BABCOCK, Sergeant Melford Harry (R142191) - British Empire Medal - No.2 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Eaton, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Regina, 2 December 1941. Award sent by registered mail 1947.

 

The untiring efforts of this non-commissioned officer have been an inspiration to all. His devotion to duty and willingness in co-operation with his associates has been an outstanding contribution to the Royal Canadian Air Force.

* * * * *

 

BABINEAU, S/L John Lindley (J3269) - Mention in Despatches - No.3 PRC - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Saskatoon; enlisted there, 4 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 July 1940), No.1 AOS (graduated 12 October 1940), No.1 BGS (graduated 25 November 1040) and No.1 CNS (graduated 23 December 1940). No citation.

 

* * * * *

 

BACH, Corporal Harry (R158787) - Mention in Despatches - No.120 Squadron (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Born 19 February 1917. Home in Hamilton; educated at King Edward Public School and Hamilton Technical School. Employed in purchasing and office management for an auto parts firm. Enrolled under National Resources Mobilization Act, 5 February 1942 and took infantry training at No.20 Basic Training Centre, Brantford. Enlisted in RCAF in Hamilton 18 March 1942. At No.3 Manning Depot, Edmonton, 18 March to 25 April 1942; University of Saskatchewan (Radar Course), 26 April to 23 August 1942 (promoted Leading Aircraftman on 22 August 1942); on strength of No.1 Manning Depot, Toronto, 24 August to 16 September 1942; at No.31 Radio Direction Finding School, Clinton, 17 September 1942 to 20 January 1943; assigned to RAF Delegation to Washington, 23 January 1943, being attached to American units in Texas until 3 April 1943 when he proceeded by air (No.45 Group) to Britain. To No.59 Squadron, 6 April 1943; to No.524 Squadron, 21 November 1943; to No.201 Squadron, 17 January 1944; to No.422 Squadron, 3 March 1944; to No.120 Squadron, 12 May 1944. Promoted Corporal, 10 October 1944. To Station Ballykelly, 24 June 1945; to No.73 Base, 30 June 1945; to North Luffenham, 24 August 1945. Repatriated to Canada, 16 November 1945; released 15 December 1945. Photograph PL-40423 shows LAC C.R. McNair (Burlington, Ontario) and LAC H. Bach (Hamilton), described as "Canadian radar mechanics stationed in northern Ireland". Although no citation can be found, a report filed as he was being released noted that he had been Mentioned in Despatches "for efficient work in his trade as radar mechanic". It added, "He is considered to have outstanding learning ability and also outstanding mechanical knowledge."

 

* * * * *

 

BACH, F/O Thomas Eric (J22560) - Mention in Despatches - No.58 Squadron (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Born 20 November 1921. Home in Belgrado, Argentina; took Argentine military training, 1940-41. Enlisted in RCAF, Ottawa, 19 August 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 18 January 1942), No.2 AOS (graduated 25 April 1942), No.8 BGS (graduated 6 June 1942) and No.1 CNS (graduated 20 July 1942). Commissioned and posted to Britain, arriving 1 September 1942. Further trained at No.3 School of General Reconnaissance. Posted on 8 December 1942 to No.3 (Coastal) OTU, completing a course of 82 hours 40 minutes flying on Whitleys. Slightly injured 1 February 1943 in crash of Whitley Z9135 (forced landing in a field after double engine failure). Posted to No.58 Squadron, 28 April 1943, completing 19 sorties and 187 hours 20 minutes operational flying, 25 June 1943 to 27 September 1943. Halifax HR982 (B) of No.58 Squadron reported missing 27 September 1943; aircraft shot down while attacking a U-boat (reportedly sunk), roughly 47 degrees North, 18 degrees West (captain was F/O E.L. Hartley). Two crew killed (Sergeant R.K. Triggol and Sergeant M. Griffiths, both RAF. He spent eleven days in a dinghy before rescue by a destroyer and taken to Plymouth, admitted to hospital 10 October (exposure, frostbite, anxiety) and was boarded unfit for operational flying duties, but as an "above average operator" suitable for instructional duties. Embarked for Canada, 10 April 1944. Remustered to pilot training, 28 July 1944 but did not qualify for wings until 17 August 1945 (No.18 SFTS). Released 26 October 1945. No citation in AFRO. His sorties (listed in application for operational wings) were as follows:


26 June 19439.0023 August 19439.55
28 June 19439.1525 August 19435.05
7 July 194310.5027 August 194310.10
13 July 194310.4530 August 194311.10
16 July 194310.403 September 194311.10
19 July 194310.208 September 194311.50
24 July 19438.4011 September 194311.30
25 July 19438.5515 September 194311.10
9 August 19439.4527 September 194310.00
21 August 19438.10  

 

* * * * *

 

BACK, FS (now WO) Sidney (R72341) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.59 Squadron - Award effective 12 April 1943 as per London Gazette dated 20 April 1943 and AFRO 985/43 dated 28 May 1943. Born 1918. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 20 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 23 December 1940), No.10 EFTS (washed out, date uncertain), No.5 BGS (graduated 4 August 1941), No.5 AOS (graduated 23 June 1941), and No.1 CNS (graduated 15 September 1941). To No.423 Squadron, April 1943. Medal presented 18 October 1947.

 


This airman has served with the squadron since January 1942. The crew of which he is a member has been consistently successful on operations. He participated in many hazardous sorties against enemy shipping off the Dutch coast. In July 1942 he made a telling attack on two 5,000 ton enemy ships in the face of heavy anti-aircraft fire. Later, in November 1942, this airman took part, with good effect, in a most determined attack on shipping in a French harbour, in spite of vigorous ground fire and adverse weather. Throughout his operational career Flight Sergeant Back has set a fine example of determination and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

BACON, F/O James Alexander (J38725) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born in Montreal; home in Rock Island, Quebec (farmer); enlisted Montreal, 15 October 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 12 June 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 26 November 1943). Commissioned 1943. Medal presented 27 February 1947. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation by S/L R.W. Swartz dated 20 April 1945 when he had flown 35 sorties (250 hours 15 minutes), 6 October 1944 to 25 March 1945.

 

This officer has displayed great courage, determination and devotion to duty. As a navigator he has shown exceptional skill and ability with great tenacity of purpose and the faculty of retaining coolness and presence of mind at all times and under any circumstances.

 

His ability and desire to serve have been of incalculable assistance to his pilot and have contributed to a major degree to the operational success of his crew and the completion of their tour.

 

For his courage, ability and devotion to duty I recommend the Non-Immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BACZINSKI, F/O Michael (C85784) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.431 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 1917, Brandon, Manitoba; home there; enlisted Winnipeg, 11 July 1940. Commissioned March 1944. Photograph PL-19696 showed crew to deliver first Canadian-built Lancaster to Britain - S/L R.J. Lane, F/O J.P.H. Carree, Sergeant R.S. Webb, Sergeant Ted Burger, F/O Steve Boczar, Sergeant R.W. Wright and Sergeant Baczinski. Medal presented 11 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.9 Vol.20612) has recommendation by W/C W.F. McKinnon dated 23 April 1945 when he had flown 17 sorties (124 hours 32 minutes), 4 February to 13 April 1945. This was a second tour; no details about first tour. NOTE: recommendation spells name as "Bachinski".


Flying Officer Bachinski, a Flight Engineer, has completed seventeen trips on his second tour. He has operated against such targets as Dresden, Chemnitz, Merseberg and Hamburg with the greatest of cool co-operation. At all times, and in the face of great opposition he has been invaluable in assisting his pilot. On the ground he has taken a keen interest in his section and has been a great help to the more junior engineers.

 

For his zeal and energy in the performance of operations, and for his reliability, force of character and leadership in his section I strongly recommend the award of the non-immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BADGLEY, S/L Maurice Fraser (C2161) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.1 AOS (since moved to RCAF Station Trenton) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 6 January 1945 and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Enlisted in Montreal, 5 June 1940. Medal presented 17 June 1945.

 

This officer, as Senior Administrative Officer at this station, has displayed exceptional ability in the execution of his duties. Throughout his career of administrative duties in a number of units he has always displayed initiative, forethought and devotion to duty of a high order. By his keen and energetic efforts he has contributed materially to the welfare of the personnel at the stations where he has been employed. He cheerful and co-operative spirit have been a fine example to all those with whom he has been associated.

 

* * * * *

 

BAER, F/O Russell Elmer (J24467) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.578 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Born 1918 in Galt, Ontario; home in Beamsville (radio announcer, ex-Scots Fusiliers); enlisted North Bay, 27 November 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 4 July 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 19 March 1943). Commissioned 1943. Photograph PL-31808 and PL-31809 show F/L T.S. Wright, F/L Russ Baer and F/O Ken Reid; PL-31810 shows Baer greeted by Section Officer Nadia Madill on completion of his 40th sortie; PL-31811 shows him at window in his Halifax bomber. Award sent by registered mail 3 February 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8827 has recommendation dated 21 August 1944 when he had flown 40 sorties (167 hours 59 minutes), 29 December 1943 to 14 August 1944.

 

(* denotes daylight sortie)

 

29 Dec 43 Berlin (7.15) 15 Jun 44 Tirlemont (3.21)*


9 Apr 44 Lille (4.35) 17 Jun 44 St.Martin l'Hortier (3.46)

10 Apr 44 Tergnier (5.01) 22 Jun 44 Siracourt (3.47)*

18 Apr 44 Tergnier (4.48) 23 Jun 44 Oisemont (3.58)

20 Apr 44 Ottignes (4.07) 24 Jun 44 Le Grand Rossignol (3.25)

22 Apr 44 Dusseldorf (4.59) 27 Jun 44 Marquis Mimoyecques (3.25)*

24 Apr 44 Karlsruhe (6.33) 30 Jun 44 Villers Bocage (3.41)*

26 Apr 44 Essen (4.20) 18 Jul 44 Caen H.2 (3.35)*

27 Apr 44 Aulnoye (4.09) 20 Jul 44 Bottrop (4.09)

30 Apr 44 Acheres (4.25) 23 Jul 44 Kiel (5.11)

8 May 44 Berneval (3.57) 28 Jul 44 Foret de Nieppe (3.32)*

10 May 44 Lens (3.13) 30 Jul 44 Battle Area (4.12)*

22 May 44 Orleans (4.46) 1 Aug 44 Anderbelke (2.34)*

24 May 44 Aachen (4.06) 2 Aug 44 Le Nieppe (3.24)*

27 May 44 Bourg Leopold (3.59) 3 Aug 44 Foret de Nieppe (3.06)*

2 June 44 Harinzeles (3.19) 6 Aug 44 Hazelbrouck (3.02)*

4 June 44 Boulogne (3.28) 9 Aug 44 Foret de Mormal (3.38)*

5 June 44 Mont Fleury (4.16) 11 Aug 44 Somain (4.18)*

6 June 44 Chateaudun (5.49) 12 Aug 44 Russelsheim (5.35)

8 June 44 Alencon (5.30) 14 Aug 44 TRACTABLE (3.35)*

 

Flight Lieutenant Baer has carried out 40 operations totalling 167.59 hours during which he has attacked many important targets which have included those situated in such well known areas as Dusseldorf, Essen, Aachen, Kiel and Russelsheim.

 

This outstanding Canadian officer possesses a courageous and keenly determined spirit which has resulted in many successful operations being carried out by his crew. His fine sense of leadership combined with consummate skill as a pilot in addition to his splendid tactical knowledge have ensured a consistently high standard of achievement.

 

This captain has set a fine example throughout his long operational career and it is strongly recommended that he should be considered for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BAGNELL, F/O Russell Elbert (J93007) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 5 June 1945 per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Home in Saint John, New Brunswick; enlisted Moncton, 8 April 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 29 September 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 21 November 1941) and No.14 SFTS (graduated 13 February 1942). Medal presented 24 April 1948. Remained in postwar RCAF; photograph PL-112750 shows him with No.412 Squadron, 1959.

 


This officer has participated in many sorties. In March 1945 he was detailed to attack Rheine. When over enemy territory he was subjected to heavy anti-aircraft fire. His aircraft was hit and oil was reported leaking from both starboard engines. In spite of this he continued on to the target and executed a good bombing attack. When approaching the English coast on the return flight, the aircraft commenced to vibrate heavily and fire broke out in the starboard outer engine. Pilot Officer Bagnell decided to alter course and endeavour to reach the nearest airfield. This was accomplished and a successful landing was made. The skill and tenacity of this officer set a very fine example.

 

* * * * *

 

BAILEY, Sergeant John Calder (R107483) - Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) - No.622 Squadron - Award effective 31 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 17 September 1943 and AFRO 2198/43 dated 29 October 1943. Born 1920 in Saskatoon, 2 July 1941; enlisted there 2 July 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 20 January 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 27 March 1942), No.10 SFTS (ceased training 14 June 1942), No.7 BGS (graduated 18 July 1942) and No.5 AOS (graduated 12 September 1942). Arrived in UK, 1 December 1942; to No.26 OTU and then to No.1651 CU (3 June 1943); to No.15 Squadron, 30 June 1943; to No.622 Squadron on formation, 10 August 1943. Returned to Canada for pilot training, 13 January 1944 - and failed again at No.5 EFTS ! Employed on bomb aimer instructional duties to end of war. Released 21 September 1945. AC2 2 July 1941; LAC, 19 January 1942; Sergeant, 23 October 1942; Flight Sergeant, 23 April 1943; Commissioned effective 21 September 1943. Photograph PL-23655 is a formal portrait.

 

This airman was the bomb aimer of an aircraft which attacked Berlin one night in August 1943. When leaving the target area a fighter was encountered and in the subsequent action the bomber sustained much damage and its pilot was seriously wounded. He endeavoured to regain control but slumped over the control column and had to be assisted from his seat. The aircraft lost considerable height and one of its engines was out of action. Displaying rare coolness, Sergeant Bailey took over the controls and flew the aircraft to an airfield in this country. Although he had never attempted to land a heavy bomber before, he succeeded in making a masterly landing. This airman displayed great skill and resource and was undoubtedly responsible for the safe return of the aircraft and his crew.

 

* * * * *

 


BAILEY, P/O Theodore Reginald (J86729) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 1922 in Saskatchewan; home in Roadene, Saskatchewan; enlisted Regina, 23 February 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 2 October 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 30 December 1942) and No.15 SFTS (graduated 30 April 1943). Commissioned 1944. Medal presented 2 December 1946. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1633 (RG.24 Vol.20603) has recommendation dated 27 July 1944 when he had flown 28 sorties (144 hours 24 minutes), 22 March to 25 July 1944.

 

Pilot Officer Bailey has completed many sorties against some of the most heavily defended targets in Germany including Berlin, Frankfurt, Essen and Friedrichshaven. On all his sorties he has shown exceptional keenness and a fine offensive spirit. The results obtained by his crew have been excellent and on many occasions he has brought back splendid photographs of the actual aiming point. Pilot Officer Baily has on all occasions shown himself to be an extremely efficient operational pilot and as such has been a very valuable asset to this squadron. Therefore, I recommend that he be awarded a Non-Immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BAILEY, WO1 Wesley Dynes (R71959) - Air Force Cross - No.6 SFTS - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born in Honeywood, Ontario; educated Shelburne and Orangeville, Ontario; home in Orangeville. Enlisted in Toronto, 4 September 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 30 June 1942), No.12 EFTS (graduated 3 February 1943) and No.6 SFTS (wings 28 May 1943). Described as having flown 2,420 hours to date, 2,062 hours as instructor, 285 hours in previous six months. Award presented 22 December 1946. Medals and logbook displayed in RCAF Memorial Museum, Trenton, Ontario. Photograph PL-142313 shows him as a Flight Lieutenant in 1961.

 

This warrant officer has been employed on flying instructional duties for the past three years and has continuously displayed exceptional ability and determination in the execution of his duties. One night recently when the aerodrome was completely obscured by ground fog, he proved his skill and judgement by landing his plane successfully, guided only by flares sent up from the ground.

 

* * * * *

 

BAILLIE, F/O Andrew Dollar (C13665) - Mention in Despatches - Station Tholthorpe (No.62 Base in AFRO) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Armament Officer. Home in Morden, Manitoba; enlisted in Winnipeg, 4 July 1940. No citation but DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) gives recommendation submitted by F/L R.F.K. Hanna (Station Armament Officer) dated 8 July 1944 which originally was for an MBE:

 


Shortly after a bombed-up aircraft exploded and burnt at RCAF Station Tholthorpe, in the early hours of 28th June 1944, Flying Officer Baillie arrived on the scene and took immediate action to have the area cleared of on-looking personnel. In the dark, and with complete disregard for his own personal safety, he conducted a search for unexploded bombs in the vicinity of the wreckage. This, after a number of bombs were known to have already exploded from the intense heat. Flying Officer Baillie located several fuzed bombs, all of which were hot from the explosion and fire. He immediately unfuzed a hot bomb which might have exploded at any minute and, assisted by another officer and two Non-Commissioned Officers, he located and removed to a safe area two other hot bombs fuzed long delay.

 

In this work Flying Officer Baillie courageously exposed himself to danger over a period of several hours until all dangerous bombs were finally disposed of. When a misfire occurred during the demolition of the two long-delay bombs, he coolly and with great presence of mind persisted in the work of laying a second explosive charge and completing the demolition.

 

This officer's prompt action is responsible for the safeguarding of lives and the clearing of the aerodrome for further operations in a minimum of time.

 

For sustained courage and unusual initiative it is recommended that he is worthy of the award of the MBE.

 

BAILLIE, F/L Andrew Dollar (C13665) - Mention in Despatches - East Moor - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol 20607) has list of MiDs this date with unit. No citation in biographical file or AFRO. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945 when he had served 33 months in Canada, nine months overseas. Station Armament Officer.

 

Flight Lieutenant Baillie as Armament Officer on this and other stations has contributed greatly to the successful completion of many operations. On numerous occasions his men have been exceedingly pressed for time and it was only by his inspiring leadership and careful supervision that the aircraft were bombed up and ready to go on time. He has the profound respect and admiration of all those associated with him.

 

* * * * *

 

BAILLIE, F/O John James (J37488) - George Medal - No.194 Squadron - Award effective 26 February 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 322/46 dated 29 March 1946. Born 1919 in Westville, Nova Scotia; ex-Pictou Highlanders; enlisted Halifax 17 January 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 3 July 1942), No.20 EFTS (ceased training 9 October 1942), No.6 BGS (graduated 11 June 1943), and No.10 AOS (graduated 29 October 1943). Repatriated to Canada, December 1945, settling in Toronto where his wife lived. Award presented 18 October 1947. Worked postwar for Toronto Transit Commission, Consumers Gas and Department of Highways. Last employment was as a commissionaire at Mossport Armouries. Died in Toronto, 14 December 1997. Photograph PL-60556 showed him with P/O J.M. Rice of Orillia with Japanese uniform souveniers, taken 17 April 1945.

 


On June 14, 1945, Flying Officer Baillie was the navigator of a Dakota aircraft which crashed near Myingyan air strip in Central Burma. The fuel tank burst and fire soon spread to the fuselage. When he recovered consciousness Flying Officer Baillie discovered that his leg was entangled in the static line and that his clothes were burning. He freed himself by a great effort and although he was suffering from multiple head injuries, a broken cheek bone and concussion he dragged two Indian other ranks clear of the wreckage. On hearing screams from inside the aircraft he re-entered in spite of further burns which he sustained to hand and leg. He rescued the delirious wireless operator who resisted his efforts. By his great courage and complete disregard for his own safety, Flying Officer Baillie saved the lives of the wireless operator and two Indian other ranks.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9125 has recommendation dated 28 July 1945. Text does not add materially to what is in citation; cleared by AOC RAF Burma, 1 September 1945; cleared by AOC Allied Air Commander-in-Chief, Southeast Asia, 17 September 1945; cleared by AOC-in-Chief, Transport Command, 24 September 1945.

 

* * * * *

 

BAILY, Sergeant (now FS) Francis Martin (R54730) - George Medal - Station Patricia Bay - Award effective 2 March 1943 as per London Gazette 2 March 1943 and AFRO 513/43 dated 26 March 1943. Home in Vancouver; enlisted Montreal, 12 January 1940. Award presented 15 April 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.1283 (RG.24 Vol.20597) has a lengthy report on the incident. Goose 917 had crashed between Yakutat and Cordova, Alaska, on July 21st, 1942. Baily recommended September 11th, 1942 for a BEM. He was not a member of the crew but was a Disciplinarian and passenger en route to Anchorage. Photograph PL-97886 shows him as Flight Lieutenant, 1961.

 

Sergeant Baily displayed devotion to duty and courage of the highest order when an aircraft in which he was a passenger crashed in a very remote part of Alaska. Although there was considerable danger that the aircraft would catch on fire, he repeatedly entered the aircraft and carried the injured occupants to safety. With no thought of himself and under the most adverse conditions, he took command of the situation after the crash. Faced by almost impossible odds, he cared for the injured, set a broken leg with such skill that when a medical officer arrived the leg did not need resetting. He then set out for help into country unknown to him. After several hazardous days of travel which involved the suffering of considerable hardships, he was instrumental in securing aid. He later guided the rescue party to the scene of the crash and assisted them with their work. His initial rescue work and subsequent care of the injured undoubtedly saved the lives of the other four survivors of the crash. Sergeant Baily's courage, leadership, and resourcefulness have set an inspiring example.

 

* * * * *

 


BAIN, F/O Donald Thomas (J9412) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 26 July 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 August 1943 and AFRO 1849/43 dated 10 September 1943. Born Van Anda, British Columbia, June 1918; home in Agaissiz, British Columbia; enlisted Vancouver 16 April 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 7 August 1941), No.19 EFTS (graduated 22 September 1941) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 19 December 1941). Commissioned December 1941. Award presented 8 December 1944. Applied for operational wings, 31 October 1944; turned down 10 November 1944 because, with nine sorties it was not deemed enough. Remained in postwar RCAF; photograph 104794 shows him in January 1957 upon promotion to Wing Commander.

 

One night in July 1943, this officer piloted an aircraft to attack Aachen. Whilst over the target area, the bomber was seriously damaged when engaged by an enemy fighter. Despite this, Flying Officer Bain made several determined runs over the objective. On the return flight two more enemy fighters were encountered but Flying Officer Bain out-manoeuvred them. By superb airmanship and great tenacity he succeeded in flying the crippled bomber to this country. He displayed commendable courage and a fine fighting spirit in circumstances of great difficulty.

 

* * * * *

 

BAIN, P/O John Douglas Norman (J6027) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.156 Squadron - Award effective 30 May 1942 as per London Gazette dated 27 July 1943 and AFRO 1724/43 dated 27 August 1943. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 8 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 11 February 1941), No.1 EFTS (graduated 10 April 1941) and No.33 SFTS (graduated 2 July 1941). Commissioned 1941. Killed in action, 31 May 1942; buried in Holland.

Award presented to next-of-kin, March 1944.

 

This officer is a very fine captain of aircraft whose courage, determination and leadership have been of a high order. He has participated in attacks on a wide range of enemy targets including Cologne, Bremen, Berlin, Brest, Essen, Mannheim and Rostock. On all occasions he has pressed home his attack with vigour. In one attack, in the vicinity of Kiel, his aircraft was forced down to 300 feet. He coolly machine gunned three searchlights and silenced several light gun positions.

 

* * * * *

 

BAIN, F/O James Hepburn (J14071) - Mention in Despatches - No.117 Squadron (Canada) - now No.164 Squadron - Award effective 5 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1133/44 dated 26 May 1944. Home in Medicine Hat, Alberta. Enlisted in Calgary, 12 September 1940. Trained at No.2 BGS (graduated 21 July 1941) and No.2 WS (graduated 23 June 1941). Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26, Volume 57, file 190-I) has citation; notes indicate that as of recommendation he had flown 1,570 hours, of which 1,315 were operational (128 sorties).

 


This officer, as a Wireless Air Gunner, has completed a tour and a half of operations during which time he has been employed continuously on anti-submarine patrol. He has at all times displayed a fine fighting spirit and loyalty of the highest order. His outstanding ability has set an inspiring example.

 

* * * * *

 

BAIN, F/L John Kenneth (J90510) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born in Halifax, 1921; home there (carpenter); enlisted there 27 October 1942). Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 10 July 1943), No.7 EFTS (graduated 18 September 1943) and No.17 SFTS (graduated 25 February 1944). Commissioned October 1944. Award presented in Halifax, 27 July 1949.

 

Flight Lieutenant Bain has completed a number of operational sorties over heavily defended enemy territory. On one occasion, while taking off, one engine of his aircraft failed. Despite this he attempted to continue his mission but, owing to a further failure, was forced to make an emergency landing in difficult circumstances. His coolness and presence of mind were of great value to his crew on this occasion. On all his flights Flight Lieutenant Bain has shown unfailing courage and devotion to duty.

 

* * * * *

 

BAIN, P/O Kenneth (C48210) - Mention in Despatches - No.5 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Born 16 October 1914 in Outremont. Educated there and considered it home. Enlisted in Montreal, 3 June 1937, rising to WO2 by 26 July 1941; commissioned 26 July 1944; promoted to F/O, 26 January 1945. First RCAF posting was Camp Borden (Airframe Technician course), after which he went to Dartmouth (May 1938, fitter and aircrew duties), Scoudouc (January 1941, fitter), Torbay (May 1943, flight engineer), Yarmouth (July 1944, flight engineer), Greenwood (September 1945, Technical Adjutant), EACHQ (March 1946, Organization Branch), Camp Borden (May 1947, specialist course), Centralia (January 1948, OC Servicing), Camp Borden (June 1948, special AE course). Further career not known. Photograph PL-39338 shows F/O F.R. Benjamin and F/O K. Bain receiving instruction from Sergeant T.J. Picton at Camp Borden respecting Merlin engines of postwar RCAF Lancasters.

 

During his operational tour, Pilot Officer Bain proved himself to be a flight engineer of outstanding ability. His keenness was an example to all aircrew. At present, Pilot Officer Bain is employed as aircrew adjutant with this unit on a ground tour. His ability to organize the ground training and improve the overall efficiency of the squadron is most commendable.

 

* * * * *


BAIRD, F/O Ernest McNea (J36619) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.12 Squadron - Award effective 30 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 6 November 1945 and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born 1923 in Nakup, British Columbia; home there (deck hand); enlisted Calgary, 21 August 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 1 May 1943), No.6 EFTS (graduated 26 June 1943) and No.19 SFTS (graduated 22 October 1943). Award presented 6 May 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9131 has recommendation dated 13 May 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (199 hours 45 minutes), 27 November 1944 to 25 April 1945.

 

27 Nov 44 Frieberg 21 Feb 45 Duisburg

15 Dec 44 Ludwigshaven 2 Mar 45 Cologne

20 Dec 44 Bonn 8 Mar 45 Kassel

29 Dec 44 Scholven-Buer 11 Mar 45 Essen

31 Dec 44 Osterfield 21 Mar 45 GARDENING

2 Jan 45 Nuremburg 22 Mar 45 GARDENING

5 Jan 45 Royan 25 Mar 45 Hanover

7 Jan 45 Munich 27 Mar 45 Paderborn

28 Jan 45 Stuttgart 31 Mar 45 Hamburg

1 Feb 45 Ludwigshaven 4 Apr 45 Lutzkendorf

2 Feb 45 Wiesbaden 9 Apr 45 Kiel

7 Feb 45 Cleve 14 Apr 45 Potsdam

13 Feb 45 Dresden 18 Apr 45 Heligoland

14 Feb 45 Chemnitz 22 Apr 45 Bremen

20 Feb 45 Dortmund 25 Apr 45 Berchtesgaden

 

Flying Officer Baird, a Canadian, has completed his first tour of operations against the enemy as pilot and captain of a Lancaster bomber. He has achieved a large measure of success in many raids in Germany such as Frieburg, Nuremburg, Munich, Chemnitz, Hamburg, Kiel, Bremen and targets in the Ruhr.

 

He has done all his flights with quiet efficiency, pressing home his attacks skilfully, frequently in the face of fierce opposition. He has proved himself an outstanding captain and provided a shining example of calm courage and determination instilling the utmost confidence in his crew.

 

* * * * *

 

BAIRD, F/L John Douglas (J45298) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 1922 in Vernon, British Columbia; home in Vancouver (farm hand); enlisted Vancouver, 18 June 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 3 October 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 29 December 1941) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 22 May 1942). Commissioned November 1943. Award presented 29 January 1947.


Flight Lieutenant Baird, as captain of aircraft, has completed many missions against heavily defended targets. On an operational sortie to Wanne Eickel one engine of his aircraft caught fire and when efforts to extinguished it proved unsuccessful, Flight Lieutenant Baird ordered his crew to leave the aircraft, which was then at an altitude of 7,000 feet and losing height rapidly. In spite of this experience, this officer's enthusiasm has remained unaffected and he has continued to display keenness, determination and devotion to duty of the highest order.

 

* * * * *

 

BAIRD, F/L (now S/L) James Harold (J3260) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.10 SFTS - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 113/44 dated 21 January 1944 - Born 28 August 1914 at Calgary, Alberta. Home in Barrie, Ontario. Enlisted at Montreal, 6 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 July 1940) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 14 November 1940).

 

This officer has personally given in excess of 1,200 hours of instruction in both single and twin engine aircraft. From Flying Instructor to Squadron Commander he has displayed outstanding devotion to duty and a thoroughness which has been an inspiration to those who have served with him.

 

BAIRD, S/L James Harold (J3260) - Air Force Cross - No.18 SFTS - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26 Volume 59, file 190-I, dossier 8) has citation. When recommended he had flown 1,859 hours of which 1,638 were as instructor (107 in previous six months).

 

This officer has been on instructional duties for a very long time. Throughout this period he has shown the highest devotion to duty. He has been instrumental by his aggressiveness in raising the standard of flying training at all of the units to which he has been attached. In addition to his instructional duties he has been responsible for many of the amenities of station life which help to maintain a high state of morale in both officers and airmen. By his enthusiasm, ability and diligence he has made a marked contribution to the training of qualified aircrew.

 

* * * * *

 


BAIRD, P/O Thomas McHenry (J93382) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.625 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Home in Waterloo, Ontario; enlisted Toronto, 31 July 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 22 January 1943), No.1 BGS (graduated 20 August 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 1 October 1943). Award presented 27 July 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9082 has recommendation dated 15 March 1945 when he had flown 31 sorties (180 operational hours), 26 August 1944 to 11 March 1945.

 

26 Aug 44 Russelsheim 4 Dec 44 Karlsruhe

27 Aug 44 Kiel 21 Dec 44 Bonn

31 Aug 44 Raimbert 26 Dec 44 St.Vith

6 Sept 44 Le Havre 27 Dec 44 Rheydt

8 Sept 44 Le Havre 29 Dec 44 Gelsenkirchen

10 Sep 44 Le Havre 2 Jan 45 Nuremburg

13 Sep 44 Frankfurt 5 Jan 45 Hanover

17 Sep 44 Rheine-Salzbergen 6 Jan 45 Hanau

20 Sep 44 Calais 16 Jan 45 Zeitz

23 Sep 44 Dusseldorf 3 Feb 45 Weisbaden

26 Sep 44 Calais 14 Feb 45 Chemnitz

11 Oct 44 Fort Frederik 21 Feb 45 Duisburg

Hendrik 23 Feb 45 Pforzheim

30 Oct 44 Cologne 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz

2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf 7 Mar 45 Dessau

27 Nov 44 Freiburg 11 Mar 45 Essen

 

This Canadian Pilot Officer is the Air Bomber in a most gallant Lancaster crew and has completed 31 sorties comprising 180 hours operational flying. He has taken part in attacks on some of the most strongly defended targets in Germany including Frankfurt, Dusseldorf, Freiburg, Gelsenkirchen and Weisbaden, and has at all times shown a complete disregard for his own personal safety.

 

The accuracy with which Pilot Officer Baird has delivered his bombs has been exceptional and the close co-operation which he has maintained with his captain has enabled them, as a team, to obtain the most successful results.

 

He has carried out attacks on enemy targets both by day and by night and has shown a complete disregard for enemy defences, aiming his bombs with a cool and determined accuracy.

 

The high standard of his work and the success he has achieved have now become a by-word with the squadron in which he serves, and for his fine record of achievement, his outstanding ability and strong sense of duty he is most strongly recommended for an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, FS Allan Jesse (R58636) - British Empire Medal - Western Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Enlisted in Vancouver, 4 September 1940. Award presented 1 July 1947.


This non-commissioned officer as Draughtsman (A.E.) is outstanding. In addition to his own duties he has been responsible for the general administration of the Orderly Room. A superior type who can carry out successfully any job given him.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, Sergeant Charles Alexander (R53385) - Mention in Despatches - East Moor - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Enlisted in Galt, Ontario, 30 March 1940. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol 20607) has list of MiDs this date with unit. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 3 February 1945 when he had served 24 months in Canada, 33 months overseas. NCO in charge of Maintenance Flight.

 

This NCO despite all obstacles has at all times shown such outstanding keenness, enthusiasm and drive, coupled with his ability to get the utmost effort from every one of his men, that he has shown himself in every way to be an outstanding NCO. Sergeant Baker has never failed to meet any but a highly efficient state of maintenance of all armament equipment in his flight.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, F/L Edward Donald (J5060) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.214 Squadron - Award effective 30 March 1942 as per London Gazette dated 16 March 1943 and AFRO 616/43 dated 9 April 1943. Born in Summerside, Prince Edward Island,, 1915; home in Charlottetown; enlisted Montreal, 19 July 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 3 November 1940), No.3 EFTS (graduated 18 January 1941) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 4 May 1941). Commissioned April 1941. Killed in action on 1 April 1942, flying Wellington Z8842. Name on Runnymede Memorial. Award presented to next-of-kin, March 1944.

 

This officer has completed numerous sorties since September 1941, involving attacks on Berlin, Stettin, Kiel, Brest, Hamburg, and Lubeck. He has at all times displayed enthusiasm for operations and has pressed home his attacks with vigour. One night in February 1942, whilst attacking Kiel, his aircraft was extensively damaged by anti-aircraft fire, the undercarriage, flaps and turrets being rendered useless. The airspeed indicator ceased to function and the fabric was torn in numerous places. On the return journey height was lost continually owing to engine trouble. Despite this, Flight Lieutenant Baker skilfully flew his damaged aircraft to an airfield in this country where he landed with the undercarriage retracted. On impact the aircraft caught fire. The crew managed to escape but the second pilot and a gunner each sustained a fractured arm while Flight Lieutenant Baker's nose was broken. His experiences have in no way diminished his enthusiastic daring and fortitude.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/8755 has original recommendation dated 30 March 1942 when he had flown 21 sorties (119 hours 53 minutes):


11 Sept 41 Berlin 18 Dec 41 Brest (docks)

29 Sept 41 Stettin 11 Jan 42 Brest (battle cruisers)

3 Oct 41 Antwerp (docks) 17 Jan 42 Bremen

21 Oct 41 Bremen 26 Jan 42 Brest (docks)

23 Oct 41 Kiel (port) 28 Jan 42 Munster

31 Oct 41 Bremen 12 Feb 42 Scharnhorst and Gneisenau

3 Nov 41 Brest (docks) in North Sea

7 Nov 41 Berlin 17 Feb 42 Essen

9 Nov 41 Dunkirk (docks) 25 Feb 2 Kiel (port)

26 Nov 41 Emden 25 Mar 42 Essen

30 Nov 41 Hamburg 28 Mar 42 Lubeck

 

This officer has spent six months in this squadron. He came here on 9th September 1941 and has now taken part in 21 operations involving a total of 119.53 hours.

 

On every occasion he has displayed a great enthusiasm in carrying out operations against the enemy and has pressed home his attacks with great determination an courage. As second in command of "A" Flight he has proved himself an able organizer.

 

One night in February 1942 whilst attacking Kiel, Flight Lieutenant Baker's aircraft was heavily engaged by anti-aircraft fire and badly damaged. The hydraulic system was put out of action, the undercarriage, flaps and turrets being rendered completely useless. The undercarriage was dangling and could be neither raised or lowered. The trailing aerial was carried away and the airspeed indicator ceased to function and the fabric was holed in numerous places. Height was lost continually on the return journey due to engine trouble and the windscreen became covered with ice. A crash landing was made at Stradishall and on touching down, the starboard engine immediately caught fire. The fire spread to the rest of the aircraft which was soon a mass of flames. All the crew managed to escape but the second pilot and the front gunner each sustained a fractured arm and Flight Lieutenant Baker's nose was broken.

 

Such experiences as these have no diminishing effect whatsoever on Flight Lieutenant Baker's characteristic daring and fortitude. He is possessed of that unshakable disposition and high sense of duty so essential to an officer and bomber captain for the successful prosecution of this war.

 

* * * * *

 


BAKER, Sergeant Edward Howard (R74734) - Mention in Despatches - No.21 Staging Unit - Award effective 14 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2684/44 dated 15 December 1944. Home in Victoria; enlisted Vancouver 10 October 1940. Cited with Sergeant Felix Londeau, Sergeant Henry Arnold Joseph Rosko, Sergeant Larus Scheving, Sergeant Michael George Svos, Sergeant Ronald James Ward, and Sergeant Frederick John Wells.

 

These Sergeants showed complete disregard for their own safety when assisting in the rescue of fourteen occupants of a large transport aircraft which crashed recently in British Columbia. The aircraft crashed in a wooded area, which had windfalls up to fifteen feet. In order to effect the rescue, they had to work within a few feet of the wreckage, where there was no chance of escape in the event of explosions, which occurred shortly after the rescue. As a result of their able work, eight of the occupants of the burning aircraft were saved. These airmen displayed outstanding courage and devotion to duty in the face of grave danger.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, F/L Eli (J14781) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 24 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1444/44 dated 7 July 1944. Born 1920; home Ottawa; enlisted there 20 January 1941. Initially trained as a mechanic at St.Thomas until he remustered to aircrew. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 19 June 1942) and No.2 AOS (graduated 9 October 1942). Ottawa Citizen of 6 August 1943 reported that he had had a harrowing experience with No.408 Squadron during a recent raid on Gelsenkirchen; aircraft had been damaged by flak and then was struck by eight incendiaries from another aircraft just as they dropped their own bombs. Four hit the centre of the aircraft and started a fire which took crew 15 minutes to subdue while the pilot dived from 20,000 to 14,000 feet. One of the bombs narrowly missed Baker, bounced off his table, destroying his charts and maps but not exploding. Flames had melted large holes in fuselage. They took another flak hit, endured bitter cold (- 25 C.) and all sustained frostbite. Minus lights, petrol gauges, electrical system, hydraulics or heat, they made southern England. Pilot, F/O Gordon Bennett, awarded DFC; he declared, "Baker was just like a homing pigeon - he did a swell job in getting us back to England". Missing (prisoner of war), 24 May 1944. Award sent by registered mail from Government House, 2 December 1948. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9149 has recommendation by W/C R.J. Lane when he had flown 32 sorties (207 hours), although the sortie sheet cites 33 trips, even when two incomplete missions are deducted:

 

* Duty not carried out; did not count as sortie

 

25 June 43 Gelsenkirchen (4.45) 3 Nov 43 Dusseldorf (3.37)

28 June 43 Cologne (5.00) 17 Nov 43 Mannheim (5.00)

2 July 43 GARDENING (5.00) 18 Nov 43 Berlin (7.05)

3 July 43 Cologne (6.00) 2 Dec 43 Berlin (5.55)

8 July 43 Gelsenkirchen (5.55) 16 Dec 43 Berlin (8.00)

13 July 43 Aachen (5.45) 20 Dec 43 Mannheim (5.10)

3 Aug 43 Sea search (5.15) 23 Dec 43 Berlin (6.50)

15 Sept 43 Montlucon (2.20)* 29 Dec 43 Berlin (6.50)


16 Sept 43 Modane (7.15) 1 Jan 44 Berlin (6.35)

22 Sept 43 Oldenburg (4.41) 2 Jan 44 Berlin (6.20)

23 Sept 43 Mannheim (5.45) 5 Jan 44 Stettin (8.45)

27 Sept 43 Hanover (4.40) 20 Jan 44 Berlin (7.25)

2 Oct 43 Munich (7.00) 21 Jan 44 Magdeburg (6.30)

3 Oct 43 Kassel (5.45) 27 Jan 44 Berlin (6.50)

7 Oct 43 Stuttgart (6.25) 28 Jan 44 Berlin (7.30)

8 Oct 43 Hanover (4.55) 19 Feb 44 Leipzig (6.30)

20 Oct 43 Leipzig (2.30)* 20 Feb 44 Stuttgart (6.00)

22 Oct 43 Kassel (5.02)

 

This officer is an outstanding navigator who is now on his second tour of operations. Flying Officer Baker has taken part in sorties against such heavily defended targets as Berlin, Hamburg and Cologne. Invariably this officer has displayed skill, courage and devotion to duty of a very high order, which has set a fine example to his comrade in the squadron. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, F/L Edward Saunders (J5090) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.7 Squadron - Award effective 6 August 1943 as per London Gazette dated 13 August 1943 and AFRO 1849/43 dated 10 September 1943. Born Calgary, 1914; home there; enlisted there 18 July 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 22 November 1940), No.4 BGS, (graduated 16 March 1941) No.3 AOS (graduated 31 January 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 4 May 1941). Commissioned 1941. Shot down and taken prisoner, 1943; held in Stalag Luft III. Award presented May 1946. Died in Toronto, 10 December 1997.

 

This officer has taken part in a large number of operational sorties during which his ability as a navigator has been outstanding. A most dependable member of aircrew, his skill and perseverance have been invaluable in the training of junior navigators.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, F/L Gordon Stanley (J29073) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.582 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 1921 in Matador, Saskatchewan; home there; enlisted Saskatoon, 4 January 1941). Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 February 1943), No.2 EFTS (graduated 17 April 1943) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 20 August 1943). Commissioned August 1943. Award presented 18 June 1949. Died in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, 13 December 1999. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8750 has recommendation dated 16 April 1945 when he had flown 42 sorties (211 hours 32 minutes), 12 August 1944 to 14 April 1945.


12 Aug 44 Falaise 15 Dec 44 Ludwigshaven

15 Aug 44 Volkel 23 Dec 44 Cologne

25 Aug 44 Russelheim 27 Dec 44 Munchen Gladbach

29 Aug 44 Stettin 28 Dec 44 Munchen Gladbach

10 Sep 44 Le Havre 30 Dec 44 Cologne

12 Sep 44 Stuttgart 1 Jan 45 Dortmund

17 Sep 44 Westkapelle 2 Jan 45 Nuremburg

20 Sep 44 Calais 6 Jan 45 Hanau

12 Oct 44 Wanne Eickel 1 Feb 45 Ludwigshaven

14 Oct 44 Duisburg 9 Feb 45 Goch

15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven 13 Feb 45 Bohlen

28 Oct 44 Cologne 14 Feb 45 Chemnitz

30 Oct 44 Cologne 20 Feb 45 Monheim

4 Nov 44 Bochum 22 Feb 45 Duisburg

6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen 19 Mar 45 Hanau

8 Nov 44 Wanne Eickel 22 Mar 45 Dulmen

11 Nov 44 Dortmund 24 Mar 45 Sterkrade

16 Nov 44 Julich 25 Mar 45 Hannover

18 Nov 44 Munster 11 Apr 45 Nuremburg

21 Nov 44 Worms 13 Apr 45 Kiel

12 Dec 44 Essen 14 Apr 45 Potsdam

 

Flight Lieutenant Baker, as captain of a Visual Marker crew, has always pressed home his attacks with the greatest skill and determination. A keen operational pilot and an excellent captain, his example to his crew has been outstanding.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, FS John Bertram (R69847) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.150 Squadron - Award effective 4 August 1942 as per London Gazette dated 11 August 1942 and AFRO 1371/42 dated 28 August 1942. Born Toronto, 4 February 1921; home there (student); enlisted there 28 August 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS, No.2 WS and No.4 BGS. Invested with award at Buckingham Palace 10 November 1942. Photograph PL-17692 is a portrait.

 

This airman is a skilful air gunner who has a fine record of achievement. Possessed of a strong sense of duty and a fine offensive spirit, he displays exceptional fearlessness in the face of danger. His courage and determination in action have been a source of inspiration to all air gunners in the squadron.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/9595 has recommendation dated 20 June 1942 when he had flown 34 sorties (188 hours 45 minutes); this includes a sortie list and a more detailed text. Described as a rear gunner on all trips.

 

24 Oct 41 Frankfurt (7.15) 2 Apr 42 Poissy (5.55)


25 Nov 41 Cherbourg (5.25) 12 Apr 42 Cologne (3.20)

30 Nov 41 Hamburg (6.50) 14 Apr 42 Dortmund (7.30)

17 Dec 41 Brest (6.10) 3 May 42 Hamburg (5.50)

27 Dec 41 Dusseldorf (6.00) 5 May 42 Stuttgart (7.00)

6 Jan 42 Brest (7.00) 19 May 42 Mannheim (6.10)

10 Jan 42 Brest (6.35) 30 May 42 Cologne (5.15)

21 Jan 42 Bremen (2.35) 1 June 42 Essen (5.00)

11 Feb 42 Brest (5.55) 2 June 42 Dieppe (4.25)

14 Feb 42 Mannheim (7.20) 3 June 42 Bremen (5.15)

21 Feb 42 Geisson (7.15) 5 June 42 Essen (5.30)

3 Mar 42 Renault works (6.30) 6 June 42 Emden (4.30)

8 Mar 42 Essen (5.30) 8 June 42 Essen (5.20)

9 Mar 42 Essen (5.20) 11 June 42 GARDENING (3.30)

13 Mar 42 Cologne (5.00) 16 June 42 Essen (2.25)

25 Mar 42 Essen (4.50) 19 June 42 Emden (4.40)

28 Mar 42 St.Nazaire (6.40) 20 June 42 Emden (5.00)

 

Sergeant Baker is a Canadian who joined the squadron in October 1941 and has completed 34 operational sorties over Germany and occupied countries.

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer has a fine record of achievement and his courage, skill and determination in action have been an inspiration to his own crew and all the other gunners in the squadron. He sets his mind on the task in hand, fearlessly and with a fine offensive spirit inspiring a high standard of morale in his crew. He possesses coolness and displays exceptional fearlessness in the face of danger, proving himself to be an outstanding member of a gallant crew.

 

His outstanding ability, strong sense of duty and fine offensive spirit well deserves recognition by the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.

 

The Officer Commanding, RAF Station Snaith, endorsed the recommendation on 21 June 1942, commenting:

 

This Non-Commissioned Officer is a cheerful fighter and a skilful air gunner, who by his example has inspired great confidence and helped to maintain the very high standard of morale in this squadron. I strongly recommend the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.

 

On 29 June 1942 the Air Officer Commanding, No.1 Group, concurred.

 

* * * * *

 


BAKER, F/O Katherine Marguerite (C7870) - Associate, Royal Red Cross - No.10 RD (now Station Rockcliffe) - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 113/44 dated 21 January 1944. Home in Calgary; enlisted there 20 August 1941. Born at Medicine Hat, Alberta, 11 April 1913. Award presented 24 April 1944.

 

This Nursing Sister has consistently carried out her duties in the hospital at this unit in a most efficient and commendable manner. She has shown initiative and ingenuity on all occasions and is a ceaseless and tireless worker. Her efforts have undoubtedly been of great assistance in the organization of the hospital. At all times the uppermost thought in her mind has been to improve the medical facilities to which end she has always given her best efforts.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, S/L Oliver Nelson Watson (J7804) - Distinguished Flying Cross - Skipton-on-Swale - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1918 in Middlesex County, Ontario. Home in Preston, Ontario; enlisted in London, Ontario. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 10 April 1941), No.1 AOS (graduated 20 July 1941) and No.1 BGS (graduated 1 September 1941). DHist card also says graduated from No.2 ANS, 28 September 1941. Commissioned 1941. Award presented in Hamilton, 27 July 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9039 has recommendation dated 26 October 1944 when he had flown 26 sorties (148 hours five minutes). Station Navigation Officer at the time.

 

* Wellington aircraft

# Halifax aircraft

 

11 Oct 42 Paris, Nickling (4.00, 25 May 43 Dusseldorf (4.55)*

on Whitley aircraft) 28 May 43 GARDENING, Brest (6.40)*

19 Feb 43 Wilhelmshaven (5.45)* 21 June 43 Krefeld (4.45)*

25 Feb 43 GARDENING, Juist (5.30)* 26 June 43 Brest (5.40)*

28 Feb 43 St.Nazaire (6.00)* 2 July 43 Brest (4.45)*

12 Mar 43 Essen (5.00)* 24 July 43 Hamburg (5.50)*

26 Mar 43 Duisburg (4.35)* 25 July 43 Essen (4.50)*

28 Mar 43 St.Nazaire (6.50)* 3 Aug 43 GARDENING, St.Nazaire (6.25)*

4 Apr 43 Kiel, DNCO (5.15)* 15 Sept 43 Montlucon (7.20)#

8 Apr 43 Duisburg (5.35)* 27 Sept 43 Hanover (6.00)#

28 Apr 43 GARDENING, Egmond (3.15)* 29 Sept 43 Bochum (6.55)#

28 Apr 43 GARDENING, Elbe (4.40)* 3 Oct 43 Kassel 6.35)#

12 May 43 Duisburg (5.00)* 22 Oct 43 Kassel (6.35_)#

15 May 43 Sea Sweep (3.55)* 3 Nov 43 Dusseldorf (5.30)#

 


This officer has shown a high degree of skill as a navigator. He has made a total of 26 sorties over enemy territory and against many of the most highly defended targets. His courage, coolness and devotion to duty contributed in a large manner to the success of these operations. His cheerful confidence has instilled a high standard of morale in his crew and has inspired the whole squadron.

 

The gallant manner in which he has carried out his duties has been an example to his unit as a whole, and he is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, Flight Sergeant Richard Peyton (R92071) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.6 (O) AFU (AFRO gives unit as No.343 Lancaster Finishing School) - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 809/44 dated 14 April 1944. Born 1912 in London, Ontario. Home in Ganges, B.C. (ex-Royal Canadian Artillery). Enlisted in Vancouver, 6 February 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 16 June 1941), No.5 EFTS (graduated 8 August 1941) and No.7 SFTS (graduated 24 October 1941. Commissioned 1944. Award sent by registered mail 5 February 1952. Public Records Office Air 2/8959 has recommendation which identifies unit and gives total flying hours as 866, of which 367 were in previous six months.

 

This airman is a staff pilot whose steadiness and persistence have been an example to his fellow pilots and have greatly helped to raise the standard of flying among them.

 

BAKER, Flight Lieutenant Richard Peyton (J19777) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.15 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette of 13 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944.

 

This officer has completed many operations against a variety of targets, including Augsburg, Stuttgart, Essen and Cologne. On one occasion, whilst over Essen, he was caught in searchlights for eight minutes. He finally extricated himself and made his attack. A keen, determined and reliable captain, he has set an outstanding example.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, Sergeant Robert Arthur Milford (R52640) - Mention in Despatches - No.426 Squadron (No.62 Base in AFRO) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Port Colbourne, Ontario. NCO in charge of personnel, "B" Flight. Recommendation dated 15 August 1944 in DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Volume 20606); enlisted in Niagara Falls, Ontario, 14 April 1940; served in Canada 37 months, overseas 15 months, as Fitter/Armourer:

 


Sergeant Baker is an exceptionally capable and efficient Armament non-commissioned officer whose work at all times has been of a high order. Under arduous conditions he has maintained a high standard of efficiency in having all aircraft bombed up and ready for operations. This non-commissioned officer's devotion to duty has been in no small way responsible for the fine operational record of this squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, F/L Sanford (C6697) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.3 Personnel Reception Centre, Bournemouth (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Enlisted in Winnipeg, 24 April 1925. Rose to Flight Sergeant before being commissioned in the Administrative Branch, 30 August 1941. Award for work in Messing Branch. No citation in Canadian sources. Public Records Office Air 2/9004 has recommended citation and identifies unit. Photograph PL-35000 is a formal portrait. The Canadian War Museum holds his medals (AN 19790459-001 and AN 19790459-002) consisting of the following: Member, Order of the British Empire; Defence Medal; Canadian Volunteer Service Medal with Clasp; War Medal 1939-1945; Royal Air Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.

 

This officer is the Station Catering Officer. His duties involve the organization, operations and supervision of nine messing centres accommodating a large number of service personnel. Some of the centres are very extensive and they must be so organized that the messing accommodation can be greatly expanded at very short notice. Flight Lieutenant Baker, by his unselfish devotion to duty, leadership and ability to organize, train and maintain his staff in a high state of efficiency, has set a very high standard. He has contributed much to the morale and contentment of the personnel at the station.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, S/L Sidney Raymond (C9801) - Medal of Merit, 1st Class (Czechoslovakia) - Canada Gazette dated 24 January 1948 and AFRO 81/48 dated 6 February 1948. Home in Toronto. Administration. No citation. Photograph PL-38764 shows him with his wife following investiture.

 

* * * * *

 

BAKER, F/O William (J23291) - Mention in Despatches - No.570 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1478/45 dated 21 September 1945. American in the RCAF. Home in Minneapolis, Minnisota; enlisted Winnipeg, 18 December 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 5 June 1941), No.20 EFTS (graduated 11 September 1942) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 5 February 1943). Killed in action 23 September 1944 (Stirling EF298); buried in Holland.

 

* * * * *

 


BAKER, F/O William Elstan (J87677) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.103 Squadron - Award effective 23 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945. Born 1924 in Vancouver; home in Lethbridge; enlisted Vancouver 28 March 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 31 July 1942), No.5 EFTS (graduated 20 November 1942) and No.7 SFTS (graduated 18 March 1943). With RAF in 1950.

 

This officer, who has completed very many sorties against strongly defended targets, has set a splendid example of determination and devotion to duty. One night in February 1945 Flying Officer Baker was pilot and captain of an aircraft detailed to attack an oil refinery at Politz. On the outward flight the starboard inner engine failed. This did not deter Flying Officer Baker from continuing his mission and he reached the target on time and executed a successful attack. He afterwards flew safely to base where he landed his aircraft safely in difficult conditions. Flying Officer Baker is a most conscientious captain whose thoroughness has won him much success.

 

* * * * *

 

BALCOMBE, P/O Alfred Alexander (J18378) - Mention in Despatches - No.7 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 21 February 1947 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 120/44 dated 7 March 1947. Enlisted in Hamilton, 8 July 1941. Trained at No.6 BGS (graduated 2 February 1942). Wife in Toronto; certificate sent there, 31 December 1948.

 

* * * * *

 

BALDUFF, P/O Marion Albert (J26982) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.12 EFTS - Award effective 26 October 1943 as per London Gazette and Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 2386/43 dated 19 November 1943. Enlisted in Ottawa, 20 May 1940. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 25 September 1941), No.4 EFTS (graduated 20 November 1941), and No.9 SFTS (graduated 10 April 1942). American in RCAF.

 

Pilot Officer Balduff, who has been employed as a flying instructor for the past year, has shown outstanding devotion to duty and superior ability. He is extremely conscientious and hard working and his cheerful eagerness to do more than his normal duties has set a splendid example to all flying personnel at this unit.

 

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BALDWIN, P/O Cecil Elmer (J94878) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.78 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 7 December 1945 and AFRO 244/46 dated 8 March 1946. Name might be "Charles Edward". Born 1925 in Moode Jaw; home in Glen Bain, Saskatchewan; enlisted Regina 8 October 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 17 April 1943), No.5 BGS (graduated 2 October 1943) and No.7 AOS (graduated 10 December 1943). No citation, "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty."

 

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BALDWIN, F/O David Gilmore (J5702) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.5 Squadron (Canada) - with No.3 OTU at time of award) - Award effective 26 November 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 113/44 dated 21 January 1944. Amerivan in the RCAF; home in Alexandria, Louisiana; enlisted Ottawa, 8 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 24 January 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 17 March 1941) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 16 June 1941).

 

This officer as pilot and captain of an aircraft on anti-submarine operations for the past year and a half has led his crew with inspiring leadership through a series of the most difficult situations. Recently he carried out two attacks on submarines with skilful courage and his outstanding work in convoy patrol has been a valuable contribution to the successful record of his squadron.

 

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BALDWIN, F/L Norman Scarlett (J5814) - Air Force Cross - No. 10 EFTS - Award effective 14 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2684/44 dated 15 December 1944 - Home in Toronto; enlisted there 10 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 27 January 1941), No.1 EFTS (graduated 17 March 1941) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 21 June 1941). Photograph PL-2915 shows Torontonians recently awarded wings at No.2 SFTS - G.H. Bayley, D.J. Sinclair, T.R.C. Adams, R.W. Gardiner, N.D. Mara, N.S. Baldwin, T.W. Gain, S.W. Pearce, D.A. Court, H.V. Thompson, W.B. Randall, J.A. Long; PL-117282 is a portrait taken when he was at No.10 EFTS but had not yet been decorated. Award sent by registered mail 13 November 1949. Had flown 1,830 hours to date, 1,603 hours as instructor, 142 hours in previous six months.

 

This officer, in over two and a half years of association with flying training, has set an admirable example amongst flying instructors. He has continually turned out a high standard of aircrew trainees. He has been an outstanding leader, a most proficient pilot and untiring in his devotion to duty.

 

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BALDWIN, F/L William Gordon (J23096) - Distinguished Flying Cross -No.160 (Bomber Reconnaissance) Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1945 as per Canada Gazette dated 15 December 1945 and AFRO 183/46 dated 22 February 1946. Enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 14 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 27 January 1941), No.12 EFTS (graduated 29 March 1941), and No.5 SFTS (graduated 21 June 1941). His brother, Flight Sergeant John Stanley Baldwin, was killed in action 3 January 1944. Died in Manotick, Ontario, 1 March 2002. Award presented 22 June 1949. As of award had flown 2,658 hours, 554 operational hours (60 sorties).

 


This pilot has completed many hours of operational flying from the East Coast of Canada. He has continually displayed courage and devotion to duty of a high order. He has cheerfully carried his assignments to a successful conclusion despite harassing circumstances. His skill and reliability as a pilot have been outstanding and an inspiration to his fellow crewmen.

 

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BALDWIN, F/L William Henry (J15169) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 16 June 1942 as per London Gazette dated 22 September 1942 and AFRO 1653/42 dated 16 October 1942. Born in Ottawa, 1910; home there (commercial artist; did lettering for almost all the Book of Remembrance, 1934-1940; also a radio announcer for CKCO); enlisted Ottawa, 28 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS, No.1 AOS, No.1 BGS and No.1 ANS. Posted overseas, June 19441. With No.405 Squadron, 5 September 1941 to 13 September 1942 (31 sorties); Award presented 8 December 1942. To Ottawa on leave, December 1942. Killed in action, 23/24 August 1943 (Halifax HR918); buried in Germany.

 

Pilot Officer Baldwin is a navigator of exceptional ability which, combined with his courage and initiative, has contributed materially to the success of the operations in which he has participated. His unfailing cheerfulness and optimism, in spite of all hazards, has proved a source of inspiration.

 

NOTE: The above is worth comparing to the original citation and sortie list, drafted 13 July 1942. Sortie list is unusually detailed. Source: Public Records Office Air 2/9598.

 

10 Oct 41 Ostend (3.51) Successful attack on docks

16 Oct 41 Duisburg (4.55) Target attacked in cloud

22 Oct 41 Mannheim (7.25) Target attacked - successful

24 Oct 41 Frankfort (5.35) Target attacked, 10/10 cloud

7 Nov 41 Berlin (7.46) Bombed target on ETA in 10/10 cloud

9 Nov 41 Hamburg (5.46) Successful attack on docks.

22 Nov 41 Wilhelmshaven (4.51) Attacked seaplane base in 10/10 cloud.

7 Jan 42 St.Nazaire (6.40) Very successful attack carried out.

17 Jan 42 Bremen (5.16) Target bombed in 10/10 cloud.

26 Feb 42 Kiel (6.01) Very successful attack.

3 Mar 42 Paris (6.05) Highly successful attack on engine works.

7 Mar 42 St.Nazaire (4.36) Successful attack on target area.

10 Mar 42 Essen (4.54) Target attacked in poor visibility.

26 Mar 42 Essen (4.37) Successful attack on target.

28 Mar 42 Lubeck (7.14) Highly successful attack on aircraft factory.

5 Apr 42 Cologne (6.41) Target attacked with success.

8 Apr 42 Hamburg (6.49) Attacked target in 10/10 cloud.

10 Apr 42 Essen (5.18) Successful attack on target.

15 Apr 42 Dortmund (6.07) Jettisoned in 10/10 cloud.


17 Apr 44 Hamburg (6.14) Successful attack on target.

30 May 42 Cologne (5.42) Bomb release unserviceable; brought bombs back.

1 June 42 Essen (5.01) Very successful attack on target.

6 June 42 Emden (5.12) Docks attacked with success.

8 June 42 Essen (5.35) Target attacked despite terrific opposition.

25 June 42 Bremen (5.11) Docks hit in successful attack.

2 July 42 Bremen (4.58) Successful attack on target.

 

Pilot Officer Baldwin has shown great presence of mind and cool courage in all his sorties. His confidence has inspired the other members of this squadron. In view of the consistency of this officer's work it is recommended that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

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BALES, S/L Robert Phillip (C9887) - Mention in Despatches - Middleton St.George - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born in York Township, Ontario, 29 March 1915. Home in Dauphin, Manitoba; enlisted in Montreal, 16 January 1942. Attended Aeronautical Engineering School, Montreal, 31 January to 11 July 1942; at No.7 BGS, Paulson, 12 July 1942 to 4 January 1943; to "Y" Depot, Halifax, 5 January 1943; arrived in Britain 3 February 1943; to Headquarters, No.6 Group, 1 March 1943; to No.1664 Conversion Unit, 10 May 1943; to No.405 Squadron, 30 June 1943; to No.419 Squadron, 1 October 1943; to Middleton St.George, 3 November 1943; to No.64 Base, 17 April 1944; to No.62 Base, 14 June 1945; repatriated to Canada, 16 June 1945 (Station Greenwood); released 7 December 1945/ No citation in AFRO or biographical file. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation for OBE dated 31 August 1944 which evidently became the basis of this Mention in Despatches. He had then served 13 months in Canada, 19 months overseas.

 

Squadron Leader Bales, first as Engineer Officer of 419 Squadron and later as Chief Technical Officer of the station, has made an outstanding contribution to Bomber Command's effort during a critical phase of the war, when every serviceable aircraft was invaluable. He filled both positions for a considerable period in a most efficient and willing manner, which consistently produced an extremely high number of serviceable aircraft to take part in the ceaseless flow of operations preceding and following the invasion of France.

 

During this time the station concerted to Canadian-built Lancaster X aircraft with a rapidity and smoothness largely due to this officer's extraordinary devotion to duty, organizing ability and personality, which gained him the esteem of aircrew and groundcrew alike, promoting complete harmony between Central Maintenance and squadron personnel. Under his guidance the two squadrons have set a standard of Merlin engine serviceability which is outstanding both in Bomber Command and in the records of Rolls Royce.

 


In recognition of this exceptionally meritorious service I recommend the award of the OBE.

 

BALES, S/L Robert Phillip (C9887) - Mention in Despatches - No.64 Base (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. No citation in AFRO or biographical file. DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation for an OBE dated 2 February 1945 when he was Chief Technical Officer.

 

Squadron Leader Bales has been Chief Technical Officer at this Station for two years two months. He has efficiently organized his servicing wing into the smooth machine it now is. During the peak operational period of this last summer this officer not only worked himself to exhaustion point many times but so inspired his men that they carried on under seemingly impossible conditions.

 

BALES, S/L Robert Phillip (C9887) - Member, Order of the British Empire - Overseas - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. No citation.

 

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BALFOUR, LAC James Craig (R192089) - British Empire Medal - Station Sydney - Award effective 5 May 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 918/45 dated 1 June 1945. Home in Regina; enlisted there 28 Septmber 1942. Award presented 14 February 1948.

 

On February 15, 1945, the explosion of a depth charge demolished a hangar and precipitated a violent fire which raged with great fury owing to some two thousand gallons of gasoline contained in the tanks of aircraft in the hangar. The hangar and contents were completely destroyed in thirty minutes. When the explosion occurred, Leading Aircraftman Balfour was on duty in the ammunition room of the hangar. All those in the ammunition room at the time were severely injured. Although injured himself, this airman, completely disregarding his own safety, assisted in the rescue of two of his companions who were critically injured and trapped in the debris of the demolished room where ammunition was exploding. In the face of very great danger and despite his own injuries, this airman displayed great courage and presence of mind in helping to rescue two fellow airmen.

 

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BALGE, FS Joseph Peter Gordon (R74946) - Mention in Despatches - Western Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 2 November 1940.

 


This non-commissioned officer who has been completely responsible for the supply of petroleum products to all units since May 1944, has by his energy, tact and ability maintained complete co-operation between the Oil Companies and units to such effect that in spite of most difficult supply problems no unit has been held up for the lack of gasoline. Further, he has been directly responsible for saving the Royal Canadian Air Force many thousands of dollars by having the gasoline prices at some stations lowered.

 

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BALKWILL, Sergeant Stanley Herbert (R83899) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.39 Squadron - Award effective 19 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 25 May 1943 and AFRO 1247/43 dated 2 July 1943. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 9 December 1940. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 16 May 1941), No.17 EFTS (graduated 2 July 1941) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 13 September 1941). Award presented 28 March 1944. Photograph PL-28305 taken after investiture with his uncle (Edwin Balkwill) and a Miss A. Balkwill (residents of Devon).

 

As pilot, this airman has taken part in twenty sorties from Malta, three of which have been torpedo. In February 1943, he was detailed to make an attack on enemy shipping off Maritimo. While over the target the aircraft was subjected to intense anti-aircraft fire and repeatedly hit in the fuselage and tail. Serious damage was sustained which made the aircraft difficult to control, but despite this, Flight Sergeant Balkwill, with great skill and courage, succeeded in returning to base safely. He has at all times exhibited exceptional courage and resource during his operational duties and has proved himself to be a first-class torpedo bomber pilot.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/8952 has recommendation initiated 20 March 1943 and communicated 13 April 1943 from RAF Headquarters Middle East to Air Ministry:

 

This airman pilot joined No.39 Squadron on 17th October 1942 and has completed 125 hours operational flying, 95 hours being flown from Malta. He has taken part in 24 sorties, 20 of which have been from Malta, including three torpedo strikes.

 

On 21st February 1943 he was detailed as captain of a Beaufort aircraft to carry out a dawn attack on enemy shipping of Maritimo. At 0445 hours a medium-sized merchant vessel was sighted and attacked, the aircraft being subjected to intense anti-aircraft fire and repeatedly hit in the fuselage and tail. The hydraulic and electrical system was put out of action, the rudder controls on one side completely severed and one elevator shot away. In spite of the fact that the aircraft was severely damaged, Flight Sergeant Balkwill, by great skill and courage, succeeded in returning to base safely. He has also carried out a number of torpedo rover patrols and many minelaying operations.

 


This Non-Commissioned Officer has at all times exhibited great courage and determination in carrying out his operations and has proved himself to be a first-class torpedo bomber pilot.

 

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BALL, Corporal Edward Allen (R61847) - Mention in Despatches - Skipton - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Silton, Saskatchewan. Enlisted in Regina, 30 July 1940. No citation in AFRO or biographical file. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation forwarded 1 February 1945 to No.63 Base HQ when he had served 42 months in Canada, ten months overseas.

 

This junior NCO has exceptional qualities of trade and character. He has a sound, thorough and detailed knowledge of his work and applies to it an honesty of labour that is most commendable. He is at all times conscientious of his task and the fact the safety of others depends on him.

 

He suffered a bad injury when a starting crank struck him in the cheekbone, yet he endeavoured to carry on with his task, although he was subsequently taken away in an ambulance.

 

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BALL, W/C Frank Westoby (C841) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Awarded effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 17 September 1916, Brandon, Manitoba; home in Belleville, Ontario; enlisted in Toronto, 4 July 1938; qualified for pilots wings, 17 June 1939 at Trenton. Early in war employed a various flying schools; January 1943 made Deputy Diirector of Air Trainig at AFHQ; posted overseas, February 1944. Flew with Nos.427 and 415 Squadrons. Postwar RCAF (rose to Major-General). Major postings included CO of Station Aylmer (March 1947); attendance at at USAF War College (August 1948 to June 1949); Director of Air Operations, AFHQ (January 1951); National Defence College (November 1952 to July 1953); CO, Station North Bay (July 1953 to July 1955; Chief Instructor, RCAF Staff College (July 1955); Assistant Chief of Staff for Plans and Policy, HA, Allied Air Forces Central Europe (September 1958 to December 1961);Chief of Operational requirements at AFHQ (December 1961 to September 1964); Commandant, Air Force College, Toronto (September 1964 to 15 July 1965); Deputy Chief of Plans (July 1965 to October 1966); Chief of Operations (October 1966); Chief of Staff, 4th Allied Tactical Air Force (July 1967); retired May 1969. Died in Toronto, 16 April 1999. Photograph PL-36366 is a 1946 portrait; PL-40862 and PL-40863 taken with No.415 Squadron; PL-133781 is a 1962 portrait. Award presented at Government House, 14 November 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation compiled by G/C R.A. McLernon, 3 April 1945, when Ball had completed 20 sorties (114 hours 50 minutes) from 20 September 1944 to 21 March 1945.


Wing Commander Ball has completed a large number of sorties against some of the most heavily defended and deeply situated targets in Germany. As a captain of a heavy bomber, his operational record proves him to be exceptional. He has displayed at all times great keenness to participate in operations and on each operation he has inspired his crew with great confidence by his fine offensive spirit.

 

As a Squadron Commander, Wing Commander Ball is indeed outstanding. Admired and respected by all those associated with him, he has moulded, by astute leadership and great professional skill, one of the finest squadrons in Bomber Command. It is my considered opinion that his exceptionally fruitful and tireless efforts, and the great courage he has constantly displayed, fully warrant the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

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BALL, W/C Kenneth Edward (C2274) - Member, Order of the British Empire - AFHQ - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946 - variously reported as joining RCAF in 1930 and 1940; most like commissioned, 15 July 1940. Award presented 9 December 1947. Postwar RCAF including with No.1 Air Division, 1954 to 1957. Died in Ottawa, 24 September 1989. Photograph PL-1262 is a 1940 portrait; PL-31849 taken with No.6 Group; PL-110254 a 1954 portrait.

 

This officer has demonstrated ability, to a marked degree, as an Administrative Officer, specializing on personnel work. As Chief Administrative Officer in the Directorate of Postings and Careers for the past twenty-six months he has shown exceptional devotion to duty. In addition to his regular duties he has assumed responsibility for various other tasks which he has carried out with extraordinary zeal. For instance, he was selected as senior Royal Canadian Air Force administrative officer on the Joint Canadian-American Military Board assembled for the purpose of effecting transfers of Americans from the Royal Canadian Air Force to the United States Armed Forces. His work in this regard was warmly lauded by the senior American Officers. He is a cheerful and most tactful officer who can be relied upon to carry the most difficult assignments to a successful conclusion.

 

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BALLACHEY, F/L John MacDonald (J13609) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.107 Squadron - Award effective 18 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1944 and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Born 1918 in High River, Alberta; home there (ex-15th Alberta Horse); enlisted in Calgary, 12 August 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 28 January 1942), No.5 EFTS (graduated 24 April 1942) and No.14 SFTS (graduated 28 August 1942). Award presented 9 July 1947. Photograph PL-30315 shows W/C M.E. Pollard, Commanding Officer, with several Canadians - F/O L.J. DeRosier, F/O John Ballachey, F/O A.R. Sanderson, F/O Karl Aitken, F/O W.M. Taylor, F/L John McLurg.

 

This officer has completed many sorties during his present tour, including three daylight operations. He has attacked mechanical transport, trains and barges with excellent results in spite of opposition from anti-aircraft fire. He participated in the attack against Arnhem in support of the airborne landings. Flight Lieutenant Ballachey is an extremely conscientious and determined pilot. He has always shown the greatest keenness to operate against the enemy. His high courage and consistent devotion to duty have been most commendable.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9033 has recommendation dated 7 October 1944 when he had flown 49 sorties (139 hours 55 minutes); there is no sortie sheet as this is a 2nd Tactical Air Force submission, not one from Bomber Command.

 

This officer has completed 49 sorties during his present tour, including three daylight operations.

 

He has had some excellent results from his sorties at night, strafing mechanical transport, trains, barges, etc. with observed results. He has always done his utmost during his sorties to find something to attack and often in spite of flak defences.

 

In has taken part in some very successful daylight sorties, including that on the Chateau at Chatellerault and the attack on the barracks at Arnhem in support of the airborne landings.

 

He is extremely conscientious and has always shown the greatest keenness to operate. He has determination and has always displayed an excellent offensive spirit.

 

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BALLANTYNE, FS James Hamilton (R85860) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.229 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1942 as per London Gazette dated 4 December 1942 and AFRO 2069/42 dated 18 December 1942. Born 18 January 1918 in Toronto; home there; clerk for three years with General Accident Assurance Company); enlisted there 20 December 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 10 April 1941), No.1 EFTS (graduated 28 May 1941) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 8 August 1941). Flight Sergeant, 1 June 1942; WO2, 8 August 1942; commissioned 29 October 1942. To Halifax, 10 August 1941; arrived overseas 2 September 1941; to No.58 OTU, 28 October 1941; to No.222 Squadron, 10 January 1942; to HQ, Middle East, 26 May 1942; flew off HMS Eagle on 3 June 1942 and assigned to No.603 Squadron; to No.229 Squadron, August 1942 upon disbandment of No.603 Squadron; to UK, 16 November 1942; to No.59 OTU, 3 December 1942; repatriated 30 September 1943; arrived Canada, 29 October 1943; returned to UK, 21 December 1943; to No.403 Squadron, 4 January 1944; killed in action, 8 March 1944. Crashes include the following: 12 December 1941 while dogfighting with another Spitfire became lost and R/T went unserviceable; touched down in a field, lifted over a fence, settled again and aircraft was on soft ground, went on nose and then on back; 31 July 1942, with No.603 Squadron, Luqa, engine failed, had to retract wheels to avoid going into ravine; 22 December 1942 at No.58 OTU crashed a Hurricane when he took off on gravity tank and failed to switch to main tank. Photo PL-14178 is a portrait; PL-15688 (with P/O Henry Keane); PL-15691 taken after investiture (F/O Wayne Merrick, Ballantyne, P/O Henry Keane); PL-15694 also taken after investiture (with Scottish relatives); PL-28558 shows him in his Spitfire.

 

Since June, 1942, this airman pilot has destroyed at least five enemy aircraft and damaged others. One day in July 1942, he became separated from his section but with courage and determination attacked three Messerschmitt 109s, destroying one. Some days later Flight Sergeant Ballantyne was leading his section when the squadron attacked a formation of enemy heavy bombers. The bombers were successfully intercepted and pursued to within ten miles of the Sicilian coast. On yet another occasion this pilot attacked two Junkers 88s and then while separated from his squadron was attacked by four enemy fighters. By skilful maneouvering and great tenacity he fought off the enemy fighters and landed his aircraft safely. Flight Sergeant Ballantyne is a most courageous and brave fighter pilot, who has played a worthy part in the defence of Malta.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9606 has recommendation transmitted to Air Ministry on 4 November 1942 which was thereafter edited to the form above. Original text as follows:

 

This airman pilot arrived at Malta on 9th June 1942 and his score up to date is five and one-quarter enemy aircraft destroyed, one and one-half probably destroyed and six damaged.

 

Between 11th and 16th October when intense aerial activity was experienced over Malta, he destroyed four enemy aircraft and damaged four. On 1st July 1942 he was separated from his section and attacked three ME.109s with great determination, destroying one of them and probably destroying another. On 12th October he was leading his section when the squadron attacked a formation of Ju.88s approaching the island from the north. The enemy bombers were turned back and he with others pursued them to within ten miles of the Sicilian coast.

 

Flight Sergeant Ballantyne badly damaged two of the Ju.88s and separated from his squadron was attacked by four ME.109s. By skilful maneouvering and great tenacity he fought off the enemy fighters to within a few miles of Malta, landing his aircraft safely. He has led his section on numerous occasions with outstanding courage and keenness. Pressing home his attacks in the face of odds, he is a most courageous and brave fighter pilot who has played a worthy part in the offensive fighting from Malta.

 

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BALLARD, F/O Arthur Wray (J91082) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.83 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 1914 in Toronto; home there (photographer); enlisted North Bay, 11 June 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 3 April 19443) and No.1 AOS (graduated 3 September 1943). Commissioned 1944. Award presented in Toronto 30 November 1949. Died in Toronto, 4 April 2001. Photograph PL-42636 shows Ballard, F/O J.B. Ward, and F/O F.T. McNabb.

 

Flying Officer Ballard has participated in numerous sorties against many of the most heavily defended targets, operating in a most important role. His coolness and courage in the face of severe opposition have enabled his crew to attain a very high degree of efficiency, which has had a direct bearing on the success of many attacks. In December 1944 he was detailed to attack Munich. His outstanding accuracy, in the face of the heaviest opposition, enabled the complete success of the attack which followed. Flying Officer Ballard's fine work has been an example to the other navigators in his squadron.

 

* * * * *

 

BALLINGER, Sergeant Edward John (R78308) - Mention in Despatches - No.406 Air Stores Park (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born 18 May 1913 in Hereford, England. Home in Toronto, enlisted there 18 October 1940; certificate sent there 22 September 1948. A baker before the war, he enlisted as a cook, serving at No.8 SFTS, Moncton (15 January 1941 to 8 May 1942), promoted Corporal, 3 June 1942; to No.2 OTU, Pennfield Ridge (25 June ro 25 July 1942), No.1 OTU, Bagotville (26 July to 1 September 1942) and then posted overseas, arriving in Britain on 9 October 1942. Posted to No.425 Squadron, 26 October 1942. Posted to Station Dunsfold, 12 January 1943; attended RAF School of Cookery, 27 January 1943; to No 129 Airfield, 10 July 1943 (reclassified as Chef, 1 July 1943); ro France, 25 June 1944; to No.406 Air Stores Park, 28 July 1944; embarked from Ostend, 20 December 1945 for UK; repatriated to Canada, 15 February 1946; released 5 March 1946.

 

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BALMER, WO David Henry (R118197) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.570 Squadron - Award effective 14 July 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Home in Courtney, British Columbia; enlisted Vancouver, 19 July 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 25 February 1942), No.16 EFTS (graduated 22 May 1942) and No.7 SFTS (graduated 25 September 1942). Award presented 13 July 1949. Photograph PL-45281 taken after Buckingham Palace investiture shows him with English relatives.

 

On the night of 5th June 1944, Warrant Officer Balmer was the pilot of an aircraft detailed to transport and drop a force of paratroops whose role was to prepare and illuminate a landing zone for the use of later airborne forces representing a spearhead of the Allied invasion of Northern France. Much depended on the success of his important mission and the result obtained reflects the greatest credit on the skill and determination of this pilot. Warrant Officer Balmer has completed several sorties and his example of keenness and devotion to duty has been most commendable.

 

* * * * *

 


BALSDON, F/O Clifford Glenn (J25124) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Born 1914 in Medicine Hat; home in Calgary (postal clerk); enlisted there 16 April 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 24 October 1942), No.1 BGS (graduated 19 February 1943) and No.1 AOS (graduated 2 May 1943). Commissioned 1943. Photo PL-28369 shows him at interrogation after a raid (F/O H.H. Smith of Clandeboy, Manitoba on left; Balsdon on right); PL-28924 shows F/O R. Jack (Powell River, British Columbia), F/O Bob Plommer (Vancouver) and Balsdon chatting with G/C H.H.C. Rutledge (back to camera); PL-34942 is a formal portrait. Award sent by registered mail 30 December 1949. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations during which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.5557 (RG.24 Vol.20668) has recommendation dated 18 June 1944 when he had flown 27 sorties (156 hours 30 minutes), 14 January to 14 June 1944.

 

This officer has shown a high degree of skill as an Air Bomber on his total of 27 trips over enemy territory without failing to complete a mission successfully. The majority of these trips have been over heavily defended targets in Germany, including Berlin (five times), Frankfurt, Essen, Dusseldorf, Stettin, Stuttgart, Schweinfurt, Magdeburg and Brunswick. His co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty contributed in a large measure to the success of these operations. His cheerful confidence, reflected in the high standard of morale in his crew, has inspired the whole unit. For his devotion to duty and high degree of technical ability, this officer is strongly recommended for the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 

BAMFORD, F/O Jack (C22669) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.421 Squadron - Award effective 4 August 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2052/44 dated 22 September 1944. Born in Hamilton, 12 February 1916; home there; enlisted Toronto 17 January 1941. Graded as pilot instructor and promoted Sergeant, 7 June 1941; posted to No.19 EFTS to instruct. To No.6 SFTS on 10 October 1942 (graduated 30 December 1942 and commissioned next day). To Y Depot, Halifax, 13 January 1943; overseas 2 February 1943; missing (POW), 27 June 1944; safe in UK, 12 May 1945; repatriated 30 May 1945; released 13 December 1945. Award sent by registered mail 20 November 1948. Action mentioned in citation was 15 June 1944. Notwithstanding the text, this engagement was assessed by 2nd Tactical Air Forec as two Bf.109s destroyed and one probably destroyed. Photo PL-36544 shows him among a group of former Ontario-born Prisoners of War on ship back to Canada, 14 May 1945: Front Row - WO J.A. Armstrong (Kirkland Lake), F/L P.G. Chipman (Toronto), F/L W.H. Stephenson (Belleville), F/L G.H. Soper (Englehart), WO1 H.R. Trice (Hamilton), F/L E. Jack Bamford (Hamilton) - Back Row - F/L J.R. Gordon (Islington), F/L R.W. Dunn (sutton West), S/L F.F. Mills (Toronto), F/L D.J. Corcoran (Toronto), F/O L.W. Baines (London), WO1 A.J. Galuche (Toronto).

 

This officer has participated in many sorties and has invariably displayed commendable courage and keenness. In June 1944, Flying Officer Bamford took part in an engagement against a large force of enemy fighters, three of which he shot down. In this spirited action he displayed skill and resolution of a high order.

 

* * * * *


BAMFORD, F/O Robert (J27401) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1923 in Belfast, Ireland; home in Montreal; enlisted there 8 June 1942. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 23 January 1943), No.1 BGS (graduated 14 May 1943) and No.9 AOS (graduated 25 June 1943). Award presented in Montreal, 25 November 1949. Photo PL-29417 shows F/O Tom Ellison of Vancouver (left) and F/O Bamford. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 17 September 1944 when he had flown 36 sorties (180 hours 35 minutes), 18 April to 26 August 1944.

 

This officer, the Air Bomber of the crew captained by Acting Flight Lieutenant D.J. Linklater, has completed 36 operational trips over enemy territory including such heavily defended targets as Karlsruhe, Stuttgart and Hamburg. The courage, skill and determination in action displayed at all times by Flying Officer Bamford has been a great inspiration to his crew, and his coolness and devotion to duty has contributed in a large measure to the success of his many operational flights..

 

* * * * *

 

BANCROFT, F/O Henry James (J15914) - Mention in Despatches - No.21 Operational Training Unit - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944. Home in Montreal; enlisted there, 12 August 1940. Trained at No.2 BGS (graduated 17 April 1941). Flew tours with Nos.77 and 142 Squadrons. No citation.

 

* * * * *

 

BANCROFT, Corporal James Arthur (R57646) - British Empire Medal - No.2 ITS - Awarded 1 January 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 55/43 dated 15 January 1943. Home in Burnaby, B.C. Born in Vancouver, 17 July 1915; enlisted there, 21 March 1940. Award presented 16 April 1943. PL-13965 shows him being invested with his BEM.

 

Corporal Bancroft has done exceedingly fine work as NCO in charge of the Motor Transport Section of his unit. He is extremely efficient in the performance of his duties and his diligent supervision has resulted in the provision of transportation even under the most adverse conditions. He is cheerful and courteous regardless of the many extra duties which at times have been imposed upon him and his devotion to duty and exceptionally meritorious service have been a splendid example to all.

 

* * * * *

 


BANIKA, P/O Nicola (J86552) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.578 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 1920 in Niagara Falls, Ontario. Home in Welland or Niagara Falls, Ontario; enlisted Hamilton, 28 September 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 28 May 1943. Commissioned 1944. Photo PL-26215 shows Sergeant Mitchell Powell (Hamilton, Ontario), Sergeant Nick Banika and WO Hugh MacKenzie (Sintaluta, Saskatchewan); PL-35216 is a formal portrait photo. Award sent by registered mail 9 February 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9026 has recommendation dated 22 July 1944 when he had flown 31 sorties (260 hours 47 minutes), 8 October 1943 to 23 July 1944. The list of sorties is almost identical to that of F/O E.J. McConkey; they must have been in the same crew.

 

* daylight sortie

 

8 Oct 43 Hannover (6.22) 11 May 44 Trouville (3.33)

22 Oct 43 Kassel (6.24) 22 May 44 Orleans (4.44)

14 Feb 44 Berlin (6.29) 24 May 44 Aachen (3.47, on return

19 Feb 44 Leipzig (7.17) attacked by fighter)

20 Feb 44 Stuttgart (7.23) 31 May 44 Trappes (5.16)

24 Feb 44 Schweinfurt (8.19) 4 June 44 Boulogne (3.09)

25 Feb 44 Augsburg (7.27) 5 June 44 Mont Fleury (4.12)

13 Mar 44 Le Mans (4.58) 6 June 44 Chateaudun (5.28)

18 Mar 44 Frankfurt (5.40) 11 Jun 44 Massy Palaiseau (4.25)

22 Mar 44 Frankfurt (6.04) 22 Jun 44 Siracourt (3.19)*

24 Mar 44 Berlin (7.34) 23 Jun 44 Oisement (4.10)

30 Mar 44 Nuremburg (7.35) 24 Jun 44 Le Grand Rossignol (3.26)

9 Apr 44 Lille (4.15) 1 July 44 Oisemont (3.19)*

20 Apr 44 Ottignes (4.41) 6 July 44 Croixdale (3.29)

22 Apr 44 Dusseldorf (4.53) 23 Jul 44 Kiel (5.05)

8 May 44 Berneval (3.27)

 

Pilot Officer Banika has completed 31 operations totalling 160.47 hours during which he has taken part in many attacks upon targets in such heavily defended areas as Berlin (2), Frankfurt (2), Leipzig, Stuttgart and Essen.

 

Pilot Officer Banika is a brilliant gunner who seemed to become as much a part of his turret as the guns and ammunition - possessing verve and energy combined with a patient watchfulness which he maintained without a break over many tedious hours of inactivity throughout the longest journeys. The suspense e over many hours of awaiting a sudden attack never disturbed the even tempered nature of this splendid gunner, whose courage and fortitude were an inspiration to his crew.

 

Pilot Officer Banika has completed a large number of operations in which he has taken part. It is strongly recommended that he should be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 


BANISTER, F/O Ronald Kitchener (J23958) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.90 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Born 1917 in Okotoks, Alberta; home there (life underwriter); enlisted Hamilton, 6 April 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.1 AOS (graduated 19 February 1943). Commissioned 1943. Award presented 29 November 1947. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." Public Records Office Air 2/8881 has recommendation dated 22 September 1944 when he had flown 29 sorties (132 hours 27 minutes), 1 May to 6 September 1944.

 

* denotes daylight sortie

 

1 May 44 GARDENING, Frisians (2.32) 25 Jul 44 Stuttgart (7.56)

15 May 44 GARDENING, Gironde (5.50) 28 Jul 44 Stuttgart (7.52)

25 May 44 Air/Sea Rescue (6.20) 30 Jul 44 Caen (3.37)*

2 June 44 GARDENING, Heyst- 3 Aug 44 L'Isle Adam (4.30)*

Flushing (2.28) 4 Aug 44 Bec d'Ambs (7.56)*

3 June 44 GARDENING, Knocke (2.15) 8 Aug 44 Lucheux (3.10)

5 June 44 Special Duties (4.39) 12 Aug 44 Brunswick (6.21)

21 Jun 44 North France (2.55) 14 Aug 44 Hamel (4.28)*

24 Jun 44 Rimeux (2.52) 16 Aug 44 GARDENING, Kiel Bay, (6.57)

27 Jun 44 Cleres (3.22) 18 Aug 44 Bremen (4.48)

30 Jun 44 Villers Bocage (3.22) 29 Aug 44 GARDENING, Gulf of

2 July 44 Beauvoir (3.01) Danzig (9.20)

7 July 44 Varies (4.34) 31 Aug 44 Pont Remy (3.31)*

9 July 44 Nucourt (3.38) 5 Sept 44 Le Havre (3.34)

22 Jul 44 Mont Condon (3.29)* 6 Sept 44 Le Havre (3.47)

24 Jul 44 Acquet (3.23)*

 

Despite the discomfort which this officer must have suffered throughout the greater part of his operational tour, he persevered in very commendable fashion to complete his sorties with the rest of his crew. After a very few sorties he was found to be suffering from a duodenal ulcer, but insisted in remaining an active member of his crew, and on no occasion did he permit his physical disability to interfere with his operational performance which was always maintained at a very high level of efficiency. As a navigator his ability was well above the average. It is considered that this officer's courage and determination in maintaining such a high degree of operational efficiency under difficult conditions is worthy of the highest praise, and the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross is strongly recommended.

 

* * * * *

 


BANKS, F/O Henry Cyril Cameron (J12855) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1944 as per London Gazette dated 15 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Born 1920; home in Calgary; enlisted Regina, 1 November 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 26 March 1941), No.5 EFTS (ceased training, 29 May 1941), No.4 BGS (graduated 17 July 1941) and No.2 WS (graduated 5 January 1942). Commissioned 1942. Award sent by registered mail. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/8782 has recommendation dated 22 December 1943 when he had flown 45 sorties (362 hours 28 minutes) as follows:

 

7 Dec 42 A/S patrol (8.40) 24 Jul 43 Hamburg (5.39)

10 Dec 42 do. (9.45) 27 Jul 43 Hamburg (5.26)

14 Dec 42 do. (10.25) 9 Aug 43 Mannheim (5.31)

19 Dec 42 do. (9.25) 10 Aug 43 Nuremburg (7.28)

27 Dec 42 do. (4.00) 12 Aug 43 Turin (7.51)

12 Jan 43 do. (9.20) 16 Aug 43 Turin (7.59)

18 Jan 43 do. (10.00) 17 Aug 43 Peenemunde (7.56)

23 Jan 43 do. (10.30) 15 Sep 43 Mont Lucon (5.27)

2 Feb 43 do. (10.00) 22 Sep 43 Hanover (5.16)

7 Feb 43 do. (10.40) 10 Feb 43 do. (7.10)

15 Feb 43 do. (9.40) 23 Sep 43 Mannheim (6.02)

18 Feb 43 do. (10.15) 27 Sep 43 Hanover (4.40)

2 Oct 43 Munich (7.49)

22 Mar 43 St.Nazaire (5.35) 7 Oct 43 Stuttgart (5.53)

4 Apr 43 Kiel (5.44) 8 Oct 43 Hanover (4.27)

6 Apr 43 GARDENING (6.04) 18 Oct 43 Hanover (4.24)

14 Apr 43 Stuttgart (7.37) 10 Nov 43 Modane (7.08)

27 Apr 43 Duisburg (4.48) 17 Nov 43 Mannheim (4.59)

30 Apr 43 Essen (4.54) 18 Nov 43 Berlin (7.32)

4 May 43 Dortmund (6.47) 22 Nov 43 Berlin (6.00)

11 Jun 43 Dusseldorf (4.34) 23 Nov 43 Berlin (6.35)

21 Jun 43 Krefeld (4.19) 26 Nov 43 Berlin (7.01)

24 Jun 43 Elberfield (4.36) 2 Dec 43 Berlin (5.48)

28 Jun 43 Cologne (5.08) 3 Dec 43 Leipzig (6.45)

3 July 43 Cologne (5.16) 16 Dec 43 Berlin (7.41)

13 Jul 43 Aachen (5.14) 20 Dec 43 Frankfurt (4.47)

 

Flying Officer Banks has completed many operational sorties as Air Gunner in a very successful crew. This officer has invariably displayed courage and determination of a high order and his unswerving devotion to duty has been a source of inspiration to the squadron. Flying Officer Banks is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.

 

* * * * *

 


BANKS, FS (now P/O) Jack Standish (Can 11620) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.9 Squadron (unit not given in AFRO) - Award effective 13 April 1942 as per London Gazette dated 14 April 1942 and AFRO 611/42 dated 24 April 1942. Born at Torbrook Mines, Nova Scotia, 1917; home there or East Angus, Quebec (electrician); enlisted in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 14 September 1939. Trained at No.6 ITS and No.20 EFTS before washing out as pilot. Graduated from No.1 BGS, Jarvis, 25 November 1940. Subsequently commissioned (J15267); killed in flying accident at No.20 (P) AFU, 3 June 1943 (Oxford V3821). Photo PL-15644 shows him back in Canada at commencement of pilot training.

 

One night in January 1942 this airman was the front gunner of an aircraft which carried out a low level attack on the aerodrome at Schipol. Nearing the aerodrome a Dornier 217 was intercepted and Sergeant Banks coolly shot it down from close range. During the bombing run his aircraft was held in the searchlights but by his accurate fire Sergeant Banks extinguished two of them and at the same time warned his pilot, who was blinded by the glare, of the danger of colliding with a hangar. Throughout he displayed determination and resource. This airman has participated in thirty-one sorties over enemy and enemy occupied territory wherein targets have been attacked at important centres such as Dusseldorf, Hamm, Cologne, Kiel, Genda and Brest.

 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/9585 has recommendation dated 20 February 1942 when he had flown 31 sorties (181 hours five minutes). This listed his operations and gave a more detailed account of the events that led to his award:

 

27 May 41 Atlantic sweep for 19 Aug 41 Kiel (6.45)

Prinz Eugen (8.45) 26 Aug 41 Cologne (6.25)

2 June 41 Dusseldorf (3.50) 29 Aug 41 Mannheim (7.30)

11 June 41 Dusseldorf (5.00) 1 Sept 41 Cologne (5.50)

12 June 41 Hamm (4.05) 3 Sept 41 Brest (6.20)

17 June 41 Dusseldorf (5.00) 7 Sept 41 Boulogne (3.00)

19 June 41 Cologne (5.45) 10 Sept 41 Turin (8.40)

25 June 41 Bremen (3.05) 12 Sept 41 Frankfurt (6.40)

30 June 41 North Sea sweep (5.30) 15 Sept 41 Hamburg (7.05)

1 July 41 Brest (6.25) 26 Sept 41 Genoa (1.50, recalled)

10 July 41 Cologne (5.00) 28 Sept 41 Genoa (10.00)

14 July 41 Bremen (6.00) 30 Sept 41 Stettin (9.20)

16 July 41 Hamburg (7.05) 20 Oct 41 Kiel (5.15)

23 July 41 Mannheim (6.10)) 26 Oct 41 Hamburg (1.05, W/T 25 Jul 41 Hamburg (7.45) failure)

12 Aug 41 Hanover (6.10) 21 Jan 42 Schipol (2.45)

14 Aug 41 Hanover (6.50)

 


On the night of 21 January 1942 this Non-Commissioned Officer was front gunner in a Wellington aircraft detailed to carry out a low level attack on Schipol aerodrome. While approaching the aerodrome over the hangars he intercepted an enemy aircraft subsequently identified as a Dornier 217. He held his fire until the range was reduced to about 150 yards, then opened a burst when the aircraft was on the port bow and continued to fire until it was out of range on the port beam. The enemy aircraft was seen to crash in flames by the captain and the rear gunner, and is claimed as destroyed. The Wellington aircraft then proceeded to carry out its bombing run during which it was held by searchlights and height was reduced to fifty feet. Sergeant Banks succeeded by accurate fire in extinguishing two enemy searchlights and at the same time succeeded in warning the pilot who was blinded by the glare in time for him to avoid hitting the hangar.

 

Throughout this action Sergeant Banks displayed the greatest coolness, determination and resource. This Non-Commissioned Officer has successfully completed 31 operational trips and is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal.

 

* * * * *

 

BANKS, P/O John Allenby (J38600) - Mention in Despatches - No.10 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 5 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1133/44 dated 26 May 1944. Home in Forestburg, Alberta; enlisted Edmonton, 23 May 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 29 August 1941), No.8 BGS (graduated 27 April 1942) and No.2 WS (graduated 30 March 1942). Photo PL-8312 shows graduates of No.2 WS - F.J. Patterson, J.A. Banks (standing, both from Foresburg, Alberta), J.J. Belzil (St.Paul, Alberta), R.A. Evans (Hanna, Alberta); PL-24224 shows WO F.J. Patterson and P/O J.A. Banks; caption notes that Patterson and Banks had been from same town, enlisted together, trained together, and had served together with No.10 (BR) Squadron, both manning guns when F/O Pat Cheater attacked a U-Boat; PL-24228 shows the whole crew after this attack: Back Row - WO2 F.J. Patterson; F.O A.P.V. Cheater, F/O P.C.E. Lafond, F/O M.S. Wallace, P/O J.A. Banks. Front Row - Sergent S.S. Archer, WO2 C.S. Carter.

 

This officer was turret gunner at a VLR Liberator which recently attacked an enemy submarine in the North Atlantic. He materially assisted in the execution of these attacks which were carried out under extremely poor visibility and in the face of heavy flak. He fired accurately on the conning tower with the result that the return fire was materially reduced. His captain spoke highly of his efficiency and coolness on this occasion which was an inspiration to other members of his crew. This Wireless Air Gunner has shown efficiency and devotion to duty of a high standard in hundreds of hours of operational flying in the North Atlantic area.

 

* * * * *

BANKS, Sergeant (now P/O) Robert Haxton (R223509/J88767) - Mention in Despatches - No.432 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Born in Ceylon, 21 February 1924. Home in Flesherton, Ontario; enlisted at Toronto 1 September 1942. Trained at No.3 BGS (graduated 20 August 1943). Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; proper unit identified in DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Box 2067). Arrived in Britain, 19 September 1943. Attended No.24 OTU, 27 September 1943 to 1 January 1944 (Whitleys); at No.1664 Conversion Unit, 1 January to 2 March 1944 (Halifaxes). Commenced operational flying with No.432 Squadron, 2 March 1944. Reported missing, 8 May 1944. As of that date he had flown 270 hours (75 hours on operations). Halifax LW594, target Haine St.Pierre, Belgium, attacked by enemy fighters and crew bailed out. He regained Allied lines on 15 August 1944 and was returned to the United Kingdom. Commissioned 1 September 1944. Repatriated to Canada, 30 September 1944; released 1 March 1945.

 


* * * * *

 

BANKS, F/O Wilfred John (J12311) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.412 Squadron - Award effective 22 September 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2274/44 dated 20 October 1944. Born at Hazenmore, Saskatchewan, 21 January 1920; home in Leaside, Ontario (ex-Royal Canadian Artillery). Enlisted in Toronto, 3 July 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (13 October to 5 December 1941) , No.17 EFTS (8 December 1941 to 13 February 1942) and No.8 SFTS (2 March to 19 June 1942). Commissioned 1942. Instructed in Canada (No.1 SFTS, 9 September 1942 to 16 September 1943). Further trained at No.1 OTU, Bagotville. Arrived in UK, 31 January 1944. Attended No.53 OTU, 14 March to 2 June 1944. Joined No.42 Squadron, 24 June 1944. Victories as follows: 28 June 1944, one Bf.109 destroyed; 7 July 1944, one Bf.109 destroyed; 12 July 1944, one Bf.109 destroyed; 24 July 1944, one FW.190 and two Bf.109s destroyed; 26 September 1944, two FW.190s destroyed; 27 September 1944, one Bf.109 probably destroyed and one FW.190 damaged; 5 December 1944, two Bf.109s probably destroyed; 1 January 1945, one Ju.88 destroyed. For additional details see Chris Shores, Aces High. Died in Ottawa, 12 January 1997. Photos PL-30911 and 30912 shows F/O Aleck Whiting of Toronto (left) and F/O W.J.Banks, the former having won a pool when Banks destroyed the 100th enemy aircraft credited to Dal Russel's wing.

 

This officer has completed many sorties. He has invariably displayed a high degree of skill and courage and is a keen and resolute pilot. Flying Officer Banks has destroyed six enemy aircraft, three of them in one sortie.

 

BANKS, F/L Wilfred John, DFC (J12311) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.412 Squadron - Award effective 19 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 February 1945 and AFRO 721/45 dated 27 April 1945.

 

Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, this officer has taken part in many more operational sorties. In September 1944 he participated in the Arnhem paratroop landings and in one combat against a superior force he destroyed two enemy aircraft. On the following day he destroyed another two in air combat bringing his total victories to at least ten enemy aircraft destroyed. On another occasion the propeller of this officer's aircraft was hit by fire from the enemy's defences and half of one blade was knocked off but with great skill he brought his aircraft safely back to base. At all times Flight Lieutenant Banks has set a fine example of courage, efficiency and leadership.

 

* * * * *

 

BANNER, LAC Frederick (R118718) - Mention in Despatches - No.1659 Conversion Unit (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas" - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Born in Birmingham, England, 1 March 1920. Educated in Toronto, 1926-1936; home there clerk); enlisted Galt, Ontario (where he was attending the Galt Aircraft School), 19 July 1941 in trade of Airframe Mechanic (attained Group "C" standing, 6 October 1941, Group "B" standing, 1 April 1942 and Group "A" standing, 1 October 1942). Served at Central Flying School, Trenton, 13 August 1941 to 16 November 1942 (promote AC1 on 19 October 1941 and LAC on 1 April 1942). To "Y" Depot, Halifax, 17 November 1942. Arrived in Britain, 19 December 1942. To No.1659 Conversion Unit, 3 January 1943. Promoted Corporal, 1 January 1945. Repatriated to Canada 21 August 1945; released 11 October 1945.No citation in AFRO. DHist file 181.009.D.2993 (RG.24 Vol.20634) gives unit, trade as FIIA. Although no recommendation specific to his award can be found, the following report dated 27 May1945, drafted by Warrant Officer R.P. Robichaud and endorsed by F/L A.H.B. Purves indicates the nature of the man:


This Non-Commissioned Officer is a very good tradesman, organizes his work quite well and effectively.


* * * * *

 

BANNER, F/L Leslie Thomas (C13127) - Mention in Despatches - No.414 Squadron - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1395/45 dated 31 August 1945. Born 1 July 1918 in North Bay, Ontario. Educated there, 1924-1938. In 1938 he worked for Oakville Basket Company (motor boat operator and office worker); in 1939-40 he was an "operator" for Standard Paving; in 1940 he was manager of the North Bay Nugget. Before the war he had acquired a Commercial Pilots License. Enlisted in Hamilton, 17 September 1940. To Central Flying School, Trenton, 6 October 1940. Granted Leave Without Pay, 2 November 1940 and sent to No.10 EFTS, Mount Hope as an instructor. Recalled to RCAF Active Duty, 8 November 1942 in rank of Warrant Officer and posted to No.1 Manning Depot, Toronto; to No.6 SFTS, Dunnville, 7 June 1942; commissioned 31 July 1942; to No.1 Flying Instructor School, Trenton, 30 August 1942. Promoted Flying Officer, 31 January 1943; to "Y" Depot, Halifax, 28 September 1943; arrived in Britain, 30 October 1943; to No.17 (P) AFU, 29 December 1943; to No.5 (P) AFU, 8 January 1944; to No.41 OTU, 2 May 1944 (attended Artillery Spotting Course, Larkhill, 7-17 July 1944). While at No.41 OTU he took flying courses only (no ground examinations) and was assessed as "consistently above average standard in all his flying and ground practices". To No.83 Group Support Unit, 22 July 1944; promoted Flight Lieutenant, 31 July 1944; to No.414 Squadron, 3 August 1944. To Britain (tour expired), 20 April 1945. Repatriated to Canada, 8 June 1945. Released 31 July 1945. Re-engaged in RCAF, 15 January 1946; to No.1 Flying Training School, 21 January 1946; to Central Flying School, Trenton, 27 January 1947; to No.1 Composite Training School, Toronto, 11 April 1946; accepted for Regular Force, 1 October 1946; to Central Flying School, Trenton, 13 April 1947. Killed in the crash of Vampire, 17080 on 19 September 1948, near Kendall, Ontario, returning from Niagra Falls, New York where he had flown in United States Air Force Day celebrations. Overseas unit not identified in AFRO (which merely says "Overseas" when reporting his award); see The RCAF Overseas: The Sixth Year, pages 217 and 221. PL-135054 is a portrait taken in August 1948.


While no recommendation can be traced for his Mention in Despatches, he did fly 200 operational hours, was a Flight Commander for three months, and temporarily commanded No.414 Squadron for three weeks just before the end of his tour. On 18 April 1945 W/C R.C.A. Waddell wrote of him:


I have found this officer at all times to be quiet, steady, reliable and conscientious. He has done well on his tour and is quite capable of commanding a squadron.


On repatriation to Canada he filed a form (20 May 1945) in which he reported having flown 200 operational hours and 207 hour 55 minute non-operational while overseas. He had taken part in 178 sorties, the last one on 15 April 1945. His types and hours overseas were as follows: Auster II (6.25), Master II (78.05), Hurricane I and II (76.20), Harvard I (4.15), Mustang I (24.45), Spitfire IX (207.45), Spitfire XIV (10.20).

 

* * * * *

 

BANNING, P/O James Edgar Victor (J28388) - Mention in Despatches - No.162 Squadron - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 113/44 dated 21 January 1944. Born at Cobalt, Ontario, 14 March 1913. Home in Timmins, Ontario; enlisted at North Bay, 3 January 1941. Trained at No.4 WS (graduated 22 November 1941) and No.1 BGS (graduated 22 December 1941). Commissioned 1943. Killed in flying accident, 6 April 1944; name on Runnymede Memorial.

 

This officer, as a Wireless Operator Air Gunner, has been outstanding in his devotion to duty, and the efficient manner in which he has carried out all duties assigned to him have been an inspiration to all ranks.

 

BANNING, F/O James Edgar Victor (J28388) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.162 (Bomber Reconnaissance) Squadron - Award effective 27 June 1944 as per London Gazette dated 7 July 1944 and AFRO 1861/44 dated 25 August 1944. Award presented to next-of-kin, 1 December 1948.

 

For the past twenty-seven months this officer has been flying as wireless operator on anti-submarine patrols over the Atlantic. In January 1943 he was injured in an aircraft accident in which five members of the crew were killed. Despite this harrowing experience, immediately on recovery, Pilot Officer Banning resumed operational flying with undiminished enthusiasm. During a recent attack on an enemy submarine this officer who was manning the front guns of his aircraft, by his accurate firing, stopped the return fire from the U-boat. He has at all times displayed skill, courage and great devotion to duty.

 

NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9016 has recommendation (undated but circa 3 May 1944) which noted he had flown 1,301 hours 20 minutes, of which 953 hours 50 minutes had been on operations. It also noted he had been on Canso "A" 9841 during the attack on a U-boat at 61 03' North 20 10' West:

 


Pilot Officer Banning has been flying as Wireless Operator on anti-submarine patrols over the North Atlantic for the past 27 months. In January 1943 he was injured in an aircraft accident in which five members of the crew were killed. After recovering from the injuries received in the accident. he resumed his duties as Wireless Operator in spite of his harrowing experience. His knowledge of his trade and keenness in carrying out his duties have made him a most valuable wireless operator. During a recent attack on a U-Boat, Pilot Officer Banning was manning the front guns of the aircraft, and his accurate firing stopped return fire from the U-Boat and killed some of the gunners. Through his conscientious devotion to duty throughout his operational tour, this officer is highly deserving of an award.

 

The recommendation was approved at the level of Station Reykjavik (8 May 1944), Headquarters Iceland (11 May 1944) and Coastal Command Headquarters (7 June 1944).

 

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BANNOCK, S/L Russel (C1086) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - Award effective 3 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born in Edmonton, 1 November 1919. Enlisted in Vancouver, 9 September 1939. Trained at Vancouver Flying Club (posted there 27 September 1939), Station Trenton (posted there 5 November 1939) and Camp Borden (posted there 10 December 1939; wings on 20 Februrary 1940). To No.112 Squadron, Ottawa, 22 April 1940; to No.1 Wireless School, 10 July 1940; to Central Flying School, Trenton, 10 August 1940. Retained in Canada as instructor until October 1943 (Trenton to 17 June 1942; No.3 Flying Instructor School, 28 August 1942 to 11 October 1943). Further trained at No.36 OTU, Greenwood (posted there 12 November 1943), and sent overseas in January 1944. Arrived in UK, 24 February 1944. Attended No.60 OTU (11 April 1944 to June 1944). With No.418 Squadron, 10 June 1944 until posted to No.406 Squadron, 20 November 1944. Returned to Canada, 10 August 1945. Later attended RAF Staff College, 1945-46, but chose to be released from RCAF, 10 May 1946. Later test pilot and executive with de Havilland (Canada). For additional details see H.A. Halliday, The Tumbling Sky. See also CAHS Journal, Volume XX, No.3 (Fall 1982) for a personal account. Aerial victories as follows: 14/15 June 1944, one Bf.110 destroyed, Avord; 19/20 June 1944, one V-1 destroyed; 3/4 July 1944, three V-1s destroyed; 6/7 July 1944, four V-1s destroyed; 7/8 July 1944, two V-1s destroyed; 18 July 1944, one unidentified enemy aircraft destroyed and one damaged; 19/20 July 1944, two V-1s destroyed; 23/24 July 1944, two V-1s destroyed; 26/27 July 1944, one V-1 destroyed; 4/5 August 1944, two V-1s destroyed; 12/13 August 1944, one V-1 destroyed; 30 August 1944, one Ju.88 destroyed on ground and one Bf.110 destroyed on ground; 12/13 September 1944, one unidentified twin-engined enemy aircraft destroyed; 27 September 1944, two Bf.108s destroyed; 24/25 December 1944, one Ju.88 destroyed; 5 January 1945, one He.111 destroyed and one unidentified enemy aircraft damaged; 21/22 March 1945, one unidentified enemy aircraft damaged; 4/5 April 1945, one unidentified enemy aircraft destroyed plus one FW.190 damaged; 23/24 April 1945, one Ju.88 destroyed. Photos PL-24137 (head and shoulders, no ribbons); PL-31295 (with F/O R. Bruce beside Mosquito); PL-33041 (with navigator, F/O R. Bruce); PL-43732 (wearing DFC and Bar ribbons). For personal recollections see Fall 1982 issue of Journal of the Canadian Aviation Historical Society.

 


This officer has completed numerous sorties including several attacks on enemy airfields on which he has caused much disruption. He is a highly efficient flight commander and has showed much skill and initiative in the planning and execution of his missions. His successes include the destruction of many flying bombs, three of which he destroyed in one patrol.

 

BANNOCK, S/L Russell, DFC (C1086) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.418 Squadron - Award effective 9 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945.

 

This officer has displayed outstanding ability, great determination and devotion to duty. Within recent months he has completed a number of sorties against airfields, some of them far into enemy territory. His sterling qualities were well evidenced one night in September 1944 during an attack on an enemy airfield. Over the target Squadron Leader Bannock shot down two enemy aircraft. In the second of the fights his own aircraft was damaged by flying debris. One engine failed but he flew his aircraft several hundred miles back to base where he effected a safe landing.

 

BANNOCK, W/C Russell, DFC (C1086) - Distinguished Service Order - No.406 Squadron - Award effective 8 August 1945 as per London Gazette of 17 August 1945 and AFRO 1507/45 dated 28 September 1945.

 

As squadron commander, Wing Commander Bannock has proved to be an outstanding success. Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross he has destroyed a further seven enemy aircraft bringing his total victories to at least eleven enemy aircraft destroyed and others damaged. He has also destroyed nineteen flying bombs by night. In addition he has caused considerable disruption to the enemy's lines of communication. Under this officer's inspiring leadership his squadron has obtained a fine record of successes and reached a high standard of operational efficiency.

 

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BANNOFF, WO (now P/O) Eugene (R138378) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 2 October 1944 as per London Gazette dated 17 October 1944 and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born 1923 in China; home in Vancouver; enlisted there 6 November 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 5 June 1942) and No.9 AOS (graduated 30 December 1942). Medal sent by registered mail 28 September 1951. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20632) has recommendation dated 22 July 1944 when he had flown 34 sorties (188 hours 50 minutes), 24 December 1943 to 9 July 1944. Although S/L M. Bryson (Acting CO, No.429 Squadron) drew it up for a DFM, Bannoff's rank would have entitled him to a DFC even at this time. Served in postwar RCAF (service number 429-675-549); Photo PL-76235 shows him in February 1955 (second from left).

 


This navigator has participated in thirty-four attacks on enemy territory, four against Berlin and many others against heavily defended German targets. His devotion to duty has been outstanding, his skill as a navigator a high average and he has by his skilful navigation kept his aircraft on track and in so doing assisted his captain to successfully attack the target and bring the aircraft back to base. Twice, his aircraft damaged by fighter attacks, he has proven his ability to do good work when the going is hard. He has always been a hard worker in his section and has assisted other navigators of his squadron to reach a high standard in their work.

 

It is considered that this officer's [sic] outstanding devotion to duty fully merits the award of the D.F.M.

 

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BANTING, F/L Donald Wallwin (J10809) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.438 Squadron - Award effective 13 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 23 January 1945 and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Born in 1922, Cutknife, Sask; home in Fort San, Saskatchewan; enlisted Regina 20 June 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 3 October 1941), No.6 EFTS (graduated 5 December 1941) and No.11 SFTS (graduated 27 March 1942. Commissioned March 1942. Invested with medal at Sea Island, 22 October 1949. Recommended when he had flown 93 sorties (101 operational hours). Photo PMR 76-513 shows him as member of No.118 Squadron, 1942; PL-22799 shows him in cockpit, December 1943; PL-22801 shows a group of No.438 Squadron pilots - F/O W.S. Hutchinson (Toronto), F/O T.A. Bugg (Niagara Falls, Ontario), P/O R.C. Getty (Wheatly, Ontario), F/O H.G. Upham (Minneapolis, Minnisota), P/O J.C.W. Hope (Montreal), P/O H.E. Dawber (Toronto), F/O R.M. McKenzie (Essex, Ontario), F/L J.R. Beirnes (Tofield, Alberta), P/O J.E. Cornelison (Windsor, Ontario), F/O D.W. Banting (Fort San, Saskatchewan; PL-40744 shows pilots being interrogated beside a Typhoon - F/O Andy Lambros (Wiarton, Ontario), F/L R.E. Coffey (Greenview, Illinois), F/L Gordon Crichton (Intelligence Officer, Toronto), F/L D.W. Banting (For San, Saskatchewan). The army liaison officer in the picture is a Captain Cleveland.

 

This officer has proved himself to be an excellent organizer and a brilliant leader on operations. He has led many successful fighter bomber sorties. In June, 1944, he pressed home an effective attack on one of the main Caen bridges in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire and on other occasions he has participated in attacks on troop concentrations and enemy rail and road transportation. Flight Lieutenant Banting has always displayed exceptional qualities as a leader and flight commander.

 

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BANTON, F/L Kenneth (C3685) - Mention in Despatches - Mediterranean Air Command - Award effective 17 September 1943 as per London Gazette of that date 28 and AFRO 2198/43 dated 29 October 1943. Born in Leicester, England, 10 January 1908. Bank clerk, 1924-1930; employed by Canadian Marconi, 1931 to 1940 as service manager. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 20 January 1941. Immediately commissioned in Signals List and promoted Flying Officer. Embarked for overseas 6 April 1941; arrived in Britain 19 April 1941. To No.74 Wing, Uxbridge, 26 April 1941; to Radio School, 25 May 1941; to No.74 Wing, 22 July 1941; to Middle Wallop, 15 September 1941. Promoted Flight Lieutenant, 15 January 1942.; to Gibraltar, 16 January 1942 (en route to Malta); to No.841 AMES, 13 February 1942; to No.8015 AMES, 27 June 1943; embarked from Mediterranean Theatre (southern France), 12 October 1944; returned to United Kingdom, 23 October 1944; repatriated via Rockcliffe, 27 November 1944; to No.5 Radio School, Clinton, 6 January 1945; to No.4 Release Centre, 5 February 1945; released 16 February 1945. No citation. DHist file 181.009 D.1754 (RG.24 Vol.20609) has correspondence from him dated 6 December 1943 when he was on strength of No.8015 AMES.


Superiors had mixed views of him. One (name illegible on form) wrote of his services at Middle Wallop thus:


This officer is rather inclined to be too familiar in speech with his subordinate. While at this station he worked very hard, sacrificing many wound-be leisure hours for the benefit of the station. During the days when there was some discussion as to whether the Senior Controller or Technical should be Commanding Officer of the station he proved rather awkward, at times in front of subordinates.


On 6 September 1942, F/L J.K. McGrath (position unknown) wrote:


This officer showed qualifications as a technical officer which would not be found in many others. It seemed that the efficiency of the Station was at all times his prime concern. He is a very pleasant character and should do well in whatever sphere his work takes him.


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BANVILLE, F/L Albert Fiske (J20930) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.18 SFTS - Award effective 21 April 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 802/45 dated 11 May 1945. Home in Winnipeg; enlisted there 2 July 1938. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 3 May 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 31 July 1942) and No.10 SFTS (graduated 20 November 1942). Served in postwar RCAF; Photo PL-56975 shows him while attending Staff College, Toronto, May 1953.

 

This officer has, by his diligence, zeal and co-operation, provided outstanding assistance in the organization of the examining flight at his unit. His ability in briefing other pilots has inspired greater interest amongst his brother officers in the more advanced phases of flying. The contribution he has made to his unit has been outstanding.

 

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BAPTISTE, F/O Frank Joseph (J88133) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Born 1921 in Roblin, Manitoba; home there (farmer); enlisted Winnipeg 4 February 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 28 August 1942), No.6 EFTS (ceased training 4 December 1942), No.5 BGS (graduated 25 June 1943) and No.9 AOS (graduated 6 August 1943). Commissioned 1944. Medal sent by registered mail 11 July 1950. No citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy". DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 30 March 1945 when he had completed 34 sorties (183 hours 35 minutes) from 21 June 1944 to 18 March 1945.

 

This Air Bomber has successfully completed a large number of operations against heavily defended German targets and throughout his tour has been eager to fly at any time and under any conditions. Flying Officer Baptiste is a most determined and gallant member of aircraft crew and his successes are an excellent testimony to the accuracy of his bombing.

 

He is a courageous and resourceful officer who has established an outstanding record throughout his flying career. He has shown a fine example by his consistent good work, both in the air and on the ground. He is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).

 

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