ARBEAU, Sergeant Cyril Walter (R73477) - Mention in Despatches - No.420 Squadron (No.62 Base) - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 425/45 dated 9 March 1945. Home in Blissfield, New Brunswick; enlisted Moncton, 12 December 1040. No citation in AFRO. DHist file 181.009 D.1745 (RG.24 Vol.20608) states he was a Fitter IIA who enlisted 12 December 1940, remaining in Canada until 10 February 1942. Arrived overseas 20 February 1942. Recommended for MiD by Commanding Officer, No.420 Squadron, 22 July 1944 who wrote:
Sergeant Arbeau has contributed much to his section through his untiring devotion to duty under very trying circumstances. His cheerful disposition and dependability has always given assurances to others, and for his outstanding loyalty and exceptional ability it is strongly recommended he be awarded a Mention in Despatches.
ARBOUR, P/O Joseph Edouard Jean Guy (J87413) - Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm (deceased) - Awarded 17 July 1948 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 455/48 dated 23 July 1948. Home in Montreal. Air gunner, killed with No.426 Squadron, 12/13 May 1944, Halifax LW682. Buried in Belgium.
ARBUCKLE, S/L George Frederick (J23445) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 3 October 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2637/44 dated 8 December 1944. Born in Toronto, 1921. Home there; enlisted there 20 October 1941. Shoe salesman before enlisting in 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 24 April 1942), No.4 EFTS (graduated 25 September 1942) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 5 February 1943). Commissioned 1943. Presented with award 24 May 1946. Employed postwar by York Farms (a division of Canada Packers). Active in Brantford society. Died in Lindsay, Ontario, 2 March 1994. Photo PL-31174 taken with No.429 Squadron;
This officer has at all times displayed a high degree of skill and determination. He has completed many sorties including attacks on Berlin, Leipzig, Frankfurt and other heavily defended targets. On one occasion on the bombing run, his aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire. One engine was put out of action but Squadron Leader Arbuckle continued the bombing run and successfully attacked the target. This officer is a very capable flight commander whose excellent leadership is largely responsible for the efficiency of the squadron.
ARBUCKLE, F/O William Morton (J17202) - Commended for Valuable Services - Overseas - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1729/44 dated 11 August 1944. Born in Montreal, 1915. Home in Lakeside, Quebec; enlisted Montreal, 6 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 July 1940, No.1 BGS (graduated 22 November 1940), No.1 AOS (graduated 12 October 1940) and No.1 ANS (graduated 23 December 1940). Commissioned 1943. Reported interned in Turkey, 31 October 1943 No citation.
ARBUCKLE, F/O William Morton (J17202) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.216 Squadron - Award effective 19 September 1944 as per London Gazette dated 29 September 1944 and AFRO 2373/44 dated 3 November 1944. Presented with award 25 February 1946. Reported in newspapers to have flown a jeep to Yugoslavia for Tito.
Flying Officer Arbuckle has always maintained a consistently high standard of navigation during his service with this squadron. He has participated in operations in India, the Western Desert and over the eastern Mediterranean. In September 1942 he successfully located casualties after a flight of 600 miles over featureless desert and by his excellent navigation made their evacuation possible. He has also taken part in supply dropping sorties on Cos and Saos and in the Imphal campaign has flown as navigator both by day and night over difficult country and in adverse weather. At all times his keenness and devotion to duty have been exemplary.
ARCHAMBAULT, W/C Leon Gustav Gaspard Jean (C770) - Air Force Cross - No.1 Reconnaissance and Navigation School (now ANS) - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Born 26 July 1913 at Outremont (Montreal), Quebec. Educated at College Mont Ste.Marie and the Ecole Polytechnique, University of Montreal (Engineering). Joined the RCAF in 1937. Flew Strabraers with No.5 (BR) Squadron. Later commanded No,423 Squadron (Sunderlands). Postwar postings included Eastern Air Command Headquarters (Halifax), Station Trenton, Station St.Hubert, Director of Personnel Manning at AFHQ, and Commandant of College Militaire Royale (St.Jean, Quebec, 1957-1960). He then commanding No.5 Air Division (Vancouver) and was on the staff of Flag Officer, Pacific Coast. Retired in 1964. Became Dean of Student Affairs, University of Ottawa, and still later the Town Manager of Aylmer, Quebec. Died in Ottawa, 19 October 2002. Governor General's Records (RG.7 Group 26 Volume 59, file 190-I, dossier 8) has citation. When recommended he had flown 2,021 hours, 321 in previous six months. Photo PL-68109 is head and shoulders; PL-135192 shows him at desk.
This officer is most conscientious, efficient and loyal. His two years operational experience with a Coastal Command squadron together with his qualities of leadership have contributed largely to the high efficiency of the Training Wing he commands. By his personal example in flying he has been in no small measure responsible for the excellent record of the Flying Squadron. Throughout his service career this officer's great devotion to duty has made a splendid contribution to the standard of flying efficiency at this unit.
ARCHAMBAULT, F/L Robert Francis (J11286) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 5 June 1945 per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Born in Ottawa, 1917; home there; enlisted there 19 June 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 7 November 1941), No.20 EFTS (graduated 2 January 1942) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 24 April 1942). Commissioned 1942. Overseas in September 1943. Presented with award 1 December 1948.
Flight Lieutenant Archambault has completed many sorties against such targets as Duisburg, Cologne and Dusseldorf. On one occasion in January 1945 he was detailed to attack Chemnitz. On the outward flight some important equipment became unserviceable. Later trouble was experienced with the port outer engine. Undeterred, this officer proceeded to the target which was successfully bombed despite intense enemy activity. He has at all times displayed the utmost determination and devotion to duty.
ARCHER, F/L Gordon Walter (J28296) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 1918, Hamilton, Ontario; home there. Engraver, ex-RCA, enlisted in Hamilton, 2 August 1941. Trained at No.5 ITS (graduated 17 January 1942), No.13 EFTS (graduated 27 March 1942) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 31 July 1942). Commissioned July 1943. Presented with award in Hamilton 27 July 1949. Photo PL-9642 taken just after wings parade (C.W. Archer, W.E. Worthington, W. Wood); PL 9656 after wings parade showing wings to Bernice Archer (sister), Mary Shepherd (fiance), and Mrs. F. West (sister); PL-42630 shows him with WO2 G.R. Brown after raid on Dortmund; PL-43736 with P/O H.W. Clapham at conclusion of tour. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1720 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 19 April 1945, at which time he had flown 33 sorties (184 hours 30 minutes).
This captain has completed thirty-three heavy operational bombing attacks against some of the most heavily defended targets of the enemy. His work in general has been outstanding and he can be relied upon to carry out any mission no matter how hazardous it may be. Flight Lieutenant Archer possesses coolness and displays exceptional fearlessness in the face of danger and his ability to make instant decisions in emergency [sic], skilful pilotage and cool judgement has contributed in a large measure to the success of his operational flights. Through his exceptional ability he has been an inspiration not only to his crew but to the squadron in general.
ARCHER, F/L Phillip Leslie Irving (J3508) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.416 Squadron - Award effective 24 August 1942 as per London Gazette dated 11 September 1942 and AFRO 1535/42 dated 25 September 1942. Born in Bridgetown, Barbados, 1917. Joined RCAF in Montreal, 6 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS , No.6 EFTS, and No.1 SFTS. Posted overseas immediately; to No.57 OTU, 17 February 1941; to No.92 Squadron, 5 May 1941 where he destroyed three enemy aircraft and damaged one. To No.412 Squadron, 11 November 1941; to No.416 Squadron ("A" Flight Commander), 10 March 1942. To Station Kenley, 1 December 1942. Presented with award 9 February 1943. Designated CO, No.402 Squadron, 13 June 1943 and attached to No.421 Squadron for a few days to get back to operational standards. On 17 June 1943 he took command of No.421 Squadron on posting of CO; killed in action 17 June 1943. Aerial victories as follows: 23 June 1941, one Bf.109F destroyed southeast of Boulogne; 7 July 1941, one Bf.109F destroyed and one damaged near Lille; 9 July 1941, one Bf.109F destroyed near Bethune; 18 July 1942, one Do.217 destroyed east of Orfordness; 17 June 1943, one FW.190 destroyed (action in which he was killed). Photo PL-7689 (with P/O Buchan); PL-7690 (in front of Spitfire); PL-11906 (portrait); PL-15375 (F/L E.H. McCaffrey, S/L P.L.I. Archer, F/L D.J. Williams after investiture).
This officer has completed sorties over enemy territory and has destroyed at least four enemy aircraft. On one occasion, although wounded in the leg, Flight Lieutenant Archer flew his badly damaged aircraft back to the base where he executed a skilful landing. He is a most efficient leader.
ARCHER, Sergeant Samuel Sydney (R107529) - Mention in Despatches - No.10 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 5 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1133/44 dated 26 May 1944. Home in Broadview, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Regina 31 May 1941. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 12 March 1943) and No.3 WS (graduated 21 January 1943). Photo PL-24227 shows how WO H.W. Kostiuk held onto Archer while photographing attack on submarine, 14 February 1944. Photo PL-24228 shows the whole crew after their attack on a U-Boat: Back Row - WO2 F.J. Patterson; F.O A.P.V. Cheater, F/O P.C.E. Lafond, F/O M.S. Wallace, P/O J.A. Banks. Front Row - Sergent S.S. Archer, WO2 C.S. Carter.
This NCO was acting as camera operator of a VLR Liberator which attacked a strongly resisting enemy submarine recently in the North Atlantic. With complete disregard for personal safety and under very poor conditions he took the maximum possible number of photographs. He has at all times displayed outstanding devotion to duty.
ARCHIBALD, W/C Donald Frederick Anderson (C2371) - Member, Order of the British Empire - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Enlisted in Moncton, 10 July 1940. Presented with award 16 April 1948. Photo PL-1735 shows him at No.7 Equipment Depot with P/O C. Cowperthwaite.
This Accountant Officer, in addition to performing his regular duties on this unit with great ability, has worked long hours overtime on systems and projects to improve the efficiency of not only the section under his command, but also the unit as a whole. His keen enthusiasm and devotion to duty have been responsible in no small measure for the excellent results achieved by his section.
ARCHIBALD, S/L John Cameron (J16421) - Mention in Despatches - No.76 Base - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in St.Brieux, Saskatchewan; enlisted in Saskatoon, 10 September 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 21 December 1940), No.3 AOS (graduated 21 July 1941), No.5 BGS (graduated 1 September 1941) and No.1 ANS (graduated 29 September 1941). Photo PL-7815 taken at time No.419 Squadron was having a Royal visit; W/C Fulton introduces Sergeant W. Moots to the Queen while Sergeant E.G. Peters and Flight Sergeant Jack Archibald wait their turn; PL-36884 has F/L Jack C. Archibald with F/O George C. McCay (Bounty, Saskatchewan).
ARCHIBALD, Corporal Leslie McLean (R178728) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Sangudu, Alberta; enlisted Edmonton, 28 July 1942. No citation in AFRO.
ARD, WO William Henry (R52501) - Mention in Despatches - Eastmoor - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944. Unit identified in AFRO only as "Overseas"; No.6 Group Monthly Summary of Operational and Training Activities (January 1944) gives No.62 Base. Home in Niagara Falls, Ontario; enlisted there 10 October 1939; DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation dated 26 August 1943 which originates from Eastmoor. Disciplinary NCO. Also associated with Linton-on-Ouse.
This Warrant Officer, a veteran of the last war, re-enlisted in October 1939, and has already served nine months overseas. He has at all times carried out his duties in a keen and zealous manner, and has inspired confidence and respect of superiors and subordinates. His ability to impart Service knowledge has been of great value to units as a whole and individuals in particular. His service deportment is of the highest standard. Warrant Officer Ard has thoroughly demonstrated the qualities required in a Disciplinarian, and has carried out his duties with tact and energy.
ARDELINE, F/O Paul (J16569) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.152 Squadron - Award effective 9 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 October 1945 and AFRO 1822/45 dated 7 December 1945. Born in Regina, 1917; home in Hamilton, Ontario. Enlisted in Hamilton 5 May 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 25 September 1941), No.21 EFTS (graduated 21 November 1941) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 10 April 1942). Commissioned January 1943. Award sent by registered mail 28 June 1947.
Flying Officer Ardeline has served with this squadron since January 1944. Prior to this he took part in attacks on the Arakan and Imphal fronts and in the night defence of the Calcutta area. During the whole on his tour he has displayed outstanding keenness and determination to engage the enemy. Recently he pursued a formation of hostile aircraft far into Burma, damaging one and probably destroying another. The example set by Flying Officer Ardeline has been an inspiration to his fellow pilots.
ARDIS, F/O Beverley Donn (J26495) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 13 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1660/44 dated 4 August 1944. Born in Ottawa, 1922; home in Friendship, New York; enlisted in Toronto, 20 July 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 14 May 1943). Commissioned 1943. Award sent by registered mail 23 November 1949.
As air gunner, this officer has taken part in many attacks on targets in Germany including several on the capital. He is a keen, vigilant and resolute member of aircraft crew and has played a worthy part in the successes obtained.
ARDIS, F/O Victor Dempster (J16907) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.420 Squadron - Award effective 23 November 1943 as per London Gazette dated 30 November 1943 and AFRO 166/44 dated 28 January 1944. Born in Ottawa, 1917; home in Belfast, New York or California; enlisted Toronto, 15 January 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 28 May 1941), No.3 EFTS (graduated 15 July 1941) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 7 October 1941). Commissioned 1942. Award sent by registered mail 23 November 1949.
This pilot has completed a large number of night bombing sorties. Throughout the Sicilian and Italian campaigns he has pressed home his attacks with the greatest determination and has obtained a photograph of the aiming point on nearly every occasion. His cheerfulness and disregard of any defences have contributed much to the high morale of his crew and squadron.
ARGUE, Sergeant Arthur Lyall (R82220) - Mention in Despatches - Overseas - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1600/45 dated 12 October 1945. Home in Pakenham, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa, 10 December 1940.
ARIS, LAC Harry Hayman (R122124) - Mention in Despatches - Station Croft - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 418/46 dated 18 April 1946. Home in Vancouver; enlisted there 6 August 1941. No citation. Newsclipping from Calgary Herald (no date) says he was born in Calgary, educated there, and worked for Canadian Natural Gas, Light, Heat and Power Company. Stationed with No.6 Group, he "obtained tools and materials with which to organize a hobby shop" and was "instrumental in establishing a club room for the men." DHist file 181.009 D.4364 (RG.24 Vol.20648) has recommendation for a BEM dated 20 May 1945 which also identifies unit. Clerk Stenographer, Assistant to Station Administrative Officer. Photo PL-32800 shows him cultivating a station garden.
This airman enlisted 6th August 1941, and has served in the United Kingdom since 23rd June 1942. He has been on the strength of this unit for twenty-two months during which period he has rendered a contribution to the service far beyond that called for from the normal line of his duty. In addition to his normal duties he has acted as chairman of the Service Institute, making it, through his efforts and guidance, a credit to the Station and an institution of worth to the airmen. He has also kept the account for and managed the funds of the Sergeants' Mess and Service Institute. He has taken a leading part in Educational activities at this unit both as organizer and instructor, and has been responsible for the beautifying of Station grounds and gardens. Despite the disheartening experience of receiving no promotion or commissioning, both of which have been held up by establishment and policy changes, he has nevertheless remained willing, active, co-operative and cheerful. A fine character in all respects, he is because of his qualities of leadership, his outstanding ability, and fine service spirit, strongly recommended for the award of the British Empire Medal.
ARKLIE, WO (now P/O) Ernest Frank (R76423/J87570) - Mention in Despatches - No.24 OTU - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Home in St.James, Manitoba; enlisted in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 2 January 1941. Trained at No.3 WS (graduated 10 January 1942) and No.7 BGS (graduated 3 August 1942). No citation. Photo PL-35203 is a portrait.
ARMER, F/O Ross (J23020) - Air Force Cross - No.9 SFTS (now No.2 ANS) - Award effective 5 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1133/44 dated 26 May 1944. Home in Exeter, Ontario. Enlisted in Hamilton, 5 November 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 March 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 28 May 1941), and No.9 SFTS (graduated 10 August 1941). As of award he had flown 1,830 hours 30 minutes, including 1,590 hours 15 minutes as instructor, 324 hours 25 minutes in previous six months.
This officer has displayed outstanding qualities of leadership, organization and devotion to duty as a flying instructor. His keenness, exceptional zeal in his work and rigid adherence to flying discipline has been most instrumental in raising the standards of his fellow instructors.
ARMITAGE, LAW Doris Edith (W312908) - British Empire Medal - MCHQ - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Dunrobin, Ontario; enlisted in Ottawa, 16 April 1943. Presented with award 14 June 1947.
This airwoman has, since being on strength of this unit, proven herself to be an exceptionally dependable Driver Transport who has at all times given her services to the Royal Canadian Air Force beyond normal demands. In addition, on the night of February 3rd, 1946, her quick thinking and fortitude during a fire in the unit Motor Transport Section was instrumental in preventing possible fatal injuries to a comrade and reducing property loss to a minimum. Her devotion to duty and exceptional judgement merits recognition.
ARMITAGE, F/O Robert Munday (J35566) - Distinguished Flying Cross -No.408 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 1914 in Timmins, Ontario; home in Parry Sound, Ontario. Clerk and store manager; enlisted in North Bay, Ontario, 29 June 1942. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 3 April 1943), No.12 EFTS (graduated 29 May 1943) and No.16 SFTS (graduated 1 October 1943). Commissioned September 1943. Award sent by registered mail 28 June 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 16 April 1945 when he had flown 36 sorties (215 hours 55 minutes) between 11 September 1944 and 23 February 1945. Died in Parry Sound, Ontario, 19 June 1997.
Flying Officer Armitage has completed a tour of operations against the enemy on four-engined bombers. He has operated deep into the heart of Germany on many occasions and has been over such heavily defended targets as Chemnitz, Hanover, Essen.
At all times he has pressed home his attacks and procured many fine photographs of the various targets. He has been a source of inspiration to his crew members by his capability and guidance and has fostered a good squadron spirit.
Flying Officer Armitage's courage and cheerfulness throughout his tour has been outstanding...
ARMSTRONG, FS (now P/O) Arley Walter (R187588/J88782) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.15 Squadron - Award effective 4 November 1944 as per London Gazette dated 14 November 1944 and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Home in Petrolia, Ontario; enlisted Windsor, 26 August 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 6 August 1943). Commissioned 1944. Presented with award 28 May 1947..
As rear gunner Flight Sergeant Armstrong has completed a tour of operational sorties, including among his targets Stuttgart and Dortmund. In April 1944, shortly after leaving Cologne, one engine of his aircraft caught fire and after some difficulty was feathered, thus rendering his turret unserviceable. Shortly after they were attacked four times by enemy aircraft. In all these attacks Flight Sergeant Armstrong was handicapped by an unserviceable turret but by his correct procedure, which he adopted to inform his captain, of the direction of the enemy attacks, he rendered invaluable assistance and ensured that no damage was inflicted on his aircraft. Flight Sergeant Anderson is a most keen and efficient air gunner who has at all times shown the greatest courage and devotion to duty both in the air and on the ground.
ARMSTRONG, F/L Donald Hadley (J2969) - Air Force Cross - No.2 SFTS - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 113/44 dated 21 January 1944. Born at Lethbridge, Alberta, 25 November 1918. Enlisted in Trenton, 6 November 1939. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 23 May 1940), Edmonton Aero Club (graduated 22 July 1949) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 18 September 1940). Presented with award 10 April 1945.
This officer as a flying instructor and presently as Examining Officer has been outstanding in the execution of his duties . By his quiet determination, cheerfulness and efficiency he has been a continuous source of inspiration to junior instructors and trainees. Flight Lieutenant Armstrong has devoted every effort in obtaining the best results from the pupils under his charge which has been exemplified in the many excellent pilots trained by him.
ARMSTRONG, F/L Frederick Finlay (J87608) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.76 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 17 July 1945 and AFRO 1558/45 dated 5 October 1945. Born in Collingwood, Ontario, 1918; home in Owen Sound. Labourer, clerk, and ex-RCA; enlisted in Galt, 14 February 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 31 July 1942), No.7 EFTS (graduated 6 November 1942) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 6 April 1943). Presented with award 22 June 1949. Photo PL-42062 shows him having a snowball fight with F/L K.B. Inglis; PL-44281 with F/O "Bus" Corbett, recently released from a POW camp. No citation other than "in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy". Public Records Office Air 2/9081 has recommendation dated 18 March 1945 when he had flown 39 sorties (196 operational hours), 25 July 1944 to 23 February 1945.
25 Jul 44 Foret du Croc (3.45) 15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven (4.35)
28 Jul 44 Foret de Nieppe 23 Oct 44 Essen (5.25)
(3.50) 28 Oct 44 Westkapelle (3.25)
3 Aug 44 Bois de Casson 30 Oct 44 Cologen (6.00)
(4.25) 31 Oct 44 Cologne (5.15)
5 Aug 44 Foret de Nieppe 16 Nov 44 Julich (4.45)
(3.05) 21 Nov 44 Sterkrade (6.05)
7 Aug 44 TOTALIZE III (4.05) 2 Dec 44 Hagen (6.35)
17 Aug 44 Brest (4.55) 6 Dec 44 Osnabruck (5.45)
18 Aug 44 Sterkrade (4.45) 18 Dec 44 Duisburg (6.30)
25 Aug 44 Pons Corff (5.20) 2 Jan 45 Ludwigshaven (6.50)
27 Aug 44 Hamburg (4.05) 5 Jan 45 Hanover (5.20)
1 Sept 44 La Pourchante (4.00) 6 Jan 45 Hannau (6.30)
3 Sept 44 Soesterburh (3.40) 16 Jan 45 Magdeburg (6.05)
12 Sep 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.30) 1 Feb 45 Mainz (6.10)
15 Sep 44 Kiel (5.55) 2 Feb 45 Wanne Eickel (5.00)
25 Sep 44 Calais (3.45) 4 Feb 45 Bonn (5.55)
26 Sep 44 Calais (3.35) 7 Feb 45 Goch (5.50)
27 Sep 44 Calais (3.30) 9 Feb 45 Wanne Eickel (5.45)
6 Oct 44 Scholven (4.35) 20 Feb 45 Reizholz (7.00)
14 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.50) 23 Feb 45 Essen (5.00)
Flight Lieutenant Armstrong as captain of a heavy bomber has completed 39 operations against Germany and enemy occupied territory. He has attacked such heavily defended targets as Magdeburg, Essen, Duisburg and Hanover, and has at all times shown determination and resource. His skill and courage has won great praise and his example has greatly inspired his crew.
* * * * *
ARMSTRONG, Sergeant Grace Louise (W316648) - British Empire Medal - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Ottawa; enlisted there 7 January 1944. Presented with award 9 December 1947. Photo PL-38678 showed her after investiture with her mother and Mrs. J.K. Hardy (friend); caption said she was now studying voice at Royal Conservatory of Music.
This non-commissioned officer is presently employed as a non-commissioned officer in charge of the Orderly Room at the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Royal Canadian Air Force Overseas Headquarters. She enlisted in the Women's Division of the Royal Canadian Air Force on the 7th January 1944, with the rank of Acting Corporal, having been employed as a civilian in the office of the Chief of the Air Staff at Air Force Headquarters, Ottawa. Sergeant Armstrong has been admirably equipped for her service with the Royal Canadian Air Force and has brought to her job an infinite capacity for hard work, which together with her outstanding initiative and well above average intelligence, has made her work exceptionally commendable.
ARMSTRONG, FS (now P/O) Herbert Tuxis Berry (R95996/J18212) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.138 Squadron - Award effective 4 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 15 October 1943 and AFRO 2610/43 dated 17 December 1943. Born at Lake Canoe, Ontario, 1920; home in Ottawa; clerk, enlisted in Ottawa 26 April 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 27 July 1941), No.11 EFTS (graduated 12 September 1941) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 5 December 1941). News story of 6 February 1943 says his Halifax crew were all BCATP graduates - F/O Phil Atkinson, Newcastle, England (pilot), Sergeant Ken Collopy, Frobisher, Saskatchewan (flight engineer), P/O "Andy" Hardy, Windsor, Ontario (navigator), Sergeant R.M. Reilly, Montreal (bomb aimer and front gunner), Sergeant Norman Weiller, Seward, Nebraska (mid-upper gunner), Sergeant George McCallum, Holden, Nova Scotia (wireless operator), and Armstrong (described as rear gunner; this is obviously wrong as his training and photo all point to being a pilot). Engaged then on convoy patrols. News stories from Ottawa papers, May 1944 and January 1945 indicate later flying on bomber operations and delivering supplies to Resistance; came home once with bits of trees in wing tips. Ended overseas service by instructing at a Canadian Heavy Conversion Unit.
This airman has completed many operational sorties. The high degree of success attained has been largely due to his untiring efforts while cheerfulness and devotion to duty have been reflected in the keenness displayed by his crew. On one occasion he was detailed on a search in the North Sea and located a dinghy containing nine men. Although only fifty miles from the enemy coast and exposed to attacks by enemy fighters he remained with the dinghy for five hours. The crew was subsequently rescued.
ARMSTRONG, WO1 Ivan Stewart (R114144) - Mention in Despatches - No.190 Squadron (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born at Simcoe, Ontario, 20 March 1920. Home in Niagara Falls, Ontario where he attended the Niagra Falls Vocational Institute; enlisted Hamilton, 30 June 1941 for General Duties, serving at Station Sydney. Remustered for aircrew, 5 December 1942. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 5 March 1943). Further trained at No.34 OTU. Arrived in UK, 4 June 1943; to No.13 OTU, 17 August 1943; to Stoney Cross, 21 October 1943; to No.299 Squadron, 4 November 1943; to No.190 Squadron, 22 February 1944; repatriated 6 June 1945; released 2 August 1945. On 9 May 1945 he filled a form describing his overseas service as follows: one tour (27 sorties, 145 hours 25 minutes operational time, last sortie on 10 April 1945) plus 268 hours 30 minutes non-operational time. He reported 17 hours 20 minutes on Mitchells, 42 hours 35 minutes on Venturas and 354 hours on Stirlings (glider towing).
ARMSTRONG, FS John Gordon (R98558) - British Empire Medal - AFHQ, Directorate of Financial Services (and now No.4 SFTS). - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and RCAF Routine Order 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born in Scott, Saskatchewan; educated in Saskatoon and Alliston, Ontario; enlisted in RCAF in Saskatoon, 17 March 1941. Presented with award 16 February 1945.
This NCO's duties in charge of the Estimates Staff in the Accounts Section, have been most complex and voluminous. He has been required to work at very considerable pressure over long periods of time, and has given of himself unstintingly in the execution of the work set before him. He has set an excellent example of industry and devotion to duty.
ARMSTRONG, F/L Leslie Irvin (J6646) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.5 SFTS - Award effective 8 June 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944 - Born in Blaine Lake, Saskatchewan; educated there, Prince Albert, and Ridley College, St.Catharines. Enlisted in Toronto, 17 December 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 10 April 1941), No.1 EFTS (graduated 28 May 1941) and No.5 SFTS (received wings 8 August 1941). Described as having flown 1,622.30 hours to date, 1,400.40 as instructor, 221.40 hours in previous six months.
This flying instructor has served as a flight commander for the past year, during which time he has maintained a high standard of training and has operated his flight in a thoroughly efficient and exemplary manner. His continued efforts and success in his work have been outstanding.
ARMSTRONG, P/O Lloyd George (J92448) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.78 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born in Oxford County, Ontario, 1917; home in Ingersoll where he was a grocery clerk. Served with Royal Canadian Artillery before joining RCAF in London, 9 March 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942), No.5 BGS (graduated 6 August 1943) and No.1 CNS (graduated 17 September 1943). Commissioned November 1944. Presented with award 14 June 1949. No citation other than "completed... numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9083 has recommendation dated 18 March 1945 when he had flown 35 sorties (185 hours 23 minutes), 26 August 1944 to 5 March 1945.
26 Aug 44 Homburg (4.23 5 Dec 44 Soest (5.43)
1 Sept 44 Lumbres (3.30) 6 Dec 44 Osnabruck (5.58)
3 Sept 44 Soesterburg (3.44) 14 Dec 44 GARDENING (5.41)
10 Sep 44 Le Havre (3.57) 18 Dec 44 Duisburg (6.09)
11 Sep 44 GARDENING (5.20) 26 Dec 44 St.Vith (6.09)
12 Sep 44 Munster (4.09) 6 Jan 45 Hanau (6.16)
15 Sep 44 Kiel (5.23) 12 Jan 45 GARDENING (5.50)
20 Sep 44 Calais (3.36) 14 Jan 45 Dulmen (6.06)
25 Sep 44 Calais (3.54) 16 Jan 45 Magdeburg (6.05)
14 Oct 44 Duisburg (4.24) 14 Feb 45 GARDENING (6.23)
15 Oct 44 Duisburg (5.25) 17 Feb 45 Wesel (5.07)
23 Oct 44 Essen (5.38) 20 Feb 45 Reisholz (6.16)
25 Oct 44 Essen (4.36) 23 Feb 45 Essen (4.54)
29 Oct 44 Westkapelle (3.03) 27 Feb 45 Mainz (5.51)
2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (5.18) 2 Mar 45 Cologne (5.14)
6 Nov 44 Gelsenkirchen (4.35) 3 Mar 45 Kamen (5.58)
21 Nov 44 Sterkrade (6.52) 5 Mar 45 Chemnitz (8.14)
29 Nov 44 Essen (5.51)
This officer has now completed his first operational tour consisting of 35 sorties (134 points) involving a total of 185 hours.
He has always shown great keenness for operations and much of the success attained by the very good crew of which he is a member is due to his efficiency as an Air Bomber. He has always shown a high degree of courage, skill and initiative.
For his good operational record whilst on this squadron and his devotion to duty he is strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
* * * * *
ARMSTRONG, Flying Officer Myrtle Eileen (C14619) - Associate, Royal Red Cross - RCAF Station Torbay - awarded 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Enlisted at Ottawa, 17 June 1942; home in Braeside, Ontario. Presented with award 17 May 1945.
This Nursing Sister has carried out her duties with the utmost skill and unflagging perseverance, setting an example for hard work and diligence to all those working with her. Her leadership has played a large part in the efficient functioning of all hospital assistants at this station. She has been responsible for the organization of a reception crash ward and emergency routine, which she has directed with outstanding ability when accident cases have been received. On one occasion, during a blizzard, she proceeded into the bush country to render assistance to civilians who were unable to obtain medical attention. In emergencies, she performs her duties with calmness and efficiency and at all times exemplifies the noblest qualities of her profession.
* * * * *
ARMSTRONG, F/L Norman Henry (J22801) - Distinguished Flying Cross -No.103 Squadron - Award effective 30 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 6 November 1945 and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born in Vancouver, 1922, home there. Educated UBC (COTC), truck driver; enlisted Vancouver 27 August 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 16 January 1942), No.5 EFTS (graduated 27 March 1942) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 31 July 1942). Commissioned 1942. Medal sent by registered mail 16 May 1950. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9131 has recommendation dated 24 April 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (197 hours 30 minutes), 21 November 1944 to 13 April 1945.
21 Nov 44 Aschaffenburg 13 Feb 45 Dresden
17 Dec 44 Ulm 14 Feb 45 GARDENING
22 Dec 44 Koblenz 18 Feb 45 GARDENING
28 Dec 44 Munchen Gladbach 1 Mar 45 Mannheim
29 Dec 44 Scholven Buer 11 Mar 45 Essen
31 Dec 44 Osterfeld 12 Mar 45 Dortmund
2 Jan 45 Nuremburg 13 Mar 45 Herne
5 Jan 45 Hanover 15 Mar 45 Misburg
7 Jan 45 Munich 16 Mar 45 Nuremburg
28 Jan 45 Zussenhausen 19 Mar 45 Hanau
1 Feb 45 Ludwigshaven 21 Mar 45 Bremen
2 Feb 45 Wiesbaden 24 Mar 45 Dortmund
4 Feb 45 GARDENING 27 Mar 45 Paderborn
7 Feb 45 Cleve 4 Apr 45 GARDENING
8 Feb 45 Politz 13 Apr 45 GARDENING
Flight Lieutenant Armstrong was posted to No.103 Squadron on 18th November, 1944. Since then he has completed 30 sorties on Lancaster aircraft with a total of 197.30 hours operational flying.
In the course of these numerous sorties extending over a period of six months, this Canadian officer has taken part in attacks on a wide variety of targets including oil plants such as Misburg, Politz and Ludwigshaven, important industrial centres, e.g. Nuremburg, Essen, Dortmund, Bremen. The majority of these raids have taken place at night and on most of them strong enemy opposition was encountered.
In addition to the bomber raids referred to, Flight Lieutenant Armstrong has proved himself to be an outstanding minelayer in a squadron very experienced in this sphere of operations.
Throughout his tour Flight Lieutenant Armstrong has displayed notable skill and determination in attacking his targets. He is an excellent pilot who has shown himself to be a fine leader of his crews, the accuracy and precision of whose work has been revealed in the many excellent bombing photographs they have obtained. He has never allowed enemy opposition, no matter how strong, to deter him from pressing home his attack and his devotion to duty and fine offensive spirit have been am inspiration to his crew.
I strongly recommend that his excellent work as captain of aircraft in this squadron be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
ARMSTRONG, F/L Robert Ludlam (J14829) - Commended for Valuable Services - No. 9 Bombing and Gunnery School - Award effective 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945. Enlisted at Moncton, 17 October 1941; trained at No.1 SFTS (graduated 9 October 1942).
This flying instructor has displayed exceptional qualities of skill and devotion to duty, particularly when conditions have been most trying. At all times his cheerfulness, initiative and good leadership have been an inspiration to the personnel serving under him. These outstanding qualities have made a marked contribution to the efficiency of this station.
ARMSTRONG, F/O Stanley William (J13824) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.405 Squadron - Award effective 24 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1444/44 dated 7 July 1944. Born in 1923; home in Winnipeg. Enlisted 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS, No.16 EFTS and No.7 AOS. Commissioned 1942. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty". Public Records Office Air 2/9149 has recommendation dated 23 February 1944 when he had completed 42 sorties (361 hours 25 minutes), 24 February 1943 to 19 February 1944 as follows:
24 Feb 43 Wilhelmshaven (6.15) 17 Aug 43 Cap Sulvero (5.45)
26 Feb 43 Cologne (5.10) 19 Aug 43 Foggia (7.00)
27 Feb 43 Frisians (4.55) 24 Aug 43 Bagnoli (5.30)
28 Feb 43 St.Nazaire (4.45) 26 Aug 43 Taranto (6.45)
5 Mar 43 Essen (5.20) 31 Aug 43 Salerno (6.15)
12 Mar 43 Essen (1.20, aborted) 3 Sept 43 Capodichino (5.40)
26 Mar 43 Duisburg (5.45) 6 Sept 43 Battipaglia (5.55)
10 Apr 43 Frankfurt (7.40) 8 Sept 43 Battipaglia (6.35)
14 Apr 43 Stuttgart (7.20) 11 Sep 43 Fresinone airfield
16 Apr 43 Mannheim (6.30) (5.30)
1 June 43 Ras Elmar (8.40) 13 Sep 43 Pompeii Roads
12 Jul 43 Enna, Sicily (5.30) (6.05)
15 Jul 43 San Giovanni (5.50) 14 Sep 43 Eboli (6.30)
16 Jul 43 Capodichino a/f (6.20) 16 Sep 43 Cisterna airfield
20 Jul 43 Naples (6.00) (6.10)
21 Jul 43 Capodichino a/f (6.40) 18 Sep 43 Viterbo a/f (6.25)
3 Aug 43 Paola (6.20) 20 Sep 43 Benevento (6.05)
4 Aug 43 Messina (6.05) 6 Jan 44 Stettin (8.05)
6 Aug 43 Naples (6.15) 14 Jan 44 Brunswick (5.00)
9 Aug 43 Beach straf (5.50) 20 Jan 44 Berlin (7.10)
11 Aug 43 Beach straf (5.20) 21 Jan 44 Magdeburg (6.30)
14 Aug 43 Beach straf (5.40) 15 Feb 44 Berlin (7.00)
15 Aug 43 Viterbo (6.20) 19 Feb 44 Leipzig (6.25)
This officer is an excellent navigator who has completed almost two tours of operations. Many of his operational sorties were carried out against heavily defended enemy targets such as Berlin, Hamburg and Mannheim. This officer, on many occasions, came under heavy fire, but in spite of personal danger, carried out his missions in a most commendable manner, which has acted as an incentive to those less experienced than himself. Strongly recommended for the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
* * * * *
ARMSTRONG, F/L William Albert (J8128) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.407 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 September 1943 and AFRO 2138/43 dated 22 October 1943. Born at Kinburn, Ontario, 1916. Educated at Queens University (BA, 1937); taught school at Carp, Ontario; enlisted Ottawa 16 December 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 12 May 1941), No.4 BGS (graduated 14 September 1941), No.4 AOS (graduated 4 August 1941 and No.2 ANS (graduated 15 October 1941. DHist file 181.009 D.1636 (RG.24 Vol.20604) has application for Operational Wings submitted about February 1944. Claimed 500 hours total flying, 205 hours operational hours, 25 sorties on Hudsons (anti-shipping), 20 sorties on Wellingtons (anti-submarine). Instructing at No.6 OTU, Silloth, 21 August to November 1943 when repatriated to Canada. Joined No.3 OTU, Patricia Bay, 5 January 1944; invested there with DFC by A/V/M Heakes, 19 January 1945. Attended Queens University in postwar (B.Sc., Mechanical Engineering, 1948) and then became an industrial engineer. Died 25 December 1992 at Beloit, West Indies.
This officer has been engaged almost continuously on operations since January 1942. He has participated in many low level attacks against enemy shipping and his crew has been responsible for sinking two merchant ships. Flight Lieutenant Armstrong has also been employed as navigator on anti-submarine patrols. As squadron bombing leader, his work has been largely responsible for the high efficiency of his own and other crews in the squadron.
* * * * *
ARMSTRONG, P/O William Norman (J18086) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.172 Squadron - Award effective 17 January 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 February 1944 and AFRO 644/44 dated 24 March 1944. Born in Summerland, B.C., 1920; home in West Summerland. Enlisted in Vancouver, 21 May 1941. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 16 August 1941), No.18 EFTS (graduated 10 October 1941) and No.15 SFTS (graduated 27 February 1942). To Britain, 29 March 1942. Further trained at No.12 (P) AFU (18 May to 13 July 1942), No.7 PRC (13 July to 1 September 1942), No.7 (C) OTU (1 September 1942 to 21 January 1943) and No.172 Squadron (21 January 1943 to 22 January 1944). Returned to UK, 22 January 1944; to No.6 OTU, Chivenor, 1 August 1944; to Canada, 30 April 1945; released 23 August 1945. Medal presented 18 October 1947.
One night this officer was pilot of an aircraft which sighted a fully surfaced U-Boat. Pilot Officer Armstrong immediately went into the attack and straddled the vessel with depth charges. Despite heavy fire from the submarine's guns Pilot Officer Armstrong made two more runs over the vessel and released more depth charges from a very low level. This officer displayed great skill, courage and determination.
ARNE, F/O Ira Clifford (J38580) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.11 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Home in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan; enlisted there 6 June 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 8 September 1941), No.7 AOS (graduated 28 February 1942), No.3 BGS (graduated 11 April 1942) and No.1 ANS (graduated 11 May 1942). As of recommendation he had flown 1,410 hours, 992 of them operational (120 sorties). Award presented 9 July 1949. No citation in AFRO other than "in recognition of valuable services in the air." Following from DHist files:
Flying Officer Arne has completed two tours of operations over the North Atlantic during which time he has always shown the greatest keenness to seek out the enemy no matter how trying or hazardous the task. His precise navigation has always been held in high regard and on one occasion was directly responsible for an attack on an enemy submarine. His great enthusiasm and devotion to duty at all times have been most praiseworthy.
ARNETT, FS (now P/O) James Lawrence (R190749/J95337) - Air Force Medal - No.436 Squadron - Award effective 7 September 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Priceville, Ontario; enlisted Toronto 8 September 1942) Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 28 June 1943), No.5 EFTS (graduated 20 August 1943) and No.3 SFTS (graduated 10 December 1943). Medal presented 18 October 1947.
This airman is a keen pilot and captain of aircraft. His enthusiasm, keenness and devotion to duty have been an inspiration to all aircrew. The manner in which he has carried out his flying duties are most praiseworthy. He is undoubtedly one of the most efficient pilots in his squadron.
ARNILL, P/O William Robert (J90157) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 5 July 1945 as per London Gazette dated 20 July 1945 and AFRO 1619/45 dated 19 October 1945. Born in Fredericton, New Brunswick, April 1915; home in Dundalk, Ontario. Garage man, enlisted in Toronto, 6 July 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942) and No.1 AOS (graduated 25 June 1943). Commissioned September 1944. Medal presented 22 October 1948. Photo PL-19391 shows him with Sergeant Aubrey Miller at embarkation. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.2618 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 22 March 1945 when flown 31 sorties (159 hours 20 minutes), 12 August 1944 to 14 January 1945.
Pilot Officer Arnill has now completed a tour of operations against the enemy on heavy bombers as navigator. He has penetrated deep into the heart of Germany on many occasions, and as been over such heavily defended targets as Saarbrucken, Kiel, Duisburg, Dortmund and Dusseldorf. On many occasions Pilot Officer Arnill displayed great courage and by his very efficient navigation was responsible for the safe return of his crew and aircraft. He has at all times proven himself to be a superior navigator and with his cheerful disregard for any difficulties was an inspiration to all his crew members. His splendid record fully warrants the award of the Non-Immediate Distinguished Flying Cross.
ARNOLD, F/O Alfred Joseph (J21168) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.419 Squadron - Award effective 9 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 471/45 dated 16 March 1945. Born in Hamilton, Ontario, 1921. Home there; enlisted there 11 March 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 14 August 1942), No.4 BGS (graduated 9 October 1942) and No.10 AOS (graduated 20 November 1942). Commissioned 1942. Medal sent by registered mail 30 March 1949.
As air bomber, this officer has participated in a large number of bombing missions, many of them against strongly defended targets in Germany. Throughout he has displayed the highest standard of determination and devotion to duty and his excellent work has contributed materially to the successes obtained. On a recent occasion a short circuit in the bombing gear caused a fire to start in the bomb aimer's compartment. Despite this, Flying Officer Arnold coolly directed the bombing run and not until the bombs had been released did he turn his attention towards extinguishing the fire.
ARNOLD, F/L Charles Keever (J21404) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.541 Squadron - Award effective 27 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 8 May 1945 and AFRO 966/45 dated 8 June 1945. American in the RCAF. Born 1913 in West Virginia; home in Parkersburg, West Virginia. Photographer in civil life; enlisted in Hamilton, 12 August 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 8 May 1942), No.21 EFTS (graduated 14 August 1942) and No.8 SFTS (graduated 4 December 1942). Medal presented 30 April 1948.
This officer is an able and successful pilot. His record in photographic reconnaissance has been consistently excellent. In December 1944 he completed a survey of an area involving a long period of flying in the face of great danger. Flight Lieutenant Arnold has always been keen to evolve new methods and to improve efficiency as a photographic pilot. Throughout his operational career this officer has inspired his fellow pilots by his keenness and courage and has been a great asset to the squadron.
ARNOLD, F/O Harold Frederick (J24304) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.49 Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 December 1944 and AFRO 337/45 dated 23 February 1945. Home in Vancouver where he was a sign and showcard writer. Enlisted in Vancouver, 8 April 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 29 August 1942), No.2 EFTS (graduated 4 December 1942) and No.12 SFTS (graduated 1 June 1943). Commissioned 1943. Moved to San Francisco after the war; medal presented via Department of External Affairs, 5 August 1955. Photo PL-34798 is formal portrait. No citation other than "..in recognition of gallantry and devotion to duty in the execution of air operations against the enemy." Public Records Office Air 2/8881 has recommendation dated 19 September 1944 when he had flown 32 sorties (176 hours 55 minutes), 9 May to 29 August 1944.
* denotes daylight sortie
9 May 44 Gennevilliers (4.20) 18 Jul 44 Revigny (5.05)
19 May 44 Amiens (3.55) 20 Jul 44 Courtrai (3.15)
21 May 44 Duisburg (4.55) 23 Jul 44 Kiel (4.50)
22 May 44 Brunswick (6.20) 24 Jul 44 Donges (5.35)
27 May 44 Morsalines (3.35) 26 Jul 44 Givors (9.05)
2 June 44 Wimereux (3.45) 7 Aug 44 Sequeville (3.50)
5 June 44 La Pernelle (4.35) 9 Aug 44 Chatellerault (6.30)
6 June 44 Caen (4.30) 10 Aug 44 Bordeaux (7.10)
21 Jun 44 Wesseling (4.35) 11 Aug 44 Givors (8.40)
24 Jun 44 Pommerval (3.50) 14 Aug 44 Quesnay (3.40)*
27 Jun 44 Marguise (3.15) 15 Aug 44 Deelan (4.00)*
4 July 44 Creil (3.55) 16 Aug 44 Stettin (7.40)
7 July 44 Creil (4.25) 18 Aug 44 L'Isle Adam (4.25)*
12 Jul 44 Culmont Chalindrey 25 Aug 44 Darmstadt (8.35)
(8.00) 26 Aug 44 Konigsburg (9.40)
15 Jul 44 Nevers (7.30) 29 Aug 44 Konigsburg (9.40)
17 Jul 44 Caen (3.50)*
This officer has completed 32 operational sorties as captain of Lancaster aircraft, taking part in operations which included attacks on such heavily defended German targets as Brunswick, Kiel, Stettin, Duisburg and Konigsburg (twice) and in precision attacks on French targets by day and night. On one occasion his aircraft was attacked and damaged by an enemy fighter which was driven away by accurate machine gun fire and the damaged aircraft skilfully flown back to Base.
In spite of the heaviest opposition, Flight Lieutenant Arnold has at all times pressed home his attacks and shown a very high standard of courage and devotion to duty.
For the skill and thoroughness with which he has carried out any duty allocated to him and for his courage and devotion to duty I strongly recommend that he be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
ARNOT, F/L Donald MacKenzie (J13470) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 10 January 1944 as per London Gazette dated 18 January 1944 and AFRO 410/44 dated 25 February 1944. Born in Toronto, 1918; home there; enlisted Toronto, 13 August 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 27 October 1943), No.14 EFTS (graduated 22 December 1940) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 17 March 1941). Commissioned 1942. Killed in action 21 January 1944. Medal presented 28 February 1946. Photo PL-22550 showed him at post-raid interrogation with F/L Elleker (Arnot wears hat and faces camera); PL-22648 shows W/C R.S. Turnbull, S/L Arnot and FS A.J. King; PL-26013 seated at desk; PL-37588 shows his next of kin after receiving medal. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9153 has recommendation dated 19 November 1943 when he had flown 20 sorties (136 hours 48 minutes) and was a Flight Commander in his unit.
11 June 43 Dusseldorf (4.50) 12 Aug 43 Milan (9.50)
12 June 43 Bochum (5.28) 17 Aug 43 Peenemunde (7.30)
19 June 43 Le Creusot (7.30) 22 Aug 43 Leverkusen (5.10)
28 June 43 Cologne (4.05) 23 Aug 43 Berlin (7.15)
2 July 43 GARDENING (4.30) 27 Aug 43 Nuremburg (8.20)
9 July 43 Gelsenkirchen (7.10) 31 Aug 43 Berlin (7.35)
13 July 43 Aachen (5.30) 6 Sept 43 Munich (8.30)
24 July 43 Hamburg (5.45) 15 Sept 43 Montlucon (6.55)
29 July 43 Hamburg (6.35) 8 Oct 43 Hanover (5.10)
30 July 43 Remscheid (5.30) 11 Nov 43 Cannes (9.55)
9 Aug 43 Mannheim (3.45, DNCO)
Flight Lieutenant Arnot has successfully completed a large number of bombing sorties against some of the strongest defended targets in Germany. This officer has always shown great keenness and determination on all of these attacks and his devotion to duty has been an inspiration and an example to his crew and squadron.
ARNOTT, WO Morley Albert (R137690) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.35 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1296/44 dated 16 June 1944. Born in Barrie, Ontario, 1922; home in Barrie or Toronto. Student before enlisting in Halifax, 13 November 1941. Trained at No.2 BGS (graduated 20 February 1942). Later commissioned (J88750). Medal presented 22 November 1948. No citation other than "...completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Photo PL-34008 shows him with F/L D.L.G. Turvey.
ARROWSMITH, FS Joseph Camp (R84654) - British Empire Medal - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 13 June 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 660/46 dated 5 July 1946. Home in Saint John, New Brunswick; enlisted in Moncton, 21 January 1941 (card - but see citation. Chances are the citation is wrong). Medal presented 20 April 1948.
Flight Sergeant Arrowsmith enlisted 1st January 1941 and proceeded overseas in October 1942. He was store keeper at No.426 Squadron, where his excellent work as an Equipment Assistant obtained for him a Senior non-commissioned officer position in the Royal Canadian Air Force Auxiliary Services Warehouse. He has been largely responsible for the excellent system of recording undeliverable parcels and disposing of their contents to Royal Canadian Air Force units throughout the United Kingdom and further afield. In January 1944, he became the Senior non-commissioned officer in charge of the Warehouse where his handling of the staff and maintenance of records has been noteworthy.
ARTHUR, F/O Robert John (J19798) - Mention in Despatches - No.145 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Enlisted in Niagara Falls, Ontario, 22 July 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 30 September 1940), No.2 WS (graduated 17 February 1941) and No.4 BGS (graduated 16 March 1941).
This officer has carried out extensive operations both at home and abroad and has taken part in anti-shipping strikes were intense enemy opposition has been encountered. Both in this work and in his anti-submarine operations off the Canadian East Coast his enthusiasm and devotion to duty have been exemplary.
ARTZ, LAC Edward David Gerald (R176503) - Mention in Despatches - Linton-on-Ouse - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Home in Middleton, Nova Scotia; enlisted in Digby, Nova Scotia, 23 June 1942. AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas"; DHist file 181.009 D.1725 (PAC RG.24 Vol 20607) has list of MiDs this date with unit. DHist file 181.009 D.1719 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20606) has recommendation forwarded 3 February 1945 when he had served one year in Canada, 18 months overseas.
This Radar Mechanic has proven himself to be an outstanding technician and performs his duties with exemplary diligence. By virtue of these qualities this airman contributes in no small manner to the efficiency of his section and commands the respect of his officer, NCOs and comrades.
ARVANETES, P/O George (J93515) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Born 1925 in Montreal, Quebec; home there (bench fitter, office boy and ex-RCA*). Trained at No.9 BGS. Commissioned January 1945. Photo PL-48253 taken after investiture in Montreal.
Pilot Officer Arvanetes has completed numerous operational sorties. In October 1944 he was detailed for an attack against Dortmund. While over the target his aircraft was attacked by an enemy fighter. Pilot Officer Arvanetes manipulated his guns with great skill and drove the enemy off. His cool courage and devotion to duty have always been worthy of the highest praise.
ASH, WO2 Ernest James (R222529) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 25 September 1945 and AFRO 1768/45 dated 23 November 1945. Born 1925; home in Montreal; enlisted there 4 August 1943. Trained at No.9 BGS (graduated 25 February 1944). Medal presented in Montreal 25 November 1949. See also WO2 Victor M. Ruthig.
The courage and skill displayed by this air gunner on all operations have been worthy of the highest praise. During a daylight attack on Hamburg his aircraft was subjected to five consecutive attacks by enemy fighters. With the help of the upper gunner, Warrant Officer Ash managed to fight off the attackers and one enemy aircraft was seen diving towards the earth. Throughout, this Warrant Officer has shown a fine fighting spirit and keen devotion to duty.
ASH, Sergeant Robert Joseph (R94216) - Mention in Despatches - No.50 Squadron - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944. Born in Montreal, 10 October 1917; home there; enlisted there 10 April 1941. Trained as a Radar Mechanic, McGill University, 1 June to 22 September 1941 and No.31 Radio School, Clinton, 23 September to 26 October 1941. Arrived overseas 23 November 1941. To No.2 Signals School, Yatesbury, 12 December 1941; to No.57 Squadron, 23 December 1941; to No.50 Squadron, 11 December 1942, attained rank of Corporal, 1 July 1942, Sergeant 18 January 1943; Flight Sergeant 18 February 1944. To No.53 Base, 9 September 1944. Repatriated 21 August 1945. Released 5 October 1945.
ASH, F/L William Franklin (J4737) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.411 Squadron - Award as per 4 May 1946 as per London Gazette dated 17 May 1946 and AFRO 602/46 dated 14 June 1946. American in the RCAF. Born Dallas, Texas, 30 November 1917; home there; educated at University of Texas (BA, 1939) and was a bank clerk. Enlisted in Windsor, Ontario, 22 June 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 September 1940), No.12 EFTS (graduated 29 December 1940) and No.31 SFTS (graduated 24 March 1941). See also Mention in Despatches material for F/L J.E.T. Asselin. Released in October 1945. Insignia may not have reached him; reported returned to Government House, 6 October 1948. Photo PL-2746 shows Sergeant E.F. Lanagan, P/O Ash and Sergeant J.J. Kelly on ship for overseas; PL-7163 with P/O J.A. Frith playing darts; PL-7313 in front of Spitfire; PL-4987 with P/O W.R. McNair.
Flight Lieutenant Ash crash-landed near Calais on 24 March 1942 and made his way to Lille where arrangements were made for him to reach Paris. He was arrested in Paris at the end of May 1942 and imprisoned at Chubin. In September 1942, he exchanged identities with an Army private and joined a fatigue party. He escaped from this party but was recaptured the same night. In the spring of 1943, Flight Lieutenant Ash and thirty-two others escaped from Chubin through a tunnel. With a companion he tried to reach Warsaw, but was recaptured four days later. Shortly afterwards he was transferred to Stalag Luft III, Sagan, where he was an active member of the escape committee. For the next twenty-one months, when other ranks were being transferred from Sagan to Stalag Luft VI, Heydekrug, Flight Lieutenant Ash changed his identity and accompanied them. Under his direction a tunnel was later made for a mass escape, but the tunnel was discovered when ten prisoners had got away. Flight Lieutenant Ash, nevertheless, continued the attempt and eventually gained his freedom. He boarded a goods train for Kovno, but was discovered by station guards and returned to Sagan. He was liberated by allied forces at the end of April, 1945.
ASHBAUGH, F/L Frederick Alexander (J15538) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.104 Squadron - Award effective 31 August 1944 as per London Gazette dated 8 September 1944 and AFRO 2231/44 dated 13 October 1944. Born 1917 in Busby, Alberta. Home in Vancouver. Enlisted in Edmonton, 23 August 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 15 November 1940), No.11 EFTS (graduated 5 January 1941) and No.9 SFTS (graduated 17 April 1941). Commissioned 1942. Served in No.168 (Heavy Transport) Squadron in 1945 and was involved in that unit's 500th Atlantic crossing. Medal presented 24 May 1947.
This officer has taken part in a large number of operational sorties, many of them in bad weather. His targets have included many important centres in the Balkans. In February 1944, Flight Lieutenant Ashbaugh successfully located the Daimlerpuch aircraft factory at Setyr. This important factory was heavily defended by searchlights and anti-aircraft guns, but despite this, this pilot made two successful attacks, obtaining an excellent photograph. In an attack on Viterbo in May 1944, despite the fact that his airspeed indicator was unserviceable, Flight Lieutenant Ashbaugh completed a successful attack and returned safely in adverse weather. He has always set a fine example of gallantry and devotion to duty.
ASHCROFT, FS (now P/O) John Albert Harold (R82435/J92439) - Distinguished Flying Medal - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 625/45 dated 13 April 1945. Born in 1920; home in Lanark, Ontario (truck driver); enlisted in Ottawa, 3 January 1941 as groundcrew; remustered to aircrew. Trained at No.4 WS (graduated 12 July 1943) and No.2 BGS (graduated 23 August 1943). Unable to attend investiture due to illness. Medal sent by registered mail 20 January 1956. NOTE: name might be Joseph Albert Harold. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1730 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20607) has recommendation dated 16 October 1944 when he had flown 33 sorties (151 hours):
Flight Sergeant Ashcroft, a Wireless Operator of outstanding ability, has invariably completed his duties as Wireless Operator with efficiency, reliability and fine fighting spirit.
He has recently completed a tour of operations over enemy territory and has made very successful sorties over heavily defended targets such as Hamburg, Kiel and Osnabruck.
Flight Sergeant Ashcroft's enthusiasm for operational flying has been outstanding. His dependability coupled with his superior knowledge have, in no small measure, been responsible for the enviable record set up by his crew.
ASHDOWN, W/C Harry Clive (C1847) - Member, Order of the British Empire - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946 - Medal presented 10 December 1947. Secretary of Montreal Amateur Radio Club before the war; member of staff, Sun Life Assurance. Enlisted in Montreal, 1 April 1940; appointed Signals Officer, Patricia Bay until 1942 when he became command signals officer based at Victoria - RCAF Overseas Headquarters, March 1944 to January 1947 where he was Chief Signals Officer. Remained in postwar RCAF (No.11 Group, Winnipeg - AFHQ - CO Base Clinton from April 1953 onwards). Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, October 1953 while Group Captain commanding Clinton. Photo PL-67173 is a portrait taken in June 1953.
This officer has been employed as Signals Officer since early in 1940. His work, enterprise and initiative have always been of the highest calibre. Whilst employed as Chief Signals Officer of Western Air Command he was instrumental in initiating and directing a new and more efficient signals system. He correlated radio and land line communication into a unit system which resulted in an improvement to air operations. Working with insufficient staff he imbued his personnel with his own zeal and energy to such an extent that they were able to maintain a service throughout this difficult period. This officer was also directly responsible for the organization of all Radar systems on the West Coast of Canada. Its operating efficiency was due in large measure to his personal supervision. He has served with distinction overseas with Coastal and Transport Commands. The excellent results this officer achieved in these appointments led to his selection as Chief Signals Officer, Royal Canadian Air Force Overseas Headquarters.
ASHER, F/O John James (J27656) - Air Force Cross - No.4 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 23 February 1946 as per London Gazette dated 5 March 1946 and AFRO 280/46 dated 15 March 1946. Home in Olivas, Argentina; enlisted in Toronto, 6 August 1942. Trained at No.6 ITS (graduated 4 December 1942), No.20 EFTS (graduated 19 February 1943), and No.4 SFTS (graduated 25 June 1943). Medal presented in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 13 July 1949. As of award had flown 1,448 hours, 306 hours in past six months, 615 operational hours (75 sorties).
This officer, subsequent to graduation as a pilot, has been steadily employed on operational flying duties in Western Air Command. In each successive set of Air Crew Assessment Board, air and ground tests, he has proved to be the most outstanding bomber reconnaissance pilot of those assessed in this command, excelling in flying ability and crew leadership. He has been employed in this squadron as a Flight Commander and Crew Captain, where he has at all times displayed outstanding leadership and consistent performance of his duties to a degree of efficiency superior to that required by the normal call of duty.
ASHFORD, S/L Herbert Elymor Dickson (C3658) - Member, Order of the British Empire - Station Leeming [(AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas (on special leave to Canada)] - Award effective 1 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 809/44 dated 14 April 1944. Home in Calgary; enlisted there 10 January 1941. Medal presented 25 September 1945. Photographs PL-18388 (conducting services), PL-28101 (services with No.440 Squadron); PL-28676 (chatting with Miss Jesse Romney, fitter); PL-31422 (leading hymns). Chaplain; no citation. DHist file 181.009 D.2617 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation dated 22 February 1943; another recommendation might have been made later in the year for services in No.331 Wing.
As Padre at Leeming, Flight Lieutenant Ashton has rendered outstanding service. He is held in the highest esteem by both station and squadron personnel, and is the closest friend of all ranks. He has the fullest appreciation of the services that can be rendered by a Chaplain in building character, maintaining a high state of morale and in increasing the general happiness of the individual. His efforts to achieve these ends are unceasing and the results obtained are of unbounded proportions.
ASHLEY, S/L Archibald Thompson (C5860) - Mention in Despatches - EAC Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Enlisted in Ottawa, 28 June 1941. Certificate and emblem sent to Eastern Air Command, Halifax, 27 June 1945.
This officer has served as Liaison Officer with the Navy since 1943. At all times he has devoted his whole attention to furthering the efficiency of the air and surface escort forces and promoting a mutual understanding of each others problems. He has been instrumental in obtaining attendance for aircrews, Royal Canadian Air Force officers, and ratings, at the Tactical School and this has clearly reflected in the improved co-operation at sea. He has improved considerably the chances of a combined U-Boat hunt, by sea and surface forces, being brought to a successful conclusion. His work at all times has been outstanding.
ASHLIN, S/L Charles Harry (C2400) - Mention in Despatches - No.6 Group Headquarters - Award effective 14 January 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 874/44 dated 21 April 1944. Home in Toronto; enlisted there 5 August 1940. No citation. Intelligence Officer; photograph PL-15386 shows S/L W.H. Swetman, Ashlin, W/C T.C. Weir and W/C J. Fauquier examining target map; PL-29732 shows him seated as F/O Cecily Taylor points out dtails in photograph; others shown are F/L H.V. Bull, F/L James V. Driver, F/O Boris Galitzine and F/L PW. Buker.
ASHTON, P/O Joel Hilton (J17890) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.137 Squadron - Award effective 22 October 1943 as per London Gazette dated 5 November 1943 and AFRO 2507/43 dated 3 December 1943. Born in Toronto, 1920; home in Barrie, Ontario or Virden, Manitoba; enlisted Winnipeg, 23 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 17 March 1941), No.7 EFTS (graduated 4 May 1941) and No.1 SFTS (graduated 30 July 1941). Commissioned 1942. With No.401 Squadron at war's end; destroyed one Bf.109 on 20 April 1945. Award presented 24 June 1945. Photo PL-44891 shows F/L W.R. Shellinton and F/L Ashton soon after investiture.
This officer has completed a very large number of sorties including successful attacks on airfields, shipping and rail communications. He has displayed great skill and determination, setting an example worthy of high praise. These qualities were well illustrated on a recent attack on an installation at Hansweert. Pilot Officer Ashton attacked his objective from such a low level that his aircraft was struck in several places by the flying debris.
ASMUSSEN, F/L Jerrold William (J24159) - Mention in Despatches - No.160 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 1 December 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 183/46 dated 22 February 1946. Home in North Battleford; enlisted in Saskatoon, 17 January 1942. Trained at No.4 ITS (graduated 12 September 1942), No.19 EFTS (graduated 7 November 1942), and No.4 SFTS (graduated 19 March 1943).
Flight Lieutenant Asmussen, as a Flight Commander, has contributed greatly to the successes of this Squadron. Flying as captain of an aircraft, he has at all times achieved excellent results in the various tasks allotted to him. His keenness and devotion to duty are most praiseworthy.
ASPDEN, G/C Alan Kinzie (C1387) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - 1 Port Transit Unit - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/45 dated 25 January 1946. Home in Ottawa. Enlisted in Goderich, Ontario, 8 November 1939.
This officer is ship's Commandant on His Majesty's Ship "Queen Elizabeth" and has carried out his very important and responsible duties with credit to himself and the Service. He has won the admiration and praise of other authorities and permanent staffs on board ship, by his efficiency and able leadership. He has rendered outstanding and meritorious service.
ASSELIN, F/L Joseph Edmond Tobin (J4882) - Mention in Despatches - No.92 Squadron - Award effective 24 December 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 17/47 dated 10 January 1947. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 20 September 1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 31 October 1940), No.8 EFTS (graduated 22 December 1940) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 17 March 1941). Shot down 4 September 1941. Liberated 2 May 1945 on a farm turned camp, 15 miles south of Lubeck. The following is from a card held at DHist but whether it is a citation, summary of recommendation, or PR release is uncertain.
Flight Lieutenant Asselin was captured at St.Omer on 4th September 1941, and subsequently imprisoned in Poland and Germany. He escaped three times - in March 1942 from Oflag VIB; in October 1942 from Oflag XXIB and from the same camp in the earlier part of the following year. Flight Lieutenant Asselin was a member of the escape committee at Stalag Luft III from April 1943 til January 1945. His activities in this connection have been commended by several of his colleagues. He was liberated in May 1945 near Lubeck.
NOTE: DHist files contain a long report on his escape activities. He was captured within a few minutes of parachuting into a field near St.Omer. Some peasants arrived with civilian clothes and he was changing into these when Germans appeared. The officer who captured him warned the peasants who were allowed to go unmolested.
His first escape was from Camp VIB, Warburg via a tunnel planned and engineered by Flying Officer Ricks, Flying Officer Cerny and by Asselin with the help of some 30 fellow POWs. The tunnel was built under poor conditions (waterlogged so that a well had to be built under entrance shaft, with home-made pump. German searches also forced rushed completion, and the exit hole was actually in radius of light from overhead boundary lamps. Thus, although 40 prisoners were assembled for escape, only six made it out - Ricks, Cerny, Asselin, Flying Officer Croll, Pilot Officer Kowslovski and Flight Lieutenant Beauclair (in that order). They left at 0230 hours and travelled some 15 kilometres, avoiding a few German civilians. They took shelter to sleep that day (he had been without sleep for 48 hours) but were awakened and captured at mid-day by a search party.
The treatment I received after my capture on this occasion was the roughest of any of my escapes. It included face slapping, assorted kicks, a bayonet jab, stealing of personal belongings and on my return to camp, being made to stand, facing the wall at attention without food or water for about 14 hours, with a guard standing over me. The reason for the latter was that the German security officer was furious at my unwillingness to answer questions on methods used in building and engineering the tunnel. Also the fact that he was unable to find any German money, maps, compasses and other escape paraphernalia, which I had disposed of while being marched back to camp.
His second escape involved Flight Lieutenant Ash, from Camp 21B, Schublin (spelled "Chubin" in Ash account). Exchanged identities with two orderlies to get into working part outside the camp. Worked on several parties to learn of topography and decided to escape from local railway station.
Each time we left the camp on a working party, it was necessary to carry hidden about our persons all our needs, such as food and other escape paraphernalia. We carried enough food to last us ten days, our plan being to get to Danzig and stow away on a Swedish ship, in the hope of finally arriving at Sweden. We had so arranged our clothing that by throwing away our hats and turning our tunics inside out, we had the appearance of being civilians. The party from which we escaped was one for the unloading of bread from station wagons in Schubin Station itself. The plan, as it developed, was carried out by having two of the other orderlies engage the guards in conversation and giving them a cigarette or so while we disappeared behind the freight truck. We then threw away our hats and turned our tunics inside out and walked away, screened by the trains, as civilians.
However, while we were crossing the train bridge, on the outskirts of the station, we were spotted by a youngster of about 15 years of age who was suspicious and we later found out, though we were Russians who had escaped from some Russian prisoner parties a few days previously. He gave the alarm to our guards, who immediately telephone the camp and the local barracks from which soldiers were immediately despatched on bicycles.
In the meantime, we attempted to reach a piece of wooded ground which was possibly eight kilometres away from the station. The terrain in the vicinity of Schubin was very swampy and criss-crossed by a network of drainage canals, thus rendering cross-country travel very difficult, and forcing us to keep to known paths or roads.
We were captured while attempting to ford a steam, by a party of guards on bicycles who had cut us off from the wood, about three quarters of an hour after we left the station. On this occasion, our treatment was better, with the exception of F/O Ash, who was hit in the face by the Schubin Station Master, who was incensed at the thought that anyone should try to escape from his station. We managed, however, to rid ourselves of all our escape paraphernalia such as maps, compasses, etc. before we were captured.
Third escape attempt involved a tunnel from Camp XXIB, Schubin, built by Asselin with the help of 24 fellow prisoners; 33 men eventually broke out using this tunnel, which began from an outside lavatory. It was necessary not only to excavate the tunnel but also a holding room for escapees who would have to secret themselves on the day of the escape, as they could not get from barracks to tunnel entrance. The tunnel was supplied with air through an elaborate air line made of tins plus a pump. On the day of the escape, he opened the tunnel exit about 7.00 p.m. to allow air into the tunnel and the crowded holding chamber, which had filled with men before 5.30 p.m. He and Ash left about 8.00 p.m., crawled across a field without being detected, with men following at intervals until about 30 minutes past midnight. The Germans did not detect the escape until roll call next day (the exit itself was concealed in a potato patch).
They were unable to discover the entrance to the tunnel for two or three hours even after they had discovered the exit, and to do so it was necessary for them to tie a rope around a Russian prisoner's body and send him into the exit hole and make him go to the beginning of the tunnel and knock on the concrete floor in the lavatories before they were able to discover the entrance, which they did by tearing up the concrete.
Asselin and Ash headed east, hoping to link up with Polish partisans and then be passed to Yugoslav partisans. They travelled 20 kilometres the first night, intent on putting distance between themselves and the camp, although the marshy ground hindered their progress. They hid in a wood which was exhaustively searched, but evaded detection. They continued travelling on the second, third and fourth nights, but the dragnet seemed to thicken as the enemy posted guards at all bridges and cross roads. On one occasion he and Ash crossed a bridge by crawling on their stomachs and evade two guards. On many occasions they threw themselves into ditches to evade foot and motorized patrols.
It was apparent that Germans had turned out all possible troops in several rings around the camp to round us up. It was later discovered through our camp intelligence and from the trend of the German interrogation after our capture, that they were under the impression that this large break had been engineered from England and was designed to foment rebellion amongst the Poles. In addition to the rings of guards around the camp, the frontier guards on the Dutch, Swiss and Belgium borders were increased and organized search parties composed of Hitler Jugend, home guards and foresters, etc. searched all barns, haystacks, etc., for miles around the camps. Our pictures and descriptions appeared in police gazettes around Germany. All trains with destinations near any border were searched periodically. I have forgotten the number of man-hours we estimated had been lost to the German war industry, directly caused by the tunnel and the German fear of the consequences (due, of course, to the impression the Germans had of the reason for the escape), but it was considerable and we deemed it well worth while.
We were captured on the evening of the fourth day by a Folkdeutsch policeman (Polish German) who was guarding a station crossing about eleven o'clock at night. He was hidden in the shadows and we did not see him until he came up behind us and challenged us. We had no choice but to surrender, claiming we were French workmen who had been sent to work in the Krackau train yards and had somehow lost our way.
We had forged papers substantiating our story, but he was adamant and it was necessary for us to accompany him to the local Gestapo headquarters as he had had strict instructions to bring in anybody even remotely suspicious. These orders had been issued since the break and he was one of the special guards posted for our apprehension. They detained us at the Gestapo headquarters where they proceeded to identify us and where we proceeded to destroy all our incriminating papers, compasses, maps, etc.
After they found out who we were, we were passed through five or six jails on our journey back to the camp, always under Gestapo or Crepo guard. The jails ranged in importance from small local town jails to larger political ones. We were finally returned a few days later to our own camp, where we were again questioned and searched on many occasions. During our passage through these jails, we met numerous other prisoners of war who had been captured since the break.
Though engaged in the other aspects of escaping organizations, camp and intercompound security, etc., tunnels remained my special job and it was in the organizing and building of tunnels (and/or the planning and advising in connection with tunnels) that my main work of escape organization lay. Though being a member of the escape committee and security committee, there were many other aspects to camp life in relation to escape and subversive activities in which I was engaged. In all, I worked on about 25 tunnels. I was a member of the escape organization at Sagen from April 1943 to January 1945, in which I represented one of the eight barracks at the meetings, proposed escape plans and passed on other plans which had been submitted. Also I acted as contact man for some time for the camp...to obtain information and bribe guards into selling items which would be useful for escaping purposes, such as German money, files, tools, local maps, train schedules, specimen papers from which we would copy our forgeries. During incarceration in the cells as punishment for escapes, I was able to buy, in exchange for cigarettes, many of these articles from corrupt guards. It was also our duty to organize stealing parties on which we would relieve the Germans of any of their excess equipment which we thought might be useful to us.
I designed an undershirt with specially constructed pockets which enabled an escaping prisoner to do away with the tell-tale haversack and carry, unnoticed about his person, from two to two and a half weeks' supply of food.
It was also our duty to devise hidden places for the concealing in safety of all our forbidden material. These were constructed in the walls, tables, underground, etc.
ATKINS, F/L Clifton Clarence (J17234) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.428 Squadron - Award effective 12 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946. Born in Toronto, 1920, home there (clerk); enlisted there 22 February 1941. Trained at No.4 WS (graduated 22 November 1941) and No.1 BGS (graduated 23 November 1941 - impossible given close proximity of dates). Commissioned March 1943. Award sent by registered mail 28 June 1949. Photograph PL-19238 shows P/O L.G. Wilson, Sergeant W.H. Watson (front row) and P/O D. Hackett, P/O C. Atkins, Sergeant M.A. Dunkin, taken 3 June 1943 with No.424 Squadron. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1941 (RG.24 Vol.20612) has recommendation by W/C M.W. Gall dated 22 May 1945 when he had flown 47 sorties; first tour was 30 trips (182 hours 35 minutes, 21 August 1942 to 11 April 1943 with No.425 Squadron and 28 June to 1 July 1943 with No.424 Squadron); second tour was 17 sorties (122 hours, 4 February to 25 April 1945 with No.428 Squadron).
This officer has shown a high degree of courage, skill and determination on operations. His co-operation, coolness and devotion to duty have proved of incalculable assistance to his pilot and have contributed in a large measure to the operational efficiency of his crew.
During his two tours he has participated in sorties on many major, well defended targets and has proved himself an outstanding member of a gallant crew.
For his great ability, courage and devotion to duty I recommend the non-immediate award of the D.F.C.
ATKINS, F/L Eric (J21982) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born 1911 in Didsbury, Alberta; home in Cremona, Alberta. Served five years with RCA; teacher in civil life; enlisted in Calgary, 16 September 1939; commissioned 1942. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 24 April 1942), No.8 BGS (graduated 30 October 1942) and No.1 AOS (graduated 18 December 1942). Remained in postwar RCAF and trained as a pilot. Presented with DFC and wings by Air Marshal W.A. Curtis at Station Clinton, 21 June 1948. Photo PL-38989 shows this event. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1750 (RG.24 Vol.20608) has recommendation (undated, about mid-October 1944) when he had flown 21 sorties (141 hours 40 minutes) between 10 August 1943 and 18 August 1944.
NOTE: Public Record Office Air 2/9645 has recommendation for a French Croix de Guerre. Although not awarded, the text is noted for the record.
This officer has always maintained an exceptionally high standard of skill and efficiency as Air Bomber and has achieved the position of Squadron Bombing Leader. Flight Lieutenant Atkins not only participated in many bombing missions but was personally responsible for accurate bombing under most difficult circumstances. Several of his sorties were over France.
Flight Lieutenant Atkins, a member of the Permanent Air Force in Canada, remustered from ground duties and has shown great aptitude in leadership to such extent that he is at the present time occupying the post of Bombing Leader of his squadron. As such he has set a magnificent example by his keenness, courage and devotion to duty and it is most strongly recommended that his efforts be rewarded by a Non-Immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
ATKINS, F/L James (J14000) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.429 Squadron - Award effective 19 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1296/44 dated 16 June 1944. Born at Ste.Agathe, Quebec, 1919. Home in Montreal; enlisted there 24 August 1940.. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 9 December 1940), No.11 EFTS (graduated 28 January 1941) and No.2 SFTS (graduated 28 March 1941). Commissioned 1942. Award presented 21 November 1944. DHist file 181.009 D.5524 (RG.24 Vol.20667) has recommendation dated 26 April 1944 when he had flown 18 sorties (143 hours 45 minutes). Incident described was on 22 April 1944 (loss of motor, extensive damage to elevator, port fin, mainplane, main spar and fuel system. On a previous trip to Berlin they were damaged by a Ju.88 Photo PL-45089 shows F/L P.J. VamBeek, F/O Paul Snell, DFC, F/O Gordon Highway and F/L J. Atkins, described as "four Montreal officers who completed a tour of operations and later instructed at the same flying school" at Repatriation Depot, Torquay; PL-41083 taken just after investiture at Buckingham Palace.
One night in April 1944, this officer piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Dusseldorf. When nearing the target the aircraft was attacked by a fighter and sustained much damage. One engine was put out of action, whilst other parts of the aircraft were so damaged that it became difficult to control and some height was lost. Nevertheless, Flight Lieutenant Atkins went on to the target and bombed it, afterwards flying the aircraft to base. In the face of heavy odds this officer displayed great skill, determination and devotion to duty. He has completed a large number of sorties against targets in Germany and has invariably pressed home his attacks with great determination.
ATKINS, FS Robert George Alfred (R53665) - British Empire Medal - No.2 SFTS - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Enlisted in Ottawa, 25 January 1940. Award presented 9 December 1947.
Through more than four years service at this station Flight Sergeant Atkins has carried out every assignment with enthusiasm and despatch. He has been outstanding in directing other airframe mechanics. Recently, this airman completed excellent work in connection with design and construction of synthetic training devices, which has been of benefit to the training programme. His initiative, resourcefulness and outstanding ability in his trade are worthy of high praise.
ATKINSON, G/C Harold Hartley (C966) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - No.2 Air Command Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/45 dated 25 January 1946. Commissioned in Ottawa, 1 April 1939. Retired 18 May 1946.
Throughout his service at this command, this officer has filled the appointments of Senior Personnel Staff Officer, Senior Administrative Office and Senior Supply and Organization Staff Officer. His tireless devotion to duty has been an inspiration to all with whom he has come in contact, and the sound organizational structure evident at Command Headquarters is due in very great part to his unceasing and unflagging effort.
ATKINSON, F/O John Henry (J27547) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.272 Squadron - Award effective 11 August 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 August 1945 and AFRO 1507/45 dated 28 September 1945. Born at St.Thomas, Ontario, 21 May 1921; home there. Former bank teller; enlisted 10 April 1942. No.1 Manning Depot, Toronto, 2 June 1942 to 24 July 1942, followed by Nol.14 SFTS, Aylmer, 25 July to 12 September 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (13 September to 27 December 1942), No.7 EFTS (28 December 1942 to 6 March 1943), and No.6 SFTS (7 March to 9 July 1943). Commissioned 25 June 1943. F/O 25 December 1943. Further trained at No.1 GRS, Summerside (10 July to 25 September 1943) where he took navigation, meteorology, signals, reconnaissance, ship recognition and photography. Arrived in UK via New York, 16 October 1943. Further trained at No.3 (P) AFU (Oxfords), having been posted there 16 November 1943. Posted to No.79 OTU (Shahhafa, Egypt), May 1944. With No.272 Squadron, 16 October 1944 to 28 April 1945; to UK, 2 May 1945. With No.248 Squadron, 30 May to 22 June 1945; returned to Canada, 1 August 1945; released 18 September 1945. As of 22 July 1945 he claimed to have flown 39 sorties and to have flown 189:40 on Beaufighters, 8:50 on Mosquitoes, and 20:00 on Blenheims. Award presented 14 June 1949.
Flying Officer Atkinson commenced operational flying in October 1944. Throughout he has displayed outstanding skill, courage and devotion to duty. On one occasion in April 1945, this officer was detailed to participate in a combined operation with the Desert Air Force. On approaching the target his aircraft was hit by fire from the enemy's defences and he was wounded in the face and right eye. Half blinded and in great pain, Flying Officer Atkinson pressed home his attack and obtained hits on the target with rockets. After a first aid dressing had been applied he flew the aircraft safely back to base. Though his aircraft has been damaged on five occasions by anti-aircraft fire, this officer's enthusiasm and resolution have never faltered, and by his fine fighting spirit he has set an inspiring example to the other members of his squadron.
ATKINSON, P/O William Cecil (J87838) - Distinguished Flying Cross -No.158 Squadron - Award effective 15 March 1945 as per London Gazette dated 27 March 1945 and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born in Minnedosa, Manitoba, 1914. Home there. Salesman, enlisted in Winnipeg, 23 June 1942. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 2 January 1943) and No.7 AOS (graduated 23 July 1943). Commissioned July 1944. Award sent by registered mail 14 February 1951. Photograph PL-40612 shows P/O H. Burden, P/O W.C. Atkinson, and (kneeling) WO1 L.A. Fryeand Flight Sergeant Eugene Batager. No citation other than "completed...many successful operations against the enemy in which [he has] displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9051 has recommendation dated 15 December 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (158 hour 41 minutes), 12 June to 29 November 1944.
12 Jun 44 Amiens (4.21) Bombed aiming point
14 Jun 44 Evrecy (5.17) Successful attack
16 Jun 44 Sterkrade (4.26) Bombed through cloud
17 Jun 44 St.Martin l'Hortier (4.23) Suuccessful
22 Jun 44 Siracourt (4.03) Squadron's first daylight raid
23 Jun 44 Oisemont (3.31) Bomed as ordered
24 Jun 44 Le Grand Rossignol (4.01) Bombed aoiming point
27 Jun 44 Marquise Mimoyecques (3.47) Bombed target
1 July 44 Oisemont (3.56) Successful
6 Jul 44 Marquis Mimoyecques (3.16) Aiming point bombed
7 July 44 Caen (4.24) do.
15 Jul 44 Les Landes v.et N. (4.18) Bombed target
18 Jul 44 Caen (4.25) Successful
21 Jul 44 Bottrop (4.11) Bombed in cloud
24 Jul 44 Stuttgart (8.21) do.
12 Aug 44 Brunswick (5.37) do.
15 Aug 44 Eindhoven (3.56) Bombed airfield
16 Aug 44 Kiel (4.33) Blind bombing
18 Aug 44 Sterkrade (4.35) Successful
24 Aug 44 Brest block ships (5.06) Duty carried out.
27 Aug 44 Homberg (4.31) Good bombing
31 Aug 44 La Pourchinte (3.33) Abandoned as ordered
9 Sept 44 Le Havre (4.09) do.
10 Sep 44 Alvis II (3.53) Bombed aiming point.
11 Sep 44 Le Havre (4.27) do.
12 Sep 44 Munster (4.23) do.
15 Sep 44 Kiel (5.46) Bombed through cloud
26 Sep 44 Calais (3.32) Bombed aiming point
30 Sep 44 Bottrop (4.00) Bombed through cloud
23 Oct 44 Essen (5.13) do.
28 Oct 44 Domburg (3.08) Sortie completed
31 Oct 44 Cologne (5.00) Bombed through cloud
2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf (5.35) Heavy attack
18 Nov 44 Munster (5.31) Bombed through cloud
29 Nov 44 Essen (5.33) do.
Pilot Officer Atkinson has completed a tour of 35 operational sorties as a navigator on this squadron. Fifteen of these sorties have been to the most heavily defended targets in Germany and the others to vital objectives in occupied territory.
A keen and able navigator, Pilot Officer Atkinson has consistently shown a high standard of operational efficiency and throughput many hazards he has proved himself fearless in the face of the severest enemy fire. His competence, coupled with his fine offensive spirit, has been a constant source of inspiration to his colleagues and a very material factor in the successes they achieved.
In addition to his excellent work in the air, Pilot Officer Atkinson took an active interest in the work of his section and frequently acted as Flight Navigation Leader.
It is recommended that this officer's excellent record of efficiency, courage and devotion to duty throughout a hazardous tour be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
NOTE: To the above his Station Commander adds, "Flying Officer Atkinson has shown outstanding qualities of courage and efficiency throughout his operational tour. He has never failed to navigate successfully to the target in spite of technical failures."
ATTEWELL, W/C William Gordon (C8185) - Member, Order of the British Empire - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born in Bath, England, 10 January 1899. Emigrated to Canada in January 1914. Joined the Canadian Militia and then the CEF, going overseas early in 1916. Severely wounded at Corcellette (September 1916), repatriated to Canada and discharged in August 1918. Joined staff of Canadian Air Board in 1922 as an air mechanic (Camp Borden). Enlisted there in Permanent RCAF, 1 April 1924. Thereafter saw much service around the Ottawa area, and in 1934 was sent to Winnipeg. Attained WO1 rank late in 1939, sent to England with RCAF in January 1940 with special responsibilities for No.110 Squadron's equipment. He also was involved in shipments of BCATP equipment from the UK to Canada. Commissioned in 1940. Photograph PL-7634 shows him working at his desk in RCAF Overseas Headquarters; PL-15700 shows him greeting Squadron Officer K. Walker at railway station; PL-19432 presenting RCAF ensign to mayor of Holborn.
This officer has served in various capacities at Royal Canadian Air Force Headquarters, Overseas, for approximately five years. He has performed the many duties assigned to him with outstanding ability and devotion to duty. As officer commanding the administration unit of this headquarters for nearly three years, his capable leadership and direction have been reflected in the smooth and efficient operation of his unit. His drive and persistent efforts have been an inspiration to the personnel under his command and his devotion to duty, often under the stress of enemy action, has been of the highest order.
ATTLE, F/L Jack (J11610) - Air Force Cross - No.8 Squadron (Canada) - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 March 1945 and AFRO 132/45 dated 26 January 1945. Home in Sudbury; enlisted in RCAF 11 August 1941 at North Bay. Trained at No.3 Wireless School (graduated 11 April 1942) and No.7 BGS (graduated 11 May 1942). Had completed 450 flying hours, 275 operational hours, and 65 sorties. Award sent by registered mail 18 January 1949. Photograph PL-13003 taken in Alaska shows F/O J.B. Morgan, Flight Sergeant F.W. Johnstone, Flight Sergeant J.G. Evernden and P/O Jack Attle; PMR-79-817 shows him in a group of Alaska personnel.
This officer, throughout all flying missions, has proven himself to be a determined and dependable member of aircrew and an efficient leader of other wireless operator air gunners. At various squadron bases, his loyalty and devotion to duty have been an example and encouragement to others. His keenness in the face of danger and his ability to co-operate with other aircrew have produced results worthy of high praise.
AUBREY, F/O Gordon Alexander (J35746) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.415 Squadron - Award effective 5 February 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 February 1945 and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born in Toronto, 1913, home there. Served in RCASC before joining RCAF in Toronto, 22 May 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 2 April 1943) and No.4 AOS (graduated 17 September 1943). Commissioned 1943. Killed in flying accident at No.3 (P) AFU, 29 April 1945 (Oxford DF332). Photograph PL-35332 is a portrait taken on 16 February 1945. Award sent by registered mail to next-of-kin, 2 December 1946. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty." DHist file 181.009 D.1750 (RG.24 Vol.20608) has recommendation forwarded to Station Eastmoor, 23 November 1944, when he had flown 32 sorties (160 hours 20 minutes) between 21 June and 6 October 1944.
This officer has participated in numerous operational sorties which have included missions to Hamburg, Kiel, Wane Eickel and Casrop Rauxel. His navigation has always been of a very high standard and he has a fine record of achievement. His determination and confidence while on operations has always been an inspiration to the squadron while his gallantry and devotion to duty has done much to create a high morale among his fellow navigators...
AUDET, F/O Richard Joseph (J20126) - Distinguished Flying Cross -No.411 Squadron - Award effective 16 February 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 563/45 dated 29 March 1945. Born in Lethbridge, Alberta, 13 March 1922; home there. Enlisted at Calgary, 26 August 1941. Attended Manning Depot in Brandon, Manitoba. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 10 April 1942), No.22 EFTS (graduated 3 July 1942) and No.2 SFTS (wings and commission, 23 October 1942). Posted to "Y" Depot, Halifax for overseas movement, 7 November 1942. To OTU and then to No.421 Squadron, 20 July 1943. After several other postings, reached No.411 Squadron, 23 October 1944. Victories as follows: 29 December 1944, three FW.190s and two Bf.109s destroyed; 1 January 1945, two FW.190s destroyed; 4 January 1945, two FW.190s destroyed (one shared with F/L J.J. Boyle); 14 January 1945, one FW.190 destroyed; 23 January 1945, one Me.262 destroyed in air and one destroyed on ground; 24 January 1945, one Me.262 damaged on ground. Killed in action 3 March 1945. Award presented to next-of-kin, 5 November 1946. See H.A. Halliday, The Tumbling Sky, for biographical details. See Peter Mossman, "F/L Richard Joseph Audet, DFC and Bar", Journal of the Canadian Aviation Historical Society, Fall 1964. Photograph PL-35524 was a portrait with hat; PL-41715 to PL-41719 was a series of individual shots posed in and around his Spitfire. Although often described as having flown AU-A on 29 December 1944 (when he scored five in one sorties), Michel Lavigne of Victoriaville, Quebec copied a portion of his logbook and determined that the aircraft was AU-B.
This officer has proved himself to be a highly skilled and courageous fighter. In December 1944 the squadron was involved in an engagement against twelve enemy fighters in the Rheine/Osnabruck area. In a most spirited action, Flying Officer Audet achieved outstanding success by destroying five enemy aircraft. This feat is a splendid tribute to his brilliant shooting, great gallantry and tenacity.
AUDET, F/L Richard Joseph (J20136) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.411 Squadron - Award effective 9 March 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 625/45 dated 13 April 1945.
This officer is an outstanding fighter pilot. Since his first engagements towards the end of December 1944, he has completed numerous sorties during which he has destroyed a further six enemy aircraft bringing his total victories to eleven. Flight Lieutenant Audet has also most effectively attacked numerous locomotives and mechanical vehicles. His skill and daring have won the highest praise.
AULD, F/L David Gordon (C1558) - Mention in Despatches - RCAF Station Aliford Bay - Awarded 1 January 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 89/45 dated 19 January 1945 - home in Winnipeg, enlisted there 29 December 1939. Photo PL-1360 shows him.
This officer, during his tour of duty at this station, has shown conspicuous devotion to duty. He has climaxed his continual improvement of performance of signals by designing, superintending and working on a new wireless telegraphy ground station, which through his efforts, now sets a high standard of efficiency. Much of this work was done in off-duty hours by himself and his staff. By his example and training in operations, construction and maintenance, he has engendered the full co-operation and respect of his subordinates.
AUSTEN, F/O Norman Lloyd (J35890) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.101 Squadron - Award effective 5 April 1945 as per London Gazette dated 13 April 1945 and AFRO 824/45 dated 18 May 1945. Born 1917 in Lion, Ontario, home in Toronto (machinist). Enlisted Toronto, 22 June 1942. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 20 March 1943), No.7 EFTS (graduated 15 May 1943) and No.13 SFTS (graduated 3 September 1943). Commissioned September 1943. Award presented in Toronto, 30 November 1949. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost courage and devotion to duty." Public Records Office Air 2/9059 has recommendation dated 12 January 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (149 hours eight minutes), 3 September to 28 December 1944.
# denotes date not decipherable from PRO document
3 Sept 44 Gilze-Rijen # Essen
5 Sept 44 Le Havre # Cologne
6 Sept 44 Le Havre 30 Oct 44 Cologne
8 Sep 44 Le Havre 31 Oct 44 Cologne
10 Sep 44 Le Havre 2 Nov 44 Dusseldorf
12 Sep 44 Frankfurt 11 Nov 44 Dortmund
15 Sep 44 Kiel 27 Nov 44 Freiburg
16 Sep 44 Leeuwarden 28 Nov 44 Essen
19 Sep 44 Rheydt 2 Dec 44 Hagen
26 Sep 44 Cap Gris Nez 6 Dec 44 Osnabruck
3 Oct 44 Westkapelle 12 Dec 44 Essen
14 Oct 44 Duisburg 17 Dec 44 Ulm
15 Oct 44 Wilhelmshaven 24 Dec 44 Cologne
# Stuttgart 26 Dec 44 St.Vith
# Essen 28 Dec 44
Flying Officer Austen, a Canadian and an extremely skilful pilot of proven ability, has completed 30 highly successful sorties against a variety of targets in Germany and Occupied Europe. Many of this officer's attacks have been fiercely and strenuously opposed and on numerous occasions his aircraft has sustained severe damage, but with a cheerful confidence and superb disregard for personal danger, Flying Officer Austen has never allowed the enemy opposition to deflect his iron determination to inflict the heaviest possible damage on the target.
By his fine offensive spirit and courage in the face of the enemy, this valiant young officer has set an excellent example of high morale and dogged devotion to duty, which has been an inspiration to the squadron.
Flying Officer Austen has shown himself to be a spirited leader and a dauntless captain of aircraft and it is recommended that his fine record of achievement and courage which merit the highest praise, be recognized by an award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
AUSTEN, F/O Robert James (J15710) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 5 December 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 293/45 dated 16 February 1945. Born in Toronto, 1911; enlisted in Toronto, 2 July 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 14 September 1940), No.4 BGS (graduated 16 May 1941) and No.2 WS (graduated 17 February 1942). Commissioned 1942. Award presented 27 June 1946. Photograph PL-32924 shows F/O Sandy DeZorzi and F/L Austen beside wheel of a Halifax; PL-35400 is a portrait.
Flying Officer Austen has completed a second tour of operational duty and throughout has displayed the highest standard of devotion to duty. His keenness for air operations and his undoubted wireless skill have made him a most valuable member of aircraft crew. He has rendered excellent service.
AUSTENSON, F/L Oliver Henry (J21376) - Distinguished Flying Cross -No.420 Squadron - Award effective 10 May 1945 as per London Gazette dated 22 May 1945 and AFRO 1147/45 dated 13 July 1945. Born September 1915, Viscount, Saskatchewan. Home there. Farmer, enlisted Saskatoon, 26 September 1941. Trained at No.7 ITS (graduated 10 April 1942), No.6 EFTS (graduated 14 August 1942) and No.4 SFTS (graduated 4 December 1942). Commissioned December 1942. No citation other than "completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty". DHist file 181.009 D.1746 (PAC RG.24 Vol.20608) has recommendation dated 10 January 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (171 hours 25 minutes).
This officer has completed a great many trips against the most heavily defended German targets including Ludwigshafen, Cologne, Karlsruhe, and Duisburg, and never has he shown any but the highest standard of devotion to duty and gallantry in action. Flying Officer Austenson's exemplary skill and courage are an inspiration to both his crew and his squadron.
AUSTIN, S/L Charles Chalmers (C1290) - Commended for Valuable Services - No.3 OTU - Award effective 28 May 1943 as per London Gazette of that date, Canada Gazette dated 2 June 1943, and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. Born in Renfrew, Ontario. Enlisted in Sudbury, 3 October 1939.
During the past two years this officer's work has at all times been outstanding. His good judgement, enthusiasm and personal skill as a pilot are noteworthy. He has in no small way been responsible for the high standard of efficiency reached by those under his command. His keen interest in instructional duties under trying circumstances has been an inspiration to those who serve with him. He completed approximately 270 hours in the past twelve months.
AUSTIN, F/O Harold Guy (C8027) - Mention in
Despatches - Station Marham - Award effective 1 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943 and
AFRO 1247/43 dated 2 July 1943. Born 2 November 1912 in Calgary; home there (working as agent and correspondent
for Calgary Herald); enlisted there, 3 October 1941. Commissioned same day Posted to No.2 ANS, Pennfield Ridge,
14 October 1941 for training in Flying Control; to "Y" Depot, Halifax, 12 November 1941. To overseas, 13 November
1941. To Station Marham, 15 December 1941. Promoted Flying Officer, 3 April 1942. To No.50 Group Pool, 17 April
1942. Engaged in Flying Control duties since at least 17 May 1942. To Station Marham, 18 August 1942. To Station
Mildenhall, 27 March 1943. To Station Topcliffe, 20 May 1943. Promoted Flight Lieutenant, 1 June 1943. To Station
Linton, 18 June 1943. To No.62 Base Headquarters, 9 October 1943. Promoted Squadron Leader, 9 October 1943.
Repatriated 27 November 1944. On strength of Station Edmonton, 12 January to 15 April 1945; with No.1 Radio Navigation
School, Summerside, 22 April to 18 October 1945. Released 25 October 1945.
Although no recommendation or citation has been found, the following assessment indicates his value to units about the time of the award:
17 January 1943, G/C A McKee (Station Marham) - "I consider this officer to be an outstanding Air Control Officer. Well deserving of promotion."
That he continued to be a superior Flying Control Officer is attested by G/C. J.L.Hurley on 15 July 1944 when Austin was at Tholthorpe:
An outstanding Flying Control Officer. Continuously alive to his responsibilities and always devising methods to improve Flying Control.
AUSTIN, P/O Lloyd Fisher (J15254) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.57 Squadron - Award effective 16 June 1942 as per London Gazette dated 22 September 1942 and AFRO 1659/42 dated 16 October 1942. Born in Toronto, 1911; home there. Educated at Stamford, University. Enlisted in Toronto, 10 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 31 January 1941), No.1 EFTS (graduated 17 March 1943) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 16 June 1941). Commissioned March 1942. Served in transport work at war's end. Died in Toronto, 4 September 1950 following auto accident.
Pilot Officer Austin is a captain of outstanding merit. All his sorties have been completed with the utmost zeal, courage and determination. He has participated in sorties over the most important targets in enemy and enemy occupied territory including such places as Brest, Berlin, Kiel, Rostock, and Essen. Throughout, he has displayed a high degree of skill.
NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9598 has recommendation dated 22 July 1942 when he had flown 31 sorties (174 hours ten minutes); proposed citation adds little to the published text:
Pilot Officer Austin is a captain of outstanding merit. All his sorties have been completed with the utmost zeal, courage and determination. During a period of intense operations this officer's unfaltering keenness was an inspiration to all. Since October 1941 he has participated in sorties over the most important targets in enemy and enemy occupied territory including such places as Brest, Berlin, Kiel, Rostock, and Essen. Throughout, he has displayed a high degree of skill and courage.
AUSTIN, F/L Lloyd Fisher, DFC (J15254) - Mention in Despatches - Award effective 1 June 1943 as per London Gazette dated 2 June 1943 and AFRO 1247/43 dated 2 July 1943.
AUSTIN, S/L Lloyd Fisher (J15254) - Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross - No.105 Squadron - Award effective 24 May 1944 as per London Gazette dated 6 June 1944 and AFRO 1660/44 dated 4 August 1944. Award presented 13 February 1948.
Since the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross, Squadron Leader Austin has completed a second outstanding tour of operations. He has flown as captain of aircraft on a large number of difficult and dangerous sorties over many of the enemy's most heavily defended targets. This officer has displayed unfailing reliability and skill.
NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/8780 has recommendation dated 20 March 1944 when he had flown 73 sorties (309 hours) including 42 sorties (132 hours) since previous award. The sortie list is particularly interesting:
*G = ground marking; *S = sky marking
First Tour Second Tour
24 Oct 41 Emden (5.25) 13 May 43 Duisburg (3.30, *G)
26 Oct 41 Hamburg (6.20) 14 May 43 Bochum (3.45, *G)
7 Nov 41 Berlin (9.20) 23 May 43 Dortmund (3.50, *G)
12 Dec 41 Brest (7.15) 11 June 43 Dusseldorf (3.35, *G, *S)
17 Dec 41 Brest (5.45) 12 June 43 Bochum (3.45, *G)
27 Dec 41 Brest (6.20) 14 June 43 Oberhausen (3.15, *S)
2 Jan 42 Brest (6.10) 21 June 43 Krefeld (3.25, *G)
8 Mar 42 Essen (4.45) 24 June 43 Wuppertal (3.25, *G)
13 Mar 42 North Sea 25 June 43 Gelsenkirchen (3.45, *S)
search (2.35) 28 June 43 Cologne (3.10, *G, *S)
5 Apr 42 Cologne (5.25) 3 July 43 Cologne (3.26, *G)
6 Apr 42 Essen (5.45) 25 July 43 Essen (3.40, *G)
9 Apr 42 Essen (2.15,day) 22 Aug 43 Leverkusen (2.53, *G)
10 Apr 42 Essen (5.15) 30 Aug 43 Munchen Gladbach
12 Apr 42 Essen (6.10) (2.58, *G)
14 Apr 42 Dortmund (5.50) 8 Sept 43 Track marking (2.18)
22 Apr 42 Le Havre (4.20) 23 Sep 43 Track marking (2.55)
24 Apr 42 Dunkirk (2.15) 26 Sep 43 Aachen (2.50)
25 Apr 42 Rostock (7.20) 27 Sep 43 Aachen (2.50)
27 Apr 42 Cologne (6.25) 1 Oct 43 Hagen (3.30)
29 Apr 42 Genniviliers 3 Oct 43 Aachen (2.35)
(Paris, 5.55) 7 Oct 43 Aachen (2.35)
2 May 42 GARDENING, 18 Oct 43 Stolberg (3.00)
St.Nazaire (8.15) 20 Oct 43 Brauweiler (2.55)
4 May 42 Stuttgart (6.20) 21 Oct 43 Buderich (3.05)
6 May 42 Stuttgart (7.20) 24 Oct 43 Duisburg (2.50)
7 May 42 GARDENING, Great 7 Nov 43 Essen (3.30)
Belt, Denmark 8 Nov 43 Duisburg (3.35)
(6.50) 9 Nov 43 Ruhrort (2.55)
15 May 42 GARDENING, Baltic 15 Nov 43 Dusseldorf (2.50)
(7.00) 19 Nov 43 Leverkusen (3.25)
19 May 42 Mannheim (6.05) 29 Nov 43 Bochum (2.55)
30 May 42 Cologne (4.15) 12 Dec 43 Dusseldorf (2.50)
1 June 42 Essen (4.30) 29 Dec 43 Dusseldorf (2.45)
2 June 42 Essen (4.05) 5 Jan 44 Solingen (2.55)
5 June 42 Essen (4.55) 10 Jan 44 Solingen (3.10)
6 June 42 Emden (4.50) 13 Jan 44 Rheinhausen (2.42)
16 June 42 Bonn (5.00) 27 Jan 44 Aachen (2.50, *S)
19 Feb 44 Cherbourg military
20 Feb 44 Gilze-Rijen airfield
1 Mar 44 Meulan-les-Mureaux (2.42, marking)
6 Mar 44 Trappes (3.25, marking)
Having completed a tour of 32 sorties on heavies, Squadron Leader Austin has since carried out a further tour with Pathfinders. In all he has now flown 73 sorties, of which a large number have been marker sorties.
Throughout this long experience of operations he has shown unfailing reliability and skill as a pilot, coupled with tenacity and courage as a captain of aircraft.
* * * * *
AUSTIN, F/L Warren Russell (J8939) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.408 Squadron - Award effective 6 July 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1453/45 dated 14 September 1945. Born 1918 in Hamilton, Ontario; home in Sudbury or Paris, Ontario; enlisted Hamilton, 13 January 1941. Trained at No.3 ITS (graduated 3 July 1941), No.10 EFTS (graduated 20 August 1941) and No.5 SFTS (graduated 21 November 1941). Commissioned 1941. Award sent by registered mail 17 June 1946. Photograph PL-36890 is a portrait.
Flight Lieutenant Austin is a highly skilled and resolute pilot. He has completed very many sorties against enemy targets and has set a fine example in pressing home his attacks. On one occasion in March 1945 he piloted an aircraft detailed to attack Essen. When nearing the target one engine became unserviceable owing to an oil leakage. This did not deter Flight Lieutenant Austin who continued to the target when he eventually bombed at a height much lower than planned. His determination to make every sortie a success has won the greatest praise. He is a fine captain whose example has been well reflected in the operational efficiency of his crew.
* * * * *
AVANT, F/L Alan Frederick (J10503) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.115 Squadron - Award effective 20 April 1943 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 2198/43 dated 29 October 1943. Born at Hughton; Saskatchewan, 20 September 1922; enlisted Saskatoon, 11 March 1941. Trained at No.2 ITS (graduated 11 September 1941), No.15 EFTS (graduated 5 November 1941) and No.11 SFTS (graduated 27 February 1942). Commissioned 1942. Arrived in UK, 29 March 1942. To No.3 (P) AFU, 20 May 1942; to No.20 OTU, 30 June 1942; to No.115 Squadron, 13 September 1942; to No.1679 Flight (later No.1659 Conversion Unit, East Moor), 1 June 1943 as chief ground instructor; to No.62 Base, 19 October 1943; to No.426 Squadron, 11 January 1944; to No.429 Squadron, 1 May 1944; to No.62 Base, 15 July 1944; to No.429 Squadron, 28 July 1944; to No.61 Base, 11 October 1944; to RCAF Overseas Headquarters, 6 April 1945; repatriated 21 April 1945. Released in July 1945; enroled in RCAF Reserve, May 1947, transferring to Regular Force in January 1948. To No.412 Squadron, September 1949 as flight commander; to AFHQ, March 1951 on staff of Air Member for Technical Services; attended RAF College, Bracknell, June 1952 to January 1953; to AFHQ as staff officer, January 1953 to August 1957. To RCAF Staff College as member of directing staff, August 1957; to Royal Roads Military College as Commandant, July 1960 (attained rank of Colonel at this time); to No.1 (F) Wing, July 1963, commanding it until August 1966 when he was posted to Mobile Command, St.Hubert, as Deputy Chief of Staff (Operations and Training); to NATO Headquarters, Brussels, July 1969 as Military Advisor to Canadian Delation to NATO Council; to 24 NORAD Region, Malmstrom AFB, Montana as Director of Exercise and Analysis as well as CO of Canadian Personnel; retired 28 December 1976. DFC presented 27 July 1943. The Canadian Forces Photo Centre has many photographs of him of which the following is a selection: PL-26023 (Flight Commander, No.426 Squadron); PL-26034 (ditto); PL-30499 (A/C J.G. Bryans, W/C R.S. Turnbull, W/C Avent, Leeming, 14 June 1944); PL-35517 (portrait); PL-36162 (G/C Avent and G/C E.L. Wurtele); PL-128658 (portrait, 1960).
One night in March 1943, this officer captained an aircraft detailed to attack Berlin. Whilst over the city his aircraft was held in searchlights and subjected to intense and accurate anti-aircraft fire. The bomber was repeatedly hit and one of its engines was damaged. Undeterred, Flight Lieutenant Avant executed his bombing run exactly as planned, releasing his bombs with precision. By skilful evading tactics he then succeeded in piloting the bomber out of a perilous situation although, in so doing, it sustained further damage and lost some height. Almost as course was set for the homeward flight, the damaged engine burst into flames. Efforts to extinguish the fire were successful and displaying fine airmanship, this captain flew the damaged bomber to an airfield in this country. Whilst over the airfield, one of the port engines became defective but Flight Lieutenant Avant effected a masterly landing with two engines unserviceable. This officer has at all times displayed high courage and outstanding determination in the face of the enemy.
AVANT, W/C Alan Frederick, DFC (J10503) - Distinguished Service Order - No.427 Squadron - Award effective 28 November 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 239/45 dated 9 February 1945. Award presented 13 February 1945.
This officer has completed numerous sorties on his second tour of operational duty. He is a highly skilled and fearless squadron commander, whose gallant leadership has been well reflected in the fighting qualities of the squadron. His devotion to duty over a long period has been unfailing.
NOTE: This appears to have begun as a recommendation for an American Silver Star, proposed on 4 August 1944 by G/C W.F.M. Newsom when Avant had flown 44 sorties (257 hours 45 minutes). The document is in DHH file 181.009 D.2611 (RG.24 Volume 20627). Text as follows:
Wing Commander Avant is nearing the completion of two tours of bomber operations against the most heavily defended targets in Germany and occupied territory during which he has displayed outstanding offensive spirit, gallantry and devotion to duty. By his skilful work and personal example he has contributed greatly to the high standard of operational efficiency of his squadron. In recognition of this officer’s outstanding operational record, his qualities of leadership and fine efforts to further the Allied cause I recommend that he be awarded the Silver Star (United States of America)
AVENT, F/O Gordon Halse (J6377) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.40 Squadron - Award effective 20 July 1943 as per London Gazette dated 10 August 1943 and AFRO 1849/43 dated 10 September 1943. Born in Winnipeg, 1915; educated there (St.John's College and University of Manitoba); enlisted there 17 October 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 7 March 1941), No.4 EFTS (graduated 13 May 1941) and No.6 SFTS (graduated 27 July 1941). Award presented 2 December 1946. Remained in postwar RCAF, attaining the rank of Wing Commander. Served in Moncton, London (England), Germany, Trenton, Winnipeg and Ottawa. Following RCAF service he was employed by Parks Canada until 1980. Died in Ottawa, 11 November 2001. Canadian Forces Photo Centre has many photographs of which the following is a selection: PL-18888 (Sergeant Arthur Howes, Sergeant Norman Reid, Sergeant Edward Beetz, S/L Gordon Avent, Sergeant Tom Bradshaw at Roman aquaduct, 10 December 1943); PL-18955 to 18957 (S/L G. Avent, S/L James Bodman, flight commanders in an RAF Wellington squadron in Italy); PL-25521L (returned to Canada); PL-38301 (investiture); PL-38350 (investiture); PL-57673 (portrait, June 1953); PL-131740 (portrait, 1964).
This officer is a skilful, courageous and determined pilot. One night in June 1943 he undertook a flight of special importance. Visibility was only fair but Flying Officer Avent skilfully located his target and, in spite of heavy and accurate anti-aircraft fire, completed his task successfully. Flying Officer Avent has completed very many sorties and throughout, his efforts have been characterized by great determination.
AVERY, F/L George Henry (C12166) - Military Cross - Attached 33rd Indian Army Corps - Award effective 28 August 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1507/45 dated 28 September 1945. Born in Ottawa, 1917; home there. Educated at Lisgar Collegiate and Ontario Agricultural College (B.Sc. in Agriculture, 1940). Enlisted Ottawa, 29 August 1941 and trained as radar officer. In 1943, in UK, volunteered for frogman and returned to Canada for training in California and Bahamas. Returned overseas and trained as paratrooper and commando. Posted to India (attached 5th Infantry Brigade, 2nd British Division, 33 Indian Army Corps, Burma). Award presented 1 December 1948. In postwar army; as of May 1959 was Supervisor of Civilian Personnel. Died 16 or 17 January 1999 in Ottawa; lengthy article in "Brown's Beat", Ottawa Citizen, 19 January 1999. Army photograph Z-8530 (National Archives of Canada) shows him.
Flight Lieutenant Avery commanded No.4 Section S.R.U. prior to and during the operation resulting in the establishment of a bridgehead on the bank of the Irrawaddy River in the Myittha area. He made several reconnaissances by night and in view of the enemy, and gathered valuable information necessary for the furtherance of the operations. On the night of 24th-25th February 1945, Flight Lieutenant Avery led the first assault party across the river and guided craft to the landing beaches under heavy fire. His work was arduous and dangerous, but his remarkable achievements contributed greatly to the successful establishment of the vital bridgehead through which, later, the whole division passed.
NOTE: Dave Brown article reads in part as follows:
He was serving at a radar base in England during the Second World War when he heard the British were looking for swimmers for a special secret assignment. A powerful swimmer from his childhood at the family cottage at MacLaren's Landing on the Ottawa River, and a member of Lisgar Collegiate's swim team, he signed up. He had no idea what he was getting into, but he figured if it involved swimming, it had to be good.
He became one of dozens of men trained in California to use surf boards to cross water at night and infiltrate, ninja style. In February 1945 the training was put to work, and Mr. Avery was sent across the Irrawaddy River. It was about three kilometres wide at that point, and flowed through the heart of what was then Burma, now called Myanmar.
He would make eight crossings, and skulk about in the dark, looking for landing sites that could support tanks. After the amphibious assault by the Second British Division, he had to make several crossings under fire. Radio communications had been knocked out and he became a messenger.
When we talked in 1995, those under-fire crossings were still much on his mind. "The trick was to put on a pair of swim fins, dive in and swim as far as you could under water. Then surface for a quick gulp of air and get back down again. You just kept that up until you got out of range."
AVIS, FS Allan Victor (R51590) - British Empire Medal - No.9 SFTS - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1127/45 dated 6 July 1945. Born in Brandon, Manitoba, 12 February 1916. Educated at Fort Francis, Ontario and Canadian Liquid Air Welding School, Winnipeg. Specialist mechanic before enlisting at Fort William, 31 January 1940. Airframe mechanic. Award sent by registered mail 24 April 1946.
This non-commissioned officer is exceptional in the knowledge of his trade and in the performance of his duties. Extremely conscientious, he has always placed his duty towards the service ahead of his personal ambitions. By his splendid display of ability and keen devotion to duty, he has gained the respect of officers and airmen alike who have been associated with him.
AWCOCK, WO1 Sidney Charles (Can 961) - Member, Order of the British Empire - Station Rockcliffe - Award effective 28 May 1943 as per London Gazette dated 28 May 1943 and AFRO 1459/43 dated 30 July 1943. Born Dane Hill, Sussex, England. Enlisted in Ottawa, 18 March 1939; may have joined as airman 18 March 1929. Award presented 24 November 1943. Awarded Queen's Coronation Medal, 23 October 1953, while a WO1 at Rockcliffe.
Warrant Officer Awcock has been a very valuable member of this Station. His initiative, resourcefulness and dependability have at all times been outstanding, and together with his devotion to duty, have been a splendid example to all personnel of the unit. He has proven to be an excellent administrator and it is due to his personal supervision that this unit's Motor Transport Section has reached its present high state of efficiency. This Warrant Officer has given unstintingly of his time and knowledge to aid in the training of those under him.
AWREY, P/O Donald McLean (J19610) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron (deceased) - Award effective 30 March 1944 as per London Gazette dated 21 December 1945 and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Born in Leamington, Ontario, 1921. Home in Windsor, Ontario. Enlisted Hamilton, 31 January 1941. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 11 April 1942) and No.9 AOS (graduated 15 August 1942). Commissioned December 1943. Killed in action 30/31 March 1944 (Halifax HX272). Award presented to mother at Government House, 7 November 1949.49. Photograph PL-26818 shows him with No.433 Squadron.
This officer has completed as navigator many successful operations against the enemy in the course of which he has invariably displayed high skill, fortitude and devotion to duty.
AXCELL, F/L Reginald James (C12936) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.1 Y Depot (now No.3 PRC Overseas) - Award effective 26 May 1944 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1380/44 dated 30 June 1944. Born at Bromley, Kent, England; educated at Swastika Public School and Northern Academy (Monteith, Ontario). Policeman for 13 years. Enlisted in Ottawa, 24 July 1942. After earning award he qualified as a pilot and went overseas. Award presented by King George VI, September 1944. Photograph PL-32558 is a portrait; PL-41057 shows him at an RCAF wrestling tournament (on top; F/L A.A. Stark is on bottom); PL-41077 shows the same two men.
For the past two years this officer has been in charge of the Overseas Officers Squadron at the embarkation depot for members of the British Commonwealth Air Forces proceeding overseas. During this time many thousands of newly commissioned aircrew officers have been under his charge and he has received nothing but the highest words of praise for the excellent manner in which he has carried out his duties. He has displayed admirable and outstanding qualifications in performing the trying and difficult duties of his position. His great patience and willingness to assist in any problems and his kindness and efficiency have been exceptional.
AXFORD, FS Wilfred Valentine (R70492) - British Empire Medal -Station Leeming (AFRO gives unit only as "Overseas") - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 155/46 dated 15 February 1946. Home in Hamilton; enlisted there 16 September 1940. Award presented 8 May 1948. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation dated 5 May 1945 when he was Sergeant in charge, Wireless Electrical Section.
Enlisting 16.9.40, Sergeant Axford was posted overseas 24.3.42. Since 23.8.43 he has been at Leeming. During this period he has proved to be an outstanding tradesman and an NCO of the highest order. This NCO has been filling a Flight Sergeant position for the past few months and has shown himself to be extremely competent. His organizing ability since taking charge of the Wireless Electrical Section of the Station Servicing Wing has been well demonstrated by the splendid arrangement of the equipment and the neat and tidy appearance of all the workshops, thus enabling his section to turn out a high standard of serviceability of signals equipment in aircraft on this unit. Frequent changing of his trained personnel, new modification and organization added with sudden demands for operations have always been met by Sergeant Axford with minimum of delays. He voluntarily works long and irregular hours far beyond ordinary requirements and his devotion to duty has set a fine example to all ranks and is worthy of the highest praise. His cheerful manner and pleasing personality is maintained under all conditions. Highly regarded by his superiors. Strongly recommended for the award of the British Empire Medal (BEM) for Meritorious Service.
AYLSWORTH, F/L Alan Bowen (J7641) - Mention in Despatches - No.10 (BR) Squadron - Award effective 7 July 1945 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 1291/45 dated 10 August 1945. Home in St.George, Ontario; enlisted Kingston, 30 August 1940. Trained at No.1 ITS (graduated 27 January 1941), No.4 AOS (graduated 7 July 1941), No.4 BGS (graduated 18 August 1941) and No.2 ANS (graduated 15 September 1941).
In eight hundred and eighty-nine flying hours on operational duties over the North Atlantic, sometimes under the most adverse weather conditions, Flight Lieutenant Aylsworth has consistently displayed a keenness and skill that has inspired all members of the squadron. His ability and steadiness have played a major part in the successful completion of many sorties which ordinarily may have been curtailed.