No.418 Squadron (20 June 1944 to 1 November 1944). Returned to Canada, 2 November 1944; No.8 OTUU, Greenwood, 13 December 1944 to 7 August 1945; released 11 August 1945. Died in Toronto, 7 February 1995. Personnel records indicate a wartime total of 101 sorties (318 operational hours). DHist file 181.009 D.1509 (RG.24 Vol.20599) has letter on file indicating that between 30 December 1941 and 15 October 1943 he had flown 75 sorties and had a total of 975 hours 30 minutes flying time. Aerial victories as follows: September 1943, one Ju.88 destroyed (see DFC citation); 12 September 1943, one Ju.88 destroyed; 9/10 July 1944, one V-1 destroyed over sea; 29/30 July 1944, one V-1 destroyed over sea; 5/6 August 1944, one V-1 destroyed over sea; 21 September 1944, one unidentifiedn enemy aircraft destroyed on ground plus one unidentifiedn enemy aircraft damaged on ground; 30 September 1944, one FW.190 destroyed on ground plus one FW.190 damaged on ground (Erding) plus one Bf.109 damaged (Horshing) and one Bf.110 damaged on ground (Eferding). NOTE: On night of 12 September 1944, flying Beaufighter VI F, MM881, he intercepted a Ju.88. While flying his port engine cut. He continued fireing until the target burst into flames and crashed into sea. He was losing altitude at 1,500 feet per minute. At 6,000 feet the observer, F/L C.J.D. Greenland (RCAF) bailed out and was never seen again. Brook baled out at 4,000 feet and was rescued by a hospital ship.

 

Flight Lieutenant Brook has shown courage, initiative and tenacity throughout all his operations. During his first tour he destroyed a Junkers 88. In September 1943, a few weeks later, he destroyed another Junkers 88. His own aircraft was damaged by flying debris and he was forced to abandon it by parachute. After spending fourteen hours in his dinghy he was rescued miles off Naples. Throughout his second tour of operations he proved himself a reliable and resourceful pilot. In most adverse weather he patrolled many of the most inaccessible enemy airfields both well inside Germany and occupied territories. In addition to the destruction of three flying bombs, Flight Lieutenant Brook has destroyed an enemy aircraft and damaged another. He has set an excellent example to all members of his squadron.

 

* * * * *


BROOKER, F/L Douglas Jack (C1451) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.16 SFTS - Award effective 1 January 1943 as per Canada Gazette dated 9 January 1943 and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born at Brantford, Ontario, 12 January 1919. Home there. Enlisted at Hamilton, 31 January 1940 - trained at No.1 SFTS. See DHist file 181.009 D.3948 (RG.24 Vol.20641); recommended for AFC, 27 August 1942.

 

Flight Lieutenant Brooker is employed as Officer Commanding, No.2 Squadron. He has completed 1,252 hours on flying instructional duties and despite the arduous and taxing nature of this type of work, his record has not been marred by any accident. His cheerfulness, loyalty and devotion to duty have earned him the respect of all ranks. He is of outstanding ability as a pilot and demonstrates an efficiency in his flying instruction which is outstanding.

 

BROOKER, W/C Douglas Jack (C1451) - Air Force Cross - Central Flying School - Award effective 23 February 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 280/46 dated 15 March 1946. Previously Commended for Valuable Services in the Air. As of award, had flown 2,310 hours (2,000 hours as instructor, 60 hours in previous six months). Award presented 22 June 1949.

 

This officer, during his lengthy flying career, has at all times displayed fine qualities of leadership and character and has made a valuable contribution to flying training. The enthusiasm, loyalty and untiring devotion to duty he has shown under all circumstances have set a splendid example to all his associates and are worthy of high praise.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOKES, A/V/M George Eric, OBE (C42) - Commander, Order of the Bath - No.6 Group Headquarters Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 809/44 dated 14 April 1944. Born Ingleton, Yorkshire, 22 October 1894. Family settled near Owen Sound, 1910. Enlisted in 5th Field Ambulance, Canadian Army Medical Corps, 23 November 1914; served seven months in France with 2nd Division. To RFC, 26 September 1916, commissioned, and posted to No.13 Squadron. Wounded 1917; a flying instructor to 1919. Joined CAF, 14 September 1921; employed chiefly on air training between the wars. Helped plan EAC operations; AOC No.1 Training Command, May 1940; AOC No.6 Group, 24 October 1942 to end of 1943. Insignia of CB presented at Buckingham Palace, 1 February 1944. Retired 22 November 1944; awarded Queenn's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 while on retired list; died in Toronto 8 September 1982. No citation to CB in Canadian sources. Public Records Office Air 2/8958 gives the following recommendation.

 

This officer commands the Group and has been responsible for its organization and subsequent operation. He has had a difficult time in achieving the amalgamation of units and personnel moves from other groups whilst necessary interfering as little as possible with operations during the period of re-organzation. He has done well in trying circumstances.


BROOKES, A/V/M George Eric, CB, OBE (C42) - Chevalier of the Legion of Honour (France) - AFRO 485/47 dated 12 September 1947 and Canada Gazette dated 20 September 1947

 

BROOKES, A/V/M George Eric, CB, OBE (C42) - Croix de Guerre avec Palm (France) - AFRO 485/47 dated 12 September 1947 and Canada Gazette dated 20 September 1947.

 

BROOKES, A/V/M George Eric (C42) - King Haakron VII's Cross of Liberation (Norway) - Award effective 12 June 1948 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 371/48 dated 11 June 1948.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOKES, F/L Norman Frederic (C11395) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Identified in AFRO as "Overseas". McEwen papers (CWM) with list of recommendations with MiD recommendations for 1 February to 31 July 1945 identifies unit. Home in Vancouver; enlisted North Bay 1 May 1942. Certificae sent to Vancouver, 20 August 1948.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOKING, Corporal Charlie Curtis (R71202) - Mention in Despatches - No.62 Base Servicing Echelon - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol 20607) has list of MiDs this date with unit. No citation in AFRO. DHist file 181.009 D.1722 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945. Aero Engine Mechanic. Home in Trehearne, Manitoba; enlisted in Winnipeg 19 September 1940. Had served 19 months in Canada, 33 months overseas.

 

Corporal Brooking is second in charge of the Base Power Plant Shop. His organizing ability and all-round devotion to duty have made this shop one of the best of its type in Bomber Command. More recently, Corporal Brooking has been expending his efforts in improving the organization of other shops in the Base Major Servicing Section and he has been doing very well in this direction.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOKS, F/L Alan Francis (C13577) - Mention in Despatches - Linton-on-Ouse - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Unit in AFRO given as "No.6 Group" but DHist file 181.009 D.1658 (RG.24 Vol.20605) identifies unit more closely. Home in Hampstead, Quebec; enlisted Montreal 19 May 1938. When recommended (August 1944) he had spent 71 months in Canada, four months in UK. Recommedation as follows:

 


This officer has shown himself an outstanding Armament Officer. In the training and supervision of his staff, along with the organization of his section, he has displayed exceptional qualities of devotion, ability and leadership. Since the invasion of Normandy, when maximum efforts were called, this officer extended his efforts to his physical maximum. By his ability, cheerfulness and loyalty he has made a most commendable contribution to our operational efforts. He is strongly recommended for mention in despatches.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOKS, FS Cecil Henry (R64436) - British Empire Medal - RCAF Station Goose Bay - Award effective 14 November 1944 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 2684/44 dated 15 December 1944. Home in Hamilton, Ontario; enlisted there 3 July 1940. Award presented. Cited with Sergeant H.G.J. Saye. See also G/C A.J. Hanchet-Taylor, OBE.

 

Following the crash on take-off of a Ventura aircraft, carrying eleven passengers and crew, these non-commissioned officers, with complete disregard for their personal safety, approached the burning aircraft and removed several occupants to a safe distance. They went into the fire in the face of exploding ammunition and magnesium flares in an effort to determine whether any other occupants could be removed alive. It was only after the heat had reached proportions beyond all possible endurance that they abandoned attempts at rescue and continued to direct traffic and fire fighting operations. As a result of their efforts two of the crew lived most of the day after rescue. The determination, courage and devotion to duty displayed by Flight Sergeant Brooks and Sergeant Saye in the face of great danger is most praiseworthy.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOKS, F/L Hubert (J94368) - Military Cross - No.419 Squadron - Awarded as per London Gazette of 8 October 1946. Born in Alberta, 1921, home in Montreal. Enlisted in Montreal, 14 August 1940; commissioned 1944. Trained at No.1 AOS (graduated 25 May 1941), No.1 BGS (graduated 5 July 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 18 August 1941). Shot down and taken prisoner, 9 April 1942. Award presented by Governor General at Government House, 14 November 1950. Died in Ottawa, 1 February 1984.

 


On 8th April 1942, Flight Lieutenant Brooks was navigator/bomb aimer of a Wellington aircraft, detailed to attack Hamburg. Prior to reaching the target, the aircraft caught fire and had to be abandoned. Flight Lieutenant Brooks landed near Oldenburg. Despite an injury to his knee, he disposed of his parachute and attempted to evade capture. Eventually his injuries caused so much pain that he was compelled to seek assistance and in doing so, was handed over to the German authorities. He was taken to a prisoner of war camp at Lamsdork on 16th April 1942, and remained there till 10th May 1943. During this time, Flight Lieutenant Brooks made two unsuccessful attempts to escape and finally in May 1943, he succeeded in getting away to join Polish partisans with whom he remained until liberated by Russian forces in January 1945. The first escape entailed cutting the barbed wire on the hut window and also the wire of a double fence, brilliantly lighted and patrolled by guards. Flight Lieutenant Brooks and a companion succeeded in doing this and were travelling towards Gracow, moving by night and existing on food saved from Red Cross parcels, when they were recaptured owing to information given by pro-German Poles. After a long interrogation, Flight Lieutenant Brooks was placed in solitary confinement for fourteen days and, when this was over, had to go to hospital as his feet had been badly blistered. On 10th September 1942, Flight Lieutenant Brooks made his second bid for freedom, escaping this time with five other prisoners from the top story of a building despite the armed guard on the ground floor. He walked to Lunenburg and successfully concealed himself on a train to Vienna where he was again arrested. While en route to another prisoner of war camp, Flight Lieutenant Brooks was confined in a dug-out for eight days and was severely beaten by a German non-commissioned officer for trying to escape. On arrival at the camp, he was put in solitary confinement for fourteen days. Finally in November 1942, Flight Lieutenant Brooks was sent to work at a sawmill at Tost. While there he planned an escape but details became known to the Germans and he was warned that he would be shot if any attempt was made. Undeterred, this officer revised his plans. He made several useful contacts with Poles outside the camp and obtained civilian clothing and maps. On 10th May 1943, he and a sergeant cut through the window bars and escaped. They successfully evaded all efforts to capture them and reached Czectochowa where they remained hidden till January 1945. Throughout the whole period, Flight Lieutenant Brooks showed great determination. He was not dismayed, or deterred from attempting to escape by punishments or hardships and even when he knew he was a marked man, he continued to make further plans and efforts to escape.

 

BROOKS, P/O Hubert (J94368) - Mention in Despatches - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946.

 

NOTE: On 27 April 1945 at St.Hubert he applied for operational wings. AFHQ examined the request and declined to grant them. The DHist card carried notation, "Has undoubtedly done commendable work in the line of duty but unfortunately he has insufficient number of air operations against the enemy."

 

Clipping in file notes he had lived eight years in Ottawa (to age of 12) before going to Montreal. Described by his sister Doris as "too full of the devil for the Nazis to hold."

 


DHist cards also indicate that he was awarded the Polish Cross of Valour and Polish Silver Cross of Merit with Swords (authority given as C-J94368 DPC dated 15 October 1947). There is no AFRO, Canada Gazette or London Gazette entry to confirm this, and Government House Chancellery Division has no record of the awards. Did the Poles bestowe them and Canadian authorities decline or forget to acknowledge these honours ? The answer, found in his documents, is a fascinating study of political and diplomatic protocol blended with common sense. The following documents speak for themselves:

 

1. Undated document signed by P.1961, F/O W. Schoffer, RAF:

 

I certify that P/O Brooks has been known to me since 3rd September 1944, through reports from his Unit, and personally known to me since 22nd November 1944, when he came directly under my command.

 

Brooks was promoted to the rank of acting Pilot Officer in the Polish Home Army in 1943, from which time he was put in command of a Platoon in the distract of Krakow.

 

Throughout the time he served as an officer with the Polish Home Army he showed great courage and outstanding ability as a leader. Brooks was responsible for selecting suitable landing grounds in the Nony Sacz, Myslenice and Bochnia areas for aircraft sent from Italy to Poland. He was also responsible for the security and welfare of seventeen British and American soldiers and airmen who were under the protection of the Polish Home Army.

 

Brooks took part in many ambushes and attacks on the Germans. Polish Headquarters in London are in possession of my full report regarding Brooks.

 

 

2. Documents issued by Polish General Staff, London, 28 March 1945 includes the following:

 

Certificate issued to P/O H. Brooks by the Commanding Officer of the Nowy Sacz District, 20th January 1945.

 

"I hereby certify that P/O H. Brooks took an active part in fighting the Germans on Polish territory, being attached to a Partisan Unit of the Polish Home Army.

 

The above mentioned officer has distinguished himself, showing outstanding courage and has proved himself to be an excellent soldier.

 

P/O Brooks has been awarded the Cross of Valour. This has not yet been presented to him owing to prevailing difficulties in the Field."

 

(signed) Borowy, Major

 

3. Letter, 3 February 1947, S/L J.M. Enstone (Chief Liaison Officer, RCAF Overseas Headquarters) to DND re Brooks with many appendices as follows:

 

APPENDIX "A"


EXTRACT FROM LETTER DATED 10TH DECEMBER 1946

 

The Provisional Polish Government in Warsaw have recently protested about the issue of Polish decorations except under their authority. Group Captain Bohuszewicz, who signed the certificate produced in support of the application for permission to accept the awards for Flight Lieutenant Brooks, does not function under the authority of the Warsaw Government.

 

In the circumstances it should be explained to the Canadian authorities that if an officer of the Royal Air Force were in question, we should not be able to take official cognizance of the awards, seeing that they were not referred to His Majesty's Government and agreed to by them before recognition was withdrawn from the former Polish Government on the 6th July 1945.

 

APPENDIX "B"

 

Letter, 28 January 1947, Major W. Klonkowski (officer in charge of Award and Decoration Section, Polish General Staff, London, to S/L J.M. Enstone, Acting Chief Liaison Officer, RCAF Overseas Headquarters:

 

I would like to inform you that F/L H. Brooks was awarded, on January the 20th, 1945, the Polish Cross of Valour, and on January the 25th, 1945, the Silver Cross of Merit with Swords.

 

The above awards were made by the Commander of the Polish Underground Army in Poland during F/L H. Brooks' service there between May 1943 and 26th January 1945.

 

When F/L H. Brooks returned to England and proved his awards by special certificates given to him by the Commander of the Underground Army, they were confirmed by the President of the Republic of Poland in Exile.

 

The Cross of Valour was presented to F/L H. Brooks on December the 6th 1945, and the Cross of Merit with Swords on June the 6th 1946.

 

I enclose a certificate authorising F/L H. Brooks to wear the Silver Cross of Merit with Swords.

 

APPENDIX "C"

 

Document issued by Polish General Staff, London, 6 December 1945:

 

C E R T I F I C A T E

 

It is certified that F/Lt. Hubert Brooks, born 29.12,1921, Alberta, Canada - has been awarded the CROSS OF VALOUR on the 20st [sic] January 1945, by the Commander of the Polish Home Army for his generous courage and bravery during his service in the Polish Underground Army from May 1943 to 26st January 1945.

 


Stamped with crest signed W. Bohuszewicz

Group Captain

 

APPENDIX "D"

 

Identity card dated 6 December 1945 and issued by Polish General Staff, noting that P/O Hubert H. Brooks is entitled to wear the Cross of Valour; further noted: "Award published in the "Gazette of the Personal" [sic], No.2 dated 8 March 1946 and signed by Group Captain W/ Bohuszewicz.

 

APPENDIX "E"

 

Translation of a Polish document dated 20 January 1945.

 

CERTIFICATE

 

I certify that the bearer of this certificate P/O Hubert Brooks took part in engagements against the Germans on the Polish territory among the groups of the Polish Home Army / A.K./,-

 

The above mentioned officer distinguished himself with courage and bravery and has been awarded the Cross of Valour.

 

The decoration has not been presented because the award should be confirmed by the Government in London.

 

(signed) Borowy, Major

 

APPENDIX "F"

 

Document dated London, 4th June 1946, from "General Staff"

 

CERTIFICATE

 

It is certified herewith, that the Commander of the Polish Home Army by order of the 20th January 1945 has conferred the SILVER CROSS OF MERIT WITH SWORDS on F/Lt Hubert Brooks for bravery during his service in the Polish Home Army in Poland from May 1943 to 26 January 1945.

 

Stamped with crest signed W. Bohuszewicz

Group Captain

 

 

APPENDIX "G"

 

Document issued in London, January 1947 by "Polish General Staff"


C e r t i f i c a t e

 

It is hereby certified that F/L H. BROOKS was awarded the Silver Cross of Merit with Swords during his service in the Polish Underground Army in Poland from May 1943 to the 26st January 1945, and is entitled to wear the above named decoration.

 

SZTAB GLOWNY

signed by W. Klonkowski, Major

stamp of crest Officer in Charge of the

Award and Decoration Section

POLISH GENERAL STAFF

 

4. Memo, 19 February 1947, W/C W.A. Dicks (RCAF Records Officer) to Air Member for Personnel:

 

Honours and Awards - Foreign Decorations

J94368 F/O H. Brooks MC

 

1. Hereunder is correspondence received from CLO concerning Polish recognition for the a/n officer for services rendered the Polish underground forces subsequent to his escape from POW camps, Germany.

 

2. F/L Brooks was awarded and invested with the Polish Cross of Valour and the Polish Silver Cross of Merit by persons who, it appears, do not presently function under the Warsaw Government. From Appendix "A" (correspondence hereunder) it seems that the Warsaw Government has been strongly protesting regarding the issue of Polish decorations except under their authority.

 

3. It is pointed out that:

 

(i) The Polish authorities did not enlist the acceptance of these awards from the RCAF.

 

(ii) F/L Brooks received the MC for services rendered prior to and subsequent to his escape as a POW and RCAF policy dictates that a foreign gallantry award will not be accepted where the gallantry in question has been recognized by the award of a British decoration.

 

4. In view of the possible political embarrassment involved, it is recommended that the RCAF does not take any official cognizance of the Polish awards in question, and if you concur the CLO will be requested to inform the Central Honours Committee accordingly.

 

5. Memo, 1 March 1947, W/C W.A. Dicks (RCAF Records Officer) to CLO, RCAF Overseas Headquarters, London:

 


Honours and Awards - Foreign Decorations

J94368 F/O H. Brooks MC

 

1. In reply to your referenced correspondence, it is advised that the RCAF will not take official cognizance of the Polish awards with which the a/n officer was invested.

 

2. It is requested that the Central Honours Committee be advised accordingly.

 

6. FILE NOTE dated 17 September 1947, signed by F/L E.R. Heggtveit, EA to AMP (Campbell) - apparently not directed to anyone in particular.

 

Honours and Awards - Foreign Decorations

J94368 F/O H. Brooks MC

 

1. F/L Brooks was awarded the Polish Silver Cross of Merit with Swords for the services which he rendered the Polish Home Army in Poland from May 1943 to 26 January 1945. Additionally, F/L Brooks was awarded the Polish Cross of Valour on 20 January 1946 by the Commander of the Polish Home Army for the services F/L Brooks rendered the Polish underground from May 1943 to 26 January 1945. These awards were never officially offered the RCAF for acceptance. The Polish Cross of Valour was presented to F/L Brooks on 6 December 1945, and the Cross of Merit with Swords on 6 June 1946.

 

2. In reviewing this case, Air Ministry state that, because of the recent protests of the Provisional Polish Government in Warsaw regarding the issue of Polish decorations except under their authority, had these circumstances pertained to an RAF officer the RAF could not under the circumstances take official cognizance of the awards. This recommendation was made to D/AMP on 19 February 1947 and D/AMP concurred that the RCAF should nit take official cognizance of the awards in question.

 

3. AMP wishes that the decision to deny F/L Brooks authorization to wear the Polish decorations with which he was invested be reconsidered on D/AMP's return from leave.

 

4. If D/AMP concurs, AMP has suggested that inasmuch as the awards in question pertain to gallantry, we will have the CLO accept these awards on behalf of the RCAF and accordingly promulgate in Supplement to AFROs and F/L Brooks will be given authorization to wear the ribbons in question.

 

7. Memo dated 15 October 1947: A/V/M Hugh Campbell (AMP) to AMAP (Morfee):

 

Honours and Awards - Foreign Decorations

J94368 F/O H. Brooks MC

 


1. The m/n officer who was recently taken on strength of this HQ, and posted to your Division for duty, was awarded the Polish Silver Cross of Merit with Swords and the Polish Cross of Valour for meritorious services rendered the Polish underground forces subsequent to having escaped from German custody as a prisoner of war.

 

2. It will be observed from the folios in this file that official RCAF recognition of these awards was withheld from this officer, even though the awards were confirmed by the President of the Republic of Poland and F/O Brooks had been invested with the actual insignia. This course of action was taken because of the complicated political picture in the country concerned and the attitude adopted towards this subject by the British authorities due to the unstable nature of the government in question.

 

3. It will be noted at flagged folio "A", however, this HQ has taken cognizance of these awards by virtue of having F/O Brooks' records annotated accordingly, although no promulgation action in either the Canada Gazette or AFROs was taken. On reviewing the whole case, it has been decided that our previous ruling in this case should now be interpreted as granting permission for this officer to wear the ribbons of these awards on Service uniform in addition to the recording action taken, but as in the first instance, no promulgation action will be undertaken at the present time.

 

4. In view of the above, may F/O Brooks be informed that permission to wear the ribbons of the Polish decorations in question is granted.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOKS, FS Malcolm Hutton (Can 4811) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Home in Melville, Saskatchewan; enlisted: Regina 11 September 1939.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOKS, FS (now P/O) Roy (R194199/J87697) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.77 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 13 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Home in Goodwater, Saskatchewan; enlisted Montreal, 28 September 1942. Award sent by registered mail.

 

This airman, as mid-upper gunner, has flown on many operational sorties. These have included six attacks on heavily defended German targets and ten minelaying missions in enemy waters. Flight Sergeant Brooks has been in combat with attacking enemy fighters three times. On one occasion one enemy aircraft was destroyed. He has constantly shown great keenness throughout his operational career and a devotion to duty of a high order.

 

* * * * *

 


BROOM, FS Herbert (R72473) - British Empire Medal - No.1 Aircrew Conditioning Unit - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Home in Exeter, Ontario. Enlisted in Toronto, 30 September 1940. Award sent by registered mail

 

Throughout the nearly five years that this non-commissioned officer has been on the strength of this unit as Chef he has rendered exceptionally meritorious service and has displayed a consistent devotion to duty and personal interest in his work. His duties are of a very trying and arduous nature but he has displayed a high degree of initiative, forethought and enthusiasm at all times.

 

* * * * *

 

BROOMFIELD, FS James Orville (R60150) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.462 Squadron - Award effective 10 January 1944 as per London Gazette dated 18 January 1944 and AFRO 410/44 dated 25 February 1944. Home in Turner Valley, Alberta; enlisted Calgary 10 June 1940. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 27 February 1942), No.14 EFTS (graduated 5 June 1942) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 9 October 1942). Presented at Government House 14 January 1947.

 

This airman has had much success in bombing sorties and has recently been employed in flare dropping. On a high proportion of his missions he has been responsible for the efficient immunization [illumination ?] of the target, often remaining in the area for long periods and making as many as seven runs to ensure the success of the sorties. This airman has invariably displayed outstanding leadership and devotion to duty.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9153 has recommendation dated 22 October 1943 which has a more detailed text and a list of 27 sorties (185 hours 25 minutes):

 

27 Apr 43 GARDENING, 10 Sep 43 Potenza (8.15)

Frisian Islands (3.40) 13 Sep 43 Potenza (8.25)

28 Apr 43 GARDENING, Danish 25 Sep 43 Hassini (1.00, DNCO)

Coast (6.35) 27 Sep 43 Larissa (7.55)

29 Jun 43 Messina (6.05) 29 Sep 43 Argos (6.15)

22 Jun 43 Reggio (6.40) 2 Oct 43 Calato (7.40)

14 Jul 43 Messina (7.20) 3 Oct 43 Heraklion (5.30)

17 Jul 43 Reggio (6.40) 5 Oct 43 Maritza (8.15)

23 Jul 43 Reggio (7.15) 7 Oct 43 Maraklion (6.05)

30 Jul 43 Reggio (7.15) 9 Oct 43 Maritza (7.15)

5 Aug 43 San Giovanni (6.50) 11 Oct 43 Meritza (8.45)

22 Aug 43 Crotonne (6.50) 16 Oct 43 Maritza (5.30)

27 Aug 43 Crortone (7.15) 18 Oct 43 Antimachia (8.20)

3 Sep 43 Grotaglie (8.15) 20 Oct 43 Maritza (8.05)

7 Sep 43 Manduria (7.30)

 


This Non-Commissioned Officer has completed 27 night sorties as captain of an aircraft totalling 185 hours operational flying.

 

Since he was so consistently successful on bombing sorties he has recently been employed as a flare dropper in conjunction with Flight Sergeant Browne's crew. On seven sorties out of ten Sergeant Broomfield has been responsible for locating, identifying and illuminating the target, and as a result of his excellent leadership in flight planning and his determination to illuminate the target for the bombers, which often resulted in his remaining in the target area for periods of over 35 minutes, and doing as many as seven runs over the target to keep it illuminated, the success of many raids by the wing can be attributed to Sergeant Broomfield and his crew who have seldom failed to bring back a photograph of the target in spite of accurate opposition.

 

Sergeant Broomfield is recommended to be awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal for outstanding leadership and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

BROPHY, F/O Bernard Joseph (J94387) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.101 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1945 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. See War Service Records 1939-1945 (Canadian Bank of Commerce, 1947). Born 11 February 1924, Cornwall, Ontario. Home in Harrison's Corners, Ontario. Enlisted in Ottawa 13 September 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS and No.1 AOS (graduated 13 January 1944). Released 26 September 1945. Award presented 7 August 1946. No citation, "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8772 has recommendation dated 15 May 1945 when he had flown 29 sorties (200 hours 50 minutes) as follows:

 

27 Nov 44 Freiburg 15 Feb 45 Chemnitz

29 Nov 44 Dortmund 20 Feb 45 Dortmund

30 Nov 44 Duisburg 21 Feb 45 Duisburg

2 Dec 44 Hagen 23 Feb 45 Pforzeim

6 Dec 44 Osnabruck 1 Mar 45 Mannheim

23 Dec 44 Coblenz 2 Mar 45 Cologne

28 Dec 44 Bonn 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz

29 Dec 44 Sholven 8 Mar 45 Dessau

31 Dec 44 Osterfeld 11 Mar 45 Essen

2 Jan 45 Hunrburg 12 Mar 45 Dortmund

5 Jan 45 Hanover 15 Mar 45 Misburg

6 Jan 45 Neuse 21 Mar 45 Hamburg

14 Jan 45 Merseburg 3 Apr 45 Nordhausen

7 Feb 45 Cleve 4 Apr 45 Lutzendorf

14 Feb 45 Dresden


Pilot Officer Brophy, a Canadian, is a Navigator of outstanding ability who has completed a tour of twenty-nine highly successful sorties with No.101 Squadron. Many of the varied range of targets which he has attacked have been strongly defended. Nonetheless this officer has never allowed the opposition, however intense, to deflect his grim determination to navigate his captain to the target.

 

In a calm and unassuming manner this gallant officer has shown a fine enthusiasm for operations and set an example of dauntless devotion to duty even in the most hazardous circumstances. His bravery and resource have been of the utmost help to his captain and crew, who have always had the utmost confidence in him.

 

This officer's magnificent record of outstanding ability as a navigator and sustained personal courage in the face of the enemy are fully worthy of this recommendation for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BROUGHTON, F/L Robert Ivan (C18477) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.307 Mobile Signals Servicing Unit (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born in Dursley, England, 29 March 1914; educated in Lethbridge, 1921-1934. Home in Edmonton, Alberta; engaged in amateur radio for twelve years; served in 19th Alberta Dragoons from 23 July 1940 until enlistment in RCAF, Edmonton, 15 November 1940. On strength of No.1 Manning Depot, Toronto, 18 November 1940 to 24 January 1941; posted overseas February 1941; on strength of Station Colerne, 20 February 1941 to 24 February 1943 (NCO in charge of a Transmitting Station; promoted Corporal, 4 August 1941; promoted Sergeant, 1 July 1942}; with No.1 Signal School, 24 February to 15 September 1943 for Signals and Radar courses; then posted to RAF Officers School, Cosford, No.22 Group; with No.6 Group Headquarters, 20-23 October 1943; with No.83 Group Headquarters, 23 October 1943 to 31 January 1944; with No.307 Mobile Signals Servicing Unit, 1 February 1944 to 31 May 1945 (to "Concentration Area" on 9 June 1944, "Marshalling Area" on 16 June 1944 and disembarked in France on 18 June 1944); repatriated to Canada, 9 July 1945; released 15 September 1945. Initially a Wireless Electrical Mechanic; reclassified Wireless Mechanic (1 August 1942) and Signals Officer (14 October 1943) when he was commissioned; promoted Flight Lieutenant, 1 May 1944. Award presented 29 November 1947.

 

Although no citation or recommendation has been found, documents show nature of his work. On 27 January 1945 S/L R.E. Skelley described him as having "shown great skill in surmounting technical difficulties under the worst conditions in the field. A sound and reliable Radio Engineer". W/C P.H. Holmes was equally enthusiastic: "An intensely hard working and conscientious officer with a flair for invention and improvisation, backed by a very thorough technical knowledge".

 

Again, 14 June 1945, G/C P.H. Holmes wrote:

 


An officer with exceptionally high technical ability. A conscientious and indefatigable worker. Has done an immense amount for signals in 83 Group; his loss to this Group will be very keenly felt.

 

* * * * *

 

BROUSE, Flight Sergeant Jacob Cormack (R67206) - British Empire Medal - RCAF Headquarters Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born at Iroquois, Ontario, 6 December 1910; educated there. Garage manager. Enlisted in Kingston, 4 October 1940. Award sent by registered mail 6 May 1949.

 

This non-commissioned officer is one of the most experienced men in the Provost and Security Branch. He has shown exceptional ability as an investigator and through his untiring efforts many involved criminal cases have been brought to a successful conclusion. He is particularly outstanding in his trade as a service policeman and by his example other non-commissioned officers have been spurred to greater devotion to their duty. Flight Sergeant Brouse is an indefatigable worker and extremely adaptable to all the varying conditions which he encounters during his work. He spares neither time nor effort in the pursuit of his duties, many of which call for ceaseless effort far beyond the normal working hours. His contribution to the success of the investigation unit of the Provost and Security Branch has been outstanding.

 

* * * * *

 

BROUSSEAU, P/O Joseph Henri Normand (J17601) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 21 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 29 October 1943 and AFRO 2457/43 dated 26 November 1943. Home at Cap de la Madeleine; enlisted Montreal, 29 May 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 25 September 1941), No.4 EFTS (graduated 20 November 1941) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 10 April 1942). Award sent by registered mail 30 September 1948.

 

Pilot Officer Brousseau as captain of aircraft has participated in a large number of successful sorties at night against heavily defended targets in German and Italian territory. Throughout his operational career this officer has been conspicuous for his devotion to duty and his exceptional coolness and courage in hazardous circumstances.

 

* * * * *

 


BROWELL, Sergeant (now P/O) George Willard (R85068/J43133) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Home in Yellow Grass, Saskatchewann; enlisted Regina, 18 December 1940. Trained at No.6 BGS (graduated 13 April 1942). Applied for Operational Wings, 17 December 1944 while at No.31 OTU. No citation in AFRO.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L Alexander George (J10885) - Medal for Bravery (Czechoslovakia) - Canada Gazette dated 24 January 1948, AFRO 81/48 dated 6 February 1948. Born in Port Stanley, Ontario, 2 October 1919; home in Winnipeg; enlisted in Calgary, 23 June 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS, Edmonton (graduated 3 October 1941), No.5 AOS, Winnipeg (graduated 17 January 1942), No.7 BGS, Paulson (graduated 28 February 1942 and promoted Sergeant) and No.1 ANS, Rivers (graduated 7 May 1942, having been commissioned 4 April 1942). As a navigator he was posted to "Y" Depot; embarked from Canada on 8 May 1942, and arrived No.3 PRC, Bournemouth, 23 May 1942. To No.7 PRC, 22 June 1942; to No.1 (Coastal) Operational Training Unit, 31 July 1942; promoted Flying Officer, 4 October 1942; to No.86 Squadron, 15 October 1942; promoted Flight Lieutenant, 4 April 1944; was to have gone to No.1674 Conversion Unit, 20 May 1944 but this was cancelled and he embarked for Canada on 14 June 1945, arriving 15 June 1944; to No.1 General Reconnaissance School, Summerside, 29 July 1944 (redesignated No.1 Reconnaissance and Navigation School, 4 February 1945); served there to 5 October 1945; released 11 October 1945.

 

NOTE: A letter dated 22 May 1944 stated he had flown 33 sorties (494 hours 15 minutes) and that his total flying time was 797 hours 40 minutes. There is nothing to indicate why he was selected for this medal; an assessment dated 16 May 1944 described him merely as "An average officer generally, very keen and good at his work as a navigator". At the time the award was made he and others received a standard letter signed by Air Vice-Marshal J.M. Plant which read:

 

I take this opportunity of expressing to you, on behalf of the Chief of the Air Staff and all ranks of the Royal Canadian Air Force sincere congratulations on the honour that has been bestowed upon you by the Government of Czechoslovakia by the award of the Czechoslovak Medal for Bravery. This well merited award not only recognizes your personal invaluable contribution to the success of the recent conflict, but adds lustre to the record of the service in which you served.

 

The official announcement of this award will appear in the Canada Gazette on Saturday, 24th January 1948.

 

Arrangements regarding presentation of your award are being completed by the Czechoslovak Legation from whom you will hear in the near future. In the meantime the appropriate ribbon may be worn on service uniform.

 

* * * * *

 


BROWN, WO Adrien Walter (R104832) - Mention in Despatches - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 19 May 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 August 1941), No.10 AOS (graduated 2 February 1942) and No. 6 BGS (graduated 14 March 1942). Shot down 12 March 1943. No citation in AFRO. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has none either, but has excerpt from a letter written by WO Roland Goulet (POW) to his wife in England on 12 March 1944. Letter passed from Bomber Command HQ to No.6 Group HQ (11 June 1944) and to No.425 Squadron (13 June 1944), suggesting appropriate award action for Brown, Gauthier and Lamontagne. Except read:

 

If we are all alive it is because of them. Three times we were attacked by fighters and it's only after the second one that the pilot [Lamontagne] gave us the order to leave the aircraft, when all her controls were broken. He did everything to keep it up there. Twice the navigator [Brown] and the Bomb Aimer [Gauthier] extinguished the fire in the front of the aircraft. They used everything - cushions, chutes and extinguishers to put it out and they succeeded but in vain. We had to jump in the end. I was wounded at the first attack, and did nothing. What I have seen them do is certainly distinguished flying, and that is why I want you to go to the RCAF Headquarters and give this letter to the C.O. If the act that they have done could be recognized by everybody, by a tangible thing I would be the happiest man on earth because they really merit it.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/O Alan Grant (J28086) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Millbrook, Ontario; enlisted Toronto 10 February 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 11 September 1942), unidentified EFTS (ceased training 4 December 1942), No.8 BGS (graduated 30 April 1943) and No.2 AOS (graduated 9 July 1943). Award sent by registered mail 30 March 1949. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 10 September 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (162 operational hours) from 9 April to 25 August 1944.

 

This officer has completed thirty-four sorties against such heavily defended targets as Hamburg, Stuttgart and Brunswick. At all times he has displayed the highest skill, courage and cheerfulness. Often in the face of concentrated opposition his coolness and disregard of danger have contributed largely to the safe return of the aircraft and crew. During his tour he has been highly successful in his bombing, and has been of great help training newer crews.

 

It is considered that his fine example of devotion to duty, resolution and determination fully merit the award of the D.F.C.

 

* * * * *

 

 


BROWN, P/O Allan Keith (J92578) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 6 July 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1453/45 dated 14 September 1945. Home at Midnapore, Alberta; enlisted Calgary 24 June 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 2 December 1941), No.8 EFTS (graduated 13 February 1942) and No.15 SFTS (graduated 19 June 1942). Award presented 9 July 1949.

 

One night in April 1945 Pilot Officer Brown was pilot in an aircraft detailed to attack Harburg. On the outward flight the port outer engine had to be put out of action. In spite of this, Pilot Officer Brown flew on to the target and executed a good attack. Soon afterwards the starboard outer engine failed as did the port inner engine a little later. The aircraft lost height so rapidly that only three members of the crew were able to leave by parachute. At this stage the last engine failed. Displaying outstanding coolness and exceptional skill, Pilot Officer Brown proceeded to land the aircraft by altimeter and air speed indicator only, at night, in enemy territory where not a single light was shining to assist him in a desperate situation. Fortunately his aircraft came down in open country. So well did Pilot Officer Brown accomplish his task that not a single member of his crew was injured. This officer set a splendid example of skill, coolness and courage.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L Arthur Leland (J9354) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.216 Squadron - Award effective 19 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 29 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Home in Hawarden, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Vancouver, 14 May 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 5 August 1941), No.5 EFTS (graduated 25 September 1941) and No.7 SFTS (graduated 19 December 1941). Further trained at No.31 GRS (Charlottetown) and No.31 OTU (Debert, Nova Scotia). To Ferry Command, Dorval, June 1942; sent overseas in September 1942. After four months further training he was posted to No.216 Squadron (Dakotas). Returned to Canada, January 1945. Awarded AFC, 3 April 1945. Posted to No.6 OTU, Comox, until April 1946 when he was switched to Air Material Communications Flight (Uplands); thereafter to No.412 Squadron (Rockcliffe) for two and one-half years. From November 1949 to January 1952 he instructed at JATC, Rivers. Attended a six-month course at Army Staff College, Kingston. June 1952, assigned to Tactical Air Command (Edmonton) as Staff Officer, Operations and Plans. Sent overseas, 1956. Both DFC and AFC presented 1 April 1949.

 

This officer has taken part in operations in India, the Western Desert and the Eastern Mediterranean area. While flying in India he completed many supply dropping operations over difficult country and in the face of adverse weather. In May 1944 he led a formation of aircraft to drop supplies on an army column which was in urgent need of ammunition and food. Despite heavy ground opposition, this mission was successfully accomplished and though many of the aircraft sustained damage all reached base safely. Flight Lieutenant Brown has invariably shown the greatest determination, skill and courage.

 


BROWN, S/L Arthur Leland, DFC (J9354) - Air Force Cross - No.216 Squadron - Award effective 3 April 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. Public Records Office Air 2/9061 has recommendation dated 27 January 1945 when he had flown 2,033 hours, 124 in past six months.

 

This officer has served the squadron with distinction, earning the Distinguished Flying Cross for work with the squadron detachment in India. On one occasion when one engine on the Dakota he was piloting failed, he safely made a single engined circuit at night. On another occasion when an engine cut he made a successful forced landing on a disused desert landing strip. This officer has set an excellent example in the squadron by his deportment and enthusiasm for his work.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, Sergeant Arthur Thomas (R64005) - Mention in Despatches - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Hamilton; enlisted Galt 30 March 1940.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L David Reid (J25969) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Fredericton; enlisted Moncton 4 March 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 11 September 1942), No.11 EFTS (graduated 4 December 1942) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 30 April 1942). Award sent by registered mail 30 March 1949. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 15 September 1944 when he had flown 27 sorties (141 hours 50 minutes) from 31 May to 12 September 1944. On 18 August (Anderbelck) flak hit his port outer and the port tire; on 12 September 1944 (Dortmund) the port inner had been holed.

 

Flying Officer Brown has proven himself to be a very resourceful pilot and an extremely capable Captain of aircraft. He has at all times given outstanding leadership to his crew and has set a high example for other Captains in his Flight.

 

Flying Officer Brown has completed 27 sorties over enemy territory, some of which were carried out over heavily defended targets such as Stuttgart, Hamburg and Kiel. On all occasions he has displayed great courage and coolness in carrying out his duties...

 

* * * * *

 


BROWN, F/O Donovan Samuel (J27188) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.10 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Home in Windsor, Ontario; enlisted there 13 April 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 6 November 1942), No.11 EFTS (graduated 5 March 1943) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 11 June 1943). Award presented 14 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9069 (Part 1) has recommendation dated 18 February 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (157 hours 45 minutes), 1 August 1944 to 1 January 1945. NOTE: This document gives his names as Donald Samuel.

 

1 Aug 44 Prouville (4.30) 14 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.55)

3 Aug 44 Bois de Casson (4.15) 15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven (4.10)

5 Aug 44 Foret de Nieppe (3.20) 23 Oct 44 Essen (6.00)

15 Aug 44 Tirlemont (4.10) 25 Oct 44 Essen (5.35)

17 Aug 44 Brest (4.30) 28 Oct 44 Cologne (5.15)

18 Aug 44 Sterkrade (4.00) 31 Oct 44 Cologne (5.00)

25 Aug 44 Watten (3.20) 2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (5.30)

27 Aug 44 Homberg (3.55) 4 Nov 44 Bochum (5.05)

1 Sept 44 Lumbres (3.30) 6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.50)

3 Sept 44 Soesterburg (3.25) 16 Nov 44 Julich (5.05)

10 Sep 44 Le Havre (3.30) 21 Nov 44 Sterkrade (6.55)

13 Sep 44 Boulogne (3.10) 17 Dec 44 Duisburg (5.55)

13 Sep 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.45) 22 Dec 44 Bingen (6.10)

15 Sep 44 Kiel (5.25) 24 Dec 44 Mulheim (5.20)

23 Sep 44 Neuss (5.10) 29 Dec 44 Coblenz (6.30)

9 Oct 44 Bochum (5.00), DNCO 1 Jan 45 Dortmund (5.10)

14 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.25)

 

Flying Officer Brown was posted to No.10 Squadron in July 1944, and has cow completed 33 sorties, comprising 158 operational hours. He has attacked some of the enemy's most heavily defended targets including Gelsenkirchen (twice), Wilhelmshaven, Essen (twice), Cologne (twice), Dortmund and Duisburg (three times).

 

This Canadian officer has proved himself to be a forceful and gallant pilot whose leadership has played a good part in the successes obtained. He has pressed home his attacks with the utmost determination and his cheerful confidence has maintained a high standard of morale in his crew.

 

He has brought back several good photographs of the target area. He was the captain of a Halifax aircraft detailed to attack Gelsenkirchen on 13th September 1944. On approaching the target area his aircraft was damaged by flak and the rudder and fuselage were holed in several places; both tyres were also hit. Despite this, he continued and successfully completed the mission. On return to base, he skilfully executed a safe landing despite the damage to rudder and a burst starboard tyre.


I strongly recommend that Flying Officer Brown's skill, courage and strong devotion to duty be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

BROWN, F/L Douglas Arthur (J26128) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 765/45 dated 4 May 1945. Home in Sutton, Quebec; enlisted Montreal, 18 February 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 1 August 1942), No.13 EFTS (graduated 20 November 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 30 April 1943). Award sent by registered mail 6 May 1949.

 

Flight Lieutenant Brown has shown commendable courage, determination and devotion to duty throughout an operational tour. He has completed a large number of sorties against some of the most heavily defended targets such as Essen, Dusseldorf and Kiel. By his keenness and cheerful confidence he has set a sterling example to all his crew. On one occasion in October 1944, during an attack against Hamburg, one engine of his aircraft was rendered unserviceable. The propeller came off and fire broke out. Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Brown pressed on to the target which was successfully bombed. The aircraft was very difficult to control on the return flight and he ordered his crew to leave by parachute. With outstanding airmanship he succeeded in executing a masterly landing without further damage being sustained.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, P/O Everett Lennes (J17162) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 30 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 December 1943 and AFRO 297/44 dated 11 February 1944. Home in Pembroke, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa 5 May 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 August 1941), No.20 EFTS (graduated 7 October 1941), No.7 BGS (graduated 28 March 1942) and No.5 AOS (graduated 12 February 1942), No.1 ANS (graduated 27 April 1942). No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, Sergeant George Arnold (R67580) - Mention in Despatches - Leeming - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Home in Windsor, Ontario; enlisted there 25 June 1940. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation forwarded 1 February 1945 to No.63 Base HQ when he had served 46 months in Canada, nine months in UK.

 


This NCO is employed as NCO in charge of the Bomb Dumb at RCAF Station Leeming. Sergeant Brown is both capable and energetic and has carried out an extremely difficult task in a most efficient manner. His careful observance of safety regulations and his insistence on cleanliness and tidiness in his Section has definitely made for safety and efficiency at this unit. This NCO also has a thorough knowledge of his trade and is both cheerful and untiring. He has gone out of his way to improve his service knowledge and sets an example that is hard to equal. Sergeant Brown is definitely outstanding, well deserving and recommended for an award of Mention in Despatches.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, S/L George Cameron (C9889) - Mention in Despatches - Station Skipton-on-Swale (AFRO gives unit as No.6 Group) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Montreal; enlisted in Quebec City, 16 January 1942. Later awarded MBE. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation for an OBE dated 30 August 1944 from Skipton where he was Chief Technical Officer (NOTE: compare the following with his MBE).

 

Squadron Leader Brown was appointed Chief Technical Officer on this station at the time when it was established as a two-squadron station. He was responsible for the organization of the maintenance services during the difficult time when one of the squadrons was being formed and the other squadron was re-equipping with aircraft of a new type. The spirit and leadership he provided under the most adverse conditions of maintaining aircraft in open dispersals, during the northern English winter, and its attendant rain and mud, shortage of equipment and staff, was largely responsible for the successful operational work of these squadrons. He has driven his staff and himself for long hours day and night and by his personal example has proved an inspiration to all on the station.

 

BROWN, S/L George Cameron (C9889) - Member, Order of the British Empire - Linton-on-Ouse (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Award presented 24 April 1948. No citation in AFRO or biographical file. DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation signed by G/C W.P. Pleasance dated 14 June 1945 when Brown was Engineering Officer.

 


During the lengthy period which this officer has spent with the RCAF overseas, he has at all times displayed great keenness and the utmost efficiency in carrying out his duties. As Chief Technical Officer of a heavy bomber station, his outstanding leadership qualities and technical knowledge have been apparent by the efficient manner in which his section has operated, and in the high rate of serviceability which has existed on his station. On many occasions, when beset with problems far beyond the capacity of the average individual to deal with, Squadron Leader Brown has won the admiration of all by the capable, efficient manner in which he has overcome these difficulties. Without a doubt, this officer's outstanding devotion to duty has been greatly responsible for the high operational standard of his station, and in recognition of his splendid service, I strongly recommend that he be awarded the MBE.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, WO Gordon Frederick (R104757) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.293 Squadron - Award effective 21 July 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2052/44 dated 22 September 1944. Home in Danville, Quebec; enlisted Montreal, 13 May 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 1 September 1941), No.4 EFTS (graduated 24 October 1941) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 27 February 1942). Award sent by registered mail 7 December 1948. Cited with a FS C.S. Taylor (RAFVR, WOPAG, awarded DFM).

 

As pilot and wireless operator/air gunner respectively, Warrant Officer Brown and Flight Sergeant Taylor have completed many air-sea rescue sorties. Their steadfastness and courage in the face of numerous difficult and dangerous situations has won the greatest praise.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L Gordon Stewart (J9387) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.400 Squadron - Award effective 23 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 3 April 1945 and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 28 February 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 August 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 25 September 1941) and No.14 SFTS (graduated 19 December 1941). Award presented in Montreal 25 November 1949.

 

This pilot has completed numerous fighter missions on all of which he has displayed exceptional skill, determination and courage. These operations have often been completed in the most difficult circumstances in the face of enemy anti-aircraft fire and fighter activity. Flight Lieutenant Brown took part in many fighter patrols in the course of which he damaged many locomotives. On one occasion his aircraft was severely damaged but despite this he flew safely to base.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/O Gordon William (C8674) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.2 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Winnipeg. Award presented 1 December 1948.

 

This officer has served in the Administrative Branch since November 1941, where he has displayed administrative ability of the highest order. During the past two years he has worked chiefly in legal work with outstanding results, his various investigations requiring long hours of overtime. The zeal and energy he has displayed in all his duties are worthy of the highest praise.

 

* * * * *


BROWN, LAC Harold Frank (R170702) - Mention in Despatches - Skipton-on-Swale - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Enlisted in Toronto 11 June 1942. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation forwarded 1 February 1945 to No.63 Base HQ when he had served 15 months in Canada, 17 months overseas.

 

The above-mentioned airman has shown, during his service overseas, a particularly willing attitude toward his work. He has proved a most conscientious and sober individual, thoroughly trustworthy in any situation, requiring him to use his own initiative, and quick to appreciate the special problems peculiar to his trade of radar mechanic. Largely through his efforts, following an accident in which an aircraft crashed and blew up during an operational take-off, a fellow airman who was badly injured by the explosion was removed from further danger and taken to hospital. LAC Brown has maintained a most enthusiastic spirit throughout his service career which has been a constant source of inspiration to his fellow airmen.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/O Harold Thomas (J13055) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 25 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 28 September 1943 and AFRO 2198/43 dated 29 October 1943. Home in Biggar, Saskatchewan; enlisted Saskatoon, 16 July 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 20 January 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 30 March 1942) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 30 July 1942). Invested with award by the King 11 August 1944.

 

One night in August 1943, this officer piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Nuremburg. Although one engine of the bomber failed early on the outward flight, Flying Officer Brown continued to the target and bombed it successfully. Some nights later this pilot again flew with distinction on an operation against Berlin. On both occasions he displayed great determination and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, Nursing Sister Helen Margarete (C8023) - Commended for Valuable Services - Station Edmonton - Awarded 14 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2684/44 dated 15 December 1944. Home in Czar, Alberta; enlisted Edmonton 24 July 1941. See also F/O J.S. Coombes, AFC, and F/L R.W. Burnap, Commendation. The original recommendation was for an Associate, Royal Red Cross but was changed to this Commendation (minute signed by F/L J.A. Vila, 20 October 1944, on recommendations dated 21 September 1944; Vila was Secretary to the Honours and Awards Committee at AFHQ.

 


This Nursing Sister recently volunteered to go on a mercy flight to an isolated farm in wild northern bush country to evacuate a patient, who was critically ill. In spite of a landing in a ploughed field and a take-off through brush, which damaged the aircraft, the patient was hospitalized in time to save her life. This Nursing Sister, with complete disregard for her own safety, displayed courage, skill and devotion to duty beyond even the high standards of her profession.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L Hugh John Alexander (C8050) - Mention in Despatches - Headquarters, Mediterranean Allied Air Forces - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home Toronto; enlisted there 4 April 1941. Certificate sent 13 August 1948. No citation

 

BROWN, S/L Hugh John Alexander (C8050) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946. No citation.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L Jack (J7027) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Home in Edmonton; enlisted there 22 November 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 9 March 1941), No.4 AOS (graduated 9 June 1941) and No.1 BGS (graduated 19 July 1941). Award presented 9 July 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 19 August 1944 when he had flown 46 sorties (234 hours five minutes. First tour with No.115 Squadron (32 trips, 168 hours); second tour as of recommendation had been 14 sorties (66 hours five minutes), 9 July to 16 August 1944. Further recommended while in No.434 Squadron, when he had flown 50 sorties (235 hours 40 minutes), 27 April 1942 to 20 August 1942 and 9 July to 25 October 1944 (DHist file 181.009 D.3080, RG.24 Vol.20636)

 

This navigator has completed one tour of thirty-two operation against the enemy and fourteen operations on his second tour. He has taken part in attacks on such difficult targets as Hamburg, Dusseldorf, Stuttgart, Essen and Cologne, and has always shown a keen desire to come to grips with the enemy and carry out his duty. He has shown himself to be a skilful navigator whose devotion to duty is outstanding. His quiet confidence has been a source of inspiration to his crew.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, WO Jack Allen (R63935) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.57 Squadron - Award effective 4 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 19 October 1943 and AFRO 2457/43 dated 26 November 1943. American in the RCAF; home in Buffalo, New York; enlisted Toronto 15 April 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.1 BGS (graduated 25 Octoner 1940), No.1 AOS (graduated 16 September 1940) and No.1 ANS (graduated 7 December 1940). Award sent by registered mail 13 November 1948.


This Warrant Officer has participated in a large number of operations. His exceptional ability in his duties has ensured outstanding success on many missions. He has displayed marked keenness in the use of astro navigation and on several occasions he has used this method when no other means were available to achieve a successful flight back to base. Throughout his operational duties Warrant Officer Brown has displayed great eagerness to assist inexperienced navigators and has thereby been invaluable in raising the standard of navigation in the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, S/L Jack Clement Robert, DFC (C89533) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.434 Squadron - Award effective 18 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 26 October 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946. Born in Toronto, 17 February 1918; educated there. Formerly a Canadian in the RAF (CAN/RAF) with which he was awarded DFC; transferred from RAF to RCAF in London, England, 29 December 1944; postwar RCAF service to 1952. DFC and Bar sent by registered mail, 30 March 1949. DHist file 181.009 D.3080, RG.24 Vol.20636 has recommendation dated 21 May 1945 when he had flown 44 sorties. First tour was 31 sorties (161 hours 35 minutes), 15 February to 8 August 1944. Second tour was 13 sorties (100 hours 20 minutes), 4 February to 16 April 1945.

 

This officer has flown on a large number of operational sorties. Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross he has commenced a second tour of duty and has attacked some of the enemy's most heavily defended targets. As a captain of aircraft he has continued to display exceptional keenness, efficiency and leadership.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L James Albert (J19704) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Home in North Bay; enlisted there 4 June 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 25 September 1941), No.21 EFTS (graduated 21 November 1941) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 10 April 1942). Award sent by registered mail 30 March 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1515 (RG.24 Vol.20600) has recommendation dated 8 November 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (144 hours ten minutes), 18 April to 23 October 1944.

 

Flight Lieutenant Brown has completed an operational tour as pilot on four engined bombers in a most exemplary manner. He has on many occasions attacked successfully such heavily defended targets deep in Germany as Dortmund, Sterkrade, Duisburg and Essen. He has at all times shown a cheerful disregard for any defences the enemy had to offer, pressing home his attacks successfully, and returning to base with excellent photographs of the target attacked.

 


In his capacity as Deputy Flight Commander, Flight Lieutenant Brown has proved himself to be a fine leader, and by his fine operational record has been an inspiration to the men under him.

 

On one occasion, just after becoming airborne on an operation, the leading edge of his aircraft blew open. By extreme skill, Flight Lieutenant Brown successfully landed his aircraft, saving the lives of his crew.

 

This officer's fine operational record and his long standing services to the squadron are worthy of the highest praise. Therefore, I recommend that he be awarded the Non-Immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L John Harold (J9752) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.1 SFTS - Award effective 14 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2684/44 dated 15 December 1944. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 26 April 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 August 1941), No.20 EFTS (graduated 10 October 1941), No.16 SFTS (ceased training 9 January 1942) and No.1 CNS (graduated 26 October 1942).

 

This officer's exceptional organization ability and knowledge of his work have contributed greatly to the high standard of proficiency obtained by the navigation section of his unit.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L John Thomas (C14913) - Mention in Despatches - No.122 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 21 April 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 30 September 1940. Trained at No.6 SFTS (graduated 30 December 1942).

 

This officer has rendered outstanding service in many appointments in the Royal Canadian Air Force. In his present position as flight commander of a target towing flight, he has produced excellent results and has shown skill, organizing ability and devotion to duty of an exceptionally high standard.

 

BROWN, F/L John Thomas (C14913) - Air Force Cross - No.2 Technical Signals Unit (now No.10 RD) - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Award sent by registered mail 21 March 1956. As of recommendation he had flown 3,112 hours, 1,500 as instructor, 270 in previous six months.

 


This officer possesses a wide background of employment in the Royal Canadian Air Force during which he has displayed commendable skill as a pilot, and untiring devotion to duty. Lately, as Chief Radar Calibration and Test Pilot, he has been called upon to endure long hours of flying at high altitudes, often under adverse weather conditions. His keenness, adaptability and fine example which he sets for his fellow countrymen are worthy of high praise.

NOTE: This same officer was the subject of a letter dated 20 November 1945 from A/V/M K.M. Guthrie (AOC No.2 Air Command) to the CO, No.10 Repair Depot (DHist file 181.009 D.1630, PAC RG.24 Vol.20603) requesting that the Brown's logbook be endorsed for the following: "This officer was detailed for a mission to fly some sick Indians from Norway House to The Pas for hospitalization. On the 30th October F/L Brown flew Canso 11010 from Winnipeg to Norway House, landing in the clear water of Little Play Green Lake. The weather was extremely cold and a channel had to be broken through the ice along the shoreline by motor boat before the aircraft could taxi in and out from the dock. On reaching The Pas the water in the landing gear, wheels and oleo legs had frozen solidly and on touching down one wheel would not revolve. By means of opposite brake and engine the pilot kept the aircraft straight. Although one tire was torn completely of the wheel, the landing run was complete safely.

 

"Following this, extreme difficulty was encountered due to intense cold and freezing rain. Facilities at The Pas were totally inadequate, there being no tools or heated hangars for servicing the aircraft. Flight Lieutenant Brown and his crew, by means of perseverance and resourcefulness, overcame these difficulties, and after several days of arduous work flew the aircraft back to Winnipeg safely.

 

"This officer displayed exceptional skill, resourcefulness and initiative, both in flying the aircraft and in servicing it afterwards, which resulted in the mission being completed successfully without injury to passengers and without any damage to the aircraft other than the loss of one tire."

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/O Joseph (C94009) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.466 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Enlisted in London, Ontario, 13 March 1945. Award presented 9 April 1948. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8750 has recommendation dated 18 April 1945 when he had flown 50 sorties (245 hours 57 minutes) in two tours extending from 3 December 1943 to 24 March 1945.

 

3 Dec 43 GARDENING, 11 Aug 44 Etaaples (4.20)

Terschelling (3.23) 12 Aug 44 Brunswick (5.36)

24 Dec 43 ditto (3.13) 16 Aug 44 Kiel (4.54)

29 Dec 43 Berlin (6.43) 25 Aug 44 Brest (5.23)

7 Jan 44 Schiermonnikoog (3.44) 9 Sept 44 Le Havre (3.33)


21 Jan 44 Magdeburg (2.54) 17 Sep 44 Boulogne (3.26)

30 Mar 44 Nuremburg (8.14) 25 Sep 44 Calais (3.36)

24 Apr 44 Karlsruhe (7.06) 26 Sep 44 Calais (3.35)

26 Apr 44 Villeneuve St. 6 Oct 44 Sterkrade (4.50)

Georges (5.41) 9 Oct 44 Bochum (5.16)

24 May 44 Colline Beaumont (3.28) 14 Oct 44 Duisburg (5.12)

12 Jun 44 Amiens-St.Roch (4.13) 4 Nov 44 Bochum (5.38)

14 Jun 44 Evrecy (4.58) 28 Nov 44 Essen (6.09)

16 Jun 44 Sterkrade (4.18) 1 Feb 45 Mainz (6.28)

30 Jun 44 Villers Bocage (4.14) 7 Feb 45 Goch (5.51)

1 July 44 Oisemont (3.47) 9 Feb 45 Wanne Eickel (5.34)

4 July 44 Domleger (3.45) 14 Feb 45 Chemnitz (8.34)

12 Jul 44 Ferme Du (4.37) 20 Feb 45 Reisholtz (8.14)

20 Jul 44 Forestal-Bootrop (4.15) 23 Feb 45 Essen (5.53)

23 Jul 44 Les (3.58) 24 Feb 45 Kamen (6.01)

24 Jul 44 Catelliers (8.29) 27 Feb 45 Mainz (6.42)

25 Jul 44 Stuttgart (4.30) 11 Mar 45 Essen (5.35)

28 Jul 44 Wanne Eickel (3.45) 18 Mar 45 Witten (6.28)

29 Jul 44 Foret de Nieppe (3.41) 20 Mar 45 Recklinghausen (5.20)

10 Aug 44 Dijon (7.03) 24 Mar 45 Gladbach (5.50)

 

Flying as Air Gunner in a Halifax aircraft, Flying Officer Brown has now completed two tours of operations, the majority of which have been flown against the most heavily defended targets in Germany.

 

In operations which have necessitated many deep penetrations by night along routes fiercely contested by enemy fighters, time and again Flying Officer Brown's courage, coolness and unfailing vigilance have made it possible for his crew to reach and attack their objective. Towards the end of his second tour he flew with crews often far less experienced than himself but, throughout, he showed a fine offensive spirit and willingly accepted the most hazardous tasks.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/O (now F/L) Joseph Alfred (J17884) - 9th USAAF - Air Medal with Two Bronze Oak Leaf Clusters - effective 10 March 1945 as per Canada Gazette dated 4 May 1946 and AFRO 473/46 dated 10 May 1946. Home in Sarnia, Ontario; enlisted in London, Ontario, 23 October 1940. Trained at No.1 WS (graduated 17 August 1941) and No.6 BGS (graduated 15 September 1941). No citation or explanation. Announced in General Order No.2 dated 5 January 1945, Headquarters of USAAF, Middle East, Cairo, "he having participated in five operational missions, each of more than 2 1/2 hours duration"

 

* * * * *

 


BROWN, P/O Joseph Frederick Carol (J18143) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.50 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Home in Quebec City; enlisted there 15 August 1940. Trained at No.1 BGS (graduated 23 June 1941) and No.1 WS (graduated 6 January 1941). Award presented 5 October 1947. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty."

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, FS Kenneth William (R94567) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.617 Squadron - effective 23 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 28 May 1943 and AFRO 1187/43 dated 25 June 1943. Born in Moose Jaw, August 1920; home there; enlisted in Regina, 20 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS, No.6 EFTS (graduated 21 July 1941), and No.4 SFTS (graduated 5 December 1941. First flew overseas in No.44 Squadron. Stayed with No.617 Squadron to May 1944. Postwar RCAF (S/L rank) in Winter Experimental Establishment and No.408 Squadron. NOTE: This was the Dambusters Raid; DSO to F/L J.C. McCarthy, Bar to DFC to F/O D.R. Walker, DFCs to F/Os T.H. Taerum and G.A. Deering, DFM to FS D.A. Maclean and Sergeant S. Oancia - all with the following citation:

 

On the night of the 16th May, 1943, a force of Lancaster bombers was detailed to attack the Moehne, Eder and Sorpe dams in Germany. The operation was one of great difficulty and hazard, demanding a high degree of skill and courage and close co-operation between the crews of the aircraft engaged. Nevertheless, a telling blow was struck at the enemy by the successful breaching of the Moehne and Eder dams. This outstanding success reflects the greatest credit on the efforts of the above mentioned personnel who participated in the operation, in various capacities as members of aircraft crew.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/O Leonard Norman (J11145) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.424 Squadron - Award effective 20 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 1 October 1943 and AFRO 2258/43 dated 5 November 1943. Home in Paradise Valley, Alberta; enlisted Edmonton 22 May 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 7 October 1941), No.16 EFTS (graduated 5 December 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 10 April 1942). Award presented 7 November 1944.

 

Flying Officer Brown has displayed fine leadership. Prior to his posting to Africa he had participated in a number of attacks on some of the most heavily fortified industrial centres in Germany. He has displayed keenness for the most dangerous and arduous tasks and by his skill and courage has attained commendable success.

 

BROWN, F/L Leonard Norman, DFC (J11145) - Mention in Despatches - No.26 OTU - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944.


* * * * *

 

BROWN, PO Lloyd William (J14864) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.7 Bombing and Gunnery School - Award effective 28 May 1943 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 2 June 1943, and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. Born in Winnipeg, 1913. Enlisted in Winnipeg. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 16 November 1940), No.11 EFTS (graduated 5 January 1941), and No.9 SFTS (graduated 26 April 1941).

 

This officer has served at this unit for the past 19 months as a staff pilot. Pilot Officer Brown is conscientious and reliable and carries out all duties assigned to him in a very capable manner. His total flying time is 930 hours of which 597 were completed during 1942.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L Malcolm George (J8771) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.683 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1943 as per London Gazette dated 20 April 1943 and AFRO 809/43 dated 7 May 1943. Home in Montreal; enlisted Toronto, 11 February 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 3 July 1941), No.16 EFTS (graduated 20 August 1941), and No.3 SFTS (graduated 31 October 1941). Arrived in UK, 18 December 1941; No.3 School of General Reconnaissance, 31 January 1942; No.1 PRU, 15 April 1942; assigned to Middle East Pool, 11 August 1942; Station Benson, 19 October 1942; to No.62 Squadron, 27 December 1942; to "R" Depot, 24 October 1943; to RCAF Overseas Headquarters, 8 November 1943; to No.128 Airfield (No.400 Squadron), 6 December 1943; to No.39 Wing, 13 May 1945; to No.3 Personnel Reception Centre, 7 August 1945; to Overseas Headquarters, 17 September 1945. DFC presented 23 May 1944; Bar sent by registered mail to Toronto, 16 July 1947.

 

This officer has made many flights over enemy positions in the Western Desert and has photographed concentrations of armoured vehicles, the disposition of troops and various defensive positions in spite of fighter opposition. In an operation in March 1943, in bad weather, he obtained photographs of Taranto from below 500 feet, although he was pursued by enemy fighters. This officer displayed skill, courage and determination of a high order.

 

BROWN, S/L Malcolm George (J8771) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.400 Squadron - Award effective 23 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 3 April 1945 and AFRO 765/45 dated 4 May 1945.

 

Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, Squadron Leader Brown has continued to display courage and devotion to duty of a high order. His work has set an outstanding example to all the pilots in the squadron.

 

* * * * *

 


BROWN, W/C Mannifrank (C1267) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas -Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Home in Lac du Bonnett, Manitoba. Enlisted at Camp Borden, 3 October 1939. No citation to MiD.

 

BROWN, W/C Mannifrank (C1267) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.127 Wing - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per AFRO 132/45 dated 26 January 1945. Award presented 22 September 1945. No citation to OBE in Canadian sources. Public Records Office Air 2/8872 has recommendation.

 

Wing Commander Brown commanded No.127 (RCAF) Wing for twelve months prior to the landing in Normandy on D Day. He has always displayed the greatest enthusiasm and devotion to duty, and has provided an excellent example for the whole of his unit, which has maintained an extremely high standard of efficiency. Early on in the operations this officer landed in France and established his unit on one of the first airfields to be operated there. Wing Commander Brown's service has been of a highly meritorious nature.

 

BROWN, W/C Manifrank, OBE (C1267) - French Croix de Guerre with Silver Star - formerly Overseas - awarded as per Canada Gazette dated 20 September 1947 and AFRO 485/47 dated 12 September 1947. Pilot.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L Maurice William (C3357) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.6 SFTS - Award effective 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Born at Headlngton, Oxford, England, 4 July 1903. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 21 March 1927. Remained in post-war RCAF and in 1953 received Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953 (W/C, St.Hubert). Award presented 17 April 1943.

 

Flight Lieutenant Brown has been employed as Chief Technical Officer of this unit since early 1941. He has shown energy, perseverance and ability to organize to an outstanding degree; his work in maintaining high aircraft serviceability at this unit has been of major importance in keeping up the output of the school.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, P/O Murray Walker (J93604) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 28 December 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 19 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 9 February 1941), No.3 AOS (graduated 21 July 1941), No.5 BGS (graduated 2 September 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 30 September 1941). Certificate sent 12 September 1949.

 

...for distinguished service while [prisoner] of war.

 


Public Records Office Air 2/9104 dealing with awards for services in German POW camps includes a letter from Regimental Sergeant-Major S. Sherriff who wrote, in part:

 

I respectfully beg to place on record my deep appreciation of the loyalty and support accorded me in my capacity as Camp Leader at Stalag VIII B (later 344) of the under-mentioned Warrant Officers...

 

Warrant Officer W.W. Brown, RCAF, R72283...

 

Warrant Officer M.W. Brown was employed directly under men as one of my office staff. At all times energetic and willing, there was never a more loyal working companion.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/O Norman (J16839) - Mention in Despatches - No.194 Squadron (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas" but DFC recommendation ties him to this unit) - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 26 October 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 11 January 1941), No.6 EFTS (graduated 4 March 1941) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 3 July 1941). After the war attended University of Toronto (BA); rejoined RCAF in 1948 and had risen to Air Commodore by December 1966. Award presented 25 October 1949. No citation in AFRO.

 

BROWN, F/O Norman (J16839) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.194 Squadron - Award effective 16 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 24 April 1945 and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945.

 

Flying Officer Brown has completed a large number of operational missions. These have been completed in all types of weather by day and night and he has flown throughout two monsoon periods. On one of his flights he completed a reconnaissance of the Andaman Islands during which intense anti-aircraft fire was encountered. Despite evasive action the aircraft was repeatedly hit and severe damage sustained. The navigator was killed and the gunner injured. A fire broke out which, however, was soon extinguished. Despite the damage Flying Officer Brown flew the aircraft safely to base, a distance of over 600 miles. He has been engaged on many other dangerous and difficult sorties.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9073 has recommendation dated 15 June 1944. It states he had flown 789 hours 15 minutes. The actual recommendation is rather tame (there may be a later one), reading as follows:

 

Flying Officer Brown has been with the squadron for 20 months and has at all times shown great keenness and a high sense of duty in carrying out missions by day and night in any weather. He has flown through two monsoon periods.


He came to be regarded as one of the most reliable captains on the squadron and was chosen to command a detachment of five aircraft engaged in supply dropping to forward army columns and as a direct result of his example and initiative the detachment earned a high reputation for its efficiency and unfailing service.

 

To the above is added a "Statement of Flying":

 

In April 1942 this officer (then Sergeant) carried out reconnaissance of the Andaman islands from Akyab in a Hudson. Intense light A.A. near to the inner harbours of Port Blair had not been anticipated and despite the evasive action the aircraft was repeatedly hit. The fuselage caught fire but quick action by crew prevented the fire from exploding the inner tanks. The pyrotechnics exploded and the gunner injured by burns. Then the navigator was mortally wounded. Fire was eventually extinguished and Flying Officer Brown brought the aircraft back to base over 600 miles of territory without the aid of a navigator.

 

In 1943 general transport work on Hudsons to Fort Hertz valley, Chin Hills, Arakan, and Brigadier Wingate's 1942-43 force. 60 sorties (56 day and four night).

 

In 1944, supply dropping on Dakota. Supply dropping to the army on the Arakan and the 14th Army, supplying Chindits in Burma, flying General Wingate's forces into Burma and movement of the 5th Indian Infantry Division from Arakan to Manipur Road area. 104 sorties carried out (66 day and 38 night) including 20 landings behind enemy lines.

 

Total sorties carried out - 164 (125 day and 39 night).

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L Norman Fenton (J24433) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 3 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Home in Moskow, Saskatchewan; enlisted Winnipeg, 9 May 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 21 June 1940), No.1 EFTS (graduated 19 August 1940) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 5 October 1940). Award presented 1 December 1948.

 

Flight Lieutenant Brown has recently completed a tour of operations during which he has attacked many heavily defended targets in Germany, including Berlin on five occasions. His efficiency and courage have been outstanding and he has on numerous occasions made more than one run over the target to press home his attack to the full. On one occasion he was detailed for a minelaying mission. When some distance from the target area on the return journey, it was discovered that not all the mines had been released. Displaying great determination and devotion to duty, Flight Lieutenant Brown returned to the target and completed his task successfully.

 


* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L Norval Howard (J13826) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 26 August 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 25 April 1942) and No.2 AOS (graduated 19 September 1942). Award presented 29 January 1947. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2610 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation by W/C C.A. Tambling dated 15 April 1945 when he had flown 36 sorties (220 hours 15 minutes), 25 August 1944 to 21 March 1945.

 

This officer, navigator of the crew captained by Flight Lieutenant Smyth, has completed thirty-six operational trips involving attacks on a wide variety of well defended targets in France and Germany.

 

He has always displayed a high degree of navigational ability and the successful completion of his many sorties is due in no small measure to the resourcefulness and courage he has shown at all times.

 

Flight Lieutenant Brown has also been a tremendous asset to his section when on the ground, not only by his workmanship, but by his co-operative spirit in instructing and leading fellow navigators.

 

I consider his fine record of achievement plus his quiet but dogged determination fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, Sergeant Ormond Mark (R82918) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 13 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2534/44 dated 24 November 1944. Home in Ottawa (government employee); enlisted there 14 December 1941. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 10 December 1943). Cited with F/O Raymond H. Simpson (RCAF pilot, awarded DFC) and Sergeant Russell E. Budd (RCAF, awarded DFM). Incident occurred 4 August 1944, HX275 (433/S); recommendations submitted to Station Skipton-on Swale, 18 August 1944; see DHist file 181.009 D.2988 (RG.24 Vol.20633) which also has a very long report by Simpson on the incident. Brown had flown ten sorties (50 hours 50 minutes) when recommended. Award presented 2 December 1946.

 


In August 1944, Flying Officer Simpson was captain of an aircraft detailed for a daylight attack on Bois de Casson. When leaving the target his aircraft was heavily hit by anti-aircraft fire. The bomber went into a steep dive and Flying Officer Simpson found the controls useless, but after ordering the crew to prepare to abandon aircraft, he regained control by the skilful use of his throttles and ailerons. It was then discovered that the control rods to the elevator and rudders had been severed in three places. Under Flying Officer Simpson's directions Sergeants Brown and Budd effected skilful temporary repairs and by pulling and pushing as the broken end of the controls enabled Flying Officer Simpson to fly the bomber back to this country where the crew abandoned the aircraft by parachute. These members of aircraft crew displayed great fortitude, skill and determination.

 

NOTE: DHist biographical file has news stories that describe the incident. Aircraft was bombing V-1 site in Pas de Calais area when hit hard (nose holded, bomb aimer wounded) by predicted flak. Brown left his turret and found severed control columns; he was able to work them by hand and was helped by Sergeant Budd. Brown then used spare wireless aerial to lash controls together but the wire kept breaking. The gunners became exhaused but lasted log enough to get the bomber to Britain.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, P/O Percival Robert (J89231) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Home in Sutton Junction, Quebec; enlisted in Montreal, 13 December 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 23 July 1943. Award sent by registered mail 10 June 1948. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.3260 (RG.24 Vol.20637) has recommendation dated 31 October 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (172 hours 35 minutes), 22 March to 17 September 1944.

 

This officer has taken part in 32 sorties over enemy territory, many of which have been to the enemy's most heavily defended areas.

 

On the 9th May, 1944, when detailed to attack St.Valerie, his aircraft was attacked three times by unidentified fighters but, on each occasion, the timely combat manoeuvres given by Pilot Officer Brown enabled his pilot to successfully evade the fighters and the mission was successfully completed. Again, when attacking Hamburg on 28th July, 1944, this officer's aircraft was attacked by a FW.190 over the target area and again, due primarily to Pilot Officer Brown's coolness and skill in directing his pilot, the enemy aircraft was successfully evaded without damage to his own aircraft.

 

This officer has, in a large measure, been responsible for the safety of his crew and aircraft on three occasions and I consider his efficiency, coolness and high courage fully merit the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 


BROWN, F/L Raymond Alexander (J21136) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.438 Squadron. Award effective 3 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1945 and AFRO 1672/45 dated 2 November 1945. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 3 November 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 9 May 1942), No.13 EFTS (graduated 31 July 1942) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 20 November 1942). Repatriated from overseas, 6 August 1945. Award sent by registered mail 28 June 1949.

 

This officer has completed a second tour of operational duty. On one occasion he was forced to leave his aircraft by parachute over the Channel. This did not deter him from continuing to fly with keenness and he returned to operations immediately. In August, 1945 [sic], his aircraft was badly damaged during a particularly hazardous armed reconnaissance flight. He landed successfully, despite a serious shrapnel wound in his leg. Flight Lieutenant Brown has inflicted much damage on the enemy's lines of communication. His courage and devotion to duty have always been of the highest standard.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/O Ross Norman Morrison (J90481) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.245 Squadron - Award effective 3 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1945 and AFRO 1672/45 dated 2 November 1945. Born in 1921 in Toronto; prewar home there; former upholsterer. Enlisted in RCAF, 13 February 1942, commissioned 1944. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 11 September 1942), No.12 EFTS (graduated 20 November 1942), and No.6 SFTS (graduated 2 April 1943). Award presented 18 October 1947.

 

This officer has participated in attacks on targets in France, Belgium, Holland, and at the Rhine crossing. On one occasion in march, 1945, he attacked and destroyed a tank at Emmerich, thus permitting the advance of our ground forces. On the same day he led a most successful attack on a mortar strongpoint. Flying Officer Brown has always shown skill and daring on all his missions.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/O Roy Allen (J26705) - American Distinguished Flying Cross - No.100 Squadron - Award effective 15 May 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Home in Edmonton; enlisted there 25 March 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 9 October 1942), No.5 BGS (graduated 18 April 1942) and No.2 AOS (graduated 28 May 1943). DHist file 181.009 D.3053 (RG.24 Vol.20634) has text of citation taken from USAF General Order 92 dated 14 November 1944.

 

For extraordinary achievement while serving as bombardier in many precision attacks on well defended targets in close support of the Allied armies. Flying Officer Brown's accurate bombing has contributed in a large measure to the destruction of many vital enemy objectives. His courage and skill reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country.


* * * * *

 

BROWN, LAC Stanley Barrett (R104709) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Verdun, Quebec; enlisted Montreal, 9 June 1941.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/L Wallace Hilton (J6844) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.407 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 5 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1453/45 dated 14 September 1945. Home in Amhurst, Nova Scotia; enlisted Moncton, 22 March 1940. Trained at No.1 WS (graduated 3 March 1941) and No.6 BGS (graduated 18 August 1941). Killed in action 6/7 June 1944 (Wellington HQ149). No known grave; commemorated on Runneymede Memorial. Award presented to next-of-kin, 2 December 1946.

 

Flight Lieutenant Brown, now on his second tour of operational duty, has taken part in a large number of anti-shipping and anti-submarine patrols. During his second tour two submarines were attacked. An excellent gunnery leader, this officer has been of great value in training less experienced crews and has set them a fine example by his keenness for operational flying and his gunnery skill.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9016 has recommendation dated 3 May 1944 when he had flown on 35 shipping strikes and 29 anti-submarine patrols. Flying time given as 616 hours 35 minutes of which 374 hours were operational. Described as Gunnery Leader in unit:

 

This officer completed his first tour on shipping strikes with this squadron during which time he took part in 35 sorties for a total of 110 hours. Following his rest period of eleven months in which he acted as an instructor in Training Command, he returned to his former squadron for his second tour on anti-submarine patrols. Since joining his squadron he has homed on four submarines resulting in two sightings and two attacks (N/407, Bay of Biscay, December 2nd, 1943, UBat Report Number Chivenor/UBat/10, and A/407, Western Approaches, March 11th, 1944, UBat Report Number Limavady/44/7). One of these homings was outstanding, being from 14 miles in a very rough sea. Through his keenness for operational flying and skill in gunnery, wireless and SE [Special Equipment ?] homing, he has been an inspiration and of great value in the training of younger crews.

 

This was approved by the Station Commander, Chivenor, 5 May 1944, by the Air Officer Commanding, No.19 Group on 26 May 1944, and by the Air Officer Commanding, Coastal Command, 7 June 1944.

 

* * * * *

 


BROWN, A/C Walter Whitson (C74) - Chevalier of the Legion of Honour (France) - Training Command Headquarters- Awarded as per Canada Gazette dated 18 June 1949 and AFRO 260/49. Born in Hamilton, Ontario, 8 September 1903. Enrolled in Royal Military College; commissioned in RCAF, 1925. Commanded BCATP schools in Canada; proceeded overseas after the war to be Senior Air Staff Officer, No.84 Air Disarmament Group. On return to Canada (1946) he became Chief Staff Officer at Training Command Headquarters, Trenton. Retired September 1955. No citation to the French award other tha "In recognition of distinguishedservices rendered in the cause of the Allies.". The following (from Public Records Officer Air 2/9669) is for a CBE suggested while he was with No.84 Group; it was not granted in 1946; however, it is quoted for the record and because the work done might have influenced the granting of the French honour.

 

Air Commodore Brown has been the Senior Disarmament Officer of No.84 Group since the end of hostilities. In this capacity he has had to face a task which is without precedent. Nevertheless he has successfully controlled and directed a complex organization dealing with the collection and destruction of German war material and the release and control of very large numbers of German air force personnel. He has throughout shown devotion to duty of a high order and constantly displayed sound judgement and initiative. He has by his example instilled and maintained an enthusiasm and interest in a task normally foreign to Service personnel and at best an uninspiring one. He has nevertheless performed valuable work and achieved much success.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, FS (now WO1) Wilfred David (R86267) - American Purple Heart - Overseas (deceased) - effective 27 July 1943 as per Canada Gazette dated 4 May 1946 and AFRO 473/46 dated 10 May 1946. Born 13 October 1919. Home in Brandon, Manitoba; enlisted Winnipeg 2 January 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 4 April 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 9 June 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 30 August 1941). Posted overseas 2 September 1941; on strength of RAF overseas, 22 October 1941. Promoted Flight Sergeant, 1 March 1942; WO2, 1 September 1942; WO1, 1 March 1943. Killed in action 19 September 1943 while serving with No.112 Squadron. Public Records Office Air 2/9599 has letter dated 23 May 1943 with details.

 

This officer requests that consideration be given on the recommendation of Flight Sergeant Wilfred D. Brown, R86267 (Canadian), 112 Squadron (RAF), the award of the Purple Heart, as a result of being wounded by enemy fire in his tour of operational duty in the Western Desert on the 11th of December.

 

Incident: Bottom cover to two Tack-R [sic] Hurricanes with the 66th Fighter Squadron as top cover over Marble Arch area, and ensuing air battle with defending ME.109s between the hours of 15.:10 and 17:10, 11th December 1942.

 


Flight Sergeant Brown piloting one of twelve P-40s on a Tack-R mission noticed four ME.109s following the flight while crossing the Agheila line and continued their way out to sea. It was soon observed that his formation was being attacked from the rear. Although he could have avoided combat, he immediately did a turn-about and found he was looking into the cannon of an ME.109 which was firing directly at him. Due to his courage and airmanship he shot down one of the attackers. Thinking he had completely run [out] of ammunition, he sighted another aircraft of his squadron, but while overtaking it he ran into two ME.109s. The enemy aircraft chased him toward the shore and while doing so the enemy anti-aircraft fire opened to [sic] him causing him to turn away, whereupon the two ME.109s attacked him from above and below. The explosive shell hit him on the head and a piece of his aircraft was blown into his shoulder. After the attack was broken off, Flight Sergeant Brown noticed his petrol was low, and in spite of the injuries he had received he landed the airplane at Nagrum and had the shrapnel and piece of aircraft removed from his head and shoulder.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, S/L William Forbes (J18186) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 March 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Home in Hepworth, Ontario; enlisted Hamilton, 16 September 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 7 February 1941), No.12 EFTS (graduated 22 April 1941) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 15 July 1941). Award presented in Toronto 30 November 1949. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1750 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20608) has recommendation dated 22 December 1944 when he had flown 22 sorties:

 

This captain of aircraft has fulfilled his duties with the utmost courage and devotion. Participating in many sorties against difficult and heavily defended German targets, he has consistently shown marked determination and airmanship of the highest order. As Deputy Flight Command and latterly as Flight Commander his tenacity of purpose, skill and fine leadership have set a high example for the whole squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, F/O William James (J26755) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1917 in Thunder Bay; home in Orillia; enlisted Windsor, 9 February 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 9 October 1942), No.9 EFTS (graduated 22 January 1943) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 28 May 1943). Commissioned 1943. Award sent by registered mail 30 March 1949. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (RG.24 Vol.20608) has recommendation dated 15 September 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (163 hours 55 minutes) in a tour from 19 May to 12 September 1944.

 


This captain has completed thirty-four heavy operational bombing attacks against the enemy, eleven of which have been on major targets. he has never been a non-starter or had an early return.

 

On August 13th [his] aircraft was detailed for Gardening at La Rochelle; the starboard outer engine overheated all the way to the target and on the return to base. This captain through excellent engine handling was successful in keeping the engine going and obtained approximately half-power from it.

 

Flying Officer Brown's work in general has been outstanding and he sets his mind on the task in hand, fearlessly and with a fine offensive spirit, setting a magnificent example to all.

 

 

* * * * *

 

BROWN, S/L William Russell (J3996) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.3 Training Command Headquarters - Awarded 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born in Woodstock, Ontario, 18 December 1918. Educated there and in Montreal including McGill University. Manager and Collections Credit Officer with the Robert Simpson Company. Enlisted in Montreal, 1 July 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 September 1940), No.4 EFTS (graduated 24 November 1940) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 10 February 1941). Described as having flown 1,300 hours as instructor, 1,500 hours to date.

 

This officer has served as a flying instructor and squadron commander and has at all times displayed outstanding ability and leadership in his work. His keenness and devotion to duty have been an excellent example to all his associates.

 

BROWN, S/L William Russell (J3996) - Air Force Cross - No.1 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. As of award had flown 1,563 hours (1,300 as instructor). Award sent by registered mail 7 May 1946.

 

An instructor of outstanding merit, this officer continues to give meritorious service as a staff officer. His high standard of efficiency, co-operation and ability are demonstrated in the manner in which he has carried out his duties. The results of his work are reflected throughout the whole command. Both as an instructor and as a staff officer he has, by splendid devotion to duty, made a great contribution to the training of aircrew.

 

* * * * *

 


BROWN, F/L William Wood Lindsay (J16571) - Mention in Despatches - No.441 Squadron - (deceased) - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 418/46 dated 18 April 1946. Born 18 August 1916. Home in Edmonton; enlisted there 7 November 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 March 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 16 May 1941), and No.2 SFTS (graduated 8 August 1941). To Y Depot for embarkation, 9 August 1941; to RAF overseas, 27 August 1941; commissioned 3 October 1942. Killed in action 13 August 1944; buried in France. Credited with a share of a FW.190 destroyed (22 June 1944) and two FW.190s destroyed (17 July 1944). Certificate sent to his mother, 3 November 1948. No citation.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWNE, F/L Arthur William (J26970) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.550 Squadron - Award effective 5 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1219/45 dated 27 July 1945. Home in Hamilton; enlisted there 11 July 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 7 November 1941), No.9 EFTS (graduated 2 January 1942) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 24 April 1942).

 

One night in April 1945, this officer was pilot and captain of an aircraft detailed to attack Planen. On the outward flight the starboard inner engine caught fire and had to be put out of action. Although some height was lost, Flight Lieutenant Browne continued to the target which he attacked in the face of considerable anti-aircraft fire. His aircraft sustained damage in the bomb bays. On the homeward flight another engine failed. Nevertheless, this determined pilot skilfully flew his aircraft back to base where he effected a safe landing. This officer has completed numerous sorties and has displayed courage and determination of the highest order.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWNE, FS Edward Joseph (R218062) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.630 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Home in Saskatoon; enlisted there 18 February 1943. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 1 October 1943). Award presented 6 September 1947.

 

This air gunner has completed a very successful tour of operations. He has taken part in a number of attacks on major targets in Germany. During one of these sorties while attacking Darmstadt he observed an enemy fighter preparing to attack a friendly aircraft. Flight Sergeant Browne by his clear and accurate instructions enabled his captain to manoeuvre his own aircraft so that it was possible to shoot down the enemy fighter. His skill and ability as an air gunner have been of the utmost value to his crew.

 

Public Records Office Air 2/9039 has recommendation dated 19 October 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (200 hours 32 minutes); gives more details than published citation:

 

1 June 44 Saumur (6.13) 25 July 44 Stuttgart (8.47)

4 June 44 Maizy (3.50) 26 July 44 Givors (8.26)

5 June 44 La Perenelle (4.17) 28 July 44 Stuttgart (7.56)

7 June 44 Foret de Cerisny (4.47) 30 July 44 Aunay-sur-Odon (5.48)


9 June 44 Etampes (4.28) 31 July 44 Joigny (5.07)

12 Jun 44 Caen (4.21) 2 Aug 44 Trossy St.Maximim (4.14)

14 Jun 44 Aunay-sur-Odon (4.55) 5 Aug 44 St.Leu d'Esserent (4.31)

16 Jun 44 Doulens (3.42) 9 Aug 44 Chatelleauls (6.26)

21 Jun 44 Wesserling (4.20) 10 Aug 44 Bordeaux (6.50)

4 July 44 Creil (4.00) 11 Aug 44 Givors (8.16)

7 Jul 44 Creil (4.30) 25 Aug 44 Darmstadt (8.25)

12 Jul 44 Chateau Chalindray 26 Aug 44 Koenigsburg (10.38)

(7.46) 27 Aug 44 Danzig (11.10)

14 Jul 44 Villeneuve St.George 31 Aug 44 Bergueneuse (3.48)

(6.45) 3 Sept 44 Deelan (3.37)

18 Jul 44 Caen (3.37) 9 Sept 44 Munchen (4.20)

19 Jul 44 Creil (4.07) 11 Sept 44 Le Havre

20 Jul 44 Courtrai (2.57) 11 Sept 44 Darmstadt

24 Jul 44 Stuttgart (8.12)

 

This Air Gunner has completed a very successful tour of operations, having taken part in several attacks against highly defended targets in Germany and enemy occupied territory.

 

On his last sortie over Darmstadt he observe an enemy fighter preparing to attack another Lancaster in the target area. By giving his captain an excellent running commentary, he enabled the captain to position his Lancaster so as to allow him to bring his sights to bear on the enemy fighter. Flight Sergeant Browne successfully engaged the fighter and claims to have destroyed it. This was confirmed by another aircraft in the squadron, in particular by one which was captained by his squadron commander.

 

His skill and ability as an air gunner has been outstanding, and his coolness and judgement have been of the utmost value to his crew, and have earned for him their confidence and respect. His keenness to operate and devotion to duty have been most marked, and he has set a fine example to other air gunners in the squadron. He is strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.

 

* * * * *

 


BROWNE, S/L John Danforth (J9068) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.442 Squadron - Award effective 24 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. American; home in Florham Park, New Jersey. Born 16 January 1921. Enlisted in Montreal, 5 March 1941; trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 21 June 1941), No.11 EFTS (graduated 29 August 1941), and No.9 SFTS (graduated and commissioned 21 November 1941). To Y Depot, Halifax, 22 November 1941; on strength of RAF overseas, 13 December 1941. Repatriated 12 August 1944; posted overseas again; repatriated 3 September 1945; released 12 October 1945. Credited with the following victories: 24 October 1943, one Bf.109 destroyed and one Bf.109 damaged, Abbeville (with No.403 Squadron); 21 January 1944, one FW.190 damaged (No.403 Squadron); 30 June 1944, one FW.190 destroyed (No.441 Squadron); 26 December 1944, one Bf.109 destroyed (No.421 Squadron); 23 January 1945, one FW.190 destroyed (No.421 Squadron). Repatriated 1 September 1945; released 12 October 1945. Award presented 13 July 1945.

 

This officer has displayed a high standard of skill and courage in operations against the enemy. He is an excellent leader and his resolute work has played a good part in the success of the squadron. His example has been most inspiring.

 

BROWNE, S/L John Danforth, DFC (J9068) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946. No citation.

 

* * * * *

 

BROWNE, FS Rodney Rupert (R268590) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 20 April 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Home in Town of Mont Royal, Quebec; enlisted Montreal, 25 August 1943. Trained at No.10 BGS (graduated 10 March 1944). Award presented 5 October 1947.

 

One night in February 1945 this airman was rear gunner in an aircraft detailed to attack Worms. Whilst over the target the aircraft was intercepted by a fighter. Flight Sergeant Browne gave a timely warning to his pilot who took the necessary combat manoeuvre. Flight Sergeant Browne then opened up with his guns, firing several bursts at the attacker which fell away and afterwards exploded. This airman is a cool and confident air gunner. He has taken part in very many sorties and his skill and vigilance have made him a valuable member of aircraft crew.

 

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BROWNELL, F/O Francis Henry (J27222) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Home in Westborough, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa 20 April 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 10 October 1942), No.3 EFTS (graduated 10 January 1943) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 11 June 1943). Award presented by Governor General 9 December 1947. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1729 (RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 19 November 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (186 hours), 4 July to 11 November 1944.

 


This pilot has completed thirty-four operational bombing sorties against a variety of targets. He has invariably displayed a high standard of skill and determination in pressing home his attack. Through his cheerful courage, unselfishness and sacrifice he has set a fine example to his crew.

 

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BROWNELL, F/L Gavin James (J26394) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.582 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Home in Port McNicoll, Ontario; enlisted Galt, 14 February 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 25 September 1942), No.11 EFTS (graduated 11 December 1942) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 14 May 1943). Award presented with Bar in Toronto, 30 November 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9070 has recommendation dated 18 February 1945 when he had flown 33 sorties (153 hours), 16 August 1944 to 1 February 1944.

 

16 Aug 44 Pomeranian Bay 6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen

29 Aug 44 Stettin 9 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel

31 Aug 44 Agennville 11 Nov 44 Dortmund

3 Sept 44 Eindhoven 2 Dec 44 Karlsruhe

6 Sept 44 Le Havre 4 Dec 44 Merseberg (Leuna)

10 Sep 44 Le Havre 15 Dec 44 Ludwigshaven

16 Sep 44 Leeuwarden 17 Dec 44 Ulm

19 Sep 44 Calais 23 Dec 44 Cologne (Gremburg)

23 Sep 44 Neuss 28 Dec 44 Munchen Gladbach

24 Sep 44 Calais 29 Dec 44 Troisdorf

5 Oct 44 Saarbrucken 30 Dec 44 Cologne

7 Oct 44 Emmerich 2 Jan 45 Nuremburg

28 Oct 44 Domberg 13 Jan 45 Saarbrucken

29 Oct 44 Walcheren 14 Jan 45 Merseburg (Leuna)

30 Oct 44 Cologne 16 Jan 45 Magdeburg

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf 1 Feb 45 Ludwigshaven

4 Nov 44 Bochum

 

Flying Officer Brownell is an exceptionally keen and efficient captain of a very successful marker crew. He has at all times shown the greatest determination, skill and courage, together with an unfailing energy and sense of duty in all phases of his operational tour. He is strongly recommended for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

BROWNELL, A/S/L Gavin James (J26394) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.582 Squadron - Awarded 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 4 December 1945 and AFRO 212/46 dated 1 March 1946.

 


Since being recommended for the Distinguished Flying Cross, Squadron Leader Brownell has taken part in a number of successful sorties with the Pathfinder Force. He has set a fine example by his keenness for air operations and as a flight commander he has led his flight with outstanding courage and determination. This officer has always pressed home his attacks with great vigour and skill and his courage and devotion to duty have been valuable assets to his squadron.

 

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BROWNELL, Sergeant William Bruce (R52515) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron (No.62 Base) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. American in the RCAF; home in Rochester, New York. Enlisted in Toronto, 24 October 1939, arrived overseas 29 April 1942. No citation in AFRO. Recommended for MiD, 21 July 1944, at which time he was identified with No.432 Squadron as a Fitter IIE. Recommendation read as follows:

 

Sergeant Brownell, in his duties as Senior Fitter in the Flight, has worked unceasingly for the well-being of the squadron, not only by his example to airmen under him, but by the useful knowledge he has imparted, and the high standard of morale he has helped to set.

 

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BROWNHILL, F/O Jack Kenneth (J21638) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.12 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Home in Fort Erie, Ontario; enlisted Hamilton, 7 February 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 1 August 1942) and No.9 AOS (graduated 4 December 1942). Award presented at Stamford Centre, Ontario, 7 August 1949.No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8827 has recommendation dated 14 August 1944 when he had flown 30 sorties (147 hours 55 minutes).

 

3 May 44 Mailley le Camp 27 Jun 44 Vaires

21 May 44 Duisburg 30 Jun 44 Vierzon

22 May 44 Dortmund 2 July 44 Domleger

27 May 44 Aachen 4 July 44 Orleans

31 May 44 Tegnier 5 July 44 Dijon

2 June 44 Berneval le Grand 7 July 44 Caen

4 June 44 Pas de Calais 12 Jul 44 Tours

5 June 44 Crisbecq 17 Jul 44 Caen

6 June 44 Acheres 18 Jul 44 Schloven

9 June 44 Flers 20 Jul 44 Courtrai

11 Jun 44 Evreux 23 Jul 44 Kiel

12 Jun 44 Gelsenkirchen 25 Jul 44 Stuttgart

14 Jun 44 Le Havre 31 Jul 44 Foret de Nieppe

23 Jun 44 Saintes 2 Aug 44 Les Catelliers


24 Jun 44 Flers 3 Aug 44 Trossy St.Maximine

 

Flying Officer Brownhill, who is a Canadian, has navigated a Lancaster aircraft in thirty operations, including raids on such distant targets as Stuttgart, Saintes, Dijon and on targets in the Ruhr Valley.

 

He has maintained an extremely high standard of efficiency throughout, frequently in the face of fierce enemy opposition and in difficult weather conditions. His navigating skill and high courage have been an inspiration to his captain and the rest of his crew, enabling them to achieve repeated success and giving them complete confidence.

 

His ability, courage and devotion to duty have been a tower of strength to a very gallant crew and I consider the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross to Flying Officer Brownhill would justly reward his magnificent efforts.

 

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BROWNING, F/O Charles Henry (C87693) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 12 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in North Saskatoon, Saskatchewan; enlisted in London, Ontario 30 January 1942. Award presented 9 July 1949. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009 D.5526 (RG.24 Vol.20667) has recommendation dated 15 September 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (123 hours 45 minutes), 24 May to 27 August 1944.

 

This officer, as Navigator, has completed 26 operational trips, some of which have been over such well defended targets as Sterkrade, Stuttgart and Hamburg. His fortitude and cheerfulness on these trips has servedd to strengthen the morale of his crew and his coolness, during heavy flak, has a steadying influence. In recognition of Pilot Officer Browning's outstanding ability and cool courage, it is strongly recommended that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

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BROWNLEE, S/L Donald Arthur (C5194) - Mention in Despatches - No.143 Wing (AFRO gives unit as "Overseas" - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. No citation found but DHist file 181.009 D.1124 (RG.24 Vol.20595) has recommendation from No.120 Wing for an OBE. It is for work performed with that unit, but does state that Brownlee had been Senior Administrative Officer in No.143 Wing throughout the European campaign and had been Mentioned in Despatches for that work.

 


BROWNLEE, F/L D.A. (19985) - French Croix de Guerre with Silver Star - Award as per Canada Gazette dated 20 September 1947 and AFRO 485/47 dated 12 September 1947. Home in Ottawa; enlisted there 28 August 1935. Administrative Officer.

 

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BROWNLEE, WO Donald Grant (R127825) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.13 Squadron - Award effective 22 September 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2274/44 dated 20 October 1944. Home in Woodbridge, Ontario; enlisted Toronto 20 August 1941. Trained at No.4 WS (graduated 31 August 1942) and No.1 BGS (graduated 3 August 1942). Award sent by registered mail.

 

Warrant Officer Brownlee was the gunner of a Baltimore aircraft which on returning from a night reconnaissance in May 1944, crashed on the beach near Termoli. The aircraft broke in two, between the turret and the wireless operator's cabin, and the front portion caught fire. With assistance from an Army officer who was on the beach Warrant Officer Brownlee climbed out of the turret and although suffering from severe shock and bruises he approached the blazing front portion of the wreckage, disregarding the risk of exploding petrol tanks. Warrant Officer Brownlee and the Army officer successfully extricated the wireless operator/air gunner and carried him clear. While this was being done ammunition was exploding and one of the petrol tanks blew up. Warrant Officer Brownlee then returned to the wreckage to rescue the pilot, but owing to the fierceness of the fire had to abandon the attempt. Although considerably shaken when he had made his own escape, he showed great bravery and devotion to duty.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/8784 has recommendation dated 14 May 1944. As of that date he had flown 28 sorties (97 hours five minutes). Originally put up for a Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying), it appears that a George Medal was substituted as of 29 May 1944 by the AOC Mediterranean Tactical Air Forces. It is not clear when the MBE was substituted.

 

Warrant Officer Brownlee was the gunner of a Baltimore aircraft which, returning from a completed armed night reconnaissance, crashed on the beach near Termoli at 2330 hours on 11 May 1944 after a wing tip had hit the sea during a turn. The aircraft broke in two, between the turret and the wireless operator's cabin, and the front portion caught fire. With the help of a Royal Army Signal Corps officer, Lieutenant W.J. Robinson, who was on duty on the beach, he climbed out of the turret after breaking off portions of the perspex.

 

Although suffering from severe shock and bruises, Warrant Officer Brownlee together with Lieutenant Robinson approached the blazing front portion of the wreckage and saw the Wireless Operator Air Gunner, Warrant Officer Bond, sitting motionless in his seat. Disregarding the risk of the petrol tanks exploding they successfully extricated Warrant Officer Bond and carried him clear of the wreckage to the accompaniment of exploding ammunition and the explosion of one petrol tank after they had carried him five yards from the aircraft.


Warrant Officer Brownlee approached the wreckage once more in order to rescue the pilot who was still in the aircraft, but had to abandon the attempt owing to the fierceness of the fire. Although already considerably shaken by his own escape he showed great devotion to duty and bravery in his attempts to rescue his comrades, knowing full well the great risks he was running.

 

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